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MEMO

AS AGREED

Postal address: P.O.Box 4125 Valentinlyst NO-7450 Trondheim, NORWAY Location: Marine Technology Centre Otto Nielsens veg 10 Phone: +47 7359 5500 Fax: +47 7359 5776 http://www.marintek.sintef.no Enterprise No.: NO 937 357 370 MVA

SIMLA demo CD / 2006-09-03

Overview and brief description


DISTRIBUTION

Users of the SIMLA demo CD

FILE CODE

CLASSIFICATION

Unrestricted
REFERENCE NO.

PROJECT NO.

DATE

PERSON RESPONSIBLE / AUTHOR

NUMBER OF PAGES

2006-09-03

Egil Giertsen

FOR YOUR ATTENTION

Norwegian Marine Technology Research Institute

CONTENTS
1 Installation ........................................................................................................................... 2 1.1 SIMLA ........................................................................................................................... 2 1.2 Required 3rd party software .............................................................................................. 2 1.3 Utility software................................................................................................................. 2 1.4 Prerequisites ..................................................................................................................... 2 Laying ........................................................................................................................... 3 2.1 Static 3D laying analysis ..................................................................................................3 2.1.1 How to get started ............................................................................................. 3 2.1.2 How to navigate ................................................................................................ 4 2.1.3 How to start the lay simulation ......................................................................... 4 2.1.4 How do I........................................................................................................ 5 Animations ........................................................................................................................... 7 3.1 3D feed analysis (curve)...................................................................................................7 3.2 3D feed analysis (valley).................................................................................................. 7 3.3 Dynamic analysis of S-lay configuration ......................................................................... 7 3.4 Reeling of a 10 inch pipe.................................................................................................. 8 3.5 Upheaval buckling and snaking analysis.......................................................................... 8 3.6 3D video snapshots........................................................................................................... 8 Documentation ....................................................................................................................... 8 4.1 Overview and brief description ........................................................................................ 8 4.2 Users manual .................................................................................................................... 8 4.3 Verification and case studies............................................................................................ 8 4.4 Verification of S-lay scenario........................................................................................... 9 Further information .............................................................................................................. 9
This memo contains project information and preliminary results as a basis for final report(s). MARINTEK accepts no responsibility of this memo and no part of it may be copied.

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Installation

The SIMLA demo CD has been set up to automatically install the SIMLA software, including required 3rd party software and utilities. Please be sure to always use default installation directories and options for all software. If a reboot is requested during installation of 3rd party software and/or utilities, await reboot until all packages have been installed. 1.1 SIMLA The SIMLA demo version will be installed to your standard Program Files directory (typically C:\Program Files), on sub-directory MARINTEK\SIMLA. You will find shortcuts to the different demos and documentation on your Start button: Start->Programs->SIMLA Demo 1.2 Required 3rd party software SIMLA requires a Java Runtime Environment to be installed in order to operate properly. Java 2 Runtime Environment, Standard Edition, v 1.4.2_02 is bundled on the installation CD, and will be automatically installed from the SIMLA demo CD. 1.3 Utility software The SIMLA CD also contains a list of animations generated by the SIMLA numerical analysis module for different scenarios (feeding of joints, non-linear time domain analysis of S-lay configuration, etc). Some of these animations are supplied as VTF files supported by Ceetron GLview software, and hence require a version of the GLview Express free viewer. GLview Express v6.4 is bundled on the installation CD, and will be automatically installed from the SIMLA demo CD. 1.4 Prerequisites The documentation included on the demo CD is supplied as PDF files, and it is assumed that Adobe PDF Reader is already available on your computer. Some of the animations showing analysis examples that are included on the demo CD is supplied as AVI files, and it is assumed that a suitable application for showing videos on AVI format, e.g. Windows Media Player, is already available on your computer.

Laying

These demos use the full SIMLA visualization module, and hence also include a 3D seabed terrain database generated from survey data. The current seabed is a combination of virgin seabed data and as designed seabed interventions (supports and/or trenches) that are dynamically merged at runtime. 2.1 Static 3D laying analysis This demo shows a complete static 3D laying analysis along a tentative as designed pipe route. 2.1.1 How to get started Please follow the steps below to launch this demo: a) Start the SIMLA visualization module by selecting the Static 3D laying analysis shortcut b) Open the project (File->Open project) slay-static.svp found on the laying directory below the root of the SIMLA demo installation (typically C:\Program Files\MARINTEK\SIMLA\laying) c) Adjust fringe range (Results->Result Settings) to Min: -300000, Max: 300000 d) Activate colour coding of results (Results->Show Scalar Results) e) Display vector results (Results->Select Vector Result Variable->Soil reaction) This should give you the following view in the SIMLA visualization module:

You can make the tentative pipe route (green line) stick to the seabed by ticking of Map on terrain in the Pipe Route (Routing & Intervention->Edit Pipe Route) dialog:

2.1.2 How to navigate Manoeuvring in the model is performed in two modes; Overview or ROV. For manoeuvring in ROV mode a joystick or gamepad is recommended, the overview mode also supports the use of the mouse. In Overview mode, to a) zoom, b) pan, c) rotate; move the mouse while pressing (click and hold) a) left+right, b) left, c) right mouse button respectively. If you loose your orientation when rotating the straighten button may become useful. in the You may set and go to a new rotation point by selecting the Pick and GoTo button navigate toolbar, and then point and click in the 3D scene.

In ROV mode, use the joystick to move around in the 3D scene. For explanation of current joystick configuration, select menu item Navigate->Joystick Configuration and click Show Current Actions. Clicking the right mouse button within the view makes selection between pre-defined viewpoints and ROVs possible. 2.1.3 How to start the lay simulation Click the play button to start the playback of the logged laying sequence. You may move freely forward and backward in the sequence by dragging the slider to the right of the stop, pause and play buttons. To increase the playback speed choose Playback -> Scale Playback Speed.

2.1.4 How do I 2.1.4.1 visualise pipeline response Result -> Show Scalar Result. Pipeline scalar results are visualised by colour coding the pipeline. Pipeline stress (local x direction) is shown by default. Other available results are shown under Result - > Select Scalar Result Variable. To utilize the colour scale for typical Langeled pipeline responses it is recommended to change the ranges for the scale (Result -> Result Settings) as follows: Sigma xx: Min: 300000, Max: 300000 Tension: Min: 500 , Max: 1000 Soil reaction forces (and roller reaction forces at the stinger for dynamic simulation) are visualised by ticking off for Soil Reaction in Result - > Select Vector Result Variable. Soil reaction vectors turned off by Result -> Show Vector Results. 2.1.4.2 plot lateral stability at TDP as function of KP Plot -> Show Plots -> Stability vs KP. Key results from a laying analysis may be plotted as curves, either as function of time step or cross-plotted against the KP value for the TDP. The example shows required lateral friction at TDP as function of KP. Equivalent plots are available for Tensions, Lateral displacements, Sagbend utilization, Departure angle, Distance to last roller.

2.1.4.3 inspect a free span Pipe -> Free Span Window. While pressing the Ctrl button left click on the free span of interest. Key data of the free span including length, maximum height as well as volume of a support to rectify the free span is shown. The support is visualised if Draw volume is ticked off. Width and slope of the support sides (relative to horizontal) can be changed.

2.1.4.4 get a 2D profile of the seabed Display the Terrain Depth Probe dialog by selecting menu item Terrain>Terrain Depth Probe Window. To select initial position for the depth probe, zoom in the area of interest, select the Pick button in the Terrain Depth Probe dialog and point-and-click at the seabed to set the initial position of the centre of the depth probe. In the 2D plot in the Terrain Depth Probe dialog black and orange curves denotes virgin seabed and as-designed supports respectively. To adjust the position of the depth probe, use the Fwd, Bwd, Left, Right, Rot+ and Rot- buttons. The repositioning is done relative to the current orientation of the depth probe, see yellow arrow located on top of the depth probe in the 3D scene. 2.1.4.5 get the coordinates of a point on the seabed or on a structure

Use the button , or go via the menu Input -> Show Pick Info Window. When the Pick Info window appear, hold the Ctrl button and use the left mouse button to mark the point of interest. Coordinates of the selected point will appear in the Pick Info window.

2.1.4.6 measure distances Select menu item Info -> Add Distance Measurement. Use the cross hair to select the two points you want to measure the distance between. The points should be located on a body (pipeline, template etc.) or on a surface (seabed or ocean surface). The distance measurement will be dynamically updated if the points move relative to each other.

Animations

The animations supplied on the SIMLA demo CD are generated directly from the numerical analysis module, and hence focusing mainly on demonstration of numerical capabilities either already available or currently being developed. 3.1 3D feed analysis (curve) Static analysis of a dynamically growing model, where joints are fed into the pipeline at the vessel, hence simulating a real installation scenario. The vessel position is governing. In this particular case the vessel follows a curved route, and the seabed is flat. 3.2 3D feed analysis (valley) Static analysis of a dynamically growing model, where joints are fed into the pipeline at the vessel, hence simulating a real installation scenario. The vessel position is governing. In this particular case the vessel follows a strait line, and the seabed is shaped as a valley. 3.3 Dynamic analysis of S-lay configuration Dynamic non-linear time domain analysis of a S-lay scenario. The model also includes a stinger with rollers, and contact formulation between pipe/rollers and pipe/seabed.

3.4 Reeling of a 10 inch pipe Reeling of a 10 inch pipe onto a drum with 7.5 meter radius. 3.5 Upheaval buckling and snaking analysis Upheaval buckling and snaking analysis of a pipe segment with multiple free spans. 3.6 3D video snapshots In order to demonstrate some of the analysis capabilities currently available in the SIMLA program system, a selection of video snapshots (AVI format) have been exported from the SIMLA 3D visualization module, including: Static laying Sliding in trench Sliding in lay corridor Sliding in curve Dynamic stability Installation of T-joint Contact forces on turningpoint Sliding due to low lateral friction Buckling due to torsion during installation Laydown Retrieval Snaking on flat seabed Snaking between rock berms The video snapshots are available from the Animations menu or as separate files in the Animations directory found on the top level (root) of the SIMLA demo CD.

Documentation

4.1 Overview and brief description This memo. 4.2 Users manual The Users manual for the SIMLA numerical module, describing all details regarding available finite element modeling functionality. 4.3 Verification and case studies Reports the work done so far to verify the basic element formulations applied in SIMLA, also including some case studies.

4.4 Verification of S-lay scenario Reports a verification study comparing a S-lay scenario analysis done in SIMLA with the equivalent analysis performed in the program systems RIFLEX and OFFPIPE.

Further information

For further information, please contact: Egil Giertsen egil.giertsen@marintek.sintef.no Senior Research Scientist Phone : +47 7359 2081 Telefax : +47 7359 2660 Mobile : +47 9305 8672 _____________________________ MARINTEK SINTEF GROUP http://www.marintek.sintef.no