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CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT WORKSHOP ON MEASURING SOCIAL PROTECTION 14-16 May 2013, Indonesia

THE PRACTICE OF MEASUREMENT OF SOCIAL PROTECTION IN CHINA


Presenter: Yuhui Jia / NBS of China
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Outline of Measurement of Social Protection of China


Fields

of Social Protection Covered Implementation and Measurement of Social Protection Main Results of Social Protection Measurement Conclusion/Recommendation

Fields of Social Protection Covered


The system of old-age insurance Urban Basic Pension Security Urban Old-age Security Rural Old-age Security Pension Offered by Work Units The system of medical insurance Basic Medical Security of Urban Employees Basic Medical Security of Urban Residents Basic Medical Security of Rural Residents Paid by Work Units

Fields of Social Protection Covered


Work Injury Relief Unemployment Relief Maternity Welfare

Social Relief and Aid

Implementation and Measurement of Social Protection


Government agencies concerning social protection:
The

Ministry of Finance The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security The Ministry of Health The Ministry of Civil Affairs National Bureau of Statistics

Implementation and Measurement of Social Protection


Data

sources of social protection 1. Administrative registers from the agencies related: Revenue Expenditure Persons covered 2. Household survey:

Implementation and Measurement of Social Protection


Household Income-Expenditure and Living Condition Survey The new program conducted from 2013 by Dep. of Household Surveys, NBS 160,000 sampled households in nationwide Topics concerning social protection in Diary-Keeping of the households:
Transfer

income including: pension, social relief and aid, reimbursement, unemployment relief Individual expenditure on social protection

Implementation and Measurement of Social Protection


Labour Force Survey

Monthly and yearly surveys conducted by Dep. of Population and Employment Statistics, NBS Items concerning social protection: Contributors of different old-age securities Contributors of different medical securities Contributors of unemployment relief

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


EXPENSES OF SOCIAL INSURANCE FUNDS
100 Million Yuan

14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

Urban Basic Pension Insurance Unemploym ent Insurance Basic Medical Insurance Work Injury Insurance Maternity Insurance

20 00 20 01 20 02 20 03 20 04 20 05 20 06 20 07 20 08 20 09 20 10 20 11
Year

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


YEARLY INCREASE OF EXPENSES OF SOCIAL INSURANCE FUNDS
100 80 60

Urban Basic Pension Insurance Unemploy ment Insurance Basic Medical Insurance Work Injury Insurance Maternity Insurance

40 20 0 -20 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


URBAN BASIC PENSION INSURANCE BY REGION (2011)
(10 000 persons100 million yuan) Revenue and Expenses

Region

Active Contributors at Year-end

Enterprises (others)

Retirees at Yearend

Revenue

Expenses

Balance at Yearend
19496.6

National

21565.0

19970.0

6826.2

16894.7

12764.9

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


BASIC MEDICAL INSURANCE BY REGION (2011)

Region

Persons Covered at Year-end (10 000 persons)


Revenue

Revenue and Expenses (100 million yuan)

Expenses

Balance at Year-end

National

47343.2

5539.2

4431.4

6180.0

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


STATISTICS ON NEW RURAL OLD-AGE INSURANCE BY REGION (2011)
Revenue and Expenses (100 million yuan) Contributors at Year-end (10 000 persons)

Region

Number of Participants aged the Prescribed

Revenue

Expenses at Balance at YearYearend end

National

32643.5

8921.8

1069.7

587.7

1199.2

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


Conditions of New Cooperative Medical System
Indicator Number of Counties Implementing of NCMS 2005
678

2006
1451

2007
2451

2008
2729

2009
2716

2010
2678

2011
2637

Number of Enrollees (100 million persons)


Enrollment Rate (%)

1.79 75.7 42.1

4.10 80.7 52.1

7.26 86.2 58.9

8.15 91.5 96.3

8.33 94.2 113.4

8.36 96.0 156.6

8.32 97.5 246.2

Per Capita Premiums (yuan) Payout at Current Year (100 million yuan) Number of Beneficiaries from Reimbursement (100 million persontimes)

61.8

155.8

346.6

662.3

922.9

1187.8

1710.2

1.2

2.7

4.5

5.9

7.6

10.9

13.2

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


Statistics on Social Relief
(10 000 persons) Number of Urban Residents Receiving Minimum Living Allowance
2272.1 2334.8 2345.6 2310.5 2276.8

Year

Number of Rural Residents with Minimum Living Allowance


3566.3 4305.5 4760 5214 5305.7

Rural Households with Centralized Livelihood Guaranteed in Five Aspects


138 155.6 171.8 177.4 184.5

Rural Households with Decentralize d Livelihood Guaranteed in Five Aspects


393.3 393 381.6 378.9 366.5

Number of Persons Receiving Traditional Relief in Rural Areas


75 72.2 62.2 59.5 68.7

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


Medical Aid of Civil Affairs Offices
Medical Aid in Urban Areas Medical Aid (10 000 persontimes) Aid for Medical Insurance (10 000 persontimes) Medical Aid in Rural Areas Medical Aid (10 000 persontimes)
199.6 201.3 377.097 443.6 410.3725 460.0756 672.1549 642.6 1095.8912 1461.2455 1549.8059 759.5 729.98 1019.2429 1471.8336

Year

Aid for Cooperative Medical Care(10 000 person-times)


654.9 1317.1 2517.3413 3432.4 4059.138 4615.419 4825.2969

Expenses of Rural Medical Aid (10 000 yuan)


32000 81240.9 144379.2 297000 412043.1 495203 676408.4

Expenses of Urban Medica l Aid (10 000 yuan)


57000 114198.1 280508 383000 646245.8 834810 1199610

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Main Results of Social Protection Measurement


Some

Indexes of evaluation of social protection standard suggested:


Expenditure on social security as a share of GDP Expenditure on social security as a share of fiscal expenditure Per capita expenditure on social security as a share of per capita living income Coverage rates of different social securities

Conclusion/Recommendation
The

administrative records take the priority of measurement of social protection in China which focus on the revenue, expenditure and coverage at the macro level The individual data from household survey need to mine effectively to meet demands of all kinds. It is necessary to learn form international experiences.

THANK YOU!