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ARI 550 / 590

WHAT IT IS, WHAT IT ISNT an OEM perspective


Rick Heiden Trane Senior Engineer, Compressors

ARI 550/590 What it is


Performance rating standard self-regulated through collaboration of AHRI, ASHRAE, participating manufacturers and third party technical test loop auditors
Means of maintaining a level playing field for certified performance ratings that customers and competitors can rely on

ARI 550/590 CERTIFICATION What its not


Not a guarantee of perfect performance
Instrument inaccuracy and machine variation are real Refer to ASHRAE Guideline 2 and 22 for examples of measurement uncertainty

Not a guarantee of field performance


Benchmarking machine performance at commissioning is an important step

Installation details can significantly influence performance i.e. piping, operating condition variation, etc.

ARI 550/590 What it is and isnt SCOPE


60 HZ WATER COOLED
100000

Water cooled chillers


60Hz to 2000T*, 5000V 50Hz to 200T-1500T*, 5000V

10000

VOLTAGE

RATED N ACCORDANCE WITH ARI

* 2500T as of 7/2008

Air cooled chillers


1000
ARI CERTIFIED RATING

60 Hz to 200T, 600V 50 Hz not covered


10000

100 10 100 1000

COOLING CAPACITY, TONS

NOT ALL APPLICATIONS OR MACHINES COVERED

ARI 550/590 What it is


Performance rating standard
Rated parameter definition Method of Test per ASHRAE Standard 30 including measurement accuracy requirements Standard operating conditions Allowable Test Tolerances

Certification Program

Performance rating data (catalog or program) certified by test audits


30% of model category are tested each year, models are typically classified by compressor type and size

FACTORY or LABORATORY test loop audit and approval for use for certified performance testing

ARI 550/590 What it is


PARTICIPANTS
Water cooled 7 participants Air cooled 7 participants

Performance Ratings
Capacity Energy efficiency Water pressure drop Full & Part Load Values Integrated Part Load Value Non-standard Part Load Value

TEST LOOP APPROVAL What it is

Approval of test loop for use in certification performance testing Test loop is audited by a third party for approval Audit process includes:
Auditor installed redundant temperature and power measurements and data acquisition system Review of NIST traceable calibrations Verification of heat balance Verification of selected model unit performance
4 points, IPLV and surprise 5th point

TEST LOOP AUDIT What it is


Measurements
LEWT* EEWT* LCWT* ECWT* GPMC GPME kW* dPC dPE

* Audited

PERFORMANCE TESTING What it is


30% of model category tested per year
For example 15 model categories 5 tests per year Must not overlap categories year over year so in practice entire model line is tested every 3 years ARI ultimately selects units to be tested

Performance data is verified to match certified data


100, 75, 50, 25% load point selections and IPLV calculation made ahead of time using manufacturers selection software or catalog data (ARI maintains current revisions) Performance data submitted by manufacturer is verified to match certified data Test day arrives along with a surprise 5th point Water temperature offsets made to maintain compressor lift accounting for clean tube tests with no fouling STEADY STATE tests are conducted per test method

Audit testing

Performance data is compiled and compared against selection data and allowable tolerances for approval

PERFORMANCE TESTING What it is


Water cooled offsets for field tube fouling

ECWT LEWT

TOLERANCES, ACCURACY & UNCERTAINTY


Parameter Temperature, T Flow Pressure Power Capacity COP Tolerance * ARI 550/590 0.5F 5.0% 115% rated n/a - 5.0% - 5.0% Accuracy ASHRAE 30 0.2F 1.0% 0.5% FS 0.5% 2.97% 3.00% Measurement Uncertainty *

* Full Load 500T, 6.39 COP, 44/85 LEWT / ECWT, 10F T, 2.4 GPME/T, 3.0 GPMC/T

ARI 550/590 What its not


Does not cover all applications heat recovery free cooling evaporator fluids other than water high voltage Not a replacement for field benchmarking Traditional methods, logging Chiller plant efficiency using GPC 22 Field performance using upcoming Standard 184

ARI 550/590 What it is, recap


Performance rating standard coupled with an industry-regulated Certification Program audited by an independent third party

Means of maintaining a level playing field for certified performance ratings that customers and competitors can rely on
There are many approved test loops in industry providing an excellent means of benchmarking machine performance at high accuracy and reasonable cost