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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof.

Ena Glucia Smith

Aula 06 Teoria e Questes Comentadas

SUMRIO RESUMIDO 1 Tabelas de Conjunes e Verbos Irregulares 2 Texto 1, Questes Comentadas e Traduo 3 Questes Comentadas do CETRO 4 Texto 2, vocabulrio e Traduo 5 Texto 3, vocabulrio e Traduo 6 Glossrio de Termos pertinentes a ANVISA 7 Vocabulrios de Significado e Sinnimo 8 Lista de Questes Apresentadas e Gabaritos

PGINA 01 07 24 32 36 40 50 53

1 Tabelas de Conjunes e Verbos Irregulares TABELA DOS PRINCIPAIS VERBOS IRREGULARES Simple Present
arise bear beat begin bite blow break

Traduo
surgir nascer bater comear morder soprar quebrar

Simple Past
arose bore beat began bit blew broke

Present Continuous
arising bearing beating beginning biting blowing breaking

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bring build buy catch choose come cut do draw drive eat fall feel find fly forbid get give go grow hang have hear hide hit hold is/are/am keep know lay lead

trazer construir comprar pegar escolher vir cortar fazer desenhar dirigir comer cair sentir encontrar voar proibir conseguir dar ir crescer pendurar ter ouvir esconder golpear abraar ser, estar manter saber pr guiar

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith brought bringing built bought caught chose came cut did drew drove ate fell felt found flew forbade got gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held was, were kept knew laid led building buying catching choosing coming cutting doing drawing driving eating falling feeling finding flying forbidding getting giving going growing hanging having hearing hiding hitting holding being keeping knowing laying leading

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learn leave let lie lose make meet pay put read rise run say see sell send set shoot shut sit sleep speak spend stand swear take teach tell think throw understand

aprender deixar permitir deitar, mentir perder fazer encontrar pagar colocar ler levantar correr dizer ver vender enviar estabelecer filmar, atirar fechar sentar dormir falar gastar levantar-se jurar levar, pegar ensinar contar, notar pensar arremessar entender

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith learnt/learned learning left let lay lost made met paid put read rose ran said saw sold sent set shot shut sat slept spoke spent stood swore took taught told thought threw understood leaving letting lying losing making meeting paying putting reading rising running saying seeing selling sending setting shooting shutting sitting sleeping speaking spending standing swearing taking teaching telling thinking throwing understanding

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wear write

usar escrita

wore wrote

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith wearing writing

TABELA DAS PRINCIPAIS CONJUNES

after also although (though, even though) and anyway as (while) as far as as if as long as as much as as soon as as though as well as At least because before besides (also, otherwise) bothand but by this time eitheror

depois tambm embora, apesar de e de qualquer modo to, como, enquanto at onde como se enquanto, desde que tanto quanto logo que, assim que como se assim como Pelo menos por que antes alm disso, alm do mais ambos e mas nesta altura, neste ponto ou..ou

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even if even though (although) for Furthermore (moreover) Hence (therefore) However (despite that) if if only in case in order that indeed Instead (rather than) Likewise (as well, also) meanwhile Moreover (furthermore) neither nevertheless next nor not onlybut also now that once only if or provided that (since) rather than since so so that (in order that) than

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith mesmo se, mesmo que muito embora para alm disso, alm do mais, ademais por isso contudo, entretanto, todavia se Se apenas Em caso A fim de De fato, na verdade Em vez de Igualmente, tambm Enquanto isso, simultaneamente Ademais, alm do mais Nem, nenhum No obstante, contudo prximo nem No apenas mas tambm Agora que Uma vez que Apenas se ou desde que em vez de desde que ento para, com o objetivo de, a fim de do que

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith that though (although) till unless until when whenever where whereas (while) wherever whetheror which whichever while who whoever whom whomever whose yet que, to embora, apesar de at, para a menos que at quando a qualquer hora onde enquanto, ao passo que seja aonde for se..ou qual, que qualquer enquanto, embora (although) quem seja quem for quem quem de quem, cujo j, ainda

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2 Texto 1, Questes Comentadas e Traduo

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

Simulado para ANVISA 2013 - padro CETRO Ena Smith FDA Investigates Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul linked to cucumbers supplied by Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse Posted May 8, 2013 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul infections. We are moving quickly to learn as much as possible and prevent additional people from becoming ill. We recognize that people will be concerned about this outbreak, and we will continue to provide updates and advice. What is the Problem and What is Being Done About It? The FDA, CDC, and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul illnesses linked to cucumbers supplied by Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse of Culiacn, Mexico and distributed by Tricar Sales, Inc. of Rio Rico, Ariz. The FDA has placed Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse on Import Alert. The Import Alert informs FDA field personnel that FDA has sufficient evidence or other information to detain future shipments of cucumbers from these suppliers. This means that cucumbers from these two firms will be denied admission into the United States unless the importer provides evidence that they are not contaminated with Salmonella, such as results from private laboratory tests of the cucumbers. Cucumbers from these two firms will remain on import alert until FDA has sufficient confidence that future shipments will be in compliance.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith A total of 81 people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Saintpaul have been reported from 18 states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Mexico, Nevada, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin. Nationwide 16 people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported. Interviews conducted by local and state health departments implicated consumption of cucumbers as a source of these infections. Among ill persons who have been asked detailed questions about food exposures, 67% (30/45) report eating cucumbers. This proportion is significantly higher than results from a survey of healthy persons in which 44.4% reported eating cucumbers in the 7 days before they were interviewed. An additional, 11% (5/45) report that they may have eaten cucumbers. No other foods that were reported as being eaten by interviewees showed a greater statistical significance when compared to the same healthy population survey. Reviewing shipping records, with assistance from its partner state agencies, FDA traced cucumbers eaten by seven people who were made sick during the outbreak to the importer and further, to the suppliers, Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse. The investigation continues, in order to determine whether there are other possible sources of the outbreak. Fonte: http://www.fda.gov/Food/RecallsOutbreaksEmergencies/Outbreaks/ucm3 49461.htm

Comentrios:
01.According to the text above, we can say that

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(A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 01. 01. (A)

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Only FDA is investigating an outbreak of salmonella infection The investigation is about salmonella infection in one state Local officials couldn't participate of the investigation An outbreak is being investigated by FDA, CDC, state and local officials People won't be worried about this outbreak According to the text above, we can say that De acordo com o texto acima, podemos dizer que Only FDA is investigating an outbreak of salmonella infection = apenas a FDA est investigando um surto de infeco por salmonela

only = apenas, somente, unicamente O advrbio only ( apenas) fez a assertiva ficar incorreta, j que a FDA no est sozinha nessa investigao. Investiga juntamente com o CDC, com o Governo Estadual e autoridades locais. Errada. Dica: Sempre que voc observar o only em enunciados ou assertivas fique atento! Pois geralmente as bancas usam esse advrbio para deixar a questo incorreta. (B)The investigation is about salmonella infection in one state =A

investigao sobre infeco por salmonela em um estado. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul infections.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith A Administrao de Medicamentos e Alimentos americana juntamente com os Centros de Controle e Preveno de Doenas (CDC) e as autoridades estaduais e locais esto investigando um surto de infeces por salmonela Saintpaul em vrios estados. Multi = mltiplos, vrios Enquanto a assertiva diz que a investigao est sendo feita em um estado, o texto diz que em vrios estados. Portanto, errada. (C)Local officials couldn't participate of the investigation = As autoridades locais no puderam participar da investigao The U.S. Food and Drug Administration along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul infections. A Administrao de Medicamentos e Alimentos americana juntamente com os Centros de Controle e Preveno de Doenas (CDC) e as autoridades estaduais e locais esto investigando um surto de infeces por salmonela Saintpaul em vrios estados. O texto menciona que as autoridades locais esto fazendo parte da investigao. Portanto a assertiva est equivocada. (D)An outbreak is being investigated by FDA, CDC, state and local officials = Um surto est sendo investigado pela FDA, CDC, autoridades locais e estaduais The U.S. Food and Drug Administration along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul infections.
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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith A Administrao de Medicamentos e Alimentos americana

juntamente com os Centros de Controle e Preveno de Doenas (CDC) e as autoridades estaduais e locais esto investigando um surto de infeces por salmonela Saintpaul em vrios estados. A assertiva transmite na Voz Passiva a mesma informao textual que est sendo dada na Voz Ativa. Esta a opo correta. (E)People won't be worried about this outbreak = As pessoas no vo se preocupar com esse surto We recognize that people will be concerned about this outbreak, and we will continue to provide updates and advice. Reconhecemos que as pessoas vo se preocupar com este surto, e continuaremos a fornecer atualizaes e conselhos. wont (will + not) be worried= no vo se preocupar will be concerned = vo se preocupar Apesar da assertiva ter um sinnimo do verbo do texto (worry = concern = preocupar-se), mas o auxiliar do Futuro will est na negativa, o que faz com que a assertiva fique incorreta. GABARITO: D 02. Read the sentences below and sign the right one: (A) (B) (C) along with is the opposite of together quickly is the opposite of slowly illness is the opposite of disease

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(D) (E)

linked id the opposite of connected sufficient is the opposite of enough

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

02.Read the sentences below and sign the right one: 02.Leia as frases abaixo e marque a correta: Opo A: along with is the opposite of together = juntamente com o oposto de junto along with = juntamente, junto com = together = junto, juntamente Observe que os advrbios tem o mesmo significado, no so opostos. Ao invs disso, so sinnimos. Opo errada. Opo B: quickly is the opposite of slowly = rapidamente o oposto de vagarosamente quickly = rapidamente, apressadamente slowly = vagarosamente, lentamente Os advrbios so mesmo opostos, ou seja, so antnimos. Esta a opo correta. Opo C: illness is the opposite of disease = doena o oposto de enfermidade illness = doena, enfermidade = disease = enfermidade, doena Observe que os advrbios tem o mesmo significado, no so opostos. Ao invs disso, so sinnimos. Opo errada.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Opo D: linked is the opposite of connected = ligado o oposto de conectado linked = ligado, unido, vinculado = connected = conectado, ligado, junto Observe que os advrbios tem o mesmo significado, no so opostos. Ao invs disso, so sinnimos. Opo errada. Opo E: sufficient is the opposite of enough = suficiente o oposto de o bastante Sufficient = suficiente, adequado = enough = suficiente, o bastante Observe que os advrbios tem o mesmo significado, no so opostos. Ao invs disso, so sinnimos. Opo errada. GABARITO: B 03. We can affirm that: (I) (II) (III) (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) suppliers and firms are related to the same idea in the text. It would be possible to write conformity instead of compliance. The word that in that were reported is linked with foods All of the statements are correct The first and the third are incorrect Only the first one is correct The first and the second are incorrect None of them are correct

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith 03. We can affirm that: (I) texto. The Import Alert informs FDA field personnel that FDA has sufficient evidence or other information to detain future shipments of cucumbers from these suppliers. This means that cucumbers from these two firms will be denied admission into the United States unless the importer provides evidence that they are not contaminated with Salmonella, such as results from private laboratory tests of the cucumbers. O alerta de importao informa o pessoal de campo da FDA que a FDA tem provas suficientes ou outras informaes para deter futuras remessas de pepinos desses fornecedores. Isto significa que os pepinos dessas duas empresas no tero permisso para entrar nos Estados Unidos, a menos que o importador fornea evidncias de que eles no esto contaminados com Salmonela, tais como resultados de exames laboratoriais privados dos pepinos. Quando o texto menciona essas duas empresas, ele se refere aos fornecedores. Portanto, a assertiva est correta. (II) It would be possible to write conformity instead of compliance. = Poderia ser possvel escrever conformidade ao invs de concordncia conformity = conformidade, acordo = compliance = concordncia, seguir uma ordem suppliers and firms are related to the same idea in the text =

fornecedores e empresas esto relacionados com a mesma ideia no

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Observe que os vocbulos so sinnimos, podendo ser substitudos um pelo outro sem causar alterao no texto. A assertiva est correta. (III)The word that in that were reported is linked with foods = A palavra que em que foram relatados est relacionada com alimentos No other foods that were reported as being eaten by interviewees showed a greater statistical significance when compared to the same healthy population survey. Nenhuns outros alimentos que foram relatados como sendo ingeridos pelos entrevistados mostraram uma maior significncia estatstica quando comparados com a mesma pesquisa de populao saudvel. O that (que) refere-se ao seu antecedente (alimentos), portanto a assertiva est correta. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) All of the statements are correct = Todas as sentenas esto corretas The first and the third are incorrect = A primeira e a Terceira esto incorretas Only the first one is correct = Apenas a primeira est correta. The first and the second are incorrect = A primeira e a segunda esto incorretas. None of them are correct = Nenhuma delas est correta.

GABARITO: A 4. Read each of the sentences below: I. II. The word its in its partner state agencies means records. The word eaten in eaten by seven people means consumed.

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III.

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith The word outbreak in outbreak to the importer means food.

We can say that Opo A: Only sentence I is correct Opo B: Only sentence II is correct Opo C: Only sentence III is correct Opo D: Theres more than one correct sentence Opo E: All the sentences are wrong

4. Read each of the sentences below: 4. Leia cada uma das frases abaixo: I.The word its in its partner state agencies means records. I.A palavra seus em SS rgos estaduais parceiros significa registros. Reviewing shipping records, with assistance from its partner state agencies, FDA traced cucumbers eaten by seven people who were made sick during the outbreak to the importer and further, to the suppliers, Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse. Revendo os registros de remessa, com a ajuda de seus rgos estaduais parceiros, a FDA rastreou pepinos ingeridos por sete pessoas que ficaram doentes durante o surto a caminho do importador e mais adiante, aos fornecedores, Daniel Cardenas Izabal e Miracle Greenhouse. II.The word eaten in eaten by seven people means consumed. II. A palavra ingerido em ingerido por sete pessoas significa consumido. eat = comer, ingerir = consume = consumir, comer A assertiva est correta, pois os verbos tem o mesmo significado.
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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith III.The word outbreak in outbreak to the importer means food. III.A palavra surto em surto a caminho do importador significa alimento. outbreak = surto, epidemia, irrupo, aumento repentino, rpida manifestao Observe acima que a definio da palavra nada tem a ver com alimento. Assertiva errada. Portanto apenas a assertiva II correta. We can say that Podemos dizer que Opo A: Only sentence I is correct = Apenas a sentena I correta. Opo B: Only sentence II is correct = Apenas a sentena II correta. Opo C: Only sentence III is correct = Apenas a sentena III correta. Opo D: Theres more than one correct sentence = Tem mais de uma sentena correta. Opo E: All the sentences are wrong = Todas as sentenas esto erradas.

GABARITO: B 5. Read the sentence below The investigation continues, in order to determine whether there are other possible sources of the outbreak. Choose the alternative that replaces the highlighted conjunction in the sentence. (A) (B) However But

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(C) (D) (E)

If despite while

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

5. Read the sentence below 5. Leia a frase abaixo The investigation continues, in order to determine whether there are other possible sources of the outbreak. A investigao continua, a fim de determinar se existem outras possveis fontes do surto. Choose the alternative that replaces the highlighted conjunction in the sentence. Escolha a alternativa que substitui a conjuno destacada na frase. Opo A: however = entretanto The investigation continues, in order to determine however there are other possible sources of the outbreak. A investigao continua, a fim de determinar entretanto existem outras possveis fontes do surto. Observe como a frase fica truncada, dando a ideia de que o resultado j positivo, o conectivo no serve. Opo errada. Opo B: But = mas The investigation continues, in order to determine but there are other possible sources of the outbreak. A investigao continua, a fim de determinar mas existem outras possveis fontes do surto.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Ao substituirmos o conectivo, a frase fica sem clareza, este tambm no serve. Errada. Opo C: If = se The investigation continues, in order to determine if there are other possible sources of the outbreak. A investigao continua, a fim de determinar se existem outras possveis fontes do surto. whether = se = if = se Os conectivos so sinnimos, ambos expressam condio e podem perfeitamente substituir um ao outro sem prejuzo para a coerncia da frase. Esta a opo correta. Opo D: despite = apesar de The investigation continues, in order to determine despite there are other possible sources of the outbreak. A investigao continua, a fim de determinar apesar de existem outras possveis fontes do surto. Veja como o texto fica confuso. Opo errada. Opo E: while = enquanto The investigation continues, in order to determine while there are other possible sources of the outbreak. A investigao continua, a fim de determinar enquanto existem outras possveis fontes do surto.

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Esta

conjuno

deixa

frase

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith incoerente, tornando confusa sua

interpretao. Opo errada. GABARITO: C 6. According to the text, how many people died because of the outbreak of the Salmonella infection ? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 81 18 16 zero 7

6. According to the text, how many people died because of the outbreak of the Salmonella infection ? 6. De acordo com o texto, quantas pessoas morreram por causa do surto de infeco por salmonela? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 81 = este foi o nmero de pessoas infectadas 18 = este o nmero de estados que relataram o surto 16 = este foi o nmero de pessoas hospitalizadas zero = no deaths = nenhuma morte 7 = nmero de dias antes da entrevista dos que comeram pepino

Nationwide 16 people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported. Em toda nao 16 pessoas foram hospitalizadas. Nenhuma morte foi relatada.

GABARITO: D

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

Translation
FDA Investigates Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul linked to cucumbers supplied by Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse FDA investiga Surto em estados mltiplos de Salmonela Saintpaul ligada a pepinos fornecidos por Daniel Cardenas Izabal e Miracle Greenhouse Posted May 8, 2013 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul infections. A Administrao de Medicamentos e Alimentos americana juntamente com os Centros de Controle e Preveno de Doenas (CDC) e as autoridades estaduais e locais esto investigando um surto de infeces por salmonela Saintpaul em vrios estados. We are moving quickly to learn as much as possible and prevent additional people from becoming ill. We recognize that people will be concerned about this outbreak, and we will continue to provide updates and advice. Estamos nos movendo rapidamente para descobrir o mximo possvel e evitar que mais pessoas adoeam. Reconhecemos que as pessoas vo se preocupar com esse surto, e ns continuaremos a fornecer atualizaes e conselhos. What is the Problem and What is Being Done About It? Qual o problema e O que est Sendo Feito Sobre Isso?

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith The FDA, CDC, and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul illnesses linked to cucumbers supplied by Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse of Culiacn, Mexico and distributed by Tricar Sales, Inc. of Rio Rico, Ariz. The FDA has placed Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse on Import Alert. Os funcionrios da FDA, CDC, e autoridades estaduais e locais esto investigando um surto em mltiplos estados de Salmonela Saintpaul doenas ligadas aos pepinos fornecidos por Daniel Cardenas Izabal e Miracle Estufa de Culiacn, Mxico e distribudo por vendas Tricar, Inc. de Rio Rico, Arizona. O FDA colocou Daniel Cardenas Izabal e Miracle Greenhouse em Alerta de Importao. The Import Alert informs FDA field personnel that FDA has sufficient evidence or other information to detain future shipments of cucumbers from these suppliers. This means that cucumbers from these two firms will be denied admission into the United States unless the importer provides evidence that they are not contaminated with Salmonella, such as results from private laboratory tests of the cucumbers. Cucumbers from these two firms will remain on import alert until FDA has sufficient confidence that future shipments will be in compliance. O alerta de importao informa o pessoal de campo da FDA que a FDA tem provas suficientes ou outras informaes para deter futuras remessas de pepinos desses fornecedores. Isto significa que os pepinos dessas duas empresas no tero permisso para entrar nos Estados Unidos, a menos que o importador fornea evidncias de que eles no esto contaminados com Salmonela, tais como resultados de exames laboratoriais privados dos pepinos. Os pepinos dessas duas empresas continuaro em alerta de importao at que a FDA tem confiana suficiente de que os embarques futuros estaro em conformidade com as leis.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith A total of 81 people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Saintpaul have been reported from 18 states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Mexico, Nevada, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin. Nationwide 16 people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported. Um total de 81 pessoas infectadas com o surto de Salmonela Saintpaul tm sido relatado em 18 estados: Arizona, Califrnia, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Minnesota, Carolina do Norte, Novo Mxico, Nevada, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virgnia e Wisconsin. Em toda nao 16 pessoas foram hospitalizadas. Nenhuma morte foi relatada. Interviews conducted by local and state health departments implicated consumption of cucumbers as a source of these infections. Among ill persons who have been asked detailed questions about food exposures, 67% (30/45) report eating cucumbers. This proportion is significantly higher than results from a survey of healthy persons in which 44.4% reported eating cucumbers in the 7 days before they were interviewed. An additional, 11% (5/45) report that they may have eaten cucumbers. Entrevistas realizadas pelos departamentos de sade locais e estaduais apontaram o consumo de pepinos como fonte destas infeces. Entre as pessoas doentes a quem tem sido feitas perguntas detalhadas sobre a exposio dos alimentos, 67% (30/45) relatam comer pepinos. Esta proporo significativamente maior do que os resultados de uma pesquisa com pessoas saudveis em que 44,4% relataram comer pepinos nos 7 dias antes de serem entrevistados. Um adicional de 11% (5/45) relatam que podem ter comido pepinos.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith No other foods that were reported as being eaten by interviewees showed a greater statistical significance when compared to the same healthy population survey. Nenhuns outros alimentos que foram relatados como sendo ingeridos pelos entrevistados mostraram uma maior significncia estatstica quando comparados com a mesma pesquisa de populao saudvel. Reviewing shipping records, with assistance from its partner state agencies, FDA traced cucumbers eaten by seven people who were made sick during the outbreak to the importer and further, to the suppliers, Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse. Revendo os registros de remessa, com a ajuda de seus rgos estaduais parceiros, a FDA rastreou pepinos ingeridos por sete pessoas que ficaram doentes durante o surto a caminho do importador e mais adiante, aos fornecedores, Daniel Cardenas Izabal e Miracle Greenhouse. The investigation continues, in order to determine whether there are other possible sources of the outbreak. Fonte: http://www.fda.gov/Food/RecallsOutbreaksEmergencies/Outbreaks/ucm3 49461.htm A investigao continua a fim de determinar se existem outras possveis fontes do surto.

2 Questes CETRO
SESI/DF CETRO - Nvel Superior 2013 7.Read the sentence below.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Stimulating a searing calling into question...() the culture wars produced an impassionate politics of knowledge. Choose the alternative that replaces the highlighted idiom in the sentence. a) dispute on issues () b) search for answers () c) exchange of opinions () d) raise of doubts () e) summon into action ()

Comentrios:
7.Read the sentence below. 7.Leia a sentena abaixo. Stimulating a searing calling into question...() the culture wars produced an impassionate politics of knowledge. Estimulando uma crtica dura pondo em causa ... (...) as guerras da cultura produziram uma poltica insensvel de conhecimento. Choose the alternative that replaces the highlighted idiom in the sentence. Escolha a alternativa que substitui a expresso idiomtica na frase. Opo A: dispute on issues () = disputa em questes e Opo C: exchange of opinions () = a troca de opinies As assertivas expressam algo que d ideia de um debate, no isso que a expresso idiomtica do enunciado quer dizer. Erradas.
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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Opo B: search for answers () = procura por respostas A expresso no significa buscar respostas, mas sim avaliar um assunto mais profundamente. Errada. Opo D: raise of doubts () = levantamento de dvidas call into question = 1.fazer com que algum ou algo a ser avaliado. 2.examinar ou reexaminar as qualificaes ou o valor de algum ou algo. 3. pr em causa uma questo, diferir 4. desafiar a preciso, questionar uma opinio 5. Causar dvida sobre algo = raise of doubts = levantamento de dvidas A assertiva expressa corretamente o significado da expresso, esta a opo correta. Opo E: summon into action () = convocar para ao Nada a ver com o significado da expresso. Errada. GABARITO: D 8. Read the sentence below. Japanese word order is relatively free; therefore, two noun phrases may be scrambled without affecting the meaning of the sentence. Choose the alternative that presents the word that replaces correctly the highlighted conjunction. (A) Thus

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(B) (C) (D) (E)

Nevertheless Yet However Whereas

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

8. Read the sentence below. 8. Leia a frase abaixo. Japanese word order is relatively free; therefore, two noun phrases may be scrambled without affecting the meaning of the sentence. A ordem palavra japonesa relativamente livre; portanto, duas frases nominais podem ser mexidas sem afetar o significado da frase. Choose the alternative that presents the word that replaces correctly the highlighted conjunction. Escolha a alternativa que apresenta a palavra que substitui corretamente a conjuno destacada. Opo A: thus = logo, portanto therefore = logo, portanto = thus = assim, desse modo, dessa maneira As conjunes so sinnimas, podem portanto ser trocadas uma pela outra que no vai alterar a compreenso textual. Opo correta. Opo B: nevertheless = contudo e Opo C: Yet = mas e Opo D: However = entretanto nevertheless = no obstante, contudo = yet = mas, porm = however = entretanto, no obstante, porm

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith As conjunes dessas opes expressam contradio. As conjunes contrastantes ligam duas ideias que so consideradas diferentes. Enquanto que aquela do enunciado um conectivo de concluso. Nenhuma delas pode substituir aquela do enunciado, pois no so sinnimas. Erradas. Opo E: Whereas = ao passo que Whereas = ao passo que, enquanto que Esta uma conjuno concessiva, esta tipo um subgrupo das conjunes contrastantes. As concessivas so utilizadas para contrastar uma ideia com outra frase onde uma informao parece ser surpreendente e inesperada, tendo em conta a outra ideia. Errada. GABARITO: A 9. Read the sentences below I. II. III. IV. (A) (B) (C) (D) Teachers have been meeting in the coffee shop. Text-books were growing smaller. Will the school board have finished their reports by Wednesday? Students havent written their essays on American literature. I. Present Perfect. II. Present Continuous. III. Simple Future. IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect Continuous. II. Past Perfect Continuous. III. Future Perfect. Present Perfect IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect. II. Past Continuous. III. Future Perfect. IV. Present Perfect Continuous I. Present Perfect Continuous. II. Past Continuous. III. Future Perfect. IV. Present Perfect
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(E)

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith I. Present Perfect. II. Past Continuous. III. Simple Future. IV. Present Perfect Continuous

9. Read the sentences below 9. Leia as frases abaixo I. Teachers have been meeting in the coffee shop = I. Os professores tm se reunido na cafeteria. Observe que na orao acima temos um tempo verbal que expressa uma ao que comeou no Passado e continua at o Presente. A formao have/has + been + verbo principal acrescido de ING = Present Perfect Continuous (Progressive). Ento voc j elimina as letras A, C e E. Ficamos ento com as letras B e D. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) I. Present Perfect. II. Present Continuous. III. Simple Future. IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect Continuous. II. Past Perfect Continuous. III. Future Perfect. Present Perfect IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect. II. Past Continuous. III. Future Perfect. IV. Present Perfect Continuous I. Present Perfect Continuous. II. Past Continuous. III. Future Perfect. IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect. II. Past Continuous. III. Simple Future. IV. Present Perfect Continuous II. Text-books were growing smaller = Os livros de texto estavam se tornando menores. Na orao II ns temos o tempo verbal com a seguinte formao: verbo TO BE (ser, estar) no Passado (was/were) + verbo principal + ING = Past Continuous tambm chamado de Past Progressive (Passado Contnuo).

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Eliminamos ento a opo B, pois est errada. Ficamos ento com a letra correta que a D. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) I. Present Perfect. II. Present Continuous. III. Simple Future. IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect Continuous. II. Past Perfect Continuous. III. Future Perfect. Present Perfect IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect. II. Past Continuous. III. Future Perfect. IV. Present Perfect Continuous I. Present Perfect Continuous. II. Past Continuous. III. Future Perfect. IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect. II. Past Continuous. III. Simple Future. IV. Present Perfect Continuous III. Will the school board have finished their reports by Wednesday? = A diretoria da escola vai ter terminado seus relatrios at Quarta-feira? Observe acima a formao WILL (auxiliar para o Futuro) + have + Particpio Passado = Future Perfect (letra D) IV. Students havent written their essays on American literature =

Os alunos no tem escrito suas redaes sobre Literatura Americana A formao do tempo verbal have/has + Particpio = Present Perfect. Confirmando que a opo correta a letra D. GABARITO: D 10. Read the sentence below.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith English-educated native Americans took to Shakespeare, and translations in Indian Languages began appearing from 1852 onwards. Choose the alternative that presents the word that replaces correctly the highlighted phrasal verb. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Studied. Transcribed. Misunderstood. Liked. Adhorred.

10. Read the sentence below. 10. Leia a orao abaixo. English-educated native Americans took to Shakespeare, and translations in Indian Languages began appearing from 1852 onwards. Os nativos americanos com educao em Lngua Inglesa afeioaram-se Shakespeare, e as tradues em lnguas indgenas comearam a aparecer a partir de 1852 em diante. Choose the alternative that presents the word that replaces correctly the highlighted phrasal verb. Escolha a alternativa que apresenta a palavra que substitui corretamente o verbo frasal destacado. Take to = 1.recorrer a algo para buscar segurana. 2. desenvolver-se como um hbito ou uma prtica constante. 3. tornar-se afeioado ou ligado a. Opo A: Studied. = estudaram e Opo B: Transcribed = transcreveram
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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Observe a definio do verbo frasal acima. Nada tem a ver com estudar ou transcrever. Erradas. Opo C: Misunderstood = interpretaram mal e Opo E: Adhorred. = odiaram Ambas opes acima expressam algo negativo. Assim sendo, so opostas ao significado do verbo do enunciado. Erradas. Opo D: Liked = gostaram

Took to = tornaram-se afeioados ou ligados a = liked = gostaram A opo traz um verbo que sinnimo daquele do enunciado, podendo ento substitu-lo. Esta a opo correta. GABARITO: D

3 Texto 2, vocabulrio e Traduo


FDA Inspector Procedures Procedimentos de um Fiscal da FDA By Joshua Chang, eHow Contributor

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services . The FDA is responsible for promoting public health through regulations and inspections of food, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter medications, vaccines, medical devices and cosmetics. Inspections of these products ensure that the products conform to FDA standards and are safe for the public to use and consume. A FDA Administrao de Alimentos e Medicamentos uma agncia do Departamento de Sade e Servios Humanos dos Estados Unidos. A FDA responsvel por promover a sade pblica atravs de regulamentao e fiscalizao de alimentos, produtos de tabaco, suplementos alimentares, medicamentos com e sem prescrio, vacinas, dispositivos mdicos e cosmticos. As Inspees desses produtos garantem que os produtos esto em conformidade com as normas da FDA e so seguros para o pblico us-los e consumi-los. Water System Purity Inspections Inspees da Pureza do Sistema de gua For purified water systems, inspectors certify that the water complies with the Environmental Protection Agencys regulations for drinking water. If the water only reaches minimal standards, it will also be tested for microbial organisms. Any water sample that contains over 100 microbial organisms per milliliter of water is unacceptable. Para os sistemas de gua purificada, os inspetores certificam-se de que a gua est em conformidade com os regulamentos da Agncia de Proteo Ambiental para gua potvel. Se a gua atinge apenas padres mnimos, ela tambm ir ser testada para organismos microbianos. Qualquer amostra de gua que contm mais de 100 microrganismos por mililitro de gua inaceitvel.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Inspectors will also test for objectionable organisms, which are organisms that cause infections and diseases that are resistant to drugs and other forms of treatment. The presence of or traces of any objectionable organisms will disqualify the entire water sample. Water purity inspectors will note the type of purification system used. Two forms of acceptable treatment include Reverse Osmosis filtration and Ultra Filtration, which is used to reduce the presence of endotoxins. Os inspectores tambm testam organismos censurveis, que so os organismos que causam infeces e doenas que so resistentes a drogas e outras formas de tratamento. A presena de vestgios ou de quaisquer organismos censurveis desqualificar a inteira amostra de gua . Os Inspetores de pureza da gua vo observar o tipo de sistema de purificao usado. Duas formas de tratamento aceitveis incluem filtrao de osmose inversa e ultra filtrao, que utilizada para reduzir a presena de endotoxinas. Topical Drug Product Inspections Inspees de Produto de Medicao Tpica Topical drugs are medications that are applied to the exterior of the body and not ingested. Topical medications are usually rubs or creams that are applied to the skin, or to the outside of the throat. As drogas tpicas so medicamentos que so aplicadas ao exterior do corpo e no ingeridas. Os medicamentos tpicos so geralmente abrasivos ou cremes que so aplicados sobre a pele, ou no exterior da garganta. Inspectors of topical drugs consider how the product reacts to changes in heat. If the product degrades or causes insoluble ingredients to dissolve or change in size and form, it must be noted on the product label.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Inspetores de drogas tpicas consideram como o produto reage s mudanas no calor. Se o produto se degrada ou provoca ingredientes insolveis para dissolver ou alterar em tamanho e forma, ele deve ser anotado na etiqueta do produto. Inspectors will investigate if deionizing systems were used to produce purified water that was used in the product. Factors such as the microbial quality of the water and chlorine levels as well as ion residual levels are noted as well. Os fiscais vo investigar se os sistemas de deionizao foram usados para produzir gua purificada que foi utilizada no produto. Fatores tais como a qualidade microbiana dos nveis de gua e cloro bem como os nveis de ons residuais so observados tambm. Food Processing and Packaging Inspections Inspees de Embalagem e Processamento de Alimentos While inspecting food processing and packaging facilities, FDA inspectors refer to a diagram or blueprint of the processing and packaging system, along with a guided review of the entire system. The inspectors look at a process flow diagram as well as incoming raw materials that are entering the processing facility. They review the sterilization processes. If the facility uses more than one aseptic processing system, the system that is most at risk for contamination should be inspected. Ao inspecionar o processamento de alimentos e embalagem, inspetores do FDA se referem a um diagrama ou esquema do tratamento e sistema de embalagem, juntamente com uma reviso guiada de todo o sistema. Os inspetores olhar para um diagrama de fluxo de processo, bem como matrias-primas que esto entrando na unidade de processamento. Eles analisam os processos de esterilizao. Se a instalao usa mais do que um sistema de processamento assptico, o sistema que est mais em risco de contaminao deve ser inspecionado.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Fonte:http://www.ehow.com/list_6894958_fda-inspector-procedures.html

4 Texto 3, vocabulrio e Traduo


FDA cracks down on compounding pharmacies FDA toma medidas energticas contra as farmcias de

manipulao April 12, 2013 (CBS News) More than 700 people have become ill and more than 50 of them have died of meningitis since a pharmacy in Massachusetts manufactured thousands of vials of contaminated steroids. It's the worst pharmaceutical disaster in recent times and it's drawn attention to the rapid growth of compounding pharmacies. There are thousands of them in America making high risk drugs, but they're not supervised by the FDA. Since the disaster, the FDA has been looking into this. (CBS News) Mais de 700 pessoas ficaram doentes e mais de 50 delas morreram de meningite por que uma farmcia em Massachusetts produziu milhares de frascos de esterides contaminados. o pior desastre farmacutico nos ltimos tempos e tem chamado a ateno para o rpido crescimento das farmcias de manipulao. H milhares delas na Amrica produzindo medicamentos de alto risco, mas elas no so supervisionadas pela FDA. Desde o desastre, a FDA tem investigado isso. Half a year after the meningitis outbreak was traced to unsanitary conditions at the New England Compounding Center, the FDA conducted 31 unannounced inspections in 18 states of other compounding

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith pharmacies. The agency found conditions that could create a risk of contamination in all but one. Meio ano aps o surto de meningite foi atribudo a condies insalubres no Centro de Manipulao New England , a FDA realizou 31 inspees sem aviso prvio em 18 estados das outras farmcias de manipulao. A agncia encontrou condies que poderiam criar um risco de contaminao em todos, com exceo de um. "What we're seeing now," said Sarah Sellers, a former FDA inspector who now consults for the pharmaceutical industry, "suggests a much more systemic problem and that will need to be considered in both state legislation and federal legislation moving forward." "O que estamos vendo agora", disse Sellers Sarah, um ex-inspetor da FDA, que agora presta consultoria para a indstria farmacutica ", sugere um problema muito mais sistmico e que precisa ser considerado tanto na legislao estadual como na legislao federal frente." Over the last two months, Inspectors reported finding black particles in vials of injectable steroid at one company. Rust and mold were found in clean rooms at other compounding pharmacies as well as tears in worker's gloves that exposed their skin. Ao longo dos ltimos dois meses, os inspetores relataram a descoberta de partculas pretas em frascos de esterides injetveis em uma empresa. Ferrugem e bolor foram encontrados em salas limpas em outras farmcias de manipulao, bem como rasges em luvas de trabalhadores que expuseram a pele deles. "I think what we are seeing in these waves of inspections is that the producers of sterile products are not meeting federal sterility requirements, and that is a vulnerability," said Sellers.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith "Eu acho que o que estamos vendo nessas ondas de inspees que os produtores de produtos estreis no esto cumprindo os requisitos de esterilidade federais, e essa uma vulnerabilidade", disse Sellers. Currently, the FDA does not have primary oversight of compounding pharmacies. States do, although the FDA can step in. The compounding industry doesn't want to see that change and, despite the FDA's latest report, said NECC was an outlier. Atualmente, a FDA no tem a superviso primria de farmcias de manipulao. Os Estados que fazem isso, embora a FDA possa entrar em cena. A indstria de manipulao no quer ver essa mudana , apesar do ltimo relatrio da FDA foi um caso especial, disse NECC . In a statement Friday, the industry's trade group said the FDA is using "...inappropriate standards..." and "this sudden and legally questionable change in standards does not further public safety." Em um comunicado sexta-feira, o grupo comercial da indstria disse que o FDA est usando "... padres inadequados ..." e "esta mudana repentina e juridicamente questionvel em padres no promove a segurana pblica." On "60 Minutes," FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg told Scott Pelley some pharmacies were reluctant to cooperate with the agency's latest inspections. Em "60 Minutes", a Comissria da FDA Margaret Hamburg, disse a Scott Pelley que algumas farmcias estavam relutantes em cooperar com as ltimas inspees da agncia. Hamburg: "We even had to go to the courts and get a warrant to go into one of these facilities 'cause they were questioning our authorities. And that speaks volumes to me. "

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Hamburgo: "Ns at tivemos que ir aos tribunais e conseguir um mandado para entrar em uma dessas instalaes por que eles estavam questionando nossas autoridades. E ao meu ver, isso j diz tudo". Pelley: "You were getting push back from the compounders, saying, 'You don't have the authority to come in here. We're not letting you in.'" Pelley: "Vocs foram impedidos de fazer a inspeo, dizendo:" 'Vocs no tem autoridade para vir aqui. Ns no vamos deixar vocs entrar" . Hamburg: "That's correct." Hamburg: verdade. Lawyers for some of the compounders question the timing of these latest inspections and see this as a power grab. Next Tuesday, a House subcommittee will take up the idea of expanding the FDA's authority over compounding pharmacies. Fonte: http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18563_162-57579426/fda-cracksdown-on-compounding-pharmacies/ Os advogados de alguns dos produtores questionam a hora destas ltimas inspees e vejo isso como um abuso de poder. Na prxima tera-feira, um subcomit da Cmara assumir a ideia de expandir a autoridade da FDA sobre as farmcias de manipulao.

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5 Glossrio de termos do Pertinentes ANVISA


advertising (ad) advice (com c = substantivo) advise (com s = verbo) aid alive ant arrest warrant assessment avoid contact with eyes backyard ban banned based on the use of batch number batch of product bath soap bathroom bathtub beauty saloon bedbug bee beverage biotech food

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

propaganda, publicidade conselho, recomendao, aviso notificar, aconselhar, avisar ajuda vivo formiga mandado de priso avaliao evite contato com os olhos quintal proibir, banir proibido, banido, interdito feito com o uso de nmero de lote lote de medicamento sabonete banheiro banheira salo de beleza percevejo abelha bebida alimento modificado, geneticamente incluindo

principalmente frutas e legumes bird flu bleach blisters gripe aviria gua sanitria bolhas, empolar

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith blood blood transfusion bodily waste body bottle bottom shelf brand Brasils breadcrumb breast milk breastfeeding women bribe brighten butcher canned food canned hearts of palm cardiac arrest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - CDC change charge chicken clean cleaner cleaning clothing cockroach cold complaint compounding pharmacies National Surveillance Agency sangue transfuso de sangue resduos corporais, excreo corpo garrafa, frasco, mamadeira prateleira de baixo marca de fbrica Health Agncia Nacional de Vigilncia Sanitria (ANVISA) migalha de po leite materno mulheres que amamentam suborno limpar, clarear aougueiro, aougue alimentos enlatados palmito em conserva parada cardaca Centros para Controle e Preveno de Doenas - CDC mudar, converter, trocar, alterar encargo, cobrar, acusar frango limpo, limpar produto para limpar limpeza roupa barata resfriado denncia farmcias de manipulao

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contact lenses cooking cool area cooler Cosmetic Act counterfeit court cramp customer damp dead death device directions of use dirtiness dirty disabled disease disgusting dish dishwasher disposal dozen dozens (plural) drinking water drug drugstore eat eggs emergency room employee

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith lentes de contato cozimento, cozinhar rea arejada caixa/bolsa trmica Lei dos Cosmticos falsificado tribunal cimbra, clica, espasmo cliente, comprador mido morto morte aparelho, dispositivo modo de usar, orientaes sujeira sujo desativado, desabilitado doena nojento, repugnante, repulsivo prato mquina de lavar pratos lata de lixo, descarte uma dzia dezenas, quantidade indefinida gua potvel medicamento, remdio farmcia comer, alimentar-se ovos sala de emergncia empregado, funcionrio

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith empty environment eye irritant farmer feature Federal law feed feeding filth finding fine first aid fish flushing food food chain food poisoning food safety food supply foodborne Foodborne disease outbreak Foodborne Illness forbidden frankenfood vazio ambiente produz irritao dos olhos agricultor caracterstica, aspecto Lei federal alimentar alimentao sujeira, porcaria descoberta multa primeiros socorros peixe dar descarga no vaso sanitrio alimento Cadeia alimentar Intoxicao alimentar segurana alimentar suprimento de alimentos transmitido por alimentos Surto de doena de origem por alimentar Doenas alimentos proibido alimento modificado, free sample fulfill garbage amostra grtis cumprir, executar lixo geneticamente incluindo transmitidas

principalmente frutas e legumes

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garbage disposal garden genetically engineered foods

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith triturador de lixo que fica no cano da pia da cozinha jardim alimento modificado, geneticamente incluindo

principalmente frutas e legumes get a whiff of gherkin gloves GMOs genetically organisms grass lawn grime grocery store gum handling hands harmful harmless hazard hazardous to the health head headache health equity healthy hearts of palm hot spot How long How often sentir o cheiro de pepino em conserva, picles luvas modified alimento modificado, gramado sujeira, encardimento supermercado chiclete, gengiva manejo, manuseio mos prejudicial, nocivo inofensivo perigo prejudicial sade banheiro (gria) dor de cabea equidade em sade saudvel palmito lugar que foco de algo, que est em evidncia Quanto tempo Com que frequncia geneticamente incluindo

principalmente frutas e legumes

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hurt ill illness inhaled injury jelly beans keep out of reach of children kill kitchen kitchen sink label labeling labeling requirement law lawn lawyer lead poisoning life littering lives livestock lukewarm water lunch maintenance makeup mammals management manager manufacturer meal

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith ferir, machucar doente, enfermo doena, enfermidade inalado prejuzo, leso, ferimento jujuba mantenha fora do alcance das crianas matar, eliminar cozinha pia da cozinha etiquetar, rtulo etiquetagem exigncias de rotulagem lei gramado advogado envenenamento por mercrio vida jogar lixo na rua vidas (plural) animais de criao, fazenda gua morna almoo manuteno maquiagem (cosmticos) mamferos gesto, administrao gestor, gerente, administrador fabricante refeio

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith measure meat medical care medicine meeting mess mice microwave migraine milk moist area mold morsel mouse nasty non refillable container nugget nurse on-site inspection outbreak outerwear over the counter medida carne assistncia mdica remdio, medicao reunio, encontro imundcie, baguna, sujeira ratos (plural) microondas enxaqueca leite rea mida mofo, fungo, bolor poro/bocado de comida rato sujo, repugnante recipiente no recarregvel pedao de frango enfermeiro (a) fiscalizao no local surto epidmico indumentria (botas, luvas, casacos), roupa exterior venda de medicamentos de forma legal overcook oversee oversight owner pack pain sem a necessidade de prescrio mdica exceder o tempo de cozimento supervisionar, checar superviso, vigilncia dono, proprietrio empacotar, embalar dor

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith partnership pen pest pesticide pet food pets pharmacist place in trash plates platter plenty of water port-a-john postponed poultry pregnancy pregnant psysician public health quality loss rate raw recall (estrangeirismo) parceria curral, galinheiro, redil, aprisco praga agrotxico, pesticida comida para animal, rao animais de estimao farmacutico(a) jogue no lixo pratos prato de servir muita gua banheiro de rua adiado aves domsticas gravidez grvida mdico (a) sade pblica perda de qualidade taxa, medida cru (a) fazer o recall, troca/conserto ou retirada do mercado de produto defeituoso records redness regulatory framework for health replace requirement research respiration by mouth-to-mouth registros, relatrios vermelhido marco regulatrio sanitrio trocar, substituir requisito, exigncia pesquisa, estudo cientfico respirao boca-a-boca

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restroom reviewed rinse risk assessment rodent rotten rubbish rust safety saloon sample sampling scent scheduled scope seafood search warrant sewage shellfish shipment shot sick site visits skill skin irritant skins surface slob sludge smell smoker

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith banheiro revisto, revisado enxaguar, lavar sem sabo avaliao de risco roedor: rato, camundongo estragado, podre lixo ferrugem segurana salo de beleza amostra amostragem odor, perfume programado, agendado escopo, objetivo; vasculhar, esquadrinhar, olhar ao redor frutos do mar mandado de busca esgoto molusco, crustceo embarque, carregamento injeo doente, enfermo visitas ao local competncia, habilidade produz irritao da pele superfcie da pele pessoa porcalhona, relaxada lodo, lama cheiro fumante

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smoothie sore soured spider spoiled spraying of pesticide staff staff supporting stain stockhouse stomachache storage straw substandard supplier surveillance survey swallowed sweetener swelling tatoo thoroughly cleaning throw out tissues implants toilet toilet bowl toilet lid top shelf Tracking Environmental Health Hazards

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith vitamina de fruta ferido, dolorido, inflamado azedado aranha estragado, apodrecido dedetizao quadro de funcionrios pessoal de apoio mancha almoxarifado, depsito dor de barriga, dor de estmago armazenamento canudinho, canudo de beber abaixo do padro, precrio fornecedor fiscalizao, vigilncia pesquisa, exame, inspeo ingerido, engolido adoante inchamento, inchao tatuagem limpeza completa jogar fora/no lixo, descartar implantes de tecidos USA = vaso sanitrio; UK banheiro vaso sanitrio tampa do vaso sanitrio prateleira de cima Rastreamento de Riscos de Sade Ambiental

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trademark trash can trash truck UN Naes Unidas unannounced uncooked undercooked undernourished unhealthy unpalatable unsanitary vials Legislation warehouse warn warrant wash waste waste basket water water safety well-ventilated area whiten WHO World Organization widespread written notice of inspection

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith marca registrada lata de lixo caminho de lixo ONU (Organizao das Naes Unidas) sem aviso prvio, inesperado no cozido, cru mal cozido desnutrido no saudvel, insalubre, nocivo impalatvel, intragvel insalubre frascos Federal almoxarifado, depsito avisar, alertar, advertir mandado lavar refugo, desperdiar lixeira, cesto de papel gua segurana da gua rea bem ventilada alvejar, embranquecer Health OMS Organizao Mundial da Sade comum, muito difundido aviso/nota de inspeo escrito

violations of the Federal Health infraes Legislao Sanitria

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

6 - Vocabulrios:
Along with juntamente com Compliance de acordo com a lei Concern preocupar-se Crack down apertar o cerco, tomar medidas energticas, represso Cucumber - pepino Currently - atualmente Deny negar, no conceder ou autorizar Enough o bastante Ensure - assegurar Forward adiante, para a frente Growth cerscimento, desenvolvimento Nationwide em toda nao Objectionable objetvel, censurvel Other - outros Partner - parceiro Power grab abuso de poder Quickly - rapidamente Raw material matria prima Slowly - vagarosamente Teared glove luva rasgada Thousands - milhares Unacceptable - inaceitvel Worst o pior

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Sinnimos:
Along with together Compliance comformity Concern worry

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

Crack down restraining actions, repression Cucumber a type of vegetable Currently at present Deny refuse to accept Enough suficcient Ensure make certain Forward toward front Growth development Nationwide throughout the country Objectionable - offensive Other different, additional Partner - associate Power grab abuse of power Quickly - rapidly Raw - unprocessed Slowly - unhurried Teared ripped Thousands great amount Unacceptable - unsatisfatory Worst most faulty

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7 - Lista de Questes Apresentadas e Gabaritos


Texto 1:

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

FDA Investigates Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul linked to cucumbers supplied by Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse Posted May 8, 2013 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul infections. We are moving quickly to learn as much as possible and prevent additional people from becoming ill. We recognize that people will be concerned about this outbreak, and we will continue to provide updates and advice. What is the Problem and What is Being Done About It? The FDA, CDC, and state and local officials are investigating a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul illnesses linked to cucumbers supplied by Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse of Culiacn, Mexico and distributed by Tricar Sales, Inc. of Rio Rico, Ariz. The FDA has placed Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse on Import Alert. The Import Alert informs FDA field personnel that FDA has sufficient evidence or other information to detain future shipments of cucumbers from these suppliers. This means that cucumbers from these two firms will be denied admission into the United States unless the importer provides evidence that they are not contaminated with Salmonella, such as results from private laboratory tests of the cucumbers. Cucumbers from these two firms will remain on import alert until FDA has sufficient confidence that future shipments will be in compliance.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith A total of 81 people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Saintpaul have been reported from 18 states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Mexico, Nevada, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, and Wisconsin. Nationwide 16 people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported. Interviews conducted by local and state health departments implicated consumption of cucumbers as a source of these infections. Among ill persons who have been asked detailed questions about food exposures, 67% (30/45) report eating cucumbers. This proportion is significantly higher than results from a survey of healthy persons in which 44.4% reported eating cucumbers in the 7 days before they were interviewed. An additional, 11% (5/45) report that they may have eaten cucumbers. No other foods that were reported as being eaten by interviewees showed a greater statistical significance when compared to the same healthy population survey. Reviewing shipping records, with assistance from its partner state agencies, FDA traced cucumbers eaten by seven people who were made sick during the outbreak to the importer and further, to the suppliers, Daniel Cardenas Izabal and Miracle Greenhouse. The investigation continues, in order to determine whether there are other possible sources of the outbreak. Fonte: http://www.fda.gov/Food/RecallsOutbreaksEmergencies/Outbreaks/ucm3 49461.htm 01.According to the text above, we can say that (A) (B) Only FDA is investigating an outbreak of salmonella infection The investigation is about salmonella infection in one state

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(C) (D) (E)

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Local officials couldn't participate of the investigation An outbreak is being investigated by FDA, CDC, state and local officials People won't be worried about this outbreak

02. Read the sentences below and sign the right one: (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) along with is the opposite of together quickly is the opposite of slowly illness is the opposite of disease linked id the opposite of connected sufficient is the opposite of enough

03. We can affirm that: I. II. III. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) suppliers and firms are related to the same idea in the text. It would be possible to write conformity ins tead of compliance. The word that in that were reported is linked with foods All of the statements are correct The first and the third are incorrect Only the first one is correct The first and the second are incorrect None of them are correct

4. Read each of the sentences below: I. II. III. The word its in its partner state agencies means records. The word eaten in eaten by seven people means consumed. The word outbreak in outbreak to the importer means food.

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We can say that Opo A: Only sentence I is correct Opo B: Only sentence II is correct Opo C: Only sentence III is correct

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

Opo D: Theres more than one correct sentence Opo E: All the sentences are wrong

5. Read the sentence below The investigation continues, in order to determine whether there are other possible sources of the outbreak. Choose the alternative that replaces the highlighted conjunction in the sentence. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) However But If despite while

6. According to the text, how many people died because of the outbreak of the Salmonella infection ? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 81 18 16 zero 7

Questes CETRO: 7.Read the sentence below.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Stimulating a searing calling into question...() the culture wars produced an impassionate politics of knowledge. Choose the alternative that replaces the highlighted idiom in the sentence. a) dispute on issues () b) search for answers () c) exchange of opinions () d) raise of doubts () e) summon into action () 8. Read the sentence below. Japanese word order is relatively free; therefore, two noun phrases may be scrambled without affecting the meaning of the sentence. Choose the alternative that presents the word that replaces correctly the highlighted conjunction. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Thus Nevertheless Yet However Whereas

9. Read the sentences below I. II. III. Teachers have been meeting in the coffee shop. Text-books were growing smaller. Will the school board have finished their reports by Wednesday?

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IV. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Students havent written their essays on American literature. I. Present Perfect. II. Present Continuous. III. Simple Future. IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect Continuous. II. Past Perfect Continuous. III. Future Perfect. Present Perfect IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect. II. Past Continuous. III. Future Perfect. IV. Present Perfect Continuous I. Present Perfect Continuous. II. Past Continuous. III. Future Perfect. IV. Present Perfect I. Present Perfect. II. Past Continuous. III. Simple Future. IV. Present Perfect Continuous

10. Read the sentence below. English-educated native Americans took to Shakespeare, and translations in Indian Languages began appearing from 1852 onwards. Choose the alternative that presents the word that replaces correctly the highlighted phrasal verb. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Studied. Transcribed. Misunderstood. Liked. Adhorred.

Texto 2: FDA Inspector Procedures By Joshua Chang, eHow Contributor

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency of the United States Department for of Health and Human health Services .The FDA is and and responsible and promoting public through regulations devices

inspections of food, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription over-the-counter medications, vaccines, medical cosmetics. Inspections of these products ensure that the products conform to FDA standards and are safe for the public to use and consume. Water System Purity Inspections For purified water systems, inspectors certify that the water complies with the Environmental Protection Agency's regulations for drinking water. If the water only reaches minimal standards, it will also be tested for microbial organisms. Any water sample that contains over 100 microbial organisms per milliliter of water is unacceptable. Inspectors will also test for "objectionable organisms," which are organisms that cause infections and diseases that are resistant to drugs and other forms of treatment. The presence of or traces of any objectionable organisms will disqualify the entire water sample. Water purity inspectors will note the type of purification system used. Two forms of acceptable treatment include Reverse Osmosis filtration and Ultra Filtration, which is used to reduce the presence of endotoxins. Topical Drug Product Inspections Topical drugs are medications that are applied to the exterior of the body and not ingested. Topical medications are usually rubs or creams that are applied to the skin, or to the outside of the throat. Inspectors of topical drugs consider how the product reacts to changes in heat. If the product degrades or causes insoluble ingredients to dissolve or change in size and form, it must be noted on the product label.

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Inspectors will investigate if deionizing systems were used to produce purified water that was used in the product. Factors such as the microbial quality of the water and chlorine levels as well as ion residual levels are noted as well. Food Processing and Packaging Inspections

While inspecting food processing and packaging facilities, FDA inspectors refer to a diagram or blueprint of the processing and packaging system, along with a guided review of the entire system. The inspectors look at a process flow diagram as well as incoming raw materials that are entering the processing facility. They review the sterilization processes. If the facility uses more than one aseptic processing system, the system that is most at risk for contamination should be inspected.

Texto 3: FDA cracks down on compounding pharmacies April 12, 2013 (CBS News) More than 700 people have become ill and more than 50 of them have died of meningitis since a pharmacy in Massachusetts manufactured thousands of vials of contaminated steroids. It's the worst pharmaceutical disaster in recent times and it's drawn attention to the rapid growth of compounding pharmacies. There are thousands of them in America making high risk drugs, but they're not supervised by the FDA. Since the disaster, the FDA has been looking into this. Half a year after the meningitis outbreak was traced to unsanitary conditions at the New England Compounding Center, the FDA conducted 31 unannounced inspections in 18 states of other compounding

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith pharmacies. The agency found conditions that could create a risk of contamination in all but one. "What we're seeing now," said Sarah Sellers, a former FDA inspector who now consults for the pharmaceutical industry, "suggests a much more systemic problem and that will need to be considered in both state legislation and federal legislation moving forward." Over the last two months, Inspectors reported finding black particles in vials of injectable steroid at one company. Rust and mold were found in clean rooms at other compounding pharmacies as well as tears in worker's gloves that exposed their skin. "I think what we are seeing in these waves of inspections is that the producers of sterile products are not meeting federal sterility requirements, and that is a vulnerability," said Sellers. Currently, the FDA does not have primary oversight of compounding pharmacies. States do, although the FDA can step in. The compounding industry doesn't want to see that change and, despite the FDA's latest report, said NECC was an outlier. In a statement Friday, the industry's trade group said the FDA is using "...inappropriate standards..." and "this sudden and legally questionable change in standards does not further public safety." On "60 Minutes," FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg told Scott Pelley some pharmacies were reluctant to cooperate with the agency's latest inspections. Hamburg: "We even had to go to the courts and get a warrant to go into one of these facilities 'cause they were questioning our authorities. And that speaks volumes to me. "

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith Pelley: "You were getting push back from the compounders, saying, 'You don't have the authority to come in here. We're not letting you in.'" Hamburg: "That's correct." Lawyers for some of the compounders question the timing of these latest inspections and see this as a power grab. Next Tuesday, a House subcommittee will take up the idea of expanding the FDA's authority over compounding pharmacies. Fonte: http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-18563_162-57579426/fda-cracksdown-on-compounding-pharmacies/

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Ingls para ANVISA Teoria e exerccios comentados Prof. Ena Glucia Smith

GABARITO TEXTO 1: 1-D; 2-B; 3-A; 4-B; 5-C; 6-D; GABARITO CETRO: 7-D; 8-A; 9-D; 10-D;

Conclui-se ento com esta a aula o nosso Curso de Ingls CETRO para a ANVISA. Obrigada por ter estudado comigo no curso. Sucesso nos estudos e na prova! Um abrao cheio de f e esperana, Ena Smith enaglaucia@estrategiaconcursos.com.br https://www.facebook.com/ena.smith.79 Conhea meus outros cursos atualmente no site! Acesse: www.estrategiaconcursos.com.br/professor/800/cursos

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