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NAVY NDT (MAGNETIC PARTICLE) Study online at quizlet.com/_847yv


Study online at quizlet.com/_847yv

1. A 7- turn coil at 1000 amps is used to inspect a round solid part 38 cm (15in) long and 64 mm (2-1/2in) in diameter. what is the L/D ratio?


2. A circular field may be induced into a specimen by:

All of the Above

3. A coil around the part produces




4. A curve is sometimes drawn to show graphically the relation f the magnetizing force to the strength of the magnetic field produced in a certain material. This curve is known as the:



5. a gear with case hardened ground teeth and hub ends is MT tested. Individual indications are detected on fixe of the teeth and on the one end surface of the hub. although the indication are very sharp and distinct, they do not break over the edges of the part. what is the probable identity of the indication



6. A general rule to use for determining the detectability of discontinuities by magnetic particle inspection is that

the depth should be at least five times the width of the opening of the defect at the surface

7. A high velocity flow of wet method bath over surfaces of the specimen following removal of the magnetizing current may cause

a fine or weakly healed indication to be washed away

8. a large forging is repaired by welding. Magnetic particle inspection of the repair weld reveals an irregular indication running parallel with the weld passes. it is located in the center of the bead and starts and ends by turning off slightly from axial direction. this indication is indicative of




9. a magnetic discontinuity, which is a break in the magnetic uniformity of a part is related to a sudden change in


10. A magnetic particle build-up from a discontinuity is strongest when the discontinuity is oriented

90 degrees

to the




11. A metal that is difficult to magnetize is said to have

Low Permeability

12. a part is adaptable to magnetic particle inspection if

The material is ferromagnetic

13. a rough forging that has received no further processing is magnetic particle tested. an indication is observed to run in every direction. it appears to extend deeply into the part and run perpendicular to the surface. it is very sharp. what is the probable identity of the indication?

forging burst

14. A specimen may be demagnetized by

All of the Above

15. All of the following are valid reasons for the demagnetization of parts after magnetic particle testing except that:

if the part is to be radiographed after magnetic particle inspection, residual magnetism may interfere with the electromagnetic radiation spectrum

16. All of the following are valid reasons for the demagnetization of parts after magnetic particle testing except that:

residual magnetism will affect the temperature gauges used in subsequent heat treatment

17. all of the following discontinuities are commonly found in forged products except:


18. all of the following discontinuities are commonly found in rolled products except:

cold shuts

19. am important factor that should be considered when selecting a method of magnetization is

all of the above

20. an electrical yoke produces

A longitudinal


21. an example of a nonnrelevant indication classified as a magnetic irregularity rather than an actual discontinuity could be caused by

an abrupt change int he hardness of part.

22. an important factor that must be considered when selecting a method of magnetization is

both b and c

23. an interruption in the normal physical structure or configuration of a part which produces an MT indication is called

a discontinuity

24. banding is a common term used to describe

powder patterns created by using excess amperage

25. coercive force

represents the reverse magnetizing force necessary to remove the residual magnetism in a material

26. comparing parts that have been circularly magnetized and those that have been longitudinally magnetized which remains the most objectionable residual field if not demagnetized?


27. Demagnetization

may be easy or difficult depending on the type of material

28. demagnetization

may be accomplished by heating a material above its Curie point

29. False indications are caused by magnetic particles being help to the part by which of the following means?

None of the Above

30. Ferromagnetic material is

Both a and b

31. Fluorescent magnetic particle indications should be inspected under

Black Light

32. for which of the following would the wet fluorescent technique be preferred over the dry technique

when increased

speed and

sensitivity are



33. Gas, Misruns, Cold laps, and sand inclusions are examples of defects resulting from which of the following processes?


34. have wave rectified AD (HWDC) is used for detection of

surface and

subsurface defects

35. if 25mm (1in) and 51mm (2in) diameter bars are magnetized by passing the same current through them the magnetic fields would be

stronger in the 25mm (1 in) diameter bar



a copper conductor is placed through a

greater than

ferrous cylinder and a current is passed through the conductor, then the magnetic field (flux density) in the cylinder will be:

in the



If a crack exists in a circular magnet, the attraction of magnetic particles to the crack is caused by a

leakage field



a current of the same amperage is

be the same for both conductors

passed through two conductors of the same dimensions, one of which is magnetic and one of which is nonmagnetic the magnetic field surrounding the conductors will



an indication is formed when using the

a relevant

residual method as well as the continuous method, it is most likely




an overall pattern(sometimes circular

retest at lower amperage

lines) appears on the test surfaces, how should the inspector reprocess the test




In longitudinal magnetization, the proper term for calculating magnetizing force is:



in magnetic particle inspection it is best

make sure


that parts


meet specified




in order to detect defects in different directions in a material by magnetic particle inspection, it is best to use

two or more fields in different directions


Inspecting a part by magnetizing, removing the current flow, and then applying the medium is called the:




lines of flux are thought to leave a magnet

the north pole


magnetic flux lines which are parallel to



discontinuity produce



Magnetic lines of force

form a close loop


magnetic particle inspection is a reliable method for detecting all of the following indication except

deep seated



Magnetic particle" is a nondestructive examination method used for:

both a and b


materials which are repelled magnetically are called



Materials which are strongly attracted to


a magnet are called

52. Materials which are weakly attracted magnetically are called


53. non relevant indications due to residual local poles inter form with magnetic particle testing. for a unsuccessful examination one should

demagnetize then remagnetize in the desired direction

54. of the following discontinuity categories which one is considered most detrimental to the service life of an item?

cracks open to the surface

55. One advantage of using fluorescent particles is

the high speed of impaction

56. plated parts can be reliably tested using the magnetic particle method if the plating is less than

0.1 mm (o.ooo4 in) thick

57. Point B on the hysteresis curve for material I shown in figure I

is the materials magnetic saturation point

58. residual magnetic particle inspection may be used when

parts are highly retentive

59. residual magnetism may be beneficial as an aid

in interpretation and evaluation of indications

60. resistance to demagnetization is

greater in hard materials than soft materials

61. retentivity

represents the ability of a material to retain a portion of the magnetic field set up in it after magnetizing force has been removed.

62. since the magnetic lines of


force within a bar magnet run the length of the bar, it is said to be


63. small parts requiring demagnetization should be

processed through a demagnetization cycle one at a time

64. subjecting a part to a magnetic field is constantly reversing in polarity and gradually diminishing in strength accomplishes which of the following?

the part becomes demagnetized

65. Subsurface discontinuity indications usually appear

wide and fuzzy

66. the ability of matter to attract other matter to itself is a phenomenon associated with




amount of amperage used

distance between the prods

for magnetic particle inspection using the prod method is determined from the



areas on a magnetized part

Magnetic Poles

from which the magnetic field is leaving or returning into the part are called.


the best method for testing bearings is

induced current shots along X,Y and Z axis rotating 360 degrees during each shot


the best shape for magnetic particles used in the dry powder method is

a mixture of b and c


the concentration of the solid content of suspension of magnetic particles is measured by

permitting the solids to settle out of suspension



curve shown in figure 1 for

has a high permeability

material II indicates that it


the detection of deep-lying

very improbable

defects in heavy weldments 6-51


below surface is


the end of a magnet at which the lines of flux are thought of as entering the bar is

the south pole



flux within and surrounding

Magnetic Field

a magnetized part of around a conductor carrying a current is know as


the general term used to refer to a break in the metallic continuity of the part being tested is




input current requirements

duty cycle required

for MT equipment depend in part upon the


the interpretation of magnetic particle indications may be aided by

all of the above


the length of a part being magnetized by passing an electric current from one end to the other

does not affect the strength of the magnetic field


the lines of force that form a path around a crack in a ring magnet are called

leakage flux



magnetic domains in a

fixed positions, predominantly in one direction

permanent magnet are aligned in



magnetic field is strongest

Magnetizing current is flowing

when the

83. the magnetic lines of flux in a permanent magnet

enter the south pole and leave the north pole

84. The magnetism that remains in a piece of magnetizable material after the magnetizing force has been removed is called the:

Residual Field

85. The magnitude of the residual magnetic field in a specimen is dependent on the:

Strength of the applied magnetizing force

86. the most common failure mechanism associated with sharp fillets, notches, undercuts, and seams is

fatigue cracking

87. the most effective MT method for inspection of a large casting is the use of :



88. the parts are blanks cut from rolled iron bar stock. they have been rough machined. inspection by the continuous method, using a circular shot, reveals well defined but broken lines running parallel with the axis on some of the pieces and no indications on others. the broken lines range in length from 6 to 25 mm .25 to 1in these indications are indicative of



89. the patterns of iron powder sprinkled on a paper placed over a bar magnet is called a


90. The point at which the magnetism in a material cannot be increased even though the magnetizing force continues to increase is known as the

saturation point

91. The proper number of ampere-turns for a given test specimen is determined by:

Both A and B

92. The retentivity of a material describes the

ability to retain the magnetic field

93. the strength of the wet suspension should be maintained at a given level because

both a and b

94. the unit of measure of one line of flux per square centimeter of area is one


95. The unit usually used to denote flux density is the


96. The wet fluorescent magnetic particle inspection method is the same as the standard wet magnetic particle method with the exception of requirements for

Black light

97. there permeability of a material describes the:

was with which it can be magnetized

98. to alleviate the problem of cold working indications in a part, the part should be

retested after

stress relieving

99. Using the residual test method, a number of parts are magnetized and laid on a rack prior to application of magnetic particles. why is it important that they do not rub or touch each other?

it may cause magnetic writing

100. what are the three causes of non relevant indications

change of section thickness, very high amperage drilled hole near surface.

101. What rule describes the direction of current flow (+ to -) when lines of magnetic force surround a conductor?

the right hand rule

102. what type of magnetization uses the formula: ampere-turnes= 45000/LD


103. what wattage inmost commonly used for mercury vapor bulbs for portable fluorescent magnetic particle inspection?


104. when attempting to demagnetize a part containing a circular residual field

establish a longitudinal field and then processed with demagnetization

105. when it is believed that a defect has been removed by chipping, grinding, or flame cutting the next operation is to

reexamine the

area by


particle testing.

106. when magnetizing a weld in two directions, if the current used in the first direction is 750 amps and the current in the second direction is 400 amps, which of the following is true?

the part should be checked to see if demagnetization between operations is necessary

107. when method provides greater sensitivity, particularly in locating subsurface discontinuities


108. when preparing an inspection bath, the amount of magnetic particles per gallon of fluid is called its

strength of


109. When the most complete demagnetization available is desired and demagnetization is to be accomplished by placing the part in a coil energized with AC of progressively decreasing amperage, the following orientation of the long axis of the part is most desirable


110. when there is absolutely no patterns or distribution of magnetic particles, the possible cause is that:

any of the above could be true

111. When using a dry magnetic particle powder, the proper way to apply it to the part is to

float the

particles to

the inspection


surface as

greatly as


112. When using DC, an indication is detected. What is the next logical step to determine if the indication results from a surface or subsurface condition?


using AC

113. when using the wet particles in water suspension wetting agents are added to

ensure the proper wetting of the parts

114. When withdrawing a part from the field around a coil and without changing the direction of current, which of the following has the least effect on demagnetizing the part?

Direct Current

115. where particles are attracted to a site on the surface of a part by a magnetic leakage field that is due to a condition such as a crack, lap, or other condition not acceptable to the applicable standards for the part then we have


116. which of the following , when used as the last magnetizing method, will best render a part suitable for relatively easy measurement of the external magnetic field using a field indicator?



117. which of the following can be magnetized?

All of the above

118. which of the following discontinuities occur as a result of the forging process


119. which of the following discontinuities occur as a result of the rolling process


120. which of the following is a commonly used technique for preserving MT powder patterns

all of the above

121. which of the following is a defect commonly associated with the welding process

lack of


122. Which of the following is an advantage of magnetic particle testing over penetrant testing?

all of the above

123. Which of the following is the most effective method for the detection of extremely deep lying defects?

Dry continuous

method using



rectified current

with prods

124. which of the following magnetization techniques should be avoided when performing magnetic particles testing?



125. which of the following techniques for removing a thin film of oil or grease prior to magnetic particle testing is not acceptable

brushing the surface with power wire brush

126. Which of the statements below is most appropriate concerning materials I and II represented by the hysteresis curves shown in figure 1.

Material II could be used for dry powder magnetic


127. which of these cracks may appear as an irregular, checked, or scattered pattern of fine lines usually caused by local overheating?

grinding cracks

128. Which point on the hysteresis curve shown in Figure I represents the residual field value?


129. which residual field is most difficult to demagnetize?


130. which statement is true when related to magnetic lines of force?

All of the above

131. Which technique is the most sensitive?


132. which type of current brings out surface indications most clearly?


133. Which type of current has a "skin effect?"


134. why are large soft contact areas such as lead or copper braid used for surface or headstocks?

to increase the contact area and reduce the possibility of burning the part

135. why are magnetic particles available in different colors?

Both a and b

136. why is it preferable to disassemble parts before magnetic particle inspection?

All of the Above