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DAFTAR PUSTAKA

1. Paradise JL. Does early-life otitis media result in lasting developmental impairment? Why the question persists, and a proposed plan for addressing it. Adv Pediatr 1992;39:15765. 2. Stool SE, Berg AO, Berman S, et al. Otitis media with effusion in young children. Dalam: Clinical Practice Guideline. Number 12. Rockville, MD: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Public Health Service, US Department of Health and Human Services, 1994. 3. Klein JO. Risk factors for otitis media in children. Dalam: Kavanagh JF, editor. Otitis Media and Child Development. Parkton, MD: York Press, 1986:4551. 4. Paradise JL, Rockette HE, Colborn DK, et al. Otitis media in 2253 Pittsburgh-area infants: prevalence and risk factors during the first two years of life. Pediatrics 1997;99:31833. 5. Fria TJ, Cantekin EI, Eichler JA. Hearing acuity of children with otitis media with effusion. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1985;111:106. 6. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Guidelines for acoustic immitance screening of middle-ear function. ASHA 1979;21:28388. 7. Joint Committee on Infant Hearing 1994 Position Statement. Pediatrics 1995;95:1526. 8. 2000 Clinical Indicators Compendium. Alexandria, VA: American Academy of OtolaryngologyHead and Neck Surgery; 2000;10 (bulletin). 9. Rapin I. Conductive hearing loss effects on childrens language and scholastic skills: a review of the literature. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1979;88(suppl 60):312. 10. Ventry IM. Effects of conductive hearing loss: fact or fiction. J Speech Hear Disord 1980;45:14356. 11. Paradise JL. Otitis media during early life: how hazardous to development? A critical review of the evidence. Pediatrics 1981;68:869 73.

12. Paradise JL, Rogers KD. On otitis media, child development, and tympanostomy tubes: new answers or old questions? Pediatrics 1986;77: 8892. 13. Paradise JL, Feldman HM, Colborn DK, et al. Parental stress and parentrated child behavior in relation to otitis media in the first three years of life. Pediatrics 1999;104:126473. 14. Paradise JL, Dollaghan CA, Campbell TF, et al. Language, speech sound production, and cognition in 3-year-old children in relation to otitis media in their first 3 years of life. Pediatrics 2000;105:111930. 15. Djaafar ZA, Helmi, Restuti RD. Kelainan telinga tengah. Dalam: Soepardi, EA, editor. Buku Ajar Ilmu Kesehatan Telinga Hidung Tenggorok Kepala dan Leher. Edisi ke-6. Jakarta: Balai Penerbit Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, 2007: 64-86. 16. Dhingra PL. Editor: Otitis Media With Effusion. Disease of Ear, Nose and Throat. New Delhi: B.I.Churchill Livingstone Pvt ltd, 2005:64-7. 17. Anonymus. 2009. Ear Infections. [1 screens] cited 24 Mei 2013. Available from http://www.akronent.com/infections.php. 18. Media, Wiki. 2009. Telinga. [7 screens] Cited 24 Mei 2013. Available from http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telinga. 19. Megantara I. 2008. Informasi Kesehatan THT: Otitis Media Efusi. [5 screens] Cited 24 Mei 2013. Available from http://www.perhati-kl.org/. 20. Arifiani N. 2004. Pengaruh Kebisingan terhadap Kesehatan Tenaga Kerja. [1 screens] Cited 24 Mei 2013. Available from: http://www.cermindunia kedokteran.com. 21. Paradise Jl, Feldman Hm, Campbell Tf, et al. Effect of early or delayed insertion of tympanostomy tubes for persistent otitis media on developmental outcomes at the age of three years. N Engl J Med 2001;344(16). 22. Abelson RP, Tukey JW. Efficient utilization of non-numerical information in quantitative analysis: general theory and the case of simpleorder. Ann Math Stat. 1963;34:134769. 23. Paradise JL, Feldman HM, Colborn DK, et al. Parental stress and parentrated child behavior in relation to otitis media in the first three years of life. Pediatrics. 1999;104:126473.

24. Paradise JL, Feldman HM, Campbell TF, et al. Effect of early or delayed insertion of tympanostomy tubes for persistent otitis media on developmental outcomes at the age of 3 years. N Engl J Med. 2001;344: 117987.