Little River - Mathematics

Amazing Algebra

Equations.
Name____________________________________ Color_____________ Date _____________

Linear Equation Field Guide: Two Questions for Solving Linear Equations in the Wild
Question 1 Is x alone? YES-- Go to Question 2. NO-- What is the other term (since it isn't zero)? The other term is: ___________ Operation to use-- Addition. ADD the other term and its Addition Inverse. WHY? Because a number plus its Addition Inverse equals 0, and then x will be alone. The Addition Inverse is: __________ GO TO QUESTION 2 #1

3x = −42

1 1 ( 3x ) = ( −42 ) 3 3

Question 2 Is there exactly one positive x? YES-- You are nished! NO-- What is the coeﬃcient (since it isn't 1)? The coeﬃcient is: __________ Operation to use-- Multiplication. MULTIPLY the coeﬃcient and it's Multiplication Inverse. WHY? Because a number times its Multiplication Inverse equals 1, and then there will be exactly one positive x. The Multiplication Inverse of a number is the RECIPROCAL of that number. (You can also think of Division as being the Inverse Operation for Multiplication. For example, 1/4 times 4 equals 1, and 4 divided by 4 is also 1. 1

1 ⎛ 3⎞ 1 ⎛ −42 ⎞ x = ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ 3⎝ 1⎠ 3⎝ 1 ⎠

3

−42 1x = 3

x = −14

3 The Multiplication Inverse is: __________
Now there is exactly one x by itself. The problem is solved!

Little River - Mathematics

Amazing Algebra

Question 1 Is x alone? YES-- Go to Question 2. NO-- What is the other term (since it isn't zero)? The other term is: ___________ Operation to use-- Addition. ADD the other term and its Addition Inverse. WHY? Because a number plus its Addition Inverse equals 0, and then x will be alone. The Addition Inverse is: __________ GO TO QUESTION 2

#2

−16

4 x − 16 = 20 4 x − 16 + 16 = 20 + 16 4 x + 0 = 36 4 x = 36

+16

Question 2 Is there exactly one positive x? YES-- You are nished! NO-- What is the coeﬃcient (since it isn't 1)? The coeﬃcient is: __________ Operation to use-- Multiplication. MULTIPLY the coeﬃcient and it's Multiplication Inverse. WHY? Because a number times its Multiplication Inverse equals 1, and then there will be exactly one positive x. The Multiplication Inverse of a number is the RECIPROCAL of that number. (You can also think of Division as being the Inverse Operation for Multiplication. For example, 1/4 times 4 equals 1, and 4 divided by 4 is also 1. The Multiplication Inverse is: __________ Now you have exactly one x by itself. You have solved the problem!

Little River - Mathematics

Amazing Algebra

Question 1 Is x alone? YES-- Go to Question 2. NO-- What is the other term (since it isn't zero)? The other term is: ___________ Operation to use-- Addition. ADD the other term and its Addition Inverse. WHY? Because a number plus its Addition Inverse equals 0, and then x will be alone. The Addition Inverse is: __________ GO TO QUESTION 2

#3

1 + 2 x = −5 2

Question 2 Is there exactly one positive x? YES-- You are nished! NO-- What is the coeﬃcient (since it isn't 1)? The coeﬃcient is: __________ Operation to use-- Multiplication. MULTIPLY the coeﬃcient and it's Multiplication Inverse. WHY? Because a number times its Multiplication Inverse equals 1, and then there will be exactly one positive x. The Multiplication Inverse of a number is the RECIPROCAL of that number. (You can also think of Division as being the Inverse Operation for Multiplication. For example, 1/4 times 4 equals 1, and 4 divided by 4 is also 1. The Multiplication Inverse is: __________ Now you have exactly one x by itself. You have solved the problem!

Little River - Mathematics

Amazing Algebra

Question 1 Is x alone? YES-- Go to Question 2. NO-- What is the other term (since it isn't zero)? The other term is: ___________ Operation to use-- Addition. ADD the other term and its Addition Inverse. WHY? Because a number plus its Addition Inverse equals 0, and then x will be alone. The Addition Inverse is: __________ GO TO QUESTION 2

#4

x − − 3 = 10 4

Question 2 Is there exactly one positive x? YES-- You are nished! NO-- What is the coeﬃcient (since it isn't 1)? The coeﬃcient is: __________ Operation to use-- Multiplication. MULTIPLY the coeﬃcient and it's Multiplication Inverse. WHY? Because a number times its Multiplication Inverse equals 1, and then there will be exactly one positive x. The Multiplication Inverse of a number is the RECIPROCAL of that number. (You can also think of Division as being the Inverse Operation for Multiplication. For example, 1/4 times 4 equals 1, and 4 divided by 4 is also 1. The Multiplication Inverse is: __________ Now you have exactly one x by itself. You have solved the problem!