Complete the following: 1. Unit of volume is …………. and that of mass is …………. 2. Density is ………….

unit of volume of the substance and its unit is …………. 3. An alloy of …………. is used in making jewels while an alloy of …………. is used in making heaters coils. 4. Holders of light bulbs in streets are painted from time to time to protect it from ……. 5. Substances conduct heat and electricity are like …………. and while substances which do not conduct neither heat nor electricity are like …………. 6. . …………. and …………. are toothless mammals. Arthropods can be classified according to the number of legs into 7. …………. and …………. …………. and …………. are used in classifying plants. 8. Some plants have large - sized leaves such as …………. and some has small - sized leaves such as ………….. 9. …………. is the basic unit of classification in living organisms. 10. The liquid element which is composed of one atom is …………. while that composed of two atoms is …………. 11. The matter is composed of small units called …………. while these units are consisted of smaller units called …………. 12. The …………. Takes the shape of the container but, …………. has no definite shape. 13. The hydrogen molecule is consisted of…………. while the argon molecule (inert gas) is consisted of …………. 14. ………….and ………….are examples for Insectivorous. 15. Hawks have ………….beaks to tear the prey, whereas ducks have ………….beaks to filter food from water. 16. Horses limbs end in ………….to run over rocky soil where as camels limbs end in ………….to walk on hot sandy soil. 17. The whale front limbs are modified into ………….to perform …………. whereas they modified in the bat into ………….to take the role of …………. 18. ………….and ………….are examples for micro organisms that live in water. 19. The number of jerboa’s upper jaw incisors is ………….and their number in the rabbit’s upper jaw is…………. 20. Armadillo belong to……….mammals and the hedgehog belongs to ………….mammals. 21. ………….is from the plants that reproduce by the formation of spores whereas ………….is from the plants that produce seeds inside cones. 22. Electric wires are made up of. ………….or …………. 23. An object potential energy increases. ………….of its weight. 24. If the speed of an object motion increases into the double, its kinetic energy increases into …………. 25. Bridges made up of iron are coated in the purpose of protecting them from …………. 26. The cockroach belongs to ………….whereas the scorpion belongs to ………….and they are classified as ………….animals.

Tilapia) • Write the symbols of the following elements: Sodium – Potassium – Chlorine – Nitrogen – Calcium – Aluminum– Phosphorous. 2.Frog . (Lion .Corn .27.Fresh water mussels . 29.energy is changed into electric energy in the battery. Write the electron configuration of the following atoms: 1.Mosquito .Tiger . The molecules of solid substances vibrate in a simple vibratory motion. Put (√ ) or (x) in front of the following sentences: 1. 4.ºC during daylight hours.Armadillo). The motion of gaseous molecules is limited. 2. 31.ºC in early morning into ………….Pine . 4. organisms can be seen such as …………. Indicate the number of electrons in the outer level of each atom. The attraction forces among molecules of solids are very small. Calculate the number of neutrons in each atom. Cross out the unsuitable word each of the groups below: 1. …………. 3.Dog . Sodium symbol is. Molecules of the same substance are different from each other. some micro-6. 5. 6. 3. When you examine a pond water drop by a microscope.Wheat). 30.Flies). . 28.Cockroach . (Octopus . (Beans . Camel’s blood temperature changes from …………. 2. Energy is the ability to exert………….Spider .Wolf .and …………. A compound is the union of atoms of an element.…………. . (Locust .whereas sulfur symbol is …………. …………. The compound consists from a combination of atoms of one element.Pea .Desert snail .

Because the mass number is the sum of number of protons and neutrons while the atomic number is the number of protons only. 7. It is very hard to fragmentize a piece of iron with your fingers. Because the number of electrons in a level = 2n2 (n is the level order) In the third level (M) The number of electrons = 2 x (32) = 18 electrons 9. but the attraction forces between the molecules of liquids are weak. It is easy to divide an amount of water into small droplets. 5. 2. The atom is electrically neutral. Because the attraction forces between iron molecules is very strong. Because the attraction forces between the molecules of solid substances is very strong. The volume of a mixture of water with alcohol is less than the sum of their volumes before being mixed together.Give reasons for the following: 1. The equation 2 n2 is not applied on levels higher than the 4th level. 8. When you leave the perfume bottle opened you smell it all over the room. Because the atoms will be non stable. . Because its outer most level is complete. Because it is divided into tiny particles (molecules) can’t be seen spread in water. Because the molecules of alcohol spread in the intermolecular spaces between water molecules 3. The mass number is greater than the atomic number. The 3rd energy level (M) in the atom contains 18 electrons. 4. Because the number of positive protons inside the nucleus = the number of Negative electrons rotate around the nucleus. When adding an amount of table salt to water it disappears after a time. 10. while the liquid takes the shape of its container. Because it divided into tiny particles (molecules) can’t be seen spread in air 6. The solid substances keep their shape whatever the container shape differs. but the attraction forces between water molecules are weak. Neon atom 10Ne is not reacting a chemical reaction through the ordinary conditions.

Inert gases cannot share chemical reactions in ordinary conditions. Ecologist do not appreciate all the technological applications which used in energy transformations because some of this applications pollute the environment . 12. Because the energy of level K is lesser than the energy of level L. Due to the strong attraction forces between the molecules of iron 13.11. It is difficult to bend an iron rod. Because their outer most level is complete. so a cooling cycle will be form in the fridge 18. Fuel in a car as food for a man. 21. so a cooling cycle will be form in the room 19. Due to the hardness of iron and the strong attraction force between iron molecules 16. The third energy level in the atom is saturated by 18 electrons. Because both of them is burned to obtain energy 20. The electrons are distributed to fill the K level before filling the Level. Nuclear stations which produce electricity are preferred to those of petrol stations. Because it does not pollute the environment. 14. . The heater is placed on the ground Because the hot air that form around the heater rise up due to its low density and replaced by high density cold air. 15. of electrons in any level = 2x n2 = 18 electrons 17. Substances have different chemical properties. It is difficult to bend an iron rod. Because the chemical properties is related to the number of electrons in the outer level. of electrons in any level = 2x n2) no. Because the number of electrons that saturated any level can be calculated from the relation (no. The freezer is found at the top of fridge. Because the cold air that form around the freezer falls down due to its high density and replaced by low density hot air.

34. Some birds have long and thin beaks. Ice cube changes into liquid water after a period of time. they can’t produce fertile individuals. Hedgehog has front teeth extending outwards. Because the hardness of iron is more than the hardness of copper 24. Because the density of wood is less than the density of water . Iron rods. Because ice melts by heating (ice melting point is (0 co) 25. . Some plants pounce insects To get nitrogen compounds to make protein 30. 23. 35. Wood piece floats in water while another made up of lead sinks. The individuals of the same species differ in some external characteristics. while wood is a bad one 26. For food and reproduction . It’s favorable to produce electricity from solar energy than fuel Because solar energy is a clean form of energy doesn’t pollute the environment. Because iron is a good conductor of electricity. 32. Some species of birds migrate from their original habitats in winter. and their long legs end in thin toes To catch worms and snails from shallow water 29. Because they are belongs to different species 28. To catch insects 27. Some animals undergo hibernation.22. When a zebra mates a donkey. The bike tire gets hot once you press the brakes. Due to transferring of mechanical energy into heat energy through friction. Electrician uses a screw driver of steel iron with a woody handle. To adapt with different environments 31. while the density of lead is more than the density of water. are used in building houses concrete. 33. not copper. Cooking pots are made up of aluminum whereas their hand grips are made up of wood or plastic Because aluminum is a good conductor of heat and has high melting point. To overcome the decreasing of temperature.

It is also little dense over other body regions to ease heat loss by radiation during daylight Write the scientific term: 1. Camel’s fur is distributed at different densities on its body regions. It is denser over the vital body regions to provide protection to them from the extreme cold at night. 37. . To store a part of oxygen gas produced in photosynthesis process to be used in respiration and to help plant float in the more lighted regions of water. The presence of air chambers in elodea stem.36. The smallest unit of matter construction which reacts chemically.

that could not be analyzed Into simpler form. imagnary places in which electrons can move according to their energy. 17. The total number of protons and neutrons inside the atom nucleus. 6. The amount of energy which an electron loses or gains to transfer from an energy level into another one. The product results of a combination of atoms of different elements. 20. Sum of protons and neutrons in a nucleus. 11. 7. A set of similar animals in their shape and can get intermarried together to produce fertile individuals. Smallest particle of the matter which can be freely existed and has the characteristics of its substance. Temperature at which solid substance starts to change into liquid. Having the properties of matter. 4.2. 9. The simplest state of matter which can not be decomposed into a simpler one 12. 15. 14. Matter neither destroyed nor created but it can change from state to another. 5. 3. 16. 10. Write down the electron configuration of the following atoms: . 18. 13. Particles which are negatively charged and negligible mass. The simulation of some living organisms to the dominant natural conditions in their environment. A smallest particle can share in a chemical reaction. The spaces that found among the molecules. Number of the positive protons in the atom nucleus. 19. Energy needed to transfer an electron from an energy level to another. 8. The smallest part of matter which can be existed in a solitary for. The ability to exert work. The simplest pure form for a substance.

6. An object of mass 2 kg is moving at a speed of 4m/s has a kinetic energy A. Petrol.. 128 J. C. 50 J. B.... 5..... Density 2. energies.. Kinetic energy. C. The role of technological application is represented in . Choose the correct answer: 1... 150 J. Conservation of mechanical energy. B.. 100 J.. Electric bell. Potential and light. Sun.. B. 8. 7... Mechanical energy is the sum of .. the number of electronssaturates the energy level of an atom.. D. C. Using energy resources and converting energy from form to ...... Light and kinetic. Mechanical energy is increased 4 times.. Potential and kinetic... A. As doubling height to which an object is raised from ground so the A.. Stretched spring. D... B.. 64 J. The sum of potential and kinetic energies under the effect of gravity is constant...... 9. C. 200 J... A... Cellular phone..Then determine each of: atomic number – number of neutrons – mass number – number of electrons Write down the formula by which you can find each of the following: 1. Kinetic energy is increased to its double value. Chemical energy can be stored in ... change of matter to energy 3.... D. energies... D... A. D. it has a potential energy A...... Potential and heat.. D. D. 4. A. B. Coal.. Electric energy is converted into kinetic energy in ... 16 J... Resource of permanent energy is .. Nuclear reactions. A.. this law is known as law of . B. C. D.. 2. B. C... A.. Conservation of matter. Earth gravity..... Electric lamp. Potential energy is increased to double value..... Car lamps..... C..... Electric fan... C.... An object of 20 N weight is placed at 5 m height. 32 J.. Raising a load upwards... 3. Car battery. potential energy is increased to 3 times. B.....

.. C..... there is a change inside the car battery from .. Kinetic..... Chemical energy into a sound one.. A. Light.... A. Heat.. B... Electric energy is converted into heat energy.... Metals only. Electric..... 13... A. Heat transfer by radiation takes place through .. Electric. B.. D. solar energy is converted into . Material media and nonmaterial ones..... Light energy is converted into heat energy.. Mechanical energy is converted into heat energy by means of ... C..another.... C. B. Producing no energy.. Resource of non permanent energy... The kinetic energy increases. A.. As an object falls downwards ..... D... The speed of the object decreases.. D... C. C. Resource of permanent energy.. Sun is . energy. D. 11. Chemical energy into an electric one. When car lamps and radio cassette are on..... A. A. A... D.. Chemical energy into a heat one. B. electric heater. B. Electric motor. 14.. D.. B. B. Chemical energy into a light one. Illustrating energy forms. Heat energy into a chemical one... In the filament of electric lamp the . C. The mechanical energy is lost. Chemical energy into a sound one....... In solar heaters.. Gases only..... B. 17. 12.energy..... Light energy into a heat one. 10..... creating energy from nothing.. 15.. B. C....... Not an energy resource........... Storing energy as its form is. Kinetic.. 16.. Chemical energy is converted into light energy... Electric energy into light one. ........ A. C. Light. In home when the gas stove is working there is a change from ..... D. D. C... D. Electric energy is converted into mechanical energy. Sound.. Liquids only.... C....... Friction among moving particles with each other. In the solar batteries the solar energy is directly converted into .. The potential energy increases...... D...... 18. A... Electric generator. B.

44 . 27.... Radiation and convection... C.. Heat transfers from a heater by . D..4 ..beans . are from the animals which don’t have a body support: (reptiles ...snails .myriapods .Jelly fishes . Mechanical energy into a sound one. A. ………….vougheir . As an object is launched upwards.. Radiation only. 23...100). C... B..... Electric current. The color property is a distinguishing factor between: (Flour and table salt – iron and gold – oxygen and carbon dioxide).cartilaginous fish). A.. is an example for plants that reproduce by spores: (pine ......... Its speed decreases. Chemical reaction. 29. Mechanical energy is converted into heat energy by . The scorpion belongs to …………. . A.. C.... Heat is transferred through solids by ..wheat)..... 24.. Its potential energy decreases gradually.. Combustion. 28. C. 26. B... B. B.. 25. A. …………. Conduction and radiation....... 22. 20. Its kinetic energy increases gradually.... Radiation and convection. (3 . B..... D.. 21.arachnids .. C.... Conduction only.: (insects . The smell property is a distinguishing factor between: (Iron and copper – wood and plastic – perfume and vinegar). 30.. D.. Friction.. D.. Its speed increases.. Conduction and convection.. The number of pairs in scorpion legs is ………….. Radiation only. A.mammals)... Conduction and convection..... Potential energy into a kinetic one and vice is reverse.. Kinetic energy into a heat one. Mechanical energy into a light one. In the simple pendulum.. there is an energy transformation from ..19. The taste property is a distinguishing factor between: ... D.

.. the chemical energy is changed into. elodea... A. A. B.. Cycas belongs to 1.. cactus... one pair. B... 41. 40. mosses. elodea.. 33. An object potential energy is zero when the object is at the... A.. C. Opuntia plant stores water in its ..... protons and neutrons... A. C...... 35.... plant.. cactus.... The atom nucleus contains .... protons and electrons. calamagrostis....... D. 42... plant.. D.. cactus. leaves.. stem. A.. A.. all the above.. when the object mass increases.... 32.. Silver is symbolized by.... C. A. Opuntia. B. D.. A. D.. plant. C...... desert snail . Hg. light........ D. C.... C. B....... D..... D. the incisors number in the lower jaw are .... In car engines... D.. heat. Leaves are reduced into spines in ... .. C. wheat. Density......... . B..... An atom third level is saturated with. earth’s surface. 36. The property of electric conduction is a distinguishing factor between: (Iron and copper – wood and plastic – iron and wood). mechanical. Opuntia.. . A.... A. Water is stored in the leaves of . 38.... Valence.. 31... is known as the number of protons and neutrons existed in an atom C. The example of living organisms that undergoes hibernation is the.. Ag. A. 37.. gymnosperms. two pairs...... B... fruits. Au. .... three pairs .... D. none. calamagrostis. 44... B.. calamagrostis. 43.... Atomic number. Mass number.(Milk and honey – wood and plastic – silver and gold). C.... C.. electric............ B.. frog.. B. maximum height..... brown algae........ electrons... eight. In rodents. C. B... eighteen ....... nucleus of an element.... two.. A. when the object speed increases. 34.. jerboa.. B.. Cu. 39... thirty two. roots. mollusks. A.. D.. There are air chambers in the leaves of. D.... B. B. D. C. elodea.

.. neutrons and electrons. . desert snail. plant. necked and long. Density is the mass of unit of volume of the substance and its unit is g/cm3 3.. D. The examples of living organisms that undergoes hibernation is the A... D... plant. 8.... 9. Substances conduct heat and electricity are like iron and while substances which do not conduct neither heat nor electricity are like wood 6.. calamagrostis. The liquids Takes the shape of the container but. gases has no definite volume. 13. cactus.... C. An alloy of gold-copper is used in making jewels while an alloy of nickel-chrome is used in making heaters coils. 4.. cactus.. all the above. The liquid element which is composed of one atom is mercury while that composed of two atoms is bromine 11.. B.. There are air chambers in the leaves of 4. Water is stored in the leaves of A.. The hydrogen molecule is consisted of two atoms while the argon molecule (inert gas) is consisted of one atom . neck less and small B. Some plants have large .. . C..... neutrons and electrons... Arthropods can be classified according to the number of legs into 7. 46. C. calamagrostis... large .. 10... B.. D. B.sized leaves such as banana and some has small . species is the basic unit of classification in living organisms. 48.. Opuntia. jerboa.. 45.. wheat. The matter is composed of small units called molecules while these units are consisted of smaller units called atoms 12.. C... Sloth and Armadillo are toothless mammals... A.. cactus. Unit of volume is cm3 and that of mass is gram 2..... A. 49. elodea. . The leaves of the aquatic submerged plants are.. 47. frog... Opuntia..C. Holders of light bulbs in streets are painted from time to time to protect it from rust 5..sized. plant. elodea. C. calamagrostis.. Leaves are reduced into spines in 3. Answers 1.sized leaves such as molukhiyah... B. The shape and way of reproduction are used in classifying plants... protons... A... D...

Amoeba and paramecium are examples for micro organisms that live in water. 21. When you examine a pond water drop by a microscope. 29. Horses limbs end in strong solid hoof to run over rocky soil where as camels limbs end in thick flat pad to walk on hot sandy soil. Electric wires are made up of iron or aluminum 23. whereas ducks have wide indented beaks to filter food from water. 17.14. Hawks have strong sharp crooked beaks to tear the prey. 15. Energy is the ability to exert work 30. . The whale front limbs are modified into paddles to perform swimming whereas they modified in the bat into wings to take the role of flying 18. 16. Chemical energy is changed into electric energy in the battery. its kinetic energy increases into four times 25. 19. Armadillo belong to toothless mammals and the hedgehog belongs to front extending teeth mammals. 27. Camel’s blood temperature changes from 34 ºC in early morning into 41 ºC during daylight hours. Vougheir is from the plants that reproduce by the formation of spores whereas pine is from the plants that produce seeds inside cones. The cockroach belongs to insects whereas the scorpion belongs to arachnids and they are classified as arthropods animals. 24. Drocera and dieonea are examples for Insectivorous. Sodium symbol is. If the speed of an object motion increases into the double. Na whereas sulfur symbol is Ag 31. An object potential energy increases the weight of its weight. 22. . Bridges made up of iron are coated in the purpose of protecting them from rust 26. The number of jerboa’s upper jaw incisors is one pair and their number in the rabbit’s upper jaw is two pairs 20. some micro organisms can be seen such as amoeba and paramecium 28.

KE = ½ M V2 64 = ½ M 42 64 = ½ M 16 64 = M 8 64/8 = M M = 8 Kg  Find the weight of an object of potential energy 88 Joule when found at a height 11 m. Potential energy of an object is 20 Joule. The piece is immersed in 100 cm3 of water. Density = mass / volume Density of iron = 87 / 110-100 Density of wood = 8. It is a form of energy that transfer from the hot object to the cold object Problems On determining iron density using a piece of iron of mass 87 g. What is meant by the following? 1.Calculate iron density. Mechanical energy of an object is 100 Joule. It means that: The energy stored in the object due to its position = 20 joule 2. Heat energy. It means that: The sum of potential energy and kinetic energy of the object = 100 joule 3.7 gm/cm3  An object has a kinetic energy 64 Joule and is moving at a speed 4 m/s.  PE = Weight x Height  88 = Weight x 11 . Find the object mass. the water increases up to 110 cm3 .

On reaching ground (consider gravity acceleration = 10 m/ s2).  88/11 = Weight Weight = 8 Newton  A stone of 5 Kg mass falls from 8 m height.PE KE= 400-100 = 300 joule C. Mechanical energy = PE+KE = 400 joule B. PE = Weight x Height PE = (5 x10) x 8 PE = 400 joule KE = zero So . At height 2m. PE = Weight x Height PE = (5 x10) x 2 PE = 100 joule KE = ME . what is its potential energy? And what is its kinetic energy? In the of the following: A. PE= zero KE = ME = 400 joule . At the start of falling.

stem. Beans plant and wheat plant.leaves . Compare elodea plant to calamagrostis plant with regarding to the following: The environment . . 3. 5. 7. Beans plant and maize plant.  The intermolecular forces among molecules. The pine and palm trees 8. Insects and arachnids. 6. Compare between the functional and anatomical adaptations and give an example to each of them. A rabbit and a squirrel. 2. Rodents and lagomorphs. Give one difference between each of the following: 1. 2. The element and compound. Compare among solid.  1. 4. liquid and gas regarding:  The distance among molecules.roots . Compare between potential and kinetic energies of an object.

Beans plant and wheat plant. Compare between the functional and anatomical adaptations and give an example to each of them. Absence of air chambers from elodea stem. Melting point 2. Adaptation of living organisms does not take place in the environmental conditions.2. Camouflage in insects. Rising of camel’s body temperature to 40ºC. 3. Illustrate some technological applications in our life then mention their negative effects? . 4. What happens in each of the following cases: 1. 4. Ending of camel’s legs with a pad. Then mention what the energy transformation in each application is How can you interpret? It is preferred using solar heater to any other heater such as electric or gas ones.1. Aestivation in rodents. Hibernation in amphibians.What is meant by? 1. Mention three features of adaptation in the camel. State a difference between each of the following: A rabbit and a squirrel. Boiling point. 2. Give an example showing each of the following: 1. 2. The pine and palm trees. A totally submerged aquatic plant. 3. Name five of the technological applications which convert an energy form to another. 6. A desert plant that its leaves are modified into juicy branches. 5. A desert plant that its leaves are modified into spines.

How do you explain this difference? . Number of electrons in the outer level. Number of energy levels having electrons. 24Mg12 and sodium 23Na11 atoms are different in both atomic and mass numbers.3.Study these figures well then determine each of the following: Atomic number of each atom. Mass number of each atom. One of your classmates asked you to explain why magnesium B.1.4. 2.

he thought it was fake. How can you help him to verify this thought? .One of your relatives asked you why I smell your perfume although I am far from you. what is your explanation? One of your classmates has bought a medal of silver.

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