Complete the following: 1. Unit of volume is …………. and that of mass is …………. 2. Density is ………….

unit of volume of the substance and its unit is …………. 3. An alloy of …………. is used in making jewels while an alloy of …………. is used in making heaters coils. 4. Holders of light bulbs in streets are painted from time to time to protect it from ……. 5. Substances conduct heat and electricity are like …………. and while substances which do not conduct neither heat nor electricity are like …………. 6. . …………. and …………. are toothless mammals. Arthropods can be classified according to the number of legs into 7. …………. and …………. …………. and …………. are used in classifying plants. 8. Some plants have large - sized leaves such as …………. and some has small - sized leaves such as ………….. 9. …………. is the basic unit of classification in living organisms. 10. The liquid element which is composed of one atom is …………. while that composed of two atoms is …………. 11. The matter is composed of small units called …………. while these units are consisted of smaller units called …………. 12. The …………. Takes the shape of the container but, …………. has no definite shape. 13. The hydrogen molecule is consisted of…………. while the argon molecule (inert gas) is consisted of …………. 14. ………….and ………….are examples for Insectivorous. 15. Hawks have ………….beaks to tear the prey, whereas ducks have ………….beaks to filter food from water. 16. Horses limbs end in ………….to run over rocky soil where as camels limbs end in ………….to walk on hot sandy soil. 17. The whale front limbs are modified into ………….to perform …………. whereas they modified in the bat into ………….to take the role of …………. 18. ………….and ………….are examples for micro organisms that live in water. 19. The number of jerboa’s upper jaw incisors is ………….and their number in the rabbit’s upper jaw is…………. 20. Armadillo belong to……….mammals and the hedgehog belongs to ………….mammals. 21. ………….is from the plants that reproduce by the formation of spores whereas ………….is from the plants that produce seeds inside cones. 22. Electric wires are made up of. ………….or …………. 23. An object potential energy increases. ………….of its weight. 24. If the speed of an object motion increases into the double, its kinetic energy increases into …………. 25. Bridges made up of iron are coated in the purpose of protecting them from …………. 26. The cockroach belongs to ………….whereas the scorpion belongs to ………….and they are classified as ………….animals.

Corn . When you examine a pond water drop by a microscope. 30.Tilapia) • Write the symbols of the following elements: Sodium – Potassium – Chlorine – Nitrogen – Calcium – Aluminum– Phosphorous.………….Fresh water mussels . Sodium symbol is.Frog .ºC in early morning into …………. (Lion . 6. Camel’s blood temperature changes from ………….Pine . The molecules of solid substances vibrate in a simple vibratory motion. 2.Wolf . Energy is the ability to exert…………. ………….Tiger . 4. Put (√ ) or (x) in front of the following sentences: 1. 3. 28.ºC during daylight hours. 5.Armadillo). 4. The attraction forces among molecules of solids are very small. 2. A compound is the union of atoms of an element. The compound consists from a combination of atoms of one element.Spider .Desert snail . 2.Dog .and ………….Mosquito . some micro-6. 29. Write the electron configuration of the following atoms: 1. Cross out the unsuitable word each of the groups below: 1.Flies).Wheat). . (Octopus .Pea . The motion of gaseous molecules is limited.whereas sulfur symbol is …………. (Beans . . (Locust .energy is changed into electric energy in the battery. Molecules of the same substance are different from each other. Calculate the number of neutrons in each atom. 31. Indicate the number of electrons in the outer level of each atom. organisms can be seen such as …………. 3.27. ………….Cockroach .

Because it divided into tiny particles (molecules) can’t be seen spread in air 6. The 3rd energy level (M) in the atom contains 18 electrons. The equation 2 n2 is not applied on levels higher than the 4th level. The atom is electrically neutral. 10. . 4. 2. Because the mass number is the sum of number of protons and neutrons while the atomic number is the number of protons only.Give reasons for the following: 1. Because the attraction forces between iron molecules is very strong. Because it is divided into tiny particles (molecules) can’t be seen spread in water. Because the attraction forces between the molecules of solid substances is very strong. Because the number of positive protons inside the nucleus = the number of Negative electrons rotate around the nucleus. 7. Because its outer most level is complete. When adding an amount of table salt to water it disappears after a time. 8. while the liquid takes the shape of its container. but the attraction forces between water molecules are weak. The solid substances keep their shape whatever the container shape differs. Because the number of electrons in a level = 2n2 (n is the level order) In the third level (M) The number of electrons = 2 x (32) = 18 electrons 9. When you leave the perfume bottle opened you smell it all over the room. 5. It is easy to divide an amount of water into small droplets. Because the molecules of alcohol spread in the intermolecular spaces between water molecules 3. Because the atoms will be non stable. The volume of a mixture of water with alcohol is less than the sum of their volumes before being mixed together. The mass number is greater than the atomic number. It is very hard to fragmentize a piece of iron with your fingers. but the attraction forces between the molecules of liquids are weak. Neon atom 10Ne is not reacting a chemical reaction through the ordinary conditions.

Due to the strong attraction forces between the molecules of iron 13. Ecologist do not appreciate all the technological applications which used in energy transformations because some of this applications pollute the environment . so a cooling cycle will be form in the room 19. . The freezer is found at the top of fridge. The heater is placed on the ground Because the hot air that form around the heater rise up due to its low density and replaced by high density cold air. Inert gases cannot share chemical reactions in ordinary conditions. Because it does not pollute the environment. Because the energy of level K is lesser than the energy of level L. Because both of them is burned to obtain energy 20.11. Due to the hardness of iron and the strong attraction force between iron molecules 16. The third energy level in the atom is saturated by 18 electrons. so a cooling cycle will be form in the fridge 18. Fuel in a car as food for a man. Because the cold air that form around the freezer falls down due to its high density and replaced by low density hot air. of electrons in any level = 2x n2) no. The electrons are distributed to fill the K level before filling the Level. 15. It is difficult to bend an iron rod. 21. Nuclear stations which produce electricity are preferred to those of petrol stations. Because the chemical properties is related to the number of electrons in the outer level. of electrons in any level = 2x n2 = 18 electrons 17. It is difficult to bend an iron rod. 12. 14. Because their outer most level is complete. Substances have different chemical properties. Because the number of electrons that saturated any level can be calculated from the relation (no.

Some species of birds migrate from their original habitats in winter. Wood piece floats in water while another made up of lead sinks. not copper. 23. .22. Because the density of wood is less than the density of water . while the density of lead is more than the density of water. To adapt with different environments 31. It’s favorable to produce electricity from solar energy than fuel Because solar energy is a clean form of energy doesn’t pollute the environment. When a zebra mates a donkey. Because iron is a good conductor of electricity. Electrician uses a screw driver of steel iron with a woody handle. To overcome the decreasing of temperature. 33. Ice cube changes into liquid water after a period of time. Because ice melts by heating (ice melting point is (0 co) 25. and their long legs end in thin toes To catch worms and snails from shallow water 29. Some birds have long and thin beaks. Cooking pots are made up of aluminum whereas their hand grips are made up of wood or plastic Because aluminum is a good conductor of heat and has high melting point. Hedgehog has front teeth extending outwards. The individuals of the same species differ in some external characteristics. are used in building houses concrete. Iron rods. To catch insects 27. they can’t produce fertile individuals. 34. Some animals undergo hibernation. 35. Because they are belongs to different species 28. while wood is a bad one 26. Because the hardness of iron is more than the hardness of copper 24. Due to transferring of mechanical energy into heat energy through friction. Some plants pounce insects To get nitrogen compounds to make protein 30. For food and reproduction . 32. The bike tire gets hot once you press the brakes.

It is denser over the vital body regions to provide protection to them from the extreme cold at night.36. Camel’s fur is distributed at different densities on its body regions. The smallest unit of matter construction which reacts chemically. It is also little dense over other body regions to ease heat loss by radiation during daylight Write the scientific term: 1. The presence of air chambers in elodea stem. To store a part of oxygen gas produced in photosynthesis process to be used in respiration and to help plant float in the more lighted regions of water. 37. .

8. Write down the electron configuration of the following atoms: . The simplest pure form for a substance. 20. Matter neither destroyed nor created but it can change from state to another. Smallest particle of the matter which can be freely existed and has the characteristics of its substance. 10. 9. The ability to exert work. that could not be analyzed Into simpler form. 13. The smallest part of matter which can be existed in a solitary for. 4. 5. 11. 16. 19. 7. 18.2. Number of the positive protons in the atom nucleus. The simplest state of matter which can not be decomposed into a simpler one 12. Particles which are negatively charged and negligible mass. imagnary places in which electrons can move according to their energy. The spaces that found among the molecules. Sum of protons and neutrons in a nucleus. Having the properties of matter. The product results of a combination of atoms of different elements. 15. Energy needed to transfer an electron from an energy level to another. Temperature at which solid substance starts to change into liquid. 14. The total number of protons and neutrons inside the atom nucleus. The simulation of some living organisms to the dominant natural conditions in their environment. A smallest particle can share in a chemical reaction. 6. 3. The amount of energy which an electron loses or gains to transfer from an energy level into another one. A set of similar animals in their shape and can get intermarried together to produce fertile individuals. 17.

.. 64 J.. The sum of potential and kinetic energies under the effect of gravity is constant. A.. Chemical energy can be stored in .. 9.. 200 J. Conservation of matter. D. Raising a load upwards.. Nuclear reactions.. A.. Electric energy is converted into kinetic energy in .. C.. A.... C. Potential and kinetic.. C... Potential energy is increased to double value. 5. B.. D. C.. D.... Choose the correct answer: 1.... the number of electronssaturates the energy level of an atom.. Resource of permanent energy is .. 2... A. As doubling height to which an object is raised from ground so the A.. 100 J.. change of matter to energy 3.. B. Kinetic energy... Light and kinetic.... 150 J. Density 2... The role of technological application is represented in ... Mechanical energy is the sum of . Electric bell... Potential and light. this law is known as law of .. B.. C. Sun. it has a potential energy A. Conservation of mechanical energy.... Using energy resources and converting energy from form to .. A.. B. D. 3... B. 6. D... Mechanical energy is increased 4 times. Car lamps. B.. energies. Potential and heat.. Coal... C....Then determine each of: atomic number – number of neutrons – mass number – number of electrons Write down the formula by which you can find each of the following: 1. C. Petrol. D.. 32 J... An object of mass 2 kg is moving at a speed of 4m/s has a kinetic energy A. A. D. 128 J.. 8. An object of 20 N weight is placed at 5 m height.. B... Cellular phone.. 16 J... energies... 50 J... D.. Earth gravity. B. Electric fan.. Kinetic energy is increased to its double value. 7... 4. C.. Car battery.. Stretched spring. Electric lamp.............. potential energy is increased to 3 times.

17.. 14... A.. D...... As an object falls downwards . C. 15... D. Electric generator. Chemical energy into a light one..... A.... Sound....... A.... In solar heaters.. The speed of the object decreases.... A. B.. B. C. Storing energy as its form is.. D. Chemical energy into a sound one.. C.. The potential energy increases. A. The mechanical energy is lost.. 12.. B. Heat. Resource of permanent energy. 10.. A.. D...... C. In the filament of electric lamp the .another... 18.. A... solar energy is converted into . When car lamps and radio cassette are on. Metals only... Light.. D.. Chemical energy into a sound one... The kinetic energy increases.... Liquids only..energy. D. Electric energy into light one.. D.. Kinetic. Heat transfer by radiation takes place through .. Mechanical energy is converted into heat energy by means of .... 13...... Electric energy is converted into heat energy... D.. Illustrating energy forms.. 16.. C..... Chemical energy is converted into light energy.... D. B. there is a change inside the car battery from .... energy. B.. Electric.. C. C.. B. 11.. Not an energy resource. Sun is . electric heater. Electric......... Chemical energy into an electric one. Light. ... C.. Material media and nonmaterial ones. Friction among moving particles with each other........ C... Chemical energy into a heat one... Resource of non permanent energy... A. B. Electric motor. C....... B.. creating energy from nothing. A... B. Heat energy into a chemical one.... B. Light energy into a heat one. D.. In the solar batteries the solar energy is directly converted into .... Electric energy is converted into mechanical energy... Light energy is converted into heat energy.. In home when the gas stove is working there is a change from . Gases only.... Kinetic.. Producing no energy.......

100).. Mechanical energy into a sound one. The number of pairs in scorpion legs is …………... 23... In the simple pendulum.. Heat is transferred through solids by .. Its speed decreases. Conduction and convection....mammals).... there is an energy transformation from . Conduction and radiation.. C.. D. Chemical reaction. 28. 21. D. B....... D.cartilaginous fish).snails .. Electric current. 29.: (insects . Combustion..... A....44 . Potential energy into a kinetic one and vice is reverse. B. The scorpion belongs to …………. Its potential energy decreases gradually.. Radiation only. B. 25.... B.myriapods .. 26. C.. C. C.. …………... Kinetic energy into a heat one. Mechanical energy is converted into heat energy by ........ A.wheat).. As an object is launched upwards. D.beans ... 24. Friction.4 . 30.... B. The taste property is a distinguishing factor between: . Conduction and convection..vougheir . The smell property is a distinguishing factor between: (Iron and copper – wood and plastic – perfume and vinegar)... Radiation and convection.... are from the animals which don’t have a body support: (reptiles ... 20.19. …………. A...... Mechanical energy into a light one..Jelly fishes .. C. is an example for plants that reproduce by spores: (pine .... The color property is a distinguishing factor between: (Flour and table salt – iron and gold – oxygen and carbon dioxide).. . (3 . Heat transfers from a heater by ... 22.arachnids . A.. 27..... Conduction only. Radiation only. Radiation and convection. Its speed increases. Its kinetic energy increases gradually. A.. D.

.. thirty two.. one pair. roots.. none... Valence... B.... Mass number. heat... Atomic number. D.. eighteen .. Water is stored in the leaves of ... 39.. eight. 36.... C. A.. B.. Opuntia plant stores water in its . electrons. B... is known as the number of protons and neutrons existed in an atom C. 35.... .. three pairs . C. C. A...... the chemical energy is changed into... brown algae... .. protons and neutrons.. B.. D.. D.. Hg. D......... A.... Cycas belongs to 1.. 43. A..... C....... plant.. mollusks. electric....... B. C. D. A... There are air chambers in the leaves of....... B...(Milk and honey – wood and plastic – silver and gold).. C.. protons and electrons.... D..... 31. C. 38.. D. two. maximum height.. B. earth’s surface.. In rodents. light.. nucleus of an element. Opuntia. . The atom nucleus contains ...... cactus.. 41. stem.. B.. all the above. A.. frog... C... fruits.... C. calamagrostis. Au. when the object speed increases.. An atom third level is saturated with. two pairs. B... elodea...... calamagrostis. plant.... The example of living organisms that undergoes hibernation is the.. desert snail .. The property of electric conduction is a distinguishing factor between: (Iron and copper – wood and plastic – iron and wood). plant.. 34..... when the object mass increases.... C... 44. A.. Ag... Leaves are reduced into spines in .. mechanical. Silver is symbolized by.. A.. A. D. Density.. D. B.. D. B.. mosses. elodea... 37. Cu. An object potential energy is zero when the object is at the...... the incisors number in the lower jaw are ... A. Opuntia.. ... In car engines..... gymnosperms.. C. 40.. B.. jerboa..... leaves. elodea. 32... cactus... A.. A... cactus....... D... wheat. B. calamagrostis.. D... 42. A. 33....

.. all the above. Opuntia. A..... species is the basic unit of classification in living organisms.. B. cactus. elodea. Answers 1. The matter is composed of small units called molecules while these units are consisted of smaller units called atoms 12. plant. C. Substances conduct heat and electricity are like iron and while substances which do not conduct neither heat nor electricity are like wood 6.. Sloth and Armadillo are toothless mammals. jerboa.. D. Leaves are reduced into spines in 3.. Holders of light bulbs in streets are painted from time to time to protect it from rust 5... An alloy of gold-copper is used in making jewels while an alloy of nickel-chrome is used in making heaters coils.. The shape and way of reproduction are used in classifying plants. 47. . B.. calamagrostis. neutrons and electrons... D. gases has no definite volume. wheat. 8.. Some plants have large . calamagrostis...... There are air chambers in the leaves of 4. C. desert snail. D. The examples of living organisms that undergoes hibernation is the A. Unit of volume is cm3 and that of mass is gram 2. D.. The hydrogen molecule is consisted of two atoms while the argon molecule (inert gas) is consisted of one atom ...... frog. plant. C. cactus. B. 45... 48... 49. 13... B. neck less and small B.. The leaves of the aquatic submerged plants are. large . cactus. protons.. elodea.. 4.. The liquid element which is composed of one atom is mercury while that composed of two atoms is bromine 11... ... Opuntia.. plant.. 9. calamagrostis. A. 46...C.sized leaves such as banana and some has small .sized leaves such as molukhiyah... Arthropods can be classified according to the number of legs into 7.. A..... C. 10. C.. neutrons and electrons... Water is stored in the leaves of A.. .. necked and long. Density is the mass of unit of volume of the substance and its unit is g/cm3 3.sized. The liquids Takes the shape of the container but....

Camel’s blood temperature changes from 34 ºC in early morning into 41 ºC during daylight hours. The number of jerboa’s upper jaw incisors is one pair and their number in the rabbit’s upper jaw is two pairs 20. An object potential energy increases the weight of its weight. Drocera and dieonea are examples for Insectivorous. 22. Electric wires are made up of iron or aluminum 23. 16. Chemical energy is changed into electric energy in the battery. Sodium symbol is. 21. whereas ducks have wide indented beaks to filter food from water. Na whereas sulfur symbol is Ag 31. The cockroach belongs to insects whereas the scorpion belongs to arachnids and they are classified as arthropods animals.14. Armadillo belong to toothless mammals and the hedgehog belongs to front extending teeth mammals. 19. Hawks have strong sharp crooked beaks to tear the prey. Energy is the ability to exert work 30. 24. . its kinetic energy increases into four times 25. 17. . 29. If the speed of an object motion increases into the double. 27. Vougheir is from the plants that reproduce by the formation of spores whereas pine is from the plants that produce seeds inside cones. Horses limbs end in strong solid hoof to run over rocky soil where as camels limbs end in thick flat pad to walk on hot sandy soil. Amoeba and paramecium are examples for micro organisms that live in water. 15. The whale front limbs are modified into paddles to perform swimming whereas they modified in the bat into wings to take the role of flying 18. some micro organisms can be seen such as amoeba and paramecium 28. When you examine a pond water drop by a microscope. Bridges made up of iron are coated in the purpose of protecting them from rust 26.

the water increases up to 110 cm3 . What is meant by the following? 1. It means that: The energy stored in the object due to its position = 20 joule 2.  PE = Weight x Height  88 = Weight x 11 . It means that: The sum of potential energy and kinetic energy of the object = 100 joule 3. Potential energy of an object is 20 Joule. It is a form of energy that transfer from the hot object to the cold object Problems On determining iron density using a piece of iron of mass 87 g.7 gm/cm3  An object has a kinetic energy 64 Joule and is moving at a speed 4 m/s. Mechanical energy of an object is 100 Joule. Find the object mass. The piece is immersed in 100 cm3 of water. Heat energy. Density = mass / volume Density of iron = 87 / 110-100 Density of wood = 8. KE = ½ M V2 64 = ½ M 42 64 = ½ M 16 64 = M 8 64/8 = M M = 8 Kg  Find the weight of an object of potential energy 88 Joule when found at a height 11 m.Calculate iron density.

On reaching ground (consider gravity acceleration = 10 m/ s2). At the start of falling. PE = Weight x Height PE = (5 x10) x 2 PE = 100 joule KE = ME . PE = Weight x Height PE = (5 x10) x 8 PE = 400 joule KE = zero So . Mechanical energy = PE+KE = 400 joule B. PE= zero KE = ME = 400 joule .  88/11 = Weight Weight = 8 Newton  A stone of 5 Kg mass falls from 8 m height. At height 2m. what is its potential energy? And what is its kinetic energy? In the of the following: A.PE KE= 400-100 = 300 joule C.

The pine and palm trees 8.  The intermolecular forces among molecules. 2.leaves .roots . The element and compound. Rodents and lagomorphs. Compare among solid. Compare elodea plant to calamagrostis plant with regarding to the following: The environment . Beans plant and wheat plant. 2. liquid and gas regarding:  The distance among molecules. 6. A rabbit and a squirrel. 5. 3.  1. Compare between potential and kinetic energies of an object. Compare between the functional and anatomical adaptations and give an example to each of them. . Insects and arachnids. Give one difference between each of the following: 1. 7. 4. Beans plant and maize plant.stem.

Beans plant and wheat plant. 3. Ending of camel’s legs with a pad. 2.What is meant by? 1.1. 2. Mention three features of adaptation in the camel. 5. Boiling point. Name five of the technological applications which convert an energy form to another. A desert plant that its leaves are modified into juicy branches. The pine and palm trees. A totally submerged aquatic plant.2. Then mention what the energy transformation in each application is How can you interpret? It is preferred using solar heater to any other heater such as electric or gas ones. Illustrate some technological applications in our life then mention their negative effects? . Give an example showing each of the following: 1. Melting point 2. 4. Hibernation in amphibians. 3. Camouflage in insects. Compare between the functional and anatomical adaptations and give an example to each of them. Rising of camel’s body temperature to 40ºC. A desert plant that its leaves are modified into spines. What happens in each of the following cases: 1. Aestivation in rodents. 6. Absence of air chambers from elodea stem. 4. State a difference between each of the following: A rabbit and a squirrel. Adaptation of living organisms does not take place in the environmental conditions.

Number of energy levels having electrons. Mass number of each atom.4.3. Number of electrons in the outer level.Study these figures well then determine each of the following: Atomic number of each atom. 24Mg12 and sodium 23Na11 atoms are different in both atomic and mass numbers. One of your classmates asked you to explain why magnesium B. How do you explain this difference? .1. 2.

he thought it was fake. what is your explanation? One of your classmates has bought a medal of silver. How can you help him to verify this thought? .One of your relatives asked you why I smell your perfume although I am far from you.

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