Complete the following: 1. Unit of volume is …………. and that of mass is …………. 2. Density is ………….

unit of volume of the substance and its unit is …………. 3. An alloy of …………. is used in making jewels while an alloy of …………. is used in making heaters coils. 4. Holders of light bulbs in streets are painted from time to time to protect it from ……. 5. Substances conduct heat and electricity are like …………. and while substances which do not conduct neither heat nor electricity are like …………. 6. . …………. and …………. are toothless mammals. Arthropods can be classified according to the number of legs into 7. …………. and …………. …………. and …………. are used in classifying plants. 8. Some plants have large - sized leaves such as …………. and some has small - sized leaves such as ………….. 9. …………. is the basic unit of classification in living organisms. 10. The liquid element which is composed of one atom is …………. while that composed of two atoms is …………. 11. The matter is composed of small units called …………. while these units are consisted of smaller units called …………. 12. The …………. Takes the shape of the container but, …………. has no definite shape. 13. The hydrogen molecule is consisted of…………. while the argon molecule (inert gas) is consisted of …………. 14. ………….and ………….are examples for Insectivorous. 15. Hawks have ………….beaks to tear the prey, whereas ducks have ………….beaks to filter food from water. 16. Horses limbs end in ………….to run over rocky soil where as camels limbs end in ………….to walk on hot sandy soil. 17. The whale front limbs are modified into ………….to perform …………. whereas they modified in the bat into ………….to take the role of …………. 18. ………….and ………….are examples for micro organisms that live in water. 19. The number of jerboa’s upper jaw incisors is ………….and their number in the rabbit’s upper jaw is…………. 20. Armadillo belong to……….mammals and the hedgehog belongs to ………….mammals. 21. ………….is from the plants that reproduce by the formation of spores whereas ………….is from the plants that produce seeds inside cones. 22. Electric wires are made up of. ………….or …………. 23. An object potential energy increases. ………….of its weight. 24. If the speed of an object motion increases into the double, its kinetic energy increases into …………. 25. Bridges made up of iron are coated in the purpose of protecting them from …………. 26. The cockroach belongs to ………….whereas the scorpion belongs to ………….and they are classified as ………….animals.

(Locust .Tiger .Pine .Armadillo). (Beans .energy is changed into electric energy in the battery.Fresh water mussels .ºC during daylight hours.Mosquito . …………. Sodium symbol is. The attraction forces among molecules of solids are very small.…………. Camel’s blood temperature changes from …………. 3. The compound consists from a combination of atoms of one element. 3.Corn . 2. …………. 6.Spider . (Lion . 4. 4.Cockroach .Wheat). Cross out the unsuitable word each of the groups below: 1. 30. 28. Indicate the number of electrons in the outer level of each atom. Write the electron configuration of the following atoms: 1. Molecules of the same substance are different from each other.Flies). The motion of gaseous molecules is limited. 2. 5. The molecules of solid substances vibrate in a simple vibratory motion. When you examine a pond water drop by a microscope. some micro-6.27.Wolf . 31. 2.Frog . 29. Put (√ ) or (x) in front of the following sentences: 1. Calculate the number of neutrons in each atom.Dog .whereas sulfur symbol is ………….Tilapia) • Write the symbols of the following elements: Sodium – Potassium – Chlorine – Nitrogen – Calcium – Aluminum– Phosphorous. organisms can be seen such as ………….ºC in early morning into ………….Desert snail .Pea . . . (Octopus .and …………. A compound is the union of atoms of an element. Energy is the ability to exert………….

but the attraction forces between water molecules are weak. Because it divided into tiny particles (molecules) can’t be seen spread in air 6. while the liquid takes the shape of its container. Because it is divided into tiny particles (molecules) can’t be seen spread in water. The 3rd energy level (M) in the atom contains 18 electrons. The equation 2 n2 is not applied on levels higher than the 4th level. When adding an amount of table salt to water it disappears after a time. The mass number is greater than the atomic number. 4.Give reasons for the following: 1. Because the number of electrons in a level = 2n2 (n is the level order) In the third level (M) The number of electrons = 2 x (32) = 18 electrons 9. 2. Because the mass number is the sum of number of protons and neutrons while the atomic number is the number of protons only. Because the attraction forces between the molecules of solid substances is very strong. Neon atom 10Ne is not reacting a chemical reaction through the ordinary conditions. The volume of a mixture of water with alcohol is less than the sum of their volumes before being mixed together. Because the attraction forces between iron molecules is very strong. 8. Because its outer most level is complete. It is very hard to fragmentize a piece of iron with your fingers. It is easy to divide an amount of water into small droplets. Because the molecules of alcohol spread in the intermolecular spaces between water molecules 3. but the attraction forces between the molecules of liquids are weak. When you leave the perfume bottle opened you smell it all over the room. . 10. Because the number of positive protons inside the nucleus = the number of Negative electrons rotate around the nucleus. Because the atoms will be non stable. The atom is electrically neutral. 5. 7. The solid substances keep their shape whatever the container shape differs.

Ecologist do not appreciate all the technological applications which used in energy transformations because some of this applications pollute the environment . Because the number of electrons that saturated any level can be calculated from the relation (no. Due to the strong attraction forces between the molecules of iron 13. The electrons are distributed to fill the K level before filling the Level. so a cooling cycle will be form in the fridge 18. It is difficult to bend an iron rod. 12. The freezer is found at the top of fridge. The heater is placed on the ground Because the hot air that form around the heater rise up due to its low density and replaced by high density cold air. Because both of them is burned to obtain energy 20. Substances have different chemical properties. Nuclear stations which produce electricity are preferred to those of petrol stations. Because the energy of level K is lesser than the energy of level L. Because the chemical properties is related to the number of electrons in the outer level.11. Because the cold air that form around the freezer falls down due to its high density and replaced by low density hot air. Fuel in a car as food for a man. Inert gases cannot share chemical reactions in ordinary conditions. Because it does not pollute the environment. of electrons in any level = 2x n2) no. 21. It is difficult to bend an iron rod. . The third energy level in the atom is saturated by 18 electrons. Due to the hardness of iron and the strong attraction force between iron molecules 16. Because their outer most level is complete. 15. 14. of electrons in any level = 2x n2 = 18 electrons 17. so a cooling cycle will be form in the room 19.

To catch insects 27. 35. 34. Iron rods. they can’t produce fertile individuals.22. For food and reproduction . Some birds have long and thin beaks. Some species of birds migrate from their original habitats in winter. Because the hardness of iron is more than the hardness of copper 24. 33. while the density of lead is more than the density of water. Due to transferring of mechanical energy into heat energy through friction. Because they are belongs to different species 28. Some animals undergo hibernation. To overcome the decreasing of temperature. Cooking pots are made up of aluminum whereas their hand grips are made up of wood or plastic Because aluminum is a good conductor of heat and has high melting point. Some plants pounce insects To get nitrogen compounds to make protein 30. 23. To adapt with different environments 31. Because the density of wood is less than the density of water . Wood piece floats in water while another made up of lead sinks. When a zebra mates a donkey. It’s favorable to produce electricity from solar energy than fuel Because solar energy is a clean form of energy doesn’t pollute the environment. The individuals of the same species differ in some external characteristics. not copper. Ice cube changes into liquid water after a period of time. The bike tire gets hot once you press the brakes. and their long legs end in thin toes To catch worms and snails from shallow water 29. Electrician uses a screw driver of steel iron with a woody handle. Because ice melts by heating (ice melting point is (0 co) 25. . while wood is a bad one 26. are used in building houses concrete. Because iron is a good conductor of electricity. Hedgehog has front teeth extending outwards. 32.

36. . 37. The smallest unit of matter construction which reacts chemically. Camel’s fur is distributed at different densities on its body regions. The presence of air chambers in elodea stem. To store a part of oxygen gas produced in photosynthesis process to be used in respiration and to help plant float in the more lighted regions of water. It is also little dense over other body regions to ease heat loss by radiation during daylight Write the scientific term: 1. It is denser over the vital body regions to provide protection to them from the extreme cold at night.

The ability to exert work. Smallest particle of the matter which can be freely existed and has the characteristics of its substance. A smallest particle can share in a chemical reaction. 13. 19. 10. A set of similar animals in their shape and can get intermarried together to produce fertile individuals. The simplest pure form for a substance. Particles which are negatively charged and negligible mass. Temperature at which solid substance starts to change into liquid. 14. Sum of protons and neutrons in a nucleus. The simplest state of matter which can not be decomposed into a simpler one 12. 8. Energy needed to transfer an electron from an energy level to another. 6. Matter neither destroyed nor created but it can change from state to another. 4. that could not be analyzed Into simpler form. 16. 7. 20. Write down the electron configuration of the following atoms: . The spaces that found among the molecules. 15. 18. 3. The total number of protons and neutrons inside the atom nucleus. imagnary places in which electrons can move according to their energy. The smallest part of matter which can be existed in a solitary for. Number of the positive protons in the atom nucleus. 9. 11. Having the properties of matter. 17. The product results of a combination of atoms of different elements. The amount of energy which an electron loses or gains to transfer from an energy level into another one. 5. The simulation of some living organisms to the dominant natural conditions in their environment.2.

. Earth gravity. Cellular phone.. Potential and kinetic. 8.. B. A. D.. D... C. Electric lamp. Stretched spring. B... the number of electronssaturates the energy level of an atom. Potential energy is increased to double value... 2. change of matter to energy 3....... D.. energies.. Light and kinetic. D.... C. B. 16 J. B... Car lamps.. Electric fan.. Choose the correct answer: 1.... B.. Electric energy is converted into kinetic energy in .... Using energy resources and converting energy from form to . 100 J.. Electric bell.. Potential and heat.. potential energy is increased to 3 times. D. Mechanical energy is increased 4 times.... Mechanical energy is the sum of .. Petrol......... 200 J.. Density 2... An object of mass 2 kg is moving at a speed of 4m/s has a kinetic energy A. C.. B... A. Car battery.... Sun.. Kinetic energy is increased to its double value.. D.. 3.... C. Raising a load upwards... 50 J.. A..... 64 J. C. 7. C. As doubling height to which an object is raised from ground so the A.. 6... B.... D. Conservation of matter.. energies. Potential and light. B.. D.... Chemical energy can be stored in . A. it has a potential energy A....... The sum of potential and kinetic energies under the effect of gravity is constant.... 150 J. 9. C. C. Kinetic energy. Coal.. Resource of permanent energy is . this law is known as law of . 5. Nuclear reactions. A..Then determine each of: atomic number – number of neutrons – mass number – number of electrons Write down the formula by which you can find each of the following: 1. Conservation of mechanical energy. 128 J. An object of 20 N weight is placed at 5 m height. A. 4.... 32 J. The role of technological application is represented in .

.... In solar heaters.. D.. B. A... Electric. Light energy is converted into heat energy..another.. The potential energy increases... creating energy from nothing.. B. Kinetic... D.. A. C.... Electric motor... A. Electric energy is converted into mechanical energy.. In home when the gas stove is working there is a change from ...... D...... C.... Heat energy into a chemical one. D. B. Metals only. Heat. Gases only.. Electric energy into light one. solar energy is converted into .. B.. 13... Electric generator.. A.. D. D. As an object falls downwards . there is a change inside the car battery from .. C... 11. Sound. B. B. B... Electric energy is converted into heat energy. C... Heat transfer by radiation takes place through . D. C. Resource of non permanent energy. Chemical energy into a heat one.. Light. The mechanical energy is lost... Sun is . D.... 16. D. A.... Illustrating energy forms....... Liquids only....... Producing no energy.. 14. Mechanical energy is converted into heat energy by means of .. 15. Electric.. ... electric heater.... A.. In the solar batteries the solar energy is directly converted into ...... energy... B. Light energy into a heat one...... B. The speed of the object decreases.energy... Light.. Friction among moving particles with each other. The kinetic energy increases.... 18.. Chemical energy is converted into light energy. C.. Chemical energy into an electric one.. In the filament of electric lamp the ..... C.... Storing energy as its form is... Chemical energy into a sound one..... Resource of permanent energy. C...... C... B.. A... A. When car lamps and radio cassette are on.. 17......... 12. Kinetic.. 10... Chemical energy into a light one. Not an energy resource.. A. Material media and nonmaterial ones. D. C.... Chemical energy into a sound one....

The scorpion belongs to …………. Radiation only. C. B.. Radiation only.. The smell property is a distinguishing factor between: (Iron and copper – wood and plastic – perfume and vinegar). C. Combustion. A.100). there is an energy transformation from ... Conduction and convection. A.cartilaginous fish)... Kinetic energy into a heat one.19...... The color property is a distinguishing factor between: (Flour and table salt – iron and gold – oxygen and carbon dioxide)..snails . Conduction only. Its speed increases.beans .Jelly fishes . ………….... are from the animals which don’t have a body support: (reptiles ..... Heat is transferred through solids by .myriapods . A. B..vougheir .. D.mammals)... 22... Radiation and convection. Mechanical energy into a light one. A. Friction..44 .... 24. C.. 26. 25. Radiation and convection.arachnids .. Conduction and convection..... 29. Chemical reaction.. C.. As an object is launched upwards. C. is an example for plants that reproduce by spores: (pine . Its kinetic energy increases gradually...... D..wheat).. In the simple pendulum...: (insects ..... Mechanical energy is converted into heat energy by . The number of pairs in scorpion legs is ………….. A.... Electric current.. …………... Conduction and radiation.... 20. 23. Mechanical energy into a sound one... B. Potential energy into a kinetic one and vice is reverse. Its speed decreases.4 .. The taste property is a distinguishing factor between: . Heat transfers from a heater by . (3 ..... 30. Its potential energy decreases gradually. D.... 21. D. D... ... 27. 28.. B.. B...

C. B.. Opuntia plant stores water in its . earth’s surface. An atom third level is saturated with. An object potential energy is zero when the object is at the.. mollusks.. none.. A. B. mosses... nucleus of an element... In car engines.. thirty two.. Silver is symbolized by.... 43. plant. A... when the object mass increases... electric.. Opuntia.. Mass number. B.. plant. leaves... 35. B.. B. D. C....... calamagrostis. C... ...... brown algae.. 33. jerboa.... A. D. when the object speed increases. B... 40.. The example of living organisms that undergoes hibernation is the.. The property of electric conduction is a distinguishing factor between: (Iron and copper – wood and plastic – iron and wood). 36. D....... D.. C. C. A. A. Water is stored in the leaves of .... calamagrostis.... 31. B. B. Ag. Opuntia.. D.. 32. The atom nucleus contains . C... all the above. C.. B.. D.. Valence.. A. elodea. eight.. D.... wheat. 34.. roots... C. the chemical energy is changed into. heat. electrons.. C.. A. Density....... two.... There are air chambers in the leaves of..... D. elodea.. A.. D. A.. Cycas belongs to 1...... A.... 42... cactus.... desert snail . C. 39.. protons and neutrons... B... gymnosperms... mechanical.. cactus.... three pairs . plant....... cactus. 37. D. A.. is known as the number of protons and neutrons existed in an atom C. 38. In rodents. Atomic number..(Milk and honey – wood and plastic – silver and gold).. maximum height. ... protons and electrons.. Leaves are reduced into spines in . B........ Cu.... D............ C.... fruits. 41. B... two pairs.... 44... light.. D. B.. A. Hg... eighteen ..... calamagrostis. the incisors number in the lower jaw are .... elodea.. A...... ... . stem.. frog..... one pair.... Au....

.sized leaves such as molukhiyah. species is the basic unit of classification in living organisms... necked and long.. elodea. neck less and small B. Some plants have large . The hydrogen molecule is consisted of two atoms while the argon molecule (inert gas) is consisted of one atom ... The examples of living organisms that undergoes hibernation is the A. 46.. B.. B... The liquid element which is composed of one atom is mercury while that composed of two atoms is bromine 11. elodea.. 48. 10.. C..sized.. An alloy of gold-copper is used in making jewels while an alloy of nickel-chrome is used in making heaters coils... Answers 1. C. plant... gases has no definite volume.. There are air chambers in the leaves of 4. C. The leaves of the aquatic submerged plants are........ Density is the mass of unit of volume of the substance and its unit is g/cm3 3.. neutrons and electrons. 47.. D. 49. calamagrostis. C... 4.. cactus. Water is stored in the leaves of A.. D. large . A... B. 45.. A. Opuntia. Unit of volume is cm3 and that of mass is gram 2..C.. calamagrostis. D. C. Substances conduct heat and electricity are like iron and while substances which do not conduct neither heat nor electricity are like wood 6. plant. wheat...... The matter is composed of small units called molecules while these units are consisted of smaller units called atoms 12. ... B.... The liquids Takes the shape of the container but. calamagrostis. A. Leaves are reduced into spines in 3. neutrons and electrons. The shape and way of reproduction are used in classifying plants... plant... cactus.. 9. cactus. Holders of light bulbs in streets are painted from time to time to protect it from rust 5.. Arthropods can be classified according to the number of legs into 7... . jerboa. D. frog. 13.sized leaves such as banana and some has small . Sloth and Armadillo are toothless mammals. all the above. desert snail... Opuntia... 8. protons. ...

Bridges made up of iron are coated in the purpose of protecting them from rust 26. 19. its kinetic energy increases into four times 25. Chemical energy is changed into electric energy in the battery. When you examine a pond water drop by a microscope. Armadillo belong to toothless mammals and the hedgehog belongs to front extending teeth mammals. 16. Hawks have strong sharp crooked beaks to tear the prey. The number of jerboa’s upper jaw incisors is one pair and their number in the rabbit’s upper jaw is two pairs 20. Horses limbs end in strong solid hoof to run over rocky soil where as camels limbs end in thick flat pad to walk on hot sandy soil. An object potential energy increases the weight of its weight. Electric wires are made up of iron or aluminum 23. Amoeba and paramecium are examples for micro organisms that live in water. Drocera and dieonea are examples for Insectivorous. . Vougheir is from the plants that reproduce by the formation of spores whereas pine is from the plants that produce seeds inside cones. 29. 17. 24. 22. 21.14. If the speed of an object motion increases into the double. 27. The cockroach belongs to insects whereas the scorpion belongs to arachnids and they are classified as arthropods animals. Na whereas sulfur symbol is Ag 31. Sodium symbol is. some micro organisms can be seen such as amoeba and paramecium 28. The whale front limbs are modified into paddles to perform swimming whereas they modified in the bat into wings to take the role of flying 18. Camel’s blood temperature changes from 34 ºC in early morning into 41 ºC during daylight hours. . 15. Energy is the ability to exert work 30. whereas ducks have wide indented beaks to filter food from water.

Density = mass / volume Density of iron = 87 / 110-100 Density of wood = 8.7 gm/cm3  An object has a kinetic energy 64 Joule and is moving at a speed 4 m/s. Mechanical energy of an object is 100 Joule. the water increases up to 110 cm3 . KE = ½ M V2 64 = ½ M 42 64 = ½ M 16 64 = M 8 64/8 = M M = 8 Kg  Find the weight of an object of potential energy 88 Joule when found at a height 11 m.  PE = Weight x Height  88 = Weight x 11 . Find the object mass. Heat energy. It means that: The sum of potential energy and kinetic energy of the object = 100 joule 3. It means that: The energy stored in the object due to its position = 20 joule 2. It is a form of energy that transfer from the hot object to the cold object Problems On determining iron density using a piece of iron of mass 87 g. Potential energy of an object is 20 Joule. The piece is immersed in 100 cm3 of water. What is meant by the following? 1.Calculate iron density.

PE = Weight x Height PE = (5 x10) x 8 PE = 400 joule KE = zero So .  88/11 = Weight Weight = 8 Newton  A stone of 5 Kg mass falls from 8 m height. On reaching ground (consider gravity acceleration = 10 m/ s2). what is its potential energy? And what is its kinetic energy? In the of the following: A. Mechanical energy = PE+KE = 400 joule B. PE = Weight x Height PE = (5 x10) x 2 PE = 100 joule KE = ME .PE KE= 400-100 = 300 joule C. At height 2m. PE= zero KE = ME = 400 joule . At the start of falling.

 The intermolecular forces among molecules. Compare between the functional and anatomical adaptations and give an example to each of them. 4.stem. 3. A rabbit and a squirrel. The element and compound.leaves . 2. Rodents and lagomorphs. Compare elodea plant to calamagrostis plant with regarding to the following: The environment . 5. Compare between potential and kinetic energies of an object. . Beans plant and maize plant. 6. The pine and palm trees 8. 7. Give one difference between each of the following: 1. Compare among solid.  1. 2.roots . Beans plant and wheat plant. Insects and arachnids. liquid and gas regarding:  The distance among molecules.

Hibernation in amphibians. Beans plant and wheat plant. 2. Illustrate some technological applications in our life then mention their negative effects? . Rising of camel’s body temperature to 40ºC. The pine and palm trees. Camouflage in insects. Ending of camel’s legs with a pad. Absence of air chambers from elodea stem. A totally submerged aquatic plant. Name five of the technological applications which convert an energy form to another.1. Adaptation of living organisms does not take place in the environmental conditions. Give an example showing each of the following: 1. Boiling point. State a difference between each of the following: A rabbit and a squirrel. 2. Melting point 2. What happens in each of the following cases: 1. Compare between the functional and anatomical adaptations and give an example to each of them.What is meant by? 1.2. 3. Then mention what the energy transformation in each application is How can you interpret? It is preferred using solar heater to any other heater such as electric or gas ones. 5. Mention three features of adaptation in the camel. A desert plant that its leaves are modified into juicy branches. 4. A desert plant that its leaves are modified into spines. 3. 4. Aestivation in rodents. 6.

2. 24Mg12 and sodium 23Na11 atoms are different in both atomic and mass numbers. How do you explain this difference? .3. Number of electrons in the outer level. Mass number of each atom.1. Number of energy levels having electrons.Study these figures well then determine each of the following: Atomic number of each atom.4. One of your classmates asked you to explain why magnesium B.

what is your explanation? One of your classmates has bought a medal of silver. he thought it was fake.One of your relatives asked you why I smell your perfume although I am far from you. How can you help him to verify this thought? .