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FOREIGN

SERVICE

INSTITUTE

YORUBA

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

EPA

MEN

TAT

YORUBA

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

This work was compiled and published with the assistance of the Peace Corps.

Authors

H. DAVID McCLURE

JOHN O. OYEW ALE

FOREIGN SERVICE INSTITUTE


WASHINGTON, D.C.

1967
D EPA R T MEN T

TAT

For sale by the Ruperintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C., 20402 - Prke $1.25

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

PREFACE

The recorded texts which this volume accompanies are intended for use after an introductory Yoruba textbook and be fore or along with such a course as Wolffs Second-Year Yorubo. Emphasis is on developing vocabulary andfluencyo The content of the texts was chosen with special regard to the needs of Peace Corps Volunteers, but it should also be of interest to other students of Yorubao The book was produced during the summer of 1966, when Mro McClure was an intern linguist on the staff of the Foreign Service Ins tituteo Director of the project was Earl Wo Stevick, who suggested the format and served as occasional consultanto Irma C Ponce and Betty Painter typed and assembled the camera copy" Recordings were made in the FSI studios under the direction of Gary Alley" Karen Courtenay of U"CLAo provided special assistance;n readying three of the texts for publicationo Most of the cost of this project was underwritten by the Peace Corpso

]ames Ro Frith, Dean School of Language Studies Foreign Service Institute Department of State

~RJi

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Introduction This course is based on a series of brief monologs, recorded impromptu by John o. Oyewale, a western-educated native speaker of Yoruba from the QY9 area. It is intended for students who have already had an introduction to the language. The central part of the course is the recordings 7 these printed materials are meant to be used in supplementary and auxiliary function. The distinctive characteristic of this series of monologs is the degree to which they overlap one another. Overlapping is of two kinds. First, there are several monologs on each general topic. Second, each monolog (with one exception) is presented two or three times, with minor variations in each version. Thus, recurrence of grammar and vocabulary is built into the materials without destroying their spontaneity and authenticity. The topics themselves were chosen for their relevance to the interests of a person -- especially a Peace Corps Volunteer -who expects to use Yoruba in Nigeria. The information given is intended to be factual. Some topics involve comparison of former times with the present. For others (notably 11, 12, 14, 17, 19 26, 29 - 30, 32 - 33) the speaker was asked to talk within the framework of traditional times and customs. In general, the material is slanted for those who are working in less westernized settings. Each tape recorded mono log is followed by questions relating to it. In the book, each version of each monolog is presented in a number of different ways. On the fourth tape (32 - Supplement) ,there are two kinds of supplementary materials which are not represented in the textbook. The first consists of two conversations. The second consists of additional monologs. The spelling and orthography used are for the most part standard Yoruba writing. The object pronoun and possessive modifier pronoun for third person plural are written nWQn here. Students accustomed to a phonemic orthography should note that third person singular object pronouns are indicated in writing by placing a -over the vowel of the verb. The system for marking tones uses five symbols: for high or predictaBle rising glide after low for low or predictable falling glide after high for low-rising glide

ii

YORUBA:

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for high-falling glide. for mid in words spelled with a Elsewhere, mid tone is unmarked. , such as s~ 'do it.'
/

This system, while not always phonetically accurate, is considered adequate for an intermediate level student. Certain words are not marked for tone. There are:
dad~

= daadaa
= baal~ = baale

arun

..... = -"" oorun

\ v- A"'" papa = paapaa

rna = maa

nal~

bale

Placing both ~ and a single tone mark ove~ a vowel symbolizes a two-mora vowel with level pitch, such as in Awe [aawe). A knowledge of subject tone rise, juncture between noun and possessive pronoun, and juncture between noun and consonant-initial noun is assumed on the part of the student.

Suggestions to the student for using the materials without a tutor.


1.

Listen to a version of one monolog several times before looking at it in the textbook. Find out what you can already comprehend. Study the written materials as necessary to learn the vocabulary and sentence structures used. Listen until you can easily comprehend everything you hear. Using the pause or stop mechanism on your tape recorder, mimic each sentence or phrase-group until smooth, accurate production is easy. Again using the pause or stop control, let the recorder dictate the text to you as you transcribe it. Read aloud the two copies of the speech with words blanked out, filling in the blanks orally as you read.

2.

3.

4.
5.
6.

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YORUBA:

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7.

Mark tones on the copy you wrote as a dictation exercise, stopping the recorder as necessary. Check your marking with the marks in the book. Remember that repeating before marking is usually very helpful. Answer the questions on the tape, using the stop or pause mechanism. Answer any remaining questions in the book.

8. 9.

Suggestions for using the materials with a tutor. You should first carry out the steps listed above. Then: 1. The tutor may ask additional questions. Ask questions of the tutor, without use of the written copy, immediately following the tutor's reading or reciting of the speech. Complete statements begun by the tutor. Give an English equivalent for any statement given by the tutor. After all versions of a speech have been studied, the tutor should vary the statements from those in the book. (The degree of change should be limited only by your own ability.) Give a brief, somewhat formal speech to the instructor. When possible, this should be recorded and the tutor should help you evaluate it. Request him to comment not only on grammar and pronunciation, but upon total communication effectiveness.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Experimental fatures of this book. The substance of this book is simply a series of brief, overlapping texts, presented on the tape and in four printed versions each in the book. These oral texts should give the student ample material for developing comprehension skills within the limits of style and vocabulary inherent in the monologs. Further, the two different kinds of blank filling (marking tones and supplying the omitted words or phrases) should be an effective substitute for sheer memorization for many students. This is the second experimental feature of the text.

iv

YORUBA:

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Finally, the mechanical process of producing the required four copies of the Yoruba is in itself an experiment. From one corrected typed page, four copies of the Yoruba (and one each of the English and the questions) were made, using the Xerox 914 Copier. Words were first crossed out by Mr. Oyewale, then covered by a typist using gummed correction labels on which hyphens had been typed. The English and the questions were copied in order to try to achieve a more uniform appearance in the final photographic reproduction of the book. Thus, a considerable amount of typing, proof reading and correction was avoided.

YORUBA:

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ABOUT THE AUTHORS

JOHN O. OYEWALE was born at Awe, a town near Oyo, and spent his early childhood in Lagos, where his parents were working. At the age of six he returned to Awe, where he received his elementary education. He then went to Tede, near Shaki, to take up an appointment as a probationary teacher for three years. After resigning this post, he attended the Baptist Teachers Training College at Iwo, where he spent five years. He was sent to teach in a Baptist school at Ihiagwa in OWerri Province (Eastern Region) where he stayed for two years. He was later transferred to teach at Ilaro, near Abeokuta, remaining there for four years. During his last six years before coming to the United States, he was in Ibadan, first as a school teacher and then as headmaster. In 1960, Mr. Oyewale came to the United States to major in English. He holds the Bachelor's degree from Virginia Union University, and the M. A. from Howard University. H. DAVID McCLURE has an M. A. in Linguistics from Michigan State University, where as a graduate student he was responsible for conducting a course in Yoruba. He is presently on the faculty of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS Pref ace Introduction About the Authors Lagos i ii vi Page
1

Text 1 Text 2

4
6
8 10

Text 3 Ibadan - Text 1 'rext 2 IfE:; - Text 1 Text 2 Text 3 9Y9 - Text 1 Text 2 Ogbom9shQ - Text 1 Text 2 Text 3
,-

13 15 17 19
22

AWff - Text 1 Text 2 Text 3 Travel from AW~ to Ibadan - Text 1 Travel from Lagos to Ibadan by Train - Text 1 Text 2 Travel from Lagos to Ibadan by Road - Text 1 Text 2 The Hoe - Text 1 Text 2 Mortar and Pestle - Text 1 Text 2 The Cutlass - Text 1. Text 2 Text 3 vii

26 29 32 35
38

.
.

41 44
46 48

Text 2 ........

51
54 57 60 63 66 69 72 75 78

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Page Garden - Text 1 Rainy

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . .. . . . . . . . . ... Text 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . ... Seascn - Text 1 . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. ...


Text 3

81

84

87 90
93

..... . Dry Season - Text 1 . . . . . . . . . . Text 2 . . . . . . . . Text Buying Food in 9Y i 1 .. .. . Text 2 . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... Food Preferences - Text 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Text 2 . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. .. . Text 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1

96 99
102

105
108

110 112 115


119

Traditional Yoruba Meals - Text 1 Having Company - Text 1 Text 2

........................ Text 2 . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .... ... .. ... . . . .. . ... . ... . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .... . .... . . . . . .. .....
. .

122 125 128


132

Menus and Mealtime - Supplementary Text S tr anger in Town - Text 1 Text 2 Women's Work at

. . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . ..... Text 3 ............................... Horne - Text 1 . . . . . . . . . .. . Text 2 . Text 3 .


Text 2 Text 3

135

138
141 144
147 150

Women's Work Outside the Home - Text 1

154
157

Men's Work at Home - Text 1 Text 2 Text 3 Children's Work - Text 1 Text 2 Some Modern Occupations -

. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . ... . . . . . . . ... .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .

160
163

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . Text 1 . . . . . . . Text 2 . .
viii

. .

1666 169 172


175

178

YORUBA:

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Page Building Rapport - Text 1 Text 2 Yoruba Greetings Text 3 Text 1 Text 2

. . . . .
Text 2 Text 3

Text 3 More About Yoruba Greetings - Text 1

. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. .

.
.

. .

182 185 188 191 194 197


200 203 206

Modern Greeting Customs - Text 1 Text 2 Being Tactful - Text 1

. Text 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . Text 3 . Instructions to a Child - Text 1 . Text 2 . Text 3 . Community Development - Text 1 . Text 2 . Text 3 . Poultry Raising - Text 1 . Text 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .... .. . Text 3 ... . . . . .. . Recommended Peace Corps Projects - Text 1 .................
Text 2

209
212

215
218

221
224
227

230
233
235

237
240

243
246

249
252

ix

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LAGOS-TEXT 1

Eko Je , olu 11u fun Na1J1r1a.

Lagos lS the cap1tal C1ty of N1ger1a. The ocean and the lagoon are near Lagos, but the ocean 1S larger than the lagoon. There are very many people 1n Lagos Lagos lS not very far from Abeokuta. The people who are 1n Lagos are traders. Farm1ng 18 almost nonex1stent 1n Lagos. The people of Lagos enJoy an easy I1fe (h1gh I1v1ng, pleasure)

Okun at'9sa wa okun tOb1 JU Awqn en1a P9

l~ba
~sa

Eko, 19.

~ugb~n

pup~

l'Eko.

Eko ko J1nna pUP9

srAb~okuta.

Awon en1a t'o wa l ' Eko

J~

on1~owo

lae agbe ko Sl tobe l'Eko. " Awqn ara Eko f~ran fSJ1.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Eko Je , olu 11u fun Na1J1r1a.


, ",,"" / V ' / , /

,I"

'"

I'

" Awon en1a t'o wa 1 'Eko JEt


"-

, ,,

,I

on1~owo.

"

Okun at'9sa wa " okun tob1 JU


/

Eko, '" ~sa 19.


I''' / V

l~ba

~ugb~n

, "- , rse agbe ko S1 tobe l'Eko.

..
/

Aw~n

"

",,"

en1a P9
""

PUP~

l'Eko

V " " ara Eko feran faJ1. Awqn

Eko ko J1nna pUP9

/,

/,

s'Ab~okutae

r/'/

Eko __ olu 11u

--- Je ,

--

fun Na 1J1r1a.

Okun at'9sa okun _ en1a

- .. -- ---,

__________ wa ____ tOb1 JU

-._- - ....

Aw~n

---- ----P9 PUP~ l'Eko. ___ ko J1nna pUP9 s'

Eko -- ----- ---- s 'Abeokuta


Aw~n

en1a

--

on1~owo.

_______

~t'o

wa l'Eko JE(

IqE( agb~ -- -- - ... --- 1 'Eko.

_______ ko S1

tob~

l'

Awqn ara

---- .. fa JJ..

--

Eko

f~ran

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Kinni elu i1u fun Naijiria? Aw?n emi nla meji we ni e wa Ewo ni
0

2.

I~ba

Eke?

3.

tobi ju ninu w?n?

4. 5.
6.

Nje enia die , ni e ngbe Eke? Ilu wo ni ke jinna Iru i~~ wo ni


1

PUp?

si Eke?

?P?l?P?

awpn ti e wa ni Eko n~e?

7.
8.

Bawo ni ise agbe tiRe ri ni Eko? T f lru igbe aiye wo ni aw?n ara Eke
f~ran?

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

LAGOS-TEXT 2

Eko Je olu 1lu run NS1J1r1a Okun at'~sa wa l~ba Eko, ~ugb9n okun J1nna d1~ s'Eko JU 9 sa 19.

Lagos 1S the cap1tal c1ty of N1ger1a. The ocean and lagoon are near Lagos, but the ocean 1S a l1ttle farther from Lagos than the lagoon. The ocean 15 full of salt. The lagoon does not have a lot of salt. Abeokuta 18 not very far from Lagos. Ibadan 1S a I1ttle d1stance from Lagos. 11aro 18 closer to Abeokuta than Ibadan.

Odo okun kun run 1Y9. Odo 9sa ko n'1Y9 pupq.

Ab~okuta

ko J1nna pUP9 s'Eko.

Ibadan J1nna

d1~

s'Eko.

Ilaro sunm9 Abyokuta JU'badan 1q_

"ko n'i19 pupq. Odo 9 sa

Okun at'~sa wa lyba Eko, ~ugb9n " "......" #'" ",.." okun J1nna d1 y s'Eko JU 9 sa 19, " ~ ado okun kun

.....

......

......

I...

'

" s 'Eko. " Abeokuta kO J1nna pUP9


.;' #

" ,

....

.,

" " Ibadan d1e s'Eko. J1nna

....

...

.,

run

,/

119-

"-

, .... ,, , , , ..... ..... " sunmo Abeokuta Ju'badan Ilaro


~

lq.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Eko

J~

run Na1J1r1a.
l~ba

olu 11u

__________ wa ____ J1nna

Eko,

~ugb9n

d1~

S'

Okun at'osa okun

-- ----

Eko , -----s'Eko JU 9sa 19-

____ kun run 119. Odo 9sa ko

Odo okun ko n'1Y9 puPq.

_------- __ J1nna pUP9 s'Eko. Ibadan s'

Abeokuta ko J1nna s'Eko

s,

d1~

sunmo Abeokuta

..

--------

Ilaro

----- --------

JU'badan

lq

1.

Kinni Eko je , fun Naijiria? Ninu qsa ati okun ewo ni 0 Kinni odo okun kun fun? Bawo ni "Ibadan
ti~e
sunm~

2.

Eko ju?

3.

4. 5.
6.

jinna si Eko si?

Ninu Abeokuta ati Ibadan, ewo ni 0 sunmo Eko? ju Ibadan 10? I1u wo ni 0 sunmo , Abeokuta

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

LAGOS-TEXT 3

Eko

J~

olu 11u run 11u Na1J1r1a.

Lagos 1S the cap1tal C1ty of N1ger1a. The lagoon and ocean are near Lagos, but the ocean 1S b1gger than the lagoon. The ocean conta1ns salt. The lagoon does not conta1n as much salt as the ocean.

Odo 9 sa at'okun wa l~ba Eko, okun tob1 PUp~ J'9sa 1~.

~ugb9n

Abr0kuta ko

J~nna

s'Eko.

Abeokuta 1S not far from Lagos. Ibadan 1S farther from Lagos than Abeokuta.
Ila~o

Ibadan J1nna s'Eko JU Abpokuta lq.

Ilaro wa lar1n Abeokuta at'Eko

1S between Abeokuta and Lagos.

~ Ibadan J1nna s 'Eko JU Ab~okUta lq. Odo 9sa at'okun wa l~ba Eko, ,ugb9n okun tob1 P~P~ J'9 sa 19. '''''' "/,, Ilaro wa lar1n Abeokuta at'Eko
'. " "", "" v ,

...

'"

~~

.... , / " '" 1yq nlllu. Odo okun n1

Oss

"

'.

~o

"

" n1 1yq to odo okun.


6

....

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

_____ olu 11u fun 11u

Eko Jy

Na1J1r1a.

Odo 9sa at'okun okun

Eko, ,ugbQn J'Qsa


l~e

--____ tob1 Odo ko nl. ________ ko


nl.

wa
pup~

l~ba

Eko,
__e

nl.nUe
to stEko. Abrokuta
e

9sa __ __
Abeokuta

l.yq __ odo okun.

Jl.nna

_____ e

Ibadan

s'Eko JU

J1nna

lq

_____ wa

Abeokuta at'Eko. ,

Ilaro wa rar1n

______________ e

1.

Eko je

-- fun

Naijiria.

2.

Nibo ni odo okun ati psa wa? Ninu odo okun ati osa, ewo ni 0 kere ju? , Iyo po ninu t.

3. 4.

5.
6.

Bi ibuso lati Eko si Abeokuta ba je ogota, ibuso , , lati Eko si Ibadan yio le si ni tabi yio din si ogota? , Bawo ni I1aro ti,e wa 8i Abeokuta ati Eko? t

ju

_ .

10.

..

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

IBADAR'-TEX'! 1

Ibadan Je olu 11u tun 1J9 ba 1v9 orun Na1J1r1a. 0Jo a

Ibadan 1S the cap1tal C1ty ot the government of the Western Prov1nces of N1ger1a. It usually ra1ns a lot 1n Ibadan.

rna

r? pUPq n'Ibadan.

L'aS1ko ~run n'Ibadan, rna mu pUPq.

orun

In the dry season 1n Ibadan, the sun sh1nes a lot. Ibadan 1S the c1t'1 Wh1Ch 1S b1gger than all other c1t1es 1n N1ger1a. Ibadan has more ot handcratts than Lagos. Ibadan 18 very b1g, [and] surpasses the other c1t1es.

Ibadan Jy 11u t'o tob1 JU gbogbo 11u yoku 19 n1 Ba1JLr1a. Ibadan n1 ohun t1 n1nu 1~T qW 9.
0

P9

JU

Eko

1~

Ibadan tobl. pupo JU awon 1.1u YOku 10


.

',,,

;,

Ibadan J~ olu 11u tun 1J9ba 1w9 " Na1J1r1a. " " ,,' orun

;~"

"

... "" " tto tob1 JU gbogbo Ibadan Jy 11u 11u yom 19 n1 Ba1JLr1a.
... " 'oJ... ,; ... , " ,"

, OJo a
.....

rna

, .......... r? pupq n'Ibadan.


...
/

....

~ ... " "" ,.... -" L'as1ko ~run n'Ibadan, orun a '" puPq. ma mu
\.

, " , '" 0 .... JU Eko Ibadan n1 ohun t1 10 P9 " nl.nu 1~T qW9.
....
.....

....

".

... , " " " " JU aw~n " Ibadan tob1 pUP9 ... "YOku 10

ilu

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ibadan Je olu 11u orun Na1J1rl.a. ___ a

1W9

__ olu 1.1U Na1J1r1a. OJo a L'aS1ko ma mu


~run

1J9 ba

rna ro

n'Ibadan. n'Ibadan, orun a

n'Ibadan ,

L'aS1ko
puPq

Ibadan Jy --_ JU gbogbo 11u yoku 19 n1 Na1J1rl.a. Ibadan n1 ohun t1 0 P9 JU n1nu --__

11u t'o tob1 JU 10 n1 Na1J1r1a Ibadan n1 n1nu 1se Ibadan yoku 10.
I

--_.

..

__ _ __ JU Eko

1~

tOb1 pUP9 JU 10.


I

___

---- JU aw~n 11u

1.

Da'ruk? olu ilu fun ij9ba iw? orun Naijiria. Bawo ni


0)'0

2.

se nro 8i ni Ibadan? I

3.

Se apejuwe oju 9j9 ni aeiko ~run ni Ibadan. I Fi titobi Ibadan we awon ilu 'yoku ni Naijiria.

4. 5.

Kinni Ibadan ni ti

po ju ti Eko 19?

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

lBADAN-TEXT 2

Ibadan Jr olu 1Iu fun 1J9ba 1w9 orun Nal.Jl.r1a. Ibadan n1 0 tOb1 JU n1nu gbogbo 1Iu t1 0 wa n1 Na1J1r1a. 9Ja
p~

Ibadan 1S the cap1tal c1ty of the government of the Western Prov1nces of N1ger1a. It 15 Ibadan wh1ch 1S b1ggest of all the c1t1es Wh1Ch are 1n N1ger1a. The markets ot Ibadan are very plent1ful. Ibadan 1S not very far trom Sagamu. Ibadan 18 also not far from Oyo and Abeokuta. The markets wh1ch are 1n Ibadan are very numerous, more than those of all the other c1t1es. Ibadan 1S a C1ty wh1ch has many traders. The people ot Ibadan are W1se (smart)

pUP9 n'Ibadan.

Ibadan ko J1nna pUP9 S1 ~agamu.

Ibadan ko tun J1nna S1 Abeokuta

9Y~

at1

9Ja t'o wa n'Ibadan P9 puPq JU t'1lu yoku 10.


t

Ibadan Jy 1lu t'o n1

on1~owo

puPq.

Awon ara Ibadan Je ologbon. , 1 ,

10

YORUBA:

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ib~d~n
_....

Ji ol~ ilu ....", "' ... orun Nal.Jl.rl.a.

tUn ~J9ba

1w9

Ib;d~n ko tUn Jinna 81 9Y~ atJ.


Abeokuta. 9J8 t'~ wa n,ib~dan P~ puPq JU

Ibadan nl. 0 tab1 JU ninu gbogbo " , / / .... / '" I':.J.." 11u tl. 0 wa n1 Na1J1r1a

t'11u yokU I?

.., ~ " Ibad~n ko Jinna pUP9 81 ~agamu.

Ibadan J --- --- tun 1J9ba 1w9 orun Nal.JJ.r1a.


------ -- 0

------ J? olu 11u tun o run Nal.JJ.r1a.

___

tob1 JU n1nu gbogbo ________ n1 NaJ.J1r1a.


P~

Ibadan nJ. 0 __ n1nu gbogbo t1 0 wa nJ. Na1J1r1a. 9Ja n'Ibadan.

___

pUP9 n'

------ ko Jl.nna PUP9 81

Ibadan

81 Sagamu.

Jl.nna 81 Abeokuta

9Yrr atl.
JU

Ibadan ko tun J1nna 81

9J8 t'o wa n'Ibadan t'11u YOlm 10.


t

PCl pUPq JU t'11u yoku 1<;>.

Ibadan

n1

on1~owo

puPq.

Ibadan

J~

11u t'o n1

Awon ara Ibadan Je


11

YORUBA:

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1.

Bawo ni Ibadan ti~e j~ fun ij?ba iwp orun Naijiria? Ilu wo ni


0

2.

tobi ju ni Naijiria?
0

3. 4. 5.
6.

Da'ruko nkan kan ti

po pupo ni Ibadan. " Da'rukq ilu m~ta ti ko jinna si Ibadan.


~e

apejuwe aW9n ara Ibadan.

Iru awon osise wo 1'0 po ni Ibadan?

"

12

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lFE - TEXT 1

Ile-If~

11u t'o fun awon Yoruba.

J~

~e

patak1 PUP9

Ife 1S a C1ty of great 1mportance to the Yoruba people. Trad1t10n says the Yorubas or1g1nated from Ife. Oduduwa 1S the person from whom the Yorubas have descended. Ife 18 a large C1ty. There are many p1ctoral carv1ngs 1n Ire. Oranyan's staff 1S an 1mportant th1ng J.n Ife. Oduduwa from whom the Yorubas descended 1S an 1mportant person.

Itan so, w1pe Yoruba bere lat1 lIe-Ire. Oduduwa l'en1 t1 0 se Yoruba s11e.
If~ J~

1lu t'o tob1.

Opolopo ere 1'0 wa n1 Ile-Ife. Opa Oranyan Je ohun tfo se patak1 n1 Ile-Ife

Oduduwa t'o ~~ Yoruba s11~ en1a t1 0 se patak1

J'
/

' / ' "'" Ile-If~ J~ 11u t'o ~e

'"

" .... , patak1 PUP9


.......

rUn awon YorUba

Opolopo ere 1'0 wa n1 Ile-Ife.

"',

",

....

'"

'\

It~n so, wipe Yoruba bere lat1 '" lIe-Ire.


'\

Op~ Or;ny~n J~ ohun tfo se pataki , "


nJ. Ile-Ife.
'\

,,' "' ..... / .... Oduduwa l'en1 ti 0 se Yoruba s1le.


/

, ~y Yorub~ ......' s11 '" y " Oduduwa t'o J~ en18 ti 0 se patak1.

13

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

IIe- Ir y JE( 1Iu t '0 fun awon Yoruba.

-- ------

pUP9

lle-Iry JE( 1Iu t'o fun

~e

patak1 pUP9

Itan 89 w1pe lIe-Ire.


1'~n1

lat1 lIe-Ire

Yoruba bere lat1 se

t1

s11

Oduduwa l'en1 t1 ,

..

------ -----

If~

JE( 1Iu t'o

_____ 11u two tob1.

1'0 wa n1 Ile-Ife. ,
__________

. .
Opolopo , ,

'0

wa n1

J~

ohun t'o

~e

patak1

n1 lIe-Ire. Oduduwa t'o en1a t1


0
~~ J~

ppa Oranyan Je n1 Ile-Ife

__ _

Oduduwa t'o

~E(

Yoruba s11 y

se patak1.

------

J~

1.

lru ilu wo ni lle-lfe je fun awon Yoruba? t' Kinni itan so awon , nipa isedale , , Yoruba? Tani
0

2.

3.

se awon Yoruba sile? ,


0

,.
~e

4.
5.
6.

lfe kere ni tabi I

tobi?
0

Da'ruk9 aW9n nkan ti Kinni


0

P?

ni lle-If~.

pataki ti a Ie ri ni Ile-If~~

14

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

IrE , - TEXT 2

lr~

Jy 1lu t'o fe patak1 pUP9 n1nu 1tan Yoruba.

Ire 1S a C1ty of great 1mportance 1n Yoruba trad1tl.on. Oduduwa 1S the person from whom the Yorubas have descended. The staff of Oranyan 1S an 1mportant thl.ng to see 1n lie. On1 1S the tl.tular name of the ruler of Ife. The people of Ire usually do not have fac1al mark1ngs. Ire 15 a c1ty of great fame l.n all N1ger1a. The people or Ife are craftsmen.

Oduduwa n1 s11e

~n1

t'o se awan Yoruba T

ppa 9ranyan J ohun t1 lat1 r1 n1 lIe-Ire

~e

patak1

On1 n1 oruko , oba lIe-Ire 'Je.

..

Awon , ara lIe-lie k1 saba kola. ,


lr~ J~
aw~n

1lu t1 0 lok1k1 pupp n1nu Na 1Jl.rl.a.

Awon ara lIe-Ire Je on1se , o.wo.

., .

Ir~ J~ ~lu t'o ,e patak1 pUP9 n1nu itsn Yoruba.

Oduduwa n1 ~nl. t'~ f~ aW9n Yoruba sfle

Awon ara Ile-Ife ki saba kola. ,

...,

/"

"

Cpa Oranyan Je ohun ti 6 se patak1 lat1 r~ ni Il~-Ife

Awon ara lIe-Ire J~ onise o,w6.


,

.' .

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

--- -- 1Iu t'o ~e patak1 pUP9 n1nu 1tan ------. Oduduwa n1 e.n1 t'o se s11e. ,

If~

Jy 1Iu t'o ~e Yoruba. n1


~n1

-- PUP9 n1nu

t'o __ aW9n Yoruba

s11e.
0 .

n1 Ile-Ife. ---- -On1 n1

Opa Oranyan Je ohun t1

--- ---Jy ohun t1 ---- __ n1 lIe-Ire.

~e

patak1

lle-Ife 'Je.

___ n1 orukp ara

~ba

--- --ki

'JY.

ki saba kola. ---- --- lIe-Ire ___ __ t1 0 lok1k1 awon Na1J1r1a.


PUP?

Aw~n

Ile-If~

n1nu

Ire Je 11u t1 0 awon Na1J1r1a

n1nu

Awon ara

on1~~

qwq.

Awon ara Ile-If

J~

1.

Da'ruko , ilu ti

se pataki ninu itan Yoruba.

2.

Tani Oduduwa je? , Nibo ni 9pa Oranyan wa?

3.

4. 5.
6.

Kinni oruko oye oba

Ile-If~?

Nje awon ara lle-lfe a rna saba kola?

..."

lse wo ni awon ara lle-lfe , I I

n~e?

16

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

IFlJ - TEXT .3

Ir~

11u t1 0 ,e patak1 PUp? n1nu awon 1tan Yoruba

J~

Ife 1S a c1ty of great 1mportance 1n the trad1t10ns of the Yorubas. Oduduwa 1S the person from whom, accord1ng to trad1t10n, the Yorubas have descended The staff of Oranyan 15 an 1mportant th1ng to see 1n Ife. On1 1S the t1tular name of the ruler of Ife. The people of Ire usually do not have fac1al mark1ngs. The people of Ire are fond of craft work. Ire 1S a n1ce C1ty.

Oduduwa n1 ~n1 t1 1tan 89 wipe Yoruba 511e.

,~

ppa 9ranyan J~ ohun t1 lat1 r1 n1 lIe-Ire. e

~e

patak1

O n1 n1 oruko nba lIe-Ire 'Je. i


tfI'IV

Awon ara lIe-Ire k1 saba kola.

Awon ara lIe-Ire kun tun 1se o,wo. lIe-Ire Je 1Iu t1


0

dara.

If~ J 1Iu t1 0 ,e patak1 PUp? n1nu


\.

/'1

II

'"

/,

II

" ",. awon 1tan Yoruba

,. " oba lIe-Ire On1 nJ. oruko ,


I'
/

'Je.

Oduduwa n1 ~n1 t1 1tan s9 w1pe , /' Yoruba 511e


/

"

I"~

/I'/

,~

/ " kl. " saba kola. " Awen ara lIe-Ire

/~

' I' /" Opa Oranyan


/'
/
/

J~

/ ohun t1 ,. 0/ ,e patak1 '"


/

kun fun 1se AweD ara lIe-Ire , qwq.


/ \
/\

'\

lat1 r1 n1 lIe-Ire. ,

lIe-Ire Je 1Iu t1

//

dara.

17

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEX'I'S

--- -- ---. t~ 0 ~e awan ~tan Yoruba.

PUp?

n1nu

lfy Jy

~Iu t~ 0

~e

patak1 PUp? n1nu

____ Yoruba
0 ,~

Oduduwa n1 ~n1 t1 ---- -- -___ Yoruba s1Ie.

------- --

~n1

------ ---_

t1

~tan

s9 W1pe

~~

--- -------

ohun t1 Iat1 r1 n1 lIe-Ire. t


J~

0 __ _

Opa

Je ohun t1
f

se patak1

---- -- n1 lIe-Ire.

On1 n1 oruko
.~

--- --- 'Je.

oba lIe-Ire 'Je.

--

__ k1 saba kola.
~

Awon ara lIe-Ire k1

Aw?n

kun fun

___

Awon ara lIe-Ire

dara.

lIe-Ire Je 11u t1

lIe-Ire Je

1.

Ife je ilu

ninu awon itan Yoruba.

2.

ni eniti itan so wipe


I

se awon Yoruba aile.

3.

Tani

9ni
I

je?

4. 5.
6.

je ohun ti

se pataki lati ri ni lle-lfe.

Iru ilu wo ni lle-lfe je?

Kinni awon ara Ile-lfe kI saba se?

18

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

OYO - TEXT 1
I

Oyo je , ilu ti

. Yoruba. .
.

se pataki ni ile

Oyo is an important town in Yoruba land.

Awon ilu ti

wa yika Oyo ni Awe, I ,

Akinmorin, Fiditi ati Shaki.

The towns that surround Oyo are Awe, Akinmorin, Fiditi and Shaki There are many traders in Oyo. Shango was an important king in Dyo.

Awon
t

onise owo po pupo ni 9Yo.


" ' " , .,

~ango

ni oba ti ,

~e

pataki ni

Py?
lIe kan ti a npe ni Atiba je ile
I

ti

tobi pUP9 nibe. I ati aworan P? PUP9

A building that we call 'Atiba' is a building which is very big there. Carving of calabashes and drawings are very numerous (common) in Oyo. Akesan is the market which is very big in Oyo.

Igba ni

gbigb~

9yq.
ni oja ti
0

Ak~san

pyo.

tobi pupo larin

Awon ara Oyo feran lati ma 10


I

s'oko, nw?n si f~ran lati ale.


I

jo ni oja nigbat'o ba di ojo ...

rna

The people of Oyo love to go to the farm, and they like to dance in the market when it becomes evening.

910 je ilu ti ko jinna pupo si


" I I

Ibadan.

Oyo is a town which is not very far from Ibadan.

19

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Oyo , , je ,

ilu t! ;, se patakl n! ile ' .... I' Yoruba.

, , ... ' ...... / ", Igba gbigb~ ati aworan P? pUP9 < ... , n1 9yq.
/'

, ,;,;'/, 1/, / ,1../ Awon ilu ti 0 wa yika Oyo n1 AW" ,,,,~, , ... , , " Akinmorin, Fiditi ati Shaki. ,
/

Ak~san ni ~ja ti
" " , .I

... " 9Yo. t


I

6 t6bi

pup~ larin
'" ,..

" "" , ... , Awc;>n oni;;7 ~'? p? pup~ ni 9Y9.


/ '

~ango
...

....

"
I'

ni oba ti

'"

;'

~e

pataki ni

.........

P9
lIe kan ti a npe ni Atiba /" / " "' ... ti 0 tobi pUP9 nib~.
, I , / '-

AW9n ara 9Y9 frran lati rna 19 s'oko, nw~n s! f,ran lat~ rna jo nl oj~ nlgbat'o d1 oj~ ale.
,/

....

"

/'

'"

ba

I"'"

J~

,"

1 e

'1/

9Y9

' /

Ibadan.

... , , , , .... /,,, j~ ilu ti ko jinna puP9 8i

Oyo je ilu ti ,

. -----_.
. .

se p'ataki __ ___

ati aworan PC;> PUP9 ni 9yq.

Awon ilu ti

__

Akinm~rin, Fiditi ati Shaki.

ni Awe, ,

ni oja ti

9Yo. t
I

pupo larin
~

Awon , ni oba ti ,

p? pup~ ni
0

9Y9.
ni

Awon ara Oyo feran lati rna 10 s' , nw?n si f~ran lati _______ nigbat' 0 ba di ~j~
I '"

rna

pyo.
4

ale.
I

lIe kan ti a npe __ _ ti


0

_ je ile

tobi pUP9

nib~.

9Y9

ilu ti ko Ibadan.

j~

8i

20

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

ti Yoruba.

se p'ataki ni ile

Igba gbig~ ati ------ P9 PUP9 ni Oyo. Aksan ni ti


0 _ __ ~

Awon i1u ti 0 wa yika QYo ni __-. I _________., Fiditi ati Shaki. ____ ni

1irin

9Yo.

Awon onise 0'110


~ango

9Y9.

AW9n ara 9Y9 ----- ---- -- __ s' , nw~n si f~ran 1ati jo ni 9ja nigbat'o ba di ale.
I

rna

ni

_ __ pataki ni

pj~

P?
___ __- ti a npe ni Atiba ti 0 pupa nibe. T
j~

___ __ ilu ti ko jinna puP9 8i

------ .

1. 2.

Nibo ni ilu Oyo , wa? Awon ilu wo ni o. yi Oyo , , ka?

3.

Awon onise wo ni T , ,

po pupo ni 9Yo,? "


0

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
9.

Da'ruko okan ninu awon oba ti , I . Iru ile wo ni Atiba Aworan ati kinni qja wo ni
0 0

se pataki ni Oyo.

j~?

P9 PUp? ni Py??

tobi pup~ larin 9Y??

na'ruko nkan meji ti awon ara Oyo feran lati ma s.e. Nje Oyo jinna pupo si Ibadan?
I ,

21

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

OYO - TEXT 2 ,

Oyo je ilu ti 0 se pataki pupo l ni igboro iwo , orun Naijiria.


, I

Oyo is a town which is very important in western Nigeria.

AW9n ara 9y? f~ran lati rna gbT igba ati ise o.na. I I Afin ni ile
Oyo. I I

The people of Oyo love to carve calabashes and [they like the] act of embroidery. The palace is a very big building in oyo.

ti

tobi pUP9 ni

Atiba tun

j~

ile kan ti

~e

pataki ni igboro Qja ti aW9n enia na ni

9Y9.
lati rna
Ak~san.

Atiba is also a very important building in oyo.

f~ran

9Y9

ni a npe ni

The market where the people like to trade in Oro is what we call 'Akesan.

9ango ni 9ba ti Oyo do. t I

j~ eni ti
I

se 3 Shango was a king that founded Oye (new oye).


,

l/ni igboro iWQ orun Naijiria/ means 'in all of western Nigeria. '

2/ ilu/ was corrected to /ile/.

3 It should be either /,~ sil~/ or /t, do/,


but not /,~ do/ as it is.

22

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ni agbegbe Oyo awon agbe po pupo.


. . , . . . . I

In the vicinity of Oyo farmers are very numerous. Iseyin, Shaki and Awe are the towns that surround Oyo.

Iseyin, Shaki, Awe ni awon ilu ti


I I

nwon yi Oyo ka.

I'

AW9n ara 9Y9 fTran lati rna jo ni owo ale. "

The people of Oyo love to dance in the evening.

?Y9
,

" , \ ' /

j~ ilu ti 0

,/

~e pataki pUP9

" " , I

'\

/ ~ango

"

n1 19 oro
/' /

). b

1WO orun Na1J1r1a


"" '"

, .,.. "

,,,. (

{'\

" 9Y?

ni 9ba t{ " do.


\, ,

" j~ "

" eni ti

\,

,
0

~~

AW9n ara QY? f~ran lati rna gb . b/ " 1se . I ona. , 19 a at1 I' t
~

I"

" N1 agbegbe Oyo " " po pupo agbe , awon ...


\

f"

.
\,

,I

Afin ni 1le

./

" Oyo.
/
I I

ti

1",/;

tobi pUP9 ni

"\"

Isey~n, I I

'I)

Shaki, Awe ni awon ilu ti


/...!/

/\

'II

I ' \, " " nwon yi Oyo ka.

,,'

,/

Atiba tun

'\ patak1 ni 19boro

"" /,
/"

j~

; , /

ile kan ti

//

~e

Awon ara oy~ f~r~n l~ti owo ale.

' " 9Yq.


I '\

'. .
/ /

ma j~ n{

9ja ti aW9n en1a na n1


/

'''\'

(9Y9 "" .' /' / " ; n1 a npe n1 Ak~san.

f~ran

lati rna

./

23

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

--- -- --- -- - -- ------ pUP9 ni igboro iwo orun Nai)"iria


I

Oyo je ilu ti 0 se pataki pupa I ni igooro -- _ ____________ feran lati rna gbe

AW9n ara 9y? fyran lati rna gbe ,


--~-

---

-~-

~-~.

igba ati ise ona.


l'

----ni ile Oyo.


I

ti

--

ni

ni ile

ti

tobi pUP9 ni

.. ........
0

----- ---j~ ile kan ti pataki ni 9yq. --- ti awon enia feran ,

se t

Atiba tun

j~

-' ti

~e

______ ni igboro

QY9.

-- ni 9Y9 ni a npe ni Akesan

Oja ti awon enia ----- lati rna na ni 919


I

----- -Oyo do. I

ti

jy ~ni ti

~~

9an g o

ni 9ba -------------_ Oyo do. I

~~

Ni agbegbe Oyo -___ _

..

po pupa

..'

Ni ----------- awon agbe po pupo.


I " . . I

------, Shaki, nwon yi Oyo ka.


I

ni awon ilu ti

______ , ------,

--_ ni awon ilu ti nwon yi Oyo ka.

Awon ara Oyo feran lati rna

)"0

....... _--"

_ ... _e

AW9n ara 9Y9 fTran ---- -- __ ni owo ale 't

24

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.
2.

Iru i1u wo ni Oyo je , ni igboro iwo orun Naijiria?

Lehin igba gbigbe, kinni awon ara Oyo tun feran 1ati rna se?
' " .

..

.-

3.

Da'ruko i1e rneji ti

4.
5.
6.

Nibo ni a npe ni Akesan ni Oyo? , , Tani sango je? , Iru ise wo ni opo1opo awon enia nse ni agbegbe Oyo? , , , " I , I Yato , si Shaki, da'rtiko, i1u rneji rniran ti
." "

-.

se pataki ni Oyo. t

7.
8.

yi
I ,

.,

Oyo ka.

Kinni awon ara Oyo feran 1ati rna se ni owo ale?

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

OGBOMOSHO - TEXT 1

Ogbomosho , je " okan ninu aW9n ilu ti 0 tobi ni iw? o~un Naijiria. Awc;>n ilu ti 0 yi Ogbomc;>sh9 ka ni PYc;>, I19rin ati Ejigbo. Ogbomosho to bi maili metadinlogbon si 9Yo. "

Ogbomosho is one of the big towns in western Nigeria. The towns which surround Ogbomosho are Dyo, Ilorin and Ejigbo. Ogbomosho is about twentyseven miles from Dyo. There are many missionaries there.

.,

Aw?n ti 0 wa Baptisi.

nib~

ni ijq

Those that are there belong to the Baptist Mission. They built a big church, and they have schools that are very numerous in Ogbomosho.

Nwon ko sosi ti 0 tobi, nwon si ni ile'we ti 0 po pupa ni Ogbomosho. ,

9ja ti 0 ~e pataki pUP9 nibe ni a npe ni Taki.

The market which is very important there is what we call 'Taki.' The inhabitants of Ogbomosho are traders, and they usually travel far from home ('usually go to distant places').

Awc;>n ara Ogbom9sh~ j~ oni~owo, nwon a 8i rna 10 si idale.

26

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIA'rE TEXTS

Ogbomosho Je okan n1nu aW9n ilu , " ~ ~ ~ t1 0 tob1 n1 1W? orun Naijiria.
-' -'. ..... ...,' .... ,... / I ...

",,,

-'

.-,,,,,,

,,"'"

....

"

Nw<;>n k<;> 5<;>5i ti 0 tobi, nW9n si nl ile'we tl 6 P? pUP9 n1 ogbomosho. ,

;'

",

~",.

'"

9ja ti 0 ~e pataJti pUP9 nib~ ni ; .-: -: a npe n1 Tak1. Ogbomosho to bi maili '" . . . '" ,< ~"''metad1nlogbon 8i 910. " .,
.....

;'""

Aw?n ara Ogbom9 sh 9 J~ on1~OWO, )0 ;";" nwon a S1 rna 10 si ida1e.


....

;'

;'.....;'."

~,'

Aw~n oni~~

//

'" 9l?rUn
~ ~

p~ PUp~ ni~.

.....

"

"

AW9n ti 6 wa nib~ ni ijq '" Baptisi.


...

'"

,.,

_________ __ ti
0

ninu aW9n ilu ...,' tobi ni iw? orun Naijiria.


0

Nw<;>n k<;> -ni ile'we ti Ogbomosho. ,


0

AW9n ilu ti ___ ,

yi Ogbom<;>sh9 ka ni " ati Ej igbo.

, nwon si po pupo ni

9ja ti

~e

pataki pUP9 nibe ni

Ogbomosho to bi metadinlogbon

"

-- ---.
p~ pup~ ni~.

AW9n

Aw?n ara Ogbom9sh~ j~ nw~n a si ma 1<;> si

27

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ogbomosho je okan ninu aW9n ilu ti


0 ----

. , I.
0

AW9n ti

wa

nib~

ni

ni
__

----

-------_.
__

AW9n ilu ti
~?,

ni

119rin ati Ejigbo.

ko sosi ti 0 tobi, nwon 8i Nwon I ni ' __ ti 0 p? pUP9 ni Ogbomosho.


t

Ogbomosho to bi maili

--. 9Yo.
I

pUP9 nibe ni a npe ni Taki.

---_
nwon a 8i

j~

oni,owo,

rna

10 81 ida1e.

1.

Iru ilu wo ni Ogbomosho je ni iwo orun Naijiria?


I

2.

Awon ilu wo ni
I

yi Ogbomqsho ka?

3. 4.
5.
6.

Bawo ni Ogbom9sho ti jinna si Oyo to? I I Aw?n ij9 (oji~7

91 ?run)

wo 10 P9 ni ogbom?sh??

Kinni aW9n ij9 na k? si ogbomqsh?? pja wo ni


~e

pataki PUp? ni
, I I '

Ogbom~sh??

7.
8.

Iru ise wo ni opolopo awon ara Ogbomosho nse?


I

Nibo ni awon ara Ogbomosho feran lati ma 10? T I

28

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

OGBOM9SH9 - TEXT 2

Ninu awpn ilu ti

w~

ni iI, 9kan tobi.

Yoruba, Ogbom9sh9 ninu aW9n eyi ti


0

j~

Among the towns that are in Yoruba land, Ogbomosho is one of the big ones.

AW9n ara ogbom~shq f~ran lati \ ma 10 si idale ati lati ma

The people of Ogbomosho like to travel far from home and to trade.

~owo.

9ja ti

~e

pataki pupp niby

l' a npe ni Taki.

The market which is very important there is what we call 'Taki.' The missionaries such as the Baptists are very numerous there. They built churches and schools for the (Ogbomosho) children. The Ogbomosho people love to prepare turned yam flour and to cook bean soup.

Awo.n onise Olorun gegeb! " ., Baptisi P? pUP9 nibEi!.

..

Nwon ko sosi ati ile'we fun awon ,

Aw~n

ara Ogbom9sh9 f~ran lati ma ro oka amola ati lat1 ma se I


*OJ

obe gbegiri.

Awon ara Ogbomosho feran lse


I I

Olorun, nwon a si ma 10 si
, I

The people of Ogbomosho love Christianity, and they go to church all the time.

s9si nigba gbogbo. AW9n ara ogbom9sh? tun f~ran lati ma kola, julo ~u. The people of Ogbomosho love to have facial marks, especially one called 'bamu.'

papa

29

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nin~ aw?n 11u tl 0 w~ nl i1,


Yoruba, ogb6rn?>shf;> j~ 9kan ninu aW9n eyl t'i 6 tobi.

Nw9n k9 <;>rnq.

s~i ~ti

i1e'we fun aW9n

"... " Awon ara ogbomosho f~ran 1at1 rna , , . ro oka amo1a ati 1at1 rna se " gbegiri. ............. obe

..

,. .

~owo.

9Ja t1 0 ~e patak1 PUp? nibT l' t;pe ni Taki.

......

~"

...

,~,

......

'"

, Ogbornosho ''''' ''. ' Awon ara 1SQ . , fQran r IT , ... , 010run, a si rna 10 si , A' ( nwon ... s9si n1gba qbogbo.

.
"

AW9n oni~~ 919run ... .. \ -: "' P? pUP9 n1b~.

"'"

g~g,bi

, ,

, ..... Baptisi

Awon ara Ogbornosho tun feran , , '" ..... 1ati rna kola, papa ju10 bamu.
~,

...

,,,,,,

-_

Ninu aw?n i1u __ _ __ __

i1~

Yoruba, ogbom9sh<j> j~ 9kan ninu aW9n eyi ti 0 tobi. AWCj>n ara ogbomoshq f~ran , __ ati 1ati rna
I

Aw?n ara Ogborn9sh9 f~ran 1ati "ma ro ----- ati 1ati rna se

--- -------.
Awon ara Ogbomosho ise , f~ran r 010run, nwon , , a si rna 10 si

~owo.

9ja ti 0
l' a

~e

pataki PUp? nibT


.

Awon ara Ogbomosho tun feran 1ati rna ----J papa ju10

..'

AW9n oni~~ 919run P? pUP9 nib~. Nw9n k9 ---- ati ------ fun aW9n ?rnq.

30

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

____ Yoruba,

ti 0 w? ni i1~ JOe okan


, I

---- -- s9si ati i1e'we fun

ninu aW9n eyi ti 0 tobi. _________


f~ran

___

f~ran

1ati rna

1ati

ro oka amo1a ati 1ati rna se

rna 19 si ida1~ ati 1ati rna


~owo.

PUp? nib4f l' a npe ni Taki. gegeM Baptisi t


I

Awon ara Ogbornosho ----- --______ , nwon a si rna 10 si


o

, . '

S9si nigba gbogbo.

p? pUP9

nib~.

Awon ara Ogbornosho -----. ~ ______ kola, papa jU10 bamu.


o I

- -

1.

ninu awon i1u ti 0 Ogbornosho je okan ,


o ,
I

ni Nigeria.
,

2.

1ati rna se? , owo sise Pe1u , kinni awon ara Ogbornosho tun feran I
I
I

3.

Nibo ni a npe ni Taki?


Onj~

4.
5.
6.

feran 1ati rna toju? wo ni awon ara Ogbornosho a si rna 10 nwon feran ise 010run, , Awon , , , ara ogbomosho , I

..

feran 1ati rna ko? Iru i1a wo ni awon , ara Ogbornosho ' ,

bamu.

31

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

OGBOM9SH9 -

TEXT 3

Ogbomosho je okan ninu . awon i1u ti 0 ~e pataki ni i1~ Yoruba.


Aw~n

. . ..

Ogbomosho is one of the towns which is important in Yoruba land. There are very many people in this town. The people of the town love to trade and they love to travel far from home.

enia P9 pUP9 ni i1u yi.

AW9n ara i1u na feran lati ma !3 owo , nwc;>n si f~ran 1ati ma 10 si ida1e. 9ja ti 0 ~e pataki PUp? nib, l' a npe ni Taki. AW9n oni~~ 919run, papa jU19 Baptisi po pupo nibe. Nwon ni sosi t' 0 tobi, nwon " si ni awon suku 10po10PQ. ,

The market which is very important there is what we call 'Taki.' The missionaries, especially the Baptists, are very numerous there. They have big churches, and they have very many pupils. The people of Ogbomosho love to cook bean soup and turned yam flour.

...

Aw~n

ara Ogbom?sh9 f~ran 1ati ma se obe gbegiri ati oka T. amo1a

9Y~,

hi'

...

119rin, Ejigbo ati aW9n i1u 10 ni nwon yi Ogbomosho ka.

Oyo, I10rin, Ejigbo and such other towns are those that surround Ogbomosho.

32

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

ogborno.sh6. je okan ntnu . .... awon'"!lu " " " ~ /. ,. ti 0 ~e patak1 n1 iI, Yoruba.
Aw~n

..
"

Nwon ni SOS1 teo t6bi, nwon S1 n1 ~w9n suku 19P919P9'


, / " " / feran / ' 1ati Awon ara Ogbornosho , rna se obe gbeglrl ati ok~ ". . ... , " amola
':.;.'

~ ~

~,.,,:

"

,.... " , , / " enia P9 pUP9 ni ilu yi.


'"
"
" --

..

" Awon ara i1u na feran 1ati rna .... ~ " " nW9n S1 feran lati rna ;;owo, 10 si idale.
,/

.
'"

--

"-,/'

9Y9, 119rin, Ejigbo ati aW9n i1u


,. " "" '" , b -C> e 10 n1 nwon yi Ogbomosho kat

....

",,,

'/

...

.,

9ja ti 0 ~e pataki PUp? ... , , , , , l' a npe ni Taki.


, ,. / " _ v

til'

"

.....

' , /

'"

nib~

",

AW9n oni~~ Q19run, papa jU19 " ,/,~, Baptisi P9 pUP9 n1b~.

"

Ogborn9sh9 jet okan ninu awon ilu' ti 0 ~e pataki

Nwon ni sosi t' 0 tobi, nwon , . si ni awon , ----

--------.
_

Aw~n

enia

----I ni i1u yi.

Aw?n ara OgbornC?sh9 -ob~ gbegiri T.

'

ati oka

AW9n ara ilu na 1ati rna .---_., nW9n si feran 10 si ida1e.

---, -', ati aW9n i1u nwon yi Ogbomosho kat b -'e 10 n1 ,

...

--- -_ ,_ __ PUp? l' a npe ni Taki. AW9n oni~~ Q19run, _ _______ po pupa nibe.

nib~

33

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ogborn9sh9 j~ 9kan ---- ---- --ti 0 ~e pataki ni il~ Yoruba. ni ilu yi.

NW9n ni --- -- __., nw9n si ni awc;>n suku 19Pc;>1 9P9' Aw?n ara Ogborn?sh9 fTran lati rna se ati _
_____ e

AW9n ara ilu na frran lati rna ~owo, nW9n si frran lati rna

9Y~,

119rin, Ejigbo --- ----- ni nwon yi Ogbomosho ka. I .. ,

9ja ti 0 ~e pataki PUp? l'a --- -- ----.


_ -v

nib~

---- ----- ------, papa ju19 Baptisi po pupa nibe.


I

1.

Nibo ni Ogbornosho wa?


I I

2.

Bawo ni enia tise po ni Ogbornosho si?


" I I

3.

Da'ruko nkan rneji ti awon ara Ogbornosho feran lati se.


I ,

4.

ni oja ti
,

se pataki pupa ni Ogbornosho.


, I I

5. 6.

Obe wo ni awon ara Ogbornosho feran lati rna se? I I I ,


Aw~n

ilu ti

yi Ogbomqsh~ ka ni _ , _ , ati

34

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

AWE -

TEXT 1

AW~

JfI' 1lu kekere lean l"ba

Qyq.
I

Awe 18 a small town near Oyo. The people of Awe l1ke to go to [the1r] farms. Many of the people of Awe l1ke to engage 1n trad1ng [l..e., reta1l merchand1s1ngJ. The people of Awe l1ke to l1ve 1n the same house together [B 8 faml.116s]. Those fam1ll.es usually ll.ve together at the same place. All the people of Awe exceed
20,000.

Awon ara Awe reran 1at1 stoko.


ma 10

..,

Opolopo aW9n ara Awe reran 1at1 I rna ~owo.


I , I ,
~

Awon ara --' Awe reran 1at1 rna gbe 11e kanna.
I I '

Awon , ebl. , a

rna

gbe po 10JU

karma.

""" Gbogbo aW9n enl.a t'o wa nl. Aw? Ie nl. egbawa

AW9n ara st9Ja.

.....

AW~ r~ran

lat1

19

The people of Awe l1ke to go to market.

Opolopo 11e penu 1'0 wa l'Awe. ,

...

-.

There are many pa~rooredl


houses In Awe.

lCorrugated 1ron sheets.

35

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

~,
AW~

'" J' 1.1u kekere an l,ba 91Ci.


"',

'''' "

' " AWCln E!b1

m8

gbe

, lo~ karma. "" P9

, '':'''''''' '" 10 Awon ara Awe teran 1at1 ma s,oko.

"" ,~/ ... , , . Opolopo aW9n ara Awe teran lst1 - ' " ma BOWO.
l

, '::""'''' " Awon , , ara Awe teran lat1 rna gbe 1.1e kanna.
~..

Awon ara Awe feran lat1 rna In , , l' '1' s'9Ja.


\ '\ , "'" / Qpolopo 11e panu 1 '0 ,
'\

,,~/,".....,

.. .
.

W8

.:1 'AvA.

AW~

J~

1.1u kekere lean feran 1a t1.

Awon ebl. , a ma gbe po ---- -----. Gbogbo awon enl.a Ie nl. egbawa
I

s'oko.

ma 10 ,

- teran Opolopo awon ara Awe


I'

Awon ara Awe feran lat1 __ - l'

s'--- .
Awon , ara Awe l.le kanna.
~

______________ 1'0 wa l'Avfl.

36

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

AW~

J~

ken Ifba

Qyq.

_______ a

ma

gbe po lolU

kannB.

Awon ara Awe feran


s '__ -

loa sowo.
I

-'

Awe reran Is t1

Gbogbo awon en18 t'o __ -- ---- egbawa


I

Aw~n

ara "Aw?

__ lq

-" Awon , ara Awe fer an lat1 ma gbe

.. --- ----_.

s'9Ja.
Opolopo --- ---- 1'0 .. l'Awe. ,

.. .

1.

Leba ilu wo ni Awe wa?

2.

Iru ise wo ni opolopo , feran 1ati rna , ,. awon ara Awe

3.

1ati rna gbe? Bawo ni awqn ara Awe Ele feran , Awon , ti po to? , enia ti o wa ni Awe
I

...,

..,.

~e?

4.
5. 6.

Iru i1e wo 10 po , , 1 'Awe? Bawo ni awqn ebi se ngbe ni Awe?

7.

1ati rna 10. ibi meji ti awon ara Awe Da oruko , , feran t

....

.....

37

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

IIttJ

AWl , - TEXT 2

AW~ J~

1lu kekere ken

1~b8

9yq.

Awe 18 a certa1n small town near 0'10. The people of Awe l1ke to go to [the1r] farms. Also, many of the people ot Awe l1ke to go to Lagos. They l1ke to l1ve together 1n the same place. The fam1l1e8 usually l1ve together 1n the same house.

Awon ara Awe feran lat1 rna 10 ' I I s'oko.


I

pp~l?p~

aW9n ara Aw? 1'0 tun reran lat1 rna 10 s'Eko. I

NW9n f~ran lat1 kanna.

rna

gbe p~ l'oJU

AW9n t1

ngbe AW7 1e n1 ~gbiw8.

Those who l1ve at Awe exceed 20,000. The people of Awe l1ke to travel. Farm1ng 18 a very common occupat1on aMong the people of Awe

(L~h1n ne) aW9n ara lat1 rna 19 s'1da1,.


Is~

AV,

t?ran

oko 1'0 P9Ju lir1n .,n ar.

Awe.

The people ot Awe are not loarera.

38

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Aw?n E( b1 a ma gbe 118 kanni P9

...

'"

'"

Awo,n ara Awe , feran lat1 rna 10


s toko.

....

/..:/

.
/

......

-.
(L~hin n~) ~w9n ara Xw, t~r~n lat1 rna 19 s'id81~.
IB~ eke 1'0 P9JU lir1n aW9n ar~

Op~ lope aW9n ara 1w7 l' ~ tUn v feran lat1 rna 10 s'Eko. I
, , J ..., ./

"

Nwin f~r8n lat1 ~ kanna.

rna

gbe p~

l'oJU

Awe
/

AW~

kan

l~ba

9yq.
Awe

AW9n ara Awe , sroko.


, 1 , I

----- ---- rna

- 10

Awon ara Awe k1

___

Opolopo aW9n ara Awe --- --I ..., ----- lat1 rna 10 s'Eko.

NW9n f~ran kanna.

-- ---I po 1 'oJu

_______ a ma gbe 11e kenna po.


I

AW9n t1

---- --- -- --

~gb8W8.

(L~h1n ne) aW9n ara

lat1 rna

AWf t?ran
39

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

AW~ J7 11u kekere --- -___ 97Q'

AW9n t1
(L~h1n

ngbe Aw? Ie

Awon ara Awe


I

s'oko.
pp~19PP

mi 10

ni)

_
s'1dal,. aW9n ara

lat1
Is~

ma 19

aW9n ara Aw? 1'0 tun


.__ __ .

oko 1'0

feran

Awe. ,
---- -k1 1,e
~1

-----.
Aw?n
~b1

a ma gbe

1.

Da'ruko ilu kekere kan ti 0 wa leba Oyo.


I I

2.

rna
3. 4.
,

Yato si oko 1il0, , nibo ni opo10po awon ara Awe tun feran 1ati , I ' 10?

Ise wo 10 poju larin awon ara Awe?


I

,-

Nje ole ni awon ara Awe? IT. I Bi beko, kinni idi ti ko fi j~ be,?

5.

40

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

,. AWlJ - TBXT 3

.J

AW~ J~

11u kekere kan

lr ba 919-

Awe 1S a certa1n small town near Oyo. Those who l1ve there exceed
10,000

Awon t'o ngbe 1Iu Awe Ie n1 ~gbarun.1 Awon ara Awe feran 1at1 rna " 10 s'oko. t

,."

The people of Awe l1ke to go to Cthe1rJ farms. Many of the people of Awe l1ke to go to Lagos. Farm1ng 18 a very common occupat10n among the people at Awe Those who l1ve at Awe usually I1ve 1n the same house together as a fam1ly. The people of Awe are not loafers. Pan-roofed houses are numerous 1n Awe,

(L~h1n na) ~P?1?P9 aW9n ara

Awe feran la t1

rna

10 ,s 'Eko.

I~~ ag~~ 1'0

ara Awe. Awon t'o ngbe Awe saba rna gbe 1le kanna po gegeb1 eb1_
~

PPJu lir1n awpn

-"-

AW9n ara Aw; k1


-..J

1~e

91,

lIe panu 1'0 P~Ju I'AW?_

lThe student should have not1oed that th1S f1gure 1S 10,000 less than that g1ven 1n the preced1ng two verS10ns. The change was un1ntent1onal.

41

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

"" /,," '" lse agbe 1'0 P9Ju 1ar1n aw~n " , ~', ara Awe

Awon t'o ngbe 1Iu Awe Ie n1 :->" I egbarun. Awon ara Awe reran lat1 rna
10

"/

"",!'

Awon t'o ngbe Awe saba rna gbe '/ ." :""" " l.le kanna p? grg~b1 ~b1.

""

".!J,

,~

,.:,

,,,

-.I

,oko.

.,

" " kl. " Awe Awon ara ,

1~e

91

....

r
I

lIe panu

,/

..:,

1'0

' , " " P9Ju 1 'Awe.

.., AW

Jr --- ------ --- ---- ---. Ie n1

--- -- --- ------ kan 1 r ba 9Y~.

Awon t'o egbarun. 1


IY

----

egbarun.

~--

-1--

1Iu Awe Ie nl.


-.I

Awon ara Awe feran

,.",

-----.

.,

10 sroko. e
(L~h1n

feran lat1. rna

(L~h1n na) PpplPP9 aW9n ara

na)
f~ran

_ latl. rna 19 stEko


r

Awe

stEko.

--"

ara Awe.

---- lar1n awon

lse agbe 1'0 pOJu


.....

Awe

Awon t'o ngbe Awe

#oJ

--- - __ ~_ po gegeb1 eb1.

______________ saba rna gbe 11e kanna po gegebl. ,. eb1. Awon ara Awe
1

____ __-

kl.

1~e

91,.

-- ---

--_.

lIe panu 1'0


~

42

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

je ilu kekere kan leba


II

- -.
-."
~

2.

3.

4. 5.

Da'ruko ibi rneji ti aW9n ara AW~ feran 1ati rna 10. ni if~ ti 0 poju larin awon ara Awe. -J ..., Awon ti o ngbe AW~ saba rna gbe ile kanna po gegebi kinni? ,

--

Iru ile wo ni o poju l'Aw~?

-./

43

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TRAVEL FROM AWE TO lBADAN - TEXT 1 I

~n1k~n1

tl 0 ba f y lq Sl Ibadan la t1 AW y , Yl0 kpk<f gun m9to la tl AW7 de 9yq.

Whoever mlght want to go to Ibadan from Awe w11I flrst take a car from Awe to Oyo.

N1gbat'o ba de 9Y9, 0 Ie gun moto e1ero tabl bOS1. T'o ba gun bOS1, Y10 san nkan b1 s11e meta abo. T'o ba gun mpto elero, Yl0 san nkan bl s11e meJl abo. t
pp~1?P9

When he reaches Oyo. he can take a lorry or bus. If he takes the bUS, he w1l1 pay somethlng 11ke three sh1111ngs Slxpence. If he takes a lorry, he w111 pay someth1ng Ilke two sh1111ngs slxpence. Many people llke to take the bus because 1t lS seldom crowded. [From] Awe to Ibadan lS thlrty-four m1les.

en1a fyran latl ma gun b9 s1 , n1torlpe k1 lrun hagahaga.

Awe Sl Ibadan to ma1l1 merlnle19gb9n.

T'o ba gun mote elero, Yl0 san / / ' '" I" ~ \ nkan b1 811e meJ1 ab?

/,/

I'

I'"

N~gbat'o
/\

ba de 9Y9, 0 Ie gun -" \,., '" moto elero tab1 bOS1.


/

-'

/'1

I'

T'o ba gun bOS1, Y10 san nkan '" 811e /" -' ~' b1 meta abo. t

Awe 81 Ibadan to malll /" / / mer1nle19gb9n.


\,.

\,.

\,.,

/'""

44

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

~nl.kE(nl.

-- 0 ba ____ Awy , Yl.O

--

5l. Ibadan gun ---_

~nl.k~nl.

tl. ---- f y lq 5l. Ibadan latl. Awe, koko --- moto , T


Awe , -- Dyo.

latl. AW~ de 9yq. Nl.gba--- ba -- 9Y9, 0 Ie m9to elero bosl. T '0


--

..

_____ t'o ba de 9Y9, - -- gun m9 to ----- ta bl. __-_. T'o ba bl. Yl.O san nkan meta abo.
I

gun bosl. ,

san nkan

b~5l.,

sl.le meta

T'o -- gun mota ----- , Yl.O san I ---- bl. 5l.1e abo.

T '0 ba --- mpto elero, --_ san nkan ~l.le meJl.

PP9 1 ?P9 ---- fyran la tl. -- gun


b9 s l., -------- kl. l.fun
.-

------- enl.a ----- la tl. rna _ b9 S l., nl.torl.pe kl. ---- hagahaga.
.-

Awe -- Ibadan to ma11l. merl.n

Awe Sl. Ibadan -- ma11l. -----lelogbon.


I

. .

1.

Bawo ni a tise Ie de Oyo , lati Awe? Nje a Ie gun basi ati rnqto elero Iati Oyo de Ibadan?

"'"

2.

. '
de Ibadan?

3.

Ti enia ba gun
~y?

~k9

elero tabi

b9s~

'OJ

elo ni yio san lati

4.

Nitori kinni opolopo enia fi feran lati rna gun bosi? Bawo ni Awe ti,e jinna si Ibadan to? I

5.

. . .. '

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TRAVEL FROM AWE TO IBADAN - TEXT 2

-.

En~ken~ t'o ba fe 10 lat~ Awe I . . ,


s~

Ibadan,

y~o

koko gun moto I T

Whoever m~ght want to go from Awe to Ibadan w~ll f~rst take a car to get to Oyo.

de

9Y9.
0
0

N~gbat~

ba de

QY9

tan,

Ie gun

b9s~J

S~ Ie g'oko ero.

..

When he reaches Oyo, he can take a bus; ~f he wants, he can also take a lorry.
I~

T'o ba gun

bos~, y~o

san

s~le I
y~o

m~ta ab?, ~ugb9n t'o ba sepe oko elero 1'0 gun , " san Is~le meJ~ abo.

he takes a bUS, he w~ll pay three sh~ll~ngs s~xpence, but ~f he takes a lorry, he w~ll pay two sh~ll~ngs
s~xpence.

AW~ S~ Ibadan to ibuso m~rin

lel~gb~n, ~ugb9n Awy s~ J~ ~bus9 kan at,abq.

9Y9

[From] Awe to Ibadan ~s th~rt1-four m~les, but [~romJ Awe to Oyo ~s one and a hal~ m~les.

En~ken~
s~
/'
/' "

t'o ba fe 10 lat~ Awe , ... v/'/" Ibadan, y~o koko gun mc;>to

1/

..

/'

de
""
/,\

9Y9.
/' I/'
/

/'

/' /' '" " /' /' , T'o ba gun b9s~, y~o san ~~le /' ~, " ... /' /' meta abo, 9ugbon t'o ba , , , ... \ /' \. / ?epe 9k? elero 1'0 gun, y~o ..., ... " ~ " san Is~le rneJ~ abo.

N~gbat~ 0
b9s~J
\

ba de
s~
\

/'\

QY9

/'

Ie

" g'oko

. . ero.
'\

tan,

/'

/"

Ie gun

Awe ,

l.nIbadan to ibuso mer 1/ \. ,/_, / \ I lel~gb~n, ~ugb9n Aw y s~ 9Y9 1"'" \~, J~ ~bus9 kan at'abq_
S~

/",

/""

46

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

n~k~n~
S~

t'o ba f y 19 lat~ Aw y Ibadan, y~o koko --- --- I

.-

En~kenl

'0 - -

--

--

gun

------',

Y10

koko gun moto I I r

de
N~gbat~ 0

9Y9.
0

----J
~epe

ba de Qyq tan,- -0

Sl Ie groko ero.

..

Nlgbatl b9 s1 J

ba de Qyq tan,

Ie

----- ---

~-~

________ ,

-- ----

--- ... _- --.. ~ugb9n

T'o ba gun basl,


meta abo, ,

t'o ba gun,

Y10

san slle I _
Y10

9k? elero

1'0

Y10

___________ .,

san Is~le meJl abo. , ----- merin-

san slle meJl abo. I ,

Awe Sl Ibadan to ibuso


------ __, ~ugb9n

lel~gb~n, ~ugb9n

Awy

Sl

9Y9

Awy

Sl

9Y9

J~ 1bus9 kan at, ab 9

J ~

1.

Kinni enikeni ti 0 ba fe 10 si Ibadan lati Awe yio koko Re? " , T AW9n qkq wo ni Ti gun
~

2.

Ie gun ti

ba de 9YQ?

3. 4.

ba gun

yio san {)i1e meta abo, sugbon ti o ba ,

yio san sile mej i abo.


I

melo? Awe si ayo to ibuso I

47

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TRAVEL FROM LAGOS TO I BADAN BY TRAIN - TEXT 1

~1k~n1

t'o ba f~ lq lat1 Eko s'Ibadan Ie ba oko , , oJu'r1n lq.

Whoever rnlght want to go from Lagos to Ibadan can go by traln. If he wants to board the traln, he wl11 go to Ido. Many people 11ke to go by traln.

T'o ba f y gun qkq oJu'rln y1, Y10 10 S1 Ido.


I

Opolopo enla 1'0 feran latl rna gun oko oJu'rl.n.


I I I , I

Nlpa eyl, aW9n 1bus9 dl~ dl~ nl. a 0 kan, k1 a to de Ibadan.

On the traln ('concern1.ng th1.s'), we shall pass a few statl.ons before we reach Ibadan. These are Agege, Ifo, and OlokemeJl..

Owo tl enl.a nsan n1pa g1gun 9kq oJu'rl.n ko flo be po pupo .


I

The fare wh1.ch people pay for the tra1n 1.S not really very h1gh. Many of those who go by tral.n l1.ke to have a good t1rne thereon.

~P?l?P9
I

tl. nl9 nl.pa qkq oJu'r1n feran lat1 ma ~e raJl. nl.nu

48

YORUBA:
,

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Enlken~ , ,

t'o be fa lq latl Eko s'lbadan le oke , , oJu'rln lq.

...

ba

T'O

f~ gun qkq oJu'rln yi, y1.0 10 sJ.


I

ba

Ido.

Owo tl enla nsan nlpa glgun " fl be ~" .... 0Ju'rln ko po pupo,_
./

...

",

...

~"

~kq

"

Opolopo enis 1'0 feran latl rna I , I gun ?kc: 0 JU 'rln.


I

Opolopo tl nlo nipa o.ko, oJu'rln fer~n latl rna ~e f~Ji n~nu , oke , yi.
I I , ,

Nipa eyi, aW9n lbusq di~ di~ nl ... a 0 kan, kl a to de Ibadan.

Enlkenl t'O ba
I ,

latl Eko
9k~

s'Ibadan Ie ba T'o ba
YlO
f~

0Ju'rln lq.

Enlkenl t'o ba fe lq latl Eko s'Ibadan Ie ba --- lq.


I I

oJu'rln yl,
Sl

T'o ba
1'10

f~

gun
Sl __ - .

yl,

19

10

___ -

1'0 feran latl rna


I

Opolopo enlB 1'0 gun '." 1 oko

..

latl

rna

Nlpa eYl, awon dle dle nl 'I . , a 0 kan, kl a to de Awqn nl Agege, __ - atl

Nlpa eYl, aW9n a


0

--- nl
B

kan, kl

to de Ibadan.

Awqn nl

, If9 atl ---------.

_-- tl enla nsan nlpa glgun oko oJU'rln ko fl be . ,


I

Owo tl enla nsan nlpa glgun _______ ko fl be po


,

oko Yl.
49

..

nlnu

Opolopo tl nl0 nlpa oko oJu'rln feran la tl rna ~e . nlnu


I , , ,

<;>kq Yl.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

2.

Nibo ni enia ti Ie gun oko oju'rin ti nlo Iati Eko 8i Ibadan? Nje awon enia feran lati gun oko yi?

rna

Da'ruk? ibus9 m7ta ti a si Ibadan.

kan ti a ba ngun ~k? oju'rin lati Eko

4.

5.

..., Kinni opolopo awon ti ngun oko yi feran Iati rna se ninu re? ," "

Bawo ni owo ti enia nsan fun gigun oko yi ti

PC?

to?

..

50

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TRAVEL FROM LAGOS TO IBADAN BY TRAIN - TEXT 2

En~ken~

"

t'o ba fe 10

Ibadan Ie 10

n~pa

lat~

Eko

s~

oko
I

0Ju'r~n.

Whoever m~ght want to go from Lagos to Ibadan can go by


tra~n.

T'o ba f~ gun qk9 y~, y~o gun n~ Ido.

If he wants to board th~s conveyance, he w~ll board ~ t at Ido.


Stat~ons wh~ch ~t

AW9n
n~

~bus9

t'o kan ko to de Ibadan

Agege, Ifo , at~ OlokemeJ~.


en~a

passes before gets to Ibadan are Agege, Ifo and OlokemeJ~.


~t

Opolopo , ,
n~pa

oko 0Ju'r~n, n~tor~pe , owo re ko po pUPQ.

. '..
.
.

feran

lat~

ma 10

Many people l~ke to go by tra~n because the fare ~sn't very much.

Oko ,

y~

l'aye

n~nu.

Th~s

has room Awon , lOUSO , t'o s~ wa k~ 0 to de Ibadan po lopolopo. t ,.


I

spac~ous. ('Th~s conveyance


~n ~t.

conveyance

~s

qu~te

,)

There are many stat~ons before ~t reaches Ibadan. ('And statlons wh~ch are, before ~t reaches Ibadan, are numerous very. ,) The seats whlch are there are very comfortable.

AW9n lJoko tl 0 wa
l~pqlqpq.

nlb~

rqrun

51

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

En1ken1 t r 6 b~ fa 10 lat1 Ek6 81 '\~, \ \ / Ibadan Ie 10 n1pa oko oJu t r1n. T'o ba f~ gun qk9 y1, Y10 gUn n1 \ / Ido. Awon 1buso t'o kan ko to de Ibadan ..c "\ /" /" n1 Agege, Iro at1 010kemeJ1.

'" ",," / \ / L, Opolopo en1a feran lat1 rna 10 , " I ' / / / n1pa oko oJu'r1n, n1tor1pe , / " ko " po " pUPQ. /" owo re
\ '" I" / / /"\ /
/

.,
/

" y1 / /" n1nu. "/ Oko l'aye


I

"

" AW9n l' de

"" / 81 , , wa , k1 / / 1bu89 t'o 0 to


/

"b' \. " /, , I adan po 10polopo.


t
I

. .. .
.
.

AW9n 1Joko t1 / \. " l\>pqlqpq.

,/v

//"
0

wa n1b y rqrun

/\

"

En1ken1 _ - ba fe -- la t1 Eko -" Ibadan Ie -- nlpa oko T'o -Ido. AW9n


f~

Oko -- 1 'aye ---_.

gun --- y1, Y10

n1

Awon ---__ t '0 81 ..- k1 0 de Ibadan -- lopolopo.


I

t '0 kan -- to -- Ibadan AW9n ----- t1


0 --

n1 Agege, If? --- 010keme J 1. Opolopo , , ---- feran la t1 -- 10 n1pa --- oJu'r1n, n1tor1pe re ko __ pUPQ

n1be rorun I ,

. ..

52

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

------- t'o ba -- 10 , ---- Eko S~ Ibadan -- 10 oko 0Ju'r~n.


I

---

y~

- ----

n~nu.

T '0 ba -- gun qk9 --, y~o gUn--

Ido. ----lbuso t'o --- ko -- de Ibadan -_ Agege, --- a tl 010keme J1..


I

Awon ~buso, __ Iba dan po

s~

wa -- 0 to

____ 1. J oko -l<?pqlC?P~.

wa ---- rqrun

Opolopo enla , ,
____
~kq

. .

lat1. me 10

owo

r~

'r1.n, -------__ pg
0 JU

1.

2.

10 Enikeni ti 0 ba e , lati Eko si Ibadan Ie 10 , nipa I Nibo ni Ido wa? Agege, Io , ati 010kemeji ni awon ati ti o wa larin

3. 4.
.,I.

"" 10 nipa oko 1ati rna Idi wo ni awon , , oju'rin? , enia fi feran , I

Bawo ni aye tise po to ninu oko , , yi?


I ,

6.

yi. Be , ijoko ti o wa ninu oko , apejuwe awon

53

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TRAVEL FROM LAGOS TO IBADAN BY ROAD - TEXT 1

Enlkenl t'o ba fe 10 lat'Eko s'Ibadan, t'o 51 f y gba OJU t1t1 Ie gba 9na AbokutaJ t'o ba f y , 0 51 Ie gba 9na Ikorodu.
" , I

Whoever wants to travel from Lagos to Ibadan by the ma1n road ('who also wants to take the ma1n road') may take Abeokuta road 1f he l1kes, or he may go by Ikorodu road.

9na Ikorodu ya JU t'Abyokuta lq.

Ikorodu road 15 shorter than Abeokuta road.


He can go by bus, and he can also go by tax1 and by lorry.

Ie gun bqS1J

taxl; elero.

51 Ie gun 51 tun Ie gun 9k q


0

Enlken1 t'o ba gun tax1, Y10 1 san'wo puPq JU ~n1 t'o gun bOSl 10.
, I
I

Whoever travels by tax1 w1ll pay much money, more than g01ng by bus.

B9s1 rq n1 lqrun JU qkq ~l~ru l~, n1tor1pe en1a k1 1PQ pUP9 n1b y , at1 pe 1Joko t1 0 r9run wa nlbe.
#!

It 1S more comfortable to go by bus than to go by lorry, ('Bus 18 comfortable, more than lorry') because the bus 1S seldom crowded, and the seats there1n are comfortable.

On the tape, /ftn1 s 1 to gun ./ The word /Sl/ should be om1 tted.

1S heard.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

, "''''/ ,,'/ En1ken1 t'o ba Ie 10 lat'Eko L , , " 5'Ibadan, t'o 51 f~ gba oJU ~", ' " Ab~okUtaJ /'" t1t1 Ie gba 9na , ba " fy ~, 0 " 51 " Ie gba 9na " .... t'o ... , , Ikorodu.
, I , I ~,~

~n1k~n1

t'o ba gun tax1, Y10 ,~ "" JU en1 t'o / san wo pupa gun t::: " b051 10.
I

;'

./

BgS1 rq n1 lqrun JU qkq ~l~ru " or1pe t""" "" k1 :-';''''' / " 1 ~, n1 en1a 1PQ puPq "" , 'v /;' ....... n1b y, at1 pe 1Joko t1 0 rqrun .... " .... wa n1b~.

C"

",

""",

/ " gun o Ie

.0" b~51;

'" ~ tax1; elero.

51

51 Ie gun tUn Ie gun 9kq

, 0

.....

"

En1ken1 t'o ba fe 10 lat'Eko 5'Ibadan, t'o S1 f~ gba oJu t1t1 Ie gba 9na Ab~okutaJ t'o ba f y, 0 51 _
, . , I

------- .

En1ken1 t'o ba fe 10 lat'Eko 5'Ibadan, t'o 51 f~ gba oJU t1t1 -- --- --- --------J _____ -_, 0 S1 Ie gba 9na Ikorodu.
' I , I

____________ JU

t'Ab~okuta

19'

9na Ikorodu ya JU

--.

tax1; elero.
n1k~n1

51 Ie gun o S1 tun Ie gun 9kq


----J
0

0 Ie gun bqS1J

-- ---

----; elero.

81 tun Ie gun 9kq

t'o ba gun tax1, Y10 _______________ t'o gun bOS1 10.


I

------- --- -- --- ----,


san'wo pupo JU en1 t'o bOS1 10.
I

1 10

gun

BgS1 rq n1 lqrun _-

--, n1tor1pe en1a ki 1pq puPq n1b y, at1 pe 1Joko t1 0 rqrun wa n1b~.

BgS1 rq n1 lqrun JU qkq ~I~ru l~, n1tor1pe en1a k1 1pq puPq n1b y , at1 pe ---__

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Bawo ni a tise 1e 10 8i irin aJ'o 1ati Eko 8i Ibadan bi a ba e koja 1arin Abeokuta tabi Ikorodu?

2.

9na wo ni 0 ya 1ati Eko 8i Ibadan, ti ti Ikorodu?

Ab~okuta

ni tabi

3.

Da'ruko nkan meta ti a 1e gun 1ati Eko si Ibadan. , Ewo ni owo


r~

4. 5.
6.

kere ju

nib~?

Enikeni to ba gun

yio san owo puPq.

Iru ijoko wo ni o wa ninu bosi? Nitori kinni bosi i roni lorun?

7.

56

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TRAVEL FROM LAGOS TO lBADAN BY ROAD - TEXT 2

En1ken1 t1 0 ba fe 10 1at1 Eko 51 Ibadan, t1 0 51. Jr pe OJU t1t1 1'0 f r gba, 0 Ie 1q 1at1 Eko 10na Ikorodu.
. , I

Whoever wants to travel from Lagos to Ibadan. 1f 1t happens that 1t 15 the ma1n road he wants to take, he can go from Lagos by Ikorodu road
He can also go by Abeokuta.

51 Ie 19 51 Abyokuta. 9na Ikorodu ya JU t1 Ab~okuta 19' ba f~, gun tax1J elero.


0 0

~ugb9n

But Ikorodu road 15 shorter than Abeokuta [road]. If he llkes, he can go by bus; he can a 150 take a tax1; he can also take a lorry.

T1

Ie gun b9S1; 0 Ie 0 S1 Ie gun ?kq

B?S1 r?run JU qkq elero 19, tax1 51 r9run JU b9s1 l~, ~ugb9n owo tax1 P9JU'
9P91~P9

A bus 15 more comfortable than a lorry and a tax1 1S more comfortable than a bus, but tax1 fare 1S the most costly

en1a ngun b9s1, n1tor1pe 1Joko t1 0 r9run wa n1b y

...,

Many people take the bus, because 1t has comfortable seats,

57

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

En1ken1 t1 0 ba fe 10 lat1 Eko , . / " " ', / ' ....... / , ./ 81 Ibadan, t1 0 51, J~ pe OJU t1t~ 1'0 f~ gba, 0 Ie 19 '" "/ / ~ " , " , lat1 Eko lona Ikorodu

-'./././

-,' "'" ..... "" " T1 ba f~, 0 Ie gun b?S1J 0 Ie gun taxi; 0 S1 Ie gun ?kq , ..... elero.

"''' "AbeokUta. '" o 51 Ie 10 81


~ugb9n

A "" .... "''' BOS1 rorun JU okq elero ,...... ...... ~ " tax1 81 r?run JU b9S1 ....., '" ;,,,,,,,, ~ugb9n owo tax1 P9JU.

9na Ikorodu ya JU t1 ........ , Abyo kU ta 19.

........."

'-

.....,

9ppl?P9 en1a ngun b9S1, n1tor1pe lJoko tl 0 rorun wa n1be.


'" V" .......... " I

"'\

" ' . " '"

~"

,.

,.

En1ken1 t1 ba fe , 10 lat1 Eko 51 Ibadan, -- ---,ole 19 lat1 Eko lona Ikorodu.

..

En1ken1 t1 .. Ibadan,
0

ba fe , 10 latl Eko Sl t1 0 51, J~ pe OJU t1t1 1'0 f~ gba, 0 Ie 19

---- ------- .
I

51 Ie

19

51

51 __ -- -- Abeokuta. ya JU t1

~ugb9n

9na Ikorodu ya __ __

~ugb9n

Ab<t 0ku ta 19. T1 ba f~, gun tax1;


----- .

Ie gun b?51J 0 Ie 0 51 Ie gun _

T1

0 Ie gun b?51J _ ___ ----J 0 81 Ie gun ?kq elero.


0

ba

f~,

B?51

r?run JU

tax1 81 r?run JU b951 10, ~ugb9n owo taxl P9Ju. 9pp 1 9P9 en1a ngun b951, n1tor1pe -____ _ wa n1b y
-.I

B?81 r?run JU 9k q elero 19, _____________ b951 10, 8ugbon . , _______ lJoko tl
0

pOJu. _
I

, nltor1pe

rorun wa nlbe.

58

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Enikeni ti 0 ba fe ba oju titi 10 si Ibadan 1ati Eko Ie gba ona

tabi ona

2.

3.

Sugbon ona ya ju ti ona 10. 1 Yato si bosi, kinni enia tun Ie gun 10 , 5i Ibadan?

4. 5.

Nitori kinni 9Pc;>19PQ enia fi ngun b9 si ? rorun ju b~si 10 sugbon, I I

59

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

THE HOE - TEXT 1

Oko , Je ohun elo t1 0 Mulo puPq :!'un awon , aghe.

..

A hoe 1S a tool wh1ch 18 very


useful to the farmers.

La1s1

dada.

~k9 agb~

ko Ie

~e 1~y

ry

W1thout the hoe, the farmer can not do h1s work effect1vely. When we want to make a hoe, we w111 go to the blacksm1th. The blacksm1th w1l1 forge the 1ran blade.

T1 a ba f y r~ ~k?, a 0 awc;>n alagbydEf.

I~ s'?d~

Awon alagbede Y10 ro 1rLn Y1. Ir1n pelebe nlo fun , n1 nwon oko
~

. Leh1nna .

A flat, th1n p1ece of 1ron 1S


what they use for the hoe.

a 0 10 51 oko latl. ge fun 191 t1 0 1 r1 b1 kokqro , eruko

Then we shall go to the bush to cut a tree wh1ch 1S curved for the haft.

N1gbat1 a ba se eY1 tan, qkCj> de n1.

nu

After we have f1n1shed th1s, a hoe 1S then produced. ('When we f1n1sh th1s, a hoe arr1ves 1S that.') Parmers l1ke to use the hoe for mak1ng heaps, plant1ng yams and many other th1ngs.

Awc;>n agby fyran lat1 10 qk9 fun ebe k1k9, 1~U gb1ngb~ at1 Or1'l.r1'1 nkan m1ran.

ma

l/ t1 a 0

rl~

heard on the tape, 18 a 's11p ot the tongue.'

60

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ok~ , Je, ohun elo ti 6 wUi~ p~p~ , '...... .... .... fun awon , agbe. ,
La1s1
,
,-.,
~k9 agb~

Ir1n
okb. , ,

pelebe , , , n1 nwon nl0 tun


"

/;'

;'

"'

.....

"

ko Ie

......

'"

~e 1~~ r~

"-

dada.

T1 a ba f~ rq ~k9' a 0 1~ 5'9d~ ...... ;,"" aW9n aIagb(d~.

,;

Leh1nna a 0 10 51 oko lat1 ge 191 ti 0 r1 bi k9kqrq fUn ..... erukt>


;',
I

......

N1gba~~

dE)

nu

a ba
n~.

;'

~e

';'

e71 tan, qk9

AW9n agb~ f~ran lat1 ma 10 qkq f~n ebe k1ky, 1~U gb1ngbin ...... '" v , v ..... at1 or1~1r1~1 nkan m1ran.
~

Oko , Je, ohun elo t1 fun _ ---__ ___


dada.
agb~

wulo pupo,

Leh1nna a
t1 0

10

r1 b1 k9kqrq tun

eruko ko Ie
I ,

~e

1~~ r~

de

nu

-- --- ---, qk 9
n1.

-- - -- -- -- ---,
Awon , alagbede

10

'odo

..

1r1n 71.

Awon , - _ fun ebe k1k9, 1~U gb1ngb1n at1 Or151r151 . , nkan m1ran.

---.

n1 nwon nlo __

61

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Oko Je ---- --- -- - ---- pUP9 fun awon , agbe.

L~hlnna

l~

51 aka lat1 ge

La1Sl. oko , N1gbatl a ba


~e

. dada.

-----.
eyl. tan, _

-------_.
Awon

V10 ro
fl.

__a

AW9n agb~ fun at1

f~ran

lat1

ma

10 qkq ,

Or1~1r1~1

nkan m1ran.

oko.

n1 nwon nlo tun

1.

Kinni oko je?


"

2.

Idi wo ni oko fun, awon agbe? , fi wul0 pupo . Nje enik~ni Ie da oko ro fun ara re? r ,., Bi idahun re ba je '~eko" Iodo tani a gbe Ie ro oko? I ' ... , Kinni a Ie 10 lati fi se oko? Iru igi wo ni a nl0 fun eruko?

3.

4.
5. 6.

7.

Da'ruk9 il0 meji ti aw?n agb~ nlo o~9 fun.

62

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TIlE HOE - TEXT 2

Oko Je ohun elo t1 fun aW9n agb~.


wulo pupa
I

A hoe 1S a tool wh1ch 1S very


useful to the farmers.

T1 a ba fe ro oko, a 0 In s'qdq '" T aW9n alagb~d~. AW9n alagb~d~ n1 Y10 r9 1r1n y1, 1r1n t1 0 ~e p~l~b~ n1 nW9n nl0 fun ~kq.

When we want to forge a hoe, we w111 go to the b1acksm1.th. 1he blacksm1th w111 forge th1s 1ron, 1ron Wh1ch 15 flat and th1n 1S what they use for a hoe.

-- a Leh1n na
Ig1 t1 0 eruko.
~e

10 S1 oko lat1 10

Then We w111 go to the bush to cut a tree.


A tree whl.ch 15 curved 1.B what we use for mak1ng the hoe handle.

kpk9rq l'a nlo fun

N1gbat1 a ba se , ey1 tan, oka de n1.

nu

..

After we have f1n1shed th1s process, a hoe 15 then produced. Farmers l1ke to use the hoe for makl.ng heaps, plant1ng yams, and tor removl.ng weeds.

Aw?n agb~ f~ran lat1 ma 10 qkql run ebe k1kq, 1~U gb1gb1n, at1 ako rl.ro.

1/10 9 k 9/ is heard on the tape, probably because the contracted f~rm of /10 9k9/ was the s~eaker's intention, but he suddnley hesitated after uttering /19/.
63

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Igl tl. 0 se eruko.

kp k9r q Ita

"-

nl0

,;'

fUn

Tl a ba fe ro oko, a " " aW9n alagb~dr

./

-'

,;'

In T

s'qd o l'

/'

, " , ... , Nlgbatl a ba se eYl tan, ~k~ , , de nu nl.

Aw?n agb~ f~r~n t1 rna 10 ~kq fun ebe k1kq, 1~U gb1gbin,
a tl oka rlro. Lehln na a 0 10 Sl oka latl 10

/'
...

la

.".

Oko Je ohun elo __ fun aW9n agb~.


I.

Igl tl

~e

Ita nl0 fun

-- - -- -- -- ----,
Aw?n
alagb~d,

Nlgbatl de nu nl. _

-- --- ---,

oko
I

nl Yl0 __ _
~e p~I~b~ nl

Aw?n
fun

agb~

f~ran

lat1 rna 10
_

~kq

--, lrln tl 0 nw?n nlo fun Lehln na a 0 10

,,

~kqe

atl

____ e

64

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

___ __ fun aW9n


agb~.

t1

wulo PUpO
I

--- -- - .__ kpk9rq Ita nlo run eruko. N1gbat1 a ba n1.


~e

ey1 tan,

----

-------_.

---- -------- n1 Y10 r9 1rln Y1, ---- -- - -- ------ n1 nW9n nlo run ~kq.
Lehln na a ,
_____ e

Awgn ---- ----- --,-- -- -- Clkq fun ebe k1kq, l~U gblgb~J
a tl. oka rl.ro.

10

51

oko latl. 10

.
g~g~bi

1.

Ninu oni?owo ati agb T, tani qk9 wul0 fun Lodo tani ao 10 bi a ba fe ro oko? I ,
I

ohun elo?

2.

3. 4.

~e

apejuwe ohun ti a fi

n~e

qk?

Kinni a n10 fun eruko? , Nibo ni a ti nge ohun ti a n10 fun eruko? Awon agbe feran lati rna 10 oko fun --, .,

5.
6.

..

ati

65

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MORTAR AND PESTLE - TEXT 1

Odo at1 ~mq odo t'o wul0, onJ~ t1tQJU.

papa

J~

ohun elo Julq tun

The mortar and the pestle are tools wh1ch are useful, espec1ally 1n the preparat10n of tood. It 1S the carvers who make the mortar [and pestle, for the two are subsumed under the one name, v1z.odo). After they go cut a tree from the bush, they w1l1 hollow 1t out 1ns1de. Th1S 1S the mortar.

Awon gbenagbena 1'0 ngbe odo. t

N1gbat1 nw?n ba 19 ge 191 oko, nwon Y10 gbe n1nu. t

n~nu

Orno odo gun JU 1ya odo 1q.


I

The pestle 1S longer than the mortar. We use the mortar to pound [peeled and b01led) yams. We use the mortar to pound agunmu (1.e. a powder added to a dr1nk to form med1c1ne).

A nl0 odo lat1 gun 1yan.

A nl0 odo lat1 gun agunmu.

lat1 J1a AW9n ob1nr1n 1'0 feran 10 odo JU. Odo J~ qkan n1nu ahun elo t1 o wulo pupa n1 11e.

It 18 women who 11ke to use the mortar most of all. The mortar 1S one of the tools wh1ch are very useful 1n the house

66

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

~ " ~ Odo atl. 9mq odo JEt ohun el0 , , ~ 1' ,.., t'o wu 0, papa Julq tUn " " onJ~ tl.t9Ju.

... ....

., '" latl. gun l.yan. A ill0 odo


~

;'

I' ... , ... " gbenagbena AW9n , 1'0 t1gb~ odo.

.,.

, , .,. " " " agunmu. gun A nl0 odo latl.


~

N1gba tl. nw{>n ba l?..._ge 191 nlnu oko, nwon y1.0 gbe ninu.

/ "" " Awon ob~nr~n 1'0 reran lat1 ma " 10 odo JU.
~

"" nl. 1ya .... " odo. EyJ.


",

""" " '" okan " " " ohun elo Odo nl.nu t1 JEt , "" pupo ,." n1 " 11e. 0 wulo

Orno odo gun JU J.ya odo lq.


I

~,

...",

Odo atl. 9mq odo Jr ohun el0 t'o wulo, papa Julq ---

A nlo odo latl. -----""---- A nl0 odo _

---- ------.

1.

Awon NJ.gbat1 nw?n ba I? ge _ ___ , nwon Yl.O gbe n1DU.

10 odo JU.

-------

1'0 reran lat1 ma

Odo JEt qkan nmu ohun elo t1


0

---- ---- -- --- .

Eyl. nJ.

___

______ gun JU --- --- lq.


67

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Odo at1 9mq odo J~ ---- --- * Ju19 tun --- ~---, papa

?mq odo

1ya odo lq.

onJr t1tQJU.

A --- --- lat1 gun A --- --- lat1 gun

oko, nwon

---

---_.
Odo J~ ---- ------ t1 a wulo pupa n1 11e

--- -- 1ya odo.

1.
2.

Kinni odo ati orno odo je?


I

Awon tani 0 ngbe odo?

3. 4.

Kinni nwon fi nse odo? Nibo ni nwon ti nri ohun ti nwon fi nse odo? Ewo ni awon gbenagbena gbe inu re. orno odo ni tabi iya odo?

5.
6.

. . .

. ..
~

7. 8.

Ewo 10 gun ju ekeji 10, orno odo tabi iya odo? Kinni a nl0 odo fun? Ninu ~kunrin ati obinrin tani 0 f~ran lati rna 10 odo ju?

68

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MORTAR ANt> PESTLE -

TEXT 2

Odo J~ 9kan nlnu ohun elo t1 o wulo PUp? fun 1t~JU onJq.
Orl~l

The mortar 18 one of the tools WhlCh are very useful 1n the preparat10n of food. They are ot two klnds, f1rst the mortar, and second the pestle. The pestle lS thln and longer than the mortar. The mortar 1S short. It 18 the carvers who carve the mortar.

meJl nl nw~n, ek1nn1, lya odo; ekeJ1 J 9m~ odo.


0

pm~ odo t~rl'

81 gun

JU

1ya

odo 10.
I

Iya odo kuru.

A n10 odo latl gun agunmu, elubo at1 1yan.

We use the mortar (and the pestle) for poundlng agunmu, yam flour and bOlled yams It lS women who use the mortar most of the tlme. When the men use the mortar, they use lt for poundlng agunmu (powder added toa drlnk to form medlclne). The mortar lS one of the most useful utenslls for the preparatl0n of food. ( 'The mortar 1S one among tools Wh1Ch are useful for food preparat10n. f ) 69

AW9n oblnrln 1'0 n10 odo JU.

pup~

Nlgbatl awon okunrln ba lo~ nW9n nlo lat1 gun agunmu.


7

Odo J~ 9kan n1nu ohun ela t1 o wulo fun onJr t1t9Ju.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Odo J~ 9kan ninu ohun elo tl " "' pupo , " fun ., ....."" , o wulo ltOJU onJe. ,
/

.
......

/" " A nlo odo lat1 gun agunmu, ............ / , e1ubo "' at1 1yan.
/
/'

Or1~1

,..,

iya

meJ1 n1 nwqn, eklnnl, odo; ekeJ1, 9mq od6.

I'

"

-.1,

AW9n oblnr1n 1'6 n10 ado puPy " JU.

.......

"

.......

pm?
...
/

odo t~r~, ., odo 10. t


"",
/

'

......."'

81

gun JU lya

......

N1gbat1 awon ba 10, ,,' " okunr1n , ', ... nW9n nlo lat1 gun agunmU
/

',I""

.
,

"

/""

Iya odo kuru.

' Od o
,

, 9 . . k an n1nu ; " ohun e10 . . , t"l o wu10 fUn onJ r t1t9Ju.


J~
,/ ". /tI'",

Odo Jy 9kan n1nu ---- --- -- ---- pupo fun 1tOJU onJe. ,

---- ------- 1'0 nlo odo puPy JU. N1gbat1 _

Or1~1

, eklnn1, ekeJ1, 9mq odo. 1ya

-- --,

1ya odo;

nW9n nlo 1at1 gun agunmu.

--- --Iya odo

t~rr' 0 81

odo 10. t

Odo Jy 9kan n1nu ohun elo t1 o wulo fun _

---------- 1'0 ngbe odo

A nlo odo lat1 gun


----- a t1

------,

70

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Odo Jy 9kan n1nu ohun e10 t1 o wulo pupa fun ----- ----I I
Or1~1.

A _-_ -__ ---_ --_ agunmu,


elubo atl lyan. t AW9n Obl.nr1n 1'0
__ a

meJl. nl.
---J

nw~n,

.,
9m~

ekeJ1,

odo,

pm)'

odo __ --, 0 81 gun


10. t

'

Nl.gbat1 awon okunr1n ba 10, nwon --- ---- --- ------1

--- kuru.

Odo

J~

9kan -___ ---- --fun onJ r t1t9Ju.

1.
2.

Odo je okan ninu ohun e10 ti 0 wu10 fun kinni? , I


Ori~i

me10 ni odo?

3.

Da oruko , nwon. Ewo ni 0 tere ti 0 si gun ju ekeji 1o? Kinni nkan meta ti a n10 odo 1ati gun? I Kinni awon okunrin n10 odo fun? Iya odo _

4.

5.
6.

7.

71

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

THE CUTLASS -

TEXT 1

Ada Je ohun elo tun awon agbe.

,.
~e

The cutlass 1S a tool for farmers. The length of 1t 1S two and a half feet.

Ada k1 1~e ohun t'a nda Na1J1r1a.

n1

The cutlass 1S not an 1tem wh1ch we manufacture 1n N1ger1a. They br1ng 1t from abroad. ( 'From abroad 1t-1S they take 1t come. ,)

A nlo ada fun 19bo 191 g1ge.

~1~an,

at1

We use the cutlass for clear1ng of bush and for cutt1ng of wood. When we want to use the cutlass we shall f1rst take 1t to the b1acksm1th to sharpen 1t for us. (' to accompany us repeat 1tS edge do. ,) When the edge 1S very th1n, then the cutlass 1S sharp. When 1t gets dull, we shall take 1t to a stone 1n order to sharpen 1t.

N1gbat1 a ba f r 10 ada, a kp k 9 gbe 19 s'q d9 aW9n alagbede lat1 bawa tun enu re see ,.

N1gbat1 enu re ba fe1e dada, n1gbana n1 ada Y1 to mu. T1 ba nku, a 0 okuta lat1 pone ,
0

mu

lq s'or1

72

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

/' / /,/ .... , Nl.gbatl. a ba fe 10 ada, a 0 v / __ / kpk9 gbe 1~ s'qd9 awpn , a1agbede 1atl. bawa tun .... enu re see t
/-

'I.

"

/....

"I , / Ada k1 1~e


Na1Jl.rl.a.
,'I. / / ..

ohun

/'" ,;' / t'anda fe n1

Nl.gbatl. enu re ba fe1e dada, " .... ... ..., nl.gbana nl. ada yl. to rou.
~ ~

.....

...

,,1'

/-

/-

,/

T1 0 ba nkll,

okU ta la t1 P9n

/-

0~

1q

s'or1

A nlo ada rUn l.gbo ~l.~an, at1 " l.gl. gl.ge.


/

-.

,/

...

Ada J; ohun el0 fun G1gun re to


t

Nl.gbatl. a ba
kp k 9

f~

10 ada, a

1--- -- ----- ----

latJ. bawa tun enu re see t t -Nl.gbatl. enu re ba fe1e , nl.gbana nl. __
8

Ada kl. l.se ohun t'a

-------_.
--------- nl. nW9n tl. nko va.

dada, . . -.
lq

--- J

olmta la tl pone t

mu.

s' or 1

A nlo ada fun


____ e

, at1

73

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

-- ---- --- --- aW9n

agb~.

G1gun -- -- --- meJ1 ab9.

------- - -- , a k9 k 9 gbe 19 s'qd9 awpn alagbede lat1 bawa tun enu re see
I

N1gbat1 Ada -- --- ---- t'a nda ,e nl Na1Jl.rl.a. n1gbana n1 ada

"1 to mu.

T1

ba nku, _ _ __
t

----- lat1 pone

19bo 5l.San, at1 ,

l.gl. gl.ge.

1.
2.

Awon tani ada wulo fun?


t

Bawo ni ada ti gun to? Nje a nro ada ni Naijiria? Bi b~ko, nibo ni nwon ti nko wa? I Kinni a nlo ada fun?

3. 4.

5.

6.

Awon wo ni yio ba wa tun . enu ada se bi a ba fe 10? 1 , I


'" ..., Nigbawo ni ada to mu dada?

7.
8.

Nibo ni a ti nP9n ada bi 0 ba ku

1~nu?

74

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

THE OUTLASS -

TEXT 2

Ada Je ohun elo t'o wulo fun I awon agbe.

The cutlass 1S a tool WhlCh 18 useful to the farmers. The cutlass lS not a tool WhlCh we make ln our country. They [the Nlgerlans] brlng the cutlass from forelgn lands. Its length 1S two and a half feet.

Ada kl lse ohun tl a nee , n1 11e lola Latl ldal wa.

r nl

nw?n t1 nko ada

A nlo ada fUn 191 glge at1 19bo Slsan.

..

We use the cutlass for cuttlng wood and for clearlng bush. When we want to sharpen a cutlass, we w111 f1rst take lt to the blacksmlth to help us beat lts edge, so that 1t [may] be sharp. Later on, we wl11 take 1t to a stone to sharpen lt, lf 1t 18 dull.

Nlgbatl a ba

f~

P9n ada, a

k?k? gbe 19 s'qdq aW9n alagb~dT latl ba'n1 lu re, kl 0 fele.


t , ,

~nu

Leh1nna a 0 mu 10 81 or1 okuta 1atl pon, b1 0 ba ku lenu.

75

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

, "Ada Je , ohun e10 t'o wl0 fun swon agbe. , Ada ki l.se ohun ti a nse n1 l.le wa.
',/

/'

I'

A nlo ada rUn l.gl. g1ge at1


J.gbo S3-San
I

"-

"-

II'

Latl. l.dale n1 nwon , t1 nko ada wa.


/

,.

'/'

//'-

Hl.gba ti a;_bS f~ P9n ada, a <> v,. ", .... "" kpk? gbe 19 s'qdq aW9n alagbede latl. ba'n1 lu e.nu r~, kl. 0 f~lye
~

....

'"

I'

"',,;

GigUn re I

to

ese ,

me J l. ~b~.
,

L~h'i.nn'i' a ,
,;

m;; . s 1. ori oku ta latl. pon, b1 ba lenu. , .


/-

<>

10

//,/

ku

,,;

Ada Je , ---- --- --- ---- tun awon agbe.

Ada J r ohun elo t'o wul0

----____ tl. a nse n1


~le

Ada kl. l.se ohun __ _ --- - Lat1 wa. ----- -- to ese me JJ. abo. , ada

wa 1dale n1 nwon , t1

Lat~

-- .

..

Gl.gun re to
I

A nlo ada fUn


~gbo

at1

A nlo ada fUn l.gl. gl.ge at1

S1san.
I

Nl.gbat~

a 0

kpk? gbe 19 s'qdq aW9n


alagbyd~

re, k1

lat1 ba'n1 lu enu .f'ele.

Nl.gbatl. a ba fp P9D ada, a 0 koko gbe 10 s'odq _ T. ---1atl. ba'n1 lu yDU


r~,

Leh1nna a 0 DIU 10 S1 or1 okuta 1at1 pon, --- -- ----e 76

Lyhl.nna a 0 _______ , b1

mu 19
0

__

ba ku lenu

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Kinni ada je? , Ada wu10 fun ati


_ _0

2.

3.

Lodo mu . ada 10 nigbati a ba fe pon? "" , tani ao koko ' , Bawo ni a tise nfe , ki enu re ki

4.
5.

. .

ri?

Nigbawo ni a nmu ada 10 s'ori okuta fun pipon?

77

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

THE CUTLASS -

TEXT

Ada Je , ohun elo t1 awon agbe. I


I

wulo fun

The cutlass 1S a tool Wh1Ch 18 useful to the farmers. A cutlass 1.5 not a th1ng whl.ch we make 1n N1ger1a. [On the contrary,) We buy cutlasses from abroad. When we want to use a cutlass, we w1lI f1rst take 1t to the blacksm1th 1n order to sharpen the edge for us.

Ada k1 1~e ohun t1 a Na1J1r1.a.

n~e

n1

A nra ada lat1. 1dale n1.


I

N1gbat1. a ba fe , 10 ada, a o koko , , gbe 10 , s'odo I ' awon . alagbede lat1 ba wa pon I enu re.
I ,

Leh1.n n~ a 0 mU 10 S1 or1 , okuta lat1 P9n, b1 0 ba ku lE?nu. N1gbat1. 0 ba mu dada, a nl0 tun 191 g1ge at1 19bo S1san.

After that we w11l take 1t to a rock to sharpen 1t 1f 1t 18 dull.

..

When 1t 18 very sharp, we use 1t for cutt1ng wood and clearl.ng bush. The cutlass 1S a tool wh1ch the farmers l1ke very much.

Ada Jy ohun elo t1 aW9n agbe f f~ran PUp?

78

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

....

Ada Je , ohun e10 t1 0 wu10 fun ",,"awon agbe.


I

\"

-'

/'''

"

Leh~n

", ,

~ , ~ " " na a 0 mu 10 s~ or1 "'.... " " "" okuta 1at~ P9n, b1 0 ba kU 1~nu.

Ad~

,. Na]J~r~a.

ki

" ,," '" l.se , ohun t1 a n~e n1

, .... '" ,. , " ',:,:::; ..... ~ N1gbat1 0 ba mu dada, a n10 tun "'" ~g1 g1ge at1 19bo ~1~an.
/

,/

./

"....

".

N1gbat~

".

a a ba fe , 10 (, koko , , gbe 10 stqd9 aw?n " " ba wa pon alagbede 1at1 , enu re.
/-

\"

"",

ada,

" " Jy " ohun " "" '" Ada e1a t1 aW9n agb '" /' reran pupa.
......
I

Ada Jr ohun ela __ _ awon agbe.


I

fun

----- 1at1 P9n, b1 0 ba


ku
l~nu.
n~e

Ada -Nal.J1.r1a.
A

t1. a

n1

N1gbat 1. 1dale n1.


I

, a n1a ~ tun

l.gl. gl.ge at1 19bo S1san. ,


t1 aW9n agbe

-- ---, a

stodo awan o koko gbe 10 I , I alagbede lat1. ba wa pon I enu re.


,. I
I I

79

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

t1 0

wulo fun

L~h1n

ni

mu 19

51
0

----- ---- ---, b1


ku
l~nUe

ba

Ada kl. l.se ohun

Nl.gbatl. --. Ada

ba mu dada, a nlo run

--- ---A nra ada latl.


J~

---

---- -----.

Nl.gbat1 a ba fa , 10 ada, a o koko gbe 10 s'odo awon I'" alagbede __ -I

ohun elo ----- pUP9

_____ e

1.

Da'ruko ohun el0 kan ti o wul0 fun awon , , agbe.


f

2.

3.

4. 5.

Nibo ni awon , ara Naijiria ti nra ada? ......, Kinni ao koko se si ada ki a to 10? , Lehin igbawo ni a to nlo ada fun igi gige ati igbo ,
f

~i~an?

Iru ohun elo wo ni ada je?

80

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

GARDEN - TEXT 1

j~ a~a

rna

Ki

larin aW9n Xoruba lati ni agbala kekeke leba ile


I

It is a custom among the Yoruba people to have small gardens near their houses.

nwon .
i~e

pe gbogbo .ile

il~

Yoruba

1'0 ni agbala.
~ugb9n

It is not that all houses in Yoruba land have gardens.

aw?n ti nW9n ba ni nW9n ma ni agbala.

il~

to,

But those (people) who have enough land usually have gardens. In these gardens they plant things such as vegetables, oranges, corn, groundnuts and other small things which people can sell in the market. l When weeds fill this garden the senior male of the hou~e will call the children to hoe it. When they finish weeding it he may give them something if he wishes.

Ninu agbala nw?nyi, nW9n ngbin 9?an, agbado, ~pa ati nkan kekeke ti awon enia Ie ma ta l~ja. Ti oko ba kun ninu agbala yi, bale ile yio pe awon omo kekeke jo lati nkan
g~g~bi ~f~,

roo

Nigbati

nw~n

ba ro tan,

Ie

fun nwon ni nkan b'o ba fee

l/Oko/ means 'grass' as well 'farm.'

81

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

j~ a~a larin aW9n xoruba 1ati

....

,"....
.. ,/

...

rna

/, n~

agba1a kekeke 1 T ba i1e

...

/v

nwon

Ninu agbaia nW9ny1, nW9n " / /, ... '" -...... nkan g~g~b1 ~f~, 9~an, .... " " . '" ,,;' /, ~pa at1 nkan kekeke t1
,

;'/.

,/

"v

/'

ngbin
" " agbado,
....

/'

awpn

en1a Ie rna ta IOJa .


;,,,,, "" , '" 'iI

':'"

!t'V

"

xi
......

'lEle ~ gbogbo i1~ i1~ Yorub~


1'0 nl agbala.

/.'

Ti oko ba kun ninu agbala yi,


/'
/.

Sugbon awo.n ti nW9n ba ni il~ to, , , -- n~ /, .ag . . b'l/ nW9n rna a a.

....

" /

,,/

bale ile yio pe ~~?n 9rn9 kekeke jo lati rOe


I

-=..: /

,,"

..

" '/ / / / Nigbati nW9n ba ro tan, fun nwon nl nkan

_/

",,, le
fee

b'eS ba

. rna ni
je nwon. I

----- ---- Yoruba 1ati agbala kekeke 1 T ba i1e

rna
L

ni

Xi i,e pe

Xi

i~e

pe gbogbo ile

i1~

Yoruba

1'0 ni agbala.
Sugbon __ - nwc;>n rna ni agbala.
il~

--- -- -----_ ..
to, pugbc;>n awc;>n ti nW9n __ nW9n rna ni agbala.

-- --- --,

Ninu agbala nW9nyi,

__________
~pa

~f~,

9~an,

agbado,

Ninu agbala nW9nyi, nwc;>n ngbin nkan g~g~bi ---, , , ___ ati nkan kekeke ti awon enia Ie rna ta loja . Ti oko ba kun ninu agbala yi, --- yio pe aw?n 9rn9 kekeke jo lati rOt I

ati tikan kekeke ti awon enia Ie rna ta loja.

Ti oko ba kun ninu agbala yi, bale ile yio pe __ -______ __ 1ati rOt Nigbati ,ole

Nigbati nW9n ba ro tan,

1e

fun nwon ni nkan b'o ba fee

--- ---- -- ---- b'o ba fee t

82

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Da'ruko , okan ninu asa " awon Yoruba.


Nj~

2.

gbogbo ile ti

wa ni
0

il~

Yoruba

ro

ni agbala?

3.

Iru aW9n enia wo ni Kinni awon enia

nni agbala?

4.
5.
6.

rna

gbin sinu agbala yi?

Ona wo ni nwon ngba lati toju agbala yi? Kinni bale ile le ,e nigbati agbala yi bati ni it9ju tan?

8'3

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

GARDEN -

TE~

j~ a9a larin aW9n Yoruba, papa

jul? lati ma ni Qgba nigbati ile nW<j>n ba tobi. Awon ti nwon ma se eleyi ni awon
I "

It is a practice among the Yoruba people to have gardens, especially when their house is big. Those that usually do this are the senior males of the households. When they want to construct a garden, they will fence it with sticks or build a wall around it. The children at home will hoe the garden when the garden is weedy (' full' ) . The senior male will call them and he will give them something.

hale ile.

Nigbati nW9n b: f~ ~e ~gba, nW9n yio ra igi yi ka tabi lati mo ogiri y1 ka.

Aw?n 9m? kekeke ile ni yio ro oko nigbati oko ria ba kun.

Bale ile yio pe nwon yio si fun nw<;>n ni nkan. Nw9n

rna

gbin ~f9, agbado, 9san

ati nkan miran ti nwon , le ta l'oja nibe. Awon enia feran lati t wole fun nwon.

They usually plant vegetables, corn, oranges and other things that they can sell in the market. People like to have small gardens because it usually brings money for them.

rna

ni ogba

kekeke nitoripe i ma mu owo

84

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

oj~ a,-a li'rin aW<j>n YorUb~, .' " "


JUI~

/.." --: ..... " lati rna ni qgba n1gbati . " ,,,, 1le nW9n ba tobi.

papa

Bale ile yi..o pe nwon yio s i flin ..; nwon nl. nkan.

Awon ti nwon rna se eleyi ni awon " l.le. . , bale


I I .

....

""

...,

Nw9n rna gbin ~f9, agbado, 9san ... v.. / / " ati nkan miran ti nwon ta ..... , .... l'oja nibe. ,
/

;'

"'"

"....

Ie

Awon enia feran lati rna ni o.gba I kekeke nitoripe i rna rnu 0'110 , fun " wole nwon.
I

"",,,

"'.......
,

..

"I"

","

" , ~ Awon orno I . kekeke ile ni yio ro oko ~ " ~" nigbati oko na ba kun.
",

....",

a,a larin aW<j>n oruba, papa julo lati rna ni qgba nigbati _________ ----e
j~

Bale ile yio pe nwon yio si

Nw9n rna "" gbin ni awon

ati I'oja nibe. ,

ti nwon Ie ta

Nigbati nW9n b~ fff ~e '!gba, nwc;>n yio ra ig1 yi ka tabi ---- --

Awon enia feran I kekeke nitoripe i rna rnu wole fun nwon.

0'110

Aw~n

""" ro c;>m? kekeke ile ni yio kun.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

j~ a~a

jul?

larin awc;>n Yoruba, papa __ __ _ nigbati

yio si fun nw?n ni nkan. Nw9n rna gbin ~f9, agbado, 9san ati nkan rniran __ __ __ l'oja nibe. ,

ile nW9n ba tobi.


"" se Awon , ti nwon , rna , eleyi ni

---- ---.
Nigbati nW9n ba --- -- --- -..-. ogiri yi ka.
f~ ~e ~gba,

tabi lati rno

Awon enia feran lati rna ni ogba " kekeke nitoripe i rna rnu _

Awon -__ ------ --- -- --- ro oko nigbati oko na ba kun.


I

1.

Ni igbawo ni aw?n Yoruba leba ile nwon'?

f~ran

lati rna ni ?gba (agbala)

2.

Awon wo ni saba
,

rna

se eleyi larin awon ebi?


I ,

3. 4.

Ona meji wo ni nwon le gba se ogba'? , , Awon , tani yio ro oko nigbati agbala na ba kun'? Kinni bale ile yio ~e fun awqn ti nW9n ro 9gba na'? Da'ruko ohun ogbin ti
I

.'
0
' ,

5.
6.

wopo ninu o,gba.

7.

Nitori kinni aW9n enia fi f~ran lati rna ni ~gba kekere l~ba ile w<?n?

86

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

RAINY SEASON - TEXT 1

Asiko ojo ni ile , Yoruba bere , , lati o~u k~rin qdun titi de o~u k~j9 odun
~ugbpn

The rainy season in Yoruba land begins from April [and goes] till August.

ni

o~u

keje 9dun, ojo a rna

r9 puPq. Ni asiko yi
aw~n

But in July it usually rains heavily.

enia a rna

onjT ti 0 gbona, g~g~bi ~k9 rnirnu tabi amola ti 0 gbona

j~

"'" dada.

At this time, the people often eat food which is hot, such as eating of Indian corn meal or yam flour turned with very hot water.

L~hin na nW9n a tun rna 10 agborun


lati bo ori nwon.

Also they usually use an umbrella to cover their heads They also like to wear thick clothes and to wear caps that will cover their ears at this time. During the rainy season, the ground is always very slippery: therefore, whoever walks in the rain will be fully prepared so as not to fall.

Nwon tun feran lati ma wo aso ti


. , I

--

o nipon ati lati ma de fila ti

yio bo eti nW9n l'asiko yi. Ni igba ojo, il~ a ma Y9 19Pp19PQ1 nitorina, eni ti yio ba rin ninu ojo yio mura k'o rna ~ubu.
~

87

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" Asiko ojo ni ile Yoruba bere lati


....

.....

osu k~rin odun titi de osu kejo " odun

..

Lehin na nwon a tun rna 10 agborun lati bo ori nwqn

".....

...........

~ugb?n ni o~u keje qd~n, ojo a rna r<;> puPq.


.......
;'
/ ....., J

, tun " /....... Nwon feran lati rna wo aso " ., ti nipon ati lati rna de flla ti , "" yio bo eti nwon l'asiko yi.
/

o
/

-.

."

~..,/

Ni asiko yi awon enia a rna je , "" .;" ~ " oilje ti 0 gbona, g~g~bJ.. E;k9 ,,, " , . .... " , , , mirnu tabi amola ti 0 gbona _ -v dada.

"

'

"-

Ni igba ojo, il~ a rna Y9 19P919Pq: "/"'" ./ / y' '/ nitorina, eni ti yio ba rin ninu ojo yio mUra k'o rna ~ubU

/.........

"--"""

Asiko oJoo ni ile Yoruba bere titi de o~u odun

k~j9

Asiko ojo ni ile Yoruba bere lati o~u k~rin qdun _

~ugbpn

ni

o~u

keje qdun, ojo

______ e

Sugbon ni r<;> puPq.

. .

---- ----,

ojo a rna

Ni asiko yi

enia a rna j~ _____ , gegebi ekn ., T

aw~n

Ni asiko yi awon enia a rna JOe , onje ti 0 gbona, _ ---tabi amola ti _ -v dada. Lehin lati bo ori nwqn. tun __ __

rnirnu tabi amola ti , _ -v dada.


L~hin
oJ

gbona

gbona

na nw?n a tun rna 10 -------

na

agborun

Nwon tun feran lati rna wo aso . , ., ti o ati lati rna de fila ti ____________ l'asiko yi. Ni igba ojo, -- --------: nitorina, eni ti yio ba rin ninu ojo yio mura k'o rna ,ubu.

Nw~n

ti

o nipon ati lati rna de fila ti yio bo eti nwon l'asiko yi.

Ni igba ojo, il~ a rna Y9 19P919Pq: nitorina, eni ti yio ba rin ninu ojo yio rnura

88

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

2.

3.

4.

Ni asiko wo ni ojo bere , ni ile , Yoruba? Ninu osu wo ni ojo rna ro pupo? Da'ruko iru onje ti awon enia eran lati rna je , , ni igba ojo. I Kinni awon , enia i nbo ori nwon , ni igba ojo?
I

5.
6.

Iru aso wo ni awon enia eran lati rna wo ni asiko ojo? Se apejuwe iru fila ti awon , , enia nde ni igba ojo. Ni tor i kinni eniti yio ba rin ninu ojo yio fi rnura ki , o rna ba ~ubu?

..

7.

89

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

RAINY SEASON - TEXT 2

Ninu asiko ojo ni ile iwo orun Naijiria, ojo a rna r9


....
~

--

19P?I~P9.

During the rainy season in the Western Provinces of Nigeria, it often rains heavily. This begins from April [and goes] till August.

Eyi bere lati


, I

titi de osu kejo. Ninu osu keje odun ojo a rna ro


. , I

. ..

o~u k~rinl odun

pupo gan nil


I

In July, rain usually falls very heavily.

Awpn enia a ma 10 bo ori nW9n.

9mbur~la

lati

People often use an umbrella to cover their heads.

Nwnn a si ma je onje ti T , , ,

gbona,

gegebi eko gbigbona tabi amnIa. " ,. T

They also eat hot foods, such as hot Indian corn meal or yam flour turned with very hot water. They also wear thick clothes.

Il~

a ma y? pUP9 ni asiko yi.

The ground is always very slippery at this time. There is also thunder. During the rainy season people like to plant crops.

Ara a si tun rna san bakanna. Ni asiko ojo aW9n enia frran lati ma gbin nkan oko.

l/keje/ corrected to

/k~rin/ by
90

the speaker.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

,. " ,. ~' ~, Ninu asiko ojo ni i1~ 1W? orun Na!jiria, ojo a rna 19Pp1?P9.
/

rq

Eyi b~r~ 1ati o~u Kerin T. " " " , titi de osu kejo.

. ..
/

" odun
11~

"

~'" ".' , Ninu o~u keje 9dun oJo a rna r9 , " PUp? gan nil

a rna Y? pUP9 ni asiko yi.

.....

.....

"

...

"

~,

Ara a si tun rna san bakanna.

"I'

"

Awpn enia a rna 10 /, bo or1 nW9n.

..

", "

" " , " ,9rnbur~1a 1ati

Ni ~siko ojo aW9n enia f?ran lati rna gbin nkan oko.

,.

...

''''

, ...

;"

,/

Ninu asiko --- -Naijiria, ojo a rna rn T lopolopo. ,. , ___ titi de 1ati of?u
k~rin

11~

a rna y?

__

___

o~u k~jq.

odun Ni asiko ojo

rna san bakanna. lati

Ninu o~u keje 9dun --____ gan nil Awpn enia a rna 10

- -- -1ati

rna gbin nkan oko.

--- ----..

9rnbur~1a

Nw9n a si rna gegebi , , Nwon ntun

j~

Qnje ti 0 gbona, tabi

___ ti 0 nipon. ,

91

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ninu asiko ojo ni lIe iwo , orun Naijiria, -_ lopolopo. , ,

..

NW9n a si rna

j~

gegebi eko ,. , . gbigbona tabi amnIa. T Nw?n ntun


nw~ ~

Eyi bere

~---

ke.rin
---~.

-- ---

ojo a rna ro
pup~

....,

--- - -- Y9 pUP9 ni asiko yi


Ara a si tun _- --- bakanna.

gan ni.

Awpn enia a -- -- -----___ Iati bo ori nW9n ..

Ni asiko ojo aW9n enia f?ran lati


---------~o

1.

Bawo ni ojo ti nro to ni iwo orun Naijiria ni asiko ojo? Ojo bere lati osu , , Bawo ni ojo tise

2.

titi de osu , ro 8i ninu osu keje odun?

3. 4.

. . Kinni awon enia ma 10 agborun fun ni igba ojo?

Da'ruko onje rneji ti awon enia rna saba je ni asiko ojo.


I

'rna .

5.
6.

Ni igba ojo, awon enia a rna wo aso ti


I

7.
8.

--- a

ma san ni asiko ojo.

Kinni awon , agbe rna. se ni asiko ojo?

. . .

92

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

RAINY SEASON - TEXT 3

Ojo b~re ni nkan bi osu kerin T , odun titi de osu keJo. t " , Sugbon ojo yi a rna ro lopolopo ninu osu , keje odun. ,
, , " , I

Rain begins [to fall] about April [and goes] till August. But this rain is usually very heavy in July. The foods which people like qt this season are hot Indian corn meal and yam flour turned with very hot water. People often use an umbrella to cover their heads. It often thunders a lot at this time. People also usually wear thick clothes and thick caps to cover their ears.

-./

Onj~

ti aW9n enia f~ran ni igbayi, ohun ni eko gbigbona ati amnIa , , T t i 0 gbona dadci'.

Awc;>n enia a rna 10 agborun lati bo ori nwon.


I
~

Ara a rna san lopolopo l'asiko yi. , '

..

Awo.n enia a si tun rna wo aso ti 0 niP9n ati fila ti 0 nip9n lati bo eti nwon. ,
I

Il~

"'" a rna

Y9 gan l'asiko ojo.

The ground is always very slippery during the rainy period. And people like to be prepared so that they may not fall. It often thunders.

lati rna diramu Awon enia si feran , ,ubu. ki nwon k'o ma

ba

--Araa

tun ma san.

93

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ojo

"

ni nkan bi o~u krrin od~n tit! de osu kejo. , ' I T

b~r~

.....

......

Awon enia a si tun rna wo aso ti 0 ,T ni P9 n ati fila ti 0 nlp9n l~ti / bo eti nwon

"

...."

""';JI

"

~ugbpn ojo yi a rn~ ro 1~pp19P? ';'" , ninu osu , keje odun. ,


Onj~ ti aW9n en!a f~ran ni igbayi, ohun ni eko gbigbona ati amola , 1" tf. <5 gbana dada.
" ... "" ... -', , Awc;>n enia a rna 10 agborun lati bo , ori nwon. ,
~

"" S1 ~ "'. rna diramu / Awon enia feran lat1 / . , b-~ b /' ki nw?n k' 01" rna a u.
/'

,U

.-

Ara a tun rna san.

I"

, "" , ,'" " '" Ara a rna san lopoloP9 , ' , l'asiko yi.
~

Ojo b~r~ ni nkan bi odun -- --,

o~u

krrin

Awon enia a si tun rna wo aso ti 0 ,T niP9n --lati bo eti nwon

ninu osu , keje odun. ,


Onj~

gan l'asiko ojo. ni igbayi, . ati _

ti aW9n enia ohun ni ti 0 gbona dada.

f~ran

Awc;>n enia a rna ori nwon. ,


~

_ -___ bo

___ a tun rna san.

Ara a

lopolopo l'
, t , ,

94

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

ojo

b~ry

__

__

odun titi de osu kejn. ' I


~ugb?n

ojo yi a rna ninu osu ,

--

Awon enia a si tun rna -ati fila ti 0 nipon 1ati bo eti nwon. a
----

lIe ,

-- --- l'asiko ojo.

______ ---- ----- ni igbayi, ohun ni eko , , gbigbona ati amn1a ti 0 gbona dad~. _________ a rna 10 agborun Awon 1ati rna , enia si feran ,

.-

Ara a tun

--a

"tJ

Ara a rna

l'asiko yi.

1. 2.

Larin osu ker in odun 5 i osu wo ni ojo bere , ni Naijiria? Ojo a rna ro lopolopo ninu osu qdun. ,

I , ,

3.

4. 5.

ni onj7 ti awon enia feran ni asiko ojo. Da'ruko ona rneji ti awon enia fi npa ara nwon ojo. , lowe , mo Yato 5i ile , , yiyo kinni tun rna sele nigbati ojo ba nro? ati
I

95

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

DRY SEASON - TEXT 1

Asiko erun bere ni nkan bi osu , "T kokanla odun titi de


' .

o~u
T

keta

The dry season begins about November [and goes] till March.

odun titun.
I

Ninu osu kejila odun ati osu kinni 9dun orun a ma mu lopolopo.
I

During December and January, the sun often shines intensely.

L'asiko yi aW9n enia a ma j~ onj~ ti 0 tutu. Eruku a ma P9 pUP9~ nitorina


0

At this time people usually eat foods which are cold.

aisan g~g~bi ~anP9na larin awon enia. I

wPP9

It is always very dusty; hence, diseases like smallpox are common among the people.

Nw?n f~ran lati ma 10 agborun. AW9n agb~ a ma kore i~u, ~pa, agbado ati nkan oko miran.
--'

They love to use umbrellas. Farmers usually harvest yams, groundnuts, maize and other farm products. Hunting is common at this time. During the dry season people often perform marriage ceremonies.

Igbe , dide, o w9P9 ni asuo yi. Ni asiko erun na ni awon enia ma se , igbeyawo.
~

96

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

"" , bere " nl. -: '" Asiko erun bi o.u , I .....,. , t ( , nkan ,; " kokanla odun tl.ti de ofu k~ta , odun titun.

Nwon feran 1ati rna 10 agborun.


I

, "

....

'''' osu , keji1a '',-" Ninu 9dun ati osu " .,; " , kinni 9dun orun a rna mU , 10P910po.
~,

AW9n agb~ a rna kore i~u, ~pa, agbado ati nkan oko rniran.
-.J ...

,,,

-',

"

"

Igbr

",

did~

0 W?P9 ni asiko yi.


t:::., ............... ,

/,

,'"

"

, ", yl. ~" """ a rna L'asiko aW9n enia


/,;' " tl. 0 tutu.

j~

, onj,

Ni asiko erun na ni awon enia rna , ~ " , se , 19beyawo.

""~"

"""", / LA Eruku a rna P9 pUP91 nitorina ':- , ;',7" ", /, a1san g~g~bl. ~anP9na 0 wPP9 , , '" larin awon enl.a
,,~

Asiko erun bere ni rikan bi osu , I I .,. kokan1a odun titi de ---~
, I

-' Awon agbe a rna kore , , ______ ati nkan oko rniran.

----

-----.
Igbe dide 0

Ninu osu keji1a odun ati osu kinni 9dun --__ - __ __ 10P910po.
I I I

'

----- yi. awon enia rna

Ni ----- ---- -se igbeyawo.

L'asiko yi aW9n enia ti 0 tutu. -_ ----1 nitorina

aisan g~g~bi ~anP9na 0 wPP9 larin awon enia.


I

Nwon I

rna 10 agborun.

97

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Asiko erun ---- __


I

-o~u k~ta

Nwon , feran 1ati __ __ AW9n


agb~

------- ?dun titi de odun titun.


I

~pa,

agbado ati nkan oko rniran. Ninu osu , ------ ---- ati --orun a rna rnu lopo10po.
I I I

o wC;>P9 ni asiko yi. Ni asiko erun na ni awon , enia rna


-J

L'asiko yi aw?n enia a rna

j~

--

--------.

.-"

Eruku a rna p~ PUP9i


----------

nitorina
w~P9

------- 0

1arin awon enia. f

1.

Ni igbawo ni asiko erun bere , ni Naijiria? Asiko erun yi a ti rna


I I

2.

p~

to~

3.

Ninu awon , osu wo ni orun rna rnu 10po10po? Iru onje , wo ni awon enia rna je ni asiko erun?
I

4.
5.
6.

Iru aisan wo ni 0 wopo ni asiko erun? , Kinni awqn enia


f~ran

..y

lati rna 10 ni asiko yi?

7. 8.

lru ise , wo ni awqn agbe rna se ni asiko erun? Yat9 si igb~ did~ kinni ohun ay? ti aW9n enia tun lati rna se , ni asiko erun? ,
f~ran

....

98

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

DRY SEASON - TEXT 2

Osu kokanla odun ati eketa odun ., titun ni asiko


'
"'" ~run W~p?

...
,

November and March are the usual periods for the dry season. But the heat of the sun is often intense in December and January. People like to eat cold foods, such as cold Indian corn meal, palm wine and cold water.

Sugbon orun a rna mu pupo ninu osu . . . kejila ati osu kinni odun titun.

Awon enia feran lati rna je onje tutu, gegebi eko, emu ati omi " tutu.

..
0

..

.,

Aisan ti npe ni

P9 l'asiko igbayi ni a

~anP9nna,

nitoripe eruku

P9'
Aw~n enia a m~ 10 agborun lati be

A disease which is very common at this time is what we call smallpox, because there is much dust. People often use an umbrella to cover their heads.

ori nwon. ,
..., AW9n agbr , nW9n a rna kore nkan oko nwon, gegebi epa, isu, agbado.

The farmers usually harvest their crops, such as groundnuts, yams and maize.

Awon agbe tun feran lati rna 10 de igbe lati 1e pa eran. ,

ba

The farmers also love to go hunting in order to kill animals. Marriage and other occasions for merriment are common at this time.

Igbeyawo ati ohun ayo 0 pq ni asiko yi.

99

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

, kokan1a ..., odun , " . 'k t d~ Osu at1 ~ ~ a 9 un f . ' " .~ " ~ ..... , .... titun n1 aS1ko erun wOP9.
... ~~, """,,,, 'i' " Sugbon orun a ma mu pup? n nu ofu ..... " . "V" , . keji1a at1 o~u kinni ~dun t1tun.

Awon enia a ma 10 agborun lati bo /, or1 nwon. ,


" ,... nwon a ma kore " nkan Awon agbe, ,. '" epa, . " iau, oko nwon, gegebi agbado. " ""

...... ""'V

-, ""

I..
",.

" """ "1ati ma je ortje Awon enia feran I ":1\. o , emu ati omi t<itu, gegebi e "

tutu.

Awon agbe tun feran 1ati ma 10 de " I :-- '" ~. ... 19be , lat1 Ie ba pa eran.
" ... " ati ohun ay? "" Igbeyawo 0 " ... " " asiko yi.

"

""

~,

" " ti '" , , " "igbay1 " " ~ n1 a \ Aisan 0 P9 1'asiko ripe nl fiJanP9nna, ni torl~ eruku " W

- .

... pq

~ ni

Osu

_
~run W~P?

Awc;>n enia a m~ 10 agborun

_____ ni asiko

--- ----.
Awon agbe, nwon a ma kore nkan oko nwon, gegebi , , I
I.

"'" mu puP9. Sugbon orun a ma ___ ------ ati odun titun. ,

""" je onje Awon enia feran 1ati ma tutu, gegebi ---, - __ ati _
" I

----.

Awon agbe tun feran 1ati ma 10 de igbe ----I ,


I

Aisan ti 0 P9 1'asiko igbayi ni a npe --, nitoripe eruku

-------- ati ohun

ay~

0 pq ni

w
I

YORlTBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Osu kokanla odun ati eketa odun f titun _


~ugb9n

.---- ---- - -- -- ------- lati bo ori nwon. , AW9n agbe,

---- - -- -- ---- ninu o,U kejila ati osu kinni odun titun.

---

----"

agbado. Awon agbe tun feran lati ma ---- lati Ie ba pa eran.

Awon enia feran ---- , gegebi eko, ., emu ati omi tutu.

'.

Aisan npe ni
~anP9nna,

ni a nitoripe eruku

Igbeyawo ati asiko yi.

pq ni

P9.

1. 2.

3.

O run a ma mu pUP9 ninu --- ati osu , na'ruko enia feran 1ati ma je erun. . nkan meta . ti awon . , . ni asiko .
I I t

Asiko erun bere ni Naijiria lati


o~u

--- titi

de

4.
6.

Nitori kinni aisan s,anponna fi wopo ni asiko yi? I


I

Kinni awon agbe feran lati ma kore ninu oko won ni igba erun?
T
I

"

Kinni awon agbe tun feran lati ma se ni asiko yi?


7.

Ohun ayo wo ni

wopo , ni asiko erun?

101

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

BUYIlla I'OOD IX

qYq -

TEXT 1

T1 a ba f~ ra nkan onJy n1 ?y?, a 0 19 81 ~Ja Ak~8an.


H~

If we want to buy grocer1es 1n Oyo, we shall go to Akesan Inarket. At th1s market we sell d1fferent k1nds of th1ngs, 11ke bananas, coconuts, yam flour, yams, corn and many other th1ngs. Here, we can barga1n for whatever we want to buy. The one who 1S sel11ng w111 want us to pay much money, but the one who 1S buy1ng w111 want to pay a small amount of money.

9Ja y1 a nta or1~1r1q1 nKan, gegeb1 ogede, agbon,elubo , 1'U. T ' agbado a t1 aW9n nkan InJ.l'an.
I '"

N1b1bay1, a Ie Y9'wO ohun t1 a fe rae t En1 t'o nta oJa Y10 fe k1 8 san owe pupo, , Bugbon en1 t1 0 nra pJa a f~ 1at1 san owo t'o kere.

. ..

T1 ao ba f~ ra nkan n1 9Ja y1, a Ie 1~ S1 9Ja &qbu InJ.l'sn. B1b1bay1, nw~n t1 k9 1ye t1 o san s'ars 9J8 nwqn.
8

It we do not want to buy someth1ng


1n th18 market, we can go to the b1g shops. Here, they have wr1tten the amount wh1ch we w1lI pay on the1r merchand1se.

102

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" ra nkan onJ~ nl. Tl. , a ba fe ., , " , / Oyo, 6 a 81 OJ8 , . Akftsan. t

" Y10 " s slin Enl. t 10 nta ~Ja f~ k1. ./ " owo PUp?, sugbon enl. t'l. 0 nra ... , tl. san ow6 t'c kere. ~Ja a f~
/'
,-

./

Is

Nl.

nkan, , g?g~bl. 9g~d~, agb9n,elub9, 1fU, agbado atl. aW9n nkan miran.
a
/'/'/"",,,

~Ja

'~'"

yl.

nta

,..."..., Orl.'1r1~1
...........

T1 ao ba f~ ra nkan n~ 9J8 y1, , /,,':>'..,.., a Ie 19 51 ~Ja sqbu M1ran.


ve N1b1bay1, nwon t1. ko 1 11 /' " o san s'ara PJ8 nwqn.
",

"

;'

",

.t"

NlblbaY1,
' , fe rae I

/",

Ie Y9'wO ohun t1. a

...

..

"";'
/'

t1

Tl. a ba f~ ra nkan onJ~ n1 Oyo, a 0 In , T -- --- ------. N1 y1 a nta or1'1r1q1 nkan, g?g~b1 -----, -----,---_-, 1fU, agbado at1 aW9n nkan m1ran. t1. a
~Ja

T1 a ba fa ra

Nl. ?Ja y1

agb9n,e1ub9, 1fU, agbado at1 aW9n nkan m1raD. N1b1bay1, a Ie Y9'wo


-__ I

g?g~b1 ?g~d~,

N1b1bay1, a Ie
fe rat

~1

~Ja

tlo nta ~Ja Y10 f~ ____ , 5ugbon en1 t1. a 1at1


I
f~

nrs
I

--- --- --- --- Y10 f~ k1 a slin owo PUp?, ~ugb?n _ ~Ja a f~ 1at1 san owo t'o kere. T1 ao ba
f~

Tl. ao ba f~ ra nkan n1 9J8 y1, a Ie 10 -- -----__ N1b1bay1, - --- s'ara


~J8

a Ie I? 51 ~Ja sqbu M1.ran. N1b1bay1, o san


nw~n

nwqn.

t1. k9 1ye t1 a _
I.

103

YOR UBA :

INTERMEDIATE TEXT S

1.
2.

3.

4.
5.

Oja wo ni ao 10 ti a ba fe ra nkan onje ni Qyo? Da'ruko orisirisi nkan ti a nta ni oja na. Nje a 1e yo'wo nkan ni o.ja na? Bawo ni eniti nta oja yio ~e fe ki eniti nra oja san owo si? Ti a ko ba fe ra nkan ni oja yi nibo ni a tun 1e 10?

6.

Kinni iyato ti 0 wa 1arin oja yi ati ti akoko?

104

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

BUnKO roOD IR

91"9 -

TEXT 2

T1 a ba f? ra S1 oJa o 10 ,

onJ~

n1

9Yq,

AkA~8n. T

If we want to buy food 1n ayo, we shall go to Akesan market.


In th1s market there are d1fferent k1nds of foods; they sell th1ngS l1ke corn, yams, bananas, coconuts and many other types of th1ngs. fhe sellers w111 have arranged, 1n l1ttle heaps, the1r merchsnd1se, and w1ll have sa1d how much we w1ll pay for them.

N1 9Ja 1 1 or1~1r1~1 onJ~ n1 0 wa n1b~J nwqn nta nkan b1 agbado, 1~U, ~g~d~, agbqn at'or1~1r1~1 nkan m1ran. Awon , t'o nta'Ja 110 t1 Ie nkan nW9n11 s1l?J nW9n 0 81 8? 1ye t1 a 0 san tun nW9n. B1 a ko ba fe~ra kLnn1 y1 n1 9Ja kekeke, 8 0 l~ 81 sqbu t '0 tob1. N1nu aw~n s9bu nW9ny1, nW9n t1 ko 11e owo t1 8 0 san sara oJa kOkan. I AW9n 9Ja ti nwqn nta n1b? ko f1 won pupa.

If we do not want to buy th1s product 1n the local market, we shall go to b1g shops ( 'supermarkets' ).
In these shops they have wr1tten how much we are to pay on each ot the art1cles

be .'

The goods wh1ch they sell there


are not very costly.

105

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

ra onJft nl. Tl. a ba fe ,. I ...... , , / (, 10 51 C?Ja Akff~an.


I

,.

,.

9Y'1,

B1

, .., , " b~ fa ra kuml. 1'l. nl. a ko , " " / ' ... ~ 8l. sobu 8 0 10 " kekeke, , 9Ja , t'o tabl..
....

Awon t'o nta ' Ja "10 tl. Ie nkan "" , " 8l. " " 5l.1eJ so nwon 0 nwc;>nyl. I " nwon. '" a 0 san .f\m 1ye t1
~

...

;'

Nl.nu aw~n 59bu nW9n1'1, nW9n t1 ,.,. '" ., " ko 1ye ... cwo t1 8 0 san sara OJ8 kOkan.

,/

.,::;,

",

"

" ko " tl. nwqn nta " " n1be AW9n 9J8 ., ." flo be lIqn pupa.
~

......

.,

.,

./

T1 a ba fe ra
I

--_,
Akff~an.

I?

51 C?J8

T1 - -- -- -- ---- nl. o 10 51 OJ8 AkA~an. T


I

9"'1,

Nl. 9Ja y1 Orl.~1r1~1 onJ~ n1 0 wa n1b~J nwqn nts nkan bl. -----, _ ______ ,
1~U,

N1

__

__ _

8t'or1~l.r1~1

nkan m1ran.

-- n1be. , nwon nta nkan bl. agbado, 1~U, ~g~d~, agbqn at'Orl.~1r1~1 nkan ml.ran. Awon t'o nta'Ja 1'l.O tl. Ie nkan nwc;>nyl. 51.1~J nW9n 0 81 S?

Awon t'o nta'Ja ,.l.0 - ______ ----J nW9n 0 8l. S? l.ye tl. a 0 san run nW9n. Bl. a ko ba fe ra kuml. 1'l. ------, a 0 1~ 81 sqbu t '0 tOb1. N1nu
aw~n

---_.
--- -- -- -- ----- -- nl. 9Ja kekeke, 8 0 1~ 81 sqbu t '0 tab1.
~

, nW9n t1
8 0

ko 1ye OWO tl. oJa kokan.


;w

san sara

N1nu aw~n S9bu nW9n1'1, _ -~ --- --- t1 8 0 san sara OJ8 kokan.
;w

-- -- --- ---_.
106

AW9n 9J8 -- ---- --- ---- ko fl. b~ wqn pupq.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Nibo ni qja

Ak 7san wa?

2.

Kinni awon ohun ti a Ie ri ra ni oja Akesan? Bawo ni awon ti nta oja yio tise toju oja nwon sile fun tita? Lehin oja kekeke nibo ni a tun gbe Ie ra nkan onje? Kinni nwon ko sara oja kokan ni ile itaja yi? ., Bawo ni awon oja ti nwon nta nibe , se , gbe owo lori ai?

3.

.,.,.

4.
5.
6.

..

. .

107

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

FOOD PREFERENCES - TEXT 1

OnJ' tl aW9n Yoruba f~ran pupq wa latl ara l~U atl gbaguda.

The foods Wh1Ch the Yoruba people 11ke very much come from yam and cassava. From yam, we have yam flour; from cassava, we have 'gar1' (cassava meal). The Yoruba people 11ke to eat pounded bOlled yam; Whlch 18 made from yams. Pounded bOlled yam and amola (made from yam flour) were once the staple foods of the Yoruba people; but now many Yoruba people eat eba, WhlCh 1S made from cassava. (Prepared by pourlng garl lnto b01llng water.) Cassava 18 a very lmportant food crop to the Yoruba people.

Lara l~U a nnl elub9J gbaguda a nnl garl.

lara

Aw?n Yoruba f~ran latl lyan, eYltl a


n~e

rna

J~
l~U.

lara

lyan atl qka am9la nl 9w9n Yoruba tl

onJ~

tl

f~ran t~l~t~l~

rl; ~ugb9n nl 19bayl ~P91qp9 aW9n Yoruba nl nJ~ ~ba t l a n~e lara gbaguda.

Gbaguda J~ ohun tl 0 ~e patak1 PUp? fun awqn Yoruba.

;,""

OnJ'
"
/

ti aW9n Yoruba f~ran pupq " .... ~ v , wa latl ara l~U atl gbaguda.
....
//"

lyan atl qka am9la nl

,,,,,

onJ~

... tl

aW9n Yoruba tl f~ran t~l~t~l~


,

Lara l~U a nnl elub9J .,. ",. ~ ... gbaguda a nn1 garl.
-'

...

lara

ri; ~ugb9n nl igbaY1 ~P91qp9 " ...... ,-'aW9n Yoruba nl nJ~ ~ba t l 8 " '" " , n~e lara gbaguda
;"
/

...

"

"...... ... AW9n Yoruba f~ran latl


1y;n, eY1ti

rna

J~

Gbaguda

a n~e

lara l~U.

ohun tl 0 ~e patak1 p~po fun 8wqn YorUb&.

v;'

J~

.........

108

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

-- ---- ------ ----- pupq

---- --- --- --- -------.


Lara l~U a --- -----J gbaguda a lara

wa latl ara Lara ---

l~U

atl gbaguda. lara

elub9J
....,

------- - --- garl. AW9n Yoruba f~ran latl -- -____, eYltl a n~e lara

AW9n Yoruba lyan,

f~ran

---- -- Je, -

l~U.

---- atl --- ----- nl onJ~ tl aW9n Yoruba tl fyran t~l~t~l~ rl; ~ugb9n nl 19bayl ~P9l9P9 aW9n Yoruba nl nJ~ -- ___ lara

Iyan atl qka am9la nl aW9n Yoruba


--J
n~e
~ugb9n

onJ~

tl _ _

nl 19bayl
t1 8

---------- -- --- ----

lara gbaguda.

Gbaguda J~ ohun tl 0 ~e patak1 PUp? --------.

-------

ohun t l 0 -fun 8wqn Yoruba.

J~

1.

Lara kinni onje ti awon Yoruba feran pupo ti wa? I ' , I Kinni a nni lati ara
i~u?

2.

3.

Kinni a nni lati ara gbaguda? Teletele ri, awon onje wo ni awon Yoruba feran lati
I I . , '

4. 5.

rna

je?
,

Kinni onje ti opolopo awon Yoruba nje ni igbayi? f , . , ,

109

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

FOOD PREFERENOES -

TEXT 2

OnJ~

t'o ~e patak1 pUP9 run awon Yoruba wa lara gbaguda

The most 1mportant foods for the Yoruba people are der1ved from cassava and yam

Lara gbaguda, a

n~e

gar1.

From cassava, we make 'gar1' (cassava meal). From yam, we have pounded b011ed yam and th1ck porr1dge made of yam flour The Yoruba people l1ked pounded b01led yam very much at one t1me; but now many of them eat eba. Eba 18 good food.

Lara 1~U a nn1 1yan at1 9ka elubo.

AW9n Yoruba

1yan pUP9 t~lt~l~ r1; ~ugb9n n1 19bay1 ?P919P? Ito nJ~ ~ba.
f~ran

~ba

J~

ohun t1

dara.

AW9n Yoruba f~ran lat1 1yan at1 oka elubo.

rna

J~

The Yoruba people are fond of


pounded b01led yam and th1ck porr1dge made of yam flour.

OnJ~

"

'" ~e patak1 .......... " tWo pUP9 run ... ......, ~ / ..., I awqn Yoruba wa lara gbaguda at1 1~U.
/"

.....

,,, / , ""., AW9n Yoruba f~ran 1yan pUP9 t~l~t~l~ rl; ~ugb9n ni "'" " 19bay1 ?P9l9P? 1'0 nJ~ ~ba.
.",

Lara gbaguda,

,.

"'".

8 n~e

gar1.

~.,

~ba J~ ohun ti 6 dara.

Lara

".

1~U

~lubo

" a nn1 1yan at1 9ka


'//
/
........

AW9n Yoruba f~r~n 18 t1 mi J~ " , " ., 1yan at1 oka elubO.


,/,

110

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

____ --- -- ---___ pUP9 run aW9n Yoruba wa lara gbaguda a tl. l.~u. Lara gbaguda, a

OnJ~

t'o _ __________ wa lara gbaguda


~e

a tl lSU. Lara ,
8
n~e

gBr1.

elubo.

a nnl 1yan at1 oka

Lara

l~U

a nnl

at1

----- .
AW9n Yoruba f~ran ---_ ________ --; ~ugb9n n1 19bayl ?P919P? 1'0 Eba Je ohun
nJ~ ~ba.

AW9n ------ ----- lyan pUP9 t~l~t~l~ rl.; ~ugb9n n1 19bayl opo1opo 1'0 ---. ,

...
tl
0

---

--

----t

dare.
J~

-- -

---_.

AW9n Yoruba f9ran 1at1 mi lyan ---

-----e

AW9n Yoruba f9ran _ ____ a t1 oks elubo.

1.

Pari gbo1ohun oro , gari 1ati ara , , yi: "A nee "Lara isu , a nni ati
0

2.

3.

ti Nje eba je , onje I

-_. "
rna
je , ati

- -. "

dara?

4.

lati "Awon , , Yoruba feran


I

"

5.

PUp? ju? wo ni Yoruba feran , Ninu oka elubo ati gari, onje I

III

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

POOD PREP'ERENCES - TEXT .3

OnJ~

t'o Yoruba

~e
Ill.

patakl llr1n aW9n 1yan a t1 ft be


1SU

Important foods among the Yoruba people are pounded bOlled yam and eba. Pounded bOlled yam 1S derlved from yam. ('We have pounded bOl1ed yam from yam. ,)
A thlck porrldge 1S also derlved

A nn1 1yan lara

81

tun nn1 oka sMola lara

lSU.

from yam. ('We also have B thlck porrldge from yam. ,) From cassava, we have 'gar1,' or farlna-l1ke cereal.

T~l~t~l~

rl 8wqn Yoruba r~r8n lat1 mft J~ lyan atl 9 ka T 1 opolopo amola, ~ugbon nlgba t y. 1. ,
l'onJ~ ~ba.

Orlg1nally the Yoruba people preferred to eat pounded bOlled yam and thlck porr1dge' made of yam flour\ but these days many [peopleJ eat eba. Eba 18 derlved from cassava

Eba nwa lara gbaguda.


~ba

tl lyan atl yka eba 10.


I

J~ onJ~

da~a,

am~la

,ugbqn dara JU

Eba 18 a good food, but pounded bOlled yam and the thlck porr1dge made from yam flour are better than aba.

112

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

onJ~

'"

t'o ~e patak1 lir1n aW9n YOrUba n1 1yan at1 ~b8.


""
/

",

................

....

Tel~t~l~

A nn1 1yan lara 1SU.

......

' " ' ' r1 ,... ..." /' aW9n Yoruba f~ran / """, lat1 rna J~ 1yan at1 9k8 , ......... ... / ... / .... '" .... amola, ~ugbon n1gbay1 opolopo
;'

1'onJe . eba . .
/

s1 tUn nni oka smola lara


t

1SU.

~ba

',/

J~ onJ~

t1 0 dare,

/,.,.

~ugbqn

......

;'

1yan at1 eba 10. I

9k8

8m~18

dart JU

OnJe t'o se patak1 lir1n --- _.___ a t1


A nn1 1yan

OnJe t'o se patak1 ----- --------- n1 1yan at1 ~bI.


t

___

A nn1 ----

1SU.

A S1 tun nn1 ---

lara

A S1 tun nn1
1SU

lara

___________ a nn1 gar1.

N1nu gbaguda

----I

T~l~t~l~

r1 aW9n Yoruba f~ran lat1 rna J~ 1yan at1 9ka am91a, ------ ------- ------l'onJe

-----,

~ugbo.n

l'onJ~ ~ba.

n1gbaY1 opolopo

______ lara gbaguda. Eba __ __ _ ,


~ugbqn

Eba nwa lara ------


~ba J~ onJ~

t1

1yan at1 9ka amq18 dara JU eba 10. I


113

____ at1 eba 10. t

dare, ,ugbqn dara JU

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Da oruko onje ti , , meta


I I

2.

se pataki larin awon , Yoruba. Bi eba tise , g7g~ ni iyan je , je si gbaguda be , si ,


0

3.

Lara kinni oka amola ti nwa? Onje , meji wo ni o dara ju larin: iyan, eba, ati oka , , amola?

- -.

4.

5.

Nje eba , Yoruba feran , , awon , teletele , , , , ri?

114

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TRADITIONAL YORUBA MEALS - TEXT 1

Igba meta ni awon , Yoruba jeun lojurno. , ,

rna

The Yorubas eat three times a day.

L' aro .nwon , a rna rnu eko , gbigbona


~lu

akara.

In the mornings they usually eat hot Indian corn meal with a deep fat fried bean cake called 'akara.' At noon they usually eat turned yam flour, pounded yam or eba (prepared by pouring gari into boiling water) . These they eat with melon soup, okra soup and good fish.

Ni osan nwon nje oka amola, iyan tabi eba.

. I.
,

Eyi ni nW9n nje , ila ati eja ti

~lu -

obe , , egusi, , dara

T'o ba di owo ale, nwon " , nje , eko , tutu

Towards evening they usually eat cold Indian corn meal.

Baba ni yio k?k9 jT ti 7 , l~hin na iya yio jet

The father will first eat his own, then the mother will eat . She can sit and eat together with the children,_ that they [may] eat together. They usually eat the food while sitting on a mat.

Ie joko pelu awon orno ki nwon

o jo jet t ,

'"

-J

Ori ~ni ni nW9n ti ma j~ onj~ nW9nyi.

115

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Awon enia wa ki ilo agunje tabi I , sibi.


I

Our people do not use either forks or spoons.

Owo ni nwon fi njeun, sugbon " T


, I ,

nwon
I

ri pe owo yi,
,

mo
,

daradara.

They use their hands for eating, but they will see that their hands are very clean ('that this hand, it is very clean').

... ... / .... , Igba meta ni awon , Yoruba ma

, , jeun lojumo. , ,
;'

Ori ~ni ni nW9n ti ma j~ onJ~ ... /, nW9nY1.

/ ,

",

"'.

,v " L' aro , nwon , a

rna

""" mu eko gbigbona I ,

, ........ ''''''~ ," Awon enia wa ki ilo agunje tabi


I

pelu
t

akara.

sibi.
I

" ,

Owo ni nwon fi njeun,

"

"

nW9n 0 ri pe , ;' daradara.

,,'v,.

?W? y1,

"

~ugb9n

..."
,

""t

m9

Eyi ni nW9n nJ~ ~l~ 9b~ ~gusi, ;' , , , ila ati eja , ti 0 dara.
~

"

.,.~.",.

.....

",

,,"

T'o ba di owo ale, nwon nje I' , , I


... '" eko , , tutu.

"t'

""

'" "'....,. Baba ni yio koko je


:::::. ...." '" t

ti~,

....,
,

lehin

......

na iya yio

j~.

'. o J? J7-

le joke, pelu awon orno ki nwon .,

-,. .--

116

YORUBA~

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Igba

__ _

'" rna

Igba meta ni awon Yoruba


t

jeun lojumO. , , eko , , gbigbona pelu akara.


I

------ .

rna

L' aro nwon a __ ,

Ni osan nwon i

--- -----J

iyan tabi eba

-- --nje oka am01a, iyan tabi eba.

Eyi ni ila ati eja ti


~

obe , , eguai, , dara. nwon , nje ,

Eyi ni nW9n nje , ~lu obe ___ ati ti 0 dara. T'o ba di cwo ale,
't

,. -----,
_

T'o __ -- --eko , tutu.

--- ,

-- ---, lehin' ,
na iya yio je. ,

Baba ni yio koko je tie"


I I

--- --o Ie
o jo t

--,
___ ki nwon

o le joko ~1u awon orno -- ---f - -- --.


f

je.
,

Ori eni nwonyi. Awon sibi.


I

onje ,

ni nW9n ti rna

j~

------ .
__ __ agunje tabi

AW9n enia wa ki i10

tabi

OWo , , ni nwon , i njeun, ---------, 0

m9

OWo ni nwon i njeun, sugb9n t ' nwon 0 ri pe owo yi, _ ,

daradara ..

--------.
117

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.
2.

AW9n Yoruba a saba rna j~un ni igba rnelo lojum9? Ni igbawo ni nwon rna mu eko gbigbona pelu akara? t , , Qka am91a tabi iyan asiko wo lojo?

3. 4.

j~ onj~

ti aW9n Yoruba

f~ran

ni

na'ruko obe rneji ti t


I

dara fun iyan ati oka arnola.


,

5.
6.

Ni asiko wo lojumo ni awon Yoruba feran lati rna je eko tutu? , t


I , I I

Tani yio koko jeun ninu iya ati baba?


I I

7.
8.

Nibo ni aw?n Yoruba ti njoko

j~un?

Kinni awon baba nla ati iya nla wa fi njeun? ,

9.

118

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

TRADITIONAL YORUBA MEALS - TEXT 2

Emeta , " ni awon Yoruba rna jeun lojumo. ,


"

The Yorubas usually eat three times a day.

AJ

Laro nwon a rna mu eko gbigbona


~lu

akara.

..

In the mornings they usually eat hot Indian corn meal with akara (deep fat fried bean cake). At noon, they can eat turned yam flour, pounded yam or eba. These they eat with palatable soups such as melon soup, ishakpa soup (a common pot-herb), okra soup or bean soup. Towards evening, they will eat cold Indian corn meal.

Ni osan, nwon Ie je oka amola, , " iyan tabi eba. , Eyi ni nw~n nj~ ~lu ?b ila tabi gbegiri

dara gegebi egusi, iS,apa, ,

..

-...J

teo

T'o'ba di owo ale, , nwon , yio J'e, eko , , tutu.

..
"

Ti nwon ba fe je onje yi, iya


t

yio koko to,ju ti baba fun, , t lehin ,

na

on ati awon omo yio , t

jo joko lati je tiwo.n. I

If they are about to eat this food, the mother will first of all serve the father, then she and the children will sit together to eat their own food. They will eat this food on a mat. They will not use forks or spoons. They will eat it with their hands.

Ori eni ni nwon

ti je onje yi.

"

Nwon ko ni 10 agunjy tabi Ejibi.

OWo ni nwon fi nje.


~

119

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Emeta ~won Yoruba , ", .' ni , 10Jumo. I

"

rna

jeun

" di " owo , ale, , nwon '" yio '" T'o ba ~. ..... "" eko tutu" I ,
,/

j~
T

Lara
f

,,,,

nwon a ma rnu eko , , gbigbona ~lu akara&


(

...

/'

, ba "" " . .., , , '" nwon fe je onJe yi, iya Ti ./' v , ~,/ ! ,. yio koko to,ju ti baba fun, ~ ,- " ' lehin na on ati aW9n orno yio v " j9 joko lati je tiw9n. r
",'"
.... {

<"

Ori eni ni nwon 0 ti je onje yi. I t '

'"

.,.. , , -, OWo ni nwon fi nje. t.

Emeta

'

n~

awon Yoruba __ _

Ti nwon ba fe J'e onJ'e y1 , - - , t

---- -- ---- ---,


eko , , gbigbona lehin na on ati awon orno yio T , t j9 joko lati je tiw9n.

~lu

akara Ori eni ,

onje , yi. tabi

-- ----) ---- -iyan tabi eba. , Eyi ni nW9n nj7 ..-v dara
g~g~bi

oka amola,

Nwon , ko ni 10

----I

~lu

?by t'o ,

ni nwon fi nje.

--- tabi

TiC ba di

9w~

al~,

120

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

----- -- awon , Yoruba rna jeun lojumo. , Laro , nwon a rna rnu --_________ e

---

eko tutu. , Ti nw?n ba f T jr onjr yi, iya yio k9kp t9ju ti baba

, nw?n yio

j~

--.J

fun,

l~hin na -- --- ---- --~ yio j9 joko lati jT tiwqn.

Ni osan, nwon , Ie je , ____ tabi .

--- -----,
Ori eni ni nwon 0 -- -- I -_.

Eyi ni nw?n nj~ ~lu --v gegebi egusi, I , ila tabi gbegiri .

Nw?n -

agunj~

tabi

~ibi.

OWo ni
~

1.

Igba

ni awon Yoruba rna jeun 10jumo.

2.

Akara ati kinni awnn Yoruba rna je l'aro?


T "

.'

3. 4.

Kinni nkan meta ti awon Yoruba 1e je ni osan? , . Da'ruko obe merin ti awon Yoruba 1e 10 fun awon onje w9nyi.
I ' . '

..

5.
6.

Kinni awon Yoruba rna je ni ale? I . ,cwo . , si fun onje jije yi? Ona wo ni nwon , npin ara won yio ti je onje na? Nibo ni nwon I na? Kinni nwon n10 lati fi je onje I
I
I

7.
8.

121

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

HAVING COMPANY - TEXT 1

Ni ile Yoruba a ki nso fun enia wipe 'Wa si'le mi wa jeun ale, , tabi 'Mo fe ri <;> 1qsan, wa mi. 9 san lodo
I

......

j~un

In Yoruba land, we don't usually say to a person, 'Come to my house for dinner' or 'I want to see you at noon, come and eat lunch with me. ' But if a friend goes to visit his friend at home, whatever food he finds in the house of that man is what he will eat, [be it] at noon or in the evening. And if he goes in the morning, whatever he finds at their house is what he will eat.

Sugbon ti ore kan t'o ba 10


I

ki ore re n'ile, onje ti ., I ba ni ile arakunrin


I I

ba

y~n

ohun
t

na ni yio je l'osan tabi l'ale.

B'o ba si jepe l'aro na 1'0 10,


I

nkan t'o ba ba lodo nwon ni yio


j~.

T'o ba di asiko odun gegebi , keresimesi, awon Yoruba feran lati ma pa eran ati lati ma se onje gegebi iresi tabi amola

..

. ,'. tabi iyan.


ni nwon

At the time of any festival, such as Christmas, the Yoruba people love to kill animals and to cook foods like rice, turned yam-flour or pounded yam.

Ohun ti alejo yi abi aW9n t'o ba wa ki nwon ba ba nkan na t


0

je.

Whatever this guest or those to whom he has come to visit get, that is what they will eat. It is equally true during the naming ceremony.

B""" 7 gan ni ni asiko igbe'yawo tabi omo siso l'oruko.


I

122

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ni ile } '" wipe " tabi , "osan


/

...

""" nso fun enia Yoruba a ki twa si'l~ mi wa jeun ale ' ' ..-; '" ..., wa jeun 'Mo fe rl. 0 lqsan, " mi. , lodo
./

"-

'"

.
/

......

...........

/'

./
I

T'o ba di asiko odun gegebi , ....... "" .... keresimesi, awon Yoruba feran '" . Iatl. rna pa Tran atl. 1atl. ma ~e /, " '" ..... / ........ on)e. gegebi iresi tabi amola " , tabi l.yan.
./

'/./"

.
I

./

.///

..

."..

,/.

/'

..,
/
/ ,/

.
/

, /.... / ' Sugbon ti ore kan teo ba 10 " , .. ... "'/ , //' ki ore re n'ile, onje ti 0 ba " , ba ni ile arakunrin y~n ohun ~ na ni yio je l'osan tabi l'ale. I' .
.....

.
/

.
~

/'

/v

"

,,/

~" ..."...../..... Ohun ti a1ejo yi abi aW9n teo , '< /' ~ ~ b'a wa k l. nwon ba ba nkan na , / , nl. nW9n 0 J~.

B'a ba si
,/

,...,
,./
".

" nwon ni nkan teo ba ba lodo yio j~.

" na 1'0 10, JTpe l'aro

B~

..c,..,

gan ni ni asiko igbe'yawo tabi ~ omo 91.S0 1 ,~' oruko t ,

, , ...........

,,/

''''

""" ns? fun enia Ni i1~ Yoruba a ki wipe twa si'le mi wa jeun ale,' tabi' __ __ _ __ _ t _

T'o ba di

___ ---. , awon Yoruba feran lati rna pa eran ati __ __ ------ ----- tabi amo1a I tabi iyan.

, .

---- --.
I

Sugbon ti ore kan t'o ba 10 --- -- -----, onje ti 0 ba ba ni ile arakunrin yen ohun na ni yio je l'osan tabi l'ale.

Ohun ti alejo yi

___

-- ---- -- -- nkan na ni nwon 0 J'e.


I

I'

B'o ba si

j~pe

1'---

B~

"" ,.., gan ni omo siso l'oruko.

tabi

nkan teo ba ba lodo nwon ni yio jet

'"

123

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ni

il~

Yoruba a ki nso fun enia

"'-

wipe

----- -- --

T'o ba di asiko odun gegebi keresimesi. awon Yoruba feran -- -- ---- ati 1ati ma se onje. gegebi iresi tabi amo1a tabi iyan.

..

tabi 'Mo fe ri 9 1qsan. wa , lodo san mi. 9

j~un

,..

Sugbon ti ore kan t'o ba 10 ki ore re n'ile. ----" _________ --_ ohun

Ohun ti a1ejo yi abi aW9n teo ba wa ki nW9n ba ba __

na ni yio je l'osan tabi l'a1e.

I'

"" gan ni ni asiko Be


B'o ba si jepe l'aro na 1'0 10, nkan t'o ba ba 10do nwon
_____ e

._______
,.."

---- tabi

1'

1.
2.

Da'rukp 9kan ninu aw~n ohun ti ki i saba ~e a~a aW9n Yoruba. Iru onj~ wo ni a1ejo ti 0 ba 1? ki ore ., re na?

"Y

~r~

r 7 yio j7 ni i1e

3. 4.

Kinni awon 1ati ma I se ni. asiko odun keresimesi? . Yoruba feran , , Ni asiko meji wo ni awon Yoruba tun feran 1ati ma se inawo?
I ,

124

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

HAVING COMPANY - TEX'r 2

Gegebi a~a Yoruba, a so fun e" enia pe, 'Me fe ri c n~ile mi lale yi lati wa jeun,\ tabi 'Wa
I ,

kI

II

si'le mi l'~san lati wa j~un.'


~ugb?n

According to the Yoruba custom, we do not usually say to a person, ~I want to see you in my house this evening for dinner' or 'Come to my house at noon to eat . ' But if a visitor goes to greet a host, whatever he (the visitor) sees at the hostes place is what he will eat. Be it in the morning, which is the time for eating hot Indian corn meal, that is what he (the visitor) will eat. Be it at noon or in the evening, whatever he sees at that time is what he will eat. But during an annual festival or marriage ceremony or child naming ceremony, whatever the hosts cook is what the visitors will eat.

bi alejo ba 19 ki onile, ohun t'o ba ba lodo re gan, T. , ohun na leon na 0 f'enu pal
I

Kiba~epe l'aro, ni, t'o jepe eko , ,.

mimu ni) ohun ti on na

mu nUl

-'

Iba?epe l'?san ni tabi l'al~, ohun t' 0 ba ba n' gbana gan ni yio
~ugb?n
j~.

l'asiko 9dun tabi igba igbe'yawo tabi qm~ sis9 l'orukp, ohunkohun ti aW9n onile ba se ohun na ni alejo

yio jf(. Nigbayi nW9n a ma pa


~ran,

nwqn

a si ma se onj~ 1?P?l9P Q fun aW9n alejo.

At this time, they usually kill animals, and they usually cook a lot of food for the guests.

125

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

-",'" " , Gegebi a~a Yoruba, a ki . so , fun , " 0 n'ile ... mi enlci pe, Mo fe ri ....." '" lale yi lati wa jeun,' tab!
I
".

.... ~ Iba~epe

,
,

'" "'" ' ' ' ' , ... l'osan ni tabi l'al~,
j~.
/"
;'

",

si'l~ mi l'~san lati w~ j~un.'


... , ... alejo ba " " / 10 ki " onile, Sugbon bi ohun teo ba ba 1~d9 re gan, .... , -,.. ohun na l'on na 0 f'enu pa,

'wa
..

ohun t'o ba ba n'gban~ gan ni yio

~ugb?n l'asiko 9dun tabi igba :, ..... ,


~gbe

...

./""

," yawo
""

tabi

qm~

sis9

'" " 1 ,' oruk9, ohunkohun ti ,aW9n

,~ , "'Z, Kiba~epe l'aro, ni, t'o jepe eko, ... ... ,_ A" mimu ni, ohun ti on na 0 mu nu,
~

. ..

onile ba se ohun na ni alejo .... yio j-r.

-'-,

,.

Grg~bi a~a

Yoruba, - -- -- --__ , 'Mo fe ri 0 n'ile mi


I

~ugb?n

l'asiko 9dun tabi igba igbe'yawo _ ba se ohun na ni alejo

lale yi lati wa jeun,' tabi 'Wa si'le mi l'~san lati wa j~un.'

_______ , ohunkohun ti aW9n


onil~

yio j-r. Sugbon bi alejo ba 10 ki onile,

ohun teo ba ba l~d~ r~ gan,

Nigbayi nW9n a ma pa

~ran,

-- ---- -- - ----- --. -------- ----- --"


mimu ni, ---- --

-- -- - -- --,

teo jepe eko

126

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

------ --, a k! s9 fun enia pe, 'Mo fe ri 0 n'i1e rni 1a1e yi 1ati wa jeun,' tabi '- ,
I

------- 1'

1'

ohun t' 0 ba ba n' gbana gan ni yio j~. 9ugbpn 1' _

----- -- ------ ---- -- ----e

Sugbon bi a1ejo ba 10 ki oni1e,

--- -- -- ---- -- ---,


0

ohun na l'on na
Kiba~epe

f'enu pa,
I

--------- tabi qrn9 sis9 l' oruk 9, ohunkohun ti aW9n onile ba se ohun na ni a1ejo yio je. Nigbayi ---, nwqn

l'ar9 ni,
0

_
-' rnu nUl

______ , ohun ti on na

a si rna se onj, 1?P?19P Q fun aW9n a1ejo.

1. 2.

Ki i~e a~a awon Yoruba 1ati

S?

fun enia pe kinni?


j~?

Kinni alejo ti 0 ba 19 ki onile yio Igba wo ni a ki ba enia ni a1ejo?

3.
4.

Asiko rn~ta wo ni awyn Yoruba rna pa E!ran ti nwqn si rna ~e inawo l0P91opo?

127

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MENUS AND MEALTIME-SUPPLEMENTARY TEXT

Igba I meta ni awon , , Yoruba feran lati

rna

jeun. ,

The Yoruba people like to eat three times.

Onje ekinni l'anpe n1 onje aro,

onje osan 1'0 si keji, lehin na, onje


I

.....,

al~.

The first meal is what we call breakfast, and lunch is the second, [and] after that ' d l.nner. In the morning the Yoruba people usually eat hot Indian corn meal with a kind of deep fat fried cake which is delicious. In the afternoon they can eat turned yam flour with melon soup or bean soup.

Ni aro awon Yoruba a ma mu ekn T


I ,

gbigbona ~lu akara tlo gbadun.

T'o ba di osan, nwon oka , Ie je .' amola Wlu obe egusi tabi obe

. ...

gbegiri. I Nwon , Ie jet iyan


~lu

.,

obe

..

i~apa.

They can eat pounded yam with ishakpa soup (a common potherb) . Then they can also eat eba (prepared by pouring gari into boiling water) with melon soup, which is good with stockfish and fleshy meat. At other times they always eat things that are suitable to their needs.

Lehin na nwon si tun Ie je eba

~lu

~lu

. ..'
I

obe egusi, eyi t'o dara panla at'eran tlo niP9n.

Tlo ba di igba miran, nW9n a je nkan ti

rna

ba ara nwon mu.

'

1/9na/

corrected to /igba/ by the speaker.


128

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nw?n a si tun ma j7 ~kq tutu ni ale. , Awon baba ni yio koko joko je , , I t onje , tiwon: , Ie je tire. lehin na, iya

They also usually eat cold Indian corn meal at night.

The father will first eat his food: then the mother may eat her own.

Nw~n

a si tun pin onj1 yi fun awon omode.


, I I

They then divide this food among the children.

" .... Igba


'.

~ " ..... /' "" meta ni awon Yoruba feran lati rna jeun.
, I

, .. .... , T'o ba di igba miran, nwer n a rna , .,je mu. , nkan ti 0 ba ara nwon I
/

OnJ~ ekinni l'anpe n~ onJ~ ar9'

....

-'

..... / '

t:

~"

onj~ 9san 1'0 sl keji, l~hin ~ ". ale. ~ na, onJe


I

" tun " " ma je Nwon a si tutu ekq I ~ /' n~ ale. ,


/'

, ~ '''' " Ni ar? awon Yoruba a rna mu ~k9


"

gb1goona ~lu akara t' ~ gb'd~n.

Awon baba ni yio koko joko je , , I ,., ... ",' onje tiwon: lehin na, iya , , t " . ~ le je t~r~

"

./

T'o ba di osan, nwon l'e je ok~


" ,,,

" ..... ., '" .... ., " amola ~lu obe egusi tabi obe gbegiri .

",

Nw~n

..
I

.,

.,

a si tun pin onJ yi fun 1 awon omode.


, I

....

'"

/'.

,.. , .... Lehin na nwon si tun Ie je eba

~lu obe ~gusi,

pelu

'a~la P

t'o dara at'eran teo nl p on.

eyI

129

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Igba

meta ni awon Yoruba


I

Igba

__ _

feran

lati ma jeun .

Onj~ ekinni l'anpe ni onje ~o, t

Onj~ ekinni l'anpe -- ---- ---,

na, onje ale. Ni aro awon Yoruba a ma mu eko gbigbona t'o gbadun.
, f

. .

----, lehin I

onje osan 1'0 si keji, lehin I ...., , na, ---, Ni aro awon Yoruba - -_. -- ----pelu akara t'o gbadun.

-.

T'o ba di osan, nwon le je oka .' amola pelu ---

T'o ba di 9 san , __ __ _____ ~lu obe egusi tabi abe ,.. T ,


1

gbegiri. I
~lu

Nwon __ __ _

obe

i~apa.

NW?n Ie

j~

iyan

Lehin na nwon __

obe egusi, eyi t'o dara . ,.' pelu panla at'eran , . t'o nipon. .
~lu

__ __ _ __

Lehin na nwon , si tun le je eba , ________ , eyi tlo dara pelu panla at'eran t'o niP9n.

T'o

_
0

je , nkan ti
Nw~n

nwon a ma. I ba ara nwon , mu.

----- ,

T'o ba di igba miran,

a si --- -- -- ~k~ tutu ni ale. , _ lehin na, iya t


tir~

Nwon a si tun ma je

Awon , Ie je

---- -----i

Awon , baba ni yio koko , , joko je , onje tiwoni lehin na, _


, t

--- ---- -- fun awon , omode. , ,

Nwqn a si tun pin omode. , ,

130

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Igba rne10 ni awon Yoruba feran 1ati rna jeun lojumo? " Da' ruk 9 onje ti awon Yoruba rna je ni aro. " " Ni igbawo ni awqn Yoruba f~ran lati rna j7 iyan p~lu ~ka am?la? Obe wo ni 0 dara fun iyan?
, I

2.

3. 4.

5.

Obe , rneji wo ni 0 dara fun 9ka amqla? Kinni aW9n Yoruba f~ran lati rna j7 ni al~? Tani yio koko jeun, iya ni tabi baba?
I, I

6.

7.

131

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

STRANGER IN TOWN - TEXT 1

'Alejo to ba f'oru wo'lu, , igida ni yio je.'


I

An uninvited guest seldom meets a welcome. ('A stranger that enters a town late in the night, nothing it is he will eat.') This is not true of any stranger that enters Awe. When any stranger reaches Awe late at night, the first thing which he will do is to go to the chief, and say, 'I am a stranger and my car has broken down on the road.' The chief will be very glad to see him and they (the household) will provide food for him, without doubt. But if he is a Christian, if he wants, he can go to the pastor who lives in the town~ similarly, he will entertain him well.

Oro alejo t'o ba 10 s'Awe ko.


, " I

Nigbati alejo ba de Awe loru,

ekinni ohun ti yio koko se

ni pe k'o 10 sodo bale, wipe 'Alejo ni mi 0, 9k9 mi si baj~ loju ona.'

Inu bal~ yio dun PUp?, lati ri, nW9n


0

si t9ju onj~ fun lai~e

ani ani.
~ugbpn

eyiti

ba

j~pe

onigbagbp

ni, b'o ba f T, 0 le l? si 9d9 oniwasu teo wa ni ilu na~ bakanna, nwqn yio

fe

l'alejo

dada.

132

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

.... ,/" "' ','/ 'Alejo to ba f'oru w? lu, igid~ ni yio j~.'
,/'

" Inu

bal~

,,-""" yio " dun " PUp?, lati ri,

nW9n 6 si t9ju onj~ f~ l~i~e " -: an1. " ~ an1


~ugb?n
"/'

. tWo ba ?r9 ale]o

'"
/

.....

,/,/

10 s'Awe ko. ' ,.

~/,/

Nigbati alejo ba de Awe loru, , ekinni ohun ti yio koko , se


,/

.....,/

,/

,/../

;'

..;

ni ~ k'o 10 s?de? bal~, wipe ... ' .... '" " " ni mi / 'Alejo 0, 9k9 mi si baj~ loju

,/

eyiti 0 ba j~pe onigbagbp , I' ". / I' " .... ni, b 0 ba fe, 0 le 10 si ndo T, /. "'...... , " ni / " , ,.. oniwasu tWo wa ilu nat bakann~, nwon yio s~ l'~lejd J dada.

,r

,/

....

ona.'

'Alejo to ba f'oru wo'lu, ,

----- --

---

, --.

~ugb?n

eyiti 0 ba j~pe __ , b'o ba f , -

Oro alejo t' 0 ba I ,

'.

------- tWo wa ni ilu nat bakanna, nW9n yio fe l'alejo dada.

Nigbati alejo ba de Awe loru, ekinni ohun ti yio koko , se ni pe _ , wipe

'Alejo ni mi loju ona.'

0,

9k9 mi si baj~

Inu bal~ yio dun pup?, lati ri, ---- --ani ani.

laise .

133

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

----- -- -- ----- -----,


igida ni yio
j~.'

--- ---- --- --- ----, ---- --,

nW9n 0 5i t9ju onj~ fun lai~e ani ani. eyiti 0 ba


j~pe

Oro
'

ko.
I

~ugbpn

onigbagbp

------- --- -- -- --Nigbati ekinni ohun ti yio koko , se ni pe k'o 10 sodo bale, wipe , " ' 'Alejo ni mi 0, 9k9 mi si baj~ loju pna.'

ni, b'o ba f T, 0 Ie l~ si

9d 9

--:

. .

bakanna, nwon yio se l'alejo

dada.

1.
2.

Kinni owe Yoruba s9 nipa alejo ti 0 ba fi oru wolu? ,


"'"' Nje alejo ti 0 ba 10 si . Awe 10ru yio ni ito,ju? ,

3.

4.

Kinni ohun kinni ti 0 ye ki alejo se ti 0 ba de si Awe 10ru? " , Bawo ni bale yio se gba a1ejo na?
, I

5.

Lodo tani a1ejo ti 0 ba je onigbagbo Ie 10 bi 0 ba fe?


I " "

134

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

STRANGER IN TOWN - TEXT 2

Nigbati alejo ba wo Awe, papa julo I t t nigbati oko re ba_ baJ'e 10J'u nna , , , t T ti 0 si jinna si
AW~,

ohun ti

yio k?k9 ~e ni wipe, k'o lQ s'qd9 oniwasu ilu na. Tlo ba ti S9 fun wipe, bayi bayi ni oro mi ri, awon oniwasu yi
t

When a stranger comes to Awe, especially when his car breaks down along the road close to Awe, the first thing for him to do is to go to the pastor in the town.

If he tells him (the pastor) his problems, this pastor will provide food for him.

yio toju onje fun.

~ugbo.n bi b~kO., 0 Ie 10 s'odo


"

bale, , yio tun so bakanna, idi ti on fi wa si ilu ni


a~iko

. .
-v

yi.

On the other hand, he can go to the chief, and he will narrate, in the same way, the reason why he came to the town at this time. The chief will provide food for him as well as a place where he will sleep. The foods that he will preparethey will be foods that are suitable for him.

Bale yio t?ju yio sun.

'"

onj~

fun ati ibiti

Aw?n onj~ ti yio t9ju, nW9n 0 je onje ti 0 ba lara mu.


AJ
I

135

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati alejo ba wo Awe, papa Julo I' , / ,'/ " \, /' ...... /'1 /' ........ " "'nigbati oko re ba baJe oJu qna

'"

\"

\,/

-."

"\,.-~

ci si jinna si AW(' ohun ti /' ,,/' . ('" ,~ , 'd" yio k?k9 S!e n~ Wl.pe, k 0 lQ s 9 9
t{ onl.wasu l.lu na. T'o ba ti s9 fun wipe, bayi bayi nl. ~r9 ml. rl., aW9n oniwasu yi yio tojti onje , fUh.
\" /, \ /../, v'
~~, ~

"

',,'

'/4'

/'

'" \ yio t?'ju Bale '/ . Yl.O sun.


/'

onJ~

fun ati ibiti

/~

/--

Awon

. je

onJ~ onJ~
/

t{ yio ti
/
/

ba lara mu

/~

t6j~, nW9n

."

,/

/..;;,;,/,/ v

"

..;'

9u g b ?n
~

./

bi b~kb~
,

0 l~

10 s' odo
I

"
/

so bakanna, idi bale, , y~ tun /~ //," v' ti oil fi w( si ilu ni asiko yi.
\

A.'",:,

Nigbati alejo ba W? AW7 , ti si jinna si Awe, , ohun ti yio k?k9 S!e ni wipe, k'o lQ s'9d9 _______ ilu na. -0

-."

Nigbati loju qna

---J papa julo ,

nigbati ?k9 rr ba_bajy loju qna ti 0 si jinna si Awe, , ohun ti yio , k'o lQ s'odo oniwasu ilu na. Tlo ba ti S9 fun wipe, -- --- -- --, aW9n oniwasu yi yio toju onje fun.

..

T'o ba ti S9 fun wipe, bayi bayi ni oro mi ri, , yio toju onje fun. Sugbon bi beko,
-.I

,.

..

9ugbo.n bi b~kO.,
bal~,

____ , yio tun so bakanna, idi ti on fi wa si ilu ni asiko yi.

Ie 10 s'odo I " , idi

ti on fi wa si ilu ni asiko yi.

yio t?ju yio sun.

ati ibiti

'" Bal~

yio t?ju

onj~

""" ati fun

--- ---.

Awon onje ti yio toju, nwo,n


"

Aw~n

onj~

ti yio t9ju, ti
0

je onje ti 0 -- ---- - - .

ba lara mu.

"-'

136

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Kinni okan ninu ohun ti o 1e mu ki a1ejo wo Awe , 10ru?


I

...,

2.

Kinni o Yff fun a1ejo yi 1ati se bi o ba ti de i1u?


I

3. 4.

Odo tani a1ejo yi tun 1e 10?


I I

5.

Bawo ni awon enia nwonyi yio tise , gba a1ejo na? , lru onje wo ni nwc;n yio toju fun alejo na?

137

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

STRANGER IN TOWN - TEXT

Awon , agbalagba rna powe . wipe, ni yio jE(.

alejo t'o f'oru w~'lu, igida

Qr~ bi t'Aw~ k<;>.

The elders usually give the proverb, 'An uninvited guest seldom meets a welcome.' ('A stranger who late at night enters the town, nothing it is he will eat. ) This is not true of Awe.

Nigbati alejo ba de Awe ni oru, akoko k' 0 ko 10 si odo oniwasu.

..

When a stranger reaches Awe at night, first he should go to the pastor

Nigbati

ba s9 fun idi ti
0

fi p~ on k'on

to de'lu,

nwpn yio gba t9w9 t~s~. Bi beko,


, I

When he tells him (the pastor) the reason why he is so late to reach the town, he will be whole-heartedly received. On the other hand, he can go to the chief and say the same thing. The chief will prepare food and a house and a good bed for him. After he has done these things, he (the chief) can tell the stranger to feel at home ('to do well with the members of the house').

Ie 10, si odo bale


" .

k'o s9 bakanna.

B~l~ yio t?ju onj~ ati ile ati ibusun dada fun.

Nigbati

ba se iwonyi tan,
I I

le pe ara

r~

ni alejo ti

dada ~lU awon Yio si se ara ile.

138

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" " " rna - ,powe , wipe, Aw?n agba1agba , ",.", , a1ejo t'o f'oru w?'1u, igida
//

ni yio je. ,

,.

Bal~ yio t?ju o~J~ ati i1~ ati


ibusun dada fun. Nigbati a1ejo ba de Awe ni ,. oru, ~oko , k'o ko 10 , si odo oniwasu.
"
/

-"
"

,.

",'/,."

....

",

'"

"

"""

;'

;'

/"

.....

"

Nigbati 0 ba 1e pe ara
,/

",/"

~e
... r~

iwpnyi tan, 0
/...

....

ni a1ejo ti , ""'.......... '" " yio si se dada ~1u awon ,

.....

Nigbati 0 ba s9 fun idi ti 0 , ," - " -" , .... fi P7 on k'on 0 to de'1u, nwon yio gb~ tow~ t~s~. , " T,

,,,

".

/'-

ara 1.1e.

. ,

Aw?n ni yio je. ,

powe wipe,

Bale ibusun dada fun.

ati i1e ati

a1ejo t'o f'oru w?'1u, igida

Nigbati 0 ba I se , iwonyi tan , 0 1e pe ara r~ ni a1ejo ti yio si se I

Nigbati alejo ba

---, akoko , k'o ko 10 si odo oniwasu.

..

.,

Nigbati

ba s9 fun idi ti 0

fi P7 on k'on 0 to de'lu, nw?n yio gba

s9 -------.

139

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Aw?n agbalagba rna powe wipe, ----- --- ----- -----, igida ni yio je. , Qr9 bi t'

Bi beko, 0 Ie 10 - k'o s9 bakanna.

_
.AW~

---- , ---

Nigbati alejo ba de

ni

oru, ak?k9 _-- -- -- si odo oniwasu.

Nigbati -_ __

ba

iwpnyi tan, _ __ __ ti

~e

..

yio si se dada ~lu awon , ara ile.


0

Nigbati _ __ __ fi
~

idi ti
0

nwpn yio gba t9w9 t~s~.

. on k'on

to de'lu,

1.

2.

3.

4.
5.
6.

OWe wo ni aW9n agbalagba saba pa nipa alejo ti 0 ba fi oru wolu? Nje owe yi ba a1ejo ti 0 ba losi Awe mu? Kinni nkan ti 0 ye ki alejo ti 0 ba f'oru wo "'" Awe ~e? Bawo ni aW9n ara Awe yio tise gba alejo ti irin ati oro enu , re ba dara?

rna

-..
,.

..

Odo tani alejo yi Ie tun In?


I ,

Kinni awon nkan ti nwon yio toju fun alejo yi? I . ,

140

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

WOMEN'S WORK AT HOME - TEXT 1

Ni aiye ije10, awon obinrin ni nw~n j~ opo ninu ile. Nigbati ~k9 nwc;>n ba 1<;> si oko, aw?n 0 t9ju i1e. Nwon yio gba1e. Nw9n 0 fo aso.
I

In the past, women were the pillars in the home. When their husbands go to the farm, they are to take care of the house. They will sweep the floor. They will wash the clothes. They will wash dishes or the calabashes with which they serve food. Before their husband returns, they will have prepared soup for him. When he returns, they will be the first to serve food before him, and they will also serve him water. Then they will see to it that the children are in clean condition. They will put clothes on them. They will then sweep the floor and inside their rooms.

NWon

fo awo tabi igba ti nwon fi jeun.


0
t I

'Ki oko nwon k'o to de, nwon o ti toju obe si1e fun.
I

Nigbat'o ba de, awon ni yio koko gbe onje siwaju rei , nwon 0 si b' omi tI.
I

o Lehinna, nwon 0 ri pe awon . o.m " nwon wa ni imototo.

Nwon 0 wo nwon 1aso.


I I

Nw9n 0 si gba
nwon jade

il~

ati inu yara

141

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ni aiye 1je10, awon ob1nrin ni / ./, / (/ I nw~n J~ opo n1nu i1e. N1gbat1 9k9 nW9n ba 1e;> 8i oko, " v aW9n 0 t9Ju ile.
I /

I'

\...

'\

\/...

." b' " b" '" awon n1 .. ( koko v" N1g at I 0 a de, Y10 1'. I' " , / , " \ " 9 b e onJe s1waJu re, nwon 0 a1 ~ " b'omi tie
I I

'\

I'

I'

L~hinna,

"A

Nwon

Y10
/

gba1e.
I

/" ,\ nW9n 0 r1 pe awqn ?mq / \ r .. nwon wa n1 1mototo.


/11

Nwon
I

wo nwon laso.

NW9n NWon

fo aso.
I I

,
\

' ,/ . b I I tab1 fo awo 19 a tl. I / nwon fi jeun.

Nwon 0 si gba il~ ati inu yara . I'de. nwon Ja


,/

Xi 9kC? nW9n k I 0 to de, /nwon 1" _. / , /. / b' , o tl. tOJu 0 e s11e fun.

I'

Ni aiye ije10,
nw~n j~

ni

Nigbat 1 0 ba de, awcrn ni yio --- onj~ siwaju


b --I

_
0

--_ ninu i1e.

rr'

nwon

ai

cit

Nigbati C?k9 nW9n ba le;> 8i ---, awon 0

L~hinna,

nW9n 0 ri pe awqn ____ wa ni ... __

Nwon yio NW9n 0 fo

---

Nwon

wo nwon

Nwon 0 fo --- tabi nwon i jeun.

-----

ti

N'W9n 0 si gba _-- ati inu yara nwon ----.

Ki 9kC? nW9n k'o to de, nw~n o ti aile fun


142

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ni ---- -----, awon obinrin ni nw~n j~ opo ninu Nigbati --- nwon ba 10 ai oko,
I I

Nigbat'o ba de, awon ni yio


I

_
0

gbe onje ------ rei' nwon b' omi tit


I

ai

aW9n

t9ju ile.

Lehinna, nwon
I

ri pe awon

Nwon , yio Nw9n


0

wa ni imototo

-----.
NWon
I

--

nwon laso.
. , I

Nwon Nwon 0 fo awo tabi ---- ti nwon fi Ki --- nwon k'o to de, nwon o ti obe fun.

ai

ile ati

nwon jade.

--- ----

1.

Ni igba lailai, nibo ni awon obinrin aaba rna wa nigbati oko " nwon , ba 10 , ai oko?

-I

2.

Kinni iee awon obinrin ninu ile?


I

3. 4.

Kinni nwon yio toju aile fun oko nwon?

".
.

So awon ohun ti nwo,n yio se bi awon oka nwon bati ti aka de.
T

"

5.

143

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

WOMEN'S WORK AT HOME - TEXT 2

Laiye ijelo,l aW9n obinrin ni opo ile. Nigbati 9k9 ba 19 8i oko, awon ni yio rnu ile lawo.
I

In the past, women were the pillars of the horne. When the husbands went to the farm, they would be the ones to hold the house ('to care for the house'). They would sweep the floor out, then they would put in order their rooms. Calabashes, dishes and dirty utensils - all these they will wash cleanly.

Nwon 0 gbale jade~lehinna nwon o tun iyara nwon see Igba, awo ati ohun elo ti 0 doti - gbogbo re ni nwon o fo tonitoni.
I '

Lehinna, nwon 0 pe awnn ornn I T ."T nw<;>n, nwon 0 we fun nwon. Ki C?k,? k'o to ti oko de, nwon o ti toju onJ'e fun.

Then they would call their children in order to bathe them. Before the husband arrived from the farm, they would have prepared food for him. They would go to the river to fetch water. They would also see that their open space (house surroundings) or the backyards are very clean.

Nwon

10
I

si odo lati pon'mi.


,

Nwon 0 si ri pe, ita tab! ekuJe nW9n, 0 m9 tonitoni.

l/ajelo/ should be /ijelo/.

144

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

/,/ " " v La1.ye ijelo, "I I opO ile.

~won oblnrin ni

.
I

/. 1nna, ~ /, Leh nwon 0 pe awnn omn f T T " fun " nwon. nwon, nwon 0"we
" "to " ti Xi oko klo
" /. " o ti t9Ju

N1gbati 9k9 ba 19 81 oko, aW9n I v ,; I I ni Y10 mu ile lowo.

,,/

"

onJ~
I.

~ fun.

0k0

I d e, nwon

Nwon 0 gbale jade 9 lehinna nwon I I' V \. / o tun iyara nwon see I
I , ". " t1. I 0I Igba, awo at1. 0 h un " elo \. I \. dot1 - gbogbo re ni nwon I I ( " .( o fo ton1.ton1..
I

v,

I'

Nwon f

"

10

" odo " ponlmi. " lati si

/ \. I' \. I " \ / '. ri pe, Nwon ita tabi ekule , 0 81. ,; I / I I { nw?n, 0 mo ton1.ton

,;

Laiye ijelo,

awon obinrin ni

.
I

Xi oko klo to ti o ti t9ju _ Nwon

--- --,

nwon
I

Nigbati --- ba 19 8i oko, aW9n ni yio mu --- lowo.

10

si odo lati

.;

Nwon 0 - - - - - jade 9 lehinna nwon o tun ----- nwon see I Igba,


o fC?

I.
0

Nw<;>n 0 ai ri pe, nw?n, 0 mc;>

tabi _

ati ohun elo ti

---- - gbogbo r 7 ni nW9n

LThinna, nW9n nwc;>n, nwc;>n


0

pe aW9n
--

fun nwqn.

145

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Laiye ije10, opO ile.

-~--

------- ni
aw~n

Lehinna) nwon , ,

__

awnn T

nw<;>n, nwc;>n 0 __ fun

nw~n.

Nigbati 9k9 ba 19 ai oko, ni yio -- --- lowo.


I

Xi --- k' 0 to ti oko -- , nwon o ti ---- onje fun.


I

Nwon o
I

gbale

,1ehinna nwon nwon see


.

N"W9n

1<;> si --- 1ati

N"Wc;>n ----, awo ati ---- --- ti 0 doti - gbogbo re ni nwon o fo tonitoni.
I
I

ai ri pe, ita
0

nW9n,

tonitoni.

1.

Idi wo ni a i so , wipe awon , obinrin ni opo ile ni aiye ijelo? So , awon , ohun ti awon obinrin yio se ninu i1e nigbati oko , , nwon ba 10 ai oko. , Kinni itoju won lori awon orno won?

2.

3. 4.

Asiko igba wo ni nwon yio toju , onje ti oko , ' won . yio je?

146

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

WOMEN'S WORK AT HOME - TEXT

Awon obinrin ni opo ile ni iI, I Yoruba. Nigbati oko ba 10 si oko, ise tiw9n ni lati gba il~ ile nW9n, ki 0 rn9 tonitoni.
" I , ,

The women are the pillars of a home in Yoruba land. When the husband goes to the farm, it is their duty to sweep the floor of their home so it may be very neat. Then they will take care of their children. They will bathe them. They will collect calabashes, plates, and clothes and their utensils - all of them will they wash. Before the husband returns from the farm they will prepare his food. When he enters, they will place the food before him. After he has eaten, he will be breathing leisurely ('he will take it easy').

Lehinna. nwon 0 toju awon lmo, , nwon 0 we , fun nW9n. Nwon , 0 ko igba, awo ati afjq ati ohun elo ti nwon nlo - gbogbo re ni nwon 0 fOe
I

..
I

'.

Ki oko k' 0 to t' oko de, nwon o ti toju onje sile.


I I

Nigbati 0 ba ai wc;>le, nwqn gbe onje ka iwaju re.


I ,

T'o ba ti jeun tan, yio rna f":" l ' m:L :Ln.

lItumo Imi finl ati Igbaf~/ je bakanna.

147

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

'" " in n1.' opo \. / 1.'le/ n1.~ i1e' Awon ob1.nr I Yoruba.
1'1 Nl.gbat1. oko oko t iae , ba 10 81. I '1/ e tiwc;>n ni lati gba il~ 1. / / ( / ( ~ / nW9n, kl. 0 mo ton1.ton1..
/

K1. 9kp k'o to t'oko de, nW9n I , I. / I, (1' o t1. tOJu onJe a1 e. ,

1 / /

.
/

.... / Nigbati o ba 81. wole, nwon , , . / . / rea gbe onJ~ ka 1.waJu ,


I

/,,,

/
I /

VI'\.
I

Lehinna, nwon 0 toju awon t /, nwon 0 we , fun nwon.

9rn~t

T' ~ be: ti jeun t'n, ylO rna I ~ I m1. fin.

I v, "" " . Nwon 0 ko 1.gba, awo at1. a~9 " atl. ,,/ / /, ohun elo ti nwon n10 - gbogbo I , ni nwon 0 fOe

.
I

re

Awon
I

ni opo ile ni i1e

Yoruba. Nigbati --- ba 10 8i oko, tiw9n ni lati gba --- --nW9n, ki 0 m9 toni toni. Lehinna, nwon 0 ---- awo,n t nwon 0 we , fun nW9n. ,

Nigbati 0 ba ai wole, nwon ___ onje ka rea


I

T'o ba ti jeun tan, yio rna I

Nwon 0 ko ---- , awo ati --- ati ____ --- ti nwc;>n n10 - gbogbo re ni nwon 0 fOe
I I

Ki --- k'o to t'oko de, nW9n o ti aile.


I

148

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Awon , obinrin ni Yoruba. Nigbati tiw9n nW9n,

ni ile ,

oko ba 10 ise " , -- ---a ' ni lati --- il~ _ ki 0 rn9

..

Xi oko k' 0 to ----- de, nwon , o ti toju sile. Nigbati gbe

..

ba

si ----, nwon ka iwaju re. , yio

Lrhinna, nW9n 0 ---- aW9n ~rn~J nwc;>n 0 - - fun nW9n. NWo.n 0 ko ----, --- ati aso , ati ohun elo ti nw9n n10 - gbogbo re ni nwon 0 __

T'o ba ti . roi fIn.

---- ---,

rna

1.

Xinni ipo awon , obinrin ninu iIe? Nigbati oko won ba 10 si oko, isp wo ni awon obinrin rna "'. I' se ninu i1e?
I

2.

3.

Da'ruko die ninu awon ohun e10 ti a n10 ni i1e.

I'

4.

Xinni awon obinrin yio se lei oko won ki 0 to ti oko de?

I..

149

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

WOMEN'S WORK OUTSIDE THE HOME - TEXT 1

Nile. Yor.uba, b'oko ti naise bena 'I ." t l'aya nee.


I

In Yoruba land, as the husband works so also does the wife. [Some] women draw water for sale. But many go to the farm to fetch wood. others also go to fetch leaves There are some women that sell cake. There are some that sell chickens.

Awon obinrin npon omi ta n' gba miran ] [ 1 si oko Su9b 9 n opolopo , , 1'0 nlo lati se , , igi. Elomi nlo , lati se , ewe.

. .

obinrin miran si wa t'o Awon I jepe akara ni nta.

Imiran wa t'o jepe adie ni. I

Aw?n teo nta adi~ - nW9n adie nwonyi sinu ago. ,

ko

Those that sell chickens will pack (keep) them into a cage. They will take it to the market.

!fun nigba miran/, heard on tape, should be either /nigba miran/ or /fun igba miran/.

150

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nibiti nw~n ba gbe joko, aW9n ti 0 ba fe ra yio wa lati yowo re.


I ,

Wherever they sit, those who want to buy will come to bargain on the price

''Ng ko gba, ng 0 gba," eyi ni ohun t'o wopo larin awon , ti , nta adi~.

"1 don't agree," "I will agree" - these are common expressions among those who are selling fowls.

Nile, Yoruba, b'oko bena ., ti naise "', I'aya tl'se. , Awon ob1.nrin npon omi ta , , '(, [n'gba m1ran]. Sugb9n opolopo 1'0 nlo 81 oko

" / \. \. , "/ I

,,\.

,/

/./~"

(b' ! . / ; ." v " NJ. J.tJ. nwon ba gbe Joko, awon / / ,,' / v " V , ' tJ. 0 ba fe ra yio wa lati
/

Y?Wo

r~.

'\.

"-

lati ~~ igi.
,-

\." ./" , ''Ng ko gba, ng 0 gba," ~yi ni ./ ./ \. /\ " I ohun t'o wopo larin awon t1 ./ '\ , nta ad1.~.

'.

,., / I ./ ./ Elomi nlo lati se ewe.


I "

Awon , ob1nrin miran S1 wa t'o ./1\" f' J~pe akara ni nta. lmiran wa teo jepe ad1e ni. I
\.
, ,,' , /,. I '\

\.

Awon teo nta adie - nwon " '\. " 1//" ad1e nwonyi sinu ago.

I \ . /

ko

Nw?n

"v0

gbe

19 s9ja.

, '\

151

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nil~

, b'oKO ti ----- bina


I , ,

Awon --- nta adie -

l' aya ---

.---- nW9nyi ainu . ---ago.


10
I

KO

AW9n ------- nP9n --- ta [n'gba -----].


~ugb9n

Nwon 0 _-r

l' 0 nlC? -- oko

Nibiti ---- ba gbe ----, awon ,


-- - ba fe -- yio wa

lati -- igi. Elomi

'!W0

r~.

lati -- ewe. miran ai __ t' 0 ''Ng ko ---, ng 0 ," eyi ni t I 0 wop<;> --- -- awon ti I --- adi 7

Awon , jepe -,

ni nta.

Imiran -- t' 0 jepe , ---- ni.

---- Yoruba t l'aya nse. ,

ti nsise

..

Awon t'o --- adie - nwon adie nwonyi ago


I

..

---- obinrin ---- omi -[ ----- miran]. ------ opolopo l' 0 lati se " ---.
I I I

---- 0

gbe -- s9ja.

---

si

_____ nlo lati se


.....

.,

------ nwon ba --- J' oko t awon , ti 0 - - fe ra --- wa lati ---- ret I ''Ng -- gba, -- - gba t" --- ni ohun t'o larin awon nta

---.
ai wa adie _

----bbinrin -jepe akara ni

----I

--

wa t'o

.
152

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Iru ise wo ni awon obinrin rna ae ni ile Yoruba?


, I I

2.

Nibo ni nwon , ti rna ae igi?

3. 4.
5.

Nibo ni awon ti o nta adie yio ko won ai? Nibo ni nW9n yio gbe adie na 10 fun tita?

Kinni awon idahun ti

wopo larin awon ti nta adie?

153

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

\10MEN'S WOR..-::< OUTSIDE THE HO~ - TEXT 2

3i oko I

~~ ~sise,
"

bena l'aya nse

ni ile , Yoruba.
~igbati

As the husband works so also the wife does in Yoruba land. When the women want to start doing their work, they do different types of work.

a\-lOn obinrin ba fe bere

si

i7~ ~wqn, ori~iri~i

"

nwon :1se ise , na. :miran wa ti a npe ni iya onigari, iya alata, iya elelub9, iya onikoko. iipa pipe oruk9 nW9nyi, a npe ise nwo.n mo nwon lara. , 'c wqn ti ba nta ata, nW9n yio There are some that we call farina seller, pepper seller, yam-flour seller, and pot maker. By calling these names we are calling their trades in identifying them . Those that are selling pepper will take it to the market, they will arrange it on a tray. Those who are making pots will go to the place where pots are made . Different types of pots are made by them - small ones and big ones.

. .

si ni

gbe ata 10 soja, nwon yio

t'

Ie.

sori ate;. won ti 0 nrno koko awon , yio 10 t s'ebu.


I

ri~iri~i

koko ni nwon si nS!e, I kekere ni 0, nla ni o.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

I B~

oko

n~

~le
I

."

. , ., t~ ns~se,
"I Yoruba.
"

bena Itaya nse


I

"""

Awen ,
v
/

t~ 0
(

ba

gbe ata 10 I
sor~ at~.

N~gbatl

''-I'

awo.n

onlnr~n

... \ . .

/'" ba fe bere I
I

I . / ( " .'" Sl l7~ nwqn, er~9~r~9~ / / I 1:: nwen nse ~se na.
I ,

) s~

. n~

, '" Awon ti/ / 01 runo koko awon


.. I I

y~o

10

s,ebu.

/ " /, I" / /, / , '" "Irniran wa ti a npe ni iya onigari, } /' / \ / '. / 1/ ~ya a ata, ~ya eleIub9, ~ya
/

Ori~~ri~~

/'{

'v"

koko
0,

n~

nW9n
n~

S~ n~e,

'\ /

I' 1'. kekere n~

"1'" n a

o.

onlkoko. Nlpa
~~~

"

p~pe
/

oruk9
/

nW9ny~,
/

,(',

a npe

nW9n

rop nwqn lara.

Bi

ti

, bena Itaya n?e

ni ile , Yoruba. Nigbati awon obinrin

Awon .. ti s'ebu.

awon yio 10
I

si ise nwen, orisirisi si ni

.. .

..

-- -- ----

Ori~iri~i koko ni nW9n si n~e,

______ ni

0,

---

ni o.

Imiran wa ti a npe ni iya onigari, iya al2.ca, iya ----- __ , iya

Nipa ---- oruko , a npe , nwon rno nwon lara.


I

AW9n ti 0 ba nta ata, nW9n yio gbe ata 10 ) nwon yio Ie.
I

_______ e

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Bi oko ti nsise, bena I ., ni --- Yoruba.

nse I

AW9n ti sori

ba - __ ata, nW9n yio , nwon yio


I

--- --at~.

Ie.

Nigbati ---- ------- ba fe , bere " si --- ----, ori 9 iri 9 i si ni nwon nse ise na.
I ,

Awon ti

nmo
I

awon yio 10 ,

slebu.
t

Imiran wa ti a npe ni iya iya -----, iya elelub9, iya onikoko. Nipa pipe ----- 1w9nyi, a npe

--------- koko ni nW9n si n~e, kekere ni 0, ni o.

mp

nWCln lara.

1.

Pari oro yi: ,

"Bi
I

ti nsise bena ni I t ,

""-

nse ni ile Yoruba.

'

2.

5Q itumo awon oro Yoruba nwo.nyi ni ede Oyinbo: , , C iya alata, iya elelubQ, ati iya onikoko.

iya onigari,

3.

Nibo ni awon gbe nee ise . amo'koko , t' , won? , ti


0

Ona wo . ni awon 4. ,

nta ata ngba polowo oja , won?

156

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

WOMEN'S

wore,

OUTSIDE THE E01Jl'~ "- TEXT

Larin awqn obinrin Yoruba, orisirisi ise ni


l , ,

wa. 9ja ni

Among the Yoruba women there are different trades.

Aw?n miran wa tWo nw?n nl? lati ta il?u, igba.


Aw~n

j~pe

a~q, elub~,

There are some that go to the market to sell cloth, yarn flour, yarns, and calabashes. Some there are that deal with farming.

miran wa t'o j~pe oko ni

ti nwon Awon nwon nlo 'lati se , nwonyi, . 'I .. igi tabi lati se ewe.
l

These are going [to the farm] to fetch wood or to fetch leaves. There are also some others, similarly, that stay in small shops.

Awon , miran s i wa bakanna t' 0 nwa. Nwon nta aso tabi ipapanu bi , I' bisikiti ati oti , oyinbo.

jepe inu s~bu kekeke ni nwon , .

They are selling cloth or refreshments like biscuits and European liquors. The farmers (among the women) do carry wood horne.

Awon agbe (larin awon obinrin),

"

nwon nru igi wa si ile

157

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

"" " " / Larin awqn ob~nrin Yoruba,


or191r191
, v
!
V

~"''' "" / ~ t 10 / Awon rnlran si wa bakanna


','/
/ " nwa.

~~~

.'

ni 0 wa.

/"

J7 pe lnu s9bu kekeke ni nwqn

./

~,

",,/

,/

Nwon nta aso tabl 1papanu b1 I I'


' 'k" "a t' t( \. b' b lSl 1t1 1 0 1 0'Y1n o. r
Aw~n

"/\

"

rnlran wa tlo ti nw,?n.


\.

,,\.

'-

J~pe

,/

oko ni

" \" AW9n agb

,/ / " ,/ I '1" nwon nru 19l wa 81 1 e.


/
/ /

( 1ar1n ~,,, ") , aW9n 0 b 1nr1n

AW9n nW?nyl, nW9n n1? 1ati ~~ igi t'a:o{ l~ti s~ , , ew~.

Larin awqn

------- Yoruba, ise , , ni 0 wa.


w~

Nwon nta aso tabi ipapanu hi


, I'

---ni

ati oti , Oyinbo.

Awon , miran

tlo

j~pe

nw?n nl? 1ati ta

a?q,

i?u, igba.
Awon , rniran wa tlo
____ e

Awon agbe (larin awon obinrin), " nwon nru wa 8i i1e.

j~pe

Awon nwonyi, nwon n10 1ati "___ tabi 1ati "

~~

Awon , rniran s i wa bakanna t 1 0 jepe inu ni nwqn , nwa.

158

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Larin ---- ------- Yoruba, orisirisi ni 0 wa. . , Awon , roiran wa tlo jepe . oja , _______ 1ati ta ---, e1ubo, , ___ , igba. Awon , roiran wa _ oko ni

Awon , miran si wa -jepe inu s~bu kekeke ,

tlo _

Nwon , nta - __ tabi bisikiti ati

bi

Awon agbe (larin awon , obinrin), --igi wa si i1e.

,.

Awon ---1ati se , nwonyi, , , igi tabi 1ati se , ewe

1. 2.

Dalruko , die ninu ohun ti awon obinrin rna saba ta ni oja.

Kinni ohun ti awon obinrin rniran

3.

Kinni awon obinrin rniran rna ta ninu sobu kekere?


-J

4.

. Awon wo ni o saba rna ru i9 i wa si ile?

rna

10 8i oko lati se?


~

159

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MEN' S WORK AT HOMB - TEXT I

Larin awon Yoruba, ise awon T okunrin ni Iati ma toju ile.

Among the Yorubas, it is the duty of the men to take care of the building. If their dwelling is a thatched house, they will go to cut this grass. After they have built it, and later it wears out or rain falls and the house leaks, it is their duty to repair it. Then [also] they will repair the garden. This garden will be the one which they build a wall around. They can plant things like corn or yams, or vegetables in this garden.

Ti ile nW9n ba j~ ile koriko, nw?n 0 l? lati pa koriko yi. Ti nW9n ba ko tan, t'o ba di pe 0 gbo, tabi ojo nr9, ile si njo, ise nwon ni Iati tun see
t

LEfhinna, nW9n yio tun 99ba !Ie tabi agbala. Agbala nW9nyi, nw?n yio mC? ogiri yi kat N'W9n le gbin nkan bi agbado J tabi is.u, tabi efo sinu ogba yi Orisirisi ise miran tun wa ti awon okunrin nAe. "T

Different types of other jobs there are which men do.

160

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Larin awon Yoruba, 1se awon T " , , I, I , ' i1 / okunr1n n1 1at1 rna tOJu e.
f f

~,

/,

1' 1e / nwon b a Je , I '1 ' k (.k 0, T1 1 1 e or1 nwon fJ 10 lti pa kor{ko yl.
I I I

" , I ' I ( Agba1a nW9ny1., nwon Y1.0 rno , ~ I ' ogiri yi ka.

T1 nW9n ba ko tan, t'o ba di I I , ~ I"~ / " I pe 0 gbo, tab1 ojo nr9, i1e I I l81 ise nwon ni 1ati tun " njo, " I' . se.

/ " gb1.n nkan b1. ~ \ " Nw9n Ie agbado, ,~, "t, 1// tab1. 1.SU, tab1 efo S1.nu , , y ogba Y1..

..

Or1.8iris ise , miran tun wa ti aw?n 9kunrin n~e.

(V

. /l . ./ v,

~"

Larin awon Yoruba, ise awnn T ~kunrin ni 1ati __ i1e.


f
1

Nw9n Ie gbin nkan bi tabi - -- J tabi efo sinu ogba yi

Ti i1e nw~n ba j~ -- - -----nwon 0 10 1ati pa ,


J

Orisirisi ise miran tun wa ti

Ti nW9n ba

k?
,

tan, t'o ba di

pe gbo, ---- --- --~, i1e si njo, ise nwon ni 1ati tun
f

set

Lehinna, nwon yio tun oaba tabi agba1a. Agba1a nW9nyi, nW9n yio mC? .,., ka. _____ y1.

T~.

S8

161

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Larin awon , Yoruba, iae , , ---------- ni 1ati rna toju i1e. I Ti i1e nw~n ba nwon 0 10
,
j~

--~---

nW9nyi, nw?n yio rn9 ogiri yT ka.

i1e koriko, yi.

Nw9n 1e gbin nkan bi agbado, tabi tabi _


i~u,

ogba yi. , Ti nW9n ba -- tan, t'o ba di pe 0 , tabi ojo ---J ile 5i njo, iae , nwon , ni Iati tun

Orisirisi

awon okunrin nRe. t. ,.

tun wa ti

see

Lehinna, nwon yio tun naba se t t T;;I/, tabi ------.

1.
2.

Kinni iee , , , i1e ti awon okunrin

rna

se 1arin awon Yoruba?

ona wo ni nwon ile koriko , Bi i1e won , yio gba ri , ba je koriko na? Ni igbawo ni nwon Ie tun i1e koriko E#e?

3.

4.

5.

won se? Bawo ni nwon , le tun agba1a (ogba) , tise , Da' ruk 9 nkan ti nwon , le gbin ainu agbala.

162

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

J.EN'S WORK J...T H01'l' -

TEXT 2

Larin okunrin awon Yoruba, ise a , ti nW9n saba lati tU:1 ile

ma

~e ni ile ni

~e.

Among men in Yoruba land, the work they usually do is to repair the house.

T'o ba ~epe ile koriko ni, nw~n yio 10 , si oko lati pa koriko yi. Ti nW9n ba ti k~ p~, ti ojo si nro.) ti ile njo, ise nwon ni a lati tun set
I ,

If it is a thatched house
they will go to the bush to cut the grass.

If they had built it a long time ago and if it rains and the house leaks, their duty is to repair it. They make a walled garden or fence around their houses.

KW9n tun m~ ~e agbala tabi 9gba yika ile nwon

Ninu ygba yi nW9n isu, tabi eo. ,

..
.

Ie

gbin agbado,

In this garden, they can plant corn, yams or vegetables. Men like to farm around their houses.

Awon okunrin feran lati rna ro ., oko yika ile nwon. ,

163

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

I!J. Lar~n
I t~

.... ?k-\ unrln awqn

, nwo~

lat:~

/..

. / -cun ~.1.e
.
/
~

saDa rna se
~e.

'., )t

__

~.,,,. I' Yor~Da, ~~~ ~.'.


n~ ~le n~

N\v9n tun
y~ka
/.

, ~Ie . ,

rn~ ~e

"'V

agbala

\ ,

tab~

9gba

"

nW9n.
/, \.,

T'o ba
y~o

~epe

/.

~le kor~k 0

I.

n~,

nwon
I.

"

I' N~nu

10
l

s~

lat~

I.

pa

kor~k 0

ogba y~ nwon Ie gbin agbado, 'I , 1 . ~su, tab~ efo.

,,\(

y:...
I T~

Awon

nr~,
I,

/,

mvon ba t:l k9
t~
1-

!..,-

I ~le . ' nJo, '.' ~77 . ,

p~,

ti ojo

/,

s~

" ~Ie . nwon. oko y~ka ,


/.
/

..

okunr~n

' , 1 \

feran

lat~

I,

rna ro

nw?n ni

lat~ tun see ,

Larin ti nwon saba lati tun ile Tlo ba -- __

--

i~~

rna
~e.

~e ni ile ni

La~in okunrin awon Yoruba, ise ,

. . ti nw?n saba rna


lati - __
l

~e ni ile ni

--,

yio 10 si oko lati pa koriko l yi. Ti nwon ba ti k9 p~, ti ojo si nro., ti ile njo, ise nwon ni
--l~v9n

Tlo ba ?epe ile koriko ni, nw?n yio 10 si __ _ _ yi.

--.

Ti nwon ba ti k9 p~, ti ojo si nrC?, , ise nwon ni --- see Iati tun , _ NW9n tun rna se agbala tabi ogba yika ile nwon. Ninu ogba yi nwon ___ , tabi .
ll~

tun rna se yika ile nW9n.

tabi

Ninu

isu, tabi efo. , Awon

gbin agbado,

gbin

feran lati rna ro

okunrin feran lati rna ro Awon ., nwon.

--- yika ile nwon. ,

164

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Pari gbolohun oro saba rna sle ni ile ni , , yi: "IS~ ti aW9n okunrin , Nibo ni nwon ti nri koriko fun ise ile won?
, , , I

2.

3. 4.

Kinni ise nigbati ile koriko won , " awon , okunrin , , ba njo nitori ojo? Nibo ni nW9n saba rna
Aw~n

m9

agbala si? lati rna gbin ainu 9gba ? lati rna

5.
6.

nkan wo ni

nw~n f~ran

Kinni aW9n

~kunrin

tun

f~ran

~e?

165

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

l'IiEN I S WORK p.T E01V' - TEXT

Larin awon okunrin Yoruba, ise a


I I

ile ti nw?n ni lati Ti


0

f~ran

lati ma

~e

rna

tun ~e. ile koriko ni nwqn

Among the Yoruba men, the domestic work which they love to do is to repair the house. If it is a thatched house that they live in, and the grass wears out, their duty is to go a~d cut more When the house (roof) is leaking, it is t~eir duty. to mend it with grass. Then theY also have a garden (that which we call r~ack' yard ll ) around their house They fence it with a wall.

ba

~epe

ngbe, ti koriko yi si gbo, ise , ti nw?n ni lati I? pa omiran.


Nigba~i

ile ba njo, ise , ti nwon

.
I

ni la'Ci fi koriko dr.

Lehinna, nwon tun ni ogba (eyiti


a npe ni agbala) yika ile nw~n.

Ninu agbala nW9nyi, nW9n ngbin efo, isu tabi agbado sinu re. .' ,

In this garden, they plant vegetables, yams or corn.

166

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" . " Larin ~won oku~rin Yoruba, l.se I . / { / ,\ / ~le t~ nwon , feran lati rna se , I ,,ni lati rna tun ~e.
&

L7h~nna,

,,\

a npe

, /,

" tun , nW9n


n~'

/" \. /) agbala

n~

y~ka

,I

\ (" ~ , 9gba ey~ti

ile nwon.

T{ " ba "
" I

/. ~epe

~le kor~ko

."

I.

ni nwon " ,
\.

ngbe, ti nwon , ni
I" I N~gbat~

I /. V t~ kor~ko y~

" . lat~

" gbo, ise si " ,


( orn~ran.

10 pa
I

" ,

II\. \. / ,t N~nu agbala nW9ny~,

e~o,

.'

'

... /

isu

nwqn ngbin
s~nu

"/

tab~
.....

... \. agbado

"'''

'\ reo

"ba " njo, "". I ile ~se ti nwon

ni l~ti fi kor{ko die

:t.::'

Larin

~lon
&

Yoruba, ise

ile ti nwon feran lati rna se ,. ni lati

Larin awon okunrin Yoruba, ise --- ti nwon se


&

ni la~i Ti
0

rna

~un ~e.

Ti

ba ~epe -----ni nwqn ngbe, ti koriko yi si , ise , ti nwon ni lati omiran .


0

ile koriko ni nwon , ----, ti koriko yi si gbo, ise ,


-------

ti nwon ni ------- pa omiran.


Nigba~i

Nigbati - -- ba

ise , ti nwon ,

ni lati fi koriko di.

ni

l~ti

ile ba njo, ise , ti nwon fi .

.
I

L7 hinna, nW9n tun ni ---- (eyiti a npe ni agbala) yika ile nwon.

Lehinna, nwon tun ni ogba (eyiti a npe ni ) yika --- nwon.


..

NW9n nfi

""-m?

NW9n nfi ogiri m?

""--

Ninu agbala nW9nyi, nW9n ngbin ___ , isu tabi sinu reo

Ninu ------ nW9nyi, nW9n ngbin efo, tabi agbado sinu reo
I , ,

167

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.
2.

Awon , wo ni i ma saba tun i1e se 1arin awon Yoruba? Ti i1e koriko ba gbo kinni
iA~

T,.

awon lati se okunrin , . nipa reV

3. 4.
5.

Nitori kinni nw?n ,e nfi koriko di ile nW9n? Kinni oruko , miran fun agbala? Kinni
nw~n

Ie fi

,e

agba1a yi?
-'

6.

Da'rukC?

aw~n

nkan ti DW9n ma gbin si'nu agba1a.

168

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

CHILDREN'S WORK - TEXT 1

Ise ti 0 w9Po 1arin aW9n omo kekeke, papa julo ni i1e nwon ni 1ati ma jise.
, , I
I ,

The duty which is common among the children, especially at their homes, is to run errands. Some are to go to the farm in order to assist their parents. Some often go to the river [to draw water] and to cut wood from the farm.

Imiran nwa lati ma 10 , si oko, lati ran obi re, lowo. I


I

Imiran wa tWo jepe odo ni yio I saba 10, ati wipe lati ma 10 ke igi loko.
I ,

Irniran a si wa tWo j~pe ymu nikan ni 'rna ba baba re , tabi iya re rUe
t

There are others that help their father or mother carry palm wine.

Awon omo kekeke feran lati I jise.


I
I

rna

Children like to run errands.

Eyiti ko ba jise l'a npe ni ole.


I

The one that refuses to go on an errand we often call an indolent child. He who runs errands well, his parents usually give him things

Eyiti 0 ba nji~~ dada, aw~n obi re a rna fun ni nkan.

169

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" /,,, feran " / Awon orno kekeke 1ati ma T


J1~7
,/
/

Irn{r~n ~w~ l~ti rna 10 , si oko, f " / / / , o'b lat1 ran 1 re lowo_
,

Eyiti ko ba jise 1'a npe ni ole.


, f

, "

"

,/,

/,

.'

' I ' wa '\ lrn1ran


,v

,// ' ni Y10 I t'o/Jepe odo , '1/ / "" saba 10, , ati wipe lati rna 10 , / ., , ke 191 loko.
I '\ / ""

Eyiti 0 ba nji~~ dada, awon ob1 .... / ~ / / re a rna fun ni nkan.

1/

1/

__

....

' I ' a S1 ~ lrn1ran wa t'o j7pe yrnu 'k . .. - b" 'b 1 ( n1 an n1 rna a b'" aba re ,\ ta '\ \ , 1ya r~ rUe
/

lse larin aW9n orno , ti 0 kekeke, papa julo _ , ni ____ ni 1ati rna jise. ,

..

Awon , --- kekeke jise ----_ ko ba

lati rna

lrniran nwa lati rna 10 , si oko, lati ran obi re 1owo.

l' a npe ni ole. ,

.,

lrniran wa t'o jepe --- ni yio saba 10, ati wipe lati rna 10 ke igi ----a
f

Eyiti 0 ba , awon obi re a rna fun ni nkan.

lmiran a si wa t'o -------nikan ni 'rna ba baba re tabi iya re --

170

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ise ti 0 w<j>PO larin aW<j>n --______ jUl~ ni ile ,.papa nW9n ni lati rna - ---

Awon omo

---_.

feran lati rna

Eyiti ko ba Irniran nwa lati rna 10 , ai --lati ran re lowo.


I "

l'a npe ni

Irniran wa t'o jepe odo ni yio ____ 10, ati wipe lati rna 10 ______ loko. Irniran a si wa t'o jepe --nikan ni 'rna ba re , tabi ___ re rUe

Eyiti 0 ba nji~~ dada, __ a rna fun ni nkan

..,

-."

aw~n

1.
2.

I~:Hr

wo ni o W?P? ti awon omode saba rna se , ni iIe?


I

3.

4.
5.

saba ma 10 lati fie ni oko? Kinni awon omode , , obi re ba nta emu le se? Iru iranlowo , ti awon , wo ni omo Iru orno wo ni a npe ni ol~? ti 0 ba nj'ise dada? Ere kinni 0 wa fun omo ,

171

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

CHILDREN'S WORK - TEXT 2

lse kekeke ti awon omo rna saba ~e ni ile ohun ni lati ppn omi, lati f~ a~q, lati ji~~ miran.
t t t ,

Small duties which children usually do in the house are: to draw water, to wash clothes, and to run other errands. Children who are always in good spirits, and do good work usually receive gifts from their parents. Those that are lazy do not usually receive anything. Children like to go on errands because of the gifts which we shall give to them. The duties which they often do are to sweep the floor, to fetch water, to wash clothes, and to take care of other small children that are smaller than they themselves are.

AW9n qmq ti ori nW9n ba ya, ti nse ise daradara a rna ri ebUn gba lodo awon obi nwon.

,..

Awon eyit'o jepe ole ni nwon, i' nwqn ko iri nkankan gba. Awon orno kekeke feran lati , jise n'tori ebun ti a 0 fun nwon

. .

rna

l,~

ti nw~n n,e ni lati gbal~ lati pon omi, lati fo aso, lati toju omo ., kekeke miran t'o tun kere ju awon na 10. I

lltumq Iko iri/ ati ,/ki iri/ j~ bakanna.


172

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

l~~

kekeke t1 aW9n 9m9 rna saba (.I / ~e n1 ile ohun ni lati P9n omi, .I / {" v , lati fo aso, lati j ,~ miran.

/ ...

(...

.IX

. ..
/

AW9n 9m9 kekeke f~ran lati ma t' / / ( " / " '1se n'tor1 ebun t1 a 0, , fun J nwon. lse , ti nwon nee ni lati gbal~ / . .I, f lat1 P?n om i ,lat1 9 a~q, .I, "" "',, y, lat1 toju omo kekeke m1ran / I ".I , ~ teo tun kere ju awon , na 10.

.I,,,

.I,

Aw~n
/

,.1 /.1 /" nse 1se daradara a ma r1 ebun , " .I" I gba lodo awon ' ob1 nwon.

. .
,.I

qmq ti ori nW9n ba ya, ti


'"

.1.1.1

.
.I

..
/

"

Aw?n eyit'o jepe 9l~ ni nwqn, / ... { / , nwon , ko ri nkankan gba.

.I

/\

, """ "lse kekeke t1 awon omo ma saba se ni ile ohun ni lati P9n omi, lati f? a~q, lati ji,~ miran.
I

I~~

kekeke ti aW9n 9m9 rna saba ~e ni ile ohun ni 1ati P9n omi, lati f? a~q, 1ati ji,~ miran.

Aw~n

qmq ti ori nwqn ba ya, ti

nse , ise daradara a rna ri ebun gba lodo awon obi nwon. Aw?n eyit'o j~pe 9l~ ni nwqn, nwon , ko iri nkankan gba. AW9n 9m9 kekeke f~ran lati ma 'ise n'tori ebun ti a 0 fun J nwon.

Aw~n

qmq ti ori nwqn ba ya, ti


'"

nse , ise daradara a rna ri ebun , gba lodo awon obi nwon.

Aw?n eyit'o j~pe 9l~ ni nwqn, nwon , ko iri nkankan gba. Awon omo kekeke feran 1ati ma I I jise n'tori ebun ti a 0 fun nwon.

lse , ti nwon nse ni lati gbal~ lati pon omi, lati fo as,q, lati toju omo kekeke miran t' 0 tun kere J'u awon na 10.
I

..

lse ti nwon nse ni lati gbal~ lati pon omi, lati fo as,q, lati toju omo kekeke miran t'o tun kere ju awon na 10.
, I

173

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.
2.

Iru ise kekeke wo ni awon orno rna saba se ni iIe?


, , , I

Iru awon orno wo ni i rna ri ebun gba Iodo obi won?


, I I " I

3.

Oruko wo ni a npe awon orno ti ko ba fe Iati se ise?

4. 5.

"" jise? Nitori kinni awon orno kekeke rniran fi feran lati rna
t .,

.,

'"

Da'ruko aWOh ise ti awon ornode rna se ni ile.


I , , , , .

174

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

SOME MODERN OCCUPATIONS - TEXT 1

AW9n ti nW9n ka'we larin aW9n Yoruba ni'sisiyi nse iRe ,. , ti

ya~p

di 7 si aW9n baba nla

tabi iya nla nwqn.

Those that are educated ('read books') among the Yorubas nowadays do jobs which differ somewhat from [those of] their grandfathers or grandmothers. Educated women are going to school to work as teachers.

AW9n obinrin t'o ka'we n19 si ile'we lati ~e bl ti~a.


Aw~n ~lomiran

wa t'o j7pe i~~

ak<;'We ni nw?n nf!e. AW9n ~lomiran wa t'o j~pe i~~ ka rna fi nwo eyiti a T. lu ero; npe ni "typist" ni opolopo t , nse.
t

There are some that do clerical work.

There are others whose work is pressing [their] hand on a machine; this which we call 'typist' is what many are doing.

Awqn nW9nyi, nwqn ngba awo ribiribi. Kosi 'yat9 larin owo ti 9kunrin ati obinrin ngba.

These are receiving considerable money.

There is no difference between the money which men and women are receiving.

175

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

~. " / ka'we ' / , AW9n ti nwon larin awon , I '/ \ V I "',, Yoruba ni'sis1yi nse i~~ ti / ," { ' / " " / / / o yatp d1~ si aW9n baba nla ,,(\ / /./ tab1 1ya nla nwqn.
A

, AW9n

" t ,'" / , , " wa 0 ]~pe 1~~ / rna ""'" fi 9W~ " " '''1' ka lu ~r9; eY1t1 a r{pe' nl "typist" ni opolopo / nse.
~lom1ran

, ""

Awqn nwqny1, nwqn ngba owo ribiribi.


\ '/'" I Awon elorn1ran wa tWo ak~e ni nw?,n rt~e.
I

,,/

,,/

j~pe

I'

i,~

Kosi 'yat9 l~rin owo t{ 9Kunrin " '" /" ati ob1nrin ngba.

AW9n ti

ka 'we

aW9n

Yoruba ni'sisiyi ------- ti o di~ si aW9n baba nla tabi iya nla nwqn. AW9n ------_ tWo ka'we n19 si ile'we lati se bI ----I
I

Awc;>n ti nwern ----- larin aW9n ______ ni' sisiyi nfle i~~ ti o yato _ ,die . si awon tabi nwqn.

AW9n - - - - - - -. t I 0 ka' we , tJe b"'t ______ lat1 1~a. 1 t' Awon -------- wa t'o , _____ ni nwon n~e.

Awon elorniran wa tlo , _____ ni nwon , AW9n wa t'o ka rna fi lu npe ni "typist" ni

j~pe i~~

j~pe i~~

j~pe i~~

eyiti a _

AW9n ~lorniran wa t'o j~pe i~~ ""'" fJ. , 't' ka rna ~r9; eY1 1 a npe ni " " ni opolopo
I

--_.
Awqn nwqnyi, nwqn ngba owo
________ e

nse.
I

Awqn nwqnyi, nwqn - - - _ awo

-------_.
Kosi 'yat9 larin ati -----__ ngba. ti _

Kosi 'yat9 ----- owo ti 9Kunrin ati obinrin ngba. 176

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Nje awon , baba n1a tabi iya n1a wa 10. si i1e'we? Iru
i~~

2.

wo ni aw?n obinrin ti 0 ka'we

n~e

ni ode oni?

Pari gbolohun oro yi: ft Awon e10miran wa to j~'pe ise .,., . (eyiti a npe ni typist) ni nW9n n~e."

..
. .

'.

4.
5.

Iru awo wo ni awon

o~ise ,

nW9nyi ngba?

Kinni iyat9 ti 0 wa ninu owo ti 9kunrin ati obinrin ti ka'we ngba ti nwon ba nse iru ise , kanna?

177

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

SOME MODERN OCCUPATIONS - TEXT 2

Awon obinrin tlo 10 si ile'we I nlo se ise ti 0 dara.

., ..
yat~

Women that attend school do jobs which are good.

Awpn

si awqn baba nla

tabi iya nla nwqn tlo


"" nlo. oko ni nwon rna ,

j~pe

They are different (economically) from their grandmothers or their grandfathers who used to go to the farm. Among these [educated] women we have teachers.

Ninu awon obinrin nwonyi, a ni

A ni awon tlo jepe nwon nlo sise ni ofisi. Iru ise , , ti nwo,n nse je akowe tabi typist.

." .

-'

,.

We have those that go to work in an office.

.,.

The type of work that they are doing is clerical or typist. These receive considerable money. There is no difference in the salaries which the men and the women are receiving.

Awon nwonyi ngba owo ribiribi. ,

Kosi iyato larin owo ti okunrin ati obinrin ngba.

lOhun ti ~ gb9 yatq 8i ohun tWo ye k'o je. ~ gb9 /nlq 8i i~~ ti 0 daradara7; Nje e so ohun t'o buru pelu oro yi?

Ie. .

. ,.

178

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

2 Awon obinrin ti nwon 10 si " i1e ' we nwonyi, nwon wu10 fun oko , nwon ,

Women that attend these schools are useful to their husbands.

Awon obinrin tid 10 si i1e l we


I ,

n10 se .,
" Awpn
\

~se t~ t ,

0 dara.
'1// baba n1a
1/'/

"

Iru ~~~ t~ nwqn tab{ typist.


, "I ,/

,I.

./"

n~e j~

,I,,"
ak9we

'\" yat~
(~/

I' s~ aW9n
1/

tab~

oko

. n~

~ya

n1a nwqn t 0
/ /

J~pe

AW9n

nW9ny~

ngba owo ribiribi.

,/

nwon rna n10.

Kos~ 1yato , larin owo t~ okunrin

"/'>"

N~nu

//\

aW9n

ob~nr~n nw?ny~,

\..

"I

n~

". at~

'). . I ' ob~nr~n ngba.

aW9n 01 Uk4ni A
n~
.
~,

awon tlo jepe nwon n10 , A' , ~


/ I'

//

,I;'

Awon obf.nrin t{ nWbn 10 si ' . A V "I I I' ile'we nwonyi, nwon wulo , t fun oko nwon.
"
/

s~se n~

"

ofisi.

--,

2 The singular pronoun /0/ is usually used in a relative


clause of this type. It is difficult to identify what was actually spoken here.

179

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Awon ------- t' 0 -_ si ile'we nl0 se ise ti 0 dara.

.,

..

Awon ngba , nwonyi ,

ribiribi.

Awpn yat? si tabi ------- nW9n t' 0 "'" nl0. ___ ni nwon rna
I

_
j~pe

Kosi

larin

ati obinrin ngba.

ti okunrin

Ninu awon ------- nwonyi. a ni

.'

Awon ------- ti nwon 10 ai '. ile'we , nW9n wul0 fun oko . , nwon.

A ni

aw~n

t'o j~pe ni ofisi.

nw~n

nlq

Iru ise je akowe , , ti nwon , nse ." , tabi

Awon obinrin t' 0 10 si

nlo se ise , ti Awpn tabi -

.,

----I
_
j~pe

Awon ngba owo , nwonyi ,

8i aW9n -nW9n t' 0


I

Kosi iyato larin cwo ti--_---_ ati ngba.


I

oko ni nwon rna nlo. Awon obinrin'ti nwon 10 ai ile'we nwonyi, nwon , --- oko nwon. " ,
I

Ninu awon obinrin nwonyi, a ni aw<\>n t'o jepe nwon nlo A ni awon , , 'T sise ni ----_ ,.

Iru ise ti nwon nse je


, I , . , .

tabi typist.
180

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1. 2.

Iru awon obinrin wo ni 0 10 1ati Re ise , , 7 f, daradara? Iyato wo 10 wa 1arin awon ti 0 ka'we ati awon baba n1a tabi iya nla nwon?
f ,

3.

Da'ruko orisi ise meji ti awon ti


,

ka'we nse.
f

4.
5.

Pari gbo1ohun yi:

Awon , ti 0 kawe ngba owo


0

Bawo ni awon obinrin ti fun oko ., nwon , 81?

10 8i i1e'we ti se " je oluranlowo

181

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

BUILDING RAPPORT - TEXT I

Ki omo Peace Corps ki 0 to Ie wulo fun aW9n ti 0 19 ba ni Naijiria, 0 gb9dq fi ara rr we awon enia teo 10 ba nibe.
I I

Before a PCV can be useful to those he has gone to meet in Nigeria, he must associate himself with the people he has gone to meet there.

Awon agbalagba a rna powe wipe 'Enikeni tWo ba mu obo, yio I , sebi obo.'
I

The elders often give the proverb: 'Whoever will catch a monkey will imitate a monkey. ' Pardon me'lit resembles a proverb. First, when he reaches there, he will try to do as the people do.

Toto

?ebi owe o.

Ekinni, n'gbati 0 ba de'b~, yio gbiyanju lati ~e bi awon , papa ti nge. Lehin na yio s9 fun nW9n, yio pe nW9n jo wipe 'Ohun ti a fe , fun alafia nyin ni yi.

Then he will address them, he will assemble them and say, 'What we want for your welfare are these ... ' He can meet with the farmers to discuss their farming: he can also meet with the traders to discuss their trade.

o Ie pe awon agbe jo k'o ba "


nwon soro nipa oko nwo,n, o si Ie pe aW9n oni~owo jq, k'o ba nW9n sqr9 nipa owo nwqn.

. ,.

lAmong the Yoruba people, one seldom quotes proverbs in the presence of one's elders, and when one does, a standard apology is immediate offered.
122

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

'" ./ , Ki orno Peace Corps ki 0 to Ie wUl0 fun aW9n tf 0 19 ba ni " , ", "''' fi ara rr " Naijiria, 0 gb9dq " ,,-"./ , '" " we awon enia t'o 10 ba nibe.
",
",

L~hin

/"

na yio s9 fun nW9n, yio pe nW9n j9 wipe 'Ohun ti a f~ , ''''', / ... v fun alafia nyin ni yi.'

"",

",

"

A~lIon

"

'" " a rna powe wipe agbalagba '" 'Enikeni t'c ba rnu obo, yio sebl obo.'
",...
I

_...

",
/

o Ie pe

awon jo k'o b~ , agbe " nwon sora nlpa oko nwon, , ;- ........ <" , o S1. Ie pe aW9n on1.?cwo Jq, k'o ba nW9n sqr9 nlpa cwo nw~n.

. '.

" ...... Toto 0 ?ebi owe o.


/ / /

Ekinni, n'gbati 0 ba de'b~, yio gbiyanju lati ~e bi awon , papa ti r;~e.


'.I" " "./ ' ""

Xi orno Peace Corps. ki 0 to Ie wul0 fun aW9n ti 0 19 ba ni Naijiria, 0 gb9dq _ , awon enia t'o 19 ba nib~.
I I

L~hin

na yio s9 fun nW9n, yio


f~

pe nW9n j9 wipe 'Ohun ti a fun ni yi.'

Awon a rna powe wipe 'Enikeni t'o ba rnu , yio

. .

o Ie

jp k'o ba nW9n S9r? nipa , o si Ie pe aW9n jq, k'o ba nW9n sqr9 nipa
~

pe aw?n

Toto 0 ?ebi

o.

Ekinni, n'gbati 0 ba de'b~, yio gbiyanju lati ~e bi

183

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Xi orno Peace Corps.ki 0 to Ie I I ____ ~ fun awc;>n ti 0 __ ________ , 0 gb9dq fi ara rr we aw?n enia t'o 19 ba nib~. Aw?n agbalagba a rna powe wipe 'Enikeni __ - -- -- obo .' yio

Ekinni, n'gbati 0 ba de'be , yio lati ~e bi aw?n papa ti n~e.


L~hin

....

na yio __

, yio

.,

obo. '

..

pe nW9n j9 wipe 'Ohun ti a f~ fun alafia nyin ni yi. '

o
Toto 0 owe o.

Ie pe awon agbe jo k'o ba


I "

~---

---- nipa oko nW9n,

o si Ie pe awon onisowo J'o , k'o ba nW9n sqr9 nipa


nw~n.

1.

So ohun ti 0 ye ki orno Peace Corps ki 0 se ti 0 ba fe


I

~.

"

wu10 fun aW9n ti

19 ba ni Naijiria.

2.

- pa nipa . OWe wo ni awon agbalagba rna eniti 0 , ba fe mu obo? .,


Kinni a~a larin aW9n Yoruba nigbati ?rn9de ba pa owe nigbati 0 o ba wa 1arin awon agba1agba? t
Aw~n

3. 4.

wo ni

qm~

Peace Corps yio pe 1ati ba s9rq?

5.

Kinni yio ba won so? ,

184

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

BUILDING RAPPORT - TEXT 2

'~nik~ni

ti 0 ba mu Qbq yio dabi <;>b<;>.'


0

'Whoever catches a monkey will imitate a monkey. Pardon me, it resembles a proverb. Any PCV who wants to be of help to those he goes to meet in Nigeria will associate himself with them.

Toto

~ebi

owe o.

,nik~ni

ninu awqn Peace Corps t'o ba f~ wulo pupq fun aW9n ti 0 19 ba ni Naijiria, yio l da'ra r~ P9 mq nW9n.

Yio gbiyanju lati ba nwqn da'm<;>nran.

He will try to advise them.

He will not be pompous or ride Ko ni ~e yanga tabi k'o wa ninu about in a big car, when the m9to t'o tobi ju, nigbati ~ people over there go about on foot or ride bicycles. j~pe awqn enia r~ il~ ni nwqn nrin, k~k~ ni nwqn ngun kakiri. Yio gbiyanju lati da'ra P9 mq n",,<;>n.
L~hin

He will try to associate himself with them. Then he will give them advice. The farmers how to take the women how to take he will care of he will care of tell them the farms; tell them the children.

na yio gba nW9n ni'yanju.

AW9n agb~ - yio sQ fun nWQn bawo lati Ie t9ju oko; aWQn obinrin - yio sQ fun nwqn bawo lati Ie t9ju qmq. l/da'ra P9/ changed to fda'ra r~ two are substantially the same.

pq./

The meanings elicited by the

185

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

'Enikeni ti dabi <?b9. Toto


I

'" ba mu 9b9 yio

Ko

,/,

n~

~e

yanga tabi k

,;

1/

wa ninu

...

m9to tlo tObi j~, nlgbati

~ebi ~we o.

j~pe awqn enia r~ il~ ni nW9n nrin, k~]{~ ni nwqn 6g~n kikiri.
Yio gbiyanju lati da'ra P9 mq nW9n.
L~hin
/

Enikeni ninu awon Peace Corps tlo ba f~ wUl~ pupq fun aW9n ti
<II"

.,
;

1'./

....

'"

"

19 ba ni Naijiria, yio

"~,,,

......

"

"

da'ra r~
/

P9
I'

m~ nW9n.

na yio gba nWQn ni'yanju.

A..,

/"

Yio gbiyanju lati ba nW9n

d~'ro9nr~n.

AWQn agb~ - yio 5Q fun nWQn bawo , .... /' " lati Ie t9ju oko: aWQn obinrin - yio sQ fun nwqn bawo Iati Ie toju oroo.
I "

./

Yio gbiyanju lati nW9n. Toto


0

__ mq

sebi ,

____ e

L~hin

na yio

____

n~

yanJu.

~nik~ni

ninu awqn Peace Corps tlo ba _


f~

AWQn agb~ lati Ie

yio 5Q fun nWQn bawo : aWQn

-- da'ra r~ P9

ni Naijiria, yio mq nW9n.

obinrin - yio sQ fun nwqn baWD Iati Ie "

Yio gbiyanju lati ba nW9n

Ko ni
j~pe

~e

tabi k'o wa ninu


0

m9to tlo tobi ju, nigbati awqn enia r~ nrin, ni nwqn ngun

186

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

'~nik~ni

ti

__

yio

Ko ni
j~pe

~e

dabi <;>b9.'
____ 0
~ebi

yanga tabi k'o wa _________ , nigbati


k~k~

awqn enia re, ile , ni nwon , ni nwqn kakiri.

owe o.

nrin,

Yio gbiyanju Iati da'ra P9


~nik~ni

t' ti
0

ninu awqn Peace Corps pupq fun aW9n

nW9n.
L~hin

19 ba ni Naijiria, yio
mq
nw~n.

na yio gba nW9n

----- -- -_ Yio da'm9 nran

Iati ba nwqn

AW9n ---_ - yio 5Q fun nWQn bawo Iati Ie t9ju oko: aWQn ------- - yio SQ fun nwqn bawo 1ati 1e t9ju qrnQ.

1. 2.

Pari owe yi:

"~nik~ni

ti yio ba mu 9b9

_ ''Toto

"
0

Kinni idi na ti aW9n Yoruba fi ma wipe: Iru ~m9 Peace Corps wo ni yio ba ni Naijiria?
darap~

sebi awe o"? ,


I~

mp aw?n

~niti 0

4.
5. 6.

Kinni omo , Peace Corps na yio gbiyanju Iati se? , Da'ruko nkan meji ti ko \
y~

ki

see ,

Imoran wo ni yio fun awon agbe ati awon obinrin?

187

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

BUILDING RAPPORT - TEXT 3

Nigbati 9m? Peace Corps ti

. . ba ni Naijiria,

fe wulo pupo fun awon t'o 10 , gbiyanju

. yio

ba

lati da'ra P9 mo nwon.

If a PCV wants to be very useful to the people he has gone to meet in Nigeria, he will try to associate himself with them. The elders often give the proverb, 'Whoever would catch a monkey must pretend to be a monkey. ' Pardon me, for it seems to be a proverb. This does not imply that the Nigerians are monkeys.

Aw?n agbalagba a ma s9 wipe 'Eni ti yio mu obo yio sebi oboe ' . Toto
0

'"

sebi owe

O.

Eyi ki

i~e

pe aW9n ara Naijiria

obo ni nwon.

~ugb?n ~nik~ni
p? m? nwqn.

ti

ba

f~l

ba

nW9n ?i~~ daradara yio da'ra

But whoever wants to work well among them, he will associate himself with them.

Yio pe aw?n agbr.

He will call [a meeting of] the farmers. He will advise them as friends [onJ how their farms can be good (productive).

Yio gba nW9n ni'yanju g~g~bi ore, bawo ni oko wa tise Ie dara. Yio pe aW9n obinrin, yio ba nW9n 89 bawo l'a ~e Ie t9ju ~m9 tabi ile.

He will call the women [and] he will tell them how we can take care of the children and the home.

Ion the tape there is an unintentional spoonerism with /ba f~./

1t8

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" "'" 9m? Peace Corps ti "" Nigbati 0 ba fe ~lo pup~ fun awon t'o 10 '" "'-.. '" "" ~ .. '" '" ba ni Naijiria, yio gb1yanju lati da'ra P9 mo nwon.
;'
/'

Sugb6n enikeni tl 6 ba fe ba " da'ra nwon sise daradara yio " m? '" nwc;>n. p?
I'

" Yio pe awon agbe. ,

, . " " a ma ~ '" Aw?n agbalagba 89 wipe


'" 'Eni ti
I

Y10

<'

v, " 8ebi " mu obo yio


?>b? ' Toto 6 sebi owe o


.... " .... " ".... " .... -:-.-: '" Eyi ki i~e pe aW9n ara Na1J1r1a abo ni nwan.

, ,,"'....";' " Yio gba nW9n ni'yanju g~g~bi "" , .... 9r~, bawo ni oko wa ti~e Ie ,. dara.
;'

", ., Yio pe aW9n obinrin, yio ba nW9n s9 ,b~wo l'a ~e t?ju ~m9 tab! ile.
~

le

Nigbati 9m? Peace Corps ti 0 ba fe wulo pupo fun awon t'o 10 ba ni Naijiria, _

Yio pe awon

---- ----- -- -- ----.


Aw?n agbalagba a rna 89 wipe
4Y

Yio gba nW9n ni'yanju ___ , bawo ni __ dara. Yio pe aW9n

g~g~bi

Ie

'--- -- --- -- --- --- ---Toto 0 sebi owe o

, yio ba nW9n
~e

s9 bawo 1'a ile.

1e

--- tabi

Eyi ki

i~e

pe aW9n ara

~ugbon enikeni ti 0 ba fe ba .,.. " nwC?n yio da' ra

p? mC? nwc;>n.

159

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati 9m? Peace Corps ti


f

ba

~ugbpn

T ---- ---- --- ---- --- --

Naijiria, yio gbiyanju

nwon sise daradara yio da'ra nwon. -I Yio __ awon agbe. ,

. . ., .

ti

ba f,

ba

1ati da'ra P9 mo nwon. I Awon agbalagba a


I

..

'Eni ti yio mu obo yio sebi ,

obo. '

...

Yio gba nW9n


9r~,

g~g~bi

bawo ni aka wa

ti~e

1e

Toto 0

O.

dara. Yio pe aW9n obinrin, yio ba nW9n bawo 1'a fe 1e t?ju tabi
_ _I

Eyi ki

i~e

pe

Naijiria

obo ni nwon. I

1.

Nitori kinni 0 fi y~ fun qm9 Peace Corps lati da ara r~ mo awon ti 0 10 ba ni Naijiria?

P?

2.

Gegebi owe awon agbalagba, kinni eniti yio mu obo yio Ae?
' . f ' ,

T
~

8.

Idi wo ni

aw~n

Yoruba i ma s9 wipe:
I

Toto

sebi owe?
I

4.

Kinni orno Peace Corps yio se gege bi ore fun awon agbe? I

5.

Kinni yio so , fun awon obinrin?

190

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

YORUBA GREETINGS - TEXT 1

Nigbati ~m9'~~ Peace Corps t'o ba de Naijiria, ti si fe da'ra po mo awon ti 0 wa nibe , pa~ jU19 lati ma ki nWQn, 0

. .

k9k p m9 ?na wo l'a 0 gba ki aW9n enia na, ti inu nwqn


gb9d~

When a PCV reaches Nigeria and he wants to associate himself with those ,that are there, especially in greeting them, he must first of all know the method of greeting people so that they will be happy.

yio fi dun. T'o ba ri aW9n agb~, yio ki nW9n pe, ":J;: kU'fl~ o. dada?"
~e oko nl<;>

If he sees farmers, he will greet them thus: 'You are working hard. ('Greetings at work.') Is [the work on] the farm going well?"

T'o ba ri aW9n oni~owo, yio sq fun nwqn pe, "~e 9ja nyin nta dada? Aje yio wo'gba ,

0."

he sees traders, he will say to them: "Is your merchandise selling well? Hope your business is prospering!~ ('The goddess of money will enter your calabash.' )

T'o ba ri aW9n oni~~ 9w~, yio bi nwon , pe, "Se ise nyin, se o run' owo lowo dada?" Inu awon nwonyi yio si dun. ,

...

If he sees handicraftsmen he will say, "Does your work bring in money?"

These (peo~le) will be very happy. t'Their stomach will be very sweet.') If he sees his elders-he will greet them first.

T'o ba ri awon , agbalagba, yio koko ki nwon.

191

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati

Peace Corps t'o ~ d~ Nalj(ri~, ti ~ s! f~ (' '/ ' ~/ \. da , ra po , rno awon t1. 0 wa n1.be , papa' jU19 l'ti ma k{ nWQn, 6 /, /-", / \. gb~C? k9k p rnC? ?na wo l'a 0 gba (" '-~, ~ I. / k1. aWQn en1.a na, t1. 1.nu nwqn / f' Y1.0 1. d' un

,,/

~rn9 .~

,.I'

T 0

, /

r1. aW9n on1.~~ Qwq, y 0 .I, / ( / ' / pe, / " Se b 1. nwon 1.8e ny1.n se , , / /,/1// o nm owo Iowa dada?"
ua

~~

1"

. ..

Inu aw<;>n nwpny1. Y1.0 81. dun.

/'

,,/

1'\

/ /' " ( y T'o.I ba r1. awon , agb~, Y1.0 k1. nWQn ~ " "E k~' T o. S~ , oko nlo dada?"

ee

/ (' " ( T II' 0 ba r1. aw<t>n on{,awo, Y1.0 sq / / /."I .I" fun nwqn pe, "~e C?Ja ny1.n nta dada? Aj~ yio wo'g~ 0." ,

Nigbati ------ Peace Corps tlo ba de Naijiria, ti 0 si fe ----- -- rno awon ti 0 wa nibe ' . ' ma ki nWQn, 0 ' papa Ju19 lat1. gbodo ---- -wo l'a 0 gba ki aWQn enia na, ti inu nwqn yio fi dun.

..

-,

T'o ba ri aW9n oni~~ Qwq, yio bi nw~n pe, "~e if!~ nyin, ,e o dada?" awon nwonyi yio si dun.

T'o ba ri
pe,

____ , yio ki nwQn


kU',~ o.

'l

Se , oko ---

T'o -awon , agbalagba, yio koko ki nwon. ,

----,"
T'o ba ri aw<t>n oni,awo, yio 8q _ f un nwqn pe, II -- --- dada? yio wo'gba 0."

192

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati 9m9'~~ Peace Corps t'o ba de Na~j~r~a, _ ----- -- mo awon ti 0 wa nibe " --" . ," papa ]u19 lat~ ma -- ---- I 0 gb9d~ k9k? m9 ?na wo l'a 0 gba ki aW9n enia na, ti - - _ nwqn yio fi
-."

T'o ba ri aW9n ----- - __ , yio bi nwon pe, "Se ise nyin, se


,

o nm'owo lowo dada?" Inu yio 8i dun.

f "

T'o ba ri awon , agbe, , yio ki nwo.n pe, " -. Se oko nlo , dada?"

T'o ba ri awon , agbalagba, yio ---- ki nW9n.

T'o ba ri aW9n

, yio sq

fun nwon nyin , pe, "Se , ____? Aje yio wo'gba 0."

1.

Kinni 0 y~ ki 9mQ"~ Peace Corps ki 0 kQK9 mq bi f~ dara pq m9 aW9n ti 0 wa ni Naijiria?

ba

3.

Kinni yio wi fun aW9n Kinni yio


~e

oni~owo

bi

ba

f~

ki w9n'

4.

nigbati

ba ri aW9n agbalagba?

193

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

YORUBA GREETINGS - TEXT 2

Nigbati ?m9 Peace Corps ti 19 si Naijiria, ti


0

ba

si

f~

da'ra P9 m9 aw~n ti 0 wa nib~ papa ju19 lati ki nW9n, tWo ba de ?d9 awqn a9b~, yio s~ wipe, "E ku 'se 0 ,. e ku at'aro. ,

~e'~~ nyin nl? dada?"

..

When a PCV goes to Nigeria, and he wishes to associate himself with the people that are there, especially to greet them - when he visits farmers he will say, 'Well done since morning! Is your work progressing well?"

T'o ba de 9d9 aW9n oni~owo, bakanna yio s9pe, "Se , aje nwo igba?"

When he reaches the traders, likewise he will say, '~ope money enters your calabash." Thus, the people will be happy and say, '~his is a very nice man or woman."

Bayi, inu wipe:

aw~n

enia yio dun

"A! enia dada ni

arakunrin tabi arabinrin yi." T'o ba ri agbalagba, yio k9k9 ki nwon.'toripe awon ' , enia wa pe a gbodo fun agba. ., bowo "

When he sees his elders he will greet them first, because our people say that we must pay respect to our elders.

194

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

N1gbat1 ?rn9 Peace Corps t 0 ba I " . I 1\ /;' \ / 19 S1 Na1J1r1a, t1 0 si f~ da'ra po rno awon t{ 0 wa nlb~ T papa jU19 1~ti ki nw~n, t'6 / \. " I ba de/ " pd9 awqn " agb~, Y10 s9 I I / / / \ /",,, \. w1pe, "E ku 'se 0 ,. e ku at'aro. , I I 1/ ,..,,, ~e'~~ ny1n n1? dada?

....

Bay1. , inu awqn en1.a Y1.0 dun 1/ w1pe: "A! en1a dada n1 arak~nrin tab! arabinrin y't.."
1\" '\'\ _

\.

\.,'

....

..

T' 0 ba r1 agba1agba, Y10 k9k9 I I ;" '" k1 nwon,'tor1pe awon en1a I ,.\" /" wa pe a gbodo fun agba. ., bowo "

1/

("

"

IV/

T'o ba de odo awc;>n on1.flowo, I ,. ,,;, . / ~ l> bakanna Y1.0 sc;>pe, Se aJe nwo igba?"

I"

\.

'\

Nigbati orno Peace Corps ti 0 ba ____________ , ti 0 si da'ra po rno -_


f~

..

papa jU19 1ati ki nw~n, t'o ba de pd9---- -----, yio s9 wipe, "E ku 'se 0 '. e ku at'ira. , , ~e'~~ nyin n1? dada?"

Nigbati ?rn9 Peace Corps ti 0 ba -- -- Naijiria, ti 0 si f~ _ -- awqn ti 0 wa nib~ papa ju19 1ati -- nw~n, t'o ba de pd9 awqn agb~, yio s9 wipe, ,~ e ku at'iro. , ku 'se , 0 ,. ,

-- -- ---- ---

~---

?"

T'o ba de 9d9 awc;>n oniflowo, bakanna yio sc;>pe, It __ - - -

--- ---_?"
Bayi, --- ---- ---- yio dun wipe: "A! enia dada ni arakunrin tabi arabinrin yi." T'o __ ri ---------, yio koko ki nwon,'toripe awon enia wa pe a bowo fun agba.

T'o ba de odo ---- ----_ .. bakanna yio sc;>pe, "Se aje nwo igba?"

..

Bayi, inu awqn enia yio dun wipe: "A! enia dada ni --------- tabi yi. " T'o ba ri agba1agba, yio - - nwon,' toripe awon enia wa pe a gbodo fun agba. ,

195

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

Larin onifiJowo tabi aje o?" , nw<;>gba , Kinni Ti


~9
aw~n

agb~,

tani ikini yi wa fun:

"~e

2.

enia yio s9 nipa

~niti 0

ba nki enia dada?


y~

3.

Peace Corps bari agba1agba kinni

ki

kqk9

~e?

4.

Kinni 8W<?n enia gbagbq pe a gbqdC? ~e si aW9n agba1agba?

196

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

YORUBA GREETINGS - TEXT 3

Enia kiki J'e ohun ti larin awon YorUba. ,

se pataki

Greeting is an important thing (custom) among the Yoruba people. When a PCV goes to [live] among ('the midst of') the Yoruba people, and he wants to learn how we greet people, what is important is that he knows how he can greet them well.

Nigbati 9mq'~~ Peace Corps teo ba 10 si arin awqn Yoruba, ti o si fe ko bi a tise ki enia, ohun ti 0 se pataki ni wipe t ki 0 mC? ~na ti 0 gba ki nwC?n dada. Ti ba de <;>dp aW9n agb~, yio s9 fun nwon pe, "~ ku at'arq, e ku 'se o. Se nkan oko ndara?"
0

When he comes upon farmers he will tell them, "Well done since morning! You have worked well! Hope the crops are good~" When he comes to traders he will tell them,~ "Hope y;our business is prospering! ' ('Hope money is entering your calabash.') If he comes to sellers, in the same way he will greet them. Our people believe that the young ought to be the first to greet their elders.

T'o ba de qdp awc;>n oni~owo, yio so. pe, "Se , aje nwo' gba of?"

T'o ba de odo awon , ti nta'ja, bakanna ni yio ki nw~n. Awon , enia wa gbagbo " wipe, orno , kekere 1'0 ye k'o ko ki agbalagba.

..

197

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Enia k1ki je ohun t1 ~ " larin awon Yoruba.


,I

\ ""

/.,/

~e

patak1

\..

T'o ba de odo awon ,


8~
/ / / I'

/",

on1~owo,
, / "

('-\

Y10

('

pe, "~e aje nwq gba o?

N1gbat1 9rnq
I ,.::...

\.1

,I
~~

Peace Corps t 0
\. 'I

, /
I

ba 10 81 arin awqn Yoruba, t1 I o S1


II
/ "

f~

kp b( 1 a
/

. k{ '- '\-' t1~e 1 en1a,


'\

T'o ba de odo awon t1 nta'Ja,


I .(>

/",

r /

.'

O.

I'V

ohun t1 0 dada. T1 0 ba de
/
1
1 / 1

(I

k1 0 m9 ?na t1 0 gba k1 nW9n

~e patak1 n1 "1/ \.

''-

w1pe,
~

bakanna ni Y10 k1 nw?n.


, ,)., \ I

Awon en1a wa gbagbO , W1.pe,


~

qm~

~dp

'-"

aW9n
/

agb~,

"

Y10

kekere 1'0 ye k 0 k~ ki ,-" ...... agba1ag.oa.


L / / , /

89 fun nwon pe, "~ ku at'arq, ~ k~ '~~ o. ~~ nkan oko rtdara?"

I"-~'

Enia kiki je

larin awon Yoruba.

-- - -- ------

T'o ba de qdp aW9n oni~owo, yio pe, , " ~"


s~

Nigbati 9mq'~~ Peace Corps t'o -- ---- ---- ---- Yoruba, ti o si kp bi a ti~e ki enia, ohun ti ki 0 m9 dada.
0

T'o ba de odo awon , tibakanna ni yio ki nw?n.

..

~e

------ ni wipe, ti 0 gba ki nW9n Awr:rn enia wa agba1agba. ------ wipe, kekere 1'0 ye k'o ko ki f

-- --- nwon pe,


~ ku '~e o.

Be nkan oko ndara?"

" - -- ------,

198

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Enia ---- je ohun ti

larin awon Yoruba.

fle

T'o ba de ado . , awon , ----- __ , yio s? pe, "?e nW9'gba


O?1f

Nigbati 9mG'~~ Peace Corps t'o ba ] () si .__ Yoruba, ti o si f~ kp bi a ,


I

T'o ba de ~d9 aW9n ti nta'ja, ------- ni yio ki nw?n.

ohun ti

~e

pataki ni wipe,
0

ki 0 m9 ?na ti dada. Ti ba de odo , , s9 fun nwon pe,


0

gba ki nW9n

Awon enia wa gbagbo. wipe, omo , kekere 1'0 ye , k'o ko , ki , yio

Iff.:

ku at'arq, 1"

ku

'~e

o.

~e

nkan oko -

1.

Kinni enia kiki J'e larin awon Yoruba? Kinni 0 ~e pataki fun 9m9'~e Peace Corps lati nigbati 0 ba 10 si Naijiria? Iru awon onise wo ni ikini yi wa fun:
I I I I

2.

m9

3.

"Se nkan oko ndara?"

4.

AW9n enia gbag'b<;>, wipe

199

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MORE ABOUT YORUBA GREETINGS - TEXT 1

Nigbati omo kekere ba fe ki ko ni 89 W1pe : 1 agbalagba, "iwC?," ~ugb<?n yio pe "~."

When d younger person wants to greet an elderly person he is not to use "iwo" ( ''you'' for ones equal', but he will say "~" ('you" respectfully)

Nipa eleyi, yiotpe "E kabq HE kiro

. 0."

,"

In reference to this, he will say "Welcome sir," [or] "Good morning sir." But if he is his contemporary he can say "Good morning~" or ''welcome!'' The boy will prostrate for whoever is older than he is but a girl will kneel.

~ugb9n tlo ba ~epe ~gb~ r~ ni,

o le pe ''Karo . ' " tabi ''Kahn -y' " Omokunrin yio dobale fun eni , tlo ba ju 1~, ~ugb?n obinrin yio kunle.
"'" -' Obinrin papa, t'o ba fe ki oko
I .,

r~, yio s~ pe, "~ kar9 o'9kq mi , " tabi "E kabo oko mi. I. ' . 0, ,

Even if a women wants to salute her husband, she will say, '~ood morning, my husband" or "Welcome, my husband." This is a custom among the Yoruba people.

Eyi je asa larin awon Yoruba.

1/ko ni 1q wi/ corrected to /ko ni sq wipe/.

200

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

N1gbat~

/k ere / ba/ fe'" k ~ f orno k e " '" ~ 'I i 11 agbalagba, ko n~ s? w~pe


\.

' . Orno k unr:ln

. t'o , '" " ba


I
v

" ' , ju l~, ~ugb?n oblnrin


,

y~o

t'

dobale fun eni

'I.

....

....

"!w9'" ~dgb4n
! /

y{o pe "~."

Y:lO kunle. Ob3..nr in papa, t'


,," Ii'

6 bel"

f~ ki oko
~..,l
.,

N:lpa eleyi, yio pe "~ kabQ "E karo


,/

0,"

r~, Y:lO s~ pe, "E kar<;> o,?kq

0."
1/ /
~'.

mi ,"

t~bi "E , k:b~


~,

0,

oko , mi."

Sugbon t'o ba ~epe ~gb~ r~ n~, I / 'v, ,/ ~, <5 le' pe ''Karo ., " tabi ''Kabo "

,).,{
~Y

je asa larin awon Yoruba.


I

/"

"

..

Nigbati orno ------ ba fe ki agbalagba, ko ni so , wipe " ---, " sugbon yio pe "

..
.

Nigbati

---

kekere ba fe ki

agbalagba,

-. "
0,"

"iwo , " sugbon , yio pe "~."

. .

--

wipe

Nipa
"E k~ro

, yio

"~ kabQ

Nipa eleyi, yio pe "E k~ro

,~

0."

. 0."

- ,"

Sugbon t'o ba -- __ egbe re ni, t


' f

Sugbon t'o ba sepe ---- re ni, t ' , ole pe ''Kar9,'' tabi "----." _________ yio doba1e fun eni

o le - - ''Kar9,'' tabi ''Kab<?''

Ornokunrin yio ------ fun eni , t'o ba ju 10, obinrin yio

t'

ba ju

l~,

!3ug1>?n

yio kunle.

Obinrin ----, t'o ba fe ki oko ., --- -- --, ~ kar<;> o,~kq mi , " tabi "E ... " kabo 0, 9k ~ m1.
r~,
tt -

"" -' Obinrin papa, t'o ba fe ki


I

__ , yio

s~

pe,

"~

__ --

0 ,~kq

mi , " tabi "E kabo 0,' oko , , , mi."

Eyi je asa ----- ---- Yoruba.


201

Eyi je

larin awon -----I

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.
2.

Awon wo ninu iwonyi ni omo , kekere yio 10 ti 0 ba fe ki agba1agba (~, ~yin) tabi (0, iW9)? Kinni itumo "e kabo 0" ni ede oyinbo?

.,

,.

Ti a ba koko ri enia ni aro bawo ni ao tise ki? 'T f ,

4. 5.
6.

lru ipo wo ni awon omokunrin rna wa ni aiye ije10 bi nwon ba nki eniti 0 ju won 10? T

Kinni obinrin yio se bi

ba nki eniti 0 ju 10? , ,

Bawo ni obinrin ti~e 1e ki 9k9 r~ ti 0 (~k?) ba ~~~~ ti ode de?

202

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MORE ABOUT YORUBA GREETINGS - TEXT 2

Nigbati 9rn? kekere ba f~ ki agbalagba, kibi'lfiJe ~kunrin, kibase obinrin, "e" ni yio wi. Yl. 0 S? p e "E, karo" . . tabi "E " kabo."

When a younger person wants to greet an elderly person, whether a man or a woman, "~" (the respect form for "you") is what he will say. He will sat "Good mornin~, sir" or 'welcome, sir. '

T'o ba sepe oko re ni, "E oko , karo . 0' . , mi."

...

Ie pe

If he were to be her husband, she (the wife) will say , "Good morning my husband."
The elderly persons say that the youths should not insult the elders.

Awon agbalagba ma s9 wipe orno , kekere ko 9b9do. yaju si agbalagba.

Nitorina, nwon ni owo lati ~wo ti 0 ba ju , fun awon nwon , lOr


~y

..

Therefore they should give respect to those who are older than they are.

Okunrin, 0 ndobale, obinrin, o si nkunle lati ki eni tlo ba J'U nwon 10. Byi j~ a~a ti Yoruba.
0

A man prostrates, and a woman kneels to salute whoever is older than they are. This is a practice common among the Yoruba people.

W9P? larin

203

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" " / 9m? kekere /"'" ( Nigbati ba f~ k1 " ........... ')~ ........ agbalagba, k1ba~e ~kunr1n, I y kibase , oblnrin, "e" , ni Y10 W1.
, I\.

N1tor1na, nwpn n1 9w9 lati ,,\,,, // /, b9wq fun awpn ti 0 ba ju nwon " 10.
t

I' ~

('I.'

yio so pe, nE karo" tabi "E kabo." , t. . ,


/'/

/"......"

",

9kunrin, 0 nd9bale, ob1nrin, / '\ /'" /'" " o 8i nkunle lati ki eni t'o / .' / ba JU nwon 10. ,

"

).

..

T'o ba ,v sepe oko , re , ni, ''E karo 0 oko mi." t , ' . ,


....................

......

/'

le pe

Eyi jT a,a t1 YorUba.


, I

'\

1/"

1/"
0

w9PP larin

" / AW9n agbalagba ma sq W1pe


/

~mp

kekere ko gb9d? yaju 1"""" .... 81 agbalagba.

I.

......

.....

/\

Nigbati --- ---___ ba fe , ki ---------, kiba~e ~kunrin, kibase , obinrin, "e" , ni yio wi. Yio so pe, "

Nitorina, nwpn ni 9w9 lati fun awpn ti 0 ba ju

-_.
0

_______ ,

" tabi "E kabo."

ndobale, -------. " ' o 6i nkunle lati ki eni t'o , ba ju nwon 10. ,

T'o ba ~epe --- -- --,ole pe ''E oko , karo ,0 '. , mi." AW9n
~mp

Eyi je --- ti Yoruba.

----

larin

ma sq

ko 8i agbalagba.

---___

9b9d?

yaju

204

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati

9m~

kekere __ __ ki

agbalagba, kiba,e 9kunrin, kibase obinrin, "e" __ Y!o s~ pe,

-- .

Nitorina, DWpn ni 9W9 1ati b<?wq fun awpn ti 0 ba ----- 10.


t

"JP

karc;>" tabi "- ----...

Okunrin, 0 ndobale, obinrin, t " o 8i nkunle lati ki eni teo ba ju nwon 10.

T'o ba

''E karo .0'

~epe ~k~ r~

. .

---

--

ni, "

------- .

Awc;>n agbalagba ma ~mp kekere ko agbalagba.

SQ

wipe

1. 2.

Tani awon omode Ie 10 ,t

Kinni itumo , "e . karo" ni ede oyinbo?

Kinni okan n!nu awon , ohun ti ko ye" ki omo , kekere 8e 8i agbalagba?

"0" tabi "iwo" fun? ,

4.
5.

Iru enia wo ni awon , obinrin nkunle fun ti qkunrin 8i ndobale , , fun? Kinn! obinrin yio wi ti 0 ba fe k! oko , , ni aro? , re

"""-

205

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MORE ABOUT YORUBA GREETINGS - TEXT 3

Ona lati ki enia larin Yoruba pin si ori~i meji. Okunrin, 0 nd9bale, , , obinrint o si nkunle. ,
Iba~e

The methods of greetings among the Yoruba people divide into two kinds.
A man prostrates and a

woman kneels. Whether men or women, whenever they want to greet their elders they will ~~y~ "Good mor~in~, sir" ~~ Welcome, S1r.

Qkunrin tabi obinrin, nigbakigba ti nwon , ba fe ki enit'o ju nwon 10, nwon , yio 10 pe, "E karo 0," tabi T "E kabo 0."

...

T'o ba ~epe ir~ nW9n ni, nwqn yio s?pe, ''Kar9'' tabi ''Kab9'"

If he were to be their contemporary, they will say, "Good morning~" or 'Welcome:" The youths greet the elders first. The elders usually give kind regards to the youths that greet them well.

Awon , omo kekere ni koko , ki agbalagba. AW9n agbalagba a si rna fi ola fun awon omo ti nwon ba nki , nwon , daradara.

..

. '.

Ikini, 0 jet ohun ti larin Yoruba.

wopo

Greeting is a common thing among the Yoruba people.

206

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

,,/
I

Ona 1ati ki enia 1arin Yoruba I / / Y / ,) p1n S1 or1~1 rneJ1.


, , 11'1\ ).

/,

''-

"

9kunr1n, 0 nd9ba1e, ob1nrin, / \ I I \ o S1 nkun1e. ,


\{:;

Aw~n

"

ornq kekere ni agba1agba.

k~k9 k~

/1

Iba~e

" " ' ob1nrin, ... 9kunrin tabi n{gb~{gb'a t{ nw6n b' f~ / , I,' / ' k1/ ~n1t'0 JU nwon 10, nwon / yio 4 19 pe, liE karo 0," tabi . , "E ka~ 0."

,.",.

\ \ " AW9n "'\. agba1agba a S1 rna fi ola fun awon orno ., t{ nwon ba niti " / nW9n daradara.

Ikini, 0 je ohun t1 0 w9pq lirin YO;Uba.

'-/

(/

/,

Ona 1ati -- enia 1arin Yoruba pin si _____ ----I 9kunrin, 0 ------- , obinrin, o si
Iba~e

Awo,n ----- ni koko , ki agba1agba. AW9n agba1agba a si rna fi ola nwon fun awon --, ba nki nwon -------- .
I

9kunrin tabi obinrin, ____ ------ ti nwon ba fe , ' en1t " 0 _- ---- --, nwon k1 yio 19 pe, liE , karo 0," tabi liE kabo 0 " "

Ikini, 0 je ohun ti 0 larin Yoruba.

T'o ba ~epe yio sc;>pe, "

nwC?n ni, nwqn n tabi" '"

207

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

--- lati ki enia ___ si oriEli meji.

Yoruba

T'o ba

ir9 nW9n -_, nwqn ________ , ''Kar9'' tabi ''Kabc?'"

-------, 0 nd9ba1e, t o -- nkunle. ,

-------,
,

---- omo kekere ni agbalagba. AW9n

..

ki

----9 kun rin ---- obinrin ,

nigbakigba ti nw~n -- f~ ki ------ ju nwon 10 nwon ' yio -- --, "E 0 , " tabi ,

-__ a ai -- fi
t ,

. .

fun awon omo ti nwon ba nwc;n daradara.


_____ ,

"E ----

"

---- ti _____ Yoruba.


0
j~

w9pq

1.
2.

orisi ona me10 ni ati ki'ni larin awon Yoruba pin si? , qkunrin yio
t

, obinrin yio si

bi nwon , ba fe , lati

ki eniti 0 ju nwon 10.

I'

3.

Tani a Ie 10

'~aro"

tabi ''kabo'' , fun?


"Welcome~"

4.
5.

Kinni iki'ni je larin awon Yoruba? t Tumo ede oyinbo yi 8i Yorubar "Good morning sir,"

208

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MODERN GREETING CUSTOMS - TEXT 1

Ni asiko yi, awqn t'o j~pe nw?n k9 ~k9, ikini nW9n, 0 yato si awon baba nla wa. f

Nowadays, those that are educated - their forms of greetings are somewhat different from our grandfathers' . As in the time of our grandfathers, men would prostrate, and women would kneel. But nowadays, they put their hands behind them in greeting those that are older than they are. It is not that a woman has to kneel before we can say, "This person is one that has respect for people," or for a boy ~o prostrate. Those things (practices) have gone completely. Now [at this time] placing hands behind oneself is the practice.

Ti asiko aW9n baba nla wa, ?kunrin yio dpbal obinrin yio si kunl y

r,

pugbpn ni igbayi, nW9n nfi 9wP s~hin ki aW9n ti 0 ju nwon 10 ni.


I

Xi

obinrin yio kunl~ ki 0 to di.'gba t' a pe "Ah, eleyi rna je eniti 0 lobowo , , fun enia 0," tabi omokunrin ~o dobale. f "

i~epe

..

lwonyen, ,

ti koja

..

10

patapata.

Ni asiko yi ifowo sehin kini , c ' l' 0 wa.

209

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

N1

("

as~ko
/

\'

y~)

v'

awqn t

,/
0

J~pe
/

.,

nW9n k9 ~k9, 1k~n1 nW9n, 0 " /' ,~// Yato , 81 awon baba nla wa.

/")

(,

X1

ob1nr1n Y10 kun1~ k1 0 I" ,/ v I'V_ to di'gba t' a pe "All, e1eyi rna I' I' / \ \ I' "" , JOe eniti 0 10bowo fun en1a 0 , ' , / " I' ..... /, tabi ornokunrin ~o doba1e.
i~epe
~

I'

v"

(I'

..

.. .

Ti asiko awon baba n1a wa, ..... I' , oktinrin y{o dpba1~, ) I' ..... obinrin y{o 81 kun1~.
I

I'

..

"

"

"

pugbpn nW9n nfi , / '} (\ / I' ,\ 9wP s~h1n k1 aW9n t1 0 JU nW6n 10 ni.

'Y n~ ~gbaY1)
1\

1'1'

I N1 as~ko yi ifowo sehin k1ni " l' 0I' wa.

...

... ~

\.

/'

Ni ----- yi) awqn tlo j~pe nwon -- ---, ikini nW9n, 0 yato , si awon baba nla wa.

Ni asiko yi, awqn t'o j~pe nW9n k9 ~k9, ----- nW9n, 0 ---- si awon baba nla wa.

Ti asiko aW9n ---- --- wa, _______ yio dpba1 , r _______ yio si kun1~. Sugbon ni igbayi, --- _____ --- ki aW9n ti _____ - ni. Xi
i~epe

Ti ----- aW9n baba n1a wa, okunrin yio -,

obinrin yio si ----_. pugbpn ni ------, nW9n nfi . --- ----- ki aW9n ti 0 ju nw?n 1? ni. Ki isepe obinrin yio ki 0

------- yio kun1~ ki 0 to di'gba t I a pe "All, _____ rna 19bpw9 fun enia 0," tabi _-------- ~o d9ba1 ,.
0

j~ ~niti

to di'gba t I a pe "All, e1eyi rna je eniti 0 - - - - - _ fun enia 0," tabi omokunrin ~o ,

______ -,0 ti k?ja 19 --------.


Ni -- ifowo sehin kini
210

lwonyen, ,

ti ---

patapata.

Ni asiko yi ----l' 0 wa.

kin!

1'0 wa.

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1. 2.

Bawo ni awon okunrin se nki enia ni aiye atijo? 'I t , Bi obinrin yio ba ki eniti

'" bawo ni yio tise? jUlo ,

3.
4.

Bawo ni okunrin ati obinrin ti tiki enia ni igba yi?

Nj~

afa !kini ti aiye ode oni dara?

211

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

MODERN GREETING CUSTOMS - TEXT 2

Ni asiko yi, aW9n ti nW9n ni eko, ikini nwo.n


0

yatn die T

si ti awon baba nla wa.

At this time, those that have education, their greeting is a bit different from that of our grandfathers Our grandparents kneel and they also prostrate when they want to greet people.

Awon baba nla wa si

nkunl~,

nW9n

nd9bal~

nigbati nW9n ba

fe ki enia

Sugbon ni igbayi, awon ti nwqn K~kq, nwqn nfi 9W~ s~hin lati kit ni ni.

But nowadays those that are educated put their hands behind themselves in order to greet. Respect is also [shown] in this too. It is not necessarily when a woman kneels or a man prostrates that he or she has respect. This is a thing (custom) that has passed.

"" Owo wa nibi eleyi na.

Xi ise pe I

d'igbati obinrin ba

kunle tabi okunrin ba dobale nikan 1'0 to ni owo ninu. Eleyi 19

"

..

j~

ohun

ti 0 ti k9ja

s~hin.

212

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

I \ " V awon tl. nwon n1. N1. aS1.ko y1., , I ,~ /" " / ~ I . eko, 1.k1.n1. nwc;>n o yat9 di~ / / '/ / ." S1. t1. aW9n baba nla wa.

'-

OWo , wa n1.bi eleyi na.


"I / I\" / '\ b/ Ki 1.se pe 0 d'1.gbat1. obl.nrl.n a " '/ '" /, k~nle ba dobale , tabl. okunrin " \ / / I" (I nl.kan 1'0 to nl. owo nl.nu. ,
\

,,'

t'-"

baba nla wa nkunl~, nw<;>n A " won I S1. " ndooale , n1.gbat1. nW9n ba ( '- '." f~ k1. en1.a.
"" II 1/'
'-

'-

I'

,.
/

Sugbon ni igbayi, aW9n t1. nwqn ,/\/ I /. / / \ /, K~kq, nwqn nf1. ~~ s~hin lat1 k:L'ni ni.

"

I"

I"

,/

E1eyi j~ ohun / '\ 19 s~h1.n.

tl. 0

ti k9ja

Ni asiko yi, aW9n ti nW9n ni eko, ----0 yat9 di~ si ti awon ---- --- wa.

Ni asiko yi, aW9n ti nW9n ni eko, ikini nwo.n 0 _

. si ti awon baba n1a wa


.

Awon --- wa nkunl~, nw<;>n si ndobale , nigbati nW9n ba fe -- ---

Awon baba n1a wa -----_, nw<;>n si -nigbati nW9n ba fe ki enia.


~ugb?n

Sugbon ni igbayi, ---- -- ---, , nwqn nfi 9W~ s~hin lati ki' ni ni. owo , wa nibi e1eyi na.

ni igbayi, aW9n ti nwqn K~kq, nwqn lati ki' ni ni.


.....

.....

--- wa nibi e1eyi na.

Ki ise pe 0 d'igbati ------- ba kunle ba ~9ba1q , tabi


I

nikan 1'0 to ni owo , , ninu. E1eyi 19


j~

Ki ise pe 0 d'igbati obinrin ba ----- tabi okunrin ba _ , nikan 1'0 to ni owo , , ninu. Eleyi je ohun
ti
0

ohun

ti _ __ _

ti

s~hin.

-- -----.
213

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

2.

3.

Pari gbo1ohun oro yi: .t Ikini aw~n ti o ka iwe si ti awon baba n1a wa " Bawo ni awon baba n1a ati iya n1a wa se nki enia? Bawo ni awon ti 0 k'Efko fie nki enia ni aiye ode oni? ,
~a

4.

ikini wo ni ko wopo mo? , tobe

214

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

BEING TACTFUL - TEXT 1

Xi a t'o ni irePQ larin awon , enia ti a nba gbe, o ye , ki a mo , asa nw?n

Before we have harmony among the people with whom we are living, it is proper that we should understand their customs. One custom among the Yorubas is that when they give a visitor l something, it is not proper for the visitor to reject it. By [his] doing this, they think that a visitor that refuses to accept something is being ostentatious or that he does not like them or that he thinks that he has had enough [of everything]. Therefore, it is proper that a visitor accept whatever is given to him In the second way, the visitor or the host should not point his finger at whomever is older than he when they are saying that - ''You are the one I am talking to." He should not do this.

A~a

kinni ni arin Yoruba ni wipe, nigbati nw~n ba fun alejo ni nkan, ko ye ki alejo k'o ko

Nipa ~i~e bayi, nW9n ro wipe alejo t'o ko nkan, 0 nse fari ni tabi ko feran awon. ' tabi 0 ro pe on ti ni to.

Nitorina, 0 y~ ki alejo k'o gba --ohun ti nwon ba fun. Ni ~na keji, alejo tabi onile ko gbod9 to'ka si eniti 0 ., , ba Ip ti nwqn ba nS9r~ wipe, "Iwq na ni roo nba wi".

ju

Xo gbodo , , se eleyi.

l/Alejo/ may mean 'visitor, foreigner, guest, alien,' or, frequently heard in Nigeria, 'stranger.'
215

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

X1 a t'o n~ 1repq lar1n awon ,{ ,,~, ... , / / "I' en1a ti a nba gbe, 0 ye k , , \ a mo asa nwon.
" f

I'

'\

..
/ \

A).

:i.

" """ (alejo " " k'o " gba Nitorina, 0 y~ k1 / ,,~ ohun t1 nwon , ba fun.
N1
I

'" V ,I (~. "". A,a k1nn1 n1 ar1n Yoruba n1 r " { " ( / " " w1pe, n1gbat1 nW9n ba fun
~ n1 a 1 e)o nkan, ko ye ki , .' / \' ale)o k'o ko. ,

\.

,,

ko gbOd9 to ka 81 ~n1t1 0 /' .~' Ip t1 nwqn / """ \. ba )u ba n89r~

~na ke]1, alejo '" / \. /, (

'"

.,

\.

tab1 on1le
. I /

'.I

(/

.
\

'

W1pe, "Iwq na ni roo nba W1".

.II'

"

,,//

/ . / b" Y " " W1pe 1''' N1pa ~1~e ay1, nW9n ro ~lej6 t'6 ko nkan, ~ ~se

far1 n1 tab1 ko f~ran aw~n, '" ( " , ... ,/" tab1 0 ro pe on ti n1 to.

At (

"'I

"

Xi a t'o ni _____ larin awon , enia ti a nba gbe, o ye , ki a mo asa nw~n.


I

Nitorina,

ki ----- k' 0 gba ohun ti nwon , ba f~.


0

--

Asa kinni ni arin Yoruba ni wipe, nigbati nW9n ba fun _____ ni nkan, __ -- ------ k' 0 ko. ,

Ni ~na keji, alejo tabi onile ko 9b?d9 __ _ -- -- nwqn ba n89r~ wipe, "Iwq na ni roo nba wi".

Xo gbodo , , sle eleyi. Nipa


~i~e

bayi, nW9n ro wipe


0

alejo t'o kp nkan,

n,e

fari ni tabi ko f~ran aw~n, tabi 0 ro pe -- -- -_.

216

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ki a t'o ni irepq larin awon , enia ti a nba gbe, 0 y~ __ ______


nw~n.

..

Nitorina, 0 y~ ki alejo k'o gba ohun ti nwon , Ni 9na keji, alejo tabi onile ko gbod9 to'ka si eniti 0 ., __ __ __ ti nwon ba nsoro ,

Asa , kinni ni arin Yoruba ni wipe, nigbati nW9n ba fun alejo ni nkan, ko ye ki alejo Nipa ~i~e bayi, nW9n ro wipe alejo t'o ko nkan, 0 nee ni tabi ----- aW9n, tabi 0 ro pe on ti ni to.

wipe, "Iwq na ni mo nba wi". Ko gbodo se , eleyi.

..

1. 2.

Nitori kinni
S~

0 0

fi ye ki a mo nipa asa awon eniti a nba gbe?


r"

afa kan ti

m9

larin aW9n Yoruba.


0

3. 4.

Kinni aw~n Yoruba yio ro nipa eniti lowo ., won?

ba k? lati gba

~bun

Kinni asa awon , Yoruba nipa itoka 8i enia?

217

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

BEING TACTFUL - TEXT 2

Ki a to Ie gbepo , dada, 0 ye , ki a mQ a~a aw~n ~niti a nba gbe. Nigbati alejo ba 10 si ile Yoruba, 0 y~ k'o m9 wipe asa nwon, on gbodo mo.
I ,

Before we can live together well, it is proper that we know the customs of those we are living with. When a foreigner goes to Yoruba land, it is proper that he knows their customs; he has to know it.

Ekinni, ti nw?n ba bun ni nkan, 0 ye, k'o fi tayotayo , gba, ko y~ k' 0 k9'. Ekeji, ti nw?n ba nS9r9, ko ye , k'o na ika seni tWo ba ju 10 tab! k'o wo loju.

First, if they give him something, it is proper that he receive it gladly; it is not proper that he refuse it. Secondly, if they are speaking it is not proper that he points his finger to his elder or even looks straight at his face. Thirdly, if they want to give him something, it is proper that he receive it gladly. If he, himself, wants to give a person something, it is not right to use the left hand in giving it to him. The right hand is the proper one to use in giving (things) to whom he wants to give. If he gives him with the left will count it (a blemish in
218

Eketa, ti nwon ba fe , , fun ni nkan, 0 y(} k'o gba taY9taY9. Ti ohun papa ba si f~ fun enia ni nkan, ko ye k' 0 fi owq , """ osi fun.

OWo otun 1'0 ye , k'o fi fun enit'o fe fun. , ' T'o ba fi owo , , osi fun, nwon yio k~ si al"ebu.

...

(something) hand, they as an insult his character).

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Xi a to 1e gbep? dada, 0 y~ / " ,~, k1 a mQ ' a~a aw~n ~n1t1 a / / / nba gbe. N1gbat1 a1e)0 ba 19 81 11~ '.I' / ,.I" ~/ Yoruba, 0 Yf( k 0 ~ W1pe , , ,/, '...t asa nwon, on gbOdo mo.
( , I'

/,

,'

........

,/

Eketa, tJ. nwon , ' ba fe ,> fun n1 '" , ' ' ' ' ' taYQtaY9. " , nkan, 0 Y~ k 0 goa T1 ohun papa ba si t nkan, ko " ye k I n1 , /" """ osi fun.
/

,'.I'

"

-,.,

"

..
I

fun enia "', , 0 1. owq


f~

\.\

'"
/

Ek1nn1, t1 nW9n ba bun n1 / y, k ,.I'. " " nkan, 0 0 f1 tayotayo \t" ,/ \.{, , gba, ko ye k' 0 ko.

tv

/", 1, 0 ' ye k ,/ Owo 0 f1.' f'/ un , otun / / , enit'o fe fun. , ' T'o ba fi qwo osi fun, nwon / ':Jb I':'~"'" , Y1.0 ka S1 a1ebu.
/ / '" ,," !=

. .

"

.\ I ,/ / / ,,' " Eke)1, t1 nw~n ba nS9rq, ko / \ ,/ / ye k'o na 1ka sen1 teo ba ~ 'I / ');,J '/, / ju 10 tab1 k'o wo 10Ju
,/.

Xi a to 1e gbepo , ki a mQ
a~a

, 0 ye , _ a

nba gbe. Nigbati a1ejo ba 10 si


I

Eketa, ti nwon ba -- --- -' ----, 0 Y~ k'o goa taYQtaY9. Ti ohun papa ba 8i --- --- enia ni nkan, k' 0 fi f:!Wq """ osi fun. Owo --- -- k'o fi fun otun enit'o f~ fun. ~ T'o ba 1

k'o m9 wipe --- ----, on gbodo ,. mO. ,


------, 0

Yf(

Ekinni, ti nwon , ba bun ni nkan, 0 k'o fi

y,

gba, ko ye , k' 0 - _ Ekeji, ti nwon ba nsoro, - -- k'o na s~ni teo ba ju 19 tabi k'o loju.
, "'" 81 alebu. Y10 ka

,-

--_

fun,

nwon

'

wo

219

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ki a to 1e ki a m9 --nba gbe.

dada,

y~

aw~n ~niti

Eketa, ti nwon ba fe fun ni , nkan, 0 y~ k'o --- -

Nigbati ----- -- -- si i1e Yoruba, 0 y~ k'o m9 wipe "" mo. , Ekinni, ti nw?n ba --- ----- , 0 . ye k'o fi tayotayo gba, ko -- k' 0 k9'.

Ti ohun papa ba si f~ fun enia ni nkan, ko -- k' 0 fi _


'" --- fun.

,.

--- ---_1'0 ye , k'o fi fun enit'o fe fun. , ' T'o ba fi cwo osi flln, nwon , . ka Y10
~

Ekeji, ti nwon , ba ----_, ko ye k'o -- --- seni teo ba ju 10 tabi k'o -- ----

..

1. 2.

Kinni

ye ki alejo ki

mo nigbati
0

Bi nwon ba bun alejo ni nkan kinni


, I

" si ile Yoruba? ye ki 0 se?


10
I

ba

3. 4.

Ti omode ati agbalagba ba nsoro kinni ko ye ki omode ki


I I,

se?
,

OWo wo ni awon Yoruba ro wipe , T Eniti


f

ye lati fi fun enia ni nkan?


-v
,

0 ba

fi awo aito fun enia ni nkan kinni awon Yoruba ka ai?


"
I

220

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

BEING TACTFUL - TEXT 3

Xi a to Ie gbe dada Iarin aW9n enia kan, 0 ye ka mo asa nwnn. T


I I '

Before we can live well among a nation it is proper that we know their likes and dislikes. Whoever goes to Yoruba land should know that if they present him with something it is proper that he accept it. If he rejects it, they will think that he is being ostentatious before them or that he thinks that he has enough of everything. Secondly if he is talking to them, it is not proper that he should look straight at their faces or that he point his finger at them. This is a bad practice. Thirdly, he should not use his left hand to give out something

~nik~ni

tWo ba l~ si il y Yoruba, o y~ k' 0 Ill<? wipe ti nwpn ba bun on ni nkan, 0 Yff x'o gba.

Ti

"" aw~n yio ba ,e a1a1gba, ro wipe 0 n,e fari si awon ni tabi 0 ro pe on ni to.
0

Ekeji, ti 0 ba nba nW9n s9r q, ko ye k' 0 ma wo nwon loju korokoro tabi k'o na'wo , si nwon

Asa , yi je nkan ti'6 dar~. Eketa, k'o ma f'awo osi fun , nwon ni okano

..

221

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

K{ a to Ie gbe dada larin aW9n , l' / mo asa " "- nwo.n. en a kan, 0/ ye ka ,nik,ni tWo ba I? si il~ Yoruba, / / \ ~/ ( / I o k' 0 :m9 W1pe t1 nwpn ba / ,I / I ~ bun on n1 nkan, 0 k'o gba.
/

t='

I\.

\..

y,

/,

"

EkeJ1, t1 0 ba Dba nw~n s~rq, \ / __ , / II ko ye k'o ma wo nwon loju '\ II, I 'I /' / / korokoro tab1 k'o na'wo si nwon

\.

.\

"

Y,

T1

ba ,e alaigba, aw~n y 0 \ 1/ 1 / ~I 1'ro W1pe 0 nge far1 S1 awqn '1... I I '\ / \.{ I ni tab1 0 ~o pe on n to.
0

1/

~,

Eketa, k'o rna f'owo osi fun , ( nwon n1 nkan.

'\

..

I"

Xi a to Ie gbe ---- ----- aW9n enia kan, 0 ye ka mo - - - nwon.

Ekeji, ti
I

ba

Enikeni tWo ba 10 si , o k' 0 InC? wipe ti ~n ba bun on ni rikan, 0 y, _-

y,

ko ye k' 0 ma wo nwon Ioju korokoro tabi k' 0 na'wo , 8i nwon ___ y1 nkan ti'~ dar~. J'e Eketa, k' 0 ma f' , nwon ni nkan.

Ti

ba ,e ala1gba, awon yio ro wipe 0 --- ... .... ... ni tabi 0 ~o pe on ni to.
0

-- -- _---

--- fun

222

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

enia xan,

ye __

--

....

_-

~---

Ekeji, ti 0 ba nba nwon anro T, , xo y~ k' 0 rna wo nwpn _ -------.-tabi k' 0 nwon Asa yi
JO ~

--

ai

Enikeni teo ba 10 __ ile Yoruba , , . T ti nwon , ba _______ _ -w- 0 y~ k'o gba.


--

o y~ x' 0

'~ipe

Ok an

to" 1. 0

____

Ti

ba ~e -------, aW9n yio ro wipe 0 n~e fari si awqn ni tabi 0 ~o pe -to.


0

Eketa, k'o rna f'owo , , , --- f un nwon - - nkan.

1.

Pari gbolohun yi: "K! a to Ie gbe o Yf!! xi a m9

dada

larin awon enia xan


0

2.

ti So , xi enikeni , okan ninu ohun ti o ye Yoruba mo. ,

"

ba 10 , ai

il~

3.

Iru enia wo ni awon Yoruba Ie so wipe o nse fari si aW9n wipe on ni to? Kinni asa awon Yoruba nipa wiwo enia loju?

4.
5.

ABa kan ni wipe ki enia xi

mase , , fi owo

--

fun enia ni nkan.

223

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

INSTRUCTIONS TO A CHILD - TEXT I

Iyanda Agbo, wa jT nS9 ?r9 pataki fun 9 ti 0 mu q di ologbon enia laiye.

..

Iyanda Agbo, come let me tell you important words which will make you a wise person in the world. Whenever you go in the company of people, do not insult them. If they give you something, accept it gladly. If you do not accept it they will think that you are ,Showing off to them or that you have everything. Then if the elders are speaking to you, do not look straight at their faces.

Nigbati 0 ba nl9 si arin awqn enia, ma ~e ri nw9n fin. Ti nW9n ba bun 9 ni nkan, fi tayotayo gba.
I

T'o ba gba, nwon yio ro pe o nse fari si awon ni tabi pe 0 ni to.

Lehinna, ti awon agbalagba ba nba 0 , soro, ma se wo oju nwnn .,. korokoro.

...

Ma

na ika si nwqn, arifin l'a npe eleyi.

~e

Do not point your finger at

them: for that is an insult ('insult is what we call this' ). Then if you also want to give them something (say - water), do not use your left hand to give it to them. If you use your left hand to give them this thing, that is an insult.

Lehinna ti 0 ba tun fe fun, nwon , . ni nkan (pe omi ni), ma ,e fi owo , osi fun nwon.

Ti 0 ba fi qwo osi fun nwon ni kinni yi, arifin ni.

224

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Iyanda Agbo t wa je nsc;> 9r <;> ( , / / \ t~' pa 1. fun 9 t1. 0 rnu q di // / / " \" ologbon en1.a laiye.

,,'\

.I"

'\

/') CL~hl.nna,

.. .

" / korokoro.
'\ /

nba

t1 awon agbalagba ba .... " / ./ 8qr9, rna ~e WO oJu nwqn

~,

'\

Nigbati 0 ba n19 81. arl.n awqn ,,\'\ ( / enl.a t rna ,e r1 nwqn f1n.
/

/,

//

//

(~o"

/ M a

Ok a " ~ of 1.n I na " 1. 81. nwqn, ,ar1 / / V 1 a npe eley1..


~e

,'\

Tl. nwqn ba bue c;> n1 nkan t i " '\ tayotayo gba. t


t

T'o ba gba, nwon Y10 ro pe / ~\ ,,/ nse fari si awon ni tabi ,/. (.I pe 0 n1 to.

/'

\I

I\./

Lehinna ti o ba tun fe fun nwon , / < n1. nkan (~ omi ni), rna se i '\. / owo osi fun nwon t
\.

'\.

/\.,/

Ti

ba fi 9Wo osi fun nwon nl. f/ i o ( y1., '( 'o k 1.nn1. ar1. 1.n n
0

.I"

Iyanda Agbo, wa j~ nsc;> ------ fun 9 ti 0 rnu q di ~l?gb9n enia 1aiye. Nigbati 0 ba n10 si ---- --- ----, ma ,e ri nwqn fin. Ti nwqn ba bun 9 ni nkan t i --gba. T'o ba gba, nwon yio ro pe -. --- ---- si awon ni tabi pe 0 ni to.

Lehinna, ti awon --------- ba , nba ~ , rna ~e wo oju nwqn korokoro. Ma na --- -- ----, arifin lea npe e1eyi.
~e

Lehinna ti 0 ba tun fe fun nwon , ni nkan (pe omi ni), rna fi ______ fun nwon.
t

.. ,e

Ti 0 ba fi 9Wo osi fun nwon ni kinni yi J - - - - - - ni.

225

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Iyanda Agbo, wa je nS9 oro


I ,

L~hinna, ti awqn agba1agba ba

pataki fun 9 -- - -------- enia 1aiye. Nigbati o ba nlo si arin awqn I enia, ma fiJe -- ---- ----. Ti nW9n ba
< ,

nba p sq r 9,
________ e

Ma

~e

na ika si nwqn,

l' a npe e1eyi.

tayotayo gba. ________ , nW9n yio ro pe o nse fari si awon ni tabi pe 0 ni to.

Lehinna ti

ba tun fe

------- (pe omi ni), rna se fi


owo osi fun nwon. I Ti

0 ba fi 9Wo osi fun nwon ni I _______ , arifin ni.

1. 2.

3.

1ati so fun Iyanda Agbo? Kinni ko ye ki Iyanda se nigbati o ba wa ni awujo? Bawo ni 0 ti ye ki 0 gba ohun ti nwon ba bun? Iru
~rp

wo ni nW9n

f~

4.

5. 6.

enia ti Iyanda ko ba gba ebun ti nwon fun? Kinni ero awon Kinni ko ye ki o se ti agba1agba ba nba soro? I , Nitori kinni ko ye , ki 0 i fun enia ni nkan pe1u owo osi?

226

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

INSTRUCTIONS TO A CHILD - TEXT 2

Iyanda Agbo, ~m? mi, wa ki fun 0 ni oro ogbon. "'.

ns~

Iyanda Agoo, my son, come let me talk to you in words of wisdom. If you go in the company of the elders, if they are talking to you, do not look them straight in the face. Then do not point your finger at them. These are insults. If they give you something receive it gladly and then thank them.

Ti

ba 19 si arin awpn agbalagba, ti nw~n ba nba q sqrC?, ma "e va oju nwqn.


0

Lehinna, ma se , , na ika 8i nwon.

Arifin ni 'wonyi. , Ti DW9n ba bun ~ ni nkan, 1 tay~tay? gbi., k' 0 si du~ lnwo nwon. i""'. , , T'o ba ka, nwon yio ro pe 0 n~e fari ni, ati wipe 0 ro pe 0 ni to.
, I

If you reject it, they will think that you are ostentatious, and that you feel that you have enough. If they tell you to bring water for them or that you go and buy something (for them), when you come, give them (the thing) with your right hand, do not use your left hand to give it to them.

Ti nw?n ba ni k'o lq ba w9n bu omi wa, tabi k' 0 10 , ra nkan wa, teo ba de, 9W? ?tun ni k' 0 fi fun nwqn, f! owo osi fun nwon. ,

..

m.

227

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" /" / ( Iyanda Agbo, omo mi, va k1 nso ,. ~ " \. / fun 0 n1 oro ogcon.

..

"',

Ti nwon ba btin 0 n{ nkan, fi ~ tay?tay? gba, k'o S1. dupe;! / ,. 1owo t. nwon. ,
\. " t /_ '" /

T~ 0

I' I'~ \. " '\. ba 19 81 arin awpn agba1agba, / / //1 " '" t1. nwpn ba nba f:! sqrC?, ma fie wo . ,. oJu nwqn.

T'? ba k9, nW9n Y1.0 ro pe 0 I ~/ , // " n~e fari ni, ati wipe 0 ro "" pe 0 ni to.
,/,/

\.

L~hinna, ma ~e na 1ka 8

I'"

nw~n.

Arif1n ni 'w?nyi.

\.

,\/

r / ,/ ~ // T1. nw?n ba n1 k'o 1q ba w9n / "{ 1bu om1. wa, tab1. k' 0 10 ra / 1-./ / 'I' nkan wa, teo ba de, owo , / // 9tun ni k'o fi fun nwqn, ma ./ , , ) . / fi owo 081. fun nwon. ,
,/"

..

------ -:-- , omo mi, va ki n80 fun 0 ni -----. Ti ba 19 8i ti nwpn ba nba


0
___ _ e

---- --- -- -nse fari ni, ati wipe pe


0

ro

f:!

awpn ----., sqrC?, ma fie vo

Ti nwon , ba ni -- --- --, tabi k'o 10 , ra nkan wa, teo ba de, _

Lehinna, ma se , , na

8i

---- ni k' 0 fi fun nwqn, fi --- --- fun nwon. ,

rna

------ ni 'w?nyi. Ti nwon , ba --- 0 , ni rikan, f1 ________ ---J k'o 8i -- __ ____ nwon. ,

228

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Iyanda Agbo, -- , va 'ki nS9 fun 0 ni oro ogbon.


" I I

T'? ba pe
n~e

nW9n yio ro pe 0 fari ni, ati wipe 0 ro

k9,

Ti

ba 10 si arin awon agba1agba,


I ,

---- -- --- - ----, ma oju nwqn.

.e wo

Lehinna, ma se , na --- 8i nwo,n.

Ti nwon ba ni k' 0 1q ba w9n bu omi wa, tabi k'o 1? ra nkan wa, t' 0 ba de, 9W? ____ __ __ _ , ma fi owo osi fun nwon.
I ,

Arifin ni 'wonyi. , Ti nwon ba bun ni nkan, fi tayotayo gba, 1owo nwon.

'.

1.
2.

Tumo Yoruba yi 8i ede Oyinbo: ''Ti 0 ba 10 si arin awon " agbalagba, ti nwon . ba nba 0 Isoro . ,mase . wo oju nwon". , Kinni asa awon Yoruba nipa ika nina 8i enia? Pari gbo10hun oro yi: 'I Ti nwon ba bun 0 ni nkan i tayotayo , I gbaki 0 81 .. owo wo ni

3. 3.

."

ye

ki Iyanda i fun awon agbalagba ni nkan?

229

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

INSTRUC'l'IONS TO A CHILD - TEXT 3

Iyanda Agbo. orno , rni, wa ki nfun 0 ni oro ologbon kane


t

Iyanda Agbo, my son, come and let me give you a word of wisdom. If you go in the company of the elders always pay attention to what they are saying.
Do

Ti

ba 10 , sarin awon , agbalagba, rna te'ti sile , , k'o gbo , ohun ti nwon nwi
0
~e

Ma

ri

nw~n

fin.

not insult them.

Ti nwon ba ni k'o 10 rnu nkan wa, tun fun nwqn, ma se fi owo , 9 osi fun nwon. fi owo , , , Ti nwon , ba bun 0. ni nkan, lowo nwon, rna se ka.

If they ask you to go and bring something, give it (the thing) to them with the right hand, do not give it with the left hand. If they give you something, thank them, do not reject it. If you reject this thing, it is an insult. They will think that you have enough of everything. Then, if you are giving them a direction or you are talking to them, do not look straight at their faces, do not point your finger at them. If you do these things, it is an insult to them (at/in their place).

du~

T'o

ba ko kinni nwonyi, arifin ni.


I

Nwon yio ro pe

ni to ni.

Lehinna, t'o ba njuwe fun nwqn , tabi 0 nba nwc;>n s9r9. rna "e wo oju nwon korokoro, rna si se na ika si nwon. ,

Ti

ba se iwonyi, arifin ni lodo nwon.


0

230

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

' \ ", \ ?rn~ m1., ''' k '1. ' Iyanda AgbO, wa " 0 n1 .( '" o1ogbon /' nfun oro kan. a ,
,.. \ ' '" " T{ 0 b~ 10 sarin awon agbalagba, "-'" ohun ti " rna t~'ti sil~ , k'o goo nwon nwi.

, / ar1. , 'f' T '-o ba ko k1.'nn1.' nW9ny1., 1.n ni. Nw9n Y1.0 ro pe 0 n1. to ni.
! , " (/

/-

Ma

~e
/

r1.

nw~n

f1.n.
//

Ti

I " nkan wa, k'o 1<;> mu nwon bci n1 " " fun nwqn, rna " se fi owo <;>tun , /, / \ fun fi owo OS1 nwon , ,
/
\

" " fun nwon Lehinna, t'5 ba njuwe , , /b" , , t~! 0 n a nwon " E1e , s9 r 9, rna , / \ " / \ , " wo OJU nw?n korokoro, rna 81. se na lka 9l. nwon. ,
/\.

",

,,-

/ o b" Tl a

~e

/do' nwon. lo
"

' \ " " arlo 'fl 1.wqny1, 10 ni

I " "" ( T1. nwon ba bun 0 n1. nkan, / '" / '''\!. lowo nwon, rna se ko,.

du~

//

".

Iyanda ----, omo _ , mi, ______ ni oro o10gbon kan.


a

T'o ba
ni.

k~

kinni nW9nyi,

Ti 0 ba 10 sarin awon , agbalagba, -- -- -- k'o gbo ohun ti \ nwon nwi.

Nwon --- ro __

ni to ni.

L~hinna,

--, njuwe fun nwqn ____ 0 nba nwon soro __


,
"

__ ri nwon , fin. Ti nwc;>n ba ni k'o 1<;> mu nkan wa, fun nwqn, rna !Ie --_ fun nwon

-- --- ---- korokoro, rna 8i _____ ika 9i nwon.


t

Ti

ba

~e

, arifin ni

---- ----.

Ti nwpn ba ... lowo nwon, rna se __

dU~

".

231

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Iyanda Agbo, nfun 0 ni

mi, wa ki ologbon .

--_ ba ko ----- nwonyi . ' arifin

--.

'1'i 0 ba 10 ----- awon -------__ , ma t~'ti .il~ k'o g~ ohun ti nwon nwi nwon ,

---- yio -- pe 0 ni __ ni.

-------,

---.

10 mu nkan -- , ni Ti nwon otun fun nwqn, fi owo se , osi ________ i owo , r

---

t' 5 ba -____ fun nwon , tabi 0 nwc;>n ----, ma ~e wo , rna si ~e na ika


nw~n

Ti 0 -- -- iWC?nyi, 10do . , nwon.

ni

-- nwon ba bun 0 ni nkan, r lowo J ma __ ka. ,

I(

1.
2.

Pari gbolohun yi:

Iyanda Agbo, omo mi, wa ki nfun 0 , ni

Kinni 0 ye ki 0 se ti 0 ba 10 sarin awon agba1agba? Tum? ede yi 8i oyinbo: "Ma,e ri nW9n fin'.

.,

..

"

3. 4.

Bawo ni 0 ye ki 0 tise , ba ni ki 0 10 , mu nkan wa? , jise ti nwon

,'

5. 6.

ki 0 Lehin igbati enia ba gba ebun, kinni 0 ye I

~e?

Ni igbawo ni ko ye ki omode wo oju agba1agba korokoro?

7.

Kinni awon agbalagba Ie kasi arifin 1ati odo r , , aW9n omode? , ,

232

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT - TEXT 1

Nigbati orno , Peace Corps ti 0 ba fe wa ona lati tun agbegbe kan se, papa julo lati gbe kanga, ohun kinni ti yio koko se nipe, yio 10 sodo bale tabi oniwasu.
I ,

"

When a PCV seeks the way to improve a community, especially to dig a well, the first thing which he will do is to go to the chief or the pastor.

AW9n nw?nyi ni yio k?K<;> ba s9rq, lati so wipe 'Ohun ti mo fe ni yi fun idagba soke ilu nyin.'

These (people) are those with whom he will first discuss the issue, to say that 'This [the digging of a well] is what I want for the improvement of your town.' Then he will point out the disadvantages of [using] bad water ('the defects which are in water which is not good'), the illnesses which such water regularly causes, and that many children and adults die untimely [deaths] because of [using) bad water.

Lehin na yio so awon alebu t'o wa ninu orni ti ko dara, awon , aisan ti omi nw?nyi ma fa, ati wipe opolopo 9mo kekere ati agbalagba ni nku l'f>j9 aipe, n'tori omi ti ko dara.
I

" .... .. ~ '" , Nigbati 9mq Peace Corps ti 0 ba f~ wa ana lati tun agbegbe kan ","".' " , kanga, "se, papa ]ulo lati gbe ~..; ( ,,', . " ohun kinni ti Y10 koko se nipe, / " - , ,.,' " .., .... yio 10 sodo bale tabi oniwasu. I.

, " "" " ba' s9rq, " .. AW9n nw?nyi ni yio k?k<;lati so wipe 'Ohun tl mo fe ni .., / " " " " " , yi fun idagba soke ilu nyin.'

Lehin na Y10 so awon alebu tWo , n1nu .-: ~ om1 . t1 ;; k' / " wa 0 dara, awon , aisan ti omi nW9nyl ma fa, " wipe ........" ati opolopo 9mo kekere " ~ti agbalagba ni nku l'oj~ '~" "' , " omi ti / ko , ,dara. , a1pe, n tori
I

'-

,"'''

..

233

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati orno , , Peace Corps ti 0 ba fe wa ona 1ati tun agbegbe kan . . . . ,.., . 1 ~e, papa )u 9 ---- --- -----, ohun kinni ti yio , yio 10 sodo bale tabi oniwasu.

"

Nigbati orno , , Peace Corps ti 0 ba fe wa ona ....... ,.., . __ , papa )U19 lati gb~ kanga, ohun kinni ti yio koko , se , nipe, yio 10

AW9n nw?nyi ni yio koko , ---- , lati 89 wipe 'ahun ti mo f~ ni yi fun ilu nyin.'

AW9n nw?nyi ni yio k?k9 ba s?rq, 1ati s9 wipe ' __ -__ fun idagba soke i1u nyin.'

Lrhin na yio s9

t'o

wa ninu orni ti ko dara, awon ,

--- ------ -- -- ,
ati wipe opo10po , 9rno. kekere ati agba1agba ni nku l'ojo , aipe, n'tori

.. .

Lehin na yio so Iawon , alebu t'o wa ---- --- -- -- ----, aW9n aisan ti omi nW9nyi rna fa, ati wipe opolopo _ I , ati ni nku 1'0)'0 aipe, n'tori omi ti ko dara.

.,

1.

Bi omo'se Peace Corps ba fe , se eto lat1 gbe kanga si agbegbe kan kinni ohun kinni ti yio koko , se?

. . ..

. .

2.

Kinni yio kO,KO, so fun awon ti T

10 1ati ba soro?

Kinni awon ohun ti yio so nipa alebu ti 0 wa ninu omi ti ko dara?

234

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT - TEXT 2

Nigbati omo'se , " Peace . Corps t'o ba f 7 im9ran pe bawo ni


~e

. gba

aw?n ara ilu kan

Ie gbe

qaradara: papa julo, bawo ni nw?n ~e Ie ni omi ti 0 dara, yio pe bale , tabi oniwasu J' 0 i yio si s? fun nW9n wipe nku, nitoripe nwon ko ni omi daradara
0

When a PCV wants to offer a suggestion on how the inhabitants of a city can live well, especially on how they can have good water, he will meet with the chief or the pastor, and he will tell them that many children die because they do not have good water.

~P9l?P?

9m9 ni

L7hin

n~

yio gba nwqn ni 'yanju


~e

bawo ni nw?n ni
ori?iri~i

Ie

gb~

kanga, bawo yio


j~pe

bawo ni nw?n ti~e Ie nkan t'o

io,

Ie mu alafia ba ilu yio de fun ilu na. Aw?n 9ba ati awqn ijoye, nwqn yio si gba imoran re tow9towo.
f f.

Then he will advise them on how they can dig a well, how they can use it, [and] how things which can promote good health among the inhabitants may be brought to the city.

The king and his counsellors, they will take his advice wholeheartedly.

Nigb~ti omo'se Peace Corps t'c , ... " .... , ba f~ gba im9ran bawo ni

Lehin n~ yio gba nwqn ni 'y~nj~


I

pe
I

bawo ni nwo,n se Ie gbe kanga, bawo ni nw~n ti~e Ie 121, bawo , .., ni orlsirisi nkan t' ~ jepe yio
.;

aw?n ara

",

~lu

:'

01

kan

~e

Ie gbe

'

.
,.,

daradara, papa jUlo, bawo ni nwon se Ie ni omi ti

yi~ p~ bal~
I I

tabi

0 dara, oniw~su jqi


w~pe

Ie rou
~

"

~ ": "alaf~a

ba ilu yio de fun

"

,,;

ilu na.

y~o s~

(~""

s? fun nW9n

-:

/'

opoloP9 omo ni 6 nku, nltorlpe nwon ko nl omi daradara.

, "'''' '" , Aw?n 9ba ati awqn ijoye, nwqn yio ... "' . , ' ./ ,/ s i gba imoran re tow9towo
f ,.

235

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati omo'se Peace Corps t'o

. , I'

Nigbati omo'se , ., Peace Corps t'o ba fe , --- ------ pe bawo ni aw?n ara ilu kan ~e __ _ __ _ , papa julo, bawo ni nwc;>n Ie ni ,
~e

ba fe , gba imqran pe bawo ni awon , ara ilu kan ~e Ie gbe daradara, papa jul?, _ _____________ ti 0 dara, yio pe
---~

tabi ----

j9:

yio pe baIT tabi oniwasu j9: yio si s9 fun nW9n wipe _______________._, nitoripe nwon ko ni omi daradara.
L~hin n~

yio si s9 fun nW9n wipe ?P9l9P? 9m9 ni 0 nku, nitoripe nwon ko ni omi daradara.

Lehin n~ yio bawo ni nwc;>n

yio gba nwqn ni 'yanju


~e

Ie gb~ kanga, ________ , bawo

~e

ni orisirisi nkan t'o jepe yio Ie mu alafia ba ilu yio de fun ilu na.
Aw~n

. .

bawo ni nwc;>n bawo ni nwc;>n

Ie --- -----, ti~e Ie 10, bawo

ni ori~iri~i nkan t'o j~pe yio Ie mu ------ -- --- yio de fun ilu na.
Aw~n

9ba ati awqn ijoye, nwqn yio towo tow9 f ,.

ati awqn

, nwqn yio

si gba_-----

si gba imoran re tow9towo. f ,.

1.

Kinni ohun ti omo'se Peace Corps yio koko o dara?

gba awon ara ilu kan ni imoran bi nwon tise , Ie ni omi ti

..
.

~e

bi

ba fe

2.

Iyanju wo ni yio gba awqn ara ilu na? Kinni ohun ti


0

3. 4.

nsele si awon enia ti ko ni omi ti ,

dara?

Bawo ni qba ati aW9n ijoye yio ti~e gba im9ran ti ~m~'~~ Peace Corps yi fun W9n?

236

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT - TEXT

Bi omo Peace Corps ti 0 ba fe wa


I , . ,

ona lati mu alafia wa si ilu, papa' 'ju19 lati gb~ kanga, yio koko 10 si odo bale tabi oniwasu.
" , ., I

If a PCV wants to seek a way to bring healthfulness to a town, especially to dig a well, he will first of all ~o to the chief or the pastor {of the town). He will discuss with them the evils that are in drinking bad water, how this brings death and various diseases.

Yio ba nW9n so nipa alebu tWo wa nipa mimu omi ti ko dara, bi iwonyi se nmu iku ati orisirisi , arun wa.
I I I

L~hin

nwon 0 se , gbe , kanga yi, bawo ni nwon yio se mo odi y1 kanga ka ti awon eranko bi ewure tabi , I , agutan ko fi ni le
s~ba

"" yio s9 fun nW9n bawo ni na

I.

rna

ya'gbe I

Then he will tell them how they will dig this well, how they will build a fence around it so that animals like goats or sheep may not pass their dung near it.

reo t

OP9lopo nwon , , ,. ' - inu nwon yio dun lati ri eleyi nitoripe nW9n f 1 lati gbe fun oP9lopo odun. , r , , ,

Many of them [the people] will be very glad to see this, because they like to live for many years.

237

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Bi orno Peace Corps ti 0 ba fe wa , , .., "'" / /. "',, lati mu alafia wa s~ ilu,

ana
_

L~hin

",

na yio s9 fun nW9n bawo ni


0

'"

"

,/

papa ju19 lati gb~ kanga, yio koko 10 s1 odo bate tabi oniw~s~.
,1' l' ,

-J

" . . . . '

, se gbe , .kanga " " bawo " yi, , , " kanga " ni nwon yio se mo odi y~ , ti "'...... ""'~ ," ka awon eranko bi ewure tabi
nwon

yio

nwon , so n~pa alebu +-' 0 wa " , " ~ nipa mimu omi ti ko dara, bi iW9nyi ~e 6m~ ,...... / arun wa.
.41". {"t~'t ~ku at~ or~s~r~s~ , ,

ba

....

v....

"

"" re. , seba -

agu~an

""

, ,Ie " rna ya'gb " / ko fi ni 7

'" " 0P91opo nwon , I ' - inu nwon ,

": ' y~o dun

lati rl eleyl nitoripe nw~n f~ lati gbe fun onOlopo odun. I,,;.-r , , ,

Bi orno 0 ba fe wa , , Peace Corps ti . , ona lati mu alafia wa si ilu, _ -J papa jU19 lati , yio koko 10 si odo _.:::.-__ tabi
I

Bi orno 0 ba fe wa , , Peace Corps ti . , ?na lati mu ,


_ -J

papa ju19 lati .


'" I I

gb~
,

kanga, yio

,1'

I'

koko 10 si odo bale tabi oniwasu. t'o wa Yio ba nW9n s9 nipa ____ dara, bi nipa

Yio ba nW9n s9 nipa alebu t'o wa nipa mimu orni ti ko dara, bi iwonyi se , , nmu _-- ati ____ wa. _

iwonyi se , nmu iku ati orisirisi , , arun wa.

Lehin na yio s9 fun nW9n bawo ni , nwon 0 se , gbe kanga yi, bawo ni nW9n __ __ __ _ _

L~hin na yio s9 fun nW9n bawo aJ. ---- - -, bawo


ni nwon yio se rno odi y1 kanga ka ti awon ------ bi ewure ~ , tabi ______ ko fi ni Ie ma ya'gbe
I

ti awon eranko bi ewure , , tabi agutan ko fi ni Ie ma ya'gb7


~

'.

s~ba r~.

s~ba

re.
I

OP9lopo nwon - inu nwon yio dun , , " , I __ ----- nitoripe lati gbe fun oP910po , , , odun.

OP9lopo nwon , , , I I

inu nwon yio dun I

nw~n

lati ri eleyi nitoripe nW9n lati gbe fun

238

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1.

2.

Awon wo ni omo'se Peace Corps yio koko ba da imoran bi ba nfe lati mu anfani wa si ilu kan? Kinni ohun ti yio s9 fun w9n nipa mimu omi ti ko dara? Kinni aW9n ohun ti yio
~q

. . .,

..

3. 4.

fun

w~n

nipa kanga

gbigb~?
0

Nitori kinni inu won yio i dun lati ni omi ti

dara?

239

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

POULTRY RAISING - TEXT 1

Ti a ba fe sin adie lati le rna ri opolopo eyin nibe, a 0 I ' , toju awon adie t'o dara lati ko nwon sibi kanna.

'

If we want to raise poultry to be able to get plenty of eggs from them, we shall select fine chickens and keep them in a pen (' ... fine chickens, in order to gather them to the same place'). Then we shall give them good food. Many of our people quote the proverb: 'He that eats a guinea-fowl egg is a prodigal person. ' The meaning of this is that the egg is not what a person should buy and eat. That fowl may produce young ones seems to be the reason why our people keep poultry.

Lehin na a I t'o dara.

fun nwon ni onje I '

Opolopo awon enia wa ni nrna I


I I

powe wipe 'Oniranu a je'yin , awo. '

Iturn9 eleyi ni wipe 7yin ki ise nkan ti enia Ie rna ko je.


I

Aw~n

adi 7 - k'a kan

rna

sin adi~

lati tun Ie bi omo . , adie miran ni awon enia ntoju adie , fun.

Sugbon asise patapata ni eleyi.

.'

But this is a complete mistake. It is proper that our people know that eggs are very beneficial to the body.

Awon enia wa, I

y~ ki nwon k'o ,

rno wipe eyin dara pu~ l'ara. . ,

240

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ti a ba fe sin adie , Iati Ie rna ri opOlopo eyin nib~, a 0 , I , , , , toju awon adie t'o dara Iati ~ ,,,' .c xo nwon sibi kanna.

./....

"./",...

it~rn9 eleyi ni wipe 7yin xi


ise nkan ti enia Ie rna ko je.
I
;II " .... , ...... ..., /

Aw~n adi~
;# "

Lehin n~ a 6 t fun nwon , ni onje I t'c, dara. Opolopo awon enia wa ni nrna t t ..... ,,:, ... powe w~pe 'Oniranu a je'yin , awo. '
............
~

- k'a xan rna sin ad~~ Iati tun Ie bi orno . , adie , rniran ... " " ' " " " .... ., ni awon enia ntoju adie fun
..... ' " ' "

...

~,

Sugbon

...

""

''''

.
/

as.i~e

....

patapata ni eleyi.

////

,,""

"

;'

.,,, " Awon , enia wa, 0 y~ xi nwon , x'o rn~ wipe ~yin dara pup? I'ara.
~.......

Ti a ba fe sin adie , Iati Ie rna ri a 0


ni~,

. xo nwon sibi xanna


toju awon

Iati

Awon adie - k'a xan rna Iati tun Ie bi orno . , adie , rniran ni awon enia _
t

Sugbon

patapata ni eleyi.
y~

Lehin na a 0 fun nwon ni t t t'o dara. Opolopo awon enia wa ni nrna I Itt , powe wipe ------- - ------

"V

Awon enia wa, 0 I rno wipe eyin

ki nwon x'o , -- __ l'ara.

Iturn? eleyi ni wipe 7yin xi ise , nkan ti enia Ie rna

-_.

241

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ti a ba fe sin adie lati Ie rna ri opolopo eyin nibe, a 0 J toju awon adie teo dara Iati
_______________ e

Iturno eleyi ni wipe ---Ie rna ko jet ,

'

Iati tun Ie __ ___ Lehin na a 0 , t' 0 dara. Opolopo awon enia wa ni t ____ wipe 'Oniranu a je'yin
I "
I

ni awon enia ntoju adie fun. Sugbon

asi~e

Aw?n enia wa,

y~

awol '

wipe 7yin dara pup? l'ara.

1.
2.

Kinni ao ~e ti a ba f~ Iati sin adi~ ki a ba Ie ri pP?lqp? ~yin? Kinni owe ti awon Yoruba rna pa nipa enia ti eyin je?

3. 4.

. Kinni opolopo . , , . ro wipe adie, sinsin wa fun?


.
Nje ero yi ba igbayi rnu? Da'ruko ohun kan ti eyin jije.
0

ba nra

5.

ye ki awon Yoruba ki

rno nipa

242

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

POULTRY RAISING - TEXT 2

Ti a ba fe toju awon adie, papa


I I I

julo lati Ie ri eyin lara nwon,


I I I

ko awon adie nwonyi sibi ti

'I

o dara, a 0 si fun nW9n t' 0 dara puPq.

l'onj~

If we want to keep poultry, especially in order to get eggs from them, we shall keep these chickens in a good pen, and we shall give them very good food.

Opolopo awon enia wa ni nwon ni


I " ,

igbagb~

wipe oniranu enia ni

Many of our people have the belief that it is a prodigal person who eats eggs.

nje eyin awo. I I Sugbon asise ni eleyi. , I


I

But this is a mistake. lati Ie Our people keep poultry simply for the purpose of raising more chickens. But it is proper that we should have many eggs, and eat them because eggs are something which is useful to build up our bodies.

AW9n enia wa nt?ju

adi~

bi omo adie miran ni. I I ,

Sugbon
"

ye ki a ni eyin loWlop;> T
I I I I ,

ki a si ma je nitoripe , nwon, , eyin je , , nkan ti 0 wulo lati tun ara wa !?e. PP9l?P9 9m<;> kekeke, 0 y~ ki nW9n k'o ma je 0 si ye , eyin, , , ki agbalagba na ma je eyin ~lu , ,

Many children should eat eggs, and it is also right that the adults should eat eggs.

243

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ti a ba fe toj~ awon adie, papa I . I


I

"

Awon enia wa ntoju adie lati le

'"

;"'"",

J'ulo lati l~ ri eyin lara nwon, '" " ... ,. sibi ti a 0 ko awon adie ,nwonyi .

......

I '

..

"

6 dara, a 0 si fun nwqn l'onj~ t' 6 dara pupq.


'" " ' , ././ 9ppl?P? aW9n enia wa ni nW9n ni igbagb~ wipe oniran~ enla ni

//

bi orno I ' adle , rniran ni.


... ./" "'./ ,,"" Sugbon 0 ye ki a ni ~yin lOP9lonn T , ~ -""'. / ~ (/ ki a S1 rna Je nwon, n1tor1pe
I I
I I

. , .

r',

eyin je nkan ti
I

6 wU16

l~ti t~n

ara wa

~e.

nje eyin awo. I I

"" " " '" " 0 ye ki '" nwon , , kekeke, ?P9l?P9 orno , , " ye ki k'o rna je ~in, '" 0 si , "... ... "" ..... agbalagba na rna jE; eyin ~lu. ,

Ti a ba fe ---_ I
I I

, papa
I

~ugbpn

y~

ki a ni
, I

'ulo lati le ri eyin lara nwon, J a 0 ko awon adie nwonyi sibi ti


, I

ki a si rna je nwon, nitoripe eyin je nkan ti


I

wulo lati tun

_ ----J

si fun nwqn 1'

~e.

t'o dara puPq. Opolopo awon " , enia wa ni nwon ni igbagb~ wipe -__ ni nje eyin awo.
I I

..

?P91?P9 --- ---- __ , 0 y~ ki nwqn k'o rna j7 ~yin, 0 si y~ ki "" ..... --------- na rna je eyin ~lu ,

Sugbon , ,

ni eleyi.

Awon enia wa ntoju adie lati le . I ' ___ _ ni.


~

244

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Ti a ba e toju awon adie, papa juI9 Iati Ie ri ,


I I

Awon enia wa

lati Ie

a 0 ko awon adie sibi ti ,nwonyi . o dara, a 0 si _ t' 0 dara PUPq. Opolopo


f

bi orno adie " , rniran ni. Sugbon 0 ye ki a ni p-yin 10P910P9 T, ki a , nitoripe


I ,

. , .

wa ni nwon ni

------- wipe oniranu enia ni nje eyin awo. I , Sugbon asise , I

eyin je nkan ti 0 wul0 lati tun , ara wa ~e. Op<?lopo orno kekeke,
I , I , ,

----,

si y~ ki na rna je eyin ~lu. ,


0

1.

9na

wo ni a Ie gba Iati ri yyin dada Iati ara

aw~n
~yin

adi

2.

Kinni igbagbo ti opolopo awon Yoruba ni nipa


""

jije?

3.

7 wa?

Ni asiko yi, kinni a Ie s9 nipa igbagbq yi? Nitori kinni awon enia wa fi ntoju adie?
I

4.

5. 6.

Nitori kinni 0 i
f

y~

fun wa lati rna


, ,

j~ ~yin?

Awon wo 10 ye ki 0 rna je eyin?

245

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

POULTRY RAISING - TEXT

Owe ti 0 W?P? larin.aw9n enia wa nipe 'Oniranu enia a


j' ~yin awo.'

A saying which is common among our people is, 'He is a prodigal person that eats eggs.'

Awon ologbon enia ti ri pe 'I ,


a~ige

ni owe yi, nitoripe nkan ti


0

~yin j~

dara pup?

l'ara.

The wise have discovered that this saying is a mistake, because the egg is something which is very good for the body.

ye ki awon enia wa k'o ni


I

adi~

ki nW9n k'o si sin


I

nwo.n lopoloP9, nitoripe I , I nipa sinsin adie nwonyi

It is proper that our people have chickens, and that by keeping these chickens we have eggs.

a nni awon eyin.


I

Ninu eyin jije idagba soke wa , I fun eran ara wa. Gbogbo ibi ara to jTpe baje, yin jije
, . I

In eating eggs, there is development for our body tissues . For all parts of the body already worn out, eating eggs fills them. But if we fail to eat eggs, this is a real mistake.

ti

ndi nwon.

Sugbon ti a ko ba je eyin,
I I

asise gba l'eleyi. ,

246

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" "/"" " , ........... Owe ti 0 wopo 1arin awon enia , , T

. ; ' , On1ranu -( "" "" a wa n1pe en1a


j' yyin awo.'

" , "", Ninu eyin jije idagba soke wa I


......
C

fun eran ara wa. , Gbogbo ibi ara to

, Awon

, .......... " ~ "" 010gbon " , enia ti r1 pe ,~ .' 't ': ~" a~1,e n1 owe y1, n1tor1pe , nkan ti '" "" , " ~yin j~ 0 dara puP9

, J~pe ." 0 ti

baj~, ,yin jij~ 0 ndl nW9n.


S~gbon . , .
,'.,
ti a k~ ~ j~ eyin,
~ ,,~'

1'ara.

aS1se gba 1'eleyi.

, o

y~

n1pa s1nsin adie nW6ny1 ,


~

k1 aW9n en1a wa k' 0 ni . , , adi~ k1 nW9n k'o S1 S1n nwon ': . 1oW1ol>9, nl tori~
.....

-:.....

'"

,,""
~

/,

.,.. . 6n1
awon eyin.

OWe ti 0 wa nipe ' j'yyin Awpn

aW9n enia enia a Ninu eyin jije idagba soke wa I fun


C

asise , ni owe yi, nitoripe


~yin j~

ti ri pe

Gbogbo ibi ara to j~pe 0 __ ____ , eyin jije 0 ndi nwon. Sugbon ti a ko ba j~ e,yin, , t ________ 1'eleyi.

nkan ti 0 dara puP9

1'ara.

y~

ki aW9n enia wa
10polo~, ,.. I

__

____ ki nW9n k'o si sin nwon , nitoripe nipa sinsin a nni


adi~ nw~nyi

247

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

--- ti

W?P? larin

Ninu

idagba soke wa

__ nipe 'Oniranu enia a j' eyin awo.' , Awon ologbon . , , enia ti ri pe a~ige ni , nitoripe ____ __ ti 0 dara puP9 l'ara.

fun eran ara wa

Gbogbo ibi ara to


baj~, ~yin jij~

j~pe 0

ti
a

Sugbon ti a __ __ __

a~i~e gba l'eleyi.

----J

ye ki awon enia wa k'o ni adi~ ki nW9n k'o si _ ____ . , nitoripe nipa sinsin adi~ nw?nyi a nni awon eyin. I

1.

Pari owe yi: "Oniranu

II

2.

Kinni ero awon nipa eyin jije? , o199bon ." , , Kinni


0

3.

ye k1 awon enia wa se nipa adie sinsin?


. , t
~

4.
5.

Kinni anfani ti 0 wa ninu eyin jije? "~ugbon ti a ko ba je Pari gbo1ohun yi I , , eyin ,

248

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

RECOMMENDED PEACE CORPS PROJECTS - TEXT 1

Nigbati ?m? Peace Corps ba lq si Naijiria, ohun o ye k'o koko , se ni lati ba

. .

~inni

ti

.'

awon enia soro, bawo ni nwon , r

se Ie toju nkan oko nwon ti

yio fi dara.

When a PCV goes to Nigeria, the first thing which he ought to do is to discuss wi th the people how they can best take care of their crops.

Ni 9na yi yio pe aW9n agbe jo, yio si ~e alaye bawo ni nw~n se Ie tun oko nW9n se, bawo ni nwon , se Ie gbin ohun ogbin tWo dara, bawo ni nwon se le I , kore re.
I

In this process, he will call the farmers together [for a discussion], and he will explain how they can improve their farms, how they can plant good crops, how they can harvest them.

Ti o

ba
ti~e

~e

eyi tan, yio gba


nw~n.

nw<?n ni'yanju bawo ni nW9n t9ju

After he has done this ~ he will advise them [onJ how they will store them ('care for them'). Then he can call the women together to discuss with them [on] how they can care for their children.

Lehin na 0 Ie pe awon , obinrin jOt lati ba nwon soro, ona wo t T ni nwon Ie gba toju omo nwon.

",'

249

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati ?m? Peace Corps ba Iq ~ , , . ( ~, ~ '. t" si NaiJ~r~a, ohun k~nn~ ~ o ye kOko , k'o ' , se ni Iati ba , ,'" , . , awon enia soro, bawo n~ nws>n , /

,,~

/ 0 ;' ba '" ~e eyi '.I',. '" gba " Ti tan, yio


o

' fi " yio dara.

se Ie t9jU nkan oko nwon ti

.
\

nwon ni'yanju bawo ni nwon


t~~e

. ,.

"

t?Ju
0

nw~n.
....

Lehin na

"

Ni 9na yi yio pe aW9n agb~ j~, ~ ~e alaye bawo n~ nw~n y~o s~


.I( " " ' ' ' '

Ie pe awon , obinrin ".... .... ~ j9 Iati ba nwon soro, ona wo t 'T , /. / ni nwon I~ gba tOJu omo nwon.
&

",.

....

"

se I~ tun oko nW9n se, bawo '" ni nw6n , se Ie gbin ohun ~gbin t'o dara, b~wo ni nwon , se , Ie

kore re

/,

Nigbati omo Peace Corps ba Iq t si Naijiria, ohun kinni ti o k'o kpk 9 ~e ni Iati ba awon enia soro, _ , ___ ti

Ti

ba

~e

eyi tan, yio gba

Yr

nW9n ni'yanju bawo ni nW9n o ti~e Lehin na


0

yio fi dara. Ni 9na yi yio pe yio si


~e
j~,

Ie pe

j9 Iati ba nw?n s~r9, 9na wo ni nwon Ie gba ---- --- nwon.

alaye bawo ni

nw~n

se Ie tun oko nW9n se, bawo ni nwon ---- ----, se Ie t'o dara, bawo ni nw?n ~e Ie re

250

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

Nigbati orno Peace Corps ba 10 T si Naijiria, ohun kinni ti o \ ye se ni , _ , k'o koko , ____________ , bawo ni nwpn

Ti

ba

~e

eyi tan, yio gba

. .

nW9n -------- bawo ni nW9n o ti~e t9ju nW9n.


""'" Lehin na

.'

se Ie toju nkan oko nwon ti

yio i dara.

Ie pe awon , obinrin

Ni 9na yi yio pe aW9n agb~ j9t yio si ~e alaye bawo _ -- --__ , bawo n~ nwon se Ie gbin ohun ogbin t'o dara, bawo ni _

j9 wo ---- ---- ona ni nwon Ie gba toju , orno nwon. a

1.

Kinni ohun kinni ti o ba 10 8i Naijiria?

ye ki omo'se , Peace Corps

. .,.
I

~e

nigbati

2.

Kinni awon imoran ti omo'se , , " Peace Corps Ie fun awon agbe? Iru imoran wo ni

..

. .

3.

1e fun awon obinrin?

251

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

RECOMMENDED PEACE CORPS PROJECTS - TEXT 2

Orno Peace Corps, 0 Ie wulo pupo fun Naijiria nipa biba awon enia soro.
I

A PCV can be very useful to Nigeria by advising the people (the Nigerians) .

Ekinni

Ie pe awon , agbe, , ki
ti~e

la nwon loye bawo ni a


I f ,

Ie gbin nkan oko wa ni asiko ti yio fi dara, bawo ni a Ie tun


il~
ti~e

oko wa

~e,

bawo ni

First, he can meet with the farmers and explain to them how we can plant our crops at the best time, how we can improve the soil on our farm, how we can harvest our crops.

a se , Ie kore nkan oko wa. LThin na


0

Ie pe aw?n obinrin j9,

papa jul9 aWQn ti nW9n ti

"'"

.......

bawo ni a Ie toju omo wa ni ona , ti 0 mo, iru aso wo ni 0 ye ki a wo fun nwon, lehin na bawo ni a se Ie toju ile , ile wa ni 9na t'o jepe yio mu alafia ba wa. I

..

bim~,

. .

"

Then he can invite the women, most especially those that have had babies, for advice on how to take care of our children in a clean way, the type of dress which we ought to put on them: then, how we can take care of our house in a way that will promote ('bring') healthful living [to us].

252

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

" , " , / "Orno Peace Corps, 0 Ie wuIo PUp? , ..... "'" , '/;' ..... fun Naijiria nipa biba aw?n

..
.....

na

~'"

Ie pe awon obinrin J'o


I

...

....

/...

~n1.a

.....

':-'

'" s9r9.
.....
#' ...... "" /"

Ekinni 0 Ie pe awon , agbe, , ki 0 .... , / / , , Ia nwon Ioye bawo nl. a tl.~e


'" '"

Ie gbin nkan oko wa ni asiko t1 ylo fi dara, b~wo ni a ti~e Ie tun ile oko wa se, bawo ni a se , Ie k6re nkan oko wa.
I

"'"

...........

p~pa juI9 aW9n ti nW9n ti bim?, bawo ni a Ie toju omo wa nl ona ti 6 m9, / 1.ru ,'" a~9 wo nl. ,,, k-: 0 y; 1. a wo , fun nwon, Iehin n~ bawo ni a se Ie toju ile ile wa ni 9na .' , { "" .... .:::"", ., t'c JTpe Yl.O mu alafia ba wa~

. ..

Orno Peace Corps, 0 Ie , fun Naijiria nipa biba enia soro.


I

..

aw~n

Orno Peace Corps, 0 Ie wuIo pupo fun Naijiria nipa _

Ekinni

Ie pe awon , agbe, , ki 0 bawo ni a ti~e


ti~e

Ekinni

0
I

Ie pe
I

, ki
ti~e

Ia nwon Ioye bawo ni a

Ie gbin nkan oko wa ni asiko _________ , bawo ni a

--- --- --- wa ~e, bawo ni a se Ie kore nkan oko wa.

Ie --- wa ni asiko ti yio fi dara, bawo ni a ti~e Ie tun __ --, bawo ni a se , Ie nkan oko wa.

'" 0 Ie pe awon obinrin jo, Lehin na ..,..papa juI9 aW9n ti nW9n ti bim?, bawo ni a __ -- ni 9na
I

Lehin na 0 Ie pe ---- ------ ..,..papa juI9 aW9n ti nW9n ti


t

--,
,

ti

mo, iru aso wo ni 0 ye ki -...J ' _______ , Ieh l.n na bawo ni a se Ie toju ile ile wa ni 9na t'o jepe yio rnu alafia ba wa~
0

bawo ni a Ie toju orno wa ni ona __ , iru ni 0 ye ki a wo fun nwon, Iehin na bawo ni , " a ~e Ie t9ju --- wa ni 9na t' 0 jepe yio mu alafia ba wa~.

253

YORUBA:

INTERMEDIATE TEXTS

1. 2.

Ona wo ni omo'se Peace Corps le gba wulo fun Naijiria? Da'ruko. awon imo.ran ti omo'se Peace Corps le fun awon T , " agbe ni Naijiria .

3. 4.

Iru awon obinrin wo ni

tun 1e pe jo? ,

Imoran wo ni yio fun iru awon obinrin bayi?

254
'I<

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