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Configuration Guide of Cisco Infrastructure for OmniTouch 8118/8128 WLAN Handset

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Configuration Guide of Cisco Infrastructure for OmniTouch 8118/8128 WLAN Handset

Table of Content
1. 2. GLOSSARY ................................................................................................................................................... 3 CISCO WLC (WIRELESS LAN CONTROLLER) .......................................................................................... 4 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ 4 2.1 2.1.1 Product Summary ....................................................................................................................... 4 2.1.2 Known Limitations ..................................................................................................................... 4 2.1.3 Compatibility information ....................................................................................................... 5 2.1.4 General conclusion .................................................................................................................... 6 2.2 CONFIGURATION ON CISCO WLC INFRASTRUCTURE ................................................................................... 6 2.2.1 Connecting to the Controller via a Browser ......................................................................... 6 2.2.2 AP Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 7 2.2.3 Setting up the SSID .................................................................................................................... 8 2.2.4 Configure Radio for QoS ......................................................................................................... 11 2.2.5 Configure the Radius Server for 802.1x authentication ................................................... 14 3. CISCO AUTONOMOUS AP ........................................................................................................................ 15 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................... 15 3.1 3.1.1 Product Summary ..................................................................................................................... 15 3.1.2 Known Limitations ................................................................................................................... 16 3.2 CONFIGURATION ON CISCO AUTONOMOUS APS........................................................................................ 16 3.2.1 QoS Configuration .................................................................................................................... 16 3.2.2 Security ...................................................................................................................................... 20 3.2.3 Radio .......................................................................................................................................... 24 4. CONFIGURATION ON OT8118/8128 HANDSETS ................................................................................ 26 4.1 4.2 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 CONFIGURATION THE PARAMETERS VIA WINPDM TOOL ............................................................................ 26 CERTIFICATE INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................... 28 SECURITY SETTINGS (PSK) ..................................................................................................................... 30 PEAP-MSCHAPV2 USING AN EXTERNAL AUTHENTICATION SERVER. ........................................... 31 EAP-FAST USING AN INTERNAL AUTHENTICATION SERVER ................................................................... 32 GENERAL SETTINGS (QOS, RADIO ) ........................................................................................................ 34

APPENDIX A: CISCO WLC CONFIGURATION REFERENCE FOR OT8118/8128 .............................. 30

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1. Glossary
ALU AOS AP CAC CNG DFS EAP EAP EL HE IPT 310/610 MS-CHAP MIPT OAW PEAP PTT RF TBC TBD Tspec U-APSD UP VAD VoWLAN WMM WMM-PS WMM-AC WFA WPA Alcatel-Lucent Alcatel-Lucent OmniAccess operating system Software Access Point Call Admission Control Comfortable Noise Generation Dynamic Frequency Selection Extensible Authentication Protocol Extensible Authentication Protocol Entry Level handset High End handset WLAN Handset, Alu branded Polycom handset Microsoft version of the Challenge-handshake authentication protocol Alcatel-Lucent Mobile IP Touch OmniAccess Wireless Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol Push To Talk Radio Frequency To Be Checked To Be Defined Traffic specifications Unscheduled Automatic Power Save Delivery User Priority Voice Activity Detection VoIP over WLAN Wireless MultiMedia WMM Power Save WMM Admission Control Wi-Fi Alliance Wi-Fi Protected Access

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2. CISCO WLC (Wireless LAN Controller)


2.1 Introduction
2.1.1 Product Summary All tests executed by ALU PQA team were performed on following platform. However, we guarantee interoperability with all controllers listed in Comtech/PCS running software version 7.0.98. All tests were performed with the APs in the table, but all access points listed in the Comtech/PCS are supported. The latest released version of OT8118/8128 handsets are recommended to deploy.
Controller Product Model APs 1130 1240 WLC 4402 1140 WLC 2106 1250 1260 3500 2.4 GHz (802.11b/g/n), 5 GHz (802.11a/n) WPA-PSK WPA2-PSK Security EAP-FAST PEAPv0-MSChap2 EAP-TLS QoS software version Handset model Handset software WMM 5.2.178.0 / 7.0.78 / 7.098 OmniTouch 8118/8128 2.2.17

AP Radio(s)

2.1.2 Known Limitations

Hide SSID is not recommended. The handset supports CCXv2 (can work with Cisco infrastructure with a higher CCX version).

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During EAP-FAST authentication, the handset only supports auto provisioning .PAC file. And it will try to download the .PAC file in each initialization. Problem with reception of aggregated frames (802.11n) This restriction has been resolved from v2.3.12. o The handset must be configured to use legacy mode until solution is provided. See Chapter 6 Appendix A CISCO WLC Configuration Reference for OT8118/8128

If AP 1140/1250/1260/3500 is used together with AP1230 or AP1240, the system must be configured to use a Beacon Interval of 102ms. This is due to a limitation in 1140/1250/1260/3500 that prevents the APs from sending Beacons with 100ms. Restriction on DFS channels using: o For 802.11a/n, if using channels where DFS is mandatory roaming performance will be degraded due passive scan only. It is recommended to avoid usage of DFS channels if possible. For 802.11a/n, if enabling more than 8 channels the roaming performance will be degraded.

2.1.3 Compatibility information All tests were done on AP3502I and AP3502E (Internal and external antennas). Due to the fact that AP1140, AP 1250, AP1260 and AP3500 share WLAN chipset, their behavior on a low level can be considered to be identical. We therefore ensure compatibility/interoperability with the entire Cisco platform that shares this chipset

Supported access points with Cisco WLC version 7.0.98: o o o o o AP1040 AP1140 AP1250 AP1260 AP3500

Supported controller platforms with Cisco WLC version 7.0.98: o o o 210x WLC 440x WLC 550x WLC

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o o

WISM (Wireless services module) 3750G Integrated WLC

2.1.4 General conclusion Overall the outcome of interoperability verification, including association, authentication and roaming produced good results. Roaming times are in general fully acceptable with for example expected roaming times of 30ms both when using WPA2-AES and PEAP-MSCHAPv2. If U-APSD shall be used in the handset it is very important that the WMM parameters in the Cisco WLC are set correctly since U-APSD handles a bi-directional data stream where the up and downlink must be transmitted within the same EDCA Access Category. To use U-APSD, make sure to set QoS to Platinum for the current WLAN profile and set WMM to Allowed. Also set EDCA profile for 802.11b/g to "Voice Optimized" and disable low latency MAC.

2.2 Configuration on Cisco WLC infrastructure


2.2.1 Connecting to the Controller via a Browser 1. Connect to the WLC by pointing your internet browser to the URL: https<IP_Addr> (where <IP_Addr> is the IP address of the management interface of the WLC). 2. Click the Login prompt. The default User Name and Password is admin. 3. Once logged in properly, a page similar to the one below displays.

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2.2.2 AP Configuration 1. Power-on and connect the APs to the network. Wait a few minutes for the APs to find the controller. 2. Verify the APs are associated to the WLC. 3. From the main menu, click Monitor.

Configuration for the handsets running in 802.11b/g/n mode


1. From the main menu, click Wireless. 2. In the navigation pane, under Access Points click Radios, then select 802.11b/g/n. All the APs that are connected should be listed, showing their Operational Status as UP.

3. Select Configure from the drop-down list for the access point you wish to change.

4. Set Admin Status to Enable. 5. Configure any other settings that might be relevant to your deployment as needed. 6. Click the Apply button to save all changes. 7. In the navigation pane under 802.11b/g/n, click Network. 8. For 802.11b/g Network Status and 802.11g Support, select the Enabled for 802.11g-only mode. 9. Set the Beacon Period to 100. 10. Set the DTIM Interval to 5

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11. Click the Apply button to save the settings.

Configuration for the handsets running in 802.11a/n mode


1. From the main menu, click Wireless. 2. In the navigation pane, under Access Points click Radios, then select 802.11a /n. All the APs that are connected should be listed, showing their Operational Status as UP. 3. Select Configure from the drop-down list for the access point you wish to change.

4. Set Admin Status to Enable. 5. Configure any other settings that might be relevant to your deployment as needed. 6. Click the Apply button to save all changes. 7. In the navigation pane under 802.11a/n, click Network. 8. For 802.11a Network Status, select the Enabled check box. 9. Set the Beacon Period to 100. 10. Set the DTIM Interval to 5 11. Click the Apply button to save the settings. 2.2.3 Setting up the SSID 1. From the main menu, click WLANs. 2. In the WLANs screen, click the New. button. 3. Enter the Profile Name and SSID. 4. Click the Apply button.

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5. Select the Profile Name for the voice SSID. 6. Under the General tab, set the Radio Policy to 802.11b/g or 802.11a, depending on the radio settings of the handsets 7. Enable WLAN Status.

8. Configure QoS. Under the QoS tab, set Quality of Service to Platinum. This is the required setting for voice traffic and the configuration must match the handsets. Set WMM Policy to Required or Allowed.

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9. Click the Security tab. At Layer 2 Security select the desired security policy from the drop-down list. a. For PSK security, select WPA+WPA2. b. For WPA2-PSK, under WPA+WPA2 Parameters: i. Select the WPA2-Policy check box. ii. Select the AES check box for WPA2-Encryption. iii. At Auth Key Mgmt select PSK from the drop-down list. c. For WPA-PSK, under WPA+WPA2 Parameters: i. Select the WPA-Policy check box. ii. Select the TKIP check box for WPA Encryption. iii. At Auth Key Mgmt select PSK from the drop-down list. The PSK Format may be selected as ASCII or HEX for both WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK policies.

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d. For WPA2-Enterprise (802.1X), under WPA+WPA2 Parameters: i. Select the WPA2 Policy check box. ii. Select the AES check box for WPA2 Encryption. iii. At Auth Key Mgmt, select 802.1X from the drop-down list.

10. Click the Apply button to save all changes. 2.2.4 Configure Radio for QoS It is highly recommended that WMM-Admission Control (WMM-AC) is enabled for Voice and Video on each radio used for VoIP.

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If the handset is configured for with Admission Control set to Mandatory, then admission control needs to be enabled on both voice and video access categories. If Admission Control is set to Optional on the handset, then it is possible to skip the configuration steps enabling both the voice and video access categories. In order to maintain enterprise grade quality of service, it is recommended to enable admission control on the APs. It is not supported to have admission control enabled for voice and disabled for video or vice versa. 1. From the main menu, click WIRELESS. 2. Select the radio to be configured. For example, the 802.11a/n. a. Make Admission Control mandatory for Voice by clicking Voice in the navigation pane and selecting the Admission Control (ACM) check box. This step is optional if the handset is configured with Admission Control set to Optional. This setting must match the setting for Video. Click the Apply button to save the settings.

b. Make Admission Control mandatory for Video by clicking Video in the navigation pane and selecting the Admission Control (ACM) check box. This step is optional if the handset is configured with Admission Control set to Optional. Click the Apply button to save the settings. This setting must match the setting for Voice.

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3. Use WMM QoS by clicking EDCA Parameters in the navigation pane and selecting the WMM from the EDCA Profile drop-down list. 4. Click the Apply button to save the settings.

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2.2.5 Configure the Radius Server for 802.1x authentication RADIUS servers must be configured if WPA2 Enterprise security is used on the handsets. 1. From the main menu, click SECURITY. 2. In the navigation pane, under RADIUS click Authentication.

3. Add a new RADIUS server by clicking the New button. 4. Fill in the appropriate information matching the RADIUS server configured for the site. 5. Click the Apply button to save the settings.

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6. Test the RADIUS server connection by pausing on the white triangle on the right side of the server row and clicking Ping. There should be a response showing successful pings.

3. CISCO Autonomous AP
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 Product Summary All tests were performed with the APs in the table, but all access points listed in the Comtech/PCS are supported. The latest released version of OT8118/8128 handsets are recommended to deploy.
AP 1131, 1232 AP1240, 1250 2.4 GHz (802.11b/g), 5 GHz (802.11a) WPA-PSK WPA2-PSK Security EAP-FAST PEAPv0-MSChap2 EAP-TLS

Model AP Radio(s)

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QoS software version Handset model Handset software

WMM 12.4(10b)JDA / 12.3(8)JEA 12.4(21a)JA2 and 12.4(21a)JY OmniTouch 8118/8128 2.2.17

3.1.2 Known Limitations

Restriction on DFS channels using: o For 802.11a/n, if using channels where DFS is mandatory roaming performance will be degraded due passive scan only. It is recommended to avoid usage of DFS channels if possible. For 802.11a/n, if enabling more than 8 channels the roaming performance will be degraded.

Hide SSID is not recommended. During EAP-FAST authentication, the handset only supports auto provisioning .PAC file. And it will try to download the .PAC file in each initialization.

3.2 Configuration on Cisco Autonomous APs


3.2.1 QoS Configuration 1. In the navigation pane, click SERVICES. 2. Select QoS from the sub-menu. 3. At Create/Edit Policy, create and name a new QoS policy. 4. To customize voice priorities, select the IP DSCP field, enter 46 in the text field, select Voice < 10ms Latency (6) as the class of service, and click the Add button. 5. Likewise, to configure control packet priorities select the IP DSCP field, enter 40 in the text field; select Controlled Load (4) as the class of service, and click the Add button. This results in two classifications. 6. Click the Apply button in the Create/Edit Policies section of the screen.

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7. Assuming both radios are being used, perform the following steps under Apply Policies to Interface/VLANS: a. Select WMM-PS for the following network interfaces: i. Incoming for the FastEthernet ii. Incoming and Outgoing for the Radio0-802.11G iii. Incoming and Outgoing for the Radio1-802.11A b. Click the Apply button to save the QoS policies.

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8. Use WFA Defaults for Access Categories a. For each radio used by the handsets, go to the Access Categories tab in the QoS Services menu.

b. Click the WFA Default button to reset all access category settings to the WFA default.

9. Click the Apply button in the Services: QoS Policies Access Category section to save the WFA default settings. 10. Enable Admission Control a. For each radio used by the handsets, go to the Access Categories tab in the QoS Services menu.

b. Enable both Video and Voice admission control.

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c. Click the Apply button to save selections 11. Enable WMM a. Go to the ADVANCED tab in the QoS Services menu.

b. Enable WMM for all radios used by handsets. c. Disable QoS Element for Wireless Phones. d. Disable IGMP Snooping. e. Select yes to secure correct AVVID priority mapping and enable WMM for all used interfaces. f. Click Apply to save ADVANCED settings.

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3.2.2 Security Encryption manager 1. In the navigation pane, click SECURITY. 2. Select Encryption Manager from the sub-menu. 3. Under Encryption Modes, click the Cipher option. 4. For WPA-PSK, select TKIP from the Cipher drop-down list. For WPA2-PSK or WPA2Enterprise (802.1x), select AES CCMP from the drop-down list. 5. Under Encryption Keys, clear all Encryption Key fields. 6. Under Global Properties, select the Disable Rotation option. 7. Click the Apply button.

SSID manager 1. In the navigation pane, click SECURITY. 2. Select SSID Manager from the sub-menu. 3. Under Current SSID List, select the proper SSID from list box, or create a new one if necessary. Make sure the correct radio interface is selected, Radio0-802.11G or Radio1802.11A. 4. Under Authentication Settings, select the Open Authentication check box.

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Configure Open Authentication 1. For WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK: a. Select the Open Authentication check box.

b. Select <No Addition> from the drop-down list.

2. For WPA2-Enterprise: a. Select the Open Authentication check box. b. Select with EAP from the drop-down list.

Configure EAP Authentication Servers Use the default settings for Server Priorities. For WPA2-Enterprise security, the defaults will need to be defined.

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Configure Client Authenticated Key Management: 1. Select Mandatory from the Key Management drop-down list. 2. Select the Enable WPA check box. 3. For WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK configure the WPA Pre-shared Key field. Type in the key code used in the handsets, and select the ASCII option. Characters are case-sensitive. 4. For CCX mode operation, or CCKM Fast Roaming when using WPA2-Enterprise security, select the CCKM check box.

5. IMPORTANT: If Wi-Fi Standard QoS or CCX is being used, you must enable Call Admission Control. A handset configured for Wi-Fi Standard QoS or CCX will not associate with an AP that does not have this option enabled.

6. Click the Apply button. Server manager (WPA2-Enterprise / 802.1x) 1. In the navigation pane, click SECURITY and select Server Manager. 2. Configure a new Corporate Server: a. Select RADIUS from the dropdown list. b. Enter hostname or IP address in the Server field.

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c. Enter shared secret in the Shared Secret field. 3. Click the Apply button.

4. Configure Default Server Priorities. For Priority 1 under EAP Authentication, select the corporate server created in step 2. 5. Click the Apply button.

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3.2.3 Radio

ALU recommends disabling the lowest speeds and have 6mbits as lowest supported speed. To further optimize performance it is recommended to disallow 802.11b clients to associate by setting the 6 Mbps or 12Mbps rate to mandatory in the 802.11g configuration.

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ALU recommended settings for 802.11b/g/n are to only use channel 1, 6 and 11. For 802.11a/n use channels according to the infrastructure manufacturer and country regulations. Note. For 802.11a, if using channels where DFS is mandatory roaming performance will be degraded due passive scan only. ALU recommendation is therefore to avoid usage of DFS channels if possible. Note. For 802.11a, if enabling more than 8 channels the roaming performance will be degraded.

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Under tab SECURITY/SSID Manager Set Beacon Period to 100ms and Data Beacon Rate (DTIM) to 5. These values are recommended in order to allow maximum battery conservation without impacting the quality.

4. Configuration on OT8118/8128 handsets


4.1 Configuration the parameters via WinPDM tool
During the deployment, the following parameters must be configured: 1. DHCP mode a. Disable (Static mode) Using static IP address b. Only use Alcatel DHCP Alcatel DHCP property must be configured on DHCP server. c. Favor Alcatel DHCP The handset will prefer to choose the DHCP server with Alcatel property. d. Use Any DHCP The handset will use any DHCP offer depending on DHCP offer the receiving time.

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2. SSID 3. Security Mode a. WEP b. WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK c. EAP-FAST i. EAP authentication user name and password must be entered for this security mode. ii. OT8118/8128 only supports .pac file auto-privisioning. d. PEAPv0-MSChap2 i. Root certification must be installed into the handset ii. EAP authentication user name and password must be entered for this security mode. e. EAP-TLS i. Root certification and client certificate must be installed into the handset. ii. User must specify the EAP client certificate. 4. Voice power save mode 5. TSPEC Call Admission Control 6. IP DSCP for voice 0x2E (46) 7. IP DSCP for signalling 0x1A (26)

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4.2 Certificate installation

Right click the handset and click Edit certificates To install the root certificate, please select Root tab and click Edit button to install the certificates.

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To install the root certificate, please select Client tab and click Edit button to install the certificates.

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5. APPENDIX A: CISCO WLC Configuration Reference for OT8118/8128


Cisco WLC 2106 Version 7.0.98 In the following chapter you will find screenshots and explanations of basic settings in order to get a Cisco WLC WLAN system to operate with an OT8118/8128. Please note that security settings were modified according to requirements in individual test cases.

5.1 Security settings (PSK)

Security profile WPA2-PSK, AES encryption

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5.2 PEAP-MSCHAPv2 using an external authentication server.

Configuration of authentication using Radius sever, 802.1X (Step 1). In this example is WPA2AES/CCMP used.

Configuration of authentication using Radius sever (Step 2). Select the server to use. The server is configured under tab Security/Radius. See configuration of server below.

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Configuration of authentication using Radius sever (Step 3). The IP address and the secret must correspond to the IP and the credential used by the Radius server. Tests were performed with FreeRadius. Note that depending on which Authentication method used it might be necessary to add a certificate into the i62. PEAP-MSCHAPv2 requires a Root certificate and EAP-TLS requires both a Root certificate and a client certificate.

5.3 EAP-FAST using an internal authentication server

Configuration of authentication using internal Radius sever and EAP-FAST (Step 1). In this example is WPA2-AES/CCMP used.

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Configuration of authentication using internal Radius sever and EAP-FAST (Step 2). Check the box Local EAP Authentication and choose your local EAP profile (created in step 4).

Configuration of authentication using internal Radius sever and EAP-FAST (Step 3). Create a local user and assign a password.

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Configuration of authentication using internal Radius sever and EAP-FAST (Step 3). Create a local EAP profile and choose the EAP method to use.

5.4 General settings (QoS, Radio )

Make sure that WMM is enabled and Quality of Service (QoS) platinum profile is selected.

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Disable coverage Hole Detection and Session timeout. Set DTIM period to recommended value 5. DTIM value 5 values are recommended in order to allow maximum battery conservation without impacting the quality.

Channel configuration. See picture below for additional information.

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The recommended settings for 802.11b/g are to only use channel 1, 6 and 11. For 802.11a/n use channels according to the infrastructure manufacturer and country regulations. Note. For 802.11a/n, if using channels where DFS is mandatory roaming performance will be degraded due passive scan. It is recommended to avoid usage of DFS channels. Note. For 802.11a/n, if enabling more than 8 channels the roaming performance will be degraded. Note for 802.11an: Using 40 MHz channels will reduce the number of non DFS channels to 2 in

ETSI regions.

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If AP 1140/1250/1260/3500 is used together with AP1230 or AP1240, the system must be configured to use a Beacon Interval of 102ms. This is due to a limitation in 1140/1250/1260/3500 that prevents the APs from sending Beacons with 100ms. Very important in installations with mixed AP population! Recommend disabling the lowest speeds and have 6mbits as lowest supported speed. To further optimize performance it is recommended to disallow 802.11b clients to associate by setting the 6 Mbps or 12Mbps rate to mandatory in the 802.11g configuration.

OT8118/8128 do not support Dynamic Channel Assignment.

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OT8118/8128 do not support Dynamic Power Assignment.

Use EDCA Profile Voice Optimized and disable low latency MAC

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Depending on the infrastructure (switch) Protocol Type may have to be disabled.

END OF DOCUMENT

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