Você está na página 1de 1

Calvinism vs.

Arminianism

Calvinism
Total Depravity As a result of Adams fall, the entire human race is affected; all humanity is dead in trespasses and sins. Man is unable to save himself (Genesis 6:5; Jeremiah 17:9; Romans 3:10-18).

Arminianism

Total Depravity Because of the Fall, man has inherited a corrupted, depraved nature. Through "prevenient grace," God removed the guilt of Adam's sin. Prevenient grace is defined as the preparatory work of the Holy Spirit, given to all, enabling a person to respond to God's call of salvation. (John 3:16, 5:40; Acts 2:38; Rom 10:9) Unconditional Election Conditional Election Because man is dead in sin, he is unable to Election is based on God's foreknowledge of those initiate a response to God; therefore, in who would believe in him through faith. In other eternity past God elected certain people to words, God elected those who would choose him of salvation. Election and predestination are their own free will. Conditional election is based on unconditional; they are not based on mans man's response. (Rom 8:29, 11:2; 1 Peter 1:1,2) response (Romans 8:29-30;9:11;Ephesians 1:4-6,11-12) because man is unable to respond, nor does he want to. Limited Atonement Unlimited Atonement Because God determined that certain ones Christ died for everyone. The Savior's atoning death should be saved as a result of Gods uncon- provided the means of salvation for the entire human ditional election, He determined that Christ race. Christ's atonement, however, is effective only for should die for the elect alone. All whom God those who believe. (John 3:16, Rom 11:32, 2 Cor has elected and for whom Christ died will be 5:14,15; 1 Tim 2:3-6, 4:10) saved (Matthew 1:21;John 10:11;17:9;Acts 20:28;Romans 8:32;Ephesians 5:25). Irresistible Grace Those whom God elected He draws to Himself through irresistible grace. God makes man willing to come to Him. When God calls, man responds(John 6:37,44;10:16). Resistible Grace Through the preparatory (prevenient) grace given to all by the Holy Spirit, man is able to cooperate with God and respond in faith to salvation. Through prevenient grace, God removed the effects of Adam's sin. Because of "free will" men are also able to resist God's grace. (Matt 23:37, Acts 7:51; 1 Thess 5:19)

Perseverance of the Saints Falling from grace The precise ones God has elected and drawn Whether they are capable, through negligence, of forto Himself through the Holy Spirit will per- saking again the first beginnings of their life in Christ, severe in faith. None whom God has elected of again returning to this present evil world, of turnwill be lost; they are eternally secure (John ing away from the holy doctrine which was delivered 10:27-29;Romans 8:29-30;Ephesians 1:3- them, of losing a good conscience, of becoming devoid 14). of grace, that must be more particularly determined out of the Holy Scriptures before they can teach it with the full persuasion of their minds. (Matt 5:13; John 15:1-7; Heb 6:4-6)

Page 1