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GHANA IN FIGURES

2008
Ghana In Figures

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Ghana In Figures

Ghana In Figures

31

PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENT


Ghana in Figures is an annual publication by which the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS)
satisfies the needs of the general public, and more generally promotes the goal of
enhancing the effectiveness of policy-making. Selected basic indicators on demographic
and socio-economic conditions in Ghana intended to provide a quick statistical reference
on the country are presented in the handbook.
Data in this edition have been compiled from both published and unpublished sources,
covering the period from 2001 to 2007.
Mr. Johnson Owusu Kagya, Head of Analytical Studies/GhanaInfo Section led a team of GSS
staff, and worked closely with Statistical Units of Ministries, Departments and Agencies to
produce this compilation. We are thankful to all the people who assisted to produce this
document and all organizations that provided us with the needed data for the production
of the document. We hope that they would continue to contribute to this important
service that we render.

DR. GRACE BEDIAKO


(GOVERNMENT STATISTICIAN)

DECEMBER 2007

Ghana In Figures

30

Ghana In Figures

13. TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS


Table 13.1: Total registered vehicles by category, 2001-2007
Category
Motor Cycle
Private motor vehicles up to 2000 cc
Commercial motor vehicles up to 2000 cc
Commercial motor vehicles above 2000 cc
Buses and Coaches
Rigid cargo trucks up to 16 tons
Rigid cargo trucks up to 16-22 tons
Rigid cargo trucks above 22 tons
Articulator trucks up to 24 tons
Articulator trucks from 24-32 tons
Articulator trucks above 32 tons
Articulator equipment
Combine harvesters
Construction equipment
Mining equipment
Particular identification mark

For further information contact:


The Government Statistician
P. O. Box GP 1098, Accra
Tel: 233-21-663578
Fax: 233-21-664304

2001
6,058
17,953
5,568
5,343
2,676
861
367
234
136
251
122
303
4
136
2
0

2002
6,430
18,512
6,015
7,143
2,601
1,044
300
281
138
201
168
206
36
172
10
0

2003
8,777
20,564
5,110
7,778
2,916
914
292
326
116
447
510
158
77
46
29
14

2004
14,462
20,333
7,642
7,189
4,882
2,065
603
442
447
376
489
510
20
56
11
21

2005
15,136
22,949
6,686
8,715
5,585
2,457
420
543
551
374
454
140
192
68
7
142

2006
18,051
23,806
7,249
11,127
7,399
2,747
475
1,024
269
188
637
320
154
489
16
296

2007
20,320
29,633
7,757
15,296
9,791
3,586
669
1,240
160
342
659
259
154
151
11
300

Sour ce: Unpublished data: Drivers and Vehicle Licensing Authority (DVLA)

Note: Vehicles registered by the security services such a s the Ghana Armed Forces, the Ghana P olice Service and the
Prisons Service, are not presented in the table.

Table 13.2: Distribution of phone lines by type of service, 2001 - 2007


Type of service
Fixed lines
Payphones
Mobile phones
Total

2001
244,454
4,487
222,000
470,941

2002
264,827
4,995
383,000
652,822

2003
287,578
6,921
774,873
1,069,372

2004
315,650
10,098
1,060,829
1,386,577

2005
331,000
11,037
2,655,000
2,997,037

2006
360,375
11,529
5,209,398
5,581,302

2007
376,509
9,551
7,604,053
7,990,113

Source: National Communication Authority, Accra

Ghana In Figures

Ghana In Figures

29

12.

TOURISM

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table 12.1: International tou rist arri vals and receip ts, 2001-2007
Year
Arrival s ('000)
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ................................................. 2

Receipts (US$ mill ion)

438.8
482.6
530.8
583.8
428.6
497.1
586.6

447.8
519.7
602.8
649.4
836.1
986.8
1,172.0

ABBREVIATIONS ................................................................................. 6
UNITS ................................................................................................. 6

Source: Unpublished data: Ghana Tourist Board

DEFINITIONS ...................................................................................... 6

700

1 ,4 0 0

600

1 ,2 0 0

500

1 ,0 0 0

400

800

300

600

200

400

100

200

Receipts (US$ million)

Arrivals ('000)

F i g u r e 1 2 .1 : I n te r n a t i o n a l to u r i s t a r r i va l s a n d r e c e i p t s , 2 0 0 1 -2 0 0 7

SUMMARY OF SELECTED ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL INDICATORS. ..... 7


1.

POPULATION AND HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS..8

2.

AGRICULTURE ......................................................................... 10

3.

ECONOMIC TRENDS ................................................................ 12

4.

EDUCATION ............................................................................ 14

5.

PRICES..................................................................................... 17

6.

INTEREST AND EXCHANGE RATES ........................................... 19

7.

INDUSTRY ............................................................................... 20

8.

EXTERNAL TRADE .................................................................... 21

9.

PUBLIC FINANCE ..................................................................... 23

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Ye ar
A rr iv a l s

R e c e ip ts

S ou rc e : Un pu bl is he d d at a: G ha na T o ur is t Bo ar d

S ou rc e : Un pu bl is hed d at a: G ha na T o ur is t Bo ar d

Table 12.2: Number of hotels, rooms and b eds, 2001-2007


Year
Nu mber of h otels
Hotel rooms
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007*

1,053
1,162
1,250
1,313
1,341
1,405
1,407

15,453
15,992
17,352
18,022
18,675
22,467
18,683

10. CRIME........................................................................................ 24
Numb er of bed s
19,648
21,227
22,909
23,430
23,828
27,569
26,057

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS ............................................... 25

12.

TOURISM ................................................................................ 26

13. TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS........................................ 27

* Provisional
Source: Ghana Tourist Board

Ghana In Figures

11.

28

Ghana In Figures

2007 Estimated population in thousands by region

11.

EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS

Ta ble 1 1.1 : P o pula tio n a ged 1 5 y ea rs o r o lder b y eco no m ic a cti vity status and sex, 1 9 60 - 2 0 00
Ch arac te ristic s/ye ar
Pop ulation 15 y ears+
1960
1970
1984
2000

Upper East
Upper
West

(978.1)

(61 8.7)

112
Northern
(2,121.6)

Tot al

M ale

Fe m ale

3, 730,309
4, 543,348
6, 760,967
11, 105,236

1, 884,552
2, 227,000
3, 261,066
5, 435,829

1, 845,757
2, 316,348
3, 499,899
5, 669,407

Ec on om ically act ive 15 year s+


1960
1970
1984
2000

2, 723,026
3, 331,618
5,580,104
8, 292,114

1, 677,058
1, 859,393
2, 724,481
4, 170,609

1, 045,968
1, 472,225
2, 855,623
4,121,505

Not ec on om ic ally act ive 15 year s+


1960
1970
1984
2000

1,007,283
1, 211,730
1, 180,863
2, 813,122

207,494
367,605
536,588
1, 265,220

799,789
844,125
644,275
1, 547,902

Sour ce : 1960, 1970, 1984 and 2000 P opulation Ce nsus v olume s, G SS

Ta ble 1 1.2 : E co no mica lly a ctiv e p op ula ti on1 5 yea rs o r old er b y a ctiv ity sta tu s, 19 6 0-2 00 0

Brong Ahafo

Volta

(2 ,120.9)

(1,798.2)

Ch arac te ristic s
Ec onomic ally a ctive popula tion
Em ployed
Unem ployed
Ec onomic ally a ctive popula tion 15 year s+ ( %)
Not e conom ic ally active population 15 yea rs+ ( %)

1960
2,723,026
94.0
6.0

1 970
3,331,618
94.0
6.0

1984
5,580,102
97.2
2.8

2 000
8,292,114
89.6
10.4

73.0
27.0

73.3
26.7

82.5
17.5

74.7
25.3

Sour ce : 1960, 1970, 1984 and 2000 Population Ce nsus v olume s, G SS

Asha nti

Table 11.3: Daily minimum wage, 2001-2007


(4,459.4)

Western
(2 ,358.8)

Year
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Eastern
(2,251.2)

Greater

Central

Accra

(1,777.3)

(3 ,903.6)

Daily minimum wage (Gh)


0.55
0.72
0.92
1.12
1.35
1.60
1.90

Percentage change
31.0
30.0
28.7
21.7
20.5
18.5
18.8

Source: Unpublished data: Ghana Trades Union Congress, Accra


Note: The cedi currency has been converted to the new Ghana cedi which prior to January 2008, 10,000.00 was equal to Gh

1.00.

Ghana In Figures

Ghana In Figures

27

12-01-09

10. CRIME

ABBREVIATIONS

Table 10.1: Criminal offences, 2001-2007


Criminal Offence
2001
2002
Violent crime
Property crime
Drug possession crime
Other offences
Total

127,894
76,933
674
20,672
226,173

130,809
74,900
594
22,112
228,415

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

130,448
73,128
559
22,533
226,668

131,083
72,634
506
20,136
224,359

119,614
69,007
485
18,230
207,336

130,411
73,677
576
23,609
228,273

142,675
82,516
708
29,513
255,412

Source: Unpublisheddata: Criminal Data Services Bureau/CID Headquarters, Accra

CID
CPI
DVLA
GDP
GSE
GSS
JSS
MOFA
MDAs
NES
PBCI
SSS
USA

Criminal Investigation Department


Consumer Price Index
Drivers Vehicle and Licensing Authority
Gross Domestic Product
Ghana Stock Exchange
Ghana Statistical Service
Junior Secondary School
Ministry of Food and Agriculture
Ministries, Departments and Agencies
Not Elsewhere Specified
Prime Building Cost Index
Senior Secondary School
United States of America

UNITS
%
000
Gh
Ha
Mt
Population density
US$
Cc

Percent
Thousands
New Ghana Cedis (Before January 2008, 10,000.00 was equivalent to Gh 1.00)
Hectares
Metric tons
Persons per square kilometres
United States Dollars
Capacity

DEFINITIONS
Daily minimum wage

Economically active population-

The lowest amount to be paid to employees by employers in a day.


It is illegal for employers to pay below the minimum wage.
Includes people who worked for pay or profit or family gain

during the reference period and those who did not work, but
had jobs to return to (i.e., the employed); and those who did
not work during the reference period, but were actively
looking for work (i.e., the unemployed)
Gross Domestic Product

Inflation

Intercensal population growth


rate
-

Ghana In Figures

26

Market capitalization

Money supply

Population Density

Ghana In Figures

Measures the final output produced by residents in a country within


a specified period of time, usually a year.
The changes in the general price levels of goods and services in the
country as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
This is the average growth rate of a countrys population between
two census periods.
An indicator of market size and performance of the stock market in
relation to the economy.
The total money stock in circulation, including savings, currency
with non-bank public and demand, time and foreign currency
deposits.
The total number of persons living in one square kilometre area.

9.
SUMMARY OF SELECTED ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL INDICATORS

Selected economic and social indicators, 2003-2007


Description

Unit

Source

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Population
GDP at 1993 constant
prices
Growth of GDP at 1993
constant prices
GDP at market prices

million
million Gh

Population Projections Unit, GSS


National Accounts Section, GSS

20.4^
589.5

20.9^
622.4

21.4^
658.9

21.9^
700.1

22.4^
744.5

million Gh

National Accounts Section, GSS


National Accounts Section, GSS

Trade deficit
Total revenue
Total expenditure

billion Gh
million Gh
million Gh

Money supply
Net lending/borrowing

4.2

4.8

5.9

6.2

6.3

Trade Statistics Section, GSS


Financial Statistics Section, GSS
Financial Statistics Section, GSS

6,615.77
0.77
1,686.16
1,811.50

7,980.87
11.74
2,393.84
2,435.99

9,701.80
2.98
2,825.64
2,775.97

11,249.64*
1.54
3,191.77
3,569.67

14,178.53
2.85
4,508.22

million Gh
million Gh

Bank of Ghana
Bank of Ghana

2,117.39
3.5

2,666.72
18.29

3,041.75
7.28

4,230.25
0.76

Average inflation over 12


months (base year=2002)
Prime building cost index

CPI Monthly Bulletins, GSS

number

PBCI Bulletins, GSS

Agriculture growth rate

National Accounts Section, GSS

Cocoa production

Ghana Cocoa Board

Cocoa production
Manufacturing output

'000 metric
tonnes
million Gh
million Gh

Construction output
Output of mining &
quarrying
Total electricity
generation
Number of hotels

Table 9.1: Central government finances (million Gh), 2001-2007


Indicator
2001
2002
2003
2004
846.31
1,03 2.44
1,686.1 6
2,393.84
Revenue receipts

2005

2006

2007

2 ,825 .64

3,191.77

4,647.73

654.55
34.77

8 54.75
2 5.24

1,337.9 5
36.3 3

1,786.17
113.63

2 ,130 .21
185 .41

2,464.61
92.30

3,435.70
317.52

157.00
697.13
285.60
-136.43

1 52.46
9 78.66
2 81.41
-2 27.62

311.88
1,264.3 2
547.18
-125.34

494.03
1,627.80
808.19
-42.15

510 .02
1 ,803 .28
972 .68
49 .67

634.86
2,473.49
1,096.18
-377.90

894.51
3,607.30
1,630.22
-589 .79

Tax revenue
Non-tax revenue
Grants
Recurrent expenditure
Capital expenditure
Tota l budget de ficit/surplus

Source: Unpubli shed data: Fi nancial Stat istics Section, GSS

5,231.52
5,767.4
0.94

26.7

12.8

15.5

10.9

10.7

493.0

523.0

685.6

738.0

919.2

6.1

7.5

6.5

5.7

1.9

496.8

737.0

599.3

740.5

614.5

Ghana Cocoa Board


Industrial Statistics Section, GSS

422.32
593.8

626.43
698.38

539.39
841.83

666.41
988.59

993.07
1,067.3

million Gh

Industrial Statistics Section, GSS

586.58

702.99

887.74

1,082.52

1,381.8

million Gh

Industrial Statistics Section, GSS

310.88

363.33

447.21

511.29

823.0

million kwatt
hour
Number

National Energy Commission

5,900

6,039

6,788

8,429

6,978

Ghana Tourist Board

International tourist
arrivals
International tourist
receipts
Registered vehicles

000 number

Ghana Tourist Board

1,250
530.8

1,313
584.2

1,341
428.4

1,405
497.2

1,407*
586.6

million US$

Ghana Tourist Board

1,172.0

number

DVLA

Education - primary
enrollment
Education - JSS
enrollment
Total foreign exchange
earnings of nontraditional agricultural
commodities
Manufacturing growth
rate
Electricity & water
growth rate
Mining & quarrying
growth rate
Construction growth rate
Industrial growth rate

Number

602.8

649.4

836.1

986.8

48,074

59,548

64,419

74,247

90,328

Ghana Education Service

2,524,200

2,686,133

2,929,536

3,122,903

3,338,762

number

Ghana Education Service

865,208

919,134

1,010,246

1,041,002

1,132,318

million US$

Ghana Export Promotion Council

138.14

159.79

151.86

203.37

197.24

4.6

4.6

5.0

4.2

-2.3

National Accounts Section

4.2

3.7

12.4

24.2

-15.0

4.7

3.0

6.3

13.3

20.0

6.1
5.1
507.32

6.6
4.8
464.33

10.0
7.7
573.30

8.2
9.5
615.57

15.0
6.6

National Accounts Section

%
%
%

National Accounts Section


National Accounts Section
National Accounts Section

Value of imports of crude


& petroleum products
Total pay phones
Total fixed telephone
lines
Total mobile telephone
lines
GSE all share index

billion Gh

Trade Statistics Section, GSS

number
number

National Communication Authority


National Communication Authority

6,921
287,578

10,098
315,650

11,037
331,000

11,529
360,375

9,551
376,509

number

National Communication Authority

774,873

1,060,829

2,655,000

5,209,398

7,604,053

number

Ghana Stock Exchange

Market capitalization
Daily minimum wage

billion Gh
Gh

Bank of Ghana
Trades Union Congress

3,553.4
1.18
0.92

6,798.6
9.76
1.12

4,769.0
9.19
1.35

5,006.0
11.14
1.60

6,599.8
12.37
1.90

Note: '^' Projections


* Provisional

Ghana In Figures

PUBLIC FINANCE

Tale 9.2: Ghana stock exchange index summary, 2001-2007


Year
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

High
1,025.8
1,395.3
3,553.4
7,469.0
6,901.4
5,006.0

Date
1-Aug
30-Dec
31-Dec
25-Aug
28-Jan
28-Dec

Low
856.0
956.0
1,395.4
3,559.0
4,751.2
4,692.8

Date
7-Feb
2-Jan
2-Jan
2-Jan
22-Dec
31-Jan

End of period
956.0
1,395.0
3,553.4
6,798.6
4,769.0
4,992.9

% Change
11.4
46.0
154.7
91.3
-29.9
0.3

Sour ce: Unpublished data: Ghana Stock Exchange

Ghana In Figures

25

Table 8.4: Total im port values (mil lion Gh ) by major trading partn ers, 2001-2007
Cou ntry
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
272.63
253.83
148.95
132.65
92.49
75.84
68.15
57.43
49.81
2.14
218.01
412.57
617.43
2,401.91

334.55
359.13
312.86
256.99
144.38
136.39
92.61
108.40
20.41
517.82
394.94
770.33
192.50
3,641.31

2007

389.22
397.43
170.71
121.96
168.44
111.62
146.34
58.24
12.19
636.25
316.96
572.83
1,894.02
4,996.21

728.41
651.42
298.20
197.77
125.66
171.65
105.51
87.02
31.65
11.32
421.07
870.99
1,444.46
5,145.13

POPULATION AND HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS

Table 1.1: Total population by sex and locality type, 1960 - 2000
1960
Locality

Male

1970
Female

Male

1984
Male
Female

Female

Total
3,400,270
3,326,545
4,247,809
4,311,504
Urban
799,130
732,230
1,233,825
1,238,633
Rural
2,601,140
2,574,320
3,013,986
3,072,871
Source: 1960, 1970, 1984 and 2000 Population Census Volumes, GSS

6,063,848
1,936,377
4,147,471

2000
Male

6,232,233
2,018,419
4,213,814

9,357,382
4,043,330
5,313,552

Female
9,554,697
4,230,440
5,324,257

F ig u re 1 . 1 : To t a l po pu la t io n by s e x a n d lo calit y t y pe , 1 9 6 0 - 20 0 0
6 ,00 0 ,0 0 0

P o p u la t io n

United Kingdom
224.45
192.22
190.07
China
86.48
101.99
156.22
United States
153.66
159.25
196.04
Germany
149.53
150.51
190.10
Franc e
84.40
83.00
102.82
Italy
74.25
103.51
85.14
Canada
49.85
44.91
57.60
Ja pan
37.46
52.69
86.52
Switzerland
18.81
14.24
24.90
Nigeria
247.80
285.40
250.12
Other Africa
271.47
430.62
183.02
Other Europe
425.53
387.77
467.76
Rest of the W orld
421.28
399.02
526.38
Total
2,244.98
2,405.15
2,786,.69
Source: Unpublishe d data: Customs, Excise and Preventive Service

1.
2006

5 ,00 0 ,0 0 0
4 ,00 0 ,0 0 0
U r ba n

3 ,00 0 ,0 0 0

R ur a l

2 ,00 0 ,0 0 0
1 ,00 0 ,0 0 0
0
M a le

F e m a le

M a le

1 9 60

F e m a le

M a le

1970

Fe m a le

M a le

1984

F em a le
2000

Y e a r /S e x

Fi g u r e 1 .2 : T o t al p o pu l a t io n b y l o c al i t y ty p e an d s e x , 1 9 60 - 2 00 0
6 ,0 0 0,0 0 0

Commodity
Cocoa
Gold
Wood & timber products
Diamonds & bauxite
Manganese
Others
Total

2001
185.80
441.45
79.32
15.40
20.90
487.34
1,230.21

2002
218.65
494.55
119.11
15.88
19.12
559.94
1,427.25

2003
586.20
720.21
155.130
29.20
25.13
504.63
2,020.50

2004
542.11
583.11
90.62
16.64
3.95
969.92
2,206.35

2005
712.23
781.80
365.80
43.17
36.32
884.25
2,823.57

2006
1,005.80
1,100.25
257.55
27.82
6.12
981.01
3,378.55

2007
837.75
1,363.23
279.30
28.24
24.55
1,379.64
3,912.71

P o p u la t ion

5 ,0 0 0,0 0 0

Table 8.5: G hana's exports (million G h) o f main co mmo dities, 200 1-200 7

4 ,0 0 0,0 0 0
M a le

3 ,0 0 0,0 0 0

F e m ale
2 ,0 0 0,0 0 0
1 ,0 0 0,0 0 0
0
U rb a n

Sour ce: Unpublished dat a: Cust oms, Excis e and Pr eventive Service

R u ra l
1 96 0

U r b an

R u r al

U r ba n

1 9 70

1984

R ur a l

Ur ba n

Ru r a l
20 0 0

Y e ar /l o ca l i t y

Table 1.2 Housing stock, persons per house, households and average household size, 1970-2000
Characteristics
1970
1984
Stock of houses
Number of persons per house
Number of households
Percentage urban
Percentage rural
Average household size

880,869
9.0
1,793,580
33.0
67.0
4.7

1,216,667
10.2
2,480,368
36.0
64.0
4.9

2000
2,181,975
8.7
3,701,241
34.1
65.9
5.1

Source: 2000 Population and Housing Census volumes, GSS

Ghana In Figures

24

Ghana In Figures

8.

Table 1.3: Population characteristics (percentage), 1960 2000


Characteristics

Total

1960
Male Female

Total

1970
Male Female

Total

1984
Male Female

Total

Table 8.1: Value of imports and exports and trade balance (Gh million), 2001-2007

Age group
0-14
15-64
65+

44.5
52.3
3.2

44.6
52.1
3.3

44.5
52.5
3.0

46.9
49.5
3.6

47.5
48.8
3.7

46.2
50.2
3.6

45.0
51.0
4.0

46.2
49.8
4.0

43.9
52.1
4.0

44.3
53.4
5.3

42.0
52.7
5.3

40.6
54.2
5.2

Locality
Urban
Rural

23.0
77.0

23.5
76.5

22.6
74.4

29.0
71.0

29.0
71.0

28.7
71.3

32.0
68.0

31.6
68.4

32.4
67.6

43.8
56.2

43.2
56.8

44.3
55.7

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

All

EXTERNAL TRADE

2000
Male Female

Female to male ratio


0.98
1.01
1.03
Population density
28.0
36.0
52.0
(persons/sq km)
Intercensal population
2.4
2.6
growth rate
Source: Computed from 1960, 1970, 1984 and 2000 Population and Housing Census Volumes, GSS

Year
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Imports
2,274.14
2,400.56
2,786.75
3,378.68
4,426.45
4,918.59
6,761.93

Exports
1,230.20
1,356.91
2,020.50
2,204.36
2,823.57
3,378.54
3,912.85

Balance of Trade
-1,043.94
-1,043.65
-766.25
-1,174.32
-1,602.88
-1,540.05
-2,849.08

Source: Unpublished data: Trade Statistics Section, Ghana Statistical Serv ice

1.02
79.3

Table 8.2:
2.7

Ghana's imports (million Gh) of main comm odities, 2001-2007

Commodity
Petroleum & petroleum
products
Chemicals
Machinery & transport
equipment
Manufactured goods
Others
Total

Table 1.4: Projected population (millions) by Sex, 2001 - 2007


Characteristics

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Total country
Male
Female

19.40
9.60
9.80

19.88
9.84
10.04

20.37
10.08
10.29

20.86
10.33
10.53

21.37
10.58
10.79

21.88
10.83
11.05

22.39
11.09
11.30

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

477.78

387.11

512.11

474.00

598.60

710.24

29.11*

212.69
602.51

263.97
685.61

70.63
822.67

342.47
747.99

411.47
922.12

434.43
774.79

724.77
1,568.00

416.08
532.71
2,241.77

504.24
577.63
2,418.56

248.25
1,133.10
2,786.76

792.01
484.62
2,841.09

740.06
969.06
3,641.31

995.28
2,003.86
4,918.99

1,105.59
1,798.21
5,225.68

Goods
(NES)

Total

1.68
1.29
1.44
1.23
980.46
2.64

2,244.98
2,405.15
2,401.91
3,641.31
4,996.21
5,145.13

* Exc ludes crude oil


Source: Unpublishe d data: Customs, Excise and Preventive Service

Source: Unpublished data: Population Projections Unit, GSS

Table 8.3: Total import values (million Gh) by broad economic groups, 2001 - 2007
Year

Food and
beverages

2001
2002
2004
2005
2006
2007

313.07
395.78
412.51
525.90
570.91
820.74

Industrial
supplies
(NES)
644.99
735.80
992.68
1,379.74
1,493.99
2,377.09

Fuels &
lubricants

Capital
goods

498.95
425.04
10.93
571.69
692.62
1.40

286.10
341.06
93.98
718.30
785.86
1,193.09

Transport
&
equipment
293.75
358.26
147.07
165.15
178.04
289.34

Consumer
goods
(NES)
206.45
147.92
243.31
279.30
294.34
460.83

Source: Unpublished data: Customs, Excise and Preventive Service

Ghana In Figures

10

Ghana In Figures

23

7.

INDUSTRY

Table 7.1: Establishments and persons engaged by industry major division,


1987 & 2003
Establishments
Persons engaged
Major industry division
1987
2003
1987
2003
All industry
8,640
26,493
197,200
275,495
Mining and quarrying
110
166
29,200
19,703
Manufacturing
8,350
26,088
157,100
243,516
Electricity a nd water
180
239
10,900
12,276
Source: Phase I of 1987 and 2003 Industrial Census reports, GSS

Table 7.2: Establishments and persons engaged by region (number and


percent), 1987 & 2003
Establishments
Region
1987
2003
All industry
8,640
26,493
Ghana
100.0
100.0
Western
8.3
7.5
Central
3.8
9.7
Greater Accra
31.8
25.5
Volta
3.0
5.2
Eastern
13.0
11.4
Ashanti
30.0
24.5
Brong Aha fo
3.8
6.8
Northern
3.6
4.7
Upper East
2.1
3.2
Upper West

0.6

1.6

Persons engaged
1987
197,200
100.0
14.2
3.2
34.8
6.1
10.2
24.2
3.0
2.8
1.0

2003
275,495
100.0
12.1
7.1
26.6
5.8
9.3
25.3
5.6
5.1
2.1

0.5

Table 1.5: Area and projected population by region, 2007


Region
Area (sq km)
Western
Central
Greater Accra
Volta
Eastern
Ashanti
Brong Ahafo
Northern
Upper East
Upper West
Total country

23,921
9,826
3,245
20,570
19,323
24,389
39,557
70,384
8,842
18,476
238,533

Projected
population

Estimated population
density (persons/sq km)

2,358,849
1,777,337
3,903,564
1,798,247
2,251,180
4,459,435
2,120,881
2,121,567
978,121
618,730
22,387,911

99
181
1,203
87
117
183
54
30
111
33
94

Source: Unpublished data: Population Projections Unit, GSS

1.1

Source: Phase I of 1987 and 2003 Industrial Census reports, GSS

Table 7.3: Annual index numbers of manufacturing production, 2001-2004


Industry group
Food manufacturing
Beverage industrie s
Tobacco & tobacco products
Textile, wearing apparel and leather goods
Sawmill & wood products
Paper products & printing
Petroleum refinery
Chemical products other than petroleum
Cement & other non-metallic mineral products
Iron and steel products
Non-ferrous metal basic industries
Cutlery & other non-ferrous metal products
Electrical equipme nt & appliances
Transport and equipment
All manufacturing industries
Memorandum items (% change in overall index)

Weight (%)
15.0
8.1
7.8
13.7
7.2
1.9
19.0
6.6
3.0
3.3
9.6
0.5
1.3
3.0
100.0

2001
269.9
199.8
46.6
57.8
140.1
56.3
72.1
170.0
261.0
819.5
108.7
142.0
25.3
150.2
4.9

2002
280.0
258.1
65.4
60.0
131.0
93.8
87.1
170.0
248.0
633.0
90.8
111.9
25.3
20.0
153.4
2.1

1977=100
2003
2004
338.4
422.0
310.3
382.7
45.6
50.2
67.4
68.0
140.0
157.0
92.0
98.0
130.0
159.0
183.1
146.0
283.0
257.5
700.0
918.0
20.0
10.0
120.0
126.0
25.2
30.0
25.1
31.0
172.0
200.1
12.1
16.3

'-' Data not available


Source: Unpublished data: Industrial Statistics Section, GSS

Ghana In Figures

22

Ghana In Figures

11

2.

6.

AGRICULTURE

Table 2.1: Distribution of total land use area (000 hectares), 2005 - 2007
Land use area
Total land area
Agricultural land area
Area under cultivation
Area under irrigation
Area under inland waters
Others (forest reserves, sa vanna woodland etc)
Source: Unpublished data: Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA)

INTEREST AND EXCHANGE RATES

Table 6.1:

2005

2006

2007

23,854
13,628
7,195
11
1,100
9,126

23,854
13,628
6,904
18
1,100
9,126

23,680
13,521
7,151
11
1,100
9,069

Lending rates (minimum and maximum), 2001-2007

Sector
Agriculture
Export
Manufacturing
Mining &
quarrying
Construction

Fi gu re 2 .1: Propor ti on of to tal lan d are a in u se , 2006 - 2007


60

Others
50

2001
35.00
53.00
35.00
53.00
35.00
53.00
35.00
53.00
35.00
53.00
32.00
53.00

Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum

2002
27.00
50.00
27.00
50.00
27.00
50.00
27.00
50.00
27.00
50.00
27.00
50.00

2003
27.50
43.00
27.50
43.00
27.50
43.00
27.50
43.00
27.50
43.00
27.50
43.00

2004
21.50
36.00
21.50
36.00
21.50
36.00
21.50
36.00
21.50
36.00
21.50
36.00

2005
18.50
33.50
18.50
33.50
18.50
33.50
18.50
33.50
18.50
33.50
18.50
33.50

2006
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50

2007
14.00
33.50
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50
15.00
33.50

Source: Unpublished data: Financial Statistics Section, GSS

Percentage

40
2006
30

Table 6.2: Exchange rates for some major currencies, 2001-2007


Year

2007

United States
dollar
0.71
0.79
0.86
0.90
0.90
0.92
0.97

20

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

10
0
Ar ea under c ult iva tion

Area un der inland wat ers

Ot her s

Lan d u se are a

Table 2.2: A rea plante d with selected food crops (000 ha), 2001 - 2007
Crop
2001
2002
2003
2004
Maize
713
940
792
733
Cassava
726
794
807
784
Sorghum
329
337
346
298
Millet
193
198
207
182
Yam
287
300
321
311
Cocoyam
262
282
277
270
Plantain
265
277
Rice (paddy)
135
123
Source: M inistry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA )

286
118

281
119

Table 2.3: Production of major crops ('000 mt), 2001 - 2007


Crop
2001
2002
2003
2004
Cassava
8,966
9,731
10,239
Yam
3,547
3,900
3,813
Plantain
2,074
2,279
2,329
Cocoyam
1,688
1,860
1,805
Maize
938
1,400
1,289
Rice (milled)
152
168
143
Sorghum
280
316
338
Millet
134
159
176
Rice (paddy)
253
280
239
- Not available
Source: Unpublished data: Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA)

Ghana In Figures

Ghana cedis per


Swiss franc

Japanese yen

Euro

0.44
0.51
0.63
0.72
0.73
0.76
0.85

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01

0.64
0.75
0.95
1.11
1.15
1.22
1.44

Note: Before January 2008, 10,000.00 was equivalent to Gh1.00


Source: Unpublished data: Financial Statistics Section, GSS

Source: Unpublished data: Ministry of Food and Agriculture (M oFA)

9,739
3,892
2,381
1,716
1,158
145
287
144
242

2005
967
922
305
176
363
202

2006
793
790
320
200
325
260

2007
790
801
208
163
324
258

290
161

299
125

305
109

2005

2006

2007

9,567
3,923
2,792
1,686
1,171
142
305
185
237

9,638
4,288
2,900
1,660
1,189
150
315
165
250

10,218
4,376
3,234
1,690
1,220
185
155
113
-

12

Figure 6.1: Exchange rates for three major currencies , 2001-2007


2 .5

Exch ange rate (p er unit cur rency )

Agr icult ural land ar ea

British pound
sterling
1.02
1.19
1.39
1.44
1.65
1.81
1.95

1 .5

0 .5

0
2001

2002

2003

2 004

2 005

20 06

2007

Ye a r
US dollar

Ghana In Figures

Br it ish st erling

Euro

22

T able 5.3: Annual a verage prime building co st index numbers, 200 1-200 7
Item

20 07

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

C ombined

260.9

324.4

493.0

523.0

685.6

738.0

919.2

L abour
Skilled labour
U nskilled labour

185.9
162.5
220.2

285.6
259.1
324.4

523.6
485.6
579.4

631.8
599.2
679.2

864.1
781.5
985.0

930.3
818.7
1,094.1

1,189.6
1,105.9
1,311.7

M aterials
Cement
Roofing materials
Sand
Steel materials
Stone
Timber

320.1
253.5
220.8
319.4
215.0
199.8
235.6

355.1
293.8
270.9
338.8
248.6
209.5
290.4

468.9
333.7
526.5
350.3
276.5
300.9
383.6

437.1
352.1
601.6
355.7
351.1
419.2
423.4

544.8
491.3
745.8
357.9
555.2
514.3
507.8

586.1
522
876.6
401.4
401.4
582.1
547.3

710.1
678.6
845.1
468.5
602.6
838.5
705.7

M iscellaneous
Source: Unpublished data: Price Statistics Section, GSS

485.6

522.7

682.2

475.3

555.6

563.7

691.2

Table 2.4: Cocoa production by season and value of production, 2000/2001 - 2006/2007
Production (tonnes)
Cro p year
2000/2001
2001/2002
2002/2003
2003/2004
2004/2005
2005/2006
2006/2007

Main crop
35 0,359
32 1,321
44 4,135
66 8,787
52 6,828
64 9,672
58 7,670

Light crop
39,413
19,241
52,711
68,188
72,490
90,786
26,800

Total pro ductio n


389,772
340,562
496,846
736,975
599,318
740,458
614,470

Value (million Gh)


13 5.45
21 1.15
42 2.32
62 6.43
53 9.39
66 6.41
99 3.07

Sour ce: Unpublished dat a: Ghana Cocoa Board

Ghana In Figures

20

Ghana In Figures

13

3.

ECONOMIC TRENDS

5.

PRICES

Table 3.1: Gross domestic produ ct (mil lion Gh) in pu rchasers' values at 1993 constant prices by kin d of
economic activity, 2001 - 2007
Activity
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007

Table 5.1: Annu al average consumer price ind ices and weights of major consumption groups by
locality, 2001 2007

Agriculture
Crops and livesto ck
Cocoa prod uction and marketing
Forestry and logging
Fishing

192.3
131.4
17.6
19.1
24.2

2 00.7
1 38.3
17.5
20.0
24.9

2 12.9
1 45.6
20.4
21.3
25.7

22 7.7
1 51.9
26.5
2 2.2
2 7.2

23 7.2
156.9
3 0.0
23 .4
26 .9

250.8
16 6.3
3 2.6
24 .0
27 .9

255.5
168.8
29.5
24.6
32.5

Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturin g
E lectricity and w ater
Constru ction

133.3
28.1
48.9
13.8
42.5

1 39.6
29.4
51.3
14.4
44.6

1 46.7
30.8
53.6
15.0
47.3

15 3.8
3 1.7
5 6.1
1 5.5
5 0.5

165.5
33 .7
58 .9
17 .4
55 .5

177.6
34 .7
61 .4
21 .4
60 .1

193.2
45.8
60.0
18.4
69.1

Services
Transp ort, storage and communication
Wholesale and retail trade, restaurants
and hotels
Finan ce, in su ran ce, real estate an d
bu siness services
G overnment services
Community, social & personal services
Produ cers o f p rivate non -pro fit services

160.3
25.8
36.9

1 67.8
27.3
39.0

1 75.7
28.9
41.0

18 4.3
3 0.4
4 3.4

197.1
32 .8
47 .8

21 0.0
35 .2
51 .3

231.1
38.7
56.5

Description
Ghana
Food and non-alcoholic beverages
Alcoholic bevera ges, tobacco and narcotics
Clothing and footwear
Housing, water, electricity, gas, and others
Furnishings, household equipment and routine maintenanc e
Health
Transport
Communications
Recreation and culture
Education
Hotels, cafs and restaurants
Miscellaneous goods and services

23.0

24.3

25.5

2 6.7

28 .8

31 .0

36.4

59.3
10.4
4.8

61.4
10.8
5.0

63.9
11.3
5.1

6 6.7
1 1.7
5 .3

70 .1
12 .2
5.5

74 .0
12 .8
5.8

80.4
13.4
6.0

Sub-total
N et ind irect tax es
Equals: GD P in purcha sers' value

485.9
49.8
535.7

5 08.2
51.9
5 60.1

5 35.3
54.2
5 89.5

56 5.8
5 6.6
62 2.4

599.8
59 .1
658.9

638.4
61 .7
700.1

680.1
64.4
744.5

Weight (%)
100.0
44.9
2.2
11.3
7.0
7.8
4.3
6.2
0.3
3.0
1.6
8.3
3.0

2001
94.1
94.1
94.1
94.1
94.1
94.3
94.3
94.3
94.1
94.2
94.1
94.2
94.2

2002
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2003
129.8
128.3
120.3
119.0
160.8
115.0
122.5
159.4
120.8
117.3
263.4
118.1
122.2

2004
153.2
151.1
134.1
139.2
181.1
130.5
148.1
180.1
172.2
136.7
202.7
175.7
143.7

Base year = 2002


2005
2006
2007
176.9
197.5
218.7
174.6
191.2
206.5
154.4
174.6
188.8
155.5
164.0
167.9
229.6
277.9
312.9
150.3
162.2
167.0
182.8
225.1
283.0
248.7
312.7
355.8
170.7
203.5
254.6
166.6
193.6
216.4
192.5
206.5
214.5
220.3
245.2
278.5
159.0
180.1
199.4

Sour ce: C onsumer Pr ice Index Monthly Bul leti ns, Vari ous issues, GSS

* Provisional
Source: Unpublished data: National Accounts Section, GSS

Table 5.2: Average monthly inflation, 2001-2007


Base year = 2002

Month

2001

2002

January
59.5
19.6
February
60.7
14.9
March
63.0
9.3
April
59.6
7.4
May
53.7
4.8
June
48.1
3.9
July
43.1
3.9
August
33.9
7.8
September
27.9
10.7
October
26.5
9.3
November
24.9
10.1
December
20.9
12.0
Source: Consumer Price Index Monthly Bulletins, Various issues, GSS

Ghana In Figures

14

Ghana In Figures

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

16.3
29.4
29.9
30.0
29.8
29.6
29.0
27.7
26.8
24.6
23.8
23.6

29.0
18.6
15.6
17.3
17.6
18.0
15.0
17.5
19.6
16.9
16.5
16.4

16.8
17.0
17.8
17.1
14.5
14.0
17.3
13.3
14.3
14.9
14.7
13.9

14.6
12.1
9.9
9.5
10.2
10.5
11.4
11.2
10.8
10.5
10.3
10.5

10.9
10.4
10.2
10.5
11.0
10.7
10.1
10.4
10.2
10.1
11.4
12.7

19

Table 4.2: Number of teaching staf f by sex, school level and type, 200 0/0 1 - 20 06/07 (contd)
Level/ty pe

2002/2003
M ale

20 03/2004
M ale

Pre-school
Public
Private

3,078
1,628
1,450

25, 304
18, 240
7,064

3, 440
1, 481
1, 959

25,895
17,653
8,242

Primary
Public
Private

55,035
41,771
13,264

26, 055
22, 534
3,521

56, 294
41, 877
14, 417

26,539
22,754
3,785

JSS
Public
Private

56,294
41877
14,417

26, 539
22, 754
3,785

41, 344
32, 629
8, 715

10,075
9,024
1,051

F em ale

Female

Table 4. 2: Number o f tea ching staff by sex, school lev el and type, 200 0/0 1 - 200 6/0 7 (contd)
Level/ty pe

2004/2005
Male
Female

2005/2006
M ale

Pre-school
Public
Private

4,072
1,478
2,594

29,345
18,202
11,143

3,635
2,045
1,590

28, 680
20, 207
8,473

7,034
4,597
2,437

33,762
23,969
9,793

60,532
42,850
17,682

27,746
22,952
4,794

58,447
44,661
13,786

30, 014
25, 673
4,341

70,007
54,567
15,440

35,250
29,757
5,493

43,745
34,346
9,399

12, 740
11, 478
1,262

51,523
40,406
11,117

15,482
13,804
1,678

Primary
Public
Private
JSS
Public
Private
Source: Unpublished data:

44,970
10,988
33,897
9,503
11,073
1,485
G hana Education Service

2006/2007
M ale
Female

F emale

Table 3.2: Gross domestic product (million Gh) in purchasers' values at 1993 current prices by kind of
economic activity, 2001 - 2007
Activity
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
1,717.4
1,096.1
213.1
192.5
215.7

2,417.8
1,485.5
383.5
262.8
286.0

3,032.0
1,765.1
606.7
313.0
347.1

3,642.7
2,083.1
786.4
379.5
393.7

4,211.5
2,428.9
897.5
432.2
452.9

4,785.0
2,700.8
999.6
482.9
601.7

960.0
179.6
342.8
102.9
334.7

1,235.0
230.7
441.1
131.7
431.6

1,667.8
310.9
593.8
176.6
586.6

1,974.6
366.3
698.4
206.9
703.0

2,443.7
447.2
841.8
266.9
887.7

2,923.9
511.3
988.6
341.5
1,082.5

3,613.1
823.0
1,067.3
341.0
1,381.8

Services
Transport, storage and communication
Wholesale and retail trade, restaurants
and hotels
Finance, insurance, real estate and
business services
Government services
Community, social & personal services
Producers of private non-profit services

1,110.1
166.0
258.8

1,427.5
215.5
335.5

1,923.0
293.4
453.4

2,291.0
352.8
549.4

2,812.3
436.9
693.7

3,386.9
534.0
850.2

4,568.5
646.1
1,003.5

163.0

211.2

285.9

342.4

423.0

512.9

163.0
99.8
387.1

211.2
128.0
492.5

285.9
171.4
659.2

342.4
204.1
773.1

423.0
244.4
931.9

512.9
282.7
1,110.1

615.0
667.2
323.6
1,808.3

Sub-total
Net indirect taxes
Equals: GDP in purchasers' value

3,411.8
395.3
3,807.1

4,379.9
506.3
4,886.2

6,008.6
607.2
6,615.8

7,297.5
691.2
7,988.7

8,898.7
827.4
9,726.1

10,522.2
968.1
11,490.3

12,966.7
1,211.9
14,178.5

Industry
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Electricity and water
Construction

Table 4. 3: Students/pupils - tea cher r atio by schoo l le ve l a nd t ype, 2000/01 - 2 006/07


Level/ty pe

2000/01

2001/02

2002 /03

200 3/0 4

20 04/0 5

2 005/06

2006/07

Pre-school
Public
Priv ate

24
23
29

25
24
28

27
26
30

50
27
29

50
28
19

37
37
30

32
34
26

Prima ry
Public
Priv ate

33
33
31

32
33
29

31
32
27

32
34
27

33
35
27

35
38
26

32
33
26

10
18
16

18
19
15

18
19
15

18
19
15

17
18
14

JSS
18
Public
18
Priv ate
17
Source: Un p ublish ed data : Com puted fro m Tables

Ghana In Figures

11
19
17
4. 1 & 4. 2

18

2007

1,341.7
847.1
174.4
149.3
170.9

Agriculture
Crops and livestock
Cocoa production and marketing
Forestry and logging
Fishing

* Provisional
Source: Unpublished data: National Accounts Section, GSS

Ghana In Figures

15

4.

EDUCATION

Table 4. 1:

School enrollment by sex, level and type, 200 0/0 1-200 6/07
2000/2001
Male
328,532
219,157
109,375

Level/type
Pre-s chool
Public
Privat e
Primary
Public
Privat e
Ju nior s econdary
Public
Privat e

Table 4. 1:

Fem ale
346,919
226,819
120,100

1,302,405
1,081,569
220,836

1,175,252
966,327
208,925

1,359,150
1,116,801
242,349

1,227,284
996,948
230,336

437,006
382,918
54,088

367,239
316,649
50,590

468,514
404,860
63,654

397,122
337,035
60,087

School enrollment by sex, level and type, 200 0/0 1-200 6/07 (co nt d)
2002/2003
Male
389,299
260,706
128,593

Level/type
Pre-s chool
Public
Privat e
Primary
Public
Privat e
Ju nior s econdary
Public
Privat e

Table 4. 1:

2001/2002
M al e
355,385
230,778
124,607

Female
321,135
216,466
104,669

2003/2004
M ale
733,973
489,972
244,001

Female
379,519
256,028
123,491

Female
720,819
483,546
237,273

1,323,320
1,116,691
206,629

1,200,917
1,004,748
196,169

1,403,913
1,153,228
250,685

1,282,220
1,043,546
238,674

468,923
404,906
64,017

396,285
335,847
60,438

498,686
423,943
74,743

420,548
350,039
70,509

School enrollment by sex, level and type, 200 0/0 1-200 6/07 (co nt d)

L evel/typ e
Pre-s chool
Public
Privat e
Primary
Public
Privat e
Ju nior
secondary
Public
Privat e

2004/2005
M al e
Female
849,235
830,746
518,806
511,395
330,429
319,351

2005/2006
M al e
Female
590,352
591,266
434,956
438,591
155,396
152,675

2006/2007
Male
Femal e
645,648
643,705
473,251
474,383
172,397
169,322

1,525,548
1,217,099
308,449

1,403,988
1,111,225
292,763

1,606,178
1,365,836
240,342

1,516,725
1,281,780
234,945

1,732,162
1,457,931
274,231

1,633,600
1,366,476
267,124

548,156

462,090

557,261

483,741

605,086

527,232

450,597
97,559

371,608
90,482

476,071
81,190

406,989
76,752

513,634
91,452

438,517
88,715

Source: Un p ublish ed data : Gh ana Educa tion Service

Ghana In Figures

16

Table 4. 2: Number o f tea ching staff by sex, school lev el and type, 200 0/0 1 - 200 6/0 7
Level/type
Pre-school
Public
Privat e

2000/2001
M ale

Female

2001/2002
Male

Female

2,33 3
98 6
1,34 7

24,207
18,054
6,153

3,019
1,486
1,533

24,863
17 ,557
7,306

Primary
Public
Privat e

48,9 64
38,0 29
10,9 35

26,123
23,200
2,923

54,714
41,758
12,956

25 ,848
22 ,449
3,399

Ju nior secondary
Public
Privat e

33,4 78
28,0 85
5,39 3

10,716
9,929
787

54,704
41,748
12,956

25 ,848
22 ,449
3,399

Ghana In Figures

17