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How the efficiency of radiator for transformer cooling is measured?

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AlanUnfollow Follow Alan Alan Peiniger •On site with an installed transformer, one could compare the ONAN and ONAF MVA ratings of a transformer and deduce a design efficiency (including cooling fan loads) of the radiator banks. Similarly for ODAN versus ODAF transformers, if this is the case. Unless the radiator has been fitted with isolating valves at the oil flange at each radiator bank, it would not be practically possible to measure the radiator efficiency any further than ONAN versus ONAF. Without radiator valves, one would need to resort to modelling to estimate the radiator efficiency. In the factory, testing could be done with blanking plates fitted to the flanges in lieu of radiator banks, but this can be expensive as a speciat test during FAT. It is not uncommon to specify a transformer MVA rating with one radiator bank isolated from service, to cover the contingency of a damaged radiator bank in service without de-rating. Here, isolating valves are required for each radiator bank. Why do you want to measure the efficiency of the radiator?

e. This is more a function of the surface area of the windings and core. The heat transfer capability of a device like a radiator is measured by calculating the enthalpy of the oil in versus that of the oil flowing out at a given inlet oil temperature/flow and ambient air temperature. the flow past the winidngs and as well as the heat transfer of the oil to the ambient air. only in the cases where radiators are provided with shutoff valves could you measure the performance with/without the radiators. temp and flow in versus temp and flow out) the effect of the radiator on transformer performance is somewhat more complicated. Adding a radiator can imporve (lower the max winding temperature) performance by increasing the amount of oil and the heat transfer of the oil thereby lowering the temperature of the oil. As stated above. Typically what is measured is temperatures with forced air on/off and forced oil on/off. Looking at the transformer as a whole it will eventually reach 100% as temperature will eventually reach some equilibrium point. By forced oil flow or convection flow it can also help by increasing the flow of oil past the windings. Generally. one transformer winding is shorted. 1 day ago• Unlike• Like    • Reply privately • Flag as inappropriate • Flag as promotion 1 . mass of oil. So even if you know the additional heat flow of out of the radiator (i.1 day ago• Unlike• Like    • Reply privately • Flag as inappropriate • Flag as promotion 0 JohnUnfollow Follow John John Kontolefa •Efficiency of a heat transfer device is generally the percentage of energy in versus energy removed. the other is fed with full load current and temperatures are meaured as best you can. The more important measurement is the max temperature of the windings at full load.

Better talk about performance .of the transformer). and the price. As far as I recall (in permanent situation) : T1-T2= RP where T1 and T2 are internal and external temperature.i. This R could be considered as an image of the radiator's performance. But also could R/surface or R/$$ .. I suggest you direct this post to the Transformers Group. Hope this helps. it all depends on what you whant to use as a reference... at the end of the day. there is not much sense talking about radiators efficiency for transformers... . and that is directly linked to the exchange surface . power in = power out so efficiency is100%.FrédéricUnfollow Follow Frédéric Frédéric Alliet •I agree with John.. Regards.e : looses . Mesurement should be quite easy. R is the "thermal resistance of the radiator" and P is the power you need to extract (Active power consumption . 22 hours ago• Unlike• Like    • Reply privately • Flag as inappropriate • Flag as promotion 0 AlanUnfollow Follow Alan Alan Peiniger •For a more detailed answer.

13 hours ago .