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# Mark Scheme (Results)

Summer 2007

GCE

GCE Mathematics

## Edexcel Limited. Registered in England and Wales No. 4496750

Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH
June 2007
6666 Core Mathematics C4
Mark Scheme

Question
Scheme Marks
Number
** represents a constant
−3 −3 Takes 3 outside the bracket
⎛ 2x ⎞ 1 ⎛ 2x ⎞
= (3)
−3
f( x ) = (3 + 2 x ) −3
⎜1 + 3 ⎟ = ⎜ 1+ to give any of (3)−3 or 27
1
.
3 ⎟⎠
1. (a) B1
⎝ ⎠ 27 ⎝ See note below.

Expands (1 + * * x )−3 to
give a simplified or an un-
simplified M1;
⎧ ( −3)( −4) ( −3)( −4)( −5) ⎫ 1 + ( −3)(* * x) ;
= 1
27 ⎨1 + ( −3)(* * x); + (* * x)2 + (* * x)3 + ...⎬
⎩ 2! 3! ⎭ A correct simplified or an
un-simplified
with * * ≠ 1
{..........} expansion with A1
candidate’s followed thro’
(* * x )

## ⎧ ( −3)( −4) 2x 2 ( −3)( −4)( −5) 2x 3 ⎫

= 1
27 ⎨1 + ( −3)( 3 ) +
2x
(3) + ( 3 ) + ...⎬
⎩ 2! 3! ⎭

⎧ 8x 2 80 3 ⎫
= 1
27 ⎨1 − 2x + − x + ...⎬
⎩ 3 27 ⎭

Anything that
1 2x 8x 2 80x 3 cancels to 1 − 2x ; A1;
= − ;+ − + ... 27 27
27 27 81 729
Simplified 8x 2
81
− 80x3
729 A1
[5]

5 marks

## Note: You would award: B1M1A0 for

Special Case: If you see the
constant 271 in a candidate’s final
⎪⎧ ( −3)( −4) ( −3)( −4)( −5) ⎫
= 1
27 ⎨1 + ( −3)( 3 ) +
2x
(2x)2 + (2x)3 + ...⎬ binomial expression, then you can
⎩⎪ 2! 3! ⎭
award B1
because * * is not consistent.

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 2 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
1. f(x) = (3 + 2x)−3
Way 2
1
27
or (3)−3 (See note ↓ ) B1
−3
Expands (3 + 2x) to give
⎧ −3 −4 ( −3)( −4) −5 ⎫ an un-simplified or
⎪(3) + ( −3)(3) (* * x); + (3) (* * x)2 ⎪ simplified M1
⎪ 2! ⎪
=⎨ ⎬ (3)−3 + ( −3)(3)−4 (* * x) ;
⎪ ( −3)( −4)( −5) −6 ⎪
+ (3) (* * x) + ...
3
⎪⎩ 3! ⎪⎭ A correct un-simplified or
simplified
with * * ≠ 1 {..........} expansion with A1
candidate’s followed
thro’ ( * * x )

⎧ −3 −4 ( −3)( −4) −5 ⎫
⎪(3) + ( −3)(3) (2x); + (3) (2x)2 ⎪
⎪ 2! ⎪
=⎨ ⎬
⎪ ( −3)( −4)( − 5) ⎪
+ (3)−6 (2x)3 + ...
⎪⎩ 3! ⎪⎭

⎧⎪ 271 + ( −3)( 81
1
)(2x); + (6)( 243
1
)(4x 2 )⎫⎪
=⎨ ⎬
⎪⎩ + ( −10)( 729
1
)(8x 3 ) + ... ⎪⎭

Anything that
1 2x 8x 2 80x 3 cancels to 1 − 2x ; A1;
= − ;+ − + ... 27 27
27 27 81 729
Simplified 8x 2
81
− 80x3
729 A1

[5]

5 marks

## Attempts using Maclaurin expansions need to be escalated up to your team leader.

If you feel the mark scheme does not apply fairly to a candidate please escalate the response up to your team leader.

## Special Case: If you see the

constant 271 in a candidate’s
final binomial expression, then
you can award B1

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 3 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

1
2x
2.

0
(2 + 1)
x 2
dx , with substitution u = 2 x

du dx 1 du
= 2x.ln 2 or du
= u.ln 2
= 2 x.ln 2 ⇒ = x dx dx
B1
dx du 2 .ln 2 or ( ) 1
u
du
dx
= ln 2

⎛ 1 ⎞
∫ (u + 1)
2x
∫ ∫ (u + 1)
1 1
dx = ⎜ ⎟ du k du
M1 ∗
(2 + 1)
2
⎝ ln 2 ⎠
x 2 2

where k is constant

## ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎞ (u + 1)−2 → a(u + 1)−1 M1

=⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟+c
⎝ ln 2 ⎠ ⎝ (u + 1) ⎠ (u + 1)−2 → − 1.(u + 1)−1 A1

## change limits: when x = 0 & x = 1 then u = 1 & u = 2

1 2
2x 1 ⎡ −1 ⎤

0
(2 + 1)
x 2
dx =
ln 2 ⎢⎣ (u + 1) ⎥⎦ 1

## 1 ⎡⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎤ Correct use of limits

= ⎢⎜ − 3 ⎟ − ⎜ − 2 ⎟ ⎥ depM1 ∗
ln 2 ⎣⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎦ u = 1 and u = 2

1 − −
=
1 1 1 1 1
6ln2 or ln4 ln8 or 2ln2 3n2 A1 aef
6 ln 2
Exact value only! [6]
Alternatively candidate can revert back to x …

1 1
2x 1 ⎡ −1 ⎤

0
(2 + 1)
x 2
dx =
ln 2 ⎢⎣ (2 x + 1) ⎥⎦ 0

## 1 ⎡⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎤ Correct use of limits

= ⎢⎜ − 3 ⎟ − ⎜ − 2 ⎟ ⎥ depM1 ∗
ln 2 ⎣⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠⎦ x = 0 and x = 1

1
= 1
6ln2 or 1
ln4
− 1
ln8 or 1
2ln2
− 1
3ln2 A1 aef
6 ln 2
Exact value only!
6 marks

## If you see this integration There are other acceptable

applied anywhere in a 1
answers for A1, eg: 2ln8 or 1
ln64
candidate’s working then you can
NB: Use your calculator to check
award M1, A1
eg. 0.240449…

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 4 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

⎧⎪u = x ⇒ ddux = 1 ⎫⎪
3. (a) ⎨ dv ⎬
⎩⎪ dx = cos 2 x ⇒ v = 2 sin 2 x ⎭⎪
1

## (see note below)

Use of ‘integration by parts’
∫ ∫
M1
Int = x cos 2 x dx = 1
2
x sin 2 x − 1
2
sin 2 x.1 dx formula in the correct direction.
Correct expression.
A1

sin 2 x → − 21 cos 2 x
= 1
2
x sin 2x − 1
2 (− 1
2
cos 2x ) + c or sin kx → − k1 cos kx dM1
with k ≠ 1 , k > 0

= 1
2
x sin 2 x + 1
4
cos 2 x + c Correct expression with +c A1
[4]

Substitutes correctly
∫ ∫ ( ) dx
cos2 x + 1
(b) x cos2 x dx = x 2 for cos2 x in the M1
given integral

∫ ∫
1 1
= x cos 2 x dx + x dx
2 2

1
1⎛ 1 ⎞ 1 ( their answer to (a)) ;

1
= ⎜ x sin 2 x + cos 2 x ⎟ ; + x dx 2 A1;
2⎝2 4 ⎠ 2
or underlined expression

## 1 1 1 Completely correct expression

= x sin 2 x + cos 2 x + x 2 ( + c ) A1
4 8 4 with/without +c
[3]

7 marks

Notes:

(b) Int =
∫ x cos 2x dx = 1
2
x sin 2 x ±
∫ 1
2
sin 2 x.1 dx This is acceptable for M1 M1

⎪⎧u = x ⇒ ddux = 1 ⎪⎫
⎨ dv ⎬
⎩⎪ dx = cos 2 x ⇒ v = λ sin 2 x ⎭⎪

∫ x cos 2x dx ∫
Int = = λ x sin 2 x ± λ sin 2 x.1 dx This is also
M1
acceptable for M1

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 5 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

## Aliter Substitutes correctly

∫ ∫ ( ) dx
cos2 x + 1
3. (b) x cos2 x dx = x 2 for cos2 x in the
Way 2 given integral …
M1

⎧⎪u = x ⇒ ddux = 1 ⎫⎪ … or
⎨ dv 1 1 ⎬
u = x and dv
= 21 cos 2 x + 1

⎩⎪ dx = 2 cos 2 x + 2 ⇒ v = 4 sin 2 x + x⎪
1 1 dx 2
2 ⎭

= 1
4
x sin 2 x + 1
2
x2 −
∫( 1
4
sin 2 x + 1
2
x ) dx

1
= 1
x sin 2 x + 1
x 2 + 81 cos 2 x − 41 x 2 + c ( their answer to (a)) ; A1
4 2 2
or underlined expression

## 1 1 1 Completely correct expression

= x sin 2 x + cos 2 x + x 2 ( + c ) A1
4 8 4 with/without +c
[3]

Substitutes correctly
∫ ∫ ( )
Aliter (b) x cos 2 x dx = x 2 cos2 x − 1 dx
Way 3 for cos 2x in
∫ x cos 2x dx M1

⇒ 2 x cos2 x dx −
∫ x dx = 1
2
x sin 2 x + 1
4
cos 2 x + c

1
1⎛ 1 ⎞ 1 ( their answer to (a)) ;
∫ ∫
1
⇒ x cos x dx = ⎜ x sin 2 x + cos 2 x ⎟ ; +
2
x dx 2 A1;
2⎝2 4 ⎠ 2 or underlined expression

## 1 1 1 Completely correct expression

= x sin 2 x + cos 2 x + x 2 ( + c ) A1
4 8 4 with/without +c
[3]

7 marks

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 6 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

## 4. (a) A method of long division gives,

Way 1
2(4 x 2 + 1) 4
≡ 2+ A=2 B1
(2x + 1)(2 x − 1) (2 x + 1)(2x − 1)

4 B C
≡ +
(2 x + 1)(2 x − 1) (2 x + 1) (2 x − 1)

## 4 ≡ B(2 x − 1) + C (2 x + 1) Forming any one of these two

M1
or their remainder, Dx + E ≡ B(2 x − 1) + C (2 x + 1) identities. Can be implied.

Let x = − 21 , 4 = − 2B ⇒ B = −2
See note below
either one of B = − 2 or C = 2 A1
Let x = 21 , 4 = 2C ⇒ C =2
both B and C correct A1
[4]

Aliter
2(4 x 2 + 1) B C
4. (a) ≡ A+ +
(2 x + 1)(2 x − 1) (2 x + 1) (2 x − 1)
Way 2
decide to award B1 here!! …
See below for the award of B1 … for A = 2 B1

M1
Can be implied.

## Equate x2, 8 = 4A ⇒ A=2

Let x = − 21 , 4 = − 2B ⇒ B = −2
See note below
either one of B = − 2 or C = 2 A1
Let x = 21 , 4 = 2C ⇒ C =2
both B and C correct A1
[4]

## If a candidate states one of either

B or C correctly then the method
mark M1 can be implied.

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 7 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

2(4 x 2 + 1)
∫ ∫ 2 − (2x + 1) + (2x − 1) dx
2 2
4. (b) dx =
(2 x + 1)(2x − 1)

## = 2 x − 22 ln(2 x + 1) + 22 ln(2 x − 1) ( + c ) Either p ln(2 x + 1) or q ln(2 x − 1)

M1 ∗
or either p ln 2 x + 1 or q ln 2 x − 1
A → Ax B1
− ln(2 x + 1) + ln(2 x − 1)
2
2
2
2
A1
or − ln(2 x + 1) + ln(2 x − 1) cso & aef
See note below.

2
2(4 x 2 + 1)
∫ dx = [ 2 x − ln(2 x + 1) + ln(2 x − 1)] 1
2

(2 x + 1)(2 x − 1)
1

## Substitutes limits of 2 and 1

= ( 4 − ln 5 + ln 3 ) − ( 2 − ln 3 + ln1) and subtracts the correct way round. depM1 ∗
(Invisible brackets okay.)

= 2 + ln 3 + ln 3 − ln 5

## ⎛ 3(3) ⎞ Use of correct product (or

= 2 + ln ⎜ ⎟ power) and/or quotient laws for
⎝ 5 ⎠ logarithms to obtain a single M1
logarithmic term for their numerical
expression.

⎛9⎞ ⎛9⎞
= 2 + ln ⎜ ⎟ 2 + ln ⎜ ⎟ A1
⎝5⎠ ⎝5⎠
Or 2 − ln ( 59 ) and k stated as 9
5
. [6]

10 marks

Some candidates may find rational values for B To award this M1 mark, the candidate
and C. They may combine the denominator of must use the appropriate law(s) of
their B or C with (2x +1) or (2x – 1). Hence: logarithms for their ln terms to give a
Either b(2ax −1) → k ln(b(2 x − 1)) or one single logarithmic term. Any error
a
b (2 x +1)
→ k ln(b(2 x + 1)) is okay for M1. in applying the laws of logarithms
would then earn M0.

## Candidates are not allowed to fluke

− ln(2 x + 1) + ln(2 x − 1) for A1. Hence cso. If they
do fluke this, however, they can gain the final A1 Note: This is not a
mark for this part of the question. dependent method mark.

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 8 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

## 5. (a) If l1 and l2 intersect then:

⎛1⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛2⎞
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎜ 0 ⎟ + λ ⎜ 1⎟ = ⎜ 3 ⎟ + µ ⎜ 1 ⎟
⎜ −1⎟ ⎜0⎟ ⎜6⎟ ⎜ −1⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

i : 1 + λ = 1 + 2µ (1)
Writes down any two of these equations
Any two of j : λ=3+ µ (2) M1
correctly.
k: −1 = 6 − µ (3)

## (1) & (2) yields λ = 6, µ = 3 Solves two of the above equations to

find …
(1) & (3) yields λ = 14, µ =7 either one of λ or µ correct A1
(2) & (3) yields λ = 10, µ =7 both λ and µ correct A1

## checking eqn (3), -1 ≠ 3 Complete method of putting their values

Either checking eqn (2), 14 ≠ 10 of λ and µ into a third equation to B1
checking eqn (1), 11 ≠ 15 show a contradiction.

or for example:
this type of explanation is also allowed
checking eqn (3), LHS = -1 , RHS = 3 for B1 .
⇒ Lines l1 and l2 do not intersect
[4]

Aliter
5. (a) k : −1 = 6 − µ ⇒ µ=7
Uses the k component to find µ
Way 2
i: 1 + λ = 1 + 2µ ⇒ 1 + λ = 1 + 2(7) and substitutes their value of µ
into either one of the i or j component. M1
j: λ=3+ µ ⇒ λ = 3 + (7)

## i: λ = 14 either one of the λ ’s correct A1

j: λ = 10 both of the λ ’s correct A1

## Either: These equations are then inconsistent

Or: 14 ≠ 10 Complete method giving rise to any one
of these three explanations. B1
Or: Lines l1 and l2 do not intersect
[4]

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 9 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
5. (a) If l1 and l2 intersect then:
Way 3
⎛1⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 1⎞ ⎛2⎞
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎜ 0 ⎟ + λ ⎜ 1⎟ = ⎜ 3 ⎟ + µ ⎜ 1 ⎟
⎜ −1⎟ ⎜0⎟ ⎜6⎟ ⎜ −1⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

i : 1 + λ = 1 + 2µ (1)
Any two of j : λ=3+ µ (2) Writes down any two of these equations M1
k: −1 = 6 − µ (3)

## (1) & (2) yields µ = 3 either one of the µ ’s correct A1

(3) yields µ = 7 both of the µ ’s correct A1

## Either: These equations are then inconsistent

Or: 3≠ 7 Complete method giving rise to any one
of these three explanations. B1
Or: Lines l1 and l2 do not intersect
[4]

Aliter
i : 1 + λ = 1 + 2µ (1)
5. (a) Any two of j : λ=3+ µ (2) Writes down any two of these equations M1
Way 4 k: −1 = 6 − µ (3)

## (1) & (2) yields µ = 3 µ =3 A1

(3) RHS = 6 − 3 = 3 RHS of (3) = 3 A1

explanation. B1
[4]

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 10 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

## Only one of either

⎛2⎞ ⎛5⎞
⎛2⎞ ⎛5⎞ uuur ⎜ ⎟ uuur ⎜ ⎟
uuur ⎜ ⎟ uuur ⎜ ⎟ OA = ⎜ 1 ⎟ or OB = ⎜ 5 ⎟ or
5. (b) λ = 1 ⇒ OA = ⎜ 1 ⎟ & µ = 2 ⇒ OB = ⎜ 5 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ 4⎟ B1
⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ 4⎟ ⎝ −1⎠ ⎝ ⎠
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
A(2,1, − 1) or B(5,5, 4) .
(can be implied)

⎛5⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛3⎞ ⎛ −3 ⎞
uuur uuur uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ uuur ⎜ ⎟ Finding the difference between their
uuur uuur
AB = OB − OA = ⎜ 5 ⎟ − ⎜ 1 ⎟ = ⎜ 4 ⎟ or BA = ⎜ −4 ⎟ OB and OA . M1
⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ 5 ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ −5 ⎠ (can be implied)

## Applying the dot product formula

between “allowable” vectors. See M1
notes below.
uuur
AB = 3 i + 4 j + 5k , d 1 = i + j + 0k & θ is angle

## uuur Applies dot product formula between

AB • d 1 ⎛3 + 4 + 0⎞ uuur
cos θ = uuur = ± ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ d 1 and their ± AB. M1
AB . d 1 ⎝ 50 . 2 ⎠
Correct expression. A1

cos θ = 7
10
7
10 or 0.7 or 7
100 A1 cao
but not 7 [6]
50 2

10 marks

Candidates can score this mark if there is a complete method for finding the
dot product between their vectors in the following cases:
uuur
Case 1: their ft ± AB = ± ( 3 i + 4 j + 5k ) Case 2: d 1 = i + j + 0k Case 3: d 1 = i + j + 0k
and d 1 = i + j + 0k and d 2 = 2i + j − 1k and d 2 = 2(2i + j − 1k )
⎛3 + 4 + 0⎞ 2 + 1+ 0 4+2+0
⇒ cos θ = ± ⎜⎜ ⇒ cos θ = ⇒ cos θ =
⎟⎟ 2. 6 2 . 24
⎝ 50 . 2 ⎠

uuur uuur
Case 4: their ft ± AB = ± ( 3 i + 4 j + 5k ) Case 5: their ft OA = 2 i + 1j − 1k
uuur
and d 2 = 2i + j − k and their ft OB = 5 i + 5 j + 4k
⎛6 + 4 − 5⎞ ⎛ 10 + 5 − 4 ⎞
⇒ cos θ = ± ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ ⇒ cos θ = ± ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟
⎝ 50 . 6 ⎠ ⎝ 6 . 66 ⎠
Note: If candidate use cases 2, 3, 4 and 5 they cannot gain the final three marks for this part.
Note: Candidate can only gain some/all of the final three marks if they use case 1.

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 11 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Examples of awarding of marks M1M1A1 in 5.(b)

Example Marks

50 . 2 cos θ = ± ( 3 + 4 + 0 ) M1M1A1
(Case 1)

2 . 6 cos θ = 3 M1M0A0
(Case 2)

2 . 24 cos θ = 4 + 2 M1M0A0
(Case 3)

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 12 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

## 6. (a) x = tan2 t , y = sin t

dx dy dx dy
= 2(tan t ) sec 2 t , = cos t Correct and B1
dt dt dt dt

± cos t
M1
dy cos t ⎛ cos t ⎞ 4
their ddxt
∴ = ⎜= ⎟
dx 2 tan t sec 2 t ⎝ 2 sin t ⎠ + cos t
A1
their ddxt
[3]

## (b) When t = π4 , x =1, y = 1

2
(need values) (
The point 1, 1
2 ) or (1, awrt 0.71) B1, B1
These coordinates can be implied.
( y = sin ( π4 ) is not sufficient for B1)
π dy cos π4
When t = , m(T) = =
4 dx 2 tan π4 sec 2 π
4

1 1 1
1 2
= 2
= 2
= 2
= =
( ) ()
2 any of the five underlined expressions or
2.(1) 1 2.(1)(2) 4 2 8 B1 aef
2.(1) 1
1
1
2
awrt 0.18
2

## Finding an equation of a tangent with

( x − 1)
their point and their tangent gradient or
T: y − 1
2
= 1
4 2 finds c by using
M1 aef
y = (their gradient)x + " c " .

T: y = 1
4 2
x+ 3
4 2
or y= 8
2
x + 3 82 Correct simplified
A1 aef cso
EXACT equation of tangent

or 1
2
= 1
4 2
(1) + c ⇒ c = 1
2
− 1
4 2
= 3
4 2

Hence T: y = 1
4 2
x+ 3
4 2
or y= 8
2
x+ 3 2
8

[5]

## A candidate who incorrectly differentiates tan2 t to give

Note: The x and y coordinates
must be the right way round.
dx
dt
= 2 sec 2 t or ddxt = sec 4 t is then able to fluke the
correct answer in part (b). Such candidates can
potentially get: (a) B0M1A1 (b) B1B1B1M1A0 cso.
Note: cso means “correct solution only”.
Note: part (a) not fully correct implies candidate can
achieve a maximum of 4 out of 5 marks in part (b).

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 13 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

sin2 t
6. (c) x = tan2 t = y = sin t
cos2 t
Way 1
sin2 t
x= Uses cos2 t = 1 − sin2 t M1
1 − sin2 t

## y2 Eliminates ‘t’ to write an equation

x= M1
1− y 2 involving x and y.

x (1 − y 2 ) = y 2 ⇒ x − xy 2 = y 2

## Rearranging and factorising with an

x = y 2 + xy 2 ⇒ x = y 2 (1 + x ) ddM1
attempt to make y 2 the subject.

x x
y2 = A1
1+ x 1+ x
[4]
Aliter
6. (c) 1 + cot 2 t = co sec 2 t Uses 1 + cot 2 t = co sec 2 t M1
Way 2
1 1
= Uses cos ec 2 t = M1 implied
sin2 t sin2 t

## 1 1 Eliminates ‘t’ to write an equation

Hence, 1+ = 2 ddM1
x y involving x and y.

1 x 1 x
Hence, y 2 = 1 − or 1− or A1
(1 + x ) 1+ x (1 + x ) 1+ x
[4]

1
is an acceptable response for the final accuracy A1 mark.
1+ x1

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 14 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
6. (c) x = tan2 t y = sin t
Way 3
1 + tan2 t = sec 2 t Uses 1 + tan2 t = sec 2 t M1

1 1
= Uses sec 2 t = M1
cos2 t cos2 t

1
=
1 − sin2 t

## 1 Eliminates ‘t’ to write an equation

Hence, 1+ x = ddM1
1− y 2 involving x and y.

1 x 1 x
Hence, y 2 = 1 − or 1− or A1
(1 + x ) 1+ x (1 + x ) 1+ x

[4]
Aliter
6. (c) y 2 = sin2 t = 1 − cos2 t Uses sin2 t = 1 − cos2 t M1
Way 4
1 1
= 1− Uses cos2 t = M1
sec 2 t sec 2 t

1
= 1− then uses sec 2 t = 1 + tan2 t ddM1
(1 + tan2 t )

1 x 1 x
Hence, y 2 = 1 − or 1− or A1
(1 + x ) 1+ x (1 + x ) 1+ x
[4]

1
is an acceptable response for the final accuracy A1 mark.
1+ x1

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 15 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
6. (c) x = tan2 t y = sin t
Way 5
x = tan2 t ⇒ tan t = x

M1
Draws a right-angled triangle and places
(1 + x ) both x and 1 on the triangle
x

1 hypotenuse
M1

## x Eliminates ‘t’ to write an equation

Hence, y = sin t = ddM1
1+ x involving x and y.

x x
Hence, y 2 = A1
1+ x 1+ x
[4]

12 marks

1
is an acceptable response for the final accuracy A1 mark.
1+ x1

There are so many ways that a candidate can proceed with part (c). If a candidate produces a correct
solution then please award all four marks. If they use a method commensurate with the five ways as
detailed on the mark scheme then award the marks appropriately. If you are unsure of how to apply the

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 16 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

π π 3π π
x 0 16 8 16 4
7. (a)
y 0 0.445995927… 0.643594252… 0.817421946… 1

Enter marks into ePEN in the correct order. 0.446 or awrt 0.44600 B1
awrt 0.64359 B1
awrt 0.81742 B1
0 can be [3]
implied
Outside brackets
1
2
× 16π or 32
π B1
For structure of trapezium
1 π
(b)
Way 1
Area ≈ ×
2 16
{
; × 0 + 2 ( 0.44600 + 0.64359 + 0.81742 ) + 1} { }
rule ............. ;
M1
Correct expression
inside brackets which all must
be multiplied by h2 . A1

π
= × 4.81402... = 0.472615308... = 0.4726 (4dp) for seeing 0.4726 A1 cao
32
[4]

π B1
and a divisor of 2 on all
{ }
0 + 0.44600 0.44600 + 0.64359 0.64359 + 0.81742 0.81742 + 1 16
Area ≈ π
16
× 2
+ 2
+ 2
+ 2 terms inside brackets.
One of first and last ordinates,
Aliter
two of the middle ordinates
(b) M1
which is equivalent to: inside brackets ignoring the 2.
Way 2
Correct expression inside
1 π brackets if 21 was to be
Area ≈ ×
2 16
{
; × 0 + 2 ( 0.44600 + 0.64359 + 0.81742 ) + 1} factorised out.
A1

π
= × 2.40701... = 0.472615308... = 0.4726 0.4726 A1 cao
16
[4]

Area = 1
2
× π
20
× {0 + 2(0.44600 + 0.64359 + 0.81742) + 1} = 0.3781, gains B0M1A1A0

In (a) for x = π
16
writing 0.4459959… then 0.45600 gains B1 for awrt 0.44600 even though 0.45600 is incorrect.

In (b) you can follow though a candidate’s values from part (a) to award M1 ft, A1 ft

Question
Scheme Marks
Number

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 17 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
∫( ) ∫ tan x dx
2
π π
tan x dx or

∫( )
4 4

Volume = (π ) (π ) ∫ tan x dx
2
7. (c) tan x dx = Can be implied. M1
0 0
Ignore limits and (π )

tan x → ln sec x
= (π ) [ln sec x ] 04 or = (π ) [ − ln cos x ] 04
π π
A1
or tan x → − ln cos x

## The correct use of limits on a

= (π ) ⎡⎣( ln sec π4 ) − ( ln sec 0 ) ⎤⎦ function other than tan x; ie
x = π4 ‘minus’ x = 0 .
or dM1
= (π ) ⎡⎣( − ln cos 4 ) − ( ln cos 0 ) ⎤⎦
π ln(sec 0) = 0 may be
implied. Ignore (π )

= π ⎡ln
⎢⎣ ( ) − ln ( )⎤⎥⎦ = π ⎡⎣ln
1
1
2
1
1
2 − ln1⎤

or
= π ⎡ − ln
⎣ ( ) − ln (1)⎤⎦
1
2

π ln 2 or π ln 2
2

= π ln 2 or π ln 2
2
or 1
2
π ln 2 or −π ln ( ) or
1
2
π
2
ln ( 21 ) or 1
2
π ln 2 or −π ln ( )1
2
A1 aef

or π
2
ln ( 21 )
must be exact. [4]

11 marks

If a candidate gives the correct exact answer and then writes 1.088779…, then such a candidate can
be awarded A1 (aef). The subsequent working would then be ignored. (isw)

Beware: In part (c) the factor of π is not needed for the first three marks.

Beware: In part (b) a candidate can also add up individual trapezia in this way:

( )
Area ≈ 21 . 16π ( 0 + 0.44600 ) + 21 . 16π ( 0.44600 + 0.64359 ) + 21 . 16π 0.64359 + 0.81742 + 21 . 16π ( 0.81742 + 1)

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 18 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

dP
8. (a) = kP and t = 0, P = P0 (1)
dt

## Separates the variables with

∫P ∫ k dt on either
dP
∫ ∫
dP and
= k dt M1
P
side with integral signs not
necessary.

## Must see ln P and kt ;

ln P = kt ; ( + c ) Correct equation with/without + A1
c.

## When t = 0, P = P0 ⇒ ln P0 = c Use of boundary condition (1)

( or )
to attempt to find the constant of M1
P = Ae kt ⇒ P0 = A integration.

ln P = kt + ln P0 ⇒ eln P = e kt + ln P0 = e kt .eln P0

Hence, P = P0 e kt P = P0 e kt A1
[4]

## Substitutes P = 2P0 into an

(b) P = 2P0 & k = 2.5 ⇒ 2P0 = P0 e 2.5 t M1
expression involving P

## e 2.5t = 2 ⇒ ln e 2.5t = ln 2 or 2.5t = ln 2 Eliminates P0 and takes

M1
…or e kt
= 2 ⇒ ln e kt
= ln 2 or kt = ln 2 ln of both sides

⇒ t = 1
2.5
ln 2 = 0.277258872... days

## t = 0.277258872... × 24 × 60 = 399.252776... minutes

awrt t = 399 or
t = 399min or t = 6 hr 39 mins (to nearest minute) A1
6 hr 39 mins
[3]

P = P0 e kt written down without the first M1 mark given scores all four marks in part (a).

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 19 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

dP
8. (c) = λP cos λ t and t = 0, P = P0 (1)
dt

## Separates the variables with

∫P ∫ λ cos λt dt on
dP
∫ ∫
dP and
= λ cos λ t dt M1
P
either side with integral signs
not necessary.

## Must see ln P and sin λ t ;

ln P = sin λt ; ( + c ) Correct equation with/without + A1
c.

## When t = 0, P = P0 ⇒ ln P0 = c Use of boundary condition (1)

( or )
to attempt to find the constant of M1
P = Ae sin λt ⇒ P0 = A integration.

[4]

## e sin2.5t = 2 ⇒ sin 2.5t = ln 2 Eliminates P0 and makes

sin λ t or sin 2.5t the subject M1
…or … e λt = 2 ⇒ sin λ t = ln 2
by taking ln’s

t = 1
2.5
sin−1 ( ln 2 ) Then rearranges
dM1
to make t the subject.
(must use sin-1)
t = 0.306338477...

## t = 0.306338477... × 24 × 60 = 441.1274082... minutes

awrt t = 441 or
t = 441min or t = 7 hr 21 mins (to nearest minute) A1
7 hr 21 mins
[3]

14 marks

P = P0 e sin λt written down without the first M1 mark given scores all four marks in part (c).

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 20 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

dP
= kP and t = 0, P = P0 (1)
dt

## Separates the variables with

∫ kP ∫ dt on either side
Aliter dP
∫ ∫
dP and
8. (a) = 1 dt M1
Way 2 kP
with integral signs not
necessary.

1
Must see ln P and t ;
ln P = t ; ( + c )
k
1
k Correct equation with/without + A1
c.

When t = 0, P = P0 ⇒ 1
k
ln P0 = c Use of boundary condition (1)

( or )
to attempt to find the constant of M1
P = Ae kt ⇒ P0 = A integration.

1
k
ln P = t + k1 ln P0 ⇒ ln P = kt + ln P0
⇒ eln P = e kt + ln P0 = e kt .eln P0

Hence, P = P0 e kt P = P0 e kt A1
[4]

## Separates the variables with

∫ ∫ dt on either side
Aliter dP
∫ ∫ 1 dt
dP and
8. (a) = kP M1
Way 3 kP
with integral signs not
necessary.

Must see 1
ln ( kP ) and t ;
ln ( kP ) = t ; ( + c )
k
1
k Correct equation with/without + A1
c.

## t = 0, P = P0 ⇒ k1 ln ( kP0 ) = c Use of boundary condition (1)

When
( or )
to attempt to find the constant of M1
kP = Ae kt ⇒ kP0 = A integration.

1
k
ln ( kP ) = t + k1 ln ( kP0 ) ⇒ ln ( kP ) = kt + ln ( kP0 )
ln( kP ) kt + ln( kP0 ) ln( kP0 )
⇒e =e = e kt .e
⇒ kP = e kt . ( kP0 ) ⇒ kP = kP0 e kt
( or kP = kP0 e kt )
Hence, P = P0 e kt P = P0 e kt A1
[4]

Question
Scheme Marks
Number

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 21 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
dP
= λ P cos λ t and t = 0, P = P0 (1)
dt

## Separates the variables with

∫ λP and ∫ cos λt dt on
Aliter dP
∫ ∫
dP
8. (c) = cos λ t dt M1
Way 2 λP
either side with integral signs
not necessary.

Must see λ
1
ln P and 1
λ sin λ t ;
λ ln P = λ sin λ t ; ( + c )
1 1
Correct equation with/without + A1
c.

When t = 0, P = P0 ⇒ 1
λ ln P0 = c Use of boundary condition (1)

( or )
sin λ t to attempt to find the constant of M1
P = Ae ⇒ P0 = A integration.

1
λ ln P = 1
λ sin λ t + λ1 ln P0 ⇒ ln P = sin λ t + ln P0

## Hence, P = P0 e sin λt P = P0 e sin λt A1

[4]

P = P0 e kt written down without the first M1 mark given scores all four marks in part (a).

P = P0 e sin λt written down without the first M1 mark given scores all four marks in part (c).

## 6666/01 Core Maths C4 22 25th June 2007

June 2007 Advanced Subsidiary/Advanced Level in GCE Mathematics Version 8: THE FINAL VERSION
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

dP
= λ P cos λ t and t = 0, P = P0 (1)
dt

## Separates the variables with

∫ λP and ∫ cos λt dt on
Aliter dP
∫ ∫
dP
8. (c) = cos λ t dt M1
Way 3 λP
either side with integral signs
not necessary.

Must see 1
λ ln ( λ P ) and
1
ln ( λ P ) = 1
sin λ t ; ( + c )
1
λ sin λ t ; A1
λ λ
Correct equation with/without +
c.

When t = 0, P = P0 ⇒ 1
λ ln ( λ P0 ) = c Use of boundary condition (1)

( or λ P = Ae sin λt ⇒ λP0 = A )
to attempt to find the constant of M1
integration.

1
λ ln ( λ P ) = λ
1
sin λ t + λ1 ln ( λ P0 )

⇒ ln ( λ P ) = sin λ t + ln ( λ P0 )

## ln( λ P ) sin λ t + ln( λ P0 ) ln( λ P0 )

⇒e =e = e sin λt .e

⇒ λ P = e sin λt . ( λ P0 )
( or λ P = λ P0 e sin λt )

## Hence, P = P0 e sin λt P = P0 e sin λt A1

[4]

• Note: dM1 denotes a method mark which is dependent upon the award of the previous method mark.
ddM1 denotes a method mark which is dependent upon the award of the previous two method marks.
depM1 ∗ denotes a method mark which is dependent upon the award of M1∗ .