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8/28/13

Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

Amendments to the Indian Constitution


Here is a list of all amendments to the Indian Constitution. Amendments are very frequently asked in Civil Services Exam by UPSC and other exams

Date of Objectives Enforcement To fully secure the constitutional validity of zamindari abolition laws. To place reasonable restriction on freedom of speech. A new constitutional device, 1st June 18, called Schedule 9 introduced to amendment 1951 protect laws that are contrary to the Constitutionally guaranteed fundamental rights. These laws encroach upon property rights, freedom of speech and equality before law A technical amendment to fix 2nd the size of each parliamentary May 1, 1953 amendment constituency between 650,000 and 850,000 voters. Limits maximum no of seats in lok Sabha up to 500 States to be divided into 3rd February 22, constituencies such that one amendment 1955 member of a constituency represents between 500000 and 750000 people Restrictions on property rights 4th April 27, and inclusion of related bills in amendment 1955 Schedule 9 of the constitution Provides for a consultation mechanism with concerned 5th December 24, states in matters relating to amendment 1955 the amendments to the territorial matters and in the re-naming of the state Amended the Union and State 6th September Lists with respect to raising of amendment 11, 1956 taxes Reorganization of states on linguistic lines 7th November 1, Abolition of Class A, B, C, D amendment 1956 states Introduction of Union Territories
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Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

Clarify state's power of compulsory acquisition and 8th January 5, requisitioning of private amendment 1960 property Include Zamindari abolition laws in Schedule 9 of the constitution Minor adjustments to territory of Indian Union consequent to 9th December 28, agreement with Pakistan for amendment 1960 settlement of disputes by demarcation of border villages, etc. Incorporation of Dadra, Nagar 10th August 11, and Haveli as a Union Territory amendment 1961 after acquisition from Portugal Election of Vice President by Electoral College consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament, instead of election by a Joint Sitting of 11th December 19, Parliament. amendment 1961 Indemnify the President and Vice President Election procedure from challenge on grounds of existence of any vacancies in the electoral college Incorporation of Goa, Daman 12th December 20, and Diu as a Union Territory, amendment 1961 after acquisition from Portugal Formation of State of 13th December 1, Nagaland, with special amendment 1963 protection under Article 371A Incorporation of Pondicherry into the Union of India 14th December 28, Creation of Legislative amendment 1962 Assemblies for Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Manipur and Goa Raise retirement age of judges from 60 to 62 15th October 5, Other minor amendments for amendment 1963 rationalizing interpretation of rules regarding judges etc. Make it obligatory for seekers of public office to swear their 16th October 5, allegiance to the Indian amendment 1963 Republic and prescribe the various obligatory templates To secure the constitutional validity of acquisition of 17th June 20,
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Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

amendment

1964 Estates and place land acquisition laws in Schedule 9 of the constitution Technical Amendment to include Union Territories in 18th August 27, Article 3 and hence permit amendment 1966 reorganisation of Union Territories Abolish Election Tribunals and 19th December 11, enable trial of election amendment 1966 petitions by regular High Courts Indemnify & validate judgments, decrees, orders and sentences passed by judges. Validate the appointment, posting, promotion and 20th December 22, transfer of judges except those amendment 1966 not eligible for appointment under article 233. Amendment was needed to overcome the effect of judgement invalidating appointments of certain judges in the state of Uttar Pradesh 21th April 10, Included Sindhi as a National amendment 1967 Language Provision to form Autonomous 22nd September states within the State of amendment 25, 1969 Assam Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian 23rd January 23, members in Parliament and amendment 1970 State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1980 Enable parliament to dilute 24th November 5, fundamental rights through amendment 1971 amendments to the constitution Restrict property rights and 25th April 20, compensation in case the state amendment 1972 takes over private property Abolition of privy purse paid to 26th December 28, former rulers of princely states amendment 1971 which were incorporated into the Indian Republic Reorganization of Mizoram into 27th February 15, a Union Territory with a amendment 1972 legislature and council of ministers Rationalized Civil Service rules
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Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

28th amendment

29th amendment

30th amendment

31th amendment

32nd amendment

33rd amendment

34th amendment 35th amendment 36th amendment 37th amendment 38th amendment

39th amendment

August 29, to make it uniform across 1972 those appointed prior to Independence and post independence Places land reform acts and amendments to these act June 9, 1972 under Schedule 9 of the constitution Changes the basis for appeals in Supreme Court of India in February 27, case of Civil Suits from value 1973 criteria to one involving substantial question of law Increased size of Parliament from 525 to 545 seats. Increased seats went to the October 17, new states formed in North 1973 East India and minor adjustment consequent to 1971 Delimitation exercise Protection of regional rights in July 1, 1974 Telangana and Andhra regions of State of Andhra Pradesh Prescribes procedure for resignation by members of parliament and state May 19, 1974 legislatures Prescribes procedure for verification and acceptance of resignation by house speaker Place land reform acts and September 7, amendments to these act 1974 under Schedule 9 of the constitution Terms and Conditions for the March 1, Incorporation of Sikkim into 1975 the Union of India April 26, Formation of Sikkim as a State 1975 within the Indian Union Formation of Arunachal May 3, 1975 Pradesh legislative assembly Enhances the powers of August 1, President and Governors to 1975 pass ordinances Negated the judgement of Allahabad High Court invalidating Prime Minister August 10, Indira Gandhi's election to 1975 parliament. Amendment placed restrictions on judicial scrutiny of post of Prime Minister
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Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

Enable Parliament to make laws with respect to Exclusive Economic Zone and vest the mineral wealth with Union of 40th May 27, 1976 India. amendment Place land reform & other acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution 41th amendment Raised Retirement Age Limit of Chairmen and Members of September 7, Union and State Public 1976 Commissions from sixty to sixty two. Amendment passed during internal emergency by Indira Gandhi. Provides for curtailment of fundamental rights, imposes April 1, 1977 fundamental duties and changes to the basic structure of the constitution by making India a "Socialist Secular" Republic Amendment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country. April 13, Repeals some of the more 1978 'Anti-Freedom' amendments enacted through Amendment Bill 42 Amendment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country. Provides for human rights September 6, safeguards and mechanisms to 1979 prevent abuse of executive and legislative authority. Annuls some Amendments enacted in Amendment Bill 42 Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian January 25, members in Parliament and 1980 State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1990 Amendment to negate judicial February 2, pronouncements on scope and 1983 applicability on Sales Tax Place land reform acts and August 26, amendments to these act 1984 under Schedule 9 of the constitution
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42nd amendment

43rd amendment

44th amendment

45th amendment 46th amendment 47th amendment

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Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

48th April 1, 1985 Article 356 amended to permit amendment President's rule up to two years in the state of Punjab Recognize Tripura as a Tribal 49th September State and enable the creation amendment 11, 1984 of a Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council Technical Amendment to curtailment of Fundamental Rights as per Part III as September prescribed in Article 33 to 11, 1984 cover Security Personnel protecting property and communication infrastructure Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland, June 16, Meghalaya, Mizoram and 1986 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assemblies Anti Defection Law - Provide disqualification of members March 1, from parliament and assembly 1985 in case of defection from one party to other February 20, Special provision with respect 1987 to the State of Mizoram. Increase the salary of Chief Justice of India & other Judges Provisions for determining April 1, 1986 future increases without the need for constitutional amendment Special powers to Governor February 20, consequent to formation of 1987 state of Arunachal Pradesh Transition provision to enable May 30, 1987 formation of state of Goa Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland, September Meghalaya, Mizoram and 21, 1987 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assemblies Provision to publish authentic Hindi translation of December 9, constitution 1987 Provision to publish authentic Hindi translation of future amendments Article 356 amended to permit President's rule up to three years in the state of Punjab March 30, Articles 352 and Article 359A
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50th amendment

51th amendment

52nd amendment 53rd amendment 54th amendment

55th amendment 56th amendment 57th amendment

58th amendment

59th

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Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

amendment

1988 amended to permit imposing emergency in state of Punjab or in specific districts of the state of Punjab Professional Tax increased 60th December 20, from a maximum of Rs. 250/amendment 1988 to a maximum of Rs. 2500/61th amendment March 28, Reduce age for voting rights 1989 from 21 to 18 Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian 62nd December 20, members in Parliament and amendment 1989 State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2000 Emergency powers applicable 63rd January 6, to State of Punjab, accorded in amendment 1990 Article 359A as per amendment 59 repealed Article 356 amended to permit 64th April 16, President's rule up to three amendment 1990 years and six months in the state of Punjab National Commission for Scheduled Castes and 65th March 12, Scheduled Tribes formed and amendment 1992 its statutory powers specified in The Constitution. Place land reform acts and 66th amendments to these act June 7, 1990 amendment under Schedule 9 of the constitution Article 356 amended to permit 67th October 4, President's rule up to four amendment 1990 years in the state of Punjab Article 356 amended to permit 68th March 12, President's rule up to five amendment 1991 years in the state of Punjab To provide for a legislative assembly and council of 69th February 1, ministers for Federal National amendment 1992 Capital of Delhi. Delhi continues to be a Union Territory Include National Capital of 70th December 21, Delhi and Union Territory of amendment 1991 Pondicherry in electoral college for Presidential Election 71th August 31, Include Konkani, Manipuri and amendment 1992 Nepali as National Languages Provide reservation to 72nd December 5, Scheduled Tribes in Tripura amendment 1992 State Legislative Assembly
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Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

Statutory provisions for April 24, Panchayat Raj as third level of 1993 administration in villages Statutory provisions for Local 74th Administrative bodies as third June 1, 1993 amendment level of administration in urban areas such as towns and cities 73rd amendment 75th Provisions for setting up Rent May 15, 1994 amendment Control Tribunals Enable continuance of 69% reservation in Tamil Nadu by 76th August 31, including the relevant Tamil amendment 1994 Nadu Act under 9th Schedule of the constitution A technical amendment to 77th June 17, protect reservation to SC/ST amendment 1995 Employees in promotions Place land reform acts and 78th August 30, amendments to these act amendment 1995 under Schedule 9 of the constitution Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian 79th January 25, members in Parliament and amendment 2000 State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2010 Implement Tenth Finance Commission recommendation 80th to simplify the tax structures June 9, 2000 amendment by pooling and sharing all taxes between states and The Centre 81th Protect SC / ST reservation in June 9, 2000 amendment filling backlog of vacancies Permit relaxation of qualifying 82nd September 8, marks and other criteria in amendment 2000 reservation in promotion for SC / ST candidates Exempt Arunachal Pradesh 83rd September 8, from reservation for Scheduled amendment 2000 Castes in Panchayati Raj institutions Extend the usage of 1971 national census population 84th February 21, figures for state wise amendment 2002 distribution of parliamentary seats A technical amendment to 85th January 4, protect seniority in case of amendment 2002 promotions of SC/ST Employees
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Amendments to the Indian Constitution | UPSC Guide

86th December 12, Provides Right to Education amendment 2002 until the age of fourteen and Early childhood care until the age of six Extend the usage of 1971 national census population 87th June 22, figures for state wise amendment 2003 distribution of parliamentary seats 88th amendment To extend statutory cover for January 15, levy and utilization of Service 2004 Tax The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was September bifurcated into The National 28, 2003 Commission for Scheduled Castes and The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes Reservation in Assam September Assembly relating to Bodoland 28, 2003 Territory Area Restrict the size of council of January 1, ministers to 15 % of 2004 legislative members & to strengthen Anti Defection laws Enable Levy of Service Tax January 7, Include Bodo, Dogri, Santali 2004 and Maithili as National Languages To enable provision of reservation for other backward January 20, classes (O.B.C.) in government 2006 as well as private educational institutions To provide for a Minister of June 12, Tribal Welfare in newly created 2006 Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States Extended the reservation of seats in Lok Sabha and State 25 January 2010 Assemblies for SC and ST from sixty to seventy years

89th amendment

90th amendment 91th amendment 92nd amendment

93rd amendment

94th amendment 95th amendment

96th 23 September 2011 Substituted "Odia" for "Oriya" amendment


Added the words "or co-operative societies"

97th amendment

in Article 19(l)(c) and inserted article 43B i.e, 12 January 2012 Promotion of Co-operative Societies and added Part-IXB i.e, THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

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