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A. CHANARD.

' RECEPTACLE FOR INCENDIARY AERIAL BOMBS.


APPLICATION FILED JULY 29.1918. '

1,306,747; ,

Patented June 17, 1919.


2 SHEETS-SHEET l.

aw In/v tor." p"


Attorney. '

A. CHANARD.
RECEPTACLE FOR INCENDIABY AERIAL BOMBS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 29.191'8.

1,306,747.

Patented June 17, 1919.


2 SHEETS-SHEET 2

Attorney.

UNITED STATES PATENT oEEioE.


_ AUGUSTE CHANAIRJl-OF RUEIL, FRANCE.
RECEPTACIIE FOR INCENDIARY AERIAL BOMBS.

1,306,747.
To all whom it'may'concem:

Speci?cation of Letters Eatent. v

PatentedJune 17, 1919.

Application ?led July 29, 1918. .Serial No. 247,298.


,

result of the shock when the bomb reaches


its target. 'v _

Be it known that I, AUeUsTE CHANARD,

casing is arranged in the form of a U-tube It is known that although it is easy to ig containing an autothermic mixture capable nite an incendiary mass when the latter is of melting the said tube durin its combus 815 tion, this mixture being capa le of being 10 motionless, such ignition becomes exceed ignited by a fuse of known type. ingly di?icult to eifect when the mass [is When the autothermic mixture. hasbeen movin through the air. .
act'description. ' '

ceptacle for Incendiary Aerial Bombs, of fusible material uniting the two parts of the ' which the following is a full,~clear, and ex

of 16 Avenue de Paris, a Rueil, Seine et method of putting the invention into prac Oise, France, chemist, have invented a Re tice, characterized by the fact-that the easily

The present invention also relates to a

60

stitute an incendiary bomb it is necessary stroyed in consequence of the combustion of


15 for the said mass to be contained in a closed

In t e event of the mass having to con

ignited by the fuse, the U-tube... will be de

the said mixture, which will circularly ig 1o


nite the incendiary mass, which will be en- -

receptacle, in. order that it will be capable decanted on reaching the target, the. of being ignited atwill either in the air or tirely two parts of the casing having been com on reaching its target, and of forming, when pletely isolated from one another by the striln'ng a target, a single or multiple ?re fusion of the U-tube that joined them to 75 20 or also a' mixed ?re that is to say, single for a time and multlple during the rest'of The accompanying drawing shows by way the combustion. ' of example a casing for aerial incendiary In order to make it possible to construct bombs arranged according to the principle an incendiary bomb working according to 80 of this invention: . ' ' these conditions, the receptacle or casing of 28 Figure 1 shows an elevation of the'pres-p ' p the bombfshould preferably be arranged in ent receptacle. ~ such a way that its constituent parts move Fig. 2 is a corresponding plan. away from the incendiary mass when the Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation on the line . bomb reaches its target, so that the said AA in Fig. 1. 30 mass, being freed from itscasing, can come Figs. 4: and 5 are two sectionalplanson into direct contact with the object or sur the lines C-~O and 3-13 in Fig. 1. face that is to be set on ?re. ' Fig. 6 shows the constituent elements of I On the other hand, when the bomb has the receptacle in perspective. _ been ignited in the air, devices should be Fig. 7 illustrates a modi?ed form of the 90 provided to enable the combustion of the 35 mass to be expedited and -to prevent cur invention, this ?gure being a sectional plan gether. '

rents of air from extinguishing it. p The present invention relates to a recep

' passin

through parts .corresponding to


I

those s own in Fig. 4.

tacle for aerial bombs enabling the condi


40 tions set forth above to be ful?lled.

This tube a is curved to au-shape, and the form of a solid of revolution; and by a band extremities of its branches are soldered on to 100 45 or surface of readily fusible or combustible a vertical tube 6, closed at the bottom, in material uniting the longitudinal edges of such a way that the tops of the tubes (1 and these shells, leaving a certain space between I) present the appearance of a ?gure 3. the edges. ' '

This receptacle is essentially character about 25 millimeters, for example, ized by'the combination of tworigid shells diameter, for a bomb of a-caliber of 120 millimeters. which have, when united to one another, the

As may be seen from the drawing, the present receptacle for bombs comprises a tin tube a of small thickness and of suitable

tube a are covered with apiece of constituted in this way is ?lled with anin- fusible metal in the form of a truncated cone, di-' cendiary mass, and the latter is suitably ig vided vertically into't-wo parts 0 and 0 sol ' nited, the material uniting the two halves dered longitudinally on to the said tube. _ of the casing will disappear byfu'sion and _ On to the rectilinear part of the fusible ,the two halves of the solid of revolution tube a are soldered two semi-cylindrical 110 will be completely isolated and will part as a

It will be realized that if a receptacle

The oblique parts ofthe brancheslof'the

105

1,306,747

v10

lines in Fig. 1, and these parts are united brought down into each. branch of the fusi by soldering. I ble tube a, and then the latter is entirely
soldered, under the same conditions, on to a ' mixture may be kept stationary by cupped steel bottom e, which is provided in of cotton 1" or by any other device. _

shells d and d'. These shells are ?xed in duced through the opening in the conical such a way that their longitudinal edges are part of the receptacle into the fusible tube located about 10 millimeters from one an a. This powder 0 lodgespat the point of other. maximum curvature of the tube, as shown The tops of the shells cover to an extent in Fig. 3. ' of about 5 millimeters the lower edges of. A quick-match 19 leading to the tube '5 , the truncated cone 0, as shown in dotted containing the priming device, is then

The lower parts of the shells d and d are ?lled with an autothermic mixture 9. This 75

plugs '

The plug 70 is next screwed on to the col pose of ?lling the body of the bomb. This, lar j, and then the fuse Z is put in position 15 hole is closed by a screw-threaded plug f, in the sheath tube 6-. _ 80 provided with a socket f, within which to The bomb then operates in the following [lodge the tension spring of the suspension manner : . device 9 0f the bomb. . The bomb having been thrown, from an Metal tongues 72. suitably soldered on to aeroplane or from a dirigible balloon, for '20 the longitudinal edges of the shellsd and example, and the fuse having operated, the 85 d enable the free space between the said parts of'the quick matches 12 contained in shells to be closed from the point where the, the tube 1) ignite, and then these matches latter cease to be in contact with the fusible ignite the autothermic mixture contained in tube a right down to the top edge of the the branches of the fusible tube a, which ' 25 steel bottom e. ' mixture in its turn ignites the incendiary 90
Between the truncated cone 0 and ' the
mass n. .

the middle with a tapped hole 6' for the pur

30

tubes a and Z), and slightly below the level This ignition of the mass has the result of the inlet of the latter, is soldered a metal of melting the plates jg, which allows air to lic partition 2' intended for the purpose of enter the fusible tube a. ~

rendering the main compartment of the

bomb completely?uidtight. ture, which takes place very rapidly, brmgs - The upper end of the cone 0 is covered by about the fusion of the tube a, which is de
35

The, combustion of the autothermic mix

.95

screwed a plug is that takes an ignition fuse


Z of known type. . v.

ing, and having a tapped collar 7'' soldered come separated by the interval between to the top ' thereof, into which collar is their longitudinal edges. .'
When the combustion'of the autothermic mixture spreads to the gunpowder 0 occu pying the lowest part of the fusible tube a,

another Gone 53, united to the ?rst by solder-f stroyed so that the two shells d and d be

10c
105

40

This cone j is provided with-apertures closed by thin plates 3'2 of easilyfusible ma the explosion of this powder sharply sepa terial, the object, of which will be indicated rates the two halves d and d of the recep
below. .

tacle.

Guiding vanes m are ?xed on to the coni


45 scribed have been assembled.

cal part of the receptacle, after the various this way laid bare on the very target that constituent parts that have just been de it has reached. This mass will burn in a
I

The incendiary mass will therefore be in

50' incendiary mass n is inserted in the main incendiary mass, which will then form mul
compartment of the receptacle.
During the course of this operation a
- closed tube .2, preferably of brass, contain

single fire until, owing to its volume being 110 reduced by combustion, the heat of the ?re; tacle arranged in this way the following explodes the substance contained in the tube; procedure is adopted : " . . embedded in the mass. The de?agration of Through the opening e in the base 6 the this explosive substance will disperse the
'For the purpose of charging the recep
115

' tiple ?res burning separately.

The present receptacle also presents the


following advantage : .

ing an explosive substance, is embedded lon_ When ignition takes place in the air, by 55 gitudinally in the incendiary mass. This means of .a suitable fuse, the tube a is 120, , tube, of suitable length and diameter2 may melted in a few seconds, and the incendiary inclose melinite for example, and a priming mass 11. is ignited and surrounded by a circle

plode.

for the purpose of making thev latter ex


When the main compartment .of the re

of ?re. _~ While the bomb continues its ac

celerated fall, the wind, entering the narrow

ceptacle is ?lled, thev plug / and the sus shells at and d, feeds, in moderation, the ?re pension device 9 are put .back into their ' created, which ?lls up the empty space left places. . by the tube a afterjthe disappearance there This being done, a small quantity of gun of, so that the said wind promotes the ?re powder (25 grams for example) is intro instead of extinguishing it.

slit between the longitudinal edges of the

125

130

1,806,747 I

j- The present method of putting the inven

of fusible and combustible material, unitin


the edges of these two shells.

tion into practice has only been given by


way of example, as the U-tube a may be re placed by a mere band of fusible or in

8. A receptacle for incendiary aerial bombs comprising two shells, between the

'~

of which is lefta space, a tube of 70 ?ammable material, the destruction of which edges fusible material curved and soldered on the may be brought about by the ignition of the edges of these two shells ,withinthe recepta? contents of the receptacle or by means of vany
suitable device, so as to permitof the sepa ration of the two parts of the solid of revo

cle so as to form a joint, an autothermic mixture contained in the said tube, and ' ~n

10

igiition of the incendiary mass. Thus, I have illustrated in Fig. 7 an em the 9. receptacle for incendiary aerial bodiment of the invention in which the ad bombs comprising a cylindrical body com jacent edges of'the shells d and d are held posed of two semi-cylindrical shells, between 80 togetherby longitudinal bands of fusible 15 the edges of which is left a space, a body and preferably combustible, material, such in the form of a truncated cone composed .as magnesium. Similarly the receptacle may be ?lled with of two shells soldered at one of the ends of previous ones, a tube of fusible material, any solid or liquid incendiary material, the the curved and soldered on the edges of the two 85 latter admitting at will, on account of the semi-cylindrical 20 shells and on the semi composition of the fusible band and of the frustum-shaped. shells, on the inner face of material permitting of the destruction there- . ' of, either- of being ignited instantaneously these shells, the said tube containing an
_ 25 progressively. . Finally, this receptacle may consist of any

geometrical form.

for igniting the said mixture and lution, the said solid being of any suitable means thus determine the fusion of the tube and

mixture, a conical body soldered throughout its periphery or of being ignited autothermic at the end of the body in the form of a

90

30

truncated cone, apertures provided in the body, thin plates of fusible material suitable materials, and the dimensions of its conical for covering these apertures, means for constituent parts may vary according to cir igniting the autothermic mixture contained cumstances, without affecting theprinciple in the fusible tube forming a joint on the of the invention. edges of, the shellsQguiding vanes ?xed on 1. A receptacle for incendiary aerial the body in the form of a truncated cone and
Claims. ' -

95

end of the cylindrical body, and forming a joint and uniting the edges opposite 100 means for suspending the receptacle. shells, the said member being of these two 10. A receptacle for incendiary aerial formed of a material which disappears bombs comprising :-a cylindrical body com when the-incendiary mass contained in the semi-cylindrical shells between receptacle is ignited for the purpose of posed of two which is left a space',-a body allowing the incendiary mass to be decanted the edges of \ in the form of a truncated cone composed 105 40 'on the target reached by the bomb. of two semi-frustum-shaped 'shells '2. A receptacle for incendiary aerial at one ofthe ends. of the previous soldered ones,-a f bombs comprising two shells and a bandjof conical body soldered at the end of the body fusible material uniting the edges of these
two shells.

bombs comprising two shells and a member

on the conical body, a cap soldered at the

in the form of a truncated cone,-apertures provided in the said conical body,thin 110 3. A receptacle, for incendiary aerial 45 bombs comprising two shells and a band of plates of fusible material for covering the apertures,-a tube of fusible material, combustible material uniting the edges of said curved and soldered on the longitudinal , these two shells. 4. A receptacle for incendiary aerial edges of the two semi-cylindrical shells and 11,5 comprising two shells and a band of on the semi-frustumv shaped shells, the said so bombs containing an autothermic mixture, fusible and combustible material uniting tube means for igniting the said autothermic mix the edges of'these two shells. opposite end of 5. A receptacle for incendiary aerial ture,a cap soldered at the tapped hole pro- . the cylindrical body,a bombs comprising two shells, between the vided in the said cap for ?lling the body of 120. edges of which is left a space and a band of bomb,a plug closing the said hole, fusible material uniting the edges of these ,the a socket provided in the plug and in which 6. A receptacle for incendiary aerial is lodged the spring of the suspension de of the 'bomb. . ' _ bombs comprising two shells, between the vice 11. A receptacle for incendiary aerial 125 edges of which is left a space, and a band 60 comprising :a cylindrical body com of combustible material uniting the edges bombs posed of two semi-cylindrical shells between ,of these two shells. the edges of which is left a space,a body 7. A receptacle for incendiary aerial in .__the form of a truncated cone composed bombs comprising two shells, between the of two semi-frustum-shaped shells soldered 130 and a band
two shells. ' v

65

edges of which is left a space,

_. 1,306,747

10

a small quantity of gun powder introduced in the curved or' bent part of the fusible tudinal edges of the two semi-cylindrical tube, and means for igniting the autother~ shells and on the semi-frustum-shaped mic mixture. shells, the said tube containing an autother 14. A receptacle for incendiary aerial mic miXture,v-means "for igniting the said bombs comprising two parts between which
ble mterial curved and soldered on the longi

covering the said apertures,'a tube of fusi

at one of the ends of the previous ones, bombs comprising two parts between which a conical body soldered at the end of the is left a space, a fusible and curved tube body. in the form of a truncated cone, . soldered on the edges of the two constitutive ' apertures provided in the- said conical parts of the receptacles, an autothermic body,thin plates of fusible material for mixture contained in the said fusible tube, 45

50

autothermic mixture,a tube-gaine'closed at is left a space, a fusible and curved tube sol

15

wall adapted to close the receptacle at the the curved or bent part of the fusible tube, level of the end of the branches of the fusible a closed tube containing an explosive sub tube, an aperture provided in the'conical stance embedded in the incendiary mass, and 20 body for introducing in the fusible tube the means for igniting the autothermic mixture. autothermic mixture, a plugfori'closing the 15. A receptacle for incendiary aerial
said aperture and so arranged as to be ca
25

ing adapted to receive the priming fuse, a small quantityof gun powder introduced in

one of its ends and on which are soldered, dered on the edges of these two constitutive the end of the two branches of the fusible parts of the receptacle, an autothermic mix tube forming a joint, the said tube-gaine 'be ture contained in the said fusible tube, a

55

60

pable of receiving the ignition fuse,a cap soldered attheoppositeend of the cylindri cal body,a tapped hole provided in the said cap for ?lling the body of the bomb,

bombs comprising two parts between which


is left a space, a fusible and curved tube soldered on the edges of these two constitu- "

tive parts of the receptacle, an autothermic


mixture contained in the said fusible tube, a V

a plug closing the said hole,a socket pro smallquantity of gun powder introduced in vided in the plug and in which is lodged the the curved orbent part of the fusible tube, a v springof the suspensiondevice of the bomb. tube-gaine containing the priming fuse, a 30 12. A receptacle for incendiary aerial quick-match embedded in the autothermic
bom'bs'comprising two- parts between which ' mixture and leading to the tube-gaine, and a is left a space, a tube of fusible material, ' closed tube containing an explosive substance ' curved and soldered onthe edges of these embedded in the incendiary mass.

two constitutive parts -:_-.of_the receptacle, 'an

The foregoing speci?catlon of my recep


'

' " AUGUSTE OHANARD.

fusible tube, a tube-gaine containing the priming fuse, a quick-match embedded in the

autothermic mixture contained in the said tacle for incendiary aerial bombs, signed by 75
me this 26th d'ayof June 1918.
Witnesses:

autothermlc mixture and leading to the tube


gaine. ' '

40.

13.

A receptacle for incendiary aerial

JOHN F. SIMoN's, FRANQOIS WEBER.