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MoralsandDogmaoftheAncient andAcceptedScottishRiteof Freemasonry

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TableofContents
AnIntroductiontoBro.AlbertPike'sMoralsandDogma.........................................................................3 I.APPRENTICE........................................................................................................................................8 THETWELVEINCHRULEANDTHECOMMONGAVEL............................................................8 II.THEFELLOWCRAFT......................................................................................................................26 III.THEMASTER...................................................................................................................................62 IV.SECRETMASTER..........................................................................................................................101 V.PERFECTMASTER........................................................................................................................107 VI.INTIMATESECRETARY.(ConfidentialSecretary).......................................................................111 VII.PROVOSTANDJUDGE................................................................................................................117 VIII.INTENDANTOFTHEBUILDING.............................................................................................125 IX.ELECTOFTHENINE....................................................................................................................136 X.ILLUSTRIOUSELECTOFTHEFIFTEEN....................................................................................144 XI.SUBLIMEELECTOFTHETWELVEorPRINCEAMETH........................................................158 XII.GRANDMASTERARCHITECT..................................................................................................170 XIII.ROYALARCHOFSOLOMON...................................................................................................182 XIVGRANDELECT,PERFECT,ANDSUBLIMEMASON.............................................................195 XVKNIGHTOFTHEEASTOROFTHESWORD............................................................................210 XVI.PRINCEOFJERUSALEM...........................................................................................................214 XVII.KNIGHTOFTHEEASTANDWEST.......................................................................................218 XVIII.KNIGHTROSECROIX............................................................................................................244 XIX.GRANDPONTIFF........................................................................................................................276 XX.GRANDMASTEROFALLSYMBOLICLODGES..................................................................288 XXI.NOACHITEORPRUSSIANKNIGHT........................................................................................295 XXII.KNIGHTOFTHEROYALAXEORPRINCEOFLIBANUS.................................................300 XXIIICHIEFOFTHETABERNACLE...............................................................................................310 XXIV.PRINCEOFTHETABERNACLE............................................................................................325 XXV.NIGHTOFTHEBRAZENSERPENT.....................................................................................382 XXVI.PRINCEOFMERCYORSCOTTISHTRINITARIAN..........................................................428 XXVII.KNIGHTCOMMANDEROFTHEEMPIRE.........................................................................476 XXVIII.KNIGHTOFTHESUNORPRINCEADEPT......................................................................479

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AnIntroductiontoBro.AlbertPike'sMoralsandDogma
ByBro.JayHalpern MyacquaintancewithPike'swork,"MoralsandDogmaoftheAncientandAcceptedScottishRiteof Freemasonry",wasamatterofchance.Ihappeneduponitinanantiquecenterandwasimmediately drawntoitserudition,itsscopeanditswillingnesstoportraythesortofsymbolismandarcanathat drewmetoFreemasonryinthefirstplace. Ideterminedtolethiswordsspeakforthemselves,andplayuponmyownknowledgeofAmericanand worldhistory,philosophyandpoliticaltheorytomaketheirpoint.WhatIfound,muchtomydelight, washowfarPike'sworktookmebeyondtheparametersofpureMasonicloreandintotherealmof politicalandeconomictheorythathadbeentrodbythegreatestmindsofthepast,likePlato,Plutarch, andthephilosophicalsynthesizersofallages. Itbecamecleartome,inthisregard,thatM&DwasfarmorethanaMasonictract.Pikeplaced Freemasonryanditsstructureandsymbolswithintwoverybroadcontexts:thereligiousandspiritual historyoftheworld,stretchingfarbeyondeventhebuildingofSolomon'sTemple;andthehuman dramaofvanquishedpeoplescopingwiththeoppressivemoralandpoliticalclimateofdefeatinwar. ForIthinkit'simpossibletounderstandthesignificanceofM&DwithoutperceivingPike'sspiritual andphilosophicaloutcryagainstthepredationsmadeagainsttheformerConfederacyoftheAmerican SouthbytheconqueringarmiesandpoliticiansoftheUnitedStatesfederalgovernment. AlbertPikewasaConfederategeneralofhighmoralprinciples,asisevidentthroughoutM&D.Wein theNorthhavebeenschooledinthehistoryofthevictor;thestoryoftheoriginsoftheconflict betweenthestateswould,ofcourse,havebeenwrittenverydifferentlyhadthefortunesofwargone differently.Havingbeentaughttheprincipleofloyaltytoone'snationalgovernmentfromchildhood, weinthenorthfinditdifficult,ifnotimpossible,toconceiveoftheConfederaterebellionasanything otherthananactofbetrayalofnationalprinciples,abreakingofthemostsacredtrustthathadbeen forgedbetweenstatesbybloodspilledduringourmutualrevolutionfromEngland.Pikewritesinthe verybeginningofM&D:"Thenationsarenotbodiespoliticalone,butalsosoulspolitic;andwoeto thatpeoplewhich,seekingthematerialonly,forgetsthatithasasoul.Afreepeople,forgettingthatit hasasoultobecaredfor,devotesallitsenergiestoitsmaterialadvancement.Ifitmakewar,itisto subserveitscommercialinterests.ThecitizenscopyaftertheState,andregardwealth,pomp,and luxuryasthegreatgoodsoflife.Suchanationcreateswealthrapidly,anddistributesitbadly.Thence thetwoextremes,ofmonstrousopulenceandmonstrousmisery;alltheenjoymenttoafew,allthe privationstotherest,thatistosay,tothepeople;Privilege,Exception,Monopoly,Feudality,springing upfromLaboritself:afalseanddangeroussituation,which,makingLaborablindedandchained Cyclops,inthemine,attheforge,intheworkshop,attheloom,inthefield,overpoisonousfumes,in miasmaticcells,inunventilatedfactories,foundspublicpoweruponprivatemisery,andplantsthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

4/641 greatnessoftheStateinthesufferingoftheindividual.Itisagreatnessillconstituted,inwhichallthe materialelementsarecombined,andintowhichnomoralelemententers.Ifapeople,likeastar,has therightofeclipse,thelightoughttoreturn.Theeclipseshouldnotdegenerateintonight." ToPike'swayofthinking,theSouthernagrarianeconomyhadpurposefullyeschewedthewaysof industrializationandthemarketforcesthathadbeensowarmlyembracedbytheNorth.WhatAlbert Pikesawinhisowntimewastheforcedencrustationofanagrarian,democraticdreambyanimposed industrialcapitalismfromtheNorth,andhesawhimselfasspokesmanforafreepeople,nowunder tyranny,clutchingtosaveitssoul. PikeregardedMasonryasapotentialframeworkuponwhichtoretainthenoblestandhighestideals onceheldbythedefeatedSouth.Hearhiswords,then,writteninoccupationanddefeat,regardingthis Brotherhood:"AndMasonry,likeHistoryandPhilosophy,haseternaldutieseternal,and,atthesame time,simple.ThepeoplethatwouldbeFreeandIndependent,mustpossessSagacity,Forethought, foresight,andcarefulCircumspection,allwhichareincludedinthemeaningofthewordPrudence.It mustbetemperateinassertingitsrights,temperateinitscouncils,economicalinitsexpenses;itmust bebold,brave,courageous,patientunderreverses,undismayedbydisasters,hopefulamidcalamities. Shemust,aboveallthings,bejust,nottrucklingtothestrongandwarringonorplunderingtheweak; shemustactonthesquarewithallnations,andthefeeblesttribes;alwayskeepingherfaith,honestin herlegislation,uprightinallherdealings.WheneversuchaRepublicexists,itwillbeimmortal:for rashness,injustice,intemperanceandluxuryinprosperity,anddespairanddisorderinadversity,arethe causesofthedecayanddilapidationofnations." AlbertPikewasamanofbroadscholarship,comfortablyfamiliarwiththegreatdocumentsofhistory, andfamiliarwiththereportsofhumananthropologyandsociologywritten,withvaryingdegreesof insightandaccuracy,byscholarsandhistoriansfromalltimesandplaces.Thereisn'tanindigenous culture,whetherprimitiveoradvanced,thatPikedoesn'tapplaudtothedegreethatitsnativepeoples adheretothetenetsofyeomanculture,ofhonestyandbrotherhoodfromsoultosoul.Indeed,Pike quiteclearlystatesthatMasonicidealstranscendallerasandpeoples.InhischapterontheRoyalArch ofSolomon,hewrites,"EvenBlueMasonrycannottracebackitsauthentichistory,withitspresent Degrees,furtherthantheyear1700,ifsofar.But,bywhatevernameitwasknowninthisortheother country,Masonryexistedasitnowexists,thesameinspiritandatheart,notonlywhenSolomonbuilt thetemple,butcenturiesbeforebeforeeventhefirstcoloniesemigratedintoSouthernIndia,Persia, andEgypt,fromthecradleofthehumanrace."(Italicstheauthor) PrincipleTranscendsDegreeWorkandRitual Thus,toPike,theprincipleshefoundinFreemasonryfartranscendedthepettyformalismofdegree EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

5/641 workandritual.Helookedintothepastforrolemodelswhoselivesbestrepresentedwhathe consideredMasonicideals,andphilosophiesthatrepresentedwhathefeltweremeaningfulparadigms forlivingthegoodandvirtuouslife.Hissearchwasbroadandunprejudicedandheremarked regardingtheappropriatenessofholytextsasoneoftheGreatLightsofaLodge:"TheHebrew PentateuchinaHebrewLodge,andtheKoraninaMohammedanone,belongontheAltar;andoneof these,andtheSquareandCompass,properlyunderstood,aretheGreatLightsbywhichaMasonmust walkandwork." PikesawinthisMasonicidealtherestatementoftheEleusinianMysteries,andOrphism,and ythagoreanism,andthenoble,secretfaithsofeveryancientgenerationviewedinitsbestandmost profoundlight."Wehavenootherconcernwithyourreligiouscreed,"Pikestatesoutright,butfor swearingoathsonwhateverdocumentcommandsone'sparticularheartfelthonor. PikeisdrawntothesymbolsofFreemasonry,drawnastheyarefromthemostancientoccultcreeds, fortworeasons.Thefirstreasonderivesfromhisstatusasadefeatedgeneral,amanofhonorresiding underwhatheperceivesasatyrannyofoccupation.Pikewrites,"Despotsareanaidtothinkers. Speechenchainedisspeechterrible. Thewriterdoublesandtripleshisstyle,whensilenceisimposedbyamasteruponthepeople.There springsfromthissilenceacertainmysteriousfullness,whichfiltersandfreezesintobrassinhis thoughts."Thus,livingunderthedespotismofthefederalU.S.,Pikewriteshistomecompressed betweenblocksofsymbolsandarcanathatdisguisehisancillaryintent,towriteamissivethatwill keeptheidealismoftheSouthaliveduringoccupation. PikeheraldsawarningtohisSouthernbrethrenthattherewillbeapricetopayiftheirpathislost. Historydemonstratesthatnationsintheirhourofdarkestneed,turntotheworstrulers:"Weshould naturallysupposethatanationindistresswouldtakecounselwiththewisestofitssons.But,onthe contrary,greatmenseemneversoscarceaswhentheyaremostneeded,andsmallmenneversoboldto insistoninfestingplace,aswhenmediocrityandincapablepretenceandsophomoricgreenness,and showyandsprightlyincompetencyaremostdangerous."Theresult,ofcourse,isthatrevolutions begunforthepurposeofempoweringthepeople,resultinnewtyrannies:theruleofCromwell,of Napoleon,ofStalin.Pikeaddsratherboldly,"Thatisasadandtrueallegorywhichrepresentsthe companionsofUlysseschangedbytheenchantmentsofCirceintoswine,"meaningbyUlysses,of course,UlyssesS.Grant,thenew"tyrant"overtheSouth. "TheNorthRuledWithAnIronFist.."

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6/641 ThefactthattheU.S.federalgovernmentis,itself,arepublic,andnotatyranny,doesn'tletifoffthe hook,inPike'sview;theeconomicsystemoftheNorthruleswithatyrant'sfist:Whencivilwartears thevitalsofaRepublic,letitlookbackandseeifithasnotbeenguiltyofinjustices;andifithas,letit humbleitselfinthedust!" FromPike'sperspective,itisthemercantilesystemofindustrialpolitics,incontradistinctiontothe agrarianidealismoftheSouth,thatcausedtherupturebetweenthestatesandpropelledthenationinto civilwar.Therestrictionsestablishedagainsttheexpansionofslaveryintothenewterritoriesofthe West,forexample,appearedtoSoutherngentrylikePiketobeaseriousandunmitigatedinfringement uponwhattheytooktobethebackboneoftheConstitutionalcompromise,thebalancebetweenstates' rightsandfederalauthority.Andinbackofthatinfringementlayindustrialmercantilism,therank capitalismthatwastoleadtotheGildedAge,theAgeofMorganandAstorandGouldandtherestof theRobberBarons.And,ofcourse,wearenotMasonslivingintheSouthduringReconstruction;we arenotdefeatedwarriorslivingunderoccupation.Thepastisstillthepast,andthereinlies,inmy opinion,agreatdealoftheintellectualfascinationPike'sworkholdsforme,asaMason.AsIreadhis work,Itryandextrapolatejusthowsuchamanofbothwordanddeedcouldbeexpectedtomakehis theoriesmanifestthemselvesintheworldatlarge.HeischargedbymanywithhelpingtofoundtheKu KluxKlan,anactiveresistancemovementagainstthefederalforcesstationedthroughouttheSouth.I canwellimaginePikeputtingdeedstohiswordsand,whenfacedwiththeapoliticalstanceofMasonry thenandnow,seekingtofoundasimilarbody,anoffshootwithdegreesandsymbolsandocculttitles, thatwouldmorevigorouslypursueaspiritualcumpoliticaltransformationthroughouttheSouth.But I'dfinditdifficulttoimaginetheKlansmanasweknowhimtoday,ignorant,selfimportant, anarchistic,hatefulagainstallreligionsandracesotherthanhisown,tobethekindofsoldierPike wouldhavecalledtohisspiritualcause.PerhapstheKKKwasanexperimentthatfailedinitsinfancy andwentoffinthewrongdirection,asubterraneancellofpoliticalandspiritualtheoriststurned redneckracistsatthestartinggate.IcanthenimaginePikeevenmoredisgruntledandperhaps misanthropicafterhisyearsoftheorizingandpropagatinghisphilosophy. AnInfiniteVarietyofMankind... ItisevidentfromthesymbolicportionsofM&DthatPikewastoointriguedbytheinfinitevarietyof mankind,itsreligions,itscultures,itsspiritualstrugglesagainsttheforcesofdarkness,tobeblithely classedwiththeracistswehavecometoexpectfromaracistculture.Itistruethatinsomesocieties Pikeallowsforslavery;didn't,infact,thewholeGreekandRomanworld,packedfullofphilosophers, dependuponitasaninstitution?Pikewrites,"Influenceofmanovermanisalawofnature,whetherit bebyagreatestateinlandorinintellect.Itmaymeanslavery,adeferencetotheeminenthuman judgment(italicsmine)."Hewriteselsewhere,"Thewiseramanbecomes,thelesswillhebe inclinedtosubmittamelytotheimpositionoffettersorayoke,onhisconscienceorhisperson.For,by increaseofwisdomhenotonlybetterknowshisrights,butthemorehighlyvaluesthem,andismore consciousofhisworthanddignity.Hispridethenurgeshimtoasserthisindependence.Hebecomes EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

7/641 betterabletoassertitalso;andbetterabletoassistothersorhiscountry,whentheyorshestakeall, evenexistence,uponthesameassertion.InPike'sdaytherewasneithertheorynortechnologyfor socialredemption.Certainformsofmaladaptivebehavior,certainaffectsofacculturation,were consideredirredeemableand,atbest,servedaslessonstotherestofuswhoweren'tsoafflicted.In otherwords,slavesareboththevictimsoftheirmasters,andbyremainingenslaved,eventually deteriorateuntiltheyareworthyoftheirslavery.Don'tmistake,however,myattemptingtounderstand Pike'sconceptionofslaverygivenhisphilosophyandspiritualitywithajustification.Itisherethat PikeandIpartcompany,justasIpartcompanywithSocrates,PlatoandAristotle,whosephilosophic leisuredependeduponaslavebasedculture.Imerelywishtopaintasbroadaportraitofthemanwho wroteM&DasIcan,givenmystudiessofar. IcansympathizewithArchieStone'sperplexity;here,inthisremarkablebook,sidebysidewith drawingsofoccultsymbols,Hebrewicons,Masonicforms,andallmannerofdiagramsandarcana,is embeddedapoliticalandsocialtractthatistheproudlydefiantoutcryofonemanagainstanationthat hasoverrunhisown.It'seasyformetounderstandthevenerationinwhichPike'sheldbyMasonsin theSouthernJurisdiction;herepresents,tothem,theepitomeofSouthernaristocraticlearning, philosophyandvalues.Hiswordsring,andwillalwaysring,alongsideallotherworldclass philosopherswhosawtheirsocietiescrumblingfromgreedandmercantilism.Itwill,I'msure,surprise somethataNorthernMasonicJew,amanwithingrainedNorthernandurbansympathiesfor multiculturalismandtheenlighteneduseoftechnology,couldgleansomuchfromamanlikeAlbert Pike,amansodifferent.ButIfeelthat,atbottom,thespiritualtruthsthathavealwaysbroughttrue Masonstogether,whetherinformalLodgeorbyinformalhappenstance,withorwithoutMasonic sanction,aretruthsthatwebothshareandforwhosefullnessandradiancewecontinuetosearch.That partofcontemporaryMasonrywhichfallsshortofthesetruths,would,Ifeel,disturbPikeasmuchas theydisturbme.Icanonlywishtomeetandminglewithbrotherswhowillpursuemorelightin Masonrywiththepassion,eruditionandreverencethatAlbertPikeputintohisimpressivework. JAYHALPERNContributingEditor/WriterbelongstoCosmopolitanLodge#125inNewHaven,CT. Hepublished"TheJadeUnicorn"in1979(Macmillan),anoccultallegoryofthebattlebetweengood andevil,andislookingtohavehisnovel,"GrisGris,"alyricmeditation"CellFantastick",acollection ofpoems"TheEmeraldCanticleofHermes",andacollectionofshortstories,"Ghosts& Bones,"publishedASAP.Bro.Halpernisalsoadisabilityrights,civilrights,environmentalactivist whoranforConnecticutstaterepresentativelastNovembertomakeastatementaboutapowerplant beingshoveddowntheregion'sthroat,inlieuofacomprehensiverenewableenergypolicy.

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MORALSANDDOGMA.byAlbertPike

I.APPRENTICE
THETWELVEINCHRULEANDTHECOMMONGAVEL.
FORCE,unregulatedorillregulated,isnotonlywastedinthevoid,likethatofgunpowderburnedin theopenair,andsteamunconfinedbyscience;but,strikinginthedark,anditsblowsmeetingonlythe air,theyrecoilandbruiseitself.Itisdestructionandruin.Itisthevolcano,theearthquake,the cyclone;notgrowthandprogress.ItisPolyphemusblinded,strikingatrandom,andfallingheadlong amongthesharprocksbytheimpetusofhisownblows. TheblindForceofthepeopleisaForcethatmustbeeconomized,andalsomanaged,astheblindForce ofsteam,liftingtheponderousironarmsandturningthelargewheels,ismadetoboreandriflethe cannonandtoweavethemostdelicatelace.ItmustberegulatedbyIntellect.Intellectistothepeople andthepeople'sForce,whattheslenderneedleofthecompassistotheshipitssoul,always counsellingthehugemassofwoodandiron,andalwayspointingtothenorth.Toattackthecitadels builtuponallsidesagainstthehumanracebysuperstitions,despotisms,andprejudices,theForcemust haveabrainandalaw.Thenitsdeedsofdaringproducepermanentresults,andthereisrealprogress. Thentherearesublimeconquests.Thoughtisaforce,andphilosophyshouldbeanenergy,findingits aimanditseffectsintheameliorationofmankind. ThetwogreatmotorsareTruthandLove.WhenalltheseForcesarecombined,andguidedbythe Intellect,andregulatedbytheRULEofRight,andJustice,andofcombinedandsystematicmovement andeffort,thegreatrevolutionpreparedforbytheageswillbegintomarch.ThePOWERoftheDeity HimselfisinequilibriumwithHisWISDOM.HencetheonlyresultsareHARMONY. ItisbecauseForceisillregulated,thatrevolutionsprovefailures.Thereforeitisthatsooften insurrections,comingfromthosehighmountainsthatdomineeroverthemoralhorizon,Justice, Wisdom,Reason,Right,builtofthepurestsnowoftheidealafteralongfallfromrocktorock,after havingreflectedtheskyintheirtransparency,andbeenswollenbyahundredaffluents,inthemajestic pathoftriumph,suddenlylosethemselvesinquagmires,likeaCaliforniariverinthesands.The onwardmarchofthehumanracerequiresthattheheightsarounditshouldblazewithnobleand enduringlessonsofcourage.Deedsofdaringdazzlehistory,andformoneclassoftheguidinglightsof man.Theyarethestarsandcoruscationsfromthatgreatseaofelectricity,theForceinherentinthe people.Tostrive,tobraveallrisks,toperish,topersevere,tobetruetoone'sself,tograpplebodyto bodywithdestiny,tosurprisedefeatbythelittleterroritinspires,nowtoconfrontunrighteouspower, nowtodefyintoxicatedtriumphthesearetheexamplesthatthenationsneedandthelightthat electrifiesthem. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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ThereareimmenseForcesinthegreatcavernsofevilbeneathsociety;inthehideousdegradation, squalor,wretchednessanddestitution,vicesandcrimesthatreekandsimmerinthedarknessinthat populacebelowthepeople,ofgreatcities.Theredisinterestednessvanishes,everyonehowls,searches, gropes,andgnawsforhimself.Ideasareignored,andofprogressthereisnothought.Thispopulacehas twomothers,bothofthemstepmothersIgnoranceandMisery.Wantistheironlyguideforthe appetitealonetheycravesatisfaction.Yeteventhesemaybeemployed. Thelowlysandwetrampleupon,castintothefurnace,melted,purifiedbyfire,maybecome resplendentcrystal.TheyhavethebruteforceoftheHAMMER,buttheirblowshelponthegreat cause,whenstruckwithinthelinestracedbytheRULEheldbywisdomanddiscretion. YetitisthisveryForceofthepeople,thisTitanicpowerofthegiants,thatbuildsthefortificationsof tyrants,andisembodiedintheirarmies.Hencethepossibilityofsuchtyranniesasthoseofwhichithas beensaid,that"RomesmellsworseunderVitelliusthanunderSulla.UnderClaudiusandunder Domitianthereisadeformityofbasenesscorrespondingtotheuglinessofthetyranny.Thefoulnessof theslavesisadirectresultoftheatrociousbasenessofthedespot.Amiasmaexhalesfromthese crouchingconsciencesthatreflectthemaster;thepublicauthoritiesareunclean,heartsarecollapsed, consciencesshrunken,soulspuny.ThisissounderCaracalla,itissounderCommodus,itissounder Heliogabalus,whilefromtheRomansenate,underCaesar,therecomesonlytherankodourpeculiarto theeagle'seyrie." Itistheforceofthepeoplethatsustainsallthesedespotisms,thebasestaswellasthebest.Thatforce actsthrougharmies;andtheseoftenerenslavethanliberate.DespotismthereappliestheRULE.Force istheMACEofsteelatthesaddlebowoftheknightorofthebishopinarmour.Passiveobedienceby forcesupportsthronesandoligarchies,Spanishkings,andVenetiansenates.Might,inanarmywielded bytyranny,istheenormoussumtotalofutterweakness;andsoHumanitywageswaragainstHumanity, indespiteofHumanity.Soapeoplewillinglysubmitstodespotism,anditsworkmensubmittobe despised,anditssoldierstobewhipped;thereforeitisthatbattleslostbyanationareoftenprogress attained.Lessgloryismoreliberty.Whenthedrumissilent,reasonsometimesspeaks. Tyrantsusetheforceofthepeopletochainandsubjugatethatis,enyokethepeople.Thentheyplough withthemasmendowithoxenyoked.Thusthespiritoflibertyandinnovationisreducedbybayonets, andprinciplesarestruckdumbbycannonshot;whilethemonksminglewiththetroopers,andthe Churchmilitantandjubilant,CatholicorPuritan,singsTeDeumsforvictoriesoverrebellion. Themilitarypower,notsubordinatetothecivilpower,againtheHAMMERorMACEofFORCE, independentoftheRULE,isanarmedtyranny,bornfullgrown,asAthenesprungfromthebrainof EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

10/641 Zeus.Itspawnsadynasty,andbeginswithCaesartorotintoVitelliusandCommodus.Atthepresent dayitinclinestobeginwhereformerlydynastiesended. Constantlythepeopleputforthimmensestrength,onlytoendinimmenseweakness.Theforceofthe peopleisexhaustedinindefinitelyprolongingthingslongsincedead;ingoverningmankindby embalmingolddeadtyranniesofFaith;restoringdilapidateddogmas;regildingfaded,wormeaten shrines;whiteningandrougingancientandbarrensuperstitions;savingsocietybymultiplying parasites;perpetuatingsuperannuatedinstitutions;enforcingtheworshipofsymbolsastheactual meansofsalvation;andtyingthedeadcorpseofthePast,mouthtomouth,withthelivingPresent. ThereforeitisthatitisoneofthefatalitiesofHumanitytobecondemnedtoeternalstruggleswith phantoms,withsuperstitions,bigotries,hypocrisies,prejudices,theformulasoferror,andthepleasof tyranny.Despotisms,seeninthepast,becomerespectable,asthemountain,bristlingwithvolcanic rock,ruggedandhorrid,seenthroughthehazeofdistanceisblueandsmoothandbeautiful.Thesight ofasingledungeonoftyrannyisworthmore,todispelillusions,andcreateaholyhatredofdespotism, andtodirectFORCEaright,thanthemosteloquentvolumes.TheFrenchshouldhavepreservedthe Bastileasaperpetuallesson;ItalyshouldnotdestroythedungeonsoftheInquisition.TheForceofthe peoplemaintainedthePowerthatbuiltitsgloomycells,andplacedthelivingintheirgranite sepulchres. TheFORCEofthepeoplecannot,byitsunrestrainedandfitfulaction,maintainandcontinueinaction andexistenceafreeGovernmentoncecreated.ThatForcemustbelimited,restrained,conveyedby distributionintodifferentchannels,andbyroundaboutcourses,tooutlets,whenceitistoissueasthe law,action,anddecisionoftheState;asthewiseoldEgyptiankingsconveyedindifferentcanals,by subdivision,theswellingwatersoftheNile,andcompelledthemtofertilizeandnotdevastatetheland. Theremustbethejusetnorma,thelawandRule,orGauge,ofconstitutionandlaw,withinwhichthe publicforcemustact.Makeabreachineither,andthegreatsteamhammer,withitsswiftand ponderousblows,crushesallthemachinerytoatoms,and,atlast,wrenchingitselfaway,liesinertand deadamidtheruinithaswrought. TheFORCEofthepeople,orthepopularwill,inactionandexerted,symbolizedbytheGAVEL, regulatedandguidedbyandactingwithinthelimitsofLAWandORDER,symbolizedbythe TWENTYFOURINCHRULE,hasforitsfruitLIBERTY,EQUALITY,andFRATERNITY,liberty regulatedbylaw;equalityofrightsintheeyeofthelaw;brotherhoodwithitsdutiesandobligationsas wellasitsbenefits. YouwillhearshortlyoftheRoughASHLARandthePerfectASHLAR,aspartofthejewelsofthe Lodge.TheroughAshlarissaidtobe"astone,astakenfromthequarry,initsrudeandnaturalstate." TheperfectAshlarissaidtobe"astonemadereadybythehandsoftheworkmen,tobeadjustedbythe workingtoolsoftheFellowCraft."Weshallnotrepeattheexplanationsofthesesymbolsgivenbythe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

11/641 YorkRite.Youmayreadtheminitsprintedmonitors.Theyaredeclaredtoalludetotheself improvementoftheindividualcraftsman,acontinuationofthesamesuperficialinterpretation. TheroughAshlaristhePEOPLE,asamass,rudeandunorganized.TheperfectAshlar,orcubical stone,symbolofperfection,istheSTATE,therulersderivingtheirpowersfromtheconsentofthe governed;theconstitutionandlawsspeakingthewillofthepeople;thegovernmentharmonious, symmetrical,efficient,itspowersproperlydistributedanddulyadjustedinequilibrium. Ifwedelineateacubeonaplanesurfacethus: wehavevisiblethreefaces,andnineexternallines,drawnbetweensevenpoints.Thecompletecubehas threemorefaces,makingsix;threemorelines,makingtwelve;andonemorepoint,makingeight.As thenumber12includesthesacrednumbers,3,5,7,and3times3,or9,andisproducedbyaddingthe sacrednumber3to9;whileitsowntwofigures,1,2,theunitormonad,andduad,addedtogether, makethesamesacrednumber3;itwascalledtheperfectnumber;andthecubebecamethesymbolof perfection. ProducedbyFORCE,actingbyRULE;hammeredinaccordancewithlinesmeasuredbytheGauge,out oftheroughAshlar,itisanappropriatesymboloftheForceofthepeople,expressedastheconstitution andlawoftheState;andoftheStateitselfthethreevisiblefacesrepresentthethreedepartments,the Executive,whichexecutesthelaws;theLegislative,whichmakesthelaws;theJudiciary,which interpretsthelaws,appliesandenforcesthem,betweenmanandman,betweentheStateandthe citizens.Thethreeinvisiblefaces,areLiberty,Equality,andFraternity,thethreefoldsouloftheState itsvitality,spirit,andintellect. ThoughMasonryneitherusurpstheplaceof,norapesreligion,prayerisanessentialpartofour ceremonies.ItistheaspirationofthesoultowardtheAbsoluteandInfiniteIntelligence,whichisthe OneSupremeDeity,mostfeeblyandmisunderstandinglycharacterizedasan"ARCHITECT."Certain facultiesofmanaredirectedtowardtheUnknownthought,meditation,prayer.Theunknownisan ocean,ofwhichconscienceisthecompass.Thought,meditation,prayer,arethegreatmysterious pointingsoftheneedle.ItisaspiritualmagnetismthatthusconnectsthehumansoulwiththeDeity. Thesemajesticirradiationsofthesoulpiercethroughtheshadowtowardthelight. Itisbutashallowscofftosaythatprayerisabsurd,becauseitisnotpossibleforus,bymeansofit,to persuadeGodtochangeHisplans.Heproducesforeknownandforeintendedeffects,bythe instrumentalityoftheforcesofnature,allofwhichareHisforces.Ourownarepartofthese.Ourfree agencyandourwillareforces.Wedonotabsurdlyceasetomakeeffortstoattainwealthorhappiness, prolonglife,andcontinuehealth,becausewecannotbyanyeffortchangewhatispredestined.Ifthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

12/641 effortalsoispredestined,itisnotthelessoureffort,madeofourfreewill.So,likewise,wepray.Will isaforce.Thoughtisaforce.Prayerisaforce.WhyshoulditnotbeofthelawofGod,thatprayer,like FaithandLove,shouldhaveitseffects?Manisnottobecomprehendedasastartingpoint,orprogress asagoal,withoutthosetwogreatforces,FaithandLove.Prayerissublime.Orisonsthatbegand clamourarepitiful.Todenytheefficacyofprayer,istodenythatofFaith,Love,andEffort.Yetthe effectsproduced,whenourhand,movedbyourwill,launchesapebbleintotheocean,nevercease;and everyutteredwordisregisteredforeternityupontheinvisibleair. EveryLodgeisaTemple,andasawhole,andinitsdetailssymbolic.TheUniverseitselfsuppliedman withthemodelforthefirsttemplesrearedtotheDivinity.ThearrangementoftheTempleofSolomon, thesymbolicornamentswhichformeditschiefdecorations,andthedressoftheHighPriest,allhad referencetotheorderoftheUniverse,asthenunderstood.TheTemplecontainedmanyemblemsofthe seasonsthesun,themoon,theplanets,theconstellationsUrsaMajorandMinor,thezodiac,the elements,andtheotherpartsoftheworld.ItistheMasterofthisLodge,oftheUniverse,Hermes,of whomKhurumistherepresentative,thatisoneofthelightsoftheLodge. Forfurtherinstructionastothesymbolismoftheheavenlybodies,andofthesacrednumbers,andof thetempleanditsdetails,youmustwaitpatientlyuntilyouadvanceinMasonry,inthemeantime exercisingyourintellectinstudyingthemforyourself.Tostudyandseektointerpretcorrectlythe symbolsoftheUniverse,istheworkofthesageandphilosopher.ItistodecipherthewritingofGod, andpenetrateintoHisthoughts. Thisiswhatisaskedandansweredinourcatechism,inregardtotheLodge.****** A"Lodge"isdefinedtobe"anassemblageofFreemasons,dulycongregated,havingthesacred writings,square,andcompass,andacharter,orwarrantofconstitution,authorizingthemtowork."The roomorplaceinwhichtheymeet,representingsomepartofKingSolomon'sTemple,isalsocalledthe Lodge;anditisthatwearenowconsidering. Itissaidtobesupportedbythreegreatcolumns,WISDOM,FORCEorSTRENGTH,andBEAUTY, representedbytheMaster,theSeniorWarden,andtheJuniorWarden;andthesearesaidtobethe columnsthatsupporttheLodge,"becauseWisdom,Strength,andBeauty,aretheperfectionsof everything,andnothingcanendurewithoutthem.""Because,"theYorkRitesays,"itisnecessarythat thereshouldbeWisdomtoconceive,Strengthtosupport,andBeautytoadorn,allgreatandimportant undertakings.""Knowyenot,"saystheApostlePaul,"thatyearethetempleofGod,andthattheSpirit ofGoddwellethinyou?IfanymandesecratethetempleofGod,himshallGoddestroy,forthetemple ofGodisholy,whichtempleyeare."

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13/641 TheWisdomandPoweroftheDeityareinequilibrium.Thelawsofnatureandthemorallawsarenot themeredespoticmandatesofHisOmnipotentwill;for,thentheymightbechangedbyHim,andorder becomedisorder,andgoodandrightbecomeevilandwrong;honestyandloyalty,vices;andfraud, ingratitude,andvice,virtues.Omnipotentpower,infinite,andexistingalone,wouldnecessarilynotbe constrainedtoconsistency.Itsdecreesandlawscouldnotbeimmutable.ThelawsofGodarenot obligatoryonusbecausetheyaretheenactmentsofHisPOWER,ortheexpressionofHisWILL;but becausetheyexpressHisinfiniteWISDOM.TheyarenotrightbecausetheyareHislaws,butHislaws becausetheyareright.Fromtheequilibriumofinfinitewisdomandinfiniteforce,resultsperfect harmony,inphysicsandinthemoraluniverse.Wisdom,rower,andHarmonyconstituteoneMasonic triad.Theyhaveotherandprofoundermeanings,thatmayatsometimebeunveiledtoyou. Astotheordinaryandcommonplaceexplanation,itmaybeadded,thatthewisdomoftheArchitectis displayedincombining,asonlyaskillfulArchitectcando,andasGodhasdoneeverywhere,for example,inthetree,thehumanframe,theegg,thecellsofthehoneycombstrength,withgrace, beauty,symmetry,proportion,lightness,ornamentation.That,too,istheperfectionoftheoratorand poettocombineforce,strength,energy,withgraceofstyle,musicalcadences,thebeautyoffigures, theplayandirradiationofimaginationandfancy;andso,inaState,thewarlikeandindustrialforceof thepeople,andtheirTitanicstrength,mustbecombinedwiththebeautyofthearts,thesciences,and theintellect,iftheStatewouldscaletheheightsofexcellence,andthepeoplebereallyfree.Harmony inthis,asinalltheDivine,thematerial,andthehuman,istheresultofequilibrium,ofthesympathy andoppositeactionofcontraries;asingleWisdomabovethemholdingthebeamofthescales.To reconcilethemorallaw,humanresponsibility,freewill,withtheabsolutepowerofGod;andthe existenceofevilwithHisabsolutewisdom,andgoodness,andmercy,thesearethegreatenigmasof theSphynx. YouenteredtheLodgebetweentwocolumns.Theyrepresentthetwowhichstoodintheporchofthe Temple,oneachsideofthegreateasterngateway.Thesepillars,ofbronze,fourfingersbreadthin thickness,were,accordingtothemostauthenticaccountthatintheFirstandthatintheSecondBook ofKings,confirmedinJeremiaheighteencubitshigh,withacapitalfivecubitshigh.Theshaftof eachwasfourcubitsindiameter.Acubitisonefootand707/1000.Thatis,theshaftofeachwasalittle overthirtyfeeteightinchesinheight,thecapitalofeachalittleovereightfeetsixinchesinheight,and thediameteroftheshaftsixfeetteninches.Thecapitalswereenrichedbypomegranatesofbronze, coveredbybronzenetwork,andornamentedwithwreathsofbronze;andappeartohaveimitatedthe shapeoftheseedvesselofthelotusorEgyptianlily,asacredsymboltotheHindusandEgyptians.The pillarorcolumnontheright,orinthesouth,wasnamed,astheHebrewwordisrenderedinour translationoftheBible,JACHIN:andthatontheleftBOAZ.Ourtranslatorssaythatthefirstword means,"Heshallestablish;"andthesecond,"Initisstrength." Thesecolumnswereimitations,byKhurum,theTyrianartist,ofthegreatcolumnsconsecratedtothe WindsandFire,attheentrancetothefamousTempleofMalkarth,inthecityofTyre.Itiscustomary, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

14/641 inLodgesoftheYorkRite,toseeacelestialglobeonone,andaterrestrialglobeontheother;butthese arenotwarranted,iftheobjectbetoimitatetheoriginaltwocolumnsoftheTemple.Thesymbolic meaningofthesecolumnsweshallleaveforthepresentunexplained,onlyaddingthatEntered ApprenticeskeeptheirworkingtoolsinthecolumnJACHIN;andgivingyoutheetymologyandliteral meaningofthetwonames. ThewordJACHIN,inHebrew,probablypronouncedYakayan,andmeant,asaverbalnoun,Hethat strengthens;andthence,firm,stable,upright. ThewordBOAZisBaazwhichmeansStrong,Strength,Power,Might,Refuge,SourceofStrength,a Fort.Theprefixmeans"with"or"in,"andgivesthewordtheforceoftheLatingerund,roborando Strengthening Theformerwordalsomeanshewillestablish,orplantinanerectpositionfromtheverbKun,hestood erect.ItprobablymeantActiveandVivifyingEnergyandForce;andBoaz,Stability,Permanence,in thepassivesense. TheDimensionsoftheLodge,ourBrethrenoftheYorkRitesay,"areunlimited,anditscoveringno lessthanthecanopyofHeaven.""Tothisobject,"theysay,"themason'smindiscontinuallydirected, andthitherhehopesatlasttoarrivebytheaidofthetheologicalladderwhichJacobinhisvisionsaw ascendingfromearthtoHeaven;thethreeprincipalroundsofwhicharedenominatedFaith,Hope,and Charity;andwhichadmonishustohaveFaithinGod,HopeinImmortality,andCharitytoall mankind."Accordinglyaladder,sometimeswithninerounds,isseenonthechart,restingatthebottom ontheearth,itstopintheclouds,thestarsshiningaboveit;andthisisdeemedtorepresentthatmystic ladder,whichJacobsawinhisdream,setupontheearth,andthetopofitreachingtoHeaven,withthe angelsofGodascendinganddescendingonit.Theadditionofthethreeprincipalroundstothe symbolism,iswhollymodernandincongruous. Theancientscountedsevenplanets,thusarranged:theMoon,Mercury,Venus,theSun,Mars,Jupiter, andSaturn.Thereweresevenheavensandsevenspheresoftheseplanets;onallthemonumentsof Mithrasaresevenaltarsorpyres,consecratedtothesevenplanets,aswerethesevenlampsofthe goldencandelabrumintheTemple.Thattheserepresentedtheplanets,weareassuredbyClemensof Alexandria,inhisStromata,andbyPhiloJudaeus. ToreturntoitssourceintheInfinite,thehumansoul,theancientsheld,hadtoascend,asithad descended,throughthesevenspheres.TheLadderbywhichitreascends,has,accordingtoMarsilius Ficinus,inhisCommentaryontheEnneadofPlotinus,sevendegreesorsteps;andintheMysteriesof Mithras,carriedtoRomeundertheEmperors,theladder,withitssevenrounds,wasasymbolreferring EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

15/641 tothisascentthroughthespheresofthesevenplanets.JacobsawtheSpiritsofGodascendingand descendingonit;andaboveittheDeityHimself.TheMithraicMysterieswerecelebratedincaves, wheregatesweremarkedatthefourequinoctialandsolstitialpointsoftheZodiac;andtheseven planetarysphereswererepresented,whichsoulsneedsmusttraverseindescendingfromtheheavenof thefixedstarstotheelementsthatenveloptheearth;andsevengatesweremarked,oneforeachplanet, throughwhichtheypass,indescendingorreturning. WelearnthisfromCelsus,inOrigen,whosaysthatthesymbolicimageofthispassageamongthe stars,usedintheMithraicMysteries,wasaladderreachingfromearthtoHeaven,dividedintoseven stepsorstages,toeachofwhichwasagate,andatthesummitaneighthone,thatofthefixedstars.The symbolwasthesameasthatofthesevenstagesofBorsippa,thePyramidofvitrifiedbrick,near Babylon,builtofsevenstages,andeachofadifferentcolour.IntheMithraicceremonies,thecandidate wentthroughsevenstagesofinitiation,passingthroughmanyfearfultrialsandofthesethehigh ladderwithsevenroundsorstepswasthesymbol. YouseetheLodge,itsdetailsandornaments,byitsLights.YouhavealreadyheardwhattheseLights, thegreaterandlesser,aresaidtobe,andhowtheyarespokenofbyourBrethrenoftheYorkRite. TheHolyBible,Square,andCompasses,arenotonlystyledtheGreatLightsinMasonry,buttheyare alsotechnicallycalledtheFurnitureoftheLodge;and,asyouhaveseen,itisheldthatthereisno Lodgewithoutthem.ThishassometimesbeenmadeapretextforexcludingJewsfromourLodges, becausetheycannotregardtheNewTestamentasaholybook.TheBibleisanindispensablepartofthe furnitureofaChristianLodge,onlybecauseitisthesacredbookoftheChristianreligion.TheHebrew PentateuchinaHebrewLodge,andtheKoraninaMohammedanone,belongontheAltar;andoneof these,andtheSquareandCompass,properlyunderstood,aretheGreatLightsbywhichaMasonmust walkandwork. Theobligationofthecandidateisalwaystobetakenonthesacredbookorbooksofhisreligion,thathe maydeemitmoresolemnandbinding;andthereforeitwasthatyouwereaskedofwhatreligionyou were.Wehavenootherconcernwithyourreligiouscreed. TheSquareisarightangle,formedbytworightlines.Itisadaptedonlytoaplanesurface,andbelongs onlytogeometry,earthmeasurement,thattrigonometrywhichdealsonlywithplanes,andwiththe earth,whichtheancientssupposedtobeaplane.TheCompassdescribescircles,anddealswith sphericaltrigonometry,thescienceofthespheresandheavens.Theformer,therefore,isanemblemof whatconcernstheearthandthebody;thelatterofwhatconcernstheheavensandthesoul.Yetthe Compassisalsousedinplanetrigonometry,asinerectingperpendiculars;and,therefore,youare remindedthat,althoughinthisDegreebothpointsoftheCompassareundertheSquare,andyouare EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

16/641 nowdealingonlywiththemoralandpoliticalmeaningofthesymbols,andnotwiththeirphilosophical andspiritualmeanings,stillthedivineevermingleswiththehuman;withtheearthlythespiritual intermixes;andthereissomethingspiritualinthecommonestdutiesoflife.Thenationsarenotbodies politicalone,butalsosoulspolitic;andwoetothatpeoplewhich,seekingthematerialonly,forgetsthat ithasasoul.Thenwehavearace,petrifiedindogma,whichpresupposestheabsenceofasoulandthe presenceonlyofmemoryandinstinct,ordemoralizedbylucre.Suchanaturecanneverlead civilization.Genuflexionbeforetheidolorthedollaratrophiesthemusclewhichwalksandthewill whichmoves.Hieraticormercantileabsorptiondiminishestheradianceofapeople,lowersitshorizon byloweringitslevel,anddeprivesitofthatunderstandingoftheuniversalaim,atthesametimehuman anddivine,whichmakesthemissionarynations.Afreepeople,forgettingthatithasasoultobecared for,devotesallitsenergiestoitsmaterialadvancement.Ifitmakeswar,itistosubserveitscommercial interests.ThecitizenscopyaftertheState,andregardwealth,pomp,andluxuryasthegreatgoodsof life.Suchanationcreateswealthrapidly,anddistributesitbadly.Thencethetwoextremes,of monstrousopulenceandmonstrousmisery;alltheenjoymenttoafew,alltheprivationstotherest,that istosay,tothepeople;Privilege,Exception,Monopoly,Feudality,springingupfromLabouritself:a falseanddangeroussituation,which,makingLabourablindedandchainedCyclops,inthemine,atthe forge,intheworkshop,attheloom,inthefield,overpoisonousfumes,inmiasmaticcells,in unventilatedfactories,foundspublicpoweruponprivatemisery,andplantsthegreatnessoftheStatein thesufferingoftheindividual.Itisagreatnessillconstituted,inwhichallthematerialelementsare combined,andintowhichnomoralelemententers.Ifapeople,likeastar,hastherightofeclipse,the lightoughttoreturn.Theeclipseshouldnotdegenerateintonight. Thethreelesser,ortheSublimeLights,youhaveheard,aretheSun,theMoon,andtheMasterofthe Lodge;andyouhaveheardwhatourBrethrenoftheYorkRitesayinregardtothem,andwhytheyhold themtobeLightsoftheLodge.ButtheSunandMoondoinnosenselighttheLodge,unlessitbe symbolically,andthenthelightsarenotthey,butthosethingsofwhichtheyarethesymbols.Ofwhat theyarethesymbolstheMasoninthatRiteisnottold.NordoestheMooninanysenserulethenight withregularity. TheSunistheancientsymbolofthelifegivingandgenerativepoweroftheDeity.Totheancients, lightwasthecauseoflife;andGodwasthesourcefromwhichalllightflowed;theessenceofLight, theInvisibleFire,developedasFlamemanifestedaslightandsplendour.TheSunwasHis manifestationandvisibleimage;andtheSabaeansworshippingtheLightGod,seemedtoworshipthe Sun,inwhomtheysawthemanifestationoftheDeity. TheMoonwasthesymbolofthepassivecapacityofnaturetoproduce,thefemale,ofwhichthelife givingpowerandenergywasthemale.ItwasthesymbolofIsis,Astarte,andArtemis,orDiana.The "MasterofLife"wastheSupremeDeity,aboveboth,andmanifestedthroughboth;Zeus,theSonof Saturn,becomeKingoftheGods;Horus,sonofOsirisandIsis,becometheMasterofLife;Dionusos orBacchus,likeMithras,becometheauthorofLightandLifeandTruth. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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***** TheMasterofLightandLife,theSunandtheMoon,aresymbolizedineveryLodgebytheMasterand Wardens:andthismakesitthedutyoftheMastertodispenselighttotheBrethren,byhimself,and throughtheWardens,whoarehisministers. "Thysun,"saysISAIAHtoJerusalem,"shallnomoregodown,neithershallthymoonwithdrawitself; fortheLORDshallbethineeverlastinglight,andthedaysofthymourningshallbeended.Thypeople alsoshallbeallrighteous;theyshallinheritthelandforever."Suchisthetypeofafreepeople. OurnorthernancestorsworshippedthistriuneDeity;ODIN,theAlmightyFATHER;FREA,hiswife, emblemofuniversalmatter;andTHOR,hisson,themediator.ButaboveallthesewastheSupreme God,"theauthorofeverythingthatexisteth,theEternal,theAncient,theLivingandAwfulBeing,the Searcherintoconcealedthings,theBeingthatneverchangeth."IntheTempleofEleusis(asanctuary lightedonlybyawindowintheroof,andrepresentingtheUniverse),theimagesoftheSun,Moon,and Mercury,wererepresented. "TheSunandMoon,"saysthelearnedBro.DELAUNAY,"representthetwograndprinciplesofall generations,theactiveandpassive,themaleandthefemale.TheSunrepresentstheactuallight.He poursupontheMoonhisfecundatingrays;bothshedtheirlightupontheiroffspring,theBlazingStar, orHORUS,andthethreeformthegreatEquilateralTriangle,inthecentreofwhichistheomnificletter oftheKabalah,bywhichcreationissaidtohavebeeneffected." TheORNAMENTSofaLodgearesaidtobe"theMosaicPavement,theIndentedTessel,andthe BlazingStar."TheMosaicPavement,chequeredinsquaresorlozenges,issaidtorepresenttheground floorofKingSolomon'sTemple;andtheIndentedTessel"thatbeautifultessellatedborderwhich surroundedit."TheBlazingStarinthecentreissaidtobe"anemblemofDivineProvidence,and commemorativeofthestarwhichappearedtoguidethewisemenoftheEasttotheplaceofour Saviour'snativity."But"therewasnostoneseen"withintheTemple.Thewallswerecoveredwith planksofcedar,andthefloorwascoveredwithplanksoffir. ThereisnoevidencethattherewassuchapavementorfloorintheTemple,orsuchabordering.In England,anciently,theTracingBoardwassurroundedwithanindentedborder;anditisonlyin AmericathatsuchaborderisputaroundtheMosaicpavement.Thetesserae,indeed,arethesquaresor lozengesofthepavement.InEngland,also,"theindentedordenticulatedborder"iscalled"tessellated," becauseithasfour"tassels,"saidtorepresentTemperance,Fortitude,Prudence,andJustice.Itwas EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

18/641 termedtheIndentedTrassel;butthisisamisuseofwords.Itisatesseratedpavement,withanindented borderroundit. Thepavement,alternatelyblackandwhite,symbolizes,whethersointendedornot,theGoodandEvil PrinciplesoftheEgyptianandPersiancreed.ItisthewarfareofMichaelandSatan,oftheGodsand Titans,ofBalderandLok;betweenlightandshadow,whichisdarkness;DayandNight;Freedomand Despotism;ReligiousLibertyandtheArbitraryDogmasofaChurchthatthinksforitsvotaries,and whosePontiffclaimstobeinfallible,andthedecretalsofitsCouncilstoconstituteagospel. Theedgesofthispavement,ifinlozenges,willnecessarilybeindentedordenticulated,toothedlikea saw;andtocompleteandfinishitaborderingisnecessary.Itiscompletedbytasselsasornamentsat thecorners.Iftheseandtheborderinghaveanysymbolicmeaning,itisfancifulandarbitrary. TofindintheBLAZINGSTARoffivepointsanallusiontotheDivineProvidence,isalsofanciful;and tomakeitcommemorativeoftheStarthatissaidtohaveguidedtheMagi,istogiveitameaning comparativelymodern.OriginallyitrepresentedSIRIUS,ortheDogstar,theforerunnerofthe inundationoftheNile;theGodANUBIS,companionofISISinhersearchforthebodyofOSIRIS,her brotherandhusband.ThenitbecametheimageofHORUS,thesonofOSIRIS,himselfsymbolized alsobytheSun,theauthoroftheSeasons,andtheGodofTime;SonofISIS,whowastheuniversal nature,himselftheprimitivematter,inexhaustiblesourceofLife,sparkofuncreatedfire,universalseed ofallbeings.ItwasHERMES,also,theMasterofLearning,whosenameinGreekisthatoftheGod Mercury.ItbecamethesacredandpotentsignorcharacteroftheMagi,thePENTALPHA,andisthe significantemblemofLibertyandFreedom,blazingwithasteadyradianceamidtheweltering elementsofgoodandevilofRevolutions,andpromisingsereneskiesandfertileseasonstothenations, afterthestormsofchangeandtumult. IntheEastoftheLodge,overtheMaster,inclosedinatriangle,istheHebrewletterYOD.Inthe EnglishandAmericanLodgestheLetterGissubstitutedforthis,astheinitialofthewordGOD,with aslittlereasonasiftheletterD.,initialofDIEU,wereusedinFrenchLodgesinsteadoftheproper letter.YODis,intheKabalah,thesymbolofUnity,oftheSupremeDeity,thefirstletteroftheHoly Name;andalsoasymboloftheGreatKabalisticTriads.Tounderstanditsmysticmeanings,youmust openthepagesoftheSoharandSiphradeZeniutha,andotherkabalisticbooks,andponderdeeplyon theirmeaning.Itmustsufficetosay,thatitistheCreativeEnergyoftheDeity,isrepresentedasa point,andthatpointinthecentreoftheCircleofimmensity.ItistousinthisDegree,thesymbolof thatunmanifestedDeity,theAbsolute,whohasnoname. OurFrenchBrethrenplacethisletterYODinthecentreoftheBlazingStar.AndintheoldLectures, ourancientEnglishBrethrensaid,"TheBlazingStarorGloryinthecentrerefersustothatgrand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

19/641 luminary,theSun,whichenlightenstheearth,andbyitsgenialinfluencedispensesblessingsto mankind."Theycalleditalsointhesamelectures,anemblemofPRUDENCE.ThewordPrudentia means,initsoriginalandfullestsignification,Foresight;and,accordingly,theBlazingStarhasbeen regardedasanemblemofOmniscience,ortheAllseeingEye,whichtotheEgyptianInitiateswasthe emblemofOsiris,theCreator.WiththeYODinthecentre,ithasthekabalisticmeaningoftheDivine Energy,manifestedasLight,creatingtheUniverse. TheJewelsoftheLodgearesaidtobesixinnumber.Threearecalled"Movable,"andthree "Immovable."TheSQUARE,theLEVEL,andthePLUMBwereancientlyandproperlycalledthe MovableJewels,becausetheypassfromoneBrothertoanother.Itisamoderninnovationtocallthem immovable,becausetheymustalwaysbepresentintheLodge.TheimmovablejewelsaretheROUGH ASHLAR,thePERFECTASHLARorCUBICAL,STONE,or,insomeRituals,theDOUBLECUBE, andtheTRACINGBOARD,orTRESTLEBOARD. OfthesejewelsourBrethrenoftheYorkRitesay:"TheSquareinculcatesMorality;theLevel,Equality; andthePlumb,RectitudeofConduct."TheirexplanationoftheimmovableJewelsmaybereadintheir monitors. OurBrethrenoftheYorkRitesaythat"thereisrepresentedineverywellgovernedLodge,acertain point,withinacircle;thepointrepresentinganindividualBrother;theCircle,theboundarylineofhis conduct,beyondwhichheisnevertosufferhisprejudicesorpassionstobetrayhim." ThisisnottointerpretthesymbolsofMasonry.Itissaidbysome,withanearerapproachto interpretation,thatthepointwithinthecirclerepresentsGodinthecentreoftheUniverse.Itisa commonEgyptiansignfortheSunandOsiris,andisstillusedastheastronomicalsignofthegreat luminary.IntheKabalahthepointisYOD,theCreativeEnergyofGod,irradiatingwithlightthe circularspacewhichGod,theuniversalLight,leftvacant,whereintocreatetheworlds,bywithdrawing HissubstanceofLightbackonallsidesfromonepoint. OurBrethrenaddthat,"thiscircleisemborderedbytwoperpendicularparallellines,representingSaint JohntheBaptistandSaintJohntheEvangelist,anduponthetopresttheHolyScriptures"(anopen book)."Ingoingroundthiscircle,"theysay,"wenecessarilytouchuponthesetwolinesaswellasupon theHolyScriptures;andwhileaMasonkeepshimselfcircumscribedwithintheirprecepts,itis impossiblethatheshouldmateriallyerr." Itwouldbeawasteoftimetocommentuponthis.Somewritershaveimaginedthattheparallellines representtheTropicsofCancerandCapricorn,whichtheSunalternatelytouchesuponattheSummer andWintersolstices.Butthetropicsarenotperpendicularlines,andtheideaismerelyfanciful.Ifthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

20/641 parallellineseverbelongedtotheancientsymbol,theyhadsomemorereconditeandmorefruitful meaning.TheyprobablyhadthesamemeaningasthetwincolumnsJachinandBoaz.Thatmeaningis notfortheApprentice.TheadeptmayfinditintheKabalah.TheJUSTICEandMERCYofGodarein equilibrium,andtheresultisHARMONY,becauseaSingleandPerfectWisdompresidesoverboth. TheHolyScripturesareanentirelymodernadditiontothesymbol,liketheterrestrialandcelestial globesonthecolumnsoftheportico.Thustheancientsymbolhasbeendenaturalizedbyincongruous additions,likethatofIsisweepingoverthebrokencolumncontainingtheremainsofOsirisatByblos. ****** Masonryhasitsdecalogue,whichisalawtoitsInitiates.TheseareitsTenCommandments: I.GodistheEternal,Omnipotent,ImmutableWISDOMandSupremeINTELLIGENCEand ExhaustlessLove.Thoushaltadore,revere,andloveHim!ThoushalthonourHimbypractisingthe virtues! II.Thyreligionshallbe,todogoodbecauseitisapleasuretothee,andnotmerelybecauseitisaduty. Thatthoumayestbecomethefriendofthewiseman,thoushaltobeyhisprecepts!Thysoulis immortal!Thoushaltdonothingtodegradeit! III.Thoushaltunceasinglywaragainstvice!Thoushaltnotdountoothersthatwhichthouwouldstnot wishthemtodountothee!Thoushaltbesubmissivetothyfortunes,andkeepburningthelightof wisdom! IV.Thoushalthonourthyparents!Thoushaltpayrespectandhomagetotheaged!Thoushaltinstruct theyoung!Thoushaltprotectanddefendinfancyandinnocence! V.Thoushaltcherishthywifeandthychildren!Thoushaltlovethycountry,andobeyitslaws! VI.Thyfriendshallbetotheeasecondself!Misfortuneshallnotestrangetheefromhim!Thoushalt doforhismemorywhateverthouwouldstdoforhim,ifhewereliving! VII.Thoushaltavoidandfleefrominsincerefriendships!Thoushaltineverythingrefrainfromexcess. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

21/641 Thoushaltfeartobethecauseofastainonthymemory! VIII.Thoushaltallownopassionstobecomethymaster!Thoushaltmakethepassionsofothers profitablelessonstothyself!Thoushaltbeindulgenttoerror! IX.Thoushalthearmuch:Thoushaltspeaklittle:Thoushaltactwell!Thoushaltforgetinjuries!Thou shaltrendergoodforevil!Thoushaltnotmisuseeitherthystrengthorthysuperiority! X.Thoushaltstudytoknowmen;thattherebythoumayestlearntoknowthyself!Thoushalteverseek aftervirtue!Thoushaltbejust!Thoushaltavoididleness! ButthegreatcommandmentofMasonryisthis:"AnewcommandmentgiveIuntoyou:thatyelove oneanother!Hethatsaithheisinthelight,andhatethhisbrother,remainethstillinthedarkness." SucharethemoraldutiesofaMason.ButitisalsothedutyofMasonrytoassistinelevatingthemoral andintellectuallevelofsociety;incoiningknowledge,bringingideasintocirculation,andcausingthe mindofyouthtogrow;andinputting,gradually,bytheteachingsofaxiomsandthepromulgationof positivelaws,thehumanraceinharmonywithitsdestinies. TothisdutyandworktheInitiateisapprenticed.Hemustnotimaginethathecaneffectnothing,and, therefore,despairing,becomeinert.Itisinthis,asinaman'sdailylife.Manygreatdeedsaredonein thesmallstrugglesoflife.Thereis,wearetold,adeterminedthoughunseenbravery,whichdefends itself,foottofoot,inthedarkness,againstthefatalinvasionofnecessityandofbaseness.Thereare nobleandmysterioustriumphs,whichnoeyesees,whichnorenownrewards,whichnoflourishof trumpetssalutes.Life,misfortune,isolation,abandonment,poverty,arebattlefields,whichhavetheir heroes,heroesobscure,butsometimesgreaterthanthosewhobecomeillustrious.TheMasonshould struggleinthesamemanner,andwiththesamebravery,againstthoseinvasionsofnecessityand baseness,whichcometonationsaswellastomen.Heshouldmeetthem,too,foottofoot,eveninthe darkness,andprotestagainstthenationalwrongsandfollies;againstusurpationandthefirstinroadsof thathydra,Tyranny.Thereisnomoresovereigneloquencethanthetruthinindignation.Itismore difficultforapeopletokeepthantogaintheirfreedom.TheProtestsofTrutharealwaysneeded. Continually,therightmustprotestagainstthefact.Thereis,infact,EternityintheRight.TheMason shouldbethePriestandSoldierofthatRight.Ifhiscountryshouldberobbedofherliberties,heshould stillnotdespair.TheprotestoftheRightagainsttheFactpersistsforever.Therobberyofapeoplenever becomesprescriptive.Reclamationofitsrightsisbarredbynolengthoftime.Warsawcannomorebe TartarthanVenicecanbeTeutonic.Apeoplemayenduremilitaryusurpation,andsubjugatedStates kneeltoStatesandweartheyoke,whileunderthestressofnecessity;butwhenthenecessity disappears,ifthepeopleisfittobefree,thesubmergedcountrywillfloattothesurfaceandreappear, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

22/641 andTyrannybeadjudgedbyHistorytohavemurdereditsvictims. Whateveroccurs,weshouldhaveFaithintheJusticeandoverrulingWisdomofGod,andHopeforthe Future,andLovingkindnessforthosewhoareinerror.GodmakesvisibletomenHiswillinevents;an obscuretext,writteninamysteriouslanguage.Menmaketheirtranslationsofitforthwith,hasty, incorrect,fulloffaults,omissions,andmisreadings.Weseesoshortawayalongthearcofthegreat circle!FewmindscomprehendtheDivinetongue.Themostsagacious,themostcalm,themost profound,decipherthehieroglyphsslowly;andwhentheyarrivewiththeirtext,perhapstheneedhas longgoneby;therearealreadytwentytranslationsinthepublicsquarethemostincorrectbeing,asof course,themostacceptedandpopular.Fromeachtranslation,apartyisborn;andfromeach misreading,afaction.Eachpartybelievesorpretendsthatithastheonlytruetext,andeachfaction believesorpretendsthatitalonepossessesthelight.Moreover,factionsareblindmen,whoaim straight,errorsareexcellentprojectiles,strikingskillfully,andwithalltheviolencethatspringsfrom falsereasoning,whereverawantoflogicinthosewhodefendtheright,likeadefectinacuirass,makes themvulnerable. Thereforeitisthatweshalloftenbediscomfitedincombatingerrorbeforethepeople.Antaeuslong resistedHercules;andtheheadsoftheHydragrewasfastastheywerecutoff.Itisabsurdtosaythat Error,wounded,writhesinpain,anddiesamidherworshippers.Truthconquersslowly.Thereisa wondrousvitalityinError.Truth,indeed,forthemostpart,shootsovertheheadsofthemasses;orifan errorisprostratedforamoment,itisupagaininamoment,andasvigorousasever.Itwillnotdie whenthebrainsareout,andthemoststupidandirrationalerrorsarethelongestlived. Nevertheless,Masonry,whichisMoralityandPhilosophy,mustnotceasetodoitsduty.Weneverknow atwhatmomentsuccessawaitsoureffortsgenerallywhenmostunexpectednorwithwhateffectour effortsareorarenottobeattended.Succeedorfail,Masonrymustnotbowtoerror,orsuccumbunder discouragement.TherewereatRomeafewCarthaginiansoldiers,takenprisoners,whorefusedtobow toFlaminius,andhadalittleofHannibal'smagnanimity.Masonsshouldpossessanequalgreatnessof soul.Masonryshouldbeanenergy;findingitsaimandeffectintheameliorationofmankind.Socrates shouldenterintoAdam,andproduceMarcusAurelius,inotherwords,bringforthfromthemanof enjoyments,themanofwisdom.Masonryshouldnotbeamerewatchtower,builtuponmystery,from whichtogazeateaseupontheworld,withnootherresultthantobeaconvenienceforthecurious.To holdthefullcupofthoughttothethirstylipsofmen;togivetoallthetrueideasofDeity;toharmonize conscienceandscience,aretheprovinceofPhilosophy.MoralityisFaithinfullbloom.Contemplation shouldleadtoaction,andtheabsolutebepractical;theidealbemadeairandfoodanddrinktothe humanmind.Wisdomisasacredcommunion.Itisonlyonthatconditionthatitceasestobeasterile loveofScience,andbecomestheoneandsuprememethodbywhichtouniteHumanityandarouseitto concertedaction.ThenPhilosophybecomesReligion.

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23/641 AndMasonry,likeHistoryandPhilosophy,haseternaldutieseternal,and,atthesametime,simple toopposeCaiaphasasBishop,DracoorJefferiesasJudge,TrimalcionasLegislator,andTiberiusas Emperor.Thesearethesymbolsofthetyrannythatdegradesandcrushes,andthecorruptionthat defilesandinfests.IntheworkspublishedfortheuseoftheCraftwearetoldthatthethreegreattenets ofaMason'sprofession,areBrotherlyLove,Relief,andTruth.AnditistruethataBrotherlyaffection andkindnessshouldgovernusinallourintercourseandrelationswithourbrethren;andagenerousand liberalphilanthropyactuateusinregardtoallmen.Torelievethedistressedispeculiarlythedutyof Masonsasacredduty,nottobeomitted,neglected,orcoldlyorinefficientlycompliedwith.Itisalso mosttrue,thatTruthisaDivineattributeandthefoundationofeveryvirtue.Tobetrue,andtoseekto findandlearntheTruth,arethegreatobjectsofeverygoodMason. AstheAncientsdid,MasonrystylesTemperance,Fortitude,Prudence,andJustice,thefourcardinal virtues.Theyareasnecessarytonationsastoindividuals.ThepeoplethatwouldbeFreeand Independent,mustpossessSagacity,Forethought,Foresight,andcarefulCircumspection,allwhichare includedinthemeaningofthewordPrudence.Itmustbetemperateinassertingitsrights,temperatein itscouncils,economicalinitsexpenses;itmustbebold,brave,courageous,patientunderreverses, undismayedbydisasters,hopefulamidcalamities,likeRomewhenshesoldthefieldatwhichHannibal hadhiscamp.NoCannaeorPharsaliaorPaviaorAgincourtorWaterloomustdiscourageher.Lether SenatesitintheirseatsuntiltheGaulspluckthembythebeard.Shemust,aboveallthings,bejust,not trucklingtothestrongandwarringonorplunderingtheweak;shemustactonthesquarewithall nations,andthefeeblesttribes;alwayskeepingherfaith,honestinherlegislation,uprightinallher dealings.WheneversuchaRepublicexists,itwillbeimmortal:forrashness,injustice,intemperance andluxuryinprosperity,anddespairanddisorderinadversity,arethecausesofthedecayand dilapidationofnations.

II.THEFELLOWCRAFT
IntheAncientOrient,allreligionwasmoreorlessamysteryandtherewasnodivorcefromitof philosophy.Thepopulartheology,takingthemultitudeofallegoriesandsymbolsforrealities, degeneratedintoaworshipofthecelestialluminaries,ofimaginaryDeitieswithhumanfeelings, passions,appetites,andlusts,ofidols,stones,animals,reptiles.TheOnionwassacredtotheEgyptians, becauseitsdifferentlayerswereasymboloftheconcentricheavenlyspheres.Ofcoursethepopular religioncouldnotsatisfythedeeperlongingsandthoughts,theloftieraspirationsoftheSpirit,orthe logicofreason.Thefirst,therefore,wastaughttotheinitiatedintheMysteries.There,also,itwas taughtbysymbols.Thevaguenessofsymbolism,capableofmanyinterpretations,reachedwhatthe palpableandconventionalcreedcouldnot.Itsindefinitenessacknowledgedtheabstrusenessofthe subject:ittreatedthatmysterioussubjectmystically:itendeavoredtoillustratewhatitcouldnot explain;toexciteanappropriatefeeling,ifitcouldnotdevelopanadequateidea;andtormakethe imageameresubordinateconveyancefortheconception,whichitselfneverbecameobviousor EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

24/641 familiar. Thustheknowledgenowimpartedbybooksandletters,wasofoldconveyedbysymbols;andthe priestsinventedorperpetuatedadisplayofritesandexhibitions,whichwerenotonlymoreattractiveto theeyethanwords,butoftenmoresuggestiveandmorepregnantwithmeaningtothemind. Masonry,successoroftheMysteries,stillfollowstheancientmannerofteaching.Herceremoniesare liketheancientmysticshows,notthereadingofanessay,buttheopeningofaproblem,requiring research,andconstitutingphilosophythearchexpounder.Hersymbolsaretheinstructionshegives. Thelecturesareendeavors,oftenpartialandonesided,tointerpretthesesymbols.Hewhowould becomeanaccomplishedMasonmustnotbecontentmerelytohear,oreventounderstand,thelectures; hemust,aidedbythem,andtheyhaving,asitwere,markedoutthewayforhim,study,interpret,and developthesesymbolsforhimself ****** ThoughMasonryisidenticalwiththeancientMysteries,itissoonlyinthisqualifiedsense:thatit presentsbutanimperfectimageoftheirbrilliancy,theruinsonlyoftheirgrandeur,andasystemthat hasexperiencedprogressivealterations,thefruitsofsocialevents,politicalcircumstances,andthe ambitiousimbecilityofitsimprovers. AfterleavingEgypt,theMysteriesweremodifiedbythehabitsofthedifferentnationsamongwhom theywereintroduced,andespeciallybythereligioussystemsofthecountriesintowhichtheywere transplanted.Tomaintaintheestablishedgovernment,laws,andreligion,wastheobligationofthe Initiateeverywhere;andeverywheretheyweretheheritageofthepriests,whowerenowherewillingto makethecommonpeoplecoproprietorswiththemselvesofphilosophicaltruth. MasonryisnottheColiseuminruins.ItisratheraRomanpalaceofthemiddleages,disfiguredby modernarchitecturalimprovements,yetbuiltonaCyclopceanfoundationlaidbytheEtruscans,and withmanyastoneofthesuperstructuretakenfromdwellingsandtemplesoftheageofHadrianand Antoninus. ChristianitytaughtthedoctrineofFRATERNITY;butrepudiatedthatofpoliticalEQUALITY,by continuallyinculcatingobediencetoCaesar,andtothoselawfullyinauthority.Masonrywasthefirst apostleofEQUALITY.IntheMonasterythereisfraternityandequality,butnoliberty.Masonryadded thatalso,andclaimedformanthethreefoldheritage,LIBERTY,EQUALITY,andFRATERNITY.

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ItwasbutadevelopmentoftheoriginalpurposeoftheMysteries,whichwastoteachmentoknowand practicetheirdutiestothemselvesandtheirfellows,thegreatpracticalendofallphilosophyandall knowledge. Truthsarethespringsfromwhichdutiesflow;anditisbutafewhundredyearssinceanewTruth begantobedistinctlyseen;thatMANISSUPREMEOVERINSTITUTIONS,ANDNOTTHEY OVERHIM.Manhasnaturalempireoverallinstitutions.Theyareforhim,aecordingtohis development;notheforthem.Thisseemstousaverysimplestatement,onetowhichallmen, everywhere,oughttoassent.ButonceitwasagreatnewTruth,notrevealeduntilgovernmentshad beeninexistenceforatleastfivethousandyears.Oncerevealed,itimposednewdutiesonmen.Man owedittohimselftobefree.Heowedittohiscountrytoseektogiveherfreedom,ormaintainherin thatpossession.ItmadeTyrannyandUsurpationtheenemiesoftheHumanRace.Itcreatedageneral outlawryofDespotsandDespotisms,temporalandspiritual.ThesphereofDutywasimmensely enlarged.Patriotismhad,henceforth,anewandwidermeaning.FreeGovernment,FreeThought,Free Conscience,FreeSpeech!Allthesecametobeinalienablerights,whichthosewhohadpartedwith themorbeenrobbedofthem,orwhoseancestorshadlostthem,hadtherightsummarilytoretake. Unfortunately,asTruthsalwaysbecomepervertedintofalsehoods,andarefalsehoodswhenmisapplied, thisTruthbecametheGospelofAnarchy,soonafteritwasfirstpreached. MasonryearlycomprehendedthisTruth,andrecognizeditsownenlargedduties.Itssymbolsthencame tohaveawidermeaning;butitalsoassumedthemaskofStonemasonry,andborroweditsworking tools,andsowassuppliedwithnewandaptsymbols.ItaidedinbringingabouttheFrenchRevolution, disappearedwiththeGirondists,wasbornagainwiththerestorationoforder,andsustainedNapoleon, because,thoughEmperor,heacknowledgedtherightofthepeopletoselectitsrulers,andwasatthe headofanationrefusingtoreceivebackitsoldkings.Hepleaded,withsabre,musket,andcannon,the greatcauseofthePeopleagainstRoyalty,therightoftheFrenchpeopleeventomakeaCorsican GeneraltheirEmperor,ifitpleasedthem. MasonryfeltthatthisTruthhadtheOmnipotenceofGodonitsside;andthatneitherPopenor Potentatecouldovercomeit.Itwasatruthdroppedintotheworld'swidetreasury,andformingapartof theheritagewhicheachgenerationreceives,enlarges,andholdsintrust,andofnecessitybequeathsto mankind;thepersonalestateofman,entailedofnaturetotheendoftime.AndMasonryearly recognizeditastrue,thattosetforthanddevelopatruth,oranyhumanexcellenceofgiftorgrowth,is tomakegreaterthespiritualgloryoftherace;thatwhosoeveraidsthemarchofaTruth,andmakesthe thoughtathing,writesinthesamelinewithMOSES,andwithHimwhodieduponthecross;andhas anintellectualsympathywiththeDeityHimself. Thebestgiftwecanbestowonmanismanhood.ItisthatwhichMasonryisordainedofGodtobestow EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

26/641 onitsvotaries:notsectarianismandreligiousdogma;notarudimentalmorality,thatmaybefoundin thewritingsofConfucius,Zoroaster,Seneca,andtheRabbis,intheProverbsandEcclesiastes;nota littleandcheapcommonschoolknowledge;butmanhoodandscienceandphilosophy. NotthatPhilosophyorScienceisinoppositiontoReligion.ForPhilosophyisbutthatknowledgeof GodandtheSoul,whichisderivedfromobservationofthemanifestedactionofGodandtheSoul,and fromawiseanalogy.Itistheintellectualguidewhichthereligioussentimentneeds.Thetruereligious philosophyofanimperfectbeing,isnotasystemofcreed,but,asSOCRATESthought,aninfinite searchorapproximation.Philosophyisthatintellectualandmoralprogress,whichthereligious sentimentinspiresandennobles. AstoScience,itcouldnotwalkalone,whilereligionwasstationary.Itconsistsofthosematured inferencesfromexperiencewhichallotherexperienceconfirms.Itrealizesandunitesallthatwastruly valuableinboththeoldschemesofmediation,oneheroic,orthesystemofactionandeffort;andthe mysticaltheoryofspiritual,ccntemplativecommullion."Listentome,"saysGALEN,"astothevoice oftheEleusinianHierophant,andbelievethatthestudyofNatureisamysterynolessimportantthan theirs,norlessadaptedtodisplaythewisdomandpoweroftheGreatCreator.Theirlessonsand demonstrationswereobscure,butoursareclearandunmistakable." WedeemthattobethebestknowledgewecanobtainoftheSoulofanotherman,whichisfurnishedby hisactionsandhislifelongconduct.Evidencetothecontrary,suppliedbywhatanothermaninforms usthatthisSoulhassaidtohis,wouldweighlittleagainsttheformer.ThefirstScripturesforthehuman racewerewrittenbyGodontheEarthandHeavens.ThereadingoftheseScripturesisScience. Familiaritywiththegrassandtrees,theinsectsandtheinfusoria,teachesusdeeperlessonsofloveand faiththanwecangleanfromthewritingsofFENELONandAUGUSTINE.ThegreatBibleofGodis everopenbeforemankind. Knowledgeisconvertibleintopower,andaxiomsintorulesofutilityandduty.Butknowledgeitselfis notPower.WisdomisPower;andherPrimeMinisterisJUSTICE,whichistheperfectedlawof TRUTH.Thepurpose,therefore,ofEducationandScienceistomakeamanwise.Ifknowledgedoes notmakehimso,itiswasted,likewaterpouredonthesands.ToknowtheformulasofMasonry,isof aslittlevalue,byitself,astoknowsomanywordsandsentencesinsomebarbarousAfricanor Australasiandialect.Toknoweventhemeaningofthesymbols,isbutlittle,unlessthataddstoour wisdom,andalsotoourcharity,whichistojusticelikeonehemisphereofthebraintotheother. Donotlosesight,then,ofthetrueobjectofyourstudiesinMasonry.Itistoaddtoyourestateof wisdom,andnotmerelytoyourknowledge.Amanmayspendalifetimeinstudyingasinglespecialty ofknowledge,botany,conchology,orentomology,forinstance,incommittingtomemorynames EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

27/641 derivedfromtheGreek,andclassifyingandreclassifying;andyetbenowiserthanwhenhebegan.Itis thegreattruthsastoallthatmostconcernsaman,astohisrights,interests,andduties,thatMasonry seekstoteachherInitiates. Thewiseramanbecomes,thelesswillhebeinclinedtosubmittamelytotheimpositionoffettersora yoke,onhisconscienceorhisperson.For,byincreaseofwisdomhenotonlybetterknowshisrights, butthemorehighlyvaluesthem,andismoreconsciousofhisworthanddignity.Hispridethenurges himtoasserthisindependence.Hebecomesbetterabletoassertitalso;andbetterabletoassistothers orhiscountry,whentheyorshestakeall,evenexistence,uponthesameassertion.Butmereknowledge makesnooneindependent,norfitshimtobefree.Itoftenonlymakeshimamoreusefulslave.Liberty isacursetotheignorantandbrutal. Politicalsciencehasforitsobjecttoascertaininwhatmannerandbymeansofwhatinstitutions politicalandpersonalfreedommaybesecuredandperpetuated:notlicense,orthemererightofevery mantovote,butentireandabsolutefreedomofthoughtandopinion,alikefreeofthedespotismof monarchandmobandprelate;freedomofactionwithinthelimitsofthegenerallawenactedforall;the CourtsofJustice,withimpartialJudgesandjuries,opentoallalike;weaknessandpovertyequally potentinthoseCourt.saspowerandwealth;theavenuestoofficeandhonoropenaliketoallthe worthy;themilitarypowers,inwarofpeace,instrictsubordinationtothecivilpower;arbitraryarrests foractsnotknowntothelawascrimes,impossible;RomishInquisitions,StarChambers,Military Commissions,unknown;themeansofinstructionwithinreachofthechildrenofall;therightofFree Speech;andaccountabilityofallpublicomcers,civilandmilitary. IfMasonryneededtobejustifiedforimposingpoliticalaswellasmoraldutiesonitsInitiates,itwould beenoughtopointtothesadhistoryoftheworld.Itwouldnotevenneedthatsheshouldturnbackthe pagesofhistorytothechapterswrittenbyTacitus:thatsheshouldrecitetheincrediblehorrorsof despotismunderCaligulaandDomitian,CaracallaandCommodus,VitelliusandMaximin.Sheneed onlypointtothecenturiesofcalamitythroughwhichthegayFrenchnationpassed;tothelong oppressionofthefeudalages,oftheselfishBourbonkings;tothosetimeswhenthepeasantswere robbedandslaughteredbytheirownlordsandprinces,likesheep;whenthelordclaimedthefirstfruits ofthepeasant'smarriagebed;whenthecapturedcitywasgivenuptomercilessrapeandmassacre; whentheStateprisonsgroanedwithinnocentvictims,andtheChurchblessedthebannersofpitiless murderers,andsangTeDeumsforthecrowningmercyoftheEveofSt.Bartholomew. Wemightturnoverthepages,toalaterchapter,thatofthereignoftheFifteenthLouis,whenyoung girls,hardlymorethanchildren,werekidnappedtoservehislusts;whenlettresdecachetfilledthe Bastilewithpersonsaccusedofnocrime,withhusbandswhowereinthewayofthepleasuresof lasciviouswivesandofvillainswearingordersofnobility;whenthepeopleweregroundbetweenthe upperandthenethermillstoneoftaxes,customs,andexcises;andwhenthePope'sNuncioandthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

28/641 CardinaldelaRocheAyman,devoutlykneeling,oneoneachsideofMadameduBarry,theking's abandonedprostitute,puttheslippersonhernakedfeet,assherosefromtheadulterousbed.Then, indeed,sufferingandtoilwerethetwoformsofman,andthepeoplewerebutbeastsofburden. ThetrueMasonishewholaborsstrenuouslytohelphisOrdereffectitsgreatpurposes.Notthatthe Ordercaneffectthembyitself;butthatit,too,canhelp.ItalsoisoneofGod'sinstruments.ItisaForce andaPower;andshameuponit,ifitdidnotexertitself,and,ifneedbe,sacrihceitschildreninthe causeofhumanity,asAbrahamwasreadytoofferupIsaaconthealtarofsacrifice.Itwillnotforget thatnobleallegoryofCurtiusleaping,allinarmor,intothegreatyawninggulfthatopenedtoswallow Rome.ItwillTRY.Itshallnotbeitsfaultifthedaynevercomeswhenmanwillnolongerhavetofear aconquest,aninvasion,ausurpation,arivalryofnationswiththearmedhand,aninterruptionof civilizationdependingonamarriageroyal,orabirthinthehereditarytyrannies;apartitionofthe peoplesbyaCongress,adismembermentbythedownfallofadynasty,acombatoftworeligions, meetingheadtohead,liketwogoatsofdarknessonthebridgeoftheInfinite:whentheywillnolonger havetofearfamine,spoliation,prostitutionfromdistress,miseryfromlackofwork,andallthe brigandagesofchanceintheforestofevents:whennationswillgravitateabouttheTruth,likestars aboutthelight,eachinitsownorbit,withoutclashingorcollision;andeverywhereFreedom,cinctured withstars,crownedwiththecelestialsplendors,andwithwisdomandjusticeoneitherhand,willreign supreme. InyourstudiesasaFellowCraftyoumustbeguidedbyREASON,LOVEandFAITH. WedonotnowdiscussthedifferencesbetweenReasonandFaith,andundertaketodefinethedomain ofeach.Butitisnecessarytosay,thatevenintheordinaryaffairsoflifewearegovernedfarmoreby whatwebelievethanbywhatweknow;byFAITHandANALOGY,thanbyREASON.The"Ageof Reason"oftheFrenchRevolutiontaught,weknow,whatafollyitistoenthroneReasonbyitselfas supreme.ReasonisatfaultwhenitdealswiththeInfinite.Therewemustrevereandbelieve. Notwithstandingthecalamitiesofthevirtuous,themiseriesofthedeserving,theprosperityoftyrants andthemurderofmartyrs,wemustbelievethereisawise,just,merciful,andlovingGod,an IntelligenceandaProvidence,supremeoverall,andcaringfortheminutestthingsandevents.AFaith isanecessitytoman.Woetohimwhobelievesnothing! Webelievethatthesoulofanotherisofacertainnatureandpossessescertainqualities,thatheis generousandhonest,orpenuriousandknavish,thatsheisvirtuousandamiable,orviciousandill tempered,fromthecountenancealone,fromlittlemorethanaglimpseofit,withoutthemeansof knowing.Weventureourfortuneonthesignatureofamanontheothersideoftheworld,whomwe neversaw,uponthebeliefthatheishonestandtrustworthy.Webelievethatoccurrenceshavetaken place,upontheassertionofothers.Webelievethatonewillactsuponanother,andintherealityofa multitudeofotherphenomenathatReasoncannotexplain. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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ButweoughtnottobelievewhatReasonauthoritativelydenies,thatatwhichthesenseofrightrevolts, thatwhichisabsurdorselfcontradictory,oratissuewithexperienceorscience,orthatwhichdegrades thecharacteroftheDeity,andwouldmakeHimrevengeful,malignant,cruel,orunjust. Aman'sFaithisasmuchhisownashisReasonis.HisFreedomconsistsasmuchinhisfaithbeingfree asinhiswillbeinguncontrolledbypower.AllthePriestsandAugursofRomeorGreecehadnotthe righttorequireCiceroorSocratestobelieveintheabsurdmythologyofthevulgar.AlltheImaumsof MohammedanismhavenottherighttorequireaPagantobelievethatGabrieldictatedtheKorantothe Prophet.AlltheBrahminsthateverlived,ifassembledinoneconclaveliketheCardinals,couldnot gainarighttocompelasinglehumanbeingtobelieveintheHinduCosmogony.Nomanorbodyof mencanbeinfallible,andauthorizedtodecidewhatothermenshallbelieve,astoanytenetoffaith. Excepttothosewhofirstreceiveit,everyreligionandthetruthofallinspiredwritingsdependon humantestimonyandinternalevidences,tobejudgedofbyReasonandthewiseanalogiesofFaith. Eachmanmustnecessarilyhavetherighttojudgeoftheirtruthforhimself;becausenoonemancan haveanyhigherorbetterrighttojudgethananotherofequalinformationandintelligence. DomitianclaimedtobetheLordGod;andstatuesandimagesofhim,insilverandgold,werefound throughouttheknownworld.HeclaimedtoberegardedastheGodofallmen;and,accordingto Suetonius,beganhislettersthus:"OurLordandGodcommandsthatitshouldbedonesoandso;"and formallydecreedthatnooneshouldaddresshimotherwise,eitherinwritingorbywordofmouth. PalfuriusSura,thephilosopher,whowashischiefdelator,accusingthosewhorefusedtorecognizehis divinity,howevermuchhemayhavebelievedinthatdivinity,hadnottherighttodemandthatasingle ChristianinRomeortheprovincesshoulddothesame. Reasonisfarfrombeingtheonlyguide,inmoralsorinpoliticalscience.Loveorlovingkindnessmust keepitcompany,toexcludefanaticism,intolerance,andpersecution,toallofwhichamoralitytoo ascetic,andextremepoliticalprinciples,invariablylead.Wemustalsohavefaithinourselves,andin ourfellowsandthepeople,orweshallbeeasilydiscouragedbyreverses,andourardorcooledby obstacles.WemustnotlistentoReasonalone.ForcecomesmorefromFaithandLove:anditisbythe aidofthesethatmanscalestheloftiestheightsofmorality,orbecomestheSaviourandRedeemerofa People.Reasonmustholdthehelm;butthesesupplythemotivepower.Theyarethewingsofthesoul. Enthusiasmisgenerallyunreasoning;andwithoutit,andLoveandFaith,therewouldhavebeenno RIENZI,orTELL,orSYDNEY,oranyotherofthegreatpatriotswhosenamesareimmortal.Ifthe DeityhadbeenmerelyandonlyAllwiseandAllmighty,HewouldneverhavecreatedtheUniverse. ******

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30/641 ItisGENIUSthatgetsPower;anditsprimelieutenantsareFORCEandWISDOM.Theunruliestof menbendbeforetheleaderthathasthesensetoseeandthewilltodo.ItisGeniusthatruleswithGod likePower;thatunveils,withitscounsellors,thehiddenhumanmysteries,cutsasunderwithitsword thehugeknots,andbuildsupwithitswordthecrumbledruins.Atitsglancefalldownthesenseless idols,whosealtarshavebeenonallthehighplacesandinallthesacredgroves.Dishonestyand imbecilitystandabashedbeforeit.ItssingleYeaorNayrevokesthewrongsofages,andisheard amongthefuturegenerations.Itspowerisimmense,becauseitswisdomisimmense.GeniusistheSun ofthepoliticalsphere.ForceandWisdom,itsministers,aretheorbsthatcarryitslightintodarkness, andansweritwiththeirsolidreflectingTruth. DevelopmentissymbolizedbytheuseoftheMalletandChisel;thedevelopmentoftheenergiesand intellect,oftheindividualandthepeople.Geniusmayplaceitselfattheheadofanunintellectual, uneducated,unenergeticnation;butinafreecountry,tocultivatetheintellectofthosewhoelect,isthe onlymodeofsecuringintellectandgeniusforrulers.Theworldisseldomruledbythegreatspirits, exceptafterdissolutionandnewbirth.Inperiodsoftransitionandconvulsion,theLongParliaments, theRobespierresandMarats,andthesemirespectabilitiesofintellect,toooftenholdthereinsof power.TheCromwellsandNapoleonscomelater.AfterMariusandSullaandCicerotherhetorician, CAESAR.Thegreatintellectisoftentoosharpforthegraniteofthislife.Legislatorsmaybevery ordinarymen;forlegislationisveryordinarywork;itisbutthefinalissueofamillionminds. Thepowerofthepurseorthesword,comparedtothatofthespirit,ispoorandcontemptible.Asto lands,youmayhaveagrarianlaws,andequalpartition.Butaman'sintellectisallhisown,helddirect fromGod,aninalienablefief.Itisthemostpotentofweaponsinthehandsofapaladin.Ifthepeople comprehendForceinthephysicalsense,howmuchmoredotlleyrevelencetheintellectual!Ask Hildebrand,orLuther,orLoyola.Theyfallprostratebeforeit,asbeforeanidol.Themasteryofmind overmindistheonlyconquestworthhaving.Theotherinjuresboth,anddissolvesatabreath;rudeasit is,thegreatcablefallsdownandsnapsatlast.ButthisdimlyresemblesthedominionoftheCreator.It doesnotneedasubjectlikethatofPetertheHermit.Ifthestreambebutbrightandstrong,itwill sweeplikeaspringtidetothepopularheart.Notinwordonly,butinintellectualactliesthe fascination.ItisthehomagetotheInvisible.Thispower,knottedwithLove,isthegoldenchainlet downintothewellofTruth,ortheinvisiblechainthatbindstheranksofmankindtogether. Influenceofmanovermanisalawofnature,whetheritbebyagreatestateinlandorinintellect.It maymeanslavery,adeferencetotheeminenthumanjudgment.Societyhangsspirituallytogether,like therevolvingspheresabove.Thefreecountry,inwhichintellectandgeniusgovern,willendure.Where theyserve,andotherinfluencesgovern,thenationallifeisshort.Allthenationsthathavetriedto governthemselvesbytheirsmallest,bytheincapables,ormerelyrespectables,havecometonought. ConstitutionsandLaws,withoutGeniusandIntellecttogovern,willnotpreventdecay.Inthatcasethey havethedryrotandthelifediesoutofthembydegrees.

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31/641 TogiveanationthefranchiseoftheIntellectistheonlysuremodeofperpetuatingfreedom.Thiswill compelexertionandgenerouscareforthepeoplefromthoseonthehigherseats,andhonorableand intelligentallegiancefromthosebelow.Thenpoliticalpubliclifewillprotectallmenfromself abasementinsensualpursuits,fromvulgaractsandlowgreed,bygivingthenobleambitionofjust imperialrule.Toelevatethepeoplebyteachinglovingkindnessandwisdom,withpowertohimwho teachesbest:andsotodevelopthefreeStatefromtheroughashlar:thisisthegreatlaborinwhich Masonrydesirestolendahelpinghand. Allofusshouldlaborinbuildingupthegreatmonumentofanation,theHolyHouseoftheTemple. Thecardinalvirtuesmustnotbepartitionedamongmen,becomingtheexclusivepropertyofsome,like thecommoncrafts.ALLareapprenticedtothepartners,DutyandHonor. MasonryisamarchandastruggletowardtheLight.Fortheindividualaswellasthenation,Lightis Virtue,Manliness,Intelligence,Liberty.Tyrannyoverthesoulorbody,isdarkness.Thefreestpeople, likethefreestman,isalwaysindangerofrelapsingintoservitude.Warsarealmostalwaysfatalto Republics.Theycreatetyrants,andconsolidatetheirpower.Theyspring,forthemostpart,fromevil counsels.Whenthesmallandthebaseareintrustedwithpower,legislationandadministrationbecome buttwoparallelseriesoferrorsandblunders,endinginwar,calamity,andthenecessityforatyrant. Whenthenationfeelsitsfeetslidingbackward,asifitwalkedontheice,thetimehascomefora supremeeffort.Themagnificenttyrantsofthepastarebutthetypesofthoseofthefuture.Menand nationswillalwayssellthemselvesintoslavery,togratifytheirpassionsandobtainrevenge.The tyrant'splea,necessity,isalwaysavailable;andthetyrantonceinpower,thenecessityofprovidingfor hissafetymakeshimsavage.Religionisapower,andhemustcontrolthat.Independent,itssanctuaries mightrebel.ThenitbecomesunlawfulforthepeopletoworshipGodintheirownway,andtheold spiritualdespotismsrevive.MenmustbelieveasPowerwills,ordie;andeveniftheymaybelieveas theywill,alltheyhave,lands,houses,body,andsoul,arestampedwiththeroyalbrand."IamtheState, "saidLouistheFourteenthtohispeasants;"theveryshirtsonyourbacksaremine,andIcantakethem ifIwill." Anddynastiessoestablishedendure,likethatoftheCaesarsofRome,oftheCaesarsof Constantinople,oftheCaliphs,theStuarts,theSpaniards,theGoths,theValois,untiltheracewears out,andendswithlunaticsandidiots,whostillrule.Thereisnoconcordamongmen,toendthe horriblebondage.TheStatefallsinwardly,aswellasbytheoutwardblowsoftheincoherentelements. Thefurioushumanpassions,thesleepinghumanindolence,thestolidhumanignorance,therivalryof humancastes,areasgoodforthekirlgsastheswordsofthePaladins.Theworshippershaveallbowed solongtotheoldidol,thattheycannotgointothestreetsandchooseanotherGrandLlama.Andsothe effeteStatefloatsondownthepuddledstreamofTime,untilthetempestorthetidalseadiscoversthat thewormhasconsumeditsstrength,anditcrumblesintooblivion.

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32/641 ****** CivilandreligiousFreedommustgohandinhand;andPersecutionmaturesthemboth.Apeople contentwiththethoughtsmadeforthembythepriestsofachurchwillbecontentwithRoyaltyby DivineRight,theChurchandtheThronemutuallysustainingeachother.Theywillsmotherschismand reapinfidelityandindifference;andwhilethebattleforfreedomgoesonaroundthem,theywillonly sinkthemoreapatheticallyintoservitudeandadeeptrance,perhapsoccasionallyinterruptedby furiousfitsoffrenzy,followedbyhelplessexhaustion.Despotismisnotdimcultinanylandthathas onlyknownonemasterfromitschildhood;butthereisnoharderproblemthantoperfectand perpetuatefreegovernmentbythepeoplethemselves;foritisnotonekingthatisneeded:allmustbe kings.ItiseasytosetupMasaniello,thatinafewdayshemayfalllowerthanbefore.Butfree governmentgrowsslowly,liketheindividualhumanfaculties;andliketheforesttrees,fromtheinner heartoutward.Libertyisnotonlythecommonbirthright,butitislostaswellbynonuserasbymis user.Itdependsfarmoreontheuniversaleffortthananyotherhumanproperty.Ithasnosingleshrine orholywellofpilgrimageforthenation;foritswatersshouldburstoutfreelyfromthewholesoil. Thefreepopularpowerisonethatisonlyknowninitsstrengthinthehourofadversity:forallitstrials, sacrificesandexpectationsareitsown.Itistrainedtothinkforitself,andalsotoactforitself.When theenslavedpeopleprostratethemselvesinthedustbeforethehurricane,likethealarmedbeastsofthe field,thefreepeoplestanderectbeforeit,inallthestrengthofunity,inselfreliance,inmutual reliance,witheffronteryagainstallbutthevisiblehandofGod.Itisneithercastdownbycalamitynor elatedbysuccess. Thisvastpowerofendurance,offorbearance,ofpatience,andofperformance,isonlyacquiredby continualexerciseofallthefunctions,likethehealthfulphysicalhumanvigor,liketheindividualmoral vigor. Andthemaximisnolesstruethanold,thateternalvigilanceisthepriceofliberty.Itiscuriousto observetheuniversalpretextbywhichthetyrantsofalltimestakeawaythenationalliberties.Itis statedinthestatutesofEdwardII.,thatthejusticesandthesheriffshouldnolongerbeelectedbythe people,onaccountoftheriotsanddissensionswhichhadarisen.Thesamereasonwasgivenlong beforeforthesuppressionofpopularelectionofthebishops;andthereisawitnesstothisuntruthinthe yetoldertimes,whenRomelostherfreedom,andherindignantcitizensdeclaredthattumultuous libertyisbetterthandisgracefultranquillity. ****** WiththeCompassesandScale,wecantraceallthefiguresusedinthemathematicsofplanes,orin EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

33/641 whatarecalledGEOMETRYandTRIGONOMETRY,twowordsthatarethemselvesdeficientin meaning.GEOMETRY,whichtheletterGinmostLodgesissaidtosignify,meansmeasurementof landortheearthorSurveying;andTRIGONOMETRY,themeasurementoftriangles,orfigureswith threesidesorangles.Thelatterisbyfarthemostappropriatenameforthescienceintendedtobe expressedbytheword"Geometry."Neitherisofameaningsufficientlywide:foralthoughthevast surveysofgreatspacesoftheearth'ssurface,andofcoasts,bywhichshipwreckandcalamityto marinersareavoided,areeffectedbymeansoftriangulation;thoughitwasbythesamemethodthatthe Frenchastronomersmeasuredadegreeoflatitudeandsoestablishedascaleofmeasuresonan immutablebasis;thoughitisbymeansoftheimmensetrianglethathasforitsbasealinedrawnin imaginationbetweentheplaceoftheearthnowanditsplacesixmonthshenceinspace,andforitsapex aplanetorstar,thatthedistanceofJupiterorSiriusfromtheearthisascertained;andthoughthereisa trianglestillmorevast,itsbaseextendingeitherwayfromus,withandpastthehorizonintoimmensity, anditsapexinfinitelydistantaboveus;towhichcorrespondsasimilarinfinitetrianglebelowwhatis aboveequallingwhatisbelow,immensityequallingimmensity;yettheScienceofNumbers,towhich Pythagorasattachedsomuchimportance,andwhosemysteriesarefoundeverywhereintheancient religions,andmostofallintheKabalahandintheBib]e,isnotsufficientlyexpressedbyeitherthe word"Geometry"ortheword"Trigonometry."ForthatscienceincludestheseJwithArithmetic,and alsowithAlgebra,Logarithms,theIntegralandDifferentialCalculus;andbymeansofitareworked outthegreatproblemsofAstronomyortheLawsoftheStars. ****** Virtueisbutheroicbravery,todothethingthoughttobetrue,inspiteofallenemiesoffleshorspirit, indespiteofalltemptationsormenaces.Manisaccountablefortheuprightnessofhisdoctrine,butnot fortherightnessofit.Devoutenthusiasmisfareasierthanagoodaction.Theendofthoughtisaction; thesolepurposeofReligionisanEthic.Theory,inpoliticalscience,isworthless,exceptforthe purposeofbeingrealizedinpractice. Ineverycredo,religiousorpoliticalasinthesoulofman,therearetworegions,theDialecticandthe Ethic;anditisonlywhenthetwoareharmoniouslyblended,thataperfectdisciplineisevolved.There aremenwhodialecticallyareChristians,asthereareamultitudewhodialecticallyareMasons,andyet whoareethicallyInfidels,astheseareethicallyoftheProfane,inthestrictestsense:intellectual believers,butpracticalatheists:menwhowillwriteyou"Evidences,"inperfectfaithintheirlogic,but cannotcarryouttheChristianorMasonicdoctrine,owingtothestrength,orweakness,oftheflesh.On theotherhand,therearemanydialecticalskeptics,butethicalbelievers,astherearemanyMasonswho haveneverundergoneinitiation;andasethicsaretheendandpurposeofreligion,soareethical believersthemostworthy.Hewhodoesrightisbetterthanhewhothinksright. Butyoumustnotactuponthehypothesisthatallmenarehypocrites,whoseconductdoesnotsquare EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

34/641 withtheirsentiments.Noviceismorerare,fornotaskismoredifficult,thansystematichypocrisy. WhentheDemagoguebecomesaUsurperitdoesnotfollowthathewasallthetimeahypocrite. Shallowmenonlysojudgeofothers. Thetruthis,thatcreedhas,ingeneral,verylittleinfluenceontheconduct;inreligion,onthatofthe individual;inpolitics,onthatofparty.Asageneralthing,theMahometan,intheOrient,isfarmore honestandtrustworthythantheChristian.AGospelofLoveinthemouth,isanAvatarofPersecution intheheart.Menwhobelieveineternaldamnationandaliteralseaoffireandbrimstone,incurthe certaintyofit,accordingtotheircreed,ontheslightesttemptationofappetiteorpassion.Predestination insistsonthenecessityofgoodworks.InMasonry,attheleastflowofpassion,onespeaksillof anotherbehindhisback;andsofarfromthe"Brotherhood"ofBlueMasonrybeingreal,andthe solemnpledgescontainedintheuseoftheword"Brother"beingcompliedwith,extraordinarypainsare takentoshowthat.Masonryisasortofabstraction,whichscornstointerfereinworldlymatters.The rulemayberegardedasuniversal,that,wherethereisachoicetobemade,aMasonwillgivehisvote andinfluence,inpoliticsandbusiness,tothelessqualifiedprofaneinpreferencetothebetterqualified Mason.Onewilltakeanoathtoopposeanyunlawfulusurpationofpower,andthenbecometheready andeveneagerinstrumentofausurper.Anotherwillcallone"Brother"andthenplaytowardhimthe partofJudasIscariot,orstrikehim,asJoabdidAbner,underthefifthrib,withaliewhoseauthorship isnottobetraced.Masonrydoesnotchangehumannature,andcannotmakehonestmenoutofborn knaves. Whileyouarestillengagedinpreparation,andinaccumulatingprinciplesforfutureuse,donotforget thewordsoftheApostleJames:"Forifanybeaheareroftheword,andnotadoer,heislikeuntoa manbeholdinghisnaturalfaceinaglass,forhebeholdethhimself,andgoethaway,andstraightway forgettethwhatma1lnerofmanhewas;butwhosolookethintotheperfectlawofliberty,and continueth,hebeingnotaforgetfulhearer,butadoerofthework,thismanshallbeblessedinhiswork. Ifanymanamongyouseemtobereligious,andbridlethnothistongue,butdeceivethhisownheart, thisman'sreligionisvain.Faith,ifithathnotworks,isdead,beinganabstraction.Amanisjustified byworks,andnotbyfaithonly.Thedevilsbelieve,andtremble.Asthebodywithouttheheartisdead, soisfaithwithoutworks." ****** Inpoliticalscience,also,freegovernmentsareerectedandfreeconstitutionsframed,uponsomesimple andintelligibletheory.Uponwhatevertheorytheyarebased,nosoundconclusionistobereached exceptbycarryingthetheoryoutwithoutflinching,bothinargumcntonconstitutionalqucstionsandin practice.Shrinkfromthetruetheorythroughtimidity,orwanderfromitthrougllwantofthelogical faculty,ortransgressagainstitthrougllpassionoronthepleaofnecessityorexpediency,andyouhave denialorinvasionofrights,lawsthatoffendagainstfirstprinciples,usurpationofillegalpowers,or EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

35/641 abnegationandabdicationoflegitimateauthority. Donotforget,either,thatastheshowy,superficial,impudentandselfconceitedwillalmostalwaysbe preferred,eveninutmoststressofdangerandcalamityoftheState,tothemanofsolidlearning,large intellect,andcatholicsympathies,becauseheisnearerthecommonpopularandlegislativelevel,sothe highesttruthisnotacceptabletothemassofmankind. WhenSOLONwasaskedifhehadgivenhiscountrymenthebestlaws,heanswered,"Thebesttheyare capableofreceiving."Thisisoneoftheprofoundestutterancesonrecord;andyetlikeallgreattruths, sosimpleastoberarelycomprehended.ItcontainsthewholephilosophyofHistory.Ituttersatruth which,haditbeenrecognized,wouldhavesavedmenanimmensityofvain,idledisputes,andhaveled themintotheclearerpathsofknowledgeinthePast.Itmeansthis,thatalltruthsareTruthsofPeriod, andnottruthsforeternity;thatwhatevergreatfacthashadstrengthandvitalityenoughtomakeitself real,whetherofreligion,morals,government,orofwhateverelse,andtofindplaceinthisworld,has beenatruthforthetime,andasgoodasmenwerecapableofreceiving. So,too,withgreatmen.Theintellectandcapacityofapeoplehasasinglemeasure,thatofthegreat menwhomProvidencegivesit,andwhomitreceives.Therehavealwaysbeenmentoogreatfortheir timeortheirpeople.Everypeoplemakessuchmenonlyitsidols,asitiscapableofcomprehending. Toimposeidealtruthorlawuponanincapableandmerelyrealman,musteverbeavainandempty speculation.Thelawsofsympathygoverninthisastheydoinregardtomenwhoareputatthehead. Wedonotknow,asyet,whatqualificationsthesheepinsistoninaleader.Withmenwhoaretoohigh intellectually,themasshaveaslittlesympathyastheyhavewiththestars.WhenBURKE,thewisest statesmanEnglandeverhad,rosetospeak,theHouseofCommonswasdepopulatedasuponanagreed signal.ThereisaslittlesympathybetweenthemassandthehighestTRUTHS.Thehighesttruth,being incomprehensibletothemanofrealities,asthehighestmanis,andlargelyabovehislevel,willbea greatunrealityandfalsehoodtoanunintellectualman.TheprofoundestdoctrinesofChristianityand PhilosophywouldbemerejargonandbabbletoaPotawatomieIndian.Thepopularexplanationsofthe symbolsofMasonryarefittingforthemultitudethathaveswarmedintotheTemples,beingfullyupto theleveloftheircapacity.Catholicismwasavitaltruthinitsearliestages,butitbecameobsolete,and Protestantismarose,flourished,anddeteriorated.ThedoctrinesofZOROASTERwerethebestwhich theancientPersianswerefittedtoreceive;thoseofCONFUCIUSwerefittedfortheChinese;thoseof MOHAMMEDfortheidolatrousArabsofhisage.EachwasTruthforthetime.EachwasaGOSPEL, preachedbyaREFORMER;andifanymenaresolittlefortunateastoremaincontenttherewith,when othershaveattainedahighertruth,itistheirmisfortuneandnottheirfault.Theyaretobepitiedforit, andnotpersecuted.

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36/641 Donotexpecteasilytoconvincemenofthetruth,ortoleadthemtothinkaright.Thesubtlehuman intellectcanweaveitsmistsovereventheclearestvision.Rememberthatitiseccentricenoughtoask unanimityfromajury;buttoaskitfromanylargenumberofmenonanypointofpoliticalfaithis amazing.YoucanhardlygettwomeninanyCongressorConventiontoagree;nay,youcanrarelyget onetoagreewithhimself. Thepoliticalchurchwhichchancestobesupremeanywherehasanindefinitenumberoftongues.How thencanweexpectmentoagreeastomattersbeyondthecognizanceofthesenses?Howcanwe compasstheInfinitcandtheInvisiblewithanychainofevidence?Askthesmallseawaveswhatthey murmuramongthepebbles!Howmanyofthosewordsthatcomefromtheinvisibleshorearelost,like thebirds,inthelongpassage?HowvainlydowestraintheeyesacrossthelongInfinite!Wemustbe content,asthechildrenare,withthepebblesthathavebeenstranded,sinceitisforbiddenustoexplore thehiddendepths. TheFellowCraftisespeciallytaughtbythisnottobecomewiseinhisownconceit.Prideinunsound theoriesisworsethanignorancc.HumilitybecomesaMason.Takesomequiet,sobermomentoflife, andaddtogetherthetwoideasofPrideandMan;beholdhim,creatureofaspan,stalkingthrough infinitespaceinallthegrandeuroflittleness!PerchedonaspeckoftheUniverse,everywindof Heavenstrikesintohisbloodthecoldnessofdeath;hissoulfloatsavvayfromhisbodylikethemelody fromthestring.Dayandnight,likedustonthewheel,heisrolledalongtheheavens,througha labyrinthofworlds,andallthecreationsofGodareflanlingoneveryside,furtherthanevenhis imaginationcanreach.Isthisacreaturetomakeforhimselfacrownofglory,todenyhisownflesh,to mockathisfellow,sprungwithhimfromthatdusttowhichbothwillsoonreturn?Doestheproudman noterr?Doeshenotsuffer?Doeshenotdie?Whenhereasons,isheneverstoppedshortby difficulties?Whenheacts,doesheneversuccumbtothetemptationsofpleasure?Whenhelives,ishe freefrompain?Dothediseasesnotclaimhimastheirprey?Whenhedies,canheescapethecommon grave?Prideisnottheheritageofman.Humilityshoulddwellwithfrailty,andatoneforignorance, errorandimperfection. NeithershouldtheMasonbeoveranxiousforofficeandhonor,howevercertainlyhemayfeelthathe hasthecapacitytoservetheState.Heshouldneitherseeknorspurnhonors.Itisgoodtoenjoythe blessingsoffortune;itisbettertosubmitwithoutapangtotheirloss.Thegreatestdeedsarenotdone intheglareoflight,andbeforetheeyesofthepopulace.HewhomGodhasgiftedwithaloveof retirementpossesses,asitwere,anadditionalsense;andamongthevastandnoblescenesofnature,w efindthebalmforthewoundswehavereceivedamongthepitifulshiftsofpolicy;fortheattachmentto solitudeisthesurestpreservativefromtheillsoflife. ButResignationisthemorenobleinproportionasitisthelesspassive.Retirementisonlyamorbid selfishness,ifitprohibitexertionsforothers;asitisonlydignifiedandnoble,whenitistheshade EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

37/641 whencetheoraclesissuethataretoinstructmankind;andretirementofthisnatureisthesoleseclusion whichagoodandwisemanwillcovetorcommand.Theveryphilosophywhichmakessuchaman covetthequiet,willmakehimeschewtheinutilityofthehermitage.Verylittlepraiseworthywould LORDBOLINGBROKEhaveseemedamonghishaymakersandploughmen,ifamonghaymakersand ploughmenhehadlookedwithanindifferenteyeuponaprofligateministerandavenalParliament. Verylittleinterestwouldhaveattachedtohisbeansandvetches,ifbeansandvetcheshadcausedhimto forgetthatifhevvashappieronafannhecouldbemoreusefulinaSenate,andmadehimforego,in thesphereofabailiff,allcareforreenteringthatofalegislator. Remember,also,thatthercisaneducationwhichquickenstheIntellect,andleavesthehearthollower orharderthanbefore.Thereareethicallessonsinthelawsoftheheavenlybodies,inthepropertiesof earthlyelements,ingeography,chemistry,geology,andallthematerialsciences.Thingsaresymbols ofTruths.PropertiesaresymbolsofTruths.Science,notteachingmoralandspiritualtruths,isdead anddry,oflittlemorerealvaluethantocommittothemenloryalongrowofunconnecteddates,orof thenamesofbugsorbutterflies. Christianity,itissaid,beginsfromtheburningofthefalsegodsbythepeoplethemselves.Education beginswiththeburningofourintellectualandmoralidols:ourprejudices,notions,conceits,our worthlessorignoblepurposes.Especiallyitisnecessarytoshakeofftheloveofworldlygain.With Freedomcomesthelongingforworldlyadvancement.Inthatracemenareeverfalling,rising,running, andfallingagain.Thelustforwealthandtheabjectdreadofpovertydelvethefurrowsonmanyanoble brow.Thegamblergrowsoldashewatchesthechances.LawfulhazarddrivesYouthawaybeforeits time;andthisYouthdrawsheavybillsofexchangeonAge.Menlive,liketheengines,athighpressure, ahundredyearsinahundredmonths;theledgerbecomestheBible,andthedaybooktheBookofthe MorningPrayer. Henceflowoverreachingsandsharppractice,heartlesstrafficinwhichthecapitalistbuysprofitwith thelivesofthelaborers,speculationsthatcoinanation'sagoniesintowealth,andalltheotherdevilish cngineryofMammon.This,andgreedforoffice,arethetwocolumnsattheentrancetotheTempleof Moloch.Itisdoubtfulwhetherthelatter,blossominginfalsehood,trickery,andfraud,isnotevenmore perniciousthantheformer.Atalleventstheyaretwins,andfitlymated;andaseithergainscontrolof theunfortunatesubject,hissoulwithersawayanddecays,andatlastdiesout.Thesoulsofhalfthe humanraceleavethemlongbeforetheydie.Thetwogreedsaretwinplaguesoftheleprosy,andmake themanunclean;andwhenevertheybreakouttheyspreaduntil"theycoveralltheskinofhimthathath theplague,fromhisheadeventohisfoot."Eventherawfleshoftheheartbecomesuncleanwithit. AlexanderofMacedonhasleftasayingbehindhimwhichhassurvivedhisconquests:"Nothingis noblerthanwork."Workonlycankeepevenkingsrespectable.Andwhenakingisakingindeed,itis anhonorableofficetogivetonetothemannersandmoralsofanation;tosettheexampleofvirtuous EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

38/641 conduct,andrestoreinspirittheoldschoolsofchivalry,inwhichtheyoungmanhoodmaybenurtured torealgreatness.Workandwageswillgotogetherinmen'sminds,inthemostroyalinstitutions.We mustevercometotheideaofrealwork.Therestthatfollowslaborshouldbesweeterthantherest whichfollowsrest. LetnoFellowCraftimaginethattheworkofthelowlyanduninfluentialisnotworththedoing.There isnolegallimittothepossibleinfluencesofagooddeedorawisewordoragenerouseffort.Nothing isreallysmall.Whoeverisopentothedeeppenetrationofnatureknowsthis.Although,indeed,no absolutesatisfactionmaybevouchsafedtophilosophy,anymoreincircumscribingthecausethanin limitingtheeffect,themanofthoughtandcontemplationfallsintounfathomableecstaciesinviewof allthedecompositionsofforcesresultinginunity.Allworksforall.Destructionisnotannihilation,but regeneration. Algebraappliestotheclouds;theradianceofthestarbenefitstherose;nothinkerwoulddaretosay thattheperfumeofthehawthornisuselesstotheconstellations.Who,then,cancalculatethepathof themolecule?Howdoweknowthatthecreationsofworldsarenotdeterminedbythefallofgrainsof sand?Who,then,understandsthereciprocalflowandebboftheinrlnitelygreatandtheinfinitely small;theechoingofcausesintheabyssesofbeginning,andtheavalanchesofcreation?Afleshworm isofaccount;thesmallisgreat;thegreatissmall;allisinequilibriuminnecessity.Thereare marvellousrelationsbetweenbeingsandthings;inthisinexhaustibleWhole,fromsuntogrub,thereis noscorn:allneedeachother.Lightdoesnotcarryterrestrialperfumesintotheazuredepths,without knowingwhatitdoeswiththem;nightdistributesthestellaressencetothesleepingplants.Everybird whichflieshasthethreadoftheInfiniteinitsclaw.Germinationincludesthehatchingofameteor,and thetapofaswallow'sbill,breakingtheegg;anditleadsforwardthebirthofanearthwormandthe adventofaSocrates.Wherethetelescopeendsthemicroscopebegins.Whichofthemthegrander view?AbitofmouldisaPleiadofflowersanebulaisananthillofstars. Thereisthesameandastillmorewonderfulinterpenetrationbetweenthethingsoftheintellectandthe thingsofmatter.Elementsandprinciplesaremingled,combined,espoused,multipliedonebyanother tosuchadegreeastobringthematerialworldandthemoralworldintothesamelight.Phenomenaare perpetuallyfoldedbackuponthemselves.Inthevastcosmicalchangestheuniversallifecomesand goesinunknownquantities,envelopingallintheinvisiblemysteryoftheemanations,losingnodream fromnosinglesleep,sowingananimalculehere,crumblingastarthere,oscillatingandwindingin curves;makingaforceofLight,andanelementofThought;disseminatedandindivisible,dissolving allsavethatpointwithoutlength,breadth,orthickness,TheMYSELF;reducingeverythingtotheSoul atom;makingeverythingblossomintoGod;entanglingallactivities,fromthehighesttothelowest,in theobscurityofadizzyingmechanism;hangingtheflightofaninsectuponthemovementoftheearth; subordinating,perhaps,ifonlybytheidentityofthelaw,theeccentricevolutionsofthecometinthe firmament,tothewhirlingsoftheinfusoriainthedropofwater.Amechanismmadeofmind,thefirst motorofwhichisthegnat,anditslastwheelthezodiac. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Apeasantboy,guidingBlucherbytherightoneoftworoads,theotherbeingimpassableforartillery, enableshimtoreachWaterloointimetosaveWellingtonfromadefeatthatwouldhavebeenarout;and soenablesthekingstoimprisonNapoleononabarrenrockinmidocean.Anunfaithfulsmith,bythe slovenlyshoeingofahorse,causeshislameness,and,hestumbling,thecareerofhisworldconquering riderends,andthedestiniesofempiresarechanged.Agenerousofficerpermitsanimprisoned monarchtoendhisgameofchessbeforeleadinghimtotheblock;andmeanwhiletheusurperdies,and theprisonerreascendsthethrone.Anunskillfulworkmanrepairsthecompass,ormaliceorstupidity disarrangesit,theshipmistakeshercourse,thewavesswallowaCaesar,andanewchapteriswrittenin thehistoryofaworld.Whatwecallaccidentisbuttheadamantinechainofindissolubleconnection betweenallcreatedthings.Thelocust,hatchedintheArabiansands,thesmallwormthatdestroysthe cottonboll,onemakingfamineintheOrient,theotherclosingthemillsandstarvingthevvorkmenand theirchildrenintheOccident,withriotsandmassacres,areasmuchtheministersofGodasthe earthquake;andthefateofnationsdependsmoreonthemthanontheintellectofitskingsand legislators.AcivilwarinAmericawillendinshakingtheworld;andthatwarmaybecausedbythe voteofsomeignorantprizefighterorcrazedfanaticinacityorinaCongress,orofsomestupidboor inanobscurecountryparish.Theelectricityofuniversalsympathy,ofactionandreaction,pervades everything,theplanetsandthemotesinthesunbeam.FAUST,withhistypes,orLUTHER,withhis sermons,workedgreaterresultsthanAlexanderorHannibal.Asinglethoughtsometimessufficesto overturnadynasty.AsillysongdidmoretounseatJamestheSecondthantheacquittaloftheBishops. Voltaire,Condorcet,andRousseauutteredwordsthatwillring,inchangeandrevolutions,throughout alltheages. Remember,thatthoughlifeisshort,Thoughtandtheinfluencesofwhatwedoorsayareimmortal;and thatnocalculushasyetpretendedtoascertainthelawofproportionbetweencauseandeffect.The hammerofanEnglishblacksmith,smitingdownaninsolentofficial,ledtoarebellionwhichcamenear beingarevolution.Thewordwellspoken,thedeedfitlydone,evenbythefeeblestorhumblest,cannot helpbuthavetheireffect.Moreorless,theeffectisinevitableandeternal.Theechoesofthegreatest deedsmaydieawayliketheechoesofacryamongthecliffs,andwhathasbeendoneseemtothe humanjudgmenttohavebeenwithoutresult.Theunconsideredactofthepoorestofmenmayfirethe trainthatleadstothesubterraneanmine,andanempireberentbytheexplosion. Thepowerofafreepeopleisoftenatthedisposalofasingleandseeminglyanunimportantindividual; aterribleandtruthfulpower;forsuchapeoplefeelwithoneheart,andthereforecanliftuptheir myriadarmsforasingleblow.And,again,thereisnograduatedscaleforthemeasurementofthe influencesofdifferentintellectsuponthepopularmind.PetertheHermitheldnooffice,yetwhata workhewrought! ******

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Fromthepoliticalpointofviewthereisbutasingleprinciple,thesovereigntyofmanoverhimself. Thissovereigntyofone'sselfoverone'sselfiscalledLIBERTY.Wheretwoorseveralofthese sovereigntiesassociate,theStatebegins.Butinthisassociationthereisnoabdication.Eachsovereignty partswithacertainportionofitselftoformthecommonright.Thatportionisthesameforall.Thereis equalcontributionbyalltothejointsovereignty.Thisidentityofconcessionwhicheachmakestoall,is EQUALITY.Thecommonrightisnothingmoreorlessthantheprotectionofall,pouringitsrayson each.Thisprotectionofeachbyall,isFRATERNITY. Libertyisthesummit,Equalitythebase.Equalityisnotallvegetationonalevel,asocietyofbigspears ofgrassandstuntedoaks,aneighborhoodofjealousies,emasculatillgeachother.Itis,civily,all aptitudeshavingequalopportunity;politically,allvoteshavingequalweight;religiously,all conscienceshavingequalrights. Equalityhasanorgan;gratuitousandobligatoryinstruction.Wemustbeginwiththerighttothe alphabet.Theprimaryschoolobligatoryuponall;thehigherschoolofferedtoall.Suchisthelaw.From thesameschoolforallspringsequalsociety.Instruction!Light!allcomesfromLight,andallreturnsto it. Wemustlearnthethoughtsofthecommonpeople,ifwewouldbewiseanddoanygoodwork.We mustlookatmen,notsomuchforwhatFortunehasgiventothemwithherblindoldeyes,asforthe giftsNaturehasbroughtinherlap,andfortheusethathasbeenmadeofthem.Weprofesstobeequal inaChurchandintheLodge:weshallbeequalinthesightofGodwhenHejudgestheearth.Wemay wellsitonthepavementtogetherhere,incommunionandconference,forthefewbriefmomentsthat constitutelife. ADemocraticGovernmentundoubtedlyhasitsdefects,becauseitismadeandadministeredbymen, andnotbytheWiseGods.Itcannotbeconciseandsharp,likethedespotic.Whenitsireisarousedit developsitslatentstrength,andthesturdiestrebeltrembles.Butitshabitualdomesticruleistolerant, patient,andindecisive.Menarebroughttogether,firsttodiffer,andthentoagree.Affirmation, negation,discussion,solution:thesearethemeansofattainingtruth.Oftentheenemywillbeatthe gatesbeforethebabbleofthedisturbersisdrownedinthechorusofconsent.IntheLegislativeoffice deliberationwilloftendefeatdecision.LibertycanplaythefoolliketheTyrantsRefinedsociety requiresgreaterminutenessofregulation;andthestepsofalladvancingStatesaremoreandmoretobe pickedamongtheoldrubbishandthenewmatcrials.Thedifficultyliesindiscoveringtherightpath throughthechaosofconfusion.Theadjustmentofmutualrightsandwrongsisalsomoredifficultin democracies.Wedonotseeandestimatetherelativeimportanceofobjectssoeasilyandclearlyfrom thelevelorthewavingiandasfromtheelevationofalonepeak,toweringabovetheplain;foreach looksthroughhisownmist. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Abjectdependenceonconstituents,also,istoocommon.Itisasmiserableathingasabjectdependence onaministerorthefavoriteofaTyrant.Itisraretofindamanwhocanspeakoutthesimpletruththat isinhim,honestlyandfrankly,withoutfear,favor,oraffection,eithertoEmperororPeople. Moreover,inassembliesofmen,faithineachotherisalmostalwayswanting,unlessaterriblepressure ofcalamityordangerfromwithoutproducescohesion.Hencetheconstructivepowerofsuch assembliesisgenerallydeficient.Thechieftriumphsofmoderndays,inEurope,havebeeninpulling downandobliterating;notinbuildingup.ButRepealisnotReform.Timemustbringwithhimthe RestorerandRebuilder. Speech,also,isgrosslyabusedinRepublics;andiftheuseofspeechbeglorious,itsabuseisthemost villainousofvices.Rhetoric,Platosays,istheartofrulingthemindsofmen.Butindemocraciesitis toocommontohidethoughtinwords,tooverlayit,tobabblenonsense.Thegleamsandglitterof intellectualsoapandwaterbubblesaremistakenfortherainbowgloriesofgenius.Theworthless pyritesiscontinuallymistakenforgold.Evenintellectcondescendstointellectualjugglery,balancing thoughtsasajugglerbalancespipesonhischin.InallCongresseswehavetheinexhaustibleflowof babble,andFaction'sclamorousknaveryindiscussion,untilthedivinepowerofspeech,thatprivilege ofmanandgreatgiftofGod,isnobetterthanthescreechofparrotsorthemimicryofmonkeys.The meretalker,howeverfluent,isbarrenofdeedsinthedayoftrial. Therearemenvolubleaswomen,andaswellskilledinfencingwiththetongue:prodigiesofspeech, misersindeeds.Toomuchcalking,liketoomuchthinking,destroysthepowerofaction.Inhuman nature,thethoughtisonlymadeperfectbydeed.Silenceisthemotherofboth.Thetrumpeterisnotthe bravestofthebrave.Steelandnotbrasswinstheday.Thegreatdoerofgreatdeedsismostlyslowand slovenlyofspeech.Therearesomemenbornandbrcdtobetray.Patriotismistheirtrade,andtheir capitalisspeech.ButnonoblespiritcanpleadlikePaulandbefalsetoitselfasJudas. Imposturetoocommonlyrulesinrepublics;theyseemtobeeverintheirminority;theirguardiansare selfappointed;andtlheunjustthrivebetterthanthejust.TheDespot,likethenightlionroaring, drownsalltheclamoroftonguesatonce,andspeech,thebirthrightofthefreeman,becomesthe baubleoftheenslaved. Itisquitetruethatrepublicsonlyoccasionally,andasitwereaccidentally,selecttheirwisest,oreven thelessincapableamongtheincapables,togovernthemandlegislateforthem.Ifgenius,armedwith learningandknowledge,willgraspthereins,thepeoplewillreverenceit;ifitonlymodestlyoffers itselfforoffice,itwillbesmittenontheface,evenwhen,inthestraitsofdistressandtheagoniesof calamity,itisindispensabletothesalvationoftheState.Putituponthetrackwiththeshowyand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

42/641 superficial,theconceited,theignorant,andimpudent,thetricksterandcharlatan,andtheresultshall notbeamomentdoubtful.TheverdictsofLegislaturesandthePeopleareliketheverdictsofjuries, sometimesrightbyaccident. Offices,itistrue,areshowered,liketherainsofHeaven,uponthejustandtheunjust.TheRoman Augursthatusedtolaughineachother'sfacesatthesimplicityofthevulgar,werealsotickledwith theirownguile;butnoAugurisneededtoleadthepeopleastray.Theyreadilydeceivethemselves.Let aRepublicbeginasitmay,itwillnotbeoutofitsminoritybeforeimbecilitywillbepromotedtohigh places;andshallowpretence,gettingitselfpuffedintonotice,willinvadeallthesanctuaries.Themost unscrupulouspartisanshipwillprevail,eveninrespecttojudicialtrusts;andthemostunjust appointmentsconstantlybemade,althougheveryimproperpromotionnotmerelyconfersone undeservedfavor,butmaymakeahundredhonestcheekssmartwithinjustice. Thecountryisstabbedinthefrontwhenthosearebroughtintothestalledseatswhoshouldslinkinto thedimgallery.EverystampofHonor,illclutched,isstolenfromtheTreasuryofMerit. Yettheentranceintothepublicservice,andthepromotioninit,affectboththerightsofindividualsand thoseofthenation.Injusticeinbestowingorwithholdingofficeoughttobesointolerablein democraticcommunitiesthattheleasttraceofitshouldbelikethescentofTreason.Itisnot universallytruethatallcitizensofequalcharacterhaveanequalclaimtoknockatthedoorofevery publicofficeanddemandadmittance.Whenanymanpresentshimselfforservicehehasarightto aspiretothehighestbodyatonce,ifhecanshowhisfitnessforsuchabeginning,thatheisfitterthan therestwhoofferthemselvesforthesamepost.Theentryintoitcanonlyjustlybemadethroughthe doorofmerit.Andwheneveranyoneaspirestoandattainssuchhighpost,especiallyifbyunfairand disreputableandindecentmeans,andisafterwardfoundtobeasignalfailure,heshouldatoncebe beheaded.Heistheworstamongthepublicenemies. Whenamansumcientlyrevealshimself,allothersshouldbeproudtogivehimdueprecedence.When thepowerofpromotionisabusedinthegrandpassagesoflifewhetherbyPeople,Legislature,or Executive,theunjustdecisionrecoilsonthejudgeatonce.Thatisnotonlyagross,butawillful shortnessofsight,thatcannotdiscoverthedeserving.Ifonewilllookhard,long,andhonestly,hewill notfailtodiscernmerit,genius,andqualification;andtheeyesandvoiceofthePressandPublicshould condemnanddenounceinjusticewhereversherearsherhorridhead. "Thetoolstotheworkmen!"nootherprinciplewillsaveaRepublicfromdestruction,eitherbycivil warorthedryrot.Theytendtodecay,doallwecantopreventit,likehumanbodies.Iftheytrythe experimentofgoverningthemselvesbytheirsmallest,theyslidedownwardtotheunavoidableabyss withtenfoldvelocity;andthereneverhasbeenaRepublicthathasnotfollowedthatfatalcourse. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Buthoweverpalpableandgrosstheinherentdefectsofdemocraticgovernments,andfatalastheresults finallyandinevitablyare,weneedonlyglanceatthereignsofTiberius,Nero,andCaligula,of HeliogabalusandCaracalla,ofDomitianandCommodus,torecognizethatthedifferencebetween freedomanddespotismisaswideasthatbetweenHeavenandHell. Thecruelty,baseness,andinsanityoftyrantsareincredible.Lethimwhocomplainsofthefickle humorsandinconstancyofafreepeople,readPliny'scharacterofDomitian.Ifthegreatmanina Republiccannotwinomcewithoutdescendingtolowartsandwhiningbeggaryandthejudicioususe ofsneakinglies,lethimremaininretirement,andusethepen.TacitusandJuvenalheldnooffice.Let HistoryandSatirepunishthepretenderastheycrucifythedespot.Therevengesoftheintellectare terribleandjust. LetMasonryusethepenandtheprintingpressinthefreeStateagainsttheDemagogue;inthe DespotismagainsttheTyrant.Historyoffersexamplesandencouragement.Allhistory,forfour thousandyears,beingfilledwithviolatedrightsandthesufferingsofthepeople,eachperiodofhistory bringswithitsuchprotestasispossibletoit.UndertheCaesarstherewasnoinsurrection,butthere wasaJuvenal.ThearousingofindignationreplacestheGracchi.UndertheCaesarsthereistheexileof Syene;thereisalsotheauthoroftheAnnals.AstheNerosreigndarklytheyshouldbepicturedso. Workwiththegraveronlywouldbepale;intothegroovesshouldbepouredaconcentratedprosethat bites. Despotsareanaidtothinkers.Speechenchainedisspeechterrible.Thewriterdoublesandtripleshis style,whensilenceisimposedbyamasteruponthepeople.Therespringsfromthissilenceacertain mysteriousfullness,whichfiltersandfreezesintobrassinthethoughts.Compressioninthehistory producesconcisenessinthehistorian.Thegraniticsolidityofsomecelebratedproseisonlya condensationproducedbytheTyrant.Tyrannyconstrainsthewritertoshorteningsofdiameterwhich areincreasesofstrength.TheCiceronianperiod,hardlysumcientuponVerres,wouldloseitsedgeupon Caligula. TheDemagogueisthepredecessoroftheDespot.Onespringsfromtheother'sloins.Hewhowill baselyfawnonthosewhohaveofficetobestow,willbetraylikeIscariot,andproveamiserableand pitiablefailure.LetthenewJuniuslashsuchmenastheydeserve,andHistorymakethemimmortalin infamy;sincetheirinfluencesculminateinruin.TheRepublicthatemploysandhonorstheshallow,the superficial,thebase,"whocrouchUntotheoffalofanofficepromised,"atlastweepstearsofbloodfor itsfatalerror.Ofsuchsupremefolly,thesurefruitisdamnation.Letthenobilityofeverygreatheart, condensedintojusticeandtruth,strikesuchcreatureslikeathunderbolt!Ifyoucandonomore,you canatleastcondemnbyyourvote,andostracisebydenunciation.

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Itistruethat,astheCzarsareabsolute,theyhaveitintheirpowertoselectthebestforthepublic service.Itistruethatthebeginnerofadynastygenerallydoesso;andthatwhenmonarchiesareintheir prime,pretenceandshallownessdonotthriveandprosperandgetpower,astheydoinRepublics.All donotgabbleintheParliamentofaKingdom,asintheCongressofaDemocracy.Theincapablesdo notgoundetectedthere,alltheirlives. Butdynastiesspeedilydecayandrunout.Atlasttheydwindledownintoimbecility;andthedullor flippantMembersofCongressesareatleasttheintellectualpeersofthevastmajorityofkings.The greatman,theJuliusCaesar,theCharlemagne,Cromwell,Napoleon,reignsofright.Heisthewisest andthestrongest.Theincapablesandimbecilessucceedandareusurpers;andfearmakesthemcruel. AfterJuliuscameCaracallaandGalba;afterCharlemagne,thelunaticCharlestheSixth.Sothe Saracenicdynastydwindledout;theCapets,theStuarts,theBourbons;thelastoftheseproducing Bomba,theapeofDomitian. Manisbynaturecruel,likethetigers.Thebarbarian,andthetoolofthetyrant,andthecivilized fanatic,enjoythesufferingsofothers,asthechildrenenjoythecontortionsofmaimedflies.Absolute Power,onceinfearforthesafetyofitstenure,cannotbutbecruel. Astoability,dynastiesinvariablyceasetopossessanyafterafewlives.Theybecomemereshams, governedbyministers,favorites,orcourtesans,likethoseoldEtruscankings,slumberingforlongages intheirgoldenroyalrobes,dissolvingforeveratthefirstbreathofday.Lethimwhocomplainsofthe shortcomingsofdemocracyaskhimselfifhewouldpreferaDuBarryoraPompadour,governingin thenameofaLouistheFifteenth,aCaligulamakinghishorseaconsul,aDomitian,"thatmostsavage monster,"whosometimesdrankthebloodofrelatives,sometimesemployinghimselfwithslaughtering themostdistinguishedcitizensbeforewhosegatesfearandterrorkeptwatch;atyrantoffrightful aspect,prideonhisforehead,fireinhiseye,constantlyseekingdarknessandsecrecy,andonly emergingfromhissolitudetomakesolitude.Afterall,inafreegovernment,theLawsandthe ConstitutionareabovetheIncapables,theCourtscorrecttheirlegislation,andposterityistheGrand Inquestthatpassesjudgmentonthem.Whatistheexclusionofworthandintellectandknowledgefrom civilofficecomparedwithtrialsbeforeJeffries,torturesinthedarkcavernsoftheInquisition, AlvabutcheriesintheNetherlands,theEveofSaintBartholomew,andtheSicilianVespers? ****** TheAbbeBarruelinhisMemoirsfortheHistoryofJacobinism,declaresthatMasonryinFrancegave, asitssecret,thewordsEqualityandLiberty,leavingitforeveryhonestandreligiousMasontoexplain themaswouldbestsuithisprinciples;butretainedtheprivilegeofunveilinginthehigherDegreesthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

45/641 meaningofthosewords,asinterpretedbytheFrenchRevolution.AndhealsoexceptsEnglishMasons fromhisanathemas,becauseinEnglandaMasonisapeaceablesubjectofthecivilauthorities,no matterwhereheresides,engaginginnoplotsorconspiraciesagainsteventheworstgovernment. England,hesays,disgustedwithanEqualityandaLiberty,theconsequencesofwhichshehadfeltin thestrugglesofherLollards,Anabaptists,andPresbyterians,had"purgedherMasonry"fromall explanationstendingtooverturnempires;buttherestillremainedadeptswhomdisorganizingprinciples boundtotheAncientMysteries. BecausetrueMasonry,unemasculated,borethebannersofFreedomandEqualRights,andwasin rebellionagainsttemporalandspiritualtyranny,itsLodgeswereproscribedin1735,byanedictofthe StatesofHolland.In1737,LouisXV.forbadetheminFrance.In1738,PopeClementXIIissuedagainst themhisfamousBullofExcommunication,whichwasrenewedbyBenedictXIV.;andin1743the CouncilofBernealsoproscribedthem.ThetitleoftheRullofClementis,"TheCondemnationofthe SocietyofConventiclesdeLiberiMuratori,oroftheFreemasons,underthepenaltyofipsofacto excommunication,theabsolutionfromwhichisreservedtothePopealone,exceptatthepointof death."Andbyitallbishops,ordinaries,andinquisitorswereempoweredtopunishFreemasons,"as vehementlysuspectedofheresy,"andtocallin,ifnecessary,thehelpoftheseculararm;thatis,to causethecivilauthoritytoputthemtodeath. ****** Also,falseandslavishpoliticaltheoriesendinbrutalizingtheState.Forexample,adoptthetheorythat officesandemploymentsinitaretobegivenasrewardsforservicesrenderedtoparty,andtheysoon becomethepreyandspoiloffaction,thebootyofthevictoryoffaction;andleprosyisinthefleshof theState.Thebodyofthecommonwealthbecomesamassofcorruption,likealivingcarcassrotten withsyphilis.Allunsoundtheoriesintheenddevelopthemselvesinonefoulandloathsomediseaseor otherofthebodypolitic.TheState,liketheman,mustuseconstantefforttostayinthepathsofvirtue andmanliness.Thehabitofelectioneeringandbeggingforofficeculminatesinbriberywithoffice,and corruptioninoffice. AchosenmanhasavisibletrustfromGod,asplainlyasifthecommissionwereengrossedbythe notary.AnationcannotrenouncetheexecutorshipoftheDivinedecrees.AslittlecanMasonry.Itmust labortodoitsdutyknowinglyandwisely.Wemustrememberthat,infreeStates,aswellasin despotisms,Injustice,thespouseofOppression,isthefruitfulparentofDeceit,Distrust,Hatred, Conspiracy,Treason,andUnfaithfulness.EveninassailingTyrannywemusthaveTruthandReasonas ourchiefweapons.WemustmarchintothatfightliketheoldPuritans,orintothebattlewiththeabuses thatspringupinfreegovernment,withtheflamingswordinonehand,andtheOraclesofGodinthe other.

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46/641 Thecitizenwhocannotaccomplishwellthesmallerpurposesofpubliclife,cannotcompassthelarger. Thevastpowerofendurance,forbearance,patience,andperformance,ofafreepeople,isacquiredonly bycontinualexerciseofallthefunctions,likethehealthfulphysicalhumanvigor.Iftheindividual citizenshaveitnot,theStatemustequallybewithoutit.Itisoftheessenceofafreegovernment,that thepeopleshouldnotonlybeconcernedinmakingthelaws,butalsointheirexecution.Nomanought tobemorereadytoobeyandadministerthelawthanhewhohashelpedtomakeit.Thebusinessof governmentiscarriedonforthebenefitofall,andeverycopartnershouldgivecounseland cooperation. Rememberalso,asanothershoalonwhichStatesarewrecked,thatfreeStatesalwaystendtowardthe depositingofthecitizensinstrata,thecreationofcastes,theperpetuationofthejusdivinurntooffice infamilies.ThemoredemocratictheState,themoresurethisresult.For,asfreeStatesadvancein power,thereisastrongtendencytowardcentralization,notfromdeliberateevilintention,butfromthe courseofeventsandtheindolenceofhumannature.Theexecutivepowersswellandenlargeto inordinatedimensions;andtheExecutiveisalwaysaggressivewithrespecttothenation.Officesofall kindsaremultipliedtorewardpartisans;thebruteforceofthesewerageandlowerstrataofthemob obtainslargerepresentation,firstintheloweroffices,andatlastinSenates;andBureaucracyraisesits baldhead,bristlingwithpens,girdedwithspectacles,andbunchedwithribbon.TheartofGovernment becomeslikeaCraft,anditsguildstendtobecomeexclusive,asthoseoftheMiddleAges. Politicalsciencemaybemuchimprovedasasubjectofspeculation;butitshouldneverbedivorced fromtheactualnationalnecessity.Thescienceofgoverningmenmustalwaysbepractical,ratherthan philosophical.Thereisnotthesameamountofpositiveoruniversaltruthhereasintheabstract sciences;whatistrueinonecountrymaybeveryfalseinanother;whatisuntruetodaymaybecome trueinanothergeneration,andthetruthoftodaybereversedbythejudgmentoftomorrow.To distinguishthecasualfromtheenduring,toseparatetheunsuitablefromthesuitable,andtomake progressevenpossible,aretheproperendsofpolicy.Butwithoutactualknowledgeandexperience,and communionoflabor,thedreamsofthepoliticaldoctorsmaybenobetterthanthoseofthedoctorsof divinity.Thereignofsuchacaste,withitsmysteries,itsmyrmidons,anditscorruptinginfluence,may beasfatalasthatofthedespots.Thirtytyrantsarethirtytimesworsethanone. Moreover,thereisastrongtemptationforthegoverningpeopletobecomeasmuchslothfuland sluggardsastheweakestofabsolutekings.Onlygivethemthepowertogetrid,whencapriceprompts them,ofthegreatandwisemen,andelectthelittle,andastoalltheresttheywillrelapseinto indolenceandindifference.Thecentralpower,creationofthepeople,organizedandcunningifnot enlightened,istheperpetualtribunalsetupbythemfortheredressofwrongandtheruleofjustice.It soonsuppliesitselfwithalltherequisitemachinery,andisreadyandaptforallkindsofinterference. Thepeoplemaybeachildallitslife.

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47/641 Thecentralpowermaynotbeabletosuggestthebestscientificsolutionofaproblem;butithasthe easiestmeansofcarryinganideaintoeffect.Ifthepurposetobeattainedisalargeone,itrequiresa largecomprehension;itisproperfortheactionofthecentralpower.Ifitbeasmallone,itmaybe thwartedbydisagreement.Thecentralpowermuststepinasanarbitratorandpreventthis.Thepeople maybetooaversetochange,tooslothfulintheirownbusiness,unjusttoaminorityoramajority.The centralpowermusttakethereinswhenthepeopledropthem. Francebecamecentralizedinitsgovernmentmorebytheapathyandignoranceofitspeoplethanbythe tyrannyofitskings.WhentheinmostparishlifeisgivenuptothedirectguardianshipoftheState,and therepairofthebelfryofacountrychurchrequiresawrittenorderfromthecentralpower,apeopleis initsdotage.Menarethusnurturedinimbecility,fromthedawnofsociallife.Whenthecentral governmentfeedspartofthepeopleitpreparesalltobeslaves.Whenitdirectsparishandcounty affairs,theyareslavesalready.Thenextstepistoregulatelaboranditswages. Nevertheless,whateverfolliesthefreepeoplemaycommit,eventotheputtingofthepowersof legislationinthehandsofthelittlecompetentandlesshonest,despairnotofthefinalresult.The terribleteacher,EXPERIENCE,writinghislessonsonheartsdesolatedwithcalamityandwrungby agony,willmakethelllwiserintime.Pretenceandgrimaceandsordidbeggaryforvoteswillsomeday ceasetoavail.HaveFAITH,andstruggleon,againstallevilinfluencesanddiscouragements!FAITHis theSaviourandRedeemerofnations.WhenChristianityhadgrownweak,profitless,andpowerless,the ArabRestorerandIconoclastcame,likeacleansinghurricane.WhenthebattleofDamascuswasabout tobefought,theChristianbishop,attheearlydawn,inhisrobes,attheheadofhisclergy,withthe Crossoncesotriumphantraisedintheair,camedowntothegatesofthecity,andlaidopenbeforethe armytheTestamentofChrist.TheChristiangeneral,THOMAS,laidhishandonthebook,andsaid, "OhGod!Ifourfaithbetrue,aidus,anddeliverusnotintothehandsofitsenemies!"ButKHALED, "theSwordofGod,"whohadmarchedfromvictorytovictory,exclaimedtohisweariedsoldiers,"Let nomansleep!TherewillberestenoughinthebowersofParadise;sweetwillbethereposenevermore tobefollowedbylabor."ThefaithoftheArabhadbecomestrongerthanthatoftheChristian,andhe conquered. TheSwordisalso,intheBible,anemblemofSPEECH,oroftheutteranceofthought.Thus,inthat visionorapocalypseofthesublimeexileofPatmos,aprotestinthenameoftheideal,overwhelming therealworld,atremendoussatireutteredinthenameofReligionandLiberty,andwithitsfiery reverberationssmitingthethroneoftheGesars,asharptwoedgedswordcomesoutofthemouthofthe SemblanceoftheSonofMan,encircledbythesevengoldencandlesticks,andholdinginhisrighthand sevenstars."TheLord"saysIsaiah,"hathmademymouthlikeasharpsword.""Ihaveslainthem"says Hosea,"bythewordsofmymouth"."ThewordofGod"saysthewriteroftheapostoliclettertothe Hebrews,"isquickandpowerful,andsharperthananytwoedgedsword,piercingeventothedividing asunderofsoulandspirit.""TheswordoftheSpirit,whichistheWordofGod"saysPaul,writingto theChristiansatEphesus."Iwillfightagainstthemwiththeswordofmymouth"itissaidinthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

48/641 Apocalypse,totheangelofthechurchatPergamos. ****** Thespokendiscoursemayrollonstronglyasthegreattidalwave;but,likethewave,itdiesatlast feeblyonthesands.Itisheardbyfew,rememberedbystillfewer,andfadesaway,likeanechointhe mountains,leavingnotokenofpower.Itisnothingtothelivingandcominggenerationsofmen.Itwas thewrittenhulllanspeech,thatgavepowerandpermanencetohumanthought.Itisthisthatmakesthe wholehumanhistorybutoneindividuallife. Towriteontherockistowriteonasolidparchment;butitrequiresapilgrimagetoseeit.Thereisbut onecopy,andTimewearseventhat.Towriteonskinsorpapyruswastogive,asitwere,butonetardy edition,andtherichonlycouldprocureit.TheChinesestereotypednotonlytheunchangingwisdomof oidsages,butalsothepassingevents.Theprocesstendedtosuffocatethought,andtohinderprogress; forthereiscontinualwanderinginthewisestminds,andTruthwritesherlastwords,notonclean tablets,butonthescrawlthatErrorhasmadeandoftenmended. Printingmadethemovablelettersprolific.Thenceforththeoratorspokealmostvisiblytolistening nations;andtheauthorwrote,likethePope,hiscecumenicdecreesJurbietorbi,andorderedthemto bepostedupinallthemarketplaces;remaining,ifhechose,impervioustohumansight.Thedoomof tyrannieswasthenceforthsealed.Satireandinvectivebecamepotentasarmies.Theunseenhandsof theJuniusescouldlaunchthethunderbolts,andmaketheministerstremble.Onewhisperfromthis giantfillstheearthaseasilyasDemosthenesfilledtheAgora.Itwillsoonbeheardattheantipodesas easilyasinthenextstreet.Ittravelswiththelightningundertheoceans.Itmakesthemassoneman, speakstoitinthesamecomtnonlanguage,andelicitsasureandsingleresponse.Speechpassesinto thought,andthencepromptlyintoact.Anationbecomestrulyone,withonelargeheartandasingle throbbingpulse.Menareinvisiblypresenttoeachother,asifalreadyspiritualbeings;andthethinker whositsinanAlpinesolitude,unknowntoorforgottenbyalltheworld,amongthesilentherdsand hills,mayflashhiswordstoallthecitiesandoveralltheseas. SelectthethinkerstobeLegislators;andavoidthegabblers.Wisdomisrarelyloquacious.Weightand depthofthougbtareunfavorabletovolubility.Theshallowandsuperficialaregenerallyvolubleand oftenpassforeloquent.Morewords,lessthought,isthegeneralrule.Themanwhoendeavorstosay somethingworthrememberingineverysentence,becomesfastidious,andcondenseslikeTacitus.The vulgarloveamorediffusestream.Theornamentationthatdoesnotcoverstrengthisthegewgawsof babble. Neitherisdialecticsubtletyvaluabletopublicmen.TheChristianfaithhasit,haditformerlymorethan EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

49/641 now;asubtletythatmighthaveentangledPlato,andwhichhasrivalledinafruitlessfashionthemystic loreofJewishRabbisandIndianSages.Itisnotthiswhichconvertstheheathen.Itisavaintaskto balancethegreatthoughtsoftheearth,likehollowstraws,onthefingertipsofdisputation.Itisnotthis kindofwarfarewhichmakestheCrosstriumphantintheheartsoftheunbelievers;buttheactualpower thatlivesintheFaith. Sothereisapoliticalscholasticismthatismerelyuseless.Thedexteritiesofsubtlelogicrarelystirthe heartsofthepeople,orconvincethem.ThetrueapostleofLiberty,FraternityandEqualitymakesita matteroflifeanddeath.HiscombatsarelikethoseofBossuet,combatstothedeath.Thetrueapostolic fireislikethelightning:itflashesconvictionintothesoul.Thetruewordisverilyatwoedgedsword. Mattersofgovernmentandpoliticalsciencecanbefairlydealtwithonlybysoundreason,andthelogic ofcommonsense:notthecommonsenseoftheignorant,butofthewise.Theacutestthinkersrarely succeedinbecomingleadersofmen.Awatchwordoracatchwordismorepotentwiththepeoplethan logic,especiallyifthisbetheleastmetaphysical.Whenapoliticalprophetarises,tostirthedreaming, stagnantnation,andholdbackitsfeetfromtheirretrievabledescent,toheavethelandaswithan earthquake,andshakethesillyshallowidolsfromtheirseats,hiswordsvvillcomestraightfromGod's ownmouth,andbethunderedintotheconscience.Hewillreason,teach,warn,andrule.Thereal "SwordoftheSpirit"iskeenerthanthebrightestbladeofDamascus.Suchmenrulealand,inthe strengthofjustice,withwisdomandwithpower.Still,themenofdialecticsubtletyoftenrulewell, becauseinpracticetheyforgettheirfinelyspuntheories,andusethetrenchantlogicofcommonsense. Butwhenthegreatheartandlargeintellectarelefttotherustinprivatelife,andsmallattorneys, brawlersinpolitics,andthosewhointhecitieswouldbeonlytheclerksofnotaries,orpractitionersin thedisreputablecourts,aremadenationalLegislators,thecountryisinherdotage.evenifthebeardhas notyetgrownuponherchin. Inafreecountry,humanspeechmustneedsbefree;andtheStatemustlistentothemaunderingsof folly,andthescreechingsofitsgeese,andthebrayingsofitsasses,aswellastothegoldenoraclesof itswiseandgreatmen.Eventhedespoticoldkingsallowedtheirwisefoolstosaywhattheyliked.The truealchelllistwillextractthelessonsofwisdomfromthebabblingsoffolly.Hewillhearwhataman hastosayonanygivensubject,evenifthespeakerendonlyinprovinghimselfprinceoffools.Evena foolwillsometimeshitthemark.Thereissometruthinallmenwhoarenotcompelledtosuppress theirsoulsandspeakothermen'sthoughts.Thefingerevenoftheidiotmaypointtothegreathighway. Apeople,aswellasthesages,mustlearntoforget.Ifitneitherlearnsthenewnorforgetstheold,itis fated,evenifithasbeenroyalforthirtygenerations.Tounlearnistolearn;andalsoitissometimes needfultolearnagaintheforgotten.Theanticsoffoolsmakethecurrentfolliesmorepalpable,as fashionsareshowntobeabsurdbycaricatures,whichsoleadtotheirextirpation.Thebuffoonandthe zanyareusefulintheirplaces.Theingeniousartificerandcraftsman,likeSolomon,searchestheearth forhismaterials,andtransformsthemisshapenmatterintogloriousworkmanship.Theworldis conqueredbytheheadevenmorethanbythehands.Norwillanyassemblytalkforever.Afteratime, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

50/641 whenithaslistenedlongenough,itquietlyputsthesilly,theshallow,andthesuperficialtooneside,it thinks,andsetstowork.Thehumanthought,especiallyinpopularassemblies,runsinthemost singularlycrookedchannels,hardertotraceandfollowthantheblindcurrentsoftheocean.Nonotion issoabsurdthatitmaynotfindaplacethere.Themasterworkmanmusttrainthesenotionsand vagarieswithhistwohandedhammer.Theytwistoutofthewayoftheswordthrusts;andare invulnerableallover,evenintheheel,againstlogic.Themartelormace,thebattleaxe,thegreat doubleedgedtwohandedswordmustdealwithfollies;therapierisnobetteragainstthemthanawand, unlessitbetherapierofridicule. TheSWORDisalsothesymbolofwarandofthesoldier.Wars,likethunderstorms,areoften necessarytopurifythestagnantatmosphere.Warisnotademon,withoutremorseorreward.Itrestores thebrotherhoodinlettersoffire.Whenmenareseatedintheirpleasantplaces,sunkenineaseand indolence,withPretenceandIncapacityandLittlenessusurpingallthehighplacesofState,waristhe baptismofbloodandfire,bywhichalonetheycanberenovated.Itisthehurricanethatbringsthe elementalequilibrium,theconcordofPowerandWisdom.Solongasthesecontinueobstinately divorced,itwillcontinuetochasten. InthemutualappealofnationstoGod,thereistheacknowledgmentofHismight.Itlightsthebeacons ofFaithandFreedom,andheatsthefurnacethroughwhichtheearnestandloyalpasstoimmortal glory.Thereisinwarthedoomofdefeat,thequenchlesssenseofDuty,thestirringsenseofHonor,the measurelesssolemnsacrificeofdevotedness,andtheincenseofsuccess.Evenintheflameandsmoke ofbattle,theMasondiscovershisbrother,andfulfillsthesacredobligationsofFraternity. Two,ortheDuad,isthesymbolofAntagonism;ofGoodandEvil,LightandDarkness.ItisCainand Abel,EveandLilith,JachinandBoaz,OrmuzdandAhriman,OsirisandTyphon. THREE,ortheTriad,ismostsignificantlyexpressedbytheequilateralandtherightangledtriangles. Therearethreeprincipalcolorsorraysintherainbow,whichbyintermixturemakeseven.Thethreeare theblue,theyelloW,andthered.TheTrinityoftheDeity,inonemodeorother,hasbeenanarticlein allcreeds.Hecreates,preserves,anddestroys.Heisthegenerativepower,theproductivecapacity,and theresult.Theimmaterialman,accordingtotheKabalah,iscomposedofvitality,orlife,thebreathof life;ofsoulormind,andspirit.Salt,sulphur,andmercuryarethegreatsymbolsofthealchemists.To themmanwasbody,soul,andspirit. FOURisexpressedbythesquare,orfoursidedrightangledfigure.OutofthesymbolicGardenof Edenflowedariver,dividingintofourstreams,PISON,whichflowsaroundthelandofgold,orlight; GIHON,whichflowsaroundthelandofEthiopiaorDarkness;HIDDEKEL,runningeastwardto Assyria;andtheEUPHRATES.Zechariahsawfourchariotscomingoutfrombetweentwomountains EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

51/641 ofbronze,inthefirstofwhichwereredhorses;inthesecond,black;inthethird,white;andinthe fourth,grizzled:"andthesewerethefourwindsoftheheavens,thatgoforthfromstandingbeforethe Lordofalltheearth."Ezekielsawthefourlivingcreatures,eachwithfourfacesandfourwings,the facesofamanandalion,anoxandaneagle;andthefourwheelsgoingupontheirfoursides;andSaint Johnbeheldthefourbeasts,fullofeyesbeforeandbehind,theLION,theyoungOx,theMAN,andthe flyingEAGLE.FourwasthesignatureoftheEarth.Therefore,inthe148thPsalm,ofthosewhomust praisetheLordontheland,therearefourtimesfour,andfourinparticularoflivingcreatures.Visible natureisdescribedasthefourquartersoftheworld,andthefourcornersoftheearth."Therearefour" saystheoldJewishsaying,"whichtakethefirstplaceinthisworld:man,amongthecreatures;the eagleamongbirds;theoxamongcattle;andthelionamongwildbeasts."Danielsawfourgreatbeasts comeupfromthesea. FIVEistheDuadaddedtotheTriad.Itisexpressedbythefivepointedorblazingstar,themysterious PentalphaofPythagoras.Itisindissolublyconnectedwiththenumberseven.ChristfedHisdisciples andthemultitudewithfiveloavesandtwofishes,andofthefragmentsthereremainedtwelve,thatis, fiveandseven,basketsfull.AgainHefedthemwithsevenloavesandafewlittlefishes,andthere remainedsevenbasketsfull.Thefiveapparentlysmallplanets,Mercury,Venus,Mars,Jupiter,and Saturn,withthetwogreaterones,theSunandMoon,constitutedthesevencelestialspheres. SEVENwasthepeculiarlysacrednumber.Thereweresevenplanetsandspherespresidedoverbyseven archangels.Thereweresevencolorsintherainbow;andthePhoenicianDeitywascalledthe HEPTAKISorGodofsevenrays;sevendaysoftheweek;andsevenandfivemadethenumberof months,tribes,anclapostles.Zechariahsawagoldencandlestick,withsevenlampsandsevenpipesto thelamps,andanolivetreeoneachside.Sincehesays,"theseveneyesoftheLordshallrejoice,and shallseetheplummetinthehandofZerubbabel."John,intheApocalypse,writessevenepistlestothe sevenchurches.Inthesevenepistlestherearetwelvepromises.Whatissaidofthechurchesinpraiseor blame,iscompletedinthenumberthree.Therefrain,"whohasearstohear,"etc.,hastenwords, dividedbythreeandseven,andthesevenbythreeandfour;andthesevenepistlesarealsosodivided. Intheseals,trumpets,andvials,also,ofthissymbolicvision,thesevenaredividedbyfourandthree. HewhosendshismessagetoEphesus,"holdsthesevenstarsinhisrighthand,andwalksamidthe sevengoldenlamps." Insixdays,orperiods,GodcreatedtheUniverse,andpausedontheseventhday.Ofcleanbeasts,Noah wasdirectedtotakebysevensintotheark;andoffowlsbysevens;becauseinsevendaystherainwas tocommence.Ontheseventeenthdayofthemonth.therainbegan;ontheseventeenthdayofthe seventhmonth,thearkrestedonArarat.Whenthedovereturned,Noahwaitedsevendaysbeforehe sentherforthagain;andagainseven,aftershereturnedwiththeoliveleaf.Enochwastheseventh patriarch,Adamincluded,andLamechlived777years.

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52/641 ThereweresevenlampsinthegreatcandlestickoftheTabernacleandTemple,representingtheseven planets.SeventimesMosessprinkledtheanointingoiluponthealtar.Thedaysofconsecrationof Aaronandhissonswereseveninnumber.Awomanwasuncleansevendaysafterchildbirth;one infectedwithleprosywasshutupsevendays;seventimestheleperwassprinkledwiththebloodofa slainbird;andsevendaysafterwardshemustremainabroadoutofhistent.Seventimes,inpurifying theleper,thepriestwastosprinkletheconsecratedoil;andseventimestosprinklewiththebloodof thesacrificedbirdthehousetobepurified.Seventimesthebloodoftheslainbullockwassprinkledon themercyseat;andseventimesonthealtar.TheseventhyearwasaSabbathofrest;andattheendof seventimessevenyearscamethegreatyearofjubilee.Sevendaysthepeopleateunleavenedbread,in themonthofAbib.Sevenweekswerecountedfromthetimeoffirstputtingthesickletothewheat.The FeastoftheTabernacleslastedsevendays. IsraelwasinthehandofMidiansevenyearsbeforeGideondeliveredthem.Thebullocksacrificedby himwassevenyearsold.SamsontoldDelilahtobindhimwithsevengreenwithes;andshewovethe sevenlocksofhishead,andafterwardsshavedthemoff.BalaamtoldBaraktobuildforhimseven altars.JacobservedsevenyearsforLeahandsevenforRachel.Jobhadsevensonsandthreedaughters, makingtheperfectnumberten.Hehadalsoseventhousandsheepandthreethousandcamels.His friendssatdownwithhimsevendaysandsevennights.Hisfriendswereorderedtosacrificeseven bullocksandsevenrams;andagain,attheend,hehadsevensonsandthreedaughters,andtwiceseven thousandsheep,andlivedanhundredandforty,ortwiceseventimestenyears.Pharaohsawinhis dreamsevenfatandsevenleankine,sevengoodearsandsevenblastedearsofwheat;andtherewere sevenyearsofplenty,andsevenoffamine.Jerichofell,whensevenpriests,withseventrumpets,made thecircuitofthecityonsevensuccessivedays;onceeachdayforsixdays,andseventimesonthe seventh."TheseveneyesoftheLord"saysZechariah,"runtoandfrothroughthewholeearth." SolomonwassevenyearsinbuildingtheTemple.Sevenangels,intheApocalypse,pouroutseven plagues,fromsevenvialsofwrath.Thescarletcoloredbeast,onwhichthewomansitsinthe wilderness,hassevenheadsandtenhorns.SoalsohasthebeastthatrisesUpoutofthesea.Seven thundersutteredtheirvoices.Sevenangelssoundedseventrumpets.Sevenlampsoffire,theseven spiritsofGod,burnedbeforethethrone;andtheLambthatwasslainhadsevenhornsandseveneyes. EIGHTisthefirstcube,thatoftwo.NINEisthesquareofthree,andrepresentedbythetripletriangle. TENincludesalltheothernumbers.Itisespeciallysevenandthree;andiscalledthenumberof perfection.PythagorasrepresenteditbytheTETRACTYS,whichhadmanymysticmeanings.This symbolissometimescomposedofdotsorpoints,sometimesofcommasoryods,andintheKabalah,of thelettersofthenameofDeity.Itisthusarranged: , ,, ,,, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

53/641 ,,,, ThePatriarchsfromAdamtoNoah,inclusive,areteninnumber,andthesamenumberisthatofthe Commandments. TWELVEisthenumberofthelinesofequallengththatformacube.Itisthenumberofthemonths, thetribes,andtheapostles;oftheoxenundertheBrazenSea,ofthestonesonthebreastplateofthe highpriest. TITLESOFDEGREES 1Apprentice 2Fellowcraft 3Master 4SecretMaster 5PerfectMaster 6IntimateSecretary 7ProvostandJudge 8IntendantoftheBuilding 9EluoftheNine 10EluoftheFifteen 11EluoftheTwelve 12MasterArchitect 13RoyalArchofSolomon 14PerfectElu 15KnightoftheEast 16PrinceofJerusalem 17KnightoftheEastandWest 18KnightRoseCroix 19Pontiff 20MasteroftheSymbolicLodge EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

54/641 21NoachiteorPrussianKnight 22KnightoftheRoyalAxeorPrinceofLibanus 23ChiefoftheTabernacle 24PrinceoftheTabernacle 25KnightoftheBrazenSerpent 26PrinceofMercy 27KnightCommanderoftheTemple 28KnightoftheSunorPrinceAdept(Part1) 28KnightoftheSunorPrinceAdept(Part2) 28KnightoftheSunorPrinceAdept(Part3) 28KnightoftheSunorPrinceAdept(Part4) 30KnightKadosh 31InspectorInquistor 32MasteroftheRoyalSecret THECHURCHOFROMEANDFREEMASONRY SOMOTEITBE

III.THEMASTER.
****** TounderstandliterallythesymbolsandallegoriesofOrientalbooksastoantehistoricalmatters,is willfullytocloseoureyesagainsttheLight.Totranslatethesymbolsintothetrivialandcommonplace, istheblunderingofmediocrity. Allreligiousexpressionissymbolism;sincewecandescribeonlywhatwesee,andthetrueobjectsof religionareTHESEEN.Theearliestinstrumentsofeducationweresymbols;andtheyandallother religiousformsdifferedandstilldifferaccordingtoexternalcircumstancesandimagery,andaccording todifferencesofknowledgeandmentalcultivation.Alllanguageissymbolic,sofarasitisappliedto EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

55/641 mentalandspiritualphenomenaandaction.Allwordshave,primarily,amaterialsense,howeverthey mayafterwardget,fortheignorant,aspiritualnonsense."Toretract,"forexample,istodrawback,and whenappliedtoastatement,issymbolic,asmuchsoasapictureofanarmdrawnback,toexpressthe samething,wouldbe.Theveryword"spirit"means"breath,"fromtheLatinverbspiro,breathe. Topresentavisiblesymboltotheeyeofanotherisnotnecessarilytoinformhimofthemeaningwhich thatsymbolhastoyou.Hencethephilosophersoonsuperaddedtothesymbolsexplanationsaddressed totheear,susceptibleofmoreprecision,butlesseffectiveandimpressivethanthepaintedorsculptured formswhichheendeavoredtoexplain.Outoftheseexplanationsgrewbydegreesavarietyof narrations,whosetrueobjectandmeaningweregraduallyforgotten,orlostincontradictionsand incongruities.Andwhenthesewereabandoned,andPhilosophyresortedtodefinitionsandformulas, itslanguagewasbutamorecomplicatedsymbolism,attemptinginthedarktograpplewithandpicture ideasimpossibletobeexpressed.Foraswiththevisiblesymbol,sowiththeword:toutterittoyou doesnotinformyouoftheexactmeaningwhichithastome;andthusreligionandphilosophybecame toagreatextentdisputesastothemeaningofwords.ThemostabstractexpressionforDEITY,which languagecansupply,isbutasignorsymbolforanobjectbeyondourcomprehension,andnotmore truthfulandadequatethantheimagesofOSIRISandVISHNU,ortheirnames,exceptasbeingless sensuousandexplicit.Weavoidsensuousnessonlybyresortingtosimplenegation.Wecomeatlastto definespiritbysayingthatitisnotmatter.Spiritisspirit. AsingleexampleofthesymbolismofwordswillindicatetoyouonebranchofMasonicstudy.Wefind intheEnglishRitethisphrase:"Iwillalwayshail,everconceal,andneverreveal;"andinthe Catechism,these:Q.'."Ihail."A.'."Iconceal,"andignorance,misunderstandingtheword"hail,"has interpolatedthephrase,"Fromwhencedoyouhail." Butthewordisreally"hele,"fromtheAngloSaxonverbelan,helan,tocover,hide,orconceal.And thiswordisrenderedbytheLatinverbtegere,tocoverorroofover."Thatyefromenothyngewoll hele,"saysGower."Theyhelefromenopriuyte,"saystheRomauntoftheRose."Tohealahouse,"isa commonphraseinSussex;andinthewestofEngland,hethatcoversahousewithslatesiscalleda Healer.Wherefore,to"heal"meansthesamethingasto"tile,"itselfsymbolic,asmeaning,primarily, tocoverahousewithtiles,andmeanstocover,hide,orconceal.Thuslanguagetooissymbolism,and wordsareasmuchmisunderstoodandmisusedasmorematerialsymbolsare. Symbolismtendedcontinuallytobecomemorecomplicated;andallthepowersofHeavenwere reproducedonearth,untilaweboffictionandallegorywaswoven,partlybyartandpartlybythe ignoranceoferror,whichthewitofman,withhislimitedmeansofexplanation,willneverunravel. EventheHebrewTheismbecameinvolvedinsymbolismandimageworship,borrowedprobablyfrom anoldercreedandremoteregionsofAsia,theworshipoftheGreatSemiticNatureGodALorELS anditssymbolicalrepresentationsofJEHOVAHimselfwerenotevenconfinedtopoeticalor EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

56/641 illustrativelanguage.Thepriestsweremonotheists:thepeopleidolaters. Therearedangersinseparablefromsymbolism,whichaffordanimpressivelessoninregardtothe similarrisksattendantontheuseoflanguage.Theimagination,calledintoassistthereason,usurpsits placeorleavesitsallyhelplesslyentangledinitsweb.Nameswhichstandforthingsareconfounded withthem;themeansaremistakenfortheend;theinstrumentofinterpretationfortheobject;andthus symbolscometousurpanindependentcharacterastruthsandpersons.Thoughperhapsanecessary path,theywereadangerousonebywhichtoapproachtheDeity;inwhichmany,saysPLUTARCH, "mistakingthesignforthethingsignified,fellintoaridiculoussuperstition;whileothers,inavoiding oneextreme,plungedintothenolesshideousgulfofirreligionandimpiety." ItisthroughtheMysteries,CICEROsays,thatwehavelearnedthefirstprinciplesoflife;whereforethe term"initiation"isusedwithgoodreason;andtheynotonlyteachustolivemorehappilyand agrceably,buttheysoftenthepainsofdeathbythehopeofabetterlifehereafter. TheMysterieswereaSacredDrama,exhibitingsomelegendsignificantofnature'schanges,ofthe visibleUniverseinwhichtheDivinityisrevealed,andwhoseimportwasinmanyrespectsasopento thePaganastotheChristian.NatureisthcgreatTeacherofman;foritistheRevelationofGod.It neitherdogmatizesnorattemptstotyrannizebycompellingtoaparticularcreedorspecial interpretation.Itpresentsitssymbolstous,andaddsnothingbywayofexplanation.Itisthetext withoutthecommentary;and,aswewellknow,itischieflythecommentaryandglossthatleadtoerror andheresesyandpersecution.Theearliestinstructorsofmankindnotonlyadoptedthelessonsof Nature,butasfaraspossibleadheredtohermethodofimpartingthem.IntheMysteries,beyondthe currenttraditionsorsacredandenigimaticrecitalsoftheTemples,fewexplanationsweregiventothe spectators,whowereleft,asintheschoolofnature,tomakeinferencesforthemselves.Noother methodcouldhavesuitedeverydegreeofcultivationandcapacity.Toemploynature'suniversal symbolisminsteadofthetechnicalitiesoflanguage,rewardsthehumblestinquirer,anddisclosesits secretstoeveryoneinproportiontohispreparatorytrainingandhispowertocon1prellendthem.If theirphilosophicalmeaningwasabovethecomlirellensionofsome,theirmoralandpoliticalmeanlngs arewithinthereachofall. Thesemysticshowsandperformanceswerenotthereadingofalecture,buttheopeningofaproblem. Requiringresearch,theywerecalculatedtoarousethedormantintellect.Theyimpliednohostilityto Philosophy,becausePhilosophyisthegreatexpounderofsymbolism;althoughitsancient interpretationswereoftenillfoundedandincorrect.Thealterationfromsymboltodogmaisfatalto beautyofexpression,andleadstointoleranceandassumedinfallibility. ****** EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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If,inteachingthegreatdoctrineofthedivinenatureoftheSoul,andinstrivingtoexplainitslongings afterimmortality,andinprovingitssuperiorityoverthesoulsoftheanimals,whichhavenoaspirations Heavenward,theancientsstruggledinvaintoexpressthenatureofthesoul,bycomparingittoFIRE andLIGHT,itwillbewellforustoconsiderwhether,withallourboastedknowledge,wehaveany betterorclearerideaofitsnature,andwhetherwehavenotdespairinglytakenrefugeinhavingnoneat all.Andiftheyerredastoitsoriginalplaceofabode,andunderstoodliterallythemodeandpathofits descent,thesewerebuttheaccessoriesofthegreatTruth,andprobably,totheInitiates,mereallegories, designedtomaketheideamorepalpableandimpressivetothemind. Theyareatleastnomorefittobesmiledatbytheselfconceitofavainignorance,thewealthofwhose knowledgeconsistssolelyinwords,thanthebosomofAbraham,asahomeforthespiritsofthejust dead;thegulfofactualfire,fortheeternaltortureofspirits;andtheCityoftheNewJerusalem,withits wallsofjasperanditsedificesofpuregoldlikeclearglass,itsfoundationsofpreciousstones,andits gateseachofasinglepearl."Iknewaman,"saysPAUL,"caughtuptothethirdHeaven;thathewas caughtupintoParadise,andheardineffablewords,whichitisnotpossibleforamantoutter."And nowhereistheantagonismandconflictbetweenthespiritandbodymorefrequentlyandforcibly insistedonthaninthewritingsofthisapostle,nowheretheDivinenatureofthesoulmorestrongly asserted."Withthemind,"hesays,"IservethelawofGod;butwiththefleshthelawofsin.Asmany asareledbytheSpiritofGod,arethesonsofGOD.Theearnestexpectationofthecreatedwaitsfor themanifestationofthesonsofGod.Thecreatedshallbedeliveredfromthebondageofcorruption,of thefleshliabletodecay,intothegloriouslibertyofthechildrenofGod." ****** Twoformsofgovernmentarefavorabletotheprevalenceoffalsehoodanddeceit.UnderaDespotism, menarefalse,treacherous,anddeceitfulthroughfear,likeslavesdreadingthelash.UnderaDemocracy theyaresoasameansofattainingpopularityandoffice,andbecauseofthegreedforwealth. Experiencewillprobablyprovethattheseodiousanddetestableviceswillgrowmostranklyandspread mostrapidlyinaRepublic.Whenofficeandwealthbecomethegodsofapeople,andthemost unworthyandunfitmostaspiretotheformer,andfraudbecomesthehighwaytothelatter,thelandwill reekwithfalsehoodandsweatliesandchicane.Whentheofficesareopentoall,meritandstern integrityandthedignityofunsulliedhonorwillattainthemonlyrarelyandbyaccident.Tobeableto servethecountrywell,willceasetobeareasonwhythegreatandwiseandlearnedshouldbeselected torenderservice.Otherqualifications,lesshonorable,willbemoreavailable.Toadaptone'sopinions tothepopularhumor;todefend,apologizefor,andjustifythepopularfollies;toadvocatetheexpedient andtheplausible;tocaress,cajole,andflattertheelector;tobeglikeaspanielforhisvote,evenifhebe anegrothreeremovesfrombarbarism;toprofessfriendshipforacompetitorandstabhimbyinnuendo; tosetonfootthatwhichatthirdhandshallbecomealie,beingcousingermantoitwhenuttered,and yetcapableofbeingexplainedaway,whoistherethathasnotseentheselowartsandbaseappliances EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

58/641 putintopractice,andbecominggeneral,untilsuccesscannotbesurelyhadbyanymorehonorable means?TheresultbeingaStateruledandruinedbyignorantandshallowmediocrity,pertselfconceit, thegreennessofunripeintellect,vainofaschoolboy'ssmatteringofknowledge. Thefaithlessandthefalseinpublicandinpoliticallife,willbefaithlessandfalseinprivate.The jockeyinpolitics,likethejockeyontheracecourse,isrottenfromskintocore.Everywherehewillsee firsttohisowninterests,andwhosoleansonhimwillbepiercedwithabrokenreed.Hisambitionis ignoble,likehimself;andthereforehewillseektoattainomcebyignoblemeans,ashewillseekto attainanyothercovetedobject,land,money,orreputation. Atlength,officeandhonoraredivorced.Theplacethatthesmallandshallow,theknaveorthe trickster,isdeemedcompetentandfittofill,ceasestobeworthytheambitionofthegreatandcapable; orifnot,theseshrinkfromacontest,theweaponstobeusedwhereinareunfitforagentlemanto handle.ThenthehabitsofunprincipledadvocatesinlawcourtsarenaturalizedinSenates,and pettifoggerswranglethere,whenthefateofthenationandthelivesofmillionsareatstake.Statesare evenbegottenbyvillainyandbroughtforthbyfraud,andrascalitiesarejustifiedbylegislatorsclaiming tobehonorable.Thencontestedelectionsaredecidedbyperjuredvotesorpartyconsiderations;andall thepracticesoftheworsttimesofcorruptionarerevivedandexaggeratedinRepublics. Itisstrangethatreverencefortruth,thatmanlinessandgenuineloyalty,andscornoflittlenessand unfairadvantage,andgenuinefaithandgodlinessandlargeheartednessshoulddiminish,among statesmenandpeople,ascivilizationadvances,andfreedombecomesmoregeneral,anduniversal suffrageimpliesuniversalworthandfitness!IntheageofElizabeth,withoutuniversalsuffrage,or SocietiesfortheDiffusionofUsefulKnowledge,orpopularlecturers,orLycaea,thestatesman,the merchant,theburgher,thesailor,wereallalikeheroic,fearingGodonly,andmannotatall.Letbuta hundredortwoyearselapse,andinaMonarchyorRepublicofthesamerace,nothingislessheroic thanthemerchant,theshrewdspeculator,theofficeseeker,fearingmanonly,andGodnotatall. Reverenceforgreatnessdiesout,andissucceededbybaseenvyofgreatness.Everymanisintheway ofmany,eitherinthepathtopopularityorwealth.Thereisageneralfeelingofsatisfactionwhena greatstatesmanisdisplaced,orageneral,whohasbeenforhisbriefhourthepopularidol,is unfortunateandsinksfromhishighestate.Itbecomesamisfortune,ifnotacrime,tobeabovethe popularlevel. Weshouldnaturallysupposethatanationindistresswouldtakecounselwiththewisestofitssons. But,onthecontrary,greatmenseemneversoscarceaswhentheyaremostneeded,andsmallmen neversoboldtoinsistoninfestingplace,aswhenmediocrityandincapablepretenceandsophomoric greenness,andshowyandsprightlyincompetencyaremostdangerous.WhenFrancewasinthe extremityofrevolutionaryagony,shewasgovernedbyanassemblyofprovincialpettifoggers,and Robespierre,Marat,andCouthonruledintheplaceofMirabeau,Vergniaud,andCarnot.Englandwas EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

59/641 governedbytheRumpParliament,aftershehadbeheadedherking.Cromwellextinguishedonebody, andNapoleontheother. Fraud,falsehood,trickery,anddeceitinnationalaffairsarethesignsofdecadenceinStatesand precedeconvulsionsorparalysis.Tobullytheweakandcrouchtothestrong,isthepolicyofnations governedbysmallmediocrity.ThetricksofthecanvassforofficearereenactedinSenates.The Executivebecomesthedispenserofpatronage,chieflytothemostunworthy;andmenarebribedwith officesinsteadofmoney,tothegreaterruinoftheCommonwealth.TheDivineinhumannature disappears,andinterest,grced,andselfishnesstakesitplace.Thatisasadandtrueallegorywhich representsthecompanionsofUlysseschangedbytheenchantmentsofCirceintoswine. ***** "Yecannot,"saidtheGreatTeacher,"serveGodandMammon."Whenthethirstforwealthbecomes general,itwillbesoughtforaswelldishonestlyashonestly;byfraudsandoverreachings,bythe knaveriesoftrade,theheartlessnessofgreedyspeculation,bygamblinginstocksandcommoditiesthat soondemoralizesawholecommunity.Menwillspeculateupontheneedsoftheirneighborsandthe distressesoftheircountry.Bubblesthat,bursting,impoverishmultitudes,willbeblownupbycunning knavery,withstupidcredulityasitsassistantsandinstrument.Hugebankruptcies,thatstartleacountry liketheearthquakes,andaremorefatal,fraudulentassignments,engulfmentofthesavingsofthepoor, expansionsandcollapsesofthecurrency,thecrashofbanks,thedepreciationofGovernmentsecurities, preyonthesavingsofselfdenial,andtroublewiththeirdepredationsthefirstnourishmentofinfancy andthelastsandsoflife,andfillwithinmatesthechurchyardsandlunaticasylums.Butthesharperand speculatorthrivesandfattens.Ifhiscountryisfightingbyalevyenmasseforherveryexistence,he aidsherbydepreciatingherpaper,sothathemayaccumulatefabulousamountswithlittleoutlay.Ifhis neighborisdistressed,hebuyshispropertyforasong.Ifheadministersuponanestate,itturnsout insolvent,andtheorphansarepaupers.Ifhisbankexplodes,heisfoundtohavetakencareofhimselfin time.Societyworshipsitspaperandcreditkings,astheoldHindusandEgyptiansworshippedtheir worthlessidols,andoftenthemostobsequiouslywheninactualsolidwealththeyaretheveriest paupers.Nowondermenthinkthereoughttobeanotherworld,inwhichtheinjusticesofthismaybe atonedfor,whentheyseethefriendsofruinedfamiliesbeggingthewealthysharperstogivealmsto preventtheorphanedvictimsfromstarving,untiltheymayfindwaysofsupportingthemselves. ****** Statesarechieflyavariciousofcommerceandofterritory.Thelatterleadstotheviolationoftreaties, encroachmentsuponfeebleneighbors,andrapacitytowardtheirwardswhoselandsarecoveted. Republicsare,inthis,asrapaciousandunprincipledasDespots,neverlearningfromhistorythat EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

60/641 inordinateexpansionbyrapineandfraudhasitsinevitableconsequencesindismen1bermentor subjugation.WhenaRepublicbeginstoplunderitsneighbors,thewordsofdoomarealreadywritten onitswalls.ThereisajudgmentalreadypronouncedofGoduponwhateverisunrighteousinthe conductofnationalaffairs.WhencivilwartearsthevitalsofaRepublic,letitlookbackandseeifit hasnotbeenguiltyofinjustices;andifithas,letithumbleitselfinthedust! Whenanationbecomespossessedwithaspiritofcommercialgreed,beyondthosejustandfairlimits setbyadueregardtoamoderateandreasonabledegreeofgeneralandindividualprosperity,itisa nationpossessedbythedevilofcommercialavarice,apassionasignobleanddemoralizingasavarice intheindividual;andasthissordidpassionisbaserandmoreunscrupulousthanambition,soitismore hateful,andatlastmakestheinfectednationtoberegardedastheenemyofthehumanrace.Tograspat thelion'sshareofcommerce,hasalwaysatlastproventheruinofStates,becauseitinvariablyleadsto iojusticesthatmakeaStatedetestable;toaselfishnessandcrookedpolicythatforbidothernationsto bethefriendsofaStatethatcaresonlyforitself. CommercialavariceinIndiawastheparentofmoreatrocitiesandgreaterrapacity,andcostmore humanlives,thanthenoblerambitionforextendedempireofConsularRome.Thenationthatgraspsat thecommerceoftheworldcannotbutbecomeselfish,calculating,deadtothenoblestimpulsesand sympathieswhichoughttoactuateStates.Itwillsubmittoinsultsthatwounditshonor,ratherthan endangeritscommercialinterestsbywar;while,tosubservethoseinterests,itwillwageunjustwar,on falseorfrivolouspretexts,itsfreepeoplecheerfullyallyingthemselveswithdespotstocrusha commercialrivalthathasdaredtoexileitskingsandelectitsownruler. Thusthecoldcalculationsofasordidselfinterest,innationscommerciallyavaricious,alwaysatlast displacethesentimentsandloftyimpulsesofHonorandGenerositybywhichtheyrosetogreatness; whichmadeElizabethandCromwellaliketheprotectorsofProtestantsbeyondthefourseasof England,againstcrownedTyrannyandmitredPersecution;and,iftheyhadlasted,wouldhave forbiddenallianceswithCzarsandAutocratsandBourbonstoreenthronetheTyranniesofIncapacity, andarmtheInquisitionanewwithitsinstrumentsoftorture.Thesouloftheavariciousnationpetrifies, likethesouloftheindividualwhomakesgoldhisgod.TheDespotwilloccasionallyactuponnoble andgenerousimpulses,andhelptheweakagainstthestrong,therightagainstthewrong.But commercialavariceisessentiallyegotistic,grasping,faithless,overreaching,crafty,cold,ungenerous, selfish,andcalculating,controlledbyconsiderationsofselfinterestalone.Heartlessandmerciless,it hasnosentimentsofpity,sympathy,orhonor,tomakeitpauseinitsremorselesscareer;anditcrushes downallthatisofimpedimentinitsway,asitskeelsofcommercecrushunderthemthemurmuring andunheededwaves. Awarforagreatprincipleennoblesanation.Awarforcommercialsupremacy,uponsomeshallow pretext,isdespicable,andmorethanaughtelsedemonstratestowhatimmeasurabledepthsofbaseness EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

61/641 menandnationscandescend.Commercialgreedvaluesthelivesofmennomorethanitvaluesthe livesofants.Theslavetradeisasacceptabletoapeopleenthralledbythatgreed,asthetradeinivory orspices,iftheprofitsareaslarge.ItwillbyandbyendeavortocompoundwithGodandquietitsown conscience,bycompellingthosetowhomitsoldtheslavesitboughtorstole,tosetthemfree,and slaughteringthembyhecatombsiftheyrefusetoobeytheedictsofitsphilanthropy. Justiceinnowiseconsistsinmetingouttoanotherthatexactmeasureofrewardorpunishmentwhich wethinkanddecreehismerit,orwhatwecallhiscrime,whichismoreoftenmerelyhiserror, deserves.Thejusticeofthefatherisnotincompatiblewithforgivenessbyhimoftheerrorsand offencesofhischild.TheInfiniteJusticeofGoddoesnotconsistinmetingoutexactmeasuresof punishmentforhumanfrailtiesandsins.Wearetooapttoerectourownlittleandnarrownotionsof whatisrightandjustintothelawofjustice,andtoinsistthatGodshalladoptthatasHislaw;to measureoffsomethingwithourownlittletapeline,andcallitGod'sloveofjustice.Continuallywe seektoennobleourownignobleloveofrevengeandretaliationJbymisnamingitjustice. Nordoesjusticeconsistinstrictlygoverningourconducttowardothermenbytherigidrulesoflegal right.Iftherewereacommunityanywhere,inwhichallstooduponthestrictnessofthisrule,there shouldbewrittenoveritsgates,asawarningtotheunfortunatesdesiringadmissiontothatinhospitable realm,thewordswhichDANTEsaysarewrittenoverthegreatgateofHell:LETTHOSEWHO ENTERHERELEAVEHOPEBEHIND!Itisnotjusttopaythelaborerinfieldorfactoryor workshophiscurrentwagesandnomore,thelowestmarketvalueofhislabor,forsolongonlyaswe needthatlaborandheisabletowork;forwhensicknessoroldageovertakeshim,thatistoleavehim andhisfamilytostarve;andGodwillcursewithcalamitythepeopleinwhichthechildrenofthe laboreroutofworkeattheboiledgrassofthefield,andmothersstrangletheirchildren,thattheymay buyfoodforthemselveswiththecharitablepittancegivenforburialexpenses.Therulesofwhatis ordinarilytermed"Justice,"maybepunctiliouslyobservedamongthefallenspiritsthatarethe aristocracyofHell. ****** Justice,divorcedfromsympathy,isselfishindifference,notintheleastmorelaudablethan misanthropicisolation.Thereissympathyevenamongthehairlikeoscillatorias,atribeofsimple plants,armiesofwhichmaybediscoveredwiththeaidofthemicroscope,inthetiniestbitofscum fromastagnantpool.Forthesewillplacethemselves,asifitwerebyagreement,inseparate companies,onthesideofavesselcontainingthem,andseemmarchingupwardinrows;andwhena swarmgrowswearyofitssituation,andhasamindtochangeitsquarters,eacharmyholdsonitsway withoutconfusionorintermixture,proceedingwithgreatregularityandorder,asifunderthedirections ofwiseleaders.Theantsandbeesgiveeachothermutualassistance,beyondwhatisrequiredbythat whichhumancreaturesareapttoregardasthestrictlawofjustice. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Surelyweneedbutreflectalittle,tobeconvincedthattheindividualmanisbutafractionoftheunitof society,andthatheisindissolublyconnectedwiththerestofhisrace.Notonlytheactions,butthewill andthoughtsofothermenmakeormarhisfortunes,controlhisdestinies,areuntohimlifeordeath, dishonororhonor.Theepidemics,physicalandmoral,contagiousandinfectious,publicopinion, populardelusions,enthusiasms,andtheothergreatelectricphenomenaandcurrents,moraland intellectual,provetheuniversalsympathy.Thevoteofasingleandobscuren1an,theutteranceofself will,ignorance,conceit,orspite,decidinganelectionandplacingFollyorIncapacityorBasenessina Senate,involvesthecountryinwar,sweepsawayourfortunes,slaughtersoursons,rendersthelaborsof alifeunavailing,andpusheson,helpless,withallourintellecttoresist,intothegrave. Theseconsiderationsoughttoteachusthatjusticetoothersandtoourselvesisthesame;thatwecannot defineourdutiesbymathematicallinesruledbythesquare,butmustfillwiththemthegreatcircle tracedbythecompasses;thatthecircleofhumanityisthelimit,andwearebutthepointinitscentre, thedropsinthegreatAtlantic,theatomorparticle,boundbyamysteriouslawofattractionwhichwe termsympathytoeveryotheratominthemass;thatthephysicalandmoralwelfareofotherscannotbe indifferenttous;thatwehaveadirectandimmediateinterestinthepublicmoralityandpopular intelligence,inthewellbeingandphysicalcomfortofthepeopleatlarge.Theignoranceofthepeople, theirpauperismanddestitution,andconsequentdegradation,theirbrutalizationanddemoralization,are alldiseases;andwecannotrisehighenoughabovethepeople,norshutourselvesupfromthemenough, toescapethemiasmaticcontagionandthegreatmagneticcurrents. Justiceispeculiarlyindispensabletonations.TheunjustStateisdoomedofGodtocalamityandruin. ThisistheteachingoftheEternalWisdomandofhistory."Righteousnessexaltethanation;butwrong isareproachtonations.""TheThroneisestablishedbyRighteousness.LetthelipsoftheRuler pronouncethesentencethatisDivine;andhismouthdonowronginjudgment!"Thenationthatadds provincetoprovincebyfraudandviolence,thatencroachesontheweakandplundersitswards,and violatesitstreatiesandtheobligationofitscontracts,andforthelawofhonorandfairdealing substitutestheexigenciesofgreedandthebasepreceptsofpolicyandcraftandtheignobletenetsof expediency,ispredestinedtodestruction;forhere,aswiththeindividual,theconsequencesofwrong areinevitableandeternal. Asentenceiswrittenagainstallthatisunjust,writtenbyGodinthenatureofmanandinthenatureof theUniverse,becauseitisinthenatureoftheInfiniteGod.Nowrongisreallysuccessful.Thegainof injusticeisaloss;itspleasure,suffering.Iniquityoftenseemstoprosper,butitssuccessisitsdefeatand shame.Ifitsconsequencespassbythedoer,theyfalluponandcrushhischildren.Itisaphilosophical, physical,andmoraltruth,intheformofathreat,thatGodvisitstheiniquityofthefathersuponthe children,tothethirdandfourthgenerationofthosewhoviolateHislaws.Afteralongwhile,thedayof reckoningalwayscomes,tonationastoindividual;andalwaystheknavedeceiveshimself,andprovesa failure. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Hypocrisyisthehomagethatviceandwrongpaytovirtueandjustice.ItisSatanattemptiogtoclothe himselfintheangelicvestureoflight.Itisequallydetestableinmorals,politics,andreligion;inthe manandinthenation.Todoinjusticeunderthepretenceofequityandfairness;toreprovevicein publicandcommititinprivate;topretendtocharitableopinionandcensoriouslycondemn;toprofess theprinciplesofMasonicbeneficence,andclosetheeartothewailofdistressandthecryofsuffering; toeulogizetheintelligenceofthepeople,andplottodeceiveandbetraythembymeansoftheir ignoranceandsimplicity;toprateofpurity,andpeculate;ofhonor,andbaselyabandonasinkingcause; ofdisinterestedness,andsellone'svoteforplaceandpower,arehypocrisiesascommonastheyare infamousanddisgraceful.TostealtheliveryoftheCourtofGodtoservetheDevilwithal;topretendto believeinaGodofmercyandaRedeemeroflove,andpersecutethoseofadifferentfaith;todevour widows'houses,andforapretencemakelongprayers;topreachcontinence,andwallowinlust;to inculcatehumility,andinpridesurpassLucifer;topaytithe,andomittheweightiermattersofthelaw, judgment,mercyandfaith;tostrainatagnat,andswallowacamel;tomakecleantheoutsideofthe cupandplatter,keepingthemfullwithinofextortionandexcess;toappearoutwardlyrighteousunto men,butwithinbefullofhypocrisyandiniquity,isindeedtobelikeuntowhitedsepulchres,which appearbeautifuloutward,butarewithinfullofbonesofthedeadandofalluncleanness. TheRepubliccloaksitsambitionwiththepretenceofadesireanddutyto"extendtheareaoffreedom," andclaimsitasits"manifestdestiny"toannexotherRepublicsortheStatesorProvincesofothersto itself,byopenviolence,orunderobsolete,empty,andfraudulenttitles.TheEmpirefoundedbya successfulsoldier,claimsitsancientornaturalboundaries,andmakesnecessityanditssafetytlleplea foropenrobbery.ThegreatMerchantNation,gainingfootholdintheOrient,findsacontinualnecessity forextendingitsdominionbyarms,andsubjugatesIndia.ThegreatRoyaltiesandDespotisms,without aplea,partitionamongthemselvesaKingdom,dismemberPoland,andpreparetowrangleoverthe dominionsoftheCrescent.TomaintainthebalanceofpowerisapleafortheobliterationofStates. Carthage,Genoa,andVenice,commercialCitiesonly,mustacquireterritorybyforceorfraud,and becomeStates.AlexandermarchestotheIndus;Tamerlaneseeksuniversalempire;theSaracens conquerSpainandthreatenVienna. Thethirstforpowerisneversatisfied.Itisinsatiable.Neithermennornationseverhavepowerenough. WhenRomewasthemistressoftheworld,theEmperorscausedthemselvestobeworshippedasgods. TheChurchofRomeclaimeddespotismoverthesoul,andoverthewholelifefromthecradletothe grave.Itgaveandsoldabsolutionsforpastandfuturesins.Itclaimedtobeinfallibleinmattersof faith.ItdecimatedEuropetopurgeitofheretics.ItdecimatedAmericatoconverttheMexicansand Peruvians.Itgaveandtookawaythrones;andbyexcommunicationandinterdictclosedthegatesof ParadiseagainstNations,Spain,haughtywithitsdominionovertheIndies,endeavoredtocrushout ProtestantismintheNetherlands,whilePhiliptheSecondmarriedtheQueenofEngland,andthepair soughttowinthatkingdombacktoitsallegiancetothePapalthrone.AfterwardSpainattemptedto conqueritwithher"invincible"Armada.Napoleonsethisrelativesandcaptainsonthrones,and EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

64/641 parcelledamongthemhalfofEurope.TheCzarrulesoveranempiremoregiganticthanRome.The historyofallisorwillbethesame,acquisition,dismemberment,ruin.ThereisajudgmentofGod againstallthatisunjust. Toseektosubjugatethewillofothersandtakethesoulcaptive,becauseitistheexerciseofthchighest power,seemstobethehighestobjectofhumanambition.Itisatthebottomofallproselytingand propagandism,fromthatofMesmertothatoftheChurchofRomeandtheFrenchRepublic.Thatwas theapostolatealikeofJoshuaandofMahomet. MasonryalonepreachesToleration,therightofmantoabidebyhisownfaith,therightofallStatesto governthemselves.Itrebukesalikethemonarchwhoseekstoextendhisdominionsbyconquest,the Churchthatclaimstherighttorepressheresybyfireandsteel,andtheconfederationofStatesthat insistonmaintainingaunionbyforceandrestoringbrotherhoodbyslaughterandsubjugation. Itisnatural,whenwearewronged,todesirerevenge;andtopersuadeourselvesthatwedesireitlessfor ourownsatisfactionthantopreventarepetitionofthewrong,towhichthedoerwouldbeencouraged byimmunitycoupledwiththeprofitofthewrong.Tosubmittobecheatedistoencouragethecheater tocontinue;andwearequiteapttoregardourselvesasGod'schoseninstrumentstoinflictHis vengeance,andforHimandinHissteadtodiscouragewrongbymakingitfruitlessanditspunishment sure.Revengehasbeensaidtobe"akindofwildjustice;"butitisalwaystakeninanger,andtherefore isunworthyofagreatsoul,whichoughtnottosufferitsequanimitytobedisturbedbyingratitudeor villainy.Theinjuriesdoneusbythebaseareasmuchunworthyofourangrynoticeasthosedoneusby theinsectsandthebeasts;andwhenwecrushtheadder,orslaythewolforhyena,weshoulddoit withoutbeingmovedtoanger,andwithnomorefeelingofrevengethanwehaveinrootingupa noxiousweed. Andifitbenotinhumannaturenottotakerevengebywayofpunishment,lettheMasontrulyconsider thatindoingsoheisGod'sagent,andsolethisrevengebemeasuredbyjusticeandtemperedbymercy. ThelawofGodis,thattheconsequencesofwrongandcrueltyandcrimeshallbetheirpunishment; andtheinjuredandthewrongedandtheindignantareasmuchHisinstrumentstoenforcethatlaw,as thediseasesandpublicdetestation,andtheverdictofhistoryandtheexecrationofposterityare.Noone willsaythattheInquisitorwhohasrackedandburnedtheinnocent;theSpaniardwhohewedIndian infants,living,intopieceswithhissword,andfedthemangledlimbstohisbloodhounds;themilitary tyrantwhohasshotmenwithouttrial,theknavewhohasrobbedorbetrayedhisState,thefraudulent bankerorbankruptwhohasbeggaredorphans,thepublicofficerwhohasviolatedhisoath,thejudge whohassoldinjustice,thelegislatorwhohasenabledIncapacitytoworktheruinoftheState,ought nottobepunished.Letthembeso;andlettheinjuredorthesympathizingbetheinstrumentsofGod's justvengeance;butalwaysoutofahigherfeelingthanmerepersonalrevenge.

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65/641 Rememberthateverymoralcharacteristicofmanfindsitsprototypean1ongcreaturesoflower intelligence;thatthecruelfoulnessofthehyena,thesavagerapacityofthewolf,themercilessrageof thetiger,thecraftytreacheryofthepanther,arefoundamongmankind,andoughttoexcitenoother emotion,whenfoundintheman,thanwhenfoundinthebeast.Whyshouldthetruemanbeangrywith thegeesethathiss,thepeacocksthatstrut,theassesthatbray,andtheapesthatimitateandchatter, althoughtheywearthehumanform?Always,also,itremainstrue,thatitismorenobletoforgivethan totakerevenge;andthat,ingeneral,weoughttoomuchtodespisethosewhowrongus,tofeelthe emotionofanger,ortodesirerevenge. AtthesphereoftheSun,youareintheregionofLIGHT.TheHebrewwordforgold,ZAHAB,also meansLight,ofwhichtheSunistotheEarththegreatsource.So,inthegreatOrientalallegoryofthe Hebrews,theRiverPISONcompassesthelandofGoldorLight;andtheRiverGIHONthelandof EthiopiaorDarkness. Whatlightis,wenomoreknowthantheancientsdid.Accordingtothemodernhypothesis,itisnot composedofluminousparticlesshotoutfromthesunwithimmensevelocity;butthatbodyonly impresses,ontheetherwhichfillsallspace,apowerfulvibratorymovementthatextends,intheformof luminouswaves,beyondthemostdistantplanets,supplyingthemwithlightandheat.Totheancients,it wasanoutflowingfromtheDeity.Tous,astothem,itistheaptsymboloftruthandknowledge.Tous, also,theupwardjourneyofthesoulthroughtheSpheresissymbolical;butweareaslittleinformedas theywhencethesoulcomes,whereithasitsorigin,andwhitheritgoesafterdeath.Theyendeavoredto havesomebeliefandfaith,somecreed,uponthosepoints.Atthepresentday,menaresatisfiedtothink nothinginregardtoallthat,andonlytobelievethatthesoulisasomethingseparatefromthebodyand outlivingit,butwhetherexistingbeforeit,neithertoinquirenorcare.Nooneaskswhetheritemanates fromtheDeity,oriscreatedoutofnothing,orisgeneratedlikethebody,andtheissueofthesoulsof thefatherandthemother.Letusnotsmile,therefore,attheideasoftheancients,untilwehaveabetter belief;butaccepttheirsymbolsasmeaningthatthesoulisofaDivinenature,originatinginasphere nearertheDeity,andreturningtothatwhenfreedfromtheenthralhmentofthebody;andthatitcan onlyreturntherewhenpurifiedofallthesordidnessandsinwhichhave,asitwere,becomepartofits substance,byitsconnectionwiththebody. Itisnotstrangethat,thousandsofyearsago,menworshippedtheSun,andthattodaythatworship continuesamongtheParsees.OriginallytheylookedbeyondtheorbtotheinvisibleGod,ofwhomthe Sun'slight,seeminglyidenticalwithgenerationandlife,wasthemanifestationandoutflowing.Long beforetheChaldeanshepherdswatcheditontheirplains,itcameupregularly,asitnowdoes,inthe morning,likeagod,andagainsank,likeakingretiring,inthewest,toreturnagaininduetimeinthe samearrayofmajesty.WeworshipImmutability.Itwasthatsteadfast,immutablecharacteroftheSun thatthemenofBaalbecworshipped.Hislightgivingandlifegivingpowersweresecondaryattributes. TheonegrandideathatcompelledworshipwasthecharacteristicofGodwhichtheysawreflectedin hislight,andfanciedtheysawinitsoriginalitythechangelessnessofDeity.Hehadseenthrones EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

66/641 crwnble,earthquakesshaketheworldandhurldownmountains. BeyondOlympus,beyondthePillarsofHercules,hehadgonedailytohisabode,andhadcomedaily againinthemorningtobeholdthetemplestheybuilttohisworsl1ip.Theypersonifiedhimas BRAHMA,AMUN,OSRIS,BEL,ADONIS,MALKARTH,MITHRAS,andAPOLLO;andthe nationsthatdidsogrewoldanddied.Mossgrewonthecapitalsofthegreatcolumnsofhistemples, andheshoneonthemoss.Grainbygrainthedustofhistemplescrumbledandfell,andwasborneoff onthewind,andstillheshoneoncrumblingcolumnandarchitrave.Therooffellcrashingonthe pavement,andheshoneinontheHolyofHolieswithunchangingrays.Itwasnotstrangethatmen worshippedtheSun. Thereisawaterplant,onwhosebroadleavesthedropsofwaterrollaboutwithoutuniting,likedrops ofmercury.Soargumentsonpointsoffaith,inpoliticsorreligion,rolloverthesurfaceofthemind.An argumentthatconvincesonemindhasnoeffectonanother.Fewintellects,orsoulsthatarethe negationsofintellect,haveanylogicalpowerorcapacity.Thereisasingularobliquityinthehuman mindthatmakesthefalselogicmoreeffectivethanthetruewithninetenthsofthosewhoareregarded asmenofintellect.Evenamongthejudges,notoneintencanarguelogically.Eachmindseesthetruth, distortedthroughitsownmedium.Truth,tomostmen,islikematterinthespheroidalstate.Likeadrop ofcoldwateronthesurfaceofaredhotmetalplate,itdances,trembles,andspins,andnevercomes intocontactwithit;andthemindmaybeplungedintotruth,asthehandmoistenedwithsulphurous acidmayintomeltedmetal,andbenotevenwarmedbytheimmersion. ****** ThewordKhairumorKhurumisacompoundone.GeseniusrendersKhurumbythewordnobleor freeborn:Khurmeaningwhite,noble.Italsomeanstheopeningofawindow,thesocketoftheeye. Khrialsomeanswhite,oranopening;andKhris,theorboftheSun,inJobviii.13andx.7.Krishnais theHinduSunGod.Khur,theParsiword,istheliteralnameoftheSun. FromKurorKhur,theSun,comesKhora,anameofLowerEgypt.TheSun,Bryantsaysinhis Mythology,wascalledKur;andPlutarchsaysthatthePersianscalledtheSunKuros.Kurios,Lord,in Greek,likeAdonai,Lord,inPhcenicianandHebrew,wasappliedtotheSun.Manyplacesweresacred totheSun,andcalledKura,Kuria,Kuropolis,Kurene,Kureschata,Kuresta,andCorusiainScythia. TheEgyptianDeitycalledbytheGreeks"Horus,"wasHerRa,orHaroeris,HororHar,theSun.Hari isaHindunameoftheSun.Arial,Ares,Ar,Aryaman,Areimonios,theARmeaningFireorFlame, areofthesamekindred.HewnesorHarmes,(Aram,Remus,Haram,Harameias),wasKadmos,the DivineLightorWisdom.Markuri,saysMovers,isMar,theSun. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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IntheHebrew,AOOR,isLight,Fire,ortheSun.Cyrus,saidCtesias,wassonamedfromKuros,the Sun.Kuris,Hesychiussays,wasAdonis.Apollo,theSungod,wascalledKurraios,fromKurra,acity inPhocis.ThepeopleofKurene,originallyEthiopiansorCuthites,worshippedtheSununderthetitle ofAchoorandAchor. Weknow,throughaprecisetestimonyintheancientannalsofTsur,thattheprincipalfestivityofMal karth,theincarnationoftheSunattheWinterSolstice,heldatTsur,wascalledhisrebirthorhis awakening,andthatitwascelebratedbymeansofapyre,onwhichthegodwassupposedtoregain, throughtheaidoffire,anewlife.ThisfestivalwascelebratedinthemonthPeritius(Barith),thesecond dayofwhichcorrespondedtothe25thofDecember.KHURUM,KingofTyre,Moverssays,first performedthisceremony.ThesefactswelearnfromJosephus,ServiusontheAEneid,andthe DionysiacsofNonnus;andthroughacoincidencethatcannotbefortuitous,thesamedaywasatRome theDiesNatalisSolisInvicti,thefestaldayoftheinvincibleSun.Underthistitle,HERCULES,HAR acles,wasworshippedatTsur.Thus,whilethetemplewasbeingerected,thedeathandresurrectionof aSunGodwasannuallyrepresentedatTsur,bySolomon'sally,atthewintersolstice,bythepyreof MALKARIH,theTsurianHaracles. AROERISorHARoeris,theelderHORUS,isfromthesameoldrootthatintheHebrewhastheform Aur,or,withthedefinitearticleprefixed,Haur,Light,ortheLight,splendor,flame,theSunandhis rays.ThehieroglyphicoftheyoungerHORUSwasthepointinacircle;oftheElder,apairofeyes;and thefestivalofthethirtiethdayofthemonthEpiphi,whenthesunandmoonweresupposedtobeinthe samerightlinewiththeearth,wascalled"ThebirthdayoftheeyesofHorus." InapapyruspublishedbyChampollion,thisgodisstyled"Haroeri,LordoftheSolarSpirits,the beneficenteyeoftheSun."Plutarchcallshim"Harpocrates,"butthereisnotraceofthelatterpartof thenameinthehieroglyphiclegends.HeisthesonofOSIRISandIsisandisrepresentedsittingona thronesupportedbylions;thesameword,inEgyptian,meaningLionandSun.SoSolomonmadea greatthroneofivory,platedwithgold,withsixsteps,ateacharmofwhichwasalion,andoneoneach sidetoeachstep,makingsevenoneachside. Again,theHebrewwordKhi,means"living"andram,"was,orshallbe,raisedorliftedup."Thelatter isthesameasroom,aroom,harum,whenceAram,forSyria,orAramoea,Highland.Khairum, therefore,wouldmean"wasraiseduptolife,orliving." So,inArabic,hrm,anunusedroot,meant,"washigh","madegreat","exalted"andHirmmeansanox, thesymboloftheSuninTaurus,attheVernalEquinox.

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68/641 KHURUM,therefore,improperlycalledHiram,isKHUROM,thesameasHerra,Hermes,andHer acles,the"HeraclesTyriusInvictus,"thepersonificationofLightandtheSon,theMediator,Redeemer, andSaviour.FromtheEgyptianwordRacametheCopticOuro,andtheHebrewAur,Light.Haroeri, isHororHar,thechieformaster.Horisalsoheat;andhora,seasonorhour;andhenceinseveral Africandialects,asnamesoftheSun,Airo,Ayero,eer,uiro,ghurrah,andthelike.Theroyalname renderedPharaoh,wasPHRA,thatis,Paira,theSun. ThelegendofthecontestbetweenHorraandSet,orSetnubi,thesameasBarorBal,isolderthan thatofthestrifebetweenOsirisandTyphon;asold,atleast,asthenineteenthdynasty.Itiscalledinthe BookoftheDead,"ThedayofthebattlebetweenHorusandSet."Thelatermythconnectsitselfwith PhoeniciaandSyria.ThebodyofOSIRISwentashoreatGebalorByblos,sixtymilesaboveTsur.You willnotfailtonoticethatinthenameofeachmurdererofKhurum,thatoftheEvilGodBalisfound. ***** HaroeriwasthegodofTIME,aswellasofLife.TheEgyptianlegendwasthattheKingofBybloscut downthetamarisktreecontainingthebodyofOSIRIS,andmadeofitacolumnforhispalace.Isis, employedinthepalace,obtainedpossessionofthecolumn,tookthebodyoutofit,andcarrieditaway. Apuleiusdescribesheras"abeautifulfemale,overwhosedivineneckherlongthickhairhungin gracefulringlets;"andintheprocessionfemaleattendants,withivorycombs,seemedtodressand ornamenttheroyalhairofthegoddess.Thepalmtree,andthelampintheshapeofaboat,appearedin theprocession.Ifthesymbolwearespeakingofisnotameremoderninvention,itistothesethingsit alludes. Theidentityofthelegendsisalsoconfirmedbythishieroglyphicpicture,copiedfromanancient Egyptianmonument,whichmayalsoenlightenyouastotheLion'sgripandtheMaster'sgavel. IntheancientPhoeniciancharacter,andintheSamaritan,AB,(thetwolettersrepresentingthe numbers1,2,orUnityandDuality,meansFather,andisaprimitivenoun,commontoalltheSemitic languages.ItalsomeansanAncestor,Originator,Inventor,Head,ChieforRuler,Manager,Overseer, Master,Priest,Prophet. IssimplyFather,whenitisinconstruction,thatis,whenitprecedesanotherword,andinEnglishthe preposition"of"isinterposed,asAbiAl,theFatherofAl.Also,thefinalYodmeans"my";sothatby itselfmeans"Myfather.Davidmyfather,2Chron.ii.3. (Vav)finalisthepossessivepronoun"his";andAbiu(whichweread"Abif")means"ofmyfather's." EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

69/641 Itsfullmeaning,asconnectedwiththenameofKhurum,nodoubtis,"formerlyoneofmyfather's servants,"or"slaves." ThenameofthePhoenicianartificeris,inSamuelandKings,[2Sam.v.11;1Kingsv.15;1Kingsvii. 40].InChroniclesitiswiththeadditionof[2Chron.ii.12];andof[2Chron.iv.16]. Itismerelyabsurdtoaddtheword"Abif,"or"Abiff,"aspartofthenameoftheartificer.Anditis almostasabsurdtoaddtheword"Abi,"whichwasatitleandnotpartofthename.Josephsays[Gen. xlv.8],"Godhasconstitutedme'Abl'Paraah,asFathertoParaah,i.e.,VizierorPrimeMinister."So HamanwascalledtheSecondFatherofArtaxerxes;andwhenKingKhurumusedthephrase"Khurum Abi,"hemeantthattheartificerhesentSchlomohwastheprincipalorchiefworkmaninhislineat Tsur. AmedalcopiedbyMontfauconexhibitsafemalenursingachild,withearsofwheatinherhand,and thelegend(Iao).Sheisseatedonclouds,astaratherhead,andthreeearsofwheatrisingfromanaltar beforeher. HORUSwasthemediator,whowasburiedthreedays,wasregenerated,andtriumphedovertheevil principle. ThewordHERI,inSanscrit,meansShepherd,aswellasSavior.CRISHNAiscalledHeri,asJesus calledHimselftheGoodShepherd. Khur,meansanapertureofawindow,acave,ortheeye.Alsoitmeanswhite.Italsomeansanopening, andnoble,freeborn,highborn. KHURMmeansconsecrated,devoted;inAEthiopic.Itisthenameofacity,[Josh.xix.38];andofa man,[Ezr.ii.32,x.31;Neh.iii.11]. Khirah,meansnobility,anoblerace. BuddhaisdeclaredtocomprehendinhisownpersontheessenceoftheHinduTrimurti;andhencethe triliteralmonosyllableOmorAumisappliedtohimasbeingessentiallythesameasBrahmaVishnu Siva.HeisthesameasHermes,Thoth,Taut,andTeutates.OneofhisnamesisHerimayaorHermaya, whichareevidentlythesamenameasHermesandKhirmorKhurm.Heri,inSanscrit,meansLord. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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AlearnedBrotherplacesoverthetwosymbolicpillars,fromrighttoleft,thetwowordsIHUandBAL: followedbythehieroglyphicequivalent,oftheSunGod,Amunra.Isitanaccidentalcoincidence,that inthenameofeachmurdererarethetwonamesoftheGoodandEvilDeitiesoftheHebrews;forYu belisbutYehuBalorYehoBal?andthatthethreefinalsyllablesofthenames,a,o,um,make A.'.U.'.M.'.thesacredwordoftheHindoos,meaningtheTriuneGod,Lifegiving,Lifepreserving,Life destroying:representedbythemysticcharacter? Thegenuineacacia,also,isthethornytamarisk,thesametreewhichgrewuparoundthebodyof Osiris.ItwasasacredtreeamongtheArabs,whomadeofittheidolAlUzza,whichMohammed destroyed.ItisabundantasabushintheDesertofThur:andofitthe"crownofthorns"wascomposed, whichwassetontheforeheadofJesusofNazareth.Itisafittypeofimmortalityonaccountofits tenacityoflife;forithasbeenknown,whenplantedasadoorpost,totakerootagainandshootout buddingboughsoverthethreshold. ***** Everycommonwealthmusthaveitsperiodsoftrialandtransition,especiallyifitengagesinwar.Itis certainatsometimetobewhollygovernedbyagitatorsappealingtoallthebaserelementsofthe popularnature;bymoneyedcorporations;bythoseenrichedbythedepreciationofgovernment securitiesorpaper;bysmallattorneys,schemers,moneyjobbers,speculatorsandadventurersan ignobleoligarchy,enrichedbythedistressesoftheState,andfattenedonthemiseriesofthepeople. Thenallthedeceitfulvisionsofequalityandtherightsofmanend;andthewrongedandplundered Statecanregainareallibertyonlybypassingthrough"greatvarietiesofuntriedbeing,"purifiedinits transmigrationbyfireandblood. InaRepublic,itsooncomestopassthatpartiesgatherroundthenegativeandpositivepolesofsome opinionornotion,andthattheintolerantspiritofatriumphantmajoritywillallownodeviationfrom thestandardoforthodoxywhichithassetupforitself.Freedomofopinionwillbeprofessedand pretendedto,buteveryonewillexerciseitattheperilofbeingbanishedfrompoliticalcommunion withthosewhoholdthereinsandprescribethepolicytobepursued.Slavishnesstopartyand obsequiousnesstothepopularwhimsgohandinhand.Politicalindependenceonlyoccursinafossil state;andmen'sopinionsgrowoutoftheactstheyhavebeenconstrainedtodoorsanction.Flattery, eitherofindividualorpeople,corruptsboththereceiverandthegiver;andadulationisnotofmore servicetothepeoplethantokings.ACaesar,securelyseatedinpower,careslessforitthanafree democracy;norwillhisappetiteforitgrowtoexorbitance,asthatofapeoplewill,untilitbecomes insatiate.Theeffectoflibertytoindividualsis,thattheymaydowhattheyplease;toapeople,itistoa greatextentthesame.Ifaccessibletoflattery,asthisisalwaysinterested,andresortedtoonlowand basemotives,andforevilpurposes,eitherindividualorpeopleissure,indoingwhatitpleases,todo EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

71/641 whatinhonorandconscienceshouldhavebeenleftundone.Oneoughtnoteventorisk congratulations,whichmaysoonbeturnedintocomplaints;andasbothindividualsandpeoplesare pronetomakeabaduseofpower,toflatterthem,whichisasurewaytomisleadthem,welldeservesto becalledacrime. ThefirstprincipleinaRepublicoughttobe,"thatnomanorsetofmenisentitledtoexclusiveor separateemolumentsorprivilegesfromthecommunity,butinconsiderationofpublicservices;which notbeingdescendible,neitheroughttheomcesofmagistrate,legislature,norjudge,tobehereditary."It isavolumeofTruthandWisdom,alessonforthestudyofnations,embodiedinasinglesentence,and expressedinlanguagewhicheverymancanunderstand.Ifadelugeofdespotismweretooverthrowthe world,anddestroyallinstitutionsunderwhichfreedomisprotected,sothattheyshouldnolongerbe rememberedamongmen,thissentence,preserved,wouldbesufficienttorekindlethefiresofliberty andrevivetheraceoffreemen. But,topreserveliberty,anothermustbeadded:"thatafreeStatedoesnotconferofficeasareward, especiallyforquestionableservices,unlesssheseeksherownruin;butallofficersareemployedbyher, inconsiderationsolelyoftheirwillandabilitytorenderserviceinthefuture;andthereforethatthebest andmostcompetentarealwaystobepreferred." For,ifthereistobeanyotherrule,thatofhereditarysuccessionisperhapsasgoodasany.Bynoother ruleisitpossibletopreservethelibertiesoftheState.Bynoothertointrustthepowerofmakingthe lawstothoseonlywhohavethatkeeninstinctivesenseofinjusticeandwrongwhichenablesthemto detectbasenessandcorruptionintheirmostsecrethidingplaces,andthatmoralcourageandgenerous manlinessandgallantindependencethatmakethemfearlessindraggingouttheperpetratorstothelight ofday,andcallingdownuponthemthescornandindignationoftheworld.Theflatterersofthepeople areneversuchmen.Onthecontrary,atimealwayscomestoaRepublic,whenitisnotcontent,like Liberius,withasingleSejanus,butmusthaveahost;andwhenthosemostprominentintheleadof affairsaremenwithoutreputation,statesmanship,ability,orinformation,themerehacksofparty, owingtheirplacestotrickeryandwantofqualification,withnoneofthequalitiesofheadorheartthat makegreatandwisemen,and,atthesametime,filledwithallthenarrowconceptionsandbitter intoleranceofpoliticalbigotry.Thesedie;andtheworldisnonethewiserforwhattheyhavesaidand done.Theirnamessinkinthebottomlesspitofoblivion;buttheiractsoffollyorknaverycursethe bodypoliticandatlastproveitsruin. Politicians,inafreeState,aregenerallyhollow,heartless,andselfish.Theirownaggrandisementisthe endoftheirpatriotism;andtheyalwayslookwithsecretsatisfactiononthedisappointmentorfallof onewhoseloftiergeniusandsuperiortalentsovershadowtheirownselfimportance,orwhoseintegrity andincorruptiblehonorareinthewayoftheirselfishends.Theinfluenceofthesmallaspirantsis alwaysagainstthegreatman.Hisaccessiontopowermaybealmostforalifetime.Oneofthemselves EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

72/641 willbemoreeasilydisplaced,andeachhopestosucceedhim;andsoitatlengthcomestopassthat menimpudentlyaspiretoandactuallywinthehigheststations,whoareunfitforthelowestclerkships; andincapacityandmediocritybecomethesurestpassportstoonce. Theconsequenceis,thatthosewhofeelthemselvescompetentandqualifiedtoservethepeople,refuse withdigusttoenterintothestruggleforoffice,wherethewickedandjesuiticaldoctrinethatallisfair inpoliticsisanexcuseforeveryspeciesoflowvillainy;andthosewhoseekeventhehighestplacesof theStatedonotrelyuponthepowerofamagnanimousspirit,onthesympathizingimpulsesofagreat soul,tostirandmovethepeopletogenerous,noble,andheroicresolves,andtowiseandmanlyaction; but,likespanielserectontheirhindlegs,withforepawsobsequiouslysuppliant,fawn,flatter,and actuallybegforvotes.Ratherthandescendtothis,theystandcontemptuouslyaloof,disdainfully refusingtocourtthepeople,andactingonthemaxim,that"mankindhasnotitletodemandthatwe shallservetheminspiteofthemselves". ****** Itislamentabletoseeacountrysplitintofactions,eachfollowingthisorthatgreatorbrazenfronted leaderwithablind,unreasoning,unquestioningheroworship;itiscontemptibletoseeitdividedinto parties,whosesoleendisthespoilsofvictory,andtheirchiefsthelow,thebase,thevenalandthe snlall.Suchacountryisinthelaststagesofdecay,andnearitsend,nomatterhowprosperousitmay seemtobe.Itwranglesoverthevolcanoandtheearthquake.Butitiscertainthatnogovernmentcanbe conductedbythemenofthepeople,andforthepeople,withoutarigidadherencetothoseprinciples whichourreasoncommendsasfixedandsound.Thesemustbethetestsofparties,men,andmeasures. Oncedetermined,theymustbeinexorableintheirapplication,andallmusteithercomeuptothe standardordeclareagainstit.Menmaybetray:principlesnevercan.Oppressionisoneinvariable consequenceofmisplacedconfidenceintreacherousman,itisnevertheresultoftheworkingor applicationofasound,just,welltriedprinciple.Compromiseswhichbringfundamentalprinciplesinto doubt,inordertouniteinonepartymenofantagonisticcreeds,arefrauds,andendinruin,thejustand naturalconsequenceoffraud.Wheneveryouhavesettleduponyourtheoryandcreed,sanctionno departurefromitinpractice,onanygroundofexpediency.ItistheMaster'sword.Yielditupneitherto flatterynorforce!Letnodefeatorpersecutionrobyouofit!Believethathewhoonceblunderedin statesmanshipwillblunderagain;thatsuchblundersareasfatalascrimes;andthatpoliticalnear sightednessdoesnotimprovebyage.Therearealwaysmoreimpostorsthanseersamongpublicmen, morefalseprophetsthantrueones,moreprophetsofBaalthanofJehovah;andJerusalemisalwaysin dangerfromtheAssyrians. SallustsaidthatafteraStatehasbeencorruptedbyluxuryandidleness,itmaybyitsmeregreatness bearupundertheburdenofitsvices.Butevenwhilehewrote,Rome,ofwhichhespoke,hadplayed outhermasqueradeoffreedomOthercausesthanluxuryandslothdestroyRepublics.Ifsmall,their EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

73/641 largerneighborsextinguishthembyabsorption.Ifofgreatextent,thecohesiveforceistoofeebleto holdthemtogether,andtheyfalltopiecesbytheirownweight.Thepaltryambitionofsmallmen disintegratesthem.Thewantofwisdomintheircouncilscreatesexasperatingissues.Usurpationof powerplaysitspart,incapacitysecondscorruption,thestormrises,andthefragmentsoftheincoherent raftstrewthesandyshores,readingtomankindanotherlessonforittodisregard. TheFortyseventhPropositionisolderthanPythagoras.Itisthis:"Ineveryrightangledtriangle,the sumofthesquaresofthebaseandperpendicularisequaltothesquareofthehypothenuse". Thesquareofanumberistheproductofthatnumber,multipliedbyitself.Thus,4isthesquareof2, and9of3. Thefirsttennumbersare:1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10; theirsquaresare...........1,4,9,16,25,36,49,64,81,100; and..........................3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19 arethedifferencesbetweeneachsquareandthatwhichprecedesit;givingusthesacrednumbers,3,5, 7,and9 Ofthesenumbers,thesquareof3and4,addedtogether,givesthesquareof5;andthoseof6and8,the squareof10;andifarightangledtrianglebeformed,thebasemeasuring3or6parts,andthe perpendicular4or8parts,thehypothenusewillbe5or10parts;andifasquareiserectedoneachside, thesesquaresbeingsubdividedintosquareseachsideofwhichisonepartinlength,therewillbeas manyoftheseinthesquareerectedonthehypothenuseasintheothertwosquarestogether. NowtheEgyptiansarrangedtheirdeitiesinTriadstheFATHERortheSpiritorActivePrincipleor GenerativePower;theMOTHER,orMatter,orthePassivePrinciple,ortheConceptivePower;andthe SON,IssueorProduct,theUniverse,proceedingfromthetwoprinciples.ThesewereOSRIS,ISIS,and HORUS.Inthesameway,PLATOgivesusthoughttheFather;PrimitiveMattertheMother;and KosmostheWorld,theSon,theUniverseanimatedbyasoul.Triadsofthesamekindarefoundinthe Kabalah. PLUTARCHsays,inhisbookDeIsideetOsiride,"Butthebetteranddivinernatureconsistsofthree, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

74/641 thatwhichexistswithintheIntellectonly,andMatter,andthatwhichproceedsfromthese,whichthe GreekscallKosmos;ofwhichthree,PlatoiswonttocalltheIntelligible,the'Idea,Exemplar,and Father',Matter,'theMother,theNurse,andtheplaceandreceptacleofgeneration';andtheissueof thesetwo,'theOffspringandGenesis,"'theKOSMOS,"awordsignifyingequallyBeautyandOrder,or theUniverseitself."YouwillnotfailtonoticethatBeautyissymbolizedbytheJuniorWardeninthe South.PlutarchcontinuestosaythattheEgyptianscomparedtheuniversalnaturetowhattheycalled themostbeautifulandperfecttriangle,asPlatodoes,inthatnuptialdiagram,asitistermed,whichhe hasintroducedintohisCommonwealth.Whenheaddsthatthistriangleisrightangled,anditssides respectivelyas3,4,and5;andhesays,"Wemustsupposethattheperpendicularisdesignedbythemto representthemasculinenature,thebasethefeminine,andthatthehypothenuseistobelookeduponas theoffspringofboth;andaccordinglythefirstofthemwillaptlyenoughrepresentOSIRIS,orthe primecause;thesecond,ISIS,orthereceptivecapacity;thelast,HORUS,orthecommoneffectofthe othertwo.For3isthefirstnumberwhichiscomposedofevenandodd;and4isasquarewhosesideis equaltotheevennumber2;but5,beinggenerated,asitwere,outoftheprecedingnumbers,2and3, maybesaidtohaveanequalrelationtobothofthem,astoitscommonparents." ****** TheclaspedhandsisanothersymbolwhichwasusedbyPYTHAGORAS.Itrepresentedthenumber 10,thesacrednumberinwhichalltheprecedingnumberswerecontained;thenumberexpressedbythe mysteriousTERACTYS,afigureborrowedbyhimandtheHebrewpriestsalikefromtheEgyptian sacredscience,andwhichoughttobereplacedamongthesymbolsoftheMaster'sdegree,whereitof rightbelongs.TheHebrewsformeditthus,withthelettersoftheDivinename: TheTetractysthusleadsyou,notonlytothestudyofthePythagoreanphilosophyastonumbers,but alsototheKabalah,andwillaidyouindiscoveringtheTrueWord,andunderstandingwhatwasmeant by"TheMusicoftheSpheres".ModernsciencestrikinglyconfirmstheideasofPythagorasinregard tothepropertiesofnumbers,andthattheygovernintheUniverse.Longbeforehistime,naturehad extractedhercuberootsandhersquares. ****** AlltheFORCESatman'sdisposalorunderman'scontrol,orsubjecttoman'sinfluence,arehis workingtools.Thefriendshipandsympathythatknithearttoheartareaforceliketheattractionof cohesion,bywhichthesandyparticlesbecamethesolidrock.Ifthislawofattractionorcohesionwere takenaway,thematerialworldsandsunswoulddissolveinaninstantintothininvisiblevapor.Ifthe tiesoffriendship,affection,andlovewereannulled,mankindwouldbecomearagingmultitudeofwild andsavagebeastsofprey.Thesandhardensintorockundertheimmensesuperincumbentpressureof EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

75/641 theocean,aidedsometimesbytheirresistibleenergyoffire;andwhenthepressureofcalamityand dangerisuponanorderoracountry,themembersorthecitizensoughttobethemorecloselyunitedby thecohesionofsympathyandinterdependence. Moralityisaforce.ItisthemagneticattractionofthehearttowardTruthandVirtue.Theneedle, imbuedwiththismysticproperty,andpointingunerringlytothenorth,carriesthemarinersafelyover thetracklessocean,throughstormanddarkness,untilhisgladeyesbeholdthebeneficentbeaconsthat welcomehimtosafeandhospitableharbor.Thentheheartsofthosewholovehimaregladdened,and hishomemadehappy;andthisgladnessandhappinessareduetothesilent,unostentatious,unerring monitorthatwasthesailor'sguideoverthewelteringwaters.Butifdriftedtoofarnorthward,hefinds theneedlenolongertrue,butpointingelsewherethantothenorth,whatafeelingofhelplessnessfalls uponthedismayedmariner,whatutterlossofenergyandcourage!Itisasifthegreataxiomsof moralityweretofailandbenolongertrue,leavingthehumansoultodrifthelplessly,eyelesslike Prometheus,atthemercyoftheuncertain,faithlesscurrentsofthedeep. HonorandDutyarethepolestarsofaMason,theDioscuri,byneverlosingsightofwhichhemay avoiddisastrousshipwreck.ThesePalinuruswatched,until,overcomebysleep,andthevesselnolonger guidedtruly,hefellintoandwasswallowedupbytheinsatiablesea.SotheMasonwholosessightof these,andisnolongergovernedbytheirbeneficentandpotentialforce,islost,andsinkingoutofsight, willdisappearunhonoredandunwept. Theforceofelectricity,analogoustothatofsympathy,andbymeansofwhichgreatthoughtsorbase suggestions,theutterancesofnobleorignoblenatures,flashinstantaneouslyoverthenervesofnations; theforceofgrowth,fittypeofimmortality,Iyingdormantthreethousandyearsinthewheatgrains buriedwiththeirmummiesbytheoldEgyptians;theforcesofexpansionandcontraction,developedin theearthquakeandthetornado,andgivingbirthtothewonderfulachievementsofsteam,havetheir parallelismsinthemoralworld,inindividuals,andnations.Growthisanecessityfornationsasfor men.Itscessationisthebeginningofdecay.Inthenationaswellastheplantitismysterious,anditis irresistible.Theearthquakesthatrendnationsasunder,overturnthrones,andengulfmonarchiesand republics,havebeenlongpreparedfor,likethevolcaniceruption.Revolutionshavelongrootsinthe past.Theforceexertedisindirectproportiontothepreviousrestraintandcompression.Thetrue statesmanoughttoseeinprogressthecausesthatareinduetimetoproducethem;andhewhodoesnot isbutablindleaderoftheblind. Thegreatchangesinnations,likethegeologicalchangesoftheearth,areslowlyandcontinuously wrought.Thewaters,fallingfromHeavenasrainanddews,slowlydisintegratethegranitemountains; abradetheplains,leavinghillsandridgesofdenudationastheirmonuments;scoopoutthevalleys,fill uptheseas,narrowtherivers,andafterthelapseofthousandsonthousandsofsilentcenturies,prepare thegreatalluviaforthegrowthofthatplant,thesnowyenvelopeofwhoseseedsistoemploythelooms EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

76/641 oftheworld,andtheabundanceorpenuryofwhosecropsshalldeterminewhethertheweaversand spinnersofotherrealmsshallhaveworktodoorstarve. SoPublicOpinionisanimmenseforce;anditscurrentsareasinconstantandincomprehensibleas thoseoftheatmosphere.Nevertheless,infreegovernments,itisomnipotent;andthebusinessofthe statesmanistofindthemeanstoshape,control,anddirectit.Accordingasthatisdone,itisbeneficial andconservative,ordestructiveandruinous.ThePublicOpinionofthecivilizedworldisInternational Law;anditissogreataforce,thoughwithnocertainandfixedboundaries,thatitcanevenconstrain thevictoriousdespottobegenerous,andaidanoppressedpeopleinitsstruggleforindependence. Habitisagreatforce;itissecondnature,evenintrees.Itisasstronginnationsasinmen.Soalsoare Prejudices,whicharegiventomenandnationsasthepassionsare,asforces,valuable,ifproperlyand skillfullyavailedof;destructive,ifunskillfullyhandled. Aboveall,theLoveofCountry,StatePride,theLoveofHome,areforcesofimmensepower. Encouragethemall.Insistupontheminyourpublicmen.Permanencyofhomeisnecessaryto patriotism.Amigratoryracewillhavelittleloveofcountry.Stateprideisameretheoryandchimera, wheremenremovefromStatetoStatewithindifference,liketheArabs,whocampheretodayand theretomorrow. IfyouhaveEloquence,itisamightyforce.Seethatyouuseitforgoodpurposestoteach,exhort, ennoblethepeople,andnottomisleadandcorruptthem.Corruptandvenaloratorsaretheassassinsof thepubliclibertiesandofpublicmorals. TheWillisaforce;itslimitsasyetunknown.Itisinthepowerofthewillthatwechieflyseethe spiritualanddivineinman.Thereisaseemingidentitybetweenhiswillthatmovesothermen,andthe CreativeWillwhoseactionseemssoincomprehensible.Itisthemenofwillandaction,notthemenof pureintellect,thatgoverntheworld. Finally,thethreegreatestmoralforcesareFAITH,whichistheonlytrueWISDOM,andthevery foundationofallgovernment;HOPE,whichisSTRENGTH,andinsuressuccess;andCHARITY, whichisBEAUTY,andalonemakesanimated,unitedeffortpossible.Theseforcesarewithinthereach ofallmen;andanassociationofmen,actuatedbythem,oughttoexerciseanimmensepowerinthe world.IfMasonrydoesnot,itisbecauseshehasceasedtopossessthem. Wisdominthemanorstatesman,inkingorpriest,largelyconsistsinthedueappreciationofthese forces;anduponthegeneralnonappreciationofsomeofthemthefateofnationsoftendepends.What EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

77/641 hecatombsoflivesoftenhanguponthenotweighingornotsumcientlyweighingtheforceofanidea, suchas,forexample,thereverenceforaflag,ortheblindattachmenttoaformorconstitutionof government! Whaterrorsinpoliticaleconomyandstatesmanshiparecommittedinconsequenceoftheover estimationorunderestimationofparticularvalues,orthenonestimationofsomeamongthem! Everything,itisasserted,istheproductofhumanlabor;butthegoldorthediamondwhichone accidentallyfindswithoutlaborisnotso.Whatisthevalueofthelaborbestowedbythehusbandman uponhiscrops,comparedwiththevalueofthesunshineandrain,withoutwhichhislaboravails nothing?Commercecarriedonbythelaborofman,addstothevalueoftheproductsofthefield,the mine,ortheworkshop,bytheirtransportationtodifferentmarkcts;buthowmuchofthisincreaseis duetotheriversdownwhichtheseproductsfloat,tothewindsthaturgethekeelsofcommerceoverthe ocean! WhocanestimatethevalueofmoralityandmanlinessinaState,ofmoralworthandintellectual knowledge?ThesearethesunshineandrainoftheState.Thewinds,withtheirchangeable,fickle, fluctuatingcurrents,areaptemblemsoftheficklehumorsofthepopulace,itspassions,itsheroic impulses,itsenthusiasms.Woetothestatesmanwhodoesnotestimatetheseasvalues! Evenmusicandsongaresometimesfoundtohaveanincalculablevalue.Everynationhassomesong ofaprovenvalue,moreeasilycountedinlivesthandollars.TheMarseillaisewasworthto revolutionaryFrance,whoshallsayhowmanythousandmen? Peacealsoisagreatelementofprosperityandwealth;avaluenottobecalculated.Socialintercourse andassociationofmeninbeneficentOrdershaveavaluenottobeestimatedincoin.Theillustrious examplesofthePastofanation,thememoriesandimmortalthoughtsofhergreatandwisethinkers, statesmen,andheroes,aretheinvaluablelegacyofthatPasttothePresentandFuture.Andallthese havenotonlythevaluesoftheloftierandmoreexcellentandpricelesskind,butalsoanactualmoney value,sinceitisonlywhencooperatingwithoraidedorenabledbythese,thathumanlaborcreates wealth.Theyareofthechiefelementsofmaterialwealth,astheyareofnationalmanliness,heroism, glory,prosperity,andimmortalrenown. ProvidencehasappointedthethreegreatdisciplinesofWar,theMonarchyandthePriesthood,allthat theCAMP,thePALACE,andtheTEMPLEmaysymbolize,totrainthemultitudesforwardto intelligentandpremeditatedcombinationsforallthegreatpurposesofsociety.Theresultwillatlength befreegovernmentsamongmen,whenvirtueandintelligencebecomequalitiesofthemultitudes;but forignorancesuchgovernmentsareimpossible.Manadvancesonlybydegrees.Theremovalofone pressingcalamitygivescouragetoattempttheremovaloftheremainingevils,renderingmenmore EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

78/641 sensitivetothem,orperhapssensitiveforthefirsttime.Serfsthatwritheunderthewhiparenot disquietedabouttheirpoliticalrights;manumittedfrompersonalslavery,theybecomesensitiveto politicaloppression.Liberatedfromarbitrarypower,andgovernedbythelawalone,theybeginto scrutinizethelawitself,anddesiretobegoverned,notonlybylaw,butbywhattheydeemthebestlaw. Andwhenthecivilortemporaldespotismhasbeensetaside,andthemunicipallawhasbeenmoulded ontheprinciplesofanenlightenedjurisprudence,theymaywaketothediscoverythattheyareliving undersomepriestlyorecclesiasticaldespotism,andbecomedesirousofworkingareformationthere also. Itisquitetruethattheadvanceofhumanityisslow,andthatitoftenpausesandretrogrades.Inthe kingdomsoftheearthwedonotseedespotismsretiringandyieldingthegroundtoselfgoverning communities.WedonotseethechurchesandpriesthoodsofChristendomrelinquishingtheiroldtask ofgoverningmenbyimaginaryterrors.Nowheredoweseeapopulacethatcouldbesafelymanumitted fromsuchagovernment.Wedonotseethegreatreligiousteachersaimingtodiscovertruthfor themselvesandforothers;butstillrulingtheworld,andcontentedandcompelledtoruletheworld,by whateverdogmaisalreadyaccredited;themselvesasmuchbounddownbythisnecessitytogovern,as thepopulacebytheirneedofgovernment.Povertyinallitsmosthideousformsstillexistsinthegreat cities;andthecancerofpauperismhasitsrootsintheheartsofkingdoms.Mentheretakenomeasure oftheirwantsandtheirownpowertosupplythem,butliveandmultiplylikethebeastsofthefield, Providencehavingapparentlyceasedtocareforthem.Intelligencenevervisitsthese,oritmakesits appearanceassomenewdevelopmentofvillainy.Warhasnotceased;stilltherearebattlesandsieges. Homesarestillunhappy,andtearsandangeraudspitemakehellswherethereshouldbeheavens.So muchthemorenecessityforMasonry!Somuchwiderthefieldofitslabors!Somuchthemoreneed forittobegintobetruetoitself,torevivefromitsasphyxia,torepentofitsapostasytoitstruecreed! Undoubtedly,laboranddeathandthesexualpassionareessentialandpermanentconditionsofhuman existence,andrenderperfectionandamillenniumonearthimpossible.Always,itisthedecreeofFate! Thevastmajorityofmenmusttoiltolive,andcannotfindtimetocultivatetheintelligence.Man, knowingheistodie,willnotsacrificethepresentenjoymentforagreateroneinthefuture.Theloveof womancannotdieout;andithasaterribleanduncontrollablefate,increasedbytherefinementsof civilization.Womanistheveritablesirenorgoddessoftheyoung.Butsocietycanbeimproved;and freegovernmentispossibleforStates;andfreedomofthoughtandconscienceisnolongerwholly utopian.AlreadyweseethatEmperorsprefertobeelectedbyuniversalsuffrage;thatStatesare conveyedtoEmpiresbyvote;andthatEmpiresareadministeredwithsomethingofthespiritofa Republic,beinglittleelsethandemocracieswithasinglehead,rulingthroughoneman,one representative,insteadofanassemblyofrepresentatives.AndifPriesthoodsstillgovern,theynow comebeforethelaitytoprove,bystressofargument,thattheyougllttogovern.Theyareobligedto evoketheveryreasonwhichtheyarebentonsupplanting. Accordingly,menbecomedailymorefree,becausethefreedomofthemanliesinhisreason.Hecan EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

79/641 reflectuponhisownfutureconduct,andsummonupitsconsequences;hecantakewideviewsof humanlife,andlaydownrulesforconstantguidance.Thusheisrelievedofthetyrannyofsenseand passion,andenabledatanytimetoliveaccordingtothewholelightoftheknowledgethatiswithin him,insteadofbeingdriven,likeadryleafonthewingsofthewind,byeverypresentimpulse.Herein liesthefreedomofthemanasregardedinconnectionwiththenecessityimposedbytheomnipotence andforeknowledgeofGod.Somuchlight,somuchliberty.Whenemperorandchurchappealtoreason thereisnaturallyuniversalsuffrage. Thereforenooneneedlosecourage,norbelievethatlaborinthecauseofProgresswillbelaborwasted. Thereisnowasteinnature,eitherofMatter,Force,Act,orThought.AThoughtisasmuchtheendof lifeasanAction;andasingleThoughtsometimesworksgreaterresultsthanaRevolution,even Revolutionsthemselves.StillthereshouldnotbedivorcebetweenThoughtandAction.Thetrue Thoughtisthatinwhichlifeculminates.ButallwiseandtrueThoughtproducesAction.Itis generative,likethelight;andlightandthedeepshadowofthepassingcloudarethegiftsofthe prophetsoftherace.Knowledge,laboriouslyacquired,andinducinghabitsofsoundThought,the reflectivecharacter,mustnecessarilyberare.Themultitudeoflaborerscannotacquireit.Mostmen attaintoaverylowstandardofit.Itisincompatiblewiththeordinaryandindispensableavocationsof life.Awholeworldoferroraswellasoflabor,gotomakeonereflectiveman.Inthemostadvanced nationofEuropetherearemoreignorantthanwise,morepoorthanrich,moreautornaticlaborers,the merecreaturesofhabit,thanreasoningandreflectivemen.Theproportionisatleastathousandtoone. Unanimityofopinionissoobtained.Itonlyexistsamongthemultitudewhodonotthink,andthe politicalorspiritualpriesthoodwhothinkforthatmultitude,whothinkhowtoguideandgovernthem. Whenmenbegintoreflect,theybegintodiffer.Thegreatproblemistofindguideswhowillnotseek tobetyrants.Thisisneededevenmoreinrespecttotheheartthanthehead.Now,everymanearnshis specialshareoftheproduceofhumanlabor,byanincessantscramble,bytrickeryanddeceit.Useful knowledge,honorablyacquired,istoooftenusedafterafashionnothonestorreasonable,sothatthe studiesofyoutharefarmorenoblethanthepracticesofmanhood.Thelaborofthefarmerinhisfields, thegenerousreturnsoftheearth,thebenignantandfavoringskies,tendtomakehimearnest,provident, andgrateful;theeducationofthemarketplacemakeshimquerulous,crafty,envious,andanintolerable niggard. Masonryseekstobethisbeneficent,unambitious,disinterestedguide;anditistheveryconditionofall greatstructuresthatthesoundofthehammerandtheclinkofthetrowelshouldbealwaysheardin somepartofthebuilding.Withfaithinman,hopeforthefutureofhumanity,lovingkindnessforour fellows,MasonryandtheMasonmustalwaysworkandteach.Leteachdothatforwhichheisbest fitted.Theteacheralsoisaworkman.Praiseworthyastheactivenavigatoris,whocomesandgoesand makesoneclimepartakeofthetreasuresoftheother,andonetosharethetreasuresofall,hewho keepsthebeaconlightuponthehillisalsoathispost. Masonryhasalreadyhelpedcastdownsomeidolsfromtheirpedestals,andgrindtoimpalpabledust EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

80/641 someofthelinksofthechainsthatheldmen'ssoulsinbondage.Thattherehasbeenprogressneedsno otherdemonstrationthanthatyoumaynowreasonwithmen,andurgeuponthem,withoutdangerof therackorstake,thatnodoctrinescanbeapprehendedastruthsiftheycontradicteachother,or contradictothertruthsgivenusbyGod.LongbeforetheReformation,amonk,whohadfoundhisway toheresywithoutthehelpofMartinLuther,notventurinetobreathealoudintoanylivingearhisanti papalandtreasonabledoctrines,wrotethemonparchment,andsealinguptheperilousrecord,hiditin themassivewallsofhismonastery.Therewasnofriendorbrothertowhomhecouldintrusthissecret orpourforthhissoul.Itwassomeconsolationtoimaginethatinafutureagesomeonemightfindthe parchment,andtheseedbefoundnottohavebeensowninvain.Whatifthetruthshouldhavetolie dormantaslongbeforegerminatingasthewheatintheEgyptianmummy?Speakit,nevertheless, againandagain,andletittakeitschance! TheroseofJerichogrowsinthesandydesertsofArabiaandontheSyrianhousetops.Scarcelysix incheshigh,itlosesitsleavesafterthefloweringseason,anddriesupintotheformofaball.Thenitis uprootedbythewinds,andcarried,blown,ortossedacrossthedesert,intothesea.There,feelingthe contactofthewater,itunfoldsitself,expandsitsbranches,andexpelsitsseedsfromtheirseedvessels. These,whensaturatedwithwater,arecarriedbythetideandlaidontheseashore.Manyarelost,as manyindividuallivesofmenareuseless.Butmanyarethrownbackagainfromtheseashoreintothe desert,where,bythevirtueoftheseawaterthattheyhaveimbibed,therootsandleavessproutand theygrowintofruitfulplants,whichwill,intheirturns,liketheirancestors,bewhirledintothesea. Godwillnotbelesscarefultoprovideforthegerminationofthetruthsyoumayboldlyutterforth. "Cast"Hehassaid,"thybreaduponthewaters,andaftermanydaysitshallreturntotheeagain". Initiationdoesnotchange:wefinditagainandagain,andalwaysthesame,throughalltheages.The lastdisciplesofPascalisMartinezarestillthechildrenofOrpheus;buttheyadoretherealizerofthe antiquephilosophy,theIncarnateWordoftheChristians. Pythagoras,thegreatdivulgerofthephilosophyofnumbers,visitedallthesanctuariesoftheworld.He wentintoJudaea,whereheprocuredhimselftobecircumcised,thathemightbeadmittedtothesecrets oftheKabalah,whichtheprophetsEzekielandDaniel,notwithoutsomereservations,communicated tohim.Then,notwithoutsomedifficulty,hesucceededinbeingadmittedtotheEgyptianinitiation, upontherecommendationofKingAmasis.Thepowerofhisgeniussuppliedthedeficienciesofthe imperfectcommunicationsoftheHierophants,andhehimselfbecameaMasterandaRevealer. PythagorasdefinedGod:aLivingandAbsoluteVerityclothedwithLight.HesaidthattheWordwas NumbermanifestedbyForm.HemadealldescendfromtheTetyactys,thatistosay,fromthe Quaternary.God,hesaidagain,istheSupremeMusic,thenatureofwhichisHarmony.

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81/641 PythagorasgavethemagistratesofCrotonathisgreatreligious,politicalandsocialprecept:"Thereis noevilthatisnotpreferabletoAnarchy." Pythagorassaid,"Evenastherearethreedivinenotionsandfreeintelligibleregions,sothereisatriple word,fortheHierarehicalOrderalwaysmanifestsitselfbythrees.Therearethewordsimple,theword hieroglyphical,andthewordsymbolic:inotherterms,therearethewordthatexpresses,thewordthat conceals,andthewordthatsignifies;thewholehieraticintelligenceisintheperfectknowledgeofthese threedegrees." Pythagorasenvelopeddoctrinewithsymbols,butcarefullyeschewedpersonificationsandimages, which,hethought,soonerorlaterproducedidolatry. TheHolyKabalah,ortraditionofthechildrenofSeth,wascarriedfromChaldceabyAbraham,taught totheEgyptianpriesthoodbyJoseph,recoveredandpurifiedbyMoses,concealedundersymbolsinthe Bible,revealedbytheSaviourtoSaintJohn,andcontained,entire,underhieraticfiguresanalogousto thoseofallantiquity,intheApocalypseofthatApostle. TheKabalistsconsiderGodastheIntelligent,Animated,LivingInfinite.Heisnot,forthem,eitherthe aggregateofexistences,orexistenceintheabstract,orabeingphilosophicallydefinable.Heisinall, distinctfromall,andgreaterthanall.Hisnameevenisineffable;andyetthisnameonlyexpressesthe humanidealofHisdivinity.WhatGodisinHimself,itisnotgiventomantocomprehend. GodistheabsoluteofFaith;buttheabsoluteofReasonisBEING,"IamthatIam,"isawretched translation. Being,Existence,isbyitself,andbecauseitIs.ThereasonofBeing,isBeingitself.Wemayinquire, "Whydoessomethingexist?"thatis,"Whydoessuchorsuchathingexist?"Butwecannot,without beingabsurd,ask,"WhyIsBeing?"ThatwouldbetosupposeBeingbeforeBeing.IfBeinghada cause,thatcausewouldnecessarilyBe;thatis,thecauseandeffectwouldbeidentical. ReasonandsciencedemonstratetousthatthemodesofExistenceandBeingbalanceeachotherin equilibriumaccordingtoharmoniousandhierarchiclaws.Butahierarchyissynthetized,inascending, andbecomesevermoreandmoremonarchial.Yetthereasoncannotpauseatasimlechief,without beingalarmedattheabysseswhichitseemstoleaveabovethisSupremeMonarch.Thereforeitis silent,andgivesplacetotheFaithitadores.

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82/641 Whatiscertain,evenforscienceandthereason,is,thattheideaofGodisthegrandest,themostholy, andthemostusefulofalltheaspirationsofman;thatuponthisbeliefmoralityreposes,withitseternal sanction.Thisbelief,then,isinhumanity,themostrealofthephenomenaofbeing;andifitwerefalse, naturewouldaffirmtheabsurd;nothingnesswouldgiveformtolife,andGodwouldatthesametime beandnotbe. Itistothisphilosophicandincontestablereality,whichistermedTheIdeaofGod,thattheKabalists giveaname.Inthisnameallothersarecontained.Itscypherscontainallthenumbers;andthe hieroglyphicsofitslettersexpressallthelawsandallthethingsofnature. BEINGISBEING:thereasonofBeingisinBeing:intheBeginningistheWord,andtheWordin logicformulatedSpeech,thespokenReason;theWordisinGod,andisGodHimself,manifestedtothe Intelligence.Hereiswhatisaboveallthephilosophies.Thiswemustbelieve,underthepenaltyof nevertrulyknowinganything,andrelapsingintotheabsurdskepticismofPyrrho.ThePriesthood, custodianofFaith,whollyrestsuponthisbasisofknowledge,anditisinitsteachingswemust recognizetheDivinePrincipleoftheEternalWord. LightisnotSpirit,astheIndianHierophantsbelievedittobe;butonlytheinstrumentoftheSpirit.Itis notthebodyoftheProtoplastes,astheTheurgistsoftheschoolofAlexandriataught,butthefirst physicalmanifestationoftheDivineafflatus.Godeternallycreatesit,andman,intheimageofGod, modifiesandseemstomultiplyit. Thehighmagicisstyled"TheSacerdotalArt,"and"TheRoyalArt."InEgypt,Greece,andRome,it couldnotbutsharethegreatnessesanddecadencesofthePriesthoodandofRoyalty.Everyphilosophy hostiletothenationalworshipandtoitsmysteries,wasofnecessityhostiletothegreatpoliticalpowers, whichlosetheirgrandeur,iftheycease,intheeyesofthemultitudes,tobetheimagesoftheDivine Power.EveryCrownisshattered,whenitclashesagainsttheTiara. Plato,writingtoDionysiustheYounger,inregardtothenatureoftheFirstPrinciple,says:"Imustwrite toyouinenigmas,sothatifmyletterbeinterceptedbylandorsea,hewhoshallreaditmayinno degreecomprehendit."Andthenhesays,"AllthingssurroundtheirKing;theyare,onaccountofHim, andHealoneisthecauseofgoodthings,SecondfortheSecondsandThirdfortheThirds." ThereisinthesefewwordsacompletesummaryoftheTheologyoftheSephiroth."TheKing"is AINSOPH,BeingSupremeandAbsolute.Fromthiscentre,whichiseverywhere,allthingsrayforth; butweespeciallyconceiveofitinthreemannersandinthreedifferentspheres.IntheDivineworld (AZILUTH),whichisthatoftheFirstCause,andwhereinthewholeEternityofThingsinthe beginningexistedasUnity,tobeafterward,duringEternityutteredforth,clothedwithform,andthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

83/641 attributesthatconstitutethemmatter,theFirstPrincipleisSingleandFirst,andyetnottheVERY IllimitableDeity,incomprehensible,undefinable;butHimselfinsofarasmanifestedbytheCreative Thought.Tocomparelittlenesswithinfinity,Arkwright,asinventorofthespinningjenny,andnotthe manArkwrightotherwiseandbeyondthat.AllwecanknowoftheVeryGodis,comparedtoHis Wholeness,onlyasaninfinitesimalfractionofaunit,comparedwithaninfinityofUnits.IntheWorld ofCreation,whichisthatofSecondCauses[theKabalisticWorldBRIAH],theAutocracyoftheFirst Principleiscomplete,butweconceiveofitonlyastheCauseoftheSecondCauses.Hereitis manifestedbytheBinary,andistheCreativePrinciplepassive.Finally:inthethirdworld,YEZIRAH, orofFormation,itisrevealedintheperfectForm,theFormofForms,theWorld,theSupremeBeauty andExcellence,theCreatedPerfection.ThusthePrincipleisatoncetheFirst,theSecond,andthe Third,sinceitisAllinAll,theCentreandCauseofall.ItisnotthegeniusofPlatothatwehere admire.WerecognizeonlytheexactknowledgeoftheInitiate. ThegreatApostleSaintJohndidnotborrowfromthephilosophyofPlatotheopeningofhisGospel. Plato,onthecontrary,drankatthesamespringswithSaintJohnandPhilo;andJohnintheopening versesofhisparaphrase,statesthefirstprinciplesofadogmacommontomanyschools,butin languageespeciallybelongingtoBhilo,whomitisevidenthehadread.ThephilosophyofPlato,the greatestofhumanRevealers,couldyearntowardtheWordmademan;theGospelalonecouldgivehim totheworld. Doubt,inpresenceofBeinganditsharmonies;skepticism,inthefaceoftheeternalmathematicsand theimmutablelawsofLifewhichmaketheDivinitypresentandvisibleeverywhere,astheHumanis knownandvisiblebyitsutterancesofwordandact,isthisnotthemostfoolishofsuperstitions,andthe mostinexcusableaswellasthemostdangerousofallcredulities?Thought,weknow,isnotaresultor consequenceoftheorganizationofmatter,ofthechemicalorotheractionorreactionofitsparticles, likeeffervescenceandgaseousexplosions.Onthecontrary,thefactthatThoughtismanifestedand realizedinacthumanoractdivine,provestheexistenceofanEntity,orUnity,thatthinks.Andthe UniverseistheInfiniteUtteranceofoneofaninfinitenumberofInfiniteThoughts,whichcannotbut emanatefromanInfiniteandThinkingSource. Thecauseisalwaysequal,atleast,totheeffect;andmattercannotthink,norcoulditcauseitself,or existwithoutcause,norcouldnothingproduceeitherforcesorthings;forinvoidnothingnessnoForces caninhere.AdmitaselfexistentForce,anditsIntelligence,oranIntelligentcauseofitisadmitted,and atonceGODIs. TheHebrewallegoryoftheFallofMan,whichisbutaspecialvariationofauniversallegend, symbolizesoneofthegrandestandmostuniversalallegoriesofscience.

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84/641 MoralEvilisFalsehoodinactions,asFalsehoodisCrimeinwords.Injusticeistheessenceof Falsehood;andeveryfalsewordisaninjustice.InjusticeisthedeathoftheMoralBeing,asFalsehood isthepoisonoftheIntelligence. TheperceptionoftheLightisthedawnoftheEternalLife,inBeing.TheWordofGod,whichcreates theLight,seemstobeutteredbyeveryIntelligencethatcantakecognizanceofFormsandwilllook. "LettheLightBE!TheLight,infact,exists,initsconditionofsplendor,forthoseeyesalonethatgaze atit;andtheSoul,amorousofthespectacleofthebeautiesoftheUniverse,andapplyingitsattention tothatluminouswritingoftheInfiniteBook,whichiscalled"TheVisible,"seemstoutter,asGoddid onthedawnofthefirstday,thatsublimeandcreativeword,"BE!LIGHT!" Itisnotbeyondthetomb,butinlifeitself,thatwearetoseekforthemysteriesofdeath.Salvationor reprobationbeginsherebelow,andtheterrestrialworldtoohasitsHeavenanditsHell.Always,even herebelow,virtueisrewarded;always,evenherebelow,viceispolished;andthatwhichmakesus sometimesbelieveintheimpunityofevildoersisthatriches,thoseinstrumentsofgoodandofevil, seemsometimestobegiventhemathazard.Butwoetounjustmen,whentheypossessthekeyofgold! Itopens,forthem,onlythegateofthetombandofHell.AllthetrueInitiateshaverecognizedthe usefulnessoftoilandsorrow."Sorrow,"saysaGermanpoet,"isthedogofthatunknownshepherdwho guidestheflockofmen."Tolearntosuffer,tolearntodie,isthedisciplineofEternity,theimmortal Novitiate. TheallegoricalpictureofCebes,inwhichtheDivineComedyofDantewassketchedinPlato'stime, thedescriptionwhereofhasbeenpreservedforus,andwhichmanypaintersofthemiddleagehave reproducedbythisdescription,isamonumentatoncephilosophicalandmagical.Itisamostcomplete moralsynthesis,andatthesametimethemostaudaciousdemonstrationevergivenoftheGrand Arcanum,ofthatsecretwhoserevelationwouldoverturnEarthandHeaven.Letnooneexpectusto givethemitsexplanation!Hewhopassesbehindtheveilthathidesthismystery,understandsthatitis initsverynatureinexplicable,andthatitisdeathtothosewhowinitbysurprise,aswellastohimwho revealsit. ThissecretistheRoyaltyoftheSages,theCrownoftheInitiatewhomweseeredescendvictorious fromthesummitofTrials,inthefineallegoryofCebes.TheGrandArcanummakeshimmasterof goldandthelight,whichareatbottomthesamething,hehassolvedtheproblemofthequadratureof thecircle,hedirectstheperpetualmovement,andhepossessesthephilosophicalstone.Herethe Adeptswillunderstandus.Thereisneitherinterruptioninthetoilofnature,norgapinherwork.The HarmoniesofHeavencorrespondtothoseofEarth,andtheEternalLifeaccomplishesitsevolutionsin accordancewiththesamelawsasthelifeofadog."Godhasarrangedallthingsbyweight,number,and measure,"saystheBible;andthisluminousdoctrinewasalsothatofPlato.

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85/641 Humanityhasneverreallyhadbutonereligionandoneworship.Thisuniversallighthashadits uncertainmirages,itsdeceitfulreflections,anditsshadows;butalways,afterthenightsofError,wesee itreappear,oneandpureliketheSun. Themagnificencesofworshiparethelifeofreligion,andifChristwishespoorministers,His SovereignDivinitydoesnotwishpaltryaltars.SomeProtestantshavenotcomprehendedthatworship isateaching,andthatwemustnotcreateintheimaginationofthemultitudeameanormiserableGod. Thoseoratoriesthatresemblepoorlyfurnishedofficesorinns,andthoseworthyministerscladlike notariesorlawyer'sclerks,dotheynotnecessarilycausereligiontoberegardedasamerepuritanic formality,andGodasaJusticeofthePeace? WescoffattheAugurs.Itissoeasytoscoff,andsodifficultwelltocomprehend.DidtheDeityleave thewholeworldwithoutLightfortwoscorecenturies,toilluminateonlyalittlecornerofPalestineand abrutal,ignorant,andungratefulpeople?WhyalwayscalumniateGodandtheSanctuary?Werethere neveranyothersthanroguesamongthepriests?Couldnohonestandsinceremenbefoundamongthe HierophantsofCeresorDiana,ofDionusosorApollo,ofHermesorMithras?Werethese,then,all deceived,liketherest?Who,then,constantlydeceivedthem,withoutbetrayingthemselves,duringa seriesofcenturies?Forthecheatsarenotimmortal!Aragosaid,thatoutsideofthepuremathematics, hewhoutterstheword"impossible,"iswantinginprudenceandgoodsense. ThetruenameofSatan,theKabalistssay,isthatofYahvehreversed;forSatanisnotablackgod,but thenegationofGod.TheDevilisthepersonificationofAtheismorIdolatry. FortheInitiates,thisisnotaPerson,butaForce,createdforgood,butwhichmayserveforevil.Itis theinstrumentofLibertyorFreeWill.TheyrepresentthisForce,whichpresidesoverthephysical generation,underthemythologicandhornedformoftheGodPAN;thencecamethehegoatofthe Sabbat,brotheroftheAncientSerpent,andtheLightbearerorPhosphor,ofwhichthepoetshavemade thefalseLuciferofthelegend. Gold,totheeyesoftheInitiates,isLightcondensed.TheystylethesacrednumbersoftheKabalah "goldennumbers,"andthemoralteachingsofPythagorashis"goldenverses."Forthesamereason,a mysteriousbookofApuleius,inwhichanassfigureslargely,wascalled"TheGoldenAss." ThePagansaccusedtheChristiansofworshippinganass,andtheydidnotinventthisreproach,butit camefromtheSamaritanJews,who,figuringthedataoftheKabalahinregardtotheDivinityby Egyptiansymbols,alsorepresentedtheIntelligencebythefigureoftheMagicalStaradoredunderthe nameofRemphan,ScienceundertheemblemofAnubis,whosenametheychangedtoNibbas,andthe vulgarfaithorcredulityunderthefigureofThartac,agodrepresentedwithabook,acloak,andthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

86/641 headofanass.AccordingtotheSamaritanDoctors,ChristianitywasthereignofThartac,blindFaith andvulgarcredulityerectedintoauniversaloracle,andpreferredtoIntelligenceandScience. Synesius,BishopofPtolemais,agreatKabalist,butofdoubtfulorthodoxy,wrote: "Thepeoplewillalwaysmockatthingseasytobemisunderstood;itmustneedshaveimpostures." "ASpirit,"hesaid,"thatloveswisdomandcontemplatestheTrufhcloseathand,isforcedtodisguise it,toinducethemultitudestoacceptit.Fictionsarenecessarytothepeople,andtheTruthbecomes deadlytothosewhoarenotstrongenoughtocontemplateitinallitsbrilliance.Ifthesacerdotallaws allowedthereservationofjudgmentsandtheallegoryofwords,Iwouldaccepttheproposeddignityon conditionthatImightbeaphilosopherathome,andabroadanarratorofapologuesandparables.In fact,whatcantherebeincommonbetweenthevilemultitudeandsublimewisdom?Thetruthmustbe keptsecret,andthemassesneedateachingproportionedtotheirimperfectreason." Moraldisordersproducephysicalugliness,andinsomesortrealizethosefrightfulfaceswhichtradition assignstothedemons. ThefirstDruidswerethetruechildrenoftheMagi,andtheirinitiationcamefromEgyptandChaldaea, thatistosay,fromthepuresourcesoftheprimitiveKabalah.TheyadoredtheTrinityunderthenames ofIsisorHesus,theSupremeHarmony;ofBelerlorBel,whichinAssyrianmeansLord,aname correspondingtothatofADONAI;andofCamulorCamael,anamethatintheKabalahpersonifiesthe DivineJustice.BelowthistriangleofLighttheysupposedadivinereflection,alsocomposedofthree personifiedrays:first,TeutatesorTeuth,thesameastheThothoftheEgyptians,theWord,orthe Intelligenceformulated;thenForceandBeauty,whosenamesvariedliketheiremblems.Finally,they completedthesacredSeptenarybyamysteriousimagethatrepresentedtheprogressofthedogmaand itsfuturerealizations.Thiswasayounggirlveiled,holdingachildinherarms;andtheydedicatedthis imageto"TheVirginwhowillbecomeamother;Virginipariturae". HerthaorWertha,theyoungIsisofGaul,QueenofHeaven,theVirginwhowastobearachild,held thespindleoftheFates,filledwithwoolhalfwhiteandhalfblack;becauseshepresidesoverallforms andallsymbols,andweavesthegarmentoftheIdeas. OneofthemostmysteriouspantaclesoftheKabalah,containedintheEnchiridionofLeoIII., representsanequilateraltrianglereversed,inscribedinadoublecircle.Onthetrianglearewritten,in suchmannerastoformthepropheticTau,thetwoHebrewwordssooftenfoundappendedtothe IneffableName,andALOHAYIM,orthePowers,andTSABAOTH,orthestarryArmiesandtheir EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

87/641 guidingspirits;wordsalsowhichsymbolizetheEquilibriumoftheForcesofNatureandtheHarmony ofNumbers.TothethreesidesofthetrianglebelongthethreegreatNamesIAHAVEH,ADONAI,and AGLA.AbovethefirstiswritteninLatin,Formatio,abovethesecondReformatio,andabovethethird, Transformation.SoCreationisascribedtotheFATHER,RedemptionorReformationtotheSON,and SanctificationorTransformationtotheHOLYSPIRIT,answeringuntothemathematicallawsof Action,Reaction,andEquilibrium.IAHAVEHisalso,ineffect,theGenesisorFormationofdogma,by theelementarysignificationofthefourlettersoftheSacredTetragram;ADONAI;istherealizationof thisdogmaintheHumanForm,intheVisibleLORD,whoistheSonofGodortheperfectMan;and AGLA(formedoftheinitialsofthefourwordsAthGeburLaulaimAdonai)expressesthesynthesisof thewholedogmaandthetotalityoftheKabali.sticscience,clearlyindicatingbythehieroglyphicsof whichthisadmirablenameisformedtheTripleSecretoftheGreatWork. Masonry,likealltheReligions,alltheMysteries,HermeticismandAlchemy,concealsitssecretsfrom allexcepttheAdeptsandSages,ortheElect,andusesfalseexplanationsandmisinterpretationsofits symbolstomisleadthosewhodeserveonlytobemisled;toconcealtheTruth,whichitcallsLight, fromtl1em,andtodrawthemawayfromit.Truthisnotforthosewhoareunworthyorunabletoreceive it,orwouldpervertit.SoGodHimselfincapacitatesmanymen,bycolorblindness,todistinguish colors,andleadsthemassesawayfromthehighestTruth,givingthemthepowertoattainonlysomuch ofitasitisprofitabletothemtoknow.Everyagehashadareligionsuitedtoitscapacity. TheTeachers,evenofChristianity,are,ingeneral,themostignorantofthetruemeaningofthatwhich theyteach.ThereisnobookofwhichsolittleisknownastheBible.Tomostwhoreadit,itisas incomprehensibleastheSohar. SoMasonryjealouslyconcealsitssecrets,andintentionallyleadsconceitedinterpretersastray.Thereis nosightunderthesunmorepitifulandludicrousatonce,thanthespectacleofthePrestonsandthe Webbs,nottomentionthelaterincarnationsofDullnessandCommonplace,undertakingto"explain" theoldsymbolsofMasonry,andaddingtoand"improving"them,orinventingnewones. TotheCircleinclosingthecentralpoint,anditselftracedbetweentwoparallellines,afigurepurely Kabalistic,thesepersonshaveaddedthesuperimposedBible,andevenrearedonthattheladderwith threeorninerounds,andthengivenavapidinterpretationofthewhole,soprofoundlyabsurdas actuallytoexciteadmiration.

IV.SECRETMASTER

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88/641 MASONRYisasuccessionofallegories,themerevehiclesofgreatlessonsinmoralityandphilosophy. Youwillmorefullyappreciateitsspirit,itsobject,itspurposes,asyouadvanceinthedifferent Degrees,whichyouwillfindtoconstituteagreat,complete,andharmonioussystem. IfyouhavebeendisappointedinthefirstthreeDegrees,asyouhavereceivedthem,andifithasseemed toyouthattheperformancehasnotcomeuptothepromise,thatthelessonsofmoralityarenotnew, andthescientificinstructionisbutrudimentary,andthesymbolsareimperfectlyexplained,remember thattheceremoniesandlessonsofthoseDegreeshavebeenforagesmoreandmoreaccommodating themselves,bycurtailmentandsinkingintocommonplace,totheoftenlimitedmemoryandcapacityof theMasterandInstructor,andtotheintellectandneedsofthePupilandInitiate;thattheyhavecometo usfromanagewhensymbolswereused,nottorevealbuttoconceal;whenthecommonestlearning wasconfinedtoaselectfew,andthesimplestprinciplesofmoralityseemednewlydiscoveredtruths; andthattheseantiqueandsimpleDegreesnowstandlikethebrokencolumnsofarooflessDruidic temple,intheirrudeandmutilatedgreatness;inmanyparts,also,corruptedbytime,anddisfiguredby modernadditionsandabsurdinterpretations.TheyarebuttheentrancetothegreatMasonicTemple, thetriplecolumnsoftheportico. Youhavetakenthefirststepoveritsthreshold,thefirststeptowardtheinnersanctuaryandheartofthe temple.YouareinthepaththatleadsuptheslopeofthemountainofTruth;anditdependsuponyour secrecy,obedience,andfidelity,whetheryouwilladvanceorremainstationary. ImaginenotthatyouwillbecomeindeedaMasonbylearningwhatiscommonlycalledthe"work,"or evenbybecomingfamiliarwithourtraditions.Masonryhasahistory,aliterature,aphilosophy.Its allegoriesandtraditionswillteachyoumuch;butmuchistobesoughtelsewhere.Thestreamsof learningthatnowflowfullandbroadmustbefollowedtotheirheadsinthespringsthatwellupinthe remotepast,andyouwilltherefindtheoriginandmeaningofMasonry. Afewrudimentarylessonsinarchitecture,afewuniversallyadmittedmaximsofmorality,afew unimportanttraditions,whoserealmeaningisunknownormisunderstood,willnolongersatisfythe earnestinquirerafterMasonictruth.Letwhosoiscontentwiththese,seektoclimbnohigher.Hewho desirestounderstandtheharmoniousandbeautifulproportionsofFreemasonrymustread,study, reflect,digest,anddiscriminate.ThetrueMasonisanardentseekerafterknowledge;andheknowsthat bothbooksandtheantiquesymbolsofMasonryarevesselswhichcomedowntousfullfreightedwith theintellectualrichesofthePast;andthatintheladingoftheseargosiesismuchthatshedslightonthe historyofMasonry,andprovesitsclaimtobeacknowledgedthebenefactorofmankind,borninthe verycradleoftherace. Knowledgeisthemostgenuineandrealofhumantreasures;foritisLight,asIgnoranceisDarkness.It EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

89/641 isthedevelopmentofthehumansoul,anditsacquisitionthegrowthofthesoul,whichatthebirthof manknowsnothing,andtherefore,inonesense,maybesaidtobenothing.Itistheseed,whichhasin itthepowertogrow,toacquire,andbyacquiringtobedeveloped,astheseedisdevelopedintothe shoot,theplant,thetree."Weneednotpauseatthecommonargumentthatbylearningmanexcelleth man,inthatwhereinmanexcellethbeasts;thatbylearningmanascendethtotheheavensandtheir motions,whereinbodyhecannotcome,andthelike.Letusratherregardthedignityandexcellencyof knowledgeandlearninginthatwhereuntoman'snaturedothmostaspire,whichisimmortalityor continuance.Fortothistendethgeneration,andraisingofHousesandFamilies;tothisbuildings, foundations,andmonuments;tothistendeththedesireofmemory,fame,andcelebration,andineffect thestrengthofallotherhumandesires."Thatourinfluencesshallsurviveus,andbelivingforceswhen weareinourgraves;andnomerelythatournamesshallberemembered;butratherthatourworksshall beread,ouractsspokenof,ournamesrecollectedanmentionedwhenwearedead,asevidencesthat thoseinfluencesliveandrule,swayandcontrolsomeportionofmankindandoftheworld,thisisthe aspirationofthehumansoul."Weseethenhowfarthemonumentsofgeniusandlearningaremore durablethanmonumentsofpowerorofthehands.ForhavenottheversesofHomercontinuedtwenty fivehundredyearsormore,withoutthelossofasyllableorletter,duringwhichtimeinfinitepalaces, temples,castles,cities,havedecayedandbeendemolished?Itisnopossibletohavethetruepicturesor statuesofCyrus,AlexanderCaesar,no,noroftheKingsorgreatpersonagesofmuchlateyears;forthe originalscannotlast,andthecopiescannotbutloseofthelifeandtruth.Buttheimagesofmen'sgenius andknowledgeremaininbooks,exemptedfromthewrongoftime,andcapableofperpetual renovation.Neitheraretheyfitlytobecalledimages,becausetheygeneratestill,andcasttheirseedsin themindsofothers,provokingandcausinginfiniteactionsandopinionsinsucceedingages;sothatif theinventionoftheshipwasthoughtsonoble,whichcarriethrichesandcommoditiesfromplaceto place,andconsociateththemostremoteregionsinparticipationoftheirfruits,howmuchmoreare letterstobemagnifiedwhich,asships,passthroughthevastseasoftime,andmakeagesodistantto participateofthewisdom,illumination,andinventions,theoneoftheother." Tolearn,toattainknowledge,tobewise,isanecessityforevertrulynoblesoul;toteach,to communicatethatknowledge,tosharethatwisdomwithothers,andnotchurlishlytolockuphis exchequer,andplaceasentinelatthedoortodriveawaytheneedy,isequallyanimpulseofanoble nature,andtheworthiesworkofman. "Therewasalittlecity,"saysthePreacher,thesonofDavid"andfewmenwithinit;andtherecamea greatKingagainstitandbesiegedit,andbuiltgreatbulwarksagainstit.Nowtherewasfoundinita poorwiseman,andhebyhiswisdomdeliveredthecity;yetnomanrememberedthatsamepoorman. ThensaidI,wisdomisbetterthanstrength:nevertheless,thepoorman'swisdomisdespised,andhis wordsarenotheard."Ifitshouldchancetoyou,mybrother,todomankindgoodservice,andbe rewardedwithindifferenceandforgetfulnessonly,stillbenotdiscouraged,butrememberthefurther adviceofthewiseKing."Inthemorningsowtheseed,andintheeveningwithholdnotthyhand;for thouknowestnotwhichshallprosper,thisorthat,orwhetherbothshallbealikegood."Sowyouthe seed,whoeverreaps.Learn,thatyoumaybeenabledtodogood;anddosobecauseitisright,finding EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

90/641 intheactitselfamplerewardandrecompense. Toattainthetruth,andtoserveourfellows,ourcountry,andmankindthisisthenoblestdestinyof man.Hereafterandallyourlifeitistobeyourobject.Ifyoudesiretoascendtothatdestiny,advance!If youhaveotherandlessnobleobjects,andarecontentedwithalowerflight,halthere!letothersscale theheights,andMasonryfulfillhermission. Ifyouwilladvance,girdupyourloinsforthestruggle!Forthewayislongandtoilsome.Pleasure,all smiles,willbeckonyouontheonehand,andIndolencewillinviteyoutosleepamongtheflowers, upontheother.Prepare,bysecrecy,obedience,andfidelity,toresisttheallurementsofboth! SecrecyisindispensableinaMasonofwhateverDegree.Itisthefirstandalmosttheonlylessontaught totheEnteredApprentice.TheobligationswhichwehaveeachassumedtowardeveryMasonthatlives, requiringofustheperformanceofthemostseriousandonerousdutiestowardthosepersonally unknowntousuntiltheydemandouraid,dutiesthatmustbeperformed,evenattheriskoflife,orour solemnoathsbebrokenandviolated,andwebebrandedasfalseMasonsandfaithlessmen,teachus howprofoundafollyitwouldbetobetrayoursecretstothosewho,boundtousbynotieofcommon obligation,might,byobtainingthem,callonusintheirextremity,whentheurgencyoftheoccasion shouldallowusnotimeforinquiry,andtheperemptorymandateofourobligationcompelustodoa brother'sdutytoabaseimpostor. Thesecretsofourbrother,whencommunicatedtous,mustbesacred,iftheybesuchasthelawofour countrywarrantsustokeep.Wearerequiredtokeepnoneother,whenthelawthatwearecalledonto obeyisindeedalaw,byhavingemanatedfromtheonlysourceofpower,thePeople.Edictswhich emanatefromthemerearbitrarywillofadespoticpower,contrarytothelawofGodortheGreatLaw ofNature,destructiveoftheinherentrightsofman,violativeoftherightoffreethought,freespeech, freeconscience,itislawfultorebelagainstandstrivetoabrogate. ForobediencetotheLawdoesnotmeansubmissiontotyrannynorthat,byaprofligatesacrificeof everynoblefeeling,weshouldoffertodespotismthehomageofadulation.Aseverynewvictimfalls, wemayliftourvoiceinstilllouderflattery.Wemayfallattheproudfeet,wemaybeg,asaboon,the honourofkissingthatbloodyhandwhichhasbeenliftedagainstthehelpless.Wemaydomore:we maybringthealtarandthesacrifice,andimploretheGodnottoascendtoosoontoHeaven.Thiswe maydo,forthiswehavethesadremembrancethatbeingsofahumanformandsoulhavedone.But thisisallwecando.Wecanconstrainourtonguestobefalse,ourfeaturestobendthemselvestothe semblanceofthatpassionateadorationwhichwewishtoexpress,ourkneestofallprostrate;butour heartwecannotconstrain.Therevirtuemuststillhaveavoicewhichisnottobedrownedbyhymnsand acclamations;therethecrimeswhichwelaudasvirtues,arecrimesstill,andhewhomwehavemadea EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

91/641 Godisthemostcontemptibleofmankind;if,indeed,wedonotfeel,perhaps,thatweareourselvesstill morecontemptible. Butthatlawwhichisthefairexpressionofthewillandjudgmentofthepeople,istheenactmentofthe wholeandofeveryindividual.ConsistentwiththelawofGodandthegreatlawofnature,consistent withpureandabstractrightastemperedbynecessityandthegeneralinterest,ascontradistinguished fromtheprivateinterestofindividuals,itisobligatoryuponall,becauseitistheworkofall,thewillof all,thesolemnjudgmentofall,fromwhichthereisnoappeal. InthisDegree,mybrother,youareespeciallytolearnthedutyofobediencetothatlaw.Thereisone trueandoriginallaw,conformabletoreasonandtonature,diffusedoverall,invariable,eternal,which callstothefulfillmentofdutyandtoabstinencefrominjustice,andcallswiththatirresistiblevoice whichisfeltlinallitsauthoritywhereveritisheard.Thislawcannotbeabrogatedordiminished,orits sanctionsaffected,byanylawofman.Awholesenate,awholepeople,cannotdissentfromits paramountobligation.Itrequiresnocommentatortorenderitdistinctlyintelligible:norisitonething atRome,anotheratAthens;onethingnow,andanotherintheagestocome;butinalltimesandinall nations,itis,andhasbeen,andwillbe,oneandeverlasting;oneasthatGod,itsgreatAuthorand Promulgator,whoistheCommonSovereignofallmankind,isHimselfOne.Nomancandisobeyit withoutflying,asitwere,fromhisownbosom,andrepudiatinghisnature;andinthisveryacthewill inflictonhimselftheseverestofretributions,eventhoughheescapewhatisregardedaspunishment. Itisourdutytoobeythelawsofourcountry,andtobecarefulthatprejudiceorpassion,fancyor affection,errorandillusion,benotmistakenforconscience.Nothingismoreusualthantopretend conscienceinalltheactionsofmanwhicharepublicandcannotbeconcealed.Thedisobedientrefuse tosubmittothelaws,andtheyalsoinmanycasespretendconscience;andsodisobedienceand rebellionbecomeconscience,inwhichthereisneitherknowledgenorrevelation,nortruthnorcharity, norreasonnorreligion.Conscienceistiedtolaws.Rightorsureconscienceisrightreasonreducedto practice,andconductingmoralactions,whileperverseconscienceisseatedinthefancyoraffectionsa heapofirregularprinciplesandirregulardefectsandisthesameinconscienceasdeformityisinthe body,orpeevishnessintheaffections. Itisnotenoughthattheconsciencebetaughtbynature;butitmustbetaughtbyGod,conductedby reason,madeoperativebydiscourse,assistedbychoice,instructedbylawsandsoberprinciples;and thenitisright,anditmaybesure.Allthegeneralmeasuresofjustice,arethelawsofGod,and thereforetheyconstitutethegeneralrulesofgovernmentfortheconscience;butnecessityalsohatha largevoiceinthearrangementofhumanaffairs,andthedisposalofhumanrelations,andthe dispositionsofhumanlaws;andthesegeneralmeasures,likeagreatriverintolittlestreams,are deducedintolittlerivuletsandparticularities,bythelawsandcustoms,bythesentencesand agreementsofmen,andbytheabsolutedespotismofnecessity,thatwillnotallowperfectandabstract EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

92/641 justiceandequitytobethesoleruleofcivilgovernmentinanimperfectworld;andthatmustneedsbe lawwhichisforthegreatestgoodofthegreatestnumber. WhenthouvowestavowuntoGod,defernottopayit.Itisbetterthoushouldestnotvowthanthou shouldestvowandnotpay.Benotrashwiththymouth,andletnotthineheartbehastytoutteranything beforeGod:forGodisinHeaven,andthouartuponearth;thereforeletthywordsbefew.Weighwell whatitisyoupromise;butoncethepromiseandpledgearegivenrememberthathewhoisfalsetohis obligationwillbefalsetohisfamily,hisfriends,hiscountry,andhisGod. Fidesservaildaest:Faithplightedisevertobekept,wasamaximandanaxiomevenamongpagans. ThevirtuousRomansaid,eitherletnotthatwhichseemsexpedientbebase,orifitbebase,letitnot seemexpedient.Whatistherewhichthatsocalledexpediencycanbring,sovaluableasthatwhichit takesaway,ifitdeprivesyouofthenameofagoodmanandrobsyouofyourintegrityandhonour?In allages,hewhoviolateshisplightedwordhasbeenheldunspeakablybase.ThewordofaMason,like thewordofaknightinthetimesofchivalry,oncegivenmustbesacred;andthejudgmentofhis brothers,uponhimwhoviolateshispledge,shouldbesternasthejudgmentsoftheRomanCensors againsthimwhoviolatedhisoath.GoodfaithisreveredamongMasonsasitwasamongtheRomans, whoplaceditsstatueinthecapitol,nexttothatofJupiterMaximusOptimus;andwe,likethem,hold thatcalamityshouldalwaysbechosenratherthanbaseness;andwiththeknightsofold,thatoneshould alwaysdieratherthanbedishonoured.Befaithful,therefore,tothepromisesyoumake,tothepledges yougive,andtothevowsthatyouassume,sincetobreakeitherisbaseanddishonourable. Befaithfultoyourfamily,andperformallthedutiesofagoodfather,agoodson,agoodhusband,and agoodbrother. Befaithfultoyourfriends;fortruefriendshipisofanaturenotonlytosurvivethroughallthe vicissitudesoflife,buttocontinuethroughanendlessduration;notonlytostandtheshockof conflictingopinions,andtheroarofarevolutionthatshakestheworld,buttolastwhentheheavensare nomore,andtospringfreshfromtheruinsoftheuniverse. Befaithfultoyourcountry,andpreferitsdignityandhonourtoanydegreeofpopularityandhonourfor yourself;consultingitsinterestratherthanyourown,andratherthanthepleasureandgratificationof thepeople,whichareoftenatvariancewiththeirwelfare. BefaithfultoMasonry,whichistobefaithfultothebestinterestsofmankind.Labour,bypreceptand example,toelevatethestandardofMasoniccharacter,toenlargeitssphereofinfluence,topopularize itsteachings,andtomakeallmenknowitfortheGreatApostleofPeace,Harmony,andGoodwillon earthamongmen;ofLiberty,Equality,andFraternity. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Masonryisusefultoallmen:tothelearned,becauseitaffordsthemtheopportunityofexercisingtheir talentsuponsubjectseminentlyworthyoftheirattention;totheilliterate,becauseitoffersthem importantinstruction;totheyoung,becauseitpresentsthemwithsalutarypreceptsandgoodexamples, andaccustomsthemtoreflectonthepropermodeofliving;tothemanoftheworld,whomitfurnishes withnobleandusefulrecreation;tothetraveller,whomitenablestofindfriendsandbrothersin countrieswhereelsehewouldbeisolatedandsolitary;totheworthymaninmisfortune,towhomit givesassistance;totheafflicted,onwhomitlavishesconsolation;tothecharitableman,whomit enablestodomoregood,byunitingwiththosewhoarecharitablelikehimself;andtoallwhohave soulscapableofappreciatingitsimportance,andofenjoyingthecharmsofafriendshipfoundedonthe sameprinciplesofreligion,morality,andphilanthropy. AFreemason,therefore,shouldbeamanofhonourandofconscience,preferringhisdutytoeverything beside,eventohislife;independentinhisopinions,andofgoodmorals,submissivetothelaws, devotedtohumanity,tohiscountry,tohisfamily;kindandindulgenttohisbrethren,friendofall virtuousmen,andreadytoassisthisfellowsbyallmeansinhispower. Thuswillyoubefaithfultoyourself,toyourfellows,andtoGod,andthuswillyoudohonourtothe nameandrankofSECRETMASTER;which,likeotherMasonichonours,degradesifitisnot deserved.

V.PERFECTMASTER
TheMasterKhurumwasanindustriousandanhonestman.Whathewasemployedtodohedid diligently,andhediditwellandfaithfully.Hereceivednowagesthatwerenothisdue.Industryand honestyarethevirtuespeculiarlyinculcatedinthisDegree.Theyarecommonandhomelyvirtues;but notforthatbeneathournotice.Asthebeesdonotloveorrespectthedrones,soMasonryneitherloves norrespectstheidleandthosewholivebytheirwits;andleastofallthoseparasiticacarithatliveupon themselves.Forthosewhoareindolentarelikelytobecomedissipatedandvicious;andperfecthonesty, whichoughttobethecommonqualificationofall,ismorerarethandiamonds.Todoearnestlyand steadily,andtodofaithfullyandhonestlythatwhichwehavetodoperhapsthiswantsbutlittle,when lookedatfromeverypointofview,ofincludingthewholebodyofthemorallaw;andevenintheir commonestandhomeliestapplication,thesevirtuesbelongtothecharacterofaPerfectMaster. Idlenessistheburialofalivingman.ForanidlepersonissouselesstoanypurposesofGodandman, thatheislikeonewhoisdead,unconcernedinthechangesandnecessitiesoftheworld;andheonly livestospendhistime,andeatthefruitsoftheearth.Likeaverminorawolf,whenhistimecomes,he EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

94/641 diesandperishes,andinthemeantimeisnought.Heneitherploughsnorcarriesburdens:allthathe doesiseitherunprofitableormischievous. Itisavastworkthatanymanmaydo,ifheneverbeidle:anditisahugewaythatamanmaygoin virtue,ifhenevergooutofhiswaybyavicioushabitoragreatcrimeandhewhoperpetuallyreads goodbooks,ifhispartsbeanswerable,willhaveahugestockofknowledge. St.Ambrose,andfromhisexample,St.Augustine,dividedeverydayintothesetertiasofemployment: eighthourstheyspentinthenecessitiesofnatureandrecreation:eighthoursincharity,indoing assistancetoothers,dispatchingtheirbusiness,reconcilingtheirenmities,reprovingtheirvices, correctingtheirerrors,instructingtheirignorance,andintransactingtheaffairsoftheirdioceses;and theothereighthourstheyspentinstudyandprayer. Wethink,attheageoftwenty,thatlifeismuchtoolongforthatwhichwehavetolearnanddo;and thatthereisanalmostfabulousdistancebetweenourageandthatofourgrandfather.Butwhen,atthe ageofsixty,ifwearefortunateenoughtoreachit,orunfortunateenough,asthecasemaybe,and accordingaswehaveprofitablyinvestedorwastedourtime,wehalt,andlookbackalongthewaywe havecome,andcastupandendeavourtobalanceouraccountswithtimeandopportunity,wefindthat wehavemadelifemuchtooshort,andthrownawayahugeportionofourtime.Thenwe,inourmind, deductfromthesumtotalofouryearsthehoursthatwehaveneedlesslypassedinsleep;theworking hourseachday,duringwhichthesurfaceofthemind'ssluggishpoolhasnotbeenstirredorruffiedbya singlethought;thedaysthatwehavegladlygotridof,toattainsomerealorfanciedobjectthatlay beyond,inthewaybetweenusandwhichstoodirksomelytheinterveningdays;thehoursworsethan wastedinfolliesanddissipation,ormisspentinuselessandunprofitablestudies;andweacknowledge, withasigh,thatwecouldhavelearnedanddone,inhalfascoreofyearswellspent,morethanwehave doneinallourfortyyearsofmanhood. Tolearnandtodothisisthesoul'sworkherebelow.Thesoulgrowsastrulyasanoakgrows.Asthe treetakesthecarbonoftheair,thedew,therain,andthelight,andthefoodthattheearthsuppliestoits roots,andbyitsmysteriouschemistrytransmutesthemintosapandfibre,intowoodandleaf,and flowerandfruit,andcolourandperfume,sothesoulimbibesknowledgeandbyadivinealchemy changeswhatitlearnsintoitsownsubstance,andgrowsfromwithinoutwardlywithaninherentforce andpowerlikethosethatliehiddeninthegrainofwheat. Thesoulhathitssenses,likethebody,thatmaybecultivated,enlarged,refined,asitselfgrowsin statureandproportion;andhewhocannotappreciateafinepaintingorstatue,anoblepoem,asweet harmony,aheroicthought,oradisinterestedaction,ortowhomthewisdomofphilosophyisbut foolishnessandbabble,andtheloftiesttruthsoflessimportancethanthepriceofstocksorcotton,or EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

95/641 theelevationofbasenesstoonce,merelylivesonthelevelofcommonplace,andfitlyprideshimself uponthatinferiorityofthesoul'ssenses,whichistheinferiorityandimperfectdevelopmentofthesoul itself. Tosleeplittle,andtostudymuch;tosaylittle,andtohearandthinkmuch;tolearn,thatwemaybe abletodo,andthentodo,earnestlyandvigorously,whatevermayberequiredofusbyduty,andbythe goodofourfellows,ourcountry,andmankind,thesearethedutiesofeveryMasonwhodesiresto imitatetheMasterKhurum. ThedutyofaMasonasanhonestmanisplainandeasy.Itrequiresofushonestyincontracts,sincerity inarming,simplicityinbargaining,andfaithfulnessinperforming.Lienotatall,neitherinalittlething norinagreat,neitherinthesubstancenorinthecircumstance,neitherinwordnordeed:thatis, pretendnotwhatisfalse;covernotwhatistrue;andletthemeasureofyouraffirmationordenialbethe understandingofyourcontractor;forhewhodeceivesthebuyerorthesellerbyspeakingwhatistrue, inasensenotintendedorunderstoodbytheother,isaliarandathief.APerfectMastermustavoidthat whichdeceives,equallywiththatwhichisfalse. Letyourpricesbeaccordingtothatmeasureofgoodandevilwhichisestablishedinthefameand commonaccountsofthewisestandmostmercifulmen,skilledinthatmanufactureorcommodity;and thegainsuch,which,withoutscandal,isallowedtopersonsinallthesamecircumstances. Inintercoursewithothers,donotdoallwhichthoumayestlawfullydo;butkeepsomethingwithinthy power;and,becausethereisalatitudeofgaininbuyingandselling,takenotthoutheutmostpennythat islawful,orwhichthouthinkestso;foralthoughitbelawful,yetitisnotsafe;andhewhogainsallthat hecangainlawfully,thisyear,willpossiblybetempted,nextyear,togainsomethingunlawfully. Letnoman,forhisownpoverty,becomemoreoppressingandcruelinhisbargain;butquietly, modestly,diligently,andpatientlyrecommendhisestatetoGod,andfollowhisinterest,andleavethe successtoHim. Detainnotthewagesofthehireling;foreverydegreeofdetentionofitbeyondthetime,isinjusticeand uncharitableness,andgrindshisfacetilltearsandbloodcomeout;butpayhimexactlyaccordingto covenant,oraccordingtohisneeds. Religiouslykeepallpromisesandcovenants,thoughmadetoyourdisadvantage,thoughafterwardyou perceiveyoumighthavedonebetter;andletnotanyprecedentactofyoursbealteredbyanyafter accident.Letnothingmakeyoubreakyourpromise,unlessitbeunlawfulorimpossible;thatis,either EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

96/641 outofyournatureoroutofyourcivilpower,yourselfbeingunderthepowerofanother;orthatitbe intolerablyinconvenienttoyourself,andofnoadvantagetoanother;orthatyouhaveleaveexpressedor reasonablypresumed. Letnomantakewagesorfeesforaworkthathecannotdo,orcannotwithprobabilityundertake;orin somesenseprofitably,andwithease,orwithadvantagemanage.Letnomanappropriatetohisown use,whatGod,byaspecialmercy,ortheRepublic,hathmadecommon;forthatisagainstbothJustice andCharity. Thatanymanshouldbetheworseforus,andforourdirectact,andbyourintention,isagainsttherule ofequity,ofjustice,andofcharity.Wethendonotthattoothers,whichwewouldhavedoneto ourselves;forwegrowricherupontheruinsoftheirfortune. Itisnothonesttoreceiveanythingfromanotherwithoutreturninghimanequivalenttherefor.The gamesterwhowinsthemoneyofanotherisdishonest.Thereshouldbenosuchthingasbetsand gamingamongMasons:fornohonestmanshoulddesirethatfornothingwhichbelongstoanother.The merchantwhosellsaninferiorarticleforasoundprice,thespeculatorwhomakesthedistressesand needsofothersfillhisexchequerareneitherfairnorhonest,butbase,ignoble,unfitforimmortality. ItshouldbetheearnestdesireofeveryPerfectMastersotoliveanddealandact,thatwhenitcomesto himtodie,hemaybeabletosay,andhisconsciencetoadjudge,thatnomanonearthispoorer, becauseheisricher;thatwhathehathhehashonestlyearned,andnomancangobeforeGod,and claimthatbytherulesofequityadministeredinHisgreatchancery,thishouseinwhichwedie,this landwedevisetoourheirsthismoneythatenrichesthosewhosurvivetobearourname,ishisandnot ours,andweinthatforumareonlyhistrustees.ForitismostcertainthatGodisjust,andwillsternly enforceeverysuchtrust;andthattoallwhomwedespoil,toallwhomwedefraud,toallfromwhom wetakeorwinanythingwhatever,withoutfairconsiderationandequivalent,Hewilldecreeafulland adequatecompensation. Becareful,then,thatthoureceivenowages,hereorelsewhere,thatarenotthydue!Forifthoudoest, thouwrongstsomeone,bytakingthatwhichinGod'schancerybelongstohim;andwhetherthatwhich thoutakestthusbewealth,orrank,orinfluence,orreputationoraffection,thouwiltsurelybeheldto makefullsatisfaction.

VI.INTIMATESECRETARY.(ConfidentialSecretary)
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97/641 YouareespeciallytaughtinthisDegreetobezealousandfaithful;tobedisinterestedandbenevolent; andtoactthepeacemaker,incaseofdissensions,disputes,andquarrelsamongthebrethren. DutyisthemoralmagnetismwhichcontrolsandguidesthetrueMason'scourseoverthetumultuous seasoflife.Whetherthestarsofhonour,reputation,andrewarddoordonotshine,inthelightofdayor inthedarknessofthenightoftroubleandadversity,incalmorstorm,thatunerringmagnetstillshows himthetruecoursetosteer,andindicateswithcertaintywhereawayliestheportwhichnottoreach involvesshipwreckanddishonour.Hefollowsitssilentbidding,asthemariner,whenlandisformany daysnotinsight,andtheoceanwithoutpathorlandmarkspreadsoutallaroundhim,followsthe biddingoftheneedle,neverdoubtingthatitpointstrulytothenorth.Toperformthatduty,whetherthe performanceberewardedorunrewarded,ishissolecare.Anditdothnotmatter,thoughofthis performancetheremaybenowitnesses,andthoughwhathedoeswillbeforeverunknowntoall mankind. AlittleconsiderationwillteachusthatFamehasotherlimitsthanmountainsandoceans;andthathe whoplaceshappinessinthefrequentrepetitionofhisname,mayspendhislifeinpropagatingit, withoutanydangerofweepingfornewworlds,ornecessityofpassingtheAtlanticsea. If,therefore,hewhoimaginestheworldtobefilledwithhisactionsandpraises,shallsubductfromthe numberofhisencomiastsallthosewhoareplacedbelowtheflightoffame,andwhohearinthevalley oflifenovoicebutthatofnecessity;allthosewhoimaginethemselvestooimportanttoregardhim,and considerthementionofhisnameasausurpationoftheirtime;allwhoaretoomuchortoolittle pleasedwiththemselvestoattendtoanythingexternal;allwhoareattractedbypleasure,orchained downbypaintounvariedideas;allwhoarewithheldfromattendinghistriumphbydifferentpursuits; andallwhoslumberinuniversalnegligence;hewillfindhisrenownstraitenedbynearerboundsthan therocksofCaucasus;andperceivethatnomancanbevenerableorformidable,buttoasmallpartof hisfellowcreatures.Andtherefore,thatwemaynotlanguishinourendeavorsafterexcellence,itis necessarythat,asAfricanuscounselshisdescendants,weraiseoureyestohigherprospects,and contemplateourfutureandeternalstate,withoutgivingupourheartstothepraiseofcrowds,orfixing ourhopesonsuchrewardsashumanpowercanbestow. Wearenotbornforourselvesalone;andourcountryclaimshershare,andourfriendstheirshareofus. Asallthattheearthproducesiscreatedfortheuseofman,somenarecreatedforthesakeofmen,that theymaymutuallydogoodtooneanother.Inthisweoughttotakenatureforourguide,andthrowinto thepublicstocktheouncesofgeneralutility,byareciprocationofduties;sometimesbyreceiving, sometimesbygiving,andsometimestocementhumansocietybyarts,byindustry,andbyour resources.

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98/641 Sufferotherstobepraisedinthypresence,andentertaintheirgoodandglorywithdelight;butatno handdisparagethem,orlessenthereport,ormakeanobjection;andthinknottheadvancementofthy brotherisalesseningofthyworth.Upbraidnoman'sweaknesstohimtodiscomfithim,neitherreport ittodisparagehim,neitherdelighttorememberittolessenhim,ortosetthyselfabovehim;norever praisethyselfordispraiseanymanelse,unlesssomesufficientworthyenddohallowit. Rememberthatweusuallydisparageothersuponslightgroundsandlittleinstances;andifamanbe highlyrecommended,wethinkhimsufficientlylessened,ifwecanbutchargeonesinoffollyor inferiorityinhisaccount.Weshouldeitherbemoreseveretoourselves,orlesssotoothers,and considerthatwhatsoevergoodanyonecanthinkorsayofus,wecantellhimofmanyunworthyand foolishandperhapsworseactionsofours,anyoneofwhich,donebyanother,wouldbeenough,with us,todestroyhisreputation. Ifwethinkthepeoplewiseandsagacious,andjustandappreciative,whentheypraiseandmakeidols ofus,letusnotcallthemunlearnedandignorant,andillandstupidjudges,whenourneighbouriscried upbypublicfameandpopularnoises. Everymanhathinhisownlifesinsenough,inhisownmindtroubleenough,inhisownfortunesevil enough,andinperformanceofhisofficesfailingsmorethanenough,toentertainhisowninquiry;so thatcuriosityaftertheaffairsofotherscannotbewithoutenvyandanillmind.Thegenerousmanwill besolicitousandinquisitiveintothebeautyandorderofawellgovernedfamily,andafterthevirtuesof anexcellentperson;butanythingforwhichmenkeeplocksandbars,orthatblushestoseethelight,or thatiseithershamefulinmannerorprivateinnature,thisthingwillnotbehiscareandbusiness. ItshouldbeobjectionsufficienttoexcludeanymanfromthesocietyofMasons,thatheisnot disinterestedandgenerous,bothinhisacts,andinhisopinionsofmen,andhisconstructionsoftheir conduct.Hewhoisselfishandgrasping,orcensoriousandungenerous,willnotlongremainwithinthe strictlimitsofhonestyandtruth,butwillshortlycommitinjustice.Hewholoveshimselftoomuch mustneedsloveotherstoolittle;andhewhohabituallygivesharshjudgmentwillnotlongdelaytogive unjustjudgment. Thegenerousmanisnotcarefultoreturnnomorethanhereceives;butprefersthatthebalancesupon theledgersofbenefitsshallbeinhisfavour.Hewhohathreceivedpayinfullforallthebenefitsand favoursthathehasconferred,islikeaspendthriftwhohasconsumedhiswholeestate,andlamentsover anemptyexchequer.Hewhorequitesmyfavourswithingratitudeaddsto,insteadofdiminishing,my wealth;andhewhocannotreturnafavourisequallypoor,whetherhisinabilityarisesfrompovertyof spirit,sordidnessofsoul,orpecuniaryindigence.

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99/641 Ifheiswealthywhohathlargesumsinvested,andthemassofwhosefortuneconsistsinobligations thatbindothermentopayhimmoney,heisstillmoresotowhommanyowelargereturnsof kindnessesandfavours.Beyondamoderatesumeachyear,thewealthymanmerelyinvestshismeans: andthatwhichheneverusesisstilllikefavoursunreturnedandkindnessesunreciprocated,anactual andrealportionofhisfortune. Generosityandaliberalspiritmakementobehumaneandgenial,openhearted,frank,andsincere, earnesttodogood,easyandcontented,andwellwishersofmankind.Theyprotectthefeebleagainst thestrong,andthedefencelessagainstrapacityandcraft.Theysuccourandcomfortthepoor,andare theguardians,underGod,ofhisinnocentandhelplesswards.Theyvaluefriendsmorethanrichesor fame,andgratitudemorethanmoneyorpower.TheyarenoblebyGod'spatent,andtheirescutcheons andquarteringsaretobefoundinheaven'sgreatbookofheraldry.Norcananymananymorebea Masonthanhecanbeagentleman,unlessheisgenerous,liberal,anddisinterested.Tobeliberal,but onlyofthatwhichisourown;tobegenerous,butonlywhenwehavefirstbeenjust;togive,whento givedeprivesusofaluxuryoracomfort,thisisMasonryindeed. Hewhoisworldly,covetous,orsensualmustchangebeforehecanbeagoodMason.Ifweare governedbyinclinationandnotbyduty;ifweareunkind,severe,censorious,orinjurious,inthe relationsorintercourseoflife;ifweareunfaithfulparentsorundutifulchildren;ifweareharshmasters orfaithlessservants;ifwearetreacherousfriendsorbadneighboursorbittercompetitorsorcorrupt unprincipledpoliticiansoroverreachingdealersinbusiness,wearewanderingatagreatdistancefrom thetrueMasoniclight. Masonsmustbekindandaffectionateonetoanother.Frequentingthesametemples,kneelingatthe samealtars,theyshouldfeelthatrespectandthatkindnessforeachother,whichtheircommonrelation andcommonapproachtooneGodshouldinspire.Thereneedstobemuchmoreofthespiritofthe ancientfellowshipamongus;moretendernessforeachother'sfaults,moreforgiveness,moresolicitude foreachother'simprovementandgoodfortune;somewhatofbrotherlyfeeling,thatitbenotshameto usetheword"brother." Nothingshouldbeallowedtointerferewiththatkindnessandaffection:neitherthespiritofbusiness, absorbing,eager,andoverreaching,ungenerousandhardinitsdealings,keenandbitterinits competitions,lowandsordidinitspurposes;northatofambition,selfish,mercenary,restless, circumventing,livingonlyintheopinionofothers,enviousofthegoodfortuneofothers,miserably vainofitsownsuccess,unjust,unscrupulous,andslanderous. Hethatdoesmeafavour,hathboundmetomakehimareturnofthankfulness.Theobligationcomes notbycovenant,norbyhisownexpressintention;butbythenatureofthething;andisadutyspringing EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

100/641 upwithinthespiritoftheobligedperson,towhomitismorenaturaltolovehisfriend,andtodogood forgood,thantoreturnevilforevil;becauseamanmayforgiveaninjury,buthemustneverforgeta goodturn.Hethatrefusestodogoodtothemwhomheisboundtolove,ortolovethatwhichdidhim good,isunnaturalandmonstrousinhisaffections,andthinksalltheworldborntoministertohim; withagreedinessworsethanthatofthesea,which,althoughitreceivesallriversintoitself,yetit furnishesthecloudsandspringswithareturnofalltheyneed.Ourdutytothosewhoareour benefactorsis,toesteemandlovetheirpersons,tomakethemproportionablereturnsofservice,or duty,orprofit,accordingaswecan,orastheyneed,orasopportunitypresentsitself;andaccordingto thegreatnessoftheirkindnesses. Thegenerousmancannotbutregrettoseedissensionsanddisputesamonghisbrethren.Onlythebase andungenerousdelightindiscord.Itisthepoorestoccupationofhumanitytolabourtomakementhink worseofeachother,asthepress,andtoocommonlythepulpit,changingplaceswiththehustingsand thetribune,do.ThedutyoftheMasonistoendeavourtomakemanthinkbetterofhisneighbour;to quiet,insteadofaggravatingdifficulties;tobringtogetherthosewhoareseveredorestranged;tokeep friendsfrombecomingfoes,andtopersuadefoestobecomefriends.Todothis,hemustneedscontrol hisownpassions,andbenotrashandhasty,norswifttotakeoffence,noreasytobeangered. Forangerisaprofessedenemytocounsel.Itisadirectstorm,inwhichnomancanbeheardtospeakor callfromwithout;forifyoucounselgently,youaredisregarded;ifyouurgeitandbevehement,you provokeitmore.Itisneithermanlynoringenuous.Itmakesmarriagetobeanecessaryandunavoidable trouble;friendshipsandsocietiesandfamiliarities,tobeintolerable.Itmultipliestheevilsof drunkenness,andmakesthelevitiesofwinetorunintomadness.Itmakesinnocentjestingtobethe beginningoftragedies.Itturnsfriendshipintohatred;itmakesamanlosehimself,andhisreasonand hisargument,indisputation.Itturnsthedesiresofknowledgeintoanitchofwrangling.Itadds insolencytopower.Itturnsjusticeintocruelty,andjudgmentintooppression.Itchangesdisciplineinto tediousnessandhatredofliberalinstitution.Itmakesaprosperousmantobeenvied,andthe unfortunatetobeunpitied. See,therefore,thatfirstcontrollingyourowntemper,andgoverningyourownpassions,youfityourself tokeeppeaceandharmonyamongothermen,andespeciallythebrethren.Aboveallrememberthat Masonryistherealmofpeace,andthat"amongMasonstheremustbenodissension,butonlythat nobleemulation.,whichcanbestworkandbestagree."Whereverthereisstrifeandhatredamongthe brethren,thereisnoMasonry;forMasonryisPeace,andBrotherlyLove,andConcord. MasonryisthegreatPeaceSocietyoftheworld.Whereveritexists,itstrugglestopreventinternational difficultiesanddisputes;andtobindRepublics,Kingdoms,andEmpirestogetherinonegreatbandof peaceandamity.Itwouldnotsooftenstruggleinvain,ifMasonsknewtheirpowerandvaluedtheir oaths. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

101/641

Whocansumupthehorrorsandwoesaccumulatedinasinglewar?Masonryisnotdazzledwithallits pompandcircumstance,allitsglitterandglory.Warcomeswithitsbloodyhandintoourvery dwellings.Ittakesfromtenthousandhomesthosewholivedthereinpeaceandcomfort,heldbythe tendertiesoffamilyandkindred.Itdragsthemaway,todieuntended,offeverorexposure,in infectiousclimes;ortobehacked,torn,andmangledinthefiercefight;tofallonthegoryfield,torise nomore,ortobeborneaway,inawfulagony,tonoisomeandhorridhospitals.Thegroansofthebattle fieldareechoedinsighsofbereavementfromthousandsofdesolatedhearths.Thereisaskeletonin everyhouse,avacantchairateverytable.Returning,thesoldierbringsworsesorrowtohishome,by theinfectionwhichhehascaught,ofcampvices.Thecountryisdemoralized.Thenationalmindis broughtdown,fromthenobleinterchangeofkindofficeswithanotherpeople,towrathandrevenge, andbasepride,andthehabitofmeasuringbrutestrengthagainstbrutestrength,inbattle.Treasuresare expended,thatwouldsufficetobuildtenthousandchurches,hospitals,anduniversities,orribandtie togetheracontinentwithrailsofiron.Ifthattreasureweresunkinthesea,itwouldbecalamity enough;butitisputtoworseuse;foritisexpendedincuttingintotheveinsandarteriesofhumanlife, untiltheearthisdelugedwithaseaofblood. SucharethelessonsofthisDegree.Youhavevowedtomakethemtherule,thelaw,andtheguideof yourlifeandconduct.Ifyoudoso,youwillbeentitled,becausefitted,toadvanceinMasonry.Ifyou donot,youhavealreadygonetoofar.

VII.PROVOSTANDJUDGE
ThelessonwhichthisDegreeinculcatesisJUSTICE,indecisionandjudgment,andinourintercourse anddealingwithothermen. Inacountrywheretrialbyjuryisknown,everyintelligentmanisliabletobecalledontoactasa judge,eitheroffactalone,oroffactandlawmingled;andtoassumetheheavyresponsibilitieswhich belongtothatcharacter. Thosewhoareinvestedwiththepowerofjudgmentshouldjudgethecausesofallpersonsuprightly andimpartially,withoutanypersonalconsiderationofthepowerofthemighty,orthebribeoftherich, ortheneedsofthepoor.Thatisthecardinalrule,whichnoonewilldispute;thoughmanyfailto observeit.Buttheymustdomore.Theymustdivestthemselvesofprejudiceandpreconception.They musthearpatiently,rememberaccurately,andweighcarefullythefactsandtheargumentsoffered beforethem.Theymustnotleaphastilytoconclusions,norformopinionsbeforetheyhaveheardall. Theymustnotpresumecrimeorfraud.Theymustneitherberuledbystubbornprideofopinion,norbe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

102/641 toofacileandyieldingtotheviewsandargumentsofothers.Indeducingthemotivefromtheproven act,theymustnotassigntotheacteitherthebestortheworstmotives,butthosewhichtheywould thinkitjustandfairfortheworldtoassigntoit,iftheythmselveshaddoneit;normusttheyendeavour tomakemanylittlecircumstances,thatweighnothingseparately,weighmuchtogether,toprovetheir ownacutenessandsagacity.Thesearesoundrulesforeveryjuror,also,toobserve. Inourintercoursewithothers,therearetwokindsofinjustice:thefirst,ofthosewhoofferaninjury; thesecond,ofthosewhohaveitintheirpowertoavertaninjuryfromthosetowhomitisoffered,and yetdoitnot.Soactiveinjusticemaybedoneintwowaysbyforceandbyfraud,ofwhichforceislion like,andaudfoxlike,bothutterlyrepugnanttosocialduty,butfraudthemoredetestable. Everywrongdonebyonemantoanother,whetheritaffecthisperson,hisproperty,hishappiness,or hisreputation,isanoffenseagainstthelawofjustice.ThefieldofthisDegreeisthereforeawideand vastone;andMasonryseeksforthemostimpressivemodeofenforcingthelawofjustice,andthemost effectualmeansofpreventingwrongandinjustice. Tothisenditteachesthisgreatandmomentoustruth:thatwrongandinjusticeoncedonecannotbe undone;butareeternalintheirconsequences;oncecommitted,arenumberedwiththeirrevocablePast; thatthewrongthatisdonecontainsitsownretributivepenaltyassurelyandasnaturallyastheacorn containstheoak.Itsconsequencesareitspunishment;itneedsnoother,andcanhavenoheavier;they areinvolvedinitscommission,andcannotbeseparatedfromit.Awrongdonetoanotherisaninjury donetoourownNature,anoffenceagainstourownsouls,adisfiguringoftheimageoftheBeautiful andGood.Punishmentisnottheexecutionofasentence,buttheoccurrenceofaneffect.Itisordained tofollowguilt,notbythedecreeofGodasajudge,butbyalawenactedbyHimastheCreatorand LegislatoroftheUniverse.Itisnotanarbitraryandartificialannexation,butanordinaryandlogical consequence;andthereforemustbebornebythewrongdoer,andthroughhimmayflowontoothers. ItisthedecisionoftheinfinitejusticeofGod,intheformoflaw. Therecanbenointerferencewith,orremittanceof,orprotectionfrom,thenaturaleffectsofour wrongfulacts.Godwillnotinterposebetweenthecauseanditsconsequence;andinthatsensethere canbenoforgivenessofsins.Theactwhichhasdebasedoursoulmayberepentedof,maybeturned from;buttheinjuryisdone.Thedebasementmayberedeemedbyafterefforts,thestainobliteratedby bittererstrugglesandseverersufferings;buttheeffortsandtheendurancewhichmighthaveraisedthe soultotheloftiestheightsarenowexhaustedinmerelyregainingwhatithaslost.Theremustalwaysbe awidedifferencebetweenhimwhoonlyceasestodoevil,andhimwhohasalwaysdonewell. Hewillcertainlybeafarmorescrupulouswatcheroverhisconduct,andfarmorecarefulofhisdeeds, whobelievesthatthosedeedswillinevitablybeartheirnaturalconsequences,exemptfromafter EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

103/641 intervention,thanhewhobelievesthatpenitenceandpardonwillatanytimeunlinkthechainof sequences.Surelyweshalldolesswrongandinjustice,iftheconvictionisfixedandembeddedinour soulsthateverythingdoneisdoneirrevocably,thateventheOmnipotenceofGodcannotuncommita deed,cannotmakethatundonewhichhasbeendone;thateveryactofoursmustbearitsallottedfruit, accordingtotheeverlastinglaws,mustremainforeverineffaceablyinscribedonthetabletsof UniversalNature. Ifyouhavewrongedanother,youmaygrieve,repent,andresolutelydetermineagainstanysuch weaknessinfuture.Youmay,sofarasitispossible,makereparation.Itiswell.Theinjuredpartymay forgiveyou,accordingtothemeaningofhumanlanguage;butthedeedisdone;andallthepowersof Nature,weretheytoconspireinyourbehalf,couldnotmakeitundone;theconsequencestothebody, theconsequencestothesoul,thoughnomanmayperceivethem,arethere,arewrittenintheannalsof thePast,andmustreverberatethroughoutalltime. Repentanceforawrongdone,bears,likeeveryotheract,itsownfruit,thefruitofpurifyingtheheart andamendingtheFuture,butnotofeffacingthePast.Thecommissionofthewrongisanirrevocable act;butitdoesnotincapacitatethesoultodorightforthefuture.Itsconsequencescannotbeexpunged; butitscourseneednotbepursued.Wrongandevilperpetrated,thoughineffaceable,callfornodespair, butforeffortsmoreenergeticthanbefore.Repentanceisstillasvalidasever;butitisvalidtosecure theFuture,nottoobliteratethePast. Eventhepulsationsoftheair,oncesetinmotionbythehumanvoice,ceasenottoexistwiththesounds towhichtheygaverise.Theirquicklyattenuatedforcesoonbecomesinaudibletohumanears.Butthe wavesofairthusraisedperambulatethesurfaceofearthandocean,andinlessthantwentyhours, everyatomoftheatmospheretakesupthealteredmovementduetothatinfinitesimalportionof primitivemotionwhichhasbeenconveyedtoitthroughcountlesschannels,andwhichmustcontinueto influenceitspaththroughoutitsfutureexistence.Theairisonevastlibrary,onwhosepagesisforever writtenallthatmanhaseversaidorevenwhispered.There,intheirmutable,butunerringcharacters, mixedwiththeearliest,aswellasthelatestsignsofmortality,standforeverrecorded,vows unredeemed,promisesunfulfilled;perpetuating,inthemovementsofeachparticle,allinunison,the testimonyofman'schangefulwill.Godreadsthatbook,thoughwecannot. Soearth,air,andoceanaretheeternalwitnessesoftheactsthatwehavedone.Nomotionimpressedby naturalcausesorbyhumanagencyiseverobliterated.Thetrackofeverykeelwhichhaseverdisturbed thesurfaceoftheoceanremainsforeverregisteredinthefuturemovementsofallsucceedingparticles whichmayoccupyitsplace.EverycriminalisbythelawsoftheAlmightyirrevocablychainedtothe testimonyofhiscrime;foreveryatomofhismortalframe,throughwhateverchangesitsparticlesmay migrate,willstillretain,adheringtoitthrougheverycombination,somemovementderivedfromthat verymusculareffortbywhichthecrimeitselfwasperpetrated. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

104/641

Whatifourfacultiesshouldbesoenhancedinafuturelifeastoenableustoperceiveandtracethe ineffaceableconsequencesofouridlewordsandevildeeds,andrenderourremorseandgriefaseternal asthoseconsequencesthemselves?Nomorefearfulpunishmenttoasuperiorintelligencecanbe conceived,thantoseestillinaction,withtheconsciousnessthatitmustcontinueinactionforever,a causeofwrongputinmotionbyitselfagesbefore. Masonry,byitsteachings,endeavourstorestrainmenfromthecommissionofinjusticeandactsof wrongandoutrage.Thoughitdoesnotendeavourtousurptheplaceofreligion,stillitscodeofmorals proceedsuponotherprinciplesthanthemunicipallaw;anditcondemnsandpunishesoffenceswhich neitherthatlawpunishesnorpublicopinioncondemns.IntheMasoniclaw,tocheatandoverreachin trade,atthebar,inpolitics,aredeemednomorevenialthantheft;noradeliberateliethanperjury;nor slanderthanrobbery;norseductionthanmurder. Especiallyitcondemnsthosewrongsofwhichthedoerinducesanothertopartake.Hemayrepent;he may,afteragonizingstruggles,regainthepathofvirtue;hisspiritmayreachieveitspuritythrough muchanguish,aftermanystrifes;buttheweakerfellowcreaturewhomheledastray,whomhemadea sharerinhisguilt,butwhomhecannotmakeasharerinhisrepentanceandamendment,whose downwardcourse(thefirststepofwhichhetaught)hecannotcheck,butiscompelledtowitness,what forgivenessofsinscanavailhimthere?Thereishisperpetual,hisinevitablepunishment,whichno repentancecanalleviate,andnomercycanremit. Letusbejust,also,injudgingofothermen'smotives.Weknowbutlittleoftherealmeritsordemerits ofanyfellowcreature.Wecanrarelysaywithcertaintythatthismanismoreguiltythanthat,oreven thatthismanisverygoodorverywicked.Oftenthebasestmenleavebehindthemexcellent reputations.Thereisscarcelyoneofuswhohasnot,atsometimeinhislife,beenontheedgeofthe commissionofacrime.Everyoneofuscanlookback,andshudderingseethetimewhenourfeetstood upontheslipperycragsthatoverhungtheabyssofguilt;andwhen,iftemptationhadbeenalittlemore urgent,oralittlelongercontinued,ifpenuryhadpressedusalittleharder,oralittlemorewinehad furtherdisturbedourintellect,dethronedourjudgment,andarousedourpassions,ourfeetwouldhave slipped,andweshouldhavefallen,nevertoriseagain. Wemaybeabletosay"Thismanhaslied,haspilfered,hasforged,hasembezzledmoneysintrustedto him;andthatmanhasgonethroughlifewithcleanhands."Butwecannotsaythattheformerhasnot struggledlong,thoughunsuccessfully,againsttemptationsunderwhichthesecondwouldhave succumbedwithoutaneffort.Wecansaywhichhasthecleanesthandsbeforeman;butnotwhichhas thecleanestsoulbeforeGod.Wemaybeabletosay,thismanhascommittedadultery,andthatmanhas beeneverchaste;butwecannottellbutthattheinnocenceofonemayhavebeenduetothecoldnessof hisheart,totheabsenceofamotive,tothepresenceofafear,totheslightdegreeofthetemptation;nor EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

105/641 butthatthefalloftheothermayhavebeenprecededbythemostvehementselfcontest,causedbythe mostovermasteringfrenzy,andatonedforbythemosthallowingrepentance.Generosityaswellas niggardlinessmaybeamereyieldingtonativetemperament;andintheeyeofHeaven,alonglifeof beneficenceinonemanmayhavecostlesseffort,andmayindicatelessvirtueandlesssacrificeof interest,thanafewrarehiddenactsofkindnesswrungbydutyoutofthereluctantandunsympathizing natureoftheother.Theremaybemorerealmerit,moreselfsacrificingeffort,moreofthenoblest elementsofmoralgrandeur,inalifeoffailure,sin,andshame,thaninacareer,tooureyes,ofstainless integrity. Whenwecondemnorpitythefallen,howdoweknowthat,temptedlikehim,weshouldnothavefallen likehim,assoon,andperhapswithlessresistance?Howcanweknowwhatweshoulddoifwewere outofemployment,faminecrouching,gaunt,andhungry,onourfirelesshearth,andourchildren wailingforbread?Wefallnotbecausewearenotenoughtempted!Hethathathfallenmaybeatheart ashonestaswe.Howdoweknowthatourdaughter,sister,wife,couldresisttheabandonment,the desolation,thedistress,thetemptation,thatsacrificedthevirtueoftheirpoorabandonedsisterof shame?Perhapstheyalsohavenotfallen,becausetheyhavenotbeensorelytempted!Wiselyarewe directedtopraythatwemaynotbeexposedtotemptation. Humanjusticemustbeeveruncertain.Howmanyjudicialmurdershavebeencommittedthrough ignoranceofthephenomenaofinsanity!Howmanymenhungformurderwhowerenomoremurderers atheartthanthejurythattriedandthejudgethatsentencedthem!Itmaywellbedoubtedwhetherthe administrationofhumanlaws,ineverycountry,isnotonegiganticmassofinjusticeandwrong.God seethnotasmanseeth;andthemostabandonedcriminal,blackasheisbeforetheworld,mayyethave continuedtokeepsomelittlelightburninginacornerofhissoul,whichwouldlongsincehavegone outinthatofthosewhowalkproudlyinthesunshineofimmaculatefame,iftheyhadbeentriedand temptedlikethepooroutcast. Wedonotknoweventheoutsidelifeofmen.Wearenotcompetenttopronounceevenontheirdeeds. Wedonotknowhalftheactsofwickednessorvirtue,evenofourmostimmediatefellows.Wecannot say,withcertainty,evenofournearestfriend,thathehasnotcommittedaparticularsin,andbrokena particularcommandment.Leteachmanaskhisownheart!Ofhowmanyofourbestandofourworst actsandqualitiesareourmostintimateassociatesutterlyunconscious!Howmanyvirtuesdoesnotthe worldgiveuscreditfor,thatwedonotpossess;orvicescondemnusfor,ofwhichwearenottheslaves! Itisbutasmallportionofourevildeedsandthoughtsthatevercomestolight;andofourfew redeeminggoodnesses,thelargestportionisknowntoGodalone. Weshall,therefore,bejustinjudgingofothermen,onlywhenwearecharitable;andweshouldassume theprerogativeofjudgingothersonlywhenthedutyisforceduponus;sincewearesoalmostcertainto err,andtheconsequencesoferroraresoserious.Nomanneedcovettheofficeofjudge;forin EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

106/641 assumingitheassumesthegravestandmostoppressiveresponsibility.Yetyouhaveassumedit;weall assumeit;formaniseverreadytojudge,andeverreadytocondemnhisneighbour,whileuponthe samestateofcaseheacquitshimselfSee,therefore,thatyouexerciseyouroncecautiouslyand charitably,lest,inpassingjudgmentuponthecriminal,youcommitagreaterwrongthanthatforwhich youcondemnhim,andtheconsequencesofwhichmustbeeternal. Thefaultsandcrimesandfolliesofothermenarenotunimportanttous;butformapartofourmoral discipline.Warandbloodshedatadistance,andfraudswhichdonotaffectourpecuniaryinterest,yet touchusinourfeelings,andconcernourmoralwelfare.Theyhavemuchtodowithallthoughtful hearts.Thepubliceyemaylookunconcernedlyonthemiserablevictimofvice,andthatshattered wreckofamanmaymovethemultitudetolaughterortoscorn.ButtotheMason,itistheformof sacredhumanitythatisbeforehim;itisanerringfellowbeing;adesolate,forlorn,forsakensoul;and histhoughts,enfoldingthepoorwretch,willbefardeeperthanthoseofindifference,ridicule,or contempt.Allhumanoffences,thewholesystemofdishonesty,evasion,circumventing,forbidden indulgence,andintriguingambition,inwhichmenarestrugglingwitheachother,willbelookedupon byathoughtfulMason,notmerelyasasceneofmeantoilsandstrifes,butasthesolemnconflictsof immortalminds,forendsvastandmomentousastheirownbeing.Itisasadandunworthystrife,and maywellbeviewedwithindignation;butthatindignationmustmeltintopity.Forthestakesforwhich thesegamestersplayarenotthosewhichtheyimagine,notthosewhichareinsight.Forexample,this manplaysforapettyonce,andgainsit;buttherealstakehegainsissycophancy,uncharitableness, slander,anddeceit. Goodmenaretooproudoftheirgoodness.Theyarerespectable;dishonourcomesnotnearthem;their countenancehasweightandinfluence;theirrobesareunstained;thepoisonousbreathofcalumnyas neverbeenbreathedupontheirfairname.Howeasyitisforthemtolookdownwithscornuponthe poordegradedoffender;topasshimbywithaloftystep;todrawupthefoldsoftheirgarmentaround them,thattheymaynotbesoiledbyhistouch!YettheGreatMasterofVirtuedidnotso;but descendedtofamiliarintercoursewithpublicansandsinners,withtheSamaritanwoman,withthe outcastsandthePariahsoftheHebrewworld. Manymenthinkthemselvesbetter,inproportionastheycandetectsininothers!Whentheygooverthe catalogueoftheirneighbour'sunhappyderelictionsoftemperorconduct,theyoften,amidstmuch apparentconcern,feelasecretexultation,thatdestroysalltheirownpretensionstowisdomand moderation,andeventovirtue.Manyeventakeactualpleasureinthesinsofothers;andthisisthecase witheveryonewhosethoughtsareoftenemployedinagreeablecomparisonsofhisownvirtueswith hisneighbours'faults. Thepowerofgentlenessistoolittleseenintheworld;thesubduinginfluencesofpity,themightof love,thecontrolofmildnessoverpassion,thecommandingmajestyofthatperfectcharacterwhich EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

107/641 minglesgravedispleasurewithgriefandpityfortheoffender.SoitisthataMasonshouldtreathis brethrenwhogoastray.Notwithbitterness;noryetwithgoodnaturedeasiness,norwithworldly indifference,norwiththephilosophiccoldness,norwithalaxityofconscience,thataccounts everythingwell,thatpassesunderthesealofpublicopinion;butwithcharity,withpityingloving kindness. Thehumanheartwillnotbowwillinglytowhatisinfirmandwronginhumannature.Ifityieldstous, itmustyieldtowhatisdivineinus.Thewickednessofmyneighbourcannotsubmittomywickedness; hissensuality,forinstance,tomyangeragainsthisvices.Myfaultsarenottheinstrumentsthatareto arresthisfaults.Andthereforeimpatientreformers,anddenouncingpreachers,andhastyreprovers,and angryparents,andirritablerelativesgenerallyfail,intheirseveraldepartments,toreclaimtheerring. Amoraloffenceissickness,pain,loss,dishonour,intheimmortalpartofman.Itisguilt,andmisery addedtoguilt.Itisitselfcalamity;andbringsuponitself,inaddition,thecalamityofGod's disapproval,theabhorrenceofallvirtuousmen,andthesoul'sownabhorrence.Dealfaithfully,but patientlyandtenderly,withthisevil!Itisnomatterforpettyprovocation,norforpersonalstrife,norfor selfishirritation. Speakkindlytoyourerringbrother!Godpitieshim:Christhasdiedforhim:Providencewaitsforhim: Heaven'smercyyearnstowardhim;andHeaven'sspiritsarereadytowelcomehimbackwithjoy.Let yourvoicebeinunisonwithallthosepowersthatGodisusingforhisrecovery! Ifonedefraudsyou,andexultsatit,heisthemosttobepitiedofhumanbeings.Hehasdonehimselfa fardeeperinjurythanhehasdoneyou.Itishe,andnotyou,whomGodregardswithmingled displeasureandcompassion;andHisjudgmentshouldbeyourlaw.Amongallthebenedictionsofthe HolyMountthereisnotoneforthisman;butforthemerciful,thepeacemakers,andthepersecuted theyarepouredoutfreely. Weareallmenoflikepassions,propensities,andexposures.Thereareelementsinusall,whichmight havebeenperverted,throughthesuccessiveprocessesofmoraldeterioration,totheworstofcrimes. Thewretchwhomtheexecrationofthethrongingcrowdpursuestothescaffold,isnotworsethanany oneofthatmultitudemighthavebecomeundersimilarcircumstances.Heistobecondemnedindeed, butalsodeeplytobepitied. Itdoesnotbecomethefrailandsinfultobevindictivetowardeventheworstcriminals.Weowemuch tothegoodProvidenceofGod,ordainingforusalotmorefavourabletovirtue.Weallhadthatwithin us,thatmighthavebeenpushedtothesameexcess:Perhapsweshouldhavefallenashedid,withless temptation.Perhapswehavedoneacts,that,inproportiontothetemptationorprovocation,wereless EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

108/641 excusablethanhisgreatcrime.Silentpityandsorrowforthevictimshouldminglewithourdetestation oftheguilt.Eventhepiratewhomurdersincoldbloodonthehighseas,issuchamanasyouorI mighthavebeen.Orphanageinchildhood,orbaseanddissoluteandabandonedparents;anunfriended youth;evilcompanions;ignoranceandwantofmoralcultivation;thetemptationsofsinfulpleasureor grindingpoverty;familiaritywithvice;ascornedandblightedname;searedandcrushedaffections; desperatefortunes;thesearestepsthatmighthaveledanyoneamongustounfurluponthehighseas thebloodyflagofuniversaldefiance;towagewarwithourkind;tolivethelifeanddiethedeathofthe recklessandremorselessfreebooter.Manyaffectingrelationshipsofhumanitypleadwithustopity him.Hisheadoncerestedonamother'sbosom.Hewasoncetheobjectofsisterlyloveanddomestic endearment.Perhapshishand,sinceoftenredwithblood,onceclaspedanotherlittlelovinghandatthe altar.Pityhimthen;hisblightedhopesandhiscrushedheart!Itisproperthatfrailanderringcreatures likeusshoulddoso;shouldfeelthecrime,butfeelitasweak,tempted,andrescuedcreaturesshould.It maybethatwhenGodweighsmen'scrimes,Hewilltakeintoconsiderationthetemptationsandthe adversecircumstancesthatledtothem,andtheopportunitiesformoralcultureoftheoffender;andit maybethatourownoffenceswillweighheavierthanwethink,andthemurderer'slighterthan accordingtoman'sjudgment. Onallaccounts,therefore,letthetrueMasonneverforgetthesolemninjunction,necessarytobe observedatalmosteverymomentofabusylife:'JUDGENOT,LESTYOUYOURSELVESBE JUDGEDFORWHATSOEVERJUDGMENTYOUMEASUREUNTOOTHERS,THESAME SHALLINTURNBEMEASUREDUNTOYOU.SuchisthelessontaughttheProvostandJudgeof man.

VIII.INTENDANTOFTHEBUILDING.
INthisDegreeyouhavebeentaughttheimportantlesson,thatnoneareentitledtoadvanceinthe AncientandAcceptedScottishRite,whohavenotbystudyandapplicationmadethemselvesfamiliar withMasoniclearningandjurisprudence.TheDegreesofthisRitearenotforthosewhoarecontent withthemereworkandceremonies,anddonotseektoexploretheminesofwisdomthatlieburied beneaththesurface.YoustilladvancetowardtheLight,towardthatstar,blazinginthedistance,which isanemblemoftheDivineTruth,givenbyGodtothefirstmen,andpreservedamidallthevicissitudes ofagesinthetraditionsandteachingsofMasonry.Howfaryouwilladvance,dependsuponyourself alone.Here,aseverywhereintheworld,DarknessstruggleswithLight,andcloudsandshadows intervenebetweenyouandtheTruth. WhenyoushallhavebecomeimbuedwiththemoralityofMasonry,withwhichyouyetare,andfor sometimewillbeexclusivelyoccupied,whenyoushallhavelearnedtopracticeallthevirtueswhichit inculcates;whentheybecomefamiliartoyouasyourHouseholdGods;thenwillyoubepreparedto EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

109/641 receiveitsloftyphilosophicalinstruction,andtoscaletheheightsuponwhosesummitLightandTruth sitenthroned.StepbystepmenmustadvancetowardPerfection;andeachMasonicDegreeismeantto beoneofthosesteps.Eachisadevelopmentofaparticularduty;andinthepresentyouaretaught charityandbenevolence;tobetoyourbrethrenanexampleofvirtue;tocorrectyourownfaults;andto endeavourtocorrectthoseofyourbrethren. Here,asinallthedegrees,youmeetwiththeemblemsandthenamesofDeity,thetrueknowledgeof whosecharacterandattributesithaseverbeenachiefobjectofMasonrytoperpetuate.Toappreciate Hisinfinitegreatnessandgoodness,torelyimplicitlyuponHisProvidence,torevereandvenerateHim astheSupremeArchitect,Creator,andLegislatoroftheuniverse,isthefirstofMasonicduties. TheBatteryofthisDegree,andthefivecircuitswhichyoumadearoundtheLodge,alludetothefive pointsoffellowship,andareintendedtorecallthemvividlytoyourmind.Togouponabrother'serrand ortohisrelief,evenbarefootanduponflintyground;torememberhiminyoursupplicationstothe Deity;toclasphimtoyourheart,andprotecthimagainstmaliceandevilspeaking;toupholdhimwhen abouttostumbleandfall;andtogivehimprudent,honest,andfriendlycounsel,aredutiesplainly writtenuponthepagesofGod'sgreatcodeoflaw,andfirstamongtheordinancesofMasonry. ThefirstsignoftheDegreeisexpressiveofthediffidenceandhumilitywithwhichweinquireintothe natureandattributesoftheDeity;thesecond,oftheprofoundaweandreverencewithwhichwe contemplateHisglories;andthethird,ofthesorrowwithwhichwereflectuponourinsufficient observanceofourduties,andourimperfectcompliancewithHisstatutes. Thedistinguishingpropertyofmanistosearchforandfollowaftertruth.Therefore,whenrelaxedfrom ournecessarycaresandconcerns,wethencovettosee,tohear,andtolearnsomewhat;andweesteem knowledgeofthings,eitherobscureorwonderful,tobetheindispensablemeansoflivinghappily. Truth,Simplicity,andCandoraremostagreeabletothenatureofmankind.Whateverisvirtuous consistseitherinSagacity,andtheperceptionofTruth;orinthepreservationofHumanSociety,by givingtoeverymanhisdue,andobservingthefaithofcontracts;orinthegreatnessandfirmnessofan elevatedandunsubduedmind;orinobservingorderandregularityinallourwordsandinallour actions;inwhichconsistModerationandTemperance. Masonryhasinalltimesreligiouslypreservedthatenlightenedfaithfromwhichflowsublime Devotedness,thesentimentofFraternityfruitfulofgoodworks,thespiritofindulgenceandpeace,of sweethopesandeffectualconsolations;andinflexibilityintheaccomplishmentofthemostpainfuland arduousduties.Ithasalwayspropagateditwithardorandperseverance;andthereforeitlaboursatthe presentdaymorezealouslythanever.ScarcelyaMasonicdiscourseispronounced,thatdoesnot demonstratethenecessityandadvantagesofthisfaith,andespeciallyrecallthetwoconstitutive EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

110/641 principlesofreligion,thatmakeallreligion,loveofGod,andloveofneighbour.Masonscarrythese principlesintothebosomsoftheirfamiliesandofsociety.WhiletheSectariansofformertimes enfeebledthereligiousspirit,Masonry,formingonegreatPeopleoverthewholeglobe,andmarching underthegreatbannerofCharityandBenevolence,preservesthatreligiousfeeling,strengthensit, extendsitinitspurityandsimplicity,asithasalwaysexistedinthedepthsofthehumanheart,asit existedevenunderthedominionofthemostancientformsofworship,butwheregrossanddebasing superstitionsforbadeitsrecognition. AMasonicLodgeshouldresembleabeehive,inwhichallthemembersworktogetherwithardorfor thecommongood.Masonryisnotmadeforcoldsoulsandnarrowminds,thatdonotcomprehendits loftymissionandsublimeapostolate.Heretheanathemaagainstlukewarmsoulsapplies.Tocomfort misfortunestopopularizeknowledge,toteachwhateveristrueandpureinreligionandphilosophy,to accustommentorespectorderandtheproprietiesoflife,topointoutthewaytogenuinehappiness,to prepareforthatfortunateperiod,whenallthefactionsoftheHumanFamily,unitedbythebondsof TolerationandFraternity,shallbebutonehousehold,thesearelaboursthatmaywellexcitezealand evenenthusiasm. Wedonotnowenlargeuponorelaboratetheseideas.Webututterthemtoyoubriefly,ashints,upon whichyoumayatyourleisurereflect.Hereafter,ifyoucontinuetoadvance,theywillbeunfolded, explained,anddeveloped. Masonryuttersnoimpracticableandextravagantprecepts,certain,becausetheyareso,tobe disregarded.Itasksofitsinitiatesnothingthatitisnotpossibleandeveneasyforthemtoperform.Its teachingsareeminentlypractical;anditsstatutescanbeobeyedbyeveryjust,upright,andhonestman, nomatterwhathisfaithorcreed.Itsobjectistoattainthegreatestpracticalgood,withoutseekingto makemenperfect.Itdoesnotmeddlewiththedomainofreligion,norinquireintothemysteriesof regeneration.ItteachesthosetruthsthatarewrittenbythefingerofGodupontheheartofman,those viewsofdutywhichhavebeenbroughtoutbythemeditationsofthestudious,confirmedbythe allegianceofthegoodandwise,andstampedassterlingbytheresponsetheyfindineveryuncorrupted mind.Itdoesnotdogmatize,norvainlyimaginedogmaticcertaintytobeattainable. Masonrydoesnotoccupyitselfwithcryingdownthisworld,withitssplendidbeauty,itsthrilling interests,itsgloriousworks,itsnobleandholyaffections;norexhortustodetachourheartsfromthis earthlylife,asempty,fleeting,andunworthy,andfixthemuponHeaven,astheonlyspheredeserving theloveofthelovingorthemeditationofthewise.Itteachesthatmanhashighdutiestoperform,and ahighdestinytofulfill,onthisearth;thatthisworldisnotmerelytheportaltoanother;andthatthis life,thoughnotouronlyone,isanintegralone,andtheparticularonewithwhichweareheremeantto beconcerned;thatthePresentisoursceneofaction,andtheFutureforspeculationandfortrust;that manwassentupontheearthtoliveinit,toenjoyit,tostudyit,toloveit,toembellishit,tomakethe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

111/641 mostofit.Itishiscountry,onwhichheshouldlavishhisaffectionsandhisefforts.Itisherehis influencesaretooperate.Itishishouse,andnotatent;hishome,andnotmerelyaschool.Heissent intothisworld,nottobeconstantlyhankeringafter,dreamingof,preparingforanother;buttodohis dutyandfulfillhisdestinyonthisearth;todoallthatliesinhispowertoimproveit,torenderitascene ofelevatedhappinesstohimself,tothosearoundhim,tothosewhoaretocomeafterhim.Hislifehere ispartofhisimmortality;andthisworld,also,isamongthestars. Andthus,Masonryteachesus,willmanbestprepareforthatFuturewhichhehopesfor.TheUnseen cannotholdahigherplaceinouraffectionsthantheSeenandtheFamiliar.Thelawofourbeingis LoveofLife,anditsinterestsandadornments;loveoftheworldinwhichourlotiscast,engrossment withtheinterestsandaffectionsofearth.Notaloworsensuallove,notloveofwealth,offame,ofease, ofpower,ofsplendour.Notlowworldliness;buttheloveofEarthasthegardenonwhichtheCreator haslavishedsuchmiraclesofbeauty;asthehabitationofhumanity,thearenaofitsconflicts,thescene ofitsillimitableprogress,thedwellingplaceofthewise,thegood,theactive,theloving,andthedear; theplaceofopportunityforthedevelopmentbymeansofsinandsufferingandsorrow,ofthenoblest passionstheloftiestvirtues,andthetenderestsympathies. Theytakeveryunprofitablepains,whoendeavourtopersuadementhattheyareobligedwhollyto despisethisworld,andallthatisinit,evenwhilsttheythemselveslivehere.Godhathnottakenallthat painsinformingandframingandfurnishingandadorningtheworld,thattheywhoweremadebyHim toliveinitshoulddespiseit.Itwillbeenough,iftheydonotloveittooimmoderately.Itisuselessto attempttoextinguishallthoseaffectionsandpassionswhichareandalwayswillbeinseparablefrom humannature.Aslongasheworldlasts,andhonourandvirtueandindustryhavereputationinthe world,therewillbeambitionandemulationandappetiteinthebestandmostaccomplishedmeninit; andiftherewerenot,morebarbarityandviceandwickednesswouldcovereverynationoftheworld, thanitnowsuffersunder. Thoseonlywhofeeladeepinterestin,andaffectionfor,thisworld,willworkresolutelyforits amelioration.Thosewhoundervaluethisrife,naturallybecomequerulousanddiscontented,andlose theirinterestinthewelfareoftheirfellows.Toservethem,andsotodoourdutyasMasons,wemust feelthattheobjectisworththeexertion;andbecontentwiththisworldinwhichGodhasplacedus, untilHepermitsustoremovetoabetterone.Heisherewithus,anddoesnotdeemthisanunworthy world. Itaseriousthingtodefameandbelieawholeworld;tospeakofitastheabodeofapoor,toiling, drudging,ignorant,contemptiblerace.Youwouldnotsodiscredityourfamily,yourfriendlycircle,your village,yourcity,yourcountry.Theworldisnotawretchedandaworthlessone;norisitamisfortune, butathingtobethankfulfor,tobeaman.Iflifeisworthless,soalsoisimmortality.

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112/641 Insocietyitself,inthatlivingmechanismofhumanrelationshipsthatspreadsitselfovertheworld, thereisafineressencewithin,thatastrulymovesit,asanypower,heavyorexpansive,movesthe soundingmanufactoryortheswiftflyingcar.Themanmachinehurriestoandfroupontheearth, stretchesoutitshandsoneveryside,totoil,tobarter,tounnumberedlaboursandenterprises;and almostalwaysthemotive,thatwhichmovesit,issomethingthattakesholdofthecomforts,affections, andhopesofsocialexistence.True,themechanismoftenworkswithdifficulty,dragsheavily,grates andscreamswithharshcollision.True,theessenceoffinermotive,becomingintermixedwithbaser andcoarseringredients,oftenclogs,obstructs,jars,andderangesthefreeandnobleactionofsocial life.Butheisneithergratefulnorwise,wholookscynicallyonallthis,andlosesthefinesenseof socialgoodinitsperversions.ThatIcanbeafriend,thatIcanhaveafriend,thoughitwerebutonein theworld;thatfact,thatwondrousgoodfortune,wemaysetagainstallthesufferingsofoursocial nature.Thatthereissuchaplaceonearthasahome,thatresortandsanctuaryofinwalledand shieldedjoy,wemaysetagainstallthesurroundingdesolationsoflife.Thatonecanbeatrue,social man,canspeakhistruethoughts,amidstalltheTanglingsofcontroversyandthewarringofopinions; thatfactfromwithin,outweighsallfactsfromwithout. Inthevisibleaspectandactionofsociety,oftenrepulsiveandannoying,weareapttolosethedue senseofitsinvisibleblessings.AsinNatureitisnotthecoarseandpalpable,notsoilsandrains,nor evenfieldsandflowers,thataresobeautiful,astheinvisiblespiritofwisdomandbeautythatpervades it;soinsociety,itistheinvisible,andthereforeunobserved,thatismostbeautiful. Whatnervesthearmoftoil?Ifmanmindedhimselfalone,hewouldflingdownthespadeandaxe,and rushtothedesert;orroamthroughtheworldasawilderness,andmakethatworldadesert.Hishome, whichheseesnot,perhaps,butonceortwiceinaday,istheinvisiblebondoftheworld.Itisthegood, strong,andnoblefaiththatmenhaveineachother,whichgivestheloftiestcharactertobusiness,trade, andcommerce.Fraudoccursintherushofbusiness;butitistheexception.Honestyistherule;andall thefraudsintheworldcannottearthegreatbondofhumanconfidence.Iftheycould,commercewould furlitssailsoneverysea,andallthecitiesoftheworldwouldcrumbleintoruins.Thebarecharacterof amanontheothersideoftheworld,whomyouneversaw,whomyouneverwillsee,youholdgoodfor abondofthousands.Themoststrikingfeatureofthepoliticalstateisnotgovernments,nor constitutions,norlaws,norenactments,northejudicialpower,northepolice;buttheuniversalwillof thepeopletobegovernedbythecommonweal.Takeoffthatrestraint,andnogovernmentonearth couldstandforanhour. OfthemanyteachingsofMasonry,oneofthemostvaluableis,thatweshouldnotdepreciatethislife. Itdoesnothold,thatwhenwereflectonthedestinythatawaitsmanonearth,weoughttobedewhis cradlewithourtears;but,liketheHebrews,ithailsthebirthofachildwithjoy,andholdsthathis birthdayshouldbeafestival.

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113/641 Ithasnosympathywiththosewhoprofesstohaveprovedthislife,andfounditlittleworth;whohave deliberatelymadeuptheirmindsthatitisfarmoremiserablethanhappy;becauseitsemploymentsare tedious,andtheirschemesoftenbaffled,theirfriendshipsbroken,ortheirfriendsdead,itspleasures palled,anditshonoursfaded,anditspathsbeaten,familiar,anddull. MasonrydeemsitnomarkofgreatpietytowardGodtodisparage,ifnotdespise,thestatethatHehas ordainedforus.Itdoesnotabsurdlysetuptheclaimsofanotherworld,notincomparisonmerely,but incompetition,withtheclaimsofthis.Itlooksuponbothaspartsofonesystem.Itholdsthataman maymakethebestofthisworldandofanotheratthesametime.Itdoesnotteachitsinitiatestothink betterofotherworksanddispensationsofGod,bythinkingmeanlyofthese.Itdoesnotlookuponlife assomuchtimelost;norregarditsemploymentsastriflesunworthyofimmortalbeings;nortellits followerstofoldtheirarms,asifindisdainoftheirstateandspecies;butitlookssoberlyandcheerfully upontheworld,asatheatreofworthyaction,ofexaltedusefulness,andofrationalandinnocent enjoyment. Itholdsthat,withallitsevils,lifeisablessing.Todenythatistodestroythebasisofallreligion, naturalandrevealed.TheveryfoundationofallreligionislaidonthefirmbeliefthatGodisgood;and ifthislifeisanevilandacurse,nosuchbeliefcanberationallyentertained.Toleveloursatireat humanityandhumanexistence,asmeanandcontemptible;tolookonthisworldasthehabitationofa miserablerace,fitonlyformockeryandscorn;toconsiderthisearthasadungeonoraprison,which hasnoblessingtoofferbutescapefromit,istoextinguishtheprimallightoffaithandhopeand happiness,todestroythebasisofreligion,andTruth'sfoundationinthegoodnessofGod.Ifitindeed beso,thenitmattersnotwhatelseistrueornottrue;speculationisvainandfaithisvain;andallthat belongstoman'shighestbeingisburiedintheruinsofmisanthropy,melancholy,anddespair. Ourloveoflife;thetenacitywithwhich,insorrowandsuffering,weclingtoit;ourattachmenttoour home,tothespotthatgaveusbirth,toanyplace,howeverrude,unsightly,orbarren,onwhichthe historyofouryearshasbeenwritten,allshowhowdeararethetiesofkindredandsociety.Misery makesagreaterimpressionuponusthanhappiness;becausetheformerisnotthehabitofourminds.It isastrange,unusualguest,andwearemoreconsciousofitspresence.Happinessliveswithus,andwe forgetit.Itdoesnotexciteus,nordisturbtheorderandcourseofourthoughts.Agreatagonyisan epochinourlife.Werememberourafflictions,aswedothestormandearthquake,becausetheyareout ofthecommoncourseofthings.Theyarelikedisastrousevents,recordedbecauseextraordinary;and withwholeandunnoticedperiodsofprosperitybetween.Wemarkandsignalizethetimesofcalamity; butmanyhappydaysandunnotedperiodsofenjoymentpass,thatareunrecordedeitherinthebookof memory,orinthescantyannalsofourthanksgiving.Wearelittledisposedandlessabletocallupfrom thedimremembrancesofourpastyears,thepeacefulmoments,theeasysensations,thebright thoughts,thequietreveries,thethrongsofkindaffectionsinwhichlifeflowedon,bearingusalmost unconsciouslyuponitsbosom,becauseitboreuscalmlyandgently.

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114/641 Lifeisnotonlygood;butithasbeengloriousintheexperienceofmillions.Thegloryofallhuman virtueclothesit.Thesplendoursofdevotedness,beneficence,andheroismareuponit;thecrownofa thousandmartyrdomsisuponitsbrow.Thebrightnessofthesoulshinesthroughthisvisibleand sometimesdarkenedlife;throughallitssurroundingcaresandlabours.Thehumblestlifemayfeelits connectionwithitsInfiniteSource.Thereissomethingmightyinthefrailinnerman;somethingof immortalityinthismomentaryandtransientbeing.Themindstretchesaway,oneveryside,into infinity.Itsthoughtsflashabroad,farintotheboundless,theimmeasurable,theinfinite;farintothe great,dark,teemingfuture;andbecomepowersandinfluencesinotherages.Toknowitswonderful Author,tobringdownwisdomfromtheEternalStars,tobearupwarditshomage,gratitude,andlove, totheRulerofallworlds,tobeimmortalinourinfluencesprojectedfarintotheslowapproaching Future,makeslifemostworthyandmostglorious. LifeisthewonderfulcreationofGod.Itislight,sprungfromvoiddarkness;power,wakedfrom inertnessandimpotence;beingcreatedfromnothing;andthecontrastmaywellenkindlewonderand delight.Itisarillfromtheinfinite,overflowinggoodness;andfromthemomentwhenitfirstgushesup intothelight,tothatwhenitmingleswiththeoceanofEternity,thatGoodnessattendsitandministers toit.Itisagreatandgloriousgift.Thereisgladnessinitsinfantvoices;joyinthebuoyantstepofits youth;deepsatisfactioninitsstrongmaturity;andpeaceinitsquietage.Thereisgoodforthegood; virtueforthefaithful;andvictoryforthevaliant.Thereis,eveninthishumblelife,aninfinityforthose whosedesiresareboundless.Thereareblessingsuponitsbirth;thereishopeinitsdeath;andeternity initsprospect.Thusearth,whichbindsmanyinchains,istotheMasonboththestartingplaceandgoal ofimmortality,Manyitburiesintherubbishofdullcaresandwearyingvanities;buttotheMasonitis theloftymountofmeditation,whereHeaven,andInfinityandEternityarespreadbeforehimand aroundhim.Totheloftyminded,thepure,andthevirtuous,thislifeisthebeginningofHeaven,anda partofimmortality. Godhathappointedoneremedyforalltheevilsintheworld;andthatisacontentedspirit.Wemaybe reconciledtopovertyandalowfortune,ifwesuffercontentednessandequanimitytomakethe proportions.Nomanispoorwhodothnotthinkhimselfso;butif,inafullfortune,withimpatiencehe desiresmore,heproclaimshiswantsandhisbeggarlycondition.Thisvirtueofcontentednesswasthe sumofalltheoldmoralphilosophy,andisofmostuniversaluseinthewholecourseofourlives,and theonlyinstrumenttoeasetheburdensoftheworldandtheenmitiesofsadchances.Itisthegreat reasonablenessofcomplyingwiththeDivineProvidence,whichgovernsalltheworld,andhathso orderedusintheadministrationofHisgreatfamily.ItisfitthatGodshoulddispenseHisgiftsasHe pleases;andifwemurmurhere,wemay,atthenextmelancholy,betroubledthatHedidnotmakeusto beangelsorstars. Weourselvesmakeourfortunesgoodorbad;andwhenGodletslooseaTyrantuponus,orasickness, orscorn,oralessenedfortune,ifwefeartodie,orknownothowtobepatient,orareproud,or covetous,thenthecalamitysitsheavyonus.Butifweknowhowtomanageanobleprinciple,andfear EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

115/641 notdeathsomuchasadishonestaction,andthinkimpatienceaworseevilthanafever,andpridetobe thegreatestdisgraceaswellasthegreatestfolly,andpovertyfarpreferabletothetormentsofavarice, wemaystillbearanevenmindandsmileatthereversesoffortuneandtheillnatureofFate. Ifthouhastlostthyland,donotalsolosethyconstancy;andifthoumustdiesoonerthanothers,or thanthoudidstexpect,yetdonotdieimpatiently.Fornochanceiseviltohimwhoiscontent,andtoa mannothingismiserableunlessitbeunreasonable.Nomancanmakeanothermantobehisslave, unlessthatotherhathfirstenslavedhimselftolifeanddeath,topleasureorpain,tohopeorfear; commandthesepassions,andyouarefreerthantheParthianKings. Whenanenemyreproachesus,letuslookonhimasanimpartialrelatorofourfaults;forhewilltellus truerthanourfondestfriendwill,andwemayforgivehisanger,whilstwemakeuseoftheplainnessof hisdeclamation.Theox,whenheisweary,treadstruest;andiftherebenothingelseinabuse,butthat itmakesustowalkwarily,andtreadsureforfearofourenemies,thatisbetterthantobeflatteredinto prideandcarelessness. Ifthoufallestfromthyemploymentinpublic,takesanctuaryinanhonestretirement,beingindifferent tothygainabroad,orthysafetyathome.Whenthenorthwindblowshard,anditrainssadly,wedonot sitdowninitandcry;butdefendourselvesagainstitwithawarmgarment,oragoodfireandadry roof.Sowhenthestormofasadmischancebeatsuponourspirits,wemayturnitintosomethingthatis good,ifweresolvetomakeitso;andwithequanimityandpatiencemayshelterourselvesfromits inclementpitilesspelting.Ifitdevelopourpatience,andgiveoccasionforheroicendurance,ithath doneusgoodenoughtorecompenseussufficientlyforallthetemporalaffliction;forsoawiseman shalloverrulehisstars;andhaveagreaterinfluenceuponhisowncontent,thanalltheconstellations andplanetsofthefirmament. Comparenotthyconditionwiththefewabovethee,buttosecurethycontent,lookuponthose thousandswithwhomthouwouldstnot,foranyinterest,changethyfortuneandcondition.Asoldier mustnotthinkhimselfunprosperous,ifhebenotsuccessfulasAlexanderorWellington;noranyman deemhimselfunfortunatethathehathnotthewealthofRothschild;butratherlettheformerrejoicethat heisnotlessenedlikethemanygeneralswhowentdownhorseandmanbeforeNapoleon,andthelatter thatheisnotthebeggarwho,bareheadedinthebleakwinterwindholdsouthistatteredhatforcharity. Theremaybemanywhoarericherandmorefortunate;butmanythousandswhoareverymiserable, comparedtothee. AftertheworstassaultsofFortune,therewillbesomethinglefttous,amerrycountenance,acheerful spirit,andagoodconscience,theProvidenceofGod,ourhopesofHeaven,ourcharityforthosewho haveinjuredus;perhapsalovingwife,andmanyfriendstopity,andsometorelieveus;andlightand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

116/641 air,andallthebeautiesofNature;wecanread,discourse,andmeditate;andhavingstillthese blessings,weshouldbemuchinlovewithsorrowandpeevishnesstolosethemall,andprefertosit downonourlittlehandfulofthorns. Enjoytheblessingsofthisday,ifGodsendsthem,andtheevilsofitbearpatientlyandcalmly;forthis dayonlyisours:wearedeadtoyesterday,andwearenotyetborntothemorrow.Whenourfortunes areviolentlychanged,ourspiritsareunchanged,iftheyalwaysstoodinthesuburbsandexpectationof sorrowsandreverses.Theblessingsofimmunity,safeguard,liberty,andintegritydeservethe thanksgivingofawholelife.Wearequitfromathousandcalamities,everyoneofwhich,ifitwere uponus,wouldmakeusinsensibleofourpresentsorrow,andgladtoreceiveitinexchangeforthat othergreateraffliction. Measureyourdesiresbyyourfortuneandcondition,notyourfortunesbyyourdesires:begovernedby yourneeds,notbyyourfancy;bynature,notbyevilcustomsandambitiousprinciples.Itisnoevilto bepoor,buttobeviciousandimpatient.Isthatbeastbetter,thathathtwoorthreemountainstograze on,thanthelittlebeethatfeedsondewormanna,andlivesuponwhatfallseverymorningfromthe storehousesofHeaven,cloudsandProvidence? Therearesomeinstancesoffortuneandafairconditionthatcannotstandwithsomeothers;butifyou desirethis,youmustlosethat,andunlessyoubecontentwithone,youlosethecomfortofboth.Ifyou covetlearning,youmusthaveleisureandaretiredlife;ifhonoursofStateandpoliticaldistinctions,you mustbeeverabroadinpublic,andgetexperience,anddoallmen'sbusiness,andkeepallcompany,and havenoleisureatall.Ifyouwillberich,youmustbefrugal;ifyouwillbepopular,youmustbe bountiful;ifaphilosopher,youmustdespiseriches.IfyouwouldbefamousasEpaminondas,accept alsohispoverty,foritaddedlustretohisperson,andenvytohisfortune,andhisvirtuewithoutitcould nothavebeensoexcellent.Ifyouwouldhavethereputationofamartyr,youmustneedsaccepthis persecution;ifofabenefactoroftheworld,theworld'sinjustice;iftrulygreat,youmustexpecttosee themobpreferlessermentoyourself. GodesteemsitoneofHisglories,thatHebringsgoodoutofevil;andthereforeitwerebutreasonwe shouldtrustHimtogovernHisownworldasHepleases;andthatweshouldpatientlywaituntilthe changecometh,orthereasonisdiscovered. AMason'scontentednessmustbynomeansbeamerecontentedselfishness,likehiswho,comfortable himself,isindifferenttothediscomfortofothers.Therewillalwaysbeinthisworldwrongstoforgive, sufferingtoalleviate,sorrowaskingforsympathy,necessitiesanddestitutiontorelieve,andample occasionfortheexerciseofactivecharityandbeneficence.Andhewhositsunconcernedamidstitall, perhapsenjoyinghisowncomfortsandluxuriesthemore,bycontrastingthemwiththehungryand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

117/641 raggeddestitutionandshiveringmiseryofhisfellows,isnotcontented,butselfishandunfeeling. Itisthesaddestofallsightsuponthisearth,thatofamanlazyandluxurious,orhardandpenurious,to whomwantappealsinvain,andsufferingcriesinanunknowntongue.Themanwhosehastyanger hurrieshimintoviolenceandcrimeisnothalfsounworthytolive.Heisthefaithlesssteward,that embezzleswhatGodhasgivenhimintrustfortheimpoverishedandsufferingamonghisbrethren.The trueMasonmustbeandmusthavearighttobecontentwithhimself;andhecanbesoonlywhenhe livesnotforhimselfalone,butforothersalso,whoneedhisassistanceandhaveaclaimuponhis sympathy. "Charityisthegreatchannel,"ithasbeenwellsaid,"throughwhichGodpassesallHismercyupon mankind.Forwereceiveabsolutionofoursinsinproportiontoourforgivingourbrother.Thisisthe ruleofourhopesandthemeasureofourdesireinthisworld;andonthedayofdeathandjudgment,the greatsentenceuponmankindshallbetransactedaccordingtoouralms,whichistheotherpartof charity.Godhimselfislove;andverydegreeofcharitythatdwellsinusistheparticipationofthe divinenature." TheseprinciplesMasonryreducestopractice.Bythemitexpectsyoutobehereafterguidedand governed.Itespeciallyinculcatesthemuponhimwhoemploysthelabourofothers,forbiddinghimto dischargethem,whentowantemploymentistostarve;ortocontractforthelabourofmanorwomanat solowapricethatbyoverexertiontheymustsellhimtheirbloodandlifeatthesametimewiththe labouroftheirhands. TheseDegreesarealsointendedtoteachmorethanmorals.ThesymbolsandceremoniesofMasonry havemorethanonemeaning.TheyratherconcealthandisclosetheTruth.Theyhintitonly,atleast; andtheirvariedmeaningsareonlytobediscoveredbyreflectionandstudy.Truthisnotonly symbolizedbyLight,butastherayoflightisseparableintoraysofdifferentcolours,soistruth separableintokinds.ItistheprovinceofMasonrytoteachalltruthsnotmoraltruthalone,but politicalandphilosophical,andevenreligioustruth,sofarasconcernsthegreatandessentialprinciples ofeach.Thesphynxwasasymbol.Towhomhasitdiscloseditsinmostmeaning?Whoknowsthe symbolicmeaningofthepyramids? Youwillhereafterlearnwhoarethechieffoesofhumanlibertysymbolizedbytheassassinsofthe MasterKhurum;andintheirfateyoumayseeforeshadowedthatwhichweearnestlyhopewill hereafterovertakethoseenemiesofhumanity,againstwhomMasonryhasstruggledsolong.

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118/641

IX.ELECTOFTHENINE
[EluoftheNine] ORIGINALLYcreatedtorewardfidelity,obedience,anddevotion,thisDegreewasconsecratedto bravery,devotedness,andpatriotism;andyourobligationhasmadeknowntoyouthedutieswhichyou haveassumed.Theyaresummedupinthesimplemandate,"Protecttheoppressedagainstthe oppressor;anddevoteyourselftothehonourandinterestsofyourCountry." Masonryisnot"speculative,"northeoretical,butexperimental;notsentimental,butpractical.It requiresselfrenunciationandselfcontrol.Itwearsasternfacetowardmen'svices,andinterfereswith manyofourpursuitsandourfanciedpleasures.Itpenetratesbeyondtheregionofvaguesentiment; beyondtheregionswheremoralizersandphilosophershavewoventheirfinetheoriesandelaborated theirbeautifulmaxims,totheverydepthsoftheheart,rebukingourlittlenessesandmeannesses, arraigningourprejudicesandpassions,andwarringagainstthearmiesofourvices. Itwarsagainstthepassionsthatspringoutofthebosomofaworldoffinesentiments,aworldof admirablesayingsandfoulpractices,ofgoodmaximsandbaddeeds;whosedarkerpassionsarenot onlyrestrainedbycustomandceremony,buthiddenevenfromitselfbyaveilofbeautifulsentiments. Thisterriblesolecismhasexistedinallages.Romishsentimentalismhasoftencoveredinfidelityand vice;Protestantstraightnessoftenlaudsspiritualityandfaith,andneglectshomelytruth,candor,and generosity;andultraliberalRationalisticrefinementsometimessoarstoheaveninitsdreams,and wallowsinthemireofearthinitsdeeds. TheremaybeaworldofMasonicsentiment;andyetaworldoflittleornoMasonry.Inmanyminds thereisavagueandgeneralsentimentofMasoniccharity,generosity,anddisinterestedness,butno practical,activevirtue,norhabitualkindness,selfsacrifice,orliberality.Masonryplaysaboutthemlike thecoldthoughbrilliantlightsthatflushandeddyoverNorthernskies.Thereareoccasionalflashesof generousandmanlyfeeling,transitorysplendours,andmomentarygleamsofjustandnoblethought, andtransientcoruscations,thatlighttheHeavenoftheirimagination;butthereisnovitalwarmthinthe heart;anditremainsascoldandsterileastheArcticorAntarcticregions.Theydonothing;theygain novictoriesoverthemselves;theymakenoprogress;theyarestillintheNortheastcorneroftheLodge, aswhentheyfirststoodthereasApprentices;andtheydonotcultivateMasonry,withacultivation, determined,resolute,andregular,liketheircultivationoftheirestate,profession,orknowledge.Their Masonrytakesitschanceingeneralandinefficientsentiment,mournfullybarrenofresults;inwords andformulasandfineprofessions. Mostmenhavesentiments,butnotprinciples.Theformeraretemporarysensations,thelatter permanentandcontrollingimpressionsofgoodnessandvirtue.Theformeraregeneralandinvoluntary, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

119/641 anddonotrisetothecharacterofvirtue.Everyonefeelsthem.Theyflashupspontaneouslyinevery heart.Thelatterarerulesofaction,andshapeandcontrolourconduct;anditisthesethatMasonry insistsupon. Weapprovetheright;butpursuethewrong.Itistheoldstoryofhumandeficiency.Nooneabetsor praisesinjustice,fraud,oppression,covetousness,revenge,envyorslander;andyethowmanywho condemnthesethings,arethemselvesguiltyofthem.Itisnorarethingforhimwhoseindignationis kindledatataleofwickedinjustice,crueloppressionbaseslander,ormiseryinflictedbyunbridled indulgence;whoseangerflamesinbehalfoftheinjuredandruinedvictimsofwrong;tobeinsome relationunjust,oroppressive,orenvious,orselfindulgent,oracarelesstalkerofothers.How wonderfullyindignantthepenuriousmanoftenis,attheavariceorwantofpublicspiritofanother! AgreatPreacherwellsaid,"Thereforethouartinexcusable.OMan,whosoeverthouart,thatjudgest; forwhereinthoujudgestanother,thoucondemnestthyself:forthouthatjudgest,doestthesamethings." Itisamazingtoseehowmencantalkofvirtueandhonour,whoselifedeniesboth.Itiscurioustosee withwhatamarvellousfacilitymanybadmenquoteScripture.Itseemstocomforttheirevil consciences,tousegoodwords;andtoglozeoverbaddeedswithholytexts,wrestedtotheirpurpose. Often,themoreamantalksaboutCharityandToleration,thelesshehasofeither;themorehetalks aboutVirtue,thesmallerstockhehasofit.Themouthspeaksoutoftheabundanceoftheheart;but oftentheveryreverseofwhatthemanpractises.Andtheviciousandsensualoftenexpress,andina sensefeel,strongdisgustatviceandsensuality.Hypocrisyisnotsocommonasisimagined. Here,intheLodge,virtueandvicearemattersofreflectionandfeelingonly.Thereislittleopportunity here,forthepracticeofeither;andMasonsyieldtotheargumenthere,withfacilityandreadiness; becausenothingistofollow.Itiseasy,andsafe,here,toofeeluponthesematters.Buttomorrow,when theybreathetheatmosphereofworldlygainsandcompetitions,andthepassionsareagainstirredatthe opportunitiesofunlawfulpleasure,alltheirfineemotionsaboutvirtue,alltheirgenerousabhorrenceof selfishnessandsensuality,meltawaylikeamorningcloud. Forthetime,theiremotionsandsentimentsaresincereandreal.Menmaybereally,inacertainway, interestedinMasonry,whilefatallydeficientinvirtue.Itisnotalwayshypocrisy.Menpraymost ferventlyandsincerely,andyetareconstantlyguiltyofactssobadandbase,soungenerousand unrighteous,thatthecrimesthatcrowdthedocketsofourcourtsarescarcelyworse. Amanmaybeagoodsortofmaningeneral,andyetaverybadmaninparticular:goodintheLodge andbadintheworld;goodinpublic,andbadinhisfamily;goodathome,andbadonajourneyorina strangecity.ManyamanearnestlydesirestobeagoodMason.Hesaysso,andissincere.Butifyou requirehimtoresistacertainpassion,tosacrificeacertainindulgence,tocontrolhisappetiteata EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

120/641 particularfeast,ortokeephistemperinadispute,youwillfindthathedoesnotwishtobeagood Mason,inthatparticularcase;or,wishing,isnotabletoresisthisworstimpulses. Thedutiesoflifearemorethanlife.Thelawimposethituponeverycitizen,thatheprefertheurgent serviceofhiscountrybeforethesafetyofhislife.Ifamanbecommanded,saithagreatwriter,tobring ordnanceormunitiontorelieveanyoftheKing'stownsthataredistressed,thenhecannotforany dangeroftempestjustifythethrowingofthemoverboard;forthereitholdethwhichwasspokenbythe Roman,whenthesamenecessityofweatherwasallegedtoholdhimfromembarking:"Necesseestut eam,nonutvivam:"itneedsthatIgo:itisnotnecessaryIshouldlive. Howungratefullyheslinksaway,whodies,anddoesnothingtoreflectaglorytoHeaven!Howbarren atreeheis,wholives,andspreads,andcumberstheground,yetleavesnotoneseed,notonegoodwork togenerateanotherafterhim!Allcannotleavealike;yetallmayleavesomething,answeringtheir proportionsandtheirkinds.Thosearedeadandwitheredgrainsofcorn,outofwhichtherewillnotone earspring.HewillhardlyfindthewaytoHeaven,whodesirestogothitheralone. Industryisneverwhollyunfruitful.Ifitbringnotjoywiththeincomingprofit,itwillyetbanish mischieffromthybusiedgates.ThereisakindofgoodangelwaitinguponDiligencethatevercarriesa laurelinhishandtocrownher.Howunworthywasthatmanoftheworldwhoneverdidaught,butonly livedanddied!Thatwehavelibertytodoanything,weshouldaccountitagiftfromthefavouring Heavens;thatwehavemindssometimesincliningustousethatlibertywell,isagreatbountyofthe Deity. Masonryisaction,andnotinertness.ItrequiresitsInitiatestoWORK,activelyandearnestly,forthe benefitoftheirbrethren,theircountry,andmankind.Itisthepatronoftheoppressed,asitisthe comforterandconsoleroftheunfortunateandwretched.Itseemstoitaworthierhonourtobethe instrumentofadvancementandreform,thantoenjoyallthatrankandofficeandloftytitlescanbestow. Itistheadvocateofthecommonpeopleinthosethingswhichconcernthebestinterestsofmankind.It hatesinsolentpowerandimpudentusurpation.Itpitiesthepoor,thesorrowing,thedisconsolate;it endeavourstoraiseandimprovetheignorant,thesunken,andthedegraded. Itsfidelitytoitsmissionwillbeaccuratelyevidenced,bytheextentoftheeffortsitemploys,andthe meansitsetsonfoot,toimprovethepeopleatlargeandtobettertheircondition;chiefestofwhich, withinitsreach,istoaidintheeducationofthechildrenofthepoor.Anintelligentpeople,informedof itsrights,willsooncometoknowitspower,andcannotlongbeoppressed;butiftherebenotasound andvirtuouspopulace,theelaborateornamentsatthetopofthepyramidofsocietywillbeawretched compensationforthewantofsolidityatthebase.Itisneversafeforanationtoreposeonthelapof ignorance:andifthereeverwasatimewhenpublictranquillitywasinsuredbytheabsenceof EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

121/641 knowledge,thatseasonispast.Unthinkingstupiditycannotsleep,withoutbeingappalledbyphantoms andshakenbyterrors.Theimprovementofthemassofthepeopleisthegrandsecurityforpopular liberty;intheneglectofwhich,thepoliteness,refinement,andknowledgeaccumulatedinthehigher ordersandwealthierclasseswillsomedayperishlikedrygrassinthehotfireofpopularfury. ItisnotthemissionofMasonrytoengageinplotsandconspiraciesagainstthecivilgovernment.Itis notthefanaticalpropagandistofanycreedortheory;nordoesitproclaimitselftheenemyofkings.Itis theapostleofliberty,equality,andfraternity;butitisnomorethehighpriestofrepublicanismthanof constitutionalmonarchy.Itcontractsnoentanglingallianceswithanysectoftheorists,dreamers,or philosophers.ItdoesnotknowthoseasitsInitiateswhoassailthecivilorderandalllawfulauthority,at thesametimethattheyproposetodeprivethedyingoftheconsolationsofreligion.Itsitsapartfrom allsectsandcreeds,initsowncalmandsimpledignity,thesameundereverygovernment.Itisstillthat whichitwasinthecradleofthehumanrace,whennohumanfoothadtroddenthesoilofAssyriaand Egypt,andnocolonieshadcrossedtheHimalayasintoSouthernIndia,Media,orEtruria. Itgivesnocountenancetoanarchyandlicentiousness;andnoillusionofglory,orextravagant emulationoftheancientsinflamesitwithanunnaturalthirstforidealandUtopianliberty.Itteaches thatinrectitudeoflifeandsobrietyofhabitsistheonlysureguaranteeforthecontinuanceofpolitical freedom,anditischieflythesoldierofthesanctityofthelawsandtherightsofconscience. Itrecognizesitasatruth,thatnecessity,aswellasabstractrightandidealjustice,musthaveitspartin themakingoflaws,theadministrationofaffairs,andtheregulationofrelationsinsociety.Itsees, indeed,thatnecessityrulesinalltheaffairsofman.Itknowsthatwhereanyman,oranynumberor raceofmen,aresoimbecileofintellect,sodegraded,soincapableofselfcontrol,soinferiorinthe scaleofhumanity,astobeunfittobeintrustedwiththehighestprerogativesofcitizenship,thegreat lawofnecessity,forthepeaceandsafetyofthecommunityandcountry,requiresthemtoremainunder thecontrolofthoseoflargerintellectandsuperiorwisdom.IttrustsandbelievesthatGodwill,inhis owngoodtime,workouthisowngreatandwisepurposes;anditiswillingtowait,whereitdoesnot seeitsownwaycleartosomecertaingood. Ithopesandlongsforthedaywhenalltheracesofmen,eventhelowest,willbeelevated,andbecome fittedforpoliticalfreedom;when,likeallotherevilsthatafflicttheearth,pauperism,andbondageor abjectdependence,shallceaseanddisappear.Butitdoesnotpreachrevolutiontothosewhoarefondof kings,norrebellionthatcanendonlyindisasteranddefeat,orinsubstitutingonetyrantforanother,or amultitudeofdespotsforone. Whereverapeopleisfittobefreeandtogovernitself,andgenerouslystrivestobeso,theregoallits sympathies.Itdeteststhetyrant,thelawlessoppressor,themilitaryusurper,andhimwhoabusesa EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

122/641 lawfulpower.Itfrownsuponcruelty,andawantondisregardoftherightsofhumanity.Itabhorsthe selfishemployer,andexertsitsinfluencetolightentheburdenswhichwantanddependenceimpose upontheworkman,andtofosterthathumanityandkindnesswhichmanowestoeventhepoorestand mostunfortunatebrother. Itcanneverbeemployed,inanycountryunderHeaven,toteachatolerationforcruelty,toweaken moralhatredforguilt,ortodepraveandbrutalizethehumanmind.Thedreadofpunishmentwillnever makeaMasonanaccompliceinsocorruptinghiscountrymen,andateacherofdepravityandbarbarity. Ifanywhere,ashasheretoforehappened,atyrantshouldsendasatiristonhistyrannytobeconvicted andpunishedasalibeller,inacourtofjustice,aMason,ifajurorinsuchacase,thoughinsightofthe scaffoldstreamingwiththebloodoftheinnocent,andwithinhearingoftheclashofthebayonetsmeant tooverawethecourt,wouldrescuetheintrepidsatiristfromthetyrant'sfangs,andsendhisofficersout fromthecourtwithdefeatanddisgrace. EvenifalllawandlibertyweretrampledunderthefeetofJacobinicaldemagoguesoramilitary banditti,andgreatcrimeswereperpetratedwithahighhandagainstallwhoweredeservedlythe objectsofpublicveneration;ifthepeople,overthrowinglaw,roaredlikeaseaaroundthecourtsof justice,anddemandedthebloodofthosewho,duringthetemporaryfitofinsanityanddrunken delirium,hadchancedtobecomeodioustoit,fortruewordsmanfullyspoken,orunpopularacts bravelydone,theMasonicjuror,unawedalikebythesingleorthemanyheadedtyrant,wouldconsult thedictatesofdutyalone,andstandwithanoblefirmnessbetweenthehumantigersandtheircoveted prey. TheMasonwouldmuchratherpasshislifehiddenintherecessesofthedeepestobscurity,feedinghis mindevenwiththevisionsandimaginationsofgooddeedsandnobleactions,thantobeplacedonthe mostsplendidthroneoftheuniverse,tantalizedwithadenialofthepracticeofallwhichcanmakethe greatestsituationanyotherthanthegreatestcurse.Andifhehasbeenenabledtolendtheslighteststep toanygreatandlaudabledesigns;ifhehashadanyshareinanymeasuregivingquiettoprivate propertyandtoprivateconscience,makinglightertheyokeofpovertyanddependence,orrelieving deservingmenfromoppression;ifhehasaidedinsecuringtohiscountrymenthatbestpossession, peace;ifhehasjoinedinreconcilingthedifferentsectionsofhisowncountrytoeachother,andthe peopletothegovernmentoftheirowncreating;andinteachingthecitizentolookforhisprotectionto thelawsofhiscountry,andforhiscomforttothegoodwillofhiscountrymen;ifhehasthustakenhis partwiththebestofmeninthebestoftheiractions,hemaywellshutthebook,evenifhemightwish toreadapageortwomore.Itisenoughforhismeasure.Hehasnotlivedinvain. Masonryteachesthatallpowerisdelegatedforthegood,andnotfortheinjuryofthePeople;andthat, whenitispervertedfromtheoriginalpurpose,thecompactisbroken,andtherightoughttobe resumed;thatresistancetopowerusurpedisnotmerelyadutywhichmanowestohimselfandtohis EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

123/641 neighbour,butadutywhichheowestohisGod,inassertingandmaintainingtherankwhichHegave himinthecreation.Thisprincipleneithertherudenessofignorancecanstiflenortheenervationof refinementextinguish.Itmakesitbaseforamantosufferwhenheoughttoact;and,tendingto preservetohimtheoriginaldestinationsofProvidence,spurnsatthearrogantassumptionsoftyrants andvindicatestheindependentqualityoftheraceofwhichweareapart. ThewiseandwellinformedMasonwillnotfailtobethevotaryofLibertyandJustice.Hewillbe readytoexerthimselfintheirdefence,wherevertheyexist.Itcannotbeamatterofindifferencetohim when,hisownlibertyandthatofothermen,withwhosemeritsandcapacitiesheisacquainted,are involvedintheeventofthestruggletobemade;buthisattachmentwillbetothecause,asthecauseof man;andnotmerelytothecountry.Whereverthereisapeoplethatunderstandsthevalueofpolitical justice,andispreparedtoassertit,thatishiscountry;whereverhecanmostcontributetothediffusion oftheseprinciplesandtherealhappinessofmankind,thatishiscountry.Nordoeshedesireforany countryanyotherbenefitthanjustice. ThetrueMasonidentifiesthehonourofhiscountrywithhisown.Nothingmoreconducestothe beautyandgloryofone'scountrythanthepreservationagainstallenemiesofitscivilandreligious liberty.Theworldwillneverwillinglyletdiethenamesofthosepatriotswhoinherdifferentageshave receivedupontheirownbreaststheblowsaimedbyinsolentenemiesatthebosomoftheircountry. Butalsoitconduces,andinnosmallmeasure,tothebeautyandgloryofone'scountry,thatjustice shouldalwaysbeadministeredtheretoallalike,andneitherdenied,sold,nordelayedtoanyone;that theinterestofthepoorshouldbelookedto,andnonestarveorbehouseless,orclamorinvainforwork; thatthechildandthefeeblewomanshouldnotbeoverworked,oreventheapprenticeorslavebestinted offoodorovertaskedormercilesslyscourged;andthatGod'sgreatlawsofmercy,humanity,and compassionshouldbeeverywhereenforced,notonlybythestatutes,butalsobythepowerofpublic opinion.Andhewholabours,oftenagainstreproachandobloquy,andofteneragainstindifferenceand apathy,tobringaboutthatfortunateconditionofthingswhenthatgreatcodeofdivinelawshallbe everywhereandpunctuallyobeyed,isnolessapatriotthanhewhobareshisbosomtothehostilesteel intheranksofhiscountry'ssoldiery. Forfortitudeisnotonlyseenresplendentonthefieldofbattleandamidtheclashofarms,buthe displaysitsenergyundereverydifficultyandagainsteveryassailant.Hewhowarsagainstcruelty, oppression,andhoaryabuses,fightsforhiscountry'shonour,whichthesethingssoil;andherhonouris asimportantasherexistence.Often,indeed,thewarfareagainstthoseabuseswhichdisgraceone's countryisquiteashazardousandmorediscouragingthanthatagainstherenemiesinthefield;and meritsequal,ifnotgreaterreward.

EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

124/641 ForthoseGreeksandRomanswhoaretheobjectsofouradmirationemployedhardlyanyothervirtue intheextirpationoftyrants,thanthatloveofliberty,whichmadethempromptinseizingthesword, andgavethemstrengthtouseit.Withfacilitytheyaccomplishtheundertaking,amidthegeneralshout ofpraiseandjoy;nordidtheyengageintheattemptsomuchasanenterpriseofperilousanddoubtful issue,asacontestthemostgloriousinwhichvirtuecouldbesignalized;whichinfalliblyledtopresent recompense;whichboundtheirbrowswithwreathsoflaurel,andconsignedtheirmemoriesto immortalfame. Buthewhoassailshoaryabuses,regardedperhapswithasuperstitiousreverence,andaroundwhichold lawsstandasrampartsandbastionstodefendthem;whodenouncesactsofcrueltyandoutrageon humanitywhichmakeeveryperpetratorthereofhispersonalenemy,andperhapsmakehimlooked uponwithsuspicionbythepeopleamongwhomhelives,astheassailantofanestablishedorderof thingsofwhichheassailsonlytheabuses,andoflawsofwhichheattacksonlytheviolations,hecan scarcelylookforpresentrecompense,northathislivingbrowswillbewreathedwithlaurel.Andif, contendingagainstadarkarrayoflongreceivedopinions,superstitions,obloquy,andfears,whichmost mendreadmorethantheydoanarmyterriblewithbanners,theMasonovercomes,andemergesfrom thecontestvictorious;orifhedoesnotconquer,butisbornedownandsweptawaybythemighty currentofprejudice,passion,andinterest;ineithercase,theloftinessofspiritwhichhedisplaysmerits forhimmorethanamediocrityoffame. Hehasalreadylivedtoolongwhohassurvivedtheruinofhiscountry;andhewhocanenjoylifeafter suchaneventdeservesnottohavelivedatall.Nordoesheanymoredeservetolivewholooks contentedlyuponabusesthatdisgrace,andcrueltiesthatdishonour,andscenesofmiseryand destitutionandbrutalizationthatdisfigurehiscountry;orsordidmeannessandignoblerevengesthat makeherabywordandascoffamongallgenerousnations;anddoesnotendeavourtoremedyor preventeither. Notoftenisacountryatwar;norcaneveryonebeallowedtheprivilegeofofferinghishearttothe enemy'sbullets.Butinthesepatrioticlaboursofpeace,inpreventing,remedying,andreformingevils, oppressions,wrongs,cruelties,andoutrages,everyMasoncanunite;andeveryonecaneffect something,andsharethehonourandgloryoftheresult. Forthecardinalnamesinthehistoryofthehumanmindarefewandeasilytobecountedup;but thousandsandtensofthousandsspendtheirdaysinthepreparationswhicharetospeedthepredestined change,ingatheringandamassingthematerialswhicharetokindleandgivelightandwarmth,when thefirefromheavenshallhavedescendedonthem.Numberlessarethesutlersandpioneers,the engineersandartisans,whoattendthemarchofintellect.Manymoveforwardindetachments,andlevel thewayoverwhichthechariotistopass,andcutdowntheobstaclesthatwouldimpedeitsprogress; andthesetoohavetheirreward.Iftheylabourdiligentlyandfaithfullyintheircalling,notonlywill EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

125/641 theyenjoythatcalmcontentmentwhichdiligenceinthelowliesttaskneverfailstowin;notonlywill thesweatoftheirbrowsbesweet,andthesweeteneroftherestthatfollows;but,whenthevictoryisat lastachieved,theywillcomeinforashareintheglory;evenasthemeanestsoldierwhofoughtat MarathonoratKing'sMountainbecameasharerinthegloryofthosesavingdays;andwithinhisown householdcircle,theapprobationofwhichapproachesthenearesttothatofanapprovingconscience, waslookeduponastherepresentativeofallhisbrotherheroes;andcouldtellsuchtalesasmadethe tearglistenonthecheekofhiswife,and]ituphisboy'.seyeswithanunwontedsparklingeagerness. Or,ifhefellinthefight,andhisplacebythefiresideandatthetableathomewasthereaftervacant, thatplacewassacred;andhewasoftentalkedofthereinthelongwinterevenings;andhisfamilywas deemedfortunateintheneighbourhood,becauseithadhadaheroinit,whohadfallenindefenceofhis country. Rememberthatlife'slengthisnotmeasuredbyitshoursanddaysbutbythatwhichwehavedone thereinforourcountryandkind.Auselesslifeisshort.ifitlastacentury;butthatofAlexanderwas longasthelifeoftheoak,thoughhediedatthirtyfive.Wemaydomuchinafewyears,andwemay nothinginalifetime.Ifwebuteatanddrinkandsleep,andeverythinggoonaroundusasitpleases;or ifwelivebutamasswealthorgainofficeorweartitles,wemightaswellnothavelivedatall;norhave weanyrighttoexpectimmortality. Forgetnot,therefore,towhatyouhavedevotedyourselfinthisDegree:defendweaknessagainst strength,thefriendlessagainstthegreat,theoppressedagainsttheoppressor!Beevervigilantand watchfuloftheinterestsandhonourofyourcountry!andmaytheGrandArchitectoftheUniversegive youthatstrengthandwisdomwhichshallenableyouwellandfaithfullytoperformthesehighduties!

X.ILLUSTRIOUSELECTOFTHEFIFTEEN
[EluoftheFifteen] ThisdegreeisdevotedtothesameobjectsasthoseoftheEluofNine;andalsotothecauseof TolerationandLiberalityagainstFanaticismandPersecution,politicalandreligious;andtothatof Education,Instruction,andEnlightenmentagainstError,Barbarism,andIgnorance.Tothese objectsyouhaveirrevocablyandforeverdevotedyourhand,yourheart,andyourintellect;and wheneverinyourpresenceaChapterofthisDegreeisopened,youwillbemostsolemnlyremindedof yourvowsheretakenatthealtar. Toleration,holdingthateveryothermanhasthesamerighttohisopinionandfaiththatwehaveto ours;andliberality,holdingthatasnohumanbeingcanwithcertaintysay,intheclashandconflictof EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

126/641 hostilefaithsandcreeds,whatistruth,orthatheissurelyinpossessionofit,soeveryoneshouldfeel thatitisquitepossiblethatanotherequallyhonestandsincerewithhimself,andyetholdingthe contraryopinion,mayhimselfbeinpossessionofthetruth,andthatwhateveronefirmlyand conscientiouslybelieves,istruth,tohimthesearethemortalenemiesofthatfanaticismwhich persecutesforopinion'ssake,andinitiatescrusadesagainstwhateverit,initsimaginaryholiness, deemstobecontrarytothelawofGodorverityofdogma.Andeducation,instruction,and enlightenmentarethemostcertainmeansbywhichfanaticismandintolerancecanberendered powerless. NotrueMasonscoffsathonestconvictionsandanardentzealinthecauseofwhatonebelievestobe truthandjustice.ButhedoesabsolutelydenytherightofanymantoassumetheprerogativeofDeity, andcondemnanother'sfaithandopinionsasdeservingtobepunishedbecauseheretical.Nordoeshe approvethecourseofthosewhoendangerthepeaceandquietofgreatnations,andthebestinterestof theirownracebyindulginginachimericalandvisionaryphilanthropyaluxurywhichchieflyconsists indrawingtheirrobesaroundthemtoavoidcontactwiththeirfellows,andproclaimingthemselves holierthanthey.Forheknowsthatsuchfolliesareoftenmorecalamitousthantheambitionofkings; andthatintoleranceandbigotryhavebeeninfinitelygreatercursestomankindthanignoranceand error.Betteranyerrorthanpersecution!Betteranyopinionthanthethumbscrew,therack,andthe stake!Andheknowsalsohowunspeakablyabsurditis,foracreaturetowhomhimselfandeverything aroundhimaremysteries,totortureandslayothers,becausetheycannotthinkashedoesinregardto theprofoundestofthosemysteries,tounderstandwhichisutterlybeyondthecomprehensionofeither thepersecutororthepersecuted. Masonryisnotareligion.Hewhomakesofitareligiousbelief,falsifiesanddenaturalizesit.The Brahmin,theJew,theMahometan,theCatholic,theProtestant,eachprofessinghispeculiarreligion, sanctionedbythelaws,bytime,andbyclimate,mustneedsretainit,andcannothavetworeligions;for thesocialandsacredlawsadaptedtotheusages,manners,andprejudicesofparticularcountries,are theworkofmen.ButMasonryteaches,andhaspreservedintheirpurity,thecardinaltenetsoftheold primitivefaith,whichunderlieandarethefoundationofallreligions.Allthateverexistedhavehada basisoftruth;andallhaveoverlaidthattruthwitherrors.TheprimitivetruthstaughtbytheRedeemer weresoonercorrupted,andintermingledandalloyedwithfictionsthanwhentaughttothefirstofour race.Masonryistheuniversalmoralitywhichissuitabletotheinhabitantsofeveryclime,totheman ofeverycreed.Ithastaughtnodoctrines,exceptthosetruthsthattenddirectlytothewellbeingof man;andthosewhohaveattemptedtodirectittowarduselessvengeance,politicalends,andJesuitism, havemerelypervertedittopurposesforeigntoitspurespiritandrealnature. Mankindoutgrowsthesacrificesandthemythologiesofthechildhoodoftheworld.Yetitiseasyfor humanindolencetolingernearthesehelps,andrefusetopassfurtheron.SotheunadventurousNomad intheTartarianwildkeepshisflockinthesameclosecroppedcirclewheretheyfirstlearnedto browse,whiletheprogressivemanroveseverforth"tofreshfieldsandpasturesnew."Thelatteristhe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

127/641 trueMason;andthebestandindeedtheonlygoodMasonishewhowiththepowerofbusinessdoes theworkoflife;theuprightmechanic,merchant,orfarmer,themanwiththepowerofthought,of justice,oroflove,hewhosewholelifeisonegreatactofperformanceofMasonicduty.Thenatural caseofthestrengthofastrongmanorthewisdomofawiseone,istodotheworkofastrongmanora wiseone. ThenaturalworkofMasonryispracticallife;theuseofallthefacultiesintheirproperspheres,andfor theirnaturalfunction.LoveofTruth,justice,andgenerosityasattributesofGod,mustappearinalife markedbythesequalities;thatistheonlyeffectualordinanceofMasonry.Aprofessionofone's convictions,joiningtheOrder,assumingtheobligations,assistingattheceremonies,areofthesame valueinscienceasinMasonry;thenaturalformofMasonryisgoodness,morality,livingatrue,just, affectionate,selffaithfullife,fromthemotiveofagoodman.ItisloyalobediencetoGod'slaw. ThegoodMasondoesthegoodthingwhichcomesinhisway,andbecauseitcomesinhisway;froma loveofduty,andnotmerelybecausealaw,enactedbymanorGod,commandshiswilltodoit.Heis truetohismind,hisconscience,heart,andsoul,andfeelssmalltemptationtodotootherswhathe wouldnotwishtoreceivefromthem.Hewilldenyhimselfforthesakeofhisbrothernearathand.His desireattractsinthelineofhisduty,bothbeinginconjunction.Notinvaindoesthepoororthe oppressedlookuptohim.YoufindsuchmeninallChristiansects,ProtestantandCatholic,inallthe greatreligiouspartiesofthecivilizedworld,amongBuddhists,Mahometans,andJews.Theyarekind fathers,generouscitizens,unimpeachableintheirbusiness,beautifulintheirdailylives.Youseetheir Masonryintheirworkandintheirplay.Itappearsinalltheformsoftheiractivity,individual, domestic,social,ecclesiastical,orpolitical.TrueMasonrywithinmustbemoralitywithout.Itmustbe comeeminentmorality,whichisphilanthropy.ThetrueMasonlovesnotonlyhiskindredandhis country,butallmankind;notonlythegood,butalsotheevil,amonghisbrethren.Hehasmore goodnessthanthechannelsofhisdailylifewillhold.Itrunsoverthebanks,towaterandtofeeda thousandthirstyplants.Notcontentwiththedutythatliesalonghistrack,hegoesouttoseekit;not onlywilling,hehasasalientlongingtodogood,tospreadhistruth,hisjustice,hisgenerosity,his Masonryoveralltheworld.HisdailylifeisaprofessionofhisMasonry,publishedinperpetualgood willtomen.Hecannotbeapersecutor.Notmorenaturallydoesthebeaverbuildorthemockingbird singhisownwild,gushingmelody,thanthetrueMasonlivesinthisbeautifuloutwardlife.Sofromthe perennialspringswellsforththestream,toquickenthemeadowwithnewaccessofgreen,andperfect beautyburstingintobloom.ThusMasonrydoestheworkitwasmeanttodo.TheMasondoesnotsigh andweep,andmakegrimaces.Helivesrighton.Ifhislifeis,aswhoseisnot,markedwitherrors,and withsins,heploughsoverthebarrenspotwithhisremorse,sowswithnewseed,andtheolddesert blossomslikearose.Heisnotconfinedtosetformsofthought,ofaction,oroffeeling.Heaccepts whathismindregardsastrue,whathisconsciencedecidesisright,whathisheartdeemsgenerousand noble;andallelseheputsfarfromhim.ThoughtheancientandthehonorableoftheEarthbidhim bowdowntothem,hisstubbornkneesbendonlyatthebiddingofhismanlysoul.HisMasonryishis freedombeforeGod,nothisbondageuntomen.Hismindactsaftertheuniversallawoftheintellect, hisconscienceaccordingtotheuniversalmorallaw,hisaffectionsandhissoulaftertheuniversallaw EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

128/641 ofeach,andsoheisstrongwiththestrengthofGod,inthisfourfoldwaycommunicatingwithHim. Theoldtheologies,thephilosophiesofreligionofancienttimes,willnotsufficeusnow.Thedutiesof lifearetobedone;wearetodothem,consciouslyobedienttothelawofGod,notatheistically,loving onlyourselfishgain.Therearesinsoftradetobecorrected.Everywheremoralityandphilanthropyare needed.Thereareerrorstobemadewaywith,andtheirplacesuppliedwithnewtruths,radiantwith thegloriesofHeaven. Therearegreatwrongsandevils,inChurchandState,indomestic,social,andpubliclife,toberighted andoutgrown.Masonrycannotinourageforsakethebroadwayoflife.Shemustjourneyoninthe openstreet,appearinthecrowdedsquare,andteachmenbyherdeeds,herlifemoreeloquentthanany lips. ThisDegreeischieflydevotedtoTOLERATION;anditinculcatesinthestrongestmannerthatgreat leadingideaoftheAncientArt,thatabeliefintheoneTrueGod,andamoralandvirtuouslife, constitutetheonlyreligiousrequisitesneededtoenableamantobeaMason. Masonryhaseverthemostvividremembranceoftheterribleandartificialtormentsthatwereusedto putdownnewformsofreligionorextinguishtheold.Itseeswiththeeyeofmemorytheruthless exterminationofallthepeopleofallsexesandages,becauseitwastheirmisfortunenottoknowthe GodoftheHebrews,ortoworshipHimunderthewrongname,bythesavagetroopsofMosesand Joshua.Itseesthethumbscrewsandtheracks,thewhip,thegallows,andthestake,thevictimsof DiocletianandAlva,themiserableCovenanters,theNonConformists,Servetusburned,andthe unoffendingQuakerhung.ItseesCranmerholdhisarm,nownolongererring,intheflameuntilthe handdropsoffintheconsumingheat.ItseesthepersecutionsofPeterandPaul,themartyrdomof Stephen,thetrialsofIgnatius,Polycarp,Justin,andIrenus;andtheninturnthesufferingsofthe wretchedPagansundertheChristianEmperors,asofthePapistsinIrelandandunderElizabethandthe bloatedHenry.TheRomanVirginnakedbeforethehungrylions;youngMargaretGrahamtiedtoa stakeatlowwatermark,andtherelefttodrown,singinghymnstoGoduntilthesavagewatersbroke overherhead;andallthatinallageshavesufferedbyhungerandnakedness,perilandprison,therack, thestake,andthesword,itseesthemall,andshuddersatthelongrollofhumanatrocities.Anditsees alsotheoppressionstillpractisedinthenameofreligionmenshotinaChristianjailinChristianItaly forreadingtheChristianBible;inalmosteveryChristianState,lawsforbiddingfreedomofspeechon mattersrelatingtoChristianity;andthegallowsreachingitsarmoverthepulpit. ThefiresofMolochinSyria,theharshmutilationsinthenameofAstarte,Cybele,Jehovah;the barbaritiesofimperialPaganTorturers;thestillgrossertormentswhichRomanGothicChristiansin ItalyandSpainheapedontheirbrothermen;thefiendishcrueltiestowhichSwitzerland,France,the EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

129/641 Netherlands,England,Scotland,Ireland,America,havebeenwitnesses,arenonetoopowerfultowarn manoftheunspeakableevilswhichfollowfrommistakesanderrorsinthematterofreligion,and especiallyfrominvestingtheGodofLovewiththecruelandvindictivepassionsoferringhumanity, andmakingbloodtohaveasweetsavorinhisnostrils,andgroansofagonytobedelicioustohisears. ManneverhadtherighttousurptheunexercisedprerogativeofGod,andcondemnandpunishanother forhisbelief.BorninaProtestantland,weareofthatfaith.Ifwehadopenedoureyestothelight undertheshadowsofSt.Peter'satRome,weshouldhavebeendevoutCatholics;bornintheJewish quarterofAleppo,weshouldhavecontemnedChristasanimposter;inConstantinople,weshouldhave cried"AllahilAllah,GodisgreatandMahometishisprophet!"Birth,place,andeducationgiveus ourfaith.Fewbelieveinanyreligionbecausetheyhaveexaminedtheevidencesofitsauthenticity,and madeupaformaljudgment,uponweighingthetestimony.Notonemanintenthousandknows anythingabouttheproofsofhisfaith.Webelievewhatwearetaught;andthosearemostfanaticalwho knowleastoftheevidencesonwhichtheircreedisbased.Factsandtestimonyarenot,exceptinvery rareinstances,thegroundworkoffaith.ItisanimperativelawofGod'sEconomy,unyieldingand inflexibleasHimself,thatmanshallacceptwithoutquestionthebeliefofthoseamongwhomheis bornandreared;thefaithsomadeapartofhisnatureresistsallevidencetothecontrary;andhewill disbelieveeventheevidenceofhisownsenses,ratherthanyieldupthereligiousbeliefwhichhas grownupinhim,fleshofhisfleshandboneofhisbone. Whatistruthtomeisnottruthtoanother.Thesameargumentsandevidencesthatconvinceonemind makenoimpressiononanother.Thisdifferenceisinmenattheirbirth.Nomanisentitledpositivelyto assertthatheisright,whereothermen,equallyintelligentandequallywellinformed,holddirectlythe oppositeopinion.Eachthinksitimpossiblefortheother'tobesincere,andeach,astothat,isequallyin error."Whatistruth?"wasaprofoundquestion,themostsuggestiveoneeverputtoman. Manybeliefsofformerandpresenttimesseemincomprehensible.Theystartleuswithanewglimpse intothehumansoul,thatmysteriousthingmoremysteriousthemorewenoteitsworkings.Hereisa mansuperiortomyselfinintellectandlearning;andyethesincerelybelieveswhatseemstometoo absurdtomeritconfutation;andIcannotconceive,andsincerelydonotbelieve,thatheisbothsaneand honest. Andyetheisboth.Hisreasonisasperfectasmine,andheisashonestasI.Thefanciesofalunaticare realities,tohim.Ourdreamsarerealitieswhiletheylast;and,inthePast,nomoreunrealthanwhatwe haveactedinourwakinghours.Nomancansaythathehathassurepossessionofthetruthasofa chattel.Whenmenentertainopinionsdiametricallyopposedtoeachother,andeachishonest,who shalldecidewhichhaththeTruth;andhowcaneithersaywithcertaintythathehathit?Weknownot whatisthetruth.Thatweourselvesbelieveandfeelabsolutelycertainthatourownbeliefistrue,isin realitynottheslightestproofofthefact,seemitneversocertainandincapableofdoubttous.Noman EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

130/641 isresponsiblefortherightnessofhisfaith;butonlyfortheuprightnessofit. Thereforenomanhathoreverhadarighttopersecuteanotherforhisbelief;fortherecannotbetwo antagonisticrights;andifonecanpersecuteanother,becausehehimselfissatisfiedthatthebeliefof thatotheriserroneous,theotherhas,forthesamereason,equallyascertain arighttopersecutehim. Thetruthcomestoustingedandcoloredwithourprejudicesandourpreconceptions,whichareasold asourselves,andstrongwithadivineforce.Itcomestousastheimageofarodcomestousthrough thewater,bentanddistorted.Anargumentsinksintoandconvincesthemindofoneman,whilefrom thatofanotheritreboundslikeaballofivorydroppedonmarble.Itisnomeritinamantohavea particularfaith,excellentandsoundandphilosophicasitmaybe,whenheimbibeditwithhismother's milk.Itisnomoreameritthanhisprejudicesandhispassions. ThesincereMoslemhasasmuchrighttopersecuteus,aswetopersecutehim;andthereforeMasonry wiselyrequiresnomorethanabeliefinOneGreatAllPowerfulDeity,theFatherandPreserverofthe Universe.Thereforeitissheteacheshervotariesthattolerationisoneofthechiefdutiesofeverygood Mason,acomponentpartofthatcharitywithoutwhichwearemerehollowimagesoftrueMasons, meresoundingbrassandtinklingcymbals. Noevilhathsoafflictedtheworldasintoleranceofreligiousopinion.Thehumanbeingsithasslainin variousways,ifonceandtogetherbroughttolife,wouldmakeanationofpeople;lefttoliveand increase,wouldhavedoubledthepopulationofthecivilizedportionoftheglobe;amongwhich civilizedportionitchieflyisthatreligiouswarsarewaged. Thetreasureandthehumanlaborthuslostwouldhavemadetheearthagarden,inwhich,butforhis evilpassions,manmightnowbeashappyasinEden. NomantrulyobeystheMasoniclawwhomerelytoleratesthosewhosereligiousopinionsareopposed tohisown.Everyman'sopinionsarehisownprivateproperty,andtherightsofallmentomaintain eachhisownareperfectlyequal.Merelytotolerate,tobearwithanopposingopinion,istoassumeitto beheretical;andasserttherighttopersecute,ifwewould;andclaimourtolerationofitasamerit.The Mason'screedgoesfurtherthanthat.Noman,itholds,hasanyrightinanywayto,interferewiththe religiousbeliefofanother.Itholdsthateachmat]isabsolutelysovereignastohisownbelief,andthat beliefisamatterabsolutelyforeigntoallwhodonotentertainthesamebelief;andthat,iftherewere anyrightofpersecutionatall,itwouldinallcasesbeamutualright;becauseonepartyhasthesame rightastheothertositasjudgeinhisowncase;andGodistheonlymagistratethatcanrightfully EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

131/641 decidebetweenthem.To1hatgreatjudge,Masonryrefersthematter;andopeningwideitsportals,it invitestoenterthereandliveinpeaceandharmony,theProtestant,theCatholic,theJew,theMoslem; everymanwhowillleadatrulyvirtuousandmorallife,lovehisbrethren,sinistertothesickand distressed,andbelieveintheONE,AllPowerful,AllWise,everywherePresentGOD,Architect, Creator,andPreserverofallthings,bywhoseuniversallawofHarmonyeverrollsonthisuniverse,the great,vast,infinitecircleofsuccessiveDeathandLife:towhoseINEFFABLENAMEletalltrue Masonspayprofoundesthomage!forwhosethousandblessingspoureduponus,letusfeelthesincerest gratitude,now,henceforth,andforever! Wemaywellbetolerantofeachother'screed;forineveryfaiththereareexcellentmoralprecepts.Far intheSouthofAsia,Zoroastertaughtthisdoctrine:"Oncommencingajourney,theFaithfulshould turnhisthoughtstowardOrmuzd,andconfesshim,inthepurityofhisheart,tobeKingoftheWorld; heshouldlovehim,dohimhomage,andservehim.Hemustbeuprightandcharitable,despisethe pleasuresofthebody,andavoidprideandhaughtiness,andviceinallitsforms,andespecially 'falsehood,oneofthebasestsinsofwhichmancanbeguilty.Hemustforgetinjuriesandnotavenge himself.Hemusthonorthememoryofhisparentsandrelatives.Atnight,beforeretiringtosleep,he shouldrigorouslyexaminehisconscience,andrepentofthefaultswhichweaknessorillfortunehad causedhimtocommit."HewasrequiredtoprayforstrengthtopersevereintheGood,andtoobtain forgivenessforhiserrors.ItwashisdutytoconfesshisfaultstoaMagus,ortoalaymanrenownedfor hisvirtues,ortotheSun.Fastingandmacerationwereprohibited;and,onthecontrary,itwashisduty suitablytonourishthebodyandtomaintainitsvigor,thathissoulmightbestrongtoresisttheGenius ofDarkness;thathemightmoreattentivelyreadtheDivineWord,andhavemorecouragetoperform nobledeeds. AndintheNorthofEuropetheDruidstaughtdevotiontofriends,indulgenceforreciprocalwrongs, loveofdeservedpraise,prudence,humanity,hospitality,respectforoldage,disregardofthefuture, temperance,contemptofdeath,andachivalrousdeferencetowoman. ListentothesemaximsfromtheHavaMaal,orSublimeBookofOdin:"Ifthouhastafriend,visithim often;thepathwillgrowoverwithgrass,andthetreessooncoverit,ifthoudostnotconstantlywalk uponit.Heisafaithfulfriend,who,havingbuttwoloaves,giveshisfriendone.Beneverfirsttobreak withthyfriend;sorrowwringstheheartofhimwhohasnoonesavehimselfwithwhomtotake counsel.Thereisnovirtuousmanwhohasnotsomevice,nobadmanwhohasnotsomevirtue.Happy hewhoobtainsthepraiseandgoodwillofmen;forallthatdependsonthewillofanotherishazardous anduncertain.Richesflitawayinthetwinklingofaneye;theyarethemostinconstantoffriends; flocksandherdsperish,parentsdie,friendsarenotimmortal,thouthyselfdiest;Iknowbutonething thatdothnotdie,thejudgmentthatispasseduponthedead.Behumanetowardthosewhomthou meetestontheroad.Iftheguestthatcomethtothyhouseisacold,givehimfire;themanwhohas journeyedoverthemountainsneedsfoodanddrygarments.Mocknotattheaged;forwordsfullof sensecomeoftenfromthewrinklesofage.Bemoderatelywise,andnotoverprudent.Letnooneseek EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

132/641 toknowhisdestiny,ifhewouldsleeptranquilly.Thereisnomaladymorecruelthantobediscontented withourlot.Thegluttoneatshisowndeath;andthewisemanlaughsatthefool'sgreediness.Nothing ismoreinjurioustotheyoungthanexcessivedrinking;themoreonedrinksthemoreheloseshis reason;thebirdofforgetfulnesssingsbeforethosewhointoxicatethemselves,andwilesawaytheir souls.Mandevoidofsensebelieveshewilllivealwaysifheavoidswar;but,ifthelancessparehim, oldagewillgivehimnoquarter.Betterlivewellthanlivelong.Whenamanlightsafireinhishouse, deathcomesbeforeitgoesout."AndthussaidtheIndianbooks:"Honorthyfatherandmother.Never forgetthebenefitsthouhastreceived.Learnwhilethouartyoung.Besubmissivetothelawsofthy country.Seekthecompanyofvirtuousmen.SpeaknotofGodbutwithrespect.Liveongoodterms withthyfellowcitizens.Remaininthyproperplace.Speakillofnoone.Mockatthebodilyinfirmities ofnone.Pursuenotunrelentinglyaconqueredenemy.Strivetoacquireagoodreputation.Takecounsel withwisemen. Themoreonelearns,themoreheacquiresthefacultyoflearning,Knowledgeisthemostpermanent wealth.Aswellbedumbasignorant.Thetrueuseofknowledgeistodistinguishgoodfromevil.Benot asubjectofshametothyparents.Whatonelearnsinyouthenduresliketheengravinguponarock.He iswisewhoknowshimself.Letthybooksbethybestfriends.Whenthouattainestanhundredyears, ceasetolearn.Wisdomissolidlyplanted,evenontheshiftingocean.Deceivenoone,noteventhine enemy.Wisdomisatreasurethateverywherecommandsitsvalue.Speakmildly,eventothepoor.Itis sweetertoforgivethantotakevengeance.Gamingandquarrelsleadtomisery.Thereisnotruemerit withoutthepracticeofvirtue.TohonorourmotheristhemostfittinghomagewecanpaytheDivinity. Thereisnotranquilsleepwithoutaclearconscience.Hebadlyunderstandshisinterestwhobreakshis word." TwentyfourcenturiesagotheseweretheChineseEthics:"ThePhilosopher[Confucius]said,'SAN!my doctrineissimple,andeasytobeunderstood.'THSENGTSEUreplied,'thatiscertain.'The Philosopherhavinggoneout,thedisciplesaskedwhattheirmasterhadmeanttosay.THSENGTSEU responded,'ThedoctrineofourMasterconsistssolelyinbeinguprightofheart,andlovingour neighborasweloveourself." Aboutacenturylater,theHebrewlawsaid,"Ifanymanhatehisneighborthenshallyedountohim,as hehadthoughttodountohisbrother.Betterisaneighborthatisnear,thanabrotherafaroff.Thou shaltlovethyneighborasthyself." InthesamefifthcenturybeforeChrist,SOCRATEStheGreciansaid,"Thoushaltlovethyneighboras thyself."Threegenerationsearlier,ZOROASTERhadsaidtothePersians:"Offerupthygrateful prayerstotheLord,themostjustandpureOrmuzd,thesupremeandadorableGod,whothusdeclared tohisProphetZerdusht:'Holditnotmeettodountootherswhatthouwouldstnotdesiredoneunto thyself;dothatuntothepeople,which,whendonetothyself,isnotdisagreeableuntothee."' EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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ThesamedoctrinehadbeenlongtaughtintheschoolsofBabylon,Alexandria,andJerusalem.APagan declaredtothePhariseeHILLELthathewasreadytoembracetheJewishreligion,ifhecouldmake knowntohiminafewwordsasummaryofthewholelawofMoses."Thatwhichthoulikestnotdone tothyself,"saidHillel,"doitnotuntothyneighbor. Thereinisallthelaw:therestisnothingbutthecommentaryuponit.""Nothingismorenatural,"said CONFUCIUS,"nothingmoresimple,thantheprinciplesofthatmoralitywhichIendeavor,bysalutary maxims,toinculcateinyou.Itishumanity;whichistosay,thatuniversalcharityamongallofour species,withoutdistinction.Itisuprightness;thatis,thatrectitudeofspiritandofheart,whichmake; oneseekfortruthineverything,anddesireit,withoutdeceivingone'sselforothers.Itis,finally, sincerityorgoodfaith;whichistosay,thatfrankness,thatopennessofheart,temperedbyselfreliance, whichexcludesallfeintsandalldisguising,asmuchinspeechasinaction." Todiffuseusefulinformation,tofurtherintellectualrefinement,sureforerunnerofmoralimprovement, tohastenthecomingofthegreatday,whenthedawnofgeneralknowledgeshalt,chaseawaythelazy, lingeringmistsofignoranceanderror,evenfromthebaseofthegreatsocialpyramid,isindeedahigh calling,inwhichthemostsplendidtalentsandconsummatevirtuemaywellpressonward,eagertobear apart.FromtheMasonicranksoughttogoforththosewhosegeniusandnottheirancestryennoble them,toopentoallranksthetempleofscience,andbytheirownexampletomakethehumblestmen emuloustoclimbstepsnolongerinaccessible,andentertheunfoldedgatesburninginthesun. Thehighestintellectualcultivationisperfectlycompatiblewiththedailycaresandtoilsofworking men.AkeenrelishforthemostsublimetruthsofsciencebelongsaliketoeveryclassofMankind.And, asphilosophywastaughtinthesacredgrovesofAthens,andunderthePortico,andintheoldTemples ofEgyptandIndia,soinourLodgesoughtKnowledgetobedispensed,theSciencestaught,andthe LecturesbecomeliketheteachingsofSocratesandPlato,ofAgassizandCousin. Realknowledgeneverpermittedeitherturbulenceorunbelief;butitsprogressistheforerunnerof liberalityandenlightenedtoleration.Whosodreadsthesemaywelltremble;forhemaybewellassured thattheirdayisatlengthcome,andmustputtospeedyflighttheevilspiritsoftyrannyand persecution,whichhauntedthelongnightnowgonedownthesky. Anditistobehopedthatthetimewillsoonarrive,when,asmenwillnolongersufferthemselvestobe ledblindfoldedinignorance,sowilltheynomoreyieldtothevileprincipleofjudgingandtreating theirfellowcreatures,notaccordingtotheintrinsicmeritoftheiractions,butaccordingtothe accidentalandinvoluntarycoincidenceoftheiropinions.

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134/641 Wheneverwecometotreatwithentirerespectthosewhoconscientiouslydifferfromourselves,the onlypracticaleffectofadifferencewillbe,tomakeusenlightentheignoranceononesideortheother, fromwhichitsprings,byinstructingthem,ifitbetheirs;ourselves,ifitbeourown;totheendthatthe onlykindofunanimitymaybeproducedwhichisdesirableamongrationalbeings,theagreement proceedingfromfullconvictionafterthefreestdiscussion. TheEluofFifteenoughtthereforetotaketheleadofhisfellowcitizen,notinfrivolousamusements, notinthedegradingpursuitsoftheambitiousvulgar;butinthetrulynobletaskofenlighteningthe massofhiscountrymen,andofleavinghisownnameencircled,notwithbarbaricsplendor,orattached tocourtlygewgaws,butillustratedbythehonorsmostworthyofourrationalnature;coupledwiththe diffusionofknowledge,andgratefullypronouncedbyafew,atleast,whomhiswisebeneficencehas rescuedfromignoranceandvice.Wesaytohim,inthewordsofthegreatRoman:"Meninnorespect sonearlyapproachtotheDeity,aswhentheyconferbenefitsonmen.Toserveanddogoodtoasmany aspossible,thereisnothinggreaterinyourfortunethanthatyoushouldbeable,andnothingfinerin yournature,thanthatyoushouldbedesiroustodothis."Thisisthetruemarkfortheaimofeveryman andMasonwhoeitherprizestheenjoymentofpurehappiness,orsetsarightvalueuponahighand unsulliedrenown.Andifthebenefactorsofmankind,whentheyrestfromtheirnoblelabors,shallbe permittedtoenjoyhereafter,asanappropriaterewardoftheirvirtue,theprivilegeoflookingdown upontheblessingswithwhichtheirexertionsandcharities,andperhapstheirtoilsandsufferingshave clothedthesceneoftheirformerexistence,itwillnot,inastateofexaltedpurityandwisdom,bethe foundersofmightydynasties,theconquerorsofnewempires,theCsars,Alexanders,and Tamerlanes;northemereKingsandCounsellors,PresidentsandSenators,whohavelivedfortheir partychiefly,andfortheircountryonlyincidentally,oftensacrificingtotheirownaggrandizementor thatoftheirfactionthegoodoftheirfellowcreatures;itwillnotbetheywhowillbegratifiedby contemplatingthemonumentsoftheiringloriousfame;butthosewillenjoythatdelightandmarchin thattriumph,whocantracetheremoteeffectsoftheirenlightenedbenevolenceintheimproved conditionoftheirspecies,andexultinthereflection,thatthechangewhichtheyatlast,perhapsafter manyyears,survey,witheyesthatageandsorrowcanmakedimnomore,ofKnowledgebecome Power,VirtuesharingthatEmpire,Superstitiondethroned,andTyrannyexiled,is,ifevenonlyinsome smallandveryslightdegree,yetstillinsomedegree,thefruit,preciousifcostly,andthoughlaterepaid yetlongenduring,oftheirownselfdenialandstrenuousexertion,oftheirownmiteofcharityandaid toeducationwiselybestowed,andofthehardshipsandhazardswhichtheyencounteredherebelow. MasonryrequiresofitsInitiatesandvotariesnothingthatisimpracticable.Itdoesnotdemandthatthey shouldundertaketoclimbtothoseloftyandsublimepeaksofatheoreticalandimaginaryunpractical virtue,highandcoldandremoteastheeternalsnowsthatwraptheshouldersofChimborazo,andat leastasinaccessibleasthey.Itasksthatalonetobedonewhichiseasytobedone.Itovertasksnoone's strength,andasksnoonetogobeyondhismeansandcapacities.Itdoesnotexpectonewhosebusiness orprofessionyieldshimlittlemorethanthewantsofhimselfandhisfamilyrequire,andwhosetimeis necessarilyoccupiedbyhisdailyvocations,toabandonorneglectthebusinessbywhichheandhis childrenlive,anddevotehimselfandhismeanstothediffusionofknowledgeamongmen.Itdoesnot EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

135/641 expecthimtopublishbooksforthepeople,ortolecture,totheruinofhisprivateaffairs,ortofound academiesandcolleges,builduplibraries,andentitlehimselftostatues. Butitdoesrequireandexpecteverymanofustodosomething,withinandaccordingtohismeans;and thereisnoMasonwhocannotdosomething,ifnotalone,thenbycombinationandassociation. IfaLodgecannotaidinfoundingaschooloranacademyitcanstilldosomething.Itcaneducateone boyorgirl,atleast,thechildofsomepoorordepartedbrother.Anditshouldneverbeforgotten,thatin thepoorestunregardedchildthatseemsabandonedtoignoranceandvicemayslumberthevirtuesofa Socrates,theintellectofaBaconoraBossuet,thegeniusofaShakespeare,thecapacitytobenefit mankindofaWashington;andthatinrescuinghimfromthemireinwhichheisplunged,andgiving himthemeansofeducationanddevelopment,theLodgethatdoesitmaybethedirectandimmediate meansofconferringupontheworldasgreataboonasthatgivenitbyJohnFausttheboyofMentz; mayperpetuatethelibertiesofacountryandchangethedestiniesofnations,andwriteanewchapterin thehistoryoftheworld. Forweneverknowtheimportanceoftheactwedo.ThedaughterofPharaohlittlethoughtwhatshe wasdoingforthehumanrace,andthevastunimaginableconsequencesthatdependedonhercharitable act,whenshedrewthelittlechildofaHebrewwomanfromamongtherushesthatgrewalongthebank oftheNile,anddeterminedtorearitasifitwereherown. Howoftenhasanactofcharity,costingthedoerlittle,giventotheworldagreatpainter,agreat musician,agreatinventor!Howoftenhassuchanactdevelopedtheraggedboyintothebenefactorof hisrace!Onwhatsmallandapparentlyunimportantcircumstanceshaveturnedandhinged,thefatesof theworld'sgreatconquerors.Thereisnolawthatlimitsthereturnsthatshallbereapedfromasingle gooddeed.Thewidow'smitemaynotonlybeasacceptabletoGod,butmayproduceasgreatresultsas therichman'scostlyoffering.Thepoorestboy,helpedbybenevolence,maycometoleadarmies,to controlsenates,todecideanpeaceandwar,todictatetocabinets;andhismagnificentthoughtsand noblewordsmaybelawmanyyearshereaftertomillionsofmenyetunborn. Buttheopportunitytoeffectagreatgooddoesnotoftenoccurtoanyone.Itisworsethanfollyforone tolieidleandinert,andexpecttheaccidenttobefallhim,bywhichhisinfluencesshallliveforever.He canexpectthattohappen,onlyinconsequenceofoneormanyorallofalongseriesofacts. Hecanexpecttobenefittheworldonlyasmenattainotherresults;bycontinuance,bypersistence,bya steadyanduniformhabitoflaboringfortheenlightenmentoftheworld,totheextentofhismeansand capacity. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

136/641 Foritis,inallinstances,bysteadylabor,bygivingenoughofapplicationtoourwork,andhaving enoughoftimeforthedoingofit,byregularpainstaking,andtheplyingofconstantassiduities,and notbyanyprocessoflegerdemain,thatwesecurethestrengthandthestapleofrealexcellence.Itwas thusthatDemosthenes,clauseafterclause,andsentenceaftersentence,elaboratedtotheuttermosthis immortalorations.ItwasthusthatNewtonpioneeredhisway,bythestepsofanascendinggeometry,to themechanismoftheHeavens,andLeVerrieraddedaplanettoourSolarSystem. Itisamosterroneousopinionthatthosewhohaveleftthemoststupendousmonumentsofintellect behindthem,werenotdifferentlyexercisedfromtherestofthespecies,butonlydifferentlygifted;that theysignalizedthemselvesonlybytheirtalent,andhardlyeverbytheirindustry;foritisintruthtothe moststrenuousapplicationofthosecommonplacefacultieswhicharediffusedamongall,thattheyare indebtedfortheglorieswhichnowencircletheirremembranceandtheirname. Wemustnotimagineittobeavulgarizingofgenius,thatitshouldbelightedupinanyotherwaythan byadirectinspirationfromHeavennoroverlookthesteadfastnessofpurpose,thedevotiontosome singlebutgreatobject,theunweariednessoflaborthatisgiven,notinconvulsiveandpreternatural throes,butbylittleandlittleasthestrengthofthemindmaybearit;theaccumulationofmanysmall efforts,insteadofafewgrandandgigantic,butperhapsirregularmovements,onthepartofenergies thataremarvellous;bywhichformeralonethegreatresultsarebroughtoutthatwritetheirenduring recordsonthefaceoftheearthandinthehistoryofnationsandofman. Wemustnotoverlooktheseelements,towhichgeniusowesthebestandproudestofherachievements; norimaginethatqualitiessogenerallypossessedaspatienceandpainstaking,andresoluteindustry, havenoshareinupholdingadistinctionsoillustriousasthatofthebenefactorofhiskind. Wemustnotforgetthatgreatresultsaremostordinarilyproducedbyanaggregateofmany contributionsandexertions;asitistheinvisibleparticlesofvapor,eachseparateanddistinctfromthe other,that,risingfromtheoceansandtheirbaysandgulfs,fromlakesandrivers,andwidemorasses andoverflowedplains,floatawayasclouds,anddistillupontheearthindews,andfallinshowersand rainandsnowsuponthebroadplainsandrudemountains,andmakethegreatnavigablestreamsthat arethearteriesalongwhichflowsthelifebloodofacountry. AndsoMasonrycandomuch,ifeachMasonbecontenttodohisshare,andiftheirunitedeffortsare directedbywisecounselstoacommonpurpose."ItisforGodandforOmnipotencytodomighty thingsinamoment;butbydegreestogrowtogreatnessisthecoursethatHehathleftforman."

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137/641 IfMasonrywillbutbetruetohermission,andMasonstotheirpromisesandobligationsif,re enteringvigorouslyuponacareerofbeneficence,sheandtheywillbutpursueitearnestlyand unfalteringly,rememberingthatourcontributionstothecauseofcharityandeducationthendeservethe greatestcreditwhenitcostsussomething,thecurtailingofacomfortortherelinquishmentofaluxury, tomakethemifwewillbutgiveaidtowhatwereonceMasonry'sgreatschemesforhuman improvement,notfitfullyandspasmodically,butregularlyandincessantly,asthevaporsriseandthe springsrun,andasthesunrisesandthestarscomeupintotheheavens,thenwemaybesurethatgreat resultswillbeattainedandagreatworkdone.AndthenitwillmostsurelybeseenthatMasonryisnot effeteorimpotent,nordegeneratednordroopingtoafataldecay.

XI.SUBLIMEELECTOFTHETWELVEorPRINCEAMETH
[EluoftheTwelve] ThedutiesofaPrinceAmethare,tobeearnest,true,reliable,andsincere;toprotectthepeopleagainst illegalimpositionsandexactions;tocontendfortheirpoliticalrights,andtosee,asfarashemayor can,thatthosebeartheburdenswhoreapthebenefitsoftheGovernment. Youaretobetrueuntoallmen. Youaretobefrankandsincereinallthings. Youaretobeearnestindoingwhateveritisyourdutytodo. Andnomanmustrepentthathehasrelieduponyourresolve,yourprofession,oryourword. ThegreatdistinguishingcharacteristicofaMasonissympathywithhiskind.Herecognizesinthe humanraceonegreatfamily,allconnectedwithhimselfbythoseinvisiblelinks,andthatmightynet workofcircumstance,forgedandwovenbyGod. Feelingthatsympathy,itishisfirstMasonicdutytoservehisfellowman. AthisfirstentranceintotheOrder,heceasestobeisolated,andbecomesoneofagreatbrotherhood, assumingnowdutiestowardeveryMasonthatlives,aseveryMasonatthesamemomentassumesthem towardhim.

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138/641 NorarethosedutiesonhispartconfinedtoMasonsalone.Heassumesmanyinregardtohiscountry, andespeciallytowardthegreat,sufferingmassesofthecommonpeople;fortheytooarehisbrethren, andGodhearsthem,inarticulateasthemoaningsoftheirmiseryare.Byallpropermeans,of persuasionandinfluence,andotherwise,iftheoccasionandemergencyrequire,heisboundtodefend themagainstoppression,andtyrannicalandillegalexactions.Helaborsequallytodefendandto improvethepeople.Hedoesnotflatterthemtomisleadthem,norfawnuponthemtorulethem,nor concealhisopinionstohumorthem,nortellthemthattheycannevererr,andthattheirvoiceisthe voiceofGod.Heknowsthatthesafetyofeveryfreegovernment,anditscontinuanceandperpetuity dependuponthevirtueandintelligenceofthecommonpeople;andthat,unlesstheirlibertyisofsucha kindasarmscanneitherprocurenortakeaway;unlessitisthefruitofmanlycourage,ofjustice, temperance,andgenerousvirtueunless,beingsuch,ithastakendeeprootinthemindsandheartsof thepeopleatlarge,therewillnotlongbewantingthosewhowillsnatchfromthembytreacherywhat theyhaveacquiredbyarmsorinstitutions. Heknowsthatif,afterbeingreleasedfromthetoilsofwar,thepeopleneglecttheartsofpeace;iftheir peaceandlibertybeastateofwarfare;ifwarbetheironlyvirtue,andthesummitoftheirpraise,they willsoonfindpeacethemostadversetotheirinterests.Itwillbeonlyamoredistressingwar;andthat whichtheyimaginedlibertywillbetheworstofslavery.For,unlessbythemeansofknowledgeand morality,notfrothyandloquacious,butgenuine,unadulterated,andsincere,theyclearthehorizonof themindfromthosemistsoferrorandpassionwhicharisefromignoranceandvice,theywillalways havethosewhowillbendtheirneckstotheyokeasiftheywerebrutes;who,notwithstandingalltheir triumphs,willputthemuptothehighestbidder,asiftheyweremerebootymadeinwar;andfindan exuberantsourceofwealthandpower,inthepeople'signorance,prejudice,andpassions. Thepeoplethatdoesnotsubjugatethepropensityofthewealthytoavarice,ambition,andsensuality, expelluxuryfromthemandtheirfamilies,keepdownpauperism,diffuseknowledgeamongthepoor, andlabortoraisetheabjectfromthemireofviceandlowindulgence,andtokeeptheindustriousfrom starvinginsightofluxuriousfestivals,willfindthatithascherished,inthatavarice,ambition, sensuality,selfishness,andluxuryoftheoneclass,andthatdegradation,misery,drunkenness, ignorance,andbrutalizationoftheother,morestubbornandintractabledespotsathomethanitever encounteredinthefield;andevenitsverybowelswillbecontinuallyteemingwiththeintolerable progenyoftyrants. Thesearethefirstenemiestobesubdued;thisconstitutesthecampaignofPeace;thesearetriumphs, difficultindeed,butbloodless;andfarmorehonorablethanthosetrophieswhicharepurchasedonlyby slaughterandrapine;andifnotvictorsinthisservice,itisinvaintohavebeenvictoriousoverthe despoticenemyinthefield. Forifanypeoplethinksthatitisagrander;amorebeneficial,orawiserpolicy,toinventsubtle EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

139/641 expedientsbystampsandimposts,forincreasingtherevenueanddrainingthelifebloodofan impoverishedpeople;tomultiplyitsnavalandmilitaryforce;torivalincrafttheambassadorsof foreignstates;toplottheswallowingupofforeignterritory;tomakecraftytreatiesandalliances;to ruleprostratestatesandabjectprovincesbyfearandforce;thantoadministerunpollutedjusticetothe people,torelievetheconditionandraisetheestateofthetoilingmasses,redresstheinjuredandsuccor thedistressedandconciliatethediscontented,andspeedilyrestoretoeveryonehisown;thenthat peopleisinvolvedinacloudoferror,andwilltoolateperceive,whentheillusionofthesemighty benefitshasvanished,thatinneglectingthese,whichitthoughtinferiorconsiderations,ithasonlybeen precipitatingitsownruinanddespair. Unfortunately,everyagepresentsitsownspecialproblem,mostdifficultandoftenimpossibletosolve; andthatwhichthisageoffers,andforcesupontheconsiderationofallchinkingmen,isthishow,ina populousandwealthycountry,blessedwithfreeinstitutionsandaconstitutionalgovernment,arethe greatmassesofthemanuallaborclasstobeenabledtohavesteadyworkatfairwages,tobekeptfrom starvation,andtheirchildrenfromviceanddebauchery,andtobefurnishedwiththatdegree,notof merereadingandwriting,butofknowledge,thatshallfitthemintelligentlytodothedutiesand exercisetheprivilegesoffreemen;eventobeintrustedwiththedangerousrightofsuffrage? ForthoughwedonotknowwhyGod,beinginfinitelymercifulaswellaswise,hassoorderedit,it seemstobeunquestionablyhislaw,thatevenincivilizedandChristiancountries,thelargemassofthe populationshallbefortunate,if,duringtheirwholelife,frominfancytooldage,inhealthandsickness, theyhaveenoughofthecommonestandcoarsestfoodtokeepthemselvesandtheirchildrenfromthe continualgnawingofhungerenoughofthecommonestandcoarsestclothingtoprotectthemselves andtheirlittleonesfromindecentexposureandthebittercold;andiftheyhaveovertheirheadsthe rudestshelter. AndHeseemstohaveenactedthislawwhichnohumancommunityhasyetfoundthemeansto abrogatethatwhenacountrybecomespopulous,capitalshallconcentrateinthehandsofalimited numberofpersons,andlaborbecomemoreandmoreatitsmercy,untilmeremanuallabor,thatofthe weaverandironworker,andotherartisans,eventuallyceasestobeworthmorethanabaresubsistence, andoften,ingreatcitiesandvastextentsofcountrynoteventhat,andgoesorcrawlsaboutinrags, begging,andstarvingforwantofwork. Whileeveryoxandhorsecanfindwork,andisworthbeingfed,itisnotalwayssowithman.Tobe employed,tohaveachancetoworkatanythinglikefairwages,becomesthegreatengrossingobjectof aman'slife.Thecapitalistcanlivewithoutemployingthelaborer,anddischargeshimwheneverthat laborceasestobeprofitable.Atthemomentwhentheweatherismostinclement,provisionsdearest, andrentshighest,heturnshimofftostarve.Ifthedaylaboreristakensick,hiswagesstop.Whenold, hehasnopensiontoretireupon.Hischildrencannotbesenttoschool;forbeforetheirbonesare EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

140/641 hardenedtheymustgettoworklesttheystarve.Theman,strongandablebodied,worksforashilling ortwoaday,andthewomanshiveringoverherlittlepanofcoals,whenthemercurydropsfarbelow zero,afterherhungrychildrenhavewailedthemselvestosleep,sewsbythedimlightofherlonely candle,forabarepittance,sellingherlifetohimwhobargainedonlyfortheworkofherneedle. Fathersandmothersslaytheirchildren,tohavetheburialfees,thatwiththepriceofonechild'slife theymaycontinuelifeinthosethatsurvive. Littlegirlswithbarefeetsweepthestreetcrossings,whenthewinterwindpinchesthem,andbeg piteouslyforpenniesofthosewhowearwarmfurs.Childrengrowupinsqualidmiseryandbrutal ignorance;wantcompelsvirginandwifetoprostitutethemselves;womenstarveandfreeze,andleanup againstthewallsofworkhouses,likebundlesoffoulrags,allnightlong,andnightafternight,whenthe coldrainfalls,andtherechancestobenoroomforthemwithin;andhundredsoffamiliesarecrowded intoasinglebuilding,rifewithhorrorsandteemingwithfoulairandpestilence;wheremen,women andchildrenhuddletogetherintheirfilth;allagesandallcolorssleepingindiscriminatelytogether; while,inagreat,free,RepublicanState,inthefullvigorofitsyouthandstrength,onepersoninevery seventeenisapauperreceivingcharity. Howtodealwiththisapparentlyinevitableevilandmortaldiseaseisbyfarthemostimportantofall socialproblems.Whatistobedonewithpauperismandoversupplyoflabor?Howisthelifeofany countrytolast,whenbrutalityanddrunkensemibarbarismvote,andholdofficesintheirgift,andby fitrepresentativesofthemselvescontrolagovernment?How,ifnotwisdomandauthority,but turbulenceandlowvicearetoexalttosenatorshipsmiscreantsreekingwiththeodorsandpollutionof thehell,theprizering,thebrothel,andthestockexchange,wheregamblingislegalizedandrascalityis laudable? Masonrywilldoallinitspower,bydirectexertionandcooperation,toimproveandinformaswellasto protectthepeople;tobettertheirphysicalcondition,relievetheirmiseries,supplytheirwants,and ministertotheirnecessities.LeteveryMasoninthisgoodworkdoallthatmaybeinhispower. Foritistruenow,asitalwayswasandalwayswillbe,thattobefreeisthesamethingastobepious,to bewise,tobetemperateandjust,tobefrugalandabstinent,andtobemagnanimousandbrave;andto betheoppositeofalltheseisthesameastobeaslave.Anditusuallyhappens,bytheappointment, and,asitwere,retributivejusticeoftheDeity,thatthatpeoplewhichcannotgovernthemselves,and moderatetheirpassions,butcrouchundertheslaveryoftheirlustsandvices,aredelivereduptothe swayofthosewhomtheyabhor,andmadetosubmittoaninvoluntaryservitude. AnditisalsosanctionedbythedictatesofjusticeandbytheconstitutionofNature,thathewho,from EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

141/641 theimbecilityorderangementofhisintellect,isincapableofgoverninghimself,should,likeaminor, becommittedtothegovernmentofanother. Aboveallthingsletusneverforgetthatmankindconstitutesonegreatbrotherhood;allbornto encountersufferingandsorrow,andthereforeboundtosympathizewitheachother. FornotowerofPridewaseveryethighenoughtoliftitspossessorabovethetrialsandfearsand frailitiesofhumanity.Nohumanhandeverbuiltthewall,norevershall,thatwillkeepoutaffliction, pain,andinfirmity.Sicknessandsorrow,troubleanddeath,aredispensationsthatleveleverything. Theyknownone,highnorlow.Thechiefwantsoflife,thegreatandgravenecessitiesofthehuman soul,giveexemptiontonone.Theymakeallpoor,allweak.Theyputsupplicationinthemouthofevery humanbeing,astrulyasinthatofthemeanestbeggar. Buttheprincipleofmiseryisnotanevilprinciple.Weerr,andtheconsequencesteachuswisdom.All elements,allthelawsofthingsaroundus,ministertothisend;andthroughthepathsofpainfulerror andmistake,itisthedesignofProvidencetoleadustotruthandhappiness.Iferringonlytaughtusto err;ifmistakesconfirmedusinimprudence;ifthemiseriescausedbyviciousindulgencehadanatural tendencytomakeusmoreabjectslavesofvice,thensufferingwouldbewhollyevil.But,onthe contrary,alltendsandisdesignedtoproduceamendmentandimprovement.Sufferingisthediscipline ofvirtue;ofthatwhichisinfinitelybetterthanhappiness,andyetembracesinitselfallessential happiness. Itnourishes,invigorates,andperfectsit.Virtueistheprizeoftheseverelycontestedraceandhard foughtbattle;anditisworthallthefatigueandwoundsoftheconflict.Manshouldgoforthwitha braveandstrongheart,tobattlewithcalamity.Heistomasterit,andnotletitbecomehismaster.Heis nottoforsakethepostoftrialandofperil;buttostandfirmlyinhislot,untilthegreatwordof Providenceshallbidhimfly,orbidhimsink.WithresolutionandcouragetheMasonistodothework whichitisappointedforhimtodo,lookingthroughthedarkcloudofhumancalamity,totheendthat riseshighandbrightbeforehim.Thelotofsorrowisgreatandsublime.Nonesufferforever,norfor nought,norwithoutpurpose.ItistheordinanceofGod'swisdom,andofHisInfiniteLove,toprocure forusinfinitehappinessandglory. Virtueisthetruestliberty;norishefreewhostoopstopassions;norheinbondagewhoservesanoble master.Examplesarethebestandmostlastinglectures;virtuethebestexample.Hethathathdone gooddeedsandsetgoodprecedents,insincerity,ishappy.Timeshallnotoutlivehisworth.Helives trulyafterdeath,whosegooddeedsarehispillarsofremembrance;andnodaybutaddssomegrainsto hisheapofglory.

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142/641 Goodworksareseeds,thataftersowingreturnusacontinualharvest;andthememoryofnobleactions ismoreenduringthanmonumentsofmarble. Lifeisaschool.Theworldisneitherprisonnorpenitentiary,norapalaceofease,noranamphitheatre forgamesandspectacles;butaplaceofinstruction,anddiscipline.Lifeisgivenformoralandspiritual training;andtheentirecourseofthegreatschooloflifeisaneducationforvirtue,happiness,anda futureexistence.TheperiodsofLifeareitsterms;allhumanconditions,itsforms;allhuman employments,itslessons.Familiesaretheprimarydepartmentsofthismoraleducation;thevarious circlesofsociety,itsadvancedstages;KingdomsandRepublics,itsuniversities. RichesandPoverty,GayetiesandSorrows,MarriagesandFunerals,thetiesoflifeboundorbroken,fit andfortunate,oruntowardandpainful,arealllessons.Eventsarenotblindlyandcarelesslyflung together. Providencedoesnotschooloneman,andscreenanotherfromthefierytrialofitslessons.Ithasneither richfavoritesnorpoorvictims.Oneeventhappenethtoall.Oneendandonedesignconcernandurge allmen. Theprosperousmanhasbeenatschool.Perhapshehasthoughtthatitwasagreatthing,andheagreat personage;buthehasbeenmerelyapupil.Hethought,perhaps,thathewasMaster,andhadnothingto do,buttodirectandcommand;buttherewaseveraMasterabovehim,theMasterofLife.Helooksnot atoursplendidstate,orourmanypretensions,norattheaidsandappliancesofourlearning;butatour learningitself.Heputsthepoorandtherichuponthesameform;andknowsnodifferencebetween them,buttheirprogress. Iffromprosperitywehavelearnedmoderation,temperance,candor,modesty,gratitudetoGod,and generositytoman,thenweareentitledtobehonoredandrewarded.Ifwehavelearnedselfishness, selfindulgence,wrongdoing,andvice,toforgetandoverlookourlessfortunatebrother,andtoscoffat theprovidenceofGod,thenweareunworthyanddishonored,thoughwehavebeennursedinaffluence, ortakenourdegreesfromthelineageofanhundrednobledescents;astrulyso,intheeyeofHeaven, andofallrightthinkingmen,asthoughwelay,victimsofbeggaryanddisease,inthehospital,bythe hedge,oronthedunghill.Themostordinaryhumanequitylooksnotattheschool,butatthescholar; andtheequityofHeavenwillnotlookbeneaththatmark. Thepoormanalsoisatschool.Lethimtakecarethathelearn,ratherthancomplain.Lethimholdto hisintegrity,hiscandor,andhiskindnessofheart.Lethimbewareofenvy,andofbondage,andkeep hisselfrespect.Thebody'stoilisnothing.Lethimbewareofthemind'sdrudgeryanddegradation. Whilehebettershisconditionifhecan,lethimbemoreanxioustobetterhissoul.Lethimbewilling, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

143/641 whilepoor,andevenifalwayspoor,tolearnpoverty'sgreatlessons,fortitude,cheerfulness, contentment,andimplicitconfidenceinGod'sProvidence. Withthese,andpatience,calmness,selfcommand,disinterestedness,andaffectionatekindness,the humbledwellingmaybehallowed,andmademoredearandnoblethantheloftiestpalace.Lethim, aboveallthings,seethathelosenothisindependence.Lethimnotcasthimself,acreaturepoorerthan thepoor,anindolent,helpless,despisedbeggar,oftthekindnessofothers.Everymanshouldchooseto haveGodforhisMaster,ratherthanman;andescapenotfromthisschool,eitherbydishonestyor almstaking,lesthefallintothatstate,worsethandisgrace,wherehecanhavenorespectforhimself. ThetiesofSocietyteachustoloveoneanother.Thatisamiserablesociety,wheretheabsenceof affectionatekindnessissoughttobesuppliedbypunctiliousdecorum,gracefulurbanity,andpolished insincerity;whereambition,jealousy,anddistrustrule,inplaceofsimplicity,confidence,andkindness. So,too,thesocialstateteachesmodestyandgentleness;andfromneglect,andnoticeunworthily bestowedonothers,andinjustice,andtheworld'sfailuretoappreciateus,welearnpatienceand quietness,tobesuperiortosociety'sopinion,notcynicalandbitter,butgentle,candid,andaffectionate still. DeathisthegreatTeacher,stern,cold,inexorable,irresistible;whomthecollectedmightoftheworld cannotstayorwardoff.Thebreath,thatpartingfromthelipsofKingorbeggar,scarcelystirsthe hushedair,cannotbebought,orbroughtbackforamoment,withthewealthofEmpires.Whatalesson isthis,teachingourfrailtyandfeebleness,andanInfinitePowerbeyondus!Itisafearfullesson,that neverbecomesfamiliar.Itwalksthroughtheearthindreadmystery,andlaysithandsuponall.Itisa universallesson,thatisreadeverywhereandbyallmen. Itsmessagecomeseveryyearandeveryday.Thepastyearsarecrowdedwithitssadandsolemn mementoes;anddeath'sfingertracesitshandwritinguponthewallsofeveryhumanhabitation. ItteachesusDuty;toactourpartwell;tofulfilltheworkassignedus.Whenoneisdying,andafterhe isdead,thereisbutonequestion:Hashelivedwell?Thereisnoevilindeathbutthatwhichlifemakes. TherearehardlessonsintheschoolofGod'sProvidence;andyettheschooloflifeiscarefullyadjusted, inallitsarrangementsandtasks,toman'spowersandpassions.Thereisnoextravaganceinits teachings;norisanythingdonefor'thesakeofpresenteffect.Thewholecourseofhumanlifeisa conflictwithdifficulties;and,ifrightlyconducted,aprogressinimprovement.Itisnevertoolatefor mantolearn.Notpartonly,butthewhole,oflifeisaschool.Therenevercomesatime,evenamidstthe decaysofage,whenitisfittolayasidetheeagernessofacquisition,orthecheerfulnessofendeavor. Manwalks,allthroughthecourseoflife,inpatienceandstrife,andsometimesindarkness;for,from EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

144/641 patienceistocomeperfection;fromstrife,triumphistoissue;fromthecloudofdarknessthelightning istoflashthatshallopenthewaytoeternity. LettheMasonbefaithfulintheschooloflife,andtoallitslessons!Lethimnotlearnnothing,norcare notwhetherhelearnsornot.Letnottheyearspassoverhim,witnessesofonlyhisslothand indifference;orseehimzealoustoacquireeverythingbutvirtue.Norlethimlaboronlyforhimself;nor forgetthatthehumblestmanthatlivesishisbrother,andhathaclaimonhissympathiesandkind offices;andthatbeneaththeroughgarmentswhichlaborwearsmaybeatheartsasnobleasthrobunder thestarsofprinces. God,whocountsbysouls,notstations,Lovesandpitiesyouandme;FortoHimallvaindistinctions Areaspebblesonthesea. NoraretheotherdutiesinculcatedinthisDegreeoflessimportance. Truth,aMasonisearlytold,isaDivineattributeandthefoundationofeveryvirtue;andfrankness, reliability,sincerity,straightforwardness,plaindealing,arebutdifferentmodesinwhichTruthdevelops itself.Thedead,theabsent,theinnocent,andthosethattrusthim,noMasonwilldeceivewillingly.To alltheseheowesanoblerjustice,inthattheyarethemostcertaintrialsofhumanEquity.Onlythemost abandonedofmen,saidCicero,willdeceivehim,whowouldhaveremaineduninjuredifhehadnot trusted.Allthenobledeedsthathavebeattheirmarchesthroughsucceedingageshaveproceededfrom menoftruthandgenuinecourage.Themanwhoisalwaystrueisbothvirtuousandwise;andthus possessesthegreatestguardsofsafety:forthelawhasnotpowertostrikethevirtuous;norcanfortune subvertthewise. ThebasesofMasonrybeingmoralityandvirtue,itisbystudyingoneandpractisingtheother,thatthe conductofaMasonbecomesirreproachable. ThegoodofHumanitybeingitsprincipalobject,disinterestednessisoneofthefirstvirtuesthatit requiresofitsmembers;forthatisthesourceofjusticeandbeneficence. Topitythemisfortunesofothers;tobehumble,butwithoutmeanness;tobeproud,butwithout arrogance;toabjureeverysentimentofhatredandrevenge;toshowhimselfmagnanimousandliberal, withoutostentationandwithoutprofusion;tobetheenemyofvice;topayhomagetowisdomand virtue;torespectinnocence;tobeconstantandpatientinadversity,andmodestinprosperity;toavoid everyirregularitythatstainsthesoulanddistempersthebodyitisbyfollowingthesepreceptsthata Masonwillbecomeagoodcitizen,afaithfulhusband,atenderfather,anobedientson,andatrue EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

145/641 brother;willhonorfriendship,andfulfillwithardorthedutieswhichvirtueandthesocialrelations imposeuponhim. ItisbecauseMasonryimposesuponusthesedutiesthatitisproperlyandsignificantlystyledwork;and hewhoimaginesthathebecomesaMasonbymerelytakingthefirsttwoorthreeDegrees,andthathe may,havingleisurelysteppeduponthatsmallelevation,thenceforwardworthilywearthehonorsof Masonry,withoutlabororexertion,orselfdenialorsacrifice,andthatthereisnothingtobedonein Masonry,isstrangelydeceived. IsittruethatnothingremainstobedoneinMasonry? DoesoneBrothernolongerproceedbylawagainstanotherBrotherofhisLodge,inregardtomatters thatcouldbeeasilysettledwithintheMasonicfamilycircle? Hastheduel,thathideousheritageofbarbarism,interdictedamongBrethrenbyourfundamentallaws, anddenouncedbythemunicipalcode,yetdisappearedfromthesoilweinhabit?DoMasonsofhigh rankreligiouslyrefrainfromit;ordotheynot,bowingtoacorruptpublicopinion,submittoits arbitrament,despitethescandalwhichitoccasionstotheOrder,andinviolationofthefeeblerestraint oftheiroath? DoMasonsnolongerformuncharitableopinionsoftheirBrethren,enterharshjudgmentsagainstthem, andjudgethemselvesbyoneruleandtheirBrethrenbyanother? HasMasonryanywellregulatedsystemofcharity?Hasitdonethatwhichitshouldhavedoneforthe causeofeducation?Whereareitsschools,itsacademies,itscolleges,itshospitals,andinfirmaries? Arepoliticalcontroversiesnowconductedwithnoviolenceandbitterness? DoMasonsrefrainfromdefaminganddenouncingtheirBrethrenwhodifferwiththeminreligiousor politicalopinions? Whatgrandsocialproblemsorusefulprojectsengageourattentionatourcommunications?Wherein ourLodgesarelectureshabituallydeliveredfortherealinstructionoftheBrethren?Donotoursessions passinthediscussionofminormattersofbusiness,thesettlementofpointsoforderandquestionsof mereadministration,andtheadmissionandadvancementofCandidates,whomaftertheiradmission EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

146/641 wetakenopainstoinstruct? InwhatLodgeareourceremoniesexplainedandelucidated;corruptedastheyarebytime,untiltheir truefeaturescanscarcelybedistinguished;andwherearethosegreatprimitivetruthsofrevelation taught,whichMasonryhaspreservedtotheworld? Wehavehighdignitiesandsoundingtitles.Dotheirpossessorsqualifythemselvestoenlightenthe worldinrespecttotheaimsandobjectsofMasonry?DescendantsofthoseInitiateswhogoverned empires,doesyourinfluenceenterintopracticallifeandoperateefficientlyinbehalfofwellregulated andconstitutionalliberty? Yourdebatesshouldbebutfriendlyconversations.Youneedconcord,union,andpeace.Whythendo youretainamongyoumenwhoexciterivalriesandjealousies;whypermitgreatandviolent controversyandambitiouspretensions'?Nowdoyourownwordsandactsagree?IfyourMasonryisa nullity,howcanyouexerciseanyinfluenceonothers?Continuallyyoupraiseeachother,andutter elaborateandhighwroughteulogiesupontheOrder.Everywhereyouassumethatyouarewhatyou shouldbe,andnowheredoyoulookuponyourselvesasyouare.Isittruethatallouractionsareso manyactsofhomagetovirtue?Exploretherecessesofyourhearts;letusexamineourselveswithan impartialeye,andmakeanswertoourownquestioning!Canwebeartoourselvestheconsoling testimonythatwealwaysrigidlyperformourduties;thatweevenhalfperformthem? Letusawaywiththisodiousselfflattery!Letusbemen,ifwecannotbesages!ThelawsofMasonry, aboveothersexcellent,cannotwhollychangemen'snatures.Theyenlightenthem,theypointoutthe trueway;buttheycanleadtheminit,onlybyrepressingthefireoftheirpassions,andsubjugatingtheir selfishness.Alas,theseconquer,andMasonryisforgotten! Afterpraisingeachotherallourlives,therearealwaysexcellentBrethren,who,overourcoffins, showerunlimitedeulogies.Everyoneofuswhodies,howeveruselesshislife,hasbeenamodelofall thevirtues,averychildofthecelestiallight.InEgypt,amongouroldMasters,whereMasonrywas morecultivatedthanvanity,noonecouldgainadmittancetothesacredasylumofthetombuntilhehad passedunderthemostsolemnjudgment.Agravetribunalsatinjudgmentuponall,eventhekings. Theysaidtothedead,"Whoeverthouart,giveaccounttothycountryofthyactions!Whathastthou donewiththytimeandlife?Thelawinterrogatesthee,thycountryhearsthee,Truthsitsinjudgmenton thee!"Princescametheretobejudged,escortedonlybytheirvirtuesandtheirvices.Apublicaccuser recountedthehistoryofthedeadman'slife,andthrewtheblazeofthetorchoftruthonallhisactions. Ifitwereadjudgedthathehadledanevillife,hismemorywascondemnedinthepresenceofthe nation,andhisbodywasdeniedthehonorsofsepulture.WhatalessontheoldMasonrytaughttothe sonsofthepeople! EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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IsittruethatMasonryiseffete;thattheacacia,withered,affordsnoshade;thatMasonrynolonger marchesintheadvanceguardofTruth?No. Isfreedomyetuniversal?Haveignoranceandprejudicedisappearedfromtheearth?Arethereno longerenmitiesamongmen?Docupidityandfalsehoodnolongerexist?Dotolerationandharmony prevailamongreligiousandpoliticalsects?ThereareworksyetleftforMasonrytoaccomplish,greater thanthetwelvelaborsofHercules:toadvanceeverresolutelyandsteadily;toenlightenthemindsofthe people,toreconstructsociety,toreformthelaws,andtoimprovethepublicmorals. Theeternityinfrontofitisasinfiniteastheonebehind.AndMasonrycannotceasetolaborinthe causeofsocialprogress,withoutceasingtobetruetoitself,Masonry.

XII.GRANDMASTERARCHITECT
[MasterArchitect] ThegreatdutiesthatareinculcatedbythelessonstaughtbytheworkinginstrumentsofaGrandMaster Architect,demandingsomuchofus,andtakingforgrantedthecapacitytoperformthemfaithfullyand fully,bringusatoncetoreflectuponthedignityofhumannature,andthevastpowersandcapacitiesof thehumansoul;andtothatthemeweinviteyourattentioninthisDegree.Letusbegintorisefrom earthtowardtheStars. Evermorethehumansoulstrugglestowardthelight,towardGod,andtheInfinite.Itisespeciallysoin itsafflictions.Wordsgobutalittlewayintothedepthsofsorrow.Thethoughtsthatwrithetherein silence,thatgointothestillnessofInfinitudeandEternity,havenoemblems.Thoughtsenoughcome there,suchasnotongueeveruttered.Theydonotsomuchwanthumansympathy,ashigherhelp. ThereisalonelinessindeepsorrowwhichtheDeityalonecanrelieve.Alone,themindwrestleswith thegreatproblemofcalamity,andseeksthesolutionfromtheInfiniteProvidenceofHeaven,andthus isleddirectlytoGod. Therearemanythingsinusofwhichwearenotdistinctlyconscious.Towakenthatslumbering consciousnessintolife,andsotoleadthesouluptotheLight,isoneofficeofeverygreatministration tohumannature,whetheritsvehiclebethepen,thepencil,orthetongue.Weareunconsciousofthe intensityandawfulnessofthelifewithinus.Healthandsickness,joyandsorrow,successand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

148/641 disappointment,lifeanddeath,loveandloss,arefamiliarwordsuponourlips;andwedonotknowto whatdepthstheypointwithinus. Weseemnevertoknowwhatanythingmeansorisworthuntilwehavelostit.Manyanorgan,nerve, andfibreinourbodilyframeperformsitssilentpartforyears,andwearequiteunconsciousofits value.Itisnotuntilitisinjuredthatwediscoverthatvalue,andfindhowessentialitwastoour happinessandcomfort.Weneverknowthefullsignificanceofthewordsproperty,""ease,"and "health;"thewealthofmeaninginthefondepithets,"parent,child,""beloved,"and"friend,"until thethingorthepersonistakenaway;until,inplaceofthebright,visiblebeing,comestheawfuland desolateshadow,wherenothingis:wherewestretchoutourhandsinvain,andstrainoureyesupon darkanddismalvacuity.Yet,inthatvacuity,wedonotlosetheobjectthatweloved.Itbecomesonly themorerealtous.Ourblessingsnotonlybrightenwhentheydepart,butarefixedinenduringreality; andloveandfriendshipreceivetheireverlastingsealunderthecoldimpressofdeath. Adimconsciousnessofinfinitemysteryandgrandeurliesbeneathallthecommonplaceoflife.There isanawfulnessandamajestyaroundus,inallourlittleworldliness.Therudepeasantfromthe Apennines,asleepatthefootofapillarinamajesticRomanchurch,seemsnottohearorsee,butto, dreamonlyoftheherdhefeedsorthegroundhetillsinthemountains.Butthechoralsymphoniesfall softlyuponhisear,andthegildedarchesaredimlyseenthroughhishalfslumberingeyelids. Sothesoul,howevergivenuptotheoccupationsofdailylife,cannotquitelosethesenseofwhereitis, andofwhatisaboveitandaroundit.Thesceneofitsactualengagementsmaybesmall;thepathofits steps,beatenandfamiliar;theobjectsithandles,easilyspanned,andquitewornoutwithdailyuses.So itmaybe,andamidstsuchthingsthatwealllive. Soweliveourlittlelife;butHeavenisaboveusandallaroundandclosetous;andEternityisbeforeus andbehindus;andsunsandstarsaresilentwitnessesandwatchersoverus.WeareenfoldedbyInfinity. InfinitePowersandInfinitespaceslieallaroundus.ThedreadarchofMysteryspreadsoverus,andno voiceeverpiercedit.EternityisenthronedamidHeaven'smyriadstarryheights;andnoutteranceor wordevercamefromthosefaroffandsilentspaces.Above,isthatawfulmajesty;aroundus, everywhere,itstretchesoffintoinfinity;andbeneathitisthislittlestruggleoflife,thispoorday's conflict,thisbusyanthillofTime. Butfromthatanthill,notonlythetalkofthestreets,thesoundsofmusicandrevelling,thestirand treadofamultitude,theshoutofjoyandtheshriekofagonygoupintothesilentandallsurrounding Infinitude;butalso,amidstthestirandnoiseofvisiblelife,fromtheinmostbosomofthevisibleman, theregoesupanimploringcall,abeseechingcry,anasking,unuttered,andunutterable,forrevelation, wailinglyandinalmostspeechlessagonyprayingthedreadarchofmysterytobreak,andthestarsthat EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

149/641 rollabovethewavesofmortaltrouble,tospeak;theenthronedmajestyofthoseawfulheightstofinda voice;themysteriousandreservedheavenstocomenear;andalltotelluswhattheyaloneknow;to giveusinformationofthelovedandlost;tomakeknowntouswhatweare,andwhitherwearegoing. Manisencompassedwithadomeofincomprehensiblewonders.Inhimandabouthimisthatwhich shouldfillhislifewithmajestyandsacredness.Somethingofsublimityandsanctityhasthusflashed downfromheavenintotheheartofeveryonethatlives.Thereisnobeingso baseandabandonedbuthathsometraitsofthatsacrednessleftuponhim;something,somuchperhaps indiscordancewithhisgeneralrepute,thathehidesitfromallaroundhim;somesanctuaryinhissoul, wherenoonemayenter;somesacredinclosure,wherethememoryofachildis,ortheimageofa veneratedparent,ortheremembranceofapurelove,ortheechoofsomewordofkindnessoncespoken tohim;anechothatwillneverdieaway. Lifeisnonegative,orsuperficialorworldlyexistence.Ourstepsareevermorehauntedwiththoughts, farbeyondtheirownrange,whichsomehaveregardedasthereminiscencesofapreexistentstate.Soit iswithusall,inthebeatenandworntrackofthisworldlypilgrimage.Thereismorehere,thanthe worldwelivein.Itisnotalloflifetolive.Anunseenandinfinitepresenceishere;asenseof somethinggreaterthanwepossess;aseeking,throughallthevoidwastesoflife,foragoodbeyondit;a cryingoutoftheheartforinterpretation;amemoryofthedead,touchingcontinuallysomevibrating threadinthisgreattissueofmystery. Weallnotonlyhavebetterintimations,butarecapableofbetterthingsthanweknow.Thepressureof somegreatemergencywoulddevelopinuspowers,beyondtheworldlybiasofourspirits;andHeaven sodealswithus,fromtimetotime,astocallforththosebetterthings.Thereishardlyafamilyinthe worldgoselfish,butthat,ifoneinitweredoomedtodieone,tobeselectedbytheothers,itwouldbe utterlyimpossibleforitsmembers,parentsandchildren,tochooseoutthatvictim;butthateachwould say,"Iwilldie;butIcannotchoose."Andinhowmany,ifthatdireextremityhadcome,wouldnotone andanotherstepforth,freedfromthevilemeshesofordinaryselfishness,andsay,liketheRoman fatherandson,"Lettheblowfallonme!"Therearegreaterandbetterthingsinusall,thantheworld takesaccountof,orthanwetakenoteof;ifwewouldbutfindthemout.Anditisonepartofour Masonicculturetofindthesetraitsofpowerandsublimedevotion,torevivethesefadedimpressionsof generosityandselfsacrifice,thealmostsquanderedbequestsofGod'sloveandkindnesstooursouls; andtoinduceustoyieldourselvestotheirguidanceandcontrol. Uponallconditionsofmenpressesdownoneimpartiallaw.Toallsituations,toallfortunes,highor low,themindgivestheircharacter.Theyare,ineffect,notwhattheyareinthemselves,butwhatthey aretothefeelingoftheirpossessors.TheKingmaybemean,degraded,miserable;theslaveof ambition,fear,voluptuousness,andeverylowpassion.ThePeasantmaybetherealMonarch,themoral masterofhisfate,afreeandloftybeing,morethanaPrinceinhappiness,morethanaKinginhonor. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Manisnobubbleupontheseaofhisfortunes,helplessandirresponsibleuponthetideofevents.Outof thesamecircumstances,differentmenbringtotallydifferentresults.Thesamedifficulty,distress, poverty,ormisfortune,thatbreaksdownoneman,buildsupanotherandmakeshimstrong.Itisthe veryattributeandgloryofaman,thathecanbendthecircumstancesofhisconditiontotheintellectual andmoralpurposesofhisnature,anditisthepowerandmasteryofhiswillthatchieflydistinguish himfromthebrute. Thefacultyofmoralwill,developedinthechild,isanewelementofhisnature.Itisanewpower broughtuponthescene,andarulingpower,delegatedfromHeaven.Neverwasahumanbeingsunkso lowthathehadnot,byGod'sgift,thepowertorise,BecauseGodcommandshimtorise,itiscertain thathecanrise. Everymanhasthepower,andshoulduseit,tomakeallsituations,trials,andtemptationsinstruments topromotehisvirtueandhappiness;andissofarfrombeingthecreatureofcircumstances,thathe createsandcontrolsthem,makingthemtobeallthattheyare,ofevilorofgood,tohimasamoral being. Lifeiswhatwemakeit,andtheworldiswhatwemakeit.Theeyesofthecheerfulandofthe melancholymanarefixeduponthesamecreation;butverydifferentaretheaspectswhichitbearsto them.Totheone,itisallbeautyandgladness;thewavesofoceanrollinlight,andthemountainsare coveredwithday.Life,tohim,flashes,rejoicing,uponeveryflowerandeverytreethattremblesinthe breeze.Thereismoretohim,everywhere,thantheeyesees;apresenceofprofoundjoyonhilland valley,andbright,dancingwater.Theotheridlyormournfullygazesatthesamescene,andeverything wearsadull,dim,andsicklyaspect.Themurmuringofthebrooksisadiscordtohim,thegreatroarof theseahasanangryandthreateningemphasis,thesolemnmusicofthepinessingstherequiemofhis departedhappiness;thecheerfullightshinesgarishlyuponhiseyesandoffendshim.Thegreattrainof theseasonspassesbeforehimlikeafuneralprocession;andhesighs,andturnsimpatientlyaway.The eyemakesthatwhichitlooksupon;theearmakesitsownmelodiesanddiscords;theworldwithout reflectstheworldwithin. LettheMasonneverforgetthatlifeandtheworldarewhatwemakethembyoursocialcharacter;by ouradaptation,orwantofadaptationtothesocialconditions,relationships,andpursuitsoftheworld. Totheselfish,thecold,andtheinsensible,tothehaughtyandpresuming,totheproud,whodemand morethantheyarelikelytoreceive,tothejealous,everafraidtheyshallnotreceiveenough,tothose whoareunreasonablysensitiveaboutthegoodorillopinionsofothers,toallviolatorsofthesocial laws,therude,theviolent,thedishonest,andthesensual,toallthese,thesocialcondition,fromitsvery nature,willpresentannoyances,disappointments,andpains,appropriatetotheirseveralcharacters. Thebenevolentaffectionswillnotrevolvearoundselfishness;thecoldheartedmustexpecttomeet EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

151/641 coldness;theproud,haughtiness;thepassionate,anger;andtheviolent,rudeness.Thosewhoforgetthe rightsofothers,mustnotbesurprisediftheirownareforgotten;andthosewhostooptothelowest embracesofsensemustnotwonder,ifothersarenotconcernedtofindtheirprostratehonor,andliftit uptotheremembranceandrespectoftheworld. Tothegentle,manywillbegentle;tothekind,manywillbekind.Agoodmanwillfindthatthereis goodnessintheworld;anhonestmanwillfindthatthereishonestyintheworld;andamanof principlewillfindprincipleandintegrityinthemindsofothers. Therearenoblessingswhichthemindmaynotconvertintothebitterestofevils;andnotrialswhichit maynottransformintothenoblestanddivinestblessings.Therearenotemptationsfromwhichassailed virtuemaynotgainstrength,insteadoffallingbeforethem,vanquishedandsubdued.Itistruethat temptationshaveagreatpower,andvirtueoftenfalls;butthemightofthesetemptationsliesnotin themselves,butinthefeeblenessofourownvirtue,andtheweaknessofourownhearts.Werelytoo muchonthestrengthofourrampartsandbastions,andallowtheenemytomakehisapproaches,by trenchandparallel,athisleisure.Theofferofdishonestgainandguiltypleasuremakesthehonestman morehonest,andthepuremanmorepure.Theyraisehisvirtuetotheheightoftoweringindignation. Thefairoccasion,thesafeopportunity,thetemptingchancebecomethedefeatanddisgraceofthe tempter.Thehonestanduprightmandoesnotwaituntiltemptationhasmadeitsapproachesand mounteditsbatteriesonthelastparallel. Buttotheimpure,thedishonest,thefalsehearted,thecorrupt,andthesensual,occasionscomeevery day,andineveryscene,andthrougheveryavenueofthoughtandimagination.Heispreparedto capitulatebeforethefirstapproachiscommenced;andsendsoutthewhiteflagwhentheenemy's advancecomesinsightofhiswalls.Hemakesoccasions;or,ifopportunitiescomenot,evilthoughts come,andhethrowswideopenthegatesofhisheartandwelcomesthosebadvisitors,andentertains themwithalavishhospitality. Thebusinessoftheworldabsorbs,corrupts,anddegradesonemind,whileinanotheritfeedsand nursesthenoblestindependence,integrity,andgenerosity.Pleasureisapoisontosome,andahealthful refreshmenttoothers.Toone,theworldisagreatharmony,likeanoblestrainofmusicwithinfinite modulations;toanother,itisahugefactory,theclashandclangofwhosemachineryjarsuponhisears andfretshimtomadness.Lifeissubstantiallythesamethingtoallwhopartakeofitslot.Yetsomerise tovirtueandglory;whileothers,undergoingthesamediscipline,andenjoyingthesameprivileges, sinktoshameandperdition. Thorough,faithful,andhonestendeavortoimprove,isalwayssuccessful,andthehighesthappiness.To sighsentimentallyoverhumanmisfortune,isfitonlyforthemind'schildhood;andthemind'smiseryis EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

152/641 chieflyitsownfault;appointed,underthegoodProvidenceofGod,asthepunisherandcorrectorofits fault.Inthelongrun,themindwillbehappy,justinproportiontoitsfidelityandwisdom.Whenitis miserable,ithasplantedthethornsinitsownpath;itgraspsthem,andcriesoutinloudcomplaint;and thatcomplaintisbutthelouderconfessionthatthethornswhichgrewthere,itplanted. Acertainkindanddegreeofspiritualityenterintothelargestpartofeventhemostordinarylife.You cancarryonnobusiness,withoutsomefaithinman.Youcannotevendigintheground,withouta relianceontheunseenresult.Youcannotthinkorreasonorevenstep,withoutconfidingintheinward, spiritualprinciplesofyournature.Alltheaffectionsandbonds,andhopesandinterestsoflifecentrein thespiritual;andyouknowthatifthatcentralbondwerebroken,theworldwouldrushtochaos. BelievethatthereisaGod;thatHeisourfather;thatHehasapaternalinterestinourwelfareand improvement;thatHehasgivenuspowers,bymeansofwhichwemayescapefromsinandruin;that HehasdestinedustoafuturelifeofendlessprogresstowardperfectionandaknowledgeofHimself believethis,aseveryMasonshould,andyoucanlivecalmly,endurepatiently,laborresolutely,deny yourselvescheerfully,hopesteadfastly,andbeconquerorsinthegreatstruggleoflife.Takeawayany oneoftheseprinciples,andwhatremainsforus?SaythatthereisnoGod;ornowayopenedforhope andreformationandtriumph,noheaventocome,norestfortheweary,nohomeinthebosomofGod fortheafflictedanddisconsolatesoul;orthatGodisbutanuglyblindChancethatstabsinthedark;or asomewhatthatis,whenattemptedtobedefined,anowhat,emotionless,passionless,theSupreme Apathytowhichallthings,goodandevil,arealikeindifferent;orajealousGodwhorevengefullyvisits thesinsofthefathersonthechildren,andwhenthefathershaveeatensourgrapes,setsthechildren's teethonedge;anarbitrarysupremeWill,thathasmadeitrighttobevirtuous,andwrongtolieand steal,becauseITpleasedtomakeitsoratherthanotherwise,retainingthepowerto reversethelaw;orafickle,vacillating,inconstantDeity,oracruel,bloodthirsty,savageHebrewor Puritanicone;andwearebutthesportofchanceandthevictimsofdespair;haplesswanderersupon thefaceofadesolate,forsaken,oraccursedandhatedearth;surroundedbydarkness,strugglingwith obstacles,toilingforbarrenresultsandemptypurposes,distractedwithdoubts,andmisledbyfalse gleamsoflight;wandererswithnoway,noprospect,nohome;doomedanddesertedmarinersonadark andstormysea,withoutcompassorcourse,towhomnostarsappear;tossinghelmlessuponthe weltering,angrywaves,withnoblessedhaveninthedistancewhoseguidingstarinvitesustoits welcomerest. ThereligiousfaiththustaughtbyMasonryisindispensabletotheattainmentofthegreatendsoflife; andmustthereforehavebeendesignedtobeapartofit.Wearemadeforthisfaith;andtheremustbe something,somewhere,forustobelievein.Wecannotgrowhealthfully,norlivehappily,withoutit.It isthereforetrue.IfwecouldcutofffromanysoulalltheprinciplestaughtbyMasonry,thefaithina God,inimmortality,invirtue,inessentialrectitude,thatsoulwouldsinkintosin,misery,darkness,and ruin.Ifwecouldcutoffallsenseofthesetruths,themanwouldsinkatoncetothegradeoftheanimal.

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153/641

Nomancansufferandbepatient,canstruggleandconquer,canimproveandbehappy,otherwisethan astheswineare,withoutconscience,withouthope,withoutarelianceonajust,wise,andbeneficent God.Wemust,ofnecessity,embracethegreattruthstaughtbyMasonry,andlivebythem,tolive happily."IputmytrustinGod,"istheprotestofMasonryagainstthebeliefinacruel,angry,and revengefulGod,tobefearedandnotreverencedbyHiscreatures. Society,initsgreatrelations,isasmuchthecreationofHeavenasisthesystemoftheUniverse.Ifthat bondofgravitationthatholdsallworldsandsystemstogether,weresuddenlysevered,theuniverse wouldflyintowildandboundlesschaos.Andifweweretoseverallthemoralbondsthatholdsociety together;ifwecouldcutofffromiteveryconvictionofTruthandIntegrity,ofanauthorityaboveit, andofaconsciencewithinit,itwouldimmediatelyrushtodisorderandfrightfulanarchyandruin. Thereligionweteachisthereforeasreallyaprincipleofthings,andascertainandtrue,asgravitation. Faithinmoralprinciples,invirtue,andinGod,isasnecessaryfortheguidanceofaman,asinstinctis fortheguidanceofananimal.Andthereforethisfaith,asaprincipleofman'snature,hasamissionas trulyauthenticinGod'sProvidence,astheprincipleofinstinct.Thepleasuresofthesoul,too,must dependoncertainprinciples.Theymustrecognizeasoul,itspropertiesandresponsibilities,a conscience,andthesenseofanauthorityaboveus;andthesearetheprinciplesoffaith.Nomancan sufferandbepatient,canstruggleandconquer,canimproveandbehappy,withoutconscience,without hope,withoutarelianceonajust,wise,andbeneficentGod.Wemustofnecessityembracethegreat truthstaughtbyMasonry,andlivebythem,tolivehappily.Everythingintheuniversehasfixedand certainlawsandprinciplesforitsaction;thestarinitsorbit,theanimalinitsactivity,thephysicalman inhisfunctions.Andhehaslikewisefixedandcertainlawsandprinciplesasaspiritualbeing.Hissoul doesnotdieforwantofalimentorguidance.Fortherationalsoulthereisampleprovision.Fromthe loftypine,rockedinthedarkeningtempest,thecryoftheyoungravenisheard;anditwouldbemost strangeiftherewerenoanswerforthecryandcallofthesoul,torturedbywantandsorrowandagony. Thetotalrejectionofallmoralandreligiousbeliefwouldstrikeoutaprinciplefromhumannature,as essentialtoitasgravitationtothestars,instincttoanimallife,thecirculationofthebloodtothehuman body. Godhasordainedthatlifeshallbeasocialstate.Wearemembersofacivilcommunity.Thelifeofthat communitydependsuponitsmoralcondition.Publicspirit,intelligence,uprightness,temperance, kindness,domesticpurity,willmakeitahappycommunity,andgiveitprosperityandcontinuance. Widespreadselfishness,dishonesty,intemperance,libertinism,corruption,andcrime,willmakeit miserable,andbringaboutdissolutionandspeedyruin.Awholepeoplelivesonelife;onemightyheart heavesinitsbosom;itisonegreatpulseofexistencethatthrobsthere.Onestreamoflifeflowsthere, withtenthousandintermingledbranchesandchannels,throughallthehomesofhumanlove.One EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

154/641 soundasofmanywaters,arapturousjubileeoramournfulsighing,comesupfromthecongregated dwellingsofawholenation. ThePublicisnovagueabstraction;norshouldthatwhichisdoneagainstthatPublic,againstpublic interest,law,orvirtue,pressbutlightlyontheconscience.Itisbutavastexpansionofindividuallife; anoceanoftears,anatmosphereofsighs,oragreatwholeofjoyandgladness.Itsufferswiththe sufferingofmillions;itrejoiceswiththejoyofmillions.Whatavastcrimedoeshecommit,private manorpublicman,agentorcontractor,legislatorormagistrate,secretaryorpresident,whodares,with indignityandwrong,tostrikethebosomofthePublicWelfare,toencouragevenalityandcorruption, andshamefulsaleoftheelectivefranchise,orofoffice;tosowdissension,andtoweakenthebondsof amitythatbindaNationtogether!Whatahugeiniquity,hewho,withviceslikethedaggersofa parricide,darestopiercethatmightyheart,inwhichtheoceanofexistenceisflowing! Whatanunequalledinterestliesinthevirtueofeveryonewhomwelove!Inhisvirtue,nowherebutin hisvirtue,isgarnereduptheincomparabletreasure.Whatcareweforbrotherorfriend,comparedwith whatwecareforhishonor,hisfidelity,hisreputation,hiskindness?Howvenerableistherectitudeofa parent!Howsacredhisreputation!Noblightthatcanfalluponachild,islikeaparent'sdishonor. HeathenorChristian,everyparentwouldhavehischilddowell;andpoursoutuponhimallthefullness ofparentallove,intheonedesirethathemaydowell;thathemaybeworthyofhiscares,andhisfreely bestowedpains;thathemaywalkinthewayofhonorandhappiness.Inthatwayhecannotwalkone stepwithoutvirtue.Suchislife,initsrelationships.Athousandtiesembraceit,likethefinenervesofa delicateorganization;likethestringsofaninstrumentcapableofsweetmelodies,buteasilyputoutof tuneorbroken,byrudeness,anger,andselfishindulgence. Iflifecould,byanyprocess,bemadeinsensibletopainandpleasure;ifthehumanheartwerehardas adamant,thenavarice,ambition,andsensualitymightchannelouttheirpathsinit,andmakeittheir beatenway;andnonewouldwonderorprotest.Ifwecouldbepatientundertheloadofamereworldly life;ifwecouldbearthatburdenasthebeastsbearit;then,likebeasts,wemightbendallourthoughts totheearth;andnocallfromthegreatHeavensaboveuswouldstartleusfromourploddingand earthlycourse. Butweartnotinsensiblebrutes,whocanrefusethecallofreasonandconscience.Thesouliscapable ofremorse.Whenthegreatdispensationsoflifepressdownuponus,weweep,andsufferandsorrow. Andsorrowandagonydesireothercompanionshipsthanworldlinessandirreligion.Wearenotwilling tobearthoseburdensoftheheart,fear,anxiety,disappointment,andtrouble,withoutanyobjectoruse. Wearenotwillingtosuffer,tobesickandafflicted,tohaveourdaysandmonthslosttocomfortand joy,andovershadowedwithcalamityandgrief,withoutadvantageorcompensation;tobarterawaythe dearesttreasures,theverysufferings,oftheheart;tosellthelifebloodfromfailingframeandfading cheek,ourtearsofbitternessandgroansofanguish,fornothing.Humannature,frail,feeling,sensitive, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

155/641 andsorrowing,cannotbeartosufferfornought. Everywhere,humanlifeisagreatandsolemndispensation.Man,suffering,enjoying,loving,hating, hoping,andfearing,chainedtotheearthandyetexploringthefarrecessesoftheuniverse,hasthe powertocommunewithGodandHisangels.AroundthisgreatactionofexistencethecurtainsofTime aredrawn;butthereareopeningsthroughthemwhichgiveusglimpsesofeternity.Godlooksdown uponthissceneofhumanprobation.Thewiseandthegoodinallageshaveinterposedforitwiththeir teachingsandtheirblood.Everythingthatexistsaroundus,everymovementinnatureeverycounselof Providence,everyinterpositionofGod,centresupononepoint,thefidelityofman.Andevenifthe ghostsofthedepartedandrememberedcouldcomeatmidnightthroughthebarreddoorsofour dwellings,andtheshroudeddeadshouldglidethroughtheaislesofourchurchesandsitinourMasonic Temples,theirteachingswouldbenomoreeloquentandimpressivethantheGreatrealitiesoflife;than thosememoriesofmisspentyears,thoseghostsofdepartedopportunities,that,pointingtoour conscienceandeternitycrycontinuallyinourears,"Workwhilethedaylasts!forthenightofdeath cometh,inwhichnomancanwork. Therearenotokensofpublicmourningforthecalamityofthesoul.Menweepwhenthebodydies;and whenitisbornetoitslastrest,theyfollowitwithsadandmournfulprocession.Butforthedyingsoul thereisnoopenlamentation;forthelostsoultherearenoobsequies. Andyetthemindandsoulofmanhaveavaluewhichnothingelsehas.Theyareworthacarewhich nothingelseisworth;andtothesingle,solitaryindividual,theyoughttopossessaninterestwhich nothingelsepossesses.Thestoredtreasuresoftheheart,theunfathomableminesthatareinthesoulto bewrought,thebroadandboundlessrealmsof Thought,thefreightedargosyofman'shopesandbestaffections,arebrighterthangoldanddearerthan treasure. Andyetthemindisinrealitylittleknownorconsidered.Itisallwhichmanpermanentlyis,hisinward being,hisdivineenergy,hisimmortalthought,hisboundlesscapacity,hisinfiniteaspiration;and nevertheless,fewvalueitforwhatitisworth.Fewseeabrothermindinothers,throughtheragswith whichpovertyhasclothedit,beneaththecrushingburdensoflife,amidsttheclosepressureofworldly troubles,wantsandsorrows.Fewacknowledgeandcheeritinthathumbleblot,andfeelthatthe nobilityofearth,andthecommencinggloryofHeavenarethere. Mendonotfeeltheworthoftheirownsouls.Theyareproudoftheirmentalpowers;buttheintrinsic, inner,infiniteworthoftheirownmindstheydonotperceive.Thepoorman,admittedtoapalace,feels, loftyandimmortalbeingasheis,likeamereordinarythingamidthesplendorsthatsurroundhim.He EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

156/641 seesthecarriageofwealthrollbyhim,andforgetstheintrinsicandeternaldignityofhisownmindin apooranddegradingenvy,andfeelsasanhumblercreature,becauseothersareabovehim,notinmind, butinmensuration.Menrespectthemselves,accordingastheyaremorewealthy,higherinrankor office,loftierintheworld'sopinion,abletocommandmorevotes,morethefavoritesofthepeopleor ofPower. Thedifferenceamongmenisnotsomuchintheirnatureandintrinsicpower,asinthefacultyof communication.Somehavethecapacityofutteringandembodyinginwordstheirthoughts.Allmen, moreorless,feelthosethoughts.Thegloryofgeniusandtheraptureofvirtue,whenrightlyrevealed, arediffusedandsharedamongunnumberedminds.Wheneloquenceandpoetryspeak;whenthose gloriousarts,statuary,painting,andmusic,takeaudibleorvisibleshape;whenpatriotism,charity,and virtuespeakwithathrillingpotency,theheartsofthousandsglowwithakindredjoyandecstasy.Ifit werenotso,therewouldbenoeloquence;foreloquenceisthattowhichotherheartsrespond;itisthe facultyandpowerofmakingotherheartsrespond.Nooneissolowordegraded,asnotsometimesto betouchedwiththebeautyofgoodness.Noheartismadeofmaterialssocommon,orevenbase,asnot sometimestorespond,througheverychordofit,tothecallofhonor,patriotism,generosity,andvirtue. ThepoorAfricanSlavewilldieforthemaster.ormistress,orindefenceofthechildren,whomhe loves.Thepoor,lost,scorned,abandoned,outcastwomanwill,withoutexpectationofrewardnurse thosewhoaredyingoneveryhand,utterstrangerstoher,withacontagiousandhorridpestilence.The pickpocketwillscaleburningwallstorescuechildorwoman,unknowntohim,fromtheravenous flames. Mostgloriousisthiscapacity!ApowertocommunewithGodandHisAngels;areflectionofthe UncreatedLight;amirrorthatcancollectandconcentrateuponitselfallthemoralsplendorsofthe Universe.Itisthesoulalonethatgivesanyvaluetothethingsofthisworld.anditisonlybyraising thesoultoitsjustelevationaboveallotherthings,thatwecanlookrightlyuponthepurposesofthis earth.Nosceptrenorthrone,norstructureofages,norbroadempire,cancomparewiththewonders andgrandeursofasinglethought.Thatalone,ofallthingsthathavebeenmade,comprehendsthe Makerofall.ThataloneisthekeywhichunlocksallthetreasuresoftheUniverse;thepowerthatreigns overSpace,Time,andEternity.That,underGod,istheSovereignDispensertomanofalltheblessings andgloriesthatliewithinthecompassofpossession,ortherangeofpossibility.Virtue,Heaven,and Immortalityexistnot,noreverwillexistforusexceptastheyexistandwillexist,intheperception, feeling,andthoughtofthegloriousmind. MyBrother,inthehopethatyouhavelistenedtoandunderstoodtheInstructionandLectureofthis Degree,andthatyoufeelthedignityofyourownnatureandthevastcapacitiesofyourownsoulfor goodorevil,IproceedbrieflytocommunicatetoyoutheremaininginstructionofthisDegree. TheHebrewword,intheoldHebrewandSamaritancharacter,suspendedintheEast,overthefive EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

157/641 columns,isADONA,oneofthenamesofGod,usuallytranslatedLord;andwhichtheHebrews,in reading,alwayssubstitutefortheTrueName,whichisforthemineffable. Thefivecolumns,inthefivedifferentordersofarchitecture,areemblematicaltousofthefive principaldivisionsoftheAncientandAcceptedScottishRite: 1.TheTuscan,ofthethreeblueDegrees,ortheprimitiveMasonry. 2.TheDoric,oftheineffableDegrees,fromthe,fourthtothefourteenth,inclusive. 3.TheIonic,ofthefifteenthandsixteenth,orsecondtempleDegrees. 4.TheCorinthian,oftheseventeenthandeighteenthDegrees,orthoseofthenewlaw. 5.TheComposite,ofthephilosophicalandchivalricDegreesintermingled,fromthenineteenthtothe thirtysecond,inclusive. TheNorthStar,alwaysfixedandimmutableforus,representsthepointinthecentreofthecircle,or theDeityinthecentreoftheUniverse.Itistheespecialsymbolofdutyandoffaith.Toit,andthe seventhatcontinuallyrevolvearoundit,mysticalmeaningsareattached,whichyouwilllearnhereafter, ifyoushouldbepermittedtoadvance,whenyouaremadeacquaintedwiththephilosophicaldoctrines oftheHebrews. TheMorningStar,risingintheEast,Jupiter,calledbytheHebrewsTsadcorTsydyk,Just,isan emblemtousoftheeverapproachingdawnofperfectionandMasoniclight. ThethreegreatlightsoftheLodgearesymbolstousofthePower,Wisdom,andBeneficenceofthe Deity.TheyarealsosymbolsofthefirstthreeSephiroth,orEmanationsoftheDeity,accordingtothe Kabalah,Kether,theomnipotentdivinewill;Chochmah,thedivineintellectualpowertogenerate thought,andBinah,thedivineintellectualcapacitytoproduceitthetwolatter,usuallytranslated WisdomandUnderstanding,beingtheactiveandthepassive,thepositiveandthenegative,whichwe donotyetendeavortoexplaintoyou.Theyarethe columnsJachinandBoaz,thatstandattheentrancetotheMasonicTemple. InanotheraspectofthisDegree,theChiefoftheArchitects[RabBanaim],symbolizesthe constitutionalexecutiveheadandchiefofafreegovernment;andtheDegreeteachesusthatnofree governmentcanlongendure,whenthepeopleceasetoselectfortheirmagistratesthebestandthe wisestoftheirstatesmen;when,passingtheseby,theypermitfactionsorsordidintereststoselectfor themthesmall,thelow,theignoble,andtheobscure,andintosuchhandscommitthecountry's EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

158/641 destinies.Thereis,afterall,a"divineright"togovern;anditisvestedintheablest,wisest,best,of everynation. "Counselismine,andsoundwisdom:Iamunderstanding:Iampower:bymekingsdoreign,and princesdecreejustice;bymeprincesrule,andnobles,evenallthemagistratesoftheearth." Forthepresent,myBrother,letthissuffice.Wewelcomeyouamongus,tothispeacefulretreatof virtue,toaparticipationinourprivileges,toashareinourjoysandoursorrows.

XIII.ROYALARCHOFSOLOMON.
WHETHERthelegendandhistoryofthisDegreearehistoricallytrue,orbutanallegory,containingin itselfadeepertruthandaprofoundermeaning,weshallnotnowdebate.Ifitbebutalegendarymyth, youmustfindoutforyourselfwhatitmeans.ItiscertainthatthewordwhichtheHebrewsarenotnow permittedtopronouncewasincommonusebyAbraham,Lot,Isaac,Jacob,Laban,Rebecca,andeven amongtribesforeigntotheHebrews,beforethetimeofMoses;andthatitrecursahundredtimesinthe lyricaleffusionsofDavidandotherHebrewpoets. WeknowthatformanycenturiestheHebrewshavebeenforbiddentopronouncetheSacredName;that whereveritoccurs,theyhaveforagesreadthewordAdonainstead;andthatunderit,whenthe masoreticpoints,whichrepresentthevowels,cametobeused,theyplacedthosewhichbelongedtothe latterword.Thepossessionofthetruepronunciationwasdeemedtoconferonhimwhohadit extraordinaryandsupernaturalpowers;andtheWorditself,wornupontheperson,wasregardedasan amulet,aprotectionagainstpersonaldanger,sickness, andevilspirits.Weknowthatallthiswasavainsuperstition,naturaltoarudepeople,necessarily disappearingastheintellectofmanbecameenlightened;andwhollyunworthyofaMason. ItisnoticeablethatthisnotionofthesanctityoftheDivineNameorCreativeWordwascommontoall theancientnations.TheSacredWordHOMwassupposedbytheancientPersians(whowereamong theearliestemigrantsfromNorthernIndia)tobepregnantwithamysteriouspower;andtheytaught thatbyitsutterancetheworldwascreated.InIndiaitwasforbiddentopronouncethewordAUMor OM,theSacredNameoftheOneDeity,manifestedasBrahma,Vishna,andSeeva. ThesesuperstitiousnotionsinregardtotheefficacyoftheWord,andtheprohibitionagainst pronouncingit,could,beingerrors,haveformednopartofthepureprimitivereligion,oroftheesoteric EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

159/641 doctrinetaughtbyMoses,andthefullknowledgeofwhichwasconfinedtotheInitiates;unlessthe wholewasbutaningeniousinventionfortheconcealmentofsomeotherNameortruth,the interpretationandmeaningwhereofwasmadeknownonlytotheselectfew.Ifso,thecommonnotions inregardtotheWordgrewupinthemindsofthepeople,likeothererrorsandfablesamongallthe ancientnations,outoforiginaltruthsandsymbolsandallegoriesmisunderstood.Soithasalwaysbeen thatallegories,intendedasvehiclesoftruth,tobeunderstoodbythesages,havebecomeorbrederrors, bybeingliterallyaccepted. Itistrue,thatbeforethemasoreticpointswereinvented(whichwasafterthebeginningoftheChristian era),thepronunciationofawordintheHebrewlanguagecouldnotbeknownfromthecharactersin whichitwaswritten.Itwas,therefore,possibleforthatofthenameoftheDeitytohavebeenforgotten andlost.ItiscertainthatitstruepronunciationisnotthatrepresentedbythewordJehovah;and thereforethatthatisnotthetruenameofDeity,northeIneffableWord. Theancientsymbolsandallegoriesalwayshadmorethanoneinterpretation.Theyalwayshadadouble meaning,andsometimesmorethantwo,oneservingastheenvelopeoftheother.Thusthe pronunciationofthewordwasasymbol;andthatpronunciationandtheworditselfwerelost,whenthe knowledgeofthetruenatureandattributesofGodfadedoutofthemindsoftheJewishpeople.Thatis oneinterpretationtrue,butnottheinnerandprofoundestone. MenwerefigurativelysaidtoforgetthenameofGod,whentheylostthatknowledge,andworshipped theheathendeities,andburnedincensetothemonthehighplaces,andpassedtheirchildrenthrough thefiretoMoloch. ThustheattemptsoftheancientIsraelitesandoftheInitiatestoascertaintheTrueNameoftheDeity, anditspronunciation,andthelossoftheTrueWord,areanallegory,inwhicharerepresentedthe generalignoranceofthetruenatureandattributesofGod,thepronenessofthepeopleofJudahand Israeltoworshipotherdeities,andthelowanderroneousanddishonoringnotionsoftheGrand ArchitectoftheUniverse,whichallsharedexceptafewfavoredpersons;forevenSolomonbuiltaltars andsacrificedtoAstarat,thegoddessoftheTsidumm,andMalcm,theAamnitegod,andbuilt highplacesforKams,theMoabitedeity,andMalecthegodoftheBeniAamn.Thetruenatureof Godwasunknowntothem,likeHisname;andtheyworshippedthecalvesofJeroboam,asinthedesert theydidthatmadeforthembyAarn. ThemassoftheHebrewsdidnotbelieveintheexistenceofoneonlyGoduntilalateperiodintheir history.TheirearlyandpopularideasoftheDeityweresingularlylowandunworthy.EvenwhileMoses wasreceivingthelawuponMountSinai,theyforcedAarntomakethemanimageoftheEgyptian godApis,andfelldownandadoredit.Theywereeverreadytoreturntotheworshipofthegodsofthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

160/641 Mitzraim;andsoonafterthedeathofJoshuatheybecamedevoutworshippersofthefalsegodsofall thesurroundingnations."Yehaveborne,"Amos,theprophet,saidtothem,speakingoftheirforty years'journeyinginthedesert,underMoses,"thetabernacleofyourMalecandKainyouridols,the starofyourgod,whichyemadetoyourselves."Amongthem,asamongothernations,theconceptions ofGodformedbyindividualsvariedaccordingtotheirintellectualandspiritualcapacities;poorand imperfect,andinvestingGodwiththecommonestandcoarestattributesofhumanity,amongthe ignorantandcoarse;pureandloftyamongthevirtuousandrichlygifted.Theseconceptionsgradually improvedandbecamepurifiedandennobled,asthenationadvancedincivilizationbeinglowestinthe historicalbooks,amendedinthepropheticwritings,andreachingtheirhighestelevationamongthe poets. AmongalltheancientnationstherewasonefaithandoneideaofDeityfortheenlightened,intelligent, andeducated,andanotherforthecommonpeople.TothisruletheHebrewswerenoexception. Yehovah,tothemassofthepeople,waslikethegodsofthenationsaroundthem,exceptthathewasthe peculiarGod,firstofthefamilyofAbraham,ofthatofIsaac,andofthatofJacob,andafterwardthe NationalGod;and,astheybelieved,morepowerfulthantheothergodsofthesamenatureworshipped bytheirneighbors"WhoamongtheBaalimislikeuntothee,OYehovah?"expressedtheirwhole creed. TheDeityoftheearlyHebrewstalkedtoAdamandEveinthegardenofdelight,ashewalkedinitin thecooloftheday;heconversedwithKayin;hesatandatewithAbrahaminhistent;thatpatriarch requiredavisibletoken,beforehewouldbelieveinhispositivepromise;hepermittedAbrahamto expostulatewithhim,andtoinducehimtochangehisfirstdeterminationinregardtoSodom;he wrestledwithJacob;heshowedMoseshisperson,thoughnothisface;hedictatedtheminutestpolice regulationsandthedimensionsofthetabernacleanditsfurniture,totheIsraelites;heinsistedonand delightedinsacrificesandburntofferings;hewasangry,jealous,andrevengeful,aswellaswavering andirresolute;heallowedMosestoreasonhimoutofhisfixedresolutionutterlytodestroyhispeople; hecommandedtheperformanceofthemostshockingandhideousactsofcrueltyandbarbarity.He hardenedtheheartofPharaoh;herepentedoftheevilthathehadsaidhewoulddountothepeopleof Nineveh;andhediditnot,tothedisgustandangerofJonah. SuchwerethepopularnotionsoftheDeity;andeitherthepriestshadnonebetter,ortooklittletrouble tocorrectthesenotions;orthepopularintellectwasnotenoughenlargedtoenablethemtoentertain anyhigherconceptionsoftheAlmighty. ButsuchwerenottheideasoftheintellectualandenlightenedfewamongtheHebrews.Itiscertainthat theypossessedaknowledgeofthetruenatureandattributesofGod;asthesameclassofmendid amongtheothernationsZoroaster,Menu,Confucius,Socrates,andPlato.Buttheirdoctrinesonthis subjectwereesoteric;theydidnotcommunicatethemtothepeopleatlarge,butonlytoafavoredfew; EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

161/641 andastheywerecommunicatedinEgyptandIndia,inPersiaandPhoenicia,inGreeceandSamothrace, inthegreatermysteries,totheInitiates. Thecommunicationofthisknowledgeandothersecrets,someofwhichareperhapslost,constituted, underothernames,whatwenowcallMasonry,orFreeorFrankMasonry.Thatknowledgewas,inone sense,theLostWord,whichwasmadeknowntotheGrandElect,Perfect,andSublimeMasons.It wouldbefollytopretendthattheformsofMasonrywerethesameinthoseagesastheyarenow.The presentnameoftheOrder,anditstitles,andthenamesoftheDegreesnowinuse,werenotthen known. EvenBlueMasonrycannottracebackitsauthentichistory,withitspresentDegrees,furtherthanthe year1700,ifsofar.But,bywhatevernameitwasknowninthisortheothercountry,Masonryexisted asitnowexists,thesameinspiritandatheart,notonlywhenSolomonbuildedthetemple,but centuriesbeforebeforeeventhefirstcoloniesemigratedintoSouthernIndia,Persia,andEgypt,from thecradleofthehumanrace. TheSupreme,Selfexistent,Eternal,Allwise,Allpowerful,InfinitelyGood,Pitying,Beneficent,and MercifulCreatorandPreserveroftheUniversewasthesame,bywhatevernamehewascalled,tothe intellectualandenlightenedmenofallnations.Thenamewasnothing,ifnotasymboland representativehieroglyphofhisnatureandattributes.ThenameALrepresentedhisremotenessabove men,hisinaccessibility;BALandBALA,hismight;ALOHIM,hisvariouspotencies;IHUH,existence andthegenerationofthings.Noneofhisnames,amongtheOrientals,werethesymbolsofadivinely infiniteloveandtenderness,andallembracingmercy.AsMOLOCHorMALEKhewasbutan omnipotentmonarch,atremendousandirresponsibleWill;asADONA,onlyanarbitraryLORDand Master;asALShada,potentandaDESTROYER. TocommunicatetrueandcorrectideasinrespectoftheDeitywasonechiefobjectofthemysteries.In them,KhrmtheKing,andKhrmtheMaster,obtainedtheirknowledgeofhimandhis attributes;andinthemthatknowledgewastaughttoMosesandPythagoras. WhereforenothingforbidsyoutoconsiderthewholelegendofthisDegree,likethatoftheMaster's,an allegory,representingtheperpetuationoftheknowledgeoftheTrueGodinthesanctuariesof initiation.Bythesubterraneanvaultsyoumayunderstandtheplacesofinitiation,whichintheancient ceremoniesweregenerallyunderground. TheTempleofSolomonpresentedasymbolicimageoftheUniverse;andresembled,inits arrangementsandfurniture,allthetemplesoftheancientnationsthatpractisedthemysteries.The systemofnumberswasintimatelyconnectedwiththeirreligionsandworship,andhascomedowntous EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

162/641 inMasonry;thoughtheesotericmeaningwithwhichthenumbersusedbyusarepregnantisunknown tothevastmajorityofthosewhousethem.Thosenumberswereespeciallyemployedthathada referencetotheDeity,representedhisattributes,orfiguredintheframeworkoftheworld,intimeand space,andformedmoreorlessthebasesofthatframework.Thesewereuniversallyregardedas sacred,beingtheexpressionoforderandintelligence,theutterancesofDivinityHimself. TheHolyofHoliesoftheTempleformedacube;inwhich,drawnonaplanesurface,thereare4+3+ 2=9linesvisible,andthreesidesorfaces.Itcorrespondedwiththenumberfour,bywhichtheancients presentedNature,itbeingthenumberofsubstancesorcorporealforms,andoftheelements,the cardinalpointsandseasons,andthesecondarycolors.Thenumberthreeeverywhererepresentedthe SupremeBeing. HencethenameoftheDeity,engravenuponthetriangularplate,andthatsunkenintothecubeofagate, taughttheancientMason,andteachesus,thatthetrueknowledgeofGod,ofHisnatureandHis attributesiswrittenbyHimupontheleavesofthegreatBookofUniversalNature,andmayberead therebyallwhoareendowedwiththerequisiteamountofintellectandintelligence.Thisknowledgeof God,sowrittenthere,andofwhichMasonryhasinallagesbeentheinterpreter,istheMasterMason's Word. WithintheTemple,allthearrangementsweremysticallyandsymbolicallyconnectedwiththesame system.Thevaultorceiling,starredlikethefirmament,wassupportedbytwelvecolumns,representing thetwelvemonthsoftheyear.Theborderthatranaroundthecolumnsrepresentedthezodiac,andone ofthetwelvecelestialsignswasappropriatedtoeachcolumn.Thebrazenseawassupportedbytwelve oxen,threelookingtoeachcardinalpointofthecompass. AndsoinourdayeveryMasonicLodgerepresentstheUniverse.Eachextends,wearetold,fromthe risingtothesettingsun,fromtheSouthtotheNorth,fromthesurfaceoftheEarthtotheHeavens,and fromthesametothecentreoftheglobe.Initarerepresentedthesun,moon,andstars;threegreat torchesintheEast,West,andSouth,formingatriangle,giveitlight:and,liketheDeltaorTriangle suspendedintheEast,andinclosingtheIneffableName,indicate,bythemathematicalequalityofthe anglesandsides,thebeautifulandharmoniousproportionswhichgovernintheaggregateanddetailsof theUniverse;whilethosesidesandanglesrepresent,bytheirnumber,three,theTrinityofPower, Wisdom,andHarmony,whichpresidedatthebuildingofthismarvellousworkThesethreegreatlights alsorepresentthegreatmysteryofthethreeprinciples,ofcreation,dissolutionordestruction,and reproductionorregeneration,consecratedbyallcreedsintheirnumerousTrinities. Theluminouspedestal,lightedbytheperpetualflamewithin,isasymbolofthatlightofReason,given byGodtoman,bywhichheisenabledtoreadintheBookofNaturetherecordofthethought,the EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

163/641 revelationoftheattributesoftheDeity. ThethreeMasters,Adoniram,Joabert,andStolkin,aretypesoftheTrueMason,whoseeksfor knowledgefrompuremotives,andthathemaybethebetterenabledtoserveandbenefithisfellow men;whilethediscontentedandpresumptuousMasterswhowereburiedintheruinsofthearches representthosewhostrivetoacquireitforunholypurposes,togainpowerovertheirfellows,togratify theirpride,theirvanity,ortheirambition. TheLionthatguardedtheArkandheldinhismouththekeywherewithtoopenit,figuratively representsSolomon,theLionoftheTribeofJudah,whopreservedandcommunicatedthekeytothe trueknowledgeofGod,ofHislaws,andoftheprofoundmysteriesofthemoralandphysicalUniverse. ENOCH[Khanc],wearetold,walkedwithGodthreehundredyears,afterreachingtheageofsixty five"walkedwithGod,andhewasnomore,forGodhadtakenhim."Hisnamesignifiedinthe Hebrew,INITIATEorINITIATOR.Thelegendofthecolumns,ofgraniteandbrassorbronze,erected byhim,isprobablysymbolical.Thatofbronze,whichsurvivedtheflood,issupposedtosymbolizethe mysteries,ofwhichMasonryisthelegitimatesuccessorfromtheearliesttimesthecustodianand depositoryofthegreatphilosophicalandreligioustruths,unknowntotheworldatlarge,andhanded downfromagetoagebyanunbrokencurrentoftradition,embodiedinsymbols,emblems,and allegories. ThelegendofthisDegreeisthus,partially,interpreted.Itisoflittleimportancewhetheritisinanywise historical.Foritsvalueconsistsinthelessonswhichitinculcates,andthedutieswhichitprescribesto thosewhoreceiveit.TheparablesandallegoriesoftheScripturesarenotlessvaluablethanhistory. Nay,theyaremoreso,becauseancienthistoryislittleinstructive,andtruthsareconcealedinand symbolizedbythelegendandthemyth. ThereareprofoundermeaningsconcealedinthesymbolsofthisDegree,connectedwiththe philosophicalsystemoftheHebrewKabalists,whichyouwilllearnhereafter,ifyoushouldbeso fortunateastoadvance.TheyareunfoldedinthehigherDegrees.Thelion[Arai,Araiah,whichalso meansthealtar]stillholdsinhismouththekeyoftheenigmaofthesphynx. ButthereisoneapplicationofthisDegree,thatyouarenowentitledtoknow;andwhich,remembering thatKhrm,theMaster,isthesymbolofhumanfreedom,youwouldprobablydiscoverforyourself. Itisnotenoughforapeopletogainitsliberty.Itmustsecureit.Itmustnotintrustittothekeeping,or holditatthepleasure,ofanyoneman.ThekeystoneoftheRoyalArchofthegreatTempleofLiberty EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

164/641 isafundamentallaw,charter,orconstitution;theexpressionofthefixedhabitsofthoughtofthe people,embodiedinawritteninstrument,ortheresultoftheslowaccretionsandtheconsolidationof centuries;thesameinwarasinpeace;thatcannotbehastilychanged,norbeviolatedwithimpunity, butissacred,liketheArkoftheCovenantofGod,whichnonecouldtouchandlive. Apermanentconstitution,rootedintheaffections,expressingthewillandjudgment,andbuiltuponthe instinctsandsettledhabitsofthoughtofthepeople,withanindependentjudiciary,anelective legislatureoftwobranches,anexecutiveresponsibletothepeople,andtherightoftrialbyjury,will guaranteethelibertiesofapeople,ifitbevirtuousandtemperate,withoutluxury,andwithoutthelust ofconquestanddominion,andthefolliesofvisionarytheoriesofimpossibleperfection. MasonryteachesitsInitiatesthatthepursuitsandoccupationsofthislife,itsactivity,care,and ingenuity,thepredestineddevelopmentsofthenaturegivenusbyGod,tendtopromoteHisgreat design,inmakingtheworld;andarenotatwarwiththegreatpurposeoflife.Itteachesthateverything isbeautifulinitstime,initsplace,initsappointedoffice;thateverythingwhichmanisputtodo,if rightlyandfaithfullydone,naturallyhelpstoworkouthissalvation;thatifheobeysthegenuine principlesofhiscalling,hewillbeagoodmanandthatitisonlybyneglectandnonperformanceofthe tasksetforhimbyHeaven,bywanderingintoidledissipation,orbyviolatingtheirbeneficentandlofty spirit,thathebecomesabadman.TheappointedactionoflifeisthegreattrainingofProvidence;and ifmanyieldshimselftoit,hewillneedneitherchurchesnorordinances,exceptfortheexpressionofhis religioushomageandgratitude. Forthereisareligionoftoil.Itisnotalldrudgery,amerestretchingofthelimbsandstrainingofthe sinewstotasks.Ithasameaningandanintent. Alivingheartpourslifebloodintothetoilingarm;andwarmaffectionsinspireandminglewithman's labors.Theyarethehomeaffections.Labortoilsafield,orpliesitstaskincities,orurgesthekeelsof commerceoverwideoceans;buthomeisitscentre;andthitheritevergoeswithitsearnings,withthe meansofsupportandcomfortforothers;offeringssacredtothethoughtofeverytrueman,asa sacrificeatagoldenshrine. Manyfaultsthereareamidstthetoilsoflife;manyharshandhastywordsareuttered;butstillthetoils goon,wearyandhardandexasperatingastheyoftenare.Forinthathomeisageorsickness,or helplessinfancy,orgentlechildhood,orfeeblewoman,thatmustnotwant.Ifmanhadnootherthan mereselfishimpulses,thesceneoflaborwhichwebeholdarounduswouldnotexist. Theadvocatewhofairlyandhonestlypresentshiscase,withfeelingoftrueselfrespect,honor,and conscience,tohelpthetribunalontowardstherightconclusion,withaconvictionthatGod'sjustice EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

165/641 reignsthere,isactingareligiouspart,leadingthatdayreligiouslife;orelserightandjusticeareno partofreligionWhether,duringallthatday,hehasonceappealed,informorinterms,tohis conscience,ornot;whetherhehasoncespokenofreligionandGod,ornot;iftherehasbeentheinward purpose,theconsciousintentanddesire,thatsacredjusticeshouldtriumph,hehasthatdayledagood andreligiouslife,andmademostaessentialcontributiontothatreligionoflifeandofsociety,the causeofequitybetweenmanandman,andoftruthandrightactionintheworld. Books,tobeofreligioustendencyintheMasonicsense,neednotbebooksofsermons,ofpious exercises,orofprayers.Whateverinculcatespure,noble,andpatrioticsentiments,ortouchestheheart withthebeautyofvirtue,andtheexcellenceofanuprightlife,accordswiththereligionofMasonry, andistheGospelofliteratureandart.ThatGospelispreachedfrommanyabookandpainting,from manyapoemandfiction,andreviewandnewspaper;anditisapainfulerrorandmiserablenarrowness, nottorecognizethesewidespreadagenciesofHeaven'sproviding;nottoseeandwelcomethesemany handedcoadjutors,tothegreatandgoodcause.TheoraclesofGoddonotspeakfromthepulpitalone. Thereisalsoareligionofsociety.Inbusiness,thereismuchmorethansale,exchange,price,payment; forthereisthesacredfaithofmaninman.Whenwereposeperfectconfidenceintheintegrityof another;whenwefeelthathewillnotswervefromtheright,frank,straightforward,conscientious course,foranytemptation;hisintegrityandconscientiousnessaretheimageofGodtous;andwhenwe believeinit,itisasgreatandgenerousanact,aswhenwebelieveintherectitudeoftheDeity. Ingayassembliesforamusement,thegoodaffectionsoflifegushandmingle.Iftheydidnot,these gatheringplaceswouldbeasdrearyandrepulsiveasthecavesanddensofoutlawsandrobbers.When friendsmeet,andhandsarewarmlypressed,andtheeyekindlesandthecountenanceissuffusedwith gladness,thereisareligionbetweentheirhearts;andeachlovesandworshipstheTrueandGoodthatis intheother.Itisnotpolicy,orselfinterest,orselfishnessthatspreadssuchacharmaroundthat meeting,butthehaloofbrightandbeautifulaffection. Thesamesplendorofkindlyliking,andaffectionateregard,shineslikethesoftoverarchingsky,over alltheworld;overallplaceswheremenmeet,andwalkortoiltogether;notoverlovers'bowersand marriagealtarsalone,notoverthehomesofpurityandtendernessalone;butoveralltilledfields,and busyworkshops,anddustyhighways,andpavedstreets. Thereisnotawornstoneuponthesidewalks,buthasbeenthealtarofsuchofferingsofmutual kindness;norawoodenpillarorironrailingagainstwhichheartsbeatingwithaffectionhavenot leaned.Howmanysoeverotherelementsthereareinthestreamoflifeflowingthroughthesechannels, thatissurelyhereandeverywhere;honest,heartfelt,disinterested,inexpressibleaffection.

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166/641 EveryMasonicLodgeisatempleofreligion;anditsteachingsareinstructioninreligion.Forhereare inculcateddisinterestedness,affection,toleration,devotedness,patriotism,truth,ageneroussympathy withthosewhosufferandmourn,pityforthefallen,mercyfortheerring,reliefforthoseinwant,Faith, Hope,andCharity.Herewemeetasbrethren,tolearntoknowandloveeachother.Herewegreeteach othergladly,arelenienttoeachother'sfaults,regardfulofeachother'sfeelings,readytorelieveeach other'swants.Thisisthetruereligionrevealedtotheancientpatriarchs;whichMasonryhastaughtfor manycenturies,andwhichitwillcontinuetoteachaslongastimeendures.Ifunworthypassions,or selfish,bitter,orrevengefulfeelings,contempt,dislike,hatred,enterhere,theyareintrudersandnt welcome,strangersuninvited,andnotguests. Certainlytherearemanyevilsandbadpassionsandmuchhateandcontemptandunkindness everywhereintheworld.Wecannotrefusetoseetheevilthatisinlife.Butallisnotevil.Westillsee Godintheworld. Thereisgoodamidsttheevil.Thehandofmercyleadswealthtothehovelsofpovertyandsorrow. Truthandsimplicityliveamidmanywilesandsophistries.Therearegoodheartsunderneathgayrobes, andundertatteredgarmentsalso. Loveclaspsthehandoflove,amidalltheenvyingsanddistractionsofshowycompetition;fidelity,pity, andsympathyholdthelongnightwatchbythebedsideofthesufferingneighbor,amidstthe surroundingpovertyandsqualidmisery.Devotedmengofromcitytocitytonursethosesmittendown bytheterriblepestilencethatrenewsatintervalsitsmysteriousmarches.Womenwellbornand delicatelynurturednursedthewoundedsoldiersinhospitals,beforeitbecamefashionabletodoso;and evenpoorlostwomen,whomGodalonelovesandpities,tendtheplaguestrickenwithapatientand generousheroism.MasonryanditskindredOrdersteachmentoloveeachother,feedthehungry,clothe thenaked,comfortthesick,andburythefriendlessdead.EverywhereGodfindsandblessesthekindly office,thepityingthought,andthelovingheart. Thereisanelementofgoodinallmen'slawfulpursuitsandadivinespiritbreathinginalltheirlawful affections.Thegroundonwhichtheytreadisholyground.Thereisanaturalreligionoflife,answering, withhowevermanyabrokentone,tothereligionofnature.ThereisabeautyandgloryinHumanity.,in man,answering,withhowevermanyaminglingshade,tothelovelinessofsoftlandscapesandswelling hills,andthewondrousMenmaybevirtuous,selfimproving,andreligiousintheiremployments. Preciselyforthat,thoseemploymentsweremade.Alltheirsocialrelations,friendship,love,thetiesof family,weremadetobeholy.Theymaybereligious,notbyakindofprotestandresistanceagainst theirseveralvocations;butbyconformitytotheirtruespirit.Thosevocationsdonotexcludereligion; butdemandit,fortheirownperfection.Theymaybereligiouslaborers,whetherinfieldorfactory; EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

167/641 religiousphysicians,lawyers,sculptors,poets,painters,andmusicians. Theymaybereligiousinallthetoilsandinalltheamusementsoflife.Theirlifemaybeareligion;the broadearthitsaltar;itsincensetheverybreathoflife;itsfireseverkindledbythebrightnessof Heaven. Boundupwithourpoor,fraillife,isthemightythoughtthatspurnsthenarrowspanofallvisible existence.Everthesoulreachesoutward,andasksforfreedom.Itlooksforthfromthenarrowand gratedwindowsofsense,uponthewideimmeasurablecreation;itknowsthatarounditandbeyondit lieoutstretchedtheinfiniteandeverlastingpaths. Everythingwithinusandwithoutusoughttostirourmindstoadmirationandwonder.Wearea mysteryencompassedwithmysteries.Theconnectionofmindwithmatterisamystery;thewonderful telegraphiccommunicationbetweenthebrainandeverypartofthebody,thepower andactionofthewill.Everyfamiliarstepismorethanastoryinalandofenchantment.Thepowerof movementisasmysteriousasthepowerofthought.Memory,anddreamsthataretheindistinctechoes ofdeadmemoriesarealikeinexplicable.Universalharmonyspringsfrominfinitecomplication.The momentumofeverystepwetakeinourdwellingcontributesinparttotheorderoftheUniverse.We areconnectedbytiesofthought,andevenofmatteranditsforces,withthewholeboundlessUniverse andallthepastandcominggenerationsofmen. Thehumblestobjectbeneathoureyeascompletelydefiesourscrutinyastheeconomyofthemost distantstar.Everyleafandeverybladeofgrassholdswithinitselfsecretswhichnohumanpenetration willeverfathom.Nomancantellwhatisitsprincipleoflife.Nomancanknowwhathispowerof secretionis.Bothareinscrutablemysteries.Whereverweplaceourhandwelayituponthelocked bosomofmystery.Stepwherewewill,wetreaduponwonders.Theseasands,theclodsofthefield, thewaterwornpebblesonthehills,therudemassesofrock,aretracedoverandover,inevery direction,withahandwritingolderandmoresignificantandsublimethanalltheancientruins,andall theoverthrownandburiedcitiesthatpastgenerationshaveleftupontheearth;foritisthehandwriting oftheAlmighty. AMason'sgreatbusinesswithlifeistoreadthebookofitsteaching;tofindthatlifeisnotthedoingof drudgeries,butthehearingoforacles.Theoldmythologyisbutaleafinthatbook;foritpeopledthe worldwithspiritualnatures;andscience,manyleaved,stillspreadsbeforeusthesametaleofwonder. Weshallbejustashappyhereafter,aswearepureandupright,andnomore,justashappyasour characterpreparesustobe,andnomore.Ourmoral,likeourmentalcharacter,isnutformedina EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

168/641 moment;itisthehabitofourminds;theresultofmanythoughtsandfeelingsandefforts,bound togetherbymanynaturalandstrongties.ThegreatlawofRetributionis,thatallcomingexperienceis tobeaffectedbyeverypresentfeeling;everyfuturemomentofbeingmustanswerforeverypresent moment;onemoment,sacrificedtovice,orlosttoimprovement,isforeversacrificedandlost;anhour's delaytoentertherightpath,istoputusbacksofar,intheeverlastingpursuitofhappiness;andevery sin,evenofthebestmen,istobethusansweredfor,ifnotaccordingtothefullmeasureofitsilldesert, yetaccordingtoaruleofunbendingrectitudeandimpartiality. Thelawofretributionpressesuponeveryman,whetherhethinksofitornot.Itpursueshimthrough allthecoursesoflife,withastepthatneverfaltersnortires,andwithaneyethatneversleeps.Ifitwere notso,God'sgovernmentwouldnotbeimpartial;'therewouldbenodiscrimination;nomoral dominion;nolightsheduponthemysteriesofProvidence. Whatsoeveramansoweth,that,andnotsomethingelse,shallhereap.Thatwhichwearedoing,good orevil,graveorgay,thatwhichwedotodayandshalldotomorrow;eachthought,eachfeeling,each action,eachevent;everypassinghour,everybreathingmoment;allarecontributingtoformthe characteraccordingtowhichwearetobejudged.Everyparticleofinfluencethatgoestoformthat aggregate,ourcharacter,will,inthatfuturescrutiny,besiftedoutfromthemass;and,particleby particle,withagesperhapsintervening,falladistinctcontributiontothesumofourjoysorwoes.Thus everyidlewordandidlehourwillgiveanswerinthejudgment. Letustakecare,therefore,whatwesow.Aneviltemptationcomesuponus;theopportunityof unrighteousgain,orofunhallowedindulgence,eitherinthesphereofbusinessorpleasure,ofsociety orsolitude.Weyield;andplantaseedofbitternessandsorrow.Tomorrowitwillthreatendiscovery. Agitatedandalarmed,wecoverthesin,andburyitdeepinfalsehoodandhypocrisy.Inthebosom whereitliesconcealed,inthefertilesoilofkindredvices,thatsindiesnot,butthrivesandgrows;and otherandstillothergermsofevilgatheraroundtheaccursedroot;untilfromthatsingleseedof corruption,therespringsupinthesoulallthatishorribleinhabituallying,knavery,orvice. Loathingly,often,wetakeeachdownwardstep;butafrightfulpowerurgesusonward;andthehellof debt,disease,ignominy,orremorsegathersitsshadowsaroundOurstepsevenonearth;andareyetbut thebeginningsofsorrows.Theevildeedmaybedoneinasinglemoment;butconscienceneverdies, memoryneversleeps;guiltnevercanbecomeinnocence;andremorsecanneverwhisperpeace. Beware,thouwhoarttemptedtoevil!Bewarewhatthoulayestupforthefuture!Bewarewhatthou layestupinthearchivesofeternity!Wrongnotthyneighbor!lestthethoughtofhimthouinjurest,and whosuffersbythyact,betotheeapangwhichyearswillnotdepriveofitsbitterness!Breaknotinto thehouseofinnocence,torifleitofitstreasure;lestwhenmanyyearshavepassedoverthee,themoan ofitsdistressmaynothavediedawayfromthineear!Buildnotthedesolatethroneofambitioninthy heart;norbebusywithdevices,andcircumventings,andselfishschemings;lestdesolationand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

169/641 lonelinessbeonthypath,asitstretchesintothelongfuturity!Livenotauseless,animpious,oran injuriouslife!forboundupwiththatlifeistheimmutableprincipleofanendlessretribution,and elementsofGod'screating,whichwillneverspendtheirforce,butcontinueevertounfoldwiththeages ofeternity.Benotdeceived!Godhasformedthynature,thustoanswertothefuture.Hislawcannever beabrogated,norHisjusticeeluded;andforeverandeveritwillbetrue,that"Whatsoeveraman soweth,thatalsoheshallreap.

XIVGRANDELECT,PERFECT,ANDSUBLIMEMASON
[PerfectElu] ItisforeachindividualMasontodiscoverthesecretofMasonry,byreflectionuponitssymbolsanda wiseconsiderationandanalysisofwhatissaidanddoneinthework.Masonrydoesnotinculcateher truths. Shestatesthem,onceandbrieflyorhintsthem,perhaps,darklyorinterposesacloudbetweenthemand eyesthatwouldbedazzledbythem. "Seek,andyeshallfind,"knowledgeandthetruth.ThepracticalobjectofMasonryisthephysicaland moralameliorationandtheintellectualandspiritualimprovementofindividualsandsociety.Neither canbeeffected,exceptbythedisseminationoftruth.Itisfalsehoodindoctrinesandfallacyin principles,towhichmostofthemiseriesofmenandthemisfortunesofnationsareowing.Public opinionisrarelyrightonanypoint;andthereareandalwayswillbeimportanttruthstobesubstituted inthatopinionintheplaceofmanyerrorsandabsurdandinjuriousprejudices. Therearefewtruthsthatpublicopinionhasnotatsometimehatedandpersecutedasheresies;andfew errorsthathavenotatsometimeseemedtoittruthsradiantfromtheimmediatepresenceofGod. Therearemoralmaladies,also,ofmanandsociety,thetreatmentofwhichrequiresnotonlyboldness, butalso,andmore,prudenceanddiscretion;sincetheyaremorethefruitoffalseandpernicious doctrines,moral,political,andreligious,thanofviciousinclinations. MuchoftheMasonicsecretmanifestsitself,withoutspeechrevealingittohimwhoevenpartially comprehendsalltheDegreesinproportionashereceivesthem;andparticularlytothosewhoadvance tothehighestDegreesoftheAncientandAcceptedScottishRite.ThatRiteraisesacorneroftheveil, evenintheDegreeofApprentice;forittheredeclaresthatMasonryisaworship.

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170/641 Masonrylaborstoimprovethesocialorderbyenlighteningmen'sminds,warmingtheirheartswiththe loveofthegood,inspiringthemwiththegreatprincipleofhumanfraternity,andrequiringofits disciplesthattheirlanguageandactionsshallconformtothatprinciple,thattheyshallenlighteneach other,controltheirpassions,abhorvice,andpitytheviciousmanasoneafflictedwithadeplorable malady. Itistheuniversal,eternal,immutablereligion,suchasGodplanteditintheheartofuniversal humanity.Nocreedhaseverbeenlonglivedthatwasnotbuiltonthisfoundation.Itisthebase,and theyarethesuperstructure."PurereligionandundefiledbeforeGodandtheFatheristhis,tovisitthe fatherlessandwidowsintheiraffliction,andtokeephimselfunspottedfromtheworld.""Isnotthisthe fastthatIhavechosentoloosethebandsofwickedness,toundotheheavyburdens,andtoletthe oppressedgofree,andthatyebreakeveryyoke?"TheministersofthisreligionareallMasonswho comprehenditandaredevotedtoit;itssacrificestoGodaregoodworks,thesacrificesofthebaseand disorderlypassions,theofferingupofselfinterestonthealtarofhumanity,andperpetualeffortsto attaintoallthemoralperfectionofwhichmaniscapable. Tomakehonoranddutythesteadybeaconlightsthatshallguideyourlifevesseloverthestormyseas oftime;todothatwhichitisrighttodo,notbecauseitwillinsureyousuccess,orbringwithita reward,orgaintheapplauseofmen,orbe"thebestpolicy,"moreprudentormoreadvisable;but becauseitisright,andthereforeoughttobedone;towarincessantlyagainsterror,intolerance, ignorance,andvice,andyettopitythosewhoerr,tobetolerantevenofintolerance,toteachthe ignorant,andtolabortoreclaimthevicious,aresomeofthedutiesofaMason.AgoodMasonisone thatcanlookupondeath,andseeitsfacewiththesamecountenancewithwhichhehearsitsstory;that canendureallthelaborsofhislifewithhissoulsupportinghisbody,thatcanequallydespiseriches whenhehaththemandwhenhehaththemnot;thatis,notsadderiftheyareinhisneighbor's exchequer,normoreliftedupiftheyshinearoundabouthisownwalls;onethatisnotmovedwithgood fortunecomingtohim,norgoingfromhim;thatcanlookuponanotherman'slandswithequanimity andpleasure,asiftheywerehisown;andyetlookuponhisown,andusethemtoo,justasiftheywere anotherman's;thatneitherspendshisgoodsprodigallyandfoolishly,noryetkeepsthemavariciously andlikeamiser;thatweighsnotbenefitsbyweightandnumber,butbythemindandcircumstancesof himwhoconfersthem;thatneverthinkshischarityexpensive,ifaworthypersonbethereceiver;that doesnothingforopinion'ssake,buteverythingforconscience,beingascarefulofhisthoughtsasofhis actinginmarketsandtheatres,andinasmuchaweofhimselfasofawholeassembly;thatis,bountiful andcheerfultohisfriends,andcharitableandapttoforgivehisenemies;thatloveshiscountry, consultsitshonor,andobeysitslaws,anddesiresandendeavorsnothingmorethanthathemaydohis dutyandhonorGod.AndsuchaMasonmayreckonhislifetobethelifeofaman,andcomputehis months,notbythecourseofthesun,butbythezodiacandcircleofhisvirtues. Thewholeworldisbutonerepublic,ofwhicheachnationisafamily,andeveryindividualachild. Masonry,notinanywisederogatingfromthedifferingdutieswhichthediversityofstatesrequires, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

171/641 tendstocreateanewpeople,which,composedofmenofmanynationsandtongues,shallallbebound togetherbythebondsofscience,morality,andvirtue. Essentiallyphilanthropic,philosophical,andprogressive,ithasforthebasisofitsdogmaafirmbelief intheexistenceofGodandhisprovidence,andoftheimmortalityofthesoul;foritsobject,the disseminationofmoral,political,philosophical,andreligioustruth,andthepracticeofallthevirtues. Ineveryage,itsdevicehasbeen,"Liberty,Equality,Fraternity,"withconstitutionalgovernment,law, order,discipline,andsubordinationtolegitimateauthoritygovernmentandnotanarchy. Butitisneitherapoliticalpartynorareligioussect.Itbracesallpartiesandallsects,toformfrom amongthemallavastfraternalassociation.Itrecognizesthedignityofhumannature,andman'sright tosuchfreedomasheisfittedfor;anditknowsnothingthatshouldplaceonemanbelowanother, exceptignorance,debasement,andcrime,andthenecessityofsubordinationtolawfulwilland authority. Itisphilanthropic;foritrecognizesthegreattruththatallmenareofthesameorigin,havecommon interests,andshouldcooperatetogethertothesameend. Thereforeitteachesitsmemberstoloveoneanother,togivetoeachothermutualassistanceand supportinallthecircumstancesoflife,toshareeachother'spainsandsorrows,aswellastheirjoysand pleasures;toguardthereputations,respecttheopinions,andbeperfectlytolerantoftheerrors,ofeach other,inmattersoffaithandbeliefs. ItisphilisophicalbecauseitteachesthegreatTruthsconcerningthenatureandexistenceofone SupremeDeity,andtheexistenceandimmortalityofthesoul.ItrevivestheAcademyofPlatoandthe wiseteachingsofSocrates.ItreiteratesthemaximsofPythagoras,Confucius,andZoroaster,and reverentiallyenforcesthesublimelessonsofHimwhodiedupontheCross. TheancientsthoughtthatuniversalhumanityactedundertheinfluenceoftwoopposingPrinciples,the GoodandtheEvil:ofwhichtheGoodurgedmentowardTruth,Independence,andDevotednessand theEviltowardFalsehood,Servility,andSelfishness.MasonryrepresentstheGoodPrincipleand constantlywarsagainsttheevilone.ItistheHercules,theOsiris,theApollo,theMithras,andthe Ormuzd,ateverlastinganddeadlyfeudwiththedemonsofignorance,brutality,baseness,falsehood, slavishnessofsoul,intolerance,superstition,tyranny,meanness,theinsolenceofwealth,andbigotry. Whendespotismandsuperstition,twinpowersofevilanddarkness,reignedeverywhereandseemed invincibleandimmortal,itinvented,toavoidpersecution,themysteries,thatistosay,theallegory,the EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

172/641 symbol,andtheemblem,andtransmitteditsdoctrinesbythesecretmodeofinitiation.Now,retaining itsancientsymbols,andinpartitsancientceremonies,itdisplaysineverycivilizedcountryitsbanner, onwhichinlettersoflivinglightitsgreatprinciplesarewritten;anditsmilesatthepunyeffortsof kingsandpopestocrushitoutbyexcommunicationandinterdiction. Man'sviewsinregardtoGod,willcontainonlysomuchpositivetruthasthehumanmindiscapableof receiving;whetherthattruthisattainedbytheexerciseofreason,orcommunicatedbyrevelation.It mustnecessarilybebothlimitedandalloyed,tobringitwithinthecompetenceoffinitehuman intelligence.Beingfinite,wecanformnocorrectoradequateideaoftheInfinite;beingmaterial,we canformnoclearconceptionoftheSpiritual.WedobelieveinandknowtheinfinityofSpaceand Time,andthespiritualityoftheSoul;buttheideaofthatinfinityandspiritualityeludesus.Even Omnipotencecannotinfuseinfiniteconceptionsintofiniteminds;norcanGod,withoutfirstentirely changingtheconditionsofourbeing,pouracompleteandfullknowledgeofHisownnatureand attributesintothenarrowcapacityofahumansoul.Humanintelligencecouldnotgraspit,norhuman languageexpressit.Thevisibleis,necessarily,themeasureoftheinvisible. Theconsciousnessoftheindividualrevealsitselfalone.Hisknowledgecannotpassbeyondthelimits ofhisownbeing.Hisconceptionsofotherthingsandotherbeingsareonlyhisconceptions.Theyare notthosethingsorbeingsthemselves.ThelivingprincipleofalivingUniversemustbeINFINITE; whileallourideasandconceptionsarefinite,andapplicableonlytofinitebeings. TheDeityisthusnotanobjectofknowledge,butoffaith;nottobeapproachedbytheunderstanding, butbythemoralsense;nottobeconceived,buttobefelt.AllattemptstoembracetheInfiniteinthe conceptionoftheFiniteare,andmustbeonlyaccommodationstothefrailtyofman.Shroudedfrom humancomprehensioninanobscurityfromwhichachastenedimaginationisawedback,andThought retreatsinconsciousweakness,theDivineNatureisathemeonwhichmanislittleentitledto dogmatize.HerethephilosophicIntellectbecomesmostpainfullyawareofitsowninsufficiency. Andyetitisherethatmanmostdogmatizes,classifiesanddescribesGod'sattributes,makesouthis mapofGod'snature,andhisinventoryofGod'squalities,feelings,impulses,andpassions;andthen hangsandburnshisbrother,who,asdogmaticallyashe,makesoutadifferentmapandinventory.The commonunderstandinghasnohumility.ItsGodisanincarnateDivinity.Imperfectionimposesitsown limitationsontheIllimitable,andclothestheInconceivableSpiritoftheUniverseinformsthatcome withinthegraspofthesensesandtheintellect,andarederivedfromthatinfiniteandimperfectnature whichisbutGod'screation. Weareallofus,thoughnotallequally,mistaken.Thecherisheddogmasofeachofusarenot,aswe fondlysuppose,thepuretruthofGod;butsimplyourownspecialformoferror,ourguessesattruth, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

173/641 therefractedandfragmentaryraysoflightthathavefallenuponourownminds.Ourlittlesystems havetheirday,andceasetobe;theyarebutbrokenlightsofGod;andHeismorethanthey.Perfect truthisnotattainableanywhere.WestylethisDegreethatofPerfection;andyetwhatitteachesis imperfectanddefective.Yetwearenottorelaxinthepursuitoftruth,norcontentedlyacquiescein error.Itisourdutyalwaystopressforwardinthesearch;forthoughabsolutetruthisunattainable,yet theamountoferrorinourviewsiscapableofprogressiveandperpetualdiminution;andthusMasonry isacontinualstruggletowardthelight. Allerrorsarenotequallyinnocuous.Thatwhichismostinjuriousistoentertainunworthyconceptions ofthenatureandattributesofGod;anditisthisthatMasonrysymbolizesbyignoranceoftheTrue Word.ThetruewordofaMasonis,nottheentire,perfect,absolutetruthinregardtoGod;butthe highestandnoblestconceptionofHimthatourmindsarecapableofforming;andthiswordis Ineffable,becauseonemancannotcommunicatetoanotherhisownconceptionofDeity;sinceevery man'sconceptionofGodmustbeproportionedtohismentalcultivationandintellectualpowers,and moralexcellence.Godis,asmanconceivesHim,thereflectedimageofmanhimself. Foreveryman'sconceptionofGodmustvarywithhismentalcultivationandmentalpowers.Ifany onecontentshimselfwithanylowerimagethanhisintellectiscapableofgrasping,thenhecontents himselfwiththatwhichisfalsetohim,aswellasfalseinfact.Iflowerthanhecanreach,hemustneeds feelittobefalse.Andifwe,ofthenineteenthcenturyafterChrist,adopttheconceptionsofthe nineteenthcenturybeforeHim;ifourconceptionsofGodarethoseoftheignorant,narrowminded, andvindictiveIsraelite;thenwethinkworseofGod,andhavealower,meaner,andmorelimitedview ofHisnature,thanthefacultieswhichHehasbestowedarecapableofgrasping.Thehighestviewwe canformisnearesttothetruth.Ifweacquiesceinanylowerone,weacquiesceinanuntruth.Wefeel thatitisanaffrontandanindignitytoHim,toconceiveofHimascruel,shortsighted,capricious,and unjust;asajealous,anangry,avindictiveBeing.WhenweexamineourconceptionsofHischaracter,if wecanconceiveofaloftier,nobler,higher,morebeneficent,glorious,andmagnificentcharacter,then thislatteristousthetrueconceptionofDeity;fornothingcanbeimaginedmoreexcellentthanHe. Religion,toobtaincurrencyandinfluencewiththegreatmassofmankind,mustneedsbealloyedwith suchanamountoferrorastoplaceitfarbelowthestandardattainablebythehigherhumancapacities. Areligionaspureastheloftiestandmostcultivatedhumanreasoncoulddiscern,wouldnotbe comprehendedby,oreffectiveover,thelesseducatedportionofmankind.WhatisTruthtothe philosopher,wouldnotbeTruth,norhavetheeffectofTruth,tothepeasant.Thereligionofthemany mustnecessarilybemoreincorrectthanthatoftherefinedandreflectivefew,notsomuchinits essenceasinitsforms,notsomuchinthespiritualideawhichlieslatentatthebottomofit,asinthe symbolsanddogmasinwhichthatideaisembodied.Thetruestreligionwould,inmanypoints,notbe comprehendedbytheignorant,norconsolatorytothem,norguidingandsupportingforthem.The doctrinesoftheBibleareoftennotclothedinthelanguageofstricttruth,butinthatwhichwasfittest toconveytoarudeandignorantpeoplethepracticalessentialsofthedoctrine.Aperfectlypurefaith, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

174/641 freefromallextraneousadmixtures,asystemofnobletheismandloftymorality,wouldfindtoolittle preparationforitinthecommonmindandheart,toadmitofpromptreceptionbythemassesof mankind;andTruthmightnothavereachedus,ifithadnotborrowedthewingsofError. TheMasonregardsGodasaMoralGovernor,aswellasanOriginalCreator;asaGodathand,andnot merelyoneafaroffinthedistanceofinfinitespace,andintheremotenessofPastorFutureEternity. HeconceivesofHimastakingawatchfulandpresidinginterestintheaffairsoftheworld,andas influencingtheheartsandactionsofmen. Tohim,GodisthegreatSourceoftheWorldofLifeandMatter;andman,withhiswonderful corporealandmentalframe,Hisdirectwork.HebelievesthatGodhasmademenwithdifferent intellectualcapacities,andenabledsome,bysuperiorintellectualpower,toseeandoriginatetruths whicharehiddenfromthemassofmen.HebelievesthatwhenitisHiswillthatmankindshouldmake somegreatstepforward,orachievesomepregnantdiscovery,Hecallsintobeingsomeintellectofmore thanordinarymagnitudeandpower,togivebirthtonewideas,andgranderconceptionsoftheTruths vitaltoHumanity. WeholdthatGodhassoorderedmattersinthisbeautifulandharmonious,butmysteriouslygoverned Universe,thatonegreatmindafteranotherwillarise,fromtimetotime,assuchareneeded,torevealto menthetruthsthatarewanted,andtheamountoftruththancanbeborne.Hesoarranges,thatnature andthecourseofeventsshallsendmenintotheworld,endowedwiththathighermentalandmoral organization,inwhichgrandtruths,andsublimegleamsofspirituallightwillspontaneouslyand inevitablyarise.Thesespeaktomenbyinspiration. WhateverHiramreallywas,heisthetype,perhapsanimaginarytype,tous,ofhumanityinitshighest phase;anexemplarofwhatmanmayandshouldbecome,inthecourseofages,inhisprogresstoward therealizationofhisdestiny;anindividualgiftedwithagloriousintellect,anoblesoul,afine organization,andaperfectlybalancedmoralbeing;anearnestofwhathumanitymaybe,andwhatwe believeitwillhereafterbeinGod'sgoodtime;thepossibilityoftheracemadereal.TheMason believesthatGodhasarrangedthisgloriousbutperplexingworldwithapurpose,andonaplan.He holdsthateverymansentuponthisearth,andespeciallyeverymanofsuperiorcapacity,hasadutyto perform,amissiontofulfill,abaptismtobebaptizedwith;thateverygreatandgoodmanpossesses someportionofGod'struth,whichhemustproclaimtotheworld,andwhichmustbearfruitinhisown bosom.Inatrueandsimplesense,hebelievesallthepure,wise,andintellectualtobeinspired,andto besofortheinstruction,advancement,andelevationofmankind.Thatkindofinspiration,likeGod's omnipresence,isnotlimitedtothefewwritersclaimedbyJews,Christians,orMoslems,butisco extensivewiththerace.Itistheconsequenceofafaithfuluseofourfaculties.Eachmanisitssubject, Godisitssource,andTruthitsonlytest.Itdiffersindegrees,astheintellectualendowments,themoral wealthofthesoul,andthedegreeofcultivationofthoseendowmentsandfacultiesdiffer.Itislimited EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

175/641 tonosect,age,ornation.ItiswideastheworldandcommonasGod.Itwasnotgiventoafewmen, intheinfancyofmankind,tomonopolizeinspiration,andbarGodoutofthesoul.Wearenotbornin thedotageanddecayoftheworld.Thestarsarebeautifulasintheirprime;themostancientHeavens arefreshandstrong.Godisstilleverywhereinnature.Whereveraheartbeatswithlove,whereverFaith andReasonuttertheiroracles,thereisGod,asformerlyintheheartsofseersandprophets.Nosoilon earthissoholyasthegoodman'sheart;nothingissofullofGod.Thisinspirationisnotgiventothe learnedalone,notalonetothegreatandwise,buttoeveryfaithfulchildofGod.Certainastheopen eyedrinksinthelight,dothepureinheartseeGod;andhewholivestruly,feelsHimasapresence withinthesoul.TheconscienceistheveryvoiceofDeity. Masonry,aroundwhosealtarstheChristian,theHebrew,theMoslem,theBrahmin,thefollowersof ConfuciusandZoroaster,canassembleasbrethrenanduniteinprayertotheoneGodwhoisaboveall theBaalim,mustneedsleaveittoeachofitsInitiatestolookforthefoundationofhisfaithandhopeto thewrittenscripturesofhisownreligion.Foritselfitfindsthosetruthsdefiniteenough,whichare writtenbythefingerofGodupontheheartofmanandonthepagesofthebookofnature.Viewsof religionandduty,wroughtoutbythemeditationsofthestudious,confirmedbytheallegianceofthe goodandwise,stampedassterlingbytheresponsetheyfindineveryuncorruptedmind,commend themselvestoMasonsofeverycreed,andmaywellbeacceptedbyall. TheMasondoesnotpretendtodogmaticcertainty,norvainlyimaginesuchcertaintyattainable.He considersthatiftherewerenowrittenrevelation,hecouldsafelyrestthehopesthatanimatehimand theprinciplesthatguidehim,onthedeductionsofreasonandtheconvictionsofinstinctand consciousness.Hecanfindasurefoundationforhisreligiousbelief,inthesedeductionsoftheintellect andconvictionsoftheheart.ForreasonprovestohimtheexistenceandattributesofGod;andthose spiritualinstinctswhichhefeelsarethevoiceofGodinhissoul,infuseintohismindasenseofhis relationtoGod,aconvictionofthebeneficenceofhisCreatorandPreserver,andahopeoffutureex istence;andhisreasonandconsciencealikeunerringlypointtovirtueasthehighestgood,andthe destinedaimandpurposeofman'slife. HestudiesthewondersoftheHeavens,theframeworkandrevolutionsoftheEarth,themysterious beautiesandadaptationsofanimalexistence,themoralandmaterialconstitutionofthehumancreature, sofearfullyandwonderfullymade;andissatisfiedthatGodIS;andthataWiseandGoodBeingisthe authorofthestarryHeavensabovehim,andofthemoralworldwithinhim;andhismindfindsan adequatefoundationforitshopes,itsworship,itsprinciplesofaction,inthefarstretchingUniverse,in thegloriousfirmament,inthedeep,fullsoul,burstingwithunutterablethoughts. Thesearetruthswhicheveryreflectingmindwillunhesitatinglyreceive,asnottobesurpassed,nor capableofimprovement;andfitted,ifobeyed,tomakeearthindeedaParadise,andmanonlyalittle lowerthantheangels.Theworthlessnessofceremonialobservances,andthenecessityofactivevirtue; EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

176/641 theenforcementofpurityofheartasthesecurityforpurityoflife,andofthegovernmentofthe thoughts,astheoriginatorsandforerunnersofaction;universalphilanthropy,requiringustoloveall men,andtodountoothersthatandthatonlywhichweshouldthinkitright,just,andgenerousforthem todountous;forgivenessofinjuries;thenecessityofselfsacrificeinthedischargeofduty;humility; genuinesincerity,andbeingthatwhichweseemtobe;allthesesublimepreceptsneednomiracle,no voicefromtheclouds,torecommendthemtoourallegiance,ortoassureusoftheirdivineorigin.They commandobediencebyvirtueoftheirinherentrectitudeandbeauty;andhavebeen,andare,andwill bethelawineveryageandeverycountryoftheworld.Godrevealedthemtomaninthebeginning. TotheMason,GodisourFatherinHeaven,tobeWhosespecialchildrenisthesufficientrewardofthe peacemakers,toseewhosefacethehighesthopeofthepureinheart;whoiseverathandtostrengthen Histrueworshippers;toWhomourmostferventloveisdue,ourmosthumbleandpatientsubmission; Whosemostacceptableworshipisapureandpityingheartandabeneficentlife;inWhoseconstant presenceweliveandact,toWhosemercifuldisposalweareresignedbythatdeathwhich,wehopeand believe,isbuttheentrancetoabetterlife;andwhosewisedecreesforbidamantolaphissoulinan elysiumofmereindolentcontent. AstoourfeelingstowardHimandourconducttowardman,Masonryteacheslittleaboutwhichmen candiffer,andlittlefromwhichtheycandissent.HeisourFather;andweareallbrethren.Thismuch liesopentothemostignorantandbusy,asfullyastothosewhohavemostleisureandaremostlearned. ThisneedsnoPriesttoteachit,andnoauthoritytoindorseit;andifeverymandidthatonlywhichis consistentwithit,itwouldexilebarbarity,cruelty,intolerance,uncharitableness,perfidy,treachery, revenge,selfishness,andalltheirkindredvicesandbadpassionsbeyondtheconfinesoftheworld. ThetrueMason,sincerelyholdingthataSupremeGodcreatedandgovernsthisworld,believesalso thatHegovernsitbylaws,which,thoughwise,just,andbeneficent,areyetsteady,unwavering, inexorable.Hebelievesthathisagoniesandsorrowsareordainedforhischastening,hisstrengthening, hiselaborationanddevelopment;becausetheyarethenecessaryresultsoftheoperationoflaws,the bestthatcouldbedevisedforthehappinessandpurificationofthespecies,andtogiveoccasionand opportunityforthepracticeofallthevirtues,fromthehomeliestandmostcommon,tothenoblestand mostsublime;orperhapsnoteventhat,butthebestadaptedtoworkoutthevast,awful,glorious, eternaldesignsoftheGreatSpiritoftheUniverse.Hebelievesthattheordainedoperationsofnature, whichhavebroughtmiserytohim,have,fromtheveryunswervingtranquilityoftheircareer,showered blessingsandsunshineuponmanyanotherpath;thattheunrelentingchariotofTime,whichhas crushedormaimedhiminitsallottedcourse,ispressingonwardtotheaccomplishmentofthoseserene andmightypurposes,tohavecontributedtowhich,evenasavictim,isanhonorandarecompense.He takesthisviewofTimeandNatureandGod,andyetbearshislotwithoutmurmurordistrust;because itisaportionofasystem,thebestpossible,becauseordainedbyGod.HedoesnotbelievethatGod losessightofhim,whilesuperintendingthemarchofthegreatharmoniesoftheUniverse;northatit wasnotforeseen,whentheUniversewascreated,itslawsenacted,andthelongsuccessionofits EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

177/641 operationspreordained,thatinthegreatmarchofthoseevents,hewouldsufferpainandundergo calamity.HebelievesthathisindividualgoodenteredintoGod'sconsideration,aswellasthegreat cardinalresultstowhichthecourseofallthingsistending. Thusbelieving,hehasattainedaneminenceinvirtue,thehighest,amidpassiveexcellence,which humanitycanreach.Hefindshisrewardandhissupportinthereflectionthatheisanunreluctantand selfsacrificingcooperatorwiththeCreatoroftheUniverse;andinthenobleconsciousnessofbeing worthyandcapableofsosublimeaconception,yetsosadadestiny.Heisthentrulyentitledtobe calledaGrandElect,Perfect,andSublimeMason.Heiscontenttofallearlyinthebattle,ifhisbody maybutformasteppingstoneforthefutureconquestsofhumanity. ItcannotbethatGod,Who,wearecertain,isperfectlygood,canchooseustosufferpain,unlesseither weareourselvestoreceivefromitanantidotetowhatisevilinourselves,orelseassuchpainisa necessarypartintheschemeoftheUniverse,whichasawholeisgood. Ineithercase,theMasonreceivesitwithsubmission.Hewouldnotsufferunlessitwasorderedso. Whateverhiscreed,ifhebelievesthatGodis,andthatHecaresforHiscreatures,hecannotdoubt that;northatitwouldnothavebeensoordered,unlessitwaseitherbetterforhimself,orforsomeother persons,orforsomethings.TocomplainandlamentistomurmuragainstGod'swill,andworsethan unbelief. TheMason,whosemindiscastinanoblermouldthanthoseoftheignorantandunreflecting,andis instinctwithadivinerlife,wholovestruthmorethanrest,andthepeaceofHeavenratherthanthe peaceofEden,towhomaloftierbeingbringsseverercares,whoknowsthatmandoesnotliveby pleasureorcontentalone,butbythepresenceofthepowerofGod,mustcastbehindhimthehopeof anyotherreposeortranquillity,thanthatwhichisthelastrewardoflongagoniesofthought;hemust relinquishallprospectofanyHeavensavethatofwhichtroubleistheavenueandportal;hemustgird uphisloins,andtrimhislamp,foraworkthatmustbedone,andmustnotbenegligentlydone.Ifhe doesnotliketoliveinthefurnishedlodgingsoftradition,hemustbuildhisownhouse,hisownsystem offaithandthought,forhimself. Thehopeofsuccess,andnotthehopeofreward,shouldbeourstimulatingandsustainingpower.Our object,andnotourselves,shouldbeourinspiringthought.Selfishnessisasin,whentemporary,and fortime.Spunouttoeternity,itdoesnotbecomecelestialprudence.Weshouldtoilanddie,notfor HeavenorBliss,butforDuty. Inthemorefrequentcases,wherewehavetojoinoureffortstothoseofthousandsofothers,to contributetothecarryingforwardofagreatcause;merelytotillthegroundorsowtheseedforavery EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

178/641 distantharvest,ortopreparethewayforthefutureadventofsomegreatamendment;theamountwhich eachonecontributestotheachievementofultimatesuccess,theportionofthepricewhichjustice shouldassigntoeachashisespecialproduction,canneverbeaccuratelyascertained. Perhapsfewofthosewhohaveeverlabored,inthepatienceofsecrecyandsilence,tobringaboutsome politicalorsocialchange,whichtheyfeltconvincedwouldultimatelyproveofvastservicetohumanity, livedtoseethechangeeffected,ortheanticipatedgoodflowfromit. Fewerstillofthemwereabletopronouncewhatappreciableweighttheirseveraleffortscontributedto theachievementofthechangedesired.Manywilldoubt,whetherintruth,theseexertionshaveany influencewhatever;anddiscouraged,ceaseallactiveeffort. Nottobethusdiscouraged,theMasonmustlabortoelevateandpurifyhismotives,aswellas sedulouslycherishtheconviction,assuredlyatrueone,thatinthisworldthereisnosuchthingaseffort thrownaway;thatinalllaborthereisprofit;thatallsincereexertion,inarighteousandunselfishcause, isnecessarilyfollowed,inspiteofallappearancetothecontrary,byanappropriateandproportionate success;thatnobreadcastuponthewaterscanbewhollylost;thatnoseedplantedinthegroundcan failtoquickeninduetimeandmeasure;andthat,howeverwemay,inmomentsofdespondency,beapt todoubt,notonlywhetherourcausewilltriumph,butwhether,ifitdoes,weshallhavecontributedto itstriumph,thereisOne,Whohasnotonlyseeneveryexertionwehavemade,butWhocanassignthe exactdegreeinwhicheachsoldierhasassistedtogainthegreatvictoryoversocialevil.Nogoodwork isdonewhollyinvain. TheGrandElect,Perfect,andSublimeMasonwillinnowisedeservethathonorabletitle,ifhehasnot thatstrength,thatwill,thatselfsustainingenergy;thatFaith,thatfeedsuponnoearthlyhope,norever thinksofvictory,but,contentinitsownconsummation,combats,becauseitoughttocombat,rejoicing fights,andstillrejoicingfalls. TheAugeanStablesoftheWorld,theaccumulateduncleannessandmiseryofcenturies,requirea mightyrivertocleansethemthoroughlyaway;everydropwecontributeaidstoswellthatriverand augmentitsforce,inadegreeappreciablebyGod,thoughnotbyman;andhewhosezealisdeepand earnest,willnotbeoveranxiousthathisindividualdropsshouldbedistinguishableamidthemighty massofcleansingandfertilizingwaters;farlessthat,forthesakeofdistinction,itshouldflowin ineffectivesinglenessaway. ThetrueMasonwillnotbecarefulthathisnameshouldbeinscribeduponthemitewhichhecastsinto thetreasuryofGod.Itsufficeshimtoknowthatifhehaslabored,withpurityofpurpose,inanygood cause,hemusthavecontributedtoitssuccess;thatthedegreeinwhichhehascontributedisamatterof EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

179/641 infinitelysmallconcern;andstillmore,thattheconsciousnessofhavingsocontributed,however obscurelyandunnoticed,ishissufficient,evenifitbehissole,reward.LeteveryGrandElect,Perfect, andSublimeMasoncherishthisfaith.Itisaduty.Itisthebrilliantandneverdyinglightthatshines withinandthroughthesymbolicpedestalofalabaster,onwhichreposestheperfectcubeofagate, symbolofduty,inscribedwiththedivinenameofGod.Hewhoindustriouslysowsandreapsisagood laborer,andworthyofhishire.Buthewhosowsthatwhichshallbereapedbyothers,bythosewho willknownotofandcarenotforthesower,isalaborerofanoblerorder,and,worthyofamore excellentreward. TheMasondoesnotexhortotherstoanasceticundervaluingofthislife,asaninsignificantand unworthyportionofexistence;forthatdemandsfeelingswhichareunnatural,andwhich,therefore,if attained,mustbemorbid,andifmerelyprofessed,insincere;andteachesustolookrathertoafuture lifeforthecompensationofsocialevils,thantothislifefortheircure;andsodoesinjurytothecause ofvirtueandtothatofsocialprogress.Lifeisreal,andisearnest,anditisfullofdutiestobe performed.Itisthebeginningofourimmortality.Thoseonlywhofeeladeepinterestandaffectionfor thisworldwillworkresolutelyforitsamelioration;thosewhoseaffectionsaretransferredtoHeaven, easilyacquiesceinthemiseriesofearth,deemingthemhopeless,befitting,andordained;andconsole themselveswiththeideaoftheammendswhichareonedaytobetheirs. Itisasadtruth,thatthosemostdecidedlygiventospiritualcontemplation,andtomakingreligionrule intheirhearts,areoftenmostapathetictowardallimprovementofthisworld'ssystems,andinmany casesvirtualconservativesofevilandhostiletopoliticalandsocialreform,asdivertingmen'senergies frometernity. TheMasondoesnotwarwithhisowninstincts,maceratethebodyintoweaknessanddisorder,and disparagewhatheseestobebeautiful,knowstobewonderful,andfeelstobeunspeakablydearand fascinating. HedoesnotputasidethenaturewhichGodhasgivenhim,tostruggleafteronewhichHehasnot bestowed.Heknowsthatmanissentintotheworld,notaspiritual,butacompositebeing,madeupof bodyandmind,thebodyhaving,asisfitandneedfulinamaterialworld,itsfull,rightful,andallotted share.Hislifeisguidedbyafullrecognitionofthisfact.Hedoesnotdenyitinboldwords,andadmit itinweaknessesandinevitablefailings.Hebelievesthathisspiritualitywillcomeinthenextstageof hisbeing,whenheputsonthespiritualbody;thathisbodywillbedroppedatdeath;andthat,until then,Godmeantittobecommandedandcontrolled,butnotneglected,despised,orignoredbythe soul,underpainofheavyconsequences. YettheMasonisnotindifferentastothefateofthesoul,afteritspresentlife,astoitscontinuedand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

180/641 eternalbeing,andthecharacterofthescenesinwhichthatbeingwillbefullydeveloped.Theseareto himtopicsoftheproroundestinterest,andthemostennoblingandrefiningcontemplation.They occupymuchofhisleisureandashebecomesfamiliarwiththesorrowsandcalamitiesofthislife,as hishopesaredisappointedandhisvisionsofhappinessherefadeaway;whenlifehasweariedhiminits raceofhours;whenheisharassedandtoilworn,andtheburdenofhisyearsweighsheavyonhim,the balanceofattractiongraduallyinclinesinfavorofanotherlife;andheclingstohisloftyspeculations withatenacityofinterestwhichneedsnoinjunction,andwilllistentonoprohibition.Theyarethe consolingprivilegeoftheaspiring,thewayworn,theweary,andthebereaved. TohimthecontemplationoftheFutureletsinlightuponthePresent,anddevelopsthehigherportions ofhisnature.HeendeavorsrightlytoadjusttherespectiveclaimsofHeavenandearthuponhistime andthought,soastogivetheproperproportionsthereoftoperformingthedutiesandenteringintothe interestsofthisworld,andtopreparationforabetter;tothecultivationandpurificationofhisown character,andtothepublicserviceofhisfellowmen. TheMasondoesnotdogmatize,butentertainingandutteringhisownconvictions,heleaveseveryone elsefreetodothesame;andonlyhopesthatthetimewillcome,evenifafterthelapseofages,whenall menshallformonegreatfamilyofbrethren,andonelawalone,thelawoflove,shallgovernGod's wholeUniverse. Believeasyoumay,mybrother;iftheUniverseisnot,toyouwithoutaGod,andifmanisnotlikethe beastthatperishes,buthathanimmortalsoul,wewelcomeyouamongus,towear,aswewear,with humility,andconsciousofyourdemeritsandshortcomings,thetitleofGrandElect,Perfect,and SublimeMason. Itisnotwithoutasecretmeaning,thattwelvewasthenumberoftheApostlesofChrist,andseventy twothatofhisDisciplesthatJohnaddressedhisrebukesandmenacestotheSevenchurches,the numberoftheArchangelsandthePlanets.AtBabylonweretheSevenStagesofBersippa,apyramid ofSevenstories,andatEcbatanaSevenconcentricinclosures,eachofadifferentcolor.Thebesalsohad Sevengates,andthesamenumberisrepeatedagainandagainintheaccountoftheflood.The Sephiroth,orEmanations,teninnumber,threeinoneclass,andsevenintheother,repeatthemystic numbersofPythagoras.SevenAmschaspandsorplanetaryspiritswereinvokedwithOrmuzd;Seven inferiorRishisofHindustanweresavedwiththeheadoftheirfamilyinanarkandSevenancient personagesalonereturnedwiththeBritishjustman,Hu,fromthedaleofthegrievouswaters.There wereSevenHeliadae,whosefatherHelias,ortheSun,oncecrossedtheseainagoldencup;Seven Titans,childrenoftheolderTitan,KronosorSaturn;SevenCorybantes;andSevenCabiri,sonsof Sydyk;SevenprimevalCelestialspiritsoftheJapanese,andSevenKarlesterswhoescapedfromthe delugeandbegantobetheparentsofanewrace,onthesummitofMountAlbordi.SevenCyclopes, also,builtthewallsofTiryus.Celus,asquotedbyOrigen,tellsusthatthePersiansrepresentedby EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

181/641 symbolsthetwofoldmotionofthestars,fixedandplanetary,andthepassageoftheSoulthroughtheir successivespheres.Theyerectedintheirholycaves,inwhichthemysticritesoftheMithriacInitiations werepractised,whathedenominatesahighladder,ontheSevenstepsofwhichwereSevengatesor portals,accordingtothenumberoftheSevenprincipalheavenlybodies.Throughthesetheaspirants passed,untiltheyreachedthesummitofthewhole;andthispassagewasstyledatransmigration throughthespheres. Jacobsawinhisdreamaladderplantedorsetontheearth,anditstopreachingtoHeaven,andthe MalakiAlohimascendinganddescendingonit,andaboveitstoodIHUH,declaringHimselftobe BhuhAlhiAbraham.Thewordtranslatedladder,isSalam,fromSalal,raised,elevated,rearedup, exalted,piledupintoaheap,Aggeravit.Salalah,meansaheap,rampart,orotheraccumulationofearth orstone,artificiallymade;andSalaaorSalo,isarockorclifforboulder,andthenameofthecityof Petra.ThereisnoancientHebrewwordtodesignateapyramid. ThesymbolicmountainMeruwasascendedbySevenstepsorstagesandallthepyramidsandartificial tumuliandhillocksthrownupinflatcountrieswereimitationsofthisfabulousandmysticmountain, forpurposesofworship.Thesewerethe"HighPlaces"sooftenmentionedintheHebrewbooks,on whichtheidolaterssacrificedtoforeigngods. Thepyramidsweresometimessquare,andsometimesround.ThesacredBabyloniantower[Magdol], dedicatedtothegreatFatherBal,wasanartificialhill,ofpyramidalshape,andSevenstages,builtof brick,andeachstageofadifferentcolor,representingtheSevenplanetaryspheresbytheappropriate colorofeachplanet.Meruitselfwassaidtobeasinglemountain,terminatinginthreepeaks,andthusa symboloftheTrimurti.ThegreatPagodaatTanjorewasofsixstories,surmountedbyatempleasthe seventh,andonthisthreespiresortowers. AnancientpagodaatDeogurwassurmountedbyatower,sustainingthemysticeggandatrident. HerodotustellsusthattheTempleofBalatBabylonwasatowercomposedofSeventowers,restingon aneighththatservedasbasis,andsuccessivelydiminishinginsizefromthebottomtothetop;and Strabotellsusitwasapyramid. FaberthinksthattheMithriacladderwasreallyapyramidwithSevenstages,eachprovidedwitha narrowdoororaperture,througheachofwhichdoorstheaspirantpassed,toreachthesummit,and thendescendedthroughsimilardoorsontheoppositesideofthepyramid;theascentanddescentofthe Soulbeingthusrepresented. EachMithriaccaveandallthemostancienttemplesweretendedtosymbolizetheUniverse,which itselfwashabituallycalledtheTempleandhabitationofDeity.Everytemplewastheworldin miniature;andsothewholeworldwasonegrandtemple.Themostancienttempleswereroofless;and EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

182/641 thereforethePersians,Celts,andScythiansstronglydislikedartificialcoverededifices.Cicerosays thatXerxesburnedtheGreciantemples,ontheexpressgroundthatthewholeworldwastheMagnifi centTempleandHabitationoftheSupremeDeity.MacrobiussaysthattheentireUniversewas judiciouslydeemedbymanytheTempleofGod.PlatopronouncedtherealTempleoftheDeitytobe theworld;andHeraclitusdeclaredthattheUniverse,variegatedwithanimalsandplantsandstarswas theonlygenuineTempleoftheDivinity. HowcompletelytheTempleofSolomonwassymbolic,ismanifest,notonlyfromthecontinual reproductioninitofthesacrednumbersandofastrologicalsymbolsinthehistoricaldescriptionsofit; butalso,andyetmore,fromthedetailsoftheimaginaryreconstructededifice,seenbyEzekielinhis vision.TheApocalypsecompletesthedemonstration,andshowsthekabalisticmeaningsofthewhole. TheSymbolaArchitectonicaarefoundonthemostancientedificesandthesemathematicalfiguresand instruments,adoptedbytheTemplars,andidenticalwiththoseonthegnosticsealsandabraxae, connecttheirdogmawiththeChaldaic,Syriac,andEgyptianOrientalphilosophy.Thesecret PythagoreandoctrinesofnumberswerepreservedbythemonksofThibet,bytheHierophantsof EgyptandEleusis,atJerusalem,andinthecircularChaptersoftheDruids;andtheyareespecially consecratedinthatmysteriousbook,theApocalypseofSaintJohn. Alltemplesweresurroundedbypillars,recordingthenumberoftheconstellations,thesignsofthe zodiac,orthecyclesoftheplanetsandeachonewasamicrocosmorsymboloftheUniverse,having forrooforceilingthestarredvaultofHeaven. Alltempleswereoriginallyopenatthetop,havingforroofthesky.Twelvepillarsdescribedthebeltof thezodiac.Whateverthenumberofthepillars,theyweremysticaleverywhere.AtAbury,theDruidic templereproducedallthecyclesbyitscolumns.AroundthetemplesofChilminarinPersia,ofBaalbec, andofTukhtiSchlomohinTartary,onthefrontierofChina,stoodfortypillars.Oneachsideofthe templeatPaestumwerefourteen,recordingtheEgyptiancycleofthedarkandlightsidesofthemoon, asdescribedbyPlutarch;thewholethirtyeightthatsurroundedthemrecordingthetwometeoriccycles sooftenfoundintheDruidictemples. ThetheatrebuiltbyScaurus,inGreece,wassurroundedby360columns;theTempleatMecca,and thatatIonainScotland,by360stones.

XVKNIGHTOFTHEEASTOROFTHESWORD
[KnightoftheEast,oftheSword,oroftheEagle.]

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183/641 ThisDegree,likeallothersinMasonry,issymbolical.Baseduponhistoricaltruthandauthentic tradition,itisstillanallegory.TheleadinglessonofthisDegreeisFidelitytoobligation,and ConstancyandPerseveranceunderdifficultiesanddiscouragement. Masonryisengagedinhercrusade,againstignorance,intolerance,fanaticism,superstition, uncharitableness,anderror.Shedoesnotsailwiththetradewinds,uponasmoothsea,withasteady freebreeze,fairforawelcomingharbor;butmeetsandmustovercomemanyopposingcurrents, bafflingwinds,anddeadcalms. Thechiefobstaclestohersuccessaretheapathyandfaithlessnessofherownselfishchildren,andthe supineindifferenceoftheworld.Intheroarandcrushandhurryoflifeandbusiness,andthetumult anduproarofpolitics,thequietvoiceofMasonryisunheardandunheeded.Thefirstlessonwhichone learns,whoengagesinanygreatworkofreformorbeneficence,is,thatmenareessentiallycareless, lukewarm,andindifferentastoeverythingthatdoesnotconcerntheirownpersonalandimmediate welfare.Itistosinglemen,andnottotheunitedeffortsofmany,thatallthegreatworksofman, strugglingtowardperfection,areowing.Theenthusiast,whoimaginesthathecaninspirewithhisown enthusiasmthemultitudethateddiesaroundhim,oreventhefewwhohaveassociatedthemselveswith himascoworkers,isgrievouslymistaken;andmostoftentheconvictionofhisownmistakeisfollowed bydiscouragementanddisgust.Todoall,topayall,andtosufferall,andthen,whendespiteall obstaclesandhindrances,successisaccomplished,andagreatworkdone,toseethosewhoopposedor lookedcoldlyonit,claimandreapallthepraiseandreward,isthecommonandalmostuniversallotof thebenefactorofhiskind. Hewhoendeavorstoserve,tobenefit,andimprovetheworld,islikeaswimmer,whostrugglesagainst arapidcurrent,inariverlashedintoangrywavesbythewinds.Oftentheyroaroverhishead,often theybeathimbackandbafflehim.Mostmenyieldtothestressofthecurrent,andfloatwithittothe shore,oraresweptovertherapids;andonlyhereandtherethestout,strongheartandvigorousarms struggleontowardultimatesuccess. Itisthemotionlessandstationarythatmostfretsandimpedesthecurrentofprogress;thesolidrockor stupiddeadtree,restedfirmlyonthebottom,andaroundwhichtheriverwhirlsandeddies:theMasons thatdoubtandhesitateandarediscouraged;thatdisbelieveinthecapabilityofmantoimprove;thatare notdisposedtotoilandlaborfortheinterestandwellbeingofgeneralhumanity;thatexpectothersto doall,evenofthatwhichtheydonotopposeorridicule;whiletheysit,applaudinganddoingnothing, orperhapsprognosticatingfailure. ThereweremanysuchattherebuildingoftheTemple.Therewereprophetsofevilandmisfortunethe lukewarmandtheindifferentandtheapathetic;thosewhostoodbyandsneeredandthosewhothought EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

184/641 theydidGodserviceenoughiftheynowandthenfaintlyapplauded.Therewereravenscroakingill omen,andmurmurerswhopreachedthefollyandfutilityoftheattempt.Theworldismadeupofsuch andtheywereasabundantthenastheyarenow. Butgloomyanddiscouragingaswastheprospect,withlukewarmnesswithinandbitteropposition without,ourancientbrethrenpersevered.Letusleavethemengagedinthegoodwork,andwheneverto us,astothem,successisuncertain,remote,andcontingent,letusstillrememberthattheonlyquestion forustoask,astruemenandMasons,iswhatdoesdutyrequireandnotwhatwillbetheresultandour rewardifwedoourduty.Workon,theSwordinonehand,andtheTrowelintheother! MasonryteachesthatGodisaPaternalBeing,andhasaninterestinhiscreatures,suchasisexpressed inthetitleFather;aninterestunknowntoallthesystemsofPaganism,untaughtinallthetheoriesof philosophy;aninterestnotonlyinthegloriousbeingsofotherspheres,theSonsofLight,thedwellers inHeavenlyworlds,butinus,poor,ignorant,andunworthy;thatHehaspityfortheerring,pardonfor theguilty,loveforthepure,knowledgeforthehumble,andpromisesofimmortallifeforthosewho trustinandobeyHim. WithoutabeliefinHim,lifeismiserable,theworldisdark,theUniversedisrobedofitssplendors,the intellectualtietonaturebroken,thecharmofexistencedissolved,thegreathopeofbeinglost;andthe mind,likeastarstruckfromitssphere,wandersthroughtheinfinitedesertofitsconceptions,without attraction,tendency,destiny,orend. Masonryteaches,that,ofalltheeventsandactions,thattakeplaceintheuniverseofworldsandthe eternalsuccessionofages,thereisnotone,eventheminutest,whichGoddidnotforeverforseewithall thedistinctnessofimmediatevision,combiningall,sothatman'sfreewillshouldbeHisinstrument, likealltheotherforcesofnature. ItteachesthatthesoulofmanisformedbyHimforapurpose;that,builtupinitsproportions,and fashionedineverypart,byinfiniteskill,anemanationfromHisspirit,itsnature,necessity,anddesign arevirtue.Itissoformed,somoulded,sofashioned,soexactlybalanced,soexquisitelyproportionedin everypart,thatsinintroducedintoitismisery;thatviciousthoughtsfalluponitlikedropsofpoison; andguiltydesires,breathingonitsdelicatefibres,makeplaguespotsthere,deadlyasthoseof pestilenceuponthebody.Itismadeforvirtue,andnotforvice;forpurity,asitsend,rest,and happiness.Notmorevainlywouldweattempttomakethemountainsinktothelevelofthevalley,the wavesoftheangryseaturnbackfromitsshoresandceasetothunderuponthebeach,thestarstohalt intheirswiftcourses,thantochangeanyonelawofourownnature.Andoneofthoselaws,utteredby God'svoice,andspeakingthrougheverynerveandfibre,everyforceandelement,ofthemoral constitutionHehasgivenus,isthatwemustbeuprightandvirtuous;thatiftemptedwemustresist; EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

185/641 thatwemustgovernourunrulypassions,andholdinhandoursensualappetites.Andthisisnotthe dictateofanarbitrarywill,norofsomesternandimpracticablelaw;butitispartofthegreatfirmlaw ofharmonythatbindstheUniversetogether,notthemereenactmentofarbitrarywill;butthedictateof InfiniteWisdom. WeknowthatGodisgood,andthatwhatHedoesisright.Thisknown,theworksofcreation,the changesoflife,thedestiniesofeternity,areallspreadbeforeus,asthedispensationsandcounselsof infinitelove.Thisknown,wethenknowthattheloveofGodisworkingtoissues,likeitself,beyondall thoughtandimaginationgoodandglorious;andthattheonlyreasonwhywedonotunderstandit,is thatitistoogloriousforustounderstand.God'slovetakescareforall,andnothingisneglected.It watchesoverall,providesforall,makeswiseadaptationsforall;forage,forinfancy,formaturity,for childhood;ineverysceneofthisoranotherworld;forwant,weakness,joy,sorrow,andevenforsin.All isgoodandwellandright;andshallbesoforever.ThroughtheeternalagesthelightofGod's beneficenceshallshinehereafter,disclosingall,consummatingall,rewardingallthatdeservereward. Thenweshallsee,whatnowwecanonlybelieve. Thecloudwillbeliftedup,thegateofmysterybepassed,andthefulllightshineforever;thelightof whichthatoftheLodgeisasymbol.Thenthatwhichcausedustrialshallyieldustriumph;andthat whichmadeourheartacheshallfilluswithgladness;andweshallthenfeelthatthere,ashere,theonly truehappinessistolearn,toadvance,andtoimprove;whichcouldnothappenunlesswehad commencedwitherror,ignorance,andimperfection.Wemustpassthroughthedarkness,toreachthe light.

XVI.PRINCEOFJERUSALEM
WenolongerexpecttorebuildtheTempleatJerusalem.Tousithasbecomebutasymbol.Tousthe wholeworldisGod'sTemple,asiseveryuprightheart.ToestablishallovertheworldtheNewLawand ReignofLove,Peace,Charity,andToleration,istobuildthatTemple,mostacceptabletoGod,in erectingwhichMasonryisnowengaged.NolongerneedingtorepairtoJerusalemtoworship,norto offerupsacrificesandshedbloodtopropitiatetheDeity,manmaymakethewoodsandmountainshis ChurchesandTemples,andworshipGodwithadevoutgratitude,andwithworksofcharityand beneficencetohisfellowmen. Whereverthehumbleandcontriteheartsilentlyoffersupitsadoration,undertheoverarchingtrees,in theopen,levelmeadows,onthehillside,intheglen,orinthecity'sswarmingstreets;thereisGod's HouseandtheNewJerusalem. ThePrincesofJerusalemnolongersitasmagistratestojudgebetweenthepeople;noristheirnumber EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

186/641 limitedtofive.Buttheirdutiesstillremainsubstantiallythesame,andtheirinsigniaandsymbols retaintheiroldsignificance.JusticeandEquityarestilltheircharacteristics.Toreconciledisputesand healdissensions,torestoreamityandpeace,tosoothedislikesandsoften,prejudices,aretheirpeculiar duties;andtheyknowthatthepeacemakersareblessed. Theiremblemshavebeenalreadyexplained.TheyarepartoflanguageofMasonry;thesamenowasit waswhenMoseslearneditfromtheEgyptianHierophants.. StillweobservethespiritoftheDivinelaw,asthusenunciatedtoourancientbrethren,whenthe Templewasrebuilt,andthebookofthelawagainopened:"Executetruejudgment;andshowmercy andcompassioneverymantohisbrother.Oppressnotthewidownorthefatherless,thestrangernorthe poorandletnoneofyouimagineevilagainsthisbrotherinhisheart.Speakyeeverymanthetruthto hisneighbor;executethejudgmentofTruthandPeaceinyourgates;andlovenofalseoath;forall theseIhate,saiththeLord". "Letthosewhohavepowerruleinrighteousness,andPrincesinjudgment.Andlethimthatisajudge beasanhidingplacefromthewind,andacovertfromthetempest;asriversofwaterinadryplace;as theshadowofagreatrockinawearyland.Thenthevilepersonshallnomorebecalledliberal;northe churlbountiful;andtheworkofjusticeshallbepeace;andtheeffectofjustice,quietandsecurity;and wisdomandknowledgeshallbethestabilityofthetimes.Walkyerighteouslyandspeakuprightly; despisethegainsofoppression,shakefromyourhandsthecontaminationofbribes;stopnotyourears againstthecriesoftheoppressed,norshutyoureyesthatyoumaynotseethecrimesofthegreat;and youshalldwellonhigh,andyourplaceofdefencebelikemunitionsofrocks." ForgetnotthesepreceptsoftheoldLawandespeciallydonotforget,asyouadvance,thateveryMason, howeverhumble,isyourbrother,andthelaboringmanyourpeer!RememberalwaysthatallMasonryis work,andthatthetrowelisanemblemoftheDegreesinthisCouncil.Labor,whenrightlyunderstood, isbothnobleandennobling,andintendedtodevelopman'smoralandspiritualnature,andnottobe deemedadisgraceoramisfortune. Everythingaroundusis,initsbearingsandinfluences,moral.Thesereneandbrightmorning,whenwe recoverourconsciousexistencefromtheembracesofsleep;when,fromthatimageofDeathGodcalls ustoanewlife,andagaingivesusexistence,andHismerciesvisitusineverybrightrayandglad thought,andcallforgratitudeandcontent;thesilenceofthatearlydawn,thehushedsilence,asitwere, ofexpectation;theholyeventide,itscoolingbreeze,itslengtheningshadows,itsfallingshades,itsstill andsoberhour;thesultrynoontideandthesternandsolemnmidnight;andSpringtime,andchastening Autumn;andSummer,thatunbarsourgates,andcarriesusforthamidsttheeverrenewedwondersof theworld;andWinter,thatgathersusaroundtheeveninghearth;allthese,astheypass,touchbyturns EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

187/641 thespringsofthespirituallifeinus,andareconductingthatlifetogoodorevil.Theidlewatchhand oftenpointstosomethingwithinus;andtheshadowofthegnomononthedialoftenfallsuponthe conscience. Alifeoflaborisnotastateofinferiorityordegradation.TheAlmightyhasnotcastman'slotbeneath thequietshades,andamidgladgrovesandlovelyhills,withnotasktoperform;withnothingtodobut toriseupandeat,andtoliedownandrest.HehasordainedthatWorkshallbedone,inallthe dwellingsoflife,ineveryproductivefield,ineverybusycity,andoneverywaveofeveryocean.And thisHehasdone,becauseithasplrasedHimtogivemananaturedestinedtohigherendsthanindolent reposeandirresponsibleprofitlessindulgenceandbecause,fordevelopingtheenergiesofsucha nature,workwasthenecessaryandproperelement.WemightaswellaskwhyHecouldnotmaketwo andtwobesix,aswhyHecouldnotdeveloptheseenergieswithouttheinstrumentalityofwork.They areequallyimpossibilities. ThisMasonryteaches,asagreatTruth;agreatmorallandmark,thatoughttoguidethecourseofall mankind.Itteachesitstoilingchildrenthatthesceneoftheirdailylifeisallspiritual,thatthevery implementsoftheirtoil,thefabricstheyweave,themerchandisetheybarter,aredesignedforspiritual ends;thatsobelieving,theirdailylotmaybetothemasphereforthenoblestimprovement.Thatwhich wedoinourintervalsofrelaxation,ourchurchgoing,andourbookreading,areespeciallydesignedto prepareourmindsfortheactionofLife.Wearetohearandreadandmeditate,thatwemayactwelland theactionofLifeisitselfthegreatfieldforspiritualimprovement. Thereisnotaskofindustryorbusiness,infieldorforest,onthewharfortheship'sdeck,intheoffice ortheexchange,buthasspiritualends.Thereisnocareorcrossofourdailylabor,butwasespecially ordainedtonurtureinuspatience,calmness,resolution,perseverance,gentleness,disinterestedness, magnanimity.Noristhereanytoolorimplementoftoil,butisapartofthegreatspiritual instrumentality. Alltherelationsoflife,thoseofparent,child,brother,sister,friend,associate,loverandbeloved, husband,wife,aremoral,throughouteverylivingtieandthrillingnervethatblndthemtogether.They cannotsubsistadaynoranhourwithoutputtingthemindtoatrialofitstruth,fidelity,forbearance,and disinterestedness. Agreatcityisoneextendedsceneofmoralaction.Thereisblowstruckinitbuthasapurpose, ultimatelygoodorbad,andthereforemoral.Thereisnoactionperformed,buthasamotive;and motivesarethespecialjurisdictionofmorality.Equipages,houses,andfurniturearesymbolsofwhatis moral,andtheyinathousandwaysministertorightorwrongfeeling.Everythingthatbelongstous, ministeringtoourcomfortorluxury,awakensinusemotionsofprideorgratitude,ofselfishnessor EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

188/641 vanity;thoughtsofselfindulgence,ormercifulremembrancesoftheneedyandthedestitute. Everythingactsuponandinfluencesus.God'sgreatlawofsympathyandharmonyispotentand inflexibleasHislawofgravitation.Asentenceembodyinganoblethoughtstirsourblood;anoise madebyachildfretsandexasperatesus,andinfluencesouractions. Aworldofspiritualobjects,influences,andrelationsliesaroundusall.Weallvaguelydeemittobe so;butheonlylivesacharmedlife,likethatofgeniusandpoeticinspiration,whocommuneswiththe spiritualscenearoundhim,hearsthevoiceofthespiritineverysound,seesitssignsineverypassing formofthings,andfeelsitsimpulseinallaction,passion,andbeing.Veryneartousliestheminesof wisdom;unsuspectedtheylieallaroundus.Thereisasecretinthesimplestthings,awonderinthe plainest,acharminthedullest. Weareallnaturallyseekersofwonders.Wetravelfartoseethemajestyofoldruins,thevenerable formsofthehoarymountains,greatwaterfalls,andgalleriesofart.Andyettheworldwonderisall aroundus;thewonderofsettingsunsandeveningstars,ofthemagicspringtime,theblossomingofthe trees,thestrangetransformationsofthemoth;thewonderoftheInfiniteDivinityandofHisboundless revelation.ThereisnosplendorbeyondthatwhichsetsitsmorningthroneinthegoldenEast;nodome sublimeasthatofHeaven;nobeautysofairasthatoftheverdant,blossomingearth;noplace,however investedwiththesanctitiesofoldtime,likethathomewhichishushedandfoldedwithintheembrace ofthehumblestwallandroof. Andallthesearebutthesymbolsofthingsfargreaterandhigher.Allisbuttheclothingofthespirit. Inthisvestureoftimeiswrappedtheimmortalnature:inthisshowofcircumstanceandformstands revealedthestupendousreality.Letmanbutbe,asheis,alivingsoul,communingwithhimselfand withGod,andhisvisionbecomeseternity;hisabode,infinity;hishome,thebosomofallembracing love. ThegreatproblemofHumanityiswroughtoutinthehumblestabodes;nomorethanthisisdoneinthe highest.Ahumanheartthrobsbeneaththebeggar'sgabardine;andthatandnomorestirswithits beatingthePrince'smantle.ThebeautyofLove,thecharmofFriendship,thesacrednessofSorrow, theheroismofPatience,thenobleSelfsacrifice,theseandtheirlike,alone,makelifetobelifeindeed, andareitsgrandeuranditspower.Theyarethepricelesstreasuresandgloryofhumanity;andtheyare notthingsofcondition.Allplacesandallscenesarealikeclothedwiththegrandeurandcharmof virtuessuchasthese. Themillionoccasionswillcometousall,intheordinarypathsofourlife,inourhomes,andbyour firesides,whereinwemayactasnobly,asif,allourlifelong,weledarmies,satinsenates,orvisited EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

189/641 bedsofsicknessandpain.Varyingeveryhour,themillionoccasionswillcomeinwhichwemay restrainourpassions,subdueourheartstogentlenessandpatience,resignourowninterstforanother's advantage,speakwordsofkindnessandwisdom,raisethefallen,cheerthefaintingandsickinspirit, andsoftenandassuagethewearinessandbitternessoftheirmortallot.ToeveryMasontherewillbe opportunityenoughforthese.Theycannotbewrittenonhistomb;buttheywillbewrittendeepinthe heartsofmen,offriends,ofchildren,ofkindredallaroundhim,inthebookofthegreataccount,and intheireternalinfluences,onthegreatpagesoftheUniverse. Tosuchadestiny,atleast,myBrethren,letusallaspire!TheselawsofMasonryletusallstriveto obey!AndsomayourheartsbecometruetemplesoftheLivingGod!AndmayHeencourageourzeal, sustainourhopes,andassureusofsuccess!

XVII.KNIGHTOFTHEEASTANDWEST
ThisisthefirstofthePhilosophicalDegreesoftheAncientandAcceptedScottishRiteandthe beginningofacourseofinstructionwhichwillfullyunveiltoyoutheheartandinnermysteriesof Masonry.Donotdespairbecauseyouhaveoftenseemedonthepointofattainingtheinmostlight,and haveasoftenbeendisappointed.Inalltime,truthhasbeenhiddenundersymbols,andoftenundera successionofallegories:whereveilafterveilhadtobepenetratedbeforethetrueLightwasreached andtheessentialtruthstoodrevealed.TheHumanLightisbutanimperfectreflectionofarayofthe InfiniteandDivine. WeareabouttoapproachthoseancientReligionswhichonceruledthemindsofmen,andwhoseruins encumbertheplainsofthegreatPast,asthebrokencolumnsofPalmyraandTadmorliebleachingon thesandsofthedesert.Theyrisebeforeus,thoseold,strange,mysteriouscreedsandfaiths,shrouded inthemistsofantiquity,andstalkdimlyandundefinedalongthelinewhichdividesTimefrom Eternity;andformsofstrange,wild,startlingbeautymingledinthevastthrongsoffigureswithshapes monstrous,grotesque,andhideous. ThereligiontaughtbyMoses,which,likethelawsofEgypt,enuciatedtheprincipleofexclusion, borrowed,ateveryperiodofitsexistence,fromallthecreedswithwhichitcameincontact.While,by thestudiesofthelearnedandwise,itenricheditselfwiththemostadmirableprinciplesofthereligions ofEgyptandAsia,itwaschanged,inthewanderingsofthePeople,byeverythingthatwasmost impureorseductiveinthepaganmannersandsuperstitions.ItwasonethinginthetimesofMosesand Aaron,anotherinthoseofDavidandSolomon,andstillanotherinthoseofDanielandPhilo.

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190/641 AtthetimewhenJohntheBaptistmadehisappearanceinthedesert,neartheshoresoftheDeadSea, alltheoldphilosophicalandreligioussystemswereapproximatingtowardeachother.Ageneral lassitudeinclinedthemindsofalltowardthequietudeofthatamalgamationofdoctrinesforwhichthe expeditionsofAlexanderandthemorepeacefuloccurrencesthatfollowed,withtheestablishmentin AsiaandAfricaofmanyGreciandynastiesandagreatnumberofGreciancolonies,hadpreparedthe way.Aftertheinterminglingofdifferentnations,whichresultedfromthewarsofAlexanderinthree quartersoftheglobe,thedoctrinesofGreece,ofEgypt,ofPersia,andofIndia,metandintermingled everywhere.Allthebarriersthathadformerlykeptthenationsapart,werethrowndownandwhilethe PeopleoftheWestreadilyconnectedtheirfaithwiththoseoftheEast,thoseoftheOrienthastenedto learnthetraditionsofRomeandthelegendsofAthens.WhilethePhilosophersofGreece,all(except thedisciplesofEpicurus)moreorlessPlatonists,seizedeargerlyuponthebeliefsanddoctrinesofthe East,theJewsandEgyptians,beforethenthemostexclusiveofallpeoples,yieldedtothateclecticism whichprevailedamongtheirmasters,theGreeksandRomans. Underthesameinfluencesoftoleration,eventhosewhoembracedChristianity,mingledtogetherthe oldandthenew,ChristianityandPhilosophy,theApostolicteachingsandthetraditionsofMythology. Themanofintellect,devoteeofonesystem,rarelydisplacesitwithanotherinallitspurity.Thepeople takesuchacreedasisofferedthem. Accordingly,thedistinctionbetweentheesotericandtheexotericdoctrine,immemorialinothercreeds, easilygainedafootholdamongmanyoftheChristians;anditwasheldbyavastnumber,evenduring thepreachingofPaul,thatthewritingsoftheApostleswereincomplete;thattheycontainedonlythe germsofanotherdoctrine,whichmustreceivefromthehandsofphilosophy,notonlythesystematic arrangementwhichwaswanting,butallthedevelopmentwhichlayconcealedtherein.Thewritingsof theApostles,theysaid,inaddressingthemselvestomankindingeneral,enunciatedonlythearticlesof thevulgarfaith;buttransmittedthemysteriesofknowledgetosuperiorminds,totheElect,mysteries handeddownfromgenerationtogenerationinesoterictraditionsandtothisscienceofthemysteries theygavethenameofGnosis. TheGnosticsderivedtheirleadingdoctrinesandideasfromPlatoandPhilo,theZendavestaandthe Kabalah,andtheSacredbooksofIndiaandEgypt;andthusintroducedintothebosomofChristianity thecosmologicalandtheosophicalspeculations,whichhadformedthelargerportionoftheancient religionsoftheOrient,joinedtothoseoftheEgyptian,Greek,andJewishdoctrines,whichtheNeo PlatonistshadequallyadoptedintheOccident. EmanationfromtheDeityofallspiritualbeings,progressivedegenerationofthesebeingsfrom emanationtoemanation,redemptionandreturnofalltothepurityoftheCreatorand,afterthere establishmentoftheprimitiveharmonyofall,afortunateandtrulydivineconditionofall,inthebosom ofGod;suchwerethefundamentalteachingsofGnosticism.ThegeniusoftheOrient,withits EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

191/641 contemplations,irradiations,andintuitions,dictateditsdoctrines.Itslanguagecorrespondedtoits origin.Fullofimagery,ithadallthemagnificence,theinconsistencies,andthemobilityofthe figurativestyle. Behold,itsaid,thelight,whichemanatesfromanimmensecentreofLight,thatspreadseverywhereits benevolentrays;sodothespiritsofLightemanatefromtheDivineLight.Behold,allthesprings whichnourish,embellish,fertilize,andpurifytheEarth;theyemanatefromoneandthesameocean;so fromthebosomoftheDivinityemanatesomanystreams,whichformandfilltheuniverseof intelligences.Beholdnumbers,whichallemanatefromoneprimitivenumber,allresembleit,allare composedofitsessence,andstillvaryinfinitely;andutterances,decomposableintosomanysyllables andelements,allcontainedintheprimitiveWord,andstillinfinitelyvarious;sotheworldof IntelligencesemanatedfromaPrimaryIntelligence,andtheyallresembleit,andyetdisplayaninfinite varietyofexistences. ItrevivedandcombinedtheolddoctrinesoftheOrientandtheOccident;anditfoundinmany passagesoftheGospelsandthePastoralletters,awarrantfordoingso.Christhimselfspokein parablesandallegories,JohnborrowedtheenigmaticallanguageofthePlatonists,andPauloften indulgedinincomprehensiblerhapsodies,themeaningofwhichcouldhavebeencleartotheInitiates alone. ItisadmittedthatthecradleofGnosticismisprobablytobelookedforinSyria,andeveninPalestine. MostofitsexpounderswroteinthatcorruptedformoftheGreekusedbytheHellenisticJews,andin theSeptuagintandtheNewTestament;andthereisastrikinganalogybetweentheirdoctrinesandthose oftheJudaeoEgyptianPhilo,ofAlexandria;itselftheseatofthreeschools,atoncephilosophicand religioustheGreek,theEgyptian,andtheJewish. PythagorasandPlato,themostmysticaloftheGrecianPhilosophers(thelatterheirtothedoctrinesof theformer),andwhohadtravelled,thelatterinEgypt,andtheformerinPhoenicia,India,andPersia, alsotaughttheesotericdoctrineandthedistinctionbetweentheinitiatedandtheprofane.The dominantdoctrinesofPlatonismwerefoundinGnosticism.EmanationofIntelligencesfromthe bosomoftheDeity;thegoingastrayinerrorandthesufferingsofspirits,solongastheyareremote fromGod,andimprisonedinmatter;vainandlongcontinuedeffortstoarriveattheknowledgeofthe Truth,andreenterintotheirprimitiveunionwiththeSupremeBeing;allianceofapureanddivine soulwithanirrationalsoul,theseatofevildesires;angelsordemonswhodwellinandgovernthe planets,havingbutanimperfectknowledgeoftheideasthatpresidedatthecreation;regenerationofall beingsbytheirreturntothekosmosnoetos,theworldofIntelligences,anditsChief,theSupreme Being;solepossiblemodeofreestablishingthatprimitiveharmonyofthecreation,ofwhichthemusic ofthespheresofPythagoraswastheimage;theseweretheanalogiesofthetwosystemsandwe discoverinthemsomeoftheideasthatformapartofMasonry;inwhich,inthepresentmutilated EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

192/641 conditionofthesymbolicDegrees,theyaredisguisedandoverlaidwithfictionandabsurdity,or presentthemselvesascasualhintsthatarepassedbywhollyunnoticed. Thedistinctionbetweentheesotericandexotericdoctrines(adistinctionpurelyMasonic),wasalways andfromtheveryearliesttimespreservedamongtheGreeks.Itremountedtothefabuloustimesof OrpheusandthemysteriesofTheosophywerefoundinalltheirtraditionsandmyths.Andafterthe timeofAlexander,theyresortedforinstruction,dogmas,andmysteries,toalltheschools,tothoseof EgyptandAsia,aswellasthoseofAncientThrace,Sicily,Etruria,andAttica. TheJewishGreekSchoolofAlexandriaisknownonlybytwoofitsChiefs,AristobulusandPhilo,both JewsofAlexandriainEgypt.BelongingtoAsiabyitsorigin,toEgyptbyitsresidence,toGreecebyits languageandstudies,itstrovetoshowthatalltruthsembeddedinthephilosophiesofothercountries weretransplantedthitherfromPalestine.Aristobulusdeclaredthatallthefactsanddetailsofthe JewishScripturesweresomanyallegories,concealingthemostprofoundmeanings,andthatPlatohad borrowedfromthemallhisfinestideas. Philo,wholivedacenturyafterhim,followingthesametheory,endeavoredtoshowthattheHebrew writings,bytheirsystemofallegories,werethetruesourceofallreligiousandphilosophicaldoctrines. Accordingtohim,theliteralmeaningisforthevulgaralone.Whoeverhasmeditatedonphilosophy, purifiedhimselfbyvirtue,andraisedhimselfbycontemplation,toGodandtheintellectualworld,and receivedtheirinspiration,piercesthegrossenvelopeoftheletter,discoversawhollydifferentorderof things,andisinitiatedintomysteries,ofwhichtheelementaryorliteralinstructionoffersbutan imperfectimage.Ahistoricalfact,afigure,aword,aletter,anumber,arite,acustom,theparableor visionofaprophet,veilsthemostprofoundtruths;andhewhohasthekeyofsciencewillinterpretall accordingtothelighthepossesses. AgainweseethesymbolismofMasonry,andthesearchoftheCandidateforlight."Letmenofnarrow mindswithdraw,"hesays,"withclosedears.Wetransmitthedivinemysteriestothosewhohave receivedthesacredinitiation,tothosewhopractisetruepietyandwhoarenotenslavedbytheempty trappingsofwordsorthepreconceivedopinionsofthepagans." ToPhilo,theSupremeBeingwasthePrimitiveLight,ortheArchetypeofLight,Sourcewhencethe raysemanatethatilluminateSouls.HewasalsotheSouloftheUniverse,andassuchactedinallits parts.HeHimselffillsandlimitsHiswholeBeing.HisPowersandVirtuesfillandpenetrateall.These Powers(dunameis)areSpiritsdistinctfromGod,the"Ideas"ofPlatopersonified.Heiswithout beginning,andlivesintheprototypeofTime(aion). HisimageisTHEWORD,aformmorebrilliantthanfire;thatnotbeingthepurelight.ThisLOGOS EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

193/641 dwellsinGod;fortheSupremeBeingmakestoHimselfwithinHisIntelligencethetypesorideasof everythingthatistobecomerealityinthisWorld.TheLOGOSisthevehiclebywhichGodactsonthe Universe,andmaybecomparedtothespeechofman. TheLOGOSbeingtheWorldofIdeas,bymeanswhereofGodhascreatedvisiblethings,Heisthe mostancientGod,incomparisonwiththeWorld,whichistheyoungestproduction.TheLOGOS,Chief ofIntelligence,ofwhichHeisthegeneralrepresentative,isnamedArchangel,typeandrepresentative ofallspirits,eventhoseofmortals.Heisalsostyledthemantypeandprimitiveman,AdamKadmon. GodonlyisWise.ThewisdomofmanisbutthereflectionandimageofthatofGod.HeistheFather, andHisWISDOMthemotherofcreation;forHeunitedHimselfwithWISDOM(Sophia),and communicatedtoitthegermofcreation,anditbroughtforththematerialworld.Hecreatedtheideal worldonly,andcausedthematerialworldtobemaderealafteritstype,byHisLOGOS,whichisHis speech,andatthesametimetheIdeaofIdeas,theIntellectualWorld.TheIntellectualCitywasbutthe ThoughtoftheArchitect,whomeditatedthecreation,accordingtothatplanoftheMaterialCity. TheWordisnotonlytheCreator,butoccupiestheplaceoftheSupremeBeing.ThroughHimallthe PowersandAttributesofGodact.Ontheotherside,asfirstrepresentativeoftheHumanFamily,Heis theProtectorofmenandtheirShepherd. GodgivestomantheSoulorIntelligence,whichexistsbeforethebody,andwhichheuniteswiththe body.ThereasoningPrinciplecomesfromGodthroughtheWord,andcommuneswithGodandwith theWord;butthereisalsoinmananirrationalPrinciple,thatoftheinclinationsandpassionswhich producedisorder,emanatingfrominferiorspiritswhofilltheairasministersofGod.Thebody,taken fromtheEarth,andtheirrationalPrinciplethatanimatesitconcurrentlywiththerationalPrinciple,are hatedbyGod,whiletherationalsoulwhichHehasgivenit,is,asitwere,captiveinthisprison,this coffin,thatencompassesit. Thepresentconditionofmanisnothisprimitivecondition,whenhewastheimageoftheLogos.He hasfallenfromhisfirstestate.Buthemayraisehimselfagain,byfollowingthedirectionsof WISDOMandoftheAngelswhichGodhascommissionedtoaidhiminfreeinghimselffromthe bondsofthebody,andcombatingEvil,theexistencewhereofGodhaspermitted,tofurnishhimthe meansofexercisinghisliberty.Thesoulsthatarepurified,notbytheLawbutbylight,risetothe Heavenlyregions,toenjoythereaperfectfelicity.Thosethatpersevereinevilgofrombodytobody, theseatsofpassionsandevildesires.Thefamiliarlineamentsofthesedoctrineswillberecognizedby allwhoreadtheEpistlesofSt.Paul,whowroteafterPhilo,thelatterlivingtillthereignofCaligula, andbeingthecontemporaryofChrist.

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194/641 AndtheMasonisfamiliarwiththesedoctrinesofPhilo:thattheSupremeBeingisacentreofLight whoseraysoremanationspervadetheUniverse;forthatistheLightforwhichallMasonicjourneysare asearch,andofwhichthesunandmooninourLodgesareonlyemblems:thatLightandDarkness, chiefenemiesfromthebeginningofTime,disputewitheachothertheempireoftheworld;whichwe symbolizebythecandidatewanderingindarknessandbeingbroughttolight:thattheworldwas created,notbytheSupremeBeing,butbyasecondaryagent,whoisbutHisWORD,andbytypes whicharebuthisideas,aidedbyanINTELLIGENCE,orWISDOM,whichgivesoneofHis Attributes;inwhichweseetheoccultmeaningofthenecessityofrecovering"theWord";andofour twocolumnsofSTRENGTHandWISDOM,whicharealsothetwoparallellinesthatboundthecircle representingtheUniverse:thatthevisibleworldistheimageoftheinvisibleworld;thattheessenceof theHumanSoulistheimageofGod,anditexistedbeforethebody;thattheobjectofitsterrestriallife istodisengageitselfofitsbodyoritssepulchre;andthatitwillascendtotheHeavenlyregions wheneveritshallbepurified;inwhichweseethemeaning,nowalmostforgotteninourLodges,ofthe modeofpreparationofthecandidateforapprenticeship,andhistestsandpurificationsinthefirst Degree,accordingtotheAncientandAcceptedScottishRite. PhiloincorporatedinhiseclecticismneitherEgyptiannorOrientalelements.Buttherewereother JewishTeachersinAlexandriawhodidboth.TheJewsofEgyptwereslightlyjealousof,andalittle hostileto,thoseofPalestine,particularlyaftertheerectionofthesanctuaryatLeontopolisbytheHigh PriestOnias;andthereforetheyadmiredandmagnifiedthosesages,who,likeJeremiah,hadresidedin Egypt."ThewisdomofSolomon"waswrittenatAlexandria,and,inthetimeofSt.Jerome,was attributedtoPhilo;butitcontainsprinciplesatvariancewithhis.ItpersonifiesWisdom,anddraws betweenitschildrenandtheProfane,thesamelineofdemarcationthatEgypthadlongbeforetaughtto theJews.ThatdistinctionexistedatthebeginningoftheMosaiccreed.MoshahhimselfwasanInitiate inthemysteriesofEgypt,ashewascompelledtobe,astheadoptedsonofthedaughterofPharaoh, Thouoris,daughterofSesostrisRamses;who,ashertombandmonumentsshow,was,intherightof herinfanthusband,RegentofLowerEgyptortheDeltaatthetimeoftheHebrewProphet'sbirth, reigningatHeliopolis.Shewasalso,asthereliefsonhertombshow,aPriestessofHATHORand NEITH,thetwogreatprimevalgoddesses.Asheradoptedson,livinginherPalaceandpresenceforty years,andduringthattimescarcelyacquaintedwithhisbrethrentheJews,thelawofEgyptcompelled hisinitiation:andwefindinmanyofhisenactmentstheintentionofpreserving,betweenthecommon peopleandtheInitiates,thelineofseparationwhichhefoundinEgypt.MoshahandAharunhis brother,thewholeseriesofHighPriests,theCouncilofthe70Elders,Salomohandtheentire successionofProphets,wereinpossessionofahigherscience;andofthatscienceMasonryis,atleast, thelinealdescendant.ItwasfamiliarlyknownasTHEKNOWLEDGEOFTHEWORD. AMUN,atfirsttheGodofLowerEgyptonly,whereMoshahwasreared(awordthatinHebrewmeans Truth),wastheSupremeGod.Hewasstyled"theCelestialLord,whoshedsLightonhiddenthings." Hewasthesourceofthatdivinelife,ofwhichthecruxansataisthesymbol;andthesourceofall power.HeunitedalltheattributesthattheAncientOrientalTheosophyassignedtotheSupremeBeing. HewasthePleroma,or"Fullnessofthings,"forHecomprehendedinHimselfeverythingandthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

195/641 LIGHT;forhewastheSunGod.Hewasunchangeableinthemidstofeverythingphenomenalinhis worlds.Hecreatednothing;buteverythingemanatedfromHim;andofHimalltheotherGodswerebut manifestations. TheRamwasHislivingsymbolwhichyouseereproducedinthisDegree,lyingonthebookwithseven sealsonthetracingboard.HecausedthecreationoftheworldbythePrimitiveThought(Ennoia),or Spirit(Pneuma),thatissuedfromhimbymeansofhisVoiceortheWORD;andwhichThoughtor SpiritwaspersonifiedastheGoddessNEITH.She,too,wasadivinityofLight,andmotherofthe Sun;andtheFeastofLampswascelebratedinherhonoratSais.TheCreativePower,another manifestationofDeity,proceedingtothecreationconceivedofinher,theDivineIntelligence,produced withitsWordtheUniverse,symbolizedbyaneggissuingfromthemouthofKNEPH;fromwhichegg camePHTHA,imageoftheSupremeIntelligenceasrealizedintheworld,andthetypeofthat manifestedinman;theprincipalagent,also,ofNature,orthecreativeandproductiveFire.PHREor RS,theSun,orCelestialLight,whosesymbolwasthepointwithinacircle,wasthesonofPHTHA; andTIPHE,hiswife,orthecelestialfirmament,withthesevencelestialbodies,animatedbyspiritsof geniithatgovernthem,wasrepresentedonmanyofthemonuments,cladinblueoryellow,her garmentssprinkledwithstars,andaccompaniedbythesun,moon,andfiveplanets;andshewasthe typeofWisdom,andtheyoftheSevenPlanetarySpiritsoftheGnostics,thatwithherpresidedover andgovernedthesublunaryworld. InthisDegree,unknownforahundredyearstothosewhohavepractisedit,theseemblemsreproduced refertotheseolddoctrines.Thelamb,theyellowhangingsstrewedwithstars,thesevencolumns, candlesticks,andsealsallrecallthemtous. TheLionwasthesymbolofATHOMRE,theGreatGodofUpperEgypt;theHawk,ofRAorPHRE; theEagle,ofMENDES;theBull,ofAPIS;andthreeoftheseareseenundertheplatformonwhichour altarstands. ThefirstHERMESwastheINTELLIGENCE,orWORDofGod.Movedwithcompassionforarace livingwithoutlaw,andwishingtoteachthemthattheysprangfromHisbosom,andtopointoutto themthewaythattheyshouldgo(thebookswhichthefirstHermes,thesamewithEnoch,hadwritten onthemysteriesofdivinescience,inthesacredcharacters,beingunknowntothosewholivedafterthe flood),GodsenttomanOSIRISandISIS,acaccompaniedbyTHOTH,theincarnationorterrestrial repetitionofthefirstHermes;whotaughtmenthearts,science,andtheceremoniesofreligion;and thenascendedtoHeavenortheMoon.OSIRISwasthePrincipleofGood.TYPHON,likeAHRIMAN, wastheprincipleandsourceofallthatisevilinthemoralandphysicalorder.LiketheSatanof Gnosticism,hewasconfoundedwithMatter.

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196/641 FromEgyptorPersiathenewPlatonistsborrowedtheidea,andtheGnosticsreceiveditfromthem,that man,inhisterrestrialcareer,issuccessivelyundertheinfluenceoftheMoon,ofMercury,ofVenus,of theSun,ofMars,ofJupiter,andofSaturn,untilhefinallyreachestheElysianFields;anideaagain symbolizedintheSevenSeals. TheJewsofSyriaandJudeawerethedirectprecursorsofGnosticism;andintheirdoctrineswere ampleorientalelements.TheseJewshadhadwiththeOrient,attwodifferentperiods,intimate relations,familiarizingthemwiththedoctrinesofAsia,andespeciallyofChaldeaandPersia;their forcedresidenceinCentralAsiaundertheAssyriansandPersians;andtheirvoluntarydispersionover thewholeEast,whensubjectsoftheSeleucidaeandtheRomans.Livingneartwothirdsofacentury, andmanyofthemlongafterward,inMesopotamia,thecradleoftheirrace;speakingthesame language,andtheirchildrenrearedwiththoseoftheChaldeans,Assyrians,Medes,andPersians,and receivingfromthemtheirnames(asthecaseofDanayal,whowascalledBaeltasatsar,proves),they necessarilyadoptedmanyofthedoctrinesoftheirconquerors.Theirdescendants,asAzraand Nahamaiahshowus,hardlydesiredtoleavePersia,whentheywereallowedtodoso.Theyhada specialjurisdiction,andgovernorsandjudgestakenfromtheirownpeople;manyofthemheldhigh office,andtheirchildrenwereeducatedwiththoseofthehighestnobles.Danayalwasthefriendand ministeroftheKing,andtheChiefoftheCollegeoftheMagiatBabylon;ifwemaybelievethebook whichbearshisname,andtrusttotheincidentsrelatedinitshighlyfigurativeandimaginativestyle. Mordecai,too,occupiedahighstation,nolessthanthatofPrimeMinister,andEstherorAstar,his cousin,wastheMonarch'swife. TheMagiofBabylonwereexpoundersoffigurativewritings,interpretersofnature,andofdreams, astronomersanddivines;andfromtheirinfluencesaroseamongtheJews,aftertheirrescuefrom captivity,anumberofsects,andanewexposition,themysticalinterpretation,withallitswildfancies andinfinitecaprices.TheAionsoftheGnostics,theIdeasofPlato,theAngelsoftheJews,andthe DemonsoftheGreeks,allcorrespondtotheFerouersofZoroaster. AgreatnumberofJewishfamiliesremainedpermanentlyintheirnewcountry;andoneofthemost celebratedoftheirschoolswasatBabylon.TheyweresoonfamiliarizedwiththedoctrineofZoroaster, whichitselfwasmoreancientthanKuros.FromthesystemoftheZendAvestatheyborrowed,and subsequentlygavelargedevelopmentto,everythingthatcouldbereconciledwiththeirownfaith;and theseadditionstotheolddoctrineweresoonspread,bytheconstantintercourseofcommerce,into SyriaandPalestine. IntheZendAvesta,GodisIllimitableTime.NoorigincanbeassignedtoHim:Heissoentirely envelopedinHisglory,HisnatureandattributesaresoinaccessibletohumanIntelligence,thatHecan beonlytheobjectofasilentVeneration.CreationtookplacebyemanationfromHim.Thefirst emanationwastheprimitiveLight,andfromthattheKingofLight,ORMUZD.Bythe"WORD," EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

197/641 Ormuzdcreatedtheworldpure.HeisitspreserverandJudge;aBeingHolyandHeavenly; IntelligenceandKnowledge;theFirstbornofTimewithoutlimits;andinvestedwithallthePowersof theSupremeBeing. Stillheis,strictlyspeaking,theFourthBeing.HehadaFerouer,apreexistingSoul(inthelanguage ofPlato,atypeorideal);anditissaidofHim,thatHeexistedfromthebeginning,intheprimitive Light.But,thatLightbeingbutanelement,andHisFeroueratype,heis,inordinarylanguage,the FirstbornofZEROUANEAKHERENE.Beholdagain"THEWORD"ofMasonry;theMan,onthe TracingBoardofthisDegree;theLIGHTtowardwhichallMasonstravel. Hecreatedafterhisownimage,sixGeniicalledAmshaspands,whosurroundhisThrone,arehis organsofcommunicationwithinferiorspiritsandmen,transmittoHimtheirprayers,solicitforthem Hisfavors,andservethemasmodelsofpurityandperfection.ThuswehavetheDemiourgosof Gnosticism,andthesixGeniithatassisthim.ThesearetheHebrewArchangelsofthePlanets. ThenamesoftheseAmshaspandsareBahman,Ardibehest,Schariver,Sapandomad,Khordad,and Amerdad.Thefourth,theHolySAPANDOMAD,createdthefirstmanandwoman. ThenORMUZDcreated28Iseds,ofwhomMITHERASisthechief.Theywatch,withOrmuzdandthe Amshaspands,overthehappiness,purity,andpreservationoftheworld,whichisundertheir government;andtheyarealsomodelsformankindandinterpretersofmen'sprayers.WithMithrasand Ormuzd,theymakeapleroma(orcompletenumber)of30,correspondingtothethirtyAionsofthe Gnostics,andtotheogdoade,dodecade,anddecadeoftheEgyptians.MithraswastheSunGod, invokedwith,andsoonconfoundedwithhim,becomingtheobjectofaspecialworship,andeclipsing Ormuzdhimself. Thethirdorderofpurespiritsismorenumerous.TheyaretheFerouers,theTHOUGHTSofOrmuzd, ortheIDEASwhichheconceivedbeforeproceedingtothecreationofthings.Theytooaresuperiorto men.Theyprotectthemduringtheirlifeonearth;theywillpurifythemfromevilattheirresurrection. Theyaretheirtutelarygenii,fromthefalltothecompleteregeneration. AHRIMAN,secondbornofthePrimitiveLight,emanatedfromit,purelikeORMUZD;but,proudand ambitious,yieldedtojealousyoftheFirstborn.Forhishatredandpride,theEternalcondemnedhim todwell,for12,000years,inthatpartofspacewherenorayoflightreaches;theblackempireof darkness.InthatperiodthestrugglebetweenLightandDarkness,GoodandEvilwillbeterminated. AHRIMANscornedtosubmit,andtookthefieldagainstORMUZD.Tothegoodspiritscreatedbyhis EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

198/641 Brother,heopposedaninnumerablearmyofEvilOnes.TothesevenAmshaspandsheopposedseven Archdevs,attachedtothesevenPlanets;totheIzedsandFerouersanequalnumberofDevs,which broughtupontheworldallmoralandphysicalevils.HencePoverty,Maladies,Impurity,Envy,Chagrin, Drunkenness,Falsehood,Calumny,andtheirhorriblearray. TheimageofAhrimanwastheDragon,confoundedbytheJewswithSatanandtheSerpentTempter. Afterareignof3000years,OrmuzdhadcreatedtheMaterialWorld,insixperiods,calling successivelyintoexistencetheLight,Water,Earth,plants,animals,andMan.ButAhrimanconcurred increatmgtheearthandwater;fordarknesswasalreadyanelement,andOrmuzdcouldnotexcludeits Master.SoalsothetwoconcurredinproducingMan.Ormuzdproduced,byhisWillandWord,a BeingthatwasthetypeandsourceofuniversallifeforeverythingthatexistsunderHeaven.Heplaced inmanapureprinciple,orLife,proceedingfromtheSupremeBeing.ButAhrimandestroyedthatpure principle,intheformwherewithitwasclothed;andwhenOrmuzdhadmade,ofitsrecoveredand purifiedessence,thefirstmanandwoman,Ahrimanseducedandtemptedthemwithwineandfruits; thewomanyieldingfirst. Often,duringthethreelatterperiodsof3000yearseach,AhrimanandDarknessare,andaretobe, triumphant.ButthepuresoulsareassistedbytheGoodSpirits;theTriumphofGoodisdecreedbythe SupremeBeing,andtheperiodofthattriumphwillinfalliblyarrive.Whentheworldshallbemost afflictedwiththeevilspouredoutuponitbythespiritsofperdition,threeProphetswillcometobring relieftomortals.SOSIOSCH,theprincipaloftheThree,willregeneratetheearth,andrestoretoitits primitivebeauty,strength,andpurity.Hewilljudgethegoodandthewicked.Aftertheuniversal resurrectionofthegood,hewillconductthemtoahomeofeverlastinghappiness.Ahriman,hisevil demons,andallwickedmen,willalsobepurifiedinatorrentofmeltedmetal.ThelawofOrmuzd willreigneverywhere;allmenwillbehappy;all,enjoyingunalterablebliss,willsingwithSosioschthe praisesoftheSupremeBeing. Thesedoctrines,thedetailsofwhichweresparinglyborrowedbythePharisaicJews,weremuchmore fullyadoptedbytheGnostics;whotaughttherestorationofallthings,theirreturntotheiroriginalpure condition,thehappinessofthosetobesaved,andtheiradmissiontothefeastofHeavenlyWisdom. ThedoctrinesofZoroastercameoriginallyfromBactria,anIndianProvinceofPersia.Naturally, therefore,itwouldincludeHinduorBuddhistelements,asitdid.ThefundamentalideaofBuddhism was,mattersubjugatingtheintelligence,andintelligencefreeingitselffromthatslavery.Perhaps somethingcametoGnosticismfromChina."BeforethechaoswhichprecededthebirthofHeavenand Earth,"saysLaoTseu,"asingleBeingexisted,immenseandsilent,immovableandeveractivethe motheroftheUniverse.Iknownotitsname:butIdesignateitbythewordReason.Manhashistype andmodelintheEarth;EarthinHeaven;HeaveninReason;andReasoninItself."Hereagainarethe Ferouers,theIdeas,theAionstheREASONorINTELLIGENCE,SILENCE,WORD,andWISDOM EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

199/641 oftheGnostics. ThedominantsystemamongtheJewsaftertheircaptivitywasthatofthePharoschimorPharisees. WhethertheirnamewasderivedfromthatoftheParsees,orfollowersofZoroaster,orfromsomeother source,itiscertainthattheyhadborrowedmuchoftheirdoctrinefromthePersians.Likethemthey claimedtohavetheexclusiveandmysteriousknowledge,unknowntothemass.Likethemtheytaught thataconstantwarwaswagedbetweentheEmpireofGoodandthatofEvil.Likethemtheyattributed thesinandfallofmantothedemonsandtheirchief;andlikethemtheyadmittedaspecialprotection oftherighteousbyinferiorbeings,agentsofJehovah.Alltheirdoctrinesonthesesubjectswereat bottomthoseoftheHolyBooks;butsingularlydevelopedandtheOrientwasevidentlythesourcefrom whichthosedevelopmentscame. TheystyledthemselvesInterpreters;anameindicatingtheirclaimtotheexclusivepossessionofthe truemeaningoftheHolyWritings,byvirtueoftheoraltraditionwhichMoseshadreceivedonMount Sinai,andwhichsuccessivegenerationsofInitiateshadtransmitted,astheyclaimed,unaltered,unto them.Theirverycostume,theirbeliefintheinfluencesofthestars,andintheimmortalityand transmigrationofsouls,theirsystemofangelsandtheirastronomy,wereallforeign. SadduceeismarosemerelyfromanoppositionessentiallyJewish,totheseforeignteachings,andthat mixtureofdoctrines,adoptedbythePharisees,andwhichconstitutedthepopularcreed. WecomeatlasttotheEssenesandTherapeuts,withwhomthisDegreeisparticularlyconcerned.That interminglingoforientalandoccidentalrites,ofPersianandPythagoreanopinions,whichwehave pointedoutinthedoctrinesofPhilo,isunmistakableinthecreedsofthesetwosects. Theywerelessdistinguishedbymetaphysicalspeculationsthanbysimplemeditationsandmoral practices.ButthelatteralwayspartookoftheZoroastrianprinciple,thatitwasnecessarytofreethe soulfromthetrammelsandinfluencesofmatter;whichledtoasystemofabstinenceandmaceration entirelyopposedtotheancientHebraicideas,favorableastheyweretophysicalpleasures. Ingeneral,thelifeandmannersofthesemysticalassociations,asPhiloandJosephusdescribethem, andparticularlytheirprayersatsunrise,seemtheimageofwhattheZendAvestaprescribestothe faithfuladorerorOrmuzd;andsomeoftheirobservancescannototherwisebeexplained. TheTherapeutsresidedinEgypt,intheneighborhoodofAlexandriaandtheEssenesinPalestine,in thevicinityoftheDeadSea.Buttherewasneverthelessastrikingcoincidenceintheirideas,readily explainedbyattributingittoaforeigninfluence.TheJewsofEgypt,undertheinfluenceoftheSchool EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

200/641 ofAlexandria,endeavoredingeneraltomaketheirdoctrinesharmonizewiththetraditionsofGreece andthencecame,inthedoctrinesoftheTherapeuts,asstatedbyPhilo,themanyanalogiesbetweenthe PythagoreanandOrphicideas,ononesideandthoseofJudaismontheother:whiletheJewsof Palestine,havinglesscommunicationwithGreece,orcontemningitsteachings,ratherimbibedthe Orientaldoctrines,whichtheydrankinatthesourceandwithwhichtheirrelationswithPersiamade themfamiliar.ThisattachmentwasparticularlyshownintheKabalah,whichbelongedratherto PalestinethantoEgypt,thoughextensivelyknowninthelatter;andfurnishedtheGnosticswithsome oftheirmoststrikingtheories. Itisasignificantfact,thatwhileChristspokeoftenofthePhariseesandSadducees,Heneveronce mentionedtheEssenes,betweenwhosedoctrinesandHistherewassogreataresemblance,and,in manypoints,soperfectanidentity.Indeed,theyarenotnamed,norevendistinctlyalludedto, anywhereintheNewTestament.John,thesonofaPriestwhoministeredintheTempleatJerusalem, andwhosemotherwasofthefamilyofAharun,wasinthedesertsuntilthedayofhisshowingunto Israel.Hedrankneitherwinenorstrongdrink.Cladinhaircloth,andwithagirdleofleather,and feedinguponsuchfoodasthedesertafforded,hepreached,inthecountryaboutJordan,thebaptismof repentance,fortheremissionofsins;thatis,thenecessityofrepentanceprovenbyreformation.He taughtthepeoplecharityandliberality;thepublicans,justice,equity,andfairdealing;thesoldiery peace,truth,andcontentment;todoviolencetonone,accusenonefalsely,andbecontentwiththeir pay.Heinculcatednecessityofavirtuouslife,andthefollyoftrustingtotheirdescentfromAbraham. HedenouncedbothPhariseesandSadduceesasagenerationofvipersthreatenedwiththeangerof God.Hebaptizedthosewhoconfessedtheirsins.Hepreachedinthedesert;andthereforeinthe countrywheretheEsseneslived,professingthesamedoctrines.HewasimprisonedbeforeChristbegan topreach.Matthewmentionshimwithoutprefaceorexplanation;asif,apparently,hishistorywastoo wellknowntoneedany."Inthosedays,"hesays,"cameJohntheBaptist,preachinginthewilderness ofJudea."Hisdisciplesfrequentlyfasted;forwefindthemwiththePhariseescomingtoJesusto inquirewhyHisDisciplesdidnotfastasoftenasthey;andHedidnotdenouncethem,asHishabitwas todenouncethePharisees;butansweredthemkindlyandgently. Fromhisprison,JohnsenttwoofhisdisciplestoinquireofChrist:"Artthouhethatistocome,ordo welookforanother?"Christreferredthemtohismiraclesasanansweranddeclaredtothepeoplethat Johnwasaprophet,andmorethanaprophet,andthatnogreatermanhadeverbeenborn;butthatthe humblestChristianwashissuperior.HedeclaredhimtobeElias,whowastocome. JohnhaddenouncedtoHerodhismarriagewithhisbrother'swifeasunlawful;andforthishewas imprisoned,andfinallyexecutedtogratifyher.Hisdisciplesburiedhim;andHerodandothersthought hehadrisenfromthedeadandappearedagaininthepersonofChrist.ThepeopleallregardedJohnas aprophet;andChristsilencedthePriestsandEldersbyaskingthemwhetherhewasinspired.They EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

201/641 fearedtoexcitetheangerofthepeoplebysayingthathewasnot.Christdeclaredthathecame"inthe wayofrighteousness"andthatthelowerclasses believedhim,thoughthePriestsandPhariseesdidnot. ThusJohn,whowasoftenconsultedbyHerodandtowhomthatmonarchshowedgreatdeferenceand wasoftengovernedbyhisadvice;whosedoctrineprevailedveryextensivelyamongthepeopleandthe publicans,taughtsomecreedolderthanChristianity.Thatisplain:anditisequallyplain,thatthevery largebodyoftheJewsthatadoptedhisdoctrines,wereneitherPhariseesnorSadducees,butthe humble,commonpeople.Theymust,therefore,havebeenEssenes.Itisplain,too,thatChristapplied forbaptismasasacredrite,wellknownandlongpracticed.Itwasbecomingtohim,hesaid,tofulfill allrighteousness. Inthe18thchapteroftheActsoftheApostleswereadthus:"AndacertainJew,namedApollos,born atAlexandria,aneloquentman,andmightyintheScriptures,cametoEphesus.Thismanwas instructedinthewayoftheLord,and,beingferventinspirit,hespakeandtaughtdiligentlythethings oftheLord,knowingonlythebaptismofJohn;andhebegantospeakboldlyinthesynagogue;whom, whenAquillaandPriscillahadheard,theytookhimuntothem,andexpoundeduntohimthewayof Godmoreperfectly." TranslatingthisfromthesymbolicandfigurativelanguageintothetrueordinarysenseoftheGreek text,itreadsthus:"AndacertainJew,namedApollos,anAlexandrianbybirth,aneloquentman,and ofextensivelearning,cametoEphesus.Hehadlearnedinthemysteriesthetruedoctrineinregardto God;and,beingazealousenthusiast,hespokeandtaughtdiligentlythetruthsinregardtotheDeity, havingreceivednootherbaptismthanthatofJohn."HeknewnothinginregardtoChristianity;forhe hadresidedinAlexandria,andhadjustthencometoEphesus;being,probably,adiscipleofPhilo,and aTherapeut. "That,inalltimes,"saysSt.Augustine,"istheChristianreligion,whichtoknowandfollowisthemost sureandcertainhealth,calledaccordingtothatname,butnotaccordingtothethingitself,ofwhichit isthename;forthethingitself,whichisnowcalledtheChristianreligion,reallywasknowntotheAn cients,norwaswantingatanytimefromthebeginningofthehumanrace,untilthetimewhenChrist cameintheflesh;fromwhencethetruereligion,whichhadpreviouslyexisted,begantobecalled Christian;andthisinourdaysistheChristianreligion,notashavingbeenwantinginformertimes,but ashaving,inlatertimes,receivedthisname."Thediscipleswerefirstcalled"Christians,"atAntioch, whenBarnabasandPaulbegantopreachthere. TheWanderingorItinerantJewsorExorcists,whoassumedtoemploytheSacredNameinexorcising evilspirits,werenodoubtTherapeutaeorEssenes. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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"Anditcametopass,"wereadinthe19thchapteroftheActs,verses1to4,"thatwhileApolloswasat Corinth,Paul,havingpassedthroughtheupperpartsofAsiaMinor,cametoEphesus;andfinding certaindisciples,hesaidtothem,'HaveyereceivedtheHolyGhostsinceyebecameBelievers?'And theysaiduntohim,'WehavenotsomuchasheardthatthereisanyHolyGhost.'Andhesaidtothem, 'Inwhat,then,wereyoubaptized?'Andtheysaid'InJohn'sbaptism.'ThensaidPaul,'Johnindeed baptizedwiththebaptismofrepentance,sayingtothepeoplethattheyshouldbelieveinHimwhowas tocomeafterhim,thatis,inJesusChrist.Whentheyheardthis,theywerebaptizedinthenameofthe LordJesus." Thisfaith,taughtbyJohn,andsonearlyChristianity,couldhavebeennothingbutthedoctrineofthe Essenes;andtherecanbenodoubtthatJohnbelongedtothatsect.Theplacewherehepreached,his macerationsandfrugaldiet,thedoctrineshetaught,allproveitconclusively.Therewasnoothersect towhichhecouldhavebelonged;certainlynonesonumerousashis,excepttheEssenes. Wefind,fromthetwoletterswrittenbyPaultothebrethrenatCorinth,thatCityofLuxuryand Corruption,thattherewerecontentionsamongthem.Rivalsectshadalready,aboutthe57thyearof ourera,rearedtheirbannersthere,asfollowers,someofPaul,someofApollos,andsomeofCephas. Someofthemdeniedtheresurrection.Paulurgedthemtoadheretothedoctrinestaughtbyhimself, andhadsentTimothytothemtobringthemafreshtotheirrecollection. AccordingtoPaul,Christwastocomeagain.HewastoputanendtoallotherPrincipalitiesand Powers,andfinallytoDeath,andthenbeHimselfoncemoremergedinGod;whoshouldthenbeallin all. TheformsandceremoniesoftheEssenesweresymbolical.Theyhad,accordingtoPhilotheJew,four Degrees;themembersbeingdividedintotwoOrders,thePracticiandTherapeutici;thelatterbeingthe contemplativeandmedicalBrethren;andtheformertheactive,practical,businessmen.Theywere Jewsbybirth;andhadagreateraffectionforeachotherthanthemembersofanyothersect.Their brotherlylovewasintense.TheyfulfilledtheChristianlaw,"Loveoneanother."Theydespisedriches. Noonewastobefoundamongthem,havingmorethananother.Thepossessionsofonewere intermingledwiththoseoftheothers;sothattheyallhadbutonepatrimony,andwerebrethren.Their pietytowardGodwasextraordinary.Beforesunrisetheyneverspakeawordaboutprofanematters;but putupcertainprayerswhichtheyhadreceivedfromtheirforefathers.Atdawnofday,andbeforeitwas light,theirprayersandhymnsascendedtoHeaven.Theywereeminentlyfaithfulandtrue,andthe MinistersofPeace.Theyhadmysteriousceremonies,andinitiationsintotheirmysteries;andthe Candidatepromisedthathewouldeverpractisefidelitytoallmen,andespeciallytothoseinauthority, "becausenooneobtainsthegovernmentwithoutGod'sassistance."

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Whatevertheysaid,wasfirmerthananoath;buttheyavoidedswearing,andesteemeditworsethan perjury.Theyweresimpleintheirdietandmodeofliving,boretorturewithfortitude,anddespised death.Theycultivatedthescienceofmedicineandwereveryskillful.Theydeemeditagoodomento dressinwhiterobes.Theyhadtheirowncourts,andpassedrighteousjudgments.Theykeptthe SabbathmorerigorouslythantheJews. TheirchieftownswereEngaddi,neartheDeadSea,andHebron.Engaddiwasabout30milessoutheast fromJerusalem,andHebronabout20milessouthofthatcity.JosephusandEusebiusspeakofthemas anancientsect;andtheywerenodoubtthefirstamongtheJewstoembraceChristianity:withwhose faithanddoctrinetheirowntenetshadsomanypointsofresemblance,andwereindeedinagreat measurethesame.Plinyregardedthemasaveryancientpeople. Intheirdevotionstheyturnedtowardtherisingsun;astheJewsgenerallydidtowardtheTemple.But theywerenoidolaters;fortheyobservedthelawofMoseswithscrupulousfidelity.Theyheldallthings incommon,anddespisedriches,theirwantsbeingsuppliedbytheadministrationofCuratorsor Stewards.TheTetractys,composedofrounddotsinsteadofjods,wasreveredamongthem.This beingaPythagoreansymbol,evidentlyshowstheirconnectionwiththeschoolofPythagoras;buttheir peculiartenetsmoreresemblethoseofConfuciusandZoroaster;andprobablywereadoptedwhilethey wereprisonersinPersia;whichexplainstheirturningtowardtheSuninprayer. Theirdemeanorwassoberandchaste.Theysubmittedtothesuperintendenceofgovernorswhomthey appointedoverthemselves.Thewholeoftheirtimewasspentinlabor,meditation,andprayerandthey weremostsedulouslyattentivetoeverycallofjusticeandhumanity,andeverymoralduty.They believedintheunityofGod.Theysupposedthesoulsofmentohavefallen,byadisastrousfate,from theregionsofpurityandlight,intothebodieswhichtheyoccupy;duringtheircontinuanceinwhich theyconsideredthemconfinedasinaprison.Thereforetheydidnotbelieveintheresurrectionofthe body;butinthatofthesoulonly.Theybelievedinafuturestateofrewardsandpunishments;andthey disregardedtheceremoniesorexternalformsenjoinedinthelawofMosestobeobservedinthe worshipogGod;holdingthatthewordsofthatlawgiverweretobeunderstoodinamysteriousand reconditesense,andnotaccordingtotheirliteralmeaning.Theyofferednosacrifices,exceptathome; andbymeditationtheyendeavored,asfaraspossible,toisolatethesoulfromthebody,andcarryit backtoGod. Eusebiusbroadlyadmits"thattheancientTherapeutaewereChristians;andthattheirancientwritings wereourGospelsandEpistles." TheESSENESwereoftheEclecticSectofPhilosophers,andheldPLATointhehighestesteem;they EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

204/641 believedthattruephilosophy,thegreatestandmostsalutarygiftofGodtomortals,wasscattered,in variousportions,throughallthedifferentSects;andthatitwas,consequently,thedutyofeverywise mantogatheritfromtheseveralquarterswhereitlaydispersed,andtoemployit,thusreunited,in destroyingthedominionofimpietyandvice. ThegreatfestivalsoftheSolsticeswereobservedinadistinguishedmannerbytheEssenes;aswould naturallybesupposed,fromthefactthattheyreverencedtheSun,notasagod,butasasymboloflight andfire;thefountainofwhich,theOrientalssupposedGodtobe.Theylivedincontinenceand abstinence,andhadestablislmentssimilartothemonasteriesoftheearlyChristians. ThewritingsoftheEsseneswerefullofmysticism,parables,enigmas,andallegories.Theybelievedin theesotericandexotericmeaningsoftheScriptures;and,aswehavealreadysaid,theyhadawarrant forthatintheScripturesthemselves.TheyfounditintheOldTestament,astheGnosticsfounditinthe New.TheChristianwriters,andevenChristhimself,recognizeditasatruth,thatallScripturehadan innerandanoutermeaning.Thuswefinditsaidasfollows,inoneoftheGospels: "UntoyouitisgiventoknowthemysteryoftheKingdomofGod;butuntomenthatarewithout,all thesethingsaredoneinparables;thatseeing,theymayseeandnotperceive,andhearingtheymayhear andnotunderstand.Andthedisciplescameandsaiduntohim,'WhyspeakestThouthetruthin parables?'Heansweredandsaiduntothem,'Becauseitisgivenuntoyoutoknowthemysteriesofthe KingdomofHeaven,buttothemitisnotgiven.'" Paul,inthe4thchapterofhisEpistletotheGalatians,speakingofthesimplestfactsoftheOld Testament,assertsthattheyareanallegory.Inthe3dchapterofthesecondlettertotheCorinthians,he declareshimselfaministeroftheNewTestament,appointedbyGod;"Notoftheletter,butofthespirit; fortheletterkilleth."OrigenandSt.GregoryheldthattheGospelswerenottobetakenintheirliteral sense;andAthanasiusadmonishesusthat"Shouldweunderstandsacredwritaccordingtotheletter,we shouldfallintothemostenormousblasphemies." Eusebiussaid,"ThosewhopresideovertheHolyScriptures,philosophizeoverthem,andexpoundtheir literalsensebyallegory." ThesourcesofourknowledgeoftheKabalisticdoctrines,arethebooksofJezirahandSohar,the formerdrawnupinthesecondcentury,andthelatteralittlelater;butcontainingmaterialsmucholder thanthemselves.Intheirmostcharacteristicelements,theygobacktothetimeoftheexile.Inthem, asintheteachingsofZoroaster,everythingthatexistsemanatedfromasourceofinfiniteLiGHT. Beforeeverything,existedTHEANCIENTOFDAYS,theKINGOFLIGHT;atitleoftengiventothe CreatorintheZendAvestaandthecodeoftheSabaeans.Withtheideasoexpressedisconnectedthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

205/641 pantheismofIndia.KINGOFLIGHT,THEANCIENT,isALLTHATIS.Heisnotonlythereal causeofallExistences;heisInfinite(AINSOPH).HeisHIMSELF:thereisnothinginHimthatWe cancallThou. IntheIndiandoctrine,notonlyistheSupremeBeingtherealcauseofall,butheistheonlyreal Existence:alltherestisillusion.IntheKabalah,asinthePersianandGnosticdoctrines,Heisthe SupremeBeingunknowntoall,the"UnknownFather."Theworldishisrevelation,andsubsistsonlyin Him.Hisattributesarereproducedthere,withdifferentmodifications,andindifferentdegrees,sothat theUniverseisHisHolySplendor:itisbutHisMantle;butitmustbereveredinsilence.Allbeings haveemanatedfromtheSupremeBeing:ThenearerabeingistoHim,themoreperfectitis;themore remoteinthescale,thelessitspurity. ArayofLight,shotfromtheDeity,isthecauseandprincipleofallthatexists.ItisatonceFatherand MotherofAll,inthesublimestsense.Itpenetrateseverything;andwithoutitnothingcanexistan instant.FromthisdoubleFORCE,designatedbythetwopartsofthewordI..H..U..H.. emanatedtheFIRSTBORNofGod,theUniversalForm,inwhicharecontainedallbeings;thePersian andPlatonicArchetypeofthings,unitedwiththeInfinitebytheprimitiverayofLight. ThisFirstBornistheCreativeAgent,Conservator,andanimatingPrincipleoftheUniverse.ItisTHE LIGHTOFLIGHT.ItpossessesthethreePrimitiveForcesoftheDivinity,LIGHT,SPIRITandLIFE. Asithasreceivedwhatitgives,LightandLife,itisequallyconsideredasthegenerativeandconceptive Principle,thePrimitiveMan,ADAMKADMON.Assuch,ithasrevealeditselfintenemanationsor Sephiroth,whicharenottendifferentbeings,norevenbeingsatall;butsourcesoflife,vesselsof Omnipotence,andtypesofCreation.TheyareSovereigntyorWill,Wisdom,Intelligence,Benignity, Severity,Beauty,Victory,Glory,Permanency,andEmpire.TheseareattributesofGod;andthisidea, thatGodrevealsHimselfbyHisattributes,andthatthehumanmindcannotperceiveordiscernGod Himself,inhisworks,butonlyhismodeofmanifestingHimself,isaprofoundTruth.Weknowofthe InvisibleonlywhattheVisiblereveals. WisdomwascalledNOUSandLOGOS,lNTELLECTortheWORD.Intelligence,sourceoftheoilof anointing,respondstotheHolyGhostoftheChristianFaith. Beautyisrepresentedbygreenandyellow.VictoryisYAHOVAHTSABAOTH,thecolumnonthe righthand,thecolumnJachin:GloryisthecolumnBoaz,onthelefthand.Andthusoursymbols appearagainintheKabalah.AndagaintheLIGHT,theobjectofourlabors,appearsasthecreative powerofDeity.Thecircle,also,wasthespecialsymbolofthefirstSephirah,Kether,ortheCrown. WedonotfurtherfollowtheKabalahinitsfourWorldsofSpirits,Aziluth,Briah,Yezirah,andAsiah, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

206/641 orofemanation,creation,formation,andfabrication,oneinferiortoandoneemergingfromtheother, thesuperioralwaysenvelopingtheinferior;itsdoctrinethat,inallthatexists,thereisnothingpurely material;thatallcomesfromGod,andinallHeproceedsbyirradiation;thateverythingsubsistsbythe Divineraythatpenetratescreation;andallisunitedbytheSpiritofGod,whichisthelifeoflife;so thatallisGod;theExistencesthatinhabitthefourworlds,inferiortoeachotherinproportiontotheir distancefromtheGreatKingofLight:thecontestbetweenthegoodandevilAngelsandPrinciples,to endureuntiltheEternalHimselfcomestoenditandreestablishtheprimitiveharmony;thefour distinctpartsoftheSoulofMan;andthemigrationsofimpuresouls,untiltheyaresufficientlypurified tosharewiththeSpiritsofLightthecontemplationoftheSupremeBeingwhoseSplendorfillsthe Universe. TheWORDwasalsofoundinthePhoenicianCreed.AsinallthoseofAsia,aWORDofGod,written instarrycharacters,bytheplanetaryDivinities,andcommunicatedbytheDemiGods,asaprofound mystery,tothehigherclassesofthehumanrace,tobecommunicatedbythemtomankind,createdthe world.ThefaithofthePhoenicianswasanemanationfromthatancientworshipoftheStars,whichin thecreedofZoroasteralone,isconnectedwithafaithinoneGod.LightandFirearethemost importantagentsinthePhoenicianfaith.ThereisaraceofchildrenoftheLight.Theyadoredthe HeavenwithitsLights,deemingittheSupremeGod. EverythingemanatesfromaSinglePrinciple,andaPrimitiveLove,whichistheMovingPowerofAll andgovernsall.Light,byitsunionwithSpirit,whereofitisbutthevehicleorsymbol,istheLifeof everything,andpenetrateseverything.Itshouldthereforeberespectedandhonoredeverywhere;for everywhereitgovernsandcontrols. TheChaldaicandJerusalemParaphrastsendeavoredtorenderthephrase,DEBARYAHOVAH,the WordofGod,apersonalty,wherevertheymetwithit.Thephrase,"AndGodcreatedman,"is,inthe JerusalemTargum,"AndtheWordofIHUHcreatedman." So,inxxviii.Gen.20,21,whereJacobsays:"IfGod(IHIHALHIM)willbewithme...thenshallIHUH bemyALHIM;UHIHIHUHLILALHIM;andthisstoneshallbeGod'sHouse(IHIHBITHALHIM): Onkelosparaphrasesit,"IfthewordofIHUHwillbemyhelp....thenthewordofIHUHshallbemy God." So,iniii.Gen.8,for"TheVoiceoftheLordGod"(IHUHALHIM),wehave,"TheVoiceoftheWord ofIHUH."Inix.Wisdom,1,"OGodofmyFathersandLordofMercy!whohasmadeallthingswith thyword."Andinxviii.Wisdom,15,"ThineAlmightyWordleapeddownfromHeaven." PhilospeaksoftheWordasbeingthesamewithGod.SoinseveralplaceshecallsittheSecond EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

207/641 Divinity;theImageofGod:theDivineWordthatmadeallthings:substitute,ofGod;andthelike. ThuswhenJohncommencedtopreach,hadbeenforagesagitated,bythePriestsandPhilosophersof theEastandWest,thegreatquestionsconcerningtheeternityorcreationofmatter:immediateor intermediatecreationoftheUniversebytheSupremeGod;theorigin,object,andfinalextinctionof evil;therelationsbetweentheintellectualandmaterialworlds,andbetweenGodandman;andthe creation,fall,redemption,andrestorationtohisfirstestate,ofman. TheJewishdoctrine,differinginthisfromalltheotherOrientalcreeds,andevenfromtheAlohayistic legendwithwhichthebookofGenesiscommences,attributedthecreationtotheimmediateactionof theSupremeBeing.TheTheosophistsoftheotherEasternPeoplesinterposedmorethanone intermediarybetweenGodandtheworld.ToplacebetweenthembutasingleBeing,tosupposeforthe productionoftheworldbutasingleintermediary,was,intheireyes,tolowertheSupremeMajesty. TheintervalbetweenGod,whoisperfectPurity,andmatter,whichisbaseandfoul,wastoogreatfor themtoclearitatasinglestep.EvenintheOccident,neitherPlatonorPhilocouldthusimpoverishthe IntellectualWorld. Thus,CerinthusofEphesus,withmostoftheGnostics,Philo,theKabalah,theZendAvesta,the Puranas,andalltheOrient,deemedthedistanceandantipathybetweentheSupremeBeingandthe materialworldtoogreat,toattributetotheformerthecreationofthelatter.Below,andemanating from,orcreatedby,theAncientofDays,theCentralLight,theBeginning,orFirstPrinciple,one,two, ormorePrinciples,Existences,orIntellectualBeingswereimagined,tosomeoneormoreofwhom (withoutanyimmediatecreativeactonthepartoftheGreatImmovable,SilentDeity),theimmediate creationofthematerialandmentaluniversewasdue. Wehavealreadyspokenofmanyofthespeculationsonthispoint.Tosome,theworldwascreatedby theLOGOSorWORD,firstmanifestationof,oremanationfrom,theDeity.Toothers,thebeginning ofcreationwasbytheemanationofarayofLight,creatingtheprincipleofLightandLife.The PrimitiveTHOUGHT,creatingtheinferiorDeities,asuccessionofINTELLGENCES,theIyngesof Zoroaster,hisAmshaspands,Izeds,andFerouers,theIdeasofPlato,theAionsoftheGnostics,the AngelsoftheJews,theNous,theDemiourgos,theDIVINEREASON,thePowersorForcesofPhilo, andtheAlohayim,ForcesorSuperiorGodsoftheancientlegendwithwhichGenesisbegins,tothese andotherintermediariesthecreationwasowing.NorestraintswerelaidontheFancyandthe Imagination.TheveriestAbstractionsbecameExistencesandRealities.TheattributesofGod, personified,becamePowers,Spirits,Intelligences. GodwastheLightofLight,DivineFire,theAbstractIntellectuality,theRootorGermoftheUniverse. SimonMagus,founderoftheGnosticfaith,andmanyoftheearlyJudaizingChristians,admittedthat EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

208/641 themanifestationsoftheSupremeBeing,asFATHER,orJEhOVAh,SONorCHRIST,andHOLY SPIRIT,wereonlysomanydifferentmodesofExistence,orForcesofthesameGod.Toothersthey were,aswerethemultitudeofSubordinateIntelligences,realanddistinctbeings. TheOrientalimaginationrevelledinthecreationoftheseInferiorIntelligences,PowersofGoodand Evil,andAngels.WehavespokenofthoseimaginedbythePersiansandtheKabalists.IntheTalmud, everystar,everycountry,everytown,andalmosteverytonguehasaPrinceofHeavenasitsProtector. JEHUEL,istheguardianoffire,andMICHAELofwater.Sevenspiritsassisteach;thoseoffirebeing Seraphiel,Gabriel,Nitriel,Tammael,Tchimschiel,Hadarniel,andSarniel.Thesesevenarerepresented bythesquarecolumnsofthisDegree,whilethecolumnsJACHINandBOAZrepresenttheangelsof fireandwater.Butthecolumnsarenotrepresentativesofthesealone. ToBasilides,Godwaswithoutname,uncreated,atfirstcontainingandconcealinginHimselfthe PlenitudeofHisPerfectionsandwhenthesearebyHimdisplayedandnianifested,thereresultasmany particularExistences,allanalogoustoHim,andstillandalwaysHim.TotheEssenesandtheGnostics, theEastandtheWestbothdevisedthisfaith;thattheIdeas,Conceptions,orManifestationsofthe DeityweresomanyCreations,somanyBeings,allGod,nothingwithoutHim,butmorethanwhatwe nowunderstandbythewordideas.TheyemanatedfromandwereagainmergedinGod.Theyhada kindofmiddleexistencebetweenourmodernideas,andtheintelligencesorideas,elevatedtotherank ofgenii,oftheOrientalmythology. ThesepersonifiedattributesofDeity,inthetheoryofBasilides,weretheFirstborn,NousorMind: fromitemanatesLogos,orTHEWORDfromit:Phronesis,Intellect:fromitSophia,Wisdom:fromit Dunamis,Power:andfromitDikaiosune,Righteousness:towhichlattertheJewsgavethenameof Eirene,Peace,orCalm,theessentialcharacteristicsofDivinity,andharmoniouseffectofallHis perfections.Thewholenumberofsuccessiveemanationswas365,expressedbytheGnostics,inGreek letters,bythemysticwordAbraxas;designatingGodasmanifested,ortheaggregateofhis manifestations;butnottheSupremeandSecretGodHimself.Thesethreehundredandsixtyfive IntelligencescomposealtogethertheFullnessorPlenitudeoftheDivineEmanations. WiththeOphites,asectoftheGnostics,therewereseveninferiorspirits(inferiortoIaldabaoth,the DemiourgosorActualCreator:Michael,Suriel,Raphael,Gabriel,Thauthabaoth,Erataoth,and Athaniel,thegeniiofthestarscalledtheBull;theDog,theLion,theBear,theSerpent,theEagle,and theAssthatformerlyfiguredintheconstellationCancer,andsymbolizedrespectivelybythoseanimals; asIaldabaoth,Iao,Adonai,Eloi,Orai,andAstaphaiwerethegeniiofSaturn,theMoon,theSun, Jupiter,Venus,andMercury. TheWORDappearsinallthesecreeds.ItistheOrmuzdofZoroaster,theAinsophoftheKabalah,the EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

209/641 NousofPlatonismandPhilonism,andtheSophiaorDemiourgosoftheGnostics. Andallthesecreeds,whileadmittingthesedifferentmanifestationsoftheSupremeBeing,heldthatHis identitywasimmutableandpermanent.ThatwasPlato'sdistinctionbetweentheBeingalwaysthesame andtheperpetualflowofthingsincessantlychanging,theGenesis. Thebeliefindualisminsomeshape,wasuniversal.Thosewhoheldthateverythingemanatedfrom God,aspiredtoGod,andreenteredintoGod,believedthat,amongthoseemanationsweretwoadverse Principles,ofLightandDarkness,GoodandEvil.ThisprevailedinCentralAsiaandinSyria;whilein EgyptitassumedtheformofGreekspeculation.Intheformer,asecondIntellectualPrinciplewas admitted,activeinitsEmpireofDarkness,audaciousagainsttheEmpireofLight.SothePersiansand Sabeansunderstoodit.InEgypt,thissecondPrinciplewasMatter,asthewordwasusedbythePlatonic School,withitssadattributes,Vacuity,Darkness,andDeath.Intheirtheory,mattercouldbeanimated onlybythelowcommunicationofaprincipleofdivinelife.Itresiststheinfluencesthatwould spiritualizeit.ThatresistingPowerisSatan,therebelliousMatter,MatterthatdoesnotpartakeofGod. TomanythereweretwoPrinciples;theUnknownFather,orSupremeandEternalGod,livinginthe centreoftheLight,happyintheperfectpurityofHisbeing;theother,eternalMatter,thatinert, shapeless,darksomemass,whichtheyconsideredasthesourceofallevils,themotheranddwelling placeofSatan. ToPhiloandthePlatonists,therewasaSouloftheworld,creatingvisiblethings,andactiveinthem,as agentoftheSupremeIntelligence;realizingthereintheideascommunicatedtoHimbythat Intelligence,andwhichsometimesexcelHisconceptions,butwhichHeexecuteswithout comprehendingthem. TheApocalypseorRevelations,bywhomeverwritten,belongstotheOrientandtoextremeantiquity. Itreproduceswhatisfarolderthanitself.Itpaints,withthestrongestcolorsthattheOrientalgenius everemployed,theclosingscenesofthegreatstruggleofLight,andTruth,andGood,against Darkness,Error,andEvil;personifiedinthatbetweentheNewReligionononeside,andPaganismand Judaismontheother.ItisaparticularapplicationoftheancientmythofOrmuzdandhisGeniiagainst AhrimanandhisDevs;anditcelebratesthefinaltriumphofTruthagainstthecombinedpowersof menanddemons.Theideasandimageryareborrowedfromeveryquarter;andallusionsarefoundinit tothedoctrinesofallages.WearecontinuallyremindedoftheZendAvesta,theJewishCodes,Philo, andtheGnosis.TheSevenSpiritssurroundingtheThroneoftheEternal,attheopeningoftheGrand Drama,andactingsoimportantapartthroughout,everywherethefirstinstrumentsoftheDivineWill andVengence,aretheSevenAmshaspandsofParsism;astheTwentyfourAncients,offeringtothe SupremeBeingthefirstsupplicationsandthefirsthomage,remindusoftheMysteriousChiefsof EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

210/641 Judaism,foreshadowtheEonsofGnosticism,andreproducethetwentyfourGoodSpiritscreatedby Ormuzdandinclosedinanegg. TheChristoftheApocalypse,FirstbornofCreationandoftheResurrectionisinvestedwiththe characteristicsoftheOrmuzdandSosioschoftheZendAvesta,theAinsophoftheKabalahandthe CarpistesoftheGnostics.TheideathatthetrueInitiatesandFaithfulbecomeKingsandPriests,isat oncePersian,Jewish,Christian,andGnostic.AndthedefinitionoftheSupremeBeing,thatHeisat onceAlphaandOmega,thebeginningandtheendHethatwas,andis,andistocome,i.e.,Time illimitable,isZoroaster'sdefinitionofZerouaneAkherene. ThedepthsofSatanwhichnomancanmeasure;histriumphforatimebyfraudandviolence;hisbeing chainedbyanangel;hisreprobationandhisprecipitationintoaseaofmetal;hisnamesoftheSerpent andtheDragon;thewholeconflictoftheGoodSpiritsorcelestialarmiesagainstthebad;aresomany ideasanddesignationsfoundalikeintheZendAvesta,theKabalah,andtheGnosis. WeevenfindintheApocalypsethatsingularPersianidea,whichregardssomeoftheloweranimalsas somanyDevsorvehiclesofDevs. Theguardianshipoftheearthbyagoodangel,therenewingoftheearthandheavens,andthefinal triumphofpureandholymen,arethesamevictoryofGoodoverEvil,forwhichthewholeOrient looked. Thegold,andwhiteraimentsofthetwentyfourEldersare,asinthePersianfaith,thesignsofalofty perfectionanddivinepurity. ThustheHumanmindlaboredandstruggledandtortureditselfforages,toexplaintoitselfwhatitfelt, withoutconfessingit,tobeinexplicable.Avastcrowdofindistinctabstractions,hoveringinthe imagination,atrainofwordsembodyingnotangiblemeaning,aninextricablelabyrinthofsubtleties, wastheresult. Butonegrandideaeveremergedandstoodprominentandunchangeableoverthewelteringchaosof confusion.Godisgreat,andgood,andwise.Evilandpainandsorrowaretemporary,andforwiseand beneficentpurposes.TheymustbeconsistentwithGod'sgoodness,purity,andinfiniteperfection;and theremustbeamodeofexplainingthem,ifwecouldbutfinditout;as,inallwayswewillendeavorto do.Ultimately,Goodwillprevail,andEvilbeoverthrown.God,alonecandothis,andHewilldoit,by anEmanationfromHimself,assumingtheHumanformandredeemingtheworld.

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Beholdtheobject,theend,theresult,ofthegreatspeculationsandlogomachiesofantiquity;the ultimateannihilationofevil,andrestorationofMantohisfirstestate,byaRedeemer,aMasayah,a Christos,theincarnateWord,Reason,orPowerofDeity. ThisRedeemeristheWordorLogos,theOrmuzdofZoroaster,theAinsophoftheKabalah,theNous ofPlatonismandPhilonism;HethatwasintheBeginningwithGod,andwasGod,andbyWhom everythingwasmade.ThatHewaslookedforbyallthePeopleoftheEastisabundantlyshownbythe GospelofJohnandtheLettersofPaul;whereinscarcelyanythingseemednecessarytobesaidin proofthatsuchaRedeemerwastocome;butalltheenergiesofthewritersaredevotedtoshowingthat JesuswasthatChristoswhomallthenationswereexpecting;the"Word,"theMasayah,theAnointedor ConsecratedOne. InthisDegreethegreatcontestbetweengoodandevil,inanticipationoftheappearanceandadventof theWordorRedeemerissymbolized;andthemysteriousesotericteachingsoftheEssenesandthe Cabalists.Ofthepracticesoftheformerwegainbutglimpsesintheancientwriters;butweknowthat, astheirdoctrinesweretaughtbyJohntheBaptist,theygreatlyresembledthoseofgreaterpurityand morenearlyperfect,taughtbyJesus;andthatnotonlyPalestinewasfullofJohn'sdisciples,sothatthe PriestsandPhariseesdidnotdaretodenyJohn'sinspiration;buthisdoctrinehadextendedtoAsia Minor,andhadmadeconvertsinluxuriousEphesus,asitalsohadinAlexandriainEgypt;andthatthey readilyembracedtheChristianfaith,ofwhichtheyhadbeforenotevenheard. Theseoldcontroversieshavediedaway,andtheoldfaithshavefadedintooblivion.ButMasonrystill survives,vigorousandstrong,aswhenphilosophywastaughtintheschoolsofAlexandriaandunder thePortico;teachingthesameoldtruthsastheEssenestaughtbytheshoresoftheDeadSea,andas JohntheBaptistpreachedintheDesert;truthsimperishableastheDeity,andundeniableasLight. ThosetruthsweregatheredbytheEssenesfromthedoctrinesoftheOrientandtheOccident,fromthe ZendAvestaandtheVedas,fromPlatoandPythagoras,fromIndia,Persia,Phoenicia,andSyria,from GreeceandEgypt,andfromtheHolyBooksoftheJews.HencewearecalledKnightsoftheEastand West,becausetheirdoctrinescamefromboth.Andthesedoctrines,thewheatsiftedfromthechaff,the TruthseperatedfromError,Masonryhasgarneredupinherheartofhearts,andthroughthefiresof persecution,andthestormsofcalamity,hasbroughtthemanddeliveredthemuntous.ThatGodis One,immutable,unchangeable,infinitelyjustandgood;thatLightwillfinallyovercomeDarkness, GoodconquerEvil,andTruthbevictoroverError;these,rejectingallthewildanduselessspeculations oftheZendAvesta,theKabalah,theGnostics,andtheSchools,arethereligionandPhilosophyof Masonry. Thosespeculationsandfanciesitisusefultostudy;thatknowinginwhatworthlessandunfruitful investigationsthemindmayengage,youmaythemorevalueandappreciatetheplain,simple,sublime, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

212/641 universallyacknowledgedtruths,whichhaveinallagesbeentheLightbywhichMasonshavebeen guidedontheirway;theWisdomandStrengththatlikeimperishablecolumnshavesustainedandwill continuetosustainitsgloriousandmagnificentTemple.

XVIII.KNIGHTROSECROIX
[PrinceRoseCroix] Eachofusmakessuchapplicationstohisownfaithandcreed,ofthesymbolsandceremoniesofthis Degree,asseemstohimproper.Withthesespecialinterpretationswehaveherenothingtodo.Like thelegendoftheMasterKhurum,inwhichsomeseefiguredthecondemnationandsufferingsof Christ;othersthoseoftheunfortunateGrandMasteroftheTemplars;othersthoseofthefirstCharles, KingofEngland;andothersstilltheannualdescentoftheSunatthewinterSolsticetotheregionsof darkness,thebasisofmanyanancientlegend;sotheceremoniesofthisDegreereceivedifferent explanations;eachinterpretingthemforhimself,andbeingoffendedattheinterpretationofnoother. InnootherwaycouldMasonrypossessitscharacterofUniversality;thatcharacterwhichhaseverbeen peculiartoitfromitsorigin;andwhichenablestwoKings,worshippersofdifferentDeities,tosit togetherasMasters,whilethewallsofthefirsttemplearoseandthemenofGebal,bowingdowntothe PhoenicianGods,toworkbythesideoftheHebrewstowhomthoseGodswereabomination;andtosit withtheminthesameLodgeasbrethren. Youhavealreadylearnedthattheseceremonieshaveonegeneralsignificance,toeveryone,ofevery faith,whobelievesinGod,andthesoul'simmortality. TheprimitivemenmetinnoTemplesmadewithhumanhands."God,"saidStheexistenceofasingle uncreatedGod,inwhosebosomeverythinggrows,isdevelopedandtransformed.Theworshipofthis GodreposedupontheobedienceofallthebeingsHecreated.HisfeastswerethoseoftheSolstices. ThedoctrinesofBuddhapervadedIndia,China,andJapan.ThePriestsofBrahma,professingadark andbloodycreed,brutalizedbySuperstition,unitedtogetheragainstBuddhism,andwiththeaidof Despotism,exterminateditsfollowers.Buttheirbloodfertilizedthenewdocfirstfallingthemselves, andplungedinmiseryanddarkness,temptedmantohisfall,andbroughtsinintotheworld.All believedinafuturelife,tobeattainedbypurificationandtrials;inastateorsuccessivestatesofreward andpunishment;andinaMediatororRedeemer,bywhomtheEvilPrinciplewastobeovercomeand theSupremeDeityreconciledtoHiscreatures.Thebeliefwasgeneral,thatHewastobebornofa Virgin,andsufferapainfuldeath.TheIndianscalledhimChrishna;theChinese,Kiountse;the Persians,Sosiosch;theChaldeans,Dhouvanai;theEgyptians,HarOeri;Plato,Love;andthe Scandinavians,Balder. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Chrishna,theHindooRedeemer,wascradledandeducatedamongShepherds.ATyrant,atthetimeof hisbirth,orderedallmalechildrentobeslain.Heperformedmiracles,sayhislegends,evenraisingthe dead.HewashedthefeetoftheBrahmins,andwasmeekandlowlyofspirit.HewasbornofaVirgin; descendedtoHell,roseagain,ascendedtoHeaven,chargedhisdisciplestoteachhisdoctrines,and gavethemthegiftofmiracles. ThefirstMasonicLegislatorwhosememoryispreservedtousbyhistory,wasBuddha,who,abouta thousandyearsbeforetheChristianera,reformedthereligionofManous.HecalledtothePriesthood allmen,withoutdistinctionofcaste,whofeltthemselvesinspiredbyGodtoinstructmen.Thosewho soassociatedthemselvesformedaSocietyofProphetsunderthenameofSamaneans.They recognizedtheexistenceofasingleuncreatedGod,inwhosebosomeverythinggrows,isdeveloped andtransformed.TheworshipofthisGodreposedupontheobedienceofallthebeingsHecreated.His feastswerethoseoftheSolstices.ThedoctrinesofBuddhapervadedIndia,China,andJapan.The PriestsofBrahma,professingadarkandbloodycreed,brutalizedbySuperstition,unitedtogether againstBuddhism,andwiththeaidofDespotism,exterminateditsfollowers.Buttheirbloodfertilized thenewdoctrine,whichproducedanewSocietyunderthenameofGymnosophists;andalarge number,fleeingtoIreland,plantedtheirdoctrinesthere,andthereerectedtheroundtowers,someof whichstillstand,solidandunshakenasatfirst,visiblemonumentsoftheremotestages. ThePhoenicianCosmogony,likeallothersinAsia,wastheWordofGod,writteninastralcharacters, bytheplanetaryDivinities,andcommunicatedbytheDemigods,asaprofoundmystery,tothe brighterintelligencesofHumanity,tobepropagatedbythemamongmen.Theirdoctrinesresembled theAncientSabeism,andbeingthefaithofHiramtheKingandhisnamesaketheArtist,areofinterest toallMasons.Withthem,theFirstPrinciplewashalfmaterial,halfspiritual,adarkair,animatedand impregnatedbythespirit;andadisorderedchaos,coveredwiththickdarkness.Fromthiscamethe Word,andthencecreationandgeneration;andthencearaceofmen,childrenoflight,whoadored HeavenanditsStarsastheSupremeBeing;andwhosedifferentgodswerebutincarnationsoftheSun, theMoon,theStars,andtheEther.ChrysorwasthegreatigneouspowerofNature,andBaaland MalakarthrepresentationsoftheSunandMoon,thelatterword,inHebrew,meaningQueen. Manhadfallen,butnotbythetemptingoftheserpent.For,withthePhoenicians,theserpentwas deemedtopartakeoftheDivineNature,andwassacred,ashewasinEgypt.Hewasdeemedtobe immortal,unlessslainbyviolence,becomingyoungagaininhisoldage,byenteringintoand consuminghimself.HencetheSerpentinacircle,holdinghistailinhismouth,wasanemblemof eternity.WiththeheadofahawkhewasofaDivineNature,andasymbolofthesun.HenceoneSect oftheGnosticstookhimfortheirgoodgenius,andhencethebrazenserpentrearedbyMosesinthe Desert,onwhichtheIsraeliteslookedandlived.

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214/641 "Beforethechaos,thatprecededthebirthofHeavenandEarth,"saidtheChineseLaoTseu,"asingle Beingexisted,immenseandsilent,immutableandalwaysacting;themotheroftheUniverse.Iknow notthenameofthatBeing,butIdesignateitbythewordReason.Manhashismodelintheearth,the earthinHeaven,HeaveninReason,andReasoninitself." "Iam,"saysIsis,"Nature;parentofallthings,thesovereignoftheElements,theprimitiveprogenyof Time,themostexaltedoftheDeities,thefirstoftheHeavenlyGodsandGoddesses,theQueenofthe Shades,theuniformcountenance;whodisposewithmyrodthenumerouslightsofHeaven,the salubriousbreezesofthesea,andthemournfulsilenceofthedead;whosesingleDivinitythewhole worldveneratesinmanyforms,withvariousritesandbymanynames.TheEgyptians,skilledin ancientlore,worshipmewithproperceremonies,andcallmebymytruename,IsistheQueen." TheHinduVedasthusdefinetheDeity:"Hewhosurpassesspeech,andthroughwhosepowerspeechis expressed,knowthouthatHeisBrahma;andnottheseperishablethingsthatmanadores. "HewhomIntelligencecannotcomprehend,andHealone,saythesages,throughwhosePowerthe natureofIntelligencecanbeunderstood,knowthouthatHeisBrahma;andnottheseperishablethings thatmanadores. "Hewhocannotbeseenbytheorganofsightandthroughwhosepowertheorganofseeingsees,know thouthatHeisBrahma;andnottheseperishablethingsthatmanadores. "Hewhocannotbeheardbytheorganofhearing,andthroughwhosepowertheorganofhearinghears, knowthouthatHeisBrahma;andnottheseperishablethingsthatmanadores. "Hewhocannotbeperceivedbytheorganofsmelling,andthroughwhosepowertheorganofsmelling smells,knowthouthatHeisBrahma;andnottheseperishablethingsthatmanadores." "WhenGodresolvedtocreatethehumanrace,"saidArius,"HemadeaBeingthatHecalledThe WORD,TheSon,Wisdom,totheendthatthisBeingmightgiveexistencetomen."ThisWORDisthe OrmuzdofZoroaster,theAinsophoftheKabalah,theNousofPlatoandPhilo,theWisdomor DemiourgosoftheGnostics. ThatistheTrueWord,theknowledgeofwhichourancientbrethrensoughtasthepricelessrewardof theirlaborsontheHolyTemple:theWordofLife,theDivineReason,"inwhomwasLife,andthatLife theLightofmen";"whichlongshoneindarkness,andthedarknesscomprehendeditnot;"theInfinite EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

215/641 ReasonthatistheSoulofNature,immortal,ofwhichtheWordofthisDegreeremindsus;andto believewhereinandrevereit,isthepeculiardutyofeveryMason. "Inthebeginning,"saystheextractfromsomeolderwork,withwhichJohncommenceshisGospel, "wastheWord,andtheWordwasneartoGod,andtheWordwasGod.AllthingsweremadebyHim, andwithoutHimwasnotanythingmadethatwasmade.InHimwasLife,andthelifewastheLightof man;andthelightshinethindarkness,andthedarknessdidnotcontainit." Itisanoldtraditionthatthispassagewasfromanolderwork.AndPhilostorgiusandNicephorusstate, thatwhentheEmperorJulianundertooktorebuildtheTemple,astonewastakenup,thatcoveredthe mouthofadeepsquarecave,intowhichoneofthelaborers,beingletdownbyarope,foundinthe centreoftheflooracubicalpillar,onwhichlayarollorbook,wrappedinafinelinencloth,inwhich, incapitalletters,wastheforegoingpassage. Howeverthismayhavebeen,itisplainthatJohn'sGospelisapolemicagainsttheGnostics;and, statingattheoutsetthecurrentdoctrineinregardtothecreationbytheWord,hethenaddresseshimself toshowandurgethatthisWordwasJesusChrist. Andthefirstsentence,fullyrenderedintoourlanguage,wouldreadthus:"Whentheprocessof emanation,ofcreationorevolutionofexistencesinferiortotheSupremeGodbegan,theWordcame intoexistenceandwas:andthiswordwasneartoGod;i.e.theimmediateorfirstemanationfromGod: anditwasGodHimself,developedormanifestedinthatparticularmode,andinaction.Andbythat Wordeverythingthatiswascreated."AndthusTertulliansaysthatGodmadetheWorldoutofnothing, bymeansofHisWord,Wisdom,orPower. ToPhilotheJew,astotheGnostics,theSupremeBeingwasthePrimitiveLight,orArchetypeofLight SourcewhencetheraysemanatethatilluminateSouls.HeistheSouloftheWorld,andassuchacts everywhere.Hehimselffillsandboundshiswholeexistence,andhisforcesfillandpenetrate everything.HisImageistheWORD[LOGOS],aformmorebrilliantthanfire,whichisnotpurelight. ThisWORDdwellsinGod;foritiswithinHisIntelligencethattheSupremeBeingframesforHimself theTypesofIdeasofallthatistoassumerealityintheUniverse.TheWORDistheVehiclebywhich GodactsontheUniverse;theWorldofIdeasbymeanswhereofGodhascreatedvisiblethings;the moreAncientGod,ascomparedwiththeMaterialWorld;ChiefandGeneralRepresentativeofall Intelligences;theArchangelandrepresentativeofallspirits,eventhoseofMortals;thetypeofMan; theprimitivemanhimself.TheseideasareborrowedfromPlato.AndthisWordisnotonlytheCreator ["byHimwaseverythingmadethatwasmade"],butactsintheplaceofGodandthroughhimactall thePowersandAttributesofGod.Andalso,asfirstrepresentativeofthehumanrace,heisthe protectorofMenandtheirShepherd,the"BenH'Adam,"orSonofMan. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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TheactualconditionofManisnothisprimitivecondition,thatinwhichhewastheimageoftheWord. Hisunrulypassionshavecausedhimtofallfromhisoriginalloftyestate.Buthemayriseagain,by followingtheteachingsofHeavenlyWisdom,andtheAngelswhomGodcommissionstoaidhimin escapingfromtheentanglementsofthebody;andbyfightingbravelyagainstEvil,theexistenceof whichGodhasallowedsolelytofurnishhimwiththemeansofexercisinghisfreewill. TheSupremeBeingoftheEgyptianswasAmun,asecretandconcealedGod,theUnknownFatherof theGnostics,theSourceofDivineLife,andofallforce,thePlenitudeofall,comprehendingallthings inHimself,theoriginalLight.Hecreatesnothing;buteverythingemanatesfromHim:andallother Godsarebuthismanifestations.FromHim,bytheutteranceofaWord,emanatedNeith,theDivine Motherofallthings,thePrimitiveTHOUGHT,theFORCEthatputseverythinginmovement,the SPIRITeverywhereextended,theDeityofLightandMotheroftheSun. OfthisSupremeBeing,Osiriswastheimage,SourceofallGoodinthemoralandphysicalworld,and constantfoeofTyphon,theGeniusofEvil,theSatanofGnosticism,brutematter,deemedtobe alwaysatfeudwiththespiritthatflowedfromtheDeity;andoverwhomHarOeri,theRedeemer,Son ofIsisandOsiris,isfinallytoprevail. IntheZendAvestaofthePersianstheSupremeBeingisTimewithoutlimit,ZERUANEAKHERENE. NoorigincouldbeassignedtoHim;forHewasenvelopedinHisownGlory,andHisNatureand AttributesweresoinaccessibletohumanIntelligence,thatHewasbuttheobjectofasilent veneration.ThecommencementofCreationwasbyemanationfromhim.Thefirstemanationwasthe PrimitiveLight,andfromthisLightemergedOrmuzd,theKingofLight,who,bytheWORD,created theWorldinitspurity,isitsPreserverandJudge,aHolyandSacredBeing,Intelligenceand Knowledge,HimselfTimewithoutlimit,andwieldingallthepowersoftheSupremeBeing. InthisPersianfaith,astaughtmanycenturiesbeforeourera,andembodiedintheZendAvesta,there wasinmanapurePrinciple,proceedingfromtheSupremeBeing,producedbytheWillandWordof Ormuzd.Tothatwasunitedanimpureprinciple,proceedingfromaforeigninfluence,thatofAhriman, theDragon,orprincipleofEvil.TemptedbyAhriman,thefirstmanandwomanhadfallen;andfor twelvethousandyearstherewastobewarbetweenOrmuzdandtheGoodSpiritscreatedbyhim,and AhrirnanandtheEviloneswhomhehadcalledintoexistence. ButpuresoulsareassistedbytheGoodSpirits,theTriumphoftheGoodPrincipleisdeterminedupon inthedecreesoftheSupremeBeing,andtheperiodofthattriumphwillinfalliblyarrive.Atthe momentwhentheearthshallbemostafflictedwiththeevilsbroughtuponitbytheSpiritsofperdition, threeProphetswillappeartobringassistancetomortals.Sosiosch,ChiefoftheThree,willregenerate EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

217/641 theworld,andrestoretoititsprimitiveBeauty,Strength,andPurity.Hewilljudgethegoodandthe wicked.AftertheuniversalresurrectionoftheGood,thepureSpiritswillconductthemtoanabodeof eternalhappiness.Ahriman,hisevilDemons,andalltheworld,willbepurifiedinatorrentofliquid burningmetal.TheLawofOrmuzdwillruleeverywhere:allmenwillbehappy:all,enjoyingan unalterablebliss,willunitewithSosioschinsingingthepraisesoftheSupremeBeing. Thesedoctrines,withsomemodifications,wereadoptedbytheKabalistsandafterwardbythe Gnostics. ApolloniusofTyanasays:"WeshallrenderthemostappropriateworshiptotheDeity,whentothatGod whomwecalltheFirst,whoisOne,andseparatefromall,andafterwhomwerecognizetheothers, wepresentnoofferingswhatever,kindletoHimnofire,dedicatetoHimnosensiblething;forheneeds nothing,evenofallthatnaturesmoreexaltedthanourscouldgive.Theearthproducesnoplant,theair nourishesnoanimal,thereisinshortnothing,whichwouldnotbeimpureinhissight.Inaddressing ourselvestoHim,wemustuseonlythehigherword,that,Imean,whichisnotexpressedbythemouth, thesilentinnerwordofthespirit.FromthemostGloriousofallBeings,wemustseekforblessings,by thatwhichismostgloriousinourselves;andthatisthespirit,whichneedsnoorgan." Strabosays:"ThisoneSupremeEssenceisthatwhichembracesusall,thewaterandtheland,that whichwecalltheHeavens,theWorld,theNatureofthings.ThisHighestBeingshouldbeworshipped, withoutanyvisibleimage,insacredgroves.Insuchretreatsthedevoutshouldlaythemselvesdownto sleep,andexpectsignsfromGodindreams." Aristoltesays:"Ithasbeenhandeddowninamythicalform,fromtheearliesttimestoposterity,that thereareGods,andthatTheDivinecompassesentirenature.Allbesidesthishasbeenadded,afterthe mythicalstyle,forthepurposeofpersuadingthemultitude,andfortheinterestofthelawsandthe advantageoftheState.ThusmenhavegiventotheGodshumanforms,andhaveevenrepresentedthem underthefigureofotherbeings,inthetrainofwhichfictionsfollowedmanymoreofthesamesort. Butif,fromallthis,weseparatetheoriginalprinciple,andconsideritalone,namely,thatthefirst EssencesareGods,weshallfindthatthishasbeendivinelysaid;andsinceitisprobablethat philosophyandtheartshavebeenseveraltimes,sofarasthatispossible,foundandlost,suchdoctrines mayhavebeenpreservedtoourtimesastheremainsofancientwisdom." Porphyrysays:"Byimagesaddressedtosense,theancientsrepresentedGodandhispowersbythe visibletheytypifiedtheinvisibleforthosewhohadlearnedtoread,inthesetypes,asinabook,a treatiseontheGods.Weneednotwonderiftheignorantconsidertheimagestobenothingmorethan woodorstone;forjustso,theywhoareignorantofwritingseenothinginmonumentsbutstone, nothingintabletsbutwood,andinbooksbutatissueofpapyrus." EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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ApolloniusofTyanaheld,thatbirthanddeathareonlyinappearance;thatwhichseparatesitselffrom theonesubstance(theoneDivineessence),andiscaughtupbymatter,seemstobeborn;that,again, whichreleasesitselffromthebondsofmatter,andisreunitedwiththeoneDivineEssence,seemsto die.Thereis,atmost,analterationbetweenbecomingvisibleandbecominginvisible.Inallthereis, properlyspeaking,buttheoneessence,whichaloneactsandsuffers,bybecomingallthingstoall;the EternalGod,whommenwrong,whentheydepriveHimofwhatproperlycanbeattributedtoHim only,andtransferittoothernamesandpersons. TheNewPlatonistssubstitutedtheideaoftheAbsolute,fortheSupremeEssenceitself;asthefirst, simplestprinciple,anteriortoallexistence;ofwhichnothingdeterminatecanbepredicated;towhich noconsciousness,noselfcontemplationcanbeascribed;inasmuchasto doso,wouldimmediatelyimplyaquality,adistinctionofsubjectandobject.ThisSupremeEntitycan beknownonlybyanintellectualintuitionoftheSpirit,transcendingitself,andemancipatingitself fromitsownlimits. Thismerelogicaltendency,bymeansofwhichmenthoughttoarriveattheconceptionofsuchan absolute,theov,wasunitedwithacertainmysticism,which,byatranscendentstateoffeeling, communicated,asitwere,tothisabstractionwhatthemindwouldreceiveasareality.Theabsorption oftheSpiritintothatsuperexistence,soastobeentirelyidentifiedwithit,orsucharevelationofthe lattertothespiritraisedaboveitself,wasregardedasthehighestendwhichthespirituallifecould reach. TheNewPlatonists'ideaofGod,wasthatofOneSimpleOriginalEssence,exaltedakesadistinction betweenthosewhoareinthepropersenseSonsofGod,havingbymeansofcontemplationraised themselvestothehighestBeing,orattainedtoaknowledgeofHim,inHisimmediateself manifestation,andthosewhoknowGodonlyinhismediaterevelationthroughhisoperationsuchasHe declaresHimselfincreationintherevelationstillveiledintheletterofScripturethose,inshort,who attachthemselvessimplytotheLogos,andconsiderthistobetheSupremeGod;whoaren;andafterit hasriditselffromallthatpertainstosensefromallmanifoldness.Theyarethemediatorsbetweenman (amazedandstupefiedbymanifoldness)andtheSupremeUnity. Philosays:"Hewhodisbelievesthemiraculous,simplyasthemiraculous,neitherknowsGod,norhas heeversoughtafterHim;forotherwisehewouldhaveunderstood,bylookingatthattrulygreatand aweinspiringsight,themiracleoftheUniverse,thatthesemiracles(inGod'sprovidentialguidanceof Hispeople)arebutchild'splayfortheDivinePower.Butthetrulymiraculoushasbecomedespised throughfamiliarity.Theuniversal,onthecontrary,althoughinitselfinsignificant,yet,throughourlove ofnovelty,transportsuswithamazement." EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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InoppositiontotheanthropopathismoftheJewishScriptures,theAlexandrianJewsendeavoredto purifytheideaofGodfromalladmixtureoftheHuman.Bytheexclusionofeveryhumanpassion,it wassublimatedtoasomethingdevoidofallattributes,andwhollytranscendental;andthemereBeing, theGood,inandbyitself,theAbsoluteofPlatonism,wassubstitutedforthepersonalDeityoftheOld Testament.Bysoaringupward,beyondallcreatedexistence,themind,disengagingitselffromthe Sensible,attainstotheintellectualintuitionofthisAbsoluteBeing;ofwhom,however,itcanpredicate nothingbutexistence,andsetsasideallotherdeterminationsasnotansweringtotheexaltednatureof theSupremeEssence. ThusPhilomakesadistinctionbetweenthosewhoareinthepropersenseSonsofGod,havingby meansofcontemplationraisedthemselvestothehighestBeing,orattainedtoaknowledgeofHim,in Hisimmediateselfmanifestation,andthosewhoknowGodonlyinhismediaterevelationthroughhis operationsuchasHedeclaresHimselfincreationintherevelationstillveiledintheletterofScripture those,inshort,whoattachthemselvessimplytotheLogos,andconsiderthistobetheSupremeGod; whoarethesonsoftheLogos,ratherthanoftheTrueBeing. "God,"saysPythagoras,"isneithertheobjectofsense,norsubjecttopassion,butinvisible,only intelligible,andsupremelyintelligent.InHisbodyHeislikethelight,andinHissoulHeresembles truth.Heistheuniversalspiritthatpervadesanddiffusethitselfoverallnature.Allbeingsreceive theirlifefromHim.ThereisbutoneonlyGod,whoisnot,assomeareapttoimagine,seatedabovethe world,beyondtheorboftheUniverse;butbeingHimselfallinall,HeseesallthebeingsthatfillHis immensity;theonlyPrinciple,theLightofHeaven,theFatherofall.Heproduceseverything;He ordersanddisposeseverything;HeistheREASON,theLIFE,andtheMOTIONofallbeing." "IamtheLIGHToftheworld;hethatfollowethMeshallnotwalkinDARKNESS,butshallhavethe LIGHTofLIFE."SosaidtheFounderoftheChristianReligion,asHiswordsarereportedbyJohnthe Apostle. God,saythesacredwritingsoftheJews,appearedtoMosesinaFLAMEOFFIRE,inthemidstofa bush,whichwasnotconsumed.HedescendeduponMountSinai,asthesmokeofafurnace;Hewent beforethechildrenofIsrael,byday,inapillarofcloud,and,bynight,inapillaroffire,togivethem light."CallyouonthenameofyourGods,"saidElijahtheProphettothePriestsofBaal,"andIwill calluponthenameofADONAI;andtheGodthatanswerethbyfire,lethimbeGod." AccordingtotheKabalah,asaccordingtothedoctrinesofZoroaster,everythingthatexistshas emanatedfromasourceofinfinitelight.Beforeallthings,existedthePrimitiveBeing,THE ANCIENTOFDAYS,theAncientKingofLight;atitlethemoreremarkable,becauseitisfrequently EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

220/641 giventotheCreatorintheZendAvesta,andintheCodeoftheSabeans,andoccursintheJewish Scriptures. TheworldwasHisRevelation,GodrevealedandsubsistedonlyinHim.Hisattributeswerethere reproducedwithvariousmodificationsandindifferentdegrees;sothattheUniversewasHisHoly Splendor,HisMantle.Hewastobeadoredinsilenceandperfectionconsistedinanearerapproachto Him. Beforethecreationofworlds,thePRIMITIVELIGHTfilledallspace,sothattherewasnovoid. WhentheSupremeBeing,existinginthisLight,resolvedtodisplayHisperfections,ormanifestthem inworlds,HewithdrewwithinHimself,formedaroundHimavoidspace,andshotforthHisfirst emanation,arayoflight;thecauseandprincipleofeverythingthatexists,unitingboththegenerative andconceptivepower,whichpenetrateseverything,andwithoutwhichnothingcouldsubsistforan instant. Manfell,seducedbytheEvilSpiritsmostremotefromtheGreatKingofLight;thoseofthefourth worldofspirits,Asiah,whosechiefwasBelial.TheywageincessantwaragainstthepureIntelligences oftheotherworlds,who,liketheAmshaspands,Izeds,andFerouersofthePersiansarethetutelary guardiansofman.Inthebeginning,allwasunisonandharmony;fullofthesamedivinelightand perfectpurity.TheSevenKingsofEvilfell,andtheUniversewastroubled.ThentheCreatortookfrom theSevenKingstheprinciplesofGoodandofLight,anddividedthemamongthefourworldsof Spirits,givingtothefirstthreethePureIntelligences,unitedinloveandharmony,whiletothefourth werevouchsafedonlysomefeebleglimmeringsoflight. Whenthestrifebetweentheseandthegoodangelsshallhavecontinuedtheappointedtime,andthese SpiritsenvelopedindarknessshalllongandinvainhaveendeavoredtoabsorbtheDivinelightandlife, thenwilltheEternalHimselfcometocorrectthem.Hewilldeliverthemfromthegrossenvelopesof matterthatholdthemcaptive,willreanimateandstrengthentherayoflightorspiritualnaturewhich theyhavepreserved,andreestablishthroughouttheUniversethatprimitiveHarmonywhichwasits bliss. Marcion,theGnostic,said,"TheSouloftheTrueChristian,adoptedasachildbytheSupremeBeing, towhomithaslongbeenastranger,receivesfromHimtheSpiritandDivinelife.Itisledand confirmed,bythisgift,inapureandholylife,likethatofGod;andifitsocompletesitsearthlycareer, incharity,chastity,andsanctity,itwillonedaybedisengagedfromitsmaterialenvelope,astheripe grainisdetachedfromthestraw,andastheyoungbirdescapesfromitsshell.Liketheangels,itwill shareintheblissoftheGoodandPerfectFather,reclothedinanaerialbodyororgan,andmadelike untotheAngelsinHeaven." EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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Yousee,mybrother,whatisthemeaningofMasonic"Light."YouseewhytheEASToftheLodge, wheretheinitialletteroftheNameoftheDeityoverhangstheMaster,istheplaceofLight.Light,as contradistinguishedfromdarkness,isGood,ascontradistinguishedfromEvil:anditisthatLight,the trueknowledgeofDeity,theEternalGood,forwhichMasonsinallageshavesought.StillMasonry marchessteadilyonwardtowardthatLightthatshinesinthegreatdistance,theLightofthatdaywhen Evil,overcomeandvanquished,shallfadeawayanddisappearforever,andLifeandLightbetheone lawoftheUniverse,anditseternalHarmony. TheDegreeofRoseCroixteachesthreethings;theunity,immutabilityandgoodnessofGod;the immortalityoftheSoul;andtheultimatedefeatandextinctionofevilandwrongandsorrow,bya RedeemerorMessiah,yettocome,ifhehasnotalreadyappeared. ItreplacesthethreepillarsoftheoldTemple,withthreethathavealreadybeenexplainedtoyou,Faith [inGod,mankind,andman'sself],Hope[inthevictoryoverevil,theadvancementofHumanity,anda hereafter],andCharity[relievingthewants,andtolerantoftheerrorsandfaultsofothers].Tobe trustful,tobehopeful,tobeindulgent;these,inanageofselfishness,ofillopinionofhumannature,of harshandbitterjudgment,arethemostimportantMasonicVirtues,andthetruesupportsofevery MasonicTemple.AndtheyaretheoldpillarsoftheTempleunderdifferentnames.Forheonlyiswise whojudgesotherscharitably;heonlyisstrongwhoishopeful;andthereisnobeautylikeafirmfaith inGod,ourfellowsandourself. Thesecondapartment,clothedinmourning,thecolumnsoftheTempleshatteredandprostrate,andthe brethrenboweddowninthedeepestdejection,representstheworldunderthetyrannyofthePrinciple ofEvil;wherevirtueispersecutedandvicerewarded;wheretherighteousstarveforbread,andthe wickedlivesumptuouslyanddressinpurpleandfinelinen;whereinsolentignorancerules,and learningandgeniusserve;whereKingandPriesttrampleonlibertyandtherightsofconscience;where freedomhidesincavesandmountains,andsycophancyandservilityfawnandthrive;wherethecryof thewidowandtheorphanstarvingforwantoffood,andshiveringwithcold,risesevertoHeaven,from amillionmiserablehovels;wheremen,willingtolabor,andstarving,theyandtheirchildrenandthe wivesoftheirbosoms,begplaintivelyforwork,whenthepamperedcapitaliststopshismills;wherethe lawpunishesherwho,starving,stealsaloaf,andletstheseducergofree;wherethesuccessofaparty justifiesmurder,andviolenceandrapinegounpunished;andwherehewhowithmanyyears'cheating andgrindingthefacesofthepoorgrowsrich,receivesofficeandhonorinlife,andafterdeathbrave funeralandasplendidmausoleum:thisworld,where,sinceitsmaking,warhasneverceased,norman pausedinthesadtaskoftorturingandmurderinghisbrother;andofwhichambition,avarice,envy, hatred,lust,andtherestofAhriman'sandTyphon'sarmymakeaPandemonium:thisworld,sunkinsin, reekingwithbaseness,clamorouswithsorrowandmisery.Ifanyseeinitalsoatypeofthesorrowof theCraftforthedeathofHiram,thegriefoftheJewsatthefallofJerusalem,themiseryofthe TemplarsattheruinoftheirorderandthedeathofDeMolay,ortheworld'sagonyandpangsofwoeat EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

222/641 thedeathoftheRedeemer,itistherightofeachtodoso. Thethirdapartmentrepresentstheconsequencesofsinandvice,andthehellmadeofthehumanheart, byitsfierypassions.IfanyseeinitalsoatypeoftheHadesoftheGreeks,theGehennaofthe Hebrews,theTartarusoftheRomans,ortheHelloftheChristians,oronlyoftheagoniesofremorse andthetorturesofanupbraidingconscience,itistherightofeachtodoso. ThefourthapartmentrepresentstheUniverse,freedfromtheinsolentdominionandtyrannyofthe PrincipleofEvil,andbrilliantwiththetrueLightthatflowsfromtheSupremeDeity;whensinand wrong,andpainandsorrow,remorseandmiseryshallbenomoreforever;whenthegreatplansof InfiniteEternalWisdomshallbefullydeveloped;andallGod'screatures,seeingthatallapparentevil andindividualsufferingandwrongwerebutthedropsthatwenttoswellthegreatriverofinfinite goodness,shallknowthatvastasisthepowerofDeity,Hisgoodnessandbeneficenceareinfiniteas Hispower.Ifanyseeinitatypeofthepeculiarmysteriesofanyfaithorcreed,oranallusiontoany pastoccurrences,itistheirrighttodoso.Leteachapplyitssymbolsashepleases.Toallofusthey typifytheuniversalruleofMasonry,ofitsthreechiefvirtues,Faith,HopeandCharity;ofbrotherly loveanduniversalbenevolence.Welaborheretonootherend.Thesesymbolsneednoother interpretation. TheobligationsofourAncientBrethrenoftheRoseCroixweretofulfillallthedutiesoffriendship, cheerfulness,charity,peace,liberality,temperanceandchastityandscrupulouslytoavoidimpurity, haughtiness,hatred,anger,andeveryotherkindofvice.Theytooktheirphilosophyfromtheold TheologyoftheEgyptians,asMosesandSolomonhaddone,andborroweditshieroglyphicsandthe ciphersoftheHebrews.Theirprincipalrulesweretoexercisetheprofessionofmedicinecharitably andwithoutfee,toadvancethecauseofvirtue,enlargethesciences,andinducementoliveasinthe primitivetimesoftheworld. WhenthisDegreehaditsorigin,itisnotimportanttoinquire;norwithwhatdifferentritesithasbeen practisedindifferentcountriesandatvarioustimes.Itisofveryhighantiquity.Itsceremoniesdiffer withthedegreesoflatitudeandlongitude,anditreceivesvariantinterpretations.Ifweweretoexamine allthedifferentceremonials,theiremblems,andtheirformulas,weshouldseethatallthatbelongsto theprimitiveandessentialelementsoftheorder,isrespectedineverysanctuary.Allalikepractise virtue,thatitmayproducefruit.Alllabor,likeus,fortheextirpationofvice,thepurificationofman, thedevelopmentoftheartsandsciences,andthereliefofhumanity. Noneadmitanadepttotheirloftyphilosophicalknowledge,andmysterioussciences,untilhehasbeen purifiedatthealtarofthesymbolicDegrees.Ofwhatimportancearedifferencesofopinionastothe ageandgenealogyoftheDegree,orvarianceinthepractice,ceremonialandliturgy,ortheshadeof EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

223/641 colorofthebannerunderwhicheachtribeofIsraelmarched,ifallrevere'theHolyArchofthe symbolicDegrees,firstandunalterablesourceofFreeMasonry;ifallrevereourconservative principles,andarewithusinthegreatpurposesofourorganization? If,anywhere,brethrenofaparticularreligiousbeliefhavebeenexcludedfromthisDegree,itmerely showshowgravelythepurposesandplanofMasonrymaybemisunderstood.Forwheneverthedoorof anyDegreeisclosedagainsthimwhobelievesinoneGodandthesoul'simmortality,onaccountofthe othertenetsofhisfaith,thatDegreeisMasonrynolonger.NoMasonhastherighttointerpretthe symbolsofthisDegreeforanother,ortorefusehimitsmysteries,ifhewillnottakethemwiththe explanationandcommentarysuperadded. Listen,mybrother,toourexplanationofthesymbolsoftheDegree,andthengivethemsuchfurther interpretationasyouthinkfit. TheCrosshasbeenasacredsymbolfromtheearliestAntiquity.Itisfounduponalltheenduring monumentsoftheworld,inEgypt,inAssyria,inHindostan,inPersia,andontheBuddhisttowersof Ireland.Buddhawassaidtohavedieduponit.TheDruidscutanoakintoitsshapeandhelditsacred, andbuilttheirtemplesinthatform.Pointingtothefourquartersoftheworld,itwasthesymbolof universalnature.Itwasonacruciformtree,thatChrishnawassaidtohaveexpired,piercedwith arrows.ItwasreveredinMexico. ButitspeculiarmeaninginthisDegree,isthatgiventoitbytheAncientEgyptians.TltothorPhikais representedontheoldestmonumentscarryinginhishandtheCruxAnsata,orAnkh,[aTaucross,with aringorcircleoverit].HeissoseenonthedoubletabletofShufuandNobShufu,buildersofthe greatestofthePyramids,atWadyMeghara,inthepeninsulaofSinai.Itwasthehieroglyphicforlife, andwithatriangleprefixedmeantlifegiving.TousthereforeitisthesymbolofLifeofthatlifethat emanatedfromtheDeity,andofthatEternalLifeforwhichweallhope;throughourfaithinGod's infinitegoodness. TheROSEwasancientlysacredtoAuroraandtheSun.ItisasymbolofDawn,oftheresurrectionof Lightandtherenewaloflife,andthereforeofthedawnofthefirstday,andmoreparticularlyofthe resurrection:andtheCrossandRosetogetherarethereforehieroglyphicallytoberead,theDawnof EternalLifewhichallNationshavehopedforbytheadventofaRedeemer. ThePelicanfeedingheryoungisanemblemofthelargeandbountifulbeneficenceofNature,ofthe Redeemeroffallenman,andofthathumanityandcharitythatoughttodistinguishaKnightofthis Degree. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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TheEaglewasthelivingSymboloftheEgyptianGodMendesorMenthra,whomSesostrisRamses madeonewithAmunRe,theGodofThebesandUpperEgypt,andtherepresentativeoftheSun,the wordREmeaningSunorKing. TheCompasssurmountedwithacrownsignifiesthatnotwithstandingthehighrankattainedin MasonrybyaKnightoftheRoseCroix,equityandimpartialityareinvariablytogovernhisconduct. TothewordINRI,inscribedontheCruxAnsataovertheMaster'sSeat,manymeaningshavebeen assigned.TheChristianInitiatereverentiallyseesinittheinitialsoftheinscriptionuponthecrosson whichChristsufferedIesusNazarenusRexludceorum.ThesagesofAntiquityconnecteditwithoneof thegreatestsecretsofNature,thatofuniversalregeneration.Theyinterpreteditthus,IgneNatura renovaturintegra;[entirenatureisrenovatedbyfire]:TheAlchemicalorHermeticMasonsframedforit thisaphorism,Ignenitrumrorisinvenitur.AndtheJesuitsarechargedwithhavingappliedtoitthis odiousaxiom,Justumnecareregesimpios.ThefourlettersaretheinitialsoftheHebrewwordsthat representthefourelementslammim,theseasorwater;Nour,fire;Rouach,theairandIebeschah,the dryearth.Howwereadit,Ineednotrepeattoyou. TheCROSS,X,wastheSignoftheCreativeWisdomorLogos,theSonofGod.Platosays,"He expressedhimupontheUniverseinthefigureoftheletterX.ThenextPowertotheSupremeGodwas decussatedorfiguredintheshapeofaCrossontheUniverse."Mithrassignedhissoldiersonthe foreheadwithaCross.Xisthemarkof600,themysteriouscycleoftheIncarnations. WeconstantlyseetheTauandtheReshunitedthusP.These||twoletters,intheoldSamaritan,as foundinArius,stand,thefirstfor400,thesecondfor200=600.ThisistheStaffofOsiris,also,andhis monogram,andwasadoptedbytheChristiansasaSign.OnamedalPofConstaniusisthisinscription, "InhocX|signovictoreris."AninscriptionintheDuomoatMilanreads,"X.etP.Christi.Nomina. Sancta.Tenei." TheEgyptiansusedasaSignoftheirGodCanobus,aToralindifferently.TheVaishnavasofIndia havealsothesameSacredTau,whichtheyalsomarkwithcrosses,andwithtriangles.Thevestmentsof theptiestsofHoruswerecoveredwiththesecrosses.SowasthedressoftheLamaofThibet.The SectarianmarksoftheJainsaresimilar.ThedistinctivebadgeoftheSectofXacJaonicusisthe swastica.ItistheSignofFo,identicalwiththeCrossofChrist.OntheruinsofMandore,inIndia, amongothermysticemblems,arethemystictriangle,andtheinterlacedtriangle.Thisisalsofoundon ancientcoinsandmedals,excavatedfromtheruinsofOojeinandotherancientcitiesofIndia.

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225/641 Youenteredhereamidgloomandintoshadow,andarecladintheapparelofsorrow.Lament,withus, thesadconditionoftheHumanrace,inthisvaleoftears!thecalamitiesofmenandtheagoniesof nations!thedarknessofthebewilderedsoul,oppressedbydoubtandapprehension! Thereisnohumansoulthatisnotsadattimes.Thereisnothoughtfulsoulthatdoesnotattimes despair.Thereisperhapsnone,ofallthatthinkatallofanythingbeyondtheneedsandinterestsofthe body,thatisnotattimesstartledandterrifiedbytheawfulquestionswhich,feelingasthoughitwerea guiltythingfordoingso,itwhisperstoitselfinitsinmostdepths.SomeDemonseemstotortureit withdoubts,andtocrushitwithdespair,askingwhether,afterall,itiscertainthatitsconvictionsare true,anditsfaithwellrounded:whetheritisindeedsurethataGodofInfiniteLoveandBeneficence rulestheUniverse,oronlysomegreatremorselessFateandironNecessity,hidinimpenetrablegloom, andtowhichmenandtheirsufferingsandsorrows.Theirhopesandjoys,theirambitionsanddeeds,are ofnomoreinterestorimportancethanthemotesthatdanceinthesunshine;oraBeingthatamuses Himselfwiththeincrediblevanityandfolly,thewritingsandcontortionsoftheinsignificantinsects thatcomposeHumanity,andidlyimaginethattheyresembletheOmnipotent."Whatarewe,"the Tempterasks,"butpuppetsinashowbox?OOmnipotentdestiny,pullourstringsgently!Danceus mercifullyoffourmiserablelittlestage!" "Isitnot,"theDemonwhispers,"merelytheinordinatevanityofmanthatcauseshimnowtopretendto himselfthatheislikeuntoGodinintellect,sympathiesandpassions,asitwasthatwhich,atthe beginning,madehimbelievethathewas,inhisbodilyshapeandorgans,theveryimageoftheDeity? IsnothisGodmerelyhisownshadow,projectedingiganticoutlinesupontheclouds?Doeshenot createforhimselfaGodoutofhimself,bymerelyaddingindefiniteextensiontohisownfaculties, powers,andpassions?" "Who,"theVoicethatwillnotbealwayssilentwhispers,"haseverthoroughlysatisfiedhimselfwith hisownargumentsinrespecttohisownnature?Whoeverdemonstratedtohimself,witha conclusivenessthatelevatedthebelieftocertainty,thathewasanimmortalspirit,dwellingonly temporarilyinthehouseandenvelopeofthebody,andtoliveonforeverafterthatshallhavedecayed? WhoeverhasdemonstratedorevercandemonstratethattheintellectofMandiffersfromthatofthe wiseranimals,otherwisethanindegree?Whohaseverdonemorethantoutternonsenseand incoherenciesinregardtothedifferencebetweentheinstinctsofthedogandthereasonofMan?The horse,thedog,theelephant,areasconsciousoftheiridentityasweare.Theythink,dream,remember, arguewiththemselves,devise,plan,andreason.Whatistheintellectandintelligenceofthemanbut theintellectoftheanimalinahigherdegreeorlargerquantity?"Intherealexplanationofasingle thoughtofadog,allmetaphysicswillbecondensed. Andwithstillmoreterriblesignificance,theVoiceasks,inwhatrespectthemassesofmen,thevast swarmsofthehumanrace,haveproventhemselveseitherwiserorbetterthantheanimalsinwhose EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

226/641 eyesahigherintelligenceshinesthanintheirdull,unintellecturalorbs;inwhatrespecttheyhave proventhemselvesworthyoforsuitedforanimmortallife.Wouldthatbeaprizeofanyvaluetothe vastmajority?Dotheyshow,hereuponearth,anycapacitytoimprove,anyfitnessforastateof existenceinwhichtheycouldnotcrouchtopower,likehoundsdreadingthelash,ortyrannizeover defencelessweakness;inwhichtheycouldnothate,andpersecute,andtorture,andexterminate;in whichtheycouldnottrade,andspeculate,andoverreach,andentraptheunwaryandcheatthe confidingandgambleandthrive,andsniffwithselfrighteousnessattheshortcomingsofothers,and thankGodthattheywerenotlikeothermen?What,toimmensenumbersofmen,wouldbethevalue ofaHeavenwheretheycouldnotlieandlibel,andplybaseavocationsforprofitablereturns? Sadlywelookaroundus,andreadthegloomyanddrearyrecordsoftheolddeadandrottenages.More thaneighteencenturieshavestaggeredawayintothespectralrealmofthePast,sinceChrist,teaching theReligionofLove,wascrucified,thatitmightbecomeaReligionofHate;andHisDoctrinesarenot yetevennominallyacceptedastruebyafourthofmankind.SinceHisdeath,whatincalculableswarms ofhumanbeingshavelivedanddiedintotalunbeliefofallthatwedeemessentialtoSalvation!What multitudinousmyriadsofsouls,sincethedarknessofidolatroussuperstitionsettleddown,thickand impenetrable,upontheearth,haveflockeduptowardtheeternalThroneofGod,toreceiveHis judgment? TheReligionofLoveprovedtobe,forseventeenlongcenturies,asmuchtheReligionofHate,and infinitelymoretheReligionofPersecution,thanMahometanism,itsunconquerablerival.Heresies grewupbeforetheApostlesdied;andGodhatedtheNicolaitans,whileJohn,atPatmos,proclaimed Hiscomingwrath.Sectswrangled,andeach,asitgainedthepower,persecutedtheother,untilthesoil ofthewholeChristianworldwaswateredwiththeblood,andfattenedontheflesh,andwhitenedwith thebones,ofmartyrs,andhumaningenuitywastaxedtoitsutmosttoinventnewmodesbywhich torturesandagoniescouldbeprolongedandmademoreexquisite."Bywhatright,"whisperstheVoice, "doesthissavage,merciless,persecutinganimal,towhichthesufferingsandwrithingsofothersofits wretchedkindfurnishthemostpleasurablesensations,andthemassofwhichcareonlytoeat,sleep,be clothed,andwallowinsensualpleasures,andthebestofwhichwrangle,hate,envy,and,withfew exceptions,regardtheirowninterestsalone,withwhatrightdoesitendeavortodeludeitselfintothe convictionthatitisnotananimal,asthewolf,thehyena,andthetigerarebutasomewhatnobler,a spiritdestinedtobeimmortal,asparkoftheessentialLight,FireandReason,whichareGod?What otherimmortalitythanoneofselfishnesscouldthiscreatureenjoy?Ofwhatotherisitcapable?Must notimmortalitycommencehereandisnotlifeapartofit?Howshalldeathchangethebasenatureof thebasesoul?Whyhavenotthoseotheranimalsthatonlyfaintlyimitatethewanton,savage,human crueltyandthirstforblood,thesamerightasmanhas,toexpectaresurrectionandanEternityof existence,oraHeavenofLove? Theworldimproves.Manceasestopersecute,whenthepersecutedbecometoonumerousandstrong, longertosubmittoit.Thatsourceofpleasureclosed,menexercisetheingenuitiesoftheircrueltyon EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

227/641 theanimalsandotherlivingthingsbelowthem.TodepriveothercreaturesofthelifewhichGodgave them,andthisnotonlythatwemayeattheirfleshforfood,butoutofmeresavagewantonness,isthe agreeableemploymentandamusementofman,whoprideshimselfonbeingtheLordofCreation,and alittlelowerthantheAngels.Ifhecannolongerusetherack,thegibbet,thepincers,andthestake,he canhate,andslander,anddelightinthethoughtthathewill,hereafter,luxuriouslyenjoyingthesensual beatitudesofHeaven,seewithpleasurethewrithingagoniesofthosejustlydamnedfordaringtohold opinionscontrarytohisown,uponsubjectstotallybeyondthecomprehensionbothofthemandhim. Wherethearmiesofthedespotsceasetoslayandravage,thearmiesof"Freedom"taketheirplace, and,theblackandwhitecommingled,slaughterandburnandravish.Eachagereenactsthecrimesas wellasthefolliesofitspredecessors,andstillwarlicensesoutrageandturnsfruitfullandsintodeserts, andGodisthankedintheChurchesforbloodyhutcheries,andtheremorselessdevastators,evenwhen swollenbyplunder,arecrownedwithlaurelsandreceiveovations. Ofthewholeofmankind,notoneintenthousandhasanyaspirationsbeyondthedailyneedsofthe grossanimallife.Inthisageandinallothers,allmenexceptafew,inmostcountries,areborntobe merebeastsofburden,colaborerswiththehorseandtheox.Profoundlyignorant,evenin"civilized" lands,theythinkandreasonliketheanimalsbythesideofwhichtheytoil.Forthem,God,Soul,Spirit, Immortality,aremerewords,withoutanyrealmeaning.TheGodofnineteentwentiethsofthe ChristianworldisonlyBel,Moloch,Zeus,oratbestOsiris,Mithras,orAdonai,underanothername, worshippedwiththeoldPaganceremoniesandritualisticformulas.ItistheStatueofOlympianJove, worshippedastheFather,intheChristianChurchthatwasaPaganTemple;itistheStatueofVenus, becometheVirginMary.Forthemostpart,mendonotintheirheartsbelievethatGodiseitherjustor merciful.TheyfearandshrinkfromHislightningsanddreadHiswrath.Forthemostpart,theyonly thinktheybelievethatthereisanotherlife,ajudgment,andapunishmentforsin.Yettheywillnonethe lesspersecuteasInfidelsandAtheiststhosewhodonotbelievewhattheythemselvesimaginethey believe,andwhichyettheydonotbelieve,becauseitisincomprehensibletothemintheirignorance andwantofintellect.Tothevastmajorityofmankind,Godisbutthereflectedimage,ininfinitespace, oftheearthlyTyrantonhisThrone,onlymorepowerful,moreinscrutable,andmoreimplacable.To curseHumanity,theDespotneedonlybe,whatthepopularmindhas,ineveryage,imaginedGod. Inthegreatcities,thelowerstrataofthepopulaceareequallywithoutfaithandwithouthope.The othershave,forthemostpart,amereblindfaith,imposedbyeducationandcircumstances,andnotas productiveofmoralexcellenceorevencommonhonestyasMohammedanism."Yourpropertywillbe safehere,"saidtheMoslem;"TherearenoChristianshere."Thephilosophicalandscientificworld becomesdailymoreandmoreunbelieving.FaithandReasonarenotopposites,inequilibrium;but antagonisticandhostiletoeachother;theresultbeingthedarknessanddespairofscepticism,avowed, orhalfveiledasrationalism.

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228/641 Overmorethanthreefourthsofthehabitableglobe,humanitystillkneels,likethecamels,totakeupon itselftheburthenstobetamelyborneforitstyrants.IfaRepublicoccasionallyriseslikeaStar,it hastenswithallspeedtosetinblood.Thekingsneednotmakewaruponit,tocrushitoutoftheirway. Itisonlynecessarytoletitalone,anditsoonlaysviolenthandsuponitself.Andwhenapeoplelong enslavedshakeoffitsfetters,itmaywellbeincredulouslyasked, ShallthebraggartshoutForsomeblindglimpseofFreedom,linkitself,Throughmadness,hatedbythe wise,tolaw,SystemandEmpire? Everywhereintheworldlaboris,insomeshape,theslaveofcapital;generally,aslavetobefedonlyso longashecanwork;or,rather,onlysolongashisworkisprofitabletotheownerofthehumanchattel. TherearefaminesinIreland,strikesandstarvationinEngland,pauperismandtenementdensinNew York,misery,squalor,ignorance,destitution,thebrutalityofviceandtheinsensibilitytoshame,of despairingbeggary,inallthehumancesspoolsandsewerseverywhere.Here,asewingwoman famishesandfreezes;there,mothersmurdertheirchildren,thatthosesparedmayliveuponthebread purchasedwiththeburialallowancesofthedeadstarveling;andatthenextdooryounggirlsprostitute themselvesforfood. Moreover,theVoicesays,thisbesottedraceisnotsatisfiedwithseeingitsmultitudessweptawaybythe greatepidemicswhosecausesareunknown,andofthejusticeorwisdomofwhichthehumanmind cannotconceive.Itmustalsobeeveratwar.Therehasnotbeenamomentsincemendividedinto Tribes,whenalltheworldwasatpeace.Alwaysmenhavebeenengagedinmurderingeachother somewhere.Alwaysthearmieshavelivedbythetoilofthehusbandman,andwarhasexhaustedthe resources,wastedtheenergies,andendedtheprosperityofNations.Nowitloadsunbornposterity withcrushingdebt,mortgagesallestates,andbringsuponStatestheshameandinfamyofdishonest repudiation. Attimes,thebalefulfiresofwarlightuphalfaContinentatonce;aswhenalltheThronesuniteto compelapeopletoreceiveagainahatedanddetestabledynasty,orStatesdenyStatestherightto dissolveanirksomeunionandcreateforthemselvesaseperategovernment.Thenagaintheflames flickeranddieaway,andthefiresmouldersinitsashes,tobreakoutagain,afteratime,withrenewed andamoreconcentratedfury.Attimes,thestorm,revolving,howlsoversmallareasonly;attimesits lightsareseen,liketheoldbeaconfiresonthehills,beltingthewholeglobe.Nosea,buthearstheroar ofcannon;noriver,butrunsredwithblood;noplain,butshakes,trampledbythehoofsofcharging squadrons;nofield,butisfertilizedbythebloodofthedead;andeverywheremanslays,thevulture gorgesandthewolfhowlsintheearofthedyingsoldier.Nocityisnottorturedbyshotandshell;and nopeoplefailtoenactthehorridblasphemyofthankingaGodofLoveforvictoriesandcarnage.Te DeumsarestillsungfortheEveofSt.BartholomewandtheSicilianVespers.Man'singenuityis racked,andallhisinventivepowersaretasked,tofabricatetheinfernalengineryofdestruction,by EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

229/641 whichhumanbodiesmaybethemoreexpeditiouslyandeffectuallycrushed,shattered,torn,and mangled;andyethypocriticalHumanity,drunkwithbloodanddrenchedwithgore,shriekstoHeaven atasinglemurder,perpetratedtogratifyarevengenotmoreunchristian,ortosatisfyacupiditynot moreignoble,thanthosewhicharethepromptingsoftheDevilinthesoulsofNations. WhenwehavefondlydreamedofUtopiaandtheMillennium,whenwehavebegunalmosttobelieve thatmanisnot,afterall,atigerhalftamed,andthatthesmellofbloodwillnotwakethesavage withinhim,weareofasuddenstartledfromthedelusivedream,tofindthethinmaskofcivilization rentintwainandthrowncontemptuouslyaway.Weliedowntosleep,likethepeasantonthelava slopesofVesuvius.Themountainhasbeensolonginert,thatwebelieveitsfiresextinguished.Round ushangtheclusteringgrapes,andthegreenleavesoftheolivetrembleinthesoftnightairoverus. Aboveusshinethepeaceful,patientstars.Thecrashofaneweruptionwakesus,theroarofthe subterraneanthunders,thestabsofthevolcaniclightningintotheshroudedbosomofthesky;andwe see,aghast,thetorturedTitanhurlingupitsfiresamongthepalestars,itsgreattreeofsmokeand cloud,theredtorrentspouringdownitssides.TheroarandtheshriekingsofCivilWarareallaround us:thelandisapandemonium:manisagainaSavage.Thegreatarmiesrollalongtheirhideouswaves, andleavebehindthemsmokinganddepopulateddeserts.Thepillagerisineveryhouse,pluckingeven themorselofbreadfromthelipsofthestarvingchild.Grayhairsaredabbledinblood,andinnocent girlhoodshrieksinvaintoLustformercy.Laws,Courts,Constitutions,Christianity,Mercy,Pity, disappear.Godseemstohaveabdicated,andMolochtoreigninHisstead;whilePressandPulpitalike exultatuniversalmurder,andurgetheexterminationoftheConquered,bytheswordandtheflaming torch;andtoplunderandmurderentitlesthehumanbeastsofpreytothethanksofChristianSenates. CommercialgreeddeadensthenervesofsympathyofNations,andmakesthemdeaftothedemandsof honor,theimpulsesofgenerosity,theappealsofthosewhosufferunderinjustice.Elsewhere,the universalpursuitofwealthdethronesGodandpaysdivinehonorstoMammonandBaalzebub. Selfishnessrulessupreme:towinwealthbecomesthewholebusinessoflife.Thevillaniesoflegalized gamingandspeculationbecomeepidemic;treaceryisbutevidenceofshrewdness;officebecomesthe preyofsuccessfulfaction;theCountry,likeActaeon,istornbyitsownhounds,andthevillainsithas carefullyeducatedtotheirtrade,mostgreedilyplunderit,whenitisinextremis. Bywhatright,theVoicedemands,doesacreaturealwaysengagedintheworkofmutualrobberyand slaughter,andwhomakeshisowninteresthisGod,claimtobeofanaturesuperiortothesavagebeasts ofwhichheistheprototype? Thentheshadowsofahorribledoubtfalluponthesoulthatwouldfainlove,trustandbelieve;a darkness,ofwhichthisthatsurroundedyouwasasymbol.ItdoubtsthetruthofRevelation,itsown spirituality,theveryexistenceofabeneficentGod.Itasksitselfifitisnotidletohopeforanygreat progressofHumanitytowardperfection,andwhether,whenitadvancesinonerespect,itdoesnot EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

230/641 retrogressinsomeother,bywayofcompensation:whetheradvanceincivilizationisnotincreaseof selfishness:whetherfreedomdoesnotnecessarilyleadtolicenseandanarchy:whetherthedestitution anddebasementofthemassesdoesnotinevitablyfollowincreaseofpopulationandcommercialand manufacturingprosperity.Itasksitselfwhethermanisnotthesportofblind,mercilessFate:whether allphilosophiesarenotdelusions,andallreligionsthefantasticcreationsofhumanvanityandself conceit;andaboveall,whether,whenReasonisabandonedasaguide,thefaithofBuddhistand Brahminhasnotthesameclaimstosovereigntyandimplicit,unreasoningcredence,asanyother. Heaskshimselfwhetheritisnot,afterall,theevidentandpalpableinjusticesofthislife,thesuccess andprosperityoftheBad,thecalamities,oppressions,andmiseriesoftheGood,thatarethebasesof allbeliefsinafuturestateofexistence?Doubtingman'scapacityforindefiniteprogresshere,hedoubts thepossibilityofitanywher;andifhedoesnotdoubtwhetherGodexists,andisjustandbeneficent,he atleastcannotsilencetheconstantlyrecurringwhisper,thatthemiseriesandcalamitiesofmen,their livesanddeaths,theirpainsandsorrows,theirexterminationbywarandepidemics,arephenomenaof nohigherdignity,significance,andimportance,intheeyeofGod,thanwhatthingsofthesamenature occurtootherorganismsofmatter;andthatthefishoftheancientseas,destroyedbymyriadstomake roomforotherspecies,thecontortedshapesinwhichtheyarefoundasfossilstestifyingtotheir agonies;thecoralinsects,theanimalsandbirdsandverminslainbyman,haveasmuchrightasheto clamorattheinjusticeofthedispensationsofGod,andtodemandanimmortalityoflifeinanew universe,ascompensationfortheirpainsandsufferingsanduntimelydeathinthisworld. Thisisnotapicturepaintedbytheimagination.Manyathoughtfulmindhassodoubtedanddespaired. Howmanyofuscansaythatourownfaithissowellgroundedandcompletethatweneverhearthose painfulwhisperingswithinthesoul?Thriceblessedaretheywhoneverdoubt,whoruminateinpatient contentmentlikethekine,ordozeundertheopiateofablindfaith;onwhosesoulsneverreststhat AwfulShadowwhichistheabsenceoftheDivineLight. ToexplaintothemselvestheexistenceofEvilandSuffering,theAncientPersiansimaginedthatthere weretwoPrinciplesorDeitiesintheUniverse,theoneofGoodandtheotherofEvil,constantlyin conflictwitheachotherinstruggleforthemasteryandalternatelyovercomingandovercome.Over both,fortheSAGES,wastheOneSupreme;andforthemLightwasintheendtoprevailover Darkness,theGoodovertheEvil,andevenAhrimanandhisDemonstopartwiththeirwickedand viciousnaturesandsharetheuniversalSalvation.ItdidnotoccurtothemthattheexistenceoftheEvil Principle,bytheconsentoftheOmnipotentSupreme,presentedthesamedifficulty,andleftthe existenceofEvilasunexplainedasbefore.Thehumanmindisalwayscontent,ifitcanremovea difficultyastepfurtheroff.Itcannotbelievethattheworldrestsonnothing,butisdevoutlycontent whentaughtthatitisborneonthebackofanimmenseelephant,whohimselfstandsonthebackofa tortoise.Giventhetortoise,Faithisalwayssatisfied;andithasbeenagreatsourceofhappinessto multitudesthattheycouldbelieveinaDevilwhocouldrelieveGodoftheodiumofbeingtheAuthorof Sin. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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ButnottoallisFaithsufficienttoovercomethisgreatdifficulty.Theysay,withtheSuppliant,"Lord!I believe!"butlikehimtheyareconstrainedtoadd,"HelpThoumyunbelief!"Reasonmust,forthese, cooperateandcoincidewithFaith,ortheyremainstillinthedarknessofdoubt,mostmiserableofall conditionsofthehumanmind. Thoseonly,whocarefornothingbeyondtheinterestsandpursuitsofthislife,areuninterestedinthese greatProblems.Theanimals,also,donotconsiderthem.ItisthecharacteristicofanimmortalSoul, thatitshouldseektosatisfyitselfofitsimmortality,andtounderstandthisgreatenigma,theUniverse. IftheHottentotandthePapuanarenottroubledandtorturedbythesedoubtsandspeculations,theyare not,forthat,toberegardedaseitherwiseorfortunate.Theswine,also,areindifferenttothegreat riddlesoftheUniverse,andarehappyinbeingwhollyunawarethatitisthevastRevelationand Manifestation,inTimeandSpace,ofaSingleThoughtoftheInfiniteGod. ExaltandmagnifyFaithaswewill,andsaythatitbeginswhereReasonends,itmust,afterall,havea foundation,eitherinReason,Analogy,theConsciousness,orhumantestimony.Theworshipperof BrahmaalsohasimplicitFaithinwhatseemstouspalpablyfalseandabsurd.Hisfaithrestsneitherin Reason,Analogy,ortheConsciousness,butonthetestimonyofhisSpiritualteachers,andoftheHoly Books.TheMoslemalsobelieves,onthepositivetestimonyoftheProphetandtheMormonalsocan say,"Ibelievethis,becauseitisimpossible."Nofaith,howeverabsurdordegrading,haseverwanted thesefoundations,testimony,andthebooks.Miracles,provenbyunimpeachabletestimonyhavebeen usedasafoundationforFaith,ineveryage;andthemodernmiraclesarebetterauthenticated,a hundredtimes,thantheancientones. Sothat,afterall,Faithmustflowoutfromsomesourcewithinus,whentheevidenceofthatwhichwe aretobelieveisnotpresentedtooursenses,oritwillinnocasebetheassuranceofthetruthofwhatis believed. TheConsciousness,orinheringandinnateconviction,ortheinstinctdivinelyimplanted,oftheverity ofthings,isthehighestpossibleevidence,ifnottheonlyrealproof,oftheverityofcertainthings,but onlyoftruthsofalimitedclass. WhatwecalltheReason,thatis,ourimperfecthumanreason,notonlymay,butassuredlywill,leadus awayfromtheTruthinregardtothingsinvisibleandespeciallythoseoftheInfinite,ifwedetermineto believenothingbutthatwhichitcandemonstrateornottobelievethatwhichitcanbyitsprocessesof logicprovetobecontradictory,unreasonable,orabsurd.Itstapelinecannotmeasurethearcsof Infinity.Forexample,totheHumanreason,anInfiniteJusticeandanInfiniteMercyorLove,inthe sameBeing,areinconsistentandimpossible.One,itcandemonstrate,necessarilyexcludestheother. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

232/641 SoitcandemonstratethatastheCreationhadabeginning,itnecessarilyfollowsthatanEternityhad elapsedbeforetheDeitybegantocreate,duringwhichHewasinactive. Whenwegaze,ofamoonlessclearnight,ontheHeavensglitteringwithstars,andknowthateachfixed starofallthemyriadsisaSun,andeachprobablypossessingitsretinueofworlds,allpeopledwith livingbeings,wesensiblyfeelourownunimportanceinthescaleofCreation,andatoncereflectthat muchofwhathasindifferentagesbeenreligiousfaith,couldneverhavebeenbelieved,ifthenature, size,anddistanceofthoseSuns,andofourownSun,Moon,andPlanets,hadbeenknowntothe Ancientsastheyaretous. Tothem,allthelightsofthefirmamentwerecreatedonlytogivelighttotheearth,asitslampsor candleshungaboveit.TheearthwassupposedtobetheonlyinhabitedportionoftheUniverse.The worldandtheUniverseweresynonymousterms.Oftheimmensesizeanddistanceoftheheavenly bodies,menhadnoconception.TheSageshad,inChaldaea,Egypt,India,China,andinPersia,and thereforethesagesalwayshad,anesotericcreed,taughtonlyinthemysteriesandunknowntothe vulgar.NoSage,ineithercountry,orinGreeceorRome,believedthepopularcreed.TothemtheGods andtheIdolsoftheGodsweresymbols,andsymbolsofgreatandmysterioustruths. TheVulgarimaginedtheattentionoftheGodstobecontinuallycentredupontheearthandman.The GrecianDivinitiesinhabitedOlympus,aninsignificantmountainoftheEarth.TherewastheCourtof Zeus,towhichNeptunecamefromtheSea,andPlutoandPersephonefromthegloomsofTartarusin theunfathomabledepthsoftheEarth'sbosom. GodcamedownfromHeavenandonSinaidictatedlawsfortheHebrewstoHisservantMoses.The Starsweretheguardiansofmortalswhosefatesandfortunesweretobereadintheirmovements, conjunctions,andoppositions.TheMoonwastheBrideandSisteroftheSun,atthesamedistance abovetheEarth,and,liketheSun,madefortheserviceofmankindalone. If,withthegreattelescopeofLordRosse,weexaminethevastnebulaeofHercules,Orion,and Andromeda,andfindthemresolvableintoStarsmorenumerousthanthesandsontheseashore;ifwe reflectthateachoftheseStarsisaSun,likeandevenmanytimeslargerthanours,each,beyonda doubt,withitsretinueofworldsswarmingwithlife;ifwegofurtherinimaginationandendeavorto conceiveofalltheinfinitiesofspace,filledwithsimilarsunsandworlds,weseematoncetoshrink intoanincredibleinsignificance. TheUniverse,whichistheutteredWordofGod,isinfiniteinextent.Thereisnoemptyspacebeyond creationonanyside.TheUniverse,whichistheThoughtofGodpronounced,neverwasnot,sinceGod neverwasinert;norWAS,withoutthinkingandcreating.Theformsofcreationchange,thesunsand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

233/641 worldsliveanddieliketheleavesandtheinsects,buttheUniverseitselfisinfiniteandeternal,because GodIs,WasandWillforeverBe,andneverdidnotthinkandcreate. ReasonisfaintoadmitthataSupremeIntelligence,infinitelypowerfulandwise,musthavecreatedthis boundlessUniverse;butitalsotellsusthatweareasunimportantinitasthezoophytesandentozoa,or astheinvisibleparticlesofanimatedlifethatfloatupontheairorswarminthewaterdrop. Thefoundationsofourfaith,restingupontheimaginedinterestofGodinourrace,aninteresteasily supposablewhenmanbelievedhimselftheonlyintelligentcreatedbeing,andthereforeeminently worthytheespecialcareandwatchfulanxietyofaGodwhohadonlythisearthtolookafter,andits housekeepingalonetosuperintend,andwhowascontenttocreate,inalltheinfiniteUniverse,only onesinglebeing,possessingasoul,andnotamereanimal,arerudelyshakenastheUniversebroadens andexpandsforusandthedarknessofdoubtanddistrustsettlesheavyuponSoul. Themodesinwhichitisordinarilyendeavoredtosatisfyourdoubts,onlyincreasethem.To demonstratethenecessityforacauseofthecreation,isequallytodemonstratethenecessityofacause forthatcause.Theargumentfromplananddesignonlyremovesthedifficultyastepfurtheroff.We resttheworldontheelephant,andtheelephantonthetortoise,andthetortoiseonnothing. TotellusthattheanimalspossessinstinctonlyandthatReasonbelongstousalone,innowaytendsto satisfyusoftheradicaldifferencebetweenusandthem.Forifthementalphenomenaexhibitedby animalsthatthink,dream,remember,arguefromcausetoeffect,plan,devise,combine,and communicatetheirthoughtstoeachother,soastoactrationallyinconcert,iftheirlove,hate,and revenge,canbeconceivedofasresultsoftheorganizationofmatter,likecolorandperfume,theresort tothehypothesisofanimmaterialSoultoexplainphenomenaofthesamekind,onlymoreperfect, manifestedbythehumanbeing,issupremelyabsurd.Thatorganizedmattercanthinkorevenfeel,at all,isthegreatinsolublemystery."Instinct"isbutawordwithoutameaning,orelseitmeans inspiration.Itiseithertheanimalitself,orGodintheanimal,thatthinks,remembers,andreasonsand instinct,accordingtothecommonacceptationoftheterm,wouldbethegreatestandmostwonderfulof mysteries,nolessathingthanthedirect,immediate,andcontinualpromptingsoftheDeity,forthe animalsarenotmachines,orautomatamovedbysprings,andtheapeisbutadumbAustralian. Mustwealwaysremaininthisdarknessofuncertainty,ofdoubt?Istherenomodeofescapingfrom thelabyrinthexceptbymeansofablindfaith,whichexplainsnothing,andinmanycreeds,ancientand modern,setsReasonatdefiance,andleadstothebeliefeitherinaGodwithoutaUniverse,aUniverse withoutaGod,oraUniversewhichisitselfaGod? WereadintheHebrewChroniclesthatSchlomohthewiseKingcausedtobeplacedinfrontofthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

234/641 entrancetotheTempletwohugecolumnsofbronze,oneofwhichwascalledYAKAYINandtheother BAHAZ;andthesewordsarerenderedinourversionStrengthandEstablishment.TheMasonryofthe BlueLodgesgivesnoexplanationofthesesymboliccolumns;nordotheHebrewBooksadviseusthat theyweresymbolic.Ifnotsointendedassymbols,theyweresubsequentlyunderstoodtobesuch. ButaswearecertainthateverythingwithintheTemplewassymbolic,andthatthewholestructurewas intendedtorepresenttheUniverse,wemayreasonablyconcludethatthecolumnsoftheporticoalso hadasymbolicsignification.Itwouldbetedioustorepeatalltheinterpretationswhichfancyor dullnesshasfoundforthem. Thekeytotheirtruemeaningisnotundiscoverable.Theperfectandeternaldistinctionofthetwo primitivetermsofthecreativesyllogism,inordertoattaintothedemonstrationoftheirharmonybythe analogyofcontraries,isthesecondgrandprincipleofthatoccultphilosophyveiledunderthename "Kabalah,"andindicatedbyallthesacredhieroglyphsoftheAncientSanctuaries,andoftherites,so littleunderstoodbythemassoftheInitiates,oftheAncientandModernFreeMasonry. TheSohardeclaresthateverythingintheUniverseproceedsbythemysteryof"theBalance,"thatis,of Equilibrium.OftheSephiroth,orDivineEmanations,WisdomandUnderstanding,Severityand Benignity,orJusticeandMercy,andVictoryandGlory,constitutepairs. Wisdom,ortheIntellectualGenerativeEnergy,andUnderstanding,ortheCapacitytobeimpregnated bytheActiveEnergyandproduceintellectionorthought,arerepresentedsymbolicallyintheKabalah asmaleandfemale.SoalsoareJusticeandMercy.StrengthistheintellectualEnergyorActivity; EstablishmentorStabilityistheintellectualCapacitytoproduce,aTpassivity.TheyarethePOWERof generationandtheCAPACITYofproduction.ByWISDOM,itissaid,Godcreates,andby UNDERSTANDINGestablishes.ThesearethetwoColumnsoftheTemple,contrariesliketheMan andWoman,likeReasonandFaith,OmnipotenceandLiberty,InfiniteJusticeandInfiniteMercy, AbsolutePowerorStrengthtodoevenwhatismostunjustandunwise,andAbsoluteWisdomthat makesitimpossibletodoit;RightandDuty.Theywerethecolumnsoftheintellectualandmoral world,themonumentalhieroglyphoftheantinomynecessarytothegrandlawofcreation. TheremustbeforeveryForceaResistancetosupportit,toeverylightashadow,foreveryRoyaltya Realmtogovern,foreveryaffirmativeanegative. FortheKabalists,LightrepresentstheActivePrinciple,andDarknessorShadowisanalogoustothe PassivePrinciple.ThereforeitwasthattheymadeoftheSunandMoonemblemsofthetwoDivine Sexesandthetwocreativeforces;therefore,thattheyascribedtowomantheTemptationandthefirst sin,andthenthefirstlabor,thematernallaboroftheredemption,becauseitisfromthebosomofthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

235/641 darknessitselfthatweseetheLightbornagain.TheVoidattractstheFull;andsoitisthattheabyssof povertyandmisery,theSeemingEvil,theseemingemptynothingnessoflife,thetemporaryrebellion ofthecreatures,eternallyattractstheoverflowingoceanofbeing,ofriches,ofpity,andoflove.Christ completedtheAtonementontheCrossbydescendingintoHell. JusticeandMercyarecontraries.Ifeachbeinfinite,theircoexistenceseemsimpossible,andbeing equal,onecannotevenannihilatetheotherandreignalone.ThemysteriesoftheDivineNatureare beyondourfinitecomprehension;butsoindeedarethemysteriesofourownfinitenature;anditis certainthatinallnatureharmonyandmovementaretheresultoftheequilibriumofopposingor contraryforces. Theanalogyofcontrariesgivesthesolutionofthemostinterestingandmostdifficultproblemof modernphilosophy,thedefiniteandpermanentaccordofReasonandFaith,ofAuthorityandLibertyof examination,ofScienceandBelief,ofPerfectioninGodandImperfectioninMan.Ifscienceor knowledgeistheSun,BeliefistheMan;itisareflectionofthedayinthenight.FaithistheveiledIsis, theSupplementofReason,intheshadowswhichprecedeorfollowReason.Itemanatesfromthe Reason,butcanneverconfounditnorbeconfoundedwithit.TheencroachmentsofReasonuponFaith, orofFaithonReason,areeclipsesoftheSunorMoon;whentheyoccur,theymakeuselessboththe SourceofLightanditsreflection,atonce. ScienceperishesbysystemsthatarenothingbutbeliefsandFaithsuccumbstoreasoning.Forthetwo ColumnsoftheTempletoupholdtheedifice,theymustremainseparatedandbeparalleltoeachother. Assoonasitisattemptedbyviolencetobringthemtogether,asSamsondid,theyareoverturned,and thewholeedificefallsupontheheadoftherashblindmanortherevolutionistwhompersonalor nationalresentmentshaveinadvancedevotedtodeath. Harmonyistheresultofanalternatingpreponderanceofforces.Wheneverthisiswantingin government,governmentisafailure,becauseitiseitherDespotismorAnarchy.Alltheoretical governments,howeverplausiblethetheory,endinoneortheother.Governmentsthataretoendureare notmadeintheclosetofLockeorShaftesbury,orinaCongressoraConvention.InaRepublic,forces thatseemcontraries,thatindeedarecontraries,alonegivemovementandlife.TheSpheresarefieldin theirorbitsandmadetorevolveharmoniouslyandunerringly,bytheconcurrence,whichseemstobe theopposition,oftwocontraryforces.Ifthecentripetalforceshouldovercomethecentrifugal,the equilibriumofforcescease,therushoftheSpherestothecentralSunwouldannihilatethesystem. Insteadofconsolidation,thewholewouldbeshatteredintofragments. Manisafreeagent,thoughOmnipotenceisaboveandallaroundhim.Tobefreetodogood,hemust befreetodoevil.TheLightnecessitatestheShadow.AStateisfreelikeanindividualinany EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

236/641 governmentworthyofthename.TheStateislesspotentthantheDeity,andthereforethefreedomof theindividualcitizenisconsistentwithitsSovereignty.Theseareopposites,butnotantagonistic.So, inaunionofStates,thefreedomofthestatesisconsistentwiththeSupremacyoftheNation.When eitherobtainsthepermanentmasteryovertheother,andtheyceasetobeinequilibrio,the encroachmentcontinueswithavelocitythatisacceleratedlikethatofafallingbody,untilthefeebleris annihilated,andthen,therebeingnoresistancetosupportthestronger,itrushesintoruin. So,whentheequipoiseofReasonandFaith,intheindividualortheNation,andthealternating preponderancecease,theresultis,accordingasoneortheotherispermanentvictor,Atheismor Superstition,disbelieforblindcredulity;andthePriestseitherofUnfaithorofFaithbecomedespotic. "WhomsoeverGodloveth,himhechasteneth,"isanexpressionthatformulatesawholedogma.The trialsoflifearetheblessingsoflife,totheindividualortheNation,ifeitherhasaSoulthatistruly worthyofsalvation."Lightanddarkness,"saidZOROASTER,"aretheworld'seternalways."The LightandtheShadowareeverywhereandalwaysinproportion;theLightbeingthereasonofbeingof theShadow.Itisbytrialsonly,bytheagoniesofsorrowandthesharpdisciplineofadversities,that menandNationsattaininitiation.TheagoniesofthegardenofGethsemaneandthoseoftheCrosson CalvaryprecededtheResurrectionandwerethemeansofRedemption.ItiswithprosperitythatGod afflictsHumanity. TheDegreeofRoseisdevotedtoandsymbolizestnefinaltriumphoftruthoverfalsehood,ofliberty overslavery,oflightoverdarkness,oflifeoverdeath,andofgoodoverevil.Thegreattruthit inculcatesis,thatnotwithstandingtheexistenceofEvil,Godisinfinitelywise,just,andgood:that thoughtheaffairsoftheworldproceedbynoruleofrightandwrongknowntousinthenarrownessof ourviews,yetallisright,foritistheworkofGod;andallevils,allmiseries,allmisfortunes,arebutas dropsinthevastcurrentthatissweepingonward,guidedbyHim,toagreatandmagnificentresult: that,attheappointedtime,Hewillredeemandregeneratetheworld,andthePrinciple,thePower,and theexistenceofEvilwillthencease;thatthiswillbebroughtaboutbysuchmeansandinstrumentsas Hechoosestoemploy;whetherbythemeritsofaRedeemerthathasalreadyappeared,oraMessiah thatisyetwaitedfor,byanincarnationofHimself,orbyaninspiredprophet,itdoesnotbelongtousas Masonstodecide.Leteachjudgeandbelieveforhimself. Inthemeantime,welabortohastenthecomingofthatday.Themoralsofantiquity,ofthelawof MosesandofChristianity,areours.WerecognizeeveryteacherofMorality,everyReformer,asa brotherinthisgreatwork.TheEagleistousthesymbolofLiberty,theCompassesofEquality,the PelicanofHumanityandourorderofFraternity.Laboringforthese,withFaith,Hope,andCharityas ourarmor,wewillwaitwithpatienceforthefinaltriumphofGoodandthecompletemanifestationof theWordofGod.

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237/641 NooneMasonhastherighttomeasureforanother,withinthewallsofaMasonicTemple,thedegree ofvenerationwhichheshallfeelforanyReformer,ortheFounderofanyReligion.Weteachabeliefin noparticularcreed,asweteachunbeliefinnone.WhateverhigherattributestheFounderofthe ChristianFaithmay,inourbelief,havehadornothavehad,nonecandenythatHetaughtandpractised apureandelevatedmorality,evenattheriskandtotheultimatelossofHislife.Hewasnotonlythe benefactorofadisinheritedpeople,butamodelformankind.DevotedlyHelovedthechildrenofIsrael. TothemHecame,andtothemaloneHepreachedthatGospelwhichHisdisciplesafterwardcarried amongforeigners.HewouldfainhavefreedthechosenPeoplefromtheirspiritualbondageof ignoranceanddegradation.Asaloverofallmankind,layingdownHislifefortheemancipationofHis Brethren,Heshouldbetoall,toChristian,toJew,andtoMahometan,anobjectofgratitudeand veneration. TheRomanworldfeltthepangsofapproachingdissolution.Paganism,itsTemplesshatteredby SocratesandCicero,hadspokenitslastword.TheGodoftheHebrewswasunknownbeyondthelimits ofPalestine.Theoldreligionshadfailedtogivehappinessandpeacetotheworld.Thebabblingand wranglingphilosophershadconfoundedallmen'sideas,untiltheydoubtedofeverythingandhadfaith innothing:neitherinGodnorinhisgoodnessandmercy,norinthevirtueofman,norinthemselves. Mankindwasdividedintotwogreatclasses,themasterandtheslave;thepowerfulandtheabject,the highandthelow,thetyrantsandthemob;andeventheformerweresatiatedwiththeservilityofthe latter,sunkenbylassitudeanddespairtothelowestdepthsofdegradation. When,lo,avoice,intheinconsiderableRomanProvinceofJudeaproclaimsanewGospelanew "God'sWord,"tocrushed,suffering,bleedinghumanity.LibertyofThought,Equalityofallmeninthe eyeofGod,universalFraternity!anewdoctrine,anewreligion;theoldPrimitiveTruthutteredonce again! ManisoncemoretaughttolookupwardtohisGod.NolongertoaGodhidinimpenetrablemystery, andinfinitelyremotefromhumansympathy,emergingonlyatintervalsfromthedarknesstosmiteand crushhumanity:butaGod,good,kind,beneficent,andmerciful;aFather,lovingthecreaturesHehas made,withaloveimmeasurableandexhaustless;Whofeelsforus,andsympathizeswithus,andsends uspainandwantanddisasteronlythattheymayservetodevelopinusthevirtuesandexcellencesthat befitustolivewithHimhereafter. JesusofNazareth,the"Sonofman,"istheexpounderofthenewLawofLove.HecallstoHimthe humble,thepoor,theParaihsoftheworld.ThefirstsentencethatHepronouncesblessestheworld, andannouncesthenewgospel:"Blessedaretheythatmournfortheyshallbecomforted."Hepoursthe oilofconsolationandpeaceuponeverycrushedandbleedingheart.EverysuffererisHisproselyte.He sharestheirsorrows,andsympathizeswithalltheirafflictions.

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238/641 HeraisesupthesinnerandtheSamaritanwoman,andteachesthemtohopeforforgiveness.He pardonsthewomantakeninadultery.HeselectshisdisciplesnotamongthePhariseesorthe Philosophers,butamongthelowandhumble,evenofthefishermenofGalilee.Hehealsthesickand feedsthepoor.Helivesamongthedestituteandthefriendless."Sufferlittlechildren,"Hesaid,"to comeuntome;forofsuchisthekingdomofHeaven!Blessedarethehumbleminded,fortheirsisthe kingdomofHeaven;themeek,fortheyshallinherittheEarth;themerciful,fortheyshallobtainmercy; thepureinheart,fortheyshallseeGod;thepeacemakers,fortheyshallbecalledthechildrenofGod! Firstbereconciledtotheybrother,andthencomeandofferthygiftatthealtar.Givetohimthatasketh thee,andfromhimthatwouldborrowoftheeturnnotaway!Loveyourenemies;blessthemthatcurse you;dogoodtothemthathateyou;andprayforthemwhichdespitefullyuseyouandpersecuteyou! Allthingswhatsoeveryewouldthatmenshoulddotoyou,doyealsountothem;forthisisthelawand theProphets!Hethattakethnothiscross,andfollowethafterMe,isnotworthyofMe.Anew commandmentIgiveuntoyou,thatyeloveoneanother:asIhavelovedyou,thatyealsoloveone another:bythisshallallknowthatyeareMydisciples.Greaterlovehathnomanthanthis,thataman laydownhislifeforhisfriend." TheGospelofLoveHesealedwithHislife.ThecrueltyoftheJewishPriesthood,theignorantferocity ofthemob,andtheRomanindifferencetobarbarianblood,nailedHimtothecross,andHeexpired utteringblessingsuponhumanity. Dyingthus,HebequeathedHisteachingstomanasaninestimableinheritance.Pervertedand corrupted,theyhaveservedasabasisformanycreeds,andbeenevenmadethewarrantforin toleranceandpersecution.Wehereteachthemintheirpurity.TheyareourMasonry;fortothemgood menofallcreedscansubscribe. ThatGodisgoodandmerciful,andlovesandsympathizeswiththecreaturesHehasmade;thatHis fingerisvisibleinallthemovementsofthemoral,intellectual,andmaterialuniverse;thatweareHis children,theobjectsofHispaternalcareandregard;thatallmenareourbrothers,whosewantsweare tosupply,theirerrorstopardon,theiropinionstotolerate,theirinjuriestoforgive;thatmanhasan immortalsoul,afreewill,arighttofreedomofthoughtandaction;thatallmenareequalinGod's sight;thatwebestserveGodbyhumility,meekness,gentleness,kindness,andtheothervirtueswhich thelowlycanpractiseaswellasthelofty;thisis"thenewLaw,"the"WORD,"forwhichtheworldhad waitedandpinedsolong;andeverytrueKnightoftheRose+willreverethememoryofHimwho taughtit,andlookindulgentlyevenonthosewhoassigntoHimacharacterfarabovehisown conceptionsorbelief,eventotheextentofdeemingHimDivine. HearPhilo,theGreekJew."Thecontemplativesoul,unequallyguided,sometimestowardabundance EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

239/641 andsometimestowardbarrenness,thougheveradvancing,isilluminatedbytheprimitiveideas,therays thatemanatefromtheDivineIntelligence,wheneveritascendstowardtheSublimeTreasures.When, onthecontrary,itdescends,andisbarren,itfallswithinthedomainofthoseIntelligencesthatare termedAngelsfor,whenthesoulisdeprivedofthelightofGod,whichleadsittotheknowledgeof things,itnolongerenjoysmorethanafeebleandsecondarylight,whichgivesit,nottheunderstanding ofthings,butthatofwordsonly,asinthisbaserworld." "Letthenarrowsouledwithdraw,havingtheirearssealedup!Wecommunicatethedivinemysteriesto thoseonlywhohavereceivedthesacredinitiation,tothosewhopractisetruepietyandwhoarenot enslavedbytheemptypompofwords,orthedoctrinesofthepagans." "O,yeInitiates,yewhoseearsarepurified,receivethisinyoursouls,asamysterynevertobelost! RevealittonoProfane!Keepandcontainitwithinyourselves,asanincorruptibletreasure,notlike goldorsilver,butmorepreciousthaneverythingbesides;foritistheknowledgeoftheGreatCause,of Nature,andofthatwhichisbornofboth.AndifyoumeetanInitiate,besiegehimwithyourprayers, thatheconcealfromyounonewmysteriesthathemayknow,andrestnotuntilyouhaveobtained them!Forme,althoughIwasinitiatedintheGreatMysteriesbyMoses,theFriendofGod,yet,having seenJeremiah,IrecognizedhimnotonlyasanInitiate,butasaHierophant;andIfollowhisschool." We,likehim,recognizeallInitiatesasourBrothers.Webelongtonoonecreedorschool.Inall religionsthereisabasisofTruth;inallthereispureMorality.Allthatteachthecardinaltenetsof Masonrywerespect;allteachersandreformersofmankindweadmireandrevere. Masonryalsohashermissiontoperform.Withhertraditionsreachingbacktotheearliesttimes,and hersymbolsdatingfurtherbackthaneventhemonumentalhistoryofEgyptextends,sheinvitesallmen ofallreligionstoenlistunderherbannersandtowaragainstevil,ignoranceandwrong.Youarenow herknight,andtoherserviceyourswordisconsecrated.Mayyouproveaworthysoldierinaworthy cause!

XIX.GRANDPONTIFF.
ThetrueMasonlaborsforthebenefitofthosewhoaretocomeafterhim,andfortheadvancementand improvementofhisrace.Thatisapoorambitionwhichcontentsitselfwithinthelimitsofasinglelife. Allmenwhodeservetolive,desiretosurvivetheirfunerals,andtoliveafterwardinthegoodthatthey havedonemankind,ratherthaninthefadingcharacterswritteninmen'smemories.Mostmendesireto leavesomeworkbehindthemthatmayoutlasttheirowndayandbriefgeneration.Thatisaninstinctive EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

240/641 impulse,givenbyGod,andoftenfoundintherudesthumanheart;thesurestproofofthesoul's immortality,andofthefundamentaldifferencebetweenmanandthewisestbrutes.Toplantthetrees that,afterwearedead,shallshelterourchildren,isasnaturalastolovetheshadeofthoseourfathers planted.Therudestunletteredhusbandman,painfullyconsciousofhisowninferiority,thepoorest widowedmother,givingherlifebloodtothosewhopayonlyfortheworkofherneedle,willtoiland stintthemselvestoeducatetheirchild,thathemaytakeahigherstationintheworldthanthey;andof sucharetheworld'sgreatestbenefactors. Inhisinfluencesthatsurvivehim,manbecomesimmortal,beforethegeneralresurrection.The Spartanmother,who,givinghersonhisshield,said,"WITHIT,ORUPONIT!"afterwardsharedthe governmentofLacedaemonwiththelegislationofLycurgus;forshetoomadealaw,thatlivedafter her;andsheinspiredtheSpartansoldierythatafterwarddemolishedthewallsofAthens,andaided AlexandertoconquertheOrient.ThewidowwhogaveMarionthefieryarrowstoburnherownhouse, thatitmightnolongersheltertheenemiesofherinfantcountry,thehousewhereshehadlainuponher husband'sbosomandwhereherchildrenhadbeenborn,legislatedmoreeffectuallyforherStatethan LockeorShaftesbury,orthanmanyaLegislaturehasdone,sincethatStatewonitsfreedom. ItwasofslightimportancetotheKingsofEgyptandtheMonarchsofAssyriaandPhcenicia,thatthe sonofaJewishwoman,afoundling,adoptedbythedaughterofSesostrisRamses,slewanEgyptian thatoppressedaHebrewslave,andfledintothedesert,toremaintherefortyyears.ButMoses,who mightotherwisehavebecomeRegentofLowerEgypt,knowntousonlybyatabletonatombor monument,becamethedelivereroftheJews,andledthemforthfromEgypttothefrontiersof Palestine,andmadeforthemalaw,outofwhichgrewtheChristianfaithandsohasshapedthe destiniesoftheworld.HeandtheoldRomanlawyers,withAlfredofEngland,theSaxonThanesand NormanBarons,theoldjudgesandchancellors,andthemakersofthecanons,lostinthemistsand shadowsofthePast,theseareourlegislators;andweobeythelawsthattheyenacted. Napoleondieduponthebarrenrockofhisexile.Hisbones,bornetoFrancebythesonofaKing,rest intheHopitaldesInvalides,inthegreatcityontheSeine.HisThoughtsstillgovernFrance.He,and notthePeople,dethronedtheBourbon,anddrovethelastKingoftheHouseofOrleansintoexile.He, inhiscoffin,andnotthePeople,votedthecrowntotheThirdNapoleonandhe,andnottheGeneralsof FranceandEngland,ledtheirunitedforcesagainstthegrimNorthernDespotism. MahometannouncedtotheArabianidolatersthenewcreed,"ThereisbutoneGod,andMahomet,like MosesandChrist,isHisApostle."Formanyyearsunaided,thenwiththehelpofhisfamilyandafew friends,thenwithmanydisciples,andlastofallwithanarmy,hetaughtandpreachedtheKoran.The religionofthewildArabianenthusiastconvertingthefieryTribesoftheGreatDesert,spreadover Asia,builtuptheSaracenicdynasties,conqueredPersiaandIndia,theGreekEmpire,NorthernAfrica, andSpain,anddashedthesurgesofitsfiercesoldieryagainstthebattlementsofNorthernChristendom. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

241/641 ThelawofMahometstillgovernsafourthofthehumanrace;andTurkandArab,MoorandPersian andHindu,stillobeytheProphet,andpraywiththeirfacesturnedtowardMecca;andhe,andnotthe living,rulesandreignsinthefairestportionsoftheOrient. ConfuciusstillenactsthelawforChina;andthethoughtsandideasofPetertheGreatgovernRussia. PlatoandtheothergreatSagesofAntiquitystillreignastheKingsofPhilosophy,andhavedominion overthehumanintellect.ThegreatStatesmenofthepaststillpresideintheCouncilsofNations. BurkestilllingersintheHouseofCommonsandBerryer'ssonoroustoneswilllongringinthe LegislativeChambersofFrance.TheinfluencesofWebsterandCalhoun,conflicting,rentasunderthe AmericanStates,andthedoctrineofeachisthelawandtheoraclespeakingfromtheHolyofHolies forhisownStateandallconsociatedwithit:afaithpreachedandproclaimedbyeachatthecannon's mouthandconsecratedbyriversofblood. Ithasbeenwellsaid,thatwhenTamerlanehadbuildedhispyramidoffiftythousandhumanskulls,and wheeledawaywithhisvastarmiesfromthegatesofDamascus,tofindnewconquests,andbuildother pyramids,alittleboywasplayinginthestreetsofMentz,sonofapoorartisan,whoseapparent importanceinthescaleofbeingswas,comparedWiththatofTamerlane,asthatofagrainofsandto thegiantbulkoftheearth;butTamerlaneandallhisshaggylegions,thatsweptovertheEastlikea hurricane,havepassedaway,andbecomeshadows;whileprinting,thewonderfulinventionofJohn Faust,theboyofMentz,hasexertedagreaterinfluenceonman'sdestiniesandoverturnedmorethrones anddynastiesthanallthevictoriesofallthebloodstainedconquerorsfromNimrodtoNapoleon. Longagesago,theTemplebuiltbySolomonandourAncientBrethrensankintoruin,whenthe AssyrianArmiessackedJerusalem.TheHolyCityisamassofhovelscoweringunderthedominionof theCrescentandtheHolyLandisadesert.TheKingsofEgyptandAssyria,whowerecontemporaries ofSolomon,areforgotten,andtheirhistoriesmerefables.TheAncientOrientisashatteredwreck, bleachingontheshoresofTime.TheWolfandtheJackalhowlamongtheruinsofThebesandofTyre, andthesculpturedimagesoftheTemplesandPalacesofBabylonandNineveharedugfromtheirruins andcarriedintostrangelands.ButthequietandpeacefulOrder,ofwhichtheSonofapoorPhcenician WidowwasoneoftheGrandMasters,withtheKingsofIsraelandTyre,hascontinuedtoincreasein statureandinfluence,defyingtheangrywavesoftimeandthestormsofpersecution.Agehasnot weakeneditswidefoundations,norshattereditscolumns,normarredthebeautyofitsharmonious proportions.Whererudebarbarians,inthetimeofSolomon,peopledinhospitablehowling wildernesses,inFranceandBritain,andinthatNewWorld,notknowntoJeworGentile,untilthe gloriesoftheOrienthadfaded,thatOrderhasbuildednewTemples,andteachestoitsmillionsof Initiatesthoselessonsofpeace,goodwillandtoleration,ofrelianceonGodandconfidenceinman, whichitlearnedwhenHebrewandGiblemiteworkedsidebysideontheslopesofLebanon,andthe ServantofJehovahandthePhoenicianWorshipperofBelsatwiththehumbleartisaninCouncilat Jerusalem.

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242/641 ItistheDeadthatgovern.TheLivingonlyobey.AndiftheSoulsees,afterdeath,whatpassesonthis earth,andwatchesoverthewelfareofthoseitloves,thenmustitsgreatesthappinessconsistinseeing thecurrentofitsbeneficentinfluenceswideningoutfromagetoage,asrivuletswidenintorivers,and aidingtoshapethedestiniesofindividuals,families,States,theWorld;anditsbitterestpunishment,in seeingitsevilinfluencescausingmischiefandmisery,andcursingandafflictingmen,longafterthe frameitdweltinhasbecomedust,andwhenbothnameandmemoryareforgotten. WeknownotwhoamongtheDeadcontrolourdestinies.Theuniversalhumanraceislinkedandbound togetherbythoseinfluencesandsympathies,whichinthetruestsensedomakemen'sfates.Humanity istheunit,ofwhichthemanisbutafraction.WhatothermeninthePasthavedone,said,thought, makesthegreatironnetworkofcircumstancethatenvironsandcontrolsusall.Wetakeourfaithon trust.WethinkandbelieveastheOldLordsofThoughtcommandus;andReasonispowerlessbefore Authority. Wewouldmakeorannulaparticularcontract;buttheThoughtsofthedeadJudgesofEngland,living whentheirasheshavebeencoldforcenturies,standbetweenusandthatwhichwewoulddo,and utterlyforbidit.Wewouldsettleourestateinaparticularway;buttheprohibitionoftheEnglish Parliament,itsutteredThoughtwhenthefirstorsecondEdwardreigned,comesechoingdownthelong avenuesoftime,andtellsusweshallnotexercisethepowerofdispositionaswewish.Wewouldgaina particularadvantageofanother;andthethoughtoftheoldRomanlawyerwhodiedbeforeJustinian,or thatofRome'sgreatoratorCicero,annihilatestheact,ormakestheintentionineffectual.Thisact, Mosesforbids;that,Alfred.Wewouldsellourland;butcertainmarksonaperishablepapertellusthat ourfatherorremoteancestororderedotherwise;andthearmofthedead,emergingfromthegrave, withperemptorygestureprohibitsthealienation.Abouttosinorerr,thethoughtorwishofourdead mother,tolduswhenwewerechildren,bywordsthatdiedupontheairintheutterance,andmanya longyearwereforgotten,flashesonourmemory,andholdsusbackwithapowerthatisresistless. Thusweobeythedeadandthusshalltheliving,whenwearedead,forwealorwoe,obeyus.The ThoughtsofthePastaretheLawsofthePresentandtheFuture.Thatwhichwesayanddo,ifitseffects lastnotbeyondourlives,isunimportant.Thatwhichshalllivewhenwearedead,aspartofthegreat bodyoflawenactedbythedead,istheonlyactworthdoing,theonlyThoughtworthspeaking.The desiretodosomethingthatshallbenefittheworld,whenneitherpraisenorobloquywillreachuswhere wesleepsoundlyinthegrave,isthenoblestambitionentertainedbyman. ItistheambitionofatrueandgenuineMason.KnowingtheslowprocessesbywhichtheDeitybrings aboutgreatresults,hedoesnotexpecttoreapaswellassow,inasinglelifetime.Itistheinflexiblefate andnoblestdestiny,withrareexceptions,ofthegreatandgood,towork,andletothersreaptheharvest oftheirlabors.Hewhodoesgood,onlytoberepaidinkind,orinthanksandgratitude,orinreputation andtheworld'spraise,islikehimwholoanshismoney,thathemay,aftercertainmonths,receiveit EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

243/641 backwithinterest.Toberepaidforeminentserviceswithslander,obloquy,orridicule,oratbestwith stupidindifferenceorcoldingratitude,asitiscommon,soitisnomisfortune,excepttothosewholack thewittoseeorsensetoappreciatetheservice,orthenobilityofsoultothankandrewardwitheulogy, thebenefactorofhiskind.Hisinfluenceslive,andthegreatFuturewillobey;whetheritrecognizeor disownthelawgiver. Miltiadeswasfortunatethathewasexiled;andAristidesthathewasostracized,becausemenwearied ofhearinghimcalled"TheJust."NottheRedeemerwasunfortunate;butthoseonlywhorepaidHim fortheinestimablegiftHeofferedthem,andforalifepassedintoilingfortheirgood,bynailingHim uponthecross,asthoughHehadbeenaslaveormalefactor.Thepersecutordiesandrots,and Posterityuttershisnamewithexecration:buthisvictim'smemoryhehasunintentionallymadeglorious andimmortal. Ifnotforslanderandpersecution,theMasonwhowouldbenefithisracemustlookforapathyandcold indifferenceinthosewhosegoodheseeks,inthosewhooughttoseekthegoodofothers.Exceptwhen thesluggishdepthsoftheHumanMindarebrokenupandtossedaswithastorm,whenatthe appointedtimeagreatReformercomes,andanewFaithspringsupandgrowswithsupernatural energy,theprogressofTruthisslowerthanthegrowthofoaksandhewhoplantsneednotexpectto gather.TheRedeemer,atHisdeath,hadtwelvedisciplesandonebetrayedandonedesertedanddenied Him.Itisenoughforustoknowthatthefruitwillcomeinitsdueseason.When,orwhoshallgather it,itdoesnotintheleastconcernustoknow.Itisourbusinesstoplanttheseed.ItisGod'srighttogive thefruittowhomHepleases;andifnottous,thenisouractionbysomuchthemorenoble. Tosow,thatothersmayreap;toworkandplantforthosewhoaretooccupytheearthwhenweare dead;toprojectourinfluencesfarintothefuture,andlivebeyondourtime;toruleastheKingsof Thought,overmenwhoareyetunborn;toblesswiththegloriousgiftsofTruthandLightandLiberty thosewhowillneitherknowthenameofthegiver,norcareinwhatgravehisunregardedashesrepose, isthetrueofficeofaMasonandtheproudestdestinyofaman. AllthegreatandbeneficentoperationsofNatureareproducedbyslowandoftenimperceptible degrees.Theworkofdestructionanddevastationonlyisviolentandrapid.TheVolcanoandthe Earthquake,theTornadoandtheAvalanche,leapsuddenlyintofulllifeandfearfulenergy,andsmite withanunexpectedblow.VesuviusburiedPompeiiandHerculaneuminanight;andLisbonfell prostratebeforeGodinabreath,whentheearthrockedandshuddered;theAlpinevillagevanishesand iserasedatoneboundoftheavalanche;andtheancientforestsfalllikegrassbeforethemower,when thetornadoleapsuponthem.Pestilenceslaysitsthousandsinaday;andthestorminanightstrewsthe sandwithshatterednavies.

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244/641 TheGourdoftheProphetJonahgrewup,andwaswithered,inanight.Butmanyyearsago,beforethe NormanConquerorstampedhismailedfootontheneckofprostrateSaxonEngland,somewandering barbarian,ofthecontinentthenunknowntotheworld,inmereidleness,withhandorfoot,coveredan acornwithalittleearth,andpassedonregardless,onhisjourneytothedimPast.Hediedandwas forgotten;buttheacornlaytherestill,themightyforcewithinitactinginthedarkness.Atendershoot stolegentlyup;andfedbythelightandairandfrequentdews,putforthitslittleleaves,andlived, becausetheelkorbuffalochancednottoplacehisfootuponandcrushit.Theyearsmarchedonward, andtheshootbecameasapling,anditsgreenleaveswentandcamewithSpringandAutumn.Andstill theyearscameandpassedawayagain,andWilliam,theNormanBastard,parcelledEnglandoutamong hisBarons,andstillthesaplinggrew,andthedewsfeditsleaves,andthebirdsbuildedtheirnests amongitssmalllimbsformanygenerations.Andstilltheyearscameandwent,andtheIndianhunter sleptintheshadeofthesapling,andRichardLionHeartfoughtatAcreandAscalon,andJohn'sbold BaronswrestedfromhimtheGreatCharter;andthesaplinghadbecomeatree;andstillitgrew,and thrustitsgreatarmswiderabroad,andlifteditsheadstillhighertowardtheHeavens;strongrooted,and defiantofthestormsthatroaredandeddiedthroughitsbranches;andwhenColumbusploughedwith hiskeelstheunknownWesternAtlantic,andCortezandPizarrobathedthecrossinblood;andthe Puritan,theHuguenot,theCavalier,andthefollowerofPennsoughtarefugeandarestingplace beyondtheocean,theGreatOakstillstood,firmrooted,vigorous,stately,haughtilydomineeringover alltheforest,heedlessofallthecenturiesthathadhurriedpastsincethewildIndianplantedthelittle acornintheforest;astoutandhaleoldtree,withwidecircumferenceshadingmanyaroodofground andfittofurnishtimbersforaship,tocarrythethundersoftheGreatRepublic'sgunsaroundthe world.Andyet,ifonehadsatandwatchediteveryinstant,fromthemomentwhenthefeebleshoot firstpusheditswaytothelightuntiltheeaglesbuiltamongitsbranches,hewouldneverhaveseenthe treeorsaplinggrow. Manylongcenturiesago,beforetheChaldaeanShepherdswatchedtheStars,orShufubuiltthe Pyramids,onecouldhavesailedinaseventyfourwherenowathousandislandsgemthesurfaceofthe IndianOcean;andthedeepsealeadwouldnowherehavefoundanybottom.Butbelowthesewaves weremyriadsuponmyriads,beyondthepowerofArithmetictonumber,ofminuteexistences,eacha perfectlivingcreature,madebytheAlmightyCreator,andfashionedbyHimfortheworkithadtodo Theretheytoiledbeneaththewaters,eachdoingitsallottedwork,andwhollyignorantoftheresult whichGodintended.Theylivedanddied,incalculableinnumbersandalmostinfiniteinthe successionoftheirgenerations,eachaddinghismitetothegiganticworkthatwentonthereunder God'sdirection.ThushathHechosentocreategreatContinentsandIslands;andstillthecoralinsects liveandwork,aswhentheymadetherocksthatunderliethevalleyoftheOhio. ThusGodhathchosentocreate.Wherenowisfirmland,oncechafedandthunderedthegreatprimeval ocean.Foragesuponagestheminuteshieldsofinfinitemyriadsofinfusoria,andthestonystemsof encrinitessunkintoitsdepths,andthere,underthevastpressureofitswaters,hardenedintolimestone. RaisedslowlyfromtheProfoundbyHishand,itsquarriesunderliethesoilofallthecontinents, hundredsoffeetinthickness;andwe,oftheseremainsofthecountlessdead,buildtombsandpalaces, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

245/641 astheEgyptians,whomwecallancient,builttheirpyramids. OnallthebroadlakesandoceanstheGreatSunlooksearnestlyandlovingly,andtheinvisiblevapors riseeveruptomeethim.NoeyebutGod'sbeholdsthemastheyrise.There,intheupperatmospere, theyarecondensedtomist,andgatherintoclouds,andfloatandswimaroundintheambientair.They sailwithitscurrents,andhoverovertheocean,androllinhugemassesroundthestonyshouldersof greatmountains.Condensedstillmorebychangeoftemperature,theydropuponthethirstyearthin gentleshowers,orpouruponitinheavyrains,orstormagainstitsbosomattheangryEquinoctial.The shower,therain,andthestormpassaway,thecloudsvanish,andthebrightstarsagainshineclearly uponthegladearth.Theraindropssinkintotheground,andgatherinsubterraneanreservoirs,andrun insubterraneanchannels,andbubbleupinspringsandfountains;andfromthemountainsidesand headsofvalleysthesilverthreadsofwaterbegintheirlongjourneytotheocean.Uniting,theywiden intobrooksandrivulets,thenintostreamsandrivers;and,atlast,aNile,Ganges,aDanube,an Amazon,oraMississippirollsbetweenitsbanks,mighty,majestic,andresistless,creatingvastalluvial valleystobethegranariesoftheworld,ploughedbythethousandkeelsofcommerceandservingas greathighways,andastheimpassableboundariesofrivalnations;everreturningtotheoceanthedrops thatrosefromitinvapor,anddescendedinrainandsnowandhailuponthelevelplainsandlofty mountains;andcausinghimtorecoilformanyamilebeforethelongrushoftheirgreattide. SoitiswiththeaggregateofHumanendeavor.Astheinvisibleparticlesofvaporcombineand coalescetoformthemistsandcloudsthatfallinrainonthirstycontinents,andblessthegreatgreen forestsandwidegrassyprairies,thewavingmeadowsandthefieldsbywhichmenlive;astheinfinite myriadsofdropsthatthegladearthdrinksaregatheredintospringsandrivuletsandrivers,toaidin levellingthemountainsandelevatingtheplains,andtofeedthelargelakesand restlessoceans;soallHumanThought,andSpeechandAction,allthatisdoneandsaidandthought andsufferedupontheEarthcombinetogether,andflowonwardinonebroadresistlesscurrenttoward thosegreatresultstowhichtheyaredeterminedbythewillofGod. Webuildslowlyanddestroyswiftly.OurAncientBrethrenwhobuilttheTemplesatJerusalem,with manymyriadblowsfelled,hewed,andsquaredthecedars,andquarriedthestones,andcarvedthe intricateornaments,whichweretobetheTemples.Stoneafterstone,bythecombinedeffortandlong toilofApprentice,FellowCraft,andMaster,thewallsarose;slowlytheroofwasframedandfashioned; andmanyyearselapsedbefore,atlength,theHousesstoodfinished,allfitandreadyfortheWorshipof God,gorgeousinthesunnysplendorsoftheatmosphereofPalestine.Sotheywerebuilt.Asingle motionofthearmofarude,barbarousAssyrianSpearman,ordrunkenRomanorGothicLegionaryof Titus,movedbyasenselessimpulseofthebrutalwill,flungintheblazingbrand;and,withnofurther humanagency,afewshorthourssufficedtoconsumeandmelteachTempletoasmokingmassofblack unsightlyruin.

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246/641 Bepatient,therefore,myBrother,andwait!TheissuesarewithGod:Todo,Ofrightbelongstous. Thereforefaintnot,norbewearyinwelldoing!Benotdiscouragedatmen'sapathy,nordisgustedwith theirfollies,nortiredoftheirindifference!Carenotforreturnsandresults;butseeonlywhatthereisto do,anddoit,leavingtheresultstoGod!SoldieroftheCross!SwornKnightofJustice,Truth,and Toleration!GoodKnightandTrue!bepatientandwork! TheApocalypse,thatsublimeKabalisticandpropheticSummaryofalltheoccultfigures,dividesits imagesintothreeSeptenaries,aftereachofwhichthereissilenceinHeaven.ThereareSevenSealsto beopened,thatistosay,Sevenmysteriestoknow,andSevendifficultiestoovercome,Seventrumpets tosound,andSevencupstoempty. TheApocalypseis,tothosewhoreceivethenineteenthDegree,theApothesisofthatSublimeFaith whichaspirestoGodalone,anddespisesallthepompsandworksofLucifer.LUCIFER,theLight bearer!StrangeandmysteriousnametogivetotheSpiritofDarkness!Lucifer,theSonofthe Morning!IsithewhobearstheLight,andwithitssplendorsintolerableblindsfeeble,sensualor selfishSouls?Doubtitnot!fortraditionsarefullofDivineRevelationsandInspirations:and InspirationisnotofoneAgenorofoneCreed.PlatoandPhilo,also,wereinspired. TheApocalypse,indeed,isabookasobscureastheSohar. ItiswrittenhieroglyphicallywithnumbersandimagesandtheApostleoftenappealstotheintelligence oftheInitiated."Lethimwhohathknowledge,understand!lethimwhounderstands,calculate!"he oftensays,afteranallegoryorthementionofanumber.SaintJohn,thefavoriteApostle,andthe DepositaryofalltheSecretsoftheSaviour,thereforedidnotwritetobeundertoodbythemultitude. TheSepharYezirah,theSohar,andtheApocalypsearethecompletestembodimentsofOccultism. Theycontainmoremeaningsthanwords;theirexpressionsarefigurativeaspoetryandexactas numbers.TheApocalypsesumsup,completes,andsurpassesalltheScienceofAbrahamandof Solomon.ThevisionsofEzekiel,bytheriverChebar,andofthenewSymbolicTemple,areequally mysteriousexpressions,veiledbyfiguresoftheenigmaticdogmasoftheKabalah,andtheirsymbols areaslittleunderstoodbytheCommentators,asthoseofFreeMasonry. TheSeptenaryistheCrownoftheNumbers,becauseitunitestheTriangleoftheIdeatotheSquareof theForm.

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247/641 ThemorethegreatHierophantswereatpainstoconcealtheirabsoluteScience,themoretheysoughtto addgrandeurtoandmultiplyitssymbols.Thehugepyramids,withtheirtriangularsidesofelevation andsquarebases,representedtheirMetaphysics,foundedupontheknowledgeofNature.That knowledgeofNaturehadforitssymbolickeythegiganticformofthathugeSphinx,whichhas holloweditsdeepbedinthesand,whilekeepingwatchatthefeetofthePyramids.TheSevengrand monumentscalledtheWondersoftheWorld,werethemagnificentCommentariesontheSevenlines thatcomposedthePyramids,andontheSevenmysticgatesofThebes. TheSeptenaryphilosophyofInitiationamongtheAncientsmaybesummedupthus: ThreeAbsolutePrincipleswhicharebutOnePrinciple:fourelementaryformswhicharebutone;all formingaSingleWhole,compoundedoftheIdeaandtheForm. ThethreePrincipleswerethese: 1.BEINGISBEING. InPhilosophy,identityoftheIdeaandofBeingorVerity;inReligion,thefirstPrinciple,THE FATHER. 2.BEINGISREAL. InPhilosophy,identityofKnowingandofBeingorReality;inReligion,theLOGOSofPlato,the Demiourgos,theWORD. 3.BEINGISLOGIC. InPhilosophy,identityoftheReasonandReality;inReligion,Providence,theDivineActionthat makesrealtheGood,thatwhichinChristianitywecallTHEHOLYSPIRIT. TheunionofalltheSevencolorsistheWhite,theanalogoussymboloftheGOOD:theabsenceofall istheBlack,theanalogoussymboloftheEVIL.Therearethreeprimarycolors,Red,Yellow,andBlue; andfoursecondary,Orange,Green,Indigo,andViolet;andalltheseGoddisplaystomaninthe rainbow;andtheyhavetheiranalogiesalsointhemoralandintellectualworld.Thesamenumber, Seven,continuallyreappearsintheApocalypse,compoundedofthreeandfour;andthesenumbers relatetothelastSevenoftheSephiroth,threeansweringtoBENIGNITYorMERCY,SEVERITYor JUSTICE,andBEAUTYorHARMONY;andfourtoNetzach,Hod,Yesod,andMalakoth,VICTORY, GLORY,STABILITY,andDOMINATION.ThesamenumbersalsorepresentthefirstthreeSephiroth, KETNER,KHOKMAH,andBAINAH,orWill,Wisdom,andUnderstanding,which,withDAATHor IntellectionorThought,arealsofour,DAATHnotbeingregardedasaSephirah,notastheDeity EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

248/641 acting,orasapotency,energy,orattribute,butastheDivineAction. TheSephirotharecommonlyfiguredintheKabalahasconstitutingahumanform,theADAM, KADMONOrMACROCOSM.Thusarranged,theuniversallawofEquipoiseisthreetimes exernplified.FromthatoftheDivineIntellectual,Active,MasculineENERGY,andthePassive CAPACITYtoproduceThought,theactionofTHINKINGresults.FromthatofBENIGNITYand SEVERITY,HARMONYflows;andfromthatofVICTORYoranInfiniteovercoming,andGLORY, which,beingInfinite,wouldseemtoforbidtheexistenceofobstaclesoropposition,results STABILITYorPERMANENCE,whichistheperfectDOMINIONOftheInfiniteWILL. ThelastnineSephirothareincludedin,atthesametimethattheyhaveflowedforthfrom,thefirstof all,KETHER,ortheCROWN.Eachalso,insuccessionflowedfrom,andyetstillremainsincludedin, theoneprecedingit.TheWillofGodincludesHisWisdom,andHisWisdomisHisWillspecially developedandacting.ThisWisdomistheLOGOSthatcreates,mistakenandpersonifiedbySimon MagusandthesucceedingGnostics.Bymeansofitsutterance,theletterYOD,itcreatestheworlds, firstintheDivineIntellectasanIdea,whichinvestedwithformbecamethefabricatedWorld,the Universeofmaterialreality.YODandHE,twolettersoftheIneffableNameoftheManifestedDeity, representtheMaleandtheFemale,theActiveandthePassiveinEquilibrium,andtheVAVcompletes theTrinityandtheTriliteralName,theDivineTriangle,whichwiththerepetionoftheHebecomesthe Tetragrammaton. ThusthetenSephirothcontainalltheSacredNumbers,three,five,seven,andnine,andtheperfect NumberTenandcorrespondwiththeTetractysofPythagoras. BEINGISBEING,AhayahAsarAhayah.Thisistheprinciple,the"BEGINNING." IntheBeginningwas,thatistosay,IS,WAS,andWILLBE,theWORD,thatistosay,theREASON thatSpeaks. TheWordisthereasonofbelief,andinitalsoistheexpressionoftheFaithwhichmakesSciencea livingthing.TheWord,istheSourceofLogic.JesusistheWordIncarnate.TheaccordoftheReason withFaith,ofKnowledgewithBelief,ofAuthoritywithLiberty,hasbecomeinmoderntimesthe veritableenigmaoftheSphinx. ItisWISDOMthat,intheKabalisticBooksoftheProverbsandEcclesiasticus,istheCreativeAgentof God.ElsewhereintheHebrewwritingsitisDebarIahavah,theWordofGod.

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ItisbyHisutteredWordthatGodrevealsHimselftous;aloneinthevisibleandinvisiblebut intellectualcreation,butinourconvictions,consciousness,andinstincts.Henceitisthat!certain beliefsareuniversal.TheconvictionofallmenthatGodisgoodledtoabeliefinaDevil,thefallen LuciferorLightbearer,ShaitantheAdversary,AhrimanandTuphon,asanattempttoexplainthe existenceofEvil,andmakeitconsistentwiththeInfinitePower,Wisdom,andBenevolenceofGod. Nothingsurpassesandnothingequals,asaSummaryofallthedoctrinesoftheOldWorld,thosebrief wordsengravenbyHERMESonaStone,andknownunderthenameof"TheTabletofEmerald:"the UnityofBeingandtheUnityoftheHarmonies,ascendinganddescending,theprogressiveand proportionalscaleoftheWord;theimmutablelawoftheEquilibrium,andtheproportionedprogressof theuniversalanalogies;therelationoftheIdeatotheWord,givingthemeasureoftherelationbetween theCreatorandtheCreated,thenecessarymathematicsoftheInfinite,provedbythemeasuresofa singlecorneroftheFinite;allthisisexpressedbythissinglepropositionoftheGreatEgyptian Hierophant: "WhatisSuperiorisasthatwhichisInferior,andwhatisBelowisasthatwhichisAbove,toformthe MarvelsoftheUnity."

XX.GRANDMASTEROFALLSYMBOLICLODGES.
ThetrueMasonisapracticalPhilosopher,who,underreligiousemblems,inallagesadoptedby wisdom,buildsuponplanstracedbynatureandreasonthemoraledificeofknowledge.Heoughtto find,inthesymmetricalrelationofallthepartsofthisrationaledifice,theprincipleandruleofallhis duties,thesourceofallhispleasures.Heimproveshismoralnature,becomesabetterman,andfindsin thereunionofvirtuousmen,assembledwithpureviews,themeansofmultiplyinghisactsof beneficence.MasonryandPhilosophy,withoutbeingoneandthesamething,havethesameobject,and proposetothemselvesthesameend,theworshipoftheGrandArchitectoftheUniverse,acquaintance andfamiliaritywiththewondersofnature,andthehappinessofhumanityattainedbytheconstant practiceofallthevirtues. AsGrandMasterofallSymbolicLodges,itisyourespecialdutytoaidinrestoringMasonrytoits primitivepurity.Youhavebecomeaninstructor.Masonrylongwanderedinerror.Insteadof improving,itdegeneratedfromitsprimitivesimplicity,andretrogradedtowardasystem,distortedby stupidityandignorance,which,unabletoconstructabeautifulmachine,madeacomplicatedone.Less thantwohundredyearsago,itsorganizationwassimple,andaltogethermoral,itsemblems,allegories, andceremonieseasytobeunderstood,andtheirpurposeandobjectreadilytobeseen.Itwasthen confinedtoaverysmallnumberofDegrees.ItsconstitutionswerelikethoseofaSocietyofEssenes, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

250/641 writteninthefirstcenturyofourera.TherecouldbeseentheprimitiveChristianity,organizedinto Masonry,theschoolofPythagoraswithoutincongruitiesorabsurdities;aMasonrysimpleand significant,inwhichitwasnotnecessarytotorturethemindtodiscoverreasonableinterpretations;a Masonryatoncereligiousandphilosophical,worthyofagoodcitizenandanenlightened philanthropist. Innovatorsandinventorsoverturnedthatprimitivesimplicity.Ignoranceengagedintheworkofmaking Degrees,andtriflesandgewgawsandpretendedmysteries,absurdorhideous,usurpedtheplaceof MasonicTruth.Thepictureofahorridvengeance,theponiardandthebloodyhead,appearedinthe peacefulTempleofMasonry,withoutsufficientexplanationoftheirsymbolicmeaning.Oathsoutofall proportionwiththeirobject,shockedthecandidate,andthenbecameridiculous,andwerewholly disregarded.Acolyteswereexposedtotests,andcompelledtoperformacts,which,ifreal,wouldhave beenabominable;butbeingmerechimeras,werepreposterous,andexcitedcontemptandlaughteronly. EighthundredDegreesofonekindandanotherwereinvented:InfidelityandevenJesuitryweretaught underthemaskofMasonry.TheritualsevenoftherespectableDegrees,copiedandmutilatedby ignorantmen,becamenonsensicalandtrivial;andthewordssocorruptedthatithashithertobeen foundimpossibletorecovermanyofthematall.Candidatesweremadetodegradethemselves,andto submittoinsultsnottolerabletoamanofspiritandhonor. Henceitwasthat,practically,thelargestportionoftheDegreesclaimedbytheAncientandAccepted ScottishRite,andbeforeitbytheRiteofPerfection,fellintodisuse,weremerelycommunicated,and theirritualsbecamejejuneandinsignificant.TheseRitesresembledthoseoldpalacesandbaronial castles,thedifferentpartsofwhich,builtatdifferentperiodsremotefromoneanother,uponplansand accordingtotastesthatgreatlyvaried,formedadiscordantandincongruouswhole.Judaismand chivalry,superstitionandphilosophy,philanthropyandinsanehatredandlongingforvengeance,apure moralityandunjustandillegalrevenge,werefoundstrangelymatedandstandinghandinhandwithin theTemplesofPeaceandConcord;andthewholesystemwasonegrotesquecomminglingof incongruousthings,ofcontrastsandcontradictions,ofshockingandfantasticextravagances,ofparts repugnanttogoodtaste,andfineconceptionsoverlaidanddisfiguredbyabsurditiesengenderedby ignorance,fanaticism,andasenselessmysticism. Anemptyandsterilepomp,impossibleindeedtobecarriedout,andtowhichnomeaningwhatever wasattached,withfarfetchedexplanationsthatwereeithersomanystupidplatitudesorthemselves neededaninterpreter;loftytitles,arbitrarilyassumed,andtowhichtheinventorshadnotcondescended toattachanyexplanationthatshouldacquitthemofthefollyofassumingtemporalrank,power,and titlesofnobility,madetheworldlaugh,andtheInitiatefeelashamed. Someofthesetitlesweretain;buttheyhavewithusmeaningsentirelyconsistentwiththatSpiritof EqualitywhichisthefoundationandperemptorylawofitsbeingofallMasonry.TheKnight,withus, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

251/641 ishewhodevoteshishand,hisheart,hisbrain,totheScienceofMasonry,andprofesseshimselfthe SwornSoldierofTruth:thePrinceishewhoaimstobeChief[Princeps],first,leader,amonghis equals,invirtueandgooddeeds:theSovereignishewho,oneofanorderwhosemembersareall Sovereigns,isSupremeonlybecausethelawandconstitutionsareso,whichheadministers,andby whichhe,likeeveryotherbrother,isgoverned.Thetitles,Puissant,Potent,Wise,andVenerable, indicatethatpowerofVirtue,Intelligence,andWisdom,whichthoseoughttostrivetoattainwhoare placedinhighofficebythesuffragesoftheirbrethren:andallourothertitlesanddesignationshavean esotericmeaning,consistentwithmodestyandequality,andwhichthosewhoreceivethemshouldfully understand.AsMasterofaLodgeitisyourdutytoinstructyourBrethrenthattheyareallsomany constantlessons,teachingtheloftyqualificationswhicharerequiredofthosewhoclaimthem,andnot merelyidlegewgawsworninridiculousimitationofthetimeswhentheNoblesandPriestswere mastersandthepeopleslaves:andthat,inalltrueMasonry,theKnight,thePontiff,thePrince,andthe Sovereignarebutthefirstamongtheirequals:andthecordon,theclothing,andthejewelbutsymbols andemblemsofthevirtuesrequiredofallgoodMasons. TheMasonkneels,nolongertopresenthispetitionforadmittanceortoreceivetheanswer,nolongerto amanashissuperior,whoisbuthisbrother,buttohisGod;towhomheappealsfortherectitudeofhis intentions,andwhoseaidheaskstoenablehimtokeephisvows.Nooneisdegradedbybendinghis kneetoGodatthealtar,ortoreceivethehonorofKnighthoodasBayardandDuGuesclinknelt.To kneelforotherpurposes,Masonrydoesnotrequire.Godgavetomanaheadtobeborneerect,aport uprightandmajestic.WeassembleinourTemplestocherishandinculcatesentimentsthatconformto thatloftinessofbearingwhichthejustanduprightmanisentitledtomaintain,andwedonotrequire thosewhodesiretobeadmittedamongus,ignominiouslytobowthehead.Werespectman,becausewe respectourselvesthathemayconceivealoftyideaofhisdignityasahumanbeingfreeand independent.Ifmodestyisavirtue,humilityandobsequiousnesstomanarebase:forthereisanoble pridewhichisthemostrealandsolidbasisofvirtue.ManshouldhumblehimselfbeforetheInfinite God;butnotbeforehiserringandimperfectbrother. AsMasterofaLodge,youwillthereforebeexceedinglycarefulthatnoCandidate,inanyDegree,be requiredtosubmittoanydegradationwhatever;ashasbeentoomuchthecustominsomeofthe Degreesandtakeitasacertainandinflexiblerule,towhichthereisnoexception,thatrealMasonry requiresofnomananythingtowhichaKnightandGentlemancannothonorably,andwithoutfeeling outragedorhumiliatedsubmit. TheSupremeCouncilfortheSouthernJurisdictionoftheUnitedStatesatlengthundertookthe indispensableandlongdelayedtaskofrevisingandreformingtheworkandritualsoftheThirty Degreesunderitsjurisdiction.RetainingtheessentialsoftheDegreesandallthemeansbywhichthe membersrecognizeoneanother,ithassoughtoutanddevelopedtheleadingideaofeachDegree, rejectedthepuerilitiesandabsurditieswithwhichmanyofthemweredisfigured,andmadeofthema connectedsystemofmoral,religious,andphilosophicalinstruction.Sectarianofnocreed,ithasyet EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

252/641 thoughtitnotimpropertousetheoldallegories,basedonoccurrencesdetailedintheHebrewand Christianbooks,anddrawnfromtheAncientMysteriesofEgypt,Persia,Greece,India,theDruidsand theEssenes,asvehiclestocommunicatetheGreatMasonicTruths;asithasusedthelegendsofthe Crusades,andtheceremoniesoftheordersofKnighthood. Itnolongerinculcatesacriminalandwickedvengeance.IthasnotallowedMasonrytoplaythe assassin:toavengethedeatheitherofHiram,ofCharlesthe1st,orofJaquesDeMolayandthe Templars.TheAncientandAcceptedScottishRiteofMasonryhasnowbecome,whatMasonryatfirst wasmeanttobe,aTeacherofGreatTruths,inspiredbyanuprightandenlightenedreason,afirmand constantwisdom,andanaffectionateandliberalphilanthropy. Itisnolongerasystem,overthecompositionandarrangementofthedifferentpartsofwhich,wantof reflection,chance,ignorance,andperhapsmotivesstillmoreignoblepresided;asystemunsuitedtoour habits,ourmanners,ourideas,ortheworldwidephilanthropyanduniversaltolerationofMasonry;or tobodiessmallinnumber,whoserevenuesshouldbedevotedtothereliefoftheunfortunate,andnotto emptyshow;nolongeraheterogeneousaggregateofDegrees,shockingbyitsanachronismsand contradictions,powerlesstodisseminatelight,information,andmoralandphilosophicalideas. AsMaster,youwillteachthosewhoareunderyou,andtowhomyouwilloweyouroffice,thatthe decorationsofmanyoftheDegreesaretobedispensedwith,whenevertheexpensewouldinterfere withthedutiesofcharity,relief,andbenevolence;andtobeindulgedinonlybywealthybodiesthat willtherebydonowrongtothoseentitledtotheirassistance.TheessentialsofalltheDegreesmaybe procuredatslightexpense;anditisattheoptionofeveryBrothertoprocureornottoprocure,ashe pleases,thedress,decorations,andjewelsofanyDegreeotherthanthe14th,18th,30th,and32d. Weteachthetruthofnoneofthelegendswerecite.Theyaretousbutparablesandallegories, involvingandenvelopingMasonicinstructionandvehiclesofusefulandinterestinginformation.They representthedifferentphasesofthehumanmind,itseffortsandstrugglestocomprehendnature,God, thegovernmentoftheUniverse,thepermittedexistenceofsorrowandevil.Toteachuswisdom,and thefollyofendeavoringtoexplaintoourselvesthatwhichwearenotcapableofunderstanding,we reproducethespeculationsofthePhilosophers,theKabalists,theMystagoguesandtheGnostics. Everyonebeingatlibertytoapplyoursymbolsandemblemsashethinksmostconsistentwithtruth andreasonandwithhisownfaith,wegivethemsuchaninterpretationonlyasmaybeacceptedbyall. OurDegreesmaybeconferredinFranceorTurkey,atPekin,Ispahan,Rome,orGeneva,inthecityof PennorinCatholicLouisiana,uponthesubjectofanabsolutegovernmentorthecitizenofaFree State,uponSectarianorTheist.TohonortheDeity,toregardallmenasourBrethren,aschildren, equallydeartoHim,oftheSupremeCreatoroftheUniverse,andtomakehimselfusefultosocietyand himselfbyhislabor,areitsteachingstoitsInitiatesinalltheDegrees.

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253/641 PreacherofLiberty,Fraternity,andEquality,itdesiresthemtobeattainedbymakingmenfittoreceive them,andbythemoralpowerofanintelligentandenlightenedPeople.Itlaysnoplotsand conspiracies.Ithatchesnoprematurerevolutions;itencouragesnopeopletorevoltagainstthe constitutedauthorities;butrecognizingthegreattruththatfreedomfollowsfitnessforfreedomasthe corollaryfollowstheaxiom,itstrivestopreparementogovernthemselves. Wheredomesticslaveryexists,itteachesthemasterhumanityandthealleviationoftheconditionofhis slave,andmoderatecorrectionandgentlediscipline;asitteachesthemtothemasteroftheapprentice: andasitteachestotheemployersofothermen,inmines,manufactories,andworkshops,consideration andhumanityforthosewhodependupontheirlaborfortheirbread,andtowhomwantofemployment isstarvation,andoverworkisfever,consumption,anddeath. AsMasterofaLodge,youaretoinculcatethesedutiesonyourbrethren.Teachtheemployedtobe honest,punctual,andfaithfulaswellasrespectfulandobedienttoallproperorders:butalsoteachthe employerthateverymanorwomanwhodesirestowork,hasarighttohaveworktodoandthatthey, andthosewhofromsicknessorfeebleness,lossoflimborofbodilyvigor,oldageorinfancy,arenot abletowork,havearighttobefed,clothed,andshelteredfromtheinclementelements:thathe commitsanawfulsinagainstMasonryandinthesightofGod,ifhecloseshisworkshopsorfactories, orceasestoworkhismines,whentheydonotyieldhimwhatheregardsassufficientprofit,andso dismisseshisworkmenandworkwomentostarve;orwhenhereducesthewagesofmanorwomanto solowastandardthattheyandtheirfamiliescannotbeclothedandfedandcomfortablyhoused;orby overworkmustgivehimtheirbloodandlifeinexchangeforthepittanceoftheirwages:andthathis dutyasaMasonandBrotherperemptorilyrequireshimtocontinuetoemploythosewhoelsewillbe pinchedwithhungerandcold,orresorttotheftandvice:andtopaythemfairwages,thoughitmay reduceorannulhisprofitsoreveneatintohiscapital;forGodhathbutloanedhimhiswealth,and madehimHisalmonerandagenttoinvestit. Exceptasmeresymbolsofthemoralvirtuesandintellectualqualities,thetoolsandimplementsof MasonrybelongexclusivelytothefirstthreeDegrees.Theyalso,however,servetoremindtheMason whohasadvancedfurther,thathisnewrankisbaseduponthehumblelaborsofthesymbolicDegrees, astheyareimproperlytermed,inasmuchasalltheDegreesaresymbolic. ThustheInitiatesareinspiredwithajustideaofMasonry,towit,thatitisessentiallyWORK;both teachingandpractisingLABOR;andthatitisaltogetheremblematic.Threekindsofworkare necessarytothepreservationandprotectionofmanandsociety:manuallabor,speciallybelongingto thethreeblueDegrees;laborinarms,symbolizedbytheKnightlyorchivalricDegrees;andintellectual labor,belongingparticularlytothePhilosophicalDegrees.

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254/641 Wehavepreservedandmultipliedsuchemblemsashaveatrueandprofoundmeaning.Werejectmany oftheoldandsenselessexplanations.WehavenotreducedMasonrytoacoldmetaphysicsthatexiles everythingbelongingtothedomainoftheimagination.Theignorant,andthosehalfwiseinreality,but overwiseintheirownconceit,mayassailoursymbolswithsarcasms;buttheyarenevertheless ingeniousveilsthatcovertheTruth,respectedbyallwhoknowthemeansbywhichtheheartofmanis reachedandhisfeelingsenlisted.TheGreatMoralistsoftenhadrecoursetoallegories,inorderto instructmenwithoutrepellingthem.Butwehavebeencarefulnottoallowouremblemstobetoo obscure,soastorequirefarfetchedandforcedinterpretations.Inourdays,andintheenlightenedland inwhichwelive,wedonotneedtowrapourselvesinveilssostrangeandimpenetrable,astopreventor hinderinstructioninsteadoffurtheringit;ortoinducethesuspicionthatwehaveconcealedmeanings whichwecommunicateonlytothemostreliableadepts,becausetheyarecontrarytogoodorderorthe wellbeingofsociety. TheDutiesoftheClassofInstructors,thatis,theMasonsoftheDegreesfromthe4thtothe8th, inclusive,are,particularly,toperfecttheyoungerMasonsinthewords,signsandtokensandotherwork oftheDegreestheyhavereceived;toexplaintothemthemeaningofthedifferentemblems,andto expoundthemoralinstructionwhichtheyconvey.Andupontheirreportofproficiencyalonecantheir pupilsbeallowedtoadvanceandreceiveanincreaseofwages. TheDirectorsoftheWork,orthoseofthe9th,l0th,and11thDegreesaretoreporttotheChaptersupon theregularity,activityandproperdirectionoftheworkofbodiesinthelowerDegrees,andwhatis neededtobeenactedfortheirprosperityandusefulness.IntheSymbolicLodges,theyareparticularly chargedtostimulatethezealoftheworkmen,toinducethemtoengageinnewlaborsandenterprises forthegoodofMasonry,theircountryandmankind,andtogivethemfraternaladvicewhentheyfall shortoftheirduty;or,incasesthatrequireit,toinvokeagainstthemtherigorofMasoniclaw. TheArchitectsorthoseofthe12th,13th,and14th,shouldbeselectedfromnonebutBrotherswell instructedintheprecedingDegrees;zealous,andcapableofdiscoursinguponthatMasonry; illustratingit,anddiscussingthesimplequestionsofmoralphilosophy.Andoneofthem,atevery communication,shouldbepreparedwithalecture,communicatingusefulknowledgeorgivinggood advicetotheBrethren. TheKnights,ofthe15thand16thDegrees,wearthesword.Theyareboundtopreventandrepair,asfar asmaybeintheirpower,allinjustice,bothintheworldandinMasonry;toprotecttheweakandto bringoppressorstojustice.Theirworksandlecturesmustbeinthisspirit.Theyshouldinquirewhether Masonryfulfills,asfarasitoughtandcan,itsprincipalpurpose,whichistosuccortheunfortunate. Thatitmaydoso,theyshouldpreparepropositionstobeofferedintheBlueLodgescalculatedtoattain thatend,toputanendtoabuses,andtopreventorcorrectnegligence.ThoseintheLodgeswhohave attainedtherankofKnights,aremostfittobeappointedAlmoners,andchargedtoascertainandmake EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

255/641 knownwhoneedandareentitledtothecharityoftheOrder. InthehigherDegreesthoseonlyshouldbereceivedwhohavesufficientreadingandinformationto discussthegreatquestionsofphilosophy.FromthemtheOratorsoftheLodgesshouldbeselected,as wellasthoseoftheCouncilsandChapters.Theyarechargedtosuggestsuchmeasuresasarenecessary tomakeMasonryentirelyfaithfultothespiritofitsinstitution,bothastoitscharitablepurposes,and thediffusionoflightandknowledge;suchasareneededtocorrectabusesthathavecreptin,and offencesagainsttherulesandgeneralspiritoftheOrder;andsuchaswilltendtomakeit,asitwas meanttobe,thegreatTeacherofMankind. AsMasterofaLodge,Council,orChapter,itwillbeyourdutytoimpressuponthemindsofyour BrethrentheseviewsofthegeneralplanandseparatepartsoftheAncientandAcceptedScottishRite; ofitsspiritanddesign;itsharmonyandregularity;ofthedutiesoftheofficersandmembers;andofthe particularlessonsintendedtobetaughtbyeachDegree. Especiallyyouarenottoallowanyassemblyofthebodyoverwhichyoumaypreside,toclose,without recallingtothemindsoftheBrethrentheMasonicvirtuesanddutieswhicharerepresenteduponthe TracingBoardofthisDegree.Thatisanimperativeduty.Forgetnotthat,morethanthreethousand yearsago,ZOROASTERsaid:"Begood,bekind,behumane,andcharitable;loveyourfellows; consoletheafflicted;pardonthosewhohavedoneyouwrong."Northatmorethantwothousandthree hundredyearsagoCONFUCIUSrepeated,alsoquotingthelanguageofthosewhohadlivedbefore himself:"Lovethyneighborasthyself:Donottootherswhatthouwouldstnotwishshouldbedoneto thyself:Forgiveinjuries.Forgiveyourenemy,bereconciledtohim,givehimassistance,invokeGodin hisbehalf!" LetnotthemoralityofyourLodgebeinferiortothatofthePersianortheChinesePhilosopher.Urge uponyourBrethrentheteachingandtheunostentatiouspracticeofthemoralityoftheLodge,without regardtotimes,places,religions,orpeoples. Urgethemtoloveoneanother,tobedevotedtooneanother,tobefaithfultothecountry,the government,andthelaws:fortoservethecountryistopayadearandsacreddebt:Torespectallforms ofworship,totolerateallpoliticalandreligiousopinions;nottoblame,andstilllesstocondemnthe religionofothers:nottoseektomakeconverts;buttobecontentiftheyhavethereligionofSocrates;a venerationfortheCreator,thereligionofgoodworks,andgratefulacknowledgmentofGod'sblessings: Tofraternizewithallmen;toassistallwhoareunfortunate;andtocheerfullypostponetheirown intereststothatoftheOrder: Tomakeittheconstantruleoftheirlives,tothinkwell,tospeakwell,andtoactwell: EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

256/641 Toplacethesageabovethesoldier,thenoble,ortheprince:andtakethewiseandgoodastheir models: Toseethattheirprofessionsandpractice,theirteachingsandconduct,doalwaysagree: Tomakethisalsotheirmotto:Dothatwhichthououghtesttodo;lettheresultbewhatitwill. Such,myBrother,aresomeofthedutiesofthatofficewhichyouhavesoughttobequalifiedto exercise.Mayyouperformthemwell;andinsodoinggainhonorforyourself,andadvancethegreat causeofMasonry,Humanity,andProgress.

XXI.NOACHITEORPRUSSIANKNIGHT
YouareespeciallychargedinthisDegreetobemodestandhumble,andnotvaingloriousnorfilled withselfconceit.BenotwiserinyourownopinionthantheDeity,norfindfaultwithHisworks,nor endeavortoimproveuponwhatHehasdone.Bemodestalsoinyourintercoursewithyourfellows,and slowtoentertainevilthoughtsofthemandreluctanttoascribetothemevilintentions.Athousand presses,floodingthecountrywiththeirevanescentleaves,arebusilyandincessantlyengagedin maligningthemotivesandconductofmenandparties,andinmakingonemanthinkworseofanother; while,alas,scarcelyoneisfoundthatever,evenaccidentally,laborstomakemanthinkbetterofhis fellow. Slanderandcalumnywereneversoinsolentlylicentiousinanycountryastheyarethisdayinours.The mostretiringdisposition,themostunobtrusivedemeanor,isnoshieldagainsttheirpoisonedarrows. Themosteminentpublicserviceonlymakestheirvituperationandinvectivemoreeagerandmore unscrupulous,whenhewhohasdonesuchservicepresentshimselfasacandidateforthepeople's suffrages. Theeviliswidespreadanduniversal.Noman,nowoman,nohousehold,issacredorsafefromthisnew Inquisition.Noactissopureorsopraiseworthy,thattheunscrupulousvenderoflieswholivesby panderingtoacorruptandmorbidpublicappetitewillnotproclaimitasacrime.Nomotiveisso innocentorsolaudable,thathewillnotholditupasvillainy.Journalismpriesintotheinteriorof privatehouses,gloatsoverthedetailsofdomestictragediesofsinandshame,anddeliberatelyinvents andindustriouslycirculatesthemostunmitigatedandbaselessfalsehoods,tocoinmoneyforthosewho pursueitasatrade,ortoeffectatemporaryresultinthewarsoffaction. Weneednotenlargeupontheseevils.Theyareapparenttoallandlamentedoverbyall,anditisthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

257/641 dutyofaMasontodoallinhispowertolessen,ifnottoremovethem.Withtheerrorsandevensinsof othermen,thatdonotpersonallyaffectusorours,andneednotourcondemnationtobeodious,we havenothingtodoandthejournalisthasnopatentthatmakeshimtheCensorofMorals.Thereisno obligationrestingonustotrumpetforthourdisapprovalofeverywrongfulorinjudiciousorimproper actthateveryothermancommits.Onewouldbeashamedtostandonthestreetcornersandretailthem orallyforpennies. Oneought,intruth,towrite,orspeakagainstnootheroneinthisworld.Eachmaninithasenoughto do,towatchandkeepguardoverhimself.EachofusissickenoughinthisgreatLazaretto:and journalismandpolemicalwritingconstantlyremindusofasceneoncewitnessedinalittlehospital; whereitwashorribletohearhowthepatientsmockinglyreproachedeachotherwiththeirdisordersand infirmities:howone,whowaswastedbyconsumption,jeeredatanotherwhowasbloatedbydropsy: howonelaughedatanother'scanceroftheface;andthisoneagainathisneighbor'slockjaworsquint; untilatlastthedeliriousfeverpatientsprangoutofhisbed,andtoreawaythecoveringsfromthe woundedbodiesofhiscompanions,andnothingwastobeseenbuthideousmiseryandmutilation. Suchistherevoltingworkinwhichjournalismandpoliticalpartisanship,andhalftheworldoutsideof Masonry,areengaged. Verygenerally,thecensurebestoweduponmen'sacts,bythosewhohaveappointedandcommissioned themselvesKeepersofthePublicMorals,isundeserved.Oftenitisnotonlyundeserved,butpraiseis deservedinsteadofcensure,and,whenthelatterisnotundeserved,itisalwaysextravagant,and thereforeunjust. AMasonwillwonderwhatspirittheyareendowedwithal,thatcanbaselylibelataman,even,thatis fallen.Iftheyhadanynobilityofsoul,theywouldwithhimcondolehisdisasters,anddropsometears inpityofhisfollyandwretchednessandiftheyweremerelyhumanandnotbrutal,Naturedidgrievous wrongtohumanbodies,tocursethemwithsoulssocruelastostrivetoaddtoawretchednessalready intolerable.WhenaMasonhearsofanymanthathathfallenintopublicdisgrace,heshouldhavea mindtocommiseratehismishap,andnottomakehimmoredisconsolate.Toenvenomanameby libels,thatalreadyisopenlytainted,istoaddstripeswithanironrodtoonethatisflayedwith whipping;andtoeverywelltemperedmindwillseemmostinhumanandunmanly. Eventhemanwhodoeswrongandcommitserrorsoftenhasaquiethome,afiresideofhisown,a gentle,lovingwifeandinnocentchildren,whoperhapsdonotknowofhispasterrorsandlapsespast andlongrepentedoforiftheydo,theylovehimthebetter,because,beingmortal,hehatherred,and beingintheimageofGod,hehathrepented.Thateveryblowatthishusbandandfatherlaceratesthe pureandtenderbosomsofthatwifeandthosedaughters,isaconsiderationthatdothnotstaythehand ofthebrutaljournalistandpartisan:buthestrikeshomeattheseshrinking,quivering,innocent,tender bosoms;andthengoesoutuponthegreatarteriesofcities,wherethecurrentoflifepulsates,andholds EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

258/641 hisheaderect,andcallsonhisfellowstolaudhimandadmirehim,forthechivalricacthehathdone,in strikinghisdaggerthroughoneheartintoanothertenderandtrustingone. Ifyouseekforhighandstrainedcarriages,youshall,forthemostpart,meetwiththeminlowmen. Arroganceisaweedthatevergrowsonadunghill.Itisfromtheranknessofthatsoilthatshehathher heightandspreadings.Tobemodestandunaffectedwithoursuperiorsisduty;withourequals, courtesy;withourinferiors,nobleness.Thereisnoarrogancesogreatastheproclaimingofother men'serrorsandfaults,bythosewhounderstandnothingbutthedregsofactions,andwhomakeit theirbusinesstobesmeardeservingfames.Publicreproofislikestrikingadeerintheherd:itnotonly woundshim,tothelossofblood,butbetrayshimtothehound,hisenemy. Theoccupationofthespyhatheverbeenhelddishonorable,anditisnonethelessso,nowthatwith rareexceptionseditorsandpartisanshavebecomeperpetualspiesupontheactionsofochermen.Their malicemakesthemnimbleeyed,apttonoteafaultandpublishit,and,withastrainedconstruction,to depraveeventhosethingsinwhichthedoer'sintentswerehonest.Likethecrocodile,theyslimethe wayofothers,tomakethemfall;andwhenthathashappened,theyfeedtheirinsultingenvyonthelife bloodoftheprostrate.Theysetthevicesofothermenonhigh,forthegazeoftheworld,andplace theirvirtuesunderground,thatnonemaynotethem.Iftheycannotwounduponproofs,theywilldoit uponlikelihoods:andifnotuponthem,theymanufacturelies,asGodcreatedtheworld,outofnothing; andsocorruptthefairtempterofmen'sreputations;knowingthatthemultitudewillbelievethem, becauseaffirmationsareaptertowinbelief,thannegativestouncreditthem;andthatalietravelsfaster thananeagleflies,whilethecontradictionlimpsafteritatasnail'spaceandhalting,neverovertakesit. Nay,itiscontrarytothemoralityofjournalism,toallowalietobecontradictedintheplacethat spawnedit.Andevenifthatgreatfavorisconceded,aslanderonceraisedwillscarceeverdie,orfailof findingmanythatwillallowitbothaharborandtrust. Thisis,beyondanyother,theageoffalsehood.Once,tobesuspectedofequivocationwasenoughto soilagentleman'sescutcheon;butnowithasbecomeastrangemeritinapartisanorstatesman,always andscrupulouslytotellthetruth.Liesarepartoftheregularammunitionofallcampaignsand controversies,valuedaccordingastheyareprofitableandeffective;andarestoredupandhaveamarket price,likesaltpetreandsulphur;beingevenmoredeadlythanthey. Ifmenweighedtheimperfectionsofhumanity,theywouldbreathelesscondemnation.Ignorancegives disparagementaloudertonguethanknowledgedoes.Wisemenhadratherknow,thantell.Frequent dispraisesarebutthefaultsofuncharitablewit:anditisfromwherethereisnojudgment,thatthe heaviestjudgmentcomes;forselfexaminationwouldmakealljudgmentscharitable.Ifweevendo knowvicesinmen,wecanscarceshowourselvesinanoblervirtuethaninthecharityofconcealing them:ifthatbenotaflatterypersuadingtocontinuance.Anditisthebasestofficemancanfallinto,to makehistonguethedefameroftheworthyman. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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ThereisbutonerulefortheMasoninthismatter.Iftherebevirtues,andheiscalledupontospeakof himwhoownsthem,lethimtellthemforthimpartially.Andiftherebevicesmixedwiththem,lethim becontenttheworldshallknowthembysomeothertonguethanhis.Foriftheevildoerdeserveno pity,hiswife,hisparents,orhischildren,orotherinnocentpersonswholovehimmay;andthebravo's trade,practisedbyhimwhostabsthedefencelessforapricepaidbyindividualorparty,isreallyno morerespectablenowthanitwasahundredyearsago,inVenice.Wherewewantexperience,Charity bidsusthinkthebest,andleavewhatweknownottotheSearcherofHearts;formistakes,suspicions, andenvyofteninjureaclearfame;andthereisleastdangerinacharitableconstruction. And,finally,theMasonshouldbehumbleandmodesttowardtheGrandArchitectoftheUniverse,and notimpugnHisWisdom,norsetuphisownimperfectsenseofRightagainstHisProvidenceand dispensations,norattempttoorashlytoexploretheMysteriesofGod'sInfiniteEssenceandinscrutable plans,andofthatGreatNaturewhichwearenotmadecapabletounderstand. Lethimsteerfarawayfromallthosevainphilosophies,whichendeavortoaccountforallthatis, withoutadmittingthatthereisaGod,separateandapartfromtheUniversewhichishiswork:which erectUniversalNatureintoaGod,andworshipitalone:whichannihilateSpirit,andbelieveno testimonyexceptthatofthebodilysenses:which,bylogicalformulasanddextrouscollocationof words,maketheactual,living,guiding,andprotectingGodfadeintothedimmistinessofamere abstractionandunreality,itselfamerelogicalformula. NorlethimhaveanyalliancewiththosetheoristswhochidethedelaysofProvidenceandbusy themselvestohastentheslowmarchwhichithasimposeduponevents:whoneglectthepractical,to struggleafterimpossibilities:whoarewiserthanHeaven;knowtheaimsandpurposesoftheDeity,and canseeashortandmoredirectmeansofattainingthem,thanitpleasesHimtoemploy:whowould havenodiscordsinthegreatharmonyoftheUniverseofthings;butequaldistributionofproperty,no subjectionofonemantothewillofanother,nocompulsorylabor,andstillnostarvation,nor destitution,norpauperism. Lethimnotspendhislife,astheydo,inbuildinganewTowerofBabel;inattemptingtochangethat whichisfixedbyaninflexiblelawofGod'senactment:butlethim,yieldingtotheSuperiorWisdomof Providence,contenttobelievethatthemarchofeventsisrightlyorderedbyanInfiniteWisdom,and leads,thoughwecannotseeit,toagreatandperfectresult,lethimbesatisfiedtofollowthepath pointedoutbythatProvidence,andtolaborforthegoodofthehumanraceinthatmodeinwhichGod haschosentoenactthatthatgoodshallbeeffected:andaboveall,lethimbuildnoTowerofBabel, underthebeliefthatbyascendinghewillmountsohighthatGodwilldisappearorbesupersededbya greatmonstrousaggregateofmaterialforces,ormereglittering,logicalformula;but,evermore, standinghumblyandreverentlyupontheearthandlookingwithaweandconfidencetowardHeaven,let EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

260/641 himbesatisfiedthatthereisarealGod;aperson,andnotaformula;aFatherandaprotector,who loves,andsympathizes,andcompassionates;andthattheeternalwaysbywhichHerulestheworldare infinitelywise,nomatterhowfartheymaybeabovethefeeblecomprehensionandlimitedvisionof man.

XXII.KNIGHTOFTHEROYALAXEORPRINCEOFLIBANUS
SYMPATHYwiththegreatlaboringclasses,respectforlaboritself,andresolutiontodosomegood workinourdayandgeneration,thesearethelessonsofthisDegree,andtheyarepurelyMasonic. MasonryhasmadeaworkingmanandhisassociatestheHeroesofherprincipallegend,andhimself thecompanionofKings.Theideaisassimpleandtrueasitissublime.Fromfirsttolast,Masonryis work.ItveneratestheGrandArckitrctoftheUniverse.ItcommemoratesthebuildingofaTemple.Its principalemblemsaretheworkingfoolsofMasonsandArtisans.Itpreservesthenameofthefirst workerinbrassandironasoneofitspasswords.WhentheBrethrenmeettogether,theyareatlabor. TheMasteristheoverseerwhosetsthecrafttoworkandgivesthemproperinstruction.Masonryisthe apotheosisofWork.Itisthehandsofbrave,forgottenmenthathavemadethisgreat,populous, cultivatedworldaworldforus.Itisallwork,andforgottenwork.Therealconquerors,creators,and eternalproprietorsofeverygreatandcivilizedlandarealltheheroicsoulsthateverwereinit,eachin hisdegree:allthementhateverfelledaforesttreeordrainedamarsh,orcontrivedawisescheme,or didorsaidatrueorvaliantthingtherein.Genuineworkalone,donefaithfully,iseternal,evenasthe AlmightyFounderandWorldbuilderHimself. Allworkisnoble:alifeofeaseisnotforanyman,norforanyGod.TheAlmightyMakerisnotlike onewho,inoldimmemorialages,havingmadehismachineofaUniverse,sitseversince,andseesit go.OutofthatbeliefcomesAtheism.ThefaithinanInvisible,unnamable,DirectingDeity,present everywhereinallthatwesee,andwork,andsuffer,istheessenceofallfaithwhatsoever. ThelifeofallGodsfiguresitselftousasaSublimeEarnestness,ofInfinitebattleagainstInfinitelabor OurhighestreligionisnamedtheWorshipofSorrow.FortheSonofManthereisnonoblecrown, wellworn,orevenillworn,butisacrownofthorns.Man'shighestdestinyisnottobehappy,tolove pleasantthingsandfindthem.Hisonlytrueunhappinessshouldbethathecannotwork,andgethis destinyasamanfulfilled.Thedaypassesswiftlyover,ourlifepassesswiftlyover,andthenight cometh,whereinnomancanwork.Thatnightsoncecome,ourhappinessandunhappinessare vanished,andbecomeasthingsthatneverwere.Butourworkisnotabolished,andhasnotvanished.It remains,orthewantofitremains,forendlessTimesandEternities. Whatsoeverofmoralityandintelligence;whatofpatience,perseverance,faithfulness,ofmethod, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

261/641 insight,ingenuity,energy;inaword,whatsoeverofSTRENGTHamanhasinhim,willliewrittenin theWORKhedoes.ToworkistotryhimselfagainstNatureandherunerring,everlastinglaws:and theywillreturntrueverdictastohim.ThenoblestEpicisamightyEmpireslowlybuilttogether,a mightyseriesofheroicdeeds,amightyconquestoverchaos.Deedsaregreaterthanwords.Theyhavea life,mute,butundeniably;andgrow.TheypeoplethevacuityofTime,andmakeitgreenandworthy. LaboristhetruestemblemofGod,theArchitectandEternalMaker;nobleLabor,whichisyettobethe KingofthisEarth,andsitonthehighestThrone.Menwithoutdutiestodo,areliketreesplantedon precipices;fromtherootsofwhichalltheearthhascrumbled.Natureownsnomanwhoisnotalsoa Martyr.Shescornsthemanwhositsscreenedfromallwork,fromwant,danger,hardship,thevictory overwhichisworkandhasallhisworkandbattlingdonebyothermen;andyettherearemenwho pridethemselvesthattheyandtheirshavedonenoworktimeoutofmind.Soneitherhavetheswine. Thechiefofmenishewhostandsinthevanofmen,frontingtheperilwhichfrightensbackallothers, andifnotvanquishedwoulddevourthem.Herculeswasworshippedfortwelvelabors.TheCzarof Russiabecameatoilingshipwright,andworkedwithhisaxeinthedocksofSaardam;andsomething cameofthat.Cromwellworked,andNapoleon;andeffectedsomewhat. Thereisaperennialnoblenessandevensacrednessinwork.Beheneversobenightedandforgetfulof hishighcalling,thereisalwayshopeinamanwhoactuallyandearnestlyworks:inIdlenessaloneis thereperpetualDespair.Manperfectshimselfbyworking.Junglesareclearedaway.Fairseedfields riseinstead,andstatelycities;andwithal,themanhimselffirstceasestobeafoulunwholesomejungle anddesertthereby.Eveninthemeanestsortoflabor,thewholesoulofmaniscomposedintoakindof realharmony,themomenthebeginstowork.Doubt,Desire,Sorrow,Remorse,Indignation,andeven Despairshrinkmurmuringfaroffintotheircaves,wheneverthemanbendshimselfresolutelyagainst histask.Laborislife.FromtheinmostheartoftheworkerriseshisGodgivenForce,theSacred Celestiallifeessence,breathedintohimbyAlmightyGod;andawakenshimtoallnobleness,assoon asworkfitlybegins.ByitmanlearnsPatience,Courage,Perseverance,Opennesstolight,readinessto ownhimselfmistaken,resolutiontodobetterandimprove.Onlybylaborwillmancontinuallylearnthe virtues. ThereisnoReligioninstagnationandinaction;butonlyinactivityandexertion.Therewasthedeepest truthinthatsayingoftheoldmonks,"laborareestorare.""Heprayethbestwholivethbestallthings bothgreatandsmall;"andcanmanloveexceptbyworkingearnestlytobenefitthatbeingwhomhe loves? "Work;andthereinhavewellbeing,"istheoldestofGospels;unpreached,inarticulate,but ineradicable,andenduringforever.TomakeDisorder,whereverfound,aneternalenemy;toattackand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

262/641 subduehim,andmakeorderofhim,thesubjectnotofChaos,butofIntelligenceandDivinity,andof ourselves;toattackignorance,stupidityandbrutemindedness,whereverfound,tosmiteitwiselyand unweariedly,torestnotwhileweliveanditlivesinthenameofGod,thisisourdutyasMasons; commandedusbytheHighestGod.EvenHe,withhisunspokenvoice,moreawfulthanthethundersof Sinai,orthesyllabledspeechoftheHurricane,speakstous.TheUnbornAges;theoldGraves,with theirlongmolderingdustspeaktous.ThedeepDeathKingdoms,theStarsintheirneverresting course,allSpaceandallTime,silentlyandcontinuallyadmonishusthatwetoomustworkwhoreitis calledtoday.Labor,wideastheEarth,hasitssummitinHeaven.Totoil,whetherwiththesweatofthe brow,orofthebrainorheart,isworship,thenoblestthingyetdiscoveredbeneaththeStars.Letthe wearyceasetothinkthatlaborisacurseanddoompronouncedbyDeity.Withoutittherecouldbeno trueexcellenceinhumannature.Withoutit,andpain,andsorrow,wherewouldbethehumanvirtues? WherePatience,Perseverance,Submission,Energy,Endurance,Fortitude,Bravery,Disinterestedness, SelfSacrifice,thenoblestexcellenciesoftheSoul? Lethimwhotoilscomplainnot,norfeelhumiliated!Lethimlookupandseehisfellowworkmenthere, inGod'sEternity,theyalonesurvivingthere.Evenintheweakhumanmemorytheylongsurvive,as Saints,asHeroes,andasGods:theyalonesurvive,andpeopletheunmeasuredsolitudesofTime.To theprimevalman,whatsoevergoodcame,descendedonhim(asinmerefact,iteverdoes)directfrom God;whatsoeverdutylayvisibleforhim,thisaSupremeGodhadprescribed.Fortheprimevalman,in whomdweltThought,thisUniversewasallaTemple,lifeeverywhereaWorship. Dutyiswithuseverandevermoreforbidsustobeidle.Toworkwiththehandsorbrain,accordingto ourrequirementsandourcapacities,todothatwhichliesbeforeustodo,ismorehonorablethanrank andtitle.Ploughers,spinnersandbuilders,inventors,andmenofscience,poets,advocates,andwriters, allstandupononecommonlevel,andformongrand,innumerablehost,marchingeveronwardsince thebeginningoftheworld:eachentitledtooursympathyandrespect,eachamanandourbrother. Itwaswelltogivetheearthtomanasadarkmass,whereontolabor.Itwaswelltoproviderudeand uprightlymaterialsintheorebedandtheforest,forhimtofashionintosplendorandbeauty.Itwas well,notbecauseofthatsplendorandbeauty;butbecausetheactcreatingthemisbetterthanthethings themselves;becauseexertionisnoblerthanenjoyment;becausethelaborerisgreaterandmoreworthy ofhonorthantheidler.Masonrystandsupforthenobilityoflabor.ItisHeaven'sgreatordinancefor humanimprovement.Ithasbeenbrokendownforages;andMasonrydesirestobuilditupagain.Ithas beanbrokendown,becausementoilonlybecauseiheymust,submittingtoitas,insomesort,a degradingnecessity;anddesiringnothingsomuchonearthastoescapefromit.Theyfulfillthegreat lawoflaborintheletter,butbreakitinthespirit:theyfulfillitwiththemuscles,butbreakitwiththe mind. Masonryteachesthateveryidleroughttohastentosomefieldoflabor,manualormental,asachosen EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

263/641 andcovetedtheatreofimprovement;butheisnotimpelledtodoso,undertheteachingsofanimperfect civilization. Onthecontrary,hesitsdown,foldshishands,andblessesandglorifieshimselfinhisidleness.Itis timethatthisopprobriumoftoilweredoneaway.Tobeashamedoftoil;ofthedingyworkshopand dustylaborfield;ofthehardhand,stainedwithservicemorehonorablethanthatofwar;ofthesoiled andweatherstainedgarments,onwhichMotherNaturehasstamped,midstsunandrain,midstfireand steam,herownheraldichonors;tobeashamedofthesetokensandtitles,andenviousoftheflaunting robesofimbecileidlenessandvanity,istreasontoNature,impietytoHeaven,abreachofHeaven's greatOrdinance.Toil,)ofbrain,heart,orhand,istheonlytruemanhoodandgenuinenobility. Laborisamorebeneficentministrationthanman'signorancecomprehends,orhiscomplainingwill admit.Evenwhenitsendishiddenfromhim,itisnotmereblinddrudgery,Itisallatraining,a discipline,adevelopmentofenergies,anurseofvirtues,aschoolbfimprovement.Fromthepoorboy whogathersafewsticksforhismother'shearth,tothestrongmanwhofellstheoakorguidestheship orthesteamcar,everyhumantoiler,witheverywearystepandeveryurgenttask,isobeyingawisdom farabovehisownwisdom,andfulfillingadesignfarbeyondhisowndesign. Thegreatlawofhumanindustryisthis:thatindustry,workingeitherwiththehandorthemind,the applicationofourpowerstosometask,totheachievementofsomeresult,liesatthefoundationofall humanimprovement.Wearenotsentintotheworldlikeanimals,tocropthespontaneousherbageof thefield,andthentoliedowninindolentrepose:butwearesenttodigthesoilandploughthesea;to dothebusinessofcitiesandtheworldofmanufactories.Theworldisthegreatandappointedschoolof industry.Inanartificialstateofsociety,mankindisdividedintotheidleandthelaboringclasses;but suchwasnotthedesignofProvidence. Laborisman'sgreatfunction,hispeculiardistinctionandhisprivilege.Frombeingananimal,thateats anddrinksandsleepsonly,tobecomeaworker,andwiththehandofingenuitytopourhisown thoughtsintothemouldsofNature,fashioningttornintoformsofgraceandfabricsofconvenience,and convertingthemtopurposesofimprovementandhappiness,isthegreatestpossiblestepinprivilege. TheEarthandtheAtmosphereareman'slaboratory.Withspadeandplough,withminingshaftsand furnacesandforges,withfireandsteam;midstthenoiseandwhirlofswiftandbrightmachinery,and abroadinthesilentfields,manwasmadetobeeverworking,everexperimenting.Andwhileheandall hisdwellingsofcareandtoilareborneonwardwiththecirclingskies,andthesplendourofHeavenare aroundhim,andtheirinfinitedepthsimageandinvitehisthought,stillinalltheworldsofphilosophy, intheuniverseofintellect,manmustbeaworker.Heisnothing,hecanbenothing,canachieve nothing,fulfillnothing,withoutworking.Withoutit,hecangainneitherloftyimprovementnor EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

264/641 tolerablehappiness.Theidlemusthuntdownthehoursastheirprey.TothemTimeisanenemy, clothedwitharmor;andtheymustkillhim,or:themselvesdie.Itneveryetdidanswer,anditneverwill answerforanymantodonothing,tobeexemptfromallcareandefforttolounge,towalk,toride,and tofeastalone.Nomancanliveinthatway.Godmadealawagainstit:whichnohumanpowercan annul,nohumaningenuityevade. Theideathatapropertyistobeacquiredinthecourseoftenortwentyyears,whichshallsufficefor therestoflife;thatbysomeprosperoustrafficorgrandspeculation,allthelaborofawholelifeistobe accomplishedinabriefportionofit;thatbydexterousmanagement,alargepartofthetermofhuman existenceistobeexoneratedfromthecaresofindustryandselfdenial,isfoundeduponagrave mistake,uponamisconceptionofthetruenatureanddesignofbusiness,andoftheconditionsof humanwellbeing.Thedesireofaccumulationforthesakeofsecuringalifeofeaseandgratification, ofescapingfromexertionandselfdenial,iswhollywrong,thoughverycommon. ItisbetterfortheMasontolivewhilehelives,andenjoylifeasitpassestolivericheranddiepoorer.It isbestofallforhimtobanishfromthemindthatemptydreamoffutureindolenceandindulgent;to addresshimselftothebusinessoflife,astheschoolofhisearthlyeducation;tosettleitwithhimself nowthatindependence,ifhegainsit,isnottogivehimexemptionfromemploymentItisbestforhim toknow,that,inordertobeahappyman,hemustalwaysbealaborer,withthemindorthebody,or withboth:andthatthereasonableexertionofhispowers,bodilyandmental,isnottoberegardedas meredrudgery,butasagooddiscipline,awiseordination,atraininginthisprimaryschoolofour being,fornoblerendeavors,andspheresofhigheractivityhereafter TherearereasonswhyaMasonmaylawfullyandevenearnestlydesireafortune.Ifhecanfillsome finepalace,itselfaworkofart,withtheproductionsofloftygenius;ifhecanbethefriendandhelper ofhumbleworth;ifhecanseekitout,wherefailinghealthoradversefortunepressesithard,andsoften orstaythebitterhoursthatarehasteningittomadnessortothegrave;ifhecanstandbetweenthe oppressorandhisprey,andbidthefetterandthedungeongiveuptheirvictim;ifhecanbuildupgreat institutionsoflearning,andacademiesofart;ifhecanopenfountainsofknowledgeforthepeople,and conductitsstreamsintherightchannels;ifhecandobetterforthepoorthzntobestowalmsupon themeventothinkofthem,anddeviseplansfortheirelevationinknowledgeandvirtue,insteadof foreveropeningthe,oldreservoirsandresourcesfortheirimprovidence;ifhehassufficientheartand soultodoallthis,orpartofit;ifwealthwouldbetahimthehandmaidofexertion;facilitatingeffort, andgivingsuccesstoendeavor;thenmayhelawfully,andyetwarilyandmodestly,desireit.Butifitis todonothingforhim,but(oministereaseandindulgence,andtoplacehischildreninthesamebad school,thenthereisnoreasonwhyheshoulddesireit. Whatistheregloriousintheworld,thatisnottheproductoflabor,eitherofthebodyorofthemind? Whatishistory,butitsrecord?Whatarethetreasuresofgeniusandart,butitswork?Whatare EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

265/641 cultivatedfields,butitstoil?Thebusymarts,therisingcities,theenrichedempiresoftheworldarebut thegreattreasurehousesoflabor.ThepyramidsofEgypt,the'castlesandtowersandtemplesof Europe,theburiedcitiesofItalyandMexico,thecanalsandrailroadsofChristendom,arebuttracks, allroundtheworld,ofthemightyfootstepsoflabor.Withoutitantiquitywouldnothavebeen.Without it,therewouldbenomemoryofthepast,andnohopeforthefuture.Evenutterindolencereposeson treasuresthatlaboratsometimegainedandgathered.Hethatdoesnothing,andyetdoesnotstarve,has stillhissignificance;forheisastandingproofthatsomebodyhasatsometimeworked.Butnotto suchdoesMasonrydohonor.IthonorstheWorker,theToiler;himwhoproducesandnotalone consumes;himwhoputsforthhishandtoaddtothetreasuryofhumancomforts,andnotalonetotake away."Ithonorshimwhogoesforthamidthestrugglingelementstofighthisbattle,andwhoshrinks not,withcowardlyeffeminacy,behindpillowsofease.Ithonorsthestrongmuscle,andthemanly nerve,andtheresoluteandbraveheart,thesweatingbrow,andthetoilingbrain.Ithonorsthegreatand beautifulofficesofhumanity,manhood'stoilandwoman'stask;paternalindustryandmaternal watchingandweariness;wisdomteachingandpatiencelearning;thebrowofcarethatpresidesover theState,andmanyhandedlaborthattoilsinworkshop,field,andstudy,beneathitsmildand beneficentsway. Godhasnotmadeaworldofrichmen;butratheraworldofpoormen;orofmen,atleast,whomust toilforasubsistence.Thatis,then,thebestconditionforman,andthegrandsphereofhuman improvement.Ifthewholeworldcouldacquirewealth(andonemanisasmuchentitledtoitasanother, whenheisborn);ifthepresentgenerationcouldlayupacompleteprovisionforthenext,assomemen desiretodofortheirchildren;theworldwouldbedestroyedatasingleblow.Allindustrywouldcease withthenecessityforit;allimprovementwouldstopwiththedemandforexertion;thedissipationof fortunes,themischiefofwhicharenowcountervailedbythehealthfultoneofsociety,wouldbreed universaldisease,andwreakoutintouniversallicense;andtheworldwouldsink,rottenasHerod,into thegraveofitsownloathsomevices. Almostallthenoblestthingsthathavebeenachievedintheworld,havebeenachievedbypoormen; poorscholars,poorprofessionalmen,poorartisansandartists,poorphilosophers,poets,andmenof genius.Acertainsolidnessandsobriety,acertainmoderationandrestraint,acertainpressureof circumstances,aregoodforman.Hisbodywasnotmadeforluxuries.Itsickens,sinks,anddiesunder them.Hismindwasnotmadeforindulgerice.Itgrowsweak,effeminate,anddwarfish,underthat condition.Andhewhopampershisbodywithluxuriesandhismindwithindulgence,bequeathsthe consequencestothemindsandbodiesofhisdescendants,withoutthewealthwhichwastheircause. Forwealth,withoutalawofentailtohelpit,hasalwayslackedtheenergyeventokeepitsown treasures.Theydropfromitsimbecilehand.Thethirdgenerationalmostinevitablygoesdownthe rollingwheeloffortune,andtherelearnstheenergynecessarytoriseagain,ifitrisesatall;heir,asit is,tothebodilydiseases,andmentalweaknesses,andthesoul'svicesofitsandestors,andnotheirto theirwealth.Andyetweare,almostallofus,anxioustoputourchildren,ortoinsurethatour grandchildrenshallbeput,onthisroadtoindulgence,luxury,vice,degradation,andruin;this headshipofhereditarydisease,soulmalady,andmentalleprosy. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

266/641 Ifwealthwereemployedinpromotingmentalcultureathomeandworksofphilanthropyabroad;ifit weremultiplyingstudiesofart,andbuildingupinstitutionsoflearningaroundus;ifitwereinevery wayraisingtheintellectualcharacteroftheworld,therecouldscarcelybetoomuchofit.Butifthe utmostaim,effort,andambitionofwealthbe,toprocurerichfurniture,andprovidecostly entertainments,andbuildluxurioushouses,andministertovanity,extravagance,andostentation,there couldscarcelybetoolittleofit.Toacertainextentitmaylaudablybetheministerofeleganciesand luxuries,andtheservitorofhospitalityandphysicalenjoyment:butjustinproportionasitstendencies, divestedofallhigheraimsandtastes,arerunningthatway,theyarerunningtoperilandevil. Nordoesthatperilattachtoindividualsandfamiliesalone.Itstands,afearfulbeacon,intheexperience ofCities,Republics,andEmpires.Thelessonsofpasttimes,onthissubject,areemphaticandsolemn. Thehistoryofwealthhasalwaysbeenahistoryofcorruptionanddownfall.thepeopleneverexisted thatcouldstandthetrial.Boundlessprofusionistoolittlelikelytospreadforanypeoplethetheatreof manlyenergy,rigidselfdenial,andloftyvirtue.Youdonotlookfortheboneandsinewandstrengthof acountry,itsloftiesttalentsandvirtues,itsmartyrstopatriotismorreligion,itsmentomeetthedaysof perilanddisaster,amongthechildrenofease,indulgence,andluxury. Inthegreatmarchoftheracesofmenovertheearth,wehavealwaysseenopulenceandluxurysinking beforepovertyandtoilandhardynurture.Thatisthelawwhichhaspresidedoverthegreatprofessions ofempire.SidonandTyre,whosemerchantspossessedthewealthofprinces;BabylonandPalmyra,the seatsofAsiaticluxury;Rome,ladenwiththespoilsofaworld,overwhelmedbyherownvicesmore thanbythehostsofherenemies;allthese,andmanymore,areexamplesofthedestroytivetendencies ofimmenseandunnaturalaccumulation:andmenmustbecomemoregenerousandbenevolent,not moreselfishandeffeminate,astheybecomemorerich,orthehistoryofmodernwealthwillfollowin thesadtrainofallpastexamples.Allmendesiredistinction,andfeeltheneedofsomeennobling objectinlife.Thosepersonsareusuallymosthappyandsatisfiedintheirpursuits,whohavetheloftiest endsinview.Artists,mechanics,andinventors,allwhoseektofindprinciplesordevelopbeautyin theirwork,seemmosttoenjoyit.Thefarmerwholaborsforthebeautifyingandscientificcultivation ofhisestate,ismorehappyinhislaborsthanonewhotillshisownlandforameresubsistence.Thisis oneofthesignaltestimonieswhichallhumanemploymentsgivetothehighdemandsofournature.To gatherwealthnevergivessuchsatisfactionastobringthehumblestpieceofmachinerytoperfection:at least,whenwealthissoughtfordisplayandostentation,ormereluxury,andease,andpleasure;andnot forendsofphilanthropy,thereliefofkindred,orthepaymentofjustdebts,orasameanstoattainsome othergreatandnobleobject. Withthepursuitsofmultitudesisconnectedapainfulconvictionthattheyneithersupplyasufficient object,norconferanysatisfactoryhonor.Whywork,iftheworldissoonnottoknowthatsuchabeing everexisted;andwhenonecanperpetuatehisnameneitheroncanvasnoronmarble,norinbooks,nor byloftyeloquence,norstatesmanship? EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

267/641 Theansweris,thateverymanhasaworktodoinhimself,greaterandsublimedthananyworkof genius;andworksuponanoblermaterialthanwoodormarbleuponhisownsoulandintellect,and maysoattainthehighestnoblenessandgrandeurknownonearthorinHeaven;maysobethegreatest ofartists,andofauthors,andhislife,whichisfarmorethanspeech,maybeeloquent. Thegreatauthororartistonlyportrayswhateverymanshouldbe.Heconceives,whatweshoulddo. Heconceives,andrepresentsmoralbeauty,magnanimity,fortitude,love,devotion,forgiveness,the soul'sgreatness.Heportraysvirtues,commendedtoouradmirationandimitations.Toembodythese portraituresinourlivesisthepracticalrealizationofthosegreatidealsofart.Themagnanimityof Heroes,celebratedonthehistoricorpoeticpage;theconstancyandfaithofTruth'smartyrs;thebeauty ofloveandpietyglowingonthecanvas;thedelineationsofTruthandRight,thatflashfromthelipsof theEloquent,are,intheiressenceonlythatwhicheverymanmayfeelandpracticeinthedailywalksof life.Theworkofvirtueisnoblerthananyworkofgenius;foritisanoblerthingtobeaherothanto describeonetoenduremartyrdomthantopaintit,todorightthantopleadforit.Actionisgreaterthan writing.Agoodmanisanoblerobjectofcontemplationthanagreatauthor.Therearebuttwothings worthlivingfor:todowhatisworthyofbeingwritten;andtowritewhatisworthyofbeingread;and thegreateroftheseisthedoing. Everymanhastodothenoblestthingthatanymancandoordescribe.Thereisawidefieldforthe courage,cheerfulness,energy,anddignityofhumanexistence.LetthereforenoMasondeemhislife doomedtomediocrityormeanness,tovanityorunprofitabletoil,ortoanyendslessthanimmortal.No onecantrulysaythatthegrandprizesoflifeareforothers,andhecandonothing.Nomatterhow magnificentandnobleanacttheauthorcandescribeortheartistpaint,'itwillbestillnoblerforyouto goanddothatwhichonedescribes,orbethemodelwhichtheotherdraws. Theloftiestactionthateverwasdescribedisnotmoremagnatemousthanthatwhichwemayfind occasiontodo,inthedailywalksoflife;intemptation,indistress,inbereavement,inthesolemn approachtodeath.InthegreatProvidenceofGod,inthegreatordinancesofourbeing,thereisopened toeverymanasphereforthenoblestaction.Itisnoteveninextraordinarysituations,wherealleyesare uponus,whereallourenergyisaroused,andallourvigilanceisawakethatthehighesteffortsofvirtue areusuallydemandedofus;butratherinsilenceandseclusion,amidstouroccupationsandourhomes; inwearingsickness,thatmakesnocomplaint;insorelytriedhonesty,thatasksnopraise;insimple disinterestedness,hidingthehandthatresignsitsadvantagetoanother. Masonryseekstoennoblecommonlife.Itsworkistogodownintotheobscureandresearchedrecords ofdailyconductandfeeling;andtoportray,nottheordinaryvirtueofanextraordinarylife;butthe moreextraordinaryvirtueofordinarylife.Whatisdoneandborneintheshadesofprivacy,inthehard andbeatenpafhofdailycareandtoil,fullofrecelebratedsacrifices;inthesuffering,andsometimes EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

268/641 insultedsuffering,thatwearstotheworldacheerfulbrow;intheIongstrifeofthespirit,resistingpain, penury,andneglect,carriedonintheinmostdepthsoftheheart;whatisdone,andborne,andwrought, andwonthere,isahigherglory,andshallinheritabrightercrown. OnthevolumeofMasoniclifeonebrightwordiswrittenfromwhichoneverysideblazesanineffable splendor.ThatwordisDUTY.Toaidinsecuringtoalllaborpermanentemploymentanditsjust reward:tohelptohastenthecomingofthattimewhennooneshallsufferfromhungerordestitution, because,thoughwillingandabletowork,hecanfindnoemployment,orbecausehehasbeen overtakenbysicknessinthemidstofhislabor,arepartofyourdutiesasaKnightoftheRoyalAxe. AndifwecansucceedinmakingsomesmallnookofGod'screationalittlemorefruitfulandcheerful, alittlebetterandmoreworthyofHim,orinmakingsomeoneortwohumanheartsalittlewiser,and moremanfulandhopefulandhappy,weshallhavedonework,worthyofMasonsandacceptabletoour FatherinHeaven.

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XXIIICHIEFOFTHETABERNACLE
AMONGmostoftheAncientNationstherewas,inadditiontotheirpublicworship,aprivateone styledtheMysteries;towhichthoseonlywereadmittedwhohadbeenpreparedbycertainceremonies calledinitiations. ThemostwidelydisseminatedoftheancientworshipswerethoseofIsis,Orpheus,Dionysus,Ceresand Mathias.ManybarbarousnationsreceivedtheknowledgeoftheMysteriesinhonorofthesedivinities fromtheEgyptians,beforetheyarrivedinGreeceandevenintheBritishIslestheDruidscelebrated thoseofDionysus,learnedbythemfromtheEgyptians. TheMysteriesofEleusis,celebratedatAthensinhonorofCeres,swallowedupasitwere,allthe others.Alltheneighboringnationsneglectedtheirown,tocelebratethoseofEleusis;andinalittle whileallGreeceandAsiaMinorwerefilledwiththeInitiates.TheyspreadintotheRomanEmpire,and evenbeyonditslimits,"thoseholyandaugustEleusinianMysteries,"saidCicero,"inwhichthepeople oftheremotestlandsareinitiated."Zosimussaysthattheyembracedthewholehumanraceand Aristidestermedthemthecommontempleofthewholeworld. Therewere,intheEleusinianfeasts,twosortsofMysteries,thegreat,andthelittle.Thelatterwerea kindofpreparationfortheformer;andeverybodywasadmittedtothem.Ordinarilytherewasa novitiateofthree,andsometimesoffouryears.ClementofAlexandriasaysthatwhatwastaughtinthe greatMysteriesconcernedtheUniverse,andwasthecompletionandperfectionofallinstruction; whereinthingswereseenastheywere,andnatureandherworksweremadeknown. TheancientssaidthattheInitiateswouldbemorehappyafterdeaththanothermortals;andthat,while thesoulsoftheProfaneonleavingtheirbodies,wouldbeplungedinthemire,andremainburiedin darkness,thoseoftheInitiateswouldflytotheFortunateIsles,theabodeoftheGods. PlatosaidthattheobjectoftheMysterieswastoreestablishthesoulinitsprimitivepurity,andinthat stateofperfectionwhichithadlost.Epictetussaid,"whateverismetwiththereinhasbeeninstitutedby ourMasters,fortheinstructionofmanandthecorrectionofmorals." Processheldthatinitiationelevatedthesoul,fromamaterial,sensual,andpurelyhumanlife,toa communionandcelestialintercoursewiththeGods;andthatavarietyofthings,forms,andspecies wereshownInitiates,representingthefirstgenerationoftheGods. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

270/641 Purityofmoralsandelevationofsoulwererequiredofthe,Initiates.'Candidateswererequiredtobeof spotlessreputationandirreproachablevirtue.Nero,aftermurderinghismother,didnotdaretobe presentatthecelebrationoftheMysteriesandAntonypresentedhimselftobeinitiated,asthemost infalliblemodeofprovinghisinnocenceofthedeathofAvidiusCassius.TheInitiateswereregardedas theonlyfortunatemen."Itisuponusalone,"saysAristophanes,"shineththebeneficentdaystar.We alonereceivepleasurefromtheinfluenceofhisrayswe,whoareinitiated,andwhopracticetoward citizenandstrangereverypossibleactofjusticeandpiety."Anditisthereforenotsurprisingthat,in time,initiationcametobeconsideredasnecessaryasbaptismafterwardwastotheChristians;andthat nottohavebeenadmittedtotheMysterieswasheldadishonor. "Itseemstome,"saysthegreatorator,philosopher,andmoralist,Cicero,"thatAthens,amongmany excellentinventions,divineandveryusefultothehumanfamily,hasproducednonecomparabletothe Mysteries,whichforawildandferociouslifehavesubstitutedhumanityandurbanityofmanners.It iswithgoodreasontheyusetheterminitiation;foritisthroughthemthatweinrealityhavelearnedthe firstprinciplesoflife;andtheynotonlyteachustoliveinamannermoreconsolingandagreeable,but theysoftenthepainsofdeathbythehopeofabetterlifehereafter." WheretheMysteriesoriginatedisnotknown.ItissupposedthattheycamefromIndia,bythewayof Chaldaea,intoEgypt,andthencewerecarriedintoGreece.Wherevertheyarose,theywerepracticed amongalltheancientnationsandaswasusualtheThracians,Cretins,andAthenianseachclaimedthe honorofinvention,andeachinsistedthattheyhadborrowednothingfromanyotherpeople. InEgyptandtheEast,allreligionseveninitsmostpoeticalforms,wasmoreorlessamystery;andthe chiefreasonwhy,inGreece,adistinctnameandofficewereassignedtotheMysteries,wasbecausethe superficialpopulartheologyleftawantunsatisfied,whichreligioninawidersensealonecouldsupply. Theywerepracticalacknowledgmentsoftheinsufficiencyofthepopularreligiontosatisfythedeeper thoughtsandaspirationsofthemind.Thevaguenessofsymbolismmightperhapsreachwhatamore palpableandconventionalcreedcouldnot.Theformer,beitsindefiniteness,acknowledgedthe abstrusenessofitssubject;ittreatedamysterioussubjectmyopically;itendeavoredtoillustratewhatit couldnotexplain;toexciteanappropriatefeeling,ifitcouldnotdevelopanadequateideaandshade theimageameresubordinateconveyancefortheconception,whichitselfneverbecametooobviousor familiar. Theinstructionnowconveyedbybooksandletterswasofoldconveyedbysymbolsandthepriesthad toinventortoperpetuateadisplayofritesandexhibitions,whichwerenotonlymoreattractivetothe eyethanwords,butoftentothemindmoresuggestiveandpregnantwithmeaning. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

271/641 Afterward,theinstitutionbecamerathermoralandpolitical,thanreligious.Thecivilmagistrates shapedtheceremoniestopoliticalendsinEgypt;thesageswhocarriedthemfromthatcountrytoAsia, Greece;andtheNorthofEurope,wereallkingsorlegislators.Thechiefmagistratepresidedatthoseof Eleusis,representedbyanofficerstyledKingandthePriestplayedbutasubordinatepart. ThePowersreveredintheMysterieswereallinrealityNaturedGods;noneofwhomcouldbe consistentlyaddressedasmereheroes,becausetheirnaturewasconfessedlysuperheroic.The Mysteries,onlyinfactamoresolemnexpressionofthereligionoftheancientpoetry,taughtthat doctrineoftheTheocraciaorDivineOneness,whichevenpoetrydoesnotentirelyconceal.Theywere notinanyopenhostilitywiththepopularreligion,butonlyamoresolemnexhibitionofitssymbols;or ratherapartofitselfinamoreimpressiveform.TheessenceofallMysteries,asofallpolytheism, consistsinthis,thattheconceptionofaninapproachableBeing,single,eternal,andunchanging,and thatofaGodofNature,whosemanifoldpowerisimmediatelyrevealedtothesensesintheincessant roundofmovement,lifeanddeath,fellasunderinthetreatment,andwereseparatelysymbolized.They offeredaperpetualproblemtoexcitecuriosity,andcontributedtosatisfytheallpervadingreligious sentiment,whichifitobtainnonourishmentamongthescrupleandintelligible,findscompensating excitementinareverentialcontemplationoftheobscure. Natureisasfreefromdogmatismasfromtyrannyandtheearliestinstructorsofmankindnotonly adoptedherlessons,butasfaraspossibleadheredtohermethodofimpartingthem.Theyattemptedto reachtheunderstandingthroughtheeyeandthegreaterpartofallreligiousteachingwasconveyed throughthisancientandmostimpressivemodeof"exhibition"ordemonstration.TheMysterieswerea sacreddrama,exhibitingsomelegendsignificantof Nature'schange,ofthevisibleUniverseinwhichthedivinityisrevealed,andwhoseimportwasin manyrespectsasopentothePagan,astotheChristian.Beyondthecurrenttraditionsorsacredrecitals ofthetemple,fewexplanationsweregiventothespectators,whowereleft,asintheschoolofnature, tomakeinferencesforthemselves. Themethodofindirectsuggestion,byallegoryorsymbol,isamoreefficaciousinstrumentof instructionthanplaindidactic"language;sincewearehabituallyindifferenttothatwhichisacquired withouteffort:"Theinitiatedarefew,thoughmanybearthethyrsus."Anditwouldhavebeen impossibletoprovidealessonsuitedtoeverydegreeofcultivationandcapacity,unlessitwereone framedafterNature'sexample,orratherarepresentationofNatureherself,employingheruniversal symbolisminsteadoftechnicalitiesoflanguage,invitingendlessresearch,yetrewardingthehumblest inquirer,anddisclosingitssecretstoeveryoneinproportiontohispreparatorytrainingandpowerto comprehendthem. Evenifdestituteofanyformalorofficialenunciationofthoseimportanttruths,whichevenina cultivatedageitwasoftenfoundinexpedienttoassertexceptunderaveilofallegory,andwhich EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

272/641 moreoverlosetheirdignityandvalueinproportionastheyarelearnedmechanicallyasdogmas,the showsoftheMysteriescertainlycontainedsuggestionsifnotlessons,whichintheopinionnotofone competentwitnessonly,butifmany,wereadaptedtoelevatethecharacterofthespectators,enabling themtoaugursomethingofthepurposesofexistence,aswellasofthemeansofemployingit,tolive betterandtodiehappier. Unlikethereligionofbooksorcreeds,thesemysticshowsperformanceswerenotthereadingofa lecture,buttheopeningofaproblem,implyingneitherexemptionfromresearch,norhostilityto philosophy:foronthecontrary,philosophyisthegreatMystagogueorArchExpounderofsymbolism: thoughtheinterpretationsbytheGrecianPhilosophyoftheoldmythsandsymbolswereinmany instancesasillfounded,asinotherstheyarecorrect. Nobettermeanscouldbedevisedtorouseadormantintellectthanthoseimpressiveexhibitions,which addresseditthroughtheimagination:which,insteadofcondemningittoaprescribedroutineofcreed, invitedittoseek,compare,andjudge.Thealterationfromsymboltodogmaisasfataltobeautyof expression,asthatfromfaithtodogmaistotruthandwholesomenessofthoughtThefirstphilosophy oftenrevertedtothenaturalmodeofteaching;andSocrates,inparticular,issaidtohaveeschewed dogmas,endeavoring,liketheMysteries,rathertoawakenanddevelopinthemindsofhishearersthe ideaswithwhichtheywerealreadyendowedorpregnant,thantofillthemwithreadymade adventitiousopinions. SoMasonrystillfollowstheancientmannerofteaching.Hersymbolsaretheinstructionshegives;and thelecturesarebutoftenpartialandinsufficientonesidedendeavorstointerpretthosesymbols.He whowouldbecomeanaccomplishedMasonmustnotbecontentmerelytohearoreventounderstand thelectures,butmust,aidedbythem,andtheyhavingasitweremarkedoutthewayforhim,study, interpret,anddevelopthesymbolsforhimself. Theearliestspeculationendeavoredtoexpressfarmorethanitcoulddistinctlycomprehend;andthe vagueimpressionsifthemindfoundinthemysteriousanalogiesofphenomenatheirmostaptand energeticrepresentations.TheMysteries,likethesymbolsofMasonry,werebutanimageofthe eloquentanalogiesofNature;boththoseandtheserevealingnonewsecrettosuchaswereorare unprepared,orincapableofinterpretingtheirsignificance. EverywhereintheoldMysteries,andinallthesymbolismsandceremonialoftheHierophantwas foundthesamemythicalpersonage,who,likeHermes,orZoroaster,unitesHumanAttributeswith Divine,andishimselftheGodwhoseworshipheintroduced,teachingrudementhecommencements ofcivilizationthroughtheinfluenceofsong,andconnectingwiththesymbolofhisdeath,emblematic ofthatofNature,themostessentialconsolationsofreligion. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

273/641 TheMysteriesembracedthethreegreatdoctrinesofAncientTheosophy.TheytreatedofGod,Man, andNature.Dionysus,whoseMysteriesOrpheusissaidtohavefounded,wastheGodofNature,orof themoisturewhichisthelifeofNature,whopreparesindarknessthereturnoflifeandvegetation,or whoishimselftheLightandChangeevolvingtheirvarieties.HewastheologicallyonewithHermes, Prometheus,andPoseidon.IntheAegeanIslandsheisButes,Dardanus,Himeros,orImbros.InCrete heappearsasIasiusorZeus,whoseworshipremainingunveiledbytheusualformsofmystery,betrayed toprofanecuriositythesymbols,which,ifirreverentlycontemplated,weresuretobemisunderstood.In AsiaheisthelongstoledBassareuscoalescingwiththeSabaziusofthePhrygianCorybantes:thesame withthemysticIacchus,nurslingorsonofCeres,andwiththedismemberedZagreus,sonof Persephone.InsymbolicalformstheMysteriesexhibitedTHEONE,ofwhichTHEMANIFOLDIsan infiniteillustration,containingamorallesson,calculatedtoguidethesoulthroughlife,andtocheerit indeath.ThestoryofDionysuswasprofoundlysignificant.Hewasnotonlycreatoroftheworld,but guardian,liberator,andSaviorofthesoul.Godofthemanycoloredmantle,hewastheresulting manifestationpersonified,theallinthemany,thevariedyear,lifepassingintoinnumerableforms. ThespiritualregenerationofmanwastypifiedintheMysteriesbythesecondbirthofDionysusas offspringoftheHighest;andtheagentsandsymbolsofthatregenerationweretheelementsthat affectedNature'speriodicalpurificationtheair,indicatedbythemysticfanorwinnow;thefire, signifiedbythetorch;andthebaptismalwater,forwaterisnotonlycleanserofallthings,butthe genesisorsourceofall. Thosenotions,clothedinritual,suggestedthesoul's,reformationandtraining,themoralpurity formallyproclaimedatEleusis.Heonlywasinvitedtoapproach,whowas"ofcleanhandsand ingenuousspeech,freefromallpollution,andwithaclearconscience."Happytheman,"saythe initiatedinEuripidesandAristophanes,"whopurifieshislife,andwhoreverentlyconsecrateshissoul inthethirstsoftheGod.Lethimtakeheedtohislipsthatheutternoprofaneword;lethimbejustand kindtothestranger,andtohisneighbor;lethimgivewaytonoviciousexcess,lesthemakedulland heavytheorgansofthespirit.Farfromthemysticdanceofthethirstsbetheimpure,theevilspeaker, theseditiouscitizen,theselfishhunteraftergain,thetraitor;allthose,inshort,whosepracticesare moreakintotheriotofTitansthantotheregulatedlifeoftheOrphici,ortheCuretanorderofthe PriestsofIdaeanZeus." Thevotary,elevatedbeyondthesphereofhisordinaryfaculties,andunabletoaccountfortheagitation whichoverpoweredhim,seemedtobecomedivine.inproportionasheceasedtobehuman;tobea demonorgod.Already,inimagination,theinitiatedwerenumberedamongthebeatified.Theyalone enjoyedthetruelife,theSun'struelustre,whiletheyhymnedtheirGodbeneaththemysticgrovesofa mimicElysium,andwerereallyrenovatedorregeneratedunderthegenialinfluenceoftheirdances.

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274/641 "TheywhomProserpineguidesinhermysteries,"itwassaid,"whoimbibedherinstructionand spiritualnourishment,restfromtheirlaborsandknowstrifenomore.Happytheywhowitnessand comprehendthesesacredceremonies!Theyaremadetoknowthemeaningoftheriddleofexistenceby observingitsaimandterminationasappointedbyZeus;theypartakeabenefitmorevaluableand enduringthanthegrainbestowedbywares;fortheyareexaltedinthescaleofintellectualexistence, andobtainsweethopestoconsolethemattheirdeath." Nodoubttheceremoniesofinitiationwereoriginallyfewandsimple.Asthegreattruthsofthe primitiverevelationfadedoutofthememoriesofthemassesofthePeople,andwickednessbecamerife upontheearth,itbecamenecessarytodiscriminate,torequirelongerprobationandsatisfactorytestsof thecandidates,andbyspreadingaroundwhatatfirstwereratherschoolsofinstructionthanmysteries, theveilofsecrecy,andthepompofceremony,toheightentheopinionoftheirvalueandimportance. WhateverpictureslaterandespeciallyChristianwritersmaydrawoftheMysteries,theymust,notonly originally,butformanyages,havecontinuedpure;andthedoctrinesofnaturalreligionandmorals theretaught,havebeenofthehighestimportance;becauseboththemostvirtuousaswellasthemost learnedandphilosophicoftheancientsspeakofthemintheloftiestterms.Thattheyultimatelybecame degradedfromtheirhighestate,andcorrupted,weknow. Theritesofinitiationbecameprogressivelymorecomplicated.Signsandtokenswereinventedby whichtheChildrenofLightcouldwithfacilitymakethemselvesknowntoeachother.Differ.ant Degreeswereinvented,asthenumberofInitiatesenlarged,inorderthattheremightbeintheinner apartmentoftheTempleafavoredfew,towhomalonethemorevaluablesecretswereentrusted,and whocouldwieldeffectuallytheinfluenceandpoweroftheOrder.OriginallytheMysteriesweremeant tobethebeginningofanewlifeofreasonandvirtue.Theinitiatedoresotericcompanionsweretaught thedoctrineoftheOneSupremeGod,thetheoryofdeathandeternity,thehiddenmysteriesofNature, theprospectoftheultimaterestorationofthesoultothatstateofperfectionfromwhichithadfallen,its immortality,andthestatesofrewardandpunishmentafterdeath.TheuninitiatedweredeemedProfane, unworthyofpublicemploymentorprivateconfidence,sometimesprescribedasAtheists,andcertainof everlastingpunishmentbeyondthegrave. AllpersonswereinitiatedintothelesserMysteries;butfewattainedthegreater,inwhichthetruespirit ofthem,andmostoftheirsecretdoctrineswerehidden.Theveilofsecrecywasimpenetrable,sealed byoathsandpenaltiesthemosttremendousandappalling.Itwasbyinitiationonly,thataknowledgeof theHieroglyphicscouldbeobtained,withwhichthewalls,columns,andceilingsoftheTempleswere decorated,andwhich,believedtohavebeencommunicatedtothePriestsbyrevelationfromthe celestialdeities,theyouthofallrankswerelaudablyambitiousofdeciphering.

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275/641 Theceremonieswereperformedatdeadofnight,generallyinapartmentsunderground,butsometimes inthecentreofavastpyramid,witheveryappliancethatcouldalarmandexcitethecandidate. Innumerableceremonies,wildandromantic,dreadfulandappalling,hadbydegreesbeenaddedtothe fewexpressivesymbolsofprimitiveobservances,underwhichtherewereinstancesinwhichthe terrifiedaspirantactuallyexpiredwithfear.Thepyramidswereprobablyusedforthepurposesof initiation,aswerecaverns,pagodas,andlabyrinths;fortheceremoniesrequiredmanyapartmentsand cells,longpassagesandwells.InEgyptaprincipalplacefortheMysterieswastheislandofPhilaeon theNile,whereamagnificentTempleofOsirisstood,andhisrelicsweresaidtobepreserved. Withtheirnaturalproclivities,thePriesthood,thatselectandexclusiveclass,inEgypt,India, Phoenicia,JudeaandGreece,aswellasinBritainandRome,andwhereverelsetheMysterieswere known,madeuseofthemtobuildwiderandhigherthefabricoftheirownpower.Thepurityofno religioncontinueslong.Rankanddignitiessucceedtotheprimitivesimplicity.Unprincipled,vain, insolent,corrupt,andvenalmenputonGod'sliverytoservetheDevilwithal;andluxury,vice, intolerance,andpridedeposefrugality,virtue,gentleness,andhumility,andchangethealtarwherethey shouldbeservants,toathroneonwhichtheyreign. ButtheKings,Philosophers,andStatesmen,thewiseandgreatandgoodwhowereadmittedtothe Mysteries,longpostponedtheirultimateselfdestruction,andrestrainedthenaturaltendenciesofthe Priesthood.AndaccordinglyZosimusthoughtthattheneglectoftheMysteriesafterDiocletian abdicated,wasthechiefcauseofthedeclineoftheRomanEmpire;andintheyear364,theProconsul ofGreecewouldnotclosetheMysteries,notwithstandingalawoftheEmperorValentinian,lestthe peopleshouldbedriventodesperation,ifpreventedfromperformingthem;uponwhich,asthey believed,thewelfareofmankindwhollydepended.TheywerepracticedinAthensuntilthe8thcentury inGreeceandRomeforseveralcenturiesafterChrist;andinWalesandScotlanddowntothe12th century. TheinhabitantsofIndiaoriginallypracticedthePatriarchalreligion.EventhelaterworshipofVishnu wascheerfulandsocial;accompaniedwiththefestivesong,thesprightlydance,andtheresounding cymbal,withlibationsofmilkandhoney,garlands,andperfumesfromaromaticwoodsandgums. ThereperhapstheMysteriescommenced;andinthem,underallegories,weretaughttheprimitive truths.Wecannot,withinthelimitsofthislecture,detailtheceremoniesofinitiation;andshalluse generallanguage,exceptwheresomethingfromthoseoldMysteriesstillremainsinMasonry. TheInitiatewasinvestedwithacordofthreethreads,sotwinedastomakethreetimesthree,and calledzennar.Hencecomesourcabletow.ItwasanemblemoftheirtriuneDeity,theremembranceof whomwealsopreserveinthethreechiefofficersofourLodges,presidinginthethreequartersofthat UniversewhichourLodgesrepresent;inourthreegreaterandthreelesserlights,ourthreemovableand threeimmovablejewels,andthethreepillarsthatsupportourLodges. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

276/641 TheIndianMysterieswerecelebratedinsubterraneancavernsandgrottoshewninthesolidrock;and theInitiatesadoredtheDeity,symbolizedbythesolarfire.Thecandidate,longwanderingindarkness, trulywantedLight,andtheworshiptaughthimwastheworshipofGod,theSourceofLight.Thevast TempleofElephants,perhapstheoldestintheworld,hewnoutoftherock,and135feetsquare,was usedforinitiations;aswerethestillvastercavernsofSalsette,withtheir300apartments. Theperiodsofinitiationwereregulatedbytheincreaseanddecreaseofthemoon.TheMysterieswere dividedintofourstepsorDegrees.Thecandidatemightreceivethefirstateightyearsofage,whenhe wasinvestedwiththezennar.EachDegreedispensedsomethingofperfection."Letthewretchedman," saystheHitopadesa,"practicevirtue,wheneverheenjoysoneofthethreeorfourreligiousDegrees;let himbeevenmindedwithallcreatedthings,andthatdispositionwillbethesourceofvirtue." Aftervariousceremonies,chieflyrelatingtotheunityandtrinityoftheGodhead,thecandidatewas clothedinalinengarmentwithoutaseam,andremainedunderthecareofaBrahminuntilhewas twentyyearsofage,constantlystudyingandpractisingthemostrigidvirtue.Thenheunderwentthe severestprobationforthesecondDegree,inwhichhewassanctifiedbythesignofthecross,which, pointingtothefourquartersofthecompass,washonoredasastrikingsymboloftheUniversebymany nationsofantiquity,andwasimitatedbytheIndiansintheshapeoftheirtemples.Thenhewas admittedtotheHolyCavern,blazingwithlight,where,incostlyrobes,sat,intheEast,West,and South,thethreechiefHierophants,representingtheIndiantriuneDeity.Theceremoniesthere commencedwithananthemtotheGreatGodofNature;andthenfollowedthisapostrophe:"Omighty primalCreator!EternalGodofGods!TheWorld'sMansion!ThouarttheIncorruptibleBeing,distinct fromallthingstransient!ThouartbeforeallGods,theAncientAbsoluteExistence,andtheSupreme SupporteroftheUniverse!ThouarttheSupremeMansion;andbyThee,OInfiniteForm,theUniverse wasspreadabroad." Thecandidate,thustaughtthefirstgreatprimitivetruth,wascalledupontomakeaformaldeclaration, thathewouldbetractableandobedienttohissuperiors;thathewouldkeephisbodypure;governhis tongue,andobserveapassiveobedienceinreceivingthedoctrinesandtraditionsoftheOrder;andthe firmestsecrecyinmaintaininginviolableitshiddenandabstrusemysteries.Thenhewassprinkledwith water(whenceourbaptism);'certainwords,nowunknown,werewhisperedinhisear;andhewas divestedofhisshoes,andmadetogothreetimesaroundthecavern.Henceourthreecircuits;hencewe wereneitherbarefootnorshod:andthewordswerethePasswordsofthatIndianDegree. TheGymnosophistPriestscamefromthebanksoftheEuphratesintoEthiopia,andbroughtwiththem theirsciencesandtheirdoctrines.TheirprincipalCollegewasatMeroe,andtheirMysterieswere celebratedintheTempleofAmun,renownedforhisoracle.EthiopiawasthenapowerfulState,which precededEgyptincivilization,andhadatheocraticgovernment.AbovetheKingwasthePriest,who EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

277/641 couldputhimtodeathinthenameoftheDeity.EgyptwasthencomposedoftheThebaidonly.Middle EgyptandtheDeltawereagulfoftheMediterranean.TheNilebydegreesformedanimmensemarsh, which,afterwarddrainedbythelaborofman,formedLowerEgypt;andwasformanycenturies governedbytheEthiopianSacerdotalCaste,ofArabicorigin;afterwarddisplacedbyadynastyof warriors.ThemagnificentruinsofAxiom,withitsobelisksandhieroglyphics,temples,vasttombsand pyramids,aroundancientMeroe,arefarolderthanthepyramidsnearMemphis. ThePriests,taughtbyHermosaembodiedinbookstheoccultandhermeticsciences,withtheirown discoveriesandtherevelationsoftheSibyls.Theystudiedparticularlythemostabstractsciences, discoveredthefamousgeometricaltheoremswhichPythagorasafterwardlearnedfromthem,calculated eclipses,andregulated,nineteencenturiesbeforeCaesar,theJulianyear.Theydescendedtopractical investigationsastothenecessitiesoflife,andmadeknowntheirdiscoveriestothepeople;they cultivatedthefinearts,andinspiredthepeoplewiththatenthusiasmwhichproducedtheavenuesof Thebes,theLabyrinth,theTemplesofKarnac,Denderah,Edfou,andPhilae,themonolithicobelisks, andthegreatLakeMorris,thefertilizerofthecountry. ThewisdomoftheEgyptianInitiates,thehighsciencesandloftymoralitywhichtheytaught,andtheir immenseknowledge,excitedtheemulationofthemosteminentmen,whatevertheirrankandfortune; andledthem,despitethecomplicatedandterribletrialstobeundergone,toseekadmissionintothe MysteriesofOsirisandIsis. FromEgypt,theMysterieswenttoPhoenicia,andwerecelebratedatTyre.Osirischangedhisname, andbecomeAdoniorDionysos,stilltherepresentativeoftheSun;andafterwardtheseMysterieswere introducedsuccessivelyintoAssyria,Babylon,Persia,Greece,Sicily,andItaly.InGreeceandSicily, OsiristookthenameofBacchus,andIsisthatofCeres,Cybele,RheaandVenus. BarHebraeussays:"Enochwasthefirstwhoinventedbooksanddifferentsortsofwriting.Theancient GreeksdeclarethatEnochisthesameasMercuryTrismegistus[Hermes],andthathetaughtthesons ofmentheartofbuildingcities,andenactedsomeadmirablelaws.Hediscoveredtheknowledgeofthe Zodiac,andthecourseofthePlanets;andhepointedouttothesonsofmen,thattheyshouldworship God,thattheyshouldfast,thattheyshouldpray,thattheyshouldgiveaims,votiveofferings,and tenths.Hereprobatedabominablefoodsanddrunkenness,andappointedfestivalsforsacrificestothe Sun,ateachofthe'ZodiacalSigns." ManethoextractedhishistoryfromcertainpillarswhichhediscoveredinEgypt,whereoninscriptions hadbeenmadebyThoth,orthefirstMercury[orHermes],inthesacredlettersanddialect:butwhich wereafterthefloodtranslatedfromthatdialectintotheGreektongue,andlaidupintheprivate recessesoftheEgyptianTemples.Thesepillarswerefoundinsubterraneancaverns,nearThebesand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

278/641 beyondtheNile,notfarfromthesoundingstatueofMemnon,itaplacecalledSyringes;whichare describedtobecertainwindingapartmentsunderground;made,itissaid,bythosewhowereskilledin ancientrites;whoforeseeingthecomingofthedeluge,andfearinglestmemoryoftheirceremonies shouldbeobliterated,builtandcontrivedvaults,dugwithvastlabor,inseveralplaces. FromthebosomofEgyptsprangamanofconsummatewisdom,initiatedinthesecretknowledgeof India,ofPersia,andofEthiopia,namedThothorPhthabyhiscompatriots,TaautbythePhoenicians, HermesTrismegistusbytheGreeks,andAdrisbytheRabbins.Natureseemedtohavechosenhimfor herfavorite,andtohavelavishedonhimallthequalitiesnecessarytoenablehimtostudyherandto knowherthoroughly.TheDeityhad,sotosay,infusedintohimthesciencesandthearts,inorderthat' hemightinstructthewholeworld. Heinventedmanythingsnecessaryfortheusesoflifeandgavethemsuitablenames;hetaughtmen howtowritedowntheirthoughtsandarrangetheirspeech;heinstitutedtheceremoniestobeobserved intheworshipofeachoftheGods;heobservedthecourseofthestars;heinventedmusic,thedifferent bodilyexercises,arithmetic,medicine,theartofworkinginmetals,thelyrewiththreestrings;he regulatedthethreetonesofthevoice,thesharp,takenfromautumn,thegravefromwinter,andthe middlefromspring,therebeingthenbutthreeseasons.ItwashewhotaughttheGreeksthemodeof interpretingtermsandthings,whencetheygavehimthenameof`Ee???[Hermes],whichsignifies Interpreter. InEgyptheinstitutedhieroglyphics:heselectedacertainnumberofpersonswhomhejudgedfittedto bethedepositariesofhissecrets,ofsuchonlyaswerecapableofattainingthethroneandthefirst officesintheMysteries;heunitedtheminabody,createdthemPriestsoftheLivingGod,instructed theminthesciencesandarts,andexplainedtothemthesymbolsbywhichtheywereveiled.Egypt, 1500yearsbeforethetimeofMoses,reveredintheMysteriesOneSUPREMEGOD,calledtheONLY UNCREATED.UnderHimitpaidhomagetosevenprincipaldeities,itistoHermes,wholivedatthat period,thatwemustdistributetheconcealmentorveiling[velation]oftheIndianworship,which Mosesunveiledorrevealed,changingnothingoftbelawsofHermes,exceptthepluralityofhismystic Gods. TheEgyptianPriestsrelatedthatHermes,dying,said:"HithertoIhavelivedanexilefrommytrue country:nowIreturnthither.Donotweepforme:Ireturntothatcelestialcountrywhithereachgoesin histurn,ThereisGod.Thislifeisbutadeath."ThisispreciselythecreedoftheoldBuddhistsof Samaneans,whobelievedthatfromtimetotimeGodsentBuddhasonearth,toreformmen,towean themfromtheirvices,andleadthembackintothepathsofvirtue. AmongthesciencestaughtbyHermes,thereweresecretswhichhecommunicatedtotheInitiatesonly EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

279/641 uponconditionthattheyshouldbindthemselves,byaterribleoath,nevertodivulgethem,exceptto thosewho,afterlongtrial,shouldbefoundworthytosucceedthem.TheKingsevenprohibitedthe revelationofthemonpainofdeath.ThissecretwasstyledtheSacerdotalArt,andincludedalchemy, astrology,magnum[magic],thescienceofspirits,etc.HegavethemthekeytotheHieroglyphicsofall thesesecretsciences,whichwereregardedassacred,andkeptconcealedintheroostsecretplacesof theTemple. ThegreatsecrecyobservedbytheinitiatedPriests,formanyyears,andtheloftyscienceswhichthey professed,causedthemtobehonoredandrespectedthroughoutallEgypt,whichwasregardedbyother nationsasthecollege,thesanctuary,ofthesciencesandarts.Themysterywhichsurroundedthem stronglyexcitedcuriosity.Orpheusmetamorphosedhimself,sotosay,intoanEgyptian.Hewas initiatedinto.TheologyandPhysics.Andhesocompletelymadetheideasandseasoningsofhis teachershisown,thathisHymnsratherbespeakanEgyptianPriestthanaGrecianPoet:andhewasthe firstwhocarriedintoGreecetheEgyptianfables.Pythagoras,everthirstyforlearning,consentedeven tobecircumcised,inordertobecomeoneoftheInitiates:andtheoccultscienceswererevealedtohim intheinnermostpartofthesanctuary. TheInitiatesinaparticularscience,havingbeeninstructedbyfables,enigmas,allegories,and hieroglyphics,wrotemysteriouslywheneverintheirworkstheytouchedthesubjectoftheMysteries, andcontinuedtoconcealscienceunderaveiloffictions.WhenthedestructionbyCambysesofmany cities,andtheruinofnearlyallEgypt,intheyear528beforeourera,dispersedmostofthePriestsinto Greeceandelsewhere,theyborewiththemtheirsciences,whichtheycontinuedtoteachenigmatically, thatisto)say,everenvelopedintheobscuritiesoffablesandhieroglyphics;totheendthat'thevulgar herd,seeing,mightseenothingandhearing,mightcomprehendnothing.Allthewritersdrewfromthis source:buttheseMysteries,concealedundersomanyunexplainedenvelopes,endedingivingbirthtoa swarmofabsurdities,which,fromGreece,spreadoverthewholeearth.IntheGrecianMysteries,as establishedbyPythagoras,therewerethreeDegrees.Apreparationoffiveyears'abstinenceandsilence wasrequired.Ifthecandidatewasfoundtobepassionateorintemperate,contentious,orambitiousof worldlyhonorsanddistinctions,hewasrejected. Inhislectures,Pythagorastaughtthemathematics,asamediumwherebytoprovetheexistenceofGod fromobservationandbymeansofreason;grammar,rhetoric,andlogic,tocultivateandimprovethat reason,arithmetic,becauseheconceivedthattheultimatebenefitofmanconsistedinthescienceof numbers,andgeometry,music,andastronomy,becauseheconceivedthatmanisindebtedtothemfora knowledgeofwhatisreallygoodanduseful. HetaughtthetruemethodofobtainingaknowledgeoftheDivinelawsofpurifyingthesoulfromits imperfections,ofsearchingfortruth,andofpracticingvirtue;thusimitatingtheperfectionsofGod.He thoughthissystemvain,ifitdidnotcontributetoexpelviceandintroducevirtueintothemind.He EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

280/641 taughtthatthetwomostexcellentthingswere,tospeakthetruth,andtorenderbenefitstooneanother particularlyheinculcatedSilence,Temperance,Fortitude,Prudence,andJustice.Hetaughtthe immortalityofthesoul,theOmnipotenceofGod,andthenecessityofpersonalholinesstoqualifya manforadmissionintotheSocietyoftheGods. ThusweowetheparticularmodeofinstructionintheDegreeofFellowCrafttoPythagoras;andthat Degreeisbutanimperfectreproductionofhislectures.Fromhim,too,wehavemanyofour explanationsofthesymbols.HearrangedhisassembliesdueEastandWest,becauseheheldthat MotionbeganintheEastandproceededtotheWest.OurLodgesaresaidtobedueEastandWest, becausetheMasterrepresentstherisingSun,andofcoursemustbeintheEast.Thepyramids,too, werebuiltpreciselybythefourcardinalpoints.Andourexpression.thatourLodgesextendupwardto theHeavens,comesfromthePersianandDruidiccustomofhavingtotheirTemplesnoroofsbutthe sky. PlatodevelopedandspiritualizedthephilosophyofPythagorasEvenEusebiustheChristianadmits, thathereachedtothevestibuleofTruth,andstooduponitsthreshold.TheDruidicalceremonies undoubtedlycamefromIndia;andtheDruidswereoriginallyBuddhists. ThewordDruid,likethewordMagi,signifieswiseorlearnedmen;andtheywereatonce philosophers,magistrates,anddivines.TherewasasurprisinguniformityintheTemples,Priests, doctrines,andworshipofthePersianMagiandBritishDruids.TheGodsofBritainwerethesameas theCabiriofSamothrace.OsirisandIsisappearedintheirMysteries,underthenamesofHuand Ceridwen;andlikethoseoftheprimitivePersians,theirTempleswereenclosuresofhugeunhewn stones,someofwhichstillremain,andareregardedbythecommonpeoplewithfearandveneration. Theyweregenerallyeithercircularoroval.Somewereintheshapeofacircletowhichavastserpent wasattached.ThecirclewasanEasternsymboloftheUniverse,governedbyanOmnipotentDeity whosecenteriseverywhere,andhiscircumferencenowhere:andtheeggwasanuniversalsymbolof theworld.SomeoftheTempleswerewinged,andsomeintheshapeofacross;thewingedones referringtoKneph,thewingedSerpentDeityofEgypt;whencethenameofNavestock,whereoneof themstood.TemplesintheshapeofacrosswerealsofoundinIrelandandScotland.Thelengthofone ofthesevaststructures,intheshapeofaserpent,wasnearlythreemiles.Thegrandperiodsfor initiationintotheDruidicalMysteries,werequarterly;attheequinoxesandsolstices.Intheremote timeswhentheyoriginated,thesewerethetimescorrespondingwiththe13thofFebruary,1stofMay, 19thofAugust,and1stofNovember.ThetimeofannualcelebrationwasMayEve,andtheceremonial preparationscommencesatmidnight,onthe29thofApril.Whentheinitiationswereover,onMayEve, fireswerekindledonallthecairnsandcromlechsintheisland,whichburnedallnighttointroducethe sportsofMayday. ThefestivalwasinhonoroftheSun.Theinitiationswereperformedatmidnightandtherewerethree EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

281/641 Degrees.TheGothicMysterieswerecarriedNorthwardfromtheEast,byOdin;who,beingagreat warrior,modeledandvariedthemtosuithispurposesandthegeniusofhispeople.Heplacedovertheir celebrationtwelveHierophants,whowerealikePriests,CounselorsofState,andJudgesfromwhose decisiontherewasnoappeal.Heheldthenumbersthreeandnineinpeculiarveneration,andwas probablyhimselftheIndianBuddha.Everythricethreemonths,thricethreevictimsweresacrificedto thetryuneGod.TheGothshadthreegreatfestivals;themostmagnificentofwhichcommencedatthe wintersolstice,andwascelebratedinhonorofThor,thePrinceofthePoweroftheAir.Thatbeingthe longestnightintheyear,andthroneafterwhichtheSuncomesNorthward,itwascommemorativeof theCreation;andtheytermeditmothernight,astheoneinwhichthecreationoftheworldandlight fromtheprimitivedarknesstookplace.ThiswastheYule,Jitul,orYeoffeast,whichafterwardbecame Christmas.Atthisfeasttheinitiationswerecelebrated.ThorwastheSun,theEgyptianOsirisand Kneph,thePhysicianBelorBaal.Theinitiationswerehadinhugeintricatecaverns,terminating,asall theMithriaccavernsdid,inaspaciousvault,wherethecandidatewasbroughttolight. Josephwasundoubtedlyinitiated.AfterhehadinterpretedPharaoh'sdream,thatMonarchmadehim hisPrimeMinister,lethimrideinhissecondchariot,whiletheyproclaimedbeforehim,ABRSCHI (*AnEgytianword,meaning,"Bowdown.")andsethimoverthelandofEgypt.Inadditiontothis,the Kinggavehidanewname,TsapanatPaanakh,andmarriedhimtoAsanat,daughterofPotaiParing,a PriestofAnorHieropolis,wherewastheTempleofAthomRe,theGreatGodofEgypt;thus completelynaturalizinghim.Hecouldnothavecontractedthismarriage,norhaveexercisedthathigh dignity,withoutbeingfirstinitiatedintheMysteries.WhenhisBrethrencametoEgyptthesecond time,theEgyptiansofhiscourtcouldnoteatwiththem,asthatwouldhavebeenabomination,though theyatewithJoseph;whowasthereforeregardednotasaforeigner,butasoneofthemselves:andwhen hesentandbroughthisbrethrenback,andchargedthemwithtakinghiscup,hesaid,"Knowyenotthat amanlikemepracticesdivination?"thusassumingtheEgyptianofhighrankinitiatedintothe Mysteries,sadassuchconversantwiththeoccultsciences. SoalsomustMoseshavebeeninitiatedforhewasnotonlybroughtupinthecourtoftheKing,asthe adoptedsonoftheKinglydaughter,untilhewasfortyyearsofage;buthewasinstructedinallthe learningoftheEgyptians,andmarriedafterwardthedaughterofYethru,aPriestofAnlikewise. StroboandDiodorusbothassertthathewashimselfaPriestofHeliopolis.Beforehewentintothe Desert,therewereintimaterelationsbetweenhimandthePriesthood;andhehadsuccessfully commanded,Josephusinformsus,anarmysentbytheKingagainsttheEthiopians.Simpliciusasserts thatMosesreceivedfromtheEgyptians,intheMysteries,thedoctrineswhichhetaughttothe Hebrews:andClementofAlexandriaandPhilosaythathewasaTheologianandProphet,and interpreteroftheSacredLaws.Manetho,citedbyJosephus,sayshewasaPriestofHeliopolis,andthat histrueandoriginal(Egyptian)namewasAsersaphorOsarsiph. AndintheinstitutionoftheHebrewPriesthood,inthepowersandprivileges,aswellastheimmunities andsanctitywhichheconferreduponthem,hecloselyimitatedtheEgyptianinstitutions;making EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

282/641 publictheworshipofthatDeitywhomtheEgyptianInitiatesworshippedinprivate;andstrenuously endeavoringtokeepthepeoplefromrelapsingintotheiroldmixtureofChaldaicandEgyptian superstitionandidolworship,astheywereeverreadyandinclinedtodo;evenAharun,upontheirfirst clamorousdiscontent,restoringtheworshipofApisasanimageofwhichEgyptianGodhemadethe goldencalf.TheEgyptianPrieststaughtintheirgreatMysteries,thattherewasoneGod,Supremeand inapproachable,whohadconceivedtheUniversity.HisIntelligence,beforeHecreateditbyHisPower andWill.TheywerenoMaterialistsnorPantheists;buttaughtthatMatterwasnoteternalorcoexistent withthegreatFirstCause,butcreatedbyHim. TheearlyChristians,taughtbythefounderoftheirReligion,butingreaterperfection,thoseprimitive truthsthatfromtheEgyptianshadpassedtotheJews,andbeenpreservedamongthelatterbythe Essenes,receivedalsotheinstitutionoftheMysteries;adoptingastheirobjectthebuildingofthe symbolicTemple,preservingtheoldScripturesoftheJewsastheirsacredbook,andasthe fundamentallaw,whichfurnishedthenewveilofinitiationwiththeHebraicwordsandformulas,that, corruptedanddisfiguredbytimeandignorance,appearinmanyofourDegrees. Such,myBrother,isthedoctrineofthefirstDegreeoftheMysteries,orthatofchiefoftheTabernacle, towhichyouhavenowbeenadmitted,andthemorallessonofwhichis,devotiontotheserviceofGod, anddisinterestedzealandconstantendeavorforthewelfareofmen.Youhaveherereceivedonlyhints ofthetrueobjectsandpurposesoftheMysteries.Hereafter,ifyouarepermittedtoadvance,youwill arriveatamorecompleteunderstandingofthemandofthesublimedoctrineswhichtheyteach.Be content,therefore,withthatwhichyouhaveseenandheard,andawaitpatientlytheadventofthe greaterlight.

XXIV.PRINCEOFTHETABERNACLE
SYMBOLSwerethealmostuniversallanguageofancienttheology.Theywerethemostobvious methodofinstruction;forlikenatureherself,theyaddressedtheunderstandingthroughtheeyeandthe mostancientexpressionsdenotingcommunicationofreligiousknowledge,signifyocularexhibition. Thefirstteachersofmankindborrowedthismethodofinstructionanditcomprisedanendlessstoreof pregnanthieroglyphics.TheselessonsoftheoldentimeweretheriddlesoftheSphynx,temptingthe curiousbytheirquaintness,butinvolvingthepersonalriskoftheadventurousinterpreter."TheGods themselves,"itwassaid,"disclosetheirintentionstothewise,buttofoolstheirteachingis unintelligible;"andtheKingoftheDelphicOraclewassaidnottodeclare,norontheotherhandto conceal;butemphaticallyto"intimateorsignify." TheAncientSages,bothbarbarianandGreek,involvedtheirmeaninginsimilarindirectionsand EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

283/641 enigmas;theirlessonswereconveyedeitherinvisiblesymbols,orinthose"parablesanddarksayings ofold,"whichtheIsraelitesconsidereditasacreddutytohanddownunchangedtosuccessive generations.Theexplanatorytokensemployedbyman,whetheremblematicalobjectsoractions, symbolsormysticceremonies,werelikethemysticsignsandportendseitherindreamsorbythe wayside,supposedtohesignificantoftheintentionsoftheGods;bothrequiredtheaidofanxious thoughtandskillfulinterpretation.Itwasonlybyaconectappreciationofanalogousproblemsof nature,thatthewillofHeavencouldbeunderstoodiytheDiviner,orthelessonsofWisdombecome manifesttotheSage. TheMysterieswereaseriesofsymbols;andwhatwasspokenthereconsistedwhollyofaccessory explanationsoftheactorimage;sacredcommentaries,explanatoryofestablishedsymbols;withlittle ofthoseindependenttraditionsembodyingphysicalormoralspeculation,inwhichtheelementsor planetsweretheSageactorsandthecreation!andrevolutionsoftheworldwereintermingledwith recollectionsofancientevents:andyetwithsomuchofthatalso,thatnaturebecameherownexpositor throughthemediumofanarbitrarysymbolicalinstruction;andtheancientviewsoftherelation betweenthehumananddivinereceiveddramaticforms. Therehaseverbeenanintimatealliancebetweenthetwosystems,thesymbolicandthephilosophical, intheallegoriesofthemonumentsofallages,inthesymbolicwritingsofthepriestsofallnations,in theritualsofallsecretandmysterioussocieties;therehasbeenaconstantseries,aninvariable uniformityofprinciples,whichcomefromanaggregate,vastimposing,andtrue,composedofparts thatfitharmoniouslyonlythere. Symbolicalinstructionisrecommendedbytheconstantand'uniformusageofantiquity,andithas retaineditsinfluencethroughoutallages,asasystemofmysteriouscommunication.TheDeity,inhis revelationstoman,adoptedtheuseofmaterialimagesforthepurposeofenforcingsublimetruths;and Christtaughtbysymbolsandparables.ThemysteriousknowledgeoftheDruidswasembodiedinsigns andsymbols.Taliesin,describinghisinitiation,says:"Thesecretswereimpartedtomebytheold Giantess(Ceridwen,orIsis),withouttheuseofaudiblelanguage."Andagainhesays,"Iamasilent proficient"Initiationwas,aschool,inwhichweretaughtthetruthsofprimitiverevelation,theexistence andattributesofoneGod,theimmortalityoftheSoul,rewardsandpunishmentsinafuturelife,the phenomenaofNature,thearts,thesciences,morality,regulation,philosophy,andphilanthropy,and whatwenowstylepsychologyandmetaphysics,withanimalmagnetism,andtheotheroccultsciences. AlltheideasofthePriestsofHindustan,Persia,Syria,Arabia,Chaldaea,Phoenicia,wereknowntothe EgyptianPriests.TherationalIndianphilosophy,afterpenetratingPersiaandChaldaea,gavebirthto theEgyptianMysteries.WefindthattheuseofHieroglyphicswasprecededinEgyptbythatofthe easilyunderstoodsymbolsandfigures,fromthemineral,animal,andvegetablekingdoms,usedbythe Indians,Persians,andChaldanstoexpresstheirthoughts;andthisprimitivephilosophywasthebasisof EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

284/641 themodernphilosophyofPythagorasandPlato.Allthephilosophersandlegislatorsthatmade Antiquityillustrious,werepupilsoftheinitiation;andallthebeneficentmodificationsinthereligions ofthedifferentpeopleinstructedbythemwereowingtotheirinstitutionandextensionofthe Mysteries.Inthechaosofpopularsuperstitions,thoseMysteriesalonekeptmanfromlapsinginto absolutebrutishness.ZoroasterandConfuciusdrewtheirdoctrinesfromtheMysteries.Clementof Alexandria,speakingoftheGreatMysteries,says:"Hereendsallinstruction.Natureandallthingsare seenandknownmoraltruthsalonebeentaughttheInitiate,theMysteriescouldneverhavedeserved norreceivedthemagnificenteulogiumsofthemostenlightenedalienofAntiquity,ofPindar,Plutarch, Isocrates,Diodorus,Plato,Euripides,Socrates,Aristophanes,Cicero,Epictetus,MarcusAurelius,and others;philosophershostiletotheSacerdotalSpirit,orhistoriansdevotedtotheinvestigationofTruth. No,allthesciencesweretaughtthereandthoseoralonwrittentraditionsbrieflycommunicated,which reachedbacktothefirstageoftheworld. Socratessaid,inthePhaedoofPlato:"ItwellappearsthatthosewhoestablishedtheMysteries,or secretassembliesoftheinitiated,werenocontemptiblepersonages,butmenofgreatgenius,whointhe earlyagesstrovetoteachus,underenigmas,thathewhoshallgototheinvisibleregionswithoutbeing punfied,willbeprecipitatedintotheabyss;whilehewhoarrivesthere,purgedofthestainsofthis world,andaccomplishedinvirtue,willbeadmittedtothedwellingplaceoftheDeity.Thejnitiatedare certaintoattainthecompanyoftheGods." Pretextatus,ProconsulofAchaia,amanendowedwithallthevirtues,said,inthe4thcentury,thatto deprivetheGreeksofthoseSacredMysterieswhichboundtogetherthewholehumanrace,wouldmake lifeinsupportable.Initiationwasconsideredtobeamysticaldeath;adescentintotheinfernalregions, whereeverypollution,andthestainsandimperfection'sofacorruptandevillifewerepurgedawayby fireandwater;andtheperfectEpoptwasthensaidtoberegenerated,newborn,restoredtoarenovated existenceoflife,light,andpurity;andplacedundertheDivineProtection. Anewlanguagewasadaptedtothesecelebrations,andalsoalanguageofhieroglyphics,unknownto anybutthosewhohadreceivedthehighestDegree. Andtothemultimatelywereconfinedthelearning,themoralityandthepoliticalpower,ofevery peopleamongwhichtheMysterieswerepracticed.Soeffectuallywastheknowledgeofthe hieroglyphicsofthehighestDegreehiddenfromallbutafavoredfew,thatinprocessoftimetheir meaningwasentirelylost,andnonecouldinterpretthem.Ifthesamehieroglyphicswereemployedin thehigherasinthelowerDegrees,theyhadadifferentandmoreabstruseandfigurativemeaning.It waspretended,inlatertimes,thatthesacredhieroglyphicsandlanguagewerethesamethatwereused bytheCelestialDeities.Everythingthatcouldheightenthemysteryofinitiationwasadded,untilthe verynameoftheceremonypossessedastrangecharm,andyetconjuredupthewildestfears.ache greatestrapturecametobeexpressedbythewordthatsignifiedtopassthroughtheMysteries. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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ThePriesthoodpossessedonethirdofEgypt.Theygainedmuchoftheirinfluencebymeansofthe Mysteries,andsparednomeanstoimpressthepeoplewithafullsenseoftheirimportance.They representedthemasthebeginningofanewlifeofreasonandvirtuetheinitiated,oresoteric companionsweresaidtoentertainthemostagreeableanticipationsrespectingdeathandeternity,to comprehendallthehiddenmysteriesofNature,tohavetheirsoulsrestoredtotheoriginalperfection fromwhichmanhadfallen;andattheirdeathtobebornetothecelestialmansionsoftheGods.The doctrinesofafuturestateofrewardsandpunishmentsformedaprominentfeatureintheMysteries;and theywerealsobelievedtoassuremuchtemporalhappinessandgoodfortune,andaffordabsolute securityagainstthemostimminentdangersbylandandsea.Publicodiumwascastofthosewho refusedtobeinitiated.Theywereconsideredprofane,unworthyofpublicemploymentorprivate confidence;andheldtobedoomedtoeternalpunishmentasimpious.Tobetraythesecretsofthe Mysteries,towearonthestagethedressofanInitiate,ortoholdtheMysteriesupdoderision,wasto incurdeathatthehandsofpublicvengeance. ItiscertainthatuptothetimeofCicero,theMysteriesstillretainedmuchoftheiroriginalcharacterof sanctityandpurity.Andatalaterday,asweknow,Nero,aftercommittingahorriblecrime,didnot dare,eveninGreece,toaidinthecelebrationoftheMysteries;noratastilllaterdaywasConstantine, theChristianEmperor,allowedtodoso,afterhismurderofhisrelatives. Everywhere,andinalltheirforms,theMysterieswerefunereal;andcelebratedthemysticaldeathand restorationtolifeofsomedivineorheroicpersonage:andthedetailsofthelegendandthemodeofthe deathvariedinthedifferentCountrieswheretheMysterieswerepracticed. Theirexplanationbelongsbothtoastronomyandmythology,andtheLegendoftheMaster'sDegreeis butanotherformofthatoftheMysteries,reachingback,inoneshapeorother,totheremotest antiquity. WhetherEgyptoriginatedthelegend,orborroweditfromIndiaorChaldea,itisnowimpossibleto know.ButtheHebrewsreceivedtheMysteriesfromtheEgyptians;andofcoursewerefamiliarwith theirlegend,knownasitwastothoseEgyptianInitiates,JosephandMoses.Itwasthefable(orrather thetruthclothedinallegoryandfigures)ofOsiris,theSun,SourceofLightandPrincipleofgood,and Typhon,thePrincipleofDarkness,andEvil.InallthehistoriesoftheGodsandHeroeslaycouched andhiddenastronomicaldetailsandthehistoryoftheoperationsofvisibleNature;andthoseintheir turnwerealsosymbolsofhigherandprofoundertruths. NonebutrudeuncultivatedintellectscouldlongconsidertheSunandStarsandthePowersofNatureas Divine,orasfitobjectsofHumanWorship;andtheywillconsiderthemsowhiletheworldlasts;and EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

286/641 ever.remainignorantofthegreatSpiritualTruthsofwhichthesearethehieroglyphicsandexpressions. AbriefsummaryoftheEgyptianlegendwillservetoshowtheleadingideaonwhichtheMysteries amongtheHebrewswerebased.Osiris,saidtohavebeenanancientKingofEgypt,wastheSun;and Isis,hiswife,theMoonandhishistoryrecounts,inpoeticalandfigurativestyle,theannualjourneyof theGreatLuminaryofHeaventhroughthedifferentSignsoftheZodiac.IntheabsenceofOsiris, Typhon,hisbrother,filledwithenvyandmalice,soughttousurphisthrone;buthisplanswere frustratedbyIsis.ThenheresolvedtokillOsiris.Thishedid,.bypersuadinghimtoenteracoffinor sarcophagus,whichhethenflungintotheNile.AlteraLongsearch,Isisfoundthebody,andconcealed itinthedepthsofaforest;butTyphon,findingitthere,cutitintofourteenpieces,andscatteredthem hitherandthither.Aftertedioussearch,Isisfoundthirteenpieces,thefisheshavingoatentheother(the privates),whichshereplacedofwood,andburiedthebodyatPhilae;whereatempleofsurpassing magnificencewaserectedinhonorofOsiris. Isis,aidedbyhersonOrus,HorusorHaroeri,warredagainstTyphon,slewhim,reignedgloriously, andatherdeathwasreunitedtoherhusband,inthesametomb.Typhonwasrepresentedasbornofthe earth;theupperpartofhisbodycoveredwithfeathers,instaturereachingtheclouds,hisarmsandlegs coveredwithscales,serpentsdartingfromhimoneveryside,andfireflashingfromhismouth.Horus, whoaidedinslayinghim,becametheGodoftheSun,answeringtotheGrecianApollo;andTyphonis buttheanagramofPython,thegreatserpentslainbyApollo. ThewordTyphon,likeEve,signifiesaserpent,andlife.Byitsformtheserpentsymbolizeslife,which circulatesthroughallnature.When,towardtheendofautumn,theWoman(Virgo),inthe constellationsseems(upontheChaldeansphere)tocrushwithherheeltheheadoftheserpent,this figureforetellsthecomingofwinter,duringwhichlifeseemstoretirefromallbeings,andnolongerto circulatethroughnature.ThisiswhyTyphonsignifiesalsoaserpent,thesymbolofwinter,which,in theCatholicTemples,isrepresentedsurroundingtheTerrestrialGlobe,whichsurmountstheheavenly cross,emblemofredemption.IfthewordTyphonisderivedfromTupoul)itsignifiesatreewhich producesapples(mala)evils),theJewishoriginofthefallofman.Typhonmeansalsoonewho supplants,andsignifiesthehumanpassions,whichexpelfromourheartsthelessonsofwisdom.Inthe EgyptianFable,Isiswrotethesacredwordfortheinstructionofmen,andTyphoneffaceditasfastas shewroteit.Inmorals,hisnamesignifiesPride,IgnoranceandFalsehood. WhenIsisfirstfoundthebody,whereithadfloatedashorenearByblos,ashrubofEricaortamarisk nearithad,bythevirtueofthebody,shotupintoatreearoundit,andprotectedit;andhenceoursprig ofacacia.IsiswasalsoaidedinhersearchbyAnubis,intheshapeofadog.HewasSiriusortheDog Star,thefriendandcounselorofOsiris,andtheinventoroflanguage,grammar,astronomy,surveying, arithmetic,music,andmedicalscience;thefirstmakeroflaws;andwhotaughttheworshipofthe Gods,andthebuildingofTemples. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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IntheMysteries,thenailingupofthebodyofOsirisinthechestorarkwastermedtheaphanism)or disappearance[oftheSunattheWinterSolstice,belowtheTropicofCapricorn],andtherecoveryof thedifferentpartsofhisbodybyIsis,theEuresis,orfinding.Thecandidatewentthroughaceremony representingthis,inalltheMysterieseverywhere.Themainfactsinthefablewerethesameinall countries;andtheprominentDeitieswereeverywhereamaleandafemale. InEgypttheywereOsirisandIsis;inIndia,MahadevaandBhavani;inPhoenicia,Thammuz(or Adonis)andAstarte;inPhrygia,AtysandCybele;inPersia,MithrasandAsis;inSamothraceand Greece,DionysusorSabazeusandRhea;inBritain,HuandCeridwen;andinScandinavia,Wodenand Frea;andineveryinstancetheseDivinitiesrepresentedtheSunandtheMoon. ThemysteriesofOsiris,Isis,andHorus,seemtohavebeenthemodelofallotherceremoniesof initiationsubsequentlyestablishedamongthedifferentpeoplesoftheworld.ThoseofAtysandCybele, celebratedinPhrygia;thoseofCeresandProserpine,atEleusisandmanyotherplacesinGreece,were butcopiesofthem.ThiswelearnfromPlutarch,DiodorusSiculus,Lactantius,andotherwriters;andin theabsenceofdirecttestimonyshouldnecessarilyinferitfromthesimilarityoftheadventuresofthese Deities;fortheancientsheldthattheCeresofheGreekswasthesameastheIsisoftheEgyptians;and DionusosorBacchusasOsiris. InthelegendofOsirisandIsis,asgivenbyPlutarch,aremanydetailsandcircumstancesotherthan thosethatwehavebrieflymentioned;andallofwhichweneednotrepeathere.Osirismarriedhissister Isis;andlaboredpubliclywithhertoamelioratehelotofmen.Hetaughtthemagriculture,whileIsis inventedlaws.HebuilttemplestotheGods,andestablishedtheirworship.Bothwerethepatronsof artistsandtheirusefulinventionsandintroducedtheuseofironfordefensiveweaponsandimplements ofagriculture,andofgoldtoadornthetemplesoftheGods.Hewentforthwithanarmytoconquer mentocivilization,teachinghepeoplewhomheovercametoplantthevineandsowgrainforfood. Typhon,hisbrother,slewhimwhenthesunwasinthesignoftheScorpion,thatistosay,atthe AutumnalEquinox.Theyhadbeenrivalclaimants,saysSynesius,forthethroneofEgypt,asLightand Darknesscontendeverfortheempireoftheworld.Plutarchadds,thatatthetimewhenOsiriswas slain,themoonwasatitsfull;andthereforeitwasinthesignoppositetheScorpion,thatis,theBull, thesignoftheVernalEquinox. PlutarchassuresusthatitwastorepresenttheseeventsanddetailsthatIsisestablishedtheMysteries,in whichtheywerereproducedbyimages,symbols,andareligiousceremonial,wherebytheywere imitatedandinwhichlessonsofpietyweregiven,andconsolationsunderthemisfortunesthatafflictus herebelow.ThosewhoinstitutedtheseMysteriesmeanttostrengthenreligionandconsolemenintheir EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

288/641 sorrowsbytheloftyhopesfoundinareligiousfaith,whoseprincipleswererepresentedtothemcovered byapompousceremonial,andunderthesacredveilofallegory. DiodorusspeaksofthefamouscolumnserectednearNysa,inArabia,where,itwassaid,weretwoof thetombsofOsirisandIsis.Ononewasthisinscription:"IamIsis,Queenofthiscountry.Iwas instructedbyMercury.NoonecandestroythelawswhichIhaveestablished.Iamtheeldestdaughter ofSaturn,mostancientoftheGods.IamthewifeandsisterofOsiristheKing.Ifirstmadeknown tomortalstheuseofwheat.IamthemotherofOrustheKing.InmyhonorwasthecityofBubaste built.Rejoice,OEgypt,rejoice,landthatgavemebirth!"Andontheotherwasthis:"IamOsiristhe King,wholedmyarmiesintoallpartsoftheworld,tothemostthicklyinhabitedcountriesofIndia,the North,theDanube,andtheOcean.IamtheeldestsonofSaturn;Iwasbornofthebrilliantand magnificentegg,andmysubstanceisofthesamenatureasthatwhichcomposeslight.Thereisno placeintheUniversewhereIhavenotappeared,tobestowmybenefitsandmakeknownmy discoveries."Therestwasillegible. ToaidherinthesearchforthebodyofOsiris,andtonurseherinfantchildHorus,Isissoughtoutand tookwithherAnubis,sonofOsiris,andhissisterNephte.He,aswehavesaid,wasSirius,thebrightest starintheHeavens.Afterfindinghim,shewenttoByblos,andseatedherselfnearafountain;where shehadlearnedthatthesacredchesthadstoppedwhichcontainedthebodyofOsiris.Thereshesat,sad andsilent,sheddingatorrentoftears. ThithercamethewomenoftheCourtofQueenAstarte,andshespoketothem,anddressedtheirheir, pouringuponitdeliciouslyperfumedambrosia.ThisknowntotheQueen,Isiswasengagedasnursefor herchild,inthepalace,oneofthecolumnsofwhichwasmadeoftheEricaortamarisk,thathadgrown upoverthechestcontainingOsiris,cutdownbytheKing,andunknowntohim,stillenclosingthe chest:whichcolumnIsisafterwarddemanded,andfromitextractedthechestandthebody,which,the latterwrappedinthindraperyandperfumed,shecarriedawaywithher. BlueMasonry,ignorantofitsimport,stillretainsamongitsemblemsoneofawomanweepingovera brokencolumn,holdinginherhandabranchofacacia,myrtle,ortamarisk,whileTime,wearetold, standsbehindhercombingouttheringletsofherhair.Weneednotrepeatthevapidandtrivial explanationtheregiven,ofthisrepresentationofIsis,weepingatByblos,overthecolumntornfromthe palaceoftheliving,thatcontainedthebodyofOsiris,whileHorus,theGodofTime,poursambrosia onherhair. Nothingofthisrecitalwashistorical;butthewholewasanallegoryorsacredfable,containinga meaningknownonlytothosewhowereinitiatedintotheMysteries.Alltheincidentswere astronomical,withameaningstilldeeperlyingbehindthatexplanation,andsohiddenbyadoubleveil. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

289/641 TheMysteriesinwhichtheseincidentswererepresentedandexplained,werelikethoseofEleusisin theirobject,ofwhichPausanias,whowasinitiated,saysthattheGreeks,fromtheremotestantiquity, regardedthemasthebestcalculatedofallthingstoleadmentalpietyandAristotlesaystheywerethe mostvaluableofallreligiousinstillations,andthuswerecalledmysteriesparexcellenceandtheTemple ofEleusiswasregardedas,insomesort,thecommonsanctuaryofthewholeearth,wherereligionhad broughttogetherallthatwasmostimposingandmostaugust. TheobjectofalltheMysterieswastoinspiremenwithpiety,andtoconsoletheminthemiseriesof life.Thatconsolation,soafforded,wasthehopeofahappierfuture,andofpasting,afterdeath,toa stateofeternalfelicity.CicerosaysthattheInitiatesnotonlyreceivedlessonswhichmadelifemore agreeable,butdrewfromtheceremonieshappyhopesforthemomentofdeath. SocratessaysthatthosewhoweresofortunateastobeadmittedtotheMysteries,possessed,when dying,themostglorioushopesforeternity.AristidessaysthattheynotonlyprocuretheInitiates consolationsinthepresentlife,andmeansofdeliverancefromthegreatweightoftheirevils,butalso thepreciousadvantageofpassingafterdeathtoahappierstate. IsiswastheGoddessofSaisandthefamousFeastofLightswascelebratedthereinherhonor.There werecelebratedtheMysteries,inwhichwererepresentedthedeathandsubsequentrestorationtolifeof theGodOsiris,inasecretceremonyandscenicrepresentationofhissufferings,calledtheMysteriesof Night. TheKingsofEgyptoftenexercisedthefunctionsofthePriesthoodandtheywereinitiatedintothe sacredscienceassoonastheyattainedthethrone.SoatAthens,theFirstMagistrate,orArchonKing, superintendedtheMysteries.'ThiswasanimageoftheunionthatexistedbetweenthePriesthoodand Royalty,inthoseearlytimeswhenlegislatorsandkingssoughtinreligionapotentpoliticalinstrument. Herodotussays,speakingofthereasonswhyanimalsweredeifiedinEgypt:"IfIweretoexplainthese reasons,IshouldbeledtothedisclosureofthoseholymatterswhichIparticularlywishtoavoid,and which,butfromnecessity,Ishouldnotleavediscussedatall."Sohesays,"TheEgyptianshaveatSais thetombofacertainpersonage,whomIdonotthinkmyselfpermittedtospecify.Itisbehindthe TempleofMinerva."[Thelatter,socalledbytheGreeks,wasreallyIsis,whosewastheoftencited enigmaticalinscription,"Iamwhatwasandisandistocome.Nomortalhathyetunveiledme."]So againhesays:"UponthislakearerepresentedbynighttheaccidentswhichhappenedtohimwhomI darenotname.TheEgyptianscallthemtheirMysteries. Concerningthese,atthesametimethatIconfessmyselfsufficientlyinformed,Ifeelmyselfcompelled tobesilent.OftheceremoniesalsoinhonorofCeresImaynotventuretospeak,furtherthanthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

290/641 obligationsofreligionwillallowme." ItiseasytoseewhatwasthegreatobjectofinitiationandtheMysteries;whosefirstandgreatestfruit was,asalltheancientstestify,tocivilizesavagehordes,tosoftentheirferociousmanners,tointroduce amongthemsocialintercourse,andleadthemintoawayoflifemoreworthyofmen.Ciceroconsiders theestablishmentoftheEIeusianMysteriestobethegreatestofallthebenefitsconferredbyAthenson othercommonwealths;theireffectshavingbeen,hesays,tocivilizemen,softentheirsavageand ferociousmanners,andteachthemthetrueprinciplesofmorals,whichinitiatemanintotheonlykind oflifeworthyofhim.Thesamephilosophicorator,inapassagewhereheapostrophizesCeresand Proserpine,saysthatmankindowestheseGoddessesthefirstelementsofmorallife,aswellasthefirst meansofsustenanceofphysicallife;knowledgeofthelaws,regulationofmorals,andthoseexamples ofcivilizationwhichhaveimprovedthemannersofmenandcities. BacchusinEuripidessaystoPentheus,thathisnewinstitution(theDionysianMysteries)deservedtobe known,andthatoneofitsgreatadvantageswas,thatitprescribedallimpurity:thatthesewerethe MysteriesofWisdom,ofwhichitwouldbeimprudenttospeaktopersonsnotinitiated:thattheywere establishedamongtheBarbarians,whointhatshowedgreaterwisdomthantheGreeks,whohadnot yetreceivedthem. Thisdoubleobject,politicalandreligious,oneteachingourdutytomen,andtheotherwhatweoweto theGods;orrather,respectfortheGodscalculatedtomaintainthatwhichweowethelaws,isfoundin thatwellknownverseofVirgil,borrowedbyhimfromtheceremoniesofinitiation:"Teachmeto respectJusticeandtheGods."Thisgreatlesson,whichtheHierophantimpressedontheInitiates,after theyhadwitnessedarepresentationoftheInfernalregions,thePoetplacesafterhisdescriptionofthe differentpunishmentssufferedbythewickedinTartarus,andimmediatelyafterthedescriptionofthat ofSisyphus. Pausanias,likewise,atthecloseoftherepresentationofthepunishmentsofSisyphusandthedaughters ofDanaus,intheTempleatDelphi,makesthisreflection;thatthecrimeorimpietywhichinthemhad chieflymeritedthispunishment,wasthecontemptwhichtheyhadshownfortheMysteriesofEleusis. FromthisreflectionofPausanias,whowasanInitiate,itiseasytoseethatthePriestsofEleusis,who taughtthedogmaofpunishmentinTartarus,includedamongthegreatcrimesdeservingthese punishments,contemptforanddisregardoftheHolyMysteries;whoseobjectwastoleadmentopiety, andtherebytorespectforjusticeandthelaws,chiefobjectoftheirinstitution,ifnottheonlyone,and tofvhichtheneedsandinterestofreligionitselfweresubordinate;sincethelatterwasbutameansto leadmoresurelytothefoyer;forthewholeforceofreligiousopinionsbeinginthehandsofthe legislatorstobewielded,theyweresureofbeingbetterobeyed. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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TheMysterieswerenotmerelysimpleillustrationsandtheobservationofsomearbitraryformulasand ceremonies;norameansofremindingmenoftheancientconditionoftheracepriortocivilization:but theyledmentopietybyinstructioninmoralsandastoafuturelife;whichataveryearlyday,ifnot originally,formedthechiefportionoftheceremonial. Symbolswereusedintheceremonies,whichreferredtoagriculture,asMasonryhaspreservedtheear ofwheatinasymbolandinoneofherwords;buttheirprincipalreferencewastoastronomical phenomena.Muchwasnodoubtsaidastotheconditionofbrutalityanddegradationinwhichmanwas sunkbeforetheinstitutionoftheMysteries;buttheallusionwasrathermetaphysical,totheignorance oftheuninitiated,thantothewildlifeoftheearliestmen. ThegreatobjectoftheMysteriesofIsis,andingeneralofalltheMysteries,wasagreatandtruly politicone.Itwastoameliorateourrace,toperfect,itsmannersandmorals,andtorestrainsocietyby strongerbondsthanthosethathumanlawsimpose.Theyweretheinventionofthatancientscienceand wisdomwhichexhaustedallitsresourcestomakelegislationperfect;andofthatphilosophywhichhas eversoughttosecurethehappinessofman,bypurifyinghissoulfromthepassionswhichcantrouble it,andasianecessaryconsequenceintroducesocialdisorder.Andthattheyweretheworkofgeniusis evidentfromtheiremploymentofallthesciences,aprofoundknowledgeofthehumanheart,andthe meansofsubduingit. Itisastillgreatermistaketoimaginethattheyweretheinventionsofcharlatanism,andmeansof deception.Theymayinthelapseoftimehavedegeneratedintoimpostureandschoolsoffalseideas; buttheywerenotsoatthebeginning;orelsethewisestandbestmenofantiquityhaveutteredtoemost willfulfalsehoods.Inprocess0ftimetheveryallegoriesoftheMysteriesthemselves,Tantalusandits punishments,Minosandtheotherjudgesofthedead.cametobemisunderstood,andtobefalse becausetheywereso;whileatfirsttheyweretrue,becausetheywererecognizedasmerelythe arbitraryformsinwhichtruthswereenveloped. TheobjectoftheMysterieswastoprocureformanarealfelicityonearthbythemeansofvirtue;and tothatendhewastaughtthathissoulwasimmortal;andthaterror,sin,andvicemustneeds,byan inflexiblelaw,producetheirconsequences.TheruderepresentationsofphysicaltortureinTantaluswas butanimageof,thecertain,unavoidable,eternalconsequencesthatflowbythelawofGod'senactment fromthesincommittedandtheviceindulgedin.Thepoetsandmystagogueslaboredtopropagatethese doctrinesofthesoul'simmortalityandthecertainpunishmentofsinandvice,andtoaccreditthem withthepeople,byteachingthemtheformerintheirpoems,andthelatterinthesanctuaries;andthey clothedthemwiththecharms,theoneofpoetry,andtheotherofspectaclesandmagicillusions.

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292/641 Theypainted,aidedbyalltheresourcesofart,thevirtuousman'shappylifeafterdeath,andthehorrors ofthefrightfulprisonsdestinedtopunishthevicious.Intheshadesofthesanctuaries,thesedelights andhorrorswereexhibitedasspectacles,andtheInitiateswitnessedreligiousdramas,underthename ofinitiationandmysteries.Curiositywasexcitedbysecrecy,bytiedifficultyexperiencedinobtaining admission,andbytheteststobeundergone.Thecandidatewasamusedbythevarietyofthescenery, thepompofthedecorations,theappliancesofmachinery.Respectwasinspiredbythegravityand dignityoftheactorsandthemajestyoftheceremonialandfearandhope,sadnessanddelight,werein turnsexcited. TheHierophants,menofintellect,andwellunderstandingthedispositionofthepeopleandtheartof controllingthem,usedeveryappliancetoattainthatobject,andgiveimportanceandimpressivenessto theirceremonies.AstheycoveredthoseceremonieswiththeveilofSecrecy,sotheypreferredthat Night,shouldcoverthemwithitswings.Obscurityaddstoimpressiveness,andassistsillusion;and theyusedittoproduceaneffectupontheastonishedInitiate.Theceremonieswereconductedin cavernsdimlylighted;thickgroveswereplantedaroundtheTemples,toproducethatgloomthat impressesthemindwithareligiousawe. Theverywordmystery,accordingtoDemetriusPhalereus,wasametaphoricalexpressionthatdenoted thesecretawewhichdarknessandgloominspired.Thenightwasalmostalwaysthetimefixedfortheir celebration;andtheywereordinarilytermednocturnalceremonies.InitiationsintotheMysteriesof Samothracetookplaceatnight;asdidthoseofIsis,ofwhichApuleiusspeaks. EuripidesmakesBacchussay,thathisMysterieswerecelebratedatnight,becausethereisinnight somethingaugustandimposing.Nothingexcitesmen'scuriositysomuchasMystery,concealingthings whichtheydesiretoknowandnothingsomuchincreasescuriosityasobstaclesthatinterposeto preventthemfrownindulginginthegratificationoftheirdesires.OfthistheLegislatorsand Hierophantstookadvantage,toattractthepeopletotheirsanctuaries,andtoinducethemtoseekto obtainlessonsfromwhichtheywouldperhapshaveturnedawaywithindifference,iftheyhadbeen presseduponthem.InthisspiritofmysterytheyprofessedtoimitatetheDeitywhohidesHimselffrom oursenses,andconcealsfromusthespringsbywhichHemovestheUniverse. Theyadmittedthattheyconcealedthehighesttruthsundertheveilofallegory,themoretoexcitethe curiosityofmen,andtourgethemtoinvestigation.ThesecrecyinwhichtheyburiedtheirMysteries, hadthatend. Thosetowhomtheywereconfided,boundthemselves,bythemostfearfuloaths,nevertorevealthem. Theywerenotallowedeventospeakoftheseimportantsecretswithanyothersthantheinitiated;and thepenaltyofdeathwaspronouncedagainstanyoneindiscreetenoughtorevealthem,orfoundinthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

293/641 TemplewithoutbeinganInitiate;andanyonewhohadbetrayedthosesecrets,wasavoidedbyall,as excommunicated. Aristotlewasaccusedofimpiety,bytheHierophantEurymendon,forhavingsacrificedtothemanesof hiswife,accordingtotheriteusedintheworshipofCeres.HewascompelledtofleetoChalcis;andto purgehismemoryfromthisstain,hedirected,byhiswill,theerectionofaStatuetothatGoddess. Socrates,dying,sacrificedtoEsculapius,toexculpatehimselffromthesuspicionofAtheism.Aprice wassetontheheadofDiagorasbecausehehaddivulgedtheSecretoftheMysteries.Andocideswas accusedofthesamecrime,aswasAlcibiades,andbothwerecitedtoanswerthechargebeforethe inquisitionatAthens,wherethePeopleweretheJudges.AeschylustheTragedianwasaccusedof havingrepresentedtheMysteriesonthestageandwasacquittedonlyonprovingthathehadneverbeen initiated. Seneca,comparingPhilosophytoinitiation,saysthatthemostsacredceremoniescouldbeknowntothe adaptsalonebutthatmanoftheirpreceptswereknowneventotheProfane.Suchwasthecasewiththe doctrineofafuturelife,andastateofrewardsandpunishmentsbeyondthegrave.Theancient legislatorsclothedthisdoctrineinthepompofamysteriousceremony,inmysticwordsandmagical representations,toimpressuponthemindthetruthstheytaught,bythestronginfluenceofsuchscenic displaysuponthesensesandimagination. Inthesamewaytheytaughttheoriginofthesoul,itsfalltotheearthpastthespheresandthroughthe elements,anditsfinalreturntotheplaceofitsorigin,when,duringthecontinuanceofitsunionwith earthlymatter,thesacredfire,whichformeditsessence,hadcontractednostains,anditsbrightness hadnotbeenmarredbyforeignparticles,which,denaturalizingit,weigheditdownanddelayedits return.Thesemetaphysicalideas,withdifficultycomprehendedbythemassoftheInitiates,were representedbyfigures,bysymbols,andbyallegoricalanalogies;noideabeingsoabstractthatmendo notseektogiveitexpressionby,andtranslateitinto,sensibleimages. TheattractionofSecrecywasenhancedbythedifficultyofobtainingadmission.Obstaclesand suspenseredoubledcuriosity.ThosewhoaspiredtotheinitiationoftheSunandintheMysteriesof MathiasinPersia,underwentmanytrials.`theycommencedbyeasytestsandarrivedbydegreesat thosethatweremostcruel,inwhichthelifeofthecandidatewasoftenendangered.GregoryNazianzen termsthemtorturesandmysticpunishments.Noonecallbeinitiated,saysSuidas,untilafterhehas proven,bythemostterribletrials,thathepossessesavirtuoussoul,exemptfromtheswayofevery passion,andatitwereimpassible.Thereweretwelveprincipaltestsandsomemakethenumberlarger. ThetrialsoftheEleusinianinitiationswerenotsoterrible;buttheyweresevereandthesuspense, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

294/641 aboveallinwhichtheaspirantwaskeptforseveralyears[thememoryofwhichisretainedinMasonry bytheagesofthoseofthedifferentDegrees],ortheintervalbetweenadmissiontotheinferiorand initiationinthegreatMysteries,wasaspeciesoftorturetothecuriositywhichitwasdesiredtoexcite. ThustheEgyptianPrieststriedPythagorasbeforeadmittinghimtoknowthesecretsofthesacred science.Hesucceeded,byhisincrediblepatienceandthecouragewithwhichhesurmountedall obstacles,inobtainingadmissiontotheirsocietyandreceivingtheirlessons.AmongtheJews,the Essenesadmittednoneamongthem,untiltheyhadpassedthetestsorseveralDegrees. Byinitiation,thosewhobeforewerefellowcitizensonly,becamebrothers,connectedbyacloserbond thanbefore,bymeansofareligiousfraternity,which,bringingmennearertogether,unitedthemmore stronglyandtheweakandthepoorcouldmorereadilyappealforassistancetothepowerfulandthe wealthy,withwhomreligiousassociationgavethemacloserfellowship. TheInitiatewasregardedasthefavoriteoftheGods.ForhimaloneHeavenopeneditstreasures. Fortunateduringlife,hecould,byvirtueandthefavorofHeaven,promisehimselfafterdeathan eternalfelicity. ThePriestsoftheIslandofSamothracepromisedfavorablewindsandprosperousvoyagestothosewho werinitiated.ItwaspromisedthemthattheCABIRI,andCastorandPollux,theDioscuri,should appeartothemwhenthestormraged,andgivethemcalmsandsmoothseasandtheScholiastof AristophanessaysthatthoseinitiatedintheMysteriestherewerejustmen,whowereprivilegedto escapefromgreatevilsandtempests. TheInitiateintheMysteriesofOrpheus,afterhewaspurified,wasconsideredasreleasedfromthe empireofevil,andtransferredtoaconditionoflifewhichgavehimthehappiesthopes."Ihave emergedfromevilshewasmadetosay,"andhaveattainedgood."ThoseinitiatedintheMysteriesof EleusisbelievedthattheSunblazedwithapuresplendorforthemalone.And,asweseeinthecaseof Pericles,theyflatteredthemselvesthatCeresandProserpineinspiredthemandgavethemwisdomand counsel. Initiationdissipatederrorsandbanishedmisfortuneandafterhavingfilledtheheartofmanwithjoy duringlife,itgavehimthemostblissfulhopesatthemomentofdaWeoweittotheGoddessesof Eleusis,saysSocrates,thatwedonotleadthewildlifeoftheearliestmenandtothemareduethe flatteringhopeswhichinitiationgivesusforthemomentofdeathandforalleternity.Thebenefit whichwereapfromtheseaugustceremonies,saysAristides,isnotonlypresentjoy,adeliveranceand enfranchisementfromtheoldills;butalsothesweethopewhichwehaveindeathofpassingtoamore fortunatestate.AndTheonsaysthatparticipationoftheMysteriesisthefinestofallthings,andthe sourceofthegreatestblessings.Thehappinesspromisedtherewasnotlimitedtothismortallife;butit EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

295/641 extendedbeyondthegrave.Thereanewlifewastocommence,duringwhichtheInitiatewastoenjoya blisswithoutalloyandwithoutlimit.TheCorybantespromisedeternallifetotheInitiatesofthe MysteriesofCybeleandAtys. ApuleiusrepresentsLucius,whilestillintheformofanass,asaddressinghisprayerstoIsis,whombe speaksofasthesameasCeres,Venus,Diana,andProserpine,andasilluminatingthewallsofmany citiessimultaneouslywithherfemininelustre,andsubstitutingherquiveringlightforthebrightraysof theSun.Sheappearstohiminhisvisionasabeautifulfemale,"overwhosedivineneckherlongthick hairhungingracefulringlets"Addressinghim,shesays,"TheparentofUniversalnatureattendsthy call.ThemistressoftheElements,initiativegermofgenerations,SupremeofDeities,Queenof departedspirits,firstinhabitantofHeaven,anduniformtypeofalltheGodsandGoddesses,propitiated bythyprayers,iswiththee.Shegovernswithhernodtheluminousheightsofthefirmament,the salubriousbreezesoftheocean;thesilentdeplorabledepthsoftheshadesbelow;oneSoleDivinity undermanyforms,worshippedbythedifferentnationsoftheEarthundermanytitles,andwithvarious areligiousrites." Directinghimhowtoproceed,atherfestival,toreobtainhishumanshape,shesays:"Throughoutthe entirecourseoftheremainderofthylife,untiltheverylastbreathhasvanishedfromthylips,thouart devotedtomyserviceUndermyprotectionwillthylifebehappyandgloriousandwhen,thydaysbeing spent,thoushalldescendtotheshadesbelow,andinhabittheElysianfields,therealso,eveninthe subterraneanhemisphere,shallthoupayfrequentworshipfome,thypropitiouspatronandyetfurtherif throughsedulousobedience,religiousdevotiontomyministry,andinviolablechastity,thoushallprove thyselfaworthyobjectofdivinefavor,thenshallthoufelltheinfluenceofthepowerthatIalone possess.Thenumberofthydaysshallbeprolongedbeyondtheordinarydecreesoffate."Inthe processionofthefestival,LuciussawtheimageoftheGoddess,oneithersideofwhichwerefemale attendants,that,"withivorycombsintheirhands,madebelieve,bythemotionoftheirarmsandthe divestingoftheirfingers,tocombandornamenttheGoddess'royalhair."Afterward,cladinlinen robes,cametheinitiated,"Thehairofthewomenwasmoistenedbyperfume,andenvelopedina transparentcovering;butthemen,terrestrialstars,asitwere,ofthegreatreligion,werethoroughly shaven,andtheirbaldheadsshoneexceedingly."AfterwardcamethePriests,inrobesofwhitelinen. Thefirstborealampintheformofaboat,emittingflamefromanorificeinthemiddle;thesecond,a smallaltar;thethird,agoldenpalmtree;andthefourthdisplayedthefigureofalefthand,thepalm openandexpanded,"representingtherebyasymbolofequityandfairdealing,ofwhichthelefthand, asslowerthantherighthand,andmorevoidofskillandcraft,isthereforeanappropriateemblem." AfterLuciushad,bythegraceofIsis,recoveredhishumanform,thePriestsaidtohim,"Calamityhath noholdonthosewhomourGoddesshathchosenforherservice,andwhomhermajestyhath vindicated."Andthepeopledeclaredthathewasfortunatetobe"thusafteramannerbornagain,andat oncebetrothedtotheserviceoftheHolyMinistry."

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296/641 WhenheurgedtheChiefPriesttoinitiatehim,hewasansweredthattherewasnot"asingleoneamong theinitiated,ofamindsodegraded,orsobentonhisowndestruction,aswithoutreceivingaspecial commandfromIsis,todaretoundertakeherministryrashlyandsacrilegiously,andtherebycommitan actcertaintobringuponhimselfadreadfulinjury."For,continuedtheChiefPriest,thegatesofthe shadesbelow,andthecareofourlifebeinginthehandsoftheGoddess,theceremonyofinitiationinto theMysteriesis,asitwere,tosufferdeath,withtheprecariouschanceofresuscitation.Whereforethe Goddess,inthewisdomofherdivinity,hathbeenaccustomedtoselectaspersonstowhomthesecrets ofherreligioncanwithproprietybeentrusted,thosewho,standingasitwereontheutmostlimitofthe courseoflifetheyhavecompleted,maythroughherProvidencebeinamannerbornagain,and commencethecareerofanewexistence."Whenhewasfinallytobeinitiated,hewasconductedtothe nearestbaths,andafterhavingbathed,thePriestfirstsolicitedforgivenessoftheGods,andthen sprinkledhimalloverwiththeclearestandpurestwater,andconductedhimbacktotheTemple; "where,"saysApuleius,"aftergivingmesomeinstruction,thatmortaltongueisnotpermittedtoreveal, hebademeforthesucceedingtendaysrestrainmyappetite,eatnoanimalfood,anddrinknowine." Thesetendayselapsed,thePriestledhimintotheinmostrecessesoftheSanctuary."Andhere, studiousreader,"hecontinues"peradventurethouwiltbesuffcientlyanxioustoknowallthatwassaid anddone,which,wereitlawfultodivulge,Iwould'tellthee;and,wertthoupermittedtohear,thou shouldstknow.Nevertheless,althoughthedisclosurewouldaffixthepenaltyofrashcuriositytomy tongueaswellasthyears,yetwillI,forfearthoushouldstbetoolongtormentedwithreligious longing,andsufferthepainofprotractedsuspense,tellthetruthnotwithstanding.ListenthentowhatI shallrelate. Iapproachedtheabodeofdeath;withmyfootIpressedthethresholdofProserpine'sPalace.Iwas transportedthroughtheelements,andconductedbackagain.AtmidnightIsawthebrightlightofthe sunshining.IstoodinthepresenceoftheGods,theGodsofHeavenandoftheShadesbelow;ay,stood clearandworshipped.AndnowhaveItoldtheesuchthingsthat,hearing,thounecessarilycanstnot understand;andbeingbeyondthecomprehensionoftheProfane,Icanenunciatewithoutcommittinga crime."Afternighthadpassed,andthemorninghaddawned,theusualceremonieswereatanend. Thenhewasconsecratedbytwelvestolesbeingputuponhim,clothed,crownedwithpalmleaves,and exhibitedtothepeople.Theremainderofthatdaywascelebratedashisbirthdayandpassedin festivities;andonthethirddayafterward,thesamereligiousceremonieswererepeated,includinga religiousbreakfast,"followedbyafinalconsummationofceremonies." Ayearafterward,hewaswarnedtoprepare.forinitiationintotheMysteriesof"theGreatGod, SupremeParentofalltheotherGods,theinvincibleOsiris.""For,"saysApuleius,"althoughthereisa strictconnectionbetweenthereligionsofbothDeities,ANDEVENTHEESSENCEOFBOTH DIVINITIESISIDENTICAL,theceremoniesoftherespectiveinitiationsareconsiderablydifferent."

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297/641 ComparewiththishintthefollowinglanguageoftheprayerofLucius,addressedtoIsis;andwemay judgewhatdoctrinesweretaughtintheMysteries,inregardtotheDeity:"OHolyandPerpetual PreserveroftheHumanRace!everreadytocherishmortalsbyThymunificence,andtoaffordThy sweetmaternalaffectiontothewretchedundermisfortune;Whosebountyisneveratrest,neitherby daynorbynight,northroughouttheveryminutestparticleofduration;ThouwhostretchestforthThy healthbearingrighthandoverthelandandovertheseafortheprotectionofmankind,todispersethe stormsoflife,tounraveltheinextricableentanglementoftheweboffate,tomitigatethetempestsof fortune,andrestrainthemalignantinfilencesofthestars,theGodsinHeavenadoreThee,theGodsin theshadesbelowdoTheehomage,thestarsobeyThee,theDivinitiesrejoiceinThee,theelementsand therevolvingseasonsserveThee!AtThynodtheWindsbreathe,cloudsgather,seedsgrow,buds germinate;inobediencetoTheetheEarthrevolvesANDTHESUNGIVESUSLIGHT.ITISTHOU WHOGOVERNESTTHEUNIVERSEANDTREADESTTARTARUSUNDERTHYFEET." ThenhewasinitiatedintothenocturnalMysteriesofOsirisandSerapis;andafterwardintothoseof CeresatRome;butoftheceremoniesintheseinitiations,Apuleiussaysnothing.UndertheArchonship ofEuclid,bastardsandslaveswereexcludedfrominitiation;andthesameexclusionobtainedagainst theMaterialistsorEpicureanswhodeniedProvidenceandconsequentlytheutilityofinitiation.Bya naturalprogress,itcameatlengthtobeconsideredthatthegatesofElysiumwouldopenonlyforthe Initiates,whosesoulshadbeenpurifiedandregeneratedinthesanctuaries.Butitwasneverheld,on theotherhand,thatinitiationalonesufficed.WelearnfromPlato,thatitwasalsonecessaryforthesoul tobepurifiedfromeverystain;andthatthepurificationnecessarywassuchasgavevirtue,truth, wisdom,strength,justice,andtemperance. EntrancetotheTempleswasforbiddentoallwhohadcommittedhomicide,evenifitwereinvoluntary. SoitisstatedbybothIsocratesandTheon.MagiciansandCharlatanswhomadetrickeryatrade,and impostorspretendingtobepossessedbyevilspirits,wereexcludedfromthesanctuaries.Everyimpious personandcriminalwasrejected;andLampridiusstatesthatbeforethecelebrationoftheMysteries, publicnoticewasgiven,thatnoneneedapplytoenterbutthoseagainstwhomtheirconsciencesuttered noreproach,andwhowerecertainoftheirowninnocence. ItwasrequiredoftheInitiatethathisheartandhandsshouldbefreefromanystain.Porphyrysaysthat man'ssoul,atdeath,shouldbeenfranchisedfromallthepassions,fromhate,envy,andtheothers;and inaword,beaspureasitisrequiredtobeintheMysteries.Ofcourseitisnotsurprisingthatparricides andperkjurors,andotherswhohadcommittedcrimesagainstGodorman,couldnotbeadmitted. IntheMysteriesofMithras,alecturewasrepeatedtotheInitiateonthesubjectofJustice.Andthe greatmoral.LessonoftheMysteries,towhichalltheirmysticceremonialtended,expressedinasingle linebyVirgil,wastopracticeJusticeandreveretheDeity,thusrecallingmentojustice,byconnecting itwiththejusticeoftheGods,whorequireitandpunishitsinfraction.TheInitiatecouldaspiretothe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

298/641 favorsoftheGods,onlybecauseandwhileherespectedtherightsofsocietyandthoseofhumanity. "Thesun,"saysthechorusofInitiatesinAristophanes,"burnswithapurelightforusalone,who, admittedtothe'Mysteries,observethelawsofpietyinourintercoursewithstrangersandourfellow citizens."Therewardsofinitiationwereattachedtothepracticeofthe,socialvirtues.Itwasnotenough tobeinitiatedmerely.Itwasnecessarytobefaithfultothelawsofinitiation,whichimposedonmen dutiesinregardtotheirkind.BacchusallowednonetoparticipateinhisMysteries,butmenwho performedtotherulesofpietyandjustice.Sensibility,aboveall,andcompassionforthemisfortunesof others,werepreciousvirtues,whichinitiationstrovetoencourage."Nature,"saysJuvenal"hascreated uscompassionate,sinceithasendoweduswithtears. Sensibilityisthemostadmirableofoursenses.WhatmanistrulyworthyofthetorchoftheMysteries; whosuchasthePriestofCeresrequireshimtobe,ifheregardsthemisfortunesofothersaswholly foreigntohimself?" Allwhohadnotusedtheirendeavorstodefeataconspiracy,andthosewhohadonthecontrary fomentedone;thosecitizenswhohadbetrayedtheircountry,whohadsurrenderedanadvantageous postorplace,orthevesselsoftheState,totheenemy;allwhohadsuppliedtheenemywithmoney;and ingeneral,allwhohadcomeshortoftheirdutiesashonestmenandgoodcitizens,wereexcludedfrom theMysteriesofEleusis.Tobeadmittedthere,onemusthavelivedequitably,andwithsuffcientgood fortunenottoberegardedashatedbytheGods. ThustheSocietyoftheInitiateswas,initsprinciple,andaccordingtothetruepurposeofitsinstitution, asocietyofvirtuousmen,wholaboredtofreetheirsoulsfromthetyrannyofthepassions,andto developthegermofallthesocialvirtues,Andthiswasthemeaningoftheidea,afterward misunderstood,thatentryintoElysiumwasonlyallowedtotheInitiatesbecauseentrancetothe sanctuarieswasallowedtothevirtuousonly,andElysiumwascreatedforvirtuoussoulsalone. Theprecisenatureanddetailsofthedoctrinesastoafuturelife,andrewardsandpunishmentsthere, developedintheMysteries,isinameasureuncertain.Littledirectinformationinregardtoithascorme downtous.Nodoubt,intheceremonies,therewasascenicrepresentationofTantalusandthe judgmentofthedead,resemblingthatwhichwefindinVirgil:butthereisaslittledoubtihatthese representationswereexplainedtobeallegorical.Itisnotourpurposeheretorepeatthedescriptions givenWeareonlyconcernedwiththegreatfactthattheMysteriestaughtthedoctrineofthesoul's immortality,andthat,insomeshape,suffering,pain,remorse,andagony,everfollowsinasits consequences. Humanceremoniesareindeedbutimperfectsymbolsandthealternatebaptismsinfireandinwater intendedtopurifyusintoimmortality,areeverin,thisworldinterruptedatthemomentoftheir EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

299/641 anticipatedcompletion.Lifeitsamirrorwhichreflectsonlytodeceive,atissueperpetually.Interrupted andbroken,anurnforeverfed,yetneverfull. Allinitiationisbutintroductorytothegreatchangeofdeath.Baptism,anointing,embalming, obsequiesbyburialorfire,arepreparatorysymbols,liketheinitiationofHerculesbeforedescendingto theShades,pointingoutthementalchangewhichoughttoprecedetherenewalofexistence.Deathis thetrueinitiation,towhichsleepistheintroductoryorminormystery.Itisthefinalritewhichunited theEgyptianwithhisGod,andwhichopensthesamepromisetoallwhoaredulypreparedforit. Thebodywasdeemedaprisonforthesoul;butthelatterwasnotcondemnedtoeternalbanishmentand imprisonment.TheFatheroftheWorldspermitsitschainstobebroken,andhasprovidedinthecourse ofNaturethemeansofitsescape.Itwasadoctrineofimmemorialantiquity,sharedalikebyEgyptians, Pythagoreans,theOrphici,andbythatcharacteristicBacchusSage,"thePreceptoroftheSoul," Silence,thatdeathisfarbetterthanlife;thattherealdeathbelongstothosewhoonearthareimmersed intheLetheofitspassionsandfascinations,andthatthetruelifecommencesonlywhenthesoulis emancipatedforitsreturn. Andinthissense,aspresidingoverlifeanddeath,DionysusisinthehighestsensetheLIBERATOR. Since,likeOsiris,hefreesthesoul,andguidesitinitsmigrationsbeyondthegrave,preservingitfrom theriskofagainfallingundertheslaveryofmatterorofsomeinferioranimalform,thepurgatoryof Metempsychosis;andexaltingandperfectingitsnaturethroughthepurifyingdisciplineofhis Mysteries."Thegreatconsummationofallphilosophy,"saidSocrates,professedlyquotingfrom traditionalandmysticsources,"isDeath:Hewhopursuesphilosophyaright,isstudyinghowtodie." AllsoulispartoftheUniversalSoul,whosetotalityisDionysus;anditisthereforehewho,asSpiritof Spirits,leadsbackthevagrantspirittoitshome,andaccompaniesitthroughthepurifyingprocesses, bothrealandsymbolical,ofitsearthlythansit.HeisthereforeemphaticallytheMysticorHierophant, thegreatSpiritualMediatorofGreekreligion. ThehumansoulisitselfdemoniosaGodwithersthemind,capablethroughitsownpowerofrivaling thecanonizationoftheHero,ofmakingitselfimmortalbythepracticeofthegood,andthe contemplationofthebeautifulandtrue. TheremovaltotheHappyIslandscouldonlybeunderstoodmythically;everythingearthlymustdie; Man,likeOEdipus,iswoundedfromhisbirth,hisrealmelysiumcanexistonlybeyondthegrave. Dionysusdiedanddescendedtotheshades.HispassionwasthegreatSecretoftheMysteries;asDeath istheGrandMysteryofexistence.Hisdeath,typicalofNature'sDeath,orofherperiodicaldecayand restoration,erasoneofthemanysymbolsofthepalingenesiaorsecondbirthofman. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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MandescendedfromtheelementalForcesorTitans[Elohim],whofedonthebodyofthePantheistic DeitycreatingtheUniversebyselfsacrifice,commemoratesinsacramentalobservancethismysterious passion;andwhilepartakingoftherawfleshofthevictim,seemstobeinvigoratedbyafreshdraught fromthefountainofunversallife,toreceiveanewpledgeofregeneratedexistence.Deathisthe inseparableantecedentoflife;theseedliesinordertoproducetheplant,andearthishelfisrentasunder anddiesatthebirthofDionusos.Hencethesignificancyofthephallus,orofitsinoffensivesubstitute, theobelisk,risingasanemblemofresurrectionbythetombofburiedDeityatLernaoritSais. DionysusOrpheusdescendedtotheShadestorecoverthelostVirginoftheZodiac,tobringbackhis mothertotheskyasThyone;orwhathasthesamemeaning,toconsummatehiseventfulmarriagewith Persephone,therebysecuring,likethenuptialsofhisfatherwithSemeleorDanae,theperpetuityof Nature. Hisunderearthofficeisthedepressionoftheyear,thewintryaspectinthealternationsofbulland serpent,whoseunited`seriesmakesupthecontinuityofTime,andinwhirls,physicallyspeaking,the stashanddarkareevertheparentsofthebeautifulandbright. TheMysteries,thehumansuffererwasconsoledbywitnessingtheseverertrialsoftheGods;andthe vicissitudesoflifeanddeath,expressedbyappositesymbols,suchasthesacrificeorsubmissionofthe Bull,theextinctionandreilluminationofthetorch,excitedcorrespondingemotionsofalternategrief andjoy,thatplayofpassionwhichwaspresentattheoriginofNature,andwhichaccompaniesallher changes. ThegreaterEleusiniaewerecelebratedinthemonthBoedromion,whentheseedwasburiedinthe ground,andwhentheyear,vergingtoitsdecline,disposesthemindtoseriousreflection.Thefirstdays oftheceremonialwerepassedinsorrowandanxioussilence,infastingandexpiatoryorlustraloffices. Onasudden,thescenewaschangedsorrowandlamentationwerediscarded,thegladnameofBacchus passedfrommouthtomouth,theimageoftheGod,crownedwithmyrtleandbearingalightedtorch, wasbornein,joyfulprocessionfromtheCeramicustoEleusis,where,duringtheeensuingnight,the initiationwascompletedbyanimposingrevelation.Thefirstscenewasinthepaonaos,oroutercourt ofthesacredenclosure,whereamidstutterdarkness,orwhilethemeditatingGod,thestarilluminating theNocturnalMystery,alonecarriedanunextinguishedtorch,thecandidateswereoverawedwith terrificsoundsandnoises,whiletheypainfullygropedtheirway,asinthegloomycavernofthesoul's sublunarmigration;ascenejustlycomparedtothepassageoftheValleyoftheShadowofDeath.For bytheimmutablelawexemplifiedinthetrialsofPsyche,manmustpassthroughtheterrorsofthe underworld,beforehecanreachtheheightofHeaven.Atlengththegatesoftheadytumwerethrown open,asupernaturallightstreamedfromtheilluminatedstatueoftheGoddess,andenchantingsights andsounds,mingledwithsongsanddances,exaltedthecommunicanttoaraptureofsupremefelicity, EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

301/641 realizing,asfarassensuousimagerycoulddepict,theanticipatedreunionwiththeGods. Inthedearthofdirectevidenceastothedetailoftheceremoniesenacted,orofthemeaningsconnected withthem,theirtendencymustbeinferredfromthecharacteristicsofthecontemplateddeitieswith theiraccessorysymbolsandmythi,orfromdirecttestimonyastothevalueoftheMysteriesgenerally. Theordinaryphenomenaofvegetation,thedeathoftheseedingivingbirthtotheplant,connectingthe sublimesthopeswiththeplainestoccurrences,wasthesimpleyetbeautifulformulaassumedbythe greatmysteryinalmostallreligions,fromtheZendAvestatotheGospel.AsProserpine,thedivine powerisastheseeddecayinganddestroyed;asArtemis,sheistheprincipleofitsdestruction;but ArtemisProserpineisalsoCoreSoteria,theSaviour,wholeadstheSpiritsofHerculesandHyacinthus toHeaven.ManyotheremblemswereemployedintheMysteries,asthedove,themyrtlewreath,and others,allsignificantofliferisingoutofdeath,andoftheequivocalconditionofdyingyetimmortal man. ThehorrorsandpunishmentsofTantalus,asdescribedinthePhaedoandtheAEneid,withallthe ceremoniesofthejudgmentsofMinos,Eacus,andRhadamanthus,wererepresented,sometimesmore andsometimeslessfully,intheMysteries;inordertoimpressuponthemindsoftheInitiatesthisgreat lesson,thatweshouldbeeverpreparedtoappearbeforetheSupremeJudge,withaheartpureand spotless;asSocratesteachesintheGorgias.Forthesoulstainedwithcrimes,hesays,todescendtothe Shades,isthebitterestill.ToadheretoJusticeandWisdom,Platoholds,isourduty,thatwemaysome daytakethatloftyroadthatleadstowardtheheavens,andavoidmostoftheevilstowhichthesoulis exposedinitssubterraneanjourneyofathousandyears.AndsointhePhaedo,Socratesteachesthatwe shouldseekherebelowtofreeoursoulofitspassions,inordertobereadytoenterourappearance, wheneverDestinysummonsustotheShades. ThustheMysteriesinculcatedagreatmoraltruth,veiledwithafableofhugeproportionsandthe appliancesofanimpressivespectacle,towhichexhibitedinthesanctuariesartandnaturalmagiclent alltheyhadthatwasimposing. Theysoughttostrengthenmenagainstthehorrorsofdeathandthefearfulideaofutterannihilation. Death,saystheauthorofthedialogue,entitledAxiochus,includedintheworksofPlato,isbuta passagetoahappierstate;butonemusthavelivedwell,toattainthatmostfortunateresult.Sothatthe doctrineoftheimmortalityofthesoulwasconsolingtothevirtuousandreligiousmanalone;whileto allothersitcamewithmenacesanddespair,surroundingthemwithterrorsandalarmsthatdisturbed theirreposeduringalltheirlife. ForthematerialhorrorsofTantalus,allegoricaltotheInitiate,wererealtothemassoftheProfane;nor inlattertimes,did,perhapsmanyInitiatesreadrightlytheallebaory.Thetriplewalledprison,which EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

302/641 thecondemnedsoulfirstmet,roundwhichswelledandsurgedthefierywavesofPhlegethon,wherein rolledroaring,huge,blazingrocks;thegreatgatewithcolumnsofadamant,whichnonesavetheGods couldcrush;Tisiphone,theirwarder,withherbloodyrobes;thelashresoundingonthemangledbodies ofthemiserableunfortunates,theirplaintivegroans,mingledinhorrid'harmonywiththeclashingof theirchains;theFuries,lashingtheguiltywiththeirsnakes;theawfulabysswhereHydrahowlswithits hundredheads,greedytodevour;Tityus,prostrate,andhisentrailsfeduponbythecruelvulture; Sisyphus,everrollinghisrock;Ixiononhiswheel;Tantalustorturedbyeternalthirstandhunger,inthe midstofwaterandwithdeliciousfruitstouchinghishead;thedaughters,ofDanausattheireternal, fruitlesstask;beastsbitingandvenomousreptilesstinging;anddevouringflameeternallyconsuming bodieseverrenewedinendlessagony;allthesesternlyimpresseduponthepeopletheterrible consequencesofsinandvice,andurgedthemtopursuethepathsofhonestyandvirtue. Andif,intheceremoniesoftheMysteries,thesematerialhorrorswereexplainedtotheInitiatesas meresymbolsoftheunimaginabletorture,remorse,andagonythatwouldrendtheimmaterialsouland racktheimmortalspirit,theywerefeebleandinsufficientinthesamemodeandmeasureonly,asall materialimagesandsymbolsfallshortofthatwhichisbeyondthecognizanceofoursensesandthe graveHierophant,theimagery,thepaintings,thedramatichorrors,thefuneralsacrifices,theaugust rnysteries,thesolemnsilenceofthesanctuaries,werenonethelessimpressive,becausetheywere knowntobebutsymbols,thatwithmaterialshowsandimagesmadetheimaginationtobetheteacher oftheintellect,expiation;andthetestsofwater,air,andflrewererepresented;bymeansofwhich, duringthemarchofmanyyears,thesoulcouldbepurified,andrisetowardtheetherealregions;that ascentbeingmoreorlesstediousandlaborious,accordingaseachsoulwasmoreorlesscloggedbythe grossimpedimentsofitssinsandvices.Hereinwasshadowedforth,(howdistinctlytaughttheInitiates weknownot),thedoctrinethatpainandsorrow,misfortuneandremorse,aretheinevitable consequencesthatflowfromsinandvice,aseffectflowsfromcause;thatbyeachsinandeveryactof vicethesouldropsbackandlosesgroundinitsadvancetowardperfectionandthatthegroundso,lost isandwillbeinrealityneversorecoveredasthatthesinshallbeasifitneverhadbeencommitted;but thatthroughoutalltheeternityofitsexistence',eachsoulshallbeconsciousthateveryactofviceor basenessitdidonearthhasmadethedistancegreaterbetweenitselfandultimateperfection. Weseethistruthglimmeringinthedoctrine,taughtintheMysteries,thatthoughslightandordinary offencescouldbeexpiatedbypenances,repentance,actsofbeneficence,andprayers,gravecrimes weremortalsins,beyondthereachofallsuchremedies.EleusisclosedhergatesagainstNeroandthe PaganPrieststoldConstantinethatamongalltheirmodesofexpiationtherewasnonesopotentas couldwashfromhissoulthedarkspotsleftbythemurderofhiswife,andhismultipliedperjuriesand assassinations. Theobjectoftheancientinitiationsbeingtoamelioratemankindandtoperfecttheintellectualpartof man,thenatureofthehumansoul,itsorigin,itsdestination,itsrelationstothebodyandtouniversal nature,allformedpartofthemysticscienceandtotheminpartthelessonsgiventotheInitiatewere EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

303/641 directed.Foritwasbelievedthatinitiationtendedtohisperfection,andtopreventing,thedivinepart withinhim,overloadedwith,mattergrossandearthy,frombeingplungedintogloom,andimpededin itsreturntotheDeity.Thesoul,withthem,wasnotamereconceptionorabstraction;butareality includinginitselflifeandthought;or,rather,ofwhoseessenceitwastoliveandthink.Itwasmaterial; butnotbrute,inert,inactive,lifeless,motionless,formless,lightlessmatter.Itwasheldtobeactive, reasoning,thinking;itsnaturalhomeinthehighestregionsoftheUniverse,whenceitdescendedto illuminate,giveformandmovementto,vivify,animate,andcarrywithitselfthebasermatterand whitheritunceasinglytendstoreascend,whenandassoonasitcanfreeitselffromitsconnectionwith thatmatter.Fromthatsubstance,divine,infinitelydelicateandactive,essentiallyluminous,thesouls ofmenwereformed,andbyitalone,unitingwithandorganizingtheirbodies,menlived. ThiswasthedoctrineofPythagoras,wholearneditwhenhereceivedtheEgyptianMysteries:andit wasthedoctrineofallwho,bymeansoftheceremonialofinitiation,thoughttopurifythesoul.Virgil makesthespiritofArchivesteachittoAEneas:andalltheexpiationsandlustrationsvisedinthe Mysterieswerebutsymbolsofthoseintellectualoliesbywhichthesoulwastobepurgedofitsvice spotsandstains,andfreedoftheencumbranceofitsearthlyprison,sothatitmightriseunimpededto thesourcefromwhichitcame. Hencesprungthedoctrineofthetransmigrationofsouls;whichPythagorastaughtasanallegory,and thosewhocameafterhimreceivedliterally.Plato,likehim,drewhisdoctrinesfromtheEastandthe Mysteries,andundertooktotranslatethelanguageofthesymbolsusedthere,intothatofPhilosophy; andtoprovebyargumentandphilosophicaldeduction,whatfeltbytheconsciousness,theMysteries taughtbySymbolsasanindisputablefact,theimmortalityofthesoul.Cicerodidthesame;and followedtheMysteriesinteachingthattheGodswerebutmortalmen,whofortheirgreatvirtuesand signalserviceshaddeservedthattheirsoulsshould,afterdeath,beraisedtothatloftyrank. ItbeingtaughtintheMysteries,eitherbywayofallegory,themeaningofwhichwasnotmadeknown excepttoaselectfew,or,perhapsonlyatalaterday,asanactualreality,thatthesoulsofthevicious deadpassedintothebodiesofthoseanimalstowhosenaturetheirviceshadmostaffinity,itwasalso taughtthatthesoulcouldavoidthesetransmigrations,oftensuccessiveandnumerous,bythepractice ofvirtue,whichwouldacquititofthrum,freeitfromthecircleofsuccessivegenerations,andrestoreit atoncetoitssource.HencenothingwassoardentlyprayedfarbytheInitiates,saysProclus,asthis happyfortune,which,deliveringthemfromtheempireofEvil,wouldrestorethemtotheirtruelife,and conductthemtotheplaceoffinalrest.Tothisdoctrineprobablyreferredthosefiguresofanimalsand monsterswhichwereexhibitedtotheInitiate,beforeallowinghimtoseethesacredlightforwhichhe sighed.Platosays,thatsoulswillnotreachthetermoftheirills,untiltherevolutionsoftheworldhave restoredthemtotheirprimitivecondition,andpurifiedthemfromthestainswhichtheyhavecontracted bythecontagionoffire,earth,andair.AndheheldthattheycouldnotbeallowedtoenterHeaven, untiltheyhaddistinguishedthemselvesbythepracticeofvirtueinsomeoneofthreeseveralbodies. TheManicheansallowedfive:Pindar,thesame.numberasPlato;asdidtheJews.AndCicerosays,that EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

304/641 theancientsoothsayers,andtheinterpolatorsofthewilloftheGods,intheirreligiousceremoniesand initiations,taughtthatweexpiateherebelowthecrimescommittedinapriorlife;andforthatareborn. ItwastaughtintheseMysteries,thatthesoulpasses'throughseveralstates,andthatthepainsand sorrowsofthislifeareanexpiationofpriorfaults. Thisdoctrineoftransmigrationofsoulsobtained,asPorphyryinformsus,amongthePersiansand Magi.ItwasheldintheEastandtheWest,andthatfromtheremotestantiquity.Herodotusfound,it amongtheEgyptians,whomadethetermofthecircleofmigrationsfromonehumanbody,through animals,fishes,andbirds,toanotherhumanbody,'threethousandyears.Empedoclesevenheldthat soulswentintoplants.Ofthese,thelaurelwasthenoblest,asofanimalsthelion;bothbeing consecratedtotheSun,towhich,itwasheldintheOrient,virtuoussoulsweretoreturn.TheCurds,the Chinese,theCabbalists,allheldthesamedoctrine.SoOriginheld,andtheBishopSynesius,thelatter ofwhomhadbeeninitiated,andwhothusprayedtoGod:"OFather,grantthatmysoul,reunitedtothe light,maynotbeplungedagainintothedefilementsofearth,"SotheGnosticsheld;andeventhe DisciplesofChristinquiredifthemanwhowasbornblind,wasnotsopunishedforsomesinthathe hadcommittedbeforehisbirth. Virgil,inthecelebratedallegoryinwhichhedevelopsthedoctrinestaughtintheMysteries,enunciated thedoctrine,heldby"mostoftheancientphilosophers,ofthepreexistenceof`souls,intheeternalfire fromwhichtheyemanate;thatfirewhichanimatesthestars,andcirculatesineverypartofNatureand thepurificationsofthesoul,byfire,water,andair,ofwhichhespeaks,andwhichthreemodeswere employedintheMysteriesofBacchus,weresymbolsofthepassageofthesoulintodifferentbodies. Therelationsofthehumansoulwiththerestofnaturewereachiefobjectofthescienceofthe Mysteries.Themanwastherebroughtfacetofacewithentirenature,Theworld,andthespherical envelopethatsurroundsit,wererepresentedbyamysticegg,bythesideoftheimageoftheSunGod whoseMysterieswerecelebrated.ThefamousOrphiceggwasconsecratedtoBacchusinhisMysteries. Itwas,saysPlutarch,animageoftheUniverse,whichengenderseverything,andcontainseverythingin itsbosom."Consult,"saysMacrobius,"theInitiatesofthe?MysteriesofBacchus,whohonorwith specialvenerationthesacredegg."Theroundedandalmostsphericalformofitsshell,hesays,which enclosesitoneveryside,andconfineswithinitselftheprinciplesoflife,isasymbolicimageofthe worldandtheworldistheuniversalprincipleofallthings. ThissymbolwasborrowedfromtheEgyptians,whoalsoconsecratedtheeggtoOsiris,germofLight, himselfborn,sansDiodorus,fromthatfamousegg.InThebes,inUpperEgypt,hewasrepresentedas emittingitfromhismouth,andcausingtoissuefromitthefirstprincipleofheatandlight,ortheFire God,Vulcan,orPhtha.WefindthiseggeveninJapan,betweenthehornsofthefamousMithriacBull, whoseattributesOsiris,Apis,andBacchusallborrowed.

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305/641 Orpheus,authoroftheGrecianMysteries,whichhecarriedfromEgypttoGreece,consecratedthis symbol:andtaughtthatmatter,untreatedandinformers,existedfromalleternity,unorganized,as chaos;containinginitselfthePrinciplesofallExistencesconfusedandintermingled,lightwith darkness,thedrywiththehumid,heatwithcold;fromwhich,itafterlongagesseekingtheshapeofan immenseegg,issuedthepurestmatter,orFirstsubstance,andtheresiduewasdividedintothefour elements,fromwhichproceededheavenandearthandallthingselse.ThisGrandCosmogonicideahe taughtintheMysteries;andthustheHierophantexplainedthemeaningofthemysticegg,seenbythe initiatesintheSanctuary. ThusentireNature,inherprimitiveorganization,waspresentedtohimwhomitwaswishedtoinstruct inhersecretsandinitiateinhermysteries;andClementofAlexandriamightwellsaythatinitiationwas arealphysiology. SoPhanes,theLightGod,intheMysteriesoftheNewOrphics,emergedfromtheeggofchaos:and thePersianshadthegreateggofOrmuzd.AndSanchoniathontellsusthatinthePhoeniciantheology, thematterofchaostooktheformofanegg;andheadds:"Such,arethelessonswhichtheSonof ThabionfirstHierophantofthePhoenicians,turnedintoallegories,inwhichphysicsandastronomy intermingled,andwhichhetaughttotheotherHierophants,whosedutyitwastopresideatorgiesand initiationsandwho,seekingtoexcitetheastonishmentandadmirationofmortals,faithfullytransmitted thesethingstotheirsuccessorsandtheInitiates." IntheMysterieswasalsotaughtthedivisionoftheUniversalCauseintoanActiveandaPassivecause; ofwhichtwo,OsirisandIsis,theheavensandtheearthweresymbols.ThesetwoFirstCauses,into whichitwasheldthatthegreatUniversalFirstCauseatthebeginningofthingsdivideditself,werethe twogreatDivinities,whoseworshipwas,accordingtoVarro,inculcatedupontheInitiatesat Samothrace."Asistaught,"hesays,"intheinitiationintotheMysteriesatSamothrace,Heavenand EarthareregardedasthetwofirstDivinities.TheyarethepotentGodsworshippedinthatIsland,and whosenamesareconsecratedinthebooksofourAugurs.Oneofthemismaleandtheotherfemale; andtheybearthesamerelationtoeachotherasthesouldoestothebody,humiditytodryness."The Curates,inCrete,hadbuiltanaltartoHeavenandtoEarth;whoseMysteriestheycelebratedat Gnossus,inacypressgrove. ThesetwoDivinities,theActiveandPassivePrinciplesoftheUniverse,werecommonlysymbolizedby thegenerativepastsofmanandwoman;towhich,inremoteayes,noideaofindecencywasattached; thePhallusandCteis,emblemsofgenerationandproduction,andwhich,assuch,appearedinthe Mysteries.TheIndianLingamwastheunionofboth,asweretheboatandmastandthepointwithina circleallofwhichexpressedthesamephilosophicalideaastotheUnionofthetwogreatCausesof Nature,whichconcur,oneactivelyandtheotherpassively,inthegenerationofallbeings;whichwere symbolizedbywhatwenowtermGemini,theTwos,atthatremoteperiodwhentheSunwasinthat EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

306/641 SignattheVernalEquinox,andwhentheywereMaleandFemale;andofwhichthePhalluswas perhapstakenfromthegenerativeorganoftheBull,whenabouttwentyfivehundredyearsbeforeour eraheopenedthatequinox,andbecametotheAncientWorldthesymbolofthecreativeandgenerative Power. TheInitiatesatEleusis,commenced,Processsays,byinvokingthetwogreatcausesofnature,the HeavensandtheEarth,onwhichinsuccessiontheyfixedtheireyes,addressingtoeachaprayer.And theydeemedittheirdutytodoso,headds,becausetheysawinthemtheFatherandMotherofall generations. TheconcourseofthesetwoagentsoftheUniversewastermedintheologicallanguageamarriage. Tertullian,accusingtheValentiniansofhavingborrowedthesesymbolsfromtheMysteriesofEleusis, yetadmitsthatinthoseMysteriestheywereexplainedinamannerconsistentwithdecency,as representingthepowersofnature.Hewastoolittleofaphilosophertocomprehendthesublime esotericmeaningoftheseembalms,whichwill,ifyouadvance,inotherDegreesbeunfoldedtoyou. TheChristianFatherscontentedthemselveswithrevilingandridiculingtheuseoftheseemblems.But astheyintheearlier'timescreatednoindecentideas,andwerewornalikebythemostinnocentyouths andvirtuouswomen,itwillbefarwiserforustoseektopenetratetheirmeaning.Notonlythe Egyptians,saysDiodorusSinuous,buteveryotherpeoplethatconsecratethissymbol(thePhallus), deemthattheytherebydohonortotheActive,Forceoftheuniversalgenerationofalllivingthings.For thesamereason,aswelearnfromthegeographerPtolemy,itwasreveredamongtheAssyriansand Persians. Proclusremarksthat,inthedistributionoftheZodiacamongshetwelvegreatDivinities,byancient astrology,sixsignswereassignedtothemaleandsixtothefemaleprinciple. Thereisanotherdivisionofnature,whichhasinallagesstruckallmen,andwhichwasnotforgottenin theMysteries;thatofLightandDarkness,DayandNight,GoodandEvil;whichminglewith,andclash against,andpursueorarepursuedbyeaehotherthroughouttheUniverse.TheGreatSymbolicEgg distinctlyremindedtheInitiatesofthisgreatdivisionoftheworld. Plutarch,treatingofthedogmaofaProvidence,andofthatofthetwoprinciplesofLightand Darkness,whichheregardedasthebasisoftheAncientTheology,oftheOrgiesandtheMysteries,as wellamongtheGreeksastheBarbarians,adoctrinewhoseorigin,accordingtohim,islostinthenight oftime,cites,insupportofhisopinion,thefamousMysticEggofthedisciplesofZoroasterandthe InitiatesintheMysteriesofMithras. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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TotheInitiatesintheMysteriesofEleusiswasexhibitedthespectacleofthesetwoprinciples,inthe successivescenesofDarknessandLightwhichpassedbeforetheireyes.Totheprofoundestdarkness, accompaniedwithillusionsandhorridphantoms,succeededthemostbrilliantlight,whosesplendor blazedroundthestatueoftheGoddess.Thecandidate,saysDionChrysostomus,passedintoa 'mysterioustemple,ofastonishingmagnitudeandbeauty,wherewereexhibitedtohimmanymystic scenes;wherehisearswerestunnedwithmanyvoices;andwhereDarknessandLightsuccessively passedbeforehim.AndThemistiusinlikemannerdescribestheInitiate,whenabouttoenterintothat partofthesanctuarytenantedbytheGoddess,asfilledwithfearandreligiousawe,wavering,uncertain inwhatdirectiontoadvancethroughtheprofounddarknessthatenvelopeshim.Butwhenthe Hierophanthasopenedtheentrancetotheinmostsanctuary,andremovedtherobethathidesthe Goddess,heexhibitshertotheInitiate,resplendentwithdivinelight. Thethickshadowandgloomyatmospherewhichhadenthronedthecandidatevanish;heisfilledwitha vividandglowingenthusiasm,thatliftshissouloutoftheprofounddejectioninwhichitwas,plunged andthepurestlightsucceedstothethickestdarkness. Inafragmentofthesamewriter,preservedbyStobaeus,welearnthattheInitiate,uptothemoment whenhisinitiationistobeconsummated,isalarmedbyeverykindofsight:thatastonishmentand terrortakehissoulcaptive;hetrembles;coldsweatflowsfromhisbody;untilthemomentwhenthe Lightisshownhim,amostastoundihgLight,thebrilliantsceneofElysium,whereheseescharming meadowsoverarchedbyaclearsky,andfestivalscelebratedbydances;wherehehearsharmonious voices,andthemajesticchantsoftheHierophants;andviewsthesacredspectacles.Then,absolutely free,andenfranchisedfromthedominionofallills,hemingleswiththecrowdofInitiates,and, crownedwithflowers,celebrateswiththemtheholyorgies,'inthebrilliantrealmsofether,andthe dwellingplaceofOrmuzd. IntheMysteriesofIsis,thecandidatefirstpassedthroughthedarkvalleyoftheshadowofdeath;then intoaplacerepresentingtheelementsorsublunaryworld,wherethetwoprinciplesclashandcontend; andwasfinallyadmittedtoaluminousregion,wherethesun,withhismostbrilliantlight,puttorout theshadesofnight.Thenhehimselfputonthecostumeofthe SunGod,ortheVisibleSourceo'fEtherealLight,inwhoseMysterieshewasinitiated;andpassed fromtheempireofdarknesstothatoflight.Afterhavingsethisfeetonthethresholdofthepalaceof Pluto,heascendedtotheEmpyrean,tothebosomoftheEternalPrincipleofLightoftheUniverse, fromwhichallsoulsandintelligencesemanate. PlutarchadmitsthatthistheoryoftwoPrincipleswasthebasisofalltheMysteries,andconsecratedin thereligiousceremoniesandMysteriesofGreece.OsirisandTyphon,OrmuzdandAhriman,Bacchus EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

308/641 andtheTitansandGiants,allrepresentedtheseprinciples.Phanes,theluminousGodthatissuedfrom theSacredEgg,andNight,borethesceptersintheMysteriesoftheNewBacchus. NightandDayweretwooftheeightGodsadoredintheMysteriesofOsiris.ThesojournofProserpine andalsoofAdonis,duringsixmonthsofeachyearintheupperworld,abodeoflight,andsixmonths inthelowerorabodeofdarkness,allegoricallyrepresentedthesamedivisionoftheUniverse. TheconnectionofthedifferentinitiationswiththeEquinoxeswhichseparatetheEmpireoftheNights fromthatoftheDays,andfixthemomentwhenoneoftheseprinciplesbeginstoprevailovertheother, showsthattheMysteriesreferredtothecontinualcontestbetweenthetwoprinciplesoflightand darkness,eachalternatelyvictorandvanquished.Theveryobjectproposedbythemshowsthattheir basiswasthetheoryofthetwoprinciplesandtheirrelationswiththesoul."Wecelebratetheaugust MysteriesofCeresandProserpine,"saystheEmperorJulian,"attheAutumnalEquinox,toobtainof theGodsthatthesoulmaynotexperiencethemalignantactionofthePower,ofDarknessthatisthen abouttohaveswayandruleinNature."SallustthePhilosophermakesalmostthesameremarkastothe relationsofthesoulwiththeperiodicalmarchoflightanddarkness,duringanannualrevolution;and assuresusthatthemysteriousfestivalsofGreecerelatedtothesame.Andinalltheexplanationsgiven byMacrobiusoftheSacredFablesinregardtothesun,adoredunderthenamesofOsiris,Horus, Adonis,Atys,Bacchus,etc.WeinvariablyseethattheyrefertothetheoryofthetwoPrinciples,Light andDarkness,andthetriumphsgainedbyoneovertheother.InAprilwascelebratedthefirsttriumph obtainedbythelightofdayoverthelengthofthenightsandtheceremoniesofmourningandrejoicing had,Macrobiussays,astheirobjectthevicissitudesoftheannualadministrationoftheworld. Thisbringsusnaturallytothetragicportionofthesereligiousscenes,andtotheallegoricalhistoryof thedifferentadventuresofthePrinciple,Light,victorandvanquishedbyturns,inthecombatswaged withDarknessduringeachannualperiod.Herewereachthemostmysteriouspartoftheancient initiations,andthatmostinterestingtotheMasonwholamentsthedeathofhisGrandMasterKhirOm. OveritHerodotusthrowstheaugustveilofmysteryandsilence. SpeakingoftheTempleofMinerva,orofthatIsiswhowasstyledtheMotheroftheSunGod,and whoseMysteriesweretermedIsiac,atSais,hespecksofaTombintheTemple,intherearofthe Chapelandagainstthewellandsays,"Itisthetombofaman,whosenamerespectrequiresmeto conceal.WithintheTempleweregreatobelisksofstone[phalli],andacircularlakepavedwithstones andrevettedwithaparapet.ItseemedtomeaslargeasthatatDelos"[theretheMysteriesofApollo werecelebrated]."InthislaketheEgyptianscelebrate,duringthenight,whattheystyletheMysteries, inwhicharerepresentedthesufferingsoftheGodofwhomIhavespokenabove."ThisGodwasOsiris, puttodeathbyTyphon,andwhodescendedtotheShadesandwasrestoredtolife;ofwhichhehad spokenbefore.

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309/641 Wearereminded,bythispassage,oftheTombofKhirOm,hisdeath,andhisrisingfromthegrave, symbolicalofrestorationoflifeandalsoofthebrazenSeaintheTempleatJerusalem.Herodotusadds: "Iimposeuponmyselfaprofound,silenceinregardtotheseMysteries,withmostofwhichIam acquainted.AslittlewillIspeakoftheinitiationsofCeres,knownamongtheGreeksasThesmophoria. WhatIshallsaywillnotviolatetherespectwhichIowetoreligion." AthenagorasquotesthispassagetoshowthatnotonlytheStatuebuttheTombofOsiriswasexhibited inEgypt,andatragicrepresentationofhissufferings;andremarksthattheEgyptianshadmourning ceremoniesinhonoroftheirGods,whosedeathsthey,Lamented;andtowhomtheyafterward sacrificedashavingItis,however,notdifficult,combiningthedifferentraysoflightthatemanatefrom thedifferentSanctuaries,tolearnthegeniusandtheobjectofthesesecretceremonies.Wehavehints, andnotdetails. WeknowthattheEgyptiansworshippedtheSun,underthenameofOsiris.Themisfortunesand tragicaldeathofthisGod.wereanallegoryrelatingtotheSun.Typhon,likeAhriman,represented Darkness.ThesufferingsanddeathofOsirisintheMysteriesoftheNightwereamysticimageofthe phenomenaofNature,andtheconflictofthetwogreatPrinciplewhichsharetheempireofNature,and mostinfilencedoursouls.thesunisneitherborn,dies,norisraisedtolife:andtherecitalofthese eventswasbutanallegory,veilingahighertruthHorus,sonofIsis,andthesameasApolloortheSun, alsodiedandwasrestoredagainto,life~andtohismother;andthepriests,ofIsiscelebratedthese greateventsbymourningandjoyousfestivalsucceedingeachother. IntheMysteriesofPhoenicia,establishedinhonorofThammuzorAdonis,alsotheSun,thespectacle ofhisdeathandresurrectionwasexhibitedtotheInitiates.AswelearnfromMeursiusandPlutarch,a figurewasexhibitedrepresentingthecorpseofayoungman.Flowerswerestreweduponhisbody,the womenmournedforhim;atombwaserectedtohim.Andthesefeasts,aswelearnfromPlutarchand Ovid,passedintoGreece. Godwaslamented,andhisresurrectionwascelebratedwiththemostenthusiasticexpressionsofjoy.A corpse,welearnfromJulian,wasshowntheInitiates,representingMithrasdead;andafterwardhis resurrectionwasannounced;andtheyweretheninvitedtorejoicethatthedeadGodwasrestoredto life,andhadbymeansofhissufferingssecuredtheirsalvation.Threemonthsbefore,hisbirthhadbeen celebrated,undertheemblemofaninfant,bornonthe25thofDecember,ortheeighthdaybeforethe CalendsofJanuary. InGreece,inthemysteriesofthesameGod,honoredunderthenameofBacchus,arepresentationwas givenofhisdeath,slainbytheTitans;ofhisdescentintohell,hissubsequentresurrection,andhis returntowardhisPrincipleorthepureabodewhencehehaddescendedtounitehimselfwithmatter.In EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

310/641 theislandsofChiosandTenedos,hisdeathwasrepresentedbythesacrificeofaman,actually immolated. ThemutilationandsufferingsofthesameSunGod,honoredinPhrygiaunderthenameofAtys,caused thetragicscenesthatwere,aswelearnfromDiodorusSiculus,representedannuallyintheMysteriesof Cybele,motheroftheGods.Animagewasbornethere,representingthecorpseofayoungman,over whosetombtearswereshed,andtowhomfuneralhonorswerepaid. AtSamothrace,intheMysteriesoftheCabiriorgreatGods,arepresentationwasgivenofthedeathof oneifthem.ThisnamewasgiventotheSun,becausetheAncientAstronomersgavethenameofGods Cabiri,andofSamothracetothetwoGodsintheConstellationGemini;whomotherstermApolloand Hercules,twonamesoftheSun.AthenionsaysthattheyoungCabirussoslainwasthesameasthe DionysusorBacchusoftheGreeks.ThePelasgi,ancientinhabitantsofGreece,andwhosettled Samothrace,celebratedtheseMysteries,whoseoriginisunknownandtheyworshippedCastorand Polluxaspatronsofnavigation. ThetombofApollowasatDelphi,wherehisbodywaslaid,afterPython,thePolarSerpentthat annuallyheraldsthecomingofautumn,cold,darkness,andwinter,hadslainhim,andoverwhom.the Godtriumphs,onthe25thofMarch,onhisreturntothelamboftheVernalEquinox. InCrete,JupiterAmmon,ontheSuninAries,paintedwiththeattributesofthatequinoctialsign,the RamorLamb;thatAmmonwho,MartianusCopellasays,isthesameasOsiris,Adoni,Adonis,Atys, andtheotherSunGods,hadalsoatomb,andareligiousinitiation;oneoftheprincipalceremoniesof whichconsistedinclothingtheInitiatewiththeskinofawhitelamb.Andinthisweseetheoriginof theapronofwhitesheepskin,usedinMasonry.Allthesedeathsandresurrections,thesefuneral emblems,theseanniversariesofmourningandjoy,thesecenotaphsraisedindifferentplacestothe SunGod,honoredunderdifferentnames,hadbutasingleobject,theallegoricalnarrationoftheevents whichhappenedherebelowtotheLightofNature,thatsacredfirefromwhichoursoulsweredeemed toemanate,warringwithmatterandthedarkPrincipleresidenttherein,everatvariancewiththe PrincipleofGoodandLightpoureduponitselfbytheSupremeDivinity.AlltheseMysteries,says ClementofAlexandria,displayingtousmurdersandtombsalone,allthesereligioustragedies,hada commonbasis,variouslyornamentedandthatbasiswasthefictitiousdeathandresurrectionoftheSun, SouloftheWorld,principleoflifeandmovementintheSublunaryWorld,andsourceofour intelligences,whicharebutaportionoftheEternalLightblazinginthatStar,theirchiefcenter. ItwasintheSunthatSouls,itwassaid,werepurifiedandtoittheyrepaired.Itwasoneofthegatesof thesoul,throughwhichthetheologians,saysPorphyry,saythatitreascendstowardthehomeofLight andtheGood.Wherefore,intheMysteriesofEleusis,theDadoukos(thefirstofficerafterthe EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

311/641 Hierophant,whorepresentedtheGrandDemiourgosorMakeroftheUniverse),whowascastedinthe interioroftheTemple,andtherereceivedthecandidates,representedtheSun. ItwasalsoheldthatthevicissitudesexperiencedbytheFatherofLighthadaninfluenceonthedestiny ofsouls;which,ofthesamesubstanceashe,sharedhisfortunes.ThiswelearnfromtheEmperor JulianandSallustthePhilosopher.Theyareafflictedwhenhesuffers:theyrejoicewhenhetriumphs overthePowerofDarknesswhichopposeshisswayandhindersthehappinessofSouls,towhom nothingissoterribleasdarkness.ThefruitofthesufferingsoftheGod,fatheroflightand$ouls, slain.bytheChiefofthePowersofDarkness,andagainrestoredtolife,wasreceivedintheMysteries. "HisdeathworksyourSalvation;"saidtheHighPriestofMithras.Thatwasthegreatsecretofthis religioustragedy,anditsexpectedfruit;theresurrectionofaGod,who,repossessingHimselfofHis dominionoverDarkness,shouldassociatewithHiminHistriumphthosevirtuousSoulsthatbytheir puritywereworthytoshareHisgloryandthatstrovenotagainstthedivineforcethatdrewthemto Him,when,Hehadthusconquered. TotheInitiatewerealsodisplayedthespectaclesofthechiefagentsoftheUniversalCause,andofthe distributionoftheworld,inthedetailofitspartsarrangedinmostregularorder.TheUniverseitself suppliedmanwiththemodelofthefirstTemplerearedtotheDivinity.ThearrangementoftheTemple ofSolomon,thesymbolicornamentswhichformeditschiefdecorations,andthedressoftheHigh Priest,allasClementofAlexandria,JosephusandPhilostate,hadreferencetotheorderoftheworld. ClementinformsusthattheTemplecontainedmanyemblemsoftheSeasons,theSun,theMoon,the planets,theconstellationsUrsaMajorandMinor,thezodiac,theelements,andtheotherpartsofthe world. Josephus,inhisdescriptionoftheHighPriest'sVestments,protestingagainstthechargeofimpiety broughtagainsttheHebrewsbyothernations,forcondemningtheHeathenDivinities,declaresitfalse, because,intheconstructionoftheTabernacle,inthevestmentsoftheSacrificers,andintheSacred vessels,thewholeWorldwasinsomesortrepresented.Ofthethreeparts,hesays,intowhichthe Templewasdivided,tworepresentEarthandSea,opentoallmen,andthethird,Heaven,God's dwellingplace,reservedforHimalone.ThetwelveloavesofShewbreadsignifythetwelvemonthsof theyear. TheCandlestickrepresentedthetwelvesignsthroughwhichtheSevenPlanetsruntheircourses;and thesevenlights,thoseplanets;theveils,offourcolors,thefourelements;thetunicoftheHighPriest, theearth;theHyacinth,nearlyblue,theHeavens;theaphid,offourcolors,thewholeofnature;the gold,Light;thebreastplate,inthemiddle,thisearthinthecenteroftheworld;thetwoSardonyxes, usedasclasps,theSunandMoon;andthetwelvepreciousstonesofthebreastplatearrangedbythrees, liketheSeasons,thetwelvemonths,andthetwelvesignsofthezodiac.Eventheloaveswerearranged intwogroupsofsix,likethezodiacalsignsaboveandbelowtheEquator,Clement,thelearnedBishop EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

312/641 ofAlexandriaandPhilo,adoptalltheseexplanations. HermescallstheZodiac,theGrentTent,Tabernaculum.IntheRoyalArchDegreeoftheAmerican Rite,theTabernaclehasfourveils,ofdifferentcolors,toeachofwhich.Belongsabanner.thecolorsof thefourareWhite,Blue,Crimson,andPurple,andthebannersbeartheimagesoftheBull,theLion, theMan,anttheEagle,theConstellationsanswering2500yearsbeforeoureratotheEquinoctialand Solstitialpointstowhichbelongfourstars,aldebaran,Regulus,Fomalhaut,andAntares.Ateachof theseveilstherearethreewords:andtoeachdivisionoftheZodiac,belongingtoeachoftheseStars, arethreeSigns.Thefoursigns,Taurus,Leo,Scorpio,andAquarius,weretermedthefixedsigns,and areappropriatelyassignedtothefourveils. SotheCherubim,accordingtoClementandPhilo,representedthetwohemispheres;theirwings,the rapidcourseofthefirmament,andoftimewhichrevolvesintheZodiac."FortheHeavensfly"says Philo,speakingofthewingsoftheCherubimwhichwerewingedrepresentationsoftheLion,theBull, theEagle,andtheMan;oftwoofwhich,thehumanheaded,wingedbullsandlions,somanyhavebeen foundatNimrod;adoptedasbeneficentsymbols,whentheSunenteredTaurusattheVernalEquinox andLeoattheSummerSolsticeandwhenalso,heenteredScorpio,farwhich,onaccountofits malignantinfluences,Aquila,theeaglewassubstituted,attheautumnalequinox;andAquarius(the waterbearer)attheWinterSolstice. So,Clementsays,thecandlestickwithsevenbranchesrepresentedthesevenplanets,likewhichthe sevenbrancheswerearrangedandregulated,preservingthatmusicalproportionandsystemofharmony ofwhichthesunwasthecentreandconnection.Theywerearranged,saysPhilo,bythrees,likethe planetsaboveandthosebelowthesun;betweenwhichtwogroupswasthebranchthatrepresentedhim, themediatorormoderatorofthecelestialharmony.Heis,infact,thefourthinthemusicalscale,as Philoremarks,andMartianusCapellainhishymntotheSun. Nearthecandlestickwereotheremblemsrepresentingtheheavens,earthandthevegetativematterout ofwhosebosomthevaporsarise.Thewholetemplewasanabridgedimageoftheworld.Therewere candlestickswithfourbranches,symbolsoftheelementsandtheseasons;withtwelve,symbolsofthe signs;andevenwiththreehundredandsixty,thenumberofdaysintheyear,withoutthesupplementary days.ImitatingthefamousTempleofTyre,wherewerethegreatcolumnsconsecratedtothewindsand fire,theTyrianartistplacedtwocolumnsofbronzeattheentranceoftheporchofthetemple.The hemisphericalbrazensea,supportedbyfourgroupsofbulls,ofthreeeach,lookingtothefourcardinal pointsofthecompass,representedthebulloftheVernalEquinox,andatTyrewereconsecratedto Astarte;towhomHiram,Josephussays,hadbuiltatemple,andwhoworeonherheadahelmetbearing theimageofabull.AndthethroneofSolomon,withbullsadoptingitsarms,andsupportedonlions, likethoseofHorusinEgyptandoftheSunatTyre;likewisereferredtotheVernalEquinoxand SummerSolstice.ThosewhoinThriceadoredthesun,underthenameofSabaZeus,theGrecian EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

313/641 Bacchus,blindedtohim,saysMacrobius,atempleonMountZelmisso,itsroundformrepresentingthe worldandthesun.Acircularapertureintheroofadmittedthelight,andintroducedtheimageofthe sunintothebodyofthesanctuary,whereheseemedtoblazeasintheheightsofHeaven,andto dissipatethedarknesswithinthattemplewhichwasarepresentationsymboloftheworld.Therethe passion,death,andresurrectionofBacchuswererepresented. SotheTempleofEleusiswaslightedbyawindowintheroof.Thesanctuarysolighted,Dioncompares totheUniverse,fromwhichhesaysitdifferedinsizealone;andinitthegreatlightsofnatureplayeda greatpartandweremyopicallyrepresented.TheimagesoftheSun,Moon,andMercurywere representedthere,(thelatterthesameasAnubiswhoaccompaniedIsis);andtheyarestillthethree lightsofaMasonicLodge;exceptthatforMercury,theMasteroftheLodgehasbeenabsurdly substituted. EusebiusnamesastheprincipalMinistersintheMysteriesofEleusis,first,theHierophant,clothed withtheattributesoftheGrandArchitect(Demiourgos)oftheUniverse.AfterhimcametheDadoukos, ortorchbearer,representativeoftheSunthenthealtarbearer,representingtheMoon:andlast,the Hieroceryx,bearingthecaduceus,andrepresentingMercury.Itwasnotpermissibletorevealthe differentemblemsandthemysteriouspageantryofinitiationtotheProfane;andthereforewedonot knowtheattributes,emblems,andornamentsoftheseandotherofficersofwhichApuleiusand Pausaniasdarednotspeak. Weknowonlythateverythingrecountedtherewasmarvelous;everythingdonetheretendedtoastonish theInitiate:andthateyesandearswereequallyastounded.TheHierophant,ofloftyheight,andnoble features,withlonghair,ofagreatage,graveanddignified,withavoicesweetandsonorous,satupona throne,cladinalongtrailingrobe;astheMotiveGodofNaturewasheldtobeenvelopedinHiswork andhiddenunderaveilwhichnomortalcanraise.Evenhisnamewasconcealed,likethatofthe Demiourgos,whosenamewasineffable. TheDadoukosalsoworealongrobe,hishairlongandabandeauonhisforehead.Callias,when holdingthatoffice,fightingonthegreatdayofMarathon,clothedwiththeinsigniaofhisoffice,was takenbytheBarbarianstobeaKing.TheDadoukosledtheprocessionoftheInitiates,andwascharged withthepurification. WEdosetknowthefunctionsoftheEpibomosorassistantatthealtar,whorepresentedthemoon.That planetwasoneofthetwohomesofsouls,andoneofthetwogreatgatesbywhichtheydescendedand reascended.Mercurywaschargedwiththeconductingofsoulsthroughthetwogreatgates;andin goingfromthesuntothemoontheypassedimmediatelybyhim.Headmittedorrejectedthemasthey weremoreorlesspure,andthereforetheHieroceryxorSacredHerald,whorepresentedMercury,was EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

314/641 chargedwiththedutyofexcludingtheProfanefromtheMysteries. ThesameoffsetsarefoundintheprocessionofInitiatesofIsis,describedbyApuleius.Allcladin robesofwhitelinen,drawntightacrossthebreast,andclosefittingdowntotheveryfeet,came,first, onebearingalampintheshapeofaboat;second,onecarryinganaltar;andthird,onecarryinga goldenpalmtreeandthecaduceus.TheseareihesameasthethreeofficersatEleusis,afterthe Hierophant.Thenonecarryinganopenhand,andpouringmilkonthegroundfromagoldenvesselin theshapeofawoman'sbreast.Thehandwasthatofjustice:andthemilkalludedtotheGalaxyor MilkyWay,alongwhichsoulsdescendedandremounted.Twoothersfollowed,onebearinga winnowingfan,andtheotherawatervase;symbolsofthepurificationofsoulsbyairandwater;and thethirdpurification,byearth,wasrepresentedbyanimageoftheanimalthatcultivatesit,thecowor ox,bornebyanotherofficer. Thenfollowedachestorark,magnificentlyornamented,containinganimageoftheorgansof generationofOsiris,orperhapsofbothsexes;emblemsoftheoriginalgeneratingandproducing Powers.WhenTyphon,saidtheEgyptianfable,cutupthebodyofOsirisintopieces,heflunghis genitalsintotheNile,whereafishdevouredthem.Atysmutilatedhimself,ashisPriestsafterwarddid inimitationofhim;andAdoniswasinthatpartofhisbodywoundedbytheboar:allofwhich representedthelossbytheSunofhisvivifyingandgenerativepower,whenhereachedtheAutumnal Equinox(theScorpionthatonoldmonumentsbitesthosepartsoftheVernalBull),anddescended towardtheregionofdarknessandWinter. Then,saysApuleius,came"onewhocarriedinhisbosomanobjectthatrejoicedtheheartofthe bearer,avenerableeffigyoftheSupremeDeity,neitherbearingresemblancetoman,cattle,bird,beast, oranylivingcreatureanexquisiteinvention,venerablefromthenoveloriginalityofthefashioning;a wonderful,ineffablesymbolofreligiousmysteries,tobelookeduponinprofoundsilence.Suchasit was,itsfigurewasthatofasmallurnofburnishedgold,hollowedvery,artistically,roundedatthe bottom,andcoveredallovertheoutsidewiththewonderfulhieroglyphicsoftheEgyptians.Thespout wasnotelevated,butextendedlaterally,projectinglikealongrivulet;whileontheoppositesidewas thehandle,which,withsimilarlateralextension,boreonitssummitanasp,curlingitsbodyintofolds andstretchingupward,itswrinkled,scaly,swollenthroat." ThesalientbasiliskorroyalensignofthePharaohs,oftenoccursonthemonumentsaserpentinfolds, withhisheadraisederectabovethefolds.ThebasiliskwasthePhoenixoftheserpenttribeandthe vaseorurnwasprobablythevessel,shapedlikeacucumber,withaprojectingspout,outofwhich,on themonumentsofEgypt,thepriestsarerepresentedpouringstreamsoftheCruzansastaorTauCross, andofscepters,overthekings.

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315/641 IntheMysteriesofMithras,asacredcave,representingthewholearrangementoftheworld,wasused forthereceptionoftheInitiates.Zoroaster,saysEubulus,firstintroducedthiscustomofconsecrating caves.Theywerealsoconsecrated,inCrete,toJupiter;inArcadia,to,theMoonandPanandinthe IslandofNaxos,toBacchus.ThePersians,inthecavewheretheMysteriesofMithraswerecelebrated, fixedtheseatofthatGod,FatherofGeneration,orDemiourgos,neartheequinoctialpointofSpring, withtheNorthernportionoftheworldonhisright,andtheSouthernonhisleft. Mithras,saysPorphyry,presidedovertheEquinoxes,seatedonaBullthesymbolicalanimalofthe Demiourgos,andbearingasword.Theequinoxeswerethegatesthroughwhichsoulspassedtoandfro, betweenthehemisphereoflightandthatofdarkness.Themilkywaywasalsorepresented,passingnear eachofthesegatesanditwas,intheoldtheology,termedthepathwayofsouls.Itis,accordingto Pythagoras,vasttroopsofsoulsthatformthatluminousbelt.Theroutefollowedbysouls,accordingto Porphyry,orrathertheirprogressivemarchintheworld,lyingthroughthefixedstarsandplanets,the Mithriaccavenotonlydisplayedthezodiacalandotherconstellations,andmarkedgatesatthefour equinoctialandSolstitialpointsofthezodiac,whereatsoulsenterintoandescapefromtheworldof generationalandthroughwhichtheypasstoandfrobetweentherealmsoflightanddarkness;butit representedthesevenplanetarysphereswhichtheyneedsmusttraverse,indescendingfromtheheaven ofthefixedstarstotheelementsthatenveloptheearthandsevengatesweremarked,oneforeach planet,throughwhichtheypass,indescendingorreturning. WelearnthisfromCelsusinOrigen;whosaysthatthesymbolicalimageofthispassageamongthe stars,usedintheMithriacMysteries,wasaladder,reachingfromearthtoHeaven,dividedintoseven stepsorstages,toeachofwhichwasagate,andatthesummitaneighth,thatofthefixedstars.The firstgate,saysCelsus,wasthatofSaturn,andoflead,bytheheavynature whereofhisdullslowprogresswassymbolized.Thesecond,oftin,wasthatofVenus,symbolizingher softsplendorandeasyflexibility.Thethird,ofbrass,wasthatofJupiter,emblemofhissolidityanddry nature.Thefourth,ofiron,wasthatofMercury,expressinghisindefatigableactivityandsagacity. Thefifth,ofcopper,wasthatofMars,expressiveofhisinequalitiesandvariablenature.Thesixth,of silver,wasthatoftheMoonandtheseventh,ofgold,thatoftheSun.Thisorderisnottherealorder,of thesePlanet'sbutamysteriousone,likethatofthedaysoftheWeekconsecratedtothem,commencing withSaturday,andretrogradingtoSunday.Itwasdictated,Celsussays,bycertainharmonicrelations, thoseofthefourth. ThustherewasanintimateconnectionbetweentheSacredScienceoftheMysteries,andancient astronomyandphysics;andthegrandspectacleoftheSanctuarieswasthatoftheorderoftherenown Universe,orthespectacleofNatureitself,surroundingthesouloftheInitiate,asitsurroundeditwhen itfirstdescendedthroughtheplanetarygates,andbytheequinoctialandSolstitialdoors,alongthe MilkyWay,tobeforthefirsttimeimmuredinitsprisonhouseofmatter.ButtheMysteriesalso EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

316/641 representedtothecandidate,bysensiblesymbols,theinvisibleforceswhichmovethisvisibleUniverse, andthevirtues,qualities,andpowersattachedtomatter,andwhichmaintainthemarvellousorder observedtherein.OfthisPorphyryinformsus. Theworld,accordingtothephilosophersofantiquity,wasnotapurelymaterialandmechanical machine.AgreatSoul,diffusedeverywhere,vivifiedallthemembersoftheimmensebodyofthe Universe;andanIntelligence,equallygreat,directedallitsmovements,andmaintainedtheeternal harmonythatresultedtherefrom.ThustheUnityoftheUniverse,representedbvthesymbolicegg, containedinitselftwounitstheSoulandtheIntelligence,whichpervadedallitspartsandtheywereto theUniverse,consideredasananimatedandintelligentbeing,whatintelligenceandthesouloflifeare totheindividualityofman. ThedoctrineoftheUnityofGod,inthissense,wastaughtbyOrpheus.Ofthishishymnorpalinodeis aproof;fragmentsofwhicharequotedbymanyoftheFathers,asJustin,Tatian,Clemensof Alexandria,Cyril,andTheodoret,andthewholebyEusebius,quotingfromAristobulus.Thedoctrine oftheLocos(word)ortheNoos(intellect),hisincarnation,death,resurrectionortransfiguration;ofhis unionwithmatter,hisdivisioninthevisibleworld,whichhepervades,hisreturntotheoriginalUnity, andthewholetheoryrelativetotheoriginofthesoulanditsdestiny,weretaughtintheMysteries,if whichtheywerethe,greatobject. TheEmperorJulianexplainstheMysteriesofAtysandCybelebythesamemetaphysicalprinciples, respectingthedemiurgicalIntelligence,itsdescentintomatter,anditsreturntoitsorigin:andextends thisexplanationtothoseofCeres.AndsolikewisedoesSallustthePhilosopher,whoadmitsinGoda secondaryintelligentForce,whichdescendsintothegenerativemattertoorganizeit.Thesemystical ideasnaturallyformedapartofthesacreddoctrineandoftheceremoniesofinitiationstheobjectof which,Sallustremarks,wastounitemanwiththeWorldandtheDeity,andthefinaltermofperfection whereofwas,accordingtoClemens,thecontemplationofnature,ofrealbeings,andofcauses.The definitionofSallustiscorrect.TheMysterieswerepracticedasameansofperfectingthesoulsof makingittoknowitsowndignity,ofreminding.Itofitsnobleoriginandimmortality,and consequentlyofitsrelationswiththeUniverseandtheDeity. Whatwasmeantbyrealbeings,wasinvisiblebeings,genii,thefacultiesorpowersofnature; everythingnotapartofthevisibleworld,whichwascalled,bywayofopposition,apparentexistence. ThetheoryofGenii,orPowersofNature,anditsForces,personified,madepartoftheSacredScience ofinitiation,andofthatreligiousspectacleofdifferentbeingsexhibitedintheSanctuary.Itresulted fromthatbeliefintheprovidenceandsuperintendenceoftheGods,whichwasoneoftheprimary basesofinitiation.

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317/641 TheadministrationoftheUniversebySubalternGenii,towhomitisconfided,andbywhomgoodand evilaredispensedintheworld,wasaconsequenceofthisdogma,taughtintheMysteriesofMithias, wherewasshownthatfamousegg,sharedbetweenOrmuzdandAhriman,each,ofwhom commissionedtwentyfourGeniitodispensethegoodandevilfoundtherein;theybeingundertwelve SuperiorGods,sixonthesideofLightandGood,andsixonthatofDarknessandEvil. ThisdoctrineoftheGenii,depositariesoftheUniversalProvidence,wasintimatelyconnectedwiththe AncientMysteries,andadoptedinthesacrificesandinitiations'bothofGreeksandBarbarians. PlutarchsaysthattheGods,bymeansofGenii,whoareintermediatesbetweenthemandmen,draw neartomortalsintheceremoniesofinitiation,atwhichtheGodschargethemtoassist,andto distributepunishmentandblessing.ThusnottheDeity,butHisministers,oraPrincipleandPowerof Evil,weredeemedtheauthorsofviceandsinandsuffering:andthustheGeniiorangelsdifferedin characterlikemen,somebeinggoodandsomeevil;someCelestialGods,Archangels,Angels,and someInfernalGods,DemonsandfallenAngels. AttheheadofthelatterwastheirChief,Typhon,Ahriman,orShaitan,theEvilPrinciple;who,having wroughtdisorderinnature,broughttroublesonmenbylandandsea,andcausedthegreatestills,isat lastpunishedforhiscrimes.Itwastheseeventsandincidents,saysPlutarch,whichIsisdesiredto representintheceremonial,oftheMysteries,establishedbyherinmemoryofhersorrowsand wanderings,whereofsheexhibitedanimageandrepresentationinherSanctuaries,wherealsowere affordedencouragementstopietyandconsolationinmisfortune.ThedogmaofaProvidence,hesays, administeringtheUniversebymeansofintermediaryPowers,whomaintaintheconnectionofman withtheDivinity,waseonsecratedinthehlysteriesoftheEgyptians,Phrygians,andThracians,ofthe MagiandtheDisciplesofZoroaster;asisplainbytheirinitiations,inwhichmournfulandfunereal ceremoniesmingled. ItwasanessentialpartofthelessonsgiventheInitiates,toteachthemtherelationsoftheirownsouls withUniversalNature,thegreatestlessonsofall,meanttodignifymaninhisowneyes,andteachhim hisplaceintheUniverseofthings. ThusthewholesystemoftheUniversewasdisplayedinallitspartstotheeyesoftheInitiate;andthe symboliccavewhichrepsresenteditwasadornedandclothedwithalltheattributesofthatUniverse. Tothisworldsoorganized,endowedwithadoubleforce,activeandpassive,dividedbetweenlightand darkness,movedbyalivingandintelligentForce,governedbyGeniiorAngelswhopresideoverits differentparts,andwhosenatureandcharacteraremoreloftyorlowisproportionalastheypossessa greaterorlessportionofdarkmatter,tothisworlddescendsthesoul,emanationoftheetherealfire, andexiledfromtheluminousregionabovetheworld.Itentersintothisdarkmatter,whereinthehostile principles,eachsecondedbyhistroopsofGenii,areeverinconvict,theretosubmittooneormore organizationsinthebodywhichisitsprison,untilitshallatlastreturntoitsplaceoforigin,itstrue EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

318/641 nativecountry,fromwhichdaringthislifeitisanexile. Butonethingremained,torepresentitsreturn,throughtheconstellationsandplanetaryspheres,toits originalhome.Thecelestialfire,thephilosopherssaid,souloftheworldandoffire,anuniversal principle,circulatingabovetheHeavens,inaregioninfinitelypureandwhollyluminous,itselfpure, simple,andunmixed,isabovetheworldbyitsspecificlightness. Ifanypartofit(sayahumansoul)descends,itactsagainstitsnatureindoingso,urgedbyan inconsideratedesireoftheintelligence,aperfidiousloveformatterwhichcausesittodescend,toknow whatpassesherebelow,wheregoodandevilareinconflict.TheSoul,asimplesubstance,when unconnectedwithmatter,arayorpartscleoftheDivineFire,whosehomeisinHeaven,everturns towardthathome,whileunitedwiththebody,andstrugglestoreturnthither. Teachingthis,theMysteriesstrovetorecallmantohisdivineorigin,andpointouttohimthemeansof returningthither.ThegristscienceacquiredintheMysterieswasknowledgeofman'sself,ofthe noblenessofhisorigin,thegrandeurofhisdestiny,andhissuperiorityovertheanimals,whichcan neveracquirethisknowledge,andwhomheresemblessolongashedoesnotrejectuponhisexistence andsoundthedepthsofhisownnature. Bydoingandsuffering,byvirtueandpietyandgooddeeds,thesoulwasenabledatlengthtofreeitself fromthebody,andascendalongthepathoftheMilkyWay,bythegateofCapricornandbytheseven spheres.totheplacewhencebymanygraduationsandsuccessivelapsesandenthrallmentsithad descended.Andthusthetheoryofthespheres,andofthesignsandintelligenceswhichpresidethere, andthewholesystemofastronomy,wereconnectedwiththatofthesoulanditsdestiny;andsowere taughtintheMysteries,inwhichweredevelopedthegreatprinciplesofphysicsandmetaphysicsasto theoriginofthesoul,itsconditionherebelow,itsdestination,anditsfuturefate. TheGreeksfixthedateoftheestablishmentoftheMysteriesofEleusisattheyear1423B.C.,during thereignofErechtheusatAthens.Accordingtosomeauthors,theywereinstitutedbyCeresherself; andaccordingtoothers,bythatMonarch,whobroughtthemfromEgypt,where,accordingtoDiodorus ofSicily,hewasborn.Anothertraditionwas,thatOrpheusintroducedthemintoGreece,togetherwith theDionysianceremonies,copyingthelatterfromtheMysteriesofOsiris,andtheformerfromthoseof Isis. NorwasitatAthensonly,thattheworshipandMysteriesofIsis,metamorphosedintoCeres,were established.TheBoeotiansworshippedtheGreatorCabiricCeres,intherecessesofasacredgrove, intowhichnonebutInitiatescouldenter;andtheceremoniesthereobserved,andthesacredtraditions oftheirMysteries,wereconnectedwiththoseoftheCabiriinSamothrace. EbookbroughttoyoubyLeagueofExtraordinaryGentlemen

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SoinArgos,Phocis,Arcadia,Achaia,Messenia,Corinth,andmanyotherpartsofGreece,the Mysterieswerepracticed,revealingeverywheretheirEgyptianoriginandeverywherehavingthesame generalfeatures;butthoseofEleusis,inAttica,Pausaniasinformsus,hadbeenregardedbytheGreeks, fromtheearliesttimes,asbeingasfarsuperiortoalltheothers,astheGodsaretomereHeroes. SimilartotheseweretheMysteriesofBonaDea,theGoodGoddess,whosename,sayCiceroand Plutarch,itwasnotpermittedtoanymantoknow,celebratedatRomefrormtheearliesttimesofthat city.ItwastheseMysteries,practicedbywomenalone,thesecrecyofwhichwasimpiouslyviolatedby Claudius.TheywereheldattheKalendsofMay;and,accordingtoPlutarch,muchoftheceremonial greatlyresembledthatoftheMysteriesofBacchus. TheMysteriesofVenusandAdonisbelongedprincipallytoSyriaandPhoenicia,whencetheypassed intoGreeceandSicily.VenusorAstartewastheGreatFemaleDeityofthePhoenicians,asHercules, MelkarthorAdoniwastheirChiefGod.Adoni,calledbytheGreeksAdonis,wastheloverofVenus. Slainbyawoundinthethighinflictedbyawildboarinthechase,theflowercalledanemonesprang fromhisblood.VenusreceivedthecorpseandobtainedfromJupitertheboonthatherlovershould thereafterpasssixmonthsofeachyearwithher,andtheothersixintheShadeswithProserpine;an allegoricaldescriptionofthealternateresidenceoftheSuninthetwohemispheres.IntheseMysteries hisdeathwasrepresentedandmounted,andafterthismacerationandmourningwereconcluded,his resurrectionandascenttoHeavenwereannounced. EzekielspeaksofthefestivalsofAdonisunderthenameofthoseofThammuz,anAssyrianDeity, whomeveryyearthewomenmourned,seatedatthedoorsoftheirdwellings.TheseMysteries,likethe others,werecelebratedintheSpring,attheVernalEquinox,whenhewasrestoredtolife;atwhich time,whentheywereinstituted,theSun(Adoni,Lord,orMaster)wasintheSignTaurus,thedomicile ofVenus.Hewasrepresentedwithhorns,andthehymnofOrpheusinhishonorstyleshim"thetwo hornedGod"asinArgosBacchuswasrepresentedwiththefeetofabull. PlutarchsaysthatAdonisandBacchuswereregardedasoneandthesameDeity;andthatthisopinion wasfoundedonthegreatsimilarityinverymanyrespectsbetweentheMysteriesofthesetwoGods. TheMysteriesofBacchuswereknownastheSabazian,OrphicandDionysianFestivals.Theywent backtotheremotestantiquityamongtheGreeks,andwereattributedbysometoBacchushimself,and byotherstoOrpheus.Theresemblanceinceremonialbetweentheobs