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ATTACHMENT - X Document No.

X
Wall Thickness Calculation of 36in Gas Pipeline (Location Class-3, D.F.=0.5, Corr. Allow.=1.5mm)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 DESIGN INPUT Design Code Pipeline Size / Nominal O.D Corrosion Allowance Location Class Design Factor Steel Coefficient of Expansion, Modulus of Elasticity Pressure and Temperature Data Design Pressure Design Temperature (Underground) Installation (backfill) Temp Weld joint factor Temperature Derating Factor A. WALL THICKNESS Grade SMYS of Line Pipe Wall Thickness Calculated tmin = P x D / (2x Sx Fx E x T) + A Next higher API wall thickness D/t Check ( Should be < 96) S tmin t X60 60200 15.5 15.9 58 psi mm mm 415 MPa 0.610 inch 0.626 inch D A F E ASME B31.8 36 in 1.5 mm 3 0.5 0.0000117 2.07E+05 per deg C Mpa 914 mm

6.50E-06 in/in/ C 3.05E+07 Psi

P Td Ti E T

63.5 65 13 1 1

o o

bar g C C

921.0 149.0 55.4

o o

psi g F F

B. EQUIVALENT STRESS CHECK FOR CORRODED PIPE CONDITION Wall thickness (t) Hoop Stress = Sh = PD/2t B.1 Restrained Pipe (Underground) Thermal Stress = ST = a (Ti - Td) E Longitudinal Stress due to pressure = SP = 0.3 Sh Longitudinal Stress, SL SL = SP + ST + SB + SX

14.4 201.6

mm MPa

-125.9 60.5

MPa MPa

0.9 x SMYS = 374 MPa

Without considering SB (Bending stress) and SX (Axial stress due to external loading): SL = SP + ST Longitudinal Stress check : hence SL 0.9 x SMYS Equivalent Stress, SE SE1 = | Sh - SL | SE2 = [ Sh2 + SL2 - Sh SL ]1/2 SE = Max (SE1, SE2) Equivalent Stress check : 0.9 x SMYS = 374 MPa SE 0.9 x SMYS

-65.5 OK

MPa

SE1 SE2 SE hence

267.1 241.1 267.1 OK

MPa MPa MPa

B.2 Unrestrained Pipe (Aboveground) Longitudinal Stress due to pressure = SP = 0.5 Sh Longitudinal Stress, SL SL = SP +SB + SX 0.75 x SMYS = 312 MPa Without considering SB (Bending stress) and SX (Axial stress due to external loading): SL = SP SL 0.75 x SMYS Longitudinal Stress check : hence

100.8

MPa

100.8 OK

MPa

C. MINIMUM BENDING RADIUS Minimum bending radius for underground section is calculated from maximum margin of bending stress, based on Max (SE1, SE2) = 0.9 x SMYS. Hence, bending stress SB = -106.5 MPa R (Minimum Bend Radius) = E D / (2 |Sb|) 889 m D. CHECK ON THINNING DUE TO COLD BENDS: BEND RADIUS = 40 D Inner bend radius divided by diameter, (n) As per PD 8010-1:2004, % of Wall thinning = 50 / (n+1) Pipe thk. before bending = cal thk/(1-thinning %) Available thickness for bending (= Selected thk) Adequacy Check (Pipe thk before bending < Available thk) 39.5 1.23 15.7 15.9 OK % mm mm

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