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6.4 Frequency Polygons 1.

Frequency polygons is the graph which is obtained by joining the midpoints of all the class intervals with straight lines. 2. A frequency polygon can be constructed based on a histogram or a frequency table. A. Draw a frequency polygon based on each of the following frequency tables. 1. Score Frequenc y 31-40 1 41-50 4 51-60 8 61-70 5 71-80 10 81-90 4

2. Length (m) Frequenc y 35-39 1 40-44 3 45-49 5 50-54 8 55-59 6 60-64 7

3. Speed ( kmh-1 ) Frequenc y 40-49 8 50-59 5 60-69 16 70-79 20 80-89 10 90-99 6

3. The following table shows the average results of 150 Form four students in mathematics the whole year. Marks 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 Frequency 4 15 14 34 32 31 20

(a) Construct a frequency table.

(b) Draw the histogram and the frequency polygon based on the given data.

6.5 Cumulative Frequency 1. The cumulative frequency of a certain value is the sum of all frequencies at or below that value. Example: The frequency below shows the number of storybooks read by 200 students during a month long reading campaign by the English Society. Number of storybooks 1 2 3 4 5 6 Frequency 30 48 55 29 20 18

Construct the cumulative frequency table for the given grouped data

Number of storybooks 1 2 3 4 5 6

Frequency 30 48 55 29 20 18

Cumulative Frequency 30

A. Construct a cumulative frequency table for each of the following grouped data. 1. Mass of the fish (g) 601-700 701-800 801-900 901-1000 1001-1100 1101-1200 Frequency 7 11 16 14 11 8

2. Mass ( kg ) 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 Frequency 3 10 20 25 16 5

3. Height (cm ) 0.1-0.5 0.6-1.0 1.1-1.5 1.6-2.0 2.1-2.5 2.6-3.0 Frequency 4 22 42 62 35 15

4. Volume ( cm 3 ) 120 121 122 123 124 125 Frequency 14 20 32 8 4 2

Drawing Ogives 1. An ogives is a cumulative frequency curve. 2. An ogive is obtained by plotting the cumulative frequencies ( vertical axis ) against the upper class boundaries ( horizontal axis ) and then joining the points with a smooth curve. 3. The following important points should be noted when drawing an ogive : - use the upper boundaries of each class interval - add a class with zero frequency before the first class. - The ogive must be smooth curve in the shape of an S 1. The height of 100 plants of the same species was measured accurately and the following data obtained. Height ( cm ) Numbe r of plants 2 4 3 18 4 20 5 22 6 17 7 12 8 6 9 1

(a) Construct a cumulative frequency table.

(b) Using a vertical scale of 2 cm represent 10 plants and a horizontal scale of 2 cm to represent 2 cm of height, draw an ogive to represent the data. 2. The table below represents the marks obtained by 100 boys in Mathematics test. Mark 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 71-80 81-90 91-100 Number of boys 2 4 6 8 18 30 14 8 6 4

(a) Construct a cumulative frequency table. (b) Using a vertical scale of 1 cm represent 10 boys and a horizontal scale of 1 cm to represent 10 marks , draw an ogive to represent the data. 6.6 Measures Of Dipersion 1. The range of an ungroup data = highest value of data lowest value of data 2. The range of a grouped data = midpoint of highest class midpoint of lowest class 3. First quartile is a value where of the total number of data haves values less than it. 4. Third quartile is a value where of the total number of data haves values less than it. 5. Interquartile = Third quartile - First quartile 6. Median is the middle value of the set of data. Exercises : 1. The following table shows the distribution of time that 200 students spend to go to school. Time (min ) 1-15 16-30 31-45 46-60 61-75 Frequency 72 72 30 16 6

76-90 4 (a) Construct a cumulative frequency table. (b) Using a vertical scale of 2 cm represent 20 students and a horizontal scale of 2 cm to represent 15 minutes , draw an ogive to represent the data. (c) Find the median. (d) Find the interquartile range. (e) Find the number of students who spend more than 45 minutes to go to school.

2. The following table shows the number of books borrowed daily from a school library in a school term. Number of books borrowed 30-49 50-69 70-89 90-109 110-129 Frequency 15 26 29 18 5

130-149 3 (f) Construct a cumulative frequency table. (g) Using a vertical scale of 2 cm represent 10 and a horizontal scale of 2 cm to represent 20 books, draw an ogive to represent the data. (h) Find the median. (i) Find the interquartile range. (j) Find the number of days where the daily number of books borrowed is more than 94.