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Microcontroller Projects Using the Basic Stamp

Second Edition

Al Williams

CMP Books Lawrence, Kansas 66046

CMP Books CMP Media LLC 1601 West 23rd Street, Suite 200 Lawrence, Kansas 66046 USA www.cmpbooks.com

Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. In all instances where CMP Books is aware of a trademark claim, the product name appears in initial capital letters, in all capital letters, or in accordance with the vendor’s capitalization preference. Readers should contact the appropriate companies for more complete information on trademarks and trademark registrations. All trademarks and registered trademarks in this book are the prop- erty of their respective holders.

Copyright © 2002 by Al Williams, except where noted otherwise. Published by CMP Books, CMP Media LLC. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this publica- tion may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The programs in this book are presented for instructional value. The programs have been carefully tested, but are not guaranteed for any particular purpose. The publisher does not offer any war- ranties and does not guarantee the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any information herein and is not responsible for any errors or omissions. The publisher assumes no liability for damages resulting from the use of the information in this book or for any infringement of the intellectual property rights of third parties that would result from the use of this information.

Acquisition Editor:

Robert Ward

Editor:

Madeleine Reardon Dimond

Layout Design & Production:

Michelle O’Neal and Justin Fulmer

Managing Editor:

Michelle O’Neal

Cover Art Design:

Damien Castaneda

Distributed in the U.S. and Canada by:

Publishers Group West 1700 Fourth Street Berkeley, CA 94710

1-800-788-3123

www.pgw.com

ISBN: 1-57820-101-2

and Canada by: Publishers Group West 1700 Fourth Street Berkeley, CA 94710 1-800-788-3123 www.pgw.com ISBN: 1-57820-101-2

Table of Contents

Introduction

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The Challenge

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.xii

Is This Book

for You?

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.xii

What’s New in the Second Edition?

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xiii

What You Need

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xiii

How to Proceed

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xiv

Chapter 1

Jump Right

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1

Getting Started

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. Other Prototyping Needs

Hardware

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The

 

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Your First Stamp Program

 

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The Outside

World .

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Digital

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Number Systems .

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Other

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.14

Boolean Algebra

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. Digital Systems in an Analog World: A Few

Connecting

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.19

Pull-up and Pull-down Resistors

 

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Putting it All Together: Your Next Program

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Summary.

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Exercises .

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.26

iv

Table of Contents

Chapter 2

The Nitty Gritty — A Stamp Reference

 

.29

General Program Formatting and Labels

 

33

The Stamp I Memory Map and I/O

35

Stamp I

Expressions.

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The Stamp II Memory Map and I/O

 

40

. Handling Large, Negative, and Floating Point Expressions

Stamp

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44

46

COMMAND REFERENCE

 

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Section I — Data Commands

 

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DEBUG

I,

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IISX,

IIE,

IIP .

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56

SYMBOL

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59

CON

II, IISX, IIE, IIP

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60

VAR

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61

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EEPROM

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63

BSAVE

DATA

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64

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READ

I, II, IISX, IIE, IIP

 

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67

WRITE

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IIE,

IIP .

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68

PUT

IISX,

IIE,

IIP.

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70

GET

RANDOM

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IIE,

IIP.

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72

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Section II — Flow Control

 

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END

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IIP .

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76

PAUSE

I, II, IISX, IIE, IIP

 

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77

NAP

I, II, IISX, IIE, IIP

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SLEEP

I,

II,

IISX,

IIE,

IIP .

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79

GOTO

I, II, IISX, IIE, IIP

 

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80

IF

I, II, IISX, IIE, IIP

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81

BRANCH

I, II, IISX, IIE, IIP

 

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GOSUB

I,

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IISX,

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IIP .

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86

RETURN

I, II, IISX, IIE, IIP

 

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90

FOR

I,

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IISX,

IIE,

IIP .

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91

NEXT

I, II, IISX, IIE, IIP

 

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93

RUN

IISX, IIE,

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94

Section III — Digital I/O

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.95

INPUT

I,

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IISX,

IIE,

IIP .

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96

Table of Contents

v

OUTPUT

I,

II,

IISX,

IIE,

IIP.

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97

HIGH

LOW

I, II, IISX, IIE,

 

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