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Integrated Village Development Plan

Written & Compiled By Naushad Kazi

SINDH AGRICULTURAL AND FORESTRY WORKERS COORDINATING ORGANIZATION


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Table of Contents

S# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Introduction & Background Rational Safwco Profile

Description

Page No 03 04 05 06 07 08 08 09 22

Safwcos Vision, Mission & Objectives Safwco In House Capacity Safwco Development Programs PPAF Partnership Profile SAFWCOs Integrated Strategic Process Success Story of Village Khairo Sanjrani

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1. Introduction & Background


Today Pakistan is faced with numerous problems of poverty, poor governance, political instability and ever increasing population growth. Due to all these factors the Governments ability to respond to peoples needs is diminishing every day. Over the last 30 years the gap between public sector and the communities has also significantly increased. Since 1980s citizen sector has emerged and evolved as a third sector in addition to public and private sectors gradually increasing its contribution in the development sector by bridging gaps between public sectors and grass roots communities as well as investing directly. This sector is providing services in a range of activity sectors especially poverty reduction and population control by organizing community groups. The Government policies and practices have also improved because of the advocacy campaigns by the NGOs and citizen groups in favor of vulnerable gender VIZ: women, children, minorities and other secluded communities. SAFWCO is contributing its share in development of marginalized communities since 1986. It has emerged as a trustworthy development partner for more than 1,000 community organizations of marginalized groups like minorities, men and women, children and farmer groups. Hence, SAFWCO is fully aware about the fact; rural development is not sustainable without active and meaningful participation of the people in development programs initiated by SAFWCO in those areas. Effective social mobilization and capacity building programs play a crucial role in strengthening the participation of these communities in the Integrated Development Planning (IDP) process and for sustainable rural development. Effective and meaningful participation by people staying in the rural areas will add more value to the process; however this will only happen if they have all the necessary knowledge and skills. It is therefore important to develop integrated development plans (IDP) modules to capacitate the people staying in the rural areas to participate effectively in the IDP process. Using the Integrated approach, SAFWCO assisted the community members to form into groups and provided them training and access to development resources that includes material support. These inputs built community groups confidence and capacity to participate in development activity. This participation in turn has helped public sector (government) organizations and philanthropic and welfare agencies both in citizen and corporate sector to reach out to the poor, the weak and the most vulnerable through their own programs. As a result of this working together strategy, development activities have become more meaningful and positive impacts are clearly visible on peoples lives.

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2. Rational
Basically our strategic integrated plan aims to develop an aligned and integrated organization in which every member and partner organization could get a clear understanding of the overall strategy and objectives of the organization and how their individual contribution could supports the organization. However, it also focuses our resources on strategic objectives that are a priority and make decisions to discontinue certain activities if they do not support our strategic objectives. As Safwco aims to reduce the poverty through empowering and developing communities to fight against poverty, unfortunately it is widespread in Pakistan and predominantly a rural phenomenon, mostly such population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods. Many of them have inadequate access to basic services such as safe drinking water, primary health care, education and other social services. Poverty rates fell in the 1970s and early 1980s but rose again towards the end of the 1990s. According to the Government of Pakistans poverty reduction strategy paper, currently about 10 per cent of the population is chronically poor, but a much larger part of the population (about 33 per cent) is considered vulnerable and likely to sink into poverty in the event of an external shock such as floods, drought or earthquake. Despite improvements in economic conditions after recent reforms, there are still broad discrepancies in social standing between men and women. Illiteracy is high among women and girls. In rural areas 22 per cent of girls above 10 have completed primary schooling, compared to 47 per cent of boys. Women own fewer assets, have limited economic options and less access to social services. Yet many play a major role in the household economy and in providing care for their families. Their burden of labor increases significantly when poor agricultural productivity forces migrate to find work. The incidence of poverty varies between rural and urban areas, and from one province to the next. Further, Safwco adopted consolidated integrated approachs main objective is to reduce the poverty and address the issues at community level. This involved implementation of key sector interventions through the community development organizations in the areas of social development, providing micro credit facility to generate better income, facilitating in different other areas such as health, education, community physical infrastructure and disaster risk reduction.

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3. SAFWCO PROFILE
a. The Organization Sindh Agricultural and Forestry Workers Coordinating Organization (Safwco), a non-government, notfor-profit socio economic development organization, started its development journey from a small initiative, launched in. Concerned about depleting sources of livelihood and employment, increasing poverty and social deprivation in rural Sindh and propelled by its own vision of sustainable, equitable and just society, Safwco initiated a process of social mobilization in District Sanghar initially. It was registered under Society Act 1860 in 1992. b. The Head Office and Field Offices The head office of the organization is based at Shahdadpur, District Sanghar. Shahdadpur town is 40 km from the district headquarter-Sanghar, 80 km from Hyderabad and 250 km from Karachi. The liaison office is in Hyderabad. The thirty (30) field offices are located in different districts of Sindh. Description Year of Establishment Board Members Registered under Societies Act Registered Year Total Staff Holding Total Offices Facts & Figures 1986 12 (M=7 / F=5) 1860 1992 709 31

c. Areas of Operation SAFWCO works with approach of integrated interventions in four districts Sanghar, Matiari, Thatta and Jamshoro, other districts with major interventions are Dadu, Nawabshah, Khairpur Mirs, Mirpurkhas, Umerkot, Hyderabad, Tando Allahyar and Tando Mohammed Khan. It covers several districts of Sindh province through executing different projects. Operational Area Sanghar Hyderabad Matiari Benazirabad (Nawabshah) Mirpurkhas Operational Area Dadu Thatta Jamshoro Umerkot Khairpur Mirs

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d. Legal Status Safwco is an indigenous, intermediary non-profitable, nongovernmental organization (NGO) working in different development fields for the up-liftmen of rural people since 1986. Safwco got registered in 1992 under Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860. e. Board of Governors The organization has a general body comprising of more than 23 members comprising of activists and social workers. The General Body elects 11 members as Board of Governors every second year. The Board meets once every quarter to review progress and direct next quarters work. The present Chairperson of the Board is Dr. Perveen Naeem Shah. The Board has appointed Mr. Suleman G Abro as the Chief Executive of Safwco.

4. SAFWCOs Vision, Mission & Objectives/Values of the Organization


a. Vision:
Safwco envisions sustainable communities achieving equitable economic, social, political and cultural development through indigenous community organizations Safwcos aim is to become self sustaining resourceful, disciplined and specialized training and support institution accessible to under privileged with a view to build capacities of community organizations as model development institution.

b. Mission:
Safwcos mission is to mobilize the poor under a common platform and to support under a common platform and to support them to carry out sustainable development.

c. Objectives:
Organize rural and urban communities (men and women) for undertaking sustainable development initiatives primarily on self help basis Build the capacity of the VDOs to make them sustainable Undertake participatory development programs for poverty alleviation and improvement of quality of life of the poor Facilitate women participation in the development activities and promote their socio economic empowerment Promote conservation of natural resources, take efforts for improving environment and facilitate health and education Engage in advocacy and networking for addressing social issues of the society Cooperate with national and international development organizations for poverty alleviation and sustainable development

d. Values:
Equality, Transparency, Participatory, Mutual Respect, and Social Justice

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5. SAFWCOS INHOUSE CAPACITY


a. Well Experienced and Qualified Staff: The organization has in all around 850 well qualified, experienced and motivated staff working in different sectors and sub sectors. b. Capital Resources: The organization is equipped with the necessary audio-visual aids, computers, vehicles, furniture, and other related material. The office buildings and a land of sixteen and half acres are owned by the organization. c. Use of Information Technology (IT): Safwco has increased the use of IT (internet, email, telephone, computers) in its planning, execution and monitoring of its development activities. By using the MIS as suggested by the experts, now leadership and staff feel comfortable, paper work has reduced considerably and development targets are being achieved as planned. Safwco now has its web page (www.safwo.org) and email addresses for rapid and reliable communication with the development community. The website is updated on regular basis. The Hyderabad and Shahdapur offices have the facility Wi /Fi technology. d. Audit: The organizations accounts are audited on yearly basis by the independent chartered accountant

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6. SAFWCO DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM


Social Development Sector:
Safwco believes in institutional building at grass roots level to support in bringing social change in the society. Hence a common platform that is created and owned by the poor is a pre-requisite through which the poor can make themselves count in the development process. It has made social mobilization as core activity and entry point followed by different development interventions including social and physical service delivery projects, coordinating and networking while emphasizing on gender balance and good governance. The main aim of the program is to mainstream rural poor into socio-economic development and reduce their vulnerability. The specific objectives are to: Enable democratic and participatory action resulting in institutionalizing social justice, as a basis of social and economic development; Make village organizations development oriented, sustainable and responsive to local needs and priorities; and Highlight social development issues gender, governance and globalization - and create forum for discussion and broad-based partnerships to evolve and develop around these issues

Following are Subprograms of Social Development Sector


Institutional Development Gender and Development Natural Resources Management Governance, Globalization, Advocacy and Networking

7. PPAF Partnership (Profile)


Safwco PPAF partnership was initiated in 2001 and first support to Safwco was provided in poverty alleviation through Micro Credit. Then it entered in Community Physical Infrastructure Improvement in 2002 and continued to 2005. Once again the PPAF supported in 2005 to 2008 in the micro credit sector and then entered into enterprise development in 2006 to 2008. From 2006 onwards PPAF supported Safwco in initiating education and health programs. Social Mobilization project has been launched in 2008 that is continued to June 2013 in districts sanghar and Thatta. PPAF has also supported in Sanghar and Thatta districts in CPI schemes through various titles. Productivity Enhancement for poor people has been initiated in 2008-2009. PPAF extended support in HID, LEP, Capacity Building Wasela Haq, Early flood recovery disability, 3R+p, Disability and BISP Training beneficiaries follow-up. The partnership is about 13 years old and we hope that it will continue with same spirit with passage of time to achieve the objective of poverty alleviation.

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8. SAFWCOS INTEGRATED STRATEGIC PROCESS

8.1. Social Development:


Social Development Sector has shouldered the responsibility of institutional building at grassroots level to support in bringing about a social change, thus taking the vulnerable and marginalized communities to the sustainable stage of development and self-reliance. It has social mobilization as a core activity and entry point followed by different development interventions including social and physical service delivery projects and coordinating and networking along with emphasis on gender balance, inclusion of youth, disabled, minorities and good governance. The main objects of the program are to mainstream the poor into a socio-economic development process and reduce their vulnerability.

a. Salient objectives:
Enable democratic and participatory action resulting in institutionalizing social justice, as a basis of socio-economic development Make VDOs development oriented , sustainable and responsive to local needs and priorities Highlight social Development issues, gender discrimination, governance and globalization; and create a forum for discussion and broad-based partnership to make some efforts for the solution of these issue

b. Major Areas of Importance:


Community Based Organizational Development Social Services Program Gender and Development Natural Resources Management

c. Social Mobilization Process:


Safwco has used social mobilization, since the initial stage, as a tool to empower community to organize them into self-governing groups, or community organizations, and initiate and control their own personal and communal development. In this context a well development social mobilization model is followed. Social mobilization model of Safwco encompasses dynamic and spacious community partaking as mandatory for gaining ownership, in a way to make innovations not seen as externally imposed. Safwco believes that unless the communities are well organized in the form of organizations (VDOs), no intercessions and initiatives can successfully be followed for development at grassroots level. Thus spiraling to the communities to sustainable parameters is pivotal and paramount ambition that Safwco has been pursing. In order to procure at the envisaged stage of sustainability of the communities, Safwco follows effectual and enduring touchstone mechanism. 9 | SAFWCO Integrated Development Plan Module

Rural Development PROCESS


First Entry and VDO Formation

First Entry and Survey Selection of Activists and Familiarization (individual

and collective) Meetings Planning meeting for formation of VDO Social map, Village/Poverty Profile Collective Meeting for preparation Village Dev Plan
Conducting TNA Organize Training/Workshop on: ODP-I, ODP-II, ODP-III Skill Development Trainings on: Agricultural Extension Livestock Management Enterprise Development and Management Integrated Water Resources Management Exposure and Exchange Visits

Capacity Building and Resources Mobilization

Coordination and Networking

Participatory Community Development Dialogues (PCDD) Provision of Support Services like Health, Education, Credit and CPI Registration of VDO as NGO with Social Welfare Dept. Coordination and networking with: Line Agencies, Support Organizations, NGOs and Private Sector Formation of UDC

d. Advocacy on Social Issues:


Sindh particularly is suffering from several social issues such as child labor, indebtedness of Haris, violence against women, violations of human rights, non-participation of poor and socially disadvantaged groups, in governance, inter-community bloody feuds and rising incidents of suicides. Safwco being a member of civil society cannot remain isolated from the pressing social issues of Sindhi society. Thus right from its establishment, Safwco has been on forefront in doing advocacy against the social ills like karo-kari and human rights violations. With increasing unemployment and poverty, population and underdevelopment in rural areas particularly in remote regions, Safwco has become active in advocacy on social issues, and it: Publish weekly newspaper Samaji Dunya in Sindhi on social issues. Organizes workshops on Gender sensitization and violence against women in district headquarters Trains civil society activists on ending Karo-kari Represents the problems of people on the highest forums of the government and development community Networks with other civil society organizations on social issues Produces reports and pamphlets on social issues

Information dissemination is one aspect of awareness rising among the civil society and organizations. Safwco has published more than 238 booklets, pamphlets and flyers for information dissemination. 10 | SAFWCO Integrated Development Plan Module

e. Communities Participation and Input: The very crux of getting the communities directly involved in development initiatives is to pave ground where they feel obsessed with the delusion of grandeur leading to the sense of ownership and responsibility among them.

f. Human Resources and Gender Development:


Prior to mobilizing and generating natural resources in physical environ, Safwco deems indispensable to nurture the human resources in terms of skills and expertise among the communities. If people are not capable of handling the natural resources, it falls flat to rejuvenate the resources; it falls flat to rejuvenate the resources available at their disposal. It believes in the philosophy of providing equal opportunities to men and women without any discrimination. As the women of rural areas are the most ignored section of society, therefore it focuses on development of women through gender ladder activities and creating an enabling environment for their socio economic growth leading towards their empowerment. Thus the objective of gender development program is to balance gender gap and promote active involvement of women for their leadership development. In this context, Safwco since its inception has been in the forefront in raising voice, via seminars, workshops, walks and publications, against the heinous and atrocious form of injustice clothed in term of honor killing to women in the rural areas of Sindh.

g. Coordination and Linkages:


After the institutionalization of communities with men women as active actors, it is vital that they should have easy access to and linkage with service delivery sectors of Safwco and all the departments and organizations (Government and non-government) which are likely to be of some support for them. Safwco builds such bridges between the communities and support organizations, governments, donor agencies, academic and research institutes engaged in similar pursuit for information and experience sharing mutual collaboration.

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8.2. Human and institutional Development:


Capacity-building is a long-standing speculation in individuals, institutions, and societies to build up the knowledge, skills, and recourses for meeting their own needs. Such needs could include ensuring food and energy security, resolving environmental problems, responding to human-health crises, and contributing to economic growth. Promoting the individual and collective capabilities of its parents is a core value of Safwcos human and Institutional Development program. Since its inception, the sector has been instrumental in providing a wide range of courses to enhance and improve upon the management capacities of development practitioners. This is a supportive unit of Safwco and conduct training for following types of stakeholders: Training of VDO Partners Training for NGOs / CBOs Professional Staff Training of Safwco Staff

a. Training Types and Process of Trainings:


This sector works in three important areas essential for the straight forward survival of organizations And communities, viz: Organization Development Program Skill Development Program Disaster Management and Mitigation and NRM Professional Skills Development

b. Organizational Development Program (ODP):


Organization development (OD ) is concerned with the performance, development, and effectiveness of human organizations Safwcos HID Center organization various Organizes various organizational strengthening and institutional development training of partner CBOs, VDOs and NGOs as to take them in mainstreaming process.

c.

Professional Skills Development Program:


Leadership Skills Art of Social Mobilization and Organization Art of Effective Communication and Conflict Management Monitoring and evaluation Project Proposal Writing Fund Raising Methodologies Team Building Gender development

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d. HID Process:
Before organizing training events on various topics, Training Need Assessment process is followed. His process facilitates the Need Assessment process is followed. This process facilitates the HID staff in assessing the priority area where the partner organizations and communities lack skills and knowledge. Based on the TNA, training events are organized. For each training course, training modules are developed which contain the written literature on the topic of the training, a supplement coupled with the practical and interactive sessions that follow during the training. Experienced resources persons with specialized knowledge, skills and practical experience are hired to impart the trainings. After the training the training follow-up is conduct through well structured questionnaires so that the viability and implementation of the training learning could be assessed for future strategic planning.

e. Skill Development Program (SDP):


Business Development Handicrafts Skills Enterprise Development Interactive Teaching Methodology Livestock Rearing and Management Natural resource Management Vocational Trainings Capacity Building for CHWs

f. Facilities at HID Center


Centrally Air-conditioned Training Halls Hostel Resource Persons on Panel Modern Logistic Services Training Modules Fresh Food

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8.3. Community Physical Infrastructure:


The community physical infrastructure development (CPID) program support rural communities in addressing their prioritized physical infrastructure needs. The communities themselves implement these schemes following the preparation of technical and social feasibilities as well as cast estimates by the program staff. Introductory Meeting at Village Level: The Process starts through introductory meetings at village level, in the villages where community has identified and prioritized needs related with infrastructure. The Field Engineer along with social mobilization team hold meeting with the office bearers and members of the VDOs. The communities are familiarized with the process as well as term and conditions.

a. Technical Survey: Once the community is willing to contribute in the development process, the
field engineer visits the site in order to survey the area for getting to know the feasibility of scheme in the area. Various determinants are examined in case of different CPI projects. After the Technical Survey, the finding are subjected to profound analysis and discussed with immediate Manager regarding the feasibility and workability of the scheme in the village. After finalizing the survey finding, a blue print is prepared for the scheme which includes the extent of support by the CPI through Safwco-Donor partnership (80%) and the partner VDO (20%). The community also contributes 3% operation & management per the CPI scheme. It is also planned and decided where the scheme would be installed. The design of the CPI scheme is prepared and approval is sought from senior management for carrying out field implementation.

b. Introductions of and motivation for TOP: At this stage, the partner VDO member are informed
of the share in expenses the VDO has to extend for the completion of the project and the management of the CPI scheme after it has been installed.

c. Signing of TOP: At this stage, the VDO member are informed of the responsibilities they have to
shoulder during the completion of scheme and after its installation, its management and look after. The responsibilities are assigned to the VDO member as per the majority consent. At this stage different committees are also formed. The committees include: Project Implementation Committee Audit Committee Operation and Maintenance Committee Purchase Committee

d. Construction of Scheme: This is the important stage when the project is carried out in the
practical term. Form alpha to omega, the concerned VDO is involved in the procurement of material, Labor and management.

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e. Supervision & Monitoring: The field engineer visits the respective villages regularly during the
process of installation and afterwards for post monitoring. While the regular Monitoring, Evaluation and Research (MER) unit of the organization also conduct quarterly monitoring of the schemes. The program offered by CPID includes: Conventional Physical Infrastructure Development Integrated Area Upgrading Program Drought Mitigation through Infrastructure Development Besides, Under Environmental Up-gradation Program, various energy and cast effective and fuel sustainable product are introduced such as Wax-Lamps, Stoves and Bio-gas Plants etc. Agriculture Extension also comes under the umbrella of this program.

8.4. Education Development:


Education Development program aim at improving the standard of primary education and promoting the literacy, especially among females, in rural Sindh. Safwco involves parents, teachers, elected representatives, officials and activists / volunteers in improving enrollment rate and reducing dropout. Safwco also helps parents and teachers to map missing facilities in the schools, develop Education for All plan at union council level, and facilitates district government in allocating the budget from district development plan. Safwco mobilized volunteers to contribute towards school development projects and assisted in organizing and extracurricular activities. The program also aims at promoting the literacy rate of adult through establishing Functional Adult Literacy Center. The program emphasizes on both formal and non-formal education services. It has following components: Primary Education Functional Adult Literacy Salient Objectives: Establishing formal and non-formal educational institutions along with the adaptation of the governments schools particularly in less developed areas with especial focus on girls education; Providing access to physical recreational and extracurricular activities in less developed areas. Devise strategies for improving education quality through parent teachers motivation, training and research; and Enhance literacy level in rural areas by providing educational opportunities to underprivileged adult especially women through functional literacy program...

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a. Reducing Gender Disparity in Education through Enrollment Drive: In order to narrow down the gender gap in education and enhance the girls enrollment in the government primary school, Safwcos Education Development sector has embarked upon Reducing Gender disparity in Education program. As a part of this program, capacity building training and collective and motivation meeting are organized with school management committees to enable them to understand their roles and responsibilities in managing the school activities and discuss child friendly environment in school and girls enrollment and plans for addressing school issues .under the auspices of this program, walks, seminars, workshops and street theatres are organized to get public participation for enrolling girls in schools. The adult literacy program of Safwco Education development Sector aims to provide educational opportunities for those sections of society who are unable to take advantage of the regular programs of education because of barriers of tradition and culture-space, time, age and economic circumstances especially for rural women. b. Improving Quality of Education: Education is not only a fundamental right-with intrinsic value for human development and the quality of life, but also a critical enabling right, helping children to develop the skills which enable them to cope with lifes challenges and be active contributing member of society. Safwcos education development sector focuses on the adequate attention to childrens learning in the early years, while being important in and of itself, also makes vital contributions to improving key education indicators and quality, through a network of model primary schools, through impacts on 3 different groups-children, parents, and teachers. Childrens enthusiasm for learning and their achievement Parents increased engagement with their childrens development and education Teachers appreciation of these capable, motivated children and active learning methods Quality education program is concerned with ensuring children grow up healthy and protected from harm, with opportunities for enjoyable learning, and with a sense of self-worth-able to communicate effectively and get on with others. The children are provided with viable education environment with all the basic teaching and learning facilities at their disposal. c. Enhancing Literacy levels Adult education is a powerful means to reduce poverty because it offer reading, writing and numeracy, as well as other fundamental mean to reduce poverty because it offer reading, writing and numeracy, as well as other fundamental life skills that allow learning to continue throughout ones life. Education allows adults to gain the knowledge and skills for participation in society and the knowledge of economy. Literacy education program for adults is geared toward the poorest of the society especially disadvantaged women groups.

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8.5. Health and Hygiene:


The significance of health in the overall sustainable development can be looked at and understood in many ways. The most important is individuals capacity and then a communitys capacity to transform physical and mental well-being into economic productivity, growth and sustainable development. However, achieving this is not simple. Many causal factors affect peoples, health and hence the process of sustainable development. Safwco health Sector has embarked upon the mission to highlight and work on issues related to childrens and womens health, environment, and health care that play a significant role in affecting peoples socio economic life. It has firm belief that only healthy and educational communities can contribute to the development and uplift of Societies. Make people aware of health issues through health education packages Provide primary health care services in areas having no health facility Decrease MMR and IMR through safe reproductive health care Prepare village volunteers as paramedical force Information dissemination through published material and leaflets

The Health and Hygiene program is advanced through following tools: Participatory health dialogues Training of Community with Line Departments Coordination with line Departments School Health and Awareness Program Seminar, and workshop Information dissemination through printed material and audio visual AIDs

a. Health Services:
Along with health and hygiene awareness and building capacity of communities, it is essential that they should have an easy access to necessary health services. Safwco, in this context, provides them with the following services through establishing community health centers at cluster and village level. Medical camps are also organized to provide immediate relief. The community Health centers provide medical services antenatal and post natal, including diagnosis of diseases through pathological tests, medicines and consultancy etc. At these centers, especial focus is laid on mother in reproductive age. b. Immunization Campaign: To safeguard communities, especially women and children, against the infectious and fatal diseases, various immunization vaccines are given to them. These include TT Vaccine, Polio Vaccine and Hepatitis B & C Vaccines etc. c. Referral to Secondary and tertiary health facility: The medico cases which cannot be dealt with at CHCs are referred to Taluka and District Hospitals for proper treatment, cure and medication. d. Family Planning Program: Under this program, the communities especially mothers are educated in the negative impact of rapid growing population and that of more than two (02 ) children on an average family and the health of mother.

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8.6. Livelihood Enhancement Protection (LEP):


The worlds poorest people lack both capital and skills and are trapped in low return occupations. Whether could it possible their economic lives can be transformed by providing assets and training and enabling them to run small businesses. Livelihood Enhancement and Protection (LEP) aims to address the problem and enhance productivity of such poor individuals and communities through focused interventions aimed at developing skill sets and assets for greater income generating opportunities and better livelihoods. In pursuit of these objectives, the Safwco encourages saving and internal lending within organized communities, while striving to introduce efficient mechanisms for identifying and supporting innovative micro-enterprises. LEP is guided in its activities by a comprehensive implementation Manual, which clearly presents methodological and operational synergies at various levels of the implementation process. The conceptual and strategic framework sets out the methodology for livelihoods enhancement in targeted areas, in addition to describing critical links at different tiers of the community organization.

LEP Programs Core Activities:


a. Livestock vaccination b. Saving Mobilization c. Poverty Score Card d. Livelihood Investment Plan e. Assets Distribution f. Vocational Trainings g. Occupation Consulting Services

LEP Methodology/Strategy

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8.7. Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Relief:


In view of the recent drought like conditions in Pakistan especially in Sindh and the frequent floods and cyclones in the coastal area of western Sindh, Safwco has established a disaster management and emergency relief sector that is consigned with the doing strategic planning about how can disaster be adequately dealt with at the minimum risk to human life and natural resources. This sector provides emergency relief services and build the capacity of the communities to withstand the disaster consequences attempting at the mitigating its divesting effects. This sector has three-fold role in disaster management: Disaster Preparedness: Before the onset of any disaster, it is necessary that the disaster prone people should be prepared to face it effectively so that panic like situation should not appear aggravating the aftermath of the disaster prone population are involved in all the activities so that they could be relieved on priority basis. Information System: A dynamic information system is established where updates are collected via various sources and disseminated to the communities and other organizations working In the same area. Institutional framework: Disaster management committee, participatory platform and organization are formed with linkage with line department so as to access in condition of emergency. Response Mechanism: In case of emergency, a dynamic response mechanism plays vital role to lessen the disastrous consequences. The DPER cell is endeavoring to manage for such a response mechanism in collaboration with the communities and government agencies. Disaster Mitigation: Currently the DPER cell provides Services to the drought trodden people of desert and coastal area. Whereas the following activities underway drought mitigation measures include: a. Construction of wells b. Installation of Deep And Shallow Hand Pumps c. Construction of Water Storage Reservoirs d. Management Local Resources e. Institutionalization of Community Organizations f. Societal Framework g. Conflict Resolution Measures h. Installation of Water Conservation Technologies Disaster Response: To respond the intensifying drought condition, the DPER cell is facilitating the communities trough the following ways: a. Local Warning and Communication Systems b. Disaster Assessment (Drought Assessment Research) c. Evacuation Measures 19 | SAFWCO Integrated Development Plan Module

d. Emergency Relief e. Logistics and Supply Natural Disaster is the consequence or effect of a hazardous event, occurring when human activities and natural phenomenon (a physical event, occurring when human activities and natural phenomenon (a physical event, such as a volcanic eruption, earthquake, landslide etc. that does not affect human beings) become enmeshed. The resulting fatalities or property damages depend on the capacity of the population to support or resist the disaster Drought is an extended period where water availability falls below the statistical requirements for a region. Drought is not a purely physical phenomenon, but instead is interplay between natural water availability and human demands for water supply.

8.8. Planning and Monitoring:


Monitoring, Evaluation and Research (MER) Program is given a high priority in Safwco approaches and program delivery. It provide a better means of learning from the past experiences, improving upon service delivery, planning and allocation of resources, and demonstrating result as a part of accountability to key stakeholders. The major aim of the program is to improve program efficiency in implementation and financial aspects. MER Unit is also responsible for conducting different research studies in the program areas of the organization or at wider provincial level as needed. It conducts multi-disciplinary studies on poverty alleviation, socio-economic development and institutional reforms. The following activities are carried out by this unit: Mid-term Evaluations Impact Assessment of different program Field Surveys for benchmarking data Project-end evaluation Social Researches Socio Economic Analysis and Exploratory Researches

Scope of Monitoring and Evaluation within Safwco:


Monitoring and evaluation help improve performance and achieve results. More precisely, the overall purpose of monitoring and evaluation is the measurement and assessment of performance in order to more effectively manage the outcomes and output known as development result. Performance is defined as progress toward and achievement of result. As part of the emphasis on result in Safwco today, the need to demonstrate performance is placing new demands on monitoring and evaluation in program units. The main objectives of result-oriented monitoring and evaluation are to: Enhance organization and development leaning; Ensure informed decision-making; Support substantive accountability and repositioning.

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Stages of monitoring (Safwco Products):


Outcome Monitoring: Outcome monitoring is a continual and systemic process of collecting and analyzing data to measure the performance of Safwco intervention toward achievement of outcomes. While the process of outcome monitoring is continual in the sense that it is not a time-bound activity, outcome monitoring must be periodic, so that change can be periodic, so that change can be perceived. In other words, MER Unit Accumulates information on an ongoing basis regarding progress towards an outcome, and then periodically compares the current situation against the baseline for outcome indicators and assesses and analyzes the situation.

Outcome Evaluation: An outcome evaluation is an evaluation that covers a set of related projects,
programs and strategies intended to bring about a certain outcome. Such evaluations assess how and why outcomes are or are not being achieved in a given context and the role Safwco has played. They may also help to clarify underlying factors affecting the situation, highlight unintended consequences (positive and negative), recommend action to improve performance in future programming, and generate lessons learned. These periodic and in depth assessments use before and after monitoring data. Impact Stage: This is a long term stage where the overall effect of a program is measured in a wider perspective Stages Who Means Frequency Output Monitoring Project Staff Program Managers M&E Staff M&E Staff Filed Diaries Filed Visit Program reports Sector Meetings Data gathered through monitoring indicators Data gathered through monitoring indicators Daily Monthly Quarterly Quarterly

Outcome Monitoring Impact Assessment

M&E Staff Outsourcing

Midterm End of Projects

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Successes story Village Khairo Sanjrani


SAFWCO Interventions under thematic area:
Social Development
1. 2. 3. 4. Social Mobilization Formation of Community Organization Village Development Planning Mobilizing youth to become member as part of the active citizen campaign

Background of Community
Landlessness Peasants Farm labor Low literacy Poor access to Health, Sanitation, Safe drinking water, roads and markets No electricity Socially, politically deprived High risk of floods

Human and Institutional development


1. Exposure visit to the similar communities 2. Training of CO office bearers in Leadership, Accounts and Record Keeping , CMST, Advocacy and Lobbying

Community Physical Infrastructure (CPI)


1. Construction of Brick pavement 2. Access to main road from road through link road 3. Access to Proper Electricity

Education Development
1. Motivation for volunteer Teacher at School 2. Media Advocacy for Provision of Government School Teacher 3. Lobbying with Elected Member of Provisional Assembly (MPA) for Teacher and Schools Reconstruction. 4. Distribution of School Kits, Begs, Books and Toys

Health and Hygiene


1. Awareness session of Health and Hygiene through Health Team 2. Construction of Latrines, Derbies Cleaning from Village and Water Canals 3. Installation of Water Filer Plant

Livelihood Enhancement Protection (LEP)


1. Distribution of Goats among women 2. Registration of ultra poors in Benazir Income Support Programme

Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Relief


1. Mass Mobilization for Protecting Village from Floods through construction of flood wall. 2. Facilitation provided to access the Watan Cards 3. Food Items/ Fodder was distributed among villages

22 | SAFWCO Integrated Development Plan Module

SAFWCO Integrated Development Plan used in Village Khairo Sanjrani

PPAF Support
Social Mobilization Formation of Community Organization Village Development Planning Exposure visit to the similar communities Training of CO office bearers in Leadership, Accounts and Record Keeping , CMST Construction of Brick pavement Awareness session on Health and Hygiene Distribution of School Kits, Begs, Books and Toys by education team.

SAFWCO Support
Mobilizing Youth to become member part of active citizen campaign Training Advocacy and Lobbying Motivation for volunteer Teacher at School Media Advocacy for Provision of Government School Teacher Lobbying with Elected Member of Provisional Assembly (MPA) for Teacher and Schools Reconstruction. Construction of Latrines, Derbies Cleaning from Village and Water Canals Distribution of Goats among women Mass Mobilization for Protecting Village from Floods through construction of flood wall Distribution of Food Items/ Fodder among villages

Community Initiatives
Participation in Trainings Participation in community meetings Saving Account opening in Bank Internal Lending to the needy without any service charges Registration of CO Participation in Village Development Planning Lobbying with MPA Provision of Volunteer as School Teacher Mass Mobilization for construction of Flood wall Participated in Election of LSO and played leadership role at Union Council Level Registration of Votes and C.N.I.Cs Participating and providing support to different NGOs and Donor organizations in the implementation of different projects and activities

Government Support
Access to main road from road through link road Access to Proper Electricity Installation of Water Filer Plant Registration of ultra poors in Benazir Income Support Programme Access to the Watan Cards

23 | SAFWCO Integrated Development Plan Module

24 | SAFWCO Integrated Development Plan Module