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PROINTEC S.A.

MINISTRY OF TRANSPORTS, LOUIS BERGER SAS


CONSTRUCTIONS AND TOURISM
Avda. de Burgos, no. 12, Dinicu Golescu Blvd., no. 38, Tour Mercure III - 55 BIS, Quai
28036, Madrid - Spain Bucharest - Romania de Grenelle, 75015, Paris -
France.

Road Safety Report


Draft

ALBESTI-PALEOLOGU LOCATION
BS NO. 2
DN 1B Km 17+000 – 18+000

Version 1.0

16/07/2007

Produced by PROINTEC& LOUIS BERGER Consortium


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Document presentation

Table of Contents

1 BLACK SPOT n 02...............................................................................................................3

2 ACCIDENTS DATA AND INFORMATION......................................................................4

3 DATA ANALYSIS..................................................................................................................9

4 DESCRIPTION OF THE SITUATION............................................................................12

5 SAFETY DIAGNOSIS .......................................................................................................20

6 MAIN PROPOSED SOLUTIONS.....................................................................................21

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1 BLACK SPOT n 02
Although it is an early phase to present the solutions for the BS, by client request, the
Consultant is presenting in this paper one scenario as possible solution in solving the BS no.
2 located on the DN1B at km 17+000 and 18+000 of DN1B.

1.1 Location
County: Prahova
Village: Albesti-Paleologu
Road: National Road 1B (DN1B)
Km 17+000 – 18+000
AADT: 21524
Section Type: two x two lanes road
Typology: this BS is located on DN1B, some kilometers S-E of Ploiesti to Buzau direction.

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2 ACCIDENTS DATA AND INFORMATION


The main analysis for this location and the typology of accidents are presented in this chapter.
Following are shown the accidents and the traffic data from NAR.
Data From List of BS (NAR)

Regional National Start End Accident Seriously


Nr. crt. Judet Fatalities AADT
Directorate Road Kilometre Kilometre number injured

02 BUCHAREST Prahova 1B 17+000 18+000 9 5 4 21524

The safety analysis of the BS is carried out on the base of the Accident Data Base and takes
into consideration the ranges of years between 2001 – 2006 and the distances between km
17+000 – 18+000.

Data From Accidents Database

Location Data BUCHAREST

Judet Prahova
Location
National Road DN1B Ploiesti – Buzau

Cumul. dist. (m)

from Km 17+000
to Km 18+000

distance Km 1+000

Accidents Data per Year


Year Accidents Seriously injured Dead
3 1 2
2001

2002
4 3 1
2003
2 2
2004

2005

2006

Total 9 4 5

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Accident Data per Km


Cumul. dist. (m) Accidents Seriously injured Dead
17000 1 0 1
17000 1 0 1
17130 1 1 0
17300 1 0
17450 1 1 0
17615 1 1 0
17700 1 0 1
17750 1 0 1
18000 1 0 1

The following diagrams highlight the annual trends of accidents and the location of the more
dangerous places along the considered section.

The causes of the accidents are shown into the following table.
The columns extracted from the database give for each accident information about:
 the location and the periods:
 the general causes and typologies of the accident:
 the actual characteristics of the section – lanes, shoulders, type of pavement:
the elements of road safety – situation of lighting, paved, road marking and signaling.

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year Data Acc. Drum Artera Judet In Localitate Localitate Deplasament

Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2 VALEA
2004 17.10.2004 20:00 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA CALUGAREASCA 17000
Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2
2001 23.10.2001 23:00 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA ALBESTI-PALEOLOGU 17000
Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2
2001 23.02.2001 09:00 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA ALBESTI-PALEOLOGU 17130
Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2
2003 27.11.2003 14:15 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA CHITORANI 17300
Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2 VALEA
2003 13.11.2003 19:15 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA CALUGAREASCA 17450
Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2 VALEA
2003 25.02.2003 23:00 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA CALUGAREASCA 17615
Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2
2001 25.03.2001 21:15 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA ALBESTI-PALEOLOGU 17700

Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2 VALEA
2004 15.12.2004 06:00 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA CALUGAREASCA 17750

Ploiesti-Mizil-D.N.2 VALEA
2003 24.08.2003 22:45 DN1B (Buzau) PRAHOVA DA CALUGAREASCA 18000

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3 DATA ANALYSIS

For each BS site two parameters are used for the data analysis:
 Annual Accident Rate (AR):
 Number of Deaths per hectometer.
The calculus of this rates have been carried out considering the number of the accident and
the number of Deaths indicated on the NAR list but taking the length from the database (see
the graph of dangerous section).
The table shows the Rates and the values used for the calculus.
Indicator reference to 2001 – 2006
BS N. 02
Accident Rate Annual accident rate values ( AR )
(106 * A) / 0,229
AR =
365 * ADT * L * t
Accident A 9

Daily Traffic ADT 21524

lengtht of branch L (Km) 1.0

T (years) t 5
Fatalities per hectometer =
(Dead / L )/ t 0,01

Dead D 5

L (length) L (hm.) 1000

t (years) t 5

In the next figures, the accidents rate, injuries rate and the death rate from Romania are
presented.

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Figure Accidents rate, injuries rate and the death rate in Romania (source: Romanian National
Police Department)

Figure Vehicle rate in Romania (source: Romanian National Police Department)

Table 2 Mortality rate in Europe (data source: HFA db 2003)

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Figure Mortality caused by road accidents in Europe (data source: HFA db 2003)
Although some actions were taken by the Romanian authorities, the death rate in the last
years is quit high (please see above Figure) and is on the first place in Europe with 12,81 rate
(Table 2 and Figure). But the sever injuries as consequence of the transportation of the
dangerous good increased the last 3 years with almost 40%. Moreover, the accidents rate on
the national roads or highways located outside of the cities areas is double that in the cities
neighbourhood areas. Most of them from these are with heavy vehicles that transport
dangerous goods.
Based on national economical development and the political integration in EU in 2007, the
road transport will continue to grow with 8-10% per year till 2015. If the accidents rate
caused by the transportation of the dangerous goods will follow the same rate, in some years
the number of injuries will increase tremendous.
The social costs of the traffic accidents in 2003 were estimated at over 350 million euro
(about 2 % from PIB), representing the losing of human lives, the expenses for re-covering of
the people with physical handicaps, as well as those for financial prejudice.

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4 DESCRIPTION OF THE SITUATION


The on-site visit allowed to understand the main safety issue related with this BS 02 located
in Albesti-Paleologu on the DN1B from Ploiesti to Buzau.

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a. LAYOUT OF THE ROAD SECTION – ALIGNMENT


The layout and the alignment of the road section show complex junction between DN1B and
DJ68 to Valea Mieilor and Albesti/Muru directions.

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b.TRAFFIC AND MOBILITY SITUATION


There are problems due to the high presence of heavy traffic and to the high speed of traffic.

c. SITUATION CONDITIONS OF THE CARRIAGGEWAY AND SHOULDERS


The pavement of the road is in a fair condition but with shoulders only partially paved. On
the other hand, there is some small presence of rutting and deformations due to the presence
of heavy traffic.

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d. CONDITIONS OF THE S & M AND SAFETY BARRIER


Safety barrier are unsatisfactory. Signaling and Marking are unsatisfactory, in particular
during night and bad weather conditions.

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e. CONDITIONS OF THE LIGHTING


The lighting is existing only on the corner with the DJ 69 to Valea Mieilor. The lighting for
the junction at whole is very poor. Moreover, many accidents were in the last years during the
night.

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f. PRESENCE AND CONDITIONS OF INTERSECTIONS OR JUNCTIONS


There is a complex + junction between DN1B with the DJ68, to/from Valea Mieilor and
Albesti/Muru directions.

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g. LATERAL DITCHES AND RESTRICTION OF THE VISIBILITY OF THE


CARRIAGEWAY
A lateral unprotected ditch is present on one side of the road (dangerous for both vehicles and
pedestrians).

H.PEDESTRIAN CROSSING
Before and after this junction doesn’t exist any pedestrian crossing.

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5 SAFETY DIAGNOSIS
5.1 DESCRIPTION OF THE SITUATION
The on-site visit allowed to understand the main safety issue related with this place.
There are three main subjects to be treated and resolved:
1. the junctions between DN1B with DJ68
2. the pedestrian crossings
3. the bus station
The existing situation is illustrated in the next paragraph.

5.2 Junction
The DN1B intersects DJ 68 and in this junction.
The scenario is also affected by the following elements:
a. high presence of heavy traffic on DN1B
b. inappropriate geometric characteristics for operating speeds: insufficient sight
distances
c. there are only painted markings and not plastic markings; this cause low
visibility especially during the darker seasons of the year and makes regular
road woks necessary for repainting.

5.3 Pedestrian crossings


There are not pedestrian crossings in this area.

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6 MAIN PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

6.1 Junctions
Taking into consideration the limited amount of space available at this place a possible
solution could be based on the improvement of the existing topology.
In the annexed scheme the details about this proposal are presented. Furthermore other
improvements that should be included are:
a. Redesign/remark this junction
b. new pavement and paved shoulders on DN 1B and on DJ68
c. integrative signals and markings before the junction (rubber noise bands,
flashing signals as notice, etc…)

6.2 Pedestrian crossings


Different kinds of solutions should be implemented in parallel as follows:
a. improvement of the lightning system, with dedicated lights at each crossing
b. integrative signals and markings before the crossings (rubber noise bands,
flashing signals as notice, etc…)
c. installation of on-demand traffic light systems

6.3 Other improvements


Different other solutions should be implemented in the area to improve the safety
conditions, as follows:
a. eliminating the small irregularities that were observed on DN1B and on DJ68
b. solve the ditches problem
c. improve the possibility to turn left/right on the local road without to affect the
traffic from the opposite direction
d. use of high reflecting and skid resistant plastic markings
e. must be used only high reflecting and skid resistant plastic markings

6.4 Operations
Following are shown the safety treatment under consideration. The safety treatment are
divided in two main operation categories, diffused and punctual operations.
• diffused operation are referred to the full extension of the studied section;
• punctual operation are referred to short sections and specific points inside of the
studied section

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A. DIFFUSED OPERATIONS

Code Type of Action


A.1.1 Pavement rehabilitation
A.1.4 Improvement of Signaling and Marking
B.2.2 Improvement of the lighting system

B. PUNCTUAL OPERATIONS

Code Type of Action


B.2.1 Improvement of the junction
B.2.1 Improvement of the pedestrian crossing
A.1.2 Bus Stop rehabilitation / New Bus Stop

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Annex

1. PHOTO INTER-GIS (A3)


2. PRESENT SITUATION
3. DESIGN SOLUTION

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