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Car Review

Car is a vehicle which is driven ashore by engine power, four or more wheels (always even), typically using oil fuel (petrol or diesel) to start the engine. Short car automobile derived from the Greek 'autos' (his own) and Latin 'movere' (move))

History
The first vehicle that works with steam probably first designed by Ferdinand Verbiest , circa 1672. He designed the toy vehicle measuring 65 cm for Chinese kingdom, which can not carry passengers. It is not known if Verbiest made vehicle models ever produced or not. In 1752, Leonty Shamshurenkov , a national Russian , construct a human-powered vehicle. He also completed his vehicle with the odometer . Vehicle that he has made similar to a sleigh . The first steam-powered vehicle was made in the late 18th century. Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot successfully demonstrated the three-wheeled vehicles in 1769 . The first vehicle to employ the steam engine , steam engine may increase the most known, was developed in Birmingham , England by the Lunar Society . And also in Birmingham was first gasoline powered car made in Britain in 1896 by Frederick William Lanchester who also patented the disc brake . In the 1890s, ethanol is used as an energy source in the United States. Popularity Cugnot discovery of low usage seen in his native France , and the findings forwarded to Britain , where Richard Trevithick runs a steam wagon in 1801 . The vehicle is considered strange at first, but after the discovery of the decade, such as hand brakes, multi-speed transmission, and increased speed and steering wheel , making it a success. Today, America has a lot more cars than other countries. Japan lead in the manufacture of cars, but the Japanese people can not afford to run a car because the parking is scarce and the price of fuel is costly. Innovation Patented the first car in the United States granted to Oliver Evans in 1789 : in 1804 Evans demonstrated his first car, which is not only the first car in the U.S. but also an amphibious vehicle first, the vehicle-steam power capable of roads on land use wheels and on water use wheel padel . Generally the first automobile internal combustion engine that uses gasoline made almost simultaneously in 1886 by the inventor of the German who worked separately. Karl Benz on July 3, 1886 in Mannheim , and Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart .
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On 5 November 1895 , George B. Selden granted U.S. patent for an automobile engine two there . This patent gives a negative impact on the development of the automobile industry in the U.S.. Spectacular breakthrough made by Berta Benz in 1888. The steam engine, electricity, and gasoline competed for decades, with gasoline internal combustion engines achieving dominance in the 1910s . Line-production large-scale manufacture affordable cars made by Oldsmobile in 1902 , and subsequently developed a large-scale by Henry Ford in the 1910 's. In the period from 1900 to the mid 1920 's the development of automotive technology was rapid, due to the large number (hundreds) of small car makers are all vying to grab the attention of the world. The main development including ignition electronics and electronic self-starter (both by Charles Kettering , for the car company Cadillac in 1910-1911), independent suspension, four tires and brakes. In the 1930s , mostly in automotive technology has been created, though often re-created at a later date and given credit to someone else. For example, the front-wheel steering recreated by Andre Citron in the launch of the Traction Avant in 1934 , although this technology has appeared several years earlier in cars made by Alvis and Cord , and in racing cars by Miller (and may have appeared as early as 1897 ). After 1930, the number of automobile manufacturers drastically reduced berpasan with industry join together and mature. Since 1960 , the number of producers is almost fixed, and reduced innovation. In many ways, the new technology only improvement from the previous technology. Dengam exceptions in the discovery engine management , which entered the market in the 1960s , when electronic goods become cheap enough for mass production and strong enough to handle the harsh environment of a car. Developed by Bosch , these electronic tools can make the exhaust car drastically reduced while increasing engine efficiency and power.

Security
Car accident almost as old as the car itself. Joseph Cugnot car crashed into power-steam "fardier" with the wall in 1770 . First fatal car accident recorded was Bridget Driscoll on August 17, 1896 in London and Henry Bliss on September 13, 1899 in New York City . Each year more than a million people died and about 50 million people were injured in traffic (according to estimates WHO ). The main cause of the accident was the driver drunk or under the influence of drugs, no attention, too tired, danger on the road (such as snow, holes, animal, and careless drivers). Security facilities have been made in the car for years. Cars have two basic safety problems: They have drivers who often make mistakes and lose tire friction when braking close to half of gravity . Automatic control has been proposed and made an example of. Early research focused on improving the brakes and reduce the fire hazard fuel system. Systematic research in crash safety began in 1958 at Ford Motor Company . Since then, much
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research focuses on energy absorption outside with panels that easily destroyed and reduce human movement in the passenger compartment. There is a test car's security standards, such as EuroNCAP and USNCAP . There are also tests that aided by the insurance industry. Although the improvement in technology, the death rate from car accidents remains high, in the U.S. about 40,000 people die each year, the numbers continue to grow in accordance with the increase in population and travel, with a similar trend in Europe . The death rate is expected to be doubled worldwide in 2020 . Greater numbers of injuries and deaths is flawed.

Industry
The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and sells motor vehicles worldwide. In 2008, more than 70 million motor vehicles, including cars and commercial vehicles were produced in the world. [5] In 2007, overall there are 71.9 million new cars were sold worldwide: 22.4 million units in Europe; 21.4 million units in Asia; 19.4 million units in the United States and Canada; 4.4 million units in Latin America; 2.4 million units in the Middle East, and Africa 1.4 million units. [6] The market in North America and Japan has been stagnant, while in South America and some Asian countries grew rapidly. There are around 250 million cars in the United States today. Worldwide, there are an estimated 806 million cars and light trucks in 2007; burned more than 260 billion U.S. gallons (1 gallon = 3.8 liters) of fuel annually. This number is increasing rapidly, especially in China and India. [7] Some opinions say that urban transport systems based on the car will spend excessive amounts of energy, increasing the risk of disease, and the reduction of service despite increased investment. [8] [9 ] [10] Movement sustainable transport focus to resolve this issue. In 2008, with oil prices rising very fast, auto industry felt the combination of rising raw material prices and the changing nature of public vehicles in choosing a vehicle. Automotive industry in some countries are also increasingly competing with the public as consumers are increasingly considering the use of their vehicles. [11] About half of the 51 light vehicle plants in the United States is expected to be closed permanently in the next few years, with around 200,000 jobs disappeared. [ 12] Meanwhile, the Chinese market is now the largest automobile producer and market in the world. China car sales in 2009 reached 13.6 million units, up dramatically from 1 million units in 2000. [13]

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