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B777

Hydraulics
DONOTUSEFORFLIGHT

Hydraulic Panel
1 RAM AIR TURBINE Switch
Push deploys the RAT.
2 Ram Air Turbine Pressure (PRESS) Light
Illuminated (green)
the RAT is deployed
center system primary flight control hydraulic pressure is greater than
1500 psi.
P
R
I
M
A
R
Y
L ENG
L ELEC
RAM AIR
TURBINE
PRESS
UNLKD
ON
ON ON
ON
FAULT FAULT
FAULT
FAULT FAULT
FAULT
FAULT FAULT
AUTO
OFF ON
AUTO
OFF ON
OFF ON
AUTO
OFF ON
AUTO
R ELEC
HYDRAULIC
C2 ELEC C1
R ENG
P
R
I
M
A
R
Y
C2 AIR C1
D
E
M
A
N
D
D
E
M
A
N
D
OVERHEAD PANEL
7
6
5
4
1
2
3
8
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
Page 1
3 Ram Air Turbine Unlocked (UNLKD) Light
Illuminated (amber) the RAT is not in the stowed position.
4 Left/Right Engine (L/R ENG) PRIMARY Pump Switches
ON the enginedriven hydraulic pump pressurizes the related left or right
hydraulic system when the engine rotates.
Off (ON not visible) the enginedriven hydraulic pump is turned off and
depressurized.
5 C1/C2 Electrical (C1/C2 ELEC) PRIMARY Pump Switches
ON
the electric motordriven hydraulic pump operates
pressurizes the center hydraulic system.
Off (ON not visible) the electric motordriven hydraulic pump is turned off.
6 Primary Pump FAULT Lights
Illuminated (amber)
low primary pump pressure
excessive primary pump fluid temperature, or
pump selected OFF.
7 DEMAND Pump Selectors
ON the pump runs continuously.
AUTO the pump operates when system and/or primary pump(s) pressure is low,
or when control logic anticipates a large system demand.
OFF the pump is off.
Note: If both airdriven pumps are selected to ON, only airdriven pump C1
operates; the two airdriven pumps cannot operate simultaneously when
both are selected ON.
8 Demand Pump FAULT Lights
Illuminated (amber)
low demand pump output pressure
excessive demand pump fluid temperature, or
demand pump is selected OFF.
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
Page 2
Hydraulic System Indications
To view the status display, push the STAT display switch on the display select
panel. To view the hydraulic synoptic, push the HYD synoptic display switch on
the display select panel.
Status Display
1 Hydraulic Display
QTY
displays system reservoir quantity as a percentage of the normal service
level (1.00 is the normal service level)
LO (amber) displayed when the reservoir quantity is low
OF (white) displayed when the reservoir is overfull (inhibited in flight)
RF (white) displayed when the reservoir requires refilling (inhibited in
flight).
PRESSURE displays hydraulic pressure in pounds per square inch of the pump
with the highest pressure.
PRESS
RF
L R C
QTY 0.91
3100
0.72
3000
0.10
2900
HYDRAULIC
LO
MULTIFUNCTION DISPLAY
1
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
Page 3
Hydraulic Synoptic Display
FLT CTRL
L REV
NOSE GEAR
& STEERING FLT CTRL
R REV
NORM BRKS
FLT CTRL
MAIN GEAR
& STEERING
FLAPS
ALTN/RSV
BRAKES
P
R
I
M
A
R
Y
D
E
M
A
N
D
P
R
I
M
A
R
Y
D
E
M
A
N
D
ENG
ELEC ELEC
SOV SOV
ENG
ELEC ELEC
AIR AIR
RAT
PRESS PRESS 3100 3000 2900
0.10 LO RF 0.72
R L
L
OVHT
R
ISLN ISLN
C1 C2
C1 C2
0.91












MULTIFUNCTION DISPLAY
AIR airdriven pump
ELEC electricdriven pump
ENG enginedriven pump
ISLN isolation valve
LO reservoir quantity low
OF reservoir quantity overfull
OVHT pump overheat indication
RAT ram air turbine pump
RF reservoir requires refilling
SOV shutoff valve
Closed valve
Failed pump
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
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Miscellaneous Hydraulic System Controls
Engine Fire Panel
1 Engine Fire Switches
Pull
closes the enginedriven pump hydraulic supply shutoff valve
depressurizes the enginedriven pump.
Flight Control Hydraulic Power Switches
Note: No flight crew normal or nonnormal procedures require operation of the
flight control shutoff switches. These switches are for ground maintenance
use only.
DISCH DISCH
1 1 2 2
L
E
F
T
R
I
G
H
T
ENG BTL
1 DISCH
ENG BTL
2 DISCH
AFT AISLE STAND
1
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
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1 Flight Control Hydraulic Power Shutoff Switches
NORM hydraulic system power is available to the flight control actuators.
SHUT OFF hydraulic system power to the flight control actuators is shut off.
Note: In flight, the center system flight control shut off valves are isolated from
electrical power and cannot be closed.
2 Flight Control Hydraulic Power VALVE CLOSED Lights
Illuminated (amber) the related valve is closed.
FLT CONTROL HYD POWER
L
VALVE
CLOSED
VALVE
CLOSED
VALVE
CLOSED
C R
TAIL
NORM
SHUT
OFF
NORM
SHUT
OFF
VALVE
CLOSED
VALVE
CLOSED
VALVE
CLOSED
NORM
SHUT
OFF
NORM
SHUT
OFF
WING
OVERHEAD MAINTENANCE PANEL
1
2
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
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Introduction
The airplane has three independent hydraulic systems: left, right, and center. The
hydraulic systems power the:
Flight control system components are distributed so that any one hydraulic system
can provide adequate airplane controllability.
Hydraulic fluid is supplied to each hydraulic pump from the associated system
reservoir. The reservoirs are pressurized by the bleed air system.
Left and Right Hydraulic Systems
The left and right hydraulic systems are identical. They differ only in the
components they power.
The left hydraulic system powers:
flight controls
the left engine thrust reverser.
The right hydraulic system powers:
flight controls
normal brakes
the right thrust reverser.
Left and Right Hydraulic System Primary Pumps
The left and right hydraulic systems each have a primary pump. The left and right
primary pumps are enginedriven by the related left and right engines.
Left and Right Hydraulic System Demand Pumps
The left and right hydraulic systems each have a demand pump. The demand
pumps are electric motordriven. The demand pumps provide supplementary
hydraulic power for periods of high system demand. The demand pumps also
provide a backup hydraulic power source for the enginedriven primary pumps.
The pumps are controlled by the DEMAND L and R pump selectors. In the AUTO
position, the L and R demand pumps operate for takeoff, landing, and when
system or primary pump pressure is low. In the ON position, the demand pump
runs continuously.
flight controls
leading edge slats
trailing edge flaps
landing gear
wheel brakes
nose and main gear steering
thrust reversers.
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
Page 7
Center Hydraulic System
The center hydraulic system powers:
The ram air turbine (RAT) can provide hydraulic power to the center hydraulic
system primary flight control components only.
Center Hydraulic System Primary Pumps
Two electric motordriven primary pumps are the primary hydraulic power
sources for the center hydraulic system. The PRIMARY C1 and C2 pump
switches control pump operation.
On the ground:
With only a single ground power source, including the APU, the C2 pump will not
run if the C1 pump is selected. The pump will not be load shed if one engine
generator is operating, or the following sources are operating:
primary external power and secondary external power
or
APU generator and primary external power.
In flight:
The C2 pump may be load shed by the electrical load management system when
the following conditions exist:
all other electric pumps are running
there is a single source of electrical power
generator capacity is exceeded.
The pump will start automatically when the conditions that shed the pump no
longer exist.
Center Hydraulic System Demand Pumps
The center hydraulic system has two airdriven demand pumps. The demand
pumps provide supplementary hydraulic power for periods of high system
demand. The demand pumps also provide a backup hydraulic power source for the
center system electric motordriven primary pumps.
flight controls
leading edge slats
trailing edge flaps
landing gear actuation
alternate brakes
reserve brakes
nose gear steering
main gear steering.
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
Page 8
The pumps are controlled by the DEMAND C1 and C2 pump selectors. In the
AUTO position, a demand pump operates when system and/or primary pumps
pressure is low, or when system logic anticipates a large demand. In the ON
position, the demand pump runs continuously. Selecting both demand pumps ON
results in only pump C1 operating. Both pumps cannot operate simultaneously
when ON is selected for both pumps.
Center Hydraulic System NonNormal Operation
If center hydraulic system quantity is sensed to be low and airspeed is greater than
60 knots the:
reserve brakes are isolated from the center system and remain operable
(the C1 pump and reserve fluid are dedicated to operating reserve brakes
and nose gear steering)
nose gear actuation and steering are isolated
leading edge slats are isolated and not allowed to operate in the primary
(hydraulic) mode.
The leading edge slats are reconnected to the center hydraulic system and allowed
to operate in primary mode when:
center hydraulic fluid quantity recovers to normal for 5 seconds, and
the system determines that both engines have been running for more than
30 seconds.
Nose gear actuation and steering are reconnected when:
airspeed decreases below 60 knots, or
hydraulic pressure to the center system flight controls goes low, or
the landing gear is selected down, both engines are normal, and both
enginedriven pumps are providing pressure.
Ram Air Turbine (RAT)
The RAT, when deployed, provides hydraulic power only to the primary flight
control components connected to the center hydraulic system. The RAT provides
hydraulic and electrical power throughout the flight envelope. In flight, the RAT
deploys automatically if:
both engines are failed and center system pressure is low, or
both AC transfer busses are unpowered, or
all three hydraulic system pressures are low.
The RAT can be deployed manually by pushing the RAM AIR TURBINE switch.
The hot battery or APU battery bus must be powered. The center hydraulic system
does not need to be powered. The RAT is deployed by a compressed spring. Once
deployed, the RAT cannot be stowed in flight.
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
Page 9
Hydraulic Systems Schematic
P
R
I
M
A
R
Y
L ENG
L ELEC
AUTO
OFF ON
AUTO
OFF ON
OFF ON
AUTO
OFF ON
AUTO
R ELEC
HYDRAULIC
C2 ELEC C1
R ENG
P
R
I
M
A
R
Y
C2 AIR C1
D
E
M
A
N
D
D
E
M
A
N
D
ON
ON ON
ON
L
E
F
T
DISCH
2 1
FLT CTRL
L REV
NOSE GEAR
& STEERING FLT CTRL
R REV
NORM BRKS
FLT CTRL
MAIN GEAR
FLAPS
ALTN/RSV
BRAKES
P
R
I
M
A
R
Y
D
E
M
A
N
D
P
R
I
M
A
R
Y
D
E
M
A
N
D
ENG
ELEC ELEC
SOV SOV
LEFT CENTER RIGHT
ENG
ELEC
ELEC
AIR
AIR
RAT
L
L
ISLN ISLN
C1
C2
C1
C2
R
R
RESERVOIR RESERVOIR RESERVOIR
& STEERING
RAM AIR
TURBINE
ISLN
SOV Pump Isolation
valve
Shutoff
valve
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
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Hydraulics, Ram Air Turbine EICAS Messages
The following EICAS messages can be displayed.
Message Level Aural Condition
HYD AUTO
CONTROL C
Advisory Both center demand pump AUTO
functions and all center hydraulic system
indications are inoperative.
HYD AUTO
CONTROL L, R
Advisory Demand pump AUTO function and all left
or right system indications are inoperative.
HYD OVERHEAT
DEM C1, C2, L, R
Advisory Demand pump temperature is high.
HYD OVERHEAT
PRI C1, C2, L, R
Advisory Primary pump temperature is high.
HYD PRESS DEM
C1, C2, L, R
Advisory Demand pump output pressure is low
when commanded on.
HYD PRESS PRI
C1, C2
Advisory Primary pump output pressure is low.
HYD PRESS PRI
L, R
Advisory Primary pump output pressure is low.
HYD PRESS SYS
C
Caution Beeper Center hydraulic system pressure is low.
HYD PRESS SYS
L
Caution Beeper Left hydraulic system pressure is low.
HYD PRESS SYS
L+C
Caution Beeper Left and center hydraulic system pressures
are low.
HYD PRESS SYS
L+C+R
Caution Beeper All hydraulic system pressures are low.
HYD PRESS SYS
L+R
Caution Beeper Left and right hydraulic system pressures
are low.
HYD PRESS SYS
R
Caution Beeper Right hydraulic system pressure is low.
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
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[AIMS BP2005]
Message Level Aural Condition
HYD PRESS SYS
R+C
Caution Beeper Right and center hydraulic system
pressures are low.
HYD QTY LOW C Advisory Center hydraulic system quantity is low.
HYD QTY LOW
L, R
Advisory Hydraulic quantity is low.
HYD QTY LOW
L+C
Caution Beeper Left and center hydraulic system quantities
are low.
HYD QTY LOW
L+C+R
Caution Beeper All three hydraulic system quantities are
low.
HYD QTY LOW
L+R
Caution Beeper Left and right system quantities are low.
HYD QTY LOW
R+C
Caution Beeper Right and center system quantities are low.
RAT UNLOCKED Advisory RAT is not stowed and locked.
Boeing B777 - Systems Summary [Hydraulics]
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