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Reg. No.

M.E/ M.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, JANUARY 2011. First Semester

Computer Science Engineering

(Common to Software Engineering and Information Technology) 241103 COMPUTER NETWORKS AND MANAGEMENT (Regulation 2010)

PART A (10 2 = 20 marks) 1. 2.

What is cut-through switch? How is it different from store-and-forward switch? Which protocol provides data link control for X.25? How does it assure reliability in transmission?

3. 4. 5. 6.

There is congestion in the ATM network. How is it indicated? List the parameters associated with queuing model Compare credit based and rate based explicit congestion signaling approach. What are per-hop behaviors (PHB)? How does an individual router discriminates packet based on PHB?

7. 8.

Draw the block diagram of DS traffic conditioner. What are the parameters defining a session in RTP? List the categories of services defined by ISA. How is QoS provided for a time application and how is it achieved specific to audio?

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9. 10.

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Answer ALL questions.

Time : Three hours

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Maximum : 100 marks

Question Paper Code :

20074

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PART B (5 16 = 80 marks) 11. (a) (i)

(ii)

What happens to the receiving end if a single or multi bit error occurs in the payload of the cell transmission? How does the receiver reacts if the above error occurs in the header and it is in correction mode. (8) (8)

Explain the IEEE protocol architecture for Wireless LAN. Or

(b)

(i)

Consider a bus LAN with a number of equally spaced stations with a data rate of 10 Mbps and a bus length of 1 km. What is the mean time to send a frame of 1000 bits to another station, measured from the beginning of transmission to the end of reception? Assume a propagation speed of 200m/ s . If two station begin to transmit at exactly the same time, their packets will interfere with each other. If each transmitting station monitors the bus during transmission, how long does it need to wait before it notices interference? (8)

(ii)

12.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

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Or 2

Explain the different service categories in ATM network. Justify aptly which among these services come under best effort and guaranteed service classification of the Internet. (8) The owner of a shop observes that on average 28 customers per hour arrive and there are typically 10 customers in the shop. What is the average length of time each customer spends in the shop? (5) Differentiate single server with multi server queue. (5)

(iii) Explain the different frame relay congestion control techniques. What is committed information rate? How does it provide fairness? (6)

(b)

(i)

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(ii)

At an ATM machine in a supermarket, the average length of a transaction is 4 minutes, and on average, customer arrive to use the machine once every 7 minutes. How long is the average time that a person might spend waiting and using the machine? What is the 90th percentile of the residence time? On a average how many persons are waiting to use the machine? (8) Explain the interaction of Queues in Data network. What are the key issues related to congestion in such network? (8)

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Suppose a receiver in ATM network is in detection mode. A sender sends a block of user data which gets corrupted on the way to receiver

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13.

(a)

(i)

Define the three way handshake of the TCP initialization protocol in detail using time outs. Explain how it avoids misunderstandings caused by a delayed packet. (8)

(ii)

Or (b) (i)

Suggest possible improvements that can be given to TCP, based on the suggestion propose a TCP window flow control scheme that varies the window size in accordance to the congestion. Propose a simple mathematical model that can be used to analyze the performance of your scheme. (8) What are resource management cells? Explain a ABR RM cell format. (8) Compare elastic and inelastic traffic. (4)

(ii)

14.

(a)

(i) (ii)

(iii) A single video source transmits 30 frames per second, each containing 2M bits of data. The data experiences a delay jitter of 1s. What size of delay buffer is required at the destination to eliminate jitter? (4) Or

(b)

(i) (ii)

Describe the key element of controlled load service.

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Fig. 1 3

Explain the Integrated Service Architecture implemented in router. (8)

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In fig 1, flow A,B,C,D are processed at one of the output of a routes. For each packet, the time it arrives its label are indicated in the fig 1. Specify the order of packet transmission, using weighted fair queuing scheduler. The scheduler scans the flows, starting from A. Assume flows A,B,C.D all given a weightage of 1,2,1 and 2 respectively of the output capacity. (10)

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Explain sustainable cell rate algorithm? How does it differ from peak cell rate algorithm? (8)

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(6)

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15.

(a)

(i) (ii)

Explain the different packet formats in RTCP?

Explain how packets are forwarded in multi protocol label switching. (6)

(b)

(i)

What is receiver initiated reservation? reservation with a neat diagram.

(ii)

Explain the different reservation styles in RSVP.

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Explain soft

Or

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(10) state (8) (8)