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ME 572, Intermediate Gas Dynamics 3 graduate credits Professor Rolf D. Reitz Phone: 608-262-0145 Fax: 608-262-6707 E-mail: reitz@engr.wisc.

edu

Course objective: Intermediate level exposure to gas dynamics is intended to show the application of mechanics and thermodynamics to a variety of compressible fluid problems, both practical and theoretical. Emphasis is placed on understanding physical mechanisms and on the use of computer simulations to understand unsteady compressible flows and pressure waves in fluids. Course description: Thermodynamics and fluid dynamics of compressible gas flows with friction and heat transfer, and application to nozzles, shock tubes, and propulsion devises. Wave phenomena and engine port tuning. Physics of high temperature gases and equilibrium, non-equilibrium and frozen flows. Prerequisites: Calculus, partial derivatives, vector mathematics and integral transforms. Mechanics and Thermodynamics, conservation laws

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Intermediate Gas Dynamics ME 572 (Lecture 1, MW 3:30 - 4:45 PM, Room ME 2108)
Reitz Fall-2013

Course Outline

Lect.

Date 4 9 11 16 18 23 25 30 2 7 9 14 16 21 23 28 30 4 6 11 13 18 20 25 27

Topic Introduction, Flow regimes Thermodynamics Mass, momentum & energy 1-D Compressible Flow, Acoustics Isentropic flow " Quasi 1-D Flow, nozzles Normal Shocks, Rankine Hugoniot Flow with heating/cooling Flow with friction Oblique shocks PM Flows Diffusers Wave reflections EXAM 1 Unsteady wave propagation Differential conservation Eqs. Shock tube Riemann Invariants Method of characteristics 2-D method of characteristics Applications

Reading Chpt. 1 " Chpt. 2 Chpt. 3

H. W. Due

1 Sept W 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Oct 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 M W M W M W M W M W M W M W M W

HW#1

Chpt. 5 Chpt. 3 Chpt. 3 Chpt. 3 Chpt. 4 Chpt. 5.5 Chpt. 4.15, 5 HW#3

HW#2

HW#4

HW#5

Chpt. 6, 7 Chpt. 7 Chpt. 7 Chpt. 11 Chpts. 8, 9 HW#6

18 Nov M 19 W 20 21 22 23 24 25 M W M W M W

Chpt. 11 HW#7 WAVE tutorial

Analogs in compressible flows Chpt. 16 High temperature gas, statistical thermo Chpt. 16 Chemical Equilibrium, NASA Code Computer project preparation Thanksgiving Recess 28-1 Manual

HW#8

26 Dec M 27 W 28 29 M W

2 4 9 11

Non-Equilibrium and frozen flows Devices, ramjets, rockets

Chpt. 16,17 Supplemental HW#9

COURSE REVIEW Computer Project presentations Computer Project presentations (continued)

________________ Dec Fri 20

FINAL EXAMINATION (7:25PM 9:25 PM, Location TBD)

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Gas Dynamics ME 572 Course Information

Instructors:

Professor Rolf D. Reitz reitz@engr.wisc.edu 1018A Engineering Research Building Office Phone: 262-0145 Office Hours: Mon and Wed 2:00 - 3:00 PM & by appointment. Textbook: John D. Anderson, Modern Compressible Flow (With Historical Perspective) , McGraw-Hill (2nd or 3rd Edition), 1990/2003

Additional Reading: Ascher H. Shapiro, The dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow , John Wiley & Sons, 1954 (Vols. 1 and 2). H.W. Liepman and A. Roshko, Elements of Gas Dynamics, John Wiley & Sons, 1957. P.A. Thompson, Compressible Fluid Dynamics, McGraw-Hill, 1972. W.G. Vincenti and C.H. Kruger, Introduction to Physical Gas Dynamics, John Wiley & Sons, 1967. F.J. Moody, Introduction to Unsteady Thermofluid Mechanics , John Wiley & Sons,1989. J.B. Heywood, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals , McGraw Hill, 1988 Homework: Tentative homework assignments are (from Anderson): HW#1: 1.2,1.5,1.6 HW#2: 3.2, 3.3 & Hand Out #1 HW#3: 3.5,3.7, & Hand Out #2 HW#4: 3.11, 3.12, 5.5, 5.6 HW#5: 4.5, 4.12, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11 HW#6: 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, Hand Out #3 HW#7: 7.7, 7.10, 7.11 HW#8: 4.17, 9.9 HW#9: Hand Out #4

Computer project: You will solve a compressible flow problem of practical interest. You will work on your project as part of a team who will divide the responsibilities for the project. The teams and projects will be selected after the midterm exam. The last class days are set aside for each team to present their results to the class. Each team will also turn in a 5-10 page written report of their project on the last class day. The following are some examples of computer projects from previous classes: 1.) Engine intake flow breathing - study the ram effect for optimizing an automobile intake flow duct, study scavenging in a 2-stroke engine. 2.) Engine EGR - Characterize I.C. engine residual gas composition 3.) Engine exhaust system tuning - study I.C. engine exhaust system design. 4.) Sampling/dumping valve - design a cylinder contents sampling valve (SAE 890579). 5.) Shock tube - design a supersonic shock tube. 6.) Pipe flow - analyze 1-D unsteady pipe flow with friction and heat transfer (SAE 930610). 7.) Other - Other project proposals by a team will also be considered. Exams: Grading: There will be one 75 minute mid-term exam, plus the final examination. The dates and times of these exams are listed on the course syllabus. Your final grade in this course will be based on the compilation: homework submission 10% computer project 25% 75 min exam 30% final exam 35%

Reserve materials
*Loan Period: 3-day *Title: Moder compressible flow with historical perspective *Author: John Anderson *Publisher: McGraw Hill Place of publication: *Date of publication: 2003 *Edition: 3rd Library Call number: QA911 A6 2003 *Loan Period: 3-day *Title: The dynamics and thermodynamics of compressible flow, Volumes 1 and 2 *Author: Ascher Shapiro *Publisher: John Wiley Place of publication: *Date of publication: 1953 *Edition: 1st Library Call number: QA913 S497 *Loan Period: 3-day *Title: Compressible fluid flow *Author: Michael Saad *Publisher: Prentice Hall Place of publication: *Date of publication: 1993 *Edition: 2nd Library Call number: *Loan Period: 3-day *Title: Elements of gasdynamics *Author: Anatol Roshko and Hans Liepmann *Publisher: John Wiley Place of publication: *Date of publication: 1957 *Edition: 1st Library Call number: QC168 L5 *Loan Period: 3-day *Title: Compressible-Fluid Dynamics *Author: Philip A. Thompson *Publisher: Place of publication: *Date of publication: *Edition: Library Call number: QC168 T5 *Loan Period: 3-day *Title: Compressible fluid flow *Author: Patrick H. Oosthuizen, William E. Carscallen *Publisher: McGraw Hill Place of publication: *Date of publication: 1997 *Edition: 1st Library Call number: QA911 O57 1997 *Loan Period: 3-day *Title: Fundamentals of gasdynamics *Author: Robert Zucker, Oscar Biblarz

*Publisher: John Wiley Place of publication: *Date of publication: 2002 *Edition: 2nd