Você está na página 1de 26

# MOST IMPORTANT OBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTIONS OF PHYSICS by

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

1. A driver applies the brakes on seeing traffic signal 400 m ahead. At the time of applying the brakes, vehicle was moving with 15 m/s and afterwards it starts retarding with 0.3 m/s. The distance of vehicle after 1 min, from the traffic light is A.25 m C. 360 m B. 375 m D. 40 m

2. A particle is moving along the path given by y = C/6 t (where C is a positive constant). The relation between the acceleration (a) and the velocity(v) of the particle at t = 5 sec is A. 5a = v C. a = v B. a = 5v D. a = v

3. Which of the following statement can be possible cases in one/two-dimensional motion? A. B. C. D. A body has zero velocity and is still accelerating. The velocity of an object reverses direction when acceleration is constant. An objects speed goes on increasing even magnitudes of its acceleration decreases. None of the above.

4. A motor boat is to reach at a point 30 upstream on other side of river flowing with velocity 5 m/s. Velocity of motor boat with respect to water is 5 3 m/s. The driver should steer the boat at an angle of A. B. C. D. 30 up w.r.t. the line of destination from the starting point. 60 up w.r.t normal to blank. 120 w.r.t. stream direction. None of the above.

5. Choose the wrong statement from the following. A. B. C. D. Zero velocity of a particle does not necessarily mean that its acceleration is zero. Zero acceleration of a particle does not mean that its velocity is zero. If speed of a particle is constant, its acceleration must be zero. None of the above.

6. The raindrops are hitting the back of a man walking at speed of 5 Km/hr. If he now starts running in the same direction with a constant acceleration, the magnitude of the velocity of the rain with respect to him will A. Gradually increases. C. first decreases then increases B. gradually decreases D. first increases then decreases.

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

7. A particle is thrown at time t = 0 with a velocity of 10 m/s at an angle of 60 with the horizontal from a point on an incline plane, making an angle of 30 with the horizontal. The time when the velocity of the projectile becomes parallel to the incline is A. 2/3 sec C. 3 sec B. 1/3 sec D. 1/23 sec

8. When a body is thrown up in a lift with a velocity u relative to the lift, the time of flight is found to be t. The acceleration with which the lift is moving up is A. (u gt)/t C. (2u - gt)/t B. (u + gt)/t D. u/t 2g

9. A particle of mass 3m is dropped from certain height at t = 0 at time t = t1. The particle explodes and breaks into two parts m and 2m. At time t = 3t1 velocity of lighter mass is V = V1 + V2 . The velocity of heavier mass at t = t1 (just after explosion) is ( if y represents vertical and x represents horizontal) A. V1 V2 C. V1/2 + (- V2 + 5gt1) /2 B. V1/2 + (- V2 + 5gt1)/2 C. None of these.

10. A box is falling freely. Inside the box, a particle is projected with some velocity v with respect to the box at an angle as shown in the figure. Assertion (A): The path of the particle with respect to an observer sitting in the box Will be straight line. Reasoning (R) : The acceleration of particle with respect to box is zero. Then, A. B. C. D. Both A and R are correct and R is correct explanation of A. Both A and R are correct but R is not correct explanation of A. Both A and R is correct. Both A and R are wrong.

11. Two small rings O and O are put on two vertical stationary rods AB and AB, respectively. One end of an inextensible thread is tied at point A. The thread passes through ring O ant its other end is to ring O. Assuming that ring O moves downwards at a constant velocity v1, Determine the velocity v2 of the ring O, angle AOO = A. v1[(2sin/2)/cos ] C. v1[(3cos/2)/sin ] B. v1[(2cos/2)/sin ] D. None of these.

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

12. A fixed U-shaped smooth wire has a semi-circular bending between A and B as shown in figure. A bead of mass m moving with uniform speed v through the wire enters the semicircular bend at A and leaves at B.The Magnitude of average force exerted by the bead on the part AB of the wire is A. 0 B. 4mv/ d C. 2mv/ d D. none of these. 13. Two blocks of mass 10 Kg and 30 Kg are kept as shown in the figure. The surface between the block is frictional while the ground is smooth. A horizontal force Of magnitude 60N is applied horizontally on the upper block, Find the frictional force on the block of mass 30 Kg? A. 20 N C. 40 N B. 30 N D. 50 N

14. Two identical particles A and B, each of mass m, are interconnected by a spring of stiffness k. If the particle B experiences an external force F along the line of spring and outward (as shown) and the elongation of the spring at this instant is x, the acceleration of particle B relative to particle A is equal to

A. F/2m C. (F -2kx)/m

B. (F kx)/m C. kx/m

15. The system shown in the figure is in equilibrium. Masses m1 & m2 are 2 Kg & 8 Kg respectively. Spring constant k1 & k2 are 50 N/m and 70 N/m respectively. If the comparison in first spring? (Both springs have same natural length) A. 1.3 m C. 0.5 m B. -0.5 m D. 0.9 m

16. In figure the block of mass M is at rest on the floor. The acceleration with which a boy of mass m should climb along the rope of negligible mass so as to lift the block from is, A. [M/m 1]g C. (M/m)g B. >[M/m 1]g D. >(M/m)g

17. Three blocks A, B and C of equal mass m are placed one over other on a frictionless surface (table) as shown in figure. Coefficient of friction between any block A, B and C is . Maximum value of mass of block Md so that the

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

block A,B and C move without slipping over each other is A. (3m)/ +1 C. [3m(1 + )]/ B 3m(1 )/ D. 3m/(1 - )

18. Two blocks of masses 0.2 Kg and 0.5 Kg, which are placed 22 m apart on a rough horizontal surface ( = 0.5), are acted upon by two forces of magnitude 3 N each as shown in figure at time t = 0. Then, the time t at which they collide each other is A. 1 sec C. 2 sec B. 2 sec D. None of these.

19. A force given by the relation F = 8t, acts on body of mass 2 Kg, initially at rest. Find the work done by this force on the body during first 2 seconds of its motion. A. 64 J C. -64 J B. 0 D. None of these

20. A particle of mass m is moving horizontally with a constant velocity v towards a rigid wall that is moving in opposite direction with a constant speed u. Assuming elastic impact between the particle and wall, the work done by the wall in reflecting the particle is equal to A. (1/2)m(u + v) C. (1/2)muv B. (1/2)m(u + v) D. 2mu (u + v).

21. A block of mass m is moving with constant acceleration a on a rough horizontal plane. If the coefficient of friction between the block and ground is the power delivered by the external agent after a time t from the beginning is equal to A. mat C. m(a + g)gt B. mgat D. m(a + g)at

22. An electric motor creates a tension of 4500 N in hoisting a cable and reels it at the rate of 2 m/s. What is the power of the electric motor? A. 15 kW C. 225 kW B. 9 kW D. 9000 H.P.

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

23. A body is acted upon by a force which inversely proportional to the distance covered. The work done will be proportional to A. s B. s B. s D. kln(s/s1)

24. A machine delivers power to a body which is proportional to velocity v of the body. If the body starts with a velocity which is almost negligible, then distance covered by the body is proportional to A. v C. v B. (v/2) D. v

25. The kinetic energy acquired by a mass m in traveling a certain distance d, starting from rest, under the action of a force F such that the force F is A. directly proportional to t C. directly proportional to (t) B. independent of t D. directly proportional to t

26. A particle of mass m slides on a frictionless surface ABCD, starting from rest as shown in figure. The part BCD is circular arc. If it looses contact at point P, find the maximum height attained by the particle from point C. A. R [ 2 + 1/22] C. 3R B. R [ 2 - 1/22] D. none of these.

27. A projectile is fired with some velocity making certain angle with horizontal. Which of the following graphs is the best representation for the kinetic energy of a projectile (K.E.) versus its horizontal displacement(x)? A. B.

C.

D.

28. A force shown in the F-x graph is applied to a 2 kg block horizontal As shown in the figure. The change in the kinetic energy is

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

A. 15 J C. 25 J B. 20 J D. 30 J

29. A particle of mass m is released from height h on the smooth quarter circular fixed wedge. The horizontal surface AB following the circular path at bottom of wedge is rough with coefficient of friction between surface and m. Find the distance from bottom of wedge where the mass will stop. A. 2H/ C. h/ g B. h/ D. none of these.

30. A particle of mass 5m which is at rest explodes into 3 fragments. Two equal fragments each of mass 2 m are found to move with a speed v each in opposite directions. The energy released in the process of explosion is A. 2mv C. 5mv B. 5/2mv D. 3mv

31. A particle of mass m collides with another stationary particle of mass M. If the particle m stops just after the collision, the coefficient of restitution of collision is equal to A. 1 C. (M m)/ (M + m) B. m/M D. m/(M + m)

32. A pingpong ball of mass m is floating in air by a jet of water emerging out of nozzle. If the water strikes the ping pong ball with a speed v and just after collision water falls dead, the mass flow rate of water in the nozzle is equal to: A. 2mg/v C. mg/v B. mv/g D. None of these.

33. A block of mass m is pushed towards a movable wedge of mass nm and height h, with a velocity u. All surfaces are smooth. The minimum value of u for which the block will reach the top of the wedge is A. (2gh) C. [2gh(1 + 1/n)] B. n2gh D. [2gh(1 - 1/n)]

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

34. A circular arc (AB) of thin wire frame of radius R and mass M makes an angle of 90 at the origin. The centre of mass of the arc lies at A. [0, (2/)R ] C. [0, (22/)R ] B. [0, (2/)R ] D. [0, (4/)R ]

35. From a 16 cm X 8 cm rectangular uniforms plane sheet, exactly one quarter of the sheet is removed as shown in the figure. If the origin be taken at the centre of the sheet considered as shown in the figure the coordinate of the centre of mass of the remaining sheet is A. (4/3, 2/3) B. (0, 2/3) C. (4/3, 0) D. (-4/3, -2/3) 36. A block B is at rest on the rough horizontal surface as shown. Another block A collides with B. Then, which of the following statement is correct? (i) Impulsive friction acts on block B. (ii) Conservation of momentum can not be applied on a system (A + B) along x-axis for the situation just before and just after the collision. (iii) Conservation of momentum can be applied on a system (A + B) along x-axis for the situation just before and just after the collision. (iv) Block A always moves along positive x-axis after collision. A. i and ii C. i and iv B. i, ii and iv D. iii

37. Infinite number of bricks are placed one over the other as shown in the figure. Each succeeding brick having half the length and breadth of its preceding brick and the mass of each succeeding brick being (1/4)th of the preceding one. Taking O as the origin, the x coordinate of centre of mass of the system of bricks is at A. a/7 B. 3a/7 C. -3a/7 D. -2a/7 38. A particle strikes a smooth horizontal surface at an angle of 45 with a velocity of 100m/s and rebounds. If the coefficient of restitution between the floor and the particle is 0.57 then the angle which the velocity of the particle after it rebounds will make with the floor is A. 30 C. 60 B. 45 D. 90

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

39. When a body rolls without sliding up an inclined plane, the frictional force is A. directed up the plane C. Zero B. directed down the plane D. dependent on its velocity

40. A particle m starts with zero velocity along a line y = 4d. The position of particle m varies as x = A sin . At t = /2, its angular momentum with respect to origin A. mAd C. mAd/ B. md/A D. 0

41. As shown in the diagram a frame which is initially in the horizontal plane is rotated about AB. Find the angular velocity of the system at the moment it comes in vertical plane from the initial position.( Assume it being made up of uniform rod of length l & l/2 (mass of length l = m) A. = (3g)/(33l) C. = (48g)/(17l) B. = (86g)/(33l) D. = (8g)/(7l)

42. A sphere of radius R and mass M collides elastically with a cubical block of mass M and side 2R. The entire system is on a smooth horizontal ground Given that the sphere was rolling without slipping with an angular velocity at the time of collision. The velocities of the sphere and the block after the collision are A. B. C. D. (sphere) = 0, v(sphere) = 0, v(block) = v. (sphere) = , v(sphere) = 0, v(block) = v. (sphere) = 0, v(sphere) = 0, v(block) = 0. (sphere) = /2, v(sphere) = v/2, v(block) = v/2.

43. A body of mass m and radius r is released from rest along a smooth inclined plane of angle of inclination . The angular momentum of the body about the instantaneous point of contact after a time t from the instant of release is equal to A. mgrt cos C. (3/2)mgrt sin B. mgrt sin D. None of these.

44. Let I be the moment of inertia of a uniform square plate about an axis AB that passes though its centre and is parallel to two of its slides. CD is a line in the plane of the plate that passes through the centre of the plate and makes an angle with AB. The moment of inertia of the plate about the axis CD is then equal to A. I B. Icos C. Isin D. Icos/2

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

45. When a car negotiates a curve, the normal force exerted on the inner and outer wheels are N1 and N2, Respectively. Then N1/N2 is A. =1 C. >1 B. <1 D. 0

46. A mass less string is wrapped around a hollow cylinder having mass m and radius r. the cylinder is kept on a rough horizontal surface (coefficient of friction is ). A constant Force F is applied as shown in the figure. In case of pure rolling, the friction force acting on the bottom most point of the cylinder is A. 0 C. mg/2 B. mg D. 3 mg/2

47. A cubical box of side length L rests on a rough horizontal surface having Coefficient of friction . A variable horizontal force F = t is applied on the Top of the block as shown in the figure, where is a constant and t is time. The coefficient of friction is so that the block does not slide before toppling. The graph between torque due to normal reaction about end B and time before toppling is start is

A.

B.

C.

D.

48. A closed cylinder of length l containing a liquid of variable density (x) = 0(1 + x) is rotating with constant angular velocity . Find the net force exerted by the liquid on the axis of rotation. (Take the cylinder to be massless and A = cross sectional area of cylinder) A. 0A l[1/2 + 1/3 l] C. 0A l[1/2 + l] B. 0A l[1/2 + 2/3 l] D. 0A l[1/2 + 4/3 l]

49. A particle is projected from the mid-point of the line joining two fixed particles each of mass m. If the separation between the fixed particles is l, the minimum velocity of projection of the particle so as to escape is equal to

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

A. (Gm)/l C. (2Gm)/l B. (Gm)/2l D. 2(2Gm)/l

50. A particle hanging from a spring stretches it by 1 cm at earths surface. Radius of the earth is 6400 Km. At a place 800 Km above the earths surface the same particle will stretch the spring by A. 1 cm C. 0.1 cm B. 8 cm D. 0.79 cm

51. A circular ring of mass M and radius a is placed in a gravity free space. A small particle of mass m placed on the axis of the ring at distance 3a from the centre of the ring is released from rest. The Velocity with which the particle passes through the centre of the ring is A. (GM)/a C. (GM)/2a[M/m] B. (GM)/2a[m/M] D (GM)/a[M/(M + m)]

52. A satellite is moving round the earth in a circular orbit. The following statement are given. (i) It is moving with a constant velocity. (ii) It suffers no acceleration. (iii) Its angular momentum w.r.t. the earth remains conserved. (iv) Its distance from centre must be equal to 2 earths radius. The correct option is A. i and ii are true. C. only iii is true. B. i and iii and iv are true. D. i and iv are true.

53. A light cylindrical vessel is kept on a horizontal surface. Its base area is A. A hole of cross Sectional area a is made just at its bottom side. The minimum coefficient of friction necessary for sliding of the vessel due to the impact force of the emerging liquid is (a<<A) A. Varying C. 2a/A B. a/A D. none of these

54. The density of ice is x gm/cc and that of water is y gm/cc. What is the change in volume in cc, when m gm of ice melts? A. m(y - x) C. mxy(x y) B. (y - x)/m D. m(1/y 1/x)

55. A cube of mass m and density D is suspended from a point P by a spring of stiffness k. The system is kept inside a beaker filled with a liquid of density d. The elongation in the spring, assuming D>d is:

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

A. mg/k[1 d/D] C. mg/k[1 + d/D] B. mg/k[1 D/d] D. None of these.

56. Eight identical droplets falling under gravity in earths atmosphere with terminal velocity v combine Together to form a single drop. The terminal velocity of the resulting drop will be A. v C. 3v B. 2v D. 4v

57. Water rises to a height of 10 cm in a capillary tube and mercury falls to depth of 3.42 cm in the same capillary tube. If the density of mercury is 13.6 g/cc and the angle og contact of mercury and water are 135 and 0 respectively the ratio of surface tension of water and mercury is A. 1 : 0.15 C. 1 : 6.5 B. 1:3 D. 1.5 : 1

58. An air bubble of radius 5 mm rises through a vat of syrup speed 2 mm/s. If the syrup has a density of 1.4x103 Kg/m3, What is its viscosity? A 1.15 Kg/m-s C. 2.25 Kg/m-s B. 15 Kg/m-s D. 19.05 Kg/m-s

59. n number of water droplets each of radius r, coalesce to form a single drop of radius R. The rise in Temperature d is A. 2T/rJ C. -3T/J B. 3T/J[1/r 1/R] D. 3T/J[1/r + 1/R]

60. A smooth spherical ball of radius 1 cm and density 4x103 Kg/m3 is dropped gently in a large Container containing viscous liquid of density 2x103 Kg/m3 , and = 0.1 N-s/m2. The distance moved by the ball in t = 0.1 sec after it attains terminal velocity is A. 4/5 m up C. 2/3 m down B. 4/9 m up. D. 4/9 m down

61. For a stream line flow of water following statement are given below a) Two streamlines do not intersect each other. b) streamlines must be straight. c) streamlines flow is more likely for liquids with low density and high viscosity. d) streamlines flow is more likely for liquids with high density and low viscosity.

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

A. a and b are true. C. a and c are true B. a,b and c are true D. all are true

62. Water has been filled in a conical vessel fixed on the horizontal surface at its base. When a very small hole is made in its curved surface as shown in figure, water will come out in which of the direction shown A. 1 C. 3 B. 2 D. 4

63.When the load on wire is increasing slowly from 2 Kg to 4 Kg, the elongation increases from 0.6 mm to 1mm. The work done during this extension of wire is (g 10 m/s) A. 14 x 10-3 J C. 8 x 10-2 J B. 0.4 x 10-3 J D. 10-3 J

64. In the interference of waves from two sources of intensities Io and 4Io the intensity at a point where the phase difference is is: A. Io C. 3Io B. 2Io D. 4Io

65.An air column in a pipe , which is closed at one end , will be in resonance with vibrating tuning fork of frequency 264 Hz, if the length of the column is A. 31.25 C. 93.75 B. 62.50 D. 125

66.A policeman on duty detects a drop of 10% in the pitch of the horn of moving car as it crosses him. If velocity of sound is 330 m/s the speed of the car will be A. 20 m/s B. 25 m/s B. 17.3 m/s D. 27 m/s

67. When two simple harmonic motions of same period , same amplitude having phase difference of 3/2 and at right angles to each other are super imposed, the resultant wave form is a A. circle C. ellipse B. parabola D. figure of eight

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

68. A transverse wave is described by the equation y = yo sin 2 (ft x/a). The maximum particle velocity is equal to four times the wave velocity if a is equal to A. yo/4 C. yo B. yo/2 D. 2 yo

69. The amplitude of a wave disturbance propagating in the positive x-direction is given by y = 1/(1 + x) at time t = 0 and by y = 1/[1 +(1 + x)] at t= 2 sec, where x and y are in metres. The shape of the wave disturbance does not change during the propagation. The velocity of wave is A. 1 m/s C. 1.5 m/s B. 0.5 m/s D. 2 m/s

70. The displacement y of a particle executing periodic motion is given by y = 4 cos(1/2t)sin(1000t). This expression may be considered as result of the superposition of A. two waves C. four waves B. three waves D. five waves

71. A wave pulse on a string has the shape at particular instant as shown in the figure. The wave speed is V= 1 cm/s The point O is a fixed end. The total wave on the string t = 4.5 sec is represented by:

A.

B.

B.

D.

72. If the amplitude of waves at a distance r from line source is A. The amplitude at a distance 4r will be A. 2A C. A/2 B. A D. A/4

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

73. The pendulum has time period T in air. When it is made to oscillate in water, it acquired a time period T = 2 T. The specific gravity of the pendulum bob is equal to: A. 2 C. 22 B. 2 D. None of these.

74. A spring is loaded with two blocks m1 & m2, where m1 is rigidly fixed with the spring and m2 is just kept on the block m1 as shown in figure. The maximum energy of oscillation that is possible for the system having the block m2 in contact with m1 is: A. (m12g2)/2k C. [(m1+m2)2g2]/2k B. (m22g2)/2k D. None of these

75. A particle of mass m is executing oscillations about the origin on the x-axis. Its potential energy is V(x) = k|x|3 , where k is positive constant. If the amplitude of oscillation is a, then its time period T is A. proportion to 1/a C. proportion to a B. independent of a D. proportion to a3/2

76. One end of a spring of force constant k is fixed to a vertical wall and the other to a block of mass m resting on a smooth horizontal surface. There is another wall at a distance xo from the block. The spring is then compressed by 2xo and released. The time taken to strike the wall is: A. 1/6 (k/m) C. 2/3(m/k) B. (k/m) D. /4(k/m)

77. A particle moves on x-axis according to the equation x = xosin2t, the motion is simple harmonic A. with amplitude xo C. with time period (2/) B. with amplitude 2xo D. with time period (/)

78. A disc of radius R and mass M is pivoted at the rim and is set for small oscillations. If simple pendulum has to have the same period as that of the disc, the length of the simple pendulum should be A. (5/4) R C. (3/4) R B. (2/3) R D. (3/2) R

79.A block of mass m compresses a spring of stiffness k through a distance l/2 as shown in the figure. If the block is not fixed to the spring the period of the motion block is A. 2(m/k) B. (+4)(m/k) C. (1+)(m/k) D. none of these

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

80. A block of mass m rigidly attached with a spring k is compressed through a distance A. If the block is released, the period of oscillation of the block for a complete cycle is equal to A. 4/3(m/k) B. /2(m/k) C. 2/3(m/k) D. none of this. 81. Time period of a block when suspended from the upper plate of a parallel plate capacitor by a spring of stiffness k is T. When block is uncharged. If a charge q is given to the block then the new time period of oscillation will be A. T C. <T B. >T D. >= T

82. An object of mass 0.8 Kg is attached to one end of a spring and the system is set Into simple harmonic motion. The displacement x of the object as a function of time Is shown in the figure. With the aid of the data, the magnitude of the objects acceleration At t = 1.0 is A. 0 B. 1.57 m/s B. 0.197 m/s D. 0.157 m/s 83. Two cylinders A and B fitted with massless pistons contain equal amounts of an ideal diatomic gas at 300 K. The piston A is free to move, while that of B is held fixed. The same amount of heat is given to the gas in each cylinder. If the rise in temperature of gas in A is 30 K, then the rise in temperature of gas in B is: A. 30 K C. 50 K B. 18 K D. 42 K

84. Two identical containers A and B with frictionless pistons contain the same ideal gas at the same temperature and the same volume V. The mass of gas A is mA and that in B is mB . The gas in each cylinder in now allowed to expand to isothermally to the same final volume 2V. The change in the pressure in A and B are found to be 1.5P, respectively. Then, A. 4 mA = 9 mB C. 3 mA = 2 mB B. 2 mA = 3 mB D. 9 mA = 4 mB

85. Starting with the same initial conditions an ideal gas expands from volume v1 to v2 in three different Ways. The work done by the gas is W1 if the process is purely isothermal, W2 is purely isobaric and W3 if purely adiabatic. Then A. W2 > W1> W3 C. W1 > W2> W3 B. W2 > W3> W1 D. W1 > W3> W2

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

86. A monoatomic gas( = 5/3) is suddenly compressed to (1/8) of its volume adiabatically then the pressure of the gas will change to A. 24/5 C. 40/3 B. 8 D. 32

87. In a room where temperature is 30 C, a body cools from 61 C to 59 C in 4 minutes. The time taken by the body to cool from 51C to 49C will be A. 4 Min C. 5 Min B. 6 Min D. 8 Min

88. The efficiency of an ideal gas with adiabatic exponent for the shown cyclic Process would be: A. (2ln2 1)/[ /( -1)] C. (2ln2 + 1)/[ /( -1)] B. (1-2ln2)/[ /( -1)] D. (2ln2 1)/[ /( +1)]

89. Three rods AB,BC and BD of the same length l and cross-sectional Area A arranged as shown. The end D is immersed in ice whose mass is 440 gm. Heat is being supplied at constant rate of 200 cal/sec from end A. Time in which whole ice will melt( Latent heat of fusion of ice is 80 Cal/gm) A. 40/3 min B. 700 sec C. 20/3 min D. Indefinitely lond time [ Given : k(thermal conductivity) = 100 cal/m sec C, A = 10 cm sq. , l = 1 m] 90. A point source S of light is emitting a power P. A sphere of radius r is situated At a distance R from the source S(r << R), has a mass M and specific heat capacity C. The time in which temperature in which temperature of sphere rises by C is A. (RMC )/Pr C. (3RMC )/Pr B. (2RMC )/Pr D. (4RMC )/Pr

91. Power radiated by a black body is Po and the wavelength corresponding to the maximum energy is around o . On changing the temperature of the black body, it was observed that the power radiated is increased to 256/81 Po . The shift in the wavelength corresponding to the maximum energy will be A. + o/4 C. - o/4 B. + o/2 D. - o/2

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

92. A charge Q is uniformly distributed over a non-conducting semi-circular rod of radius R. The potential at the centre is A.0 C. Q/(4o 2R) B. Q/(4oR) D. 2Q/(4oR)

93. Two bodies are charged by rubbing one against the other> During the process one becomes positively charged while the other becomes negatively charged. Then A. B. C. D. mass of each body remains unchanged. mass of each body changes marginally. mass of each body changes slightly and hence the total mass. mass of each body changes slightly but the total mass remains the same.

94. An electron is projected from a distance d and with initial velocity u parallel to a uniformally charged flat conducting plate as shown. It strikes the plate after traveling a distance l along the direction of projection. The surface charge density of the conducting plate is equal to A. 2domu/el C. domu/el B. 2domu/el D. domu/el

95. The ratio of the same time periods of small oscillation of the insulated spring and Mass system before and after charging the masses is A. >= 1 B. >1 C. <=1 D. =1

96. The potential energy of the system of two identical charged spheres as shown In the figure is equal to( assume the charge distribution to be uniform) A. q/4o[1/R + 1/r]s C. q/4o[1/r(R +r)] B. qr/4o D. None of these.

97. An assembly of charge +q,-q,+q,-q..are placed at distance x = 1m, x = 2m, x = 4m, x = 8m From the origin in a plane . The potential at x = 0 due to the charges would be A. -q/4o C. q/6o B. -q/6o D. q/4o

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

98. A charge Q has to be divided between two solid spheres of radius R which are at distance d from each other (d >>R). What should be the value of charge , which we should place on sphere so that the force of attraction between them is maximum? A. Q/4, 3Q/4 B. Q/3, 2Q/3 C. Q/2, Q/2 D. Q/5, 4Q/5 99. An elliptical cavity is carved within a perfect conductor. A positive charge q is Placed at the centre of the cavity. The points A and B are on the cavity surface. Then, A. B. C. D. electrical field near A in the cavity must be equal to the electrical field near B in the cavity. Charge density at A must be equal to the charge density at B Potential at A must be equal to the potential at B. Total electric field flux through the surface of cavity is q/o

100. Two identical sheets of metallic foil are separated by d and capacitance of the system is C and charged to a potential difference E. Keeping the charge constant, the separation is increased by l Then, the new capacitance and potential difference will be A. oA/d, E C. oA/(d+l), [1 + l/d]E B. oA/(d+l), E D. oA/d, [1 + l/d]E

101. A source of constant potential difference is connected across a conductor having Irregular cross section as shown. A. B. C. D. Electric field intensity at P is greater than that at Q. Rate of electrons crossing per unit area of cross section P is less than that at Q. The rate of generation of heat per unit length at P is greater than at Q. Mean kinetic energy of free electrons at P is greater than that at Q.

102. Current voltage characteristics of two elements A and B are shown below in figs a and b.

Which of the following graphs represents current voltage characteristics for their series combination?

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

A. B

B.

D.

103. In the given network the batteries getting changed are: A. B. C. D. 1 and 3 1 3 and 5 1 and 4 1, 2 and 5

104. When a galvanometer is shunted with 4 resistance the deflection is reduced to 1/5. If the galvanometer is further shunted with 2 wire the new deflection will be (assuming the main current remains the same) A. 5/13 of the deflection when shunted with 4 only. B. 8/13 of the deflection when shunted with 4 only. C. 3/4 of the deflection when shunted with 4 only. D. 3/13 of the deflection when shunted with 4 only. 105. When the key k is pressed at time t = 0 which of the following statement about the current I, in the resistor AB of the given circuit is true: A. 2 mA at all time. B. Oscillates between 1 mA and 2 mA. C. 1 mA at all time. D. At t = 0, I = 2mA and with time it finally reduces to 1 mA. 106. Two electric bulbs rated P1 and P2 watt at V volt are connected in series across V volt mains then their total power consumption P is A. (P1 + P2) C. P1P2/(P1 + P2) B. (P1P2) D. (P1 + P2)/P1P2

107. In the given circuit with steady current the potential drop across the capacitor Must be: A. V B. V/2 C. V/3 D. 2V/3 108. In the circuit shown in the adjacent figure: A. the potential at P is -7.5 V B. the potential at Q is -1 V C. the potential at R is 0. D. the potential at S is 0.

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

109. The electron in hydrogen atom moves in circular orbit of radius 5 x 10 -11 m with a speed of 0.6 x 106 m/s then A. B. C. D. the frequency of the electron is 6 x 1015 rev/s the electron carries -1.6 x 10-19 C around the loop the current in the orbit is 0.96 mA the current flow is in the opposite direction to the direction of the motion of electron.

110. A disc of mass m has a charge Q distributed on its surface. It is rotating about an XX with a angular velocity . The force acting on the disc is A. 0 B. RB/ C. 2QBR D. none of these

111. A circular loop of wire is carrying a current I (as shown in the figure.) on applying a uniform magnetic field inward perpendicular to the plane of the loop, the loop A. move along the positive x-direction. B. Move along the negative x-direction C. Contract D. Expand 112. Calculate the magnetic field at distance y from the centre of the axis of a disc of radius r and uniform surface charge density , if the disc spins with angular velocity . A. ()/3[(r-2y)/r-y + 2y] C. ()/2[(r+2y)/r+y - 2y] B. ()/2[(r+y)/r+y] D. (2)/3[(r+2y)/r+y - 2y]

113. An electron moves straight inside a charged parallel plate capacitor of uniform surface Charge density . The space between the plates is filled with constant magnetic field of Induction B. The time of straight line motion of the electron in the capacitor is A. e/( 0lB) C. e/( 0B) B. (0lB)/ D. 0B/e

114. Three rings each having equal radius R are placed mutually perpendicular To each other and each having its centre at the origin of co-ordinate system. If the current I is flowing through each ring then the magnitude of the field At the common centre is:

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

A. 3 0I/2R C. (2 - 1)0I/2R B. 0 D. (3 - 2)0I/2R

115. Consider the plane of the paper to be the vertical plane with direction of g as shown In the figure. A rod (MM) of mass M and carrying a current I. The rod is suspended Vertically through two insulated spring with constant k at two ends. A uniform magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the plane of the paper such that the potential energy stored in the spring in equilibrium position is zero. If the rod is slightly displaced in the vertical direction from the position of equilibrium, then the time period of oscillation is A. 2(m/k) C. 2(k/2m) B. 2(m/2k) D. 2(m/k).(mg/IlB)

116. A uniform magnetic field of intensity 1T is applied in a circular region of radius 0.1 m, directed into the plane of paper. A charged particle of mass 5 x 10-5 Kg and charge q = 5 x 10-4 C enters the field with velocity 1/3 m/s making an angle of with radial line of circular region in such a way that it passes through centre of applied field the angle is A. 60 C. 45 117. B. 30 D. 90

In the shown figure AC and BD are straight lines and CED and AFB are semicircular With radii r and 4r, respectively. The entire setup is lying in the same plane. If I is the current entering at A what fraction of I will flow in the ACEDB such that resultant magnetic field at O is zero A. i/5 C. 3i/5 B. 4i/5 D. no current through bigger s.c part

118. A current carrying wire has the configuration shown in the figure. The semi-infinite straight sections each tangent to the same circle are connected by circular arc, of angle along the circumference of the circle, with all sections lying in the same plane. What must be in order for B(magnetic field) to be zero at the centre of the circle. A. = 1 rad C. = 3 rad B. = 2 rad D. = 4 rad

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

119. Shown in figure is a small loop that is kept co-axially with the bigger loop If the slider moves from A to B then A. B. C. D. Current flow in both the loops will be in opposite senses. Clockwise current in loop 1 and anticlockwise current in loop 2 flow No current flows in loop 2 Clockwise current flows in loop 2

120. A conducting loop is pulled with a constant velocity towards a region of uniform magnetic field of induction B as shown in the figure, Then the current involved in the loop is (d >r) A. B. C. D. clockwise while entering anti clockwise while entering zero when completely inside clockwise while leaving

121. A conducting bar is pulled with a constant speed v on a smooth conducting rail. The region has a steady magnetic field of induction B as shown in the figure. If the speed of the bar is doubled then the rate of heat dissipation will A. B. C. D. remain constant become quarter of the initial value become four fold get doubled

122. A loop is kept so that its centre lies at the origin of the coordinate system. A magnetic field has the induction B position along the Z axis as shown in the figure A. No emf and current will be induced in the loop if it rotates about Z axis. B. Emf is induced but no current flows if the loop is fiber when it rotates about y axis. C. Emf is induced and induced current flows in the loop if the loop is made of cooper and is rotated about y-axis. D. If the loop moves along z axis with constant velocity no current flows in it. 123. Shown in the figure is an R-L circuit. Just after the key (K) is closed A. B. C. D. the current in the circuit is zero. Potential drop across the resistor is zero. Emf developed across the inductor equals the emf of the battery No heat is dissipated in the circuit.

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

124. A conductor loop of resistance R and radius r has its center at the origin of the Co-ordinate system in a magnetic field of induction B. When it is rotated about Y-axis through 90 , net charge flown in the coil is directly proportional to A. B C. r B. R D. r

125. The coefficient of mutual inductance of the two coil is 0.5 H. If the current is increased from 2 to 3 A in 0.01 sec in one of them, then the inclined emf in second coil is: A. 25 V C. 75 V B. 50 V D. 100 V

126. An ideal choke takes a current of 8 A when connected to an a.c. source of 100 volt and 50 Hz. A pure resistor under the same conditions takes a current of 10 A. If two are connected in series to an a.c. supply of 100v and 40 Hz, then the current in the series combination of above resistor and inductor is A. 10 A C. 52 A B. 8 A D. 102 A

127. A resistor R, inductor L and capacitor C are connected in series to a source of frequency n. If the resonant frequency is nr then the current lags behind voltage when A. n = 0 C. n = nr B. n < nr D. n > nr

128. An AC source of angular frequency is fed across a resistor R and a capacitor C in series. The current registered is I. If now the frequency of source is changed to /3(but maintaining at the same voltage), the current in the circuit is found to be halved. The ratio of resistance at the original frequency will be: A. (3/5) C. 3/5 B. (5/3) D. 5/3

129. A beaker containing liquid is placed on a table underneath a microscope which can be moved along a vertical scale. The microscope is focused through the liquid onto a mark on the table when the reading on the scale is a. It is next focused on the upper surface of the liquid and the reading is b. More liquid is added and the observation are repeated the corresponding reading are c and d. The refractive index of the liquid is: A. (d-b)/(d-c-b+a) C. (d-c-b+a)/ (d-b) B. (b-d)/(d-c-b+a) D. (d-b)/(a+b-c-d)

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

130. An observer can see through a pin hole the top end rod of height h, placed as Shown in the figure. The beaker height is 3h and its radius h. when the beaker is filled with liquid up to a height 2h, he can see the lower end of the rod. Then the refractive index of the liquid is A. 5/2 B. 5/2 B.3/2 D. 3/2 131. The focal length of a convex lens of R.I. 1.5 is f when it is placed in air. When it is immersed in a liquid it behaves as a converging lens its focal length becomes xf(x>1). The refractive index of the liquid A. > 3/2 C. < 3/2 B. <3/2 and >1 D. All of these

132. The angle of a prism is 30. The ray incident at 60 on one refracting face suffer a diversion of 30. Then the angle of emergence is: A. 0 B. 30 C. 60 D. 90 133. In youngs double slit experiment the fringes are displaced by a distance x when a glass plate of refractive index 1.5 is introduced in the path of one of the beams. When this plate in replaced by another plate of the same thickness, the shift of fringes is (3/2)x. The refractive index of the second plate is A. 1.75 B. 1.50 C. 1.25 D. 1.00 134. The ratio of the intensity at the centre of bright fringe to the intensity at a point one quarter of the distance between two fringes from the centre is A. 2 B. C. 4 D. 16

135. Among the two interfering monochromatic sources A and B; A is ahead of B in phase by 66. If the observation be taken from point P, such that PB PA = /4. Then the phase difference between the waves from A and B reaching P is A. 156 C. 136 B. 140 D. 126

136. P is a small angled prism of angle 3 made of a material of refractive index 1.5. A ray of light is incident normally to the mirror as shown in figure. M is a plane mirror. The angle of deviation for the reflected from the mirror M with respect to incident ray is:

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

A. 4.5 C. 177 B. 175.3 D. 178.5

137. To decrease the cut off wavelength of continuous X-ray by 25%, the potential difference across the X-ray tube: A. must be increased by 100/3 % C. must be increased by 25% 138. Choose the correct option by matching the following Column A a) Maximum kinetic energy of electron emitted in photoelectric effect is linearly dependent on b) If number of electrons striking the anode of an X-ray tube is increased then c) X-rays travel with d) Angular momentum of electron in any orbit is A. a-iv, b-i, c-iii, d-ii C. a-i, b-iii, c-ii, d-iv B. must be decreased by 20% D. must be decreased by 25%

## ii) the speed of light in vacuum.

iii) the intensity of emitted X-ray increased iv) the frequency of the incident radiation. B. a-iii, b-ii, c-i, d-iv D. a-iv, b-iii, c-ii, d-i

139. The wavelength K X-rays produced by an X-ray tube is 0.76 . The atomic number of anticathode material is A. 82 B. 41 C. 20 D. 10 140. The ratio of de-Broglie wavelength of an particle to that of a proton being subjected to the same Magnetic Field so that the radii of their path are equal to each other assuming the field induction vector B is Perpendicular to the velocity vector of the -particle and the proton is: A. 1 C. B. D. 2

141. The ratio of de-Broglie wavelength of molecules of hydrogen and helium in two gas jars kept separately at temperature 27C and 127 C respectively, is A. 2/3 C. 3/4 B. 2:3 D. 8/3

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877

## JATIN KHERA M.TECH I.I.T

142. A physical quantity x is calculated from the relation X = ab/(cd) If percentage error in a, b,c and 2%, 1%, 3% and 4% respectively. What is the % error in x? A. 11% C. 12% 143. A cube has side 1.2 x 10-2 m. Its volume will be recorded as A. 1.728 x 10-6 m3 C. 1.7 x 10-6 m3 B. 1.72 x 10-6 m3 D. 0.72 x 10-6 m3 B. 13 D. 14%

144. If the force, length and time would have been the fundamental units what would have been the dimensional formula for mass? A. FL-1T-2 C. FLT-2 B. FL-1T2 D. F

a) b) c) d)

## Column B [ML2 T-5] [ML2 T-3] [M-1L-2 T -6] [T3]

Which of the following is correct? A. a-ii, b-i, c-iv and d-iii C. a-iv, b-iii, c-ii and d-I

B. a-i, b-ii, c-iii and d-iv D. a-ii, b-i, c-iii and d-iv

PHYSICS SIMPLIFIED by JATIN KHERA M.Sc (PHYSICS) D.U, B.Ed M.Tech I.I.T CO NT A CT : 9818508842, 9250758877