Você está na página 1de 138

©

©

T

       

       

               

               
±

±

±

±

±

 

 

 

= = ≤ ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ < = ≤ ≤ = ⎜

= = ≤ ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ < = ≤ ≤ = ⎜

=
=

= = ≤ ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ < = ≤ ≤ = ⎜ ⎛

=

≤ ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠

= = ≤ ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ < = ≤ ≤ = ⎜ ⎛

< = ≤ ≤ = ⎜ ⎛ ⎞ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ > = ⎛ ⎞
<
=
=
⎜ ⎛
>
=
=
+

=

= ⎞ ⎛ = ⎜ ⎝ ⎟ − ⎠
=
=
⎟ −

=

(

)

⎟ −

=

= = ⎞ ⎛ = ⎜ ⎝ ⎟ − ⎠ = ⎡ ⎢ ⎣ ( −

= = ⎞ ⎛ = ⎜ ⎝ ⎟ − ⎠ = ⎡ ⎢ ⎣ ( −
= + ⎛ ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ = − ≥

= +
=
+

=

= + ⎛ ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ = − ≥
= + ⎛ ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ ⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ = − ≥

′

=

(

)

+

+

=
=

≥ ′ = ⎡ ⎢ ⎣ ( ) + + ⎤ ⎥ ⎦ =
= = =

=
=

=
=

= = =

=
=

+

+

+

+

=

π

(

)

⎛ ⎜ ⎝ − ⎞ ⎟ ⎠ ⎛ ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ − ⎞ ⎟ ⎠ ⎟

=

=
α α = φ φ = =

α

α

α α = φ φ = =

=

φ

φ

=

=

=

+

φ

=

⎛ ⎞ = ⎜ + ⎟ ⎝ ⎠
=
+

= ≤
= ≤

= + φ = ∗ ⎛ ⎞ = ⎜ + ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ = ≤ =

=

= + φ = ∗ ⎛ ⎞ = ⎜ + ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ = ≤ =