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ESI Language Centers

119/537 Moo 5 Sai Mai Road Sai Mai, Bangkok 10220, Thailand Tel: +668 16267611; +669 15758975 Fax +662 991 5556; Email: info@esilc.com Web: www.esilc.com

Grammar: Grade 7 Unit 1: Subjects, Predicates, and Sentences Lesson 6: Kinds of Sentences: Simple and Compound Sentences A simple sentence has one subject and one predicate. However, a simple sentence may have a compound subject, a compound predicate, or both. Saturn and Jupiter are the two largest planets in our solar system. (compound subject) Queen bees survive the cold and lay eggs in the summer. (compound predicate) June and Sai throw and catch the softball. (compound subject & compound predicate) A compound sentence contains two or more simple sentences joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor for, so, yet) or by a semicolon. Porn enjoys reading about technology, but she doesnt care for science fiction. Paramecium are very small; a microscope is needed to examine them. A run-on sentence is two or more sentences incorrectly written as one sentence. To correct a run-on sentence, divide it into separate sentences or add the necessary words or punctuation to form one complete sentence. Run-on: The movie was long I got restless. (wrong) Corrected: The movie was long. I got restless. (correct) Corrected: The movie was long, and I got restless. (correct) Exercise 1 Write S in the blank before each simple sentence, C before each compound sentence, and R before each run-on sentence. 1) ________Phuket and Songkhla un are the only southern provinces Ive visited, but Ive been in every province in the Northeast of Thailand. 2) ________Skating and soccer are Saks favorite sports. 3) ________Turn right at the stop sign go left at the next corner. 4) ________Six inches of rain are predicted, Id better find my boots. 5) ________Both Kun and Angie enjoy hiking and backpacking. 6) ________Try it, youll like it. 7) ________Lim had a solo in last years concert; he hopes to have one this year, too. 8) ________Num plays both the trumpet and the piano and plays them very well. 9) ________Geegee and Helen cant agree on a province for their report, but they want to choose one in Eastern Thailand.. 10)________Lately, all of my clothes seem too small. 11)________The meal ends with carrot cake and tea. 12)________Why do I have to clean my room and the bathroom? 13)________I have too many clothes, my closet is stuffed. 14)________First, we go to the reptile house, and later we see the pachyderms. 15)________I always agree with Marty and Marty always agrees with me. 16)________The shelves are filled with books, but I cant find one I want. 17)________Tim cant come she has to baby-sit. 18)________Conserve resources; use them wisely. 19)________Please be kind to Annie; she needs a friend right now. 20)________Should I take the bus to school, or should I walk? 21)________Rain forces the cancellation of the game; it is rescheduled for next week. 22)________Ben and Rick need a ride to the pop show tomorrow. 23)________The storm blows down a tree on our street, but there is no other damage. 24)________We have a new system for recycling at home. 25)________Dont use a stapler, use paper clips.
ESI Language Centers (Phangnga) 119/5 13

82140

ESI Language Centers


119/537 Moo 5 Sai Mai Road Sai Mai, Bangkok 10220, Thailand Tel: +668 16267611; +669 15758975 Fax +662 991 5556; Email: info@esilc.com Web: www.esilc.com

26)________Look for Jeff and Dominic in the crowd. 27)________Yokos aunt lives in California, and her uncle lives in Arizona. 28)________A canoe is not as stable as a rowboat, be careful not to tip it. 29)________Tey has just moved here, and she doesnt know very many people. 30)________The accident ruins the car; fortunately no one is seriously injured. Exercise 2: Identify each sentence as Simple (S) or Compound (C). 1) ________Boys and girls play on each team. 2) ________Bung gets bored sitting on the beach, watching the waves, getting sand in his swimsuit, and reading detective novels for a week. 3) ________Bung hates sitting on the beach, he always gets sunburn. 4) ________Bung likes the view and he enjoys hiking in the forest. 5) ________Bung takes the desktop computer, and Pauly sits on the beach with her laptop computer. 6) ________Fred, Tony, and I form a soccer team. 7) ________Pauly and Bung have a big argument every summer. 8) ________Pauly doesnt like chopping wood, swatting mosquitoes, and cooking over woodstove. 9) ________Pauly loves to go to the beach and spend her days sunbathing. 10) ________Players obey the rules or they receive penalties. 11) ________Soccer is a fast game and fans scream with excitement. 12) ________Soccer is a popular sport in many countries around the world. 13) ________Soccer players are careful but they still get hurt often. 14) ________Soccer players move quickly or they miss a goal. 15) ________Teachers, students and friends come to our first game. 16) ________The coach and his assistant help players at the start. 17) ________Tony prints tickets and sells them after school. 18) ________We buy the uniforms and find an ice rink. 19) ________We buy tickets to the soccer game. 20) ________We sit toward the center of the stadium.

ESI Language Centers (Phangnga) 119/5

13

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