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Steel Reinforcement For Concrete - BS 8666:2005

British Standard BS 8666 the 'Specification for scheduling, dimensioning, bending and cutting of steel reinforcement for concrete'. The previous standard (BS 4466 ) is available here for reference purposes. Table 1 - Radius Of Bending Radius of bending:- maximum values requiring bending
Bar Size 6 8 10 12 16 20 25 Radius (m ) 2.5 2.75 3.5 4.25 7.5 14.0 30.0 Note. Bars to be form ed to a radius ex ceeding the above dim ensions will be supplied straight. 32 43.0 40 58.0

Table 2 - Minimum scheduling radii, former diameters and bend allowances


Nominal Minimum Minimum Minimum end projection, P size of radius for diameter General (min 5d Links where bend bar, scheduling, of straight), including links < 150 (min 10d d r bending where bend 150 straight) former, M mm mm mm mm mm 6 12 24 110 * 110 * 8 16 32 115 * 115 * 10 20 40 120 * 130 12 24 48 125 * 160 16 32 64 130 210 20 70 140 190 290 25 87 175 240 365 32 112 224 305 465 40 140 280 380 580 50 175 350 475 725 * The m inim um end projections for sm aller bars is governed by the practicalities of bending bars. Note 1 Due to 'spring back ' the actual radius of bend will be slightly greater than half the diam eter of form er. Note 2 BS 4449:2005 grade B500A in sizes below 8m m does not conform to BS EN 1992-1.1:2004.

Table 3 - Standard shapes, their method of measurement and calculation of length


Method of measurement of bending dimensions Total length of bar (L) Method of measurement of bending measured along centre dimensions line A Shape Total length of bar (L) measured along centre line A +B +C +(E) -0.5r -d

Shape Code

Code

00
Shape Code
A Stock lengths. See Note 4. A +(B)- 0.5r-d

35
Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1. A +B +C +(D)-r -2d

01
Shape Code

Shape Code

11
Shape Code
Neither A nor B shall be less than P in Table 2 A +(B)- 0.43R - 1.2d

36
Neither A nor (D) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1.

12
Shape Code

Neither A nor B shall be less than P in Table 2 nor less than (R + 6d) A + 0.57B+(C)- 1.6d B shall not be less than 2(r + d). Neither A nor C shall be less than P in Table 2 nor less than (B/2 + 5d). See Note 3. Key 1 Sem i-circular

Shape Code

A +B +C +D +(E) -2r 4d

41
Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2.

13

May also be used for a flag link viz: A + (C)- 4d

Shape Code

14
Shape Code
A +B +C +D +(E) -2r 4d Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2. A +2B +C +(E) Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1. 2A +B +2C +1.5r -3d

44
Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1. A +(C)

Shape Code

Shape Code

15
Shape Code

Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1. A + B + (C)- r - 2d

46
Shape Code

21
Shape Code

47
Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. A +B +C +(D) -1.5r - 3d C shall not be less than 2(r + d). Neither A nor (C) and (D) shall be equal and not m ore than A nor less than P in Table 2. W here (C) and (D) are to be m inim ized the following form ula m ay be used: L = 2A + B + max(21d, 240) 2(A +B +(C)) -2.5r -5d Shape

22

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2(r + d). Neither A nor (D) shall be less than P in Table 2. (D) shall not be less than C/2 + 5d. Key 1 Sem i-circular

Shape Code

51

Shape Code

A + B + (C) - r - 2d

(C) and (D) shall be equal and not m ore than A or B nor less than P in Table 2.

23
Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2.

W here (C) and (D) are to be m inim ized the following form ula m ay be used: L = 2A + 2B + max(16d, 160) A +B +C +(D) +2(E) Shape 2.5r -5d

Code

56

Shape Code

A + B + (C)

24
Shape Code

(E) and (F) shall be equal and not m ore than B or C, nor less than P in Table 2.

25

Shape Code

26

A and (C) are at 90 to 2A +3B +2(C) -3r -6d one another. Shape Code A + B + (E) Neither A nor B shall be 63 less than P in Table 2. If E is the critical (C) and (D) shall be dim ension, schedule as equal and not m ore 99 and specify A or B as than A or B nor less the free dim ension. See than P in Table 2. Note 1. W here (C) and (D) are to be m inim ized the following A + B + (C) form ula m ay be used: L = 2A + 3B + max(14d, 150) A +B +C +2D +E +(F) Shape 3r -6d Code Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1.

64

Shape Code

A +B +(C) -0.5r -d Neither A nor (F) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 2. Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1. A +B +(C) -0.5r -d

27
Shape Code

Shape Code

67

See clause 10.

28
Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1. A + B + (C) -r -2d

Shape Code

29
Neither A nor (C) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1. A +B +C +(D) -1.5r -3d

Shape Code

(A - d) + B

75
W here B is the lap.

Shape Code

31
Shape Code

Shape Code
Neither A nor (D) shall be less than P in Table 2. A +B +C +(D) -1.5r -3d

C(A -d)

77

C = num ber of turns W here B is greater than A/5 this equation no longer applies, in which case the following form ula m ay be used: L = C(((A -d))2 + B 2)0.5

32
Neither A nor (D) shall be less than P in Table 2. 2A + 1.7B + 2(C) -4d

Shape Code

A +2B +C + (D) -2r -4d

98

Isom etric sk etch

Neither C or (D) shall e less than P in Table 2. A shall not be less than 33 12d + 30m m . B shall To be calculated All other shapes not be less than 2(r+d). Shape Code (C) shall not be less than P in Table 2, nor See Note 2. 99 less than B/2 + 5d. See W here standard shapes cannot be used. Note 3. Key No other shape code num ber, form of designation or 1 Sem i-circular abbreviation shall be used in scheduling. A +B +C +(E)-0.5r -d Shape A dim ensioned sk etch shall be drawn over the dim ension Code colum ns A to E. Every dim ension shall be specified and 34 the dim ension that is to allow for perm issible deviations shall be indicated in parenthesis, otherwise the fabricator is free to choose which dim ension shall allow for tolerance. Neither A nor (E) shall be less than P in Table 2. See Note 1. The values for m inim um radius and end projection, r and P respectively, as specified in Table 2, shall apply to all shape codes (see 7.6). The dim ensions in parentheses are the free dim ensions. If a shape given in this table is required but a different dim ension is to allow for the possile deviations, the shape shall be drawn out and given the shape code 99 and the free dim ension shall be indicated in parentheses. The length of straight between two bends shall be at least 4d, see Figure 6. Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6 should be used in the interpretation of ending dim ensions. Note 1 The length equations for shape codes 14, 15, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 34, 35, 36 and 46 are approx im ate and where the bend angle is greater than 45, the length should be calculated m ore accurately allowing for the difference between the specified overall dim ensions and the true length m easured along the central ax is of the bar. W hen the bending angles approach 90, it is preferable to specify shape code 99 with a fully dim ensioned sk etch. Note 2 Five ends or m ore m ight be im practical within perm itted tolerances. Note 3 For shapes with straight and curved lengths (e.g. shape codes 12 13, 22, 33 and 47) the largest practical m andrel size for the production of a continuous curve is 400 m m . See also Clause 10. Note 4 Stock lengths are available in a lim ited num er of lengths (e.g. 6m , 12m ). Dim ension A for shape code 01 should be regarded as indicative and used for the purpose of calculating total length. Actual delivery lengths should be by agreem ent with supplier.

Shape Code

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Table 4 BAR MASS per linear metre (kg/m) :50mm : 15.413k g/m 16mm : 1.579k g/m 40mm : 9.864k g/m 12mm : 0.888k g/m 32mm : 6.313k g/m 10mm : 0.616k g/m 25mm : 3.854k g/m 8mm : 0.395k g/m 20mm : 2.466k g/m 6mm : 0.222k g/m

Excerpts From Section 8 - Drawing Forms for Scheduling and Dimensioning Figure 4 - Dimensioning of an acute angle 8.6 If the angle betw een tw o portions of the shape meeting at a bend is not a right angle, it shall be defined by co-ordinates and not by degress of arcs or radians. 8.7 W hen dimensioning an acute angle the tangential lines show n in Figure 4 shall be used.

Figure 5 - Dimensioning of cranked bars 8.8 Apart from shape code 98, bars bent in planes shall be sketched isometrically or show n in tw o elevations, using first angle projection. The w ords "bent in two planes" or "isom etric sketch" shall appear on the schedule adjacent to the sketch. 8.9 The overall offset dimension of a crank shall be not less than tw ice the size of the bar. The angled length (see Figure 5) shall be not less than :
a) 10d for bars not ex ceeding a nom inal size of 16m m b) 13d for nom inal sizes greater than 16m m

Figure 6 - Example of bar with more than one bend 8.10 For all shapes w ith tw o or more bends in the same or opposite directions (w hether in the same plane or not), the overall dimension given on the schedule shall alw ays include a minimum straight of 4d betw een the curved portion of the bends, as show n in Figure 6. The value of x in Figure 6 shall be not less than the follow ing:
a) 10d for bars not ex ceeding a nom inal size of 16m m b) 13d for nom inal sizes greater than 16m m

NOTE The m inim um values of x are ex pressed in term s of the nom inal size of the reinforcem ent. In practice, rolling and bending tolerances, and the fact that the circum scribing diam eter of deform ed reinforcem ent m ay be up to 10% greater than the nom inal size, should be considered.

K B Rebar Limited , Unit 5, Dobson Park Industrial Estate, Dobson Park Way, Ince, Wigan WN2 2DY.

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