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University Challenge 2014/2015 Questions and Answers 1.

Who was the last prime minister to have served in the Armed Forces in World War Two? a. (James) Callaghan Which book of the Bible is attributed to Moses and is attributed to a priestly caste? It is concerned with religious and ceremonial law and is the third book of the Old Testament. a. Leviticus (After the Levites) When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second feels like an hour. Thats what, according to Einstein? a. Relativity (in News Chronicle, March 14th 1949) In medicine, the Salk vaccine, which may be injected, and the live attenuated Sabine vaccine, which is taken orally, confer immunity to which viral disease? a. Polio (Poliomyelitis) Answer as soon as you buzz. The number 405 is the sum of the cubes of which three consecutive integers? a. 4, 5 and 6 (64+125+216) Santiago De Chile in 1647, Lisbon in 1755, Tokyo in 1923 and San Francisco in 1906 are linked by what destructive natural phenomenon? a. Earthquake From the Greek meaning bark, what name is given to the vascular tissue in plants which transports food materials from storage organs and regions of production to regions where they are required, such as areas of active growth? a. Phloem (The other vascular tissue is xylem, from the Greek meaning wood) Answer as soon as you buzz. What is the pronunciation of the four common homophones that mean ceremony, maker, inscribe and correct? a. Rite/Wright/Write/Right In which E.U. official language do the letters A, E, I and O mean to, and, the (masculine plural) and or? a. Italian

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10. 1688, 1775, 1789, 1905 and 1917 are the starting dates for five examples of what specific type of political event? a. Revolutions (Glorious [British], American, French, Russian, Russian) 11. In a symphony orchestra, the first and second violins normally sit to the conductors left; which stringed instruments are normally to his immediate right? a. Cellos 12. The delicately-flavoured criollo, the more robust and hardy forastero and the hybrid trinitario are th4e chief varieties of what tropical agricultural product? a. Cacao/Coco beans 13. Its owners having included Lord Northcliffe, the Astor family, the Thomson organization and news international, which National newspaper began life as the Daily Universal Register in 1785? a. The Times 14.The national flag of Barbados and the coat of arms of Ukraine both feature which weapon, also associated with the Hindu god Shiva and the Greek Poseidon? a. Trident 15.Answer promptly if you buzz for this: which letter of the alphabet occurs most frequently in the line TO BE OR NOT TO BE THAT IS THE QUESTION? a. T (T7, O5, E4, B2, N2, H2, I2, S2, R1, A1, Q1, U1, 7/30) 16. The name of which evergreen Mediterranean shrub is a one-word version of what the priestess hero might have said to her love after his nightly swim across the Hellespont? a. Oleander (Oh Leander) 17. Answer as soon as you buzz, two plots of land have areas, respectively, of ten metres square and ten square metres. What is the distance in area between the two? a. 90 Square meters (100minus 10) 18. The sites of the seven wonders of the ancient world are spread over four present day countries. For ten points, name three of them.

a. Greece, Turkey, Egypt, Iraq (Olympia &Rhodes, Halicarnassus (Bodrum) & Ephesus; Pyramids & Pharos; Babylon) 19. In law, what term is used for a tort, or injury claim, for which the plaintiff must prove that the defendant owned them a duty of care, and that the duty was breached, and that the breach has caused damage to the plaintiff? a. Negligence 20. In an Alphabetical list of the English names of the G8 nations, which commonwealth country comes first? a. Canada (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, UK and USA) 21. Which planets first-discovered moons were named after giants of Greek Mythology because the god after whom the planet was named was known to the Greek as Cronus, the Leader of the Titans? a. Saturn (first nine moons to be discovered-titan, Tethys, Dione, Rhea, Lapetus, Mimas, Enceladus, Hyperion and Phoebe all named after Titans) 22. Which year saw Alexanders Flemings discovery of penicillin, the signing of the Kellogg-Briand pact in Paris, and the representation of the people act, which extended the right to vote to all women in the UK? a. 1928 23. What five-letter word can mean all of the following: a position in a hierarchy, a flat tract of land, to aim a weapon, to demolish a structure, a surveying instrument, or to be frank or honest with someone? a. Level 24. Hydrogen has three isotopes, protum, tritium and which other? a. Deuterium 25. I cried to dream again, comfort like cold porridge, full fathom five, such stuff as dreams are made on and brave new world; in which Shakespeare play do these expressions all appear? a. The Tempest 26. Answer as soon as you buzz. In addition to London, three EU capitals lie between the Greenwich meridian and 10 degrees west. For ten points, name two of them. a. Dublin, Madrid, Lisbon

27. Which EU member state shares borders with Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia? a. Czech Republic 28. Answer as soon as you buzz. Swedish is an official language of Sweden and which other EU member state? a. Finland 29. In psychology, spicy, burnt and resinous are three of the six categories in Hennings prism, a means of classifying what? a. Odour / Smell / Scent (flowery, fruity and foul being the others) 30. Answer as soon as you buzz. In physiology, the pyloric sphincter connects which two bodily organs? a. Stomach and duodenum / Stomatch and small intestine (must give SMALL if they answer intestine)

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