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Angol kzpfok szitucik gyjtemnye

Angol szitucik

Kzpfok angol szitucik

Kzpfok angol szitucik gyjtemnye kidolgozott mintamegoldssal. A szitucis gyakorlatok alkalmasak az angol beszdkszsg s a szkincs fejlesztsre, de kivlan alkalmasak az ITK-Orig ktnyelv kzpfok szint szbeli vizsgra val felkszlsben is. Termszetesen a szitucik mintamegoldsai csak egy a lehetsges rengeteg megoldsok kztt.

Klfldi szomszdja dbbenten mutatja nnek a magas telefonszmljt. - n egytt rzen sajnlkozik s a kvetkez tancsokkal szolgl: - Az illetkes telefonkzpont gyflszolglatnl reklamljon. Krjen rszletes

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szmlt, melyen fel van tntetve minden egyes hvs s a hvott szm. Ha kiderl, hogy tvesen szmlztak, vissza fogjk trteni a klnbzetet. - Mieltt ezt megteszi, esetleg rdemes lenne kifaggatnia gyerekeit, nem telefonlgattak-e titokban. - Elmesli, hogy nt rte mr hasonl meglepets, amikor kiderlt, hogy gyerekei a drga tarifj "party-line"-okat hvogattk. - Vgl pedig arra is felhvhatn csaldja figyelmt, hogy a klnbz napszakokban igen eltr tarifk vannak, a nem srgs hvsokat rdemes az esti rkban bonyoltani.

Examiner: My God, Jnos, can you believe this phone bill? Isn't it outrageous?

You: Oh, my, that is high.

- There must be some mistake, don't you think?

Well, it's possible. Similar problems have come up with my bill in the past. These things happen. If you really can't imagine how the bill carne out this way, then you should go to your local phone center to ask for an itemized bill. If there is some mistake, you should ask for your money back, or else have the amount taken out ofyour next bill.

That's a good idea.

Still, before you do that you might consider asking your children if they have been making any calls behind your back. Sometimes children talk for a very long time when their parents aren't at home.

Well, I don't think my children would do anything like that.

- You never know. My little Regina cost me twenty-five thousand forints when she and her little

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brother began calling a party line with a higher tariff.

- Why so much?

- Unfortunately, the company was located in Barbados.

- Oh, my ..

It seems that in that country there are no limits to the rate that you can charge. So it was international call on top of it all. Hungarian children all call each other through a center in the Caribbean. Imagine that.

I guess you cant be too careful these days.

They advertise these party lines in teen magazines, of course, so one minute of a child's curiosity can cost you a bundle. If you make a lot of calIs, try making them late at night, when the rates aren't as high as during work hours. I believe the rates go down at six, when offices close, and at ten in the evening. Of course the night is the cheapest, but you could hardly call anybody then.

You're right, of course.

Not everbody knows this, but if you call America the rates are the same whenever you call.

That doesn't seem fair.

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- Perhaps there's a good technical reason for it.

Japn kollganje Angliba kszl utazni. ntl kr tancsot, hogy mit vigyen magval. - rmmel fogadja a hrt s biztostja, hogy csodlatos lmnyekben lesz rsze. - Kri, alaposan gondolja vgig, milyen programokat tervezett.

Megtudvn, hogy ottani ismersei meghvtk egy elegns vacsorra is, figyelmezteti, oda felttlenl szpen fel kell ltznie, teht az estlyi ltzket nem hagyhatja ki a brndbl. - A szoksos turistaprogramokhoz knyelmes, vasalst nem ignyl, gyakran moshat ruhadarabokat ajnl s mindenekeltt knyelmes, lapos sark cipt. - Emlkezteti r, hogy az angol idjrs nagyon vltozkony, ezrt egy sszecsukhat esemy vagy eskpeny mindig legyen a kzitskjban. - Vgl figyelmezteti, hogy a szoksos gygyszereit ne felejtse itthon, s elmagyarzza, milyen trkpet vegyen majd rkezskor.

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Examiner: Hello, Jnos, have you heard the news? I'm leaving for England on Wednesday.

You: That's wonderful, Naomi! How long will you be staying?

Three weeks.

How lucky for you! I wish I was going, too. I'm sure it'll be an experience you'll never forget.

Actually, I know you spent a month in England, and I was wondering if you had any advice about what I should take with me. Well, it depends on what you're going to do there. Can you tell me something about your plans?

Some English friends have invited me to dinner at a fancy restaurant.

In that case, I think it would be wise to bring your evening dress. It's likely to be a black-tie affair. You wouldn't want to be underdressed, and the English put great emphasis on ceremony.

What about my sightseeing around London?

Comfort and convenience are the most important factors here. Comfortable, durable clothing that doesn't require ironing would be the best. Wear comfortable shoes, no high heels or platform shoes.

Ah, yes.

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And of course there's the famous English weather, which is pretty unpredictable. Make sure you've always got either an umbrella or a slicker in your handbag. Sometimes weeks go by without a single rain-free day, but sometimes the weather clears up for days on end.

Of course.

- And don't forget to bring along whatever medications you would ordinarily require: aspirin, a stomach remedy, and so on.

Youre right.

- And as soon as you arrive in London, buy one of those maps of London, not a fold-out map, but a booklet, one that shows all the streets and their names. There are certain tourist maps that aren't worth the paper that they are printed on.

You have given me a lot of great advice. Thank you very much.

- My pleasure.

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n Londonban turistskodik. Madame Tussaud panoptikumban odalp egy msik ltogathoz.

Udvariasan megkrdezi, van-e nhny perce, tenne-e nnek egy szvessget.

Az igenl vlaszra elveszi fnykpezgpt s tadja neki. Elmondja, melyik gombot kell megnyomni a a felvtelkor, miutn n odallt kedvenc teniszezjnek viaszfigurja mell.

A sikeres felvtel utn elmesli az illetnek, hogy a kp nmi krptlsul fog szolglni nnek azrt a csaldsrt, hogy kptelen volt jegyet szerezni a wimbledoni teniszbajnoksgra, s kedvenct nem lthatta lben.

Elmesli azt is, hogy kollgi nem akartk elhinni, hogy ilyen hressggel fog tallkozni, s a fnykp "bizonytkul" fog szolglni.

jdonslt ismerse is kedvet kap hasonl ugratshoz. Krsre termszetesen kszsggel vllalja, hogy lefnykpezi kedvenc popzensze trsasgban.

You: I beg your pardon.

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Examiner: Yes, what can I do for you?

- I was wondering if you would do me a favor.

- Well, yes, if I can.

- Would you mind taking a picture of me, if it's not too much trouble?

- Certainly.

- I hope I'm not disturbing you.

- Not at all.

Id like a picture of myself with Martina Hingis here. It's a simple camera, and I've already set it to take a picture. The exposure and flash are ready, so please don't touch them.

- What should I do?

Just point it and press the red button. And could you make sure that her tennis racquet is in the picture? Thanks.

- Move closer a little bit, please.

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Like this?

Good. There you go. All finished.

Thanks. I just had to get a picture of myself with her after missing the Wimbledon tournament this year. It would have been nice to see her in person, but I have to settle for wax. She is my favorite athlete, and tennis is my favorite sport.

That's very interesting, really.

- I'm going to show this picture to all of my colleagues. None of them believed that I'd meet such a famous person. Now I've got the proof!

- That's not a bad idea, actually. Maybe we could go back to the Madonna exhibit, and you could get a picture of me with her? I'd really appreciate it.

Id be glad to help you, too, of course.

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Az nknl tartzkod amerikai rokon kislny msnap csatlakozni fog gyermekeihez, akik osztlykirndulsra mennek a Dunakanyarba. Izgatottan faggatja nt, hogy mire szmthat.

Biztatja, hogy remekl fogja rezni magt, szp lmnyekben lesz rsze.

A hajkirnduls nmagban is j mulatsg lesz, msnapra szp id vrhat, gy a fedlzetrl csodlhatja majd a foly mindkt partjt.

Nhny szban vzolja, hogy miket fog ltni Visegrdon s Esztergomban.

Mivel tbbet is szeretne tudni, meggri neki, hogy vacsora utn elkeresi neki azt az angol nyelv tiknyvet, melyben rszletesen olvashat errl a vidkrl s a magyar trtnelemrl.

Most viszont kikrdezi, hogy a legfontosabb dolgokat becsomagolta-e a htizskjba. Figyelmezteti, hogy a fnykpezgpt ne felejtse itthon.

Examiner: Oh, uncle Jnos. I'm so nervous and excited about tomorrow!

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You: That's perfectly understandable.

- What if I don't fit in?

I'm sure you will get along just fine with everybody, my dear. It will be something to tell your grandchildren about.

Really?

Certainly. Just imagine a cruise on the Danube in beautiful weather, the green hills around you. You can see both banks of the river drifting by. The forecast says blue skies and a gentle breeze.

Are the smaller towns in Hungary nice?

In Visegrd you can go up to the top of a lovely castle, and see the river winding below you. In Esztergom, you can go all the way to the top of the basilica's high dome, and look deep into Slovakia. That's also on the Danube, so you will have a nice view of that, too.

What else can I expect?

Well, I'll show you a guidebook in English, will that be all right? It has pictures and quite a lot of information about the whole country and its history.

Where is it?

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I'll look for it after dinner.

OK

Are you all packed?

Oh, yes, uncle Jnos.

Have you packed your passport and credit cards?

Oh, yes.

And how much Hungarian money have you got left?

Um ... five thousand forints.

That should be plenty. What about your toothbrush and other toiletries?

Yes, yes, everything.

- What about your camera?

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- Of course. Uncle Jnos, you worry too much.

What about film?

- Oh, no! I forgot to get some on my way home!

You can get some in the morning, then.

Nlunk l nmet szomszdai napok ta azon vitatkoznak kamasz fiukkal, hogy vegyenek-e karcsonyft. A harcos krnyezetvd fiatalember ezt hatrozottan ellenzi. Szomszdja nhz fordul tancsrt. - n vonakodik csaldi vitban llst foglalni, de a problmt rdekesnek tartja s szvesen elmondja rla a vlemnyt.

A szlk szempontjbl rthet, hogy a hagyomnyokat szeretnk polni, a karcsony klnsen fontos nnep a csaldok szmra. Sok felntt legszebb emlkei

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kz tartoznak a meghitt gyermekkori karcsonyok, a fenyillat.

A kamasz fi llspontja is rthet, hiszen a mai krnyezeti krzishelyzetben minden kivgott frt kr. Megemlti az eserdk puszttsnak kvetkezmnyeit.

Kompromisszumos javaslata az, hogy vegyenek gykeres fenyt s az nnep utn ajndkozzk oda egy olyan ismersknek, aki azt a kertjbe ki tudja ltetni.

Examiner: Well, what's your opinion on our little disagreement?

You: Well, of course I make it my policy never to intrude on a family argument, Mr. Kraus.

- You can make an exception in our case.

- Well, it is an interesting problem. I can appreciate your point of view, but that of your child, as well. Christmas represents the most beloved of family traditions. I'm not surprised that you wish to reward yourself after a hard year's labor. You want the togetherness that the Christmas season is supposed to bring. The decorations that you traditionally use symbolize that togetherness.

Exactly!

Many adults use Christmas as a way of being children again. The smell of the pine needles reminds us of our childhood, doesn't it?

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You could use an artificial tree, but that just wouldn't be the same, somehow.

- Then you agree with me!

Well I, ah ... didn't say that exactly. It's just ... I can see your son's point of view, too. Why celebrate the season of life by killing a tree? What about deforestation? Forests are a precious resource and many animals depend on them for a place to live. Sometimes people destroy who le forests to get at a single rare tree. I think it's preposterous. Criminal.

Really?

But you should inform your son that, after all, Christmas trees usually come from tree farms. I mean, they plant trees there for the purpose of being cut as Christmas trees. They replant them afterwards.

I told him that already. He says it's the symbolic act of destruction that he opposes.

Oh. Well, you could always get a living tree.

A living free?

Yes. You could plant it in your garden after Christmas.

Our garden is too small.

- You could give it to a friend, then, or keep it all year round.

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- I'll give it some thought.

Kollganje frjhez megy s meghvta nt az eskvjre, klfldi hzastrsval egytt. - Elmesli prjnak az jsgot, egytt rlnek a fiatal pr boldogsgnak. - Azon kezdenek spekullni, hogy milyen nszajndkot vegyenek nekik. - Felidzik, hogy amikor nk hzasodtak ssze, hrom kvfzt s t vzt kaptak ajndkba. Megegyeznek abban, hogy j lenne az ilyen bakikat elkerlni. - n arra szavaz, hogy textilnembl - gynem, abrosz, takar - soha nem lehet elg egy hztartsban. - Prja egyetrt ezzel, de megjegyzi, hogy egy vsrlsi utalvny mg praktikusabb lenne.

Abban maradnak, hogy n msnap megprblja vatosan kipuhatolni, mire lenne kollganjnek szksge.

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You: Oh, darling, did I tell you that Endre Kvr and Emese Kiss are getting married?

Examiner: That's wonderful! Oh, I've been wondering when they would tie the knot.

- It's about time, isn't it? Now you' II have to gossip about someone else. They've invited us to the wedding as well.

Splendid! Oh, my, what on earth should we get them?

I don't know. There's always the danger of getting them something that they already have, or that somebody else is getting them for the wedding.

Oh, yes, remember our wedding gifts.

Yes. We got three coffee makers and five vases. But how can we avoid a problem like that? In fact, I'm not really sure what they have at home, and what they need.

Neither am I

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Perhaps we could get them some nice quiit, or a set of matching bedsheets. Or maybe a tablecloth would be nice. One with a nice pattern. You can never have enough of those. It could be large and impressive, and they would be happy even if they had several.

You're absolutely right. But a gift certificate would be even more practical.

I don't know, that seems awfully impersonal to me. Why not just give money, then?

People feel obligated to use money for practical things, like the electricity bill. A gift certificate to a nice store would be used to buy an object, one they could remember us by.

Hmm ... well, why don't I just make a few kind of cautious inquiries with Emese? I'll try to find out what it is they could use more of. Id Iike to get them aspecific gift, Iike the other guests. But no coffee makers!

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n tmenetileg klfldn l s dolgozik. Egy csomagkld szolglattl megrendelt egy szabadid ruht. Csak a csomag kifizetse s kicsomagolsa utn veszi szre, hogy nem azt kldtk nnek, amit rendelt. - Felhvja a cget s elmondja, hogy nem stimmel sem a mret, sem a szn. Radsul kapucnija sincs a felsrsznek, amihez pedig n ragaszkodik.

A szolgltat ellenrzi az adatokat s kiderl, hogy vletlenl elgpeltek egy szmot. n elfogadja a bocsnatkrst, de minden rbeszls ellenre kitart amellett, hogy ne kldjenek msik csomagot, hanem amint megkaptk az n ltal visszakldtt tves szlltmnyt, az rat s a postakltsget postafordultval kldjk el nnek.

Examiner: Hello, Home Shopping Ltd. May I help you?

You: Yes, I would like to make a complaint. I received a sweat suit from your company. I'm afraid it is not the one that lordered. It is too large for me, and lordered a blue one, not a pink one. Also, I'm afraid that lordered one with a hood. I catch cold eas ily, and this sweat suit has no hood.

May I have your name, please? - Jnos Pusztamezei.

- Oh, yes, I'm terribly sorry: we put the wrong serial number on your delivery invoice. We will send you the appropriate selection immediately.

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No, I would rather have my money back, please.

- Sir, I hope you will accept out sincerest apologies, but we ho pe that you will remain our customer. A replacement will reach you in under two weeks.

- No, I'm sorry, but that's too long. I want to start using it right away. The weather just turned quite cold, and I can't do my exercise. I will send the package back to you. Please send me my money back for the sweat suit and for my postage fee.

- Very well, sir.

- Thank you. Good-bye.

Good-bye.

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n amerikai egyetemen tanul. Diktrsa panaszkodik, hogy kptelen lefogyni.

n biztatja, hogy ne adja fel s a kvetkez tancsokat adja neki:

Mindenekeltt fel kell hagynia rossz szoksaival: tl sokat l a tv eltt s kzben llandan eszeget, keveset mozog.

Felejtse el a cukrozott dtitalokat, de ha kptelen erre, legalbb azok kalriaszegny vltozatt vsrolja. n mindenesetre az svnyvizekre szavaz, mr vek ta azt iszik, s nagyon jt tesz az egszsgnek.

Felhvja a figyelmt, hogy a gyorsttermekben nem csak az alacsony tprtk, hizlal hamburgerek kaphatk, hanem saltk is. Br n szerint a legjobb az lenne, ha inkbb a knai vagy grg tterme ket ltogatn.

Vgl megprblja rbeszlni, hogy ezentl tartson nnel szoksos reggeli kocogsn.

Examiner: Oh, I will never be able to lose these extra few pounds! No matter how hard I try, I always seem to stay the same weight.

You: Don't give up yet. You should try to lead a more active lifestyle. Try to sp end less time in front of the TV. Get some exercise. Stop eating all those chips. You always have pizza and a coke before bedtime. Try to avoid sugary drinks, or at least buy diet soft drinks. Or try mineral water.

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- Mineral water! Ugh!

It's refreshing and healthy. I never drink anything else. Not even tap water.

But it 's so gross!

- You'll get used to it.

I hope so.

Another thing. When we go to Burger Queen, try one of the salads. They're better for you than hamburgers. Burgers have almost no value, and they make you gain weight.

- Oh, a salad? You can't be serious!

- But the best way would be to try Chinese or Mediterranean restaurants, where the food is good for you and delicious at the same time.

That's a good idea. I like Falafel.

Why don't you join me when I go jogging tomorrow morning? I usually go three miles around the campus.

- Do you think I should?

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- Why not?

- What if I can't keep up?

- Then you can ride your bike while I jog.

- It's a deal. I must admit, I had no idea that Hungarians were such a health conscious people.

It all depends on the person.

Klfldi kollgja hzat vett. Termszetesen rl ennek, de sajnlkozva jegyzi meg, hogy a trleszts miatt j pr vig nem telik majd utazsra.

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n osztozik rmben s biztatja, hogy az utazsrl nem kell felttlenl lemondania. Krdsre elmesli a kvetkezt:

n tagja egy olyan nemzetkzi szervezetnek, melynek tagjai klcsnsen vendglltjk egymst sajt otthonaikban. Felsorolja a rendszer elnyeit (szllskltsg nincs, a szemlytelen szllodk helyett otthonos krnyezet stb.).

Aggodalmaskod kollgjt megnyugtatja, hogy ha brki ellen panasz rkezik, azonnal kizrjk a szervezetb! Nagyon ritka, hogy krt okoznnak egymsnak.

Elmesli, hogy milyen helyeken jrt mr s kiket ltott vendg!

Meggri, hogy msnapra elhozza a szervezet ismertet kiadvnyt.

Examiner: Well, Jnos, I've finally bought myself a house!

You: Oh, that is wonderful news. Was it quite expensive?

- The price was reasonable, but no house is cheap. Unfortunately, that means that I will have to give up my travels around Europe for a while at least until I can pay it off.

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- I know a way you could save money on traveling. I am a member of a travelers' society that provides the opportunity for visiting foreign families in their homes.

- I don't know about that. Does that mean that I would have to al/ow somebody else into my house later on? Somebody that I dont even know?

They have a system for eliminating anyone who causes a problem. If anyone makes a complaint against any member, that member is immediately kicked out.

I see.

There are almost never any problems. And of course it's cheaper, because you don't have to pay for a hotel. AIso, hotels can be so impersonal. Staying in somebody's home is always apleasant expenence.

I suppose it would be.

I once stayed for two weeks at a retired Parisian couple's apartment. They were wonderful.They cooked meals every night with an appetizer, aperitif, salad, main course, cheese course, dessert, and a fruit course. And lots of French table wine.

Free of charge?

Well, I brought them gifts, of course. But they will be staying with us in the spring, so I don't have a guilty conscience. I have also stayed in Greece and England.

Thats very interesting, I must say.

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Ill bring you our brochure tomorrow.

Thanks.

Klfldi ismersei egy htvgt Budapesten fognak tlteni. Megkrtk, hogy szervezzen nekik programot. Errl beszlgetnek telefonon.

Elmondja nekik, hogy milyen ltnivalkat fognak megtekinteni. Asztalt foglalt egy elegns tteremben, mely hres a magyaros konyhjrl.

Este hangversenyre mennek a Mtys templomba. Azrt ezt vlasztotta, mert tudja, hogy ismersei kedvelik a krusmuzsikt.

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A szobafoglalst is elintzte, egy csendes budai panziban fognak megszllni.

Bcszul mg egyszer egyeztetik, hogy mikorra menjen ki eljk a repltrre.

Examiner: Hello, Jnos, this is Gregor. What can you offer us?

You: Well, I have been able to get tickets for a tour through the Parliament. I was quite lucky to get those on such short notice. You know Hungary has the biggest Parliament building in Europe.

- Oh, really? I didn't know that. That's fascinating.

I've also arranged for a general tour of all the most important sights: Castle Hill, Heroes' Square, the Museum of Fine Arts, and so on. I've even arranged a cruise on the Danube for you.

What about dinner?

I've booked a table at a fancy restaurant, one famous for its Hungarian cuisine. You can also get a lighter continental meal if you wish, of course.

And after dinner?

We'll be going to a concert at the Matthias Church, where we can hear an excellent chorus. I

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know you go in for that.

We certainly do, Jnos, thank you.

I thought you would enjoy some peace and quiet after that, so I booked a room in a small, but very nice bed and breakfast in Buda. You can see the Castle from your bedroom window.

Oh, that's wonderful.

One last thing, Gregor, I'd like to check your flight information. It's flight MA 211, isn't it, arriving at six p.m. at terminal two?

That's right.

Well, Ill see you all then. Have a nice flight.

Right. Thanks for everything!

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Angol bartnjt ebden ltta vendgl. - Nagyon zlett neki a papriks csirke s szeretn otthon is megfzni ugyanezt a csaldjnak. - Lediktlja neki a receptet. - Figyelmezteti, hogy Angliban nem mindentt lehet tejflt kapni, a nlkl pedig nem lesz az igazi. Tapasztalatai szerint a nagyobb szupermarketekben rdemes prblkoznia, ott sikerlt kinti tartzkodsa alatt nnek is beszerezni. - Megajndkozza egy zacsk rlt pirospaprikval s meggri, hogy ha elfogy, kld neki utnptlst.

Examiner: Well, that was delicious, Jnos!

You: I'm glad you enjoyed it.

What was it?

It's called chicken paprika.

Don't you think you could give me the recipe, so that we could try to make it back in England?

Well, my wife usually does the cooking around here, so I'm no expert. But I can try to tell you the gist of it, and later Zsuzsanna can fill in the details.

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Fine. I realize you're not a gourmet chef

First, you chop an onion and fry it. When you think it's ready, sprinkle in some paprika. Do you have that in England?

Well, I know what it is, of course, but I don't suppose there's any in my cupboard.

I can get you some here to take back with you. I'm sure it's cheaper in Hungary anyway.

Thank you, that's very kind of you.

Anyway, once you put in a little paprika, you put in some chicken pieces - maybe some drumsticks - and turn them in the oil until they are covered. They will look red because of the paprika. You fry it a little this way until the chicken tums golden brown. Then you pour in enough water to boil the chicken, and cover the pan. You should simmer it until the chiken is tender.

And what about those little globs of pasta? They are delicious!

Those little globs of pasta are the hard part. I've never be en able to cook those successfully my wife always says they taste like soap! They really don't have an English name. Perhaps you have heard the Italian name: gnocchi.

I've heard of it.

To make them, you need flour, egg, water and salt. And, I think, a little oil. You should also get a special pan with holes in it. My wife will show it to you. You mix the ingredients in a bowl and force the batter trough the holes in that pan I mentioned, into a big, tall pot of boiling, salty water. Stir it occasionalIy, and taste a few to see if they are done after a few minutes. Then pour

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off the excess water.

- It doesn't sound too complicated!

- The only trick is knowing when to stop boiling them.

- I see.

- Oh, and don't forget sour cream. It wouldn't be the same without that. You should add it to the chicken when it is done cooking. Or you can add some flour to the sour cream first. If you can find any in England. I could only find it in the biggest supermarkets when I was there.

- Thanks, I'll give it a try.

Anyway, here's the paprika I promised. If it runs out, just write me and I'll send more.

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Klfldi diklny ismerse au pair szeretne lenni Angliban. ntl krtancsot. - Egyetrt elkpzelsvel. Felsorolja ennek a rgta bevlt rendszernek az elnye it. - Megrti aggodalmait is. n is hallott olyan esetekrl, amikor nem tartottk be a munkaidre vonatkoz megllapodst, st a hzigazda mg molesztlta is a lnyt. - A megolds az, hogy csak ismert, rgta mkd gynksgen keresztl szabad ezt a munkt elvllalni. k garantljk a megllapods betartst s elintzik az sszes paprmunkt (munkavllalsi engedly, egszsgbiztosits stb.) is. - Meggri, hogy ssze fogja hozni egy ismersvei, aki nemrg trt vissza Anglibl, ahol au pair volt egy vig. Neki nagyon j tapasztalatai voltak, s biztosan tud majd adni hasznos tancsokat.

Examiner: I'm applying to an au pa ir program in England, but I'm worried about going so far from home. But it seems like a good opportunity. What do you think about this issue?

You: Well, many people go to England as au pair girls every year. It's safe and there's really little to worry about if you go through a respectable agent. You can improve your language knowledge, and if you get too homesick, you can always come home. It's also a good way to see the world and experience another culture.

- Do you really think I have nothing to lose?

Well, I wouldn't say that exactly. Sometimes the family ask you to do things that aren't even in your contract. They might make you work long hours. One of my friends didn't get enough food to live on when she worked in England as an au pair. In the newspaper I even read about a girl whose employer had molested her. I'm sure that it was just a single instance, of course.

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- Oh, no. It's not for me then. Even the possibility is too much.

- Well, if you use a respected established agency, one that has been around for a long time, it should be all right. They will make sure that they keep the terms of your contract. They also will do all the paperwork for you. For example, you will need a work permit and health insurance. These are things that you must have if you don't want people to take advantage of you.

- I still feel so insecure ....

Perhaps I could introduce you to someone who was in England as an au pair for a year. She really enjoyed it, and I'll bet that she will be able to give you a lot of good advice.

- Thank you very much.

I'll give her your phone number this evening, and tell her to give you a ring.

Great. Thank you, good-bye. Good-bye.

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n hazarve elmondja klfldi frjnek, hogy fnke meghvta nket msnap estre vacsorra. Megbeszlik az elkszleteket. - Tisztzzk, mit vesznek fl. Frjnek az ltny s nyakkend termszetes, de nnek vigyznia kell. Elegnsnak kell lennie, de nem lenne tancsos tlltzni a fnk felesgt. - Vgl megllapodnak egy halvnylila selyemblzban flhossz fekete szoknyval. Egy vkonyaranylncon s a jeggyrjn kvl nem fog ms kszert viselni. - Illik ajndkot is vinni. n majd ebdsznetben kiszalad s vesz egy veg finom, mrks bort. - Frjre marad a virgvsrls. Emlkezteti r, hogy nlunk pratlan szm virgot illik ajndkba adni, br bevallja, ennek nem tudja az okt.

You: Hi, darling, I'm home.

Examiner: Hi, how was your day?

- Not bad. We're not too busy right now. But rpd and Anik have invited us for dinner tomorrow. What shall I even wear?

- Oh, just wear a nice dress or a pretty blouse. You must have a thousand.

That's easy for you to say. You can always just wear a suit and a tie. I have to dress up, but I shouldn't overdress for the occasion. If I am dressed more fancily than Anik, it would be a big mistake. What do you suggest?

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How about this black silk dress?

- We are not going to the opera my dear. Perhaps a blouse and a nice skirt.

- What about this one?

- It has a spot on it, and it is old fashioned, besides. I'll wear my light purple blouse and a knee-length black skirt. I'll have to make sure my pantyhose don't have any holes.

- You should use the pearl necklace that I gave you.

- I'm afraid it's too long, sweetheart. I'll wear a golden necklace and my wedding ring and noth ing else.

- Nothing else?

- Very funny.

- What should we bringfor them?

- I'll get some nice French wine du ring my lunch break tomorrow.

- I'll do it.

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- No, you don't know anything about wine, and you always buy the cheapest. Besides, I'll need you to get the flowers.

Oh, yes.

- Don't forget that here in Hungary we always buy an odd number of flowers.

- Why is that?

It's a custom. I guess nobody really knows why.

- That really is odd.

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Holland kollganje szletsnapi ajndkot akar venni nyolcves kislnynak. A gyerek nagyon szeretne egy kutyt, de mg ttovzik. - n megrti dilemmjt. A kutyatarts ugyanis nagyon kttt letformval jr egytt (napi tbbszri stltats, llatorvos stb.). Radsul a kutya ignyli a trsasgot, a laksba zrva egsz nap csak szomorkodna. - Arra is emlkezteti, hogy klfldi utazsaikra nem biztos, hogy magukkal vihetnk az llatot. Nekik viszont nemigen vannak itt olyan ismerseik, akikre hosszabb idre rbzhatnk. - Elgondolkoznak azon, hogy egy aranyhrcsg, kszertekns vagy valami ms, kisebb llat nem lehetne-e megfelel ajndk. - Figyelmezteti munkatrsnjt, hogy a gyerekek kezdeti lelkesedse nha el szokott mlni, s a hobbillat gondozsa a szlkre marad. Vgl abban maradnak, hogy mindezeket meg fogja beszlni kislnyval s megprblnak valamilyen kompromisszumot tallni.

Examiner: I just cant decide what to get my daughter for her birthday. She would love to have a dog, but I just cant see how we can manage it.

You: I know what you mean. There are so many responsibilities that go along with owning a pet. You have to plan you day around his walks. His feed ing and health would also be your responsibility. Going on vacation would be a burden, especially if you were going abroad; what would you do with the animal until you returned? You would have to get the neighbors to look after him - if you could find any reliable ones. And in an apartment there just isn't enough room for a dog to move around.

- Thats it. I thought of all of those things already. What should I do? Taking care of an animai

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can also teach a child responsibility.

- Maybe you should try a smaller animal, for example, a hamster or turtle, one that doesn't require as much care or room.

- I don't know. Shes really got her heart set on a little dog.

- A chihuahua might solve most of the problems, but it would still require a lot of attention. But, you know, sometimes kids just go through these phases. She may forget about the dog after a while, when the newness wears off, and the dog may be your responsibility. What will she learn about responsibility from that?

- Well, I suppose there must be some middle ground, some way of satisfying everyone.

- Sure. Talk to your daughter and try to make her see the problems involved. She may be reasonable.

- Thanks. Ill give it a try.

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Itt l klfldi bartja jutalmat kapott a munkahelyn. Azt tervezi, hogy a pnzbl kicserli a btort a nappaliban. - n a btorvsrlst j tletnek tartja, a nappali berendezsn n szerint is van mit szpteni. - Javasolja, hogy az lgarnitrt abban az j ruhzban prblja megvenni, mely leszlltott rakkal csalogatja maghoz a vsrlkat. A dohnyzasztalt s a knyvszekrnyt viszont rdemes btorbizomnyikban is keresni, idnknt nagyon szp s j llapotban lv hasznlt btorok kaphatk. - A btorkrpit sznre vonatkozan nnek nincs tlete, arra viszont figyelmezteti, hogy a mints tapthoz clszer lenne olyan egyszn anyagot vlasztani, mely sznben is harmonizl a fal s a sznyeg szneivel. - Vgl megemlti, hogy ha mg marad pnze, vehetne egy lllmpt is, melynek fnye nagyon kellemes hangulatot teremt.

Examiner: What do you think I should do with the bonus I've gotten from work? I was thinking about getting a new set of furniture for my living room.

You: That's a good idea. Your living room furniture isn't the newest I've ever seen.

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- Thanks.

- For a sofa and armchairs you should try that new department store near where you work - that one with the discount prices. They have new offers all the time to get people to go down there. As for a coffee table and bookcase, maybe you should try buying them second hand. Sometimes you can find used furniture in very good condition.

You might be right about that. What about the upholstery? What pattern should I choose? And what kind of material would be the best?

- I'm not sure I can answer that question. It should be something that will match your carpet and walls. Something like red or brown. Nothing too fancy. I would probably choose a solid color rather than a pattern.

Whys that?

- Oh, I guess with a solid color it would be easier to predict how well it would fit in. With a pattern, you never know if it would look the same at home as it does in the store. We had the same experience when we bought our armchairs. There were just too many colors to predict how it would go with the sofa we already have.

Hm. You might be right.

Another thing you might think about is a nice floor lamp to provide a nice atmosphere. It's so dark in here sometimes.

Thats a good idea.

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Klfldi zletfele a trgyals vge utn tz perccel spadtan tr vissza az n irodjba. Kzli, hogy nem tudja elindtani a kocsijt, mert bilincset tettek a kerekre. - n rszveven sajnlkozik s felvilgostja az illett, hogy a szablytalanul parkol autsok nhny hnapja szmthatnak erre. n nagyon szigor bntetsnek tartja ezt, de tny, hogy az zleti negyedben slyos parkolsi gondok voltak, mieltt ezt bevezettk. Lelteti zletfelt, dtvel knlja s prblja megnyugtatni. Titkrnjvel fel fogja hvatni a fvrosi nkormnyzat illetkes osztlyt s kidertik, mi a teend. nnel mg nem trtnt ilyesmi, ezrt nem tud pontos rszletekkel szolglni. Az biztos, hogy brsgot kell majd fizetnie, s utna jra hasznlhatja az autjt. - Kiderl, hogy zletfelnek srgs elintznivalja van. n azt javasolja, hogy taxit hv neki, s mire dolga vgeztvel visszatr, elintzik a kocsijval kapcsolatos teendket. Kri, hogy az aut iratait hagyja a titkrnjnl.

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Examiner: Jnos, you'll never believe what's happened to my car. I went out and found that there is a wheellock on one of the wheels! What should Ido?

You: Oh, I'm so sorry to hear about that. It must have been parked illegally. They introduced this system of punishment a few months ago now. It's rather severe in my opinion, but I admit that there has been improvement since they began doing it. I realize that doesn't help you at this particular time, of course.

- But what shall I do? I've got people to meet.

- Why not sit down, and we'll talk about it. Have a drink. Please try to relax. I'm sure everything will be all right.

- Well, all right.

- Ill have my secretary call the city council and find out what we should do. I've never had this problem myself, so I'm not entirely sure about what to do.

- Well, thanks for the help.

Don't mention it. I'm sure of one thing: after paying the fine, you'll be able to use your car again.

- I certainly hope so. My only problem is that I have to be somewhere at six. It's an important meeting with some software clients of ours. I would hate to be late.

- I see. Well, the only thing I can recommend is that you call a taxi to get you there. In the

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meantime, we'll take care of the problem with your car.

- You're right. There's not much else I can do, is there?

Just be sure to leave your licence and car rental papers with my secretary.

- I will. Thank you once again.

- Not at all.

Fiatal, klfldi kollganje izgatottan a tancst kri. Msnap a nemzetkzi vsron a cg standjn kell majd dolgoznia, s nem tudja, hogyan ltzzn fel.

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n megnyugtatja, hogy nem kell mskppen ltznie mint eddig, az irodban poltan s csinosan szokott megjelenni.

Ugyanakkor nhny aprsgra nem rtana odafigyelnie. Az ilyen helyeken nem mindig j a szellzs, clszer lenne kerlni a mszlas anyagokat. Legalbb a blza mindenkppen pamutbl legyen.

Arra szmtania kell, hogy nagyon sokat kell llnia. Ha a szoksos magas sark cipjt veszi fel, estre biztosan bedagad a lba. Egy csinos, lapos sark cip ugyangy megfelel s sok fjdalomtl kmli meg magt.

Figyelmezteti, hogy alaposan aludj a ki magt, mert hossz s fraszt napnak nz elbe.

Vgl sok sikert kvn s meggri, hogy drukkoini fog neki, hogy minden rendben menjen.

Examiner: Oh, Jnos, I'm glad you're here! I've just been told that I'll be working at our stand at the trade fair. What should I wear?

You: Oh, don't worry about it Liz! You'll look fine no matter what you wear. You are one of the best dressed women at our office. The things you wear to the office every day will be just fine for the fair.

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Do you really think so?

Of course. On the other hand, there a few small things that it wouldn't hurt to pay attention to.

- Such as?

Well, these places are not always well ventilated. There might be strong air conditioning or no ventilation at all. Be sure to dress in layers. A light sweater that you can take on and off, for example, would be a good idea. A silk or nylon blouse might be chilly, so try a cotton one instead.

- Thanks. That's good advice, really.

- You'll also have to stand for a long time - maybe for hours. So I wouldn't recommend those high heeled shoes you like so much. Your feet would get puffy and swollen. You can save yourself a lot of discomfort by using flat and comfortable, but nice-looking shoes.

- Of course. Is there anything else you would recommend?

- Just that you should get a good night's sleep. You are going to have a long, hard day.

Right! Well, Jnos, it's been very informative talking to you. Thank you very much!

- Don't mention it! And break a leg! I'll be keeping my fingers crossed!

- Thanks.

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nk Franciaorszg dli rszn akartak kempingezni. Sajnos az odavezet ton visszafordtottk nket, mivel erdtz pusztt a krnyken. Visszafel egy szembejv nmet rendszm kocsi vezetje lelltja nket.

Azirnt rdekldik, hogy ez az t vezet-e a kempingbe.

Elmondja neki, amit az imnt megtudott.

Egytt szrnylkdnek, majd azon tanakodnak, hogy most mitvk legyenek.

n elveszi az utiknyvt. Tall benne egy msik kempinget, amely szintn jl felszerelt, s szakkeletre, mintegy 30 kilomterre innen tallhat. Bejelli anmet r trkpn a helyet. Megegyeznek abban, hogy a kvetkez tmenti vendglbl flhvjk a kempinget s megtudakoljk, van-e szabad hely. Egyttal esznek is valamit a nagy izgalomra.

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Examiner: Pardon me, but can you tell me if this road leads to the campsite?

You: I'm afraid the campsite's closed. It seems there's a forest fire in the area. We were headed there ourselves, but the police turned us back at a road block a few miles from here. We could actually see the smoke rising from the re.

- Oh, no.

That's what I said. After com ing all this way, it seems a shame to stop now, when we are so close to our go al. It has taken us days to get this far.

- Right. But what should we do?

Let's try to find another site.

- Yes, but where?

I'll try my guidebook. Hmm. It says here that there's another site in the area. It has running hot and cold water, showers, a swimming pool, a general store and flush toilets.

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It sounds good Where is it?

Let's look it up on your map.

O.K.

Hmm... It seems to be about thirty kilometers away to the northeast. That's not too far away.

- I wonder if they have any places left?

Well, we should give them a call. Yes, but from where?

- We should stop at the next restaurant that we come across, and make the call from there. That'll be a good place to get a bite to eat. Forest fires make me hungry.

Me, too.

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n kertes hzban lakik. szreveszi, hogy egy klfldi rendszm aut ppen az n kocsifeljrja eltt parkolt le, elzrva az utat.

Odamegy az ppen kiszll vezethz, s udvariasan megkri, hogy lljon odbb az autjval.

Nyugtzza az illet bocsnatkrst s megkrdezi, mi jratban van errefel.

Megtudja, hogy egy cg telephelyt keresi, melynek itt kell lennie valahol a kzelben, de eddig nem tallta.

n rtetlenkedik, mivel mindenkit ismer az utcban s biztosan tudja, hogy itt az a cg nem tallhat.

Alaposabban megnzve az illet ltal mutatott cmet rjn, hogy a keresett hely egy msik kerletben lv hasonl nev utcban van. Elmagyarzza a tveds okt egyes trtnelmi nagysgokrl jformn minden teleplsen s sok budapesti kerletben neveztek el utct.

Vgl elmondja az illet rnak, hogy hogyan jut el a keresett cmre.

You: I beg your pardon.

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Examiner: Eh? Oh, yes? What can I do for you?

- Might I ask you to park just a little bit further up the street?

Oh, is there no parking here? I didn't notice a sign.

Well, actually, it's my driveway.

Oh, I'm sorry! I didn't realize! Yes, I can see that there is a gate there, wide enough for a car. Believe me, I thought it was just a sidewalk.

It's no problem, really. I'm just lucky I caught you before you walked away.

Right! Well, I'll just get my car out of your way.

May I ask what brings you out to our neighborhood?

Sure. I'm looking for Erickson's Telephone, Inc. Their office is located around here.

Really? Well, I've Iived here for years, and I'm pretty sure that there's no office by that name around here. This is a residential neighborhood.

Uh-oh. I was sure this was the right street.

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What is the address of the company?

Here it is, I've got it written down right here. It's 23 Petfi Sndor utca.

Well, this is 23 Petfi Sndor t. May I see the address?

There you are.

Mm-hmm, I thought so. This address is located in the second district. You can see there's a little Roman numeral right there, after the abbreviation for Budapest.

So there is, yes, uh-uh, I was sort of wondering what that was.

I'm afraid you have to be pretty careful what district an address is in. There are a lot of similar street names in different districts throughout the capital and the country that have be en named after famous people. Some ofthem are precisely identical.

I'll bear that in mind, thank you.

Do you know your way to the second district?

Well, not exactly. Can you give me directions?

I don't know this exact address, of course. You should take the M3 highway into town, and follow the signs for Margit hd, that's a bridge, and go over the bridge into the second district. I wish I knew where Petfi Sndor utca was in that district. Let me look it up in the index of the

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map.

- That's very very kind of you.

n a Belvrosban sszetallkozik rgi amerikai ismersvel. - Nagy rmmel dvzlik egymst.

Kikrdezi, mit csinl itt, meddig marad stb.

Az illet tancsot kr ntl, hol rdemes bevltania a dollrjait. Elmagyarzza neki, hogy rdemes alaposan krlnznie, mivel nemcsak a bankok, hanem a hivatalos pnzvlthelyek is - bizonyos hatrok kztt - maguk hatrozzk meg az tvltsi arnyokat.

va inti attl, hogy az utcn cselleng pnzvltkkal kssn zletet. Pldkat

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sorol fel, hogyan szoktk a gyantlan klfldieket becsapni, s hogy nha mg tettlegessgre is sor kerl, ha az illet szreveszi a csalst s reklaml.

Megnyugtatsul azrt azt is elmondja, hogy a turistaszezonra megerstettk a legltogatottabb helyek rendri ellenrzst. Kifejezi azon remnyt, hogy a jvben kevesebb atrocits fogja rni a turistkat, mivel ezek rontjk Magyarorszg hrnevt.

You: Rob! Is that you? What a surprise!

Examiner: Jnos! Why, it's good too see you!

- What are you doing here in Budapest?

I'm here for afew days on business.

When are you leaving?

Monday morning. The airline said my plane ticket would be cheaper if I stayed over a weekend

And when did you land?

Just this morning. I dropped my bugs at the hotel, and now I'm wondering where I should change money for the local curreney.

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Well, you should go to one ofthe official changing places, either a bank or a money changing booth. You can compare the rates, but there's not likely to be mu ch variation. One thing you should definitely avoid is changing your money in the street.

- Oh, really?

- Yes, it's really risky. My wife once negotiated a change for some Italian friends. She told them that it was not a good idea, but they really wanted to try. My wife was very carefui, and the people she was dealing with allowed her to hold the money in her hands to count and inspect it. Everything was all right, but at the last second, some passers-by passed between them apparently by accident, you see. It was a quite narrow passage, and there was no other way to get by. It was a trick. They managed to substitute the forints with some other currency Yugoslavian, I believe. That currency is worth a lot less than the Hungarian forint. They were all working together. Everyone had their eyes on the money, and it still disappeared. Only the top bill was Hungarian. All the good money - lire and forints - had been switched to the "passers-by".

Oh, boy.

If you somehow did manage to get away with the money, there might be somebody around the next corner waiting to hit you over the head and get it back.

- Wow. I'm glad you're here to tell me these things, Jnos.

- Of course, there are more and more police every year in areas where tourists are usually in danger. I've noticed that the police in Vci Street often have translators with them in the peak season.

That's good to know.

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Well, it's in our own interest. This way we can maintain our reputation as a nice tourist destination.

Klfldi kollgja azon tanakodik, hova menjen nyaralni.

n arrl faggatja, hogy felttlenl klfldre szeretne-e menni.

Gyantja, hogy nem sokat ltott mg az orszgbl, ahol harmadik ve l s dolgozik.

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Nem esett nehezre meggyzni, mr maga is elgondolkozott ezen. Ugyanakkor nemigen tudja, egyedl hogyan fogjon hozz. nnek tmad egy tlete. Az n trsasgnak egyik tagja eltrte a karjt, emiatt lemondta azt a vizitrt, melyre kt ht mlva indulnak. Megkrdezi munkatrst, akar-e csatlakozni.

Ttovzst ltva megnyugtatja, hogy mind a kajakozst, mind a kenuzst knny megtanulni, a tbbiek tapasztalt vizitrzk s nagyon kedves, vidm emberek, majd segtenek neki.

Ecseteli azokat a ritka lmnyeket, melyekben a civilizciti nem hborgatott Fels-Tiszn lesz rsze.

Vgl megemlti, hogy egy szigor szablyt be kell tartania, ha eljn: itthon kell hagynia a mobiltelefonjt.

You: I can't see why you insist on going abroad for your vacation. You have be en living here for three years, but I have the feeling that you haven't seen much of our country.

Examiner: Well, you know, the thought has occured to me that I haven't gotten out of Budapest enough.

Right! There are plenty of nice places around the countryside towns, national parks, Lake Balaton, and the rest.

- Still, I'm not quite sure how I could go about it by myself. I feel so funny trying to make reservations and the like in Hungarian.

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Well, you know, I'm going kayaking and canoeing with a large group. One of our members has broken her arm, and so she can't go. Maybe you would like to take her place.

- Kayaking and canoeing, eh? Isn't that a bit dangerous? Will you be doing any whitewater canoeing?

No, no, no, it'll all be easy: the calm, shimmering waters of the Tisza, experienced canoers by your side, good company.

- Sounds nice.

- There's a great natural beauty about the Tisza, unspoiled by the hand of civilization. We'll camp in tents at the riverside. We can cook bacon over the campfire. When the fire dies, the only light will be the sweeping searchlights of barges going by, invisible in the dark. I'm sure you'll enjoy it.

- What about mosquitoes?

Bring repellent.

- Well, Ill definitely consider it, Jnos.

But there's one thing you must do without fail if you want to enjoy the peace and quiet of unspoiled nature.

- What's that?

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Leave your mobile phone in Budapest.

Egy amerikai r rklt egy lakst Budapesten, amit el akar adni. n elmegy a megadott Cmre.

Bemutatkozik, s elmondja, milyen gyben jtt.

Mikzben krbevezetik a lakson, rdekldik az eladsi rrl. n sokallja az sszeget.

Kifejti, hogy a laks nagyon elhanyagolt llapotban van. Rszletesen felsorolja, mi mindent kellene megjavttatni, kicserlni, kifestetni, stb.

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Elmondja, hogy rat cskkent tnyez az is, hogy a laks olyan krnyken van, ahol kzismerten rossz a kzbiztonsg.

n is tesz egy rajnlatot, amit az elad kevesell. Mivel nem tudnak megegyezni, n odaadja a nvjegykrtyjt, rrva az n ltal elfogadhatnak tartott rat.

Bcszskor kri, hogy ha mgis eladn ennyirt a lakst, hvja fel nt. Egy htig vr, addig nem keres msik ingatlant.

You: Hello, I'm here about the flat I saw advertised in the paper.

Examiner: Oh, yes, come right in. Please feel free to look around. Here's the kitchen. The stove is only one year old.

I see.

Heres the bathroom. There's a gas boiler, as you can see. The heating is gas, too, so the electric bill isn't too high.

And how much are you asking for it?

Two million, nine hundred thousand. It's bright, it has a view of the hills in the distance...

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I'm afraid that's a little bit more than I'm prepared to pay. I notice that the floorboards are coming up in places.

They can be glued down. The floor's actually pretty solid.

And the wallpaper seems a bit yellowed. I'd have to have the place painted. And the roof is leaking.

There's a flat above us. They had a broken pipe once. It left stain on our ceiling. I could come down a bit if you were prepared to pay immediately.

- Even so, I'm afraid it's not in a very good neighborhood. My family wouldn't feel safe coming home at night.

Can you make an offer?

How about two million, four hundred thousand?

I'm not sure that's going to be enough for me.

- Well, I'll give you my card, with my general price range on the back. If you change your mind, you can call me.

- Thanks.

- I'll wait until the weekend for your call.

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- OK. You can call me back, too, if you should reconsider.

Fine. Good-bye.

Good-bye.

Magyarorszgon l klfldi bartnje ntl kr tancsot, beoltassa-e magt intfuenza ellen. n elmondja, amit a tmrl tud, elzetesen hangslyozva, hogy neki kell dntenie.

A vdolts a vrus egy vagy kt vltozata ellen nyjt vdettsget. Krdsre elismeri, lehetsges, hogy a krokoz egy msik mutcija is megfertzheti. Ez trtnhetett tavaly szomszdjval is, aki annak ellenre megbetegedett, hogy be volt oltva. m az is biztos, hogy rengeteg embert a vdolts megvott a betegsgtl. ltalban a legfontosabb a szervezet ltalnos vdekezkpessgnek a fokozsa. A j

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fizikai kondci, a vitaminds tpllkozs alapveten lnyeges. Jrvny idejn kerlni kell a zsfolt helyeket is.

A szakemberek vnak a tlhajszoltsgtl, kimerltsgtl is. Elgondolkozik azon, hnyan engedhetik meg maguknak, hogy a kzelg jrvnyra hivatkozva megtagadjk a tlrzst. Az lls elvesztse miatti flelem okozhatja azt is, hogy sokan betegen is bemennek dolgozni. n ezt nagyon helytelenti.

Examiner: Jnos, what do you think about these flu vaccinations? Is it worthwhile to get one?

You: Well, of course the final decision should be yours. There's no doubt that the vaccination is scientifically valid. The only problem is if you encounter a mutuant virus. They can vaccinate you against one or two strains, the ones that seem to be the most common in a particular year, but it's never a sure thing. One of my neighbors got an inoculation last year, but she got sick, anyway.

- Oh, well, that doesn't sound Uke a good deal.

On the other hand, it also protects lots of people from illness. It's partly luck.

I guess there's not much we can do.

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Well, the basic protection against infection is good physical condition and a healthy, vitamin-rich diet. Eat regularly, especially a lot of fruit and vitamin C. Of course, when the virus is going around, it's best to avoid crowds.

Hm.

Getting enough rest is also important. Too many people stay up late or do a lot of overtime at the office when there's an epidemic. They're lowering the effectiveness of their immune systems. Your workplace is also a great place for infection, not only because everyone gets together in one place, where one person can infect several, but because the stress of the modern job market makes a lot of people go to work when they're feeling ill. That just makes the risk for infection even greater. It's a very irresponsible thing to do.

Well, Ill bear that in mind.

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n Angliban dolgozik. Skt bartai meghvtk, hogy tltse nluk a karcsonyt. Sajnos vratlanul nagyon elromlott az idjrs, nem meri vllalni az utazst. - Felhvja bartait s szomor szvvel lemondja a ltogatst. - Elmondja, hogy a Nagy-Britanniban szokatlanul kemny tl, a hfvsok miatt azt tancsoltk az imnt a televziban, hogy csak az induljon tnak, akinek halaszthatatlan dolga van. - Sajnlkozsukban osztozik s azzal vgasztalja ket, hogy szllsadi nagyon kedves emberek, nem lesz egyedl az nnepen. Megllapodnak abban, hogy ha kzben megjavul az id, szilveszterkor ptoljk az elmaradt ltogatst.

Examiner: Hello!

You: Hello, is that you Montgomery? This is Jnos.

Ach, hello there my friend! How are you?

Fine, fine, Monty.

You sound a bit troubled What's the matter?

It's just that with the way the weather is here in Dover, I just don't see how I can make it to your place for Christmas.

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I'm terribly sorry to hear that, lad. We've planned a feast fit for a king up here for you.

- I'm very disappointed, myself. I was looking forward to a holiday feast with you and Christine. How the kids must have grown.

That they have. Are you sure that it's not safe to travel?

They made an announcement on TV. They advise everybody to stay indoors unless it's urgent. We're having a horrible winter down here. The roads are icy, and there's a heavy snowfall. Temperatures are below zero.

It's not so good up here either, lad. I've never seen it any colder. And you all alone in that big snowstorm. I saw the picture on the telly.

Well, my landlord and landlady are really nice people, and they've invited me to have dinner with them on Christmas Eve, which I think is very kind of them, don't you think?

Yes, I suppose so ... If only they weren't English, and southerners at that!

We can't all be Scottish.

A pity. When shall we meet?

Maybe at New Year's?

Wonderful.

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Oxfordban az utcn sszetallkozik holland bartaival. - Nagy rmmel dvzlik egymst. - Elmeslik nnek, hogy Stratfordba kszlnek, nagyon vrjk mr ezt a kirndulst. - n osztozik rmkben, n is remekl rezte ott magt. Elmesli nekik, mi tetszett nnek a legjobban. - Ismersei csak azt sajnljk, hogy nem tudnak megnzni egy Shakespeare eladst a sznhzban, mivel ks este nem tudnnak busszal visszajnni Oxfordba. - n felvilgostja ket, hogy vannak dlutni matink is, n is egy ilyen eladst ltott, nagy lmny volt. - Javasolja, hogy a szllodbl telefonljanak oda s rdekldjenek a rszletek fell. - Megadja oxfordi telefonszmt s kri ket, hogy majd jelentkezzenek s mesljk el, hogyan sikerlt a stratfordi kirnduls.

Examiner: Hi, Jnos!

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You: Hi, it's good to see you ah again!

- Same here.

How are you?

We're getting ready to go to Stratford. I can hardly wait!

I can't say as I blame you. I remember when I went there last year.

What was it like? As far as I know, you can see Anne Hcithaway's house in the country nearby.

That's right, Shakespeare's wife. I really enjoyed it. It was a charming English town. We stayed two days, and we saw two plays. There was a kind of protest after the performance of TWELFTH NIGHT. They disagreed with how the play was interpreted. Isn't it interesting what strong feeling Shakespeare still inspires? I remember the site of his house - what a shame they to re it down! Did you know they have a statue of Shakespeare and his most famous characters in the town? They represent the tragedies, histories and comedies.

Is there anything else that I should make sure to see?

Weil, although I enjoyed it very much, I can't remember ali the details, of course. But I took pictures of everything. The countryside, the buildings. It was all lovely. The theatre was vast. I felt like I was in the clouds, we were so high up. That was when I saw THE MERCHANT OF VENICE I was disappointed that my seat was directly behind a column. Why can't designers think of these things?

I only wish that we could see a play, as you did, but there aren't any late buses out of Stratford

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Well, you can always see a matinee.

- I didnt realize there were any.

- Oh, yes. I saw one of them, and it was a great experience. You should call from your hotel about the details. You might be able to get tickets.

- We will.

Anyway, here's my telephone number in Oxford. Please give me a ring once you've come back, and tell me all about it.

Angol bartja nhny ra mlva elutazik Budapestrl, a brelt kocsit a repltri

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parkolban fogja hagyni. n a hreket hallgatva megtudja, hogy a repltrre vezet gyorsforgalmi ton baleset trtnt, bizonytalan idre az egsz utat lezrtk.

Felhvja bartjt a szllodban s elmesli, mit hallott.

Azt tancsolja neki, hogy a tervezettnl korbban induljon el, mert kerl ton kell majd mennie.

Sajnos nem tudja neki elmagyarzni, hogy merre. Az az tlete tmad, hogy a hotel recepcisval hvassa fel a Fvinformot s krje meg, hogy az ltaluk javasolt tvonalat jellje be neki a trkpen.

Vgl kri, hogy a repltrrl mg egy rvid telefonnal tudassa nnel, hogy minden rendben ment-e.

Examiner: Hello!

You: Lyle, is that you?

Yes, this is Lyle. Is that Jnos?

- Yes, it is.

What can I do for you, mate?

Well, actually, it's about your flignt out of Budapest this afternoon. You are leaving today, aren't

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you?

Yes, I'm all packed up and ready to go. I'm sorry to leave, of course, but I'm sure we'll meet each other at some point in the future. If you're ever in England, let me know.

- That's very nice of you. Listen, Lyle, I was listening to the radio this morning, and I heard about a terrible accident on the expressway. The highway that leads right out to the airport, you know.

- Oh, dear. How serious is it?

- I don't know, but I think several vehicles must have been involved, because they closed down the highway for an indefinite period. In the meantime, you'll have to take a detour.

- Do you know what the best route out to the airport is, aside from the highway?

- I'm afraid I can't really say.

- What should I do then? I suppose I could look on my map.

- Maybe the receptionist at your hotel could call traffic information; and outline the best route for you to take on your map.

- Oh, I didnt even realize that there was a traffic information line.

- I believe there is one, yes. It's in the phone book. I'm sure your receptionist could just look it up.

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- Right. Well, thank you ever so much for thinking of me, Jnos. I really do appreciate it.

- Think nothing of it. But there is one thing you can do.

- What's that?

Call me from the airport to let me know how everything turns out. If you have time, that is.

- Of course...

- If by any chance you do miss your flight, Christine and I will put you up for the night.

I hope it won't be necessary.

Agreed.

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Angol kollgja nagy futballrajong. Kri nt, hogy vigye el egyszer egy meccsre.

n osztozik vele a foci irnti rajongsban, mgis ttovzik.

Bevallja neki, hogy csalds rn. Az itteni bajnoksg sznvonala nem hasonlthat ssze az angolval. Elmereng azon, hogy nhny vtizede mg milyen bszkk lehettnk a magyar labdargsra.

Elmondja, hogy ms oka is van a tartzkodsnak. A meccseken a kznsg egy rsze nagyon kulturlatlanul, agresszven viselkedik, mg rasszista bekiablsok is vannak. Ez nt zavarja, szgyelli magt miattuk.

Kollgja egyttrzen jegyzi meg, hogy nluk is sok baj volt a futball-hulignokkal, de szigor intzkedsekkel sikerlt rendet teremteni.

n remnyt fejezi ki, hogy elbb-utbb ez nlunk is gy lesz. Addig viszont marad a TV-nl, ha focimeccset akar ltni.

Examiner: Jnos, I've been meaning to ask you when we could get out to see one of your Hungarian football games.

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You: Well, do you really think that's such a good idea?

But I thought that you loved the game!

I do, actually. I'm a big football fan.

What's the problem, then?

It's just that the Hungarian level of play just isn't comparable with what you must be accustomed to in England.

Well...

Mind you, there was a time when Hungarian football was something to be proud of. But that was years ago, and I'd be embarrassed to accompany an Englishman to one of the games.

It's no trouble, I assure you. I'm quite curious, regardless of how they play.

Well, you're right of course, but there is one more thing, actually.

What's that?

It's the Hungarian fans themselves. A lot of them are more interested in rowdiness and drunkenness than in soccer. They would interfere with our enjoyment of the game, I'm sure.

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I see. Well as you probably know, we had this problem in England, as well. English funs had a terrible reputation all throughout Europe, and not without reason. Slowly, we have been able to salvage our reputation somewhat. They used video surveillance, as a matter of fact, to spot troublemakers, and then had them thrown out of the stadium.

- Perhaps we should introduce something like that here. I can't tolerate the racist slurs and other offensive distractions from the game. I would feel out of place, even without a foreign guest. And I certainly don't want you to get the wrong impression of Hungary.

I see your point.

Why don't we and some other people from the office get to gether at my place to watch the match on TV? My wife could fix us something.

- What a good idea!

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Nmet kollgja tancst kri. 12 ves fia, aki egy ve tanul angolul, angliai nyelvtanfolyamra szeretne menni a nyron. Munkatrsa nem biztos benne, hogy a tetemes tanfolyami dj megrn az rt.

n egyetrt azzal, hogy a krdst alaposan meg kell fontolni. Termszetesen minden klfldi utazs risi lmny, s hasznos tapasztalatszerzs. Ugyanakkor nem mindegy, hogy a nyelvtanuls melyik szakaszban s milyen letkorban kerl valaki anyanyelvi krnyezetbe.

Beszmol sajt gyerekei ilyen irny tapasztalatairl, melyekbl azt a kvetkeztetst vonta le, hogy kzphalad szint nyelvtuds alatt a kinntartzkods nem igazn hatkony.

Vgl meggri, hogy sszehozza egy nyelvtanr ismersvei, aki szakszer vlemnyt tud mondani. Az illet egybknt itthon szokott nyelvi tborokat szervezni gyerekeknek. Ezek igen npszerek s sszehasonlthatatlanul olcsbbak az angliai tnl.

Examiner: Jnos, I was wondering if you could give me some advice.

You: Of course, Jrgen, what about?

It's this summer program in England My son, who's twelve years old, would like to go to study English there for a few weeks this summer. Do you think that it's worth the price? It's rather expensive, you see.

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Well, of course, it's a decision that has to be made carefully. It's a great experience to travel abroad, an experience a young person shouldn't miss out on. On the other hand, there are many different levels and types of teaching, and the age at which someone finds himself in a native-speaking environment is also important.

Oh, really?

Oh, yes. I can tell you from my own experience with my own sons that it's not really that effective to send a child abroad until he has achieved at least a pre-intermediate level. My youngest didn't achieve much on his first trip to England, when he was only eight. We went with him, of course, but he spent most of the day in an English speaking classroom, but it was all a little too quick for him. He forgot much of what he had learned when we returned to Hungary. Children learn faster, but they also forget faster when the level of teaching is not maintained. Back home in Hungary, he was back in school with the other eight-year-olds.

I see.

- I know a language teacher whose name and telephone number I could give you. She's a skilled professional, and she could give you an expert opinion, I am sure. She organizes summer language camps here in Hungary which are quite popular. They are far cheaper than any camp in England, I assure you.

Really? Well, that's good to know.

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Htf reggel az irodban klfldi kollgjval az elmlt htvgrl beszlgetnek.

n rmmel hallja, hogy remekl sikerlt a gyereke szletsnapi bulija, az ilyen sszejvetel mindig sok izgalommal jr.

Krdsre elmondja, hogy n nagyon elfradt a mlt hten, ezrt csak heverszett a kertjben s kt nap alatt kiolvasott egy knyvet.

Rviden elmesli a knyv tartalmt.

Sikerlt felkeltenie kollgja rdekldst, ezrt meggri neki, hogy msnap klcsnadja neki a knyvet.

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You: Hi, Cathy, how was your weekend?

Examiner: Fine, Jnos, in fact, I really enjoyed it.

Oh, really?

- Yes, indeed, it was my son's birthday.

- Oh. Did you have a party for him?

- Yes, all the children from his kindergarten were there. We had a big birthday cake, party favors, party games for the children, everything!

- He must have enjoyed it very much.

- Oh, yes, my son is very sociable - he loves it when other children are around him.

- That' s just grand. Reminds me of when I was a child.

- And how did you spend your weekend?

- Nothing special. I was just too tired for much of anything. I just curled up with a good book.

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- Really? What kind of a book was it?

You might like it, in fact: it is in both English and Hungarian. With the translation on the opposing page. It's an analysis of life in Hungary from a comic perspective - Hungarian diet, customs, history, language, all seen through a twisted mirror of satire.

Is it by a Hungarian, or a foreigner?

- It's by a Hungarian, but she must have had a lot of experience with foreigners, because I think she can really appreciate the foreigner's point of view.

Maybe I should read it in order to get aequa inted with the language and culture of Hungary.

- I'd be more than happy to lend it to you.

That 's very kind of you, thanks.

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n egy klfldi utazsi iroda szervezsben Grgorszgba utazott. A szllodai szobba lpve dbbenten ltja, hogy az sok szempontbl nem olyan, mint amiben az utazsi szerzdsben megllapodtak. Azonnal felkeresi az idegenvezett.

Kzli vele, hogy panasza van, nem hajland ebbe a szobba bekltzni.

Krdsre rszletezi kifogsait (nincs frdszoba, nem a tengerre nz, nincs lgkondicionl, szakadt s piszkos a fggny, stb.).

Azt a megoldst, hogy utlag visszafizetnek az t rbl, nem fogadja el, n most van itt s jl akarja rezni magt. Ragaszkodik az eredeti felttelekhez s botrnnyal fenyegetzik.

Az idegenvezet megadja magt s meggri, hogy intzkedik. Elmegy, majd kisvrtatva visszatr. Kzli, hogy a szomszdos szllodban sikerlt nnek olyan szobt szereznie, me ly megfelel sznvonal.

n ezt a megoldst elfogadja.

You: Excuse me, I'd like to have a word with you, please.

Examiner: There's no problem, I hope.

Actually I do have a few complaints.

I'm sorry to hear that. What seems to be the trouble?

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- It's my room. It doesn't se em to be at all what I asked for.

Could you be more specific?

For one thing, there's no bath. It's down the hall. My contract said that I would have a shower. Another problem is that my room faces the parking lot. I specifically asked for a room that faced the sea.

Well, you see, there are not always enough rooms to go around. Not everyone can have a room facing the beach.

Then your Budapest respresentative should not have told me that it would not be a problem. The condition of my room is also unsatisfactory. It's dirty, especially that terrible torn curtain. One of the legs of my bed is even broken, and supported by a couple of old bricks. There's no air conditioning, either.

Well, we've never had any complaints until now. I might be able to arrange a small refund for you, if the accomodations aren't up to their usual high standard in the case of your room.

I don't want a small refund, I want the holiday that I agreed upon. I only get one holiday per year, and it is worth far more to me than a small refund.

Well, I 'm afraid that the conditions of the agreement don't specify the kind of steps that will be taken if the customer is unsatisfied

I'm perfectly prepared to make things difficult for you, the hotel, and the travel agency. Shall I knock on all the rooms to make sure that they really are occupied? If I can find an empty one, I wonder what your bosses would say about that.

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There's no need for any of that. I will see what I can do, of course. I just meant that the company can't always guarantee perfect accomodation in every case.

I thought that was what you meant.

- One mo ment ... ah, yes, I'm back now. Would it be all right if you were put up in the next hotel down the road?

- Of course, if that room meets the terms of the agreement.

- Let's go and see together.

Klfldi bartai kocsit breltek s orszgjrsra indulnak Magyarorszgon. Nhny

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tanccsal ltja el ket.

Elvigyzatosabban vezessenek, mint ahogyan azt otthon megszoktk. Indoklsul megemlti az utak helyenknt rossz llapott s az jgazdag auttulajdonosok nz s agresszv vezetsi stlust. Soha ne hagyjk mg kis idre sem bezratlanul az autt, s ha kiszllnak, ne hagyjanak semmit az lsen.

Szmtsanak arra, hogy az autplya-djak elg magasak. Ugyanakkor megfontoland, hogy ppen emiatt a kerlutak zsfoltak, knyelmetlenebbek, lassabban lehet rajtuk haladni.

Ne tankoljanak olyan benzinktnl, amely nem tagja valamelyik ismert zemanyagforgalmaz trsasgnak. Emltst tesz a hamistott benzin miatt tnkrement autkrl.

Vgl kifejezi azon remnyt, hogy ha ezeket a tancsokat megfogadjk, zavartalan tjuk lesz s szp lmnyekben lesz rszk.

You: You know, guys, I should warn you about the condition of the roads in my country.

Examiner: Why? I thought that, what with capitalism and all, they would have been repaired by now.

Although that might be the case in a few areas, especially where entirely new motorways are being built around Budapest, usually just the opposite is true.

Really?

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Yes, there just isn't enough money to maintain our infrastructure.

What a pity.

- Another thing that you should watch out for is the crazy drivers that you might find out there.

- Arent Hungarians good drivers?

- It's not a question of Hungarian or not. A lot of Hungarians are cautious and skillful drivers. But the number of cars is increasing very quickly in our country. A lot of drivers aren't too experienced yet, and a lot of them have be come rich with the new system, and they are eager to show everyone that they are important, and that their cars go fast.

- Well bear that in mind.

- Another thing. Always lock your car door, and don't leave anything in the seat or in plain view if you leave your car, even for a few minutes. Car theft has become very common in Hungary.

- I guess its not safe anywhere these days.

Also, don't forget to bring enough money for tolls. They're pretty high - higher than in most western European countries. I heard a comparison on the news. You can also count on traffic jams, if you try to avoid the tolls, as going by alternative routes would be much slower. When you stop to fill up, make sure that you stop at one of the big gasoline companies' station. There was quite a scandal a while back about tainted gasoline. It might not only contain chemicals harmful to your engine, but objects like iron particles even nails, I heard.

- My God! Now that I didnt know.

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- A single tankful could min a car's engine.

- Id imagine so!

- But don't get discouraged. A few simple precautions, and you should have a lovely trip! I hope you'll enjoy yourselves!

- Thanks.

n klfldn van vendgsgben. Az egyik jelen lv r fontolgatja, hogy Magyarorszgon tlten a szabadsgt, ha lenne ott elegend s megfelel sznvonal sportolsi lehetsg.

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n kzli vele, hogy nem kell aggdnia. Elmondja, hogy nlunk a selsen kvl minden sportg gyakorlsra van md, nemzetkzi sznvonalon.

Krdseire rszletesen elmondja a lehetsgeket: lovastrk, vitorlzs a Balatonon, vzi tra a Dunn s a Tiszn, fallabda, tenisz fedett s nyitott plyn stb.

Mikor kiderl, hogy az illet lelkes golfjtkos is, felvilgostja, hogy az utbbi vekben tbb sznvonalas golfplya is lteslt az orszgban. Az egyiken mr nemzetkzi versenyt is rendeztek.

Vgl elgedetten nyugtzza, hogy sikerlt meggyznie. Egyben felajnlja, hogy ha segtsgre van szksge, amikor itt jr, keresse meg nt.

Examiner: You know, Jnos, I always thought that I would like to visit Hungary, but sightseeing isn't enough for me. I have a very aclive sports life, and at my age it's very important not to fall out of the pattern once youve gotten into it.

You: Oh, Keith. There's no cause for worry. You can take part in whatever sport you want in Hungary - except skiing, of course, because we haven't got too many high mountains or any first class ski resorts.

- Is that a fact?

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Certainly - horseback riding, sailing or windsurfing on Lake Balaton, kayaking and canoeing on our rivers, squash, indoor and outdoor tennis, you name it.

- Well, what a pleasant surprise.

- There are other sports like rock-climbing and hang-gliding. You can even fly a real glider right in Budapest. A friend of mine is into parachuting.

- Actually the sport I'm the most worried about is golf. I never miss a weekend's golf and I visit the driving rangel at least three times a week thats one sport I know you don't have. I read all about it.

That was true at one time. However, in the last few years, a number of golf courses have opened in Hungary. One of them has already been the site of international tournaments.

I'll certainly look into it.

That's wonderful. If you ever need anything when you are in my country, don't hesitate to call.

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Itt l amerikai bartai olaszorszgi utazsra kszlnek. n megltogatja ket, hogy klcsnadja nekik az olasz auttrkpet s tiknyvet. - Elmesli nekik, milyen szp lmnyekben volt rsze, amikor tavaly ott jrt. - A felesg aggdik, mert rosszul brja a meleget. A mzeumok viszont napkzben vannak nyitva, knytelen lesz a hsgben kzlekedni. - n rmmel vilgostja fl, hogy ez a gondja megolddott. ppen az imnt hallotta a hrekben, hogy az olasz mzeumok este is, egszen jflig nyitva fognak tartani. - Bcszskor kri, hogy felttlenl hvjk majd meg az utazs utni lmnybeszmolra.

Examiner: Oh, hi, Jnos, come on in.

You: Hi, Jay. I've got the ma ps and the book you asked for.

Great. Come on in and sit down.

- Don't mind if I do. I must say I envy you both a bit, going to Italy.

It was nice, when you went there, huh?

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Oh, nice is not a strong enough word for it.

The cities, the countryside - all just beautiful. I went on a moped tour the entire length of the peninsula. I don't know which I remember more, the tiny villages or the main towns. And the difference between the north and south is amazing. It's like two different countries. The Italians themselves are just full of life ready to be your enemy or your friend at the drop of a hat.

What my wife is worried about is the weather.

I'm sure the weather will be clear at this time ofyear.

Yeah, but it's the heat she can't stand. The museums are only open in the daytime, so we'll have to travel the city streets in the blazing heat.

Well, there's no need to worry. The museums in Italy are open until midnight.

- Is that right? Do you remember from when you were there?

No, I heard it on the news. They closed on the afternoon when I was there.

- Wait till Dierdre hears about this! I'm sure she'll be pleased.

- Well, anyway, be sure to give me a call as soon as you get back. I want to know all about your trip.

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Will do. And thanks for the ma ps.

Don't mention it.

n az USA-ban egyetemista. Kollgiumi szobatrsa lelkesen kszl egy tvol-keleti utazsra, ppen csomagol. - n szreveszi, hogy egy furcsa kis csomagot kszl ppen berakni a brndjbe s megkrdezi, mi az. - Kiderl, hogy nem tudja. Egy ismerse krte meg arra a szvessgre, hogy vigye el egy bangkoki bartjnak. - n nagyon mrges lesz s keresetlen szavakkal nagyon sszeszidja szobatrst. Nem rti, hogyan lehet ilyen naiv s tjkozatlan. Kzismert dolog, hogy a kbtszer-csempszst azon a vidker rendkvl slyosan bntetik. - Megszeppenst ltva vigasztalja, s elnzst kri az indulatos szavakrt. - Vgl meggrteti vele, hogy a csomagot mg aznap visszaviszi az ismersnek, s a jvben kerli az illet trsasgt.

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You: Whats that, Sal?

Examiner: That? Oh, its noth ing. Its just a package that somebod:, asked me to take to one of his friends.

- Really? Whats inside?

No idea.

- You must be joking.

- What do you mean? One of my classmates is from Bangkok and he asked me to deliver this package to one of his friends. Is that so strange?

Sal, you cant possibly be serious! Don't you know you're not supposed to accept packages you don't know the contents of, especially not from people that you don't know well?

Well, I guess it might technically be against the rules. You dont really think its a bomb or anything, do you?

Neither of us has any idea what it might be. I would say that it's more likely to be drugs.

- How likely is that?

Likely enough Sal, do you know what the penalty for drug smuggling is in that part of the world? You could spend decades in a third world prison! If they even bother to let you out. Or if you

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even survive the experience.

- Do you really think its anything to be concerned about?

- Sal, every day some one is arrested for exactly this. There are drug smugglers who make their entire living by asking acquaintances to deliver packages to "friends" overseas. It's incredibly naive to think that it could never happen to you. The jails of certain countries are just full of naive Americans. Don't become one of them. Your constitution won't protect you in Bangkok.

Well, I guess Im just a naive American.

- Look, I didn't mean to offend you. It's just that you're a good roommate. If you go to jail, my next roommate might snore.

- Well, I know how important a good nights sleep is to you...

And so bearing that in mind, do you promise to return that package to its owner and have nothing to do with him?

- Well, only so that you wont lose any sleep!

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Klfldi prjval csaldi hzba kltztek. Azon tanakodnak, hogyan szervezzk meg a hzavatt, melyre sok bartjukat meghvtk. - Hzastrsa felveti, hogy a kertben kellene megrendezni az sszejvetelt. - nnek tetszik az tlet, s megemlti, hogy vgre hasznlni tudjk a nszajndkba kapott kerti barbecue-kszletet. - Vgiggondoljk, hogy milyen kerti btorokra lesz szksg s arra a kvetkeztetsre jutnak, hogy nhnyat majd klcsn kell krnik a szomszdoktl. - n felveti, hogy rossz idjrs esetre ki kell tallniuk valami megoldst. Vgl abban maradnak, hogy majd figyelemmel ksrik az idjrs-jelentst, s aszerint dntenek.

Examiner: Dont you think the backyard would be nice for the housewarming party?

You: A garden party? Nice idea. At last I would get the chance to use that nice barbecue set that we got as a wedding gift.

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- Right. Do you think we have enough patio furniture?

Well, lets see. Whom do we wish to invite? Theres the Rykers and Keiths. And the Siposes. Jancsi and his girlfriend might want to come. Anik and Audrey would be terribly hurt if we didn't invite them.

Theyre abroad, darling.

Oh, yeah, so they are. Still, if all those families bring their children along, we'll need extra chairs.

And an extra table.

Thats right. Well, we could always use the inside chairs.

But what if it rains?

If it rains, we could grab them and bring them inside right quick. They wont get wet.

And what about the table? We cant drag that in "right quick" if it rains.

No, so we cant. Well, the neighbor certainly has enough patio furniture. Maybe we could borrow some of his. They never seem to use them.

Then well have to invite them, too.

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So we will. On the other hand, we could check the weather forecast on the radio. If there seems to be bad weather com ing, we could postpone or move inside. Or just cover the regular table with a plastic table cloth. That way it wouldnt get wet.

I suppose youre right.

n klfldn dolgozik. Este otthon ppen lefekvshez kszldik, mikor csngetnek. Az ajtban kt kollgja ll. - Meglepve dvzli ket s behvja ket a laksba. - Kiderl, hogy a kzelben voltak egy fogadson. Az este sorn fnkk megsgta nekik, hogy n szabadsgot krt, mert nsztra fog menni. Szeretnk tudni, hogy ez igaz-e. - n nagy zavarban van, de bevallja, hogy a hr igaz. Szemrehnysukra, miszerint az ilyesmit nem illik eltitkolni a munkatrsak eltt, elmondja, hogy menyasszonya hatrozott krse volt, hogy a hrt ne verje nagydobra s csndes eskvt tartsanak, szk csaldi krben. - Megrt reaglsukat megknnyebblten fogadja s nhny mondatban elmesli,

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hogy hova fognak utazni. - Vgl meggri, hogy a nszt utn be fogja mutatni nekik a felesgt. Megknlja ket itallal, hogy koccintsanak a nagy esemnyre.

You: Oh, it's you! Hello! Come on in.

Examiner: Well, Jnos, I hope were not disturbing you.

No, no, not at all. Ill just throw on a bathrobe and some slippers. It's always a pleasure to meet with my colleagues. What brings you to this part of town?

Well, actuaily we were in the neighborhood at a reception, when Mr. Knightly took us aside and told us you were going on your honeymoon. He said that's why youre going on vacation now. Is it really true?

Well, I ah ... ahem, well, what a surprise. I have to admit that its true.

Well, congratulations! Youve been holding out on us!

Yes, well, I admit it must seem strange not to have said anything to my colleagues, especially ones I work every day with and get on so well with, but it's a bit of a peculiar situation, you see. Anyway, I do apologize. Truly, I do.

In what way peculiar? Youre acting rather strangely Jnos. Is it something youd rather not discuss?

Not at all, not at all! Its just that Zsuzsanna, my bride to be, asked me to keep it as quiet as possible. We had a small, quiet service, in accordance with her wishes. It was strictly a family

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affair.

Well, we didnt mean to intrude.

- No, no, not at all! I would have invited a hundred people myself, and I would have told you all about it when I got back, regardless. I just dont like being secretive, is all.

- And where are you going on your honeymoon?

The south of France.

Oh, thats wonderful.

- Yes, we're looking forward to it very much. Theres this wonderful little place in the Riviera. They specialize in honeymoons, so itll be just us and the other lovebirds.

- That sounds splendid. Well, anyway, youre obviously getting ready for bed...

- Oh, well, Ive just finished packing, so...

Well leave you to it then. Is it an early flight?

- Nine oclock, but you should get there earlier, of course.

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- Well be going then.

- Not until you have something to drink. We can toast the happy occasion! And when I get back, you can finally meet my lovely wife.

Klfldi szomszdai kisgyermekeikkel vidkre kszlnek kocsival. n meglepve ltja, hogy a gyerekek szabadon ldglnek a hts lsen. - Tapintatosan felhvja a figyelmket, hogy nagyon veszlyes gyerekls nlkl a kocsiban gyereket szlltani. - Csodlkoz krdskre elmondja, mit olvasott nemrg errl a tmrl, milyen veszlyek fenyegetik egy hirtelen fkezskor vagy tkzskor a rgzts nlkl utaz gyereket. - Sikerlt ket meggyznie, de fogalmuk sincs, honnan kertsenek szombat dlutn ilyen lst. - n a nem messze lv, szombaton is nyitva tart bevsrl centrumot ajnlja nekik. Megemlti, hogy a mellette lv szervizben segthetnek beszerelni, ha egyedl nem boldogulnak vele. Nyugtzza ksznetket, s j utat kvn.

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You: Gerard, I couldn't help noticing that you havent got a childrens safety seat for either of your children.

- Why? Are they compulsory in Hungary?

Well, there is a penalty to be paid, Im sure, but that is just not the point. Its really quite dangerous for a child. Children are far more likely to be injured in an accident than an adult.

We really drive quite carefully.

Someone else could always hit you, couldnt they? Besides, even stopping suddenly could injure a child who isnt fastened in correctly. I read about a child who was paralyzed after a minor accident. Nothing at all happened to her parents, and the car didn't even need real repairs - just a few scratches.

Well, I suppose we should get something like that. But where on earth could we get them on Saturday afternoon?

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Theres the new mall, Duna Center. It's on the way out of town from here. Theres an easy turn off from the M3. You cant miss it, because there is a large neon sign, which is visible from the highway.

Oh, good. It doesnt sound complicated.

Theres an auto repair shop right next to the shopping mall. If you dont feel confident about putting them in yourself, ask for their help. Putting it in the wrong way can be even more dangerous than not having one. If it comes loose, the mass of the chair will be added to the childs. Head injuries would be much more likely.

Well do that. Thank you ever so much!

It's nothing, really.

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n az USA-ban van krutazson. San Franciscban bemegy egy lgitrsasg irodjba. - Kszn, s kzli a pult mgtt l hlggyel, hogy holnaputn Seattle-be szeretne utazni, rdekldik, hogy van-e hely s mennyibe kerl egy jegy. - Megtudja, hogy van szabad hely s a retrjegy 91 dollr, csak oda viszont 109 dollrba kerl az t. - n zavarba jn. Attl tart, hogy valami baj van a nyelvtudsval s rosszul rtette az gyintzt. Megkri, hogy egy darab paprra rja le nnek a kt szmot, jelezve, melyik vonatkozik egy tra s melyik kettre. - Mivel kiderl, hogy elszr jl rtette, valban a retrjegy olcsbb, megjegyzi, hogy az n hazjban ilyen gyakorlatot nem tapasztalt. - Ugyan n csak odafel utazik, termszetesen gy dnt, hogy retrjegyet kr. - tveszi s kifizeti a jegyet, tisztzzk, hogy mikor indul a gp s mennyivel elbb kell kinn lennie a repltren.

You: Excuse me.

Examiner: Yes, may I help you?

- I would like to fly to Seattle for the day after tomorrow. Do you have a place for me?

Let me check. Yes, there are some places left.

And how much is a ticket?

Its ninety-one dollars round trip.

Well what if I dont want a round-trip ticket?

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Its one hundred and nine dollars one way.

Sorry? Did I understand you correctly? Isnt a round trip ticket a return ticket, one in which I travel both ways, there and back?

Yes, of course.

I see. Could you write the prices down for me, please? Im from Hungary, and maybe I didnt understand.

Ill be happy to. But Im afraid the round trip will still be less if I write it down. There you are.

Thank you. Well, I must admit that Ive never seen a one-way ticket that was more expensive than a round ticket.

A lot of people are surprised. It works out better for the airlines this way. Dont ask me why.

Well, Id like a round trip ticket, then, please.

Window or aisle?

Window, please.

Itll take a moment to print out the ticket. Thatll be ninety-one dollars please.

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There you are.

Thank you. Your plane leaves at 10:24. Please be at the airport one hour before departure. Dont forget to bring a picture ID with you, for example your passport. Heres your ticket. Have a nice day.

A bankban ppen egy csekket tlt ki, amikor kifogy a tollbl a tinta. Az n mellett ll rhoz fordul, klcsnkri a tollt. Kiderl, hogy az illet klfldi, angolul folytatjk a beszlgetst. - Megismtli a krst. - Az r kszsgesen odaadja a golystollt s megjegyzi, hogy meg is tarthatja, mivel ez a cgnek a reklmanyaga, van nla mg egy ugyanilyen toll. R van rva a cg neve, cme, telefonszma. - n megcsodlja a tollat s megkszni a szvessgt. - Megjegyzi, hogy tetszik nnek ez a reklmtlet. Nem tl kltsges, s amg a toll ki nem fogy, llandan szem eltt van. - Elgondolkozik azon, hogy fnknek is fogja ajnlani ezt az tletet. - Elbeszlgetnek az egyb reklmtletek hatkonysgrl.

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You: May I borrow your pen, please? Mines run out of ink.

Examiner: Of course. You can keep it, in fact, since I get them free from my employer. Its a way of advertising our business. Ive got another one just like it right here, so dont worry.

- Thank you. Thats very nice of you. What a clever way of advertising. I see your firm's name, address and telephone are printed right on the pen. Its not too expensive, and you see the ad time after time until the pen runs out. People are always handing me flyers in the streets. I always ignore them or throw them away. Nobody throws away something useful. I think Ill recommend this way of advertising to my boss. He's always looking for good ideas.

- Dont they have this kind of advertising in Hungary?

- Well, I suppose we must, but ifwe do, its something that we have only just recently borrowed from the west.

- The same could be said of those flyers that youre always throw ing away.

- Yes, but those are everywhere. People were surprised at first and saw it as an expression of the new freedom, but I can tell you, people are just sick and tired ofthem now.

- Hm. I must admit we dont pay much attention to them back home, either.

- Some of them have offers for discounts on them. Those arent too bad.

- Yes, it makes people feel as though theyre getting something for nothing.

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- The truth, though, is that most ofthose "offers" are fake.

How so?

For example, you might get a free cola with your hamburger. But a cola from the tap costs next to nothing wholesale - a few forints, which is worth ten cents or six pence. And most people will order French fries, as well, all for three hundred or so forints.

- I never thought of that. Anyway, thanks.

- Its nothing.

- Good-bye.

- Good-bye.

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A lpcshzban sszetallkozik klfldi szomszdai kamasz lnyval. - Megcsodlja, milyen csinosan van felltzve s milyen remek a frizurja. - Megtudvn, hogy ppen diszkba kszl, most elszr, nem tudja megllni, hogy nhny dologra ne figyelmeztesse. - Semmikppen ne prbljon ki semmilyen drogot, tablettt, mg akkor sem, ha ismersei mr ltek vele s nem rtott nekik. Egyni tlrzkenysg mindig elfordulhat, volt mr olyan eset, hogy valakinek az els adag hallosnak bizonyult. Egybknt is, ha j a zene s a trsasg, az ppen elg a j hangulathoz. - Ne ljn be hazafel olyan kocsiba, melynek vezetje ivott vagy bevett valamilyen szert. Megemlti a sokszor hallos vg gynevezett diszk-baleseteket. - Vgl kifejezi azon remnyt, hogy okosan fog viselkedni s j szrakozst kvn neki.

You: Well, Natalia, youre certainly dressed up this evening!

Examiner: Oh, hi, Mr. Pusztamezei. Yeah, do you like it? Im going out to the disco with my friends from school.

- Oh, I see. And yes, I like it, you look very pretty.

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Thanks.

Do you go out every weekend?

Oh, no, in fact, this is my first time out to anything more exciting than a pizza place. Im so excited, I could just die!

Well, Natalia, I hope you won't mind if I give you some advice.

What about?

For one thing: you should be careful about drugs. Dont accept anything from your friends and aquaintances, even if you think you know them well.

Drugs? Here in Hungary? Ha!

Im afraid that there a lot more drugs and other dangerous things in Hungary than you are aware of. Even if your friends take them, theres no guarantee that the ones they are offering you arent different: stronger or contaminated. Since they are illegal, they are unregulated. There could literally be anything in them. You could get an overdose, or even die. If its a good place, the atmosphere the music, and the good company should be enough.

OK. Mr. Pusztamezei, OK.

And dont get into the car with anyone who's had anything to drink, even if you think hes only had a little bit. It's better to take a taxi. You can read all about early morning accidents involving kids on their way home from discos.

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Boy, maybe I should just stay home, eh, Mr. Pusztamezei?

No, no, you will have a perfectly good time if you are careful. Enjoy yourself.

n krutazson van egy breltkocsival Nagy-Britanniban. Problmi vannak, betr egy szervizbe. - Kri, ellenrizzk a fogyasztst, mert a kocsi sokkal tbbet fogyaszt, mint ahogyan azt a brbeadskor mondtk nnek. - A hts lmpkat is szeretn megnzetni, mivel egy rendr figyelmeztette, hogy a baloldali nem g. - Az ablaktrlvel sincs megelgedve, kopott a gumi, nem tiszttja rendes en a szlvdt. Mrpedig itt es van bven, idefel is alig ltott ki az ablakon. - Vgl megjegyzi, hogy a szerviztl kapott szmlt az autklcsnz fogja kifizetni. Megadja a szllodja cmt s telefonszmt, hogy rtestsk, ha jhet az autrt.

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You: Hello, could you have a look at my car, please? Its a Nissan Sentra.

- Whats the problem with it?

Well, its consuming a lot more fuel than they said it should at the car rental.

Well look into it.

Also, maybe you could check the rear lights, as a policeman told me that the left-hand one isnt working.

No problem. It can be fixed in no time if the trouble is with the fixture, or in under an hour if it is the electrical system.

Could you take a look at the windshield wiper? I couldnt see a thing on the way here during that sudden shower. The squeegee must be warp ed or stiff or something.

Ill have a look at it. We might not have a replacement for a Japanese wiper.

Also, since its a rental, Im going to ask for a receipt that I can show them at the agency. They will forward the payment to you, according to the rental agreement. Will that be ali right with you?

Of course. Weve done it before.

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Should I show you the rental agreement?

Yes, please, Id like to see what kinds of repairs are covered by the agency during the course of your rental. And Ill need to see your drivers licence to make sure that your name is the one listed on the rental papers.

Here they are, then, and heres my address and telephone number here in Cardiff. Im staying at the Hotel International. Could you give me a ring when the car is ready?

Sure.

About how long will that be?

Its hard to say. Ill give you a call in two hours with our estimate.

Fine, I'll try to be back at the hotel by then.

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A londoni metrban egy n kvncsian mreget egy sporttskt, mely gazdtlanul hever a fal mellett. Amikor fel akarja venni, n rszl. - Felszltja, hogy ne nyljon a tskhoz. - Megrettenst ltva elnzst kr, de megjegyzi, hogy j oka volt a kzbelpsre. - Felhvja a figyelmt a feliratra, mely szerint a felgyelet nlkl hagyott csomagokhoz nem szabad nylni, hanem rtesteni kell az lloms szemlyzett. - Megtudvn, hogy a hlgy az elz nap rkezett Angliba, elmagyarzza neki, hogy a bombamernyletek miatt van szksg ezekre az vintzkedsekre. Megemlt nhny, az elmlt vekben trtnt ilyen esetet.

You: No, don't touch that bag!

Examiner: I heg your pardon?

- I'm sorry, I didn't mean to startle you, it's just that you shouldn't touch any unattended baggage. Do you see the sign?

Oh, yes. My goodness, it seems strange, doesnt it?

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- Well, not at all, considering the problems lately.

Problems?

- Don't you know?

Well, I'm not sure I only arrived here in England yesterday.

Oh, well, it's because people are afraid of bombs, you see. The politicaI situation in Northern Ireland is none too good, these days, now that the ceasefire has ended. They exploded one at the waterfront not too long ago, and now, what with the murder of those two policemen in Ulster, people are really jittery. You should be especially careful nowadays, but also in general, any bag left unattended might be a terrorist bomb.

Well, I see your point. I'll be more careful. I guess I'm not suspicious enough.

Well, that's what they want, isn't it? For everyone to become suspicious. It's not your fault. Your reaction was completely natural.

- What should we do?

- The thing to do is report it to the staff at the next station. Ill get off and do it myself.

- No, no, it's not necessary. I'm getting off at the next stop anyway. Ill do it.

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- O.K

- And thanks for the warning. It never crossed my mind that there was any danger present.

n egy itteni vegyesvllalatnl dolgozik. A cg j telephelyet hozott ltre vidken. Klfldi kollgja dilemmja ezzel kapcsolatos s nhz fordul tancsrt. - Elmondja, hogy felajnlottak neki egy llst az j zemben, magasabb fizetssel. Nem tudja, elfogadja-e. - n tartzkodik attl, hogy helyette dntsn, de a agyelmbe ajnl nhny szempontot. - Csaldjval Budapesten lakik, felesge itt van llsban, gyerekei itt jrnak iskolba. k nyilvnvalan nem kltznnek le vidkre. - Emiatt csak ritkn, htvgeken ltn ket, vagy naponta kellene ingznia. A napi tbb rs autzs igen fraszt, az zemanyagkltsg pedig felemszten azt a tbbletpnzt, amivel emelik a fizetst. - J tletnek tartja, hogy krjen zemanyag-kltsgtrtst, de ktli, hogy megadjk, mivel fizetik az ottani szllst. - Vgl megjegyzi, hogy sajnln, ha a tovbbiakban nem lennnek kollgk, mivel igen jl tudtak egytt dolgozni.

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Examiner: You know Jnos, they have asked me to be the personnel manager at the new development center. The pay is better, and I enjoy new challenges. But I would have to give up living here in Budapest. I've never lived in the country before. Vilgvgszentkereszt is so different from Mexico City. What should I do?

You: How would you pay the rent in your new location?

- That's a fringe benefit - they pay my rent.

I see. Well, I can't make up your mind for you, Carlos. You've got to make up your own mind, based on your own needs and preferences.

You could at least offer me some advice.

Well, for one thing, your family live here in Budapest; I don't think that Juanita could find a job in Vilgvgszentkereszt, do you?

- Well, I suppose not.

And what about Carlita and Miguel? They only just started at their school this year. It might be too soon for them to change again, don't you think?

I had thought of that.

I suppose you could see them on the weekends, if they stayed here in Budapest. Would that be enough for you?

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Well...

It's a long way to commute, I can tell you that. You would also have to spend a lot on gasoline, if you made the drive every day. You would use up quite a lot of your higher salary on that. Of course, you could ask for a fuel expense account. However, since they are already paying for your living quarters, I doubt that they would give it to you.

I guess you're right.

Anyway, I'll miss you if you leave our office. We've always worked well together.

It's nice to hear you say that. And thanks for the advice. You've certainly given me something to think about.

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n nemrg trt haza nyugat-eurpai nyaralsbl, lmnyeirl mesl holland kollgjnak. Amikor egy havas tjat brzol fnykpet mutat neki, azt firtatj a, hogy ez a kp hogyan keveredett a tbbi kz. - n kzli, hogy ton hazafel nhny rt havazsban kellett megtennik. - Egytt meditl nak azon, hogy mi lehet az oka az utbbi vek rendkvli idjrsi jelensgeinek. - n kifejti sajt vlemnyt a tmrl, megjegyezve, hogya szakemberek llspontja nem teljesen egysges ebben a krdsben. - Vgl rezignltan llaptjk meg, hogy manapsg mr nyri trra is hlnccai felszerelve kellene elindulni.

Examiner: Welcome back from your trip Jnos! Did you enjoy yourself?

You: Oh, yes, we had a love ly time.

- What about those pictures you promised me?

Right here! Great! Let's see!

This is the hotel, where we spent our first night. This is a lovely roadside restaurant where we stopped. Here's little Janka bulding a snowman.

How did that get in there?

Oh. We took that just two days ago. Oh, for heaven's sake! Isn't that odd

Yes, there was quite a heavy snowfall for a few hours on the way back. Of course I suppose it melted within one afternoon, but still...

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But still, it is funny.

The weather has been just too strange for words these past few years.

That's right.

The planet seems to skip over spring for a few weeks, reconsider and go back to winter!

I thought it was like that ali the time in Budapest.

No, not really. We never used to get such high winds as we got last month, either.

Is that afact? I wonder why?

Well, there are a lot ofviews on that. My personal view is that it's global warming.

Well, if it were getting warrner, then it wouldn't snow, would it?

You might be surprised. A global increase in average temperature might create all kinds of odd disturbances locally.

- Hm. I thought global warming would make it hotter everywhere.

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Not necessarily. We've had flooding, heavy snowfall, extra rain and then dry periods. All of this could be caused by the higher temperature. You see, the evaporation of the oceans increases during warm weather. Therefore, there's more moisture in the air, and so more rain or snow or whatever.

- I'm never too sure about these environmental theories.

- Well, they are just that - theories. Experts disagree, and I am not expert, unfortunately. Let's hope I'm wrong, or else next summer I'll have to bring snow tires and chains for the car!

Let's hope not!

n az USA-ban tartzkodik, s meghvst kapott egy csaldhoz Hlaads-napi vacsorra. - Az asztalnl lve megjegyzi, hogy milyen szp ez az nnep s mennyire hls a meghvsrt.

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- Hzigazdi krdsre, miszerint van-e hasonl nnep Magyarorszgon, elszr nemleges feleletet ad. - Kis gondolkods utn annyiban mdostja a vlaszt, hogy mi az egyik nemzeti nnepnkn az arats utni j kenyeret is nnepeljk, ez taln hasonlt a Hlaads eredethez. - Ugyanakkor mi augusztus huszadikn az llamalaptsrl s az alapt kirlyrl, valamint az alkotmnyrl is megemlkeznk. Rviden beszl a keresztnysg felvtelrl is s megemlti, hogy 1996-ban nnepeltk a honfoglals 1100 ves vforduljt. Hzigazdi szinte rdekldst ltva meggri, hogy hazatrse utn fog nekik kldeni egy angol nyelv knyvet a magyar trtnelemrl.

You: What a lovely spread! How kind of you to have me over on this holiday, Stu.

Examiner: The pleasure is all, ours, Jnos. Tell me, is there any such holiday in Hungary?

- No, I shouldn't say so. Of course, on one of our holidays, we do celebrate the new bread after the harvest. I suppose that is similar to your Thanksgiving, from a certain point of view. At least in origin. Days later, we celebrate the founding of the Hungarian nation and commemorate its founder, King Stephen. We also commemorate the Hungarian constitution on this day. We have the day off, and everybody in the capital goes down to the river bank to see a hu ge firework display. There's such a large crowd, it stops traffic on the main roads.

That's quite a lot. It sounds like Independence Day, Washington's birthday, and Thanksgiving, all wrapped up in one! King Stephen is like George Washington, then?

Sort of it was over a millenium ago that King Stephen united our country and decided to join the

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Roman Catholic Church. That is why he is regarded as a saint. It was a very important decision at that time, as Hungary has always had to choose between East and West. King Stephen chose the West. That is very important for Hungarian people now, because Hungary would like to join the European Union and is a member of NATO. We've always been going back and forth between the two opposing worlds. In 1996 we celebrated the 1100 anniversary of our arrival here.

Wow, that is a long time!

There was even a hit musical based on his actions, STEPHEN THE KING. I saw it in a crowded stadium in 1990.

It's so amazing for me, and I guess for Americans generally, to think about the age of a European country. It's so long and complicated and fascnating. Does Hungary have a king nowadays?

No, we're a republic. When I get back to Hungary, Ill send you an English-language history of Hungary.

- Well, isn't that generous.

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Estefel a Balaton-parton stl, amikor megjelenik egy replgp s vgigpermetezi a parti svot. A kzelben ll klfldi hzaspr rmlten tudakolja ntl, hogy mi trtnik. - Megnyugtatja ket, hogy nincs okuk aggodalomra. Sznyogirts trtnik, ppen az rdekkben. Megemlti, hogy az elmlt vekben tbbszr megtrtnt, hogy a sznyoginvzi tnkretette a nyaralk pihenst, sokan id eltt haza is utaztak. - Az esetleges kros kmiai anyagok miatti aggodalmaskodsukra elmagyarzza, hogy biolgiai vdekezsrl van sz, a szer emberre s llatra teljesen veszlytelen. Egyedl a mhekre rtalmas, de a mhszeket idben figyelmeztettk. - rmmel 'llaptja meg, hogy az utbbi egy-kt vben sok olyan intzkeds trtnt, melyek javtjk a Balaton vzminsgt. A szennyvzelvezetk fokozatos kiptsn kvl a biolgiai vdekezsre trtn tlls is ezt a clt szolglta, mivel a halak pusztulsnak egyik vlhet oka volt a vegyszerek kros hatsa. - Vgl remnyt fejezi ki, hogy sikerlt megnyugtatnia ket, s tovbbi kellemes nyaralst kvn.

Examiner: My goodness; what is that?

You: Oh, it's nothing to worry about, I assure you. They're just spraying for mosquitoes. There used to be serious problems with mosquitoes around here. It spoiled a lot of people's vacations. A lot of people even went home before the scheduled end of their stay.

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- Isn't it harmful to humans?

- No, it's been tested. Mammals and birds are unaffected. It's harmful to bees, but bee keepers are usually warned in advance.

- Still, I wish I didn't have to breathe it.

- As far as I know, it isn't that strong. It lies on the surface of the water, where the mosquitoes lay their eggs, and prevents them from hatching. I doesn't stay in the air long enough to hurt people.

- I'm glad to hear it. But what about the poor fish? Won't it go beneath the surface of the water? What if they were harmed, or became sterile?

- The fish won't be harmed, either. In fact, they are better off now than they were a few years ago. There has been a lot of progress in environmental protection at Lake Balaton in the last few years. They have converted to organic methods of protecting the water, and they have gradually expanded the system of sewage pipes in the area. Both bacteria and chemical contamination may have been reasons for the dead fish found here in years past.

- Well, I'm glad to hear that progress is being made. And I'm glad that we won't have to go back to Austria to escape the mosquitoes!

- So am I. Well, I hope you'll enjoy the rest ofyour stay in Hungary!

We certainly will! Good-bye!

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- Good-bye!

Klfldi szomszdasszonya altatt kr klcsn ntl, mivel vods kislnya mostanban estnknt sokig nem tud elaludni s emiatt mr az egsz csald kimerlt. - n udvariasan, de hatrozottan megtagadja a krs teljestst. - rvei a kvetkezk: orvosi javaslat nlkl semmi ilyen gygyszert nem tancsos szedni, kisgyereknek klnsen nem. Az lmatlansgnak fiatal korban sok oka lehet, s a kivlt okot kell megszntetni. - n szerint megfontoland, hogy esetleg pszicholgus segtsgvel kellene kiderteni, nem fl-e a gyerek valamitl. Ebben a korban, amikor kezdenek rbredni a vilg veszlyeire, elg gyakori a szorongs. - n mindenesetre nem engedn, hogy a kislny a rengeteg erszakos jelenetet tartalmaz rajzfilmeket nzze. nnek van nhny kedves s vidm mesefilmje viden, szvesen klcsnadja azokat. V gl megemlti, hogy a halk, nyugtat zene is eredmnyes lehet. Amikor az n gyerekei kicsik voltak, ez a mdszer bevlt.

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Examiner: Oh, Jnos, there you are! I've been looking all over for you.

You: Oh, hello Mrs. Friedmann. What can I do for you?

It's my daughter. She's been having trouble sleeping lately, and it's been just terrible on the rest of us.

Oh, I'm sorry to hear that.

- Yes, none of us has gotten a minute's sleep since Tuesday!

- That's awful. What can I do to help?

Don't you have some sleeping pills lying about that you don't have any need of? I'd really appreciate it. It would mean the first night's sleep any of us has had in ages!

I see. Actually, Mrs. Friedmann, I'm not sure that I'll be able to do that.

Haven't you got any? Zsuzsanna said that she sometimes can't sleep, and that they always helped her. Have you run out?

It's not that. It's just that I don't feel that I am in the position to supply medicine for a five-year-old.

Why? They're not prescription pills, are they?

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- No, but it's not wise to use them without consulting a doctor, even for adults. In the case of a child, I would be even more careful. There could be a lot of reasons why a small child might not be able to sleep. It would be better, wouldn't it, to find out the reason?

How should I got about doing that?

- Well, one possibility is that the child might be afraid of the dark.

In a certain stage of development, children become aware of the dangers in the world around them, whether from television, their peers, or adults. The thing to do in that case would be to take your daughter to a child psychologist. He could get to the bottom of your child's fear. You should also keep your children from seeing violence on TV, even in cartoons. If you'd like, I could lend you some charming cartoons on video. You know, when my children had this problem, I used soothing music to lull them to sleep. Perhaps you might try that.

- I suppose it's worth a try.

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Klfldi kollgja haza kszl ltogatni. Nagy gondban van, mivel szlei aranylakodalmt fogjk nnepelni, s nem tudja, hogy milyen ajndkot vigyen nekik. - n egyttrzen prbl neki a dntsben segteni, megemltve, hogy tavaly hasonl helyzetben nnek sem volt knny megtallni a megoldst. - Krdsre elmondja, hogy vgl befizette ket egy hajtra a Fldkzi-tengeren. Nem volt fraszt, s a megltogatott mediterrn orszgokban csodlatos lmnyekben volt rszk. - Megtudvn, hogy munkatrsa desapja slyos cukorbeteg, ezrt mr nem utazgatnak, ms tlettel ll el. - Van nhny olyan mrks porcelnokat gyrt zem Magyarorszgon (herendi, a pcsi Zsolnay, hollhzi), melyek termkei klfldn is keresettek, mg kirlyi udvarokba is szlltanak bellk. n szerint egy szp herendi vagy ms mrkj kvs- vagy teskszletnek biztosan rlnnek az nnepeltek. - Figyelmezteti kollgjt, hogy vekkel ezeltt a herendi porcelnra kiviteli engedlyt kellett kmi. Nem tudja, hogy ez a rendelkezs mg rvnyben van-e, de rdemes megrdekldni, hogy elkerlje az esetleges kellemetlensgeket a hatron.

Examiner: I just can't make up my mind, Jnos, about what to get my parents for their golden anniversary.

You: I know what you mean, I really do. I was in the same situation myself last year.

Really! And what did you eventually decide to get them?

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I decided on a Mediterranean cmise. They really enjoyed it, too; it wasn't too tiring, the weather was lovely, and they got experiences in Greece, Italy and the islands that they will never forget for the rest of their lives.

Isn't that a lovely idea. The only problem is that my father has diabetes, and because of that, my parents don't travel too much any more.

Well, you know, there are certain products that are special to Hungary, and quite valuable.

- Such as?

I was thinking of the famous Hungarian porcelain houses: Herendi, Zsolnay and Hollhzi.

Do you think their products are special enough for a golden anniversary gift?

I certainly do. They are much in demand abroad, as well as in Hungary, including shipments to royalty, as well. A Herendi tea set, for example, would be a splendid gift. I'm sure they would be delighted.

Perhaps, I'll take a look around before leaving the country.

One thing to watch out for is that there used to be certain restrictions on removing Herendi products from Hungary. You needed a special permit that you had to apply for in advance. You'd better look into it if you want to avoid trouble and embarrassment at the border.

- Oh, thanks for the warning, I'll look into it.

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Klfldi ismersvel trsasgban voltak, indulnak hazafel. n meglepetten ltja, hogy be akar szllni a kocsijba, holott eltte ivott. - Figyelmezteti, hogy ezt nem teheti, ha a rendrk megszondztatjk, nemcsak komoly brsgra szmthat, de mg a jogostvnyt is bevonhatjk. - Ellenvetsre, miszerint csak kt pohr srt ivott, felvilgostja, hogy nlunk - egyes ms orszgok gyakorlattl eltren - vezets eltt egy korty alkoholt sem szabad inni. - Megemlti sgora esett, aki egy fl ve kptelen visszaszerezni a jogostvnyt, pedig csak egy pohr bort ivott ebd utn. - Felajnlja ismersnek, hogy - mivel n egyltaln nem ivott - hazaviszi kocsival. - Hllkodst elhrtja s figyelmezteti, hogy msnap korn reggel jjjn vissza a kocsijrt, mivel ez a terlet reggel 7-tl fizet parkol.

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You: Sorry, Roger, weren't you drinking this evening?

Examiner: Yes, sure, what of it?

- You know, you can't even set footin your car now. If you're stopped by the police and breathalyzed for drunk driving, you could face a serious penalty. You could even lose your license.

Well, you know Jnos, I only has had a couple of beers. I don't think that my condition is all that bad.

I'm afraid that's enough in Hungary to be a punishable offense. Even if you've had a single sip, you mustn't get behind the wheel. I realized that in other countries the limits are often somewhat higher.

- Yes, they are, certainly. Are they really as strict as you are suggesting?

My brother-in-law hasn't been able to get his license back for half a year now, and all he had was aglass ofwine after lunch.

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Oh, bay, well what am I going to do? I guess I'll call a taxi.

I'll tell you what. I didn't have anything except ginger ale. I never have anything to drink at all if I've come by car. I'll take you home.

Thanks Jnos, I really appreciate it.

Don't mention it. Don't forget to come back for your car tomorrow morning, because this is a paid parking lot after seven.

Ill do that.

Klfldi kollganje vendgeket vr vasrnap ebdre.

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- Kiderlt, hogy vegetrinusok. Munkatrsnje gondban van, nem tudja, mit fzzn. ntl kr tancsot. - n biztatja, hogy sok olyan lehetsg van, amivel a hst helyettesteni lehet. - Az n csaldja kedvence a rntott sajt. Elmondja, hogyan kszl. Majonzzei s zldsaltval szoktk krteni. Az utbbi idben sajnos ritkbban eszik, az elkpeszten magas sajtrak miatt. Hasonlan kszl a rntott gomba is, csak arra vigyzzon, hogy ellenrztt helyen vegye a gombt s frissen fogyasszk el. - Elmondja azt is, hogy az utbbi idben - rszben anyagi, rszben egszsgi okokbl - egyre tbbszr fz szjbl is klnfle teleket: milni makarnit, tlttt paprikt, stb. A kezdeti idegenkeds utn csaldja hamar megszerette ezeket. - Abban maradnak, hogy legksbb pnteken kzli nnel, milyen men mellett dnttt, lesz-e szksge segtsgre.

Examiner: Oh, Jnos. I just don't know what I should do about my lunch guests on Sunday.

You: Why? What's the problem?

- Well, you know, I had planned a steak dinner, but it turns out that the Smiths are vegetarian. My cookbooks are all back in Toronto. I have no idea what to cook!

Well, one thing that my family just loves is fried cheese.

Fried cheese? Really?

Yes. Ask if your friends eat dairy products. If they do, you can make them some fried, breaded cheese. It's made just like any other breaded food, like fried chicken: you just roll some fairly large slabs or sticks of cheese in fiour, egg and breadcrumbs, and fry them at a medium temperature. If the oil is too hot, the cheese may melt, so you should be careful.

That sounds pretty good

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It is, it really is, let me tell you. You can serve it with tartar sauce or mayonnaise, and some salad - maybe lettuce. It is excellent served with rice. Unfortunately, we never have it anymore unless company comes over, because the price of cheese is just unbelievable these days.

Well, company is coming over.

Right. Another vegetarian food that Hungarian people eat is fried mushrooms, which are prepared the same way. We really only fry the heads of the mushrooms, and you can stuff the centers with different things - cheese, the shredded stems of the mushrooms, sheep cheese, or whatever.

Are the mushrooms safe to eat? I mean, are they closely regulated?

Oh, yes. If you buy them at a larger place, they have undoubtedly been checked already. If you buy them on the street, or if you have any doubts about them at all, you can take them to one of the mushroom checking stations.

Are you serious?

Oh, yes. Many people pick their own mushrooms, and there has to be some way to check them. There's a check ing station at rs Vezr tr. It's near the number thirteen tram stop. It's true that there was a poison mushroom scandal a few years back on the news, but it happens quite rarely. You can also buy soya products in most shops, and use them in place of ground beef in spaghetti or stuffed peppers, for example. I can help you find them after work.

- That's very kind of you. I'1l tell you what: I'1l make up my mind by Friday, and let you know if I need any help.

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Bartja halaszthatatlan akadlyra hivatkozva az imnt mondta le a kzs moziltogatst. n mr megvette a jegyeket, partnert keres. A szobban dolgoz klfldi kollgjhoz fordul.

Elmondja neki a problmjt s megkrdezi, nincs-e kedve nnel tartani.

Krdsre rviden elmesli neki, hogy mirl szl a film, kik jtszanak benne stb.

Megnyugtatja, hogy a film feliratos, eredeti angol hanggal jtszszk, gy is rteni fogja.

Megjegyzi, hogy a kritikk j vlemnyt mondtak rla, s minden olyan ismerse, aki mr ltta, nagyon dicsrte.

Tovbbi rbeszlsknt megemlti, hogy lgkondicionlt nztr s knyelmes, tgas lsek vrnak nkre a nemrg megnylt, j moziban.

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rmmel nyugtzza beleegyezst s biztostja, hogy remekl fog szrakozni.

You: Herman, I was wondering if I could interest you in something.

Examiner: Yes?

- You see, I was going to go to the movies this evening, but my friend backed out at the last minute.

Oh, too bad. Not sick, I hope?

Actually, his wife is having a baby.

Well, that's nice. But it's left you with a problem, I take it? Exactly. I've already bought the tickets. Wouldn't you like to accompany me?

That depends on what the film is about.

It's called MEN IN BLACK. It's gotten great reviews. In fact, I hear that it set a record on its first weekend in America.

- What if it's dubbed?

It's subtitled. I checked. The soundtrack is in the original English. My nephew said it was the

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funniest, most entertaining film he had seen in ages. I think it's just the thing to take your mind off your work for a while.

What 's it about?

- It's about these secret agents whose job it is to protect us from space aliens. It's a satire ofUFO magazines, which speculate about secret agents, who always wear black suits.

Weil, I'm not a sci-fi fan ...

- It's really a satire more than a science fiction film, and they say it's hilarious. It's on at the new Crown movie theater, the first tenplex in Hungary. You said you were curious about it. It' s air conditioned, and they have comfortable adjustable seats. I remember that you used to complain that you didn't like going to the movies in Hungary during the summer, because of the stifling heat. Come on, 1'11 buy you some popcorn.

-O.K. You're on.

You won't regret it. We'll have ablast.

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