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# Sub: Structural Engineering

## Topic : Concrete Structures

MODULE-34B
Basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity
________________________________________________________________________________________ (D) Both statement I and II are false 1. As per the provisions of IS 456-2000, in the limit state method for design of beams, the limiting value of the depth of neutral axis in a reinforced concrete beam of effective depth d is given as (A) 0.53d (B) 0.48d (C) 0.46d (D) Any of the above depending on the different grades of steel 4. The working stress method of design specifies the value of modular ratio, m = 280/ (3cbc), where cbc is the allowable stress in bending compression in concrete. To what extent does the above value of m make any allowance for the creep of concrete? (a) No compensation (b) Full compensation (c) Partial compression (d)The two are unrelated Maximum strains in an extreme fibre in concrete and in the tension reinforcement (Fe-415 grade and Es=200 kN/mm2) in a balanced section at limit state of flexure are respectively (a) 0.0035 and 0.0038 (b) 0.002 and 0.0018 (c) 0.0035 and 0.0041 (d) 0.002 and 0.0031 The state of two dimensional stress acting on a concrete lamina consists of a direct tensile stress, x = 1.5 N/mm2, and shear stress = 1.20 N/mm2, which cause cracking of concrete. Then the tensile strength of the concrete in N/mm2 is (a) 1.5 (b) 2.08 (c) 2.17 (d) 2.29 For avoiding the limit state of collapse, the safety of R.C. structures is checked for appropriate combinations of dead load (DL), imposed load or live load (IL), wind load (WL) and earthquake load (EL). Which of the following load combinations is NOT considered? (a) 0.9 DL + 1.5 WL (b) 1.5 DL + 1.5 WL

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2. As per the provisions of IS 456-2000, the (short term) modulus of elasticity of M25 grade concrete (in N/) can be assumed to be (A) 25000 (C) 30000
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## (B) 28500 (D) 36000

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Read the following two statements I. Maximum strain in concrete at the outermost compression fibre is taken to be 0.0035 in bending II. The maximum compressive strain in concrete in axial compression is taken as 0.002. Keeping the provisions of IS 456-2000 on limit state design in mind, which of the following is true? (A) Statement I is true but II is false (B) Statement I is false but II is true (C) Both statements I and II are true 7.

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## Sub: Structural Engineering

(c) 1.5 DL + 1.5 WL + 1.5 EL (d) 1.2 DL + 1.2 IL + 1.2 WL 8. In the limit state design method of concrete structures, the recommended partial material safety factor ( ) for steel according to IS:456-2000 is (a) 1.5 (b) 1.15 (c) 1.00 (d) 0.87 The partial factor of safety for concrete as per IS : 456-2000 is (a) 1.50 (b) 1.15 (c) 0.87 (d) 0.446

## Topic : Concrete Structures

possibility of crushing of concrete in diagonal compression. III. A rectangular slab whose length is equal to its width may not be a two-way slab for some support conditions. The TRUE statements are (a) only I and II (b) only II and III (c) only I and III (d) I , II and III 15. A reinforced concrete structure has to be constructed along a sea coast. The minimum grade of concrete to be used as per IS: 456-2000 is (A) M 15 (B) M 20 (C) M 25 (D) M 30 16. Un-factored maximum bending moments at a section of a reinforced concrete beam resulting from a frame analysis are 50, 80, 120 and 180kNm under dead, live, wind and earthquake loads respectively. The design moment (kNm) as per IS: 4562000 for the limit state of collapse (flexure) is (A) 195 (B) 250 (C) 345 (D) 372 17. The modulus of rupture of concrete in terms of its characteristic cube compressive strength (fck) in MPa according to IS 456:2000 is (A) 5000fck (B) 0.7fck (C) 5000 (D) 0.7 18. For limit state of collapse, the partial safety factors recommended by IS 456:2000 for estimating the design strength of concrete and reinforcing steel are respectively (A) 1.15 and 1.5 (B) 1.0 and 1.0 (C) 1.5 and 1.15 (D) 1.5 and 1.0 19. As per IS 456:2000, in the Limit State Design of a flexural member, the strain in reinforcing bars under tension at ultimate state should not be less than (A) (C) (B) (D)

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10. A cantilever beam of length I, width b and depth d is loaded with a concentrated vertical load at the tip. If yielding starts at a load P, the collapse load shall be (a) 2.0 P (b) 1.5 P (c) 1.2 P (d) P 11. The flexural strength of M 30 concrete as per IS : 456-2000 is (a) 3.83 MPa (b) 5.47 MPa (c) 21.23 MPa (d) 30.0 MPa 12. In a random sampling procedure for cube strength of concrete, one sample consists of X number of specimens. These specimens are tested at 28 days and average strength of these X specimens is considered as test result of the sample, provided the individual variation in the strength of specimens is not more than + Y percent of the average strength. The values of X and Y as per IS : 4562000 are (a) 4 and 10 respectively (b) 3 and 10 respectively (c) 4 and 15 respectively (d) 3 and 15 respectively 13. If the characteristic strength of concrete fck is defined a the strength below which not more than 50% of the test results are expected to fall the expression for fck in terms of mean strength fm and standard deviation S would be (a) fm-0.1645S (b) fm-1.645S (c) fm (d) fm+1.645S 14. As per IS : 456-2000, consider the following statements I. The modular ratio considered in the working stress method depends on the type of steel used II. There is an upper limit on the nominal shear stress in beams (even withshear reinforcement) due to the

20. Assume straight line instead of parabola for stress strain curve of concrete as follows and partial safety factor as 1.0

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## Sub: Structural Engineering

A rectangular under strain reinforced concrete section of 300mm width and 500mm effective depth is reinforced with 3 bars of grade FE- 415 each of 16mm diameter. Concrete mix is M-20. a) The depth of neutral axis from the compression fiber is 1) 76mm 2) 81mm 3) 87mm 4) 100mm

## Topic : Concrete Structures

b) The depth of neutral axis obtained as per IS: 456:2000 differs from the depth of neutral axis obtained above is a) 15mm b) 20mm c) 25mm d) 32mm 21. In the design of beams for The limit state of collapse in flexure as per IS:456:2000, lrt the maximum strain in concrete be limited to 0.025 (in place of 0.0035). for this situation, consider a rectangular beam section with breadth as 250mm effective depth 350mm, area of tension steel as 1500 and characteristic strength of concrete and steel as 30MPa and 250MPa respectively. a) The depth of neutral axis for the balanced failure is a) 140mm b) 156mm c) 168mm d) 185mm

b) At the limiting stage of collapse in flexure, the force acting on the compression zone of the section is a) 326KN c) 424KN b) 386KN d) 542KN

22. Un factored maximum bending moment at a section of R.C. beam resulting from frame analysis are 50, 80, 120 and 180KN under dead, live, wind and earthquake loads respectively. The design moment (KN-m) as per IS:456-2000 for the limit state of collapse is a) 195 b) 250 c) 345 d) 372