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ASSIGNMENT CLASS X TRIGONOMETRY

Q1. In  ABC, right angled at B, if AB = 12 cm and BC = 5 cm, find (i) sin A and tan A (ii) sin C and cot C.
20
Q2. Given cot θ  find all other trigonometric ratios.
21
12 35
Q3. If cos A  verify that: sin A(1  tan A)  .
13 156
1  cos  1 5sin   3cos  7
Q4. (i) If 7 cot   24, prove that  (ii) If 4 cot   5 , show that:  .
1  cos  7 5sin   2 cos  2
cos2   sin 2  2 cos2   1
Q6. If 21cosec  = 29, find the value of : (i) (ii) 2
1  2sin 2  cos   sin 2 
1 1
Q7. If tan    2; show that: tan 2   2.
tan  tan 2 
Q8. Evaluate each of the following :
5sin 2 30  cos 2 45  4 tan 2 30
(i) 2 cos2 60 cot 30° + 6 sin2 30° cosec2 60° (ii)
2sin 30 cos 30  tan 45
tan 2 60  3sec 2 30  4cos 2 45  5cos 2 90
(iii) 2 (cos2 45° + tan2 60°) – 6 (sin245° – tan230°) (iv)
cosec 30  sec 60  cot 2 30
2 tan  1  tan 2  2 tan 
Q9. If  = 30°, verify that : (i) sin 2  (ii) cos 2  (iii) tan 2 
1  tan 2  1  tan 2  1  tan 2 
Q10. Given that sin (A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B, find the value of sin 75°.
3
Q11. If sin (A  2B)  and cos (A + 4B) = 0, find the values of angles A and B.
2
Q12. ABCD is a rectangle with AD =12 cm and DC = 20 cm as shown. The line segment DE is drawn
making an angle of 30° with AD, intersecting AB in E. Find the lengths of DE and AE.
A E B
12 cm

30°
C
D 20 cm

Q13. Evaluate each of the following:


2 2
cos 2 20  cos 2 70 sin 27   cos 63 
(i) (ii)     (iii) cot 12° cot 38° cot 52° cot 60° cot 78°
sin 2 57  sin 2 33  cos 63   sin 27 
Q14. Prove that:
sin .cos (90   cos  cos  sin (90  ).sin  cos (90  ) . sec (90  ) . tan  tan (90  )
(i)  1 (ii)  2
sin (90  ) cos (90  ) cos ec (90  ) sin (90  ) .cot (90  ) cot 
Q15. Without using trigonometric tables, find the value of each of the following:
cos 2 40  cos 2 50
(i) cos (40  )  sin (50  ) 
sin 2 40  sin 2 50
sin15 cos 75  cos15 sin 75
(ii) sec2 10  cot 2 80 
cos  sin(90  )  sin  . cos (90  )
 tan  cot (90  )  sec  cosec (90  )  sin 2 35  sin 2 55
(iii)
tan10 tan 20 tan 45 tan 70 tan 80
2 2
 tan 20   cot 20 
(iv)  cosec70    sec 70   2 tan15 tan 37 tan 53 tan 60 tan 75
   
sec39 2
(v)  .tan17 tan 38 tan 60 tan 52 tan 73  3(sin 2 31  sin 2 59)
cosec 51 3
Q16. If sec 5 θ = cosec ( θ – 36°), where 5 θ is an acute angle, find the value of θ .
Q17. Simplify the following expressions:
sin 3   cos3  sin 4 A  cos4 A
(i) (1 + cos ) (cosec  – cot ) (ii) cosec  (1+ cos ) (cosec  – cot ) (iii) (iv)
sin   cos  sin 2 A  cos2 A
Q18. Prove that following identities:
(i) cosec2 + sec2 = cosec2 . sec2 (ii) 2 sec2  – sec4  – 2 cosec2  + cosec4  = cot4 – tan4
2
1  tan 2   1  tan   tan  cot 
 iii)   (iv)   1  tan   cot   1  sec  cosec 
1  cot 2   1  cot   1  cot  1  tan 
1  sin A cos A sec   1 sec   1
(v)  (vi)   2 cosec 
1  sin A 1  sin A sec   1 sec   1
sin  sin  1  1  1
(vii)  2 (viii) 1   1  
cot   cosec  cot   c osec   tan 2 A   cot 2 A  sin 2 A  sin 4 A
2 3
sin  cos  cos2  sin 3 
(ix)   1  sin  cos  (x)   1  sin  cos 
1  cot  cos   sin  1  tan  sin   cos 
1  cos   sin 2  1 1 1 1
(xi)  cot  (xii)   
sin (1  cos ) cosec A  cot A sin A sin A c osec A  cot A
cos 2 B  cos 2 A sin 2 A  sin 2 B
(xiii) tan 2 A  tan 2 B   (xiv) 2 (sin6  + cos6 ) – 3 (sin4  + cos4) + 1 = 0 
cos2 B.cos2 A cos 2 A cos 2 B

sin   sin  cos   cos  cot A  cosec A  1 1  cos A


 (xv)   0 (xvi) 
cos   cos  sin   sin  cot A – cosec A + 1 sin A

QIf cos  + sin  = 2 cos , show that cos – sin  = 2 sin 
Q20. If sin  + cos  = p and sec  + cosec  = q, show that q ( p 2  1)  2 p .
Q21. If x = a sec  + b tan  and y = a tan  + b sec , prove that x2 – y2 = a 2 – b 2.
1 1 p2 1
Q22.(i) If sec   x  , prove that sec  + tan  = 2x or . (ii) If sec   tan   p, prove that  sin  .
4x 2x p2  1
Q23. If tan  + sin  = m and tan  – sin  = n, prove that m2  n 2  4 mn .
Q24. If sin  + sin2 = 1, prove that cos2+ cos4 = 1
Q25. If 3sin   5cos   5, prove that 5sin   3cos   3 .
Q26. If x = a sec  + b tan  and y = a tan  + b sec , prove that x2 – y2 = a 2 – b 2.
a2 b2
Q27. If a cos  = x and b cot  = y, show that   1.
x2 y 2
x y x y x2 y 2
Q28. If cos   sin   m and sin   cos   n, prove that 2  2  m2  n 2 .
a b a b a b
ANSWERS
5 5 12 5 21 20 21 29 29
1. (i) , (ii) , 2. sin θ = , cos θ  , tan θ  , cos ecθ  , sec θ 
13 12 13 12 29 29 20 21 20
34 5 3 1
6. (i) 1 (ii) 1 8. (i) (ii) (2  3) (iii) 6 (iv) 9 10.
2 6 2 2
11. A = 30°, B = 15° 12. DE = 8 3 cm, AE = 4 3 cm
1
13. (i) 1 (ii) 2 (iii) 15. (i) 1 (ii) 2 (iii) 2 (iv) 1  2 3 (v) 0
3
16. 21° 17. (i) sin  (ii) 1 (iii) 1 – sin  cos  (iv)