Você está na página 1de 126

HUAWEI BTS3900A Hardware Structure

www.huawei.com

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Foreword

The BTS3900A developed by Huawei is an outdoor macro BTS that performs the same tasks as the BTS3900. The BTS3900A mainly consists of the BBU and DRFU. Compared with traditional BTS, the BTS3900A features simpler structure and higher integration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page1

References

31183199-BTS3900A GSM Documentation


BTS3900A GSM Hardware Description BTS3900A GSM Product Description

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:


Know the application scenarios of BTS3900A Grasp the hardware structure of BTS3900A Grasp the functions of the modules Master typical configuration of BTS3900A Know the networking topology of BTS3900A

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

Contents
1. BTS3900A Overview 2. BTS3900A Hardware Components 3. BTS3900A Signal Flow 4. Configurations of the BTS3900A 5. BTS3900A Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page4

Location of BTS3900A
Um Interface MS BTS3900A BSC A Interface MS MSC/VLR
M AP

TUP,ISUP

PSTN ISDN PSPDN

MAP BTS3900A

BTS3900A MS BTS3900A OMC

HLR/AUC/EIR SMC/VM

MS: Mobile Station HLR: Home Location Register MSC: Mobile Switching Center VM: Voice Mailbox

BTS: Base Transceiver Station AUC: Authentication Center VLR: Visitor Location Register OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center

BSC: Base Station Controller EIR: Equipment Identity Register SMC: Short Message Center

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page5

Functions and Features


It supports the Abis IP/FE interface in hardware and enables Abis over IP through software upgrade if required

It supports transmit diversity and PBT It supports 2-antenna and 4-antenna receive diversity to improve the uplink coverage

It supports multiple frequency bands, such as PGSM900, EGSM900, and GSM1800

It supports the GPRS and EGPRS

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page6

Functions and Features


When the DRFU is configured, a BTS3900A can support a maximum of 12 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4. In addition, a site configured with the BTS3900As can support a maximum of 36 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S12/12/12

When the GRFU is configured, a BTS3900A can support a maximum of 36 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S12/12/12. In addition, a site configured with the BTS3900As can support a maximum of 72 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S24/24/24

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page7

Contents
1. BTS3900A Overview 2. BTS3900A Hardware Components 3. BTS3900A Signal Flow 4. Configurations of the BTS3900A 5. BTS3900A Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page8

Contents
2. BTS3900A Hardware Components
2.1 BTS3900A Overview 2.2 BBU Unit 2.3 RF Cabinet 2.4 Power module and Components

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page9

BTS3900A

The BTS3900A consists of the AC cabinet and DC cabinet


The AC cabinet consists of the APM30H and RF cabinet, and the BBU3900 is installed in the APM30H

The DC cabinet consists of the TMC11H and RF cabinet, the BBU3900 is installed in the TMC11H

The RFUs are installed in the RF cabinet

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page10

Cabinet of BTS3900A
Mode 900 MHz 1800 MHz Maximum Power Consumption (W) 2180 2480 Typical Power Consumption (W) 1250 1400 APM30/ TMC

Configuration Type RF cabinet (DRFUs not involved) RF cabinet (DRFUs involved) APM30 power distribution cabinet (BBU not involved) APM30 power distribution cabinet + RF cabinet

Weight (kg) 42 114 54 178 RF Cabine t

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page11

BTS3900A AC Cabinet

The BTS3900A AC cabinet consists of the RF cabinet and the APM30H.

(1) RF cabinet (4) FMUA (7) BBU (10) APM30H

(2) RFU (5) DCDU02 (8) PDU -

(3) FAN unit (6) GATM (9) Power subrack (AC/DC) -

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page12

BTS3900A AC Cabinet

BTS3900A consists of one RF cabinet, one APM30H, one TMC11H, and one IBBS200T

(1) RF cabinet (4) FMUA (7) BBU (10) APM30 H (13) TMC11 H

(2) RFU (5) DCDU-02 (8) PDU (11) DCDU03A (14) Battery

(3) FAN unit (6) GATM (9) Power subrack (AC/DC) (12) Transmission unit (15) IBBS200T

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page13

BTS3900A DC Cabinet

BTS3900A DC cabinet consists of one RF cabinet and one TMC11H

(1) RF cabinet (4) FMUA (7) BBU

(2) RFU (5) DCDU-02 (8) DCDU-06A

(3) FAN unit (6) GATM (9) TMC11H

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page14

Logical Structure

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page15

Contents
2. BTS3900A Hardware Components
2.1 BTS3900A Overview 2.2 BBU Unit 2.3 RF Cabinet 2.4 Power module and Components

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

BBU

The typical power consumption of BBU is 35W The weight of the BBU is 12 kg at most All the boards can be inserted from the front panel The permissible range of power input is 38.4 V DC to 57 V DC

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

Working Principles of the BBU

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page18

Boards and Modules in BBU


BSBC: The universal BBU Subrack Backplane type C GTMU: The GSM Transmission, Timing and Management Unit UBFA: The Universal BBU Fan unit type A UPEU: The Universal Power and Environment interface Unit UELP: The Universal E1/T1 Lightning Protection unit UEIU: The Universal Environment Interface Unit

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page19

BSBC Board

The BSBC provides slot 6 for the GTMU, slot 7 for a main control board that supports 3G, and slots 0 to 5 as common slots. The GTMU is 1 U high. Therefore, from the view of the front panel, the GTMU is located in slots 5 and 6 Provide backplane interfaces, communication channels, distribute clock signal and +12V power supply for the other boards

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page20

GTMU

Controls, maintains, and operates the BTS Monitors the fan module and the power supply module Distributes and manages BTS clock signals Provides the Ethernet port for terminal maintenance Supports four routes of E1 inputs Provides the CPRI ports for communication with the DRFU

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page21

GTMU Ports
Label CPRI0CPRI5 ETH FE0 Connector Type SFP RJ45 RJ45 Description Ports for the communication between the BBU and the RF module; support input and output of the optical and electrical signal . Port for local maintenance and commissioning A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the Ethernet cable to transmit network information. A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the optical cable to transmit network information. A reserved port that performs the following function: Enables the automatic software upgrade from a USB disk. Provids a reference clock for the tester. Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and the BSC.

FE1

DLC

USB TST E1/T1

USB USB DB26 female

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page22

GTMU Indicators
LED Color ON OFF RUN Green ON for 1s, OFF for 1s ON for 2s, OFF for 2s ON for 0.125s OFF for 0.125s ALM Red ON OFF ON OFF ON LIU0-LIU3 Green ON for 0.125s OFF for 0.125s OFF CPRI0CPRI5 Green Red ON ON Status The board is faulty. No power supply is available or the board is faulty. The board is operational. The OML link is abnormal. The board is loading software. A fault occurs in the running board. No alarm is generated. The board is operational. The board is faulty. This link is not used. A remote E1/T1 alarm is generated. This link is operational. The CPRI link is normal. The reception of the optical module is abnormal and an alarm is generated. Description

ACT

Green

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page23

UELP

UELP is the E1/T1 signal lightening protection unit of BBU and it can provide protection for 4 route E1/T1 signal

GTMU

Port INSIDE

Type DB25 male

Relative cables E1 transferring cable

Description Transfers the four E1/T1 signals between the UELP and the GTMU Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the BBU and the BSC

OUTSIDE

DB26 male

E1/T1 cable

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page24

UPEU

The universal power and environment interface unit (UPEU) supports the 48V /-24V DC power input, supplies power to the boards, modules, and fan in the BBU, and provides access to multiple environment monitoring signals
Port Type Description Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals Transmitting four dry contact alarms Transmitting four dry contact alarms +24 V/-48 V DC power input

MON0 RJ45 MON1 RJ45 EXTALM0 EXTALM1 PWR RJ45 RJ45 3V3

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page25

UEIU

UEIU is the environment interface board of BBUit can support multi-route monitoring signal input

UEIU is optional and is only used when more ports are needed

Label MON0 MON1 EXTALM0 EXTALM1

Connector Type RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45

Description One RS485 signal One RS485 signal Four dry contact signals Four dry contact signals

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

Monitoring System

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page27

USCU

The Universal Satellite Card and Clock Unit (USCU) is compatible with six types of satellite card, provides absolute timing information and the 1 Pulse Per Second (PPS) reference clock for the main control board, and provides the RGPS ports and BITS port.

Port 1 GPS port 2 RGPS ports 3 BITS port 4 TEST port

Description Used for receiving GPS signals Used for receiving RGPS signals Connected to the BITS clock; supporting adaptive input of the 2.048 MHz and 10 MHz clocks Used for testing the clock

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page28

UBFA

The universal BBU fan unit type A (2U) (UBFA) works with the air inlet box of the cabinet to form a ventilation circuit, thus cooling the entire cabinet

The UBFA module communicates with the GTMU to regulate the temperature, adjust the fan speed, and report alarms. The UBFA module is hot swappable
Label Color Status 0.125s ON, 0.125s OFF (Green) STAT E Red /Green 1s ON, 1s OFF (Green) 1s ON, 1s OFF (Red) OFF Description The module is not registered, and no alarm is reported. The module is running properly. The module is reporting alarms. The module is powered off or the program is not loaded.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page29

BBU Cables Connection


BBU cables connection between BBU, BSC, RFU and Auxiliary equipment

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page30

BBU Hardware structure-Review


Please fill the boards name in the blank of the BBU panel

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page31

Contents
2. BTS3900A Hardware Components
2.1 BTS3900A Overview 2.2 BBU Unit 2.3 RF Cabinet 2.4 Power Cabinet

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page32

RF Cabinet

RF Unit

DRFU GRFU

DCDU-02 FAN Unit FMUA Door Sensor

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page33

RF Unit

RF Unit handles modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, data processing, and combining-distribution. There are two kinds RF Unit, DRFU and GRFU

One Double Radio Frequency Unit (DRFU) provides 2 TRXs. One GSM Radio Frequency Unit (GRFU) provides a maximum of 6 TRXs.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page34

Main Functions of DRFU


One double radio filter unit (DRFU) provides two TRXs The DRFU performs modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides signals

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page35

Working Principles of the DRFU


The DRFU consists of the high-speed interface unit, signal processing unit, power amplifier, and dual-duplexer

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page36

Ports of the DRFU


Type Port for transmitting and receiving RF signals Connector N female connector Ports ANT1 ANT2 CPRI0 CPRI1 RX1 in Port for transmitting RF signals between DRFUs QMA female connector RX1 out RX2 in RX2 out Power port 7W2 power connector PWR Used in connection to the antenna subsystem Description

CPRI port

SFP female connector

Used in connection to the BBU, or in connection to the upper-level cascaded DRFU Used in connection to the lower-level cascaded DRFU Input port for diversity signals in antenna channel 1 Output port of diversity signals in antenna channel 1 Input port for diversity signals in antenna channel 2 Output port of diversity signals in antenna channel 2 Receives power input

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page37

LEDs of the DRFU


LED Color On Off RU N Green On for 1s Off for 1s On for 0.125s Off for 0.125s On for 1s Off for 1s ALM Red Off On On ACT Green Off On for 1s Off for 1s Status Description The power input is normal, but the module is faulty. No power input is available, or the module is faulty. The module is functional. The module is loading data. A fault alarm is generated. No alarm is generated. A fault alarm is generated, need to chang another module. The module is functional and is correctly connected to the BBU. The connection with the BBU is not established. The DRFU is being tested on the Site Maintenance

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page38

LEDs of the DRFU


Off On for 1s Off for 1s On for 0.125s Off for 0.125s On On (green) CPRI0 Red Gree n On (red) On for 1s Off for 1s (red) On (green) On (red) On for 1s Off for 1s (red) No VSWR alarm is detected. The VSWR alarm is generated only on the ANT2 port. The VSWR alarms are generated on the ANT1 and ANT2 ports. The VSWR alarm is generated only on the ANT1 port. The CPRI link is functional. The interface module fails to receive signals. The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error. The CPRI link is functional. The interface module fails to receive signals. The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error. VSWR Red

CPRI1

Red Gree n

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page39

Question

If the VSWR is always on, what does it mean? Can you describe the Impact on the system and the reasons? It means only ANT1 have VSWR Alarm. Once the alarm is generated, the service carried by the TRX is totally interrupted. The reasons list as following:

The VSWR of the antenna system is too high. The connection between the output port of the TRX and the feeder is improper. The antenna system is not in connection for the DRFU. The DRFU is faulty. Data configuration in BSC is incorrect.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page40

Output power of DRFU


Working Band Frequency Range Working Mode Noncombination Output Power (GMSK/8PSK) 45 W/30 W

PGSM 900 MHz EGSM 900 MHz

PGSM: TX: 935-960 MHz RX: 890-915 MHz EGSM: TX: 925-960 MHz RX: 880-915 MHz

Combination

20 W/14 W

PBT Noncombination GSM 1800 MHz TX: 1805-1880 MHz RX: 1710-1785 MHz Combination PBT

71 W/47 W

40 W/26 W 18 W/12 W 63 W/42 W

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page41

DCDU-02 Module

The direction current distribution unit (DCDU) provides -48 V DC power (four outputs)

Receiving -48 V DC power input Providing -48 V DC power for boards and modules in the cabinet

DCDU-02 (four outputs) on the left

DCDU -02 (four outputs) on the right


Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page42

Fan Module

The fan module performs the heat dissipation for the cabinet.

One fan module is installed with two fans. Provides forced ventilation and heat dissipation. Supports the temperature detection.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page43

FMUA Board

The FMUA is a fan environment monitoring unit.


Leading -48 V DC power supply to the cabinet and supplying -48 V DC power supply for the fan module. Collecting environment alarm information in the cabinet. The environment alarm is classified into temperature alarm, humidity alarm, smoke alarm, water immersion alarm, and door status alarm. Supporting the detection and reporting of the temperature.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page44

FMUA LEDs
LED Color Description Status Blinking once every two seconds RUN Gree n Indicates the running status of the board Blinking four times per second Off Blinking four times per second Indicates whether there are alarms Blinking once every two seconds On Blinking once every four seconds Off Description The board is running normally and the communication with the BBU is normal. There is power supply but the communication with the BBU is abnormal. No power input is available. There are alarms from both the fans on the left and right half subracks. There is an alarm from the fan on the right half subrack. There is a alarm from the fan on the left half subrack Other alarms No power input is detected.

ALA RM

Red

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page45

FMUA Ports
Type Power port -48 V COM IN RS485 port COM OUT TEM TEM_HUM ARRESTER FAN0 Fan port FAN1 FAN2 FAN3 The first group (from left to right) The second group The third group The fourth group Ports Connector 7W2 power connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector 4-pin connector 4-pin connector Dry contact connectors Dry contact connectors Dry contact connectors Dry contact connectors Description 48 V DC power input Used in connection to the BBU or the monitoring port on the upper-level FMUA Used in connection to the lower-level FMUA Cabinet temperature monitoring port Used in connection to the surge protection failure alarm port of the power distribution unit Used in connection to the fan module on the left half subrack Used in connection to the fan module on the right half subrack Extended Boolean ports Smoke sensor port, door status sensor port Water sensor ports

Boolea n port

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page46

Door Status Sensor


The door status sensor detects the opening and closing of the cabinet door. It consists of two parts, the magnet part and the switch part.

Magnet part
Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Switch part
Page47

Contents
2. BTS3900A Hardware Components
2.1 BTS3900A Overview 2.2 BBU Unit 2.3 RF Cabinet 2.4 Power Cabinet

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page48

Power Cabinet APM30H


GATM Power Subrack(AC/DC) PDU APMI AFMU Heater Battery Door Status Sensor Temperature Sensor

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page49

APM30 Overview

The APM30 provides 48V DC power and power backup for the distributed base stations and mini base stations, and provides space for the user equipment. It also performs functions such as battery management and monitoring, and lightening protection
1. Filler panel (1U) 2. Power subrack (3U) 3. DC PDU (2U) 4~8. 1U Filler panel 9. Space for batteries (3U)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page50

Main Functions of GATM


The GSM antenna and TMA control module (GATM) is a module that controls the antenna and TMA. The GATM is optional when the DRFU module is configured.

Controls the RET antenna Feeds power to the TMA Reports the RET control alarm signals Monitors the current from the feeder

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page51

Ports on the GATM


Ports ANT0 ANT2 ANT4 ANT1 ANT3 ANT5 COM1 COM2 -48 V Connector SMA female Function Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals for the RET antenna

SMA female Providing power for the antenna RJ45 RJ45 7W2 Used in connection to the BBU Providing the extended RS485 port to be cascaded with other devices Receiving the -48 V power input

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page52

Power Subrack (AC/DC)


The power subrack (AC/DC) consists of the PMU, PSU (AC/DC) and the wiring unit of the power subrack (220 V).

The power subrack (AC/DC) converts the 220 V AC power to the 48 V DC power.

1) PMU 2) PSU 3) Wiring unit

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page53

Main Functions of PMU(AC/DC)


The Power and Environment Monitoring Unit (PMU) provides a comprehensive function of power supply management, power distribution check, and alarm reporting.

Communicates with the GTMU through the RS232/RS422 serial port Manages the power system and the battery charging and discharging Detects and reports monitoring signals

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

LEDs Power supply test ports RS232/RS422 ports Battery control switch COM port

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page54

Ports of PMU
Ports RS232/RS422 port Function Used in communication with the central processing unit The battery switch has two control ports ON and OFF, which are used for switching on and switching off the battery Press and hold the port ON for 5-10 seconds to switch on the battery Press and hold the port OFF for 5-10 seconds to switch off the battery Two power supply test holes -48V and 0V are available for measurement through an ordinary multi-meter Used in connection to the external signal transfer board Used in connection to the backplane

Battery switch

Power supply test port COM port Backplane port

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page55

Main Functions of PSU(AC/DC)


Converting 220 V AC power to -48 V DC power and supplying -48 V DC power to the DCDU

Monitoring alarms related to module faults (such as output overvoltage, no output, and fan faults), alarms related to module protection (such as over temperature protection and input overvoltage/undervoltage protection), and module out-of-position alarm

1 2 3

1 Power running LED 2 Protection LED 3 Fault LED

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page56

Power Subrack (AC/DC)Wiring Unit


The wiring unit is connected to the external power supply through the terminals L and N wires, and leads the power to the PSU (AC/DC) through the backplane.

The PSU (AC/DC) converts the input AC power into the -48 V DC power. The DPMU monitors the operating status of the PSU (AC/DC). The wiring unit provides -48 V DC power outputs through LOAD1(-), LOAD2(-), and RTN(+).

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page57

PDU Module

The PDU (Power Distribution Unit) performs AC or DC power distribution


Supplies two AC power outputs with the maximum current of 10 A to the heaters of the power cabinet and the heating film of the battery cabinet

Provides 10 DC power outputs to meet the DC power requirements of the distributed base station or the separated base station

Reports the surge protection alarms of the AC or DC output power

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page58

PDU Ports
SN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Description For the 110 VAC dual-live-wire input, use L2 For the single-phase 220 VAC/three-phase 220 VAC input, use N1 and N2 For the 110 VAC dual-live-wire input, use L1 For the single-phase 220 VAC/three-phase 220 VAC input, use L1, L2 and L3 AC output wiring terminals (Lout1, Lout2) AC output wiring terminals (Nout1, Nout2) AC input MCB AC output MCB (controls the power supply to the heating film or heaters) DC output MCBs (SW0-SW9) DC output wiring terminals (LOAD0-LOAD9)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page59

APMI Board

The APMI board refers to APM Power Monitor unit Interface board

Transfers the APM30 serial port communication signals, Boolean input/output signals, and EMI signals.

Protects the dry contact input/output signals and RS485 signals (connected to the BBU/BTS)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page60

APMI Ports
Port RS422 TX+, TX-, RX+, RXIN1-IN3 OUT1 Connector Type RJ45 connector 2-pin molex connector 2-pin molex connector 2-pin molex connector Quantity 1 2 3 1 Function Connecting the monitoring signal cable between the PMU and the APMI Connecting the monitoring signal cable between the APMI and the BBU Connecting the dry contact alarm input cable Connecting the optical coupling alarm output cable

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page61

AFMU Board

Provides DC power supply to the APMI and AFMU boards through the DC power port Supplies DC power to the two fans at the top of the cabinet and reports the alarms of the fans Reports the alarms of the internal ambient temperature sensor, air inlet temperature sensor, and air outlet temperature sensor

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page62

AFMU Ports and LEDs


SN 1 Port ALM DC INPUT LED Function Connecting the monitoring signal cable between the AFMU and the APMI Connecting the DC power cable of the AFMU Color Status ON steady Operatio n LED 1s ON and 1s OFF 0.125s ON 0.125s OFF OFF steady Alarm LED ON steady ALM Red OFF steady Description About 1 minute after the AC or DC power-on The system is working properly. The serial port communication is disrupted. The other communication is normal. The system is not powered on. An alarm is generated. No alarm is generated, or the system is not powered on.
Page63

Silkscreen

RUN

Green

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Heater

The heater functions in the low-temperature environment to provide suitable working temperature for the batteries in the power cabinet or transmission cabinet.

When the internal temperature of the cabinet is lower than 5, the heater starts to work; when the internal temperature is higher than 15, the heater stops working.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page64

Battery

The power cabinet can house 1 to 3 groups of -48 V 12 AH batteries, which can form the -48 V 12 AH battery group system, the -48 V 24 AH system, or the -48 V 36 AH system.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page65

Door Status Sensor


The door status sensor is made up of two parts, the magnet part and the switch part.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page66

Temperature Sensor

The temperature sensors of the APM30 consist of the air inlet temperature sensor, internal ambient temperature sensor, and the air outlet temperature sensor

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page67

Question

Would you please describe Power Distribution Modes of BTS3900A?

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page68

IBBS200T Overview

The IBBS200T provides long-time backup power for the BTS3900A. It is used outdoors.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page69

TMC

The TMC can accommodate the transmission equipment of the user. It is used outdoors.

1 Filler panel 3 HEUA 5 Outer air circulation fan

2 Inner air circulation fan 4 DCDU03 6 Core of the heat exchange

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page70

Contents
1. BTS3900A Overview 2. BTS3900A Hardware Components 3. BTS3900A Signal Flow 4. Configurations of the BTS3900A 5. BTS3900A Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page71

BTS3900A Signal Flow


The signal flow of the BTS3900A consists of the traffic signal flow and the signaling flow of the BTS.

DL traffic signal flow UL traffic signal flow Signaling flow

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page72

Traffic Signal Flow


The DL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the BSC to the MS through the BTS3900A. The BBU and RFUs work together to process the DL traffic signals

Opposite to the DL traffic signal flow, the UL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the MS to the BSC through the BTS3900A. The BBU and RFUs work together to process the UL traffic signals
DBUS CBUS FHBU S CPRI

BS C BBU E 1

DRFU

R F

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page73

Signaling Flow

This describes the BTS3900A signaling flow on the Abis interface. The BBU serves as the control unit and works with the RFUs to process the signaling.

BSC

DBUS CBUS FHBUS E1 BBU CPRI DRFU

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page74

Contents
1. BTS3900A Overview 2. BTS3900A Hardware Components 3. BTS3900A Signal Flow 4. Configurations of the BTS3900A 5. BTS3900A Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page75

Contents
4. Configurations of the BTS3900A
4.1 Configuration Principle 4.2 Antenna Mode 4.3 Transmit Mode and Receive Mode 4.4 Typical Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page76

Basic Configuration Principles


The DRFU supports a maximum of two carriers and it is applicable to small- and middle-capacity scenarios;

The GRFU supports a maximum of six carriers and it is applicable to large-capacity scenarios.

The DRFU and GRFU can be configured in the same cabinet or cell to support flexible capacity expansion.

Wide coverage is preferred. The DRFU supports the PBT, TX diversity, and 4-way RX diversity mode. Therefore, the DRFU can be applied to wide-coverage scenarios.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page77

Antenna Configuration Principles


One dual-polarized antenna can serve a maximum of two RFUs. By default, RX diversity is adopted on the GSM network. That is, two feeders connected to two single-polarized antennas or one dual-polarized antenna must be configured in a cell.

Each sector of the BTS must be configured with the minimum number of antennas.

For the 2-way RX diversity, each sector has two antenna channels; for the 4-way RX diversity, each sector has four antenna channels.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page78

DRFU Configuration Principles


A single DRFU does not support the S1/1 application; however, three DRFUs support the S3/3 application

When the DRFU works in TX PBT, TX diversity, or 4-way RX diversity mode, a DRFU provides only one TRX.

When only DRFU are configured, One BTS3900A can support a maximum of 12 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4. A site configured with the BTS3900As can support a maximum of 36 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S12/12/12

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page79

Contents
4. Configurations of the BTS3900A
4.1 Configuration Principle 4.2 Antenna Mode 4.3 Transmit Mode and Receive Mode 4.4 Typical Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page80

DRFU Antenna Mode


Single Feeder

Single Feeder (1TX + 1RX), for one DRFU configuration Single Feeder (1TX + 2RX), for two DRFUs configuration

Double Feeder

Double Feeder (1TX + 1RX), for one DRFU configuration Double Feeder (1TX + 2RX), for one DRFU configuration Double Feeder (2TX + 2RX), for one DRFU configuration Double Feeder (2TX + 4RX), for two DRFUs configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page81

Signal Feeder
TX/RX TX/RX TX/RX

Single Feeder (1TX + 1RX)

Single Feeder (1TX + 2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page82

Double Feeder
TX RX TX/RX RX

Double Feeder (1TX + 1RX)

Double Feeder (1TX + 2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page83

Double Feeder
TX/RX TX/RX TX/RX TX/RX TX/RX TX/RX

Double Feeder (2TX + 2RX)

Double Feeder (2TX + 4RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page84

Contents
4. Configurations of the BTS3900A
4.1 Configuration Principle 4.2 Antenna Mode 4.3 Transmit Mode and Receive Mode 4.4 Typical Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page85

Transmit Mode and Receive Mode


DRFU transmit mode


Transmit independency or combining PBT Dynamic PBT Diversity transmitter

DRFU receive mode


Main diversity receiver Four diversity receiver

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page86

DRFU Internal Structure


2 TRXs and 2 duplexers are integrated in DRFU module which can be connected to antenna directly

The RX_IN and RX_OUT port of DRFU can support the receiving signal interconnection between 2 DRFUs, so that the 2 DRFUs can share different feeders

Interface Processing Unit

DUP

ANTA

CPRI-0

ANTB DUP

CPRI-1

RX-IN RX_OUT

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page87

Transmit Independency

In transmit independency mode, TRX0 occupies channel A while TRX1 occupies channel B

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page88

Transmit Combining

In transmit combining modethe two TRXs are combined and transmitted through channel A

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page89

PBT

In PBT mode, only the TRX0 can work PBT mode can improve the transmitting power In PBT modeonly channel A is used by downlink signal

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page90

Dynamic PBT

Dynamic PBT is a mode based on the operation of timeslots, compared with static PBT, it brings the balance between capacity and coverage and does not cause the 50% decrease of capacity The subscriber occupies a TS under the detection of measure report. When the quality is lower than a threshold, the same No. of TS of the adjacent TRX will be used as the secondary TS by the subscriber to start PBT. (The former subscriber in the secondary TS will handover) When the quality is higher than a threshold, the PBT will be canceled and the secondary TS will be released

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page91

The Principle of Dynamic PBT


Timeslots TRXs

Poor quality Good quality No signal

Signal quality

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page92

Transmit Diversity

In Transmit diversity mode, only the TRX0 can work Transmit diversity mode improves the quality of downlink signal In Transmit diversity modethe signal from the TRX0 is divided to 2 channels and be transmitted through ANTA and ANTB

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page93

Question

When configuring Transmit Mode, Transmit Independency or Combining can be chosen. How can we know whether Transmit Independency or Transmit Combining is used?

It will be decided by antenna mode. When 2 TRXs are used in one DRFU,

If the antenna mode is Single antenna or Double antenna(1TX), the transmit mode must be Transmit Independency

If the antenna mode is Double antenna(2TX), the transmit mode must be Transmit Combining

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page94

Main Diversity receiver


In this modeboth of the 2 TRXs can work Each TRX receives the signal from 2 feeders In the following figurethe TRX gets the receiving signal from channel A and B of the single DRFU

It is also possible for TRX to share the receiving channels with another DRFU

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2 RX-IN RX_OUT

If only one ANT channel is used, TRX can also use the ANT channel of other DRFU through RX-in to ensure 2 way receiving

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Interface Processing Unit

Page95

Four Diversity Receiver


In this mode, only the first TRX can work The working TRXs get the uplink signals from 4 ANT ports of 2 DRFUs
Cable connection for sharing the receiving signals

Interface Processing Unit Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0 CPRI1

DUP DUP

ANT1 ANT2 RX-IN RX_OUT

CPRI0 CPRI1

DUP DUP

ANT1 ANT2 RX-IN RX_OUT

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page96

Receiver Sensitivity of BTS3900A


The following table lists the static receiver sensitivity of the BTS3900A
Receive Mode Operating Frequency Band Static Sensitivity (Typical Value)

Receive independency Two-way receive diversity Four-way receive diversity

900 MHz 1800 MHz 900 MHz 1800 MHz 900 MHz 1800 MHz

-113 dBm -113 dBm -116 dBm -116 dBm -118.5 dBm -118.5 dBm

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page97

Contents
4. Configurations of the BTS3900A
4.1 Configuration Principle 4.2 Antenna Mode 4.3 Transmit Mode and Receive Mode 4.4 Typical Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page98

DRFU S1/S2 Configuration


S1 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)

S1 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit diversity RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Double antenna(2TX+2RX)

S2 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Double antenna(2TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page99

DRFU S2/S3/S4 Configuration


S2 Configuration

TX mode: PBT RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

S3/S4 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page100

DRFU S5/S6 Configuration


S5/S6 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode


DRFU0: Single antenna(1TX+2RX) DRFU1: Single antenna(1TX+2RX) DRFU2: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page101

DRFU S7/S8 Configuration


S7/S8 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page102

DRFU S3/3 Configuration


S3/3 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode


DRFU0: Single antenna(1TX+2RX) DRFU1: Double antenna(2TX+4RX) DRFU2: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page103

Contents
1. BTS3900A Overview 2. BTS3900A Hardware Components 3. BTS3900A Signal Flow 4. Configurations of the BTS3900A 5. BTS3900A Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page104

BTS Star Topology


The star topology applies to common areas, especially densely populated areas, such as cities

In the star topology, each site is directly connected to the BSC

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page105

BTS Chain Topology


The chain topology applies to sparsely populated areas in striplike terrain, such as areas along highways and railway tracks

The chain topology reduces cost in transmission equipment, construction, and transmission link lease

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page106

BTS Tree Topology


The tree topology applies to areas where network structures, site distribution, and subscriber distribution are complicated

The tree topology requires fewer transmission cables compared with the star topology

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page107

BTS Ring Topology


The ring topology applies to common scenarios. Due to its strong self-healing capability, the ring topology is preferred if permitted by the routing If there is a breaking point in the ring, the ring breaks into two chains at the breaking point automatically. In this way, the BTSs preceding and following the breaking point can work normally despite the breaking point; thus improving the robustness of the system

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page108

DRFU Topologies Configuration


The DRFU supports various network topologies: star, chain, and ring

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page109

Contents
1. BTS3900A Overview 2. BTS3900A Hardware Components 3. BTS3900A Signal Flow 4. Configurations of the BTS3900A 5. BTS3900A Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page110

Introduction of GRFU

GRFU is based on multi-carrier technology, one GRFU can support six TRXs at most.

GRFU performs modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides signals.

The main new features and functions of GRFU


Inner Bias-Tee Integration of feeder current to TMA. Provides power sharing. Improves the network coverage, reduces the interference and power consumption and save the device cost.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page111

Multi-carrier Technology

The principle of multi-carrier technology: multiple carriers share one power amplifier and one RF channel. Baseband pool replaced independent baseband unit. Improve the integration. Digital IF combination replaced Analog RF combination. There isnt combination loss.

Single-carrier Technology
Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Multi-carrier Technology
Page112

Ports of GRFU
Port Type Label ANT_RX B ANT_TX/ RXA CPRI0 CPRI CPRI1 RX_INB RX_OUT A PWR MON Connector Type DIN connector DIN connector SFP female connector SFP female connector QMA female connector QMA female connector 3V3 power connector RJ45 connector Description

Port for transceiving RF signals

Connecting to the antenna subsystem.

Connecting to the BBU, or the upper-level RFU during the cascading. Connecting to the lower-level RFU during the cascading. Input port of diversity signals in the antenna channel. Output port of diversity signals in the antenna channel. Feeding power. Monitoring port.

Interconnection port for RF receive signals

Power supply port Monitoring port

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page113

LEDs of GRFU
LED Color Status ON OFF RUN Green 1s ON 1s OFF 0.2s ON 0.2s OFF 1s ON 1s OFF OFF ON ACT Green OFF VSW R OFF Red ON The VSWR alarm is generated on the ANT_TX/RX port. Description The power input is normal, but the module is faulty. There is no power supply, or the module is faulty. The module is running properly. The software is being loaded to the module. A fault alarm is generated. No alarm is generated. The module is functional and is correctly connected to the BBU. The connection with the BBU is not set up. No VSWR alarm is generated.

ALM

Red

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page114

LEDs of GRFU
ON (Green) CPRI 0 Red Gree n ON (Red) 1s ON 1s OFF(Red) ON (Green) CPRI 1 Red Gree n ON (Red) 1s ON, 1s OFF (Red) The CPRI link is normal. The interface module fails to receive signals. The CPRI link is out of lock. The CPRI link is normal. The interface module fails to receive signals. The CPRI link is out of lock.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page115

Compare GRFU with DRFU


Port Type Port for transceiving RF signals CPRI Interconnectio n port for RF Receive signals Monitoring port MON existence RX_OUTA lower Rx_2 in Rx_2 out Non existence RX_INB upper Rx_1 out CPRI0 CPRI1 lower upper CPRI0 CPRI1 Rx_1 in upper lower GRFU ANT_TX/RX A ANT_RXB Relative position lower upper DRFU ANT1 ANT2 Relative position upper lower

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page116

Output power of GRFU


The output power of different configuration is also configured differently


Output power Frequency bands Configuration S1 S2 PGSM 900MHz / GSM1800MHz S3 S4 S5 S6 GMSK/8PSK 80W/53W 40W/26W 31W/20W 27W/17W 18W/12W 16W/10W

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page117

Limitation of GRFU

If the frequency interval of a cell is outside the range of 15MHz, 2 GRFUs can be considered to be used and the range of frequency for each GRFU also should be within15MHz. Generally, it is suggested that the number of carriers should be set to 2 GRFUs averagely if 2 GRFUs are used in a cell. For example: S8 should be configured as 4+4 when 2 GRFU are used. GRFU supports whole frequency band of PGSM 900MHz, high 45MHz frequency band and low 45MHz frequency band of DCS1800MHz.
GRFU Whole 25MHz frequency band of 900MHz Low 45MHz of 1800MHz High 45MHz of 1800MHz DL 935-960MHz 1805-1850MHz 1835-1880MHz UL 890-915MHz 1710-1755MHz 1740-1785MHz

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page118

Configuration Principle of GRFU


The DRFU and GRFU can be configured in the same cabinet. When the GRFU is configured, a single BTS3900A provides a maximumof 36 carriers with the maximum cell configuration of S12/12/12. In addition, a site configured with the BTS3900As can support a maximum of 72 carriers, with the maximum cell configuration of S24/24/24.

One GRFU does not serve two cells. Each cell with a single antenna can be configured with a maximum of two GRFUs.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page119

Transmit Mode and Receive Mode of GRFU


GRFU Transmit Mode


Transmit independency or combining

GRFU Receive Mode


Main diversity receiver

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page120

GRFU S2-S6 Configuration


S2-S6 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page121

GRFU S7-S12 Configuration


S7-S12 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page122

DRFUGRFU Configuration

DRFUGRFU Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode:


GRFU: Single antenna(1TX+2RX) DRFU: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page123

DRFUGRFU Configuration

DRFUGRFU Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode:


GRFU: Double antenna(1TX+2RX) DRFU: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page124

Summary

BTS3900A functions and features BTS3900A hardware structure, including RF cabinet, APM30 and components

Working mode, configuration principles, RF cable configurations, typical configurations

BTS networking topology and RFU connection

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page125