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# FULL WAVE RECTIFIER

## STATE POLYTECHNIC of JAKARTA

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1. AIM To investigate and learn about the property of rectifier circuit. To learn about the characteristic and property of full wave rectifier filter.

2. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
The Full Wave Rectifier can be made by using 4 diode and 2 diode. To make a full wave rectifier with 4 diode, we can use Non-CT Transformator as shown in picture below :

The principle of full wave rectifier with 4 diode is begins when the transformators output give a power level to the positive side, so, D1 and D4 is on forward bias and D2, D3 is on reverse bias. So that the power level on positive top side will pass through D1 to D4. Afterthat, when transformators output give a power level to the negative side, so, D2 and D4 is on forward bias and D1, D3 is on reverse bias. So that the power level on the negative side will pass through D2 and D4.

Wave rectifier with 2 diode use Transformator with CT (Center Tap). Full wave rectifier circuit with 2 diode as shown in picture below :
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The principle of full wave rectifier with 2 diode can work because it use the Transformator with Center Tap. The Transformator with Center Tap as shown in picture above can give a AC output power to the both of secondary output terminal against CT terminal with different phase of power level. When transformators output terminal on D1 give a top positive signal, so output terminal on D2 give a top negative signal. On this condition, D1 is on forward position and D2 is on reverse position. So that the positive top side passed through D1. Afterthat, when the transformators output terminal on D1 give a top negative signal, so the output terminal on D2 give a top positive signal. On this condition, D1 is on reverse position and D2 is on forward position. So that top positive signal passed through D2.

## The formulation on full wave rectifier is down below : Vag =

The rectifier is equipped with capasitor filter in order to make AC power rectifier is more flat and become DC power, so put the capasitor filter on the rectifier circuits output as shown in picture below :

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## 3. EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS

1. Step Down Trafo 6V and 12V 2. Multimeter 3. Osciloscop 4. Silicon Diode 5. Resistor 6. Capasitor 7. Connected cables

: One unit : Two units : One unit : Two units : 4K : 1F, 22F, 100F, 1000F

4. PROCEDURE
1. The circuit was made as shown in picture below with 4k RL and Vin (ac) = 24 Vpp.

## STATE POLYTECHNIC of JAKARTA

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2. The V out (dc), I out (dc) and I diode was measured. 3. The Vin (ac) dan Vout (dc) waveform were drawn. 4. The C Filter was added parallel to RL with 1F. 5. Step 2 and 3 were repeated. 6. The C Filter was replaced with 22F and 100F then step 2 and 3 were repeated. 7. The C Filter was replaced with 1000F and then step2 and 3 were repeated.

5. RESULTS

Vout (dc)

I (out) dc mA

24

10

10,19

24

9.8

8.9

2.05 2,5

2,2 2,2

1 1,8

0,6 2,7

24

11,5

8,9

24

15

15,05

3,7

0,7

0,35

24

15

15,3

3,5

3,8

0,55

2,1

## STATE POLYTECHNIC of JAKARTA

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6. DISCUSSION of RESULT
In this experiment, we were made and seen the full wave rectifier waveform. We were used two diode and one transformator CT. Transformators output terminal on D1 was gave a top positive signal, then output terminal on D2 was gave a top negative signal. On this condition, D1 was on forward position and D2 was on reverse position. Then the positive top side was passed through D1. Afterthat, the transformators output terminal on D1 was gave a top negative signal, so the output terminal on D2 was gave a top positive signal. On this condition, D1 was on reverse position and D2 was on forward position. So that top positive signal was passed through D2. In the result, the measurement and calculation wasnt different at all. In 22F capasitor on Vdc, there was a big difference, that is 2,6 volt. Its because we werent accurate when read the multimeter. The function of capasitor on full wave rectifier circuit with 2 diode was for pushed the ripple on AC wave rectifier process. After the filter capasitor was put, so the full wave rectifier circuit was became DC power. In this experiment, the capasitor and resistor was mounted parallel, then it was became Low-Pass Filter with the same function with capasitor on full wave rectifier circuit with 2 diode.

7. CONCLUSION
So, the full wave rectifier has been made by using 2 diode and 4 diode. The function of capasitor was pushed the ripple on AC wave rectifier process, so the output wave was became the DC wave. When the value of capasitor was high, the output wave was straight.

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