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BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING

Course No: EEE 208 Course Title: Energy Conversion Laboratory Project Title: Re-wiring Stator Winding of a 3-Phase Induction Motor

Submitted to: (1) Dr. Shahidul Islam Khan Professor EEE, BUET (2) Hamidur Rahman Associate Professor EEE, BUET

Submitted By: Name Student I.D. Md. Redwan Islam 1006066 Md. Rayhan Khan 1006067 Abdullah Abu Sayed 1006068 Arifuzzaman Faisal 1006069 Kamruzzaman Nahid 1006070 Mohammad Tariqul Islam 1006071 Md. Khalid Mahmud 1006072

Objective:
1. To study the structure of a three phase induction motor. 2. To re-wire the stator winding of a squirrel cage induction motor.

Description of the Motor:


A motor with following nameplate is bought:

TEECO 3 PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR


TYPE MS 712-4 IP 44 0.5 HP 0.37 KW 440 V Y 0.97A 1400 rpm INS. OL. B 50 Hz S1 STANDARD JB/T 1009-2007 NO. TEECO STANDARD MOTORS LTD.

Discussion about the Stator Winding:


The stator winding is observed and the following data is obtained: Type of Wire Stator Type 26 Gauge (0.405 mm diameter) Semi-closed Slot Stator

No. of Slots Connection Type No. of Layers Wires in each Slot

24 4 pole Y - Connected 1 165

From the nameplate, this is a Design Class B motor. So, expected maximum torque is moderately high. The stator winding follows the following diagram:

The Y Connected Stator is shown in above figure. The phases follow the following pattern: Phase No. a Phase b Phase c Phase Winding Direction 01-06-12-07-13-18-24-19 05-10-16-11-17-22-04-23 09-14-20-15-21-02-08-03 Color in the figure Red Blue Green

The terminals 19, 23 and 03 are shorted. And terminals 01, 05 and 09 are the 3 phase voltage input.

Procedure:
1. The motor is dismantled under the supervision of Lab Assistant Mr. Debashish. The following picture is taken:

2. Then the motors stator winding is completely removed. The following is a picture of stator after the wires has been removed:

And the following picture is of wire:

3. Then the winding was done again with the wire of same diameter:

4. After this the motor parts have been re-assembled.

Tests:
Weight of Removed Stator Winding: 980 grams.

DC Test: Parameters RDC No Load Test: Parameter Vnl Inl Pnl (1 Phase) Locked-Rotor Test: Parameter Vlr Ilr Plr (1 Phase) Value 90V 0.97A 31W Value 400V 0.9A 42W Value 49.4

Motor Parameter Calculation:


From DC Test: R1 = RDC/2 = 49.4/2 = 24.6 From No Load Test: V,nl = 230.94V Znl = V,nl / Inl = 256.6 Now, R12 + (X1+XM)2 = Znl2 from this expression, X1+XM = 251.8 From Locked Rotor Test: Note: Locked Rotor test was done in 50Hz (line frequency) V,lr=51.96V Zlr=V,lr/Ilr=53.57 lr=cos-1(P/(V,lr Ilr)) = 52.04 Now, R1+R2 = Zlr cos(lr) = 32.95

Xlr=X1+X2 = Zlr sin(lr) = 42.23 Now, R2=32.95-R1=8.35 Since it is a design B motor, X1=0.4Xlr=16.869 X2=0.6Xlr=25.338 XM=251.8 X1=234.931 So, the data obtained are: Parameter R1 R2 X1 X2 XM Discussion: While re-wiring we phased some complications. These are listed below and it is also explained how the complications were dealt with: 1. The lamination in the stator was damaged in the process of removing old stator coils. As a result the stator needed re-lamination. 2. While removing the old winding and re-wiring, we accidentally displaced some of the walls of stator slots. This created a problem while we tried to install the rotor after re-wiring. Since the air gap is too small, a small displacement resulted in the rotor being stuck. This problem was removed by hammering in the places which were displaced. The displacements were removed as much as possible. 3. The wooden mount required for shaping the coils was acquired from a machine shop. But, while using the mount, some of the wires got tangled and resulted in larger diameter coil than necessary. As a result the coils didnt fit in the slots. These coils had to be prepared for the second time. 4. Due to the Semi-Closed Slot, the coils could not be inserted directly into the stator, rather special mechanism was required. Feeders or Insulating Papers were inserted into the stator so that the lamination of stator and insulation of wires dont get damaged. Since it is a single layer winding the complications were limited. 5. After the wiring is done, lamination coating was again applied on the wires. 6. The values obtained in Blocked Rotor Test are not completely correct. As, the frequency of text was 50Hz, the obtained value is highly erroneous. Value 24.6 8.35 16.869 25.338 234.931