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ANSI ASQ Z1.9 2003
ANSI ASQ Z1.9 2003
ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR QUALITY
600 NORTH PLANKINTON AVENUE
MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN 53201
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
SAMPLING PROCEDURES AND TABLES FOR INSPECTION BY
VARIABLES FOR PERCENT NONCONFORMING
ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003
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AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
SAMPLING PROCEDURES AND TABLES FOR INSPECTION
BY VARIABLES FOR PERCENT NONCONFORMING
PREPARED BY
ACCREDITED STANDARDS COMMITTEE
Z1 SUBCOMMITTEE ON STATISTICS
SPONSOR AND SECRETARIAT
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR QUALITY
ABSTRACT
Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Variables for Percent Nonconforming is an acceptance sampling system
to be used on a continuing stream of lots for AQL specied. It provides tightened, normal, and reduced plans to be used on
measurements which are normally distributed. Variation may be measured by sample standard deviation, sample range, or
known standard deviation. It is applicable only when the normality of the measurements is assured.
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD: An American National Standard implies a consensus of those substantially con-
cerned with its scope and provisions. An American National Standard is intended as a guide to aid the manufacturer, the
consumer, and the general public. The existence of an American National Standard does not in any respect preclude any-
one, whether he has approved the standard or not, from manufacturing, marketing, purchasing, or using products, process-
es, or procedures not conforming to the standard. American National Standards are subject to periodic review and users are
cautioned to obtain the latest edition.
CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn at any time. The procedures of the
American National Standards Institute require that action be taken to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this standard no later
than ve years from the date of publication. Purchasers of American National Standards may receive current information
on all standards by calling or writing the American National Standards Institute.
2003 by ASQ
Copyright protection notice for the ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003 Standard.
This Standard is subject to copyright claims of ANSI, and ASQ. Not for resale. No part of this publication
may be reproduced in any form, including an electronic retrieval system, without the prior written permission
of ASQ. All requests pertaining to the ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003 Standard should be submitted to ASQ.
ASQ will consider requests for change and information on the submittal of such requests regarding
this Standard. All requests should be in writing to the attention of the Standards Administrator at the
address below.
ASQ Mission: The American Society for Quality advances individual and organizational performance
excellence worldwide by providing opportunities for learning, quality improvement, and knowledge exchange.
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Published by:
ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003
FOREWORD
(This foreword is not a part of Draft American National StandardSampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by
Variables for Percent Nonconforming, ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003)
This revision of ANSI/ASQC Z1.9-1993, Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Variables for Percent
Nonconforming was undertaken to allow for aligning the terminology of the standard with the terms of ANSI/ISO/ASQ
A3534-2-2004 (to be published), change the term Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) to Acceptance Quality Limit (AQL),
change the denition and explanation of AQL, change the Discontinuation of Inspection Rule, and to correct typographical
and computational errors within the standard.
The present revision ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003 continues to allow complete interchangeability of the tabulated plans with
ISO 3951-1, which provided a graphical means for implementation of the plans. ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003 is also roughly
matched to ANSI/ASQ Z1.4-2003, which corresponds directly to the old military standard MIL-STD-105E. The matching
is sufficient to allow inspection under either standard for stated AQLs and inspection levels with reasonably equivalent pro-
tection. Tables are given in Section EAppendix that show differences in protection between ANSI/ASQ Z1.9-2003 and
ANSI/ASQ Z1.4-2003. These are for use in critical applications to determine whether moving from one standard to the
other is appropriate.
Committee members serving as writers and editors of this standard were:
Herbert C. Monnich, Jr., Chairperson
William C. Davis
Rudolf G. Kittlitz, Jr.
Paul Roediger
Edward G. Schilling
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