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1st & 2nd years PERIOD: 2nd Semester SY: 2013-14 International General Education Program All programs

Masters degree/Bachelors degree



Philippine History, Government and Constitution




This mandatory course is a survey on the history of the Philippines, with emphasis on the events and notable persons that shaped and developed the nations society, culture, politics and government leading to the ratication of the 1987 Constitution which currently determines the structure of government and rights granted to individuals. This course aims to present Philippine history from various perspectives in di!erent eras, causing the students to take pride in being a Filipino and having a rich culture. It further intends to encourage students to develop skills, specically critical, analytical and creative thinking, and e!ectively communicating the same through diverse media. At the end of the course, students are expected to:! a. Comprehend how signicant events in history a!ected the establishment of the nation;" b. Understand the fundamental provisions in the 1987 Constitution;" c. Be familiar with the structure of the Philippine government;" d. Develop an active interest and awareness in the current issues and controversies a!ecting the nations present and future;" e. Assimilate patriotic and nationalistic attitude, priding themselves of their nationality;" f. Devote oneself in upholding ethical and moral principles on a daily basis;" g. Actively participate in discussions on various current a!airs;" h. Demonstrate the love for the country in all aspects;" i. Contribute in nation-building through positive actions, such as being and continuing to be law-abiding citizens. " MONTH: November!

Week 1: Course and syllabus orientation! Meaning and Importance of History! Basic Facts concerning the Philippines ! The Philippine Territory! Declaration of State Principles and Policies! Week 2: Pre-colonial Era! Week 3: The Spanish Period! Week 4: Reform and Revolution! MONTH: December!

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Week 1: Reform and Revolution! Week 2: MONTH: January ! Week 1: The American Period! Week 2: The War Years! Week 3: The Third Republic! Week 4: Martial Law & 1986 EDSA Revolution! MONTH: February! PRELIM EXAM!

Week 1: Citizenship & Su"rage!

Week 2:


Week 3: The Three Branches of Government! Week 4: The Three Branches of Government & The Bill of Rights! MONTH: March !

Week 1: The Bill of Rights ! Week 2: Constitutional Commission, Local Government and Accountability of Public O#cers! Week 3: Other Provisions of The 1987 Constitution! Week 4: FINAL EXAM!

REQUIRED REFERENCE A Handbook on the 1987 Philippine Constitution! Agoncillo, T., et.al. (2008) History of the Filipino People 8th Edition. Quezon City: R.P. Garcia Publishing! De Leon, H. & De Leon, Jr. (2011) Textbook on the Philippine Constitution. Quezon City: REX Printing" Halili, M. (2010) Philippine History. Quezon City: REX Printing" Agoncillo, T., et.al. (2008) History of the Filipino People 8th Edition. Quezon City: R.P. Garcia Publishing" Zaide, G. & Zaide, S. (2002) Philippine History and Constitution 5th Edition. Quezon City: All Nations Publishing " Corpuz, R., Wy, L., & de la Cruz, R. (2008) Philippine History and Government. Manila: Mindshapers" Garcia, C. & Agdon, F. (2009) The Filipinos and Their Struggles for Freedom and Survival: A Textbook in Philippine History for College Students. Mandaluyong City: Books Atbp. Publishing." Zulueta, F. & Nebres, A. (2003) Philippine History and Constitution Through the Years. Navotas City: Navotas Press." Muoz, M. & Muoz, D. (2002) Philippine History & Governance. Quezon City: Katha Publishing" Zaide, S. (1999) The Philippines: A Unique Nation 2nd edition. Quezon City: All Nations Publishing." Constantino, R. (1975) The Philippines: A Past Revisited. Quezon City: Foundation for Nationalist Studies" Constantino, R. & Constantino, L. (1975) The Philippines: A Continuing Past. Quezon City: Foundation for Nationalist Studies." Group Report" Position Papers" Reection Papers"



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1.0-1.25 Excellent" 1.5-1.75 Very Good" 2.0-2.25 Good" 2.5-2.75 Satisfactory" 3.00 Passed" 5.00 Failed" INC Incomplete" DRP Dropped" FA Failure due to Absences"

Attendance Orals Report 10%! Recitation 5%! Quiz/Position Paper Examination Reection Papers 20%! Written Exam 40%!

15%! 15%! 10%! 60%! _________! 100

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Prepared by:

Noted by:

Approved by:


Ms. INA R. BALANI, Ed.D(c) Dean, IGEP


Prelim Documentary Requirements:

I. History (Reection Paper)! Due Date: November 11, 2013!

! (1) Renato Constantino. A Past Revisited Vol. 1. (Manila: Tala Publishing Services), pp. 3-25! !

Guide Questions:! (a) What is history?! (b) What hampers history from being accurate and complete?! (c) How should a historian narrate events? ! (d) Why should the Filipino masses side of the history be presented? Why is it important to write history on the basis of the struggles of the people?! (e) Do you agree with the author? Reasons.!

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II. Kalantiaw Code (Reection Paper) Due Date: November 13, 2013 (1) Sonia M. Zaide. The Philippines A Unique Nation, (Quezon City: All Nations Publishing Inc), pp. 37-45! (2) Paul Morrow. Kalantiaw The Hoax myManitoba.com. MTS. June 19, 2012. http://www.mts.net/ ~pmorrow/kalant_e.htm! (3) Maureen Cristin S. Justiniano. Jose E. Marcos Kalantiaw Code: Implications for Philippine Historiography and Filipinos Historical Consciousness Scholar Space. University of Hawaii. 2011. http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10125/20312/Justiniano%20Kalantiaw%20Code-%20EXP%202011.pdf?sequence=1 !

Guide Questions:! (a) What is the Code of Kalantiaw?! (b) How important was the Code of Kalantiaw in the Philippine History?! (c) Do you believe it is real?! (d) Do you agree with the opinions debunking its authenticity? Why?! (e) What is the effect, if any, to our society in general, and our history in particular, if it is declared by the authorities as a fraud?! (f) How can you contribute for the enrichment of our culture and history through the knowledge that you have gained on this topic?!

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III. The Philippines Under The Spanish Rule (Reection Paper)! Due Date: November 20, 2013 (1) Renato Constantino. A Past Revisited Vol. 1. (Manila: Tala Publishing Services), pp. 42-82! (2) Jose Rizal. The Philippines A Century Hence (translated by Charles Derbyshire) The Life and Writings of Dr. Jose Rizal. National Historical Commission of the Philippines. http:// joserizal.nhcp.gov.ph/Writings/Other/centuryhence.htm! Guide Questions:! (a) What kind of agreement did the Crown and Conquistadores have concerning the expeditions? What were the effects of this agreement to the Philippines?! (b) What were the causes of the miseries of the Filipino people under the Spanish Regime?! (c) Did Dr. Jose Rizal think that the Filipinos were still in the same situation/condition from Precolonial times until the time he wrote the article? Why? Do you agree with him?! (d) What do you think of these words that Dr. Jose Rizal wrote, [w]ealth brings with it renement, the spirit of conservation, while poverty inspires adventurous ideas, the desire to change things and has little care for life. Do you think it still applies in our society today?! (e) What was the status of the media/press at the time Dr. Jose Rizal wrote the article? Do you agree with his assessment? What is its relevance to the current clamor for Freedom of Information?!

IV. Dr. Jose P. Rizal as a Hero (Reection Paper) Due Date: November 27, 2013

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(1) Renato Constantino. Veneration Without Understanding. (Quezon City: Malaya Books).! (2) Floro Quibuyen. Imagining the Nation: Rizal, American Hegemony and Philippine Nationalism, Political Science Department, University of Hawaii at Manoa, May 1996.!

Guide Questions:! (a) In Mr. Constantinos opinion, why was Rizal declared as the National Hero?! (b) Did Mr. Constantino agree that Rizal should be declared as such? Reasons.! (c) Was Mr. Quibuyen of the same mind with Mr. Constantino? Reasons.! (d) What is your denition of a hero?! (e) During this modern times, does the Philippines still need a hero? Reasons.!

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V. Magdalo vs. Magdiwang (Position Paper) Due Date: December 4, 2013

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