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EEE362

Power Transmission & Distribution


Dr. Abdur Razzak

Lecture 4

Objectives

To study & understand

Transmission Line Parameters

Transmission line parameters Resistance, inductance & capacitance of short and medium transmission line

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Transmission line parameters


Dr. Abdur Razzak

Transmission line parameters: the line parameters are used to model


the transmission line and to perform design calculations. The equivalent circuit model representing the line depends upon the length of the line. Resistance Inductance Capacitance

Depending on the length of transmission line


Short transmission line less than 80 km Medium transmission line between 80 to 240 km Long transmission line more than 240 km

Equivalent circuit model


Short & medium transmission line use approximated lumpedparameter models. Long transmission line use distributed parameters model.

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Equivalent circuit
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Resistance of transmission lines


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Spiraling and bundle conductor effect


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In

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Skin effect
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Inductance
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Flux linkage due to a current carrying conductor:

The inductance of a circuit is the flux linkage per unit current.

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Inductance (contd..)
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Inductance (contd..)
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Inductance (contd..)
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Flux linkage in parallel current carrying conductors:

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Inductance of a single-phase two-wire line


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EEE362 Inductance of a single-phase two-wire line (contd..)


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EEE362 Inductance of a single-phase two-wire line (contd..)


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Inductance of a 3-phase overhead line


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EEE362 Inductance of a 3-phase overhead line (contd..)


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Inductance in terms of GMD


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Ds = self-GMD Dm = mutual-GMD

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Example-1
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Example-2 & 3
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Capacitance of a single-phase 2-wire line


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Capacitance of a single-phase 2-wire line


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Capacitance of a 3-phase overhead line


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EEE362 Capacitance of a 3-phase overhead line (contd..)


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Example-4
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Example-5
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Example-6
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Next class
Dr. Abdur Razzak

Short, Medium & Long X-mission Lines