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SUBSTATION DESIGN MANUAL CHAPTER 18 Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor Power & Water Corporation Power Networks

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Substation Design Manual Chapter 18 Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor

Document Number D2010/287839

Document Control Revision History


Title Section Document ID Prepared Reviewed Substation Design Manual Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor D2010/287839 Hydro Tasmania Consulting Hydro Tasmania Consulting 09/10/2009 09/10/2009

Revision

Revision Date 09/10/2009 4/12/2009 17/01/2012

Details

Authorised Name / Position Signature

Draft Final Draft Rev 1

For client review and input Revised following client comments Revised to suit client comments Andrew Millers/ Specialist Engineer Luke Whitehouse/ Entura

Changes made to this manual since the last revision are highlighted in yellow.

Disclaimer The information contained in this document has been carefully compiled but Power & Water Corporation takes no responsibility for any loss or liability of any kind suffered by any party, not being the intended recipient of this document, in reliance upon its contents whether arising from any error or inaccuracy in the information or any default, negligence or lack of care in relation to the preparation of the information in this document.

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Substation Design Manual Chapter 18 Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor

Document Number D2010/287839

Reference documents Documents listed below are relevant to this chapter of the Power & Water Corporation (PWC) Substation Design Manual. Each reference shall be followed by its list number E.g.: [1]. Any listed reference which has a later edition will take precedence unless indicated otherwise.
[1] [2] [3]

AS/NZS 60598.1 AS/NZS 1680.0 AS 1670.1 AS 2676.2 ISO 14520 AS 3011.2 AS 2444 AS 2441 AS 2067 AS/NZS 2312 AS 2650

Luminaires - General requirements and tests Interior lighting - Safe movement Fire detection, warning, control and intercom systems - System design, installation and commissioning - Fire Guide to the installation, maintenance, testing and replacement of secondary batteries in buildings - Sealed cells Gaseous fire-extinguishing systems (Series) Electrical installations - Secondary batteries installed in buildings - Sealed cells Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets - Selection and location Installation of fire hose reels Substation and high voltage installations exceeding 1 kV a.c. Guide to the protection of structural steel against atmospheric corrosion by the use of protective coatings Common specifications for high voltage switchgear and controlgear standards (IEC 60694)

[4]

[5] [6]

[7]

[8] [9] [10]

[11]

[12]

AS/NZS 3008.1.1 Electrical installations - Selection of cables - Cables for alternating voltages up to and including 0.6/1 kV - Typical Australian installation conditions AS 3600 AS 3700 AS/NZS 3947.3 Concrete structures Masonry structures Low voltage switchgear and controlgear - Switches, disconnectors, switch-disconnectors and fuse-combination units

[13] [14] [15]

[16]

AS/NZS 3947.5.6 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Control circuit devices and switching elements - D.C. interface for proximity sensors and switching amplifiers (NAMUR) AS 4044 AS 4100 IEC 60376 Battery chargers for stationary batteries Steel Structures Specification of technical grade sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) for use in electrical equipment

[17] [18] [19]

Revision: 1 Page 4 of 10 [20] [21]

Substation Design Manual Chapter 18 Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor

Document Number D2010/287839

AS/NZS 3000 AS 60529

Electrical Installations - Wiring rules Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

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Substation Design Manual Chapter 18 Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor

Document Number D2010/287839

Table of Contents

18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.8 18.9 18.10

Substation Building................................................................................................... 6 11 or 22 kV Switchroom............................................................................................ 6 66 kV Gas Insulated Switchgear room ........................................................................ 7 Control Room........................................................................................................... 7 Battery Room........................................................................................................... 8 Amenities and Toilets ............................................................................................... 9 Storage Room .......................................................................................................... 9 Fire Detection and Suppression ................................................................................. 9 Normal and Emergency Lighting .............................................................................. 10 Air Conditioning and dehumidification ................................................................... 10

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Substation Design Manual Chapter 18 Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor

Document Number D2010/287839

18.1

Substation Building

The control building shall be appropriately sized to house the following: Switchroom to contain 11 or 22 kV switchgear panels 66 kV Gas Insulated Switchgear (GIS) room if applicable Control room for protection and control panels, communication panels and the operators work station Battery room for 48 V DC supply batteries Amenities and toilet facility Storage room for spare parts and equipment

For a typical diagram or plan view of a standard PWC control building refer to drawing B1017907. The control building shall be sized to accommodate all the equipment for the ultimate substation design. The designer shall ensure all building service such as cables, cable trays, pipes, ducts, equipment and components for light, power, air conditioning, fire detection and suppression; do not obstruct and are not obstructed by the location and operation of substation equipment. This also applies to installation of future equipment. The designer shall also ensure access to equipment for maintenance is not impeded. A building certificate of occupancy shall be provided to certify that the building work has been completed in accordance with the Northern Territory building permit. This shall apply to all buildings installed within the substation.

18.2

11 or 22 kV Switchroom

The switchroom shall be contained in a separate section of the building, and it shall accommodate the 11 or 22 kV switchboard as well as the 415 V LV switchboard. The switchroom shall have the following features: A means of routing 11 or 22 kV transformer and feeder cables from the switchboard into the underground trenches Room venting facilities to relieve pressure in the event of an explosion within the switchboard or release of fire suppression gas A floor capable of holding the switchboard weight and levelled to switchgear manufacturers tolerances Horizontal clearance at the front and rear of the switchboard to allow unrestricted access to the interior of the switchboard panels for viewing, work and maintenance.

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Document Number D2010/287839

Two (2) separate exits in the event of an emergency at each end of the room, with the doors opening outward

The minimum distance from the switchboard to rear wall of switchroom shall as stated in clause 18.4, so there is enough room for operating staff to move freely around the switchboard.

18.3

66 kV Gas Insulated Switchgear room

If required in the scope of w orks, a Gas Insulated sw itchgear room shall be supplied to house the 66 kV GIS . A gantry crane shall be supplied in the same room as the GIS for
the purpose of transporting the GIS from any installation position to an appropriate location within the building for easy removal. The gantry crane shall be suitable for lifting the heaviest module that is expected to be installed within the room. The clearance around the panels shall be a minimum of 1500 mm to the front of the panel, and a minimum of 1400 mm to the back, with rear door closed, and 600 mm to the back with rear door open. A minimum clearance of 1500 mm shall be allowed on the sides of the panel. Additional clearances shall be provided if required by the manufacturers specifications.

18.4

Control Room

The control room shall be sized to accommodate all the panels for the operation of a substation. The panels shall be arranged in a logical layout within the control room. As a minimum requirement, the control room shall accommodate the following: 66 kV protection and control panels 11 or 22 kV protection and control panels 11 or 22 kV cap bank management panels Digital disturbance recorder panels Metering panel for the Power transformers Communication panels, communication cables including the interface equipment for connection to

Transformer remote tap changer control panels SCADA equipment including SCADA local control facility DC auxiliary systems, including batteries, chargers and distribution panels 415 V AC station service system, including distribution panels

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Substation Design Manual Chapter 18 Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor

Document Number D2010/287839

The clearance around the panels shall be a minimum of 1500 mm to the front of the panel, and a minimum of 1400 mm to the back, with rear door closed, and 600 mm to the back with rear door open. A minimum clearance of 1500 mm shall be allowed on the sides of the panel. Refer to drawing B10-17907 for typical control room layout. The dimensions shown in the typical control room layout may also be used for the modular arrangement; however, each room will be split into separate modular buildings. Access doors shall be provided in the front and rear for the communications and SCADA panels. Only rear access doors are required for the protection panels. The protection panels shall also have side panels when mounted adjacent to other panels. The front door of the SCADA and communications panels shall be clear. The control room shall have two (2) separate exits located at opposite ends of the room to provide exit points for personnel in the event of an emergency. At least one of the control room doors shall be sufficiently sized to allow for the indoor equipment to fit into the building. The doors shall open outward. There shall be sufficient space for future panels as defined in

the scope of w orks.

18.5

Battery Room

The batteries used for DC supply shall be contained within a separate battery room in the control building. The batteries used shall be valve regulated sealed lead acid batteries (VRSLA). The battery room shall be designed in accordance with [6] and as a minimum have the following requirements: Sufficiently sized to store duplicate control (X & Y) batteries on separate racks Communications (A & B) batteries on separate racks Adequate lighting to comply with [2] Batteries shall not be directly exposed to sunlight Adequate room ventilation to maintain levels of gas to safety standard specified in [4]. Since the VRSLA battery system is designed to be recombinant and eliminate the emission of gases on overcharge, no acid fume is emitted during normal operation and room ventilation requirements are minimal Plain concrete or acid proof painted floor with adequate drainage in the event of battery spillage

Because of their construction, VRSLA batteries do not require regular addition of water to the cells and cannot spill their electrolyte if inverted. The battery lids have gas diffusers built into them that allow safe dispersal of any excess hydrogen that may be formed during overcharge.

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18.6

Amenities and Toilets

Indoor areas shall have provision for toilet facilities, compromising WC and washing facilities. The toilet and washing facilities shall be accessible via an internal door. There shall be a separate lunch room area within the control building. Operators work desk station shall be set up within the control room. There shall also be a cabinet installed in the control room for filing of documentation and drawings. The control building shall have communication facilities, such as telephone and computer access.

18.7

Storage Room

The control building shall have a separate storage room with shelving for the storage of spare equipment. Shelving shall be suitable for the stage of replacement light fittings, spare relays and auxiliary equipment used within the panels.

18.8

Fire Detection and Suppression

The building shall be fitted with a fire detection system that shall comply with [3]. The fire suppression system shall only be fitted to high risk or sensitive areas such as the control room, battery room and high voltage areas. Low risk areas such as corridors, toilets and amenities shall be fitted with smoke/thermal detectors. No fire suppression is required in these low risk areas. All rooms shall have segregation with a minimum of Fire Resistance Levels (FRL) 120/120/120 fire rating. Therefore, all rooms shall maintain structural adequacy, integrity and insulation for 120 minutes of exposure to fire. The detection in the rooms shall provide early warning at the initial stage of a fire outbreak by audible and visual alarms. The alarms shall be sent to the master control station via the substation SCADA system for remote indication. The fire suppression system (FSS) shall prevent or limit damage to the equipment from heat and corrosive fumes. In the event of fire outbreak the suppression system shall operate in two stages, the first stage shall be an alarm alerting everyone in the building to exit and the second stage shall be an evacuate and suppress stage when the gas suppression system operates. The fire suppression system shall be triggered automatically by an alarm within the fire indication board (FIB). Type of FSS shall be an Inergen fire suppression system and shall comply with [5]. The design may require a suppression gas room within the control building. Suppression gas location shall be submitted to PWC for review.

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Substation Design Manual Chapter 18 Substation Layouts and Facilities - Indoor

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Additionally, the building shall be fitted with fire extinguishers. The capacity, location and number of fire extinguishers shall comply with [7]. 18.9 Normal and Emergency Lighting

The required light levels within the control buildings shall be achieved using twin fluorescent light fittings. Control switches shall be provided at convenient locations within the building, near doorways and room entrances. Emergency lights shall be provided to allow safe access to and from buildings and also safe operation of equipment within the building. All lighting shall comply with [1] and [2]. Normal and emergency lights shall be supplied from the AC power supply but shall be on separate circuits. The emergency lights shall have their own battery backup supply. The EXIT luminaries shall be on separate circuits, be permanently on and shall have their own battery backup supply. The emergency lighting shall be capable of continuous operation, without disruption or blackouts, for at least 8 hours.

18.10 Air Conditioning and dehumidification Air conditioning shall be provided for the control room and the switchroom. The environment within the switchroom shall also be controlled with dehumidification systems. The designer shall ensure that the systems are suitable for the room size as well as the temperature levels specified by the equipment manufacturers. Where the dehumidifier is employed the room sensors and controllers must maintain room humidity between 30-40%, regardless of ambient conditions. The systems shall maintain a positive pressure within the building. Potential openings such as cable boxes shall be sealed so that there is no pressure loss under normal operating conditions. Ducted air conditioning and dehumidification systems shall be fully redundant. Compressor, dehumidifier and external components shall be cyclone protected in accordance with [21] so that the fans are not over-speeded by cyclonic winds. These systems shall be installed for easy access and maintenance. The designer shall ensure that the dehumidifier does not increase the room temperature and can operate independently of the air conditioning, however, the ducting system may be shared by both units. In the event of fire detection the ducting system shall be shut off through the use of zone control of the dampers. Engineering certification and type test certificates shall be provided for both the dehumidifier and the air conditioning units.