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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System V100R002C00

Product Description

Issue Date

01 2009-06-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2009. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the commercial contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or partial products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchased scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise agreed by the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided AS IS without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base Bantian, Longgang Shenzhen 518129 People's Republic of China Website: Email: http://www.huawei.com support@huawei.com

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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

About This Document

About This Document


Purpose
This document describes the network application, functions and features, structure, networking, network management system (NMS), and performance indexes of the OptiX RTN 950 radio transmission system, thus providing comprehensive information of the OptiX RTN 950 product for readers.

Related Versions
The following table lists the product versions related to this document. Product Name OptiX RTN 950 OptiX iManager U2000 Version V100R002C00 V100R001C00

Intended Audience
This document is intended for network planning engineers. Before you read this document, ensure that you have acquired the basic knowledge of digital microwave communication.

Organization
This document is organized as follows. Chapter 1 Introduction 2 Functions and Features Content Describes the network application and components of the OptiX RTN 950. Describes the functions and features of the OptiX RTN 950.

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About This Document

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Chapter 3 Product Structure

Content Describes the system architecture, hardware architecture, software architecture, and signal processing flow of the OptiX RTN 950. Describes common networking modes of the OptiX RTN 950. Describes the network management (NM) solution for the OptiX RTN 950, and also the various NM software that contributes to this solution. Describes the performance indexes of the OptiX RTN 950. Lists the terms. Lists the acronyms and abbreviations.

4 Networking 5 Network Management System 6 Performance A Glossary B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Conventions
Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Symbol Description Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss, performance degradation, or unexpected results. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

General Conventions
The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.
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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

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Description Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in boldface. For example, log in as user root. Book titles are in italics. Examples of information displayed on the screen are in Courier New.

Update History
Updates between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains all updates made in previous issues.

Updates in Issue 01 (2009-06-30) Based on Product Version V100R002C00


This document is the first release of the V100R002C00 version.

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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Contents

Contents
About This Document...................................................................................................................iii 1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Network Application .....................................................................................................................................1-1 1.2 Radio Link Forms .........................................................................................................................................1-3 1.3 Components...................................................................................................................................................1-3

2 Functions and Features .............................................................................................................2-1


2.1 Frequency Band ............................................................................................................................................2-2 2.2 Microwave Types ..........................................................................................................................................2-2 2.2.1 PDH Microwave ..................................................................................................................................2-2 2.2.2 SDH Microwave ..................................................................................................................................2-3 2.2.3 Hybrid Microwave ...............................................................................................................................2-4 2.3 Modulation Strategy......................................................................................................................................2-4 2.3.1 Fixed Modulation.................................................................................................................................2-4 2.3.2 Adaptive Modulation ...........................................................................................................................2-5 2.4 RF Configuration Modes...............................................................................................................................2-6 2.5 Capacity ........................................................................................................................................................2-7 2.5.1 Air Interface Capacity ..........................................................................................................................2-7 2.5.2 Cross-Connect Capacity.......................................................................................................................2-7 2.5.3 Switching Capacity ..............................................................................................................................2-8 2.6 Interfaces.......................................................................................................................................................2-8 2.6.1 Microwave Interface ............................................................................................................................2-8 2.6.2 Service Interfaces.................................................................................................................................2-8 2.6.3 Management and Auxiliary Interfaces .................................................................................................2-9 2.7 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation..............................................................................................2-10 2.8 Automatic Transmit Power Control.............................................................................................................2-10 2.9 Ethernet Processing Capability ................................................................................................................... 2-11 2.10 QoS............................................................................................................................................................2-12 2.11 Timing .......................................................................................................................................................2-12 2.12 Protection Capability.................................................................................................................................2-13 2.13 Network Management ...............................................................................................................................2-13 2.14 Easy Installation ........................................................................................................................................2-14 2.15 Easy Maintenance .....................................................................................................................................2-15

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Contents

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

3 Product Structure........................................................................................................................3-1
3.1 System Architecture ......................................................................................................................................3-1 3.1.1 SDH/PDH Microwave .........................................................................................................................3-1 3.1.2 Hybrid Microwave ...............................................................................................................................3-3 3.2 Hardware Structure .......................................................................................................................................3-4 3.2.1 IDU ......................................................................................................................................................3-4 3.2.2 ODU.....................................................................................................................................................3-6 3.3 Software Structure.........................................................................................................................................3-8 3.3.1 NMS Software .....................................................................................................................................3-8 3.3.2 IDU Software .......................................................................................................................................3-8 3.3.3 ODU Software .....................................................................................................................................3-8 3.4 Service Signal Processing Flow ....................................................................................................................3-8 3.4.1 SDH/PDH Microwave .........................................................................................................................3-9 3.4.2 Hybrid Microwave .............................................................................................................................3-10

4 Networking .................................................................................................................................4-1
4.1 SDH/PDH Microwave...................................................................................................................................4-1 4.1.1 Chain Networking................................................................................................................................4-1 4.1.2 Ring Networking..................................................................................................................................4-2 4.2 Hybrid Microwave ........................................................................................................................................4-3 4.2.1 Chain Networking................................................................................................................................4-3 4.2.2 Ring Networking..................................................................................................................................4-4

5 Network Management System ................................................................................................5-1


5.1 Network Management Solution.....................................................................................................................5-1 5.2 LCT ...............................................................................................................................................................5-2 5.3 U2000............................................................................................................................................................5-3

6 Performance ................................................................................................................................6-1
6.1 RF Performance ............................................................................................................................................6-1 6.1.1 Microwave Work Modes......................................................................................................................6-1 6.1.2 Frequency Band ...................................................................................................................................6-3 6.1.3 Receiver Sensitivity .............................................................................................................................6-5 6.1.4 Transceiver Performance......................................................................................................................6-9 6.1.5 IF Performance................................................................................................................................... 6-11 6.1.6 Baseband Signal Processing Performance of the Modem..................................................................6-12 6.2 Interface Performance .................................................................................................................................6-12 6.2.1 SDH Optical Interface Performance ..................................................................................................6-12 6.2.2 E1 Interface Performance...................................................................................................................6-13 6.2.3 Ethernet Interface Performance..........................................................................................................6-13 6.2.4 Auxiliary Interface Performance ........................................................................................................6-15 6.3 Clock Timing and Synchronization Performance........................................................................................6-16 6.4 Integrated System Performance...................................................................................................................6-17

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Contents

A Glossary .................................................................................................................................... A-1 B Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................................B-1

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Figures

Figures
Figure 1-1 TDM microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 950 .......................................1-2 Figure 1-2 Hybrid microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 950.....................................1-2 Figure 1-3 IDU 950 ............................................................................................................................................1-4 Figure 1-4 Direct mounting ................................................................................................................................1-5 Figure 1-5 Separate mounting ............................................................................................................................1-6 Figure 2-1 PDH microwave................................................................................................................................2-3 Figure 2-2 SDH microwave................................................................................................................................2-3 Figure 2-3 Hybrid microwave ............................................................................................................................2-4 Figure 2-4 AM....................................................................................................................................................2-6 Figure 3-1 Block diagram (SDH/PDH microwave) ...........................................................................................3-2 Figure 3-2 Block diagram (hybrid microwave) ..................................................................................................3-3 Figure 3-3 IDU slot layout .................................................................................................................................3-5 Figure 3-4 Block diagram of the ODU...............................................................................................................3-7 Figure 3-5 Software structure.............................................................................................................................3-8 Figure 3-6 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave...........................................................3-9 Figure 3-7 Service signal processing flow of the hybrid microwave ............................................................... 3-11 Figure 4-1 TDM microwave transmission solution (chain networking).............................................................4-2 Figure 4-2 TDM microwave transmission solution (ring networking)...............................................................4-2 Figure 4-3 TDM microwave transmission solution (hybrid networking formed with the optical transmission equipment) ..........................................................................................................................................................4-3 Figure 4-4 Hybrid microwave transmission solution (chain networking) ..........................................................4-4 Figure 4-5 Hybrid microwave transmission solution (ring networking) ............................................................4-4 Figure 5-1 Network management solution to the transmission network ............................................................5-2

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Tables

Tables
Table 1-1 Radio link forms of the OptiX RTN 950 ............................................................................................1-3 Table 1-2 Introduction of the IDU 950 ...............................................................................................................1-3 Table 1-3 ODUs supported by the OptiX RTN 950............................................................................................1-4 Table 2-1 RF configuration modes .....................................................................................................................2-6 Table 2-2 Auxiliary services or paths provided by each microwave interface....................................................2-8 Table 2-3 Type and number of the service interfaces supported by adding service interface boards .................2-9 Table 2-4 Type and number of management and auxiliary interfaces ................................................................2-9 Table 2-5 Ethernet service processing capability.............................................................................................. 2-11 Table 2-6 QoS features .....................................................................................................................................2-12 Table 2-7 Protection schemes ...........................................................................................................................2-13 Table 3-1 Functional unit (SDH/PDH microwave).............................................................................................3-2 Table 3-2 Functional unit (hybrid microwave) ...................................................................................................3-3 Table 3-3 List of IDUs........................................................................................................................................3-5 Table 3-4 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave in the transmit direction......................3-9 Table 3-5 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave in the receive direction .....................3-10 Table 3-6 Service signal processing flow of the hybrid microwave in the transmit direction .......................... 3-11 Table 3-7 Service signal processing flow of the hybrid microwave in the receive direction............................3-12 Table 6-1 SDH/PDH microwave work modes....................................................................................................6-1 Table 6-2 Hybrid microwave work modes..........................................................................................................6-2 Table 6-3 Frequency band (SP ODUs) ...............................................................................................................6-4 Table 6-4 Frequency band (SPA ODUs) .............................................................................................................6-4 Table 6-5 Frequency band (HP ODUs)...............................................................................................................6-5 Table 6-6 Typical receiver sensitivity values (i) of the SDH/PDH microwave ..................................................6-5 Table 6-7 Typical receiver sensitivity values (ii) of the SDH/PDH microwave .................................................6-6 Table 6-8 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity (i) of the Hybrid microwave ..............................................6-7 Table 6-9 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity (ii) of the Hybrid microwave .............................................6-7

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Tables

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description Table 6-10 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity (iii) of the Hybrid microwave..........................................6-8 Table 6-11 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity (iv) of the Hybrid microwave ..........................................6-8 Table 6-12 Transceiver performance (SP ODUs) ...............................................................................................6-9 Table 6-13 Transceiver performance (SPA ODUs)...........................................................................................6-10 Table 6-14 Transceiver performance (HP ODUs).............................................................................................6-10 Table 6-15 IF performance ............................................................................................................................... 6-11 Table 6-16 Baseband signal processing performance of the modem ................................................................6-12 Table 6-17 STM-1 optical interface performance.............................................................................................6-13 Table 6-18 E1 interface performance................................................................................................................6-13 Table 6-19 Performance of the GE optical interface.........................................................................................6-14 Table 6-20 GE electric interface performance ..................................................................................................6-14 Table 6-21 FE electric interface performance...................................................................................................6-15 Table 6-22 Orderwire interface performance....................................................................................................6-15 Table 6-23 Synchronous data interface performance........................................................................................6-16 Table 6-24 Asynchronous data interface performance......................................................................................6-16 Table 6-25 Wayside service interface performance ..........................................................................................6-16 Table 6-26 Clock timing and synchronization performance .............................................................................6-17 Table 6-27 Dimensions .....................................................................................................................................6-17 Table 6-28 Power Supply..................................................................................................................................6-17 Table 6-29 Environment performance ..............................................................................................................6-18

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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

1 Introduction

1
About This Chapter
1.1 Network Application 1.2 Radio Link Forms

Introduction

The OptiX RTN 950 is one of the series products of the OptiX RTN 900 radio transmission system.

The OptiX RTN 900 is a new generation split microwave transmission system developed by Huawei. It can provide a seamless microwave transmission solution for a mobile communication network or private network.

The OptiX RTN 950 provides the radio links of different forms by flexibly configuring different IF boards and ODUs to meet the requirements of different microwave application scenarios. 1.3 Components The OptiX RTN 950 adopts a split structure. The system consists of the IDU 950 and the ODU. An ODU is connected to an IDU through an IF cable.

1.1 Network Application


The OptiX RTN 900 is a new generation split microwave transmission system developed by Huawei. It can provide a seamless microwave transmission solution for a mobile communication network or private network. The OptiX RTN 900 products are available in two types: OptiX RTN 910 and OptiX RTN 950. The IDU of the OptiX RTN 910 is 1U high and supports one or two IF boards. The IDU of the OptiX RTN 950 is 2U high and supports one to six IF boards. The users can choose an appropriate type according to the actual requirements. The OptiX RTN 950 provides several types of service interfaces and facilitates installation and flexible configuration. It can provide a solution that is integrated with the TDM microwave, hybrid microwave, and packet microwave according to the network requirements. It supports the smooth upgrade from the TDM microwave to the hybrid microwave, and from the hybrid microwave to the packet microwave. The solution can evolve based on the service changes that may occur due to radio mobile network evolution. Thus, this solution can meet

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the transmission requirements of not only 2G and 3G networks, but also future LTE and 4G networks. Figure 1-1 and Figure 1-2 show the TDM microwave transmission solution and the hybrid microwave transmission solution respectively that are provided by the OptiX RTN 950 for the mobile communication network. Figure 1-1 TDM microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 950

E1 E1

E1

E1 E1 STM-1/E1 Regional Backhaul Network E1

E1 E1 E1 E1

OptiX RTN 950

BTS

BSC

Figure 1-2 Hybrid microwave transmission solution provided by the OptiX RTN 950

FE FE E1

E1 E1

E1 STM-1/E1 E1 FE/GE GE E1 FE FE E1 Regional Backhaul Network

OptiX RTN 950

NodeB

BTS

RNC

BSC

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1 Introduction

In the solutions, the local backhaul network is optional. The OptiX RTN 950 can be connected to the RNC or the BSC directly.

1.2 Radio Link Forms


The OptiX RTN 950 provides the radio links of different forms by flexibly configuring different IF boards and ODUs to meet the requirements of different microwave application scenarios. Table 1-1 Radio link forms of the OptiX RTN 950 Radio Link Form Type of the System Control, Cross-Connect, and Timing Board CST/CSH Type of the IF Board Type of the ODU

SDH/PDH radio link

IF1

Standard power ODU or high power ODU Standard power ODU or high power ODU Standard power ODU or high power ODU

Hybrid radio link

CSH

IFU2

Hybrid radio link that supports the XPIC

CSH

IFX2

1.3 Components
The OptiX RTN 950 adopts a split structure. The system consists of the IDU 950 and the ODU. An ODU is connected to an IDU through an IF cable.

IDU 950
IDU 950 is the indoor unit of an OptiX RTN 950 system. It accesses services, performs multiplexing/demultiplexing and IF processing of the services, and provides system control and communication function. Table 1-2 describes the basic features of the IDU 950. Table 1-2 Introduction of the IDU 950 Item Chassis height Pluggable Performance 2U Supported

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Item Number of microwave directions RF configuration mode

Performance 16 1+0 non-protection configuration N+0 non-protection configuration (N 5) 1+1 protection configuration N+1 protection configuration (N 4) XPIC configuration

Figure 1-3 IDU 950

ODU
The ODU is the outdoor unit of the OptiX RTN 900. It performs frequency conversion and amplification of signals. The OptiX RTN 900 series products share one set of ODUs.The OptiX RTN 950 support standard power ODU and high power ODU. Table 1-3 ODUs supported by the OptiX RTN 950 Item Description Standard Power ODU ODU type Frequency band SP and SPA 7/8/11/13/15/18/23/26/38 GHz (SP ODU) 6/7/8/11/13/15/18/23 GHz (SPA ODU) High Power ODU HP 7/8/11/13/15/18/23/26/32/38 GHz

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Item

Description Standard Power ODU High Power ODU QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/64 QAM/128QAM/256QAM

Microwave modulation mode

QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/64 QAM/128QAM/256QAM (SP ODU) QPSK/16QAM/32QAM/64 QAM/128QAM (SPA ODU)

Channel Spacing

3.5/7/14/28 MHz

7/14/28/40/56 MHz

There are two methods of mounting the ODU and the antenna: direct mounting and separate mounting.

The direct mounting method is normally adopted when a small-diameter and single-polarized antenna is used. In this situation, if one ODU is configured for one antenna, the ODU is directly mounted at the back of the antenna. If two ODUs are configured for one antenna, an RF signal combiner/splitter (hereinafter referred to as a hybrid coupler) must be mounted to connect the ODUs to the antenna. Figure 1-4 shows the direct mounting method.

Figure 1-4 Direct mounting

The separate mounting method is adopted when a double-polarized antenna or big-diameter and single-polarized antenna is used. Figure 1-5 shows the separate method. In this situation, a hybrid coupler can be mounted. That is, two ODUs share one feed boom.

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Figure 1-5 Separate mounting

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2 Functions and Features

2
About This Chapter
2.1 Frequency Band 2.2 Microwave Types

Functions and Features

The OptiX RTN 950 provides plentiful functions and features to ensure the quality and efficiency of service transmission.

The OptiX RTN 950 provides the products of full frequency bands.

The different radio link form of OptiX RTN 950 supports different types of microwaves. The radio link form of the SDH/PDH microwave supports the PDH microwave and the SDH microwave. 2.3 Modulation Strategy The SDH/PDH microwave supports fixed modulation. The hybrid microwave supports fixed modulation and adaptive modulation. 2.4 RF Configuration Modes The OptiX RTN 950 supports the 1+0 non-protection configuration, the N+0 non-protection configuration, 1+1 protection configuration, N+1 protection configuration, and XPIC configuration. 2.5 Capacity The OptiX RTN 950 has a large capacity. 2.6 Interfaces

The OptiX RTN 950 has several interface types. 2.7 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation Cross-polarization interference cancellation (XPIC) is a technology used together with co-channel dual-polarization (CCDP). The application of the two technologies doubles the wireless link capacity over the same channel. 2.8 Automatic Transmit Power Control The automatic transmit power control (ATPC) function enables the output power of the transmitter to automatically trace the level fluctuation at the receive end within the ATPC control range. This reduces the interference with neighboring systems and residual BER.
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2 Functions and Features

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

2.9

Ethernet Processing Capability

The OptiX RTN 950 provides the powerful Ethernet service processing capability. 2.10 QoS

OptiX RTN 950 provide improved quality of service (QoS) capabilities Thus, the OptiX RTN 950 can offer various QoS levels of service guarantees and build an integrated network to carry data, voice, and video services. 2.11 Timing The characteristics of the OptiX RTN 950 clock meet the requirements for transporting the clock of the mobile communication network and provide the complete clock protection mechanism. 2.12 Protection Capability

The OptiX RTN 950 provides complete protection schemes. 2.13 Network Management

The OptiX RTN 950 supports multiple network management (NM) modes, and provides complete NM information exchange schemes. 2.14 Easy Installation

The OptiX RTN 950 supports several installation modes. Therefore, the installation is flexible and convenient. 2.15 Easy Maintenance

The OptiX RTN 950 provides several maintenance features. Therefore, it can effectively reduce the cost of equipment maintenance.

2.1 Frequency Band


The OptiX RTN 950 provides the products of full frequency bands.

When the OptiX RTN 950 uses the standard power ODU, the 6, 7, 8, 11, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, and 38 GHz frequency bands are supported. When the OptiX RTN 950 uses the high power ODU, the 7, 8, 11, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, 32, and 38 GHz frequency bands are supported.

2.2 Microwave Types


The different radio link form of OptiX RTN 950 supports different types of microwaves. The radio link form of the SDH/PDH microwave supports the PDH microwave and the SDH microwave.

2.2.1 PDH Microwave


The PDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits only the PDH services (mainly, the E1 services). During the transmission, the PDH microwave does not change the features of the PDH services.

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2 Functions and Features

Unlike the traditional PDH microwave equipment, the OptiX RTN 950 has a built-in MADM, which grooms the E1 services to the microwave port for further transmission. Therefore, the services can be groomed flexibly and seamless convergence between the optical network and the microwave network is achieved. Figure 2-1 PDH microwave
IDU SDH ODU PDH radio

OH

MADM

E1

2.2.2 SDH Microwave


SDH microwave refers to the microwave that transmits SDH services. During the transmission, the SDH microwave does not change the features of the SDH services. Unlike the traditional SDH microwave equipment, the OptiX RTN 950 is embed with the MADM. The OptiX RTN 950 grooms services to the microwave port through cross-connections, maps the services into the STM-1-based microwave frames, and then transmits the STM-1-based microwave frames. Thus, the free grooming of the services and the seamless convergence with the optical transmission network are implemented. Figure 2-2 SDH microwave
IDU SDH ODU SDH radio

OH

MADM

OH

E1

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2.2.3 Hybrid Microwave


The Hybrid microwave refers to the microwave that transmits native E1 services and native Ethernet services in hybrid mode. The hybrid microwave can support AM function. During the transmission, the Hybrid microwave does not change the features of the E1 services and Ethernet services. The OptiX RTN 950 is embed with the MADM and the packet processing platform. The MADM transmits E1 services that are accessed locally or extracted from the SDH to the microwave port. After processing the accessed Ethernet services in the unified manner, the packet processing platform transmits the Ethernet services to the microwave port. The microwave port maps the E1 services and the Ethernet services into hybrid microwave frames and then transmits the hybrid microwave frames. Figure 2-3 Hybrid microwave
IDU E1 TDM cross-connect matrix Ethernet Packet switching Native E1 and native Ethernet ODU Hybrid radio

The characteristics of hybrid microwave frames are as follows:


The frames with a fixed period are used for transmission. In the specific modulation mode or channel spacing , the length of hybrid microwave frames remains unchanged. The E1 services in hybrid microwave frames occupy a fixed bandwidth (when N E1 services are transmitted, the bandwidth of N E1 services is occupied). Thus, the hybrid microwave does not change the features of the E1 services during transmission. In hybrid microwave frames, the Ethernet services occupy the remaining bandwidth of the E1 services. The encapsulation adaptation processing of the Ethernet frames is performed. Therefore, the hybrid microwave does not change the features of the Ethernet services during transmission.

2.3 Modulation Strategy


The SDH/PDH microwave supports fixed modulation. The hybrid microwave supports fixed modulation and adaptive modulation.

2.3.1 Fixed Modulation


Fixed modulation refers to a modulation strategy wherein a modulation mode is adopted invariably when the radio link is running.

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2 Functions and Features

When the OptiX RTN 950 uses the fixed modulation strategy, you can set the adopted modulation mode by using the software.

2.3.2 Adaptive Modulation


Adaptive modulation (AM) is a technology wherein the modulation mode can be adjusted automatically according to the channel quality. In the case of the same channel spacing, the microwave service bandwidth varies according to the modulation mode. The higher the modulation efficiency, the higher the bandwidth of the transmitted services. When the channel quality is favorable (such as on days when the weather is favorable), the equipment adopts a higher modulation mode to try to transmit more user services. In this manner, the transmission efficiency and the spectrum utilization of the system are improved. When the channel quality is degraded (such as on days when the weather is stormy and foggy), the equipment adopts a lower modulation mode to transmit only the services with a higher priority within the available bandwidth and to discard the services with a lower priority. In this manner, the anti-interference capability of a link is improved and the link availability of the services with a higher priority is ensured. When the hybrid microwave equipment adopts the AM technology, it controls service transmission based on the service bandwidth and QoS policy corresponding to the current modulation mode. The E1 services have the highest priority. By adopting the CoS technology, the equipment schedules Ethernet services of different types to the queues with different priorities. The services in the queues of different priorities are transmitted to the microwave port through the SP or WRR algorithm. When the queues of certain priorities are congested because of insufficient microwave bandwidth, the queues of these priorities discard certain or all services. When the hybrid microwave works in the lowest modulation mode, the equipment transmits only the E1 services and the Ethernet services of the high priority on the available bandwidth. When the Hybrid microwave works in any other modulation mode, all the additional bandwidth is used to transmit the Ethernet services. In this manner, the availability of the links that carry the E1 services and the Ethernet services of the high priority is ensured and the Ethernet service capacity is increased, thus providing the dynamic bandwidth. Figure 2-4 shows the service change caused by the AM. The orange part indicates the E1 services. The blue part indicates the Ethernet services. The closer to the edge of the blue part, the lower the priority of the Ethernet service. Under all channel conditions, the E1 services occupy the specific bandwidth that is permanently available. Thus, the availability of the E1 services is ensured. The bandwidth for the Ethernet services varies according to the channel conditions. When the channel is in bad conditions, the Ethernet services of the low priority are discarded.

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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Figure 2-4 AM

256QAM 128QAM 32QAM QPSK 256QAM Channel Capability 64QAM E1 Services Ethernet Services 128QAM 32QAM 16QAM 16QAM 64QAM

The AM technology adopted by the OptiX RTN 950 has the following features:

The AM technology can use the QPSK, 16QAM, 32QAM, 64QAM, 128QAM, and 256QAM modulation mode. The lowest modulation mode (also called "reference mode") and the highest modulation mode (also called "nominal mode") actually used by the AM can be configured. When the modulation modes of AM are switched, the transmit frequency, receive frequency, and channel spacing do not change. When the modulation modes of AM are switched, the step by step switching mode must be adopted. When the AM switches the modulation modes to a lower one, the services of the low priority are discarded but no bit errors or slips occur in the services of the high priority. The speed of switching the modulation modes meets the requirement for no bit error in the case of 100 dB/s fast fading.

2.4 RF Configuration Modes


The OptiX RTN 950 supports the 1+0 non-protection configuration, the N+0 non-protection configuration, 1+1 protection configuration, N+1 protection configuration, and XPIC configuration. Table 2-1shows the RF configuration modes that are supported. Table 2-1 RF configuration modes Configuration Mode 1+0 non-protection configuration Maximum Number of Configuration 6

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Configuration Mode 1+1 protection configuration (1+1 HSB/FD/SD) N+0 non-protection configuration (N 5)

Maximum Number of Configuration 3 3 (N = 2) 2 (N = 3) 1 (N 4)

N+1 protection configuration (N 4)

3 (N = 1) 2 (N = 2) 1 (N 3)

XPIC configuration

When two 1+0 non-protection configurations form a microwave ring network, the special RF configuration (namely, east and west configuration) is formed. In the case of the east and west configuration, the SNCP and the ERPS can be configured to protect the ring network of SDH/PDH services and Ethernet services. When the OptiX RTN 950 adds or drops services locally, it supports five 1+0 non-protection configurations in the case of the TDM microwave, four 1+0 non-protection configurations in the case of the hybrid microwave, two 1+1 protection configurations, one 2+1 protection configuration, or two XPIC configurations. Only the STM-1 microwave and the hybrid microwave supports the N+1 protection. Only the hybrid microwave support the XPIC configuration. Two XPIC configurations can form one 1+1 protection configuration of the XPIC.

2.5 Capacity
The OptiX RTN 950 has a large capacity.

2.5.1 Air Interface Capacity


The microwave air interface capacity depends on the specific microwave work mode.

If the radio link form is the SDH/PDH microwave, the maximum capacity of each channel of microwave is STM-1. If the radio link form is the hybrid microwave, the maximum capacity of each channel of microwave is 363 Mbit/s when the high power ODU is used or 183 Mbit/s when the standard power ODU is used. If the XPIC technology is used, the service capacity of the microwave channel can be doubled with same the spectrum bandwidth.

2.5.2 Cross-Connect Capacity


The OptiX RTN 950 is embedded with the MADM and provides full timeslot cross-connections for VC-12/VC-3/VC-4 services equivalent to 32x32 VC-4s.

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2.5.3 Switching Capacity


The OptiX RTN 950 has a built-in packet processing platform with the switching capacity of 10 Gbit/s.

2.6 Interfaces
The OptiX RTN 950 has several interface types.

2.6.1 Microwave Interface


The OptiX RTN 950 provides a microwave interface through the IF board and the ODU that is connected to the IF board. Each microwave interface transmits one channel of microwave service. In addition, it transmits various auxiliary services or paths through the microwave overhead. Table 2-2 lists the auxiliary services or paths provided by each microwave interface. Table 2-2 Auxiliary services or paths provided by each microwave interface Service/Path Type Synchronous data service Asynchronous data service Orderwire phone service Wayside E1 servicea DCC path Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 Rate 64 kbit/s 19.2 kbit/s 64 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 64 kbit/s (The capacity is smaller than 16xE1 PDH microwaves.) 192 kbit/s (The capacity is not smaller than 16xE1 SDH/PDH microwaves.) 192 kbit/s (hybrid microwave)

The wayside E1 service is supported only when the radio link works in STM-1 mode.

2.6.2 Service Interfaces


The service interfaces of different types can be provided by configuring different service interface boards. Table 2-3 lists the type and number of the service interfaces supported by adding service interface boards to the OptiX RTN 950.

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Table 2-3 Type and number of the service interfaces supported by adding service interface boards Type of Service Interface Board Maximum Number of Boards 5 5 5 Provided Service Interface Number of Interfaces Provided by One Board 16 32 2

SP3S SP3D SL1D

75/120-ohm E1 interface 75/120-ohm E1 interface STM-1 optical interface: Ie-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, and L-1.2 FE electrical interface: 10/100BASE-T(X) GE electrical interface: 10/100/1000BASET(X)

EM6T

EM6F

FE electrical interface: 10/100BASE-T(X) GE optical interface: 1000Base-SX and 1000Base-LX

"Maximum Number of Boards" in the Table 2-3 is the maximum number calculated when at least one IF board is configured.

2.6.3 Management and Auxiliary Interfaces


The OptiX RTN 950 provides the management and auxiliary interfaces through the system control, switching, and timing board and the auxiliary board. Table 2-4 Type and number of management and auxiliary interfaces Interface External clock interface Management interface Specifications Combined 120-ohm 2,048 kbit/s or 2,048 kHz clock input/output interface 10/100BASE-T(X) NM interface NM serial interface 10/100BASE-T(X) NE cascade interface Quantity 1 1 1 1

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Interface Auxiliary interface

Specifications Orderwire phone interface RS-232 asynchronous data interface 64 kbit/s synchronous data interface Wayside E1 interface

Quantity 1 1 1 1 Four input and two output

Alarm interface

Alarm input/output interface

The external clock interface and wayside E1 interface are combined into one interface. This interface can transparently transmit the DCC byte, orderwire overhead byte, and synchronous/asynchronous data service overhead byte. One interface can, however, implement only one of the three functions: external clock interface, wayside E1 service, and transparent transmission of the overhead byte. The 64 kbit/s synchronous data interface can transparently transmit the orderwire byte. One interface can, however, implement only one of the two functions: 64 kbit/s synchronous data interface and transparent transmission of the orderwire byte. The external clock interface and the management interface are provided by the system control, switching, and timing board (CST/CSH). The auxiliary interface and the alarm interface are provided by the AUX board. The number of external clock interfaces or the number of management interfaces listed in the table is the number of interfaces provided by one system control, switching, and timing board.

2.7 Cross-Polarization Interference Cancellation


Cross-polarization interference cancellation (XPIC) is a technology used together with co-channel dual-polarization (CCDP). The application of the two technologies doubles the wireless link capacity over the same channel. CCDP transmission adopts both the horizontally polarized wave and the vertically polarized wave on one channel to transmit two channels of signals. The ideal situation of CCDP transmission is that no interference exists between the two orthogonal signals though they are with the same frequency, and thus the receiver can easily recover the two signals. In actual engineering conditions, however, despite the orthogonality of the two signals, certain interference between the signals inevitably occurs, due to cross-polarization discrimination (XPD) of the antenna and channel degradation. To cancel the interference, the XPIC technology is adopted. In XPIC technology, the signals are received in the horizontal and vertical directions. The signals in the two directions are then processed and the original signals are recovered from interfered signals.

2.8 Automatic Transmit Power Control


The automatic transmit power control (ATPC) function enables the output power of the transmitter to automatically trace the level fluctuation at the receive end within the ATPC control range. This reduces the interference with neighboring systems and residual BER.

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2.9 Ethernet Processing Capability


The OptiX RTN 950 provides the powerful Ethernet service processing capability. Table 2-5 Ethernet service processing capability Item Ethernet service type Maximum frame length VLAN Performance E-LINE and E-LAN 1518 bytes to 9600 bytes

Adds, deletes, and switches VALN tags according to IEEE 802.1q/p, and forwards packets based on VLAN tags. Processes packets based on the port tag attribute (Tag/Hybrid/Access). The E-LAN service supports the MAC address learning capability in two learning modes: SVL and IVL. The capacity of the MAC address table is 16k (including static entities). The MAC address aging time can be configured. The value ranges from 1 to 65535 minutes.

MAC address learning capability

MSTP IGMP Snooping Link aggregation

Supports the MSTP protocol, and generates only the Common and Internal Spanning Tree (CIST). Supported. Supports manual aggregation and static aggregation, and load sharing and non-load sharing. The load sharing algorithm is implemented based on the hash of the MAC address or IP address. Supports the G.8032 compliant ring network protection of Ethernet services. Disables the Ethernet port that is connected to the user equipment when the transmission network fails. Supported. For details, see 2.10 QoS. Supports the IEEE 802.3x complaint traffic control function. Supports IEEE 802.1ag and IEEE 802.3ah compliant ETH-OAM function. Supports IETF RFC2819 compliant RMON performance monitoring.

ERPS LPT QoS Traffic control function ETH-OAM Ethernet performance monitoring Port mirror Synchronization Ethernet

Supported. Supports G.8261 and G.8262 compliant RMON performance monitoring.

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The E-LINE service is an Ethernet private line service. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the private line service based on the PORT, PORT+VLAN, and PORT+QinQ. A maximum of 1024 E-LINE services are supported. The E-LAN service is an Ethernet private line service. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the private line service based on the 802.1d bridge, 802.1q bridge, and 802.1ad bridge. The bridge supports a maximum of 1024 logical ports.

2.10 QoS
OptiX RTN 950 provide improved quality of service (QoS) capabilities Thus, the OptiX RTN 950 can offer various QoS levels of service guarantees and build an integrated network to carry data, voice, and video services. Table 2-6 QoS features Feature Flow classification Traffic policing Queue scheduling Performance Supports the flow classification based on the PORT, CVLAN ID, SVLAN ID, 802.1p priority of the CVLAN/SVLAN packet, and DSCP. Supports the 64 kbit/s step of the CAR, PIR, and CIR.

Each Ethernet port supports the queue scheduling of eight priorities. Flexibly sets the queue scheduling scheme for each Ethernet port. The queue scheduling modes includes SP, SP+WRR, and WRR. Supports the shaping for the specified PORT, priority queue, or service flow. Supports the 64 kbit/s step of the PIR and CIR.

Traffic shaping

Buffer capacity

12 Mbit

2.11 Timing
The characteristics of the OptiX RTN 950 clock meet the requirements for transporting the clock of the mobile communication network and provide the complete clock protection mechanism.

Supporting the extraction of the clock source from line, tributary, microwave, synchronous Ethernet, and external clock signals Supporting the SSM protocol and the extended SSM protocol, and supporting the transmission of the SSM information through SDH line, SDH microwave, synchronous Ethernet, and external clock signals Supporting the re-timing function over the entire tributary

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2.12 Protection Capability


The OptiX RTN 950 provides complete protection schemes. Table 2-7 Protection schemes Item Power supply Protection Capability 1+1 hot backup for the power input unit 1+1 hot backup of the internal power module Control, switching, and timing board Radio Link 1+1 hot backup 1+1 HSB/SD/FD N+1 protection (N 4) SNCP for TDM servicea, b ERPS for Ethernet servicb Ethernet LAG MSTP ERPS STM-1 1+1 linear MSP N:1 linear MSP (N 4) SNCP for servicec

a: When the SDH/PDH radio link forms the ring network protection, the SNCP is used to protect SDH/PDH services. b: When the hybrid radio link forms the ring network protection, the SNCP is used to protect E1 services and the ERPS is used to protect Ethernet services. c: When the SDH radio link and the optical STM-1 path form a hybrid ring network, the SNCP is used to protect STM-1 services on the ring network.

2.13 Network Management


The OptiX RTN 950 supports multiple network management (NM) modes, and provides complete NM information exchange schemes.

NM Mode
The OptiX RTN 950 supports the following functions:

Accessing the iManager LCT directly at the near end of the NE to perform the single-point management for the NE

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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Using the OptiX iManager U2000 to manage all OptiX RTN NEs on the transmission network and the NEs of Huawei optical transmission products in the centralized manner and manage the transmission networks in the unified manner Using the SNMP agent to query alarms and performance events

NM Information Exchange Schemes


At the physical layer, the OptiX RTN 950 supports the following NM information exchange schemes:

Using one or three Huawei-defined DCC bytes in the PDH microwave frame to transmit NM information Using the D1D3 and D4D12 bytes or D1D12 bytes in the SDH microwave frame and the SDH frame to transmit NM information Using three Huawei-defined bytes in the hybrid microwave frame to transmit NM information Using the Ethernet NM interface to transmit NM information Using the DCC bytes that are transmitted by the external clock interface to transmit NM information on an SDH/PDH network Supporting the inband DCN function, and using the Ethernet service bandwidth to transmit NM information on the hybrid microwave port or FE/GE port

At the network layer, the OptiX RTN 950 supports the following NM information exchange schemes:

Using HWECC to transmit NM information Using IP over DCC to transmit NM information Using OSI over DCC to transmit NM information

2.14 Easy Installation


The OptiX RTN 950 supports several installation modes. Therefore, the installation is flexible and convenient. The IDU can be installed in the following modes:

In a 300 mm ETSI cabinet In a 600 mm ETSI cabinet In a 450 mm 19-inch cabinet In a 600 mm 19-inch cabinet In an open cabinet On the wall On a table

The ODU supports two installation modes: direct mounting and separate mounting.

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2.15 Easy Maintenance


The OptiX RTN 950 provides several maintenance features. Therefore, it can effectively reduce the cost of equipment maintenance.

The OptiX RTN 950 supports the unified management of the microwave transmission network and the optical transmission network at the network layer by using the OptiX iManger U2000. All the indicators and cable interfaces of the IDU are available on the front panel. Each board of the IDU has the running and alarm status indicators. The OptiX RTN 950 provides plentiful alarms and performance events. The OptiX RTN 950 supports RMON performance events. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the ETH OAM function. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the monitoring and the graphic display of key radio transmission performance specifications such as the microwave transmit power and the RSSI. The OptiX RTN 950 supports various loopback functions of service ports and IF ports. The OptiX RTN 950 is embedded with a test system. You can perform the PRBS test of an IF port when no special test tools are available. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the port mirror function so that it can test and diagnose services without affecting Ethernet services. The CF card that stores the data configuration file and the software can be replaced on site. Therefore, you can load the data or upgrade the software by replacing the CF card. Two sets of software and data are stored in the flash memory of the control, switching, and timing board to facilitate the smooth upgrade. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the regular backup and restoration of the NE database remotely by using the U2000. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the remote loading of the NE software and data by using the U2000 to provide a complete NE upgrade solution. Thus, the entire network can be upgraded rapidly. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the NSF function. When the soft reset is performed for the NE software, SDH/PDH services and E-LINE services are not interrupted, thus implementing the smooth software upgrade. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the hot fix function. You can upgrade the software that is running without interrupting services. The OptiX RTN 950 supports the software version rollback function. When a software upgrade fails, the original software can be recovered, thus the original services of the system can be restored.

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3
About This Chapter
3.1 System Architecture 3.2 Hardware Structure

Product Structure

This topic describes the system structure, hardware structure, and software structure of the product, and the process of processing service signals.

The SDH/PDH microwave system architecture is different from the Hybrid microwave architecture.

The OptiX RTN 950 adopts a split structure. The system consists of the IDU and the ODU. An ODU is connected to an IDU through a IF cable. The IF cable transmits IF service signals and the O&M signals of the ODU. In addition, the coaxial cable supplies 48 V DC power supply to the ODU. 3.3 Software Structure

The OptiX RTN 950 software consists of the NMS software, IDU software, and ODU software. 3.4 Service Signal Processing Flow

The flow for transmitting the PDH microwave signals is different from the flow for transmitting the Hybrid microwave signals.

3.1 System Architecture


The SDH/PDH microwave system architecture is different from the Hybrid microwave architecture.

3.1.1 SDH/PDH Microwave


The SDH/PDH microwave equipment consists of a series of functional units, including the service interface unit, timeslot cross-connect unit, IF unit, control unit, clock unit, auxiliary interface unit, fan unit, power unit, and ODU.

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Figure 3-1 Block diagram (SDH/PDH microwave)


RF signal ODU IDU Service interface unit VC-4 signal
Timeslot crossconnect unit

IF signal VC-4 signal

Antenna

E1/STM-1

IF unit

Control and overhead bus

Orderwire data External alarm data Sync/Async data

Auxiliary interface unit

Clock unit

Control unit

Fan unit

Power unit

Clock interface

NM data

-48V/-60V DC

Table 3-1 Functional unit (SDH/PDH microwave) Functional Unit Service interface unit Timeslot cross-connect unit IF unit Function

Accesses E1 signals. Accesses STM-1 signals.

Provides the cross-connect function and grooms TDM services.


Maps and demaps service signals to microwave frame signals and microwave frame signals to service signals. Converts between microwave frame signals and IF analog signals. Provides the O&M channel between the IF unit and the ODU. Supports FEC. Performs system communication and control. Configures and manages the system. Collects alarms and monitors the performance. Processes overheads. Traces the clock source signals and provides various clock signals for the system. Provides the input/output interface for external clock signals. Provides the orderwire phone interface. Provides the synchronous/asynchronous data interface. Provides the external alarm input/output interface.

Control unit

Clock unit

Auxiliary interface unit

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Functional Unit Power unit

Function

Accesses 48 V/60 V DC power. Provides DC power for the IDU. Provides 48 V DC power for the ODU.

Fan unit

Provides wind cooling for the IDU.

3.1.2 Hybrid Microwave


The hybrid microwave equipment consists of a series of functional units, including the service interface unit, timeslot cross-connect unit, packet switching unit, IF unit, control unit, clock unit, auxiliary interface unit, fan unit, power unit, and ODU. Figure 3-2 Block diagram (hybrid microwave)
RF signal ODU IDU VC-4 signal Ethernet E1/STM-1 Service interface unit Ethernet signal
Timeslot crossconnect unit

IF signal VC-4 signal IF unit Packet switching unit Ethernet signal

Antenna

Control and overhead bus

Orderwire data External alarm data Sync/Async data

Auxiliary interface unit

Clock unit

Control unit

Fan unit

Power unit

Clock interface

NM data

-48V/-60V DC

Table 3-2 Functional unit (hybrid microwave) Functional Unit Service interface unit Function

Accesses E1 signals. Accesses STM-1 signals. Accesses Ethernet signals.

Timeslot cross-connect unit

Provides the cross-connect function and grooms TDM services.

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Functional Unit Packet switching unit IF unit

Function Processes Ethernet services and forwards packets.


Maps service signals to microwave frame signals and demaps microwave frame signals to service signals. Performs conversion between microwave frame signals and IF analog signals. Provides the O&M channel between the IDU and the ODU. Supports FEC. System communications and control. System configuration and management. Collects alarms and monitors performance. Cross-connects overheads. Traces the clock source signal and provides various clock signals for the system. Supports input and output of one external clock signal. Provides the orderwire interface. Provides the synchronous/asynchronous data interface. Provides the external alarm input/output interface. Accesses 48 V/60 V DC power. Provides DC power for the IDU. Provides 48 V DC power for the ODU.

Control unit

Clock unit

Auxiliary interface unit

Power unit

Fan unit

Provides wind cooling for the IDU

3.2 Hardware Structure


The OptiX RTN 950 adopts a split structure. The system consists of the IDU and the ODU. An ODU is connected to an IDU through a IF cable. The IF cable transmits IF service signals and the O&M signals of the ODU. In addition, the coaxial cable supplies 48 V DC power supply to the ODU.

3.2.1 IDU
The IDU 950 is the indoor unit of the OptiX RTN 950. The IDU 950 adopts the card plug-in design. It can implement different functions by configuring different types of boards. All the service boards support hot-swapping.

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Figure 3-3 IDU slot layout


Slot 10 (PIU) Slot 9 (PIU) Slot 7 (CST/CSH) Slot 11 (FAN) Slot 5 (EXT) Slot 3 (EXT) Slot 1 (EXT) Slot 8 (CST/CSH) Slot 6 (EXT) Slot 4 (EXT) Slot 2 (EXT)

The EXT represents an extended slot, which can be inserted with various IF boards and interface boards.

Table 3-3 List of IDUs Board Name CST Full Spelling TDM control, switching, and timing board Valid Slot Slot 7 or slot 8 Description

Provides full timeslot cross-connections for VC-12/VC-3/VC-4 services equivalent to 32x32 VC-4s. Performs system communication and control. Provides the clock processing function and supports one external clock input/output function. Provides one Ethernet NM interface, one NM serial interface, and one NE cascading interface. Provides full timeslot cross-connections for VC-12/VC-3/VC-4 services equivalent to 32x32 VC-4s. Provides the 10 Gbit/s packet switching capability. Performs system communication and control. Provides the clock processing function and supports one external clock input/output function. Provides one Ethernet NM interface, one NM serial interface, and one NE cascading interface. Provides one IF interface. Supports the TU-based PDH microwave solution and the STM-1-based SDH microwave solution. Provides one IF interface. Supports the hybrid microwave solution. Supports AM.

CSH

Hybrid control, switching, and timing board

Slot 7 or slot 8

IF1

SDH IF board

Slot 1 to slot 6

IFU2

Universal IF board

Slot 1 to slot 6

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Board Name IFX2

Full Spelling Universal XPIC IF board

Valid Slot Slot 1 to slot 6

Description

Provides one IF interface. Supports the XPIC function of the Hybrid microwave. Supports the AM of the hybrid microwave.

SL1D

2xSTM-1 interface board 6 Port RJ45 Ethernet/Gig abit Ethernet Interface Board 4 Port RJ45 + 2 Port SFP Fast Ethernet/Gig abit Ethernet Interface Board 16xE1 tributary board 32xE1 tributary board Auxiliary interface board Power board Fan board

Slot 1 to slot 6 Slot 1 to slot 6

Uses the SFP module to provide two STM-1 optical interfaces.


EM6T

Provides four FE electrical interfaces. Provides two GE electrical interfaces that are compatible with the FE electrical interface . Provides four FE electrical interfaces. Uses the SFP module to provide two GE optical/electrical interfaces.

EM6F

SP3S

Slot 1 to slot 6 Slot 1 to slot 6 Slot 1 to slot 6 Slot 9 or slot 10 Slot 11

Provides 16 75-ohm or 120-ohm E1 interfaces. Provides 32 75-ohm or 120-ohm E1 interfaces. Provides one orderwire phone interface, one asynchronous data interface, and four-input and two-output external alarm interfaces. Provides one 48 V/60 V DC power input. Cools and ventilates the IDU.

SP3D

AUX

TND1PIU TND1FAN

3.2.2 ODU
The ODU is an integrated system and has various types. The structures and working principles of various types of ODUs are the same.

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Block Diagram
Figure 3-4 Block diagram of the ODU
Multiplexer Tx IF O&M uplink Cable port Tx RF Duplexer

Up-conversion

AMP

CTRL Antenna port Synthesizers

O&M downlink

DC

PWR

Rx IF

Down-conversion

LNA

Rx RF

Signal Processing in the Transmit Direction


The multiplexer splits the signal coming from the IF cable into a 350 MHz IF signal, an O&M uplink signal, and a 48 V DC power signal. In the transmit direction, the IF signal is processed as follows: 1. 2. 3. Through the up-conversion, filtering, and amplification, the IF signal is converted into the RF signal and then sent to the AMP amplifier unit. The AMP amplifies the RF signal (the output power of the signal can be controlled by the IDU software). After the amplification, the RF signal is sent to the antenna through the diplexer.

The O&M uplink signal is a 5.5 MHz ASK-modulated signal and is demodulated in the CTRL control unit. The 48 V DC power signal is sent to the PWR power unit where the secondary power supply of a different voltage is generated and provided to the modules of the ODU.

Signal Processing in the Receive Direction


In the diplexer, the receive RF signal is separated from the antenna signal. The RF signal is amplified in the low noise amplifier (LNA). Through the down-conversion, filtering, and amplification, the RF signal is converted into the 140 MHz IF signal and then sent to the multiplexer. The O&M downlink signal is modulated under the ASK scheme in the CTRL unit. The 10 MHz signal is generated through the modulation and sent to the multiplexer. The CTRL unit also detects the receive signal power through the RSSI detection circuit and provides the RSSI interface. The IF signal and the O&M downlink signal are combined in the multiplexer and then sent to the IDU through the IF cable.

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3.3 Software Structure


The OptiX RTN 950 software consists of the NMS software, IDU software, and ODU software. Figure 3-5 shows the software structure. The NMS software communicates with the NE software through the Qx interface. The Qx interface uses the OptiX private management protocol. Figure 3-5 Software structure
NMS software Qx interface IDU software ODU software

3.3.1 NMS Software


Huawei provides a transmission network management solution that meets the requirements of the telecommunication management network (TMN) for managing all the OptiX RTN products and other OptiX series transmission products on the network.

3.3.2 IDU Software


The IDU software consists of the NE software and the board software. The NE software manages, monitors, and controls the running status of the IDU. Through the NE software, the NMS communicates with the boards, and controls and manages the NE. The NE software communicates with the ODU software to manage and control the ODU running. The board software manages and controls the running status of other boards of the IDU except the system control board. Currently, the IDU does not have the independent board software. The board software of the IDU, in the form of modules, is integrated into the NE software and runs in the CPU of the system control board.

3.3.3 ODU Software


The ODU Software manages and controls the ODU running status. The ODU software controls the ODU running according to the parameter transmitted by the IDU software. The ODU running status is reported to the IDU software.

3.4 Service Signal Processing Flow


The flow for transmitting the PDH microwave signals is different from the flow for transmitting the Hybrid microwave signals.

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3.4.1 SDH/PDH Microwave


This topic considers the transmission of the E1 services by the IF1 board as an example to describe the service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave. Figure 3-6 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave
IDU E1 SP3S/ SP3D VC-4 signal CST/ CSH VC-4 signal IF signal RF signal

IF1

ODU

Antenna

Table 3-4 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave in the transmit direction NO. 1 Component SP3S/SP3D Signal Processing Description

Accesses E1 signals. Performs HDB3 decoding. Maps E1 service signals into VC-12 signals. Multiplexes the VC-12 signals into VC-4 signals. Transmits the VC-4 signals to the timeslot cross-connect unit of the CSH.

2 3

CST/CSH IF1

The timeslot cross-connect unit grooms VC-12 signals to the VC-4 signals of the IF1 board.

Demultiplexes the VC-12 signals to be transmitted from VC-4 signals. Maps the VC-12 signals into the TU-12-based or STM-1-based microwave frame payload area to add microwave frame overheads and pointers, and form complete microwave frames. FEC coding. Digital modulation. D/A conversion. Analog modulation. Combines the analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. Transmits the combined signals and 48 V power to the ODU through the IF cable. Splits the analog IF signals, ODU O&M signals, and 48 V power. Converts the analog IF signals into RF signals through up conversions and amplifications. Transmits the RF signals to the antenna through the waveguide.

ODU

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Table 3-5 Service signal processing flow of the SDH/PDH microwave in the receive direction NO. 1 Component ODU Signal Processing Description

Isolates and filters RF signals. Converts the RF signals into analog IF signals through down conversions and amplifications. Combines the IF signals and the ODU O&M signals. Transmits the combined signals to the IF board through the IF cable. Splits the received analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. Performs A/D conversion for the IF signals. Digital demodulation. Time domain adaptive equalization. FEC decoding. Synchronizes and descrambles the frames. Extracts overheads from microwave frames. Extracts VC-12 signals from the microwave frames and multiplexes the VC-12 signals into VC-4 signals. Transmits the VC-4 signals to the timeslot cross-connect unit of the CST/CSH.

IF1

3 4

CST/CSH SP3S/SP3D

The timeslot cross-connect unit grooms VC-12 signals to the VC-4 signals of the SP3S/SP3D.

Demultiplexes VC-12 signals from VC-4 signals. Demaps E1 service signals from the VC-12 signals. Performs HDB3 coding. Outputs E1 signals.

3.4.2 Hybrid Microwave


This topic considers the transmission of the E1 services and the FE services by the IFU2 as an example to describe the service signal processing flow of the hybrid microwave.

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Figure 3-7 Service signal processing flow of the hybrid microwave


IDU E1 SP3S/ SP3D VC-4 signal CSH Ethernet signal VC-4 signal IFU2

IF signal

ODU

RF signal

FE

EM6T/ EM6F

Antenna

Ethernet signal

Table 3-6 Service signal processing flow of the hybrid microwave in the transmit direction NO. 1 Component SP3S/SP3D Signal Processing Description

Accesses E1 signals. Performs HDB3 decoding. Maps E1 service signals into VC-12 signals. Multiplexes the VC-12 signals into VC-4 signals. Transmits the VC-4 signals to the timeslot cross-connect unit of the CSH. Accesses FE signals. Performs decoding. Aligns frames, strips the preamble code, and processes the CRC check code. Forwards Ethernet frames to the packet switching unit of the CSH. Based on the service configuration, the timeslot cross-connect unit grooms VC-12 signals to the VC-4 signals of the IFU2 board. The packet switching unit processes Ethernet frames based on the configuration and the Layer 2 protocol, and then forwards the processed Ethernet frames to the IFU2 through the microwave port.

EM6T/EM6F

CSH

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NO. 3

Component IFU2

Signal Processing Description


Selects the proper modulation mode based on the current channel quality. Demultiplexes the VC-12 signals to be transmitted from VC-4 signals. Demaps E1 service signals from the VC-12 signals. Maps the E1 service signals and the Ethernet frames into the microwave frame payload area to add microwave frame overheads and form complete microwave frames. FEC coding. Digital modulation. D/A conversion. Analog modulation Combines the analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. Transmits the combined signals and 48 V power to the ODU through the IF cable. Splits the analog IF signals, ODU O&M signals, and 48 V power. Converts the analog IF signals into RF signals through up conversions and amplifications. Transmits the RF signals to the antenna through the waveguide.

ODU

Table 3-7 Service signal processing flow of the hybrid microwave in the receive direction NO. 1 Component ODU Signal Processing Description

Isolates and filters RF signals. Converts the RF signals into analog IF signals through down conversions and amplifications. Combines the IF signals and the ODU O&M signals. Transmits the combined signals to the IF boards through the IF cable.

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NO. 2

Component IFU2

Signal Processing Description


Splits the received analog IF signals and ODU O&M signals. A/D conversion. Digital demodulation. Time domain adaptive equalization. FEC decoding. Synchronizes and descrambles the frames. Extracts overheads from microwave frames. Extracts E1 service signals from microwave frames and maps the E1 service signals into VC-12 signals. Multiplexes the VC-12 signals into VC-4 signals and transmits the VC-4 signals to the timeslot cross-connect unit of the CSH board. Extracts Ethernet frames from the microwave frames, and then transmits the Ethernet frames to the packet switching unit of the CSH board. Based on the data configuration, the timeslot cross-connect unit grooms VC-12 signals to the VC-4 signals of the SP3S or SP3D. The packet switching unit processes Ethernet frames based on the configuration and the Layer 2 protocol, and then forwards the processed Ethernet frames to the related EM6T/EM6F board. Demultiplexes VC-12 signals from VC-4 signals. Demaps E1 service signals from the VC-12 signals. Performs HDB3 coding. Outputs E1 signals. Aligns frames, adds the preamble code, and processes the CRC check code. Performs coding. Outputs FE signals.

CSH

SP3S/SP3D

EM6T/EM6F

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4 Networking

4
About This Chapter
4.1 SDH/PDH Microwave 4.2 Hybrid Microwave

Networking

The OptiX RTN 950 provides complete microwave transmission solutions and supports several types of networking solutions to meet different customer requirements.

The SDH/PDH microwave has two networking modes, namely, chain networking and ring networking.

The hybrid microwave has two networking modes, namely, chain networking and ring networking.

4.1 SDH/PDH Microwave


The SDH/PDH microwave has two networking modes, namely, chain networking and ring networking.

4.1.1 Chain Networking


In the TDM microwave transmission solution wherein the chain networking is the basic networking form, a hop of radio link is the basic networking unit. Figure 4-1 shows the TDM microwave transmission solution wherein the chain networking is the basic form of networking. In this solution,

The PDH radio link of the corresponding air-interface capacity can be established according to the capacity of an access link. An ordinary link adopts the 1+0 non-protection configuration. An important link adopts the 1+1 protection configuration. In the case of aggregation links, the SDH/PDH radio link with the appropriate air-interface capacity can be established according to the capacity of the aggregation links, and the SDH/PDH radio links are configured in 1+1 protection mode. In addition, by configuring the N+1 protection of the SDH links, the service capacity between two stations can be improved to NxSTM-1s . By using the multidirectional microwave convergence capacity of OptiX RTN 950, the multi-hop microwave convergence transmission of the nodal station can be realized.

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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Figure 4-1 TDM microwave transmission solution (chain networking)


Tail link Feeder link

1+1

E1 BTS E1
1+0

1+1

STM-1

Regional Backhaul Network BSC

BTS E1 BTS

4.1.2 Ring Networking


In the TDM microwave transmission solution wherein the ring networking is the basic networking form, the SNCP is used to protect SDH/PDH services on the microwave ring. Figure 4-2 shows the TDM microwave transmission solution wherein the ring networking is the basic networking form. In this solution, the SNCP is used to protect SDH/PDH microwave transmission services. Figure 4-2 TDM microwave transmission solution (ring networking)
E1 BTS

BTS

E1 SDH/PDH radio ring E1

STM-1 Regional Backhaul Network BSC

BTS E1

BTS

The ring networking has a special form. That is, when the OptiX RTN 950 is used to establish an STM-1 radio link, the OptiX RTN 950 and the optical transmission equipment form the hybrid ring network of optical fibers and microwaves. The ring network also uses the SNCP to protect the services on the ring, as shown in Figure 4-3.

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Figure 4-3 TDM microwave transmission solution (hybrid networking formed with the optical transmission equipment)

E1 BTS

E1 BTS E1 BTS STM-1 ring STM-1 Regional Backhaul Network Optical transmission euipment

BSC

E1 BTS

4.2 Hybrid Microwave


The hybrid microwave has two networking modes, namely, chain networking and ring networking.

4.2.1 Chain Networking


In the hybrid microwave transmission solution wherein the chain networking is the basic networking form, a hop of radio link is the basic networking unit. Figure 4-4 shows the hybrid microwave transmission solution wherein the chain networking is the basic networking form. In this solution,

The hybrid radio link of the corresponding air-interface capacity can be established according to the capacity of an access link. An ordinary link adopts the 1+0 non-protection configuration. An important link adopts the 1+1 protection configuration. The hybrid radio link of the corresponding air-interface capacity can be established according to the capacity of an aggregation link. The hybrid radio link adopts the 1+1 protection configuration. By configuring the 1+1 protection for the XPIC Hybrid link, the service capacity of the same microwave channel can be doubled. In addition, by configuring the N+1 protection of the Hybrid link, the service capacity between two stations can be improved by N times. By using the multidirectional microwave convergence capacity of OptiX RTN 950, the multi-hop microwave convergence transmission of the nodal station can be realized.

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Figure 4-4 Hybrid microwave transmission solution (chain networking)


Tail link Feeder link

1+1

E1 BTS FE
1+0

1+1

STM-1+ GE

BSC Regional Backhaul Network

NodeB E1 BTS FE RNC

NodeB

4.2.2 Ring Networking


In the Hybrid microwave transmission solution wherein the ring networking is the basic networking form, the SNCP is used to protect the E1 services on the microwave ring, and the ERPS is used to protect Ethernet services on the microwave ring. Figure 4-5 Hybrid microwave transmission solution (ring networking)
E1 BTS FE

NodeB E1 BTS Hybrid radio ring FE STM-1+ GE Regional Backhaul Network

BSC

NodeB BTS

E1 FE RNC

NodeB

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5 Network Management System

5
About This Chapter
5.1 5.2 LCT

Network Management System

This topic describes the network management solution and various NMS software that contribute to this solution. Network Management Solution

Huawei provides a complete transport network management solution compliant with TMN for different function domains and customers in telecommunication networks.

The LCT is a local maintenance terminal. The LCT provides the following management functions at the NE layer: NE management, alarm management, performance management, configuration management, communication management, and security management. 5.3 U2000

A user can access the U2000 server through a U2000 client to manage Huawei transport subnets in the unified manner. The U2000 can provide not only the NE-level management function, but also the management function at the network layer.

5.1 Network Management Solution


Huawei provides a complete transport network management solution compliant with TMN for different function domains and customers in telecommunication networks. The NM solutions include the following:

OptiX iManager LCT local maintenance terminal OptiX iManager U2000 transmission network management system

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Figure 5-1 Network management solution to the transmission network

Network-Level NM

iManager U2000

Local Craft Terminal iManager LCT

5.2 LCT
The LCT is a local maintenance terminal. The LCT provides the following management functions at the NE layer: NE management, alarm management, performance management, configuration management, communication management, and security management.

NE Management

Searching for NEs Adding/Deleting NEs Logging in to or out of NEs NE time management

Alarm Management

Setting alarm monitoring strategies Viewing alarms Deleting alarms

Performance Management

Setting performance monitoring strategies Viewing performance events Resetting performance registers

Configuration Management

Basic NE information configuration Radio link configuration Protection configuration Interface configuration Service configuration Clock configuration

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Communication Management

Communication parameter management DCC management HWECC protocol management IP protocol management OSI protocol management

Security Management

NE user management NE user group management LCT access control Online user management NE security parameters NE security log NMS user management NMS log management

5.3 U2000
A user can access the U2000 server through a U2000 client to manage Huawei transport subnets in the unified manner. The U2000 can provide not only the NE-level management function, but also the management function at the network layer.

NE Level Management

NE object management NE level alarm management NE level performance management NE level configuration management NE level communication management NE level security management

Network Level Management


Topology management Network level alarm management Network level performance management Network level configuration management Network level communication management Network level security management Network-wide clock management

Others

Report function
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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Northbound SNMP interface

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6 Performance

6
About This Chapter
6.1 RF Performance 6.2 Interface Performance 6.3 Clock Timing and Synchronization Performance

Performance

This topic describes the technical specifications of the OptiX RTN 950.

This topic describes the radio frequency (RF) performance and various technical specifications related to microwaves.

This section describes the technical specifications of various services and auxiliary interfaces.

The clock timing performance and synchronization performance of the product meet relevant ITU-T recommendations 6.4 Integrated System Performance

Integrated system performance includes the dimensions, power supply, EMC, lightning protection, safety, and environment.

6.1 RF Performance
This topic describes the radio frequency (RF) performance and various technical specifications related to microwaves.

6.1.1 Microwave Work Modes


This topic lists the microwave work modes that are supported by the OptiX RTN 950.

SDH/PDH Microwave Work Modes


Table 6-1 SDH/PDH microwave work modes Service Capacity 4xE1 Modulation Mode QPSK Channel Spacing (MHz) 7

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Service Capacity 4xE1 8xE1 8xE1 16xE1 16xE1 22xE1 26xE1 35xE1 44xE1 53xE1 STM-1

Modulation Mode 16QAM QPSK 16QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM

Channel Spacing (MHz) 3.5 14 (13.75) 7 28 (27.5) 14 (13.75) 14 (13.75) 14 (13.75) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5)

The channel spacings 13.75 MHz and 27.5 MHz are applied to the 18 GHz frequency band. The channel spacings listed in the table are the minimum channel spacings supported by the product. The channel spacings larger than the values are also supported. The SDH/PDH radio link of the OptiX RTN 950 supports all microwave modulation mode. If the SDH/PDH radio link supports the 4E1/16QAM microwave modulation mode, it cannot use the high power ODU.

Hybrid Microwave Work Modes


Table 6-2 Hybrid microwave work modes Channel Spacing (MHz) 7 7 7 7 7 7 14 (13.75) 14 (13.75) 14 (13.75) Service Capacity (Mbit/s) 10 20 25 32 38 44 20 42 51 Maximum Number of E1s in Services 5 10 12 15 18 21 10 20 24

Modulation Mode QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM

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Channel Spacing (MHz) 14 (13.75) 14 (13.75) 14 (13.75) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 28 (27.5) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55) 56 (55)

Modulation Mode 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM

Service Capacity (Mbit/s) 66 78 90 42 84 105 133 158 183 84 168 208 265 313 363

Maximum Number of E1s in Services 31 37 43 20 40 50 64 75 75 40 75 75 75 75 75

The channel spacings 13.75 MHz, 27.5 MHz, and 55 MHz are applied to the 18 GHz frequency band. The channel spacings listed in the table are the minimum channel spacings supported by the product. The channel spacings larger than the values are also supported. E1 services need to occupy the corresponding bandwidth of the service capacity. The bandwidth remaining after the E1 service capacity is subtracted from the service capacity can be provided for Ethernet services. The hybrid radio link of the OptiX RTN 950 supports all microwave modulation mode. If the hybrid radio link supports the 56 MHz microwave modulation mode, it must use the high power ODU.

6.1.2 Frequency Band


The ODUs of the different series and different types support different operating frequency bands.

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Frequency Bands (Standard Power ODU)


Table 6-3 Frequency band (SP ODUs) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 38 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7.0937.897 7.731 8.496 10.67511.745 12.75113.248 14.40315.348 17.68519.710 21.20023.618 24.54926.453 37.04439.452 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154, 161, 168, 196, 245 119, 126, 266, 311.32 490, 500, 530 266 315, 322, 420, 490, 728 1008, 1010, 1560 1008, 1200, 1232 1008 1260

Table 6-4 Frequency band (SPA ODUs) Frequency Band 6 GHz 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 5.9156.425 (L6) 6.4257.125 (U6) 7.0937.897 7.7318.496 10.67511.745 12.75113.248 14.40315.348 17.68519.710 21.20023.618 T/R Spacing (MHz) 252.04 (L6) 340 (U6) 154, 161, 168, 196, 245 119, 126, 266, 311.32 490, 500, 530 266 420, 490 1008, 1010 1008, 1232

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Frequency Bands (High Power ODU)


Table 6-5 Frequency band (HP ODUs) Frequency Band 7 GHz 8 GHz 11 GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 32 GHz 38 GHz Frequency Range (GHz) 7.0937.897 7.7318.497 10.67511.745 12.75113.248 14.40015.353 17.68519.710 21.20023.618 24.54926.453 31.81533.383 37.04440.105 T/R Spacing (MHz) 154, 161, 168, 196, 245 119, 126, 151.614, 208, 266, 311.32 490, 500, 530 266 315, 322, 420, 490, 644, 728 1008, 1010, 1560 1008, 1200, 1232 1008 812 700, 1260

6.1.3 Receiver Sensitivity


The receiver sensitivity reflects the anti-fading capability of the microwave equipment.
For a guaranteed value, remove 3 dB from the typical value.

SDH/PDH Microwave
Table 6-6 Typical receiver sensitivity values (i) of the SDH/PDH microwave Item Performance 4xE1 QPSK 16QAM 8xE1 QPSK 16QAM 16xE1 QPSK 16QAM

RSL@ BER = 106 (unit: dBm) @6GHz @7GHz @8GHz @11GHz @13GHz @15GHz 91.5 91.5 91.5 91.0 91.0 91.0 87.5 87.5 87.5 87.0 87.0 87.0 88.5 88.5 88.5 88.0 88.0 88.0 84.5 84.5 84.5 84.0 84.0 84.0 85.5 85.5 85.5 85.0 85.0 85.0 81.5 81.5 81.5 81.0 81.0 81.0

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Item

Performance 4xE1 QPSK 16QAM 87.0 86.5 86.0 85.0 84.5 8xE1 QPSK 88.0 87.5 87.0 86.0 85.5 16QAM 84.0 83.5 83.0 82.0 81.5 16xE1 QPSK 85.0 84.5 84.0 83.0 82.5 16QAM 81.0 80.5 80.0 79.0 78.5

@18GHz @23GHz @26GHz @32GHz @38GHz

91.0 90.5 90.0 89.0 88.5

Table 6-7 Typical receiver sensitivity values (ii) of the SDH/PDH microwave Item Performance 22xE1 32QAM 26xE1 64QAM 35xE1 16QAM 44xE1 32QAM 53xE1 64QAM STM-1 128QAM

RSL@ BER = 106 (unit: dBm) @6GHz @7GHz @8GHz @11GHz @13GHz @15GHz @18GHz @23GHz @26GHz @32GHz @38GHz 80.5 80.5 80.5 80.0 80.0 80.0 80.0 79.5 79.0 78.0 77.5 76.5 76.5 76.5 76.0 76.0 76.0 76.0 75.5 75.0 74.0 73.5 79.0 79.0 79.0 78.5 78.5 78.5 78.5 78.0 77.5 76.5 76.0 77.5 77.5 77.5 77.0 77.0 77.0 77.0 76.5 76.0 75.0 74.5 73.5 73.5 73.5 73.0 73.0 73.0 73.0 72.5 72.0 71.0 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 69.5 69.0 68.0 67.5

Hybrid Microwave
The 6 GHz ODU does not support the modulation mode of 256QAM and the channel spacing of 56 MHz. The receiver sensitivity is not available (NA).

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Table 6-8 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity (i) of the Hybrid microwave Performance (Channel Spacing: 7 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM

RSL@ BER=1066 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz 92.5 92.5 92.5 92 92 92 92 91.5 91 90 89.5 86.5 86.5 86.5 86 86 86 86 85.5 85 84 83.5 82.5 82.5 82.5 82 82 82 82 81.5 81 80 79.5 -79.5 -79.5 -79.5 -79 -79 -79 -79 -78.5 -78 -77 -76.5 76.5 76.5 76.5 76 76 76 76 75.5 75 74 73.5 NA 73.5 73.5 73 73 73 73 72.5 72 71 70.5

Table 6-9 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity (ii) of the Hybrid microwave Performance (Channel Spacing: 14 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM

RSL@ BER=106 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz 90.5 90.5 90.5 90 90 90 90 89.5 89 88 87.5 83.5 83.5 83.5 83 83 83 83 82.5 82 81 80.5 79.5 79.5 79.5 79 79 79 79 78.5 78 77 76.5 -76.5 -76.5 -76.5 -76 -76 -76 -76 -75.5 -75 -74 -73.5 73.5 73.5 73.5 73 73 73 73 72.5 72 71 70.5 NA 70.5 70.5 70 70 70 70 69.5 69 68 67.5

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Table 6-10 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity (iii) of the Hybrid microwave Performance (Channel Spacing: 28 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM

RSL@ BER=106 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz 87.5 87.5 87.5 87 87 87 87 86.5 86 85 84.5 80.5 80.5 80.5 80 80 80 80 79.5 79 78 77.5 76.5 76.5 76.5 76 76 76 76 75.5 75 74 73.5 -73.5 -73.5 -73.5 -73 -73 -73 -73 -72.5 -72 -71 -70.5 70.5 70.5 70.5 70 70 70 70 69.5 69 68 67.5 NA 67.5 67.5 67 67 67 67 66.5 66 65 64.5

Table 6-11 Typical values of the receiver sensitivity (iv) of the Hybrid microwave Performance (Channel Spacing: 56 MHz) Item QPSK 16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM

RSL@ BER=106 (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @32 GHz NA 84.5 84.5 84 84 84 84 83.5 83 82 NA 77.5 77.5 77 77 77 77 76.5 76 75 NA 73.5 73.5 73 73 73 73 72.5 72 71 NA -70.5 -70.5 -70 -70 -70 -70 -69.5 -69 -68 NA 67.5 67.5 67 67 67 67 66.5 66 65 NA 64.5 64.5 64 64 64 64 63.5 63 62

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Performance (Channel Spacing: 56 MHz) Item @38 GHz QPSK 81.5 16QAM 74.5 32QAM 70.5 64QAM -67.5 128QAM 64.5 256QAM 61.5

6.1.4 Transceiver Performance


The performance of the transceiver includes the nominal maximum/minimum transmit power, nominal maximum receive power, and frequency stability.

Transceiver Performance (Standard Power ODU)


Table 6-12 Transceiver performance (SP ODUs) Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/32QA M 64QAM/128Q AM 256QAM

Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @38 GHz Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) 27 27 26 26 26 25.5 24 23.5 22 6 22.5 22.5 21.5 21.5 21.5 21.5 20.5 19.5 17.5 18.5 18.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.5 16.5 15.5 13.5 16.5 16.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 14.5 13.5 11.5

20

25

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Table 6-13 Transceiver performance (SPA ODUs) Item Performance QPSK Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) @6 GHz @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) 26.5 25.5 25.5 24.5 24.5 24.5 22.5 22.5 0 24.0 21.5 21.5 20.5 20 20 19 19 23.0 20.0 20.0 18 18 18 17 16 16QAM/32QAM 64QAM/128QAM

20

Transceiver Performance (High Power ODU)


Table 6-14 Transceiver performance (HP ODUs) Item Performance QPSK 16QAM/32QA M 64QAM/128Q AM 256QAM

Nominal maximum transmit power (dBm) @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz 30 30 28 26 26 25.5 28 28 26 24 24 23 25 25 22 20 20 19 23 23 20 18 18 17

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Item

Performance QPSK 16QAM/32QA M 23 22 21 20 64QAM/128Q AM 19 19 17 17 256QAM 17 17 15 15

@23 GHz @26 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz

25 25 23 23

Nominal minimum transmit power (dBm) @7 GHz @8 GHz @11 GHz @13 GHz @15 GHz @18 GHz @23 GHz @26 GHz @32 GHz @38 GHz Nominal maximum receive power (dBm) Frequency stability (ppm) 9 9 6 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 20 25

6.1.5 IF Performance
The IF performance includes the performance of the IF signal and the performance of the ODU O&M signal. Table 6-15 IF performance Item IF signal Transmit frequency of the IF board (MHz) 350 Performance

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Item Receive frequency of the IF board (MHz) Impedance (ohm) ODU O&M signal Modulation mode Transmit frequency of the IF board (MHz) Receive frequency of the IF board (MHz)

Performance 140 50

ASK 5.5 10

6.1.6 Baseband Signal Processing Performance of the Modem


The baseband signal processing performance of the modem indicates the FEC coding scheme and the performance of the baseband time domain adaptive equalizer. Table 6-16 Baseband signal processing performance of the modem Item Encoding mode Performance

Reed-Solomon (RS) encoding for PDH signals Trellis-coded modulation (TCM) and RS two-level encoding for SDH signals Low-density parity check code (LDPC) encoding for Hybrid microwave.

Adaptive time-domain equalizer for baseband signals

Supported.

6.2 Interface Performance


This section describes the technical specifications of various services and auxiliary interfaces.

6.2.1 SDH Optical Interface Performance


The performance of the SDH optical interface is compliant with ITU-T G.957.

STM-1 Optical Interface Performance


The performance of the STM-1 optical interface is compliant with ITU-T G.703. The following table provides the primary performance.

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Table 6-17 STM-1 optical interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Classification code Fiber type Transmission distance (km) Operating wavelength (nm) Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB) Performance 155520 Ie-1 Multi-mode fiber 2 1270 to 1380 19 to 14 30 14 10 S-1.1 Single-mode fiber 15 1261 to 1360 15 to 8 28 8 8.2 L-1.1 Single-mode fiber 40 1280 to 1335 5 to 0 34 10 10 L-1.2 Single-mode fiber 80 1480 to 1580 5 to 0 34 10 10

OptiX RTN 950 use SFP modules for providing optical interfaces. You can use different types of SFP modules to provide optical interfaces with different classification codes and transmission distances.

6.2.2 E1 Interface Performance


The performance of the E1 interface is compliant with ITU-T G.703.

E1 Interface Performance
Table 6-18 E1 interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Code pattern Wire pair in each transmission direction Impedance (ohm) Performance 2048 HDB3 One coaxial wire pair 75 One symmetrical wire pair 120

6.2.3 Ethernet Interface Performance


The performance of the Ethernet interface is compliant with IEEE 802.3.

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GE Optical Interface Performance


The performance of the GE optical interface is compliant with IEEE 802.3. The following table provides the primary performance. Table 6-19 Performance of the GE optical interface Item Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Classification code Fiber type Transmission distance (km) Operating wavelength (nm) Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB) Performance 1000 1000Base-SX Multiple-mode optical fiber 0.55 770 to 860 9.5 to 0 17 0 9 1000Base-LX Single-mode optical fiber 10 1270 to 1355 9 to 3 19 3 9

The OptiX RTN 950 uses SFP modules for providing GE optical interfaces. You can use different types of SFP modules to provide GE optical interfaces with different classification codes and transmission distances.

GE electric Interface Performance


The GE electric interface is compliant with IEEE 802.3. The following table provides the primary performance. Table 6-20 GE electric interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (Mbit/s) Performance 10 (10BASE-T) 100 (100BASE-TX) 1000 (1000BASE-T) Code pattern Manchester encoding signal (10BASE-T) MLT-3 encoding signal (100BASE-TX) 4D-PAM5 encoding signal (1000BASE-T) Interface type RJ-45

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FE electric Interface Performance


The 10/100BASE-T(X) interface is compliant with IEEE 802.3. The following table provides the primary performance. Table 6-21 FE electric interface performance Item Nominal bit rate (Mbit/s) Code pattern Interface type Performance 10 (10BASE-T) 100 (100BASE-TX) Manchester encoding signal (10BASE-T) MLT-3 encoding signal (100BASE-TX) RJ-45

6.2.4 Auxiliary Interface Performance


The auxiliary interface performance includes the performance of the orderwire interface, synchronous data interface, and asynchronous data interface.

Orderwire Interface Performance


Table 6-22 Orderwire interface performance Item Transmission path Performance Uses the E1 and E2 bytes in the SDH overhead or the Huawei-defined byte in the overhead of the microwave frame. Addressing call One symmetrical wire pair 600

Orderwire type Wire pair in each transmission direction Impedance (ohm)

The OptiX RTN equipment also supports the orderwire group call function. For example, when an OptiX RTN equipment calls the number of 888, the orderwire group call number, all the OptiX RTN equipment orderwire phones in the orderwire subnet ring until a phone is answered. Then, a point-to-point orderwire phone call is established.

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Synchronous Data Interface Performance


Table 6-23 Synchronous data interface performance Item Transmission path Performance Uses the F1 byte in the SDH overhead or the Huawei-defined byte in the overhead of the microwave frame. 64 Codirectional Meets the ITU-T G.703 standard.

Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Interface type Interface characteristics

Asynchronous Data Interface


Table 6-24 Asynchronous data interface performance Item Transmission path Performance Uses the user-defined byte of the SDH overhead or the Huawei-defined byte in the overhead of the microwave frame. 19.2 Meets the RS-232 standard.

Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Interface characteristics

Wayside Service Interface Performance


Table 6-25 Wayside service interface performance Item Transmission path Nominal bit rate (kbit/s) Impedance (ohm) Performance Uses the Huawei-defined bytes in the overhead of the microwave frame. 2048 120

6.3 Clock Timing and Synchronization Performance


The clock timing performance and synchronization performance of the product meet relevant ITU-T recommendations

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Table 6-26 Clock timing and synchronization performance Item External synchronization source Frequency accuracy Pull-in, hold-in, and pull-out ranges Noise generation Noise tolerance Noise transfer Transient response and holdover performance Performance 2048 kbit/s (compliant with ITU-T G.703 9), or 2048 kHz (compliant with ITU-T G.703 13) Compliant with ITU-T G.813

6.4 Integrated System Performance


Integrated system performance includes the dimensions, power supply, EMC, lightning protection, safety, and environment.

Dimensions
Table 6-27 Dimensions Component IDU ODU Dimensions 442 mm (width) x 220 mm (depth) x 88 mm (height) < 280 mm (width) x 92 mm (depth) x 280 mm (height)

Power Supply
Table 6-28 Power Supply Component IDU Performance

Compliant with ETSI EN300 132-2 Supporting two 48 V/60 V (38.4 V to 72 V) DC power inputs (mutual backup) Supporting the backup of the 1+1 3.3 V power units. Compliant with ETSI EN300 132-2 Supporting one 48 V (38.4 V to 72 V) DC power input that is provided by the IDU

ODU

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EMC

Passes CE authentication. Compliant with ETSI EN 301 489-1. Compliant with ETSI EN 301 489-4. Compliant with CISPR 22. Compliant with EN 55022.

Lightning Protection

Compliant with ITU-T K.27. Compliant with ETSI EN 300 253.

Safety

Passes CE authentication. Compliant with ETSI EN 60215. Compliant with ETSI EN 60950. Compliant with IEC 60825.

Environment
The IDU is a unit used in a place that has weather protection and where the temperature can be controlled. The ODU is an outdoor unit. Table 6-29 Environment performance Item Component IDU Major reference standards Operation Transportation Storage Air temperature Operation Transportation and storage Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019-1-3 class 3.2 ODU Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019-1-4 class 4.1

Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019-1-2 class 2.3 Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019-1-1 class 1.2 5C to +55C 40C to +70C 5% to 95% < 7.2 bel, compliant with ETSI EN 300 753 class 3.2 attended 5% to 100% 35C to +55C

Relative humidity Noise

Earthquake Mechanical stress

Compliant with Bellcore GR-63-CORE ZONE 4 Compliant with ETSI EN 300 019

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A Glossary

A
Terms are listed in an alphabetical order. A ACAP ATPC AM

Glossary

The Adjacent Channel Alternate Polarization (ACAP) operation provides orthogonal polarizations between two adjacent communication channels. Automatic Transmit Power Control. A method of automatically adjusting the transmit power at the opposite end based on the transmit signal detected at the receiver. Refers to the adaptive modulation (AM) technology that implements automatic adjustment of modulation mode.

C CCDP The co-channel dual polarization (CCDP) operation provides two parallel communication channels over the same link with orthogonal polarizations, thus doubling the link capacity.

E ETH-OAM Being in compliance with the MAC-layer protocol, the ETH-OAM function checks the Ethernet link by transmitting the OAM protocol packet.

F FD Frequency Diversity. Two or more microwave frequencies with certain frequency space are used to transmit/receive the same signal and selection is then performed between the two signals to ease the impact of fading.

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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

Hybrid microwave

Refers to the microwave system that can transmit mixed E1 and Ethernet services.

I IDU IGMP Indoor Unit. The indoor unit implements accessing, multiplexing/demultiplexing, and IF processing for services. Internet Group Management Protocol. The Protocol is used by IPv4 systems (hosts and routers) to report their IP multicast group memberships to any neighboring multicast routers. IGMP Snooping is the process of listening to IGMP traffic. IGMP snooping, as implied by the name, is a feature that allows the switch to "listen in" on the IGMP conversation between hosts and routers by processing the layer 3 IGMP packets sent in a multicast network.

IGMP Snooping

L LCAS Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme. A solution features flexible bandwidth and dynamic adjustment. In addition, it provides a failure tolerance mechanism, which enhances the viability of virtual concatenations and enables the dynamic adjustment to bandwidth (non-service affecting).

M MSP Multiplex section protection. The function performed to provide capability for switching a signal between and including two MST functions, from a "working" to a "protection" channel.

N N+1 protection A microwave link protection system that employs N working channels and one protection channel.

O ODU QoS Outdoor Unit. The outdoor unit implements frequency conversion and amplification for RF signals. Indicates the quality of Ethernet services.

P PDH Plesiosynchronous Digital Hierarchy. A multiplexing scheme of bit stuffing and byte interleaving. It multiplexes the minimum rate 64 kit/s into the 2 Mbit/s, 34 Mbit/s, 140 Mbit/s and 565 Mbit/s rates.

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Q QinQ The QinQ, a Layer 2 tunnel protocol developed based on the IEEE 802.1Q encapsulation, allows for individual VLANs with extra tag information to traverse the backbone networks and thus provides Layer 2 VPN tunnels for users.

R RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol. The protocol is an evolution of the Spanning Tree Protocol, providing for faster spanning tree convergence after a topology change.

S SD Space Diversity. Two or more antennas separated by a specific distance transmit/receive the same signal and selection is then performed between the two signals to ease the impact of fading. Currently, only receive SD is used. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy. A hierarchical set of digital transport structures, standardized for the transport of suitably adapted payloads over physical transmission networks. Subnetwork connection protection. A working subnetwork connection is replaced by a protection subnetwork connection if the working subnetwork connection fails, or if its performance falls below a required level. The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP), defined in the IEEE Standard 802.1D, is an OSI layer-2 protocol that ensures a loop free topology for any bridged LAN.

SDH

SNCP

STP

T T2000 A subnet management system (SNMS). In the telecommunication management network architecture, the T2000 is located between the NE level and network level, which can supports all NE level functions and part of the network level management functions.

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B Acronyms and Abbreviations

B
A AM APS ARP ATPC AU

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronyms and abbreviations are listed in alphabetical order.

Adaptive Modulation Automatic Protection Switching Address Resolution Protocol Automatic Transmit Power Control Administrative Unit

B BER BIP BPDU Bit Error Rate Bit-Interleaved Parity Bridge Protocol Data Unit

C CAR CBS CCDP CGMP CIR CLNP CLNS CoS CPU CRC Committed Access Rate Committed Burst Size Co-Channel Dual Polarization Cisco Group Management Protocol committed information rate connectionless network protocol Connectionless Network Service Class of Service Central Processing Unit cyclic redundancy check

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B Acronyms and Abbreviations

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

CVLAN C-VLAN

Customer VLAN Customer VLAN

D DC DCC DCN DSCP DVMRP Direct Current Data Communications Channel Data Communication Network differentiated services code point Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

E ECC EPL EPLAN ES-IS EVPL Embedded Control Channel Ethernet Private Line Ethernet Private LAN End System to Intermediate System Ethernet Virtual Private Line

F FCS FD FE FIFO FLP FTP Frame Check Sequence Frequency Diversity Fast Ethernet First In First Out Fast Link Pulse file transfer protocol

G GE GFP GTS GUI Gigabit Ethernet Generic Framing Procedure Generic Traffic Shaping Graphical User Interface

H HDLC High level Data Link Control procedure

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B Acronyms and Abbreviations

HSB HSM

Hot Standby Hitless Switch Mode

I ICMP IDU IEEE IETF IF IGMP IP IPv6 IS-IS ISO ITU-T IVL Internet Control Message Protocol Indoor Unit Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers The Internet Engineering Task Force Intermediate Frequency Internet Group Management Protocol Internet Protocol Internet Protocol version 6 Intermediate System to Intermediate System International Standard Organization International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Standardization Sector Independence VLAN learning

L LAN LAPD LAPS LCAS LCT LMSP Local Area Network Link Access Procedure on the D channel Link Access Procedure-SDH Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme Generation-Local Craft Terminal Linear Multiplex Section Protection

M MAC MBS MDI MIB MPLS MSP Medium Access Control Maximum Burst Size Medium Dependent Interface Management Information Base multiprotocol label switching Multiplex Section Protection

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OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

MTU

Maximum Transmission Unit

N NE NLP NMS NNI NSAP Network Element Normal Link Pulse Network Management System Network-to-Network Interface or Network Node Interface Network Service Access Point

O ODU OSI OSPF Outdoor Unit Open Systems Interconnection Open Shortest Path First

P PDH PIM-DM PIM-SM PPP Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy Protocol Independent Multicast-Dense Mode Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode Point-to-Point Protocol

Q QinQ QoS 802.1Q in 802.1Q Quality of Service

R RF RFC RIP RMON RSL RSTP RTN radio frequency Request For Comment Routing Information Protocol Remote Monitoring Received Signal Level Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol Radio Transmission Node

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S SD SDH SNC SNCP SNMP SNR STM STM-1 STM-1e STM-1o STM-4 STM-N STP SVL Space Diversity Synchronous Digital Hierarchy SubNetwork Connection Sub-Network Connection Protection Simple Network Management Protocol Signal-to-Noise Ratio Synchronous Transport Module SDH Transport Module -1 STM-1 Electrical Interface STM-1 Optical Interface SDH Transport Module -4 SDH Transport Module -N Spanning Tree Protocol Shared VLAN Learning

T TCI TCP TU Tag Control Information Transfer Control Protocol Tributary Unit

U UDP UNI User Datagram Protocol user-network interface

V VC VC12 VC-12 VC3 VC-3 VC4 VC-4 Virtual Container Virtual Container -12 Virtual Container -12 Virtual Container -3 Virtual Container -3 Virtual Container -4 Virtual Container -4

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B Acronyms and Abbreviations

OptiX RTN 950 Radio Transmission System Product Description

VCG VLAN VoIP VPN

Virtual Concatenation Group Virtual LAN Voice over IP Virtual Private Network

W WAN WRR WTR Wide Area Network Weighted Round Robin Wait to Restore Time

X XPD XPIC Cross-Polarization Discrimination Cross-polarization interference cancellation

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