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Engleski jezik 1

POTVRDNI OBLIK Present Tense I am You are He is She is It is We are You are They are Past Tense I was You were He was She was It was We were You were They were

UPITNI OBLIK Present Simple Past Simple

Am I
Are you Is he

Was I
Were you Was he

Is she
Is it Are we

Was she
Was it Were we

Are you
Are they

Were you
Were they

ODRINI OBLIK Present Simple Past Simple

I am not
You arent He isnt

I was not / wasnt


You were not /werent He wasnt

She isnt
It isnt We arent

She wasnt
It wasnt We werent

You arent
They arent

You werent
They werent

UPITNE REI WHO WHEN WHERE WHY HOW WHAT --------HOW MANY X HOW MUCH X WHOSE X was I were you was he was she was it were we were you were they

1. I ...................in Canberra last spring.


2. We ..................at school last Saturday. 3. ....................Tina at home yesterday?

4. He................... happy.
5. Robert and Stan .....................Garry's friends. 6. ..................You very busy on Friday?

7. They ..................in front of the supermarket.


8. I ....................in the museum. 9. She..................... in South Africa last month.

10. ...................Jessica and Kimberly late for school?

Present

Past

Example: Where is Jack today? Where was Jack yesterday?

What day is it today?


Where are they today? I am at home this afternoon. We aren't in school now. What is that in your hand?

What day . it yesterday?


Where they last week? I .. at home yesterday afternoon. We.. in school yesterday. What. that in your bag this morning?

When is usually she at home? When. she at home yesterday? He isn't a teacher. Can you swim? He a teacher. .. he swim?

He cannot speak English.

He .. speak English?

1. Last year she _________22, so now she______23. 2. Today the weather __________ nice, but yesterday it ______very cold. 3. I _____ hungry. Can I have something to eat? 4. I feel fine this morning but I_______very tired last night. 5. Where _______ you at 11 oclock last Friday morning? 6. Dont buy those shoes! They _____very expensive. 7. I like your new jacket. _____it expensive? 8. This time last year I ________in Paris. 9. Where _________ the children? I dont know. They _____in the garden ten minutes ago. 10. I _______in Zoo yesterday. It _____ great! 11. I could dance when I ________ 3 years old.

Mozart / born in Austria /1756 Play the piano / three

Picasso / born in Spain / 1881 Paint /one

FORMATION
S + [VERB+ed] or irregular verb BITNO JE NAPRAVITI RAZLIKU IZMEU

PRAVILNIH GLAGOLA REGULAR VERBS

NEPRAVILNIH GLAGOLA IRREGULAR VERBS

Prolo vreme pravilnih glagola (regular verbs) se gradi na sledei nain:


na glagol u infinitivu se doda nastavak ED

workED,
startED; e.g. I workED yesterday. e.g. I startED work last week.

If the verbs ends in -E, it forms the past tense by adding only D

e.g. Dance = danceD e.g. Live = lived

If the verb end in Y in front of which is a consonant, Y changes into IE, and the verb forms the past tense by adding only D

e.g. Study = studied e.g. Cry = cried

e.g. Play=played

If the verb end in Y in front of which is a vowel, Y doesnt change and the past tense is formed by adding ED.

Positive
I You He She It We You They waited. waited. waited. waited. waited. waited.

Question
Did I Did you he Did she it Did we Did you Did they wait? wait? wait? wait? wait? wait? wait? wait?

Negative
I You He . She It We You They did not wait. did not wait. did not wait. did not wait. did not wait. did not wait.

I played piano yesterday.

Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind. Examples:

Positive
I waited. You waited. We waited. They waited. He waited. She waited. It waited.

Question
Did Did Did Did Did Did Did I wait? you wait? we wait? they wait? he wait? she wait? it wait?

Negative
I did not wait. You did not wait. We did not wait. They did not wait. He did not wait. She did not wait. It did not wait.

Formation S + [gl-ed] or irregular verb

I saw a film. Did I see a film? I didnt see a film.

Positive I had. You had. He had. She had. It had. We had. You had. They had.

Question Did Did Did Did Did Did Did Did I have? you have? he have? she have? it have? we have? you have? they have?

Negative I did not have. You did not have. He did not have. She did not have. It did not have. We did not have. You did not have. They did not have.

WHO WHAT WHEN WHERE WHY HOW HOW many X HOW much X

did did did did did did did did

I you he she it we you they

want want want want want want want want

INFINITIVE

PAST SIMPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE

TRANSLATION

BE
BEGIN BUY COME DO DRINK EAT

WAS/WERE
BEGAN BOUGHT CAME DID DRANK ATE

BEEN

FEEL
FLY FORGET

FELT
FLEW FORGOT

biti BEGUN poeti BOUGHT kupiti COME doi DONE raditi DRUNK piti EATEN jesti FELT oseati FLOWN leteti FORGOTTEN zaboraviti

INFINITIVE

PAST SIMPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE

TRANSLATION

GET GIVE

GOT GAVE

GOT GIVEN

GO
HAVE KNOW LOSE MAKE MEET PAY READ SAY

WENT
HAD KNEW LOST MADE MET PAID READ SAID

GONE
HAD KNOWN LOST MADE MET PAID READ SAID

dobiti dati ii imati znati izgubiti napraviti


sresti upoznati

platiti itati rei

INFINITIVE

PAST SIMPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE

TRANSLATION

SEE SPEAK THINK TELL

SAW SPOKE THOUGHT TOLD

SEEN SPOKEN THOUGHT TOLD


UNDERSTOOD

UNDERSTAND UNDERSTOOD

WIN WRITE

WON WROTE

WON WRITTEN

videti govoriti misliti rei razumeti pobediti pisati

A) Which answers are correct? 1) Which sentences/questions are in the Simple Past? a) He didn't learn for school. b) I fell from the tree. c) I've found a pen. d) She was in Hamburg. e) We were watching a film. 2) Which verb forms are correct? a) lived b) liveed c) planed d) planned e) tried f) tryed

1) He walked to the park.

2) Andrew invited his friends.


3) Phil talked to his parrot. 4) The boys swapped comics. 5) The parents were in the restaurant.

1) Which verb forms are in the Simple Past? a) had b) has c) plaied d) played e) was f) were

2) Which of the following words are used with the Simple Past (signal words)?
a) at the moment b) in 2002 c) two weeks ago d) while e) yesterday

1) Which sentence is in the Simple Past? a) She has read a book. b) She read a book. c) She reads a book.
2) Which question is in the Simple Past? a) Did you saw her? b) Did you see her? c) Have you seen her?

3) Which negative sentence is in the Simple Past? a) We did not speak Russian. b) We not spoke Russian. c) We spoke not Russian.
4) Which question is in the Simple Past? a) When did Anne find the keys? b) When found Anne the keys?

1. My father .. (want) us stay in Paris. 2. He .. (not/ begin) his studies at London University.

3. There .. (be) a big party at my aunt's last weekend. She was


giving a birthday party. 4. I .. (not/ make) three mistakes in this sentence.

5. My parents .. (be) professors at university.


6. He .. (not/read) many interesting articles in this issue of the Independent. 7. You .. (make) a lot of mistakes in your homework. 8. I .. (see) Julia at the hairdresser's. She looked so worried. 9. I .. (meet) John at the tram stop. We were both late. 10. We just .. (go) swimming and lay on the beach on our holiday.

11. I .. (not/weep) at the dentist's. 12. My friend .. (fly) from Madrid. I waited for him at the airport. 13. My mother .. (tell) him everything at work. 14. My children .. (make) friends at school. 15. He .. (buy) cars. 16. There .. (be) two people in the picture. 17. I .. (not/lose) their bags at the railway station. 18. They .. (not/see) a train in London. 19. My father .. (not/forget) to give it to me. 20. My mom .. (work) in the garden.

AGO is used after the plural noun phrase showing a period of time in tha past e.g. two minutes ago

three hours ago several days ago

1. 2. 3. 4.

5.

I . (see) him last June. They .. (get) married in 1990. Alice .. (come) back from America last month. We .. (not/see) John the day before yesterday. He .. (understand) English in 2008.

IN

The 20th century 1924 The 1990s Winter/summer The evening/ the morning September

ON

10 October Christmas day Saturday Sunday evening


Seven oclock Weekends midnight

AT

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

I saw her ___ Christmas day. I was born ___ July. It happened ___ 2001. He started work ___ Monday. It rains a lot ___ spring. I get up ___ 7am. The lessons are ____ the afternoon. It was popular ____ the 1980s. The class is ____ Tuesdays and Thursdays. It was popular ____ the twentieth century.

Spelling of Ordinal Numbers Just add th to the cardinal number:


four - fourth eleven eleventh

Exceptions:

one - first two - second three - third five - fifth eight - eighth nine - ninth twelve - twelfth

We write
3/4/1999 or 3 April 1999

We say

The third of April, nineteen ninety-nine Or April the third, nineteen ninety-nine
1900 1905 2001

How do we say these years:

1. 2. 3.

4.

Whats the date today? When were you born? When is your birthday? When is Valentines day?

FOOD

Meat

CHICKEN

BEEF

PORK

VEAL

LAMB

TURKEY

REMEMBER: A person who doesnt eat meat is VEGETARIAN.

MEAT PRODUCTS

SAUSAGES

SALAMI

HAM

BACON

FISH

SARDINE

TUNA

HAKE

TROUT

Everyday food

POPULAR FOOD / FAST FOOD

DRINKS

ALCOHOL

COGNAC

BRANDY

WHISKEY

WINE

BEER

SLIVOVITZ

FRUIT

FRUIT

VEGETABLES

SWEETS

CHOCOLATE

BISCUITS

CAKES

CLOTHES

Use the text to guess the meaning of the key words


I got up at 7.30, had a shower, got dressed and had breakfast. It was a cold morning so I put on my overcoat and left home about 8.20. When I got to work I took off my coat and put on my overcoat and hung it up behind the door. It was hot in the office, so I took my jacket off as well. During my lunch break I had a look round the shops. I saw a nice jacket in one shop and tried it on, but it didnt fit me it was too small and they didnt have a bigger size.

Fill the gap with the suitable verb

Transport

Buses

Trains

Exercises