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Chapter1: Green Buildings

Learn this file by heart :) some answers may be wrong..... so check

1. What does LEED stand for? Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design 2. Which was the first LEED Platinum rated building in India? CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre 3. Which website can you get information about green buildings and the Indian http: !!!"igb#"in reen !uilding "ouncil?

#. Which credit and how many $oints are awarded to a $ro%ect with I !" &P as a $rinci$al design team member Innovation $ one point '. Who can become members of I !"? %ny organisation &%r#h$ #onsult$ Builder$ instituiton et#' (. Which member of the team needs to be a I !" member for the $ro%ect to claim the discount? (!ner ). *ame the # reen rating systems a+ailable in India through I !", and which year these were launched? LEED India )e! #onstru#tion -*++, LEED India #ore & shell in *++, IGBC green -omes-*++. IGBC green to!nships IGBC green se/ IGBC Green 0a#tories -*++. -. What is the most recommended time for a $ro%ect register for rating through I !"? Initial Design Stage .. &t which stage should a $ro%ect select the rating system the $ro%ect will be following? 0easibility study 1/. Where can the fees be found for registration 0 certification for an I !" rating system? http: !!!"igb#"in and 1arti#ular rating page 11. Which area should not be considered in calculation of fees? 1ar2ing area 12. What is the ne1t stage after the registration form is submitted on I !" website? CI3 13. What does the $ro%ect team recei+e after a $ro%ect is registered with I !"? 3e4eren#e guide & Leed India templates 1#. What is a "I2? Credit Interpretation 3e5uest 1'. What ste$s should you ta3e before filing a "I2? Che#2 the intent$ re5uirement$ #al#ulation details in re4eren#e Guide

Che#2 the previously logged CI36s in the CI3 page o4 IGBC !ebsite Submit a CI3 1(. With registration, how many "I24s does $ro%ect recei+e for free and how much do subse5uent "I26 cost? * 4ree & beyond this 7+++ per CI3 1). Where can you find other $ro%ect "I24s? http: !!!"igb#"in 1-. What is Pre "ertification? 8o mar2et the proje#t$ apply 4or the leed rating proposed !ith submittals" 1.. Which rating systems can you a$$ly for Pre certification? Leed India Core & shell & IGBC Green homes$ IGBC green to!nships 2/. "an a $ro%ect be denied credits in $re certification submittal? 9es" 21. If a $ro%ect achie+es 7 old8 rating in $re certification, can it a$$ly for Platinum in final certification? 9es 22. 9ow often should $ro%ect team u$date I !" on status of $ro%ect after $re certification? Every : months 23. If a $ro%ect is achie+ing #' credits and missing one $re re5uisite, can it still a$$ly for certification? )o 2#. What items should be submitted with the a$$lication for certification? %ll building dra!ings$ 0illed in Leed india 8emplates Cal#ulations 0ees 2'. 9ow long does I "! ta3e to $erform $reliminary re+iew? ;+ !or2ing days 2(. What is a clarification 3eply o4 the 1roje#t team 4or the IGBC preliminary report o4 1ending & Denied #redits" 2). What are the contents of Preliminary 2e+iew re$ort? C%% &Credit %##ept %nti#ipated$ 1ending & Denied 2-. Where are the fees a+ailable for certification and what are the fees based on? http: !!!"igb#"in & 4ees based on S5"4t" 2.. Is there a discount for I !" members? 9es 3/. 9ow much time is gi+en for $ro%ect team to res$ond to Preliminary re+iew? ;+ !or2ing days 31. 9ow many credits 0 $rere5uisites does the I !" +erify on site? <p to si= #redits and or prere5uisites 32. *ame the 2 stages at which on site ins$ection ta3es $lace? During #onstru#tion be4ore a!arding the #erti4i#ate

33. :n recei+ing the final re+iew, what are the o$tions for a $ro%ect team? %##ept or appeal 3#. 9ow long does a $ro%ect team ha+e to a$$eal >7 !or2ing days 3'. 9ow much does an a$$eal cost? 3s" *+$+++ #redit 3(. Who re+iews an &$$eal? What documents should be submitted? (ther than the 4irst revie!ed party all relevant do#uments related to that #redit alone !ith %ll dra!ings & narration &original submittal 4or the #redit' 3). What does a 7certified8 $ro%ect recei+e from I !"? Certi4i#ate$ %!ard letter & mountable pla5ue 3-. What is the difference between "I2 and "larification? CI3- re5uires details 4rom IGBC 3aised by proje#t team ans!ered by IGBC Clari4i#ation-1roje#t team reply 4or the IGBC preliminary revie! 3.. :n which website can you find the information on certified $ro%ects and accredited indi+iduals of I !" in India? http: !!!"igb#"in #/. 9ow many co$ies ;soft < hard= of documents need to be sent to I !"? * sets So4t #opy

Chapter 2: Sustainable Sites


1. What are the ' ma%or cha$ters in LEED rating system? Sustainable Site !ater e44i#ien#y Energy & %tmosphere Indoor Environment ?uality @aterial & 3esour#es 2. What are the # le+els of LEED certification a $ro%ect can achie+e? 1latinum$ Gold$ Silver$ Certi4ied 3. Is erosion and sedimentation control mandatory for a *" $ro%ect? 9es$ prere5uisite #. Which ty$e of $ro%ects can *" rating system be a$$lied to? )e! proje#ts more 7+A o!ner o##upied '. What is a ma%or reno+ation? @ore than 7+A renovation &Envelope$ -B%C & Ele#tri#al system$ interiors' (. What does erosion and sedimentation control hel$s to $rotect? 1rote#t the top soil$ air pollution redu#e$ improve !ater 5uality ). Is addressing construction stage for erosion < sedimentation sufficient? )o -. What are the different ty$es of seeding? 8emporary & 1ermanent .. What im$act does mulching ha+e? 3etains moisture & prote#t top soil 1/. *ame # structural controls to E<6? Earth di2e$ Silt 4en#ing$ Sediment trap$ Sediment basin

11. Which Indian standard is followed for Erosion < 6edimentation "ontrol? )BC part >+$ #hapter C$ se#tion -> 12. What ty$es of sites are ina$$ro$riate for green buildings? 1rime 0arm land$ Dithin >++ 4eet o4 !et land &E)BIS' -abitat o4 endangered spe#ies &DII' & 1ubli# par2land 13. What is a farmland? 1rodu#e #rops !ith less damage to resour#es$ least #ost$ Best pla#e 4or produ#e 4ood$ #rop$ %##eptable a#idity al2alinity$ salt$ sodium %de5uate & dependable !ater )o ro#2 or less ro#2 1#. Who lists endangered s$ecies in India? Dild li4e institute o4 India &DII' 1'. What is the minimum distance between site and wet land? >++ 4eet 1(. Is de+elo$ment on $ar3land a$$ro$riate? )o 1). What is the minimum density onsite and in calculated radius to achie+e 66"2? >";E 0%3 F mile radius :+$+++ s5"4t a#re 1-. *ame any 1/ basic ser+ices < what is the radius within which 1/ basic ser+ices and residential is re5uired for 66c2? -otel$ 4ire station$ beauty parlour$ s#hool$ hospital$ ban2$ bus stop$ pla#e o4 !orship$ gro#ery$ Day #are$ #leaners$ laundry$ library$ par2$ pharma#y$ post o44i#e$ senior #are 4a#ility$ 8heatre$ #ommunity #entre$ 4itness #entre & @useum " 3G";root &a#re = C;7:+' 1.. What is a site with en+ironmental or chemical contamination called? Bro!n 4ield 2/. What are the 2 o$tions for &lt >rns "#, $ublic trans$ortation access? F mile 3ail line or H mile Bus Stop !ith min" * bus lines 21. 9ow many bus sto$s and bus lines are re5uired to achie+e the credit? > stop !ith min" * buses 22. What is the intent of encouraging alternati+e fuel +ehicles? 8o redu#e pollution 4rom automobiles save 4uel 23. What are re5uirements if &lternati+e fuel +ehicles are $ro+ided? ; A o4 o##upan#y & pre4erred par2ing 2#. What are the re5uirements if recharge stations are $ro+ided? ;A o4 par2ing #apa#ity 2'. Is it better to meet or e1ceed the local $ar3ing re5uirements? @eet &)ot to e=#eed' 2(. Define 7$referred $ar3ing8 1ar2ing nearer to entran#e$ #ore$ ne=t to handi#apped par2ing 2). 9ow can we minimi?e site disturbance in a reen @ield site? By use less area 4or #onstru#tion !or2$ less disturban#e to vegetation

2-. 9ow much area of site should ha+e +egetation to achie+e 66"'.1? 7+A 2.. & site should e1ceed local o$en s$ace re5uirement by AAB to achie+e 66"'.2? *7A 3/. 2un off coefficients are higher for which materials? %sphalt$ Con#rete$ bri#2 31. In any de+elo$ment should $ost de+elo$ment run off be higher or less than $re de+elo$ment run off? Should be less than 32. What is >66? 8otal suspended solid 33. 9ow can >66 be reduced before recharge? -arvesting pit 3#. What does 9eat Island effect mean? 8hermal gradient di44eren#e b ! developed & non developed area 3'. *ame any # strategies to $re+ent 9eat Island Effect on non roof areas? Gardening" Dhite #oating$ par2ing in basement$ par2ing under shades" 3(. What does 62I stand for? Is higher or lower 62I better to $re+ent heat island? Solar 3e4le#tan#e Inde= $ -igher 3). 9ow do reen 2oofs greatly hel$ to reduce 9eat Island Effect? Green roo4 redu#e the heat trans4er gain 3-. 9ow do 9igh 62I roofs hel$ in redu#e the heat trans4er to building reen !uildings?

3.. What is the intent of 7Light Pollution 2eduction8 credit? 3emove up lights and redu#e impa#t on no#turnal environments #/. Which standard is followed for calculating LPD for e1terior lighting? %shrae .+">

Chapter 3: Water Efficiency:


1. What is $otable water? Drin2able !ater 2. *ame the 3 largest consumers of water in a ty$ical building? Irrigation$ 8oilets$ %# ma2e up !ater 3. What is the standard $ressure at which toilet fi1tures should be measured? E+ 1SI &1ounds per s5uare in#h' #. What does P@, PC, LPC and LP@ stand for? Gallons per 4lush$ Gallons per minute$ litre per minute$ litre per 4lush '. What is 2!>6 and which water can be treated using this system? 3eed Bed 8reatment system$ !aste !ater (. What are !:D and ":D and who decides the allowable limits? Bio#hemi#al o=ygen demand$ #hemi#al o=ygen demand & 1CB

). What are a$$ro$riate ways to recharge roof and ground storm water? 3oo4 !ater to open !ells$ sur4a#e !ater to 3ain !ater harvesting pits -. What is AeriDsca$ing? <sage o4 desert plant dry Lands#ape .. Why are nati+e landsca$e considered green? 8hey don6t need spe#ial #are mu#h o4 !ater$ integrate building !ith lo#al e#ology 1/. *ame some ty$es of efficient irrigation systems? Drip irrigation $ sprin2ler irrigation 11. 9ow long is it acce$table to use tem$orary irrigation system when the $ro%ect is attem$ting to com$letely eliminate the use of $otable water consum$tion credit? > year 12. What ty$e of air conditioning systems utili?es water? Dater #ooled 13. What is the minimum B of $otable water 5uantity is to be reduced to achie+e the credit on water efficiency in air conditioning systems? 7+A 1#. Which are the 2 o$tions to achie+e the 7inno+ati+e waste water technologies8 credit? 3edu#e potable !ater 4or se!age by 7+A by using non potable !ater &or' treat >++A !aste !ater to tertiary standards 1'. *ame any 3 ways to reduce amount of waste water generated in a building? <se S81 treated !ater $ lo! 4lo! 4i=tures$ 3edu#e potable !ater use 4or building se!age by 7+A by use o4 non potable !ater 8reat 7+A !aste !ater onsite to tertiary standards" 8reated !ater must be in4iltrated or used on-site 1(. What is the intent of the 7water use reduction8 credit? @a=imise !ater e44i#ien#y$ redu#e the !aste !ater generation &Ground !ater prote#tion less usage o4 !ater' 1). Which fi1tures are considered for calculating water use reduction in a building? Dater e44i#ient 4i=tures$ !ater less urinals 1-. What is the standard flow for a W"? >": G10 at E+ psi 1.. What are dual flush toilets? 8oilets !ith * 4lo! rates 2/. 9ow do aerators hel$ in flow fi1tures? @aintain pressure & redu#e the !ater usage

4: Energy & At !sphere


1. What are the ma%or consumers of energy in a building? %C$ light$ po!er e5uipments$ Bent" 4ans 2. What are com$onents that add to heat gain in a building? Glass$ !all$ lights po!er e5uipment$ o##upants 3. Which consultant is res$onsible for energy efficiency? %ll &%r#h"$ @E1$ o!ner et#"' #. Which is ideal orientation for building in terms of energy efficiency? Longest spa#e 4a#ing north south

'. What are the 3 $ro$erties of glass considered while selecting gla?ing? <$ Shading #o-e44i#ient$ BL8 (. What are the units of E +alue? &nd is higher 0 lower better? Btu hr 4t* +0 or D m* +I" Lo!er is better" ). What do 6" and 69 " stand for? What is the con+ersion factor? SC: Shading #o-e44i#ient & S-GC: Solar heat gain #o e44i#ient -. What are the o$tions for im$ro+ing wall ED+alue? Bri#2 !all !ith insulation$ bri#2 !all !ith air #avity$ -ollo! blo#2s$ 4ly ash bri#2s$ %%C blo#2s .. What are the ty$es of roof insulation? (ver de#2$ under de#2$ insulation sand!i#hed 1/. What are &&" bloc3s and which com$onent is 7recycled content8? %uto#laved %erated Con#rete blo#2s &!ith 4ly ash$ #ement$ lime$ %l po!der$ !ater'$ 4ly ash 11. Which standard is followed for energy calculation 0 simulation? %S-3%E .+">" or ECBC !hi#hever is more stringent 12. *ame any 3 methods to im$ro+e efficiency of &" system? Dater #ooled #hiller$ -igh C(1$ B0D$ e#onomiser$ heat re#overy !heels$ B@S 13. What is LPD? Light po!er density 1#. Cention any 3 ways to im$ro+e efficiency of lighting systems? )atural lighting$ Day light sensor$ (##upan#y sensor$ individual #ontrol 1'. What is !C6? Building management System 1(. What are the benefits of commissioning? Cross #he#2ing all are as per do#uments & design" 8o ensure e5uipments are designed$ installed & #alibrated as intend 1). What is fundamental commissioning? %gent to revie! design intent In#orporate #ommissioning re5uirement in the do#uments Develop #ommissioning plan During #onstru#tion: J Beri4y installation J 0un#tional per4orman#e J 8raining$ operation & maintenan#e do#umentation J Commissioning report Basi#ally a plan$ #he#2ing the e5uipments designed & #ommissioned properly" Development and implement a #ommissioning plan" 1-. "an a member of the $ro%ect team do fundamental commissioning? 9es i4 less than 7+$+++s54t 1.. Which standards must be met to achie+e 7minimum energy $erformance8 $rere5uisite? ECBC %S-3%E .+"> 2/. What does "@", 9"@", 9@", :DP and WP stand for? Chloro 0luoro Carbon$ -ydro Chloro 0luoro Carbon$ -ydro 0luoro Carbon$ (/one Depletion 1otential$ Global Darming 1otential

21. What is the intent of eliminating the use of "@" in 9F&" < 2 systems? 1revent o/one depletion & global !arming 22. 9ow many $oints are a+ailable for energy efficiency in LEED *" 2ating? >+ 23. Which are the 2 methods to $ro+e com$liance with &692&E 0 E"!"? 1res#riptive & !hole building per4orman#e &simulation' 2#. Which data is re5uired to do energy modelling? %ll data K %r#h" @E1 servi#es$ lands#ape$ gla/ing$ et#" 2'. What are e1am$les of 2enewable energy? 8idal$ Dind" Solar$ -ydro$ biogas 2(. What are the re5uirements for energy $roduced to be claimed under E&"2, renewable energy? 1rodu#ed at site &*"7A 7A & ,"7A' 2). B of renewable energy is calculated in com$arison toG 8otal energy #onsumed in the building 2-. Who $erforms additional commissioning? 8hird party 2.. What stage is commissioning agent hired and how long is his role in $ro%ect? Initial Stage o4 #onstru#tion & up to one year a4ter o##upan#y 3/. Which $rotocol outlines re5uirements for $re+enting o?one de$letion @ontreal proto#ol 31. What are re5uirements of 7measurement < +erification8 credit? I1@B1 &International 1er4orman#e @easurement & Beri4i#ation 1roto#ol' do#ument to be veri4ied & to be #he#2ed 4or > year a4ter o##upan#y" 8hird party !ill do measurement & veri4i#ation during o##upan#y" 32. What is reen Power? 1rodu#ing rene!able energy o44 site 33. 9ow much of building energy load should be green $ower? 7+A 3#. What are thermal brea3s? %ir gap bet!een !indo!s to redu#e the heat #ondu#tion a#t as insulation is thermal brea2 3'. What are F@D4s, 9eat 2eco+ery Wheels < Economi?ers? Bariable 0re5uen#y Drive : Give the % # as per the re5uirement person so energy redu#ed -eat 3e#overy !heel: 4or pre #ooling the 4resh air using !aste e=haust air !hi#h is at #omparatively lo!er temperature &4or energy #onservation' E#onomi/ers : Supply 4resh air !hen re5uired &o##upant' 3(. What is additional commissioning ? J ;rd party to revie! design intent J Contra#tor submittal veri4i#ation J 3e #ommissioning management plan J 1ost o##upan#y revie!

Chapter ": #aterials & $es!urces

1. What are the ' materials ;at a minimum= that a building occu$ant should ha+e the a$$ro$riate bin to dis$ose off, in a green building? 1aper$ #ard board$ metal$ glass$ plasti#s 2. Is 76torage < "ollection of 2ecyclables8 for during construction or $ost occu$ancy? 1ost o##upan#y 3. In addition to bins, what else needs to be incor$orated in the design of the building? Spa#e to earmar2ed" Centralised spa#e to lo#ated" #. *ame any 3 building elements that categori?e as 6hell, *on 6hell and 6tructure? Shell- E=terior !all$ roo4$ 4raming )on shell-!indo!s$ doors$ 4alse #eiling $ !ooden 4looring Stru#ture-#olumn$ beam$ basement !all$ roo4 de#2$ 4loor de#2$ 4oundation '. What is the intent of !uilding 2euse credit? E=tend the li4e o4 the e=isting building & redu#e #onstru#tion !aste (. &re windows shell or non shell? )on shell ). What is the goal of "onstruction waste management? %void the #onstru#tion lead to land4ill$ redu#e the !aste$ re#y#le it properly -. *ame any ' materials that would be considered construction waste? Bri#2$ glass$ #ement bags$ steal$ .. Is sand a construction waste? )o" 1/. 9ow is construction waste measured and what is is the B to be achie+ed for 1 < 2 $oints? 0or 7+A K > point & ,7A K * and above .7A e=emplary > point 11. *ame 3 e1am$les of 2esource 2euse? Bri#2$ 4urniture6s$ %eroplane tyre$ !ing$ 12. 9ow the +alue of resource reuse calculated and what is is it com$ared to for achie+ing $oints? 8he pri#e o4 the a#tual &ne! item' K 7A o4 building material #ost K > & >+A -* 13. What are the ty$es of recycled content? 1ost #onsumer K bottle-glass$ paper$ plasti#s 1ost industrial K 0ly ash$ steel$ gypsum i+e some e1am$les

1#. What is the a+erage recycled content B of steel and glass? Steel K *+-*7A Glass K >+->7A 1'. What is the intent of local 0 regional materials credit? En#ourage lo#al e#onomy$ redu#e transportation$ pollution" 1(. What is allowable distance for a material to be 7local8 7++ miles &E++ 2m' 1). Define manufacture and e1traction? 0inal assembling pla#e is @anu4a#ture 3a! material e=tra#tion K initial K E=tra#tion

1-. @rom where is the radius for local materials calculated? 0rom site 1.. 9ow many years is the har+esting cycle considered as 7ra$idly renewable8? >+ years or Less than >+ 2/. 6ome e1am$les of ra$idly renewable? Bamboo$ @D0 &@edium Density 0ibre board'$ LEu#alyptous$ #otton$ stra!$ !oolM 21. What does @6" stand for? 0orest Ste!ardship Coun#il 22. 9ow is @6" wood better than unDcertified wood? 8he !ood is not better than normal !ood" 8he 4orest is !ell managed" 23. What certificate is re5uired for credit com$liance for @6" wood? Chain o4 #ustody" 2#. "an a material be counted in !uilding and 2esource reuse? )o" 2'. "an a material be ta3en in ra$idly renewable and certified wood credits? 9es

Chapter %: &nd!!r En'ir!n ental (uality


1. What standard is followed for Cinimum Indoor En+ironmental Fentilation re5uirements? %S-3%E :*"> 2. What are the standards outlined in &692&E (2.1? Bentilation standrards 3. What is "@C? Cubit 0eet per @inute #. Which locations are ina$$ro$riate for fresh air inta3es? )ot near to e=haust areas$ E8S$ par2ing garage$ #ooling to!er '. What is E>6? What is the intent of this credit? Environmental 8oba##o Smo2e" %void the e=posure o4 E8S to o##upants non-smo2ers" (. What are the 2 o$tions for meeting E>6 re5uirements? De#lare building as )o Smo2ing 1rovide dedi#ated smo2ing area !ith proper ventilation &to be maintained under Kive pressure' ). What is the benefit of monitoring ":2 in a s$ace? In#rease the 4resh air -. What is best location for ":2 sensors in terms of s$aces and height? 0rom 4loor bet!een ; 4t : 4t .. What B better than &692&E should be achie+ed to get credits and for what B of s$aces? ;+A 4or .+A spa#es 1/. What is the benefit of a "onstruction I&H Plan? Dell being o4 #onstru#tion !or2ers o##upants 1rote#tion o4 e5uipments

11. Which standard is used for "onstruction I&H? S@%C)%- Sheet @etal & %ir #onditioning Contra#tors )ational %sso#iation 12. What is CE2F and where is it used? @inimum E44i#ien#y reporting Balue K this is 4ilter media used in %-< 13. What is !uilding @lush :ut and when is it done? Be4ore o##upan#y$ by natural 4resh air 4or * !ee2s %# operation & repla#e the @E3B E 1#. What is the benefit of using low F:" materials? 1revent e=posure o4 #hemi#al to=i#ants$ irritation 1'. What does F:" stand for? Bolatile (rgani# Compound 1(. *ame the # categories of low F:" materials re5uired by LEED? %dhesives$ Sealants & primer$ 1aints & #oating$ Carpet 1). *ame # adhesi+es < sealants in a building? Carpet adhesive$ tile adhesive$ %C Insulation adhesive$ %r#hite#tural sealants$ 0ire sealants 1-. Which standard is followed for car$ets and car$et adhesi+es? Carpet & 3ug Institute$ Green label plus 1.. Which resin is not allowed in Wood < &grifiber $roducts? Cention any other resin? <rea 4ormaldehyde K not allo!ed" <se phenol 4ormaldehyde 2/. What is the intent of the 7indoor chemical < $ollutant source control8 credit? %void e=posure o4 building o##upants to ha/ardous$ #hemi#al pollutants & dusts 21. What ty$es of rooms re5uire inde$endent +entilation? Chemi#al$ #opier$ E8S$ 22. >o achie+e the credit, what is the CE2F +alue credit? @E3B->; 23. What are the ad+antages of $ro+iding 7"ontrollability of systems8? Save energy" 0a#ilitates individual thermal & lighting #ontrollability 2#. What are the standards for o$erable windows? >+ 4t either side o4 the !indo! and *+ 4t inside the !indo!" 2'. Which areas are to $ro+ide the controllability? 3egularly o##upied areas 2(. E1am$le of controllability of systemsI lighting? B@S " %utomati# sensors $ thermostat$ 2). Which standard is followed for >hermal comfort credit? %shrae 77 2-. What are the focus areas of &692&E ''? 8hermal #om4ort : 8emperature & -umidity #ontrol 2.. When must the +erification sur+ey be conducted? :->E months

3/. What is the minimum B of occu$ants should satisfied with thermal conditions, below which correcti+e action needs to be ta3en? E+A 31. What does daylight factor de$end on? BL8$ %mount o4 glass in #omparison to 4loor area" 32. What is the benefit of natural daylight? Energy saving & #onservation 33. What B of s$ace should meet minimum daylight re5uirements? ,7A o4 regularly o##upied area 3#. What is the height between which +iews are $ossible through gla?ing? *6:N to ,6:N 3'. What is the B of s$aces to ha+e indoor J outdoor connection .7A

Chapter ): &nn!'ati!n & *esign


1. What to$ics are co+ered in inno+ation < design cha$ter? Innovative per4orman#e in Green Building #ategories not spe#i4i#ally addressed by LEED also it provides one point i4 IGBC %1 is involved 2. What is 7Inno+ation8 in a green building rating system? Doing something ne! !hi#h !ere not related to any o4 the #redit system 3. Cention any 3 inno+ations in a green building? Green edu#ation$ Green house 2eeping$ Car pooling" #. Define e1em$lary $erformance? @eeting more than spe#i4ied in the #redit limit '. Cention any 3 credits which could 5ualify for e1em$lary $erformance? >++A %C ma2e up !ater 4rom 8reated !ater$ redu#ing or salvage more than .7A #onstru#tion !aste$ more than 7+A&.7A' roo4 garden $ more than >+A &>7A' re#y#le #ontent" @ore than *+A regional material$ .7A to >++ A 0SC !ood $ .7A lighting energy redu#tion by day light vie!s (. &t a minimum, who should be a LEED &P to achie+e the $oint in LEED rating system? Consultant$ ar#hite#t$ Design team member

Chapter +: Green Building C!des


1. What is co+ered in *!" Part 1/, 6ection1, and "ha$ter #? Control o4 erosion & sedimentation #ontrol 2. What does E"!" stand for? Energy #onservation building #ode 3. Who de+elo$ed the E"!"? Is it mandatory? BEE K Bureau o4 Energy E44i#ien#y" )ot mandatory #. What are the building systems co+ered under E"!"? %#$ Lighting$ Envelope$ hot !ater system$

'. >o which $ro%ects can E"!" be a$$lied? @oe than 7++2D #onne#ted load or :++2va #ontra#t demand or >+++ s5"mtr %# spa#e (. What are 2 a$$roaches for Energy "onser+ation? 1res#riptive & !hole building per4orman#e &simulation' ). What is ma1imum gla?ed area ;B of gross wall area= in $rescri$ti+e a$$roach? :+A -. What are the ' climate ?ones in India $er E"!"? -ot dry$ !arm humid$ Composite$ temperate$ #old .. What does &692&E stand for? %meri#al se#eity o4 heating$ re4rigeration & air-#onditioning Engineers" 1/. Which to$ics are co+ered in &692&E ./.1, which are the a$$licable credits? Energy $ optimi/ing energy per4orman#e 11. Which to$ics are co+ered in &692&E (2.1, which are the a$$licable credits? Indoor environment 5uality 12. What is 6C&"*&? Which credit does it a$$ly to? Sheet @etal & %ir #onditioning Contra#tors )ational %sso#iation & Constru#tion I%? #redit 13. What is &692&E '' and what to$ics are co+ered? 8hermal #om4ort : 8emperature & humidity #ontrol 1#. What is "2I < reen Label certification? Carpet & rug institute Kare the #erti4ying authority Green Label plus re5uirements KCerti4i#ate 4or #arpet

#,$E
>" Dhat are materials !ith re#y#led #ontentO @aterials !hi#h have a #ertain amount o4 !aste produ#t or re#y#led produ#t in#luded in the manu4a#turing pro#ess" *" Dor2 4rom home en#ourages !hat #ultureO @i=ed use buildings !ith redu#ed travel &hen#e 4uel & pollution' 4rom travel ;" Dhy do !alls in a building need to be insulatedO 3edu#e heat trans4er gain through #ondu#tion C" Dhi#h o4 the 4ollo!ing are appropriate sitesO Should not be 4armland$ endangered spe#ies$ >++4et o4 !etland & par2land 7" Dhat is the broad obje#tive o4 using lo! B(CO 3edu#ed e=posure o4 o##upants to to=i# #hemi#als resulting in respiratory and dis#om4ort :" Dhat does Evapo-transpiration re4er toO P Evapo transpiration is loss o4 !ater by plants due to evaporation and transpiration ," Dhat prin#iple does #omposite toilet !or2O <se o4 ba#teria to treated organi# !aste and it #an be reused as #ompost" %erobi#$ no #hemi#als E" -o! do B0D6s assist in green buildingsO Bariable 0re5uen#y Drives regulate air #onditioning per re5uirement o##upan#y and hen#e redu#e energy #onsumption

." Dhy are lighter shades o4 paint pre4erredO 3e4le#t a!ay heat rather than #ondu#ting$ redu#ed heat island e44e#t >+" Dhat does re#y#ling #onstru#tion debris en#ourageO 1revents !aste being sent to land4ill" %lso redu#es !aste and en#ourages onsite reuse >>" Dhat is the intent o4 roo4 gardenO 3oo4 garden redu#es heat island e44e#t and also redu#es #ondu#tive heat gain by in#reasing insulating property o4 roo4 >*" Dhen should 4resh air be pumped into the spa#eO Dhen #o* levels are raised due to human o##upan#y >;" Dhat are the ideal lo#ation o4 C(* sensors ;6-:N above 4loor : breathing /one >C" Dhat is silt 4en#ingO Silt 4en#e helps to prevents erosion & sedimentation by trapping silt 4rom running !ater >7" Dhat are Green DoodsO Green !ood #an be 0SC #erti4ied or rapidly rene!able >:" 8rade o44 in L1D is a##epted !henO Dhole building method$ !here one spa#e #an have higher L1D and one less$ as long as total L1D is belo! %S-3%E >," 3D- #al#ulations should be a##ording to !hi#h parametersO 3ain4all$ site imperviousness >E" Dhat are 4a#tors determining I%?O 0resh air$ B(C & #ontaminants$ & daylight >." Dhat is the bene4it o4 providing Individual #ontrols to o##upantsO %djust personal #limate$ savings in energy *+" C0L is good repla#ement 4orO In#andes#ent bulbs$ halogens *>" Dhat #auses SBSO Si#2 Building Syndrome K poor indoor environment 5uality and inade5uate 4resh air **" Daterless urinals help in !hatO 3edu#es !ater used 4or se!age #onveyan#e *;" < Balue or S-GC is important 4or a building in tropi#al #limate should beO Both are important" *C" Dhat are )on shell elementsO )on Shell: doors$ partitions$ 4looring$ !indo!s *7" Dhat #auses 4ailure in day-lightingO Inade5uate glare #ontrol *:" Less B(C #an #ause !hat di44eren#e to o##upantsO Better air 5uality$ less B(C and to=ins !hi#h result in respiratory issues *," 3uno44 #o-e44i#ient 4or asphalt is lo! or highO -igh

*E" Dhat are stabili/ation using stru#tural #ontrolsO <sing stru#tural #ontrols to prevent sedimentation: silt 4en#e$ earth di2es$ sediment basin$ sediment traps *." Dhat are Qeris#apes and !hat are the bene4itsO Lands#ape using minimum plants$ #a#ti and hard materials$ to redu#e !ater #onsumption 4or lands#ape ;+" 3B8S best to treat !hi#h !aterO 3eed Bed 8reatment System 4or !aste !ater ;>" (bje#tive 4or pur#hasing produ#ts !ith re#y#led #ontentO En#ourage re#y#ling and use o4 re#y#led materials in manu4a#ture pro#ess$ redu#e demand on virgin materials ;*" Dhat is the per#entage o4 re#y#led #ontent in steelO *+ K *7 A 4or steel ;;" Building orientation is #ru#ial !hyO 3edu#ed heat gain by longer a=is 4a#ing north south ;C" E=amples o4 1ost industrial re#y#led #ontentO 0ly ash$ steel ;7" @a=imum post development storm !ater run-o44 should beO Less than pre development run o44 ;:" Broad intent to design !ith daylight and vie!O @a=imi/e indoor outdoor #onne#tion and redu#e operation o4 arti4i#ial lights by using natural daylight ;," Installing moisture sensors in lands#apes helps inO Supplying !ater 4or lands#ape only !hen re5uired &soil be#oming dry' ;E" Dhat happens to the !ater 4lo! in 4au#et !hen pressure is de#reasedO Dater 4lo! is de#reased ;." E#onomi/ers !or2 in !hat prin#iplesO Supplying 4resh air only !hen rooms are o##upied$ #o* sensors C+" I4 the building is predominantly 4a#tory !ith other o44i#es spa#es atta#hed to it !hat rating #an !e optO Green 4a#tories IGBC C>" Dhat does the proje#t team do !hen there is a #hallenge in the interpretation o4 a #redit or prere5uisiteO Submit CI3 C*" Dhat does the proje#t team do !hen they have 4ailed in getting a parti#ular #redit and they are #on4ident in gettingO %ppeal C;" Could #erti4i#ation be a#hieved i4 the proje#t gets ma=imum #redits$ e=#ept 4or one per5uisiteO )o$ all pre re5s should be a#hieved CC" Dho revie!s the appealO Di44erent %ssessor$ not the one !ho revie!ed 4irst time C7" -o! mu#h time does IGBC ta2es 4or >st 3evie!O ;+ days C:" Dhat is the interval in !hi#h the pre-#erti4ied proje#t should be updated !ith IGBC : months

C," Green roo4 is installed toO 3oo4 garden redu#es heat island e44e#t and also redu#es #ondu#tive heat gain by in#reasing insulating property o4 roo4 CE" ?uantity o4 !ater re5uired per head in a o44i#e building &as per )BC' C7 litres person day C." ?uantity o4 !ater re5uired per head 4or domesti# and non domesti# usage &as per )BC'O >;7 litres person day 7+" Can a proje#t apply 4or platinum rating i4 its gold rating in pre-#erti4ied 9es 7>" Dhy !e have to study the soil #ondition be4ore lands#apeO %ppropriate plants spe#ies and irrigation systems 7*" -o! does #ommissioning helpO Ensures proper installation and 4un#tioning per design$ identi4ies any installation mista2es 7;" C0C redu#tion elimination in re4rigerants helps in !hatO 3edu#e o/one depletion 7C" Dhat is the bene4it o4 #onstru#tion !aste managementO 1revent !aste going to land4ill 77" I4 there is substantial !ood re5uirement in a building ho! to ma2e it greenO 0SC !ood$ rapidly rene!able !ood or @D0 &re#y#led #ontent' 7:" Dhat is the %S-3%E standard 4or ventilationO %S-3%E :*"> 7," Dhat does %S-3%E 77 spea2 aboutO 8hermal #om4ort: temperature and humidity 7E" Dhere should the lo#ation o4 4resh air inta2es be in a buildingO %!ay 4rom e=hausts$ smo2ing areas$ and no pollutant sour#e 7." Dhat happens i4 !e in#rease the ventilation in a building more than the ECBC standardsO Better I%? &more 4resh air' but in#rease in energy #onsumption :+" Dhi#h agen#y #on#ern about #onstru#tion I%? management planO S@%C)%$ should be done by #ontra#tor and do#umented by ta2ing photos :>" Dhat does E)BIS #on#ern aboutO E)BIS: !et lands :*" Dhi#h is a bro!n 4ield developmentO Contaminated site$ #hemi#al or physi#al$ land4ill et# :;" Dhat is the intent in developing in a previously developed siteO 3edu#e development o4 green 4ields and use sites !ithin developed area rather than a!ay 4rom #ity :C" ECBC is been devised by ECBC !as devised by Bureau o4 Energy E44i#ien#y BEE :7" Dhat happens i4 the lo#al #ontrol regulations are stringent than the ECBC or %S-3%E standards"" 0ollo! !hi#hever is @(S8 stringent

::" ECBC has divided Indian into ho! many #limate /onesO 7 #limate /one: -ot Dry$ Darm -umid$ Composite$ 8emperate$ Cold :," Dhat does S3I property in a material de4ineO S3I is solar 3e4le#tan#e Inde=$ ho! mu#h solar radiation is re4le#ted :E" (il grit separators are installed to: 8o 4ilter oil in storm !ater run-o44 :." 8he Energy Conservation Building Code &ECBC' is appli#able to buildings or building #omple=es that have a #onne#ted load 7++ 2D or greater ,+" I4 a #redit point has been denied 4or a proje#t and the proje#t team 4eels they have #omplied !ith the #redit re5uirement$ the proje#t team Can appeal 4or revie! o4 the #redit ,>" 1er4orm soil and #limate analysis to determine the spe#ies o4 plants !hi#h !ill adapt best 3edu#e !ater re5uirement 4or lands#aping

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8he ECBC is appli#able to !hat type o4 buildingsO >" Less than 7++ ID o4 #onne#ted load *" Greater than 7++ ID o4 #onne#ted load ;" Less than :++ ID o4 #onne#ted load C" Greater than :++ ID o4 #onne#ted load 3B8S is best to treat !hi#h !ater >" Daste !ater *" 3ain !ater ;" Storm !ater C" 1ot !ater Dhat is the purpose o4 Reris#ape >" In#rease rain !ater harvesting *" Save !ater #onsumption ;" In#rease storm !ater run o44 C" De#rease storm !ater run o44 Dhat #an the proje#t team do i4 a #ertain #redit point is denied by IGBC >" Cannot do anything *" %ppeal 4or revie! ;" Consider that they have a#hieved the #redit and do nothing C" Consult the IGBC sta44

>" Shading #oe44i#ient o4 glass in a tropi#al #limate to a#hieve ma=" energy e44i#ien#yO &lo!$ high$ optimum$ neither lo! nor high' *" %dvan#ed te#hnology to treat #ontaminated soil in bro!n4ield proje#tsO ;" Installing moisture sensors in lands#aping helps inO redu#ing !ater re5uirement irrigation re5uirement C" Dhat is the purpose o4 reusing portions o4 an e=isting bldgO re#y#ling$less emphasis on virgin material$energy #onservation 7" pre4erred lo#ation o4 #o* sensors in lo! density spa#esO (. Why $ost consumer recycled content accorded higher +alue than $ost industrial?

," %s per ECBC L1D 4or an o44i#eO >>"ED s5 m E" insist on outdoor lighting 4i=tures that are partially shielded to: a' optimi/e energy per4orman#e b' redu#e avoid spilling o4 light into neighboring sites .. E"!6 allows base bldg to assume air cooled chillers in base case as long asK a' proposed bldg has installed !ater #ooled #hillers b' proposed bldg has installed air #ooled #hillers #' base load is met thru !ater based #hillers d' #hiller si/e is less than 7+ 83" 1. Where do we 3ee$ co2 sensors where there is low occu$ancy. >" 3eturn air du#ts *" Breathing level ;" (utside the room" C" I dont remeber this option 2.Where do we 3ee$ co2 sensors where there is high occu$ancy. >" 3eturn air du#ts *" Breathing level ;" (utside the room" C" I dont remeber this option Wheeling of green $ower from a far away site hel$s in >" 3edu#ing pollution *" Saves energy ;" Saves !ater #onsumption >"Qeris#aping is an e44e#tive strategy to O save !ater re5uirement *"-o! 4re5uently should the proje#t team update the IGBC a4ter pre#erti4i#ationO :months 3.E +alue for tro$ical climate should be? C"@in air #hanges 4or 4a#tory bldgs should be O 7"@in Dater re5 as per )BC 4or residential areas having > la# density O :"Dhat should be Is 4a#tor 4or spe#ies having /ero !ater re5 O&+$+">$+"E$>'O ,"1ervious paving is e44e#tive strategy 4or O to re#harge ground !ater$4ill a5ui4er$save !ater$ to prote#t storm sur4a#e !ater run o44 E"I4 design team meets all #redits but 4ails to #omply !ith > prere5 #an it still apply 4or rating O no ."-o! many #limate /ones r there in India O 7 /ones a## to ECBC 1/.Life cycle costs for &" units is generally associated with ? >>"SC 4or tropi#al #limate should be O & more$less$optimum$neither lo! or more' >*"1roviding shallo! 4lr plates is an e44e#tive strategy 4or O >;"%shrae sts 4or Bentilation O %S-3%E :*"> &I%?' >C"Dhat is best pla#e 4or Co* sensors in high density & lo! density areas O >" a" b" #" d" *" a" b" #" d" 3. 1re4erred lo#ation o4 C(* sensors in rooms o4 lo! o##upan#y 0resh air entry 3eturn air du#ts (utside the room Inside the spa#e at breathing level 1re4erred lo#ation o4 C(* sensors in rooms o4 high o##upan#y 0resh air entry 3eturn air du#ts (utside the room Inside the spa#e at breathing level LPD od office s$aces as $er E"!" is

a" b" #" d" C" a" b" #" d" 7" a" b" #" d" :" a" b" #" d" ," a" b" #" d" E" a" b" #" d" ." a" b" #" d"

>+ ! 4t* *+ ! 4t* ;+ ! 4t* > ! 4t* Domesti# & non-domesti# !ater need as per )BS 4or urban population >++->7+ ltr head day ,+->++ ltr head day ;+-7+ ltr head day >7+-*++ ltr head day 1ervious pavement !ill se#ure points under !hi#h #redit -eat island K non roo4 Storm !ater harvesting 3edu#ing site disturban#e Light pollution Given that thi#2ness is a #onstant$ !hi#h insulation restri#ts the ma=imum #ondu#tion o4 heat 8hermo#ol E=truded polysterene Glass !ool Bri#2 !all Con#rete !alls vs" 4ly ash !alls 0ly ash !alls #ondu#t less heat Con#rete !alls #ondu#t less heat Both !alls #ondu#t same heat Depends on the #limate Shading Coe44i#ient o4 Glass in tropi#al #limate regions should be %s lo! as possible (ptimal %s high as possible )either too lo! nor too high Design solution to address glare problem due to gla/ing 1rovide light shelves above the !or2ing level 3estri#t users 4rom #losing do!n the !indo!s Sele#t glass !ith high visual list transmittan#e value 1rovide arti4i#ial lighting

>+" Spe#ies 4a#tor 4or vegetation that need no !ater 4or irrigation is a" +". b" + #" +"7 d" +"> 11. 2ecommended +entilation rates for nonDa0c s$aces in factories as $er *!" a" >7-;+ air #hanges hr b" ;-7 air #hanges hr #" E->+ air #hanges hr d" *-C air #hanges hr >*" )BC par2ing are guidelines are based on: a" Building area b" Lo#ation #" Building 4un#tion d" )o o4 o##upants and 4un#tion >;" Design building !alls !ith shallo! 4loor plates !ill help in: a" @a=imum day-lit areas b" Enhan#ed vie!s

#" d"

8hermal #om4ort Lo! building 4ootprint

1#. LED and >D' lights hel$ inK a" 3edu#ing L1D b" Enhan#e interior lighting levels #" 3edu#e light pollution d" @onitor building per4orman#e >7" Ensure spe#ies that drop berries$ 4lo!ers leaves are not in entran#e so that organi# matter do not migrate into the building" 8his is to ta2e #are o4: a" 1rote#t berries$ 4lo!ers leaves b" Ensure lo#al bio diversity #" 1rovide I%? during #onstru#tion d" Ensure good I%? >:" Insist on post-o##upan#y per4orman#e audit to: a" Improve I%? b" Beri4y proper implementation o4 green building measures #" 3edu#e moisture d" Enhan#e energy & I%? >," 8oilet and 2it#hen & sin2 !aste !ater !ith organi# !aste are: a" Bla#2 !ater b" Gray !ater #" 1otable !ater d" )ormal !ater 1-. 2e$orting "oefficient of "hiller is as $er which standardK a" C8I b" BEE #" IS-3%E d" %3I >." @oisture sensors in lands#ape help in: a" 3edu#ing !ater use b" In#reasing !ater use #" Daste !ater redu#tion d" Good vegetation *+" ECBC divides India into ho! many #limate /ones a" 7 b" C #" : d" ;

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*>" do#umentation a4ter registration !ith IGBC is submitted in * phases: preliminary &;+ !or2ing days by IGBC re5uired' and 4inal &;+ !or2ing days by IGBC re5uired' **"#oming LEED residential $LEED EQ&e=isting buildings' *;" LEED I)DI% template #onsists o4 #al#ulations *C" LEED India Version 1.0- came in oct 2006 in IGBC conference- LEED I)DI% )C *++,& ne! #ommer#ial #onstru#tion and major renovations' *7" I4 a similar #redit interpretation has not been logged in logged CI36s !eb page$ or does not ans!er the 5uestion

su44i#iently$ submit a #redit interpretation re5uest" *:" Registration is an important step that esta !ishes contact "ith the IGBC and pro#ides access to soft"are too!s$ errata$ critica! comm%nications and other essentia! information. 2&. CII godre' sohra 'i %i!ding in 200(-20$000 s) ft area 2*. LEED came in 2001 2+. LEED India Version 1.0 s% mitta! reso%rces consist of the ,e!come -ac.et$ Ca!c%!ator /spreadsheets0 and Letter 1emp!ate /co#er sheets for each credit0. ;+" 1he LEED India Version 1.0 2pp!ication 1emp!ate is a d3namic trac.ing and doc%mentation too! that is %sed 3 pro'ect teams to trac. progress and prepare LEED doc%mentation. 4or each credit$ the Letter 1emp!ate prompts LEED practitioners for s%mmar3 data and signed dec!aration of performance (1. 1he reference g%ide inc!%des e5amp!es of strategies that can e %sed in each categor3$ case st%dies of %i!dings that ha#e imp!emented these strategies s%ccessf%!!3. (2. 1he first section s%mmarises the .e3 points regarding the meas%re and inc!%des the intent$ re)%irements and some potentia! techno!ogies 6 strategies for achie#ing the credit ;;"