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# Bevel Gears

1. What is bevel gear? Bevel gear is the type of gear for which the teeth are cut on conical surface in contrast with spur and helical gears for which the teeth are cut on cylindrical surfaces. The structure of bevel gear is similar to a uniformly serrated frustum of a cone. 2. When do we use bevel gears? When the power is to be transmitted in angular direction, i.e., between the shafts whose axes intersecting at an angle, bevel gears are employed. 3. How are bevel gears are classified/ Bevel gears are classified in two ways 1. Based on the shape of teeth. a) b) 2. Straight bevel gears. Spiral bevel gears.

Based on the included angle between the shaft axes, called as shaft angle . a) b) c) External gears Internal gears Crown Gears

4.

What is a crown gear? A crown gear is a type of bevel gear whose shaft angle is equal to the pitch angle of gear. Let = Shaft angle and the pitch angle of pinion is not

## What is the specific feature of meter gear?

Meter gear is special type of crown gear in which the shat angle is and gear are equal and each angle is equal is . That is = and

## and pitch angle of pinion

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Fill in the blanks following: a) b) Bevel gears having shaft angle of are known as .

## ANSWERS: a) b) 7. Crown gears. Zero bevel gears.

Specify material used for the production of bevel gears. 1) 2) 3) 4) Cast iron of different grades. Carbon or alloy steels. Plastic like nylon, mica. Brass, bronze and so on.

Among them cast iron and steel gears are mostly employed. 8. Defined the following terms. a) Pitch angle. b) Shaft angle. a) b) Pitch angle is the half of the cone angle subtended by a bevel gear at its apex. Shaft angle is the sum of the pitch angles of pinion and gear of a bevel gear-pair. For example, Let = Pitch angle of pinion. = Pitch angle of gear = Shaft angle Then 9. = a) Addendum angle. b) Dedendum angle.

## Discuss about the following parameters. c) Tip angle. d) Root angle.

a)

Addendum angle is the angle between the line of cone distance and the line passing Through the top surface of tooth.

b)

Dedendum angle is the angle between the line of cone distance and line passing through the root surface of tooth. Tip angle is the angle between axis of gear and line passing through the top surface of tooth. Root angle is the angle between the axis of gear and the line passing through the root surface of tooth.

c)

d)

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Define the following terms. a) Cone distance or Pitch cone radius, b) Face angle. a) Cone distance or pitch cone radius is the slant length of pitch cone, i.e, distance between the apex and the extreme point of tooth of bevel gear. Face angle is the angle subtended by the face of the teeth at the cone centre. It is equal to the pitch angle plus addendum angle. It is also called as tip angle.

b)

Worm Gears
SHORT QUESTION AND ANSWERS: 1. What is a worm-gear drive? Worm gear drive is a type of gear drive in which pinion is made as lead screw shape and the wheel is made as helical gear structure and it is employed for transmitting power between the shafts whose axes are at right angle to each other. Also this gear drive is used for high velocity ratio of about 100, sometimes upto 500.