Você está na página 1de 5

# Power System Analysis

## Exercise II: Load Flow Computation in PowerWorld

1 Introduction
In this computer exercise you will accomplish load flow computations for different operating conditions of the network example illustrated on the first page. You will examine the interaction of the individual network components and the connection between the transmission effect and the reactive power and the voltage magnitudes and angles at the nodes. The program Powerworld, which you will use for the load flow computation and for the visualization of the results, is already installed on the computers you will use during the exercise. It can also be downloaded here: http://www.powerworld.com/download-purchase/demo-software

Bus 1

200 Mvar

148 Mvar

40 Mvar

## Exercise II: Load Flow Computation in PowerWorld

2 Normal Operation

Load the data for the example network and fill out tables 1 and 2 with the load flow solution for the normal operation. On high voltage transmission lines the active power flows to the node with the smaller voltage angle. Examine this, by marking the direction in the picture. Finally, compute the total losses in the system and describe two ways of calculating them

P losses

MW

## Exercise II: Load Flow Computation in PowerWorld

3 Line Loss

Assume a fault on the line between Bus 5 and Bus 6 (that is, switch this line off). Simulate the new topology and note down the results of the new load flow into tables 3 and 4. Compared to the normal state, the reactive power production changed only in Bus 2 and Bus 6. Why?

## Exercise II: Load Flow Computation in PowerWorld

Realice un grfico de barras que permita comparar el estado del sistema en Operacin Normal y con la Prdida de Lnea. Deber existir un grfico comparando cada una de las variables (mdulo de la tensin, ngulo de la tensin y potencia reactiva generada). Indique el aumento o disminucin de cada variable en trminos porcentuales usando los datos de la Operacin Normal como base.

En el caso donde se desconecta la lnea 5-6: De cuanto fue el aumento del flujo de potencia activa en las lneas 2-5, 2-4 y 3-6 comparado con el caso de Operacin Normal?

## Porque el flujo de potencia activa entre las barras 4 y 5 es igual a cero?

Cul es el valor de las Prdidas Totales en el sistema? Es mayor o menor al caso de Operacin Normal? Porque?