Você está na página 1de 5

TOPIC about_Prompts SHORT DESCRIPTION Describes the Prompt function and demonstrates how to create a custom Prompt function.

LONG DESCRIPTION The Windows PowerShell command prompt indicates that Windows PowerShell is ready to run a command: PS C:\> The Windows PowerShell prompt is determined by the Prompt function. You can customize the prompt by creating your own Prompt function. Then, you can save this function in your Windows PowerShell profile. The Prompt Function The Prompt function determines the appearance of the Windows PowerShell prompt. Windows PowerShell comes with a built-in Prompt function, but you can override it by defining your own Prompt function. The Prompt function has the following syntax: function prompt { <function-body> } The Prompt function must return an object, typically a string. We recommend that it return a string or an object that is formatted as a string. The string should fit on an 80-character line. For example: PS C:\> function prompt {"Hello, World > "} Hello, World > Like all functions, the Prompt function is stored in the Function: drive. To display the code in the current Prompt function, type: (get-item function:prompt).definition This command uses the Get-Item cmdlet to display the Prompt item in the Function: drive. Then, it uses dot notation to display the value of the Definition property of the Prompt function. The Default Prompt The default Windows PowerShell prompt is: PS>

This prompt appears only when the prompt function generates an error or when the prompt function does not return a string or object. PS C:\> function prompt {$null} PS> Because Windows PowerShell comes with a built-in prompt, you usually do not see the default prompt until you write your own prompt function. The Built-in Prompt Windows PowerShell includes a built-in prompt function that creates the familiar prompts. The built-in prompt function is: function prompt { $(if (test-path variable:/PSDebugContext) { '[DBG]: ' } else { '' }) + 'PS ' + $(Get-Location) ` + $(if ($nestedpromptlevel -ge 1) { '>>' }) + '> ' } The function uses the Test-Path cmdlet to determine whether the $PSDebugContext automatic variable is populated. If $PSDebugContext is populated, you are in debugging mode, and "[DBG]" is added to the prompt, as follows: [DBG] PS C:\ps-test> If $PSDebugContext is not populated, the function adds "PS" to the prompt. And, the function uses the Get-Location cmdlet to get the current file system directory location. Then, it adds a right angle bracket (>). For example: PS C:\ps-test> If you are in a nested prompt, the function adds two angle brackets (>>) to the prompt. (You are in a nested prompt if the value of the $NestedPromptLevel automatic variable is greater than 1.) For example, when you are debugging in a nested prompt, the prompt resembles the following prompt: [DBG] PS C:\ps-test>>> The Enter-PSSession cmdlet prepends the name of the remote computer to the current Prompt function. When you use the Enter-PSSession cmdlet to start a session with a remote computer, the command prompt changes to include the name of the remote computer. For example: PS Hello, World> Enter-PSSession Server01

[Server01]: PS Hello, World> Other Windows PowerShell host applications and alternate shells might have their own custom command prompts. For more information about the $PSDebugContext and $NestedPromptLevel automatic variables, see about_Automatic_Variables. Customizing the Prompt To customize the prompt, write a new Prompt function. The function is not protected, so you can overwrite it. To write a prompt function, type the following: function prompt { } Then, between the curly braces, enter the commands or the string that creates your prompt. For example, the following prompt includes your computer name: function prompt {"PS [$env:COMPUTERNAME]> "} On the Server01 computer, the prompt resembles the following prompt: PS [Server01] > The following prompt function includes the current date and time: function prompt {"$(get-date)> "} The prompt resembles the following prompt: 01/01/2008 17:49:47> You can also modify the default Prompt function: function prompt { $(if (test-path variable:/PSDebugContext) { '[DBG]: ' } else { '' }) + "$(get-date)" ` + $(if ($nestedpromptlevel -ge 1) { '>>' }) + '> ' }

For example, the following modified Prompt function adds "[ADMIN]:" to the built-in Windows PowerShell prompt when Windows PowerShell is opened by using the "Run as administrator" option: function prompt { $identity = [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent() $principal = [Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal] $identity $(if (test-path variable:/PSDebugContext) { '[DBG]: ' } elseif($principal.IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltInRole] "Administrator")) { "[ADMIN]: " } else { '' }) + 'PS ' + $(Get-Location) + $(if ($nestedpromptlevel -ge 1) { '>>' }) + '> ' }

When you start Windows PowerShell by using the "Run as administrator" option, a prompt that resembles the following prompt appears: [ADMIN]: PS C:\ps-test> The following Prompt function displays the history ID of the next command. To view the command history, use the Get-History cmdlet. function prompt { # The at sign creates an array in case only one history item exists . $history = @(get-history) if($history.Count -gt 0) { $lastItem = $history[$history.Count - 1] $lastId = $lastItem.Id } $nextCommand = $lastId + 1 $currentDirectory = get-location "PS: $nextCommand $currentDirectory >" }

The following prompt uses the Write-Host and Get-Random cmdlets to create a prompt that changes color randomly. Because Write-Host writes to the current host application but does not return an object, this function includes a Return statement. Without it, Windows PowerShell uses the default prompt, "PS>". function prompt { $color = get-random -min 1 -max 16 write-host ("PS " + $(get-location) +">") -nonewline -foregroundco lor $color

return " " } Saving the Prompt Like any function, the Prompt function applies only in the current session. To save the Prompt function for future sessions, add it to your Windows PowerShell profiles. For more information about profiles, see about_Profiles. SEE ALSO Get-Location Enter-PSSession Get-History Get-Random Write-Host about_Profiles about_Functions about_Scopes about_Debuggers about_Automatic_Variables