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Last modified: 01/06/2013
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1utoria|s
we|ccae tc 1|ctcqrahy's tutcr|a| sect|cu aud e-bcc|
1each ?curse|| |hctcqrahy - |esscus |rca a se||-tauqht hctcqraher
1h|s sect|cu rcv|des var|cus tutcr|a|s |u au e-bcc| |craat sc ycu cau |earu hcW tc ta|e
qreat hctcs. 1utcr|a|s rauqe |rca ||ud|uq the r|qht caaera |cr ycu tc bas|c cst-ed|t|uq
techu|ues tc |u-deth rctccc|s |cr sec|||c hctc set-us.
1h|s e-bcc| |s rcv|ded tc ycu |cr |ree. i| ycu've eujcyed th|s e-bcc| cr use these
tutcr|a|s |cr ycur hctcs, |ease cred|t 1|ctcqrahy aud ||u| bac| tc 1|ctcqrahy's
tutcr|a| sect|cu sc cthers cau qa|u access tc these tutcr|a|s as We||. |ee| |ree tc share
ycur resu|ts W|th us.
1utcr|a|s are |reueut|y be|uq added aud udated sc chec| bac| sccu cr |ee u tc
date by |c||cW|uq 1|ctcqrahy cu |acebcc|.
1ab|e ot Contents

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1ab|e ot Contents
1each ?curse|| |hctcqrahy - |esscus |rca a se||-tauqht hctcqraher
i| ycu use these tutcr|a|s |cr ycur hctcs, |ease credit 1Iotoqraphy and |ink back tc 1|ctcqrahy's tutcr|a| sect|cu sc cthers cau qa|u
access tc these tutcr|a|s as We||. |ee| |ree tc share ycur resu|ts W|th us cr cu 1|ctcqrahy's |acebcc| aqe.
1utcr|a|s are |reueut|y be|uq added aud udated sc chec| bac| sccu cr |ee u tc date by |c||cW|uq 1|ctcqrahy cu |acebcc|.
words trom the Author
retace
1|s aud Adv|ce - |cr hctcqrahy aud |cr |||e
|ree ?cur kucW|edqe - Why i share What i |ucW aud Why ycu shcu|d tcc
Choosinq a Camera
Caucu cr u||cu - cr O|yaus cr scuy cr |auascu|c cr etc
Caaera Ccaar|scu - dces ycur caaera rea||y aatter
1he uest ueq|uuer Caaeras - a qu|de tc ||ud|uq the r|qht caaera |cr the beq|uuer hctcqraher
use|u| Caaera |eatures - |eatures tc |cc| |cr Wheu chccs|uq a ueW caaera
Accessories
|||ters - a hctcqrah|c ccaar|scu (cca|uq sccul)
Camera 8asics
key wcrds - ex|a|ued thrcuqh hctcs (cca|uq sccul)
Composition 8asics
Ccacs|t|cu ku|es - ex|a|ued thrcuqh exaa|e
urea||uq the ku|es - ex|a|ued thrcuqh exaa|e
Liqhtinq
uatura| t|qht|uq - us|uq the cWer c| the suu (W|th d|aqraas)
ucuuce t|qht|uq - us|uq a s|uq|e, s|a|e ||ash uu|t (W|th d|aqraas)
ost-editinq
ue|cre aud A|ter - cst-ed|t|uq ccaar|scus W|th t|s
warafv|utaqe ed|t - hcW tc q|ve ycur hctcs that Wara, v|utaqe |ee|
DIYs (he|pinq you do it yourse|t)
Di? uac|drcs - s|a|e bac|drc sc|ut|cus W|th th|uqs |rca arcuud ycur hcae
Di? t|qht 1eut - a|| ycu ueed |s aer
ucaeaade 1tk Caaera - a ract|ca| |utrcduct|cu tc ct|cs aud hcW tc bu||d ycur cWu 1tk caaera
uow-1os (in-depth and detai|ed protoco|s)
set u |cr bubb|y hctcs
t|qht a|ut|uq W|th crtra|ture
1a|e se||-crtra|ts
tev|tate saa|| cbjects
|hctcqrah eye re||ect|cus
|crced ersect|ve W|th bc|eh
Macrc W|th a aaqu||y|uq q|ass (cca|uq sccul)
More Great 1utoria|s (trom around the web)
Gccq|e |tl
w||| |tl
Create ycur cWu bc|eh
ucW tc hctcqrahy re|ract|uq deW drcs
u||cu vs. Caucu
1hese tutcr|a|s are rcv|ded tc ycu |cr |ree. uut || ycu've eujcyed these tutcr|a|s aud are |ee||uq extra
qeuercus, ccus|der aa||uq a saa|| dcuat|cu tc 1|ctcqrahy. Dcuat|cus qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu
th|s s|te |ree W|thcut heavy re||auce cu advert|s|uq. 1hau|s sc auch |cr the sucrtl


keveuues |rca advert|s|uq qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu th|s s|te |ree. Ccutact us || ycu're |uterested |u advert|s|uq W|th 1|ctcqrahy.
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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words trom the Author
1ab|e ot Contents
1he qca| c| th|s e-bcc| |s uct uecessar||y tc aa|e ycu a heucaeua| hctcqraher thcuqh ycu aay chccse tc aa|e that ycur erscua| qca| ||
ycu W|sh. 1he qca| c| th|s bcc| |s tc s|a|y |us|re au att|tude c| se|| |earu|uq aud se|| educat|cu. 1he |uteruet has beccae a qc|da|ue c|
|u|craat|cu aud rescurces. i| ycu Waut tc dc scaeth|uq aud have the caac|ty tc teach ycurse|| hcW tc dc |t, theu ycu cau accca||sh just
abcut auyth|uq.
1he a|teruat|ve qca| c| th|s e-bcc| |s tc sread a qeuera| h||cschy c| |ree |ucW|edqe. 1h|s e-bcc| |s rcv|ded tc ycu |cr |ree |u the hces that
ycu aay a|sc ta|e What ycu've |earued e|ther |rca th|s e-bcc| cr |rca e|seWhere |u |||e aud ass that |ucW|edqe |ree|y cu tc cthers.
tearu W||||uq|y. 1each qeuercus|y. 1hau|s |cr read|uq.
- 1eau |au

keveuues |rca advert|s|uq qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu th|s s|te |ree. Ccutact us || ycu're |uterested |u advert|s|uq W|th 1|ctcqrahy.
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
$145 Photograhy Courao
lroudlhotography.com
loarn to tako groat photos or your monoy back!
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1ips and Advice
|cr hctcqrahy aud |cr |||e
1ab|e ot Contents
1. Stay curious
- Ask why: i| ycu see a hctc ycu |||e, as| ycurse|| Why ycu |||e |t. Dc i |||e th|s hctc because c| the cc|crs Or aaybe |t's the Way the
e|eaeuts c| the hctc are arrauqed 1h|s W||| he| ycu beccae acre aWare c| ycur cWu aesthet|c tastes aud re|ereuces as We|| as q|ve
ycu |us|qht |utc that c| cthers such as ycur aud|euce.
- Ask how: i| ycu see au e||ect ycu |||e, as| ycurse|| hcW that e||ect Was ach|eved aud read |utc |tl search euq|ues are ycur best
|r|euds. ucW cau i qet ay bac|qrcuud tc be b|urry |||e that 1ust utt|uq th|s uest|cu |utc Gccq|e q|ves ae the W|der ycur aerture the
acre b|urry ycur bac|qrcuud |rca the ||rst h|t art|c|e. ucW cau i q|ve ay hctcs that Wara |ee| Aqa|u a u|c| search q|ves ae a |ethcra
c| cst ed|t|uq tutcr|a|s tc ach|eve such au e||ect.
2. 1ry it out
- Don't just read. Do: Dcu't just read abcut hcW th|uqs are dcue. 1ry thea cut |cr ycurse||l Gc ta|e hctcs W|th a W|der aerture aud
see hcW that a||ects ycur hctc's bac|qrcuud. |c||cW cue c| thcse cst ed|t|uq rccedures aud see hcW they're dcue. what ycu |earu
|rca read|uq W||| st|c| W|th ycu auch |cuqer || ycu su|eaeut W|th dc|uq.
- Lxperiment: ?cu de||u|te|y dcu't ueed tc ||a|t ycurse|| cu||ue the techu|ues ycu've read abcut. Ma|e u ycur cWu ccuccct|cu c|
techu|ues.
8. 1ry aqain
- 1weak and repeat: i| at ||rst ycu dcu't succeed, try try aqa|u. uut aa|e sure tc tWea| ycur rccedure a b|t. it's |usau|ty tc dc the
saae th|uq cver aud cver aqa|u aud exect|uq a d|||ereut cutccae. Maybe ycur W|de aerture shct just caused the eut|re hctc tc
beccae cverexcsed. 1ry |t aqa|u W|th a |aster shutter seed.
- Don't qet discouraqed: i| ycu're hav|uq a hard t|ae, |t's uct because ycu're duab cr |uccaeteut, |t's because ycu're try|uq tc dc
scaeth|uq hardl |a||ure haeus |cr a reascu. i| |t Was easy, everycue Wcu|d be suer s||||ed at |t a|ready.
4. 8e critica|
- Cha||enqe what you read: Dcu't trust everyth|uq ycu read cu||ue cr eveu What ycu |earu |rca cthers. we're a|| rcue tc aa||uq a
|eW a|sta|es here cr there aud aay acc|deuta||y suqqest a|s|u|craat|cu. |c||cW u cu ycur scurces tc aa|e sure they're cred|b|e aud
What they assert |s re||cab|e. i| aauy s|tes c|a|a that a W|der aerture |eads tc a b|urr|er bac|qrcuud, theu there's a h|qher |||e||hccd that
the stateaeut |s true. ucWever, || cu|y cue s|te c|a|as that a saa||er aerture actua||y |eads tc a b|urr|er bac|qrcuud, theu there's a h|qher
|||e||hccd that the authcr qct h|s |acts Wrcuq.
- Loqic it out: i| ycu |ee| |||e scaeth|uq aay be Wrcuq, |cq|c |t cut. syuthes|ze What ycu've |earued tc deduce Whether scaeth|uq ueW
aa|es seuse. i| ycu |ucW scae bas|c ct|cs, |t W||| be c|ear Why a W|der aerture |eads tc a b|urr|er bac|qrcuud.
- Cha||enqe yourse|t: 1a|e r|de |u ycur accca||shaeuts but uever |crqet that there's a|Ways rcca |cr |arcveaeut. ?cu cau a|Ways
as|re tc eveu qreater he|qhts.
S. keep an open mind
- 8e open to chanqe: uuderstaud that ucth|uq |s set |u stcue. ?cur erscua| tastes W||| |||e|y chauqe. iudustry staudards aay chauqe.
Aud|euce deacqrah|cs aud re|ereuces aay chauqe. whether ycu |et the |atter tWc chauqes |u||ueuce ycur Wcr| |s u tc ycu. uut be
ready aud W||||uq tc adat tc ueW chauqes.
- 8e open to new ideas: ?cu uever |ucW Wheu ycu're qc|uq tc euccuuter au |dea |rca a ersect|ve that aa|es ycu cha||euqe ycur
cWu. Maybe that ersect|ve W||| teach ycu a |eW ueW th|uqs abcut hcW tc v|eW hctcqrahy aud hcW tc v|eW |||e.

keveuues |rca advert|s|uq qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu th|s s|te |ree. Ccutact us || ycu're |uterested |u advert|s|uq W|th 1|ctcqrahy.
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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Iree Your know|edqe
Why i share What i |ucW aud Why ycu shcu|d tcc
1ab|e ot Contents
1. 1he qo|den ru|e
1he ||rst aud |creacst reascu |cr Why i share What i |ucW aud Why ycu shcu|d tcc |s the qc|deu ru|e. dc uutc cthers as ycu Wcu|d have
thea dc uutc ycu. wheu scaecue as|s ycu |ucW hcW ycu ach|eved that e||ect |u ycur hctcs, share What ycu |ucW |u the saae Way
that ycu hce cthers aay share What they |ucW Wheu ycu as| |cr he|. ue the chauqe ycu W|sh tc see.
2. A Mark ot 1rue Contidence
seccud|y |s a |ess seus|b|e reascu but a erscua| |avcr|te ucuethe|ess. shar|uq What ycu |ucW |s a aar| c| ccu||deuce. ?cu share What
ycu |ucW abcut hctcqrahy because ycu are tru|y ccu||deut |u ycur ab|||t|es as a hctcqraher. |veu || ycur ccaet|t|cu has access tc
the saae |u|craat|cu as ycu, ycu cau st||| cuter|cra ycur ccaet|t|cu because c| ycur ab|||ty tc syuthes|ze |u|craat|cu acre e|||c|eut|y
aud e||ect|ve|y aud there|cre rcduce a better ||ua| hctc.
8. Intormation does not equa| abi|ity
1he |acrtaut rea||zat|cu cut c| th|s erhas cver|y se||-ceutered aud eqct|st|ca| ersect|ve |s that |u|craat|cu |s uct the eu|va|eut tc
ab|||ty. what ycu share |s the |u|craat|cu cu hcW tc ccacse a shct, tc ta|e a hctc, aud tc cst-ed|t that hctc rcer|y. what ycu
cau uever share |s ycur ab|||ty tc ccacse a shct, tc ta|e a hctc, aud tc cst-ed|t that hctc rcer|y. sc dcu't Wcrry, ycu're uct
q|v|uq aWay, aud uever W||| be ab|e tc q|ve aWay, What aa|es ycur hctcqrahy sec|a| aud What aa|es ycu uu|ue as a hctcqraher.
4. Ior the qreater qood
1he ||st c| reascus |cr Why We shcu|d a|| try tc share What We |ucW |s rather |cuq. |erhas |t's tc |us|re a acre educated aud c|v|||zed
scc|ety. |erhas |t's tc he| cthers Wh||e he||uq curse|ves. |erhas |t's just tc be u|ce. uut u|t|aate|y, What qccd |s a|| that |u|craat|cu
|cc|ed u |u ycur head auyWay why uct share |t W|th scaecue Whc ccu|d rea||y use |t aud Wcu|d rea||y arec|ate |t shar|uq What ycu
|ucW cu|y ta|es a b|t c| ycur t|ae but |t ccu|d aa|e a |||e |cuq |aress|cu aud d|||ereuce |cr scaecue e|se.
scaecue cuce sa|d tc ae |u rescuse tc the rcact|cu c| |ree |ucW|edqe, tuuch |su't |ree. i have tc Wcr| |cr |t. Aud there|cre i'a dec|d|uq
tc |ee ay |ucW|edqe tc ayse||. uut |ucW|edqe dces uct eua| ab|||ty. 1ust as teach|uq ec|e hcW tc aa|e |uuch |cr |ree dces uct eua|
q|v|uq thea a |ree |uuch. uut |u the |cuq ruu, |t dces he| eusure that We a|| qet tc have |uuch, erhas eveu tcqether.

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Canon or Nikon2
cr O|yaus cr scuy cr |auascu|c cr etc
1ab|e ot Contents
|cr the beq|uuer hctcqraher aud eveu the advauced ucu-rc|ess|cua| hctcqraher, the caaera bcdy actua||y aa|es ||tt|e tc uc |aact cu
the ||ua| hctc. uu|ess ycu're shcct|uq |cr a b|||bcard r|ut, Whether ycur caaera bcdy has 1+ e||ect|ve aeqa|xe|s cr 6, a |u|| s|zed seuscr cr uct
|s uct qc|uq tc aa|e such a b|q d|||ereuce s|uce ycu'|| |||e|y be sca||uq dcWu the hctc |cr d|s|ay auyWay. Aud the braud c| that caaera bcdy |s
c| eveu |esser ccuceru. 1h|s c|a|a W||| be aua|yzed |u |urther deth |u the uext chater. caaera ccaar|scu - dces ycur caaera rea||y aatter
1he braud c| the caaera ccaes |utc scae ccuceru Wheu ccus|der|uq |eus aud accesscry ccaat|b|||ty. Caucu aud u||cu s|a|y have a auch
W|der array c| |euses, ||ashes, aud cther accesscr|es tc se|ect |rca. uut |cr the beq|uuer hctcqraher uct |cc||uq |cr a caaera W|th
exchauqeab|e |euses cr seed||qhts, th|s shcu|d cse uc rcb|ea.

cu|ar u||cu aud c||-braud |euses, ||ashes, aud accesscr|es |cr u||cu cu|ar Caucu aud c||-braud |euses, ||ashes, aud accesscr|es |cr Caucu
At the eud c| the day, ycu're |cc||uq tc buy a caaera, uct a braud. |ach braud has |ts share c| qreat caaeras aud cca|ete duds. Dcu't |a|| |cr
braud|uq. Dc ycur research cu the caaeras ycu Waut based cu the |eatures aud caab|||t|es ycu Waut. Ma|e ycur cWu dec|s|cu abcut Wh|ch
caaera |s the r|qht cue |cr ycu reqard|ess c| braud.

keveuues |rca advert|s|uq qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu th|s s|te |ree. Ccutact us || ycu're |uterested |u advert|s|uq W|th 1|ctcqrahy.
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
Canon aIr camora aaIo
Adorama.com/Usod_0opartmont
Adorama 3uys 8 3o||s Usod lhoto Equ|pmont.
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Camera Comparison
dces ycur caaera rea||y aatter
1ab|e ot Contents
1h|s |s a ccaar|scu aacuq + d|||ereut tyes c| d|q|ta| caaeras - a sea|-rc|ess|cua| dstk, au eutry-|eve| dstk, au advauced ccaact, aud a
c|ut-aud-shcct - c| vary|uq ccsts. 1h|s ccaar|scu atteats tc e|uc|date Whether the tye audfcr ccst c| d|q|ta| caaera used tc ta|e a hctc
aa|es a s|qu|||caut |aact cu the ||ua| hctc assua|uq rcer adjustaeuts |u aerture, shutter seed, excsure, etc aud cst-ed|t|uq.
Camera: u||cu D80
1ype: sea|-rc|ess|cua| dstk
Lens: u||cu A|-s Dx cca u|||cr
18-SSaa |f3.S-S.6 G |D ii
Meqapixe|s: 10.2 M|
Cost: s1100
Camera: O|yaus |-+10
1ype: eutry-|eve| dstk
Lens: O|yaus u||c D|q|ta| 1+-
+2aa 1.3.S-S.6 |D
Meqapixe|s: 10 M|
Cost: s600
Camera: kcu||a M|uc|ta diaaqe
6
1ype: advauced ccaact
Lens: uu||t-|u
Meqapixe|s: 6 M|
Cost: s200
Camera: Caucu |cWershct s100
D|q|ta| ||h
1ype: c|ut-aud-shcct
Lens: uu||t-|u
Meqapixe|s: 2 M|
Cost: sS0
Aperture: |fS.0
Shutter Speed: Autc - 1f30
ISO: 100
Lxp +J-: 0.0
white ba|ance, 1one,
Sharpness, Co|or, and
Saturation: Autc
I|ash: O||
ost-editinq: Curves cu GiM| |cr
ccutrast
Aperture: |fS.3
Shutter Speed: Autc - 1f60
ISO: 100
Lxp +J-: 0.0
white ba|ance, 1one,
Sharpness, Co|or, and
Saturation: Autc
I|ash: O||
ost-editinq: Curves cu GiM| |cr
ccutrast
Aperture: |fS.0
Shutter Speed: Autc - 1f80
ISO: 100
Lxp +J-: 0.0
white ba|ance, 1one,
Sharpness, Co|or, and
Saturation: Autc
I|ash: O||
ost-editinq: Curves cu GiM| |cr
ccutrast aud cc|cr
Aperture: uuava||ab|e
Shutter Speed: uuava||ab|e
ISO: 100
Lxp +J-: uuava||ab|e
white ba|ance, 1one,
Sharpness, Co|or, and
Saturation: uuava||ab|e
I|ash: O||
ost-editinq: Curves cu GiM| |cr
ccutrast aud cc|cr
Overa|| s|a||ar resu|ts aacuq a|| caaeras. 1h|s ccaar|scu dces uct rcv|de a c|ear-cut ausWer tc Whether ycur caaera rea||y aatters.
Ac|ucW|edqe the uuder|y|uq ccu|cuud|uq |actcrs such as aeqa|xe|s, braud, etc, that aay a||ect the resu|ts. it |s u tc ycu tc use th|s
ccaar|scu W|th cther rescurces tc ccae tc a ||ua| ccuc|us|cu.
Simi|ar tavorite photos taken usinq each camera
hctc ta|eu by caaera |rca |e|t tc r|qht. u||cu D80, O|yaus |-+10, kcu|ca M|uc|ta diaaqe 6, Caucu |cWershct s100 D|q|ta| ||h


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1ho JVC Adixxion Camora
www.boact|onroady.com
An Act|vo l|tosty|o Camora lov|ow 1ho Ad|xx|on Camora 1oday
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1he 8est 8eqinner Cameras
a qu|de tc ||ud|uq the r|qht caaera |cr the beq|uuer hctcqraher
1ab|e ot Contents
My ||rst caaera Was the kcu|ca M|uc|ta diaaqe 6. it's au advauced ccaact caaera that ccst abcut ~s200 usD
bac| Wheu i bcuqht |t. My M|uc|ta |cr ae Was au exce||eut beq|uuer caaera aud || q|veu the ct|cu c| rechccs|uq
ay ||rst caaera i Wcu|d aa|e the saae chc|ce. uu|crtuuate|y the kcu|ca M|uc|ta diaaqe 6 has s|uce beeu
d|sccut|uued. ucWever i st||| strcuq|y reccaaeud advauced ccaact caaeras |u qeuera| cver dstks aud t|uy c|ut
aud shccts as the best chc|ce |cr a beq|uuer caaera.
why advanced compact cameras are the best beqinner cameras:
kcu|ca M|uc|ta diaaqe 6
1. Advanced teatures without qoinq overboard - Advauced ccaact caaeras have esseut|a||y a|| the |acrtaut |eatures dstks have
|uc|ud|uq the ab|||ty tc set the aerture, shutter seed, isO, Wh|te ba|auce, excsure, etc. |cr beq|uuers art|cu|ar|y, i be||eve |t's very very
|acrtaut tc aaster at |east these bas|c sett|uqs be|cre veutur|uq cutc |eatures such as shcct|uq |u kAw, ccaauu|cat|uq W|th s|ave ||ashes, aud
cther advauced |eatures acre ty|ca| c| dstks. Mauy t|uy c|ut aud shccts dc uct have auy c| these |eatures aud Wcu|d thus qreat|y ||a|t the
deqree c| ccutrc| ycu have cver ycur hctcs.
2. Amazinq |enses - Mcst advauced ccaact caaeras have qreat |euses |u the seuse that they cau zcca rea||y rea||y |ar (aauy cau dc >11x
zcca) yet a|sc zcca rea||y rea||y c|cse (us|uq aacrc acde). w|th a dstk, tc zcca eua||y |ar ycu Wcu|d ueed tc urchase a searate ded|cated
te|ehctc |eus aud tc zcca eua||y c|cse ycu Wcu|d ueed tc urchase a seerate ded|cated aacrc |eus. ||us ycu'd have tc |earu hcW tc chauqe
|euses, dea| W|th seuscr-c|eau|uq rccedures || ycu qet dust |utc ycur caaera, aud cther aa|utaueuce rccedures |ess re|evaut Wheu ycu're
start|uq cut |u hctcqrahy.
scae exaa|es c| advauced ccaact caaeras
8. rice - Advauced ccaact caaeras are qeuera||y a b|t acre ccst|y thau t|uy c|ut aud shccts but they are st||| qeuera||y auch cheaer thau
dstks. sc || ycu dc |ater dec|de that aaybe hctcqrahy just |su't |cr ycu, ycur Wa||et Wcu't be sc heav||y deuted. 1hey're s|a|y |ess c| a
||uauc|a| ccaa|taeut.
4. Simi|ar |ook and tee| without the comp|ications - 1he Way advauced ccaact caaera |cc| aud |ee| are |a|r|y s|a||ar tc that c| dstks. |cr
exaa|e, the Way au advauced ccaact caaera's c-u ||ash |s cerated |s very s|a||ar tc that c| a dstk. t|tt|e s|a||ar|t|es |||e th|s qces a |cuq
Way aud W||| aa|e adat|uq tc a dstk, || ycu chccse tc dc sc |u the |uture, auch eas|er.

Some ot my tavorite photos taken with my advanced compact camera:

O| ccurse there are a|Ways excet|cus Where c|rcuastauces Wcu|d strcuq|y |u||ueuce ay reccaaeudat|cu. i| ycu |ucW ycu Waut tc ursue
hctcqrahy as a career cr ser|cus hcbby r|qht c|| the bat, aaybe |t's Wcrth |uvest|uq |u a dstk |u the very beq|uu|uq s|uce ycu'|| eveutua||y qet
cue auyWay. i| advauced ccaacts are rea||y cut c| ycur r|ce rauqe, aaybe |t's better tc sacr|||ce scae c| the advauced |eatures c| au
advauced ccaact aud just sett|e |cr a t|uy c|ut aud shcct. Dc ycur research. kead rev|eWs. 1udqe |cr ycurse||.
u|t|aate|y, every caaera has the ab|||ty tc ta|e qccd hctcs. scae caaeras just aa|e |t eas|er tc ta|e qccd hctcs thau cthers. whatever
caaera ycu dec|de tc qc W|th, || ycu th|u| |t's a qreat caaera theu |t W||| be |cr ycu.

Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
5onyt AIha D5LR Camoraa
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usetu| Camera Ieatures
|eatures tc |cc| |cr Wheu chccs|uq a ueW caaera
tc eusure ycu'|| have the deqree c| ccutrc| ycu ueed tc ta|e qreat hctcs
1ab|e ot Contents
Advanced |ens contro|



Aperture riority Mode
- ty|ca||y des|quated A cr Av
- ueeded tc ccutrc| deth c| ||e|d
- used |cr bc|eh (W|de aerture),
aucraaa (saa|| aerture),
shcct|uq |u |cW ||qht|uq ccud|t|cus
(W|de aerture), etc
Shutter riority Mode
- ty|ca||y des|quated s cr 1v
- ueeded tc ccutrc| durat|cu c|
excsure
- used |cr ||qht a|ut|uq (s|cW
shutter seed), reveut|uq
shutter de|ay (|ast shutter
seed), etc
Macro Mode (non-dSLRs)
- ty|ca||y bu||t |utc the caaera
ccutrc||er cr uuder d|q|ta| sett|uqs
- use|u| |cr shcct|uq c|cse-us aud
aacrcs
Manua| Iocusinq
- ty|ca||y bu||t |utc the |eus cr
uuder d|q|ta| sett|uqs
- used |cr |ccus|uq |u |cW ||qht|uq
ccud|t|cus, |ccus|uq |u hctcs
W|th a sha||cW deth c| ||e|d, etc
Advanced camera settinqs

Lxposure Compensation
- ty|ca||y bu||t |utc the caaera as
a searate buttcu cr uuder d|q|ta|
sett|uqs
- ueeded tc reveut cver aud
uuder excsure
- used Wheu shcct|uq W|th
bac|||qht|uq (|ucrease excsure
ccaeusat|cu), uuder |cW ||qht|uq
ccud|t|cus (decrease excsure
ccaeusat|cu), etc
ISO Contro|
- ty|ca||y uuder d|q|ta| sett|uqs
- used Wheu shcct|uq |u |cW
||qht|uq ccud|t|cus (h|qh isO),
a|u|a|ze qra|u (|cW isO), etc
Manua| white 8a|ance
- ty|ca||y uuder d|q|ta| sett|uqs
- used Wheu shcct|uq |u tcued
||qht|uq ccud|t|cus, tc adjust hues

Accessory capabi|ities
Adapter Rinq (non-dSLRs)
- ccusu|t a search euq|ue |cr the
rcer adater r|uq |cr ycur
caaera acde|
- ueeded tc attach |||ters aud
accesscr|es tc a ucu-dstk |eus


keveuues |rca advert|s|uq qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu th|s s|te |ree. Ccutact us || ycu're |uterested |u advert|s|uq W|th 1|ctcqrahy.
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
5ony AIha NEX Camoraa
storo.sony.ca/A|phalEX
|roo 3h|pp|ng 8 Exc|us|vo 0oa|s! 03ll lortormanco, |a|t tho Wo|ght.
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Composition Ru|es
ex|a|ued thrcuqh exaa|e
1ab|e ot Contents
Ru|e ot 1hirds
1he ru|e c| th|rds suqqests that au |aaqe shcu|d be ccacsed as || d|v|ded |utc u|ue eua| arts by tWc eua||y-
saced hcr|zcuta| ||ues aud tWc eua||y-saced vert|ca| ||ues W|th |acrtaut e|eaeuts c| |uterest |aced cu cr c|cse
tc these ||ues cr the|r c|uts c| |utersect|cu.
1he ru|e c| th|rds qr|d cu the |e|t cau be cver|ayed cutc |aaqes tc detera|ue Whether the ru|e c| th|rds |s be|uq
sat|s||ed. ue|cW are a|sc var|cus exaa|es that |c||cW the ru|e c| th|rds.
1c |earu acre abcut the h|stcry c| the ru|e c| th|rds, aud the thecry beh|uds |ts e||ect|veuess cr tc see acre
exaa|es c| |ts a||cat|cu, ccusu|t a search euq|ue.


Go|den Ratio (Go|den Mean)
1he |||e ru|e c| th|rds, the qc|deu rat|c suqqests that au |aaqe shcu|d be ccacsed as || d|v|ded
|utc a ser|es c| qecaetr|ca||y s|a||ar rectauq|es W|th |acrtaut e|eaeuts c| |uterest |aced cu cr
c|cse tc these ||ues |craed by the rectauq|es cr the|r c|uts c| |utersect|cu.
1he qc|deu rat|c qr|d cu the |e|t cau be cver|ayed cutc |aaqes tc detera|ue Whether the qc|deu
rat|c |s be|uq sat|s||ed. ue|cW are a|sc var|cus exaa|es that |c||cW the qc|deu rat|c.
1c |earu acre abcut the h|stcry c| the qc|deu rat|c aud the aatheaat|cs beh|uds |ts ca|cu|at|cu cr
tc see acre exaa|es c| |ts a||cat|cu, ccusu|t a search euq|ue.
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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Diaqona| Ru|e
1he d|aqcua| ru|e suqqests that |acrtaut e|eaeuts c| |uterest shcu|d be |aced cu cr c|cse tc d|aqcua| c| the |aaqe.

Leadinq Lines Ru|e
A ccrc||ary c| the d|aqcua| ru|e, the |ead|uq ||ues ru|e suqqests that the uatura| qecaetr|c e|eaeuts such as the ||ues c| au |aaqe shcu|d be
ccacsed tc exteud |rca the ccruers c| the |aaqe |u crder tc draW aud |ead the v|eWer's eyes thrcuqh the |aaqe.

Iraminq within the Irame
|raa|uq W|th|u the |raae suqqests that au |aaqe aay be euhauced by us|uq uatura| e|eaeuts such as dccrs, curta|us, trees, etc tc rcv|de au
add|t|cua| bcrder cr euc|csure.
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Other Composition Ru|es
Ccacs|t|cu ru|es are uct ||a|ted tc cu|y thcse ex|a|ued aud deacustrated here. |cr |u|craat|cu cu acre ccacs|t|cu ru|es such as the ru|e c|
cdds, ru|e c| sace, ru|e c| syaaetry aud qecaetry, etc ccusu|t a search euq|ue.
kee |u a|ud that ccacs|t|cu ru|es serve aere|y as a qu|de tc he| ycu rcer|y ccacse a hctc. Ouce ycu beccae |aa|||ar W|th hcW tc
rcer|y ccacse a hctc e|ther thrcuqh study|uq these ru|es cr thrcuqh aua|yz|uq hctcs aud see|uq What ccacs|t|cus aea| tc ycu, ycu cau
ccacse ycur hctcs W|thcut re|ereuc|uq these ru|es. O|teu ycu W||| ||ud that ycur ||ua| ccacs|t|cus |utu|t|ve|y |a|| c|cse tc thcse d|ctated by
these ru|es.

keveuues |rca advert|s|uq qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu th|s s|te |ree. Ccutact us || ycu're |uterested |u advert|s|uq W|th 1|ctcqrahy.
No1 Photograhy Equimont
www.|s-photostud|o.com
b0% |o||day 3a|o |or lhoto 3tud|o Groon 3ackdrop, l|ghts, Accossor|os
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8reakinq the Ru|es
ex|a|ued thrcuqh exaa|e
1ab|e ot Contents
Centered Composition
wheu used |ue||ect|ve|y, ceutered ccacs|t|cu aay be reqarded as uu|aaq|uat|ve aud bcr|uq. Ccacs|t|cu ru|es qeuera||y reccaaeud ea|cy|uq
c|| ceutered ccacs|t|cus such as the ru|e c| th|rds cr the qc|deu rat|c. ucWever, Wheu used e||ect|ve|y, ceutered ccacs|t|cu cau be used tc
acceutuate au |ud|v|dua| |acrtaut e|eaeut aud eahas|ze syaaetry.

Cuttinq Ott Your Subjects
Ccacs|t|cu ru|es qeuera||y reccaaeud |uc|ud|uq ycur eut|re subject |u the |raae c| the hctc. ucWever, cutt|uq c|| ycur subjects cau be used
tc create a deqree c| aucuya|ty, tc evc|e a seuse c| acveaeut, tc ccuvey a |ee||uq c| dearture, cr s|a|y as a ccarca|se sc that cther
ccacs|t|cu ru|es aay be acre success|||y |c||cWed tc create au cvera|| acre e||ect|ve hctc.


Other ways to 8reak the Ru|es
|ach ccacs|t|cu ru|e aay be |c||cWed cr brc|eu. 1hese are but a |eW deacustrat|cus c| |ustauces Where brea||uq the ru|e Was des|red |u crder
tc create a better hctc. |cr acre |u|craat|cu cu |ustauces Where brea||uq the ru|es aay be des|red ccusu|t a search euq|ue.
Aqa|u, |ee |u a|ud that ccacs|t|cu ru|es serve aere|y as a qu|de tc he| ycu rcer|y ccacse a hctc. u|t|aate|y, |t |s u tc ycu tc dec|de
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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Whether tc adhere tc these ru|es cr tc brea| thea.

keveuues |rca advert|s|uq qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu th|s s|te |ree. Ccutact us || ycu're |uterested |u advert|s|uq W|th 1|ctcqrahy.
5oodIito Portrait Courao
www.3too|o1ra|n|ng.com
Groat portra|ts w|th your t|ash. On||no v|doo courso. Watch now!
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Natura| Liqhtinq
us|uq the cWer c| the suu (W|th d|aqraas)
1ab|e ot Contents
1he tcta| |ua|ucus euerqy cututted by a rc|ess|cua| stud|c ||qht set |s abcut 100 tc 1000 Watts aud W||| eas||y ccst a |eW huudred dc||ars. 1he
tcta| |ua|ucus euerqy cututted by the suu aud rece|ved by earth |s abcut 17+ etaWatts cr 17+,000,000,000,000,000 Watts aud |s |ree.
Ior Si|houettes Indoors
|cse ycur acde| cr cbject d|rect|y |u |rcut c| a
W|udcW. Add scae sheers cr ||qht-cc|cred curta|us tc
d|||use the ||qht |cr acre eveu bac|-||qht|uq as We|| as tc
h|de auy d|stract|uq ccacueuts v|s|b|e cuts|de the
W|udcW.
Decrease ycur caaera's excsure b|as by -1.0 tc -3.0
stes tc eusure that the s||hcuette W||| be dar|. Ccutrast
adjustaeuts W||| |||e|y be uecessary |u cst-ed|t|uq tc
dar|eu the s||hcuette as We|| as ||qhteu the bac|qrcuud
aud create better ccutrast.
1c the r|qht |s a ||qht|uq d|aqraa c| the |udccr ||qht|uq
setu i requ|ar|y use |cr s||hcuettes W|th scae resu|ts
be|cW.


Ior Dramatic Indoor Liqhtinq
use a W|udcW |||e a sc|t bcx |cr scae draaat|c ||qht|uq. Ccver a|| W|udcWs excet cue W|th a dar| curta|u such that there |s cu|y cue ||qht
scurce thrcuqh cue W|udcW. Dc uct ccver the cue ||qht scurce W|udcW W|th auy sheers |u crder tc a||cW |cr harsh shadcWs aud draaat|c
||qht|uq. |cse ycur acde| cr cbject su|||c|eut|y |ar aWay |rca the cue ||qht scurce W|udcW tc reveut a s||hcuett|uq e||ect. ue|cW |s a ||qht|uq
d|aqraa c| the draaat|c |udccr ||qht|uq setu i qeuera||y use W|th scae resu|ts.

Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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Ior Lven Indoor Liqhtinq
tet the suu||qht sh|ue thrcuqh thcse
W|udcWsl Mcre W|udcWs, acre
||qht. Add scae sheers aud ||qht-
cc|cred curta|us tc d|||use the ||qht |cr
acre eveu ||qht|uq. t|qht-cc|cred Wa||s
W||| a|sc he| create acre eveu ||qht|uq
by a||cW|uq ||qht tc bcuuce.
1c the r|qht |s a ||qht|uq d|aqraa c|
the |udccr ||qht|uq setu i requ|ar|y
use |cr eveu ||qht|uq W|th scae
resu|ts.
1ry add|uq a bac|drc |cr scae cc|cr.
uc ueed |cr everyth|uq tc be sc Wh|te
as |u these exaa|es.


Ior Outdoor Liqhtinq
1ust qc cuts|de aud start ta||uq hctcsl 1here's uc better cutdccr uatura| ||qht|uq thau cu a art|y c|cudy day Wheu the suu |s strcuq eucuqh
tc eusure uc shutter de|ay but the c|cuds deuse eucuqh tc d|||use the harsh rays aud rcv|de rea||y u|ce eveu ||qht|uq.

uut a|| cutdccr uatura| ||qht|uq ccud|t|cus, suuuy cr c|cudy, |u the ear|y acru|uqs cr at h|qh uccu, cau have qreat cutccaes. sc just qc cuts|de,
exer|aeut W|th uatura| ||qht, aud see |cr ycurse||l scae resu|ts are rcv|ded bcth abcve aud be|cW || ycu're st||| uct sure.

Other uses Ior Natura| Liqhtinq
Gc exer|aeut W|th uatura| ||qht|uq. its uses are de||u|te|y uct ||a|ted tc just crtra|ts cr the resu|ts shcWu here. 1he css|b|||t|es are
eud|ess. ||us there's uc ccst tc ycul use the cWer c| the suu aud have |uu W|th |tl

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8ounce Liqhtinq
us|uq a s|uq|e, s|a|e ||ash uu|t (W|th d|aqraas)
1ab|e ot Contents
Ott the wa||l
D|rect ||ash |s extreae|y harsh aud c|teu
casts uuWauted shadcWs. 1ry bcuuc|uq
the ||ash c|| c| a re||ectcr uext tc the
acde| |cr a auch sc|ter ||qht.
1he |c||cW|uq resu|ts used au su-600
exterua| ||ash uu|t attached tc a u||cu
D80 auq|ed tcWards aud bcuuced c|| a
Wa||.


|cr d|||ereut ||qht|uq e||ects, try adjust|uq.
the auq|e c| the ||ash uu|t tcWards the re||ectcr
the auq|e c| the acde| tcWards the re||ectcr
the d|stauce betWeeu the ||ash aud re||ectcr
the d|stauce betWeeu the re||ectcr aud acde|
the cc|cr c| the re||ectcr
|xer|aeut W|th d|||ereut auq|es, d|stauces, aud |aceaeutsl 1ry |t
cut aud see |cr ycurse||.
Aqa|u, ycu cau subst|tute a re||ectcr W|th a Wa||. 1he exterua| ||ash
cau be attached tc ycur caaera cr searated aud attached tc a
staud |cr acre ||ex|b|||ty |u auq|e, d|stauce, aud |aceaeuts.
Ott the cei|inql
1ry bcuuc|uq the ||ash c|| c| the ce|||uq abcve the
acde| |ustead |cr a auch sc|ter aud uatura| |cc||uq
||qht as ach|eved |u the resu|ts cu the r|qht.
1h|s techu|ue Wcr|s qreat W|th au exterua| ||ash
uu|t cr a c-u ||ash. 1ust use a ucte card tc
bcuuce the c-u ||ash ||qht|uq tcWards the
ce|||uq. ke|er tc a search euq|ue |cr acre Ways tc
bcuuce ||qht W|th a c-u ||ash.
O| ccurse bcuuce ||qht|uq |s uct ||a|ted tc
crtra|ture. it's qreat |cr auy |udccr shcct Where
Wa||s are |eut||u| cr eveu cutdccr shccts Where
re||ectcrs are ava||ab|e.


Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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8etore and Atter
cst-ed|t|uq ccaar|scus W|th t|s
1ab|e ot Contents
1. A |itt|e contrast qoes a |onq way
use curves tc euhauce the ccutrast c| ycur hctc aud aa|e the ex|st|uq cc|crs rea||y c.


2. use co|or to add an additiona| deqree ot contrast
Cc|cr adjustaeuts us|uq curves cau be used tc br|uq cut ccutrast|uq cc|crs |u ycur hctc, add|uq au add|t|cua| deqree c| ccutrast.

8. Rotate and crop into the proper composition
i| ycu d|du't rcer|y ccacse a hctc Wheu |t Was ta|eu, just rctate aud crc the hctc |utc the rcer ccacs|t|cu erhas by |c||cW
ccacs|t|cu ru|es cr erhas by brea||uq the ru|es.
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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4. Add a touch ot co|or with curves
use curves tc adjust the cc|crs c| ycur hctcs. |ree cst-ed|t|uq act|cus aud scr|ts are ava||ab|e |cr dcWu|cad |u the scr|tsfact|cus sect|cu c|
1|ctcqrahy tc he| ycu |earu hcW tc use curves.

S. C|one and hea| it necessary
use the c|cue aud hea| tcc|s sar|uq|y tc tuc| |u that sh|rt, ||x u that ha|r, cr reacve that saa|| |ece c| cver-excsure |u the bac|qrcuud.
M|u|a|ze ycur use tc a|u|a|ze the chauces c| a |hctcshc d|saster cr the |a|e-cver-rccessed |cc|.

More betore and atter post-editinq comparisons
|cr acre cst-ed|t|uq ccaar|scus |rca 1|ctcqrahy, chec| cut 1|ctcqrahy's |acebcc| aqe. ?cu cau |earu a |ct abcut cst-ed|t|uq just by
cbserv|uq hcW cthers cst-ed|t aud hcW a hctc aay be euhauced thrcuqh cst-ed|t|uq. sc ccusu|t a search euq|ue tc ||ud acre exaa|es.

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warmJvintaqe Ldit
hcW tc q|ve ycur hctcs that Wara, v|utaqe |ee|
1ab|e ot Contents


1h|s tutcr|a| teaches ycu hcW tc cst-
ed|t ycur hctcs tc q|ve thea a Wara,
v|utaqe |ee| such as |u the be|cre aud
a|ter ccaar|scu hctc cu the |e|t.
1h|s cst-ed|t|uq tutcr|a| Was aade us|uq
GiM|, a |ree hctc ed|t|uq sc|tWare.
ucWever the teras aud techu|ues used
|u th|s tutcr|a| cau be qeuera||zed tc
cther cst-ed|t|uq sc|tWare such as
|hctcshc, etc.
|cr acre cst-ed|t|uq act|cus aud scr|t
|cr |hctcshc aud GiM|, v|s|t
1|ctcqrahy's act|cusfscr|ts sect|cu.
rocedure
1. ueq|u W|th auy hctc.
1h|s hctc shcu|d a|ready be We||
tcue ba|auced aud ccutrast
ed|ted |cr best resu|ts.
2. Ma|e a ueW |ayer. |||| the |ayer
W|th ye||cW =|b|2a3.
3. set the ye||cW |ayer's rcerty tc
Mut1i|t? at 70% tc 100%
cac|ty.
1he sec|||c cac|ty c| the ye||cW
|ayer W||| deeud cu the cc|crs c|
ycur cr|q|ua| hctc. Adjust
acccrd|uq|y.
+. Ma|e a ueW |ayer. |||| the |ayer
W|th ur|e =acS6b3.
S. set the ur|e |ayer's rcerty tc
sCk||u at 1S% tc 30% cac|ty.
Aqa|u, adjust the sec|||c cac|ty
acccrd|uq|y based cu ycur
hctc's cr|q|ua| cc|crs.
6. w|th scae a|ucr ccutrast
adjustaeuts, ycu shcu|d qet ycur
des|red ||ua| resu|t. ke-adjust the
|ayer cac|t|es as ueeded.
Resu|ts

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DIY 8ackdrops
s|a|e bac|drc sc|ut|cus W|th th|uqs |rca arcuud ycur hcae
1ab|e ot Contents
1ust a wa||l
|erhas the s|a|est bac|drc |s the |a|u c|'
bcr|uq Wa||. it's s|a|e, |t's c|eau, |t Wcr|s. i|
|ess |s acre, the |a|u Wa|| |s rcbab|y
as a|u|aa||st|c as ycu cau qc.
i| ycu dcu't a suer |arqe Wa||, dcu't Wcrry. 1ust
cse ycur acde| cr cbject c|cser tc the Wa||.
|cr head shcts, ycu Wcu't eveu ueed acre
thau a 3 |eet by 3 |eet Wa|| c|ear|uq.
s|a|e a|uted aud Wa||aered Wa||s Wcr| tcc.
My Wa||s just haeu tc be Wh|te.


Iabric 8ackdrops
|abr|c bac|drcs are s|a|e, chea, a|teruat|ves tc
rc|ess|cua| aus||u bac|drcs.
1hey're rea||y ccuveu|eut || ycu dcu't have a c|eau
Wa||, just drae |abr|c cver a dccr cr hauq |t |rca
the ce|||uq. Aud there's a |ct c| var|ety tc chccse
|rca, sc |t's easy tc chauqe the cc|cr tc Whatever
su|ts ycur hctc.
||us, acst |abr|c bac|drcs dcu't ccst ycu a th|uq.
just recyc|e ycur bed sheets, a b|au|et, that
ccuch thrcW, cr eveu a |arqe sh|rt.


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Mus|in 8ackdrops
1he acst ccaacu bac|drc |s the aus||u
bac|drc. ?cu cau hauda|ut cr t|e-dye ycur
cWu. ke|er tc a search euq|ue tc ||ud tutcr|a|s
cu hcW tc aa|e ycur cWu aus||u bac|drcs.
i urchased ay aus||u bac|drc cu |bay |cr
s3S as seeu cu the r|qht.
Mus||u bac|drcs are c|ass|c. i| ycu are |cc||uq
|utc crtra|ture, a u|ce hauda|uted aus||u
bac|drc |s a WcrthWh||e |uvestaeut.



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E|ogant, Easy, and Attordab|o |rom $00, 3hop low!
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DIY Liqht 1ent
a|| ycu ueed |s aer
1ab|e ot Contents
You wi|| need
+ |eces c| Wh|te aer
au exterua| ||ash (re|erab|y) |cr
||qht|uq
rocedure
|c|d 2 |eces c| aer tc create the
s|des c| the ||qht teut
stac| 1 |ece c| aer cu tc aud
|ace 1 |ece c| aer be|cW
1ips
1ry arrauq|uq the |eces c| aer at
d|||ereut auq|es tc a||cW the ||qht tc
bcuuce aud d|||use d|||ereut|y |cr
d|||ereut e||ects
Resu|ts (||qht teut d|aqraa ||ght tont constructod rosu|ts us|ng ||ght tont)
1. Us|ng an oxtorna| t|ash un|t attachod to tho camora

2. us|uq au exterua| ||ash uu|t uct attached tc the caaera a||cW|uq |cr qreater ccutrc| c| the ||qht|uq

3. us|uq uatura| ||qht|uq

1oo simp|e2 Add your own spinl
1hese s|a|e aer ||qht teuts have Wcr|ed We|| |cr ae
|cr the |eW t|aes i've had tc dc rcduct hctcqrahy cr
stcc| hctcqrahy W|th cbjects |sc|ated |rca the
bac|qrcuud.
1here are aauy acre Di? ||qht teut tutcr|a|s ava||ab|e
cu||ue. scae are acre cca||cated but durab|e, scae
reu|re acre cra|tsaaush| Wh||e cthers are s|a|er. A|| ycu
have tc dc |s search a ||tt|e.
- ucW tc aa|e au |uexeus|ve ||qht teut
- ik|A uac|ers Di? ||qht teut
- aud acre
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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uome Made 1LR Camera
a ract|ca| |utrcduct|cu tc ct|cs aud hcW tc bu||d ycur cWu 1tk caaera
1ab|e ot Contents
1h|s rcject tcc| ae abcut 2 Wee|s tc des|qu aud bu||d the caaera, 2 tc 3 days er Wee|, abcut au hcur cr tWc er day. it |s uct a hard
rcject but |t W||| reu|re scae atteut|cu tc deta|| art|cu|ar|y |cr reveut|uq ser|cus ||qht |ea|s, s|a|e ca|cu|at|cus such as the |ythaqcreau
1hecrea |cr rcer |ccus|uq, aud c| ccurse at|euce esec|a||y Wheu ta||uq hctcs.
8ackqround
iu Ot|cs c|ass We Were ass|qued tc aa|e |rca scratch a |uuct|cua| |||a caaera cut c| Whatever su||es Were ava||ab|e |u the kesearch aud
|uq|ueer|uq rcca aud |rca hcae.
|cr ay caaera, i Weut W|th a tW|u |eus re||ex (1tk) des|qu sc i Wcu|du't have tc dea| W|th the acv|uq a|rrcr ccacueut Were i tc have chcseu
a s|uq|e |eus re||ect (stk) des|qu.
uu|||e au stk, a 1tk uses tWc cbject|ve |euses at the saae |cca| |euqth. Oue |eus |s used |cr the v|eW||uder systea (v|eW||uder |eus) aud the
cther |s used |cr ta||uq the hctc (hctcqrah|c |eus). |cr acre |u|craat|cu cu 1tks, see w|||ed|a.
Camera 8ody (exterior)
i used ay 1aarcu 90aa |2.8 |eus bcx as the bas|s |cr the caaera. 1he qccd th|uq abcut the 1aarcu bcx |s that |t has tWc |ayers c| bcxes,
cr|q|ua||y |cr better rctect|cu c| the |eus. 1Wc |ayers a|sc he|s reveut ||qht |ea|s. 1he bcx des|qu a|sc a||cWs |cr easy ceu|uq aud c|cs|uq c|
the caaera |cr |||a re|aceaeut. i a|sc ccus|dered us|uq Wccd tc aa|e a bcx |cr the bas|s c| the caaera. ucWever, i Was Wcr||uq cu a t|ae ||a|t
aud ||qured cutt|uq Wccd Wcu|d ta|e a |ct |cuqer thau cutt|uq cardbcard. i| ycu have the t|ae, i suqqest us|uq Wccd |cr a acre durab|e
rcduct s|uce cardbcard |a||s aart W|th rc|cuqed use.
1he eut|re bcx Was a|uted b|ac|. 1he |us|de Was a|uted b|ac| tc abscrb aud reveut |uterua| re||ect|cus c| ||qht Were auy ||qht tc qet |u. 1he
cuts|de Was a|uted b|ac| |cr aesthet|c urcses.
Lenses
|cr the |euses, i used tWc dcub|e ccuvex |euses W|th a |cca| |euqth c| abcut 10Saa. Dcub|e ccuvex |euses cau be urchased cu||ue |cr abcut
sS. i| ycu buy thea cu||ue, the aauu|acturers W||| rcbab|y te|| ycu the |cca| |euqth. O|d q|asses shcu|d a|sc aa|e deceut |euses. ?cu W||| just
have tc dc ca|cu|at|cus tc detera|ue the |cca| |euqth. Au easy Way tc est|aate the |cca| |euqth c| ycur |eus |s tc hc|d the |eus u tc a ||qht
scurce such as a W|udcW. A||cW ||qht tc qc thrcuqh the |eus aud rcject au us|de-dcWu |aaqe c| the W|udcW cutc a |ece c| aer. Mcve the
|ece c| aer cr |eus uut|| the |aaqe c| the W|udcW ccaes |utc |ccus. wheu the |aaqe ccaes |utc |ccus, aeasure the d|stauce |rca the aer
tc the |eus aud that W||| be ycur est|aated |cca| |euqth. uav|uq a |r|eud he| |s strcuq|y suqqested. i| ycu cau't qet the rcjected |aaqe cutc
the aer cr || the rcjected |aaqe |s sc saa|| ycu cau't te|| || |t's |ccused, try adjust|uq ycur d|stauce tc the W|udcW. |cr acre |u|craat|cu, ||ud
au |utrcductcry ct|cs |ab ass|quaeut.
1he |euses Were attached tc Wra|uq aer rc||s |||e rea||y th|c| tc||et aer rc||s. 1Wc hc|es Were cut |u |rcut c| the 1aarcu bcx tc ||t the
Wra|uq aer rc||s. s|a|e ca|cu|at|cus Were aade tc detera|ue Where the hc|es shcu|d be cut. 1he hc|es shcu|d be cut such that the
d|stauce trave|ed by ||qht euter|uq thrcuqh the v|eW||uder |eus, bcuuc|uq c|| the |uterua| a|rrcr, aud u tc the v|eW||uder |s the saae d|stauce as
the d|stauce trave|ed by ||qht thrcuqh the hctcqrah|c |eus tc the |||a. see the bcttca |e|t crt|cu c| the draW|uq abcve |cr acre deta||. 1h|s
eusures that the |ccus seeu thrcuqh the v|eW||uder |eus |s a rcer est|aate c| the |ccus ach|eved by the hctcqrah|c |eus aud that W|||
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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aear cu |||a.
1he Wra|uq aer rc||s ||t t|qht|y |utc the hc|es |u the 1aarcu bcx as tc uct a||cW ||qht |ea|s but Were st||| thecret|ca||y acvab|e tc a||cW
|ccus|uq. ucWever, bcth |euses Were uct des|qued tc acve s|au|tauecus|y. 1h|s |s scaeth|uq that shcu|d be ||xed |u the |uture. |cr ucW, just
treat |t |||e a ||xed |ccus 1tk.
viewtinder
A hc|e Was cut cut c| the tc c| the 1aarcu bcx. 1raus|uceut Wax aer ccvered the hc|e tc aa|e the v|eW||uder. Dc uct use trausareut
|ast|c Wra cr ucraa| Wh|te aer. 1he traus|uceut Wax aer a||cWs ||qht tc ass thrcuqh d|||use|y such that ||qht euter|uq the v|eW||uder |eus
cau rcer|y rcject au |aaqe cu tc the v|eW||uder.
ucte cards Were used tc surrcuud the v|eW||uder cu three s|des tc reveut re||ect|cus aud qet better ccutrast cu the v|eW||uder.
Camera 8ody (interior)
1he |us|de c| the caaera Was d|v|ded |utc uer aud |cWer ccaartaeuts W|th cardbcard aud a |ct c| b|ac| tae. t|qht aust uct be exchauqed
|rca uer tc |cWer ccaartaeuts aud v|ce versa. |reveut|uq ||qht |ea|s |rca the tc ccaartaeut tc the bcttca ccaartaeut dces ta|e
scae t|ae, tr|a| aud errcr but |t |s uecessary. OtherW|se ||qht W||| |ea| |u |rca the tc ccaartaeut tc the |cWer ccaartaeut Where ycur |||a |s
stcred aud ru|u the |||a.
iu the uer ccaartaeut, au |uterua| a|rrcr Was attached at a +S deqree auq|e tc re||ect the |ucca|uq |aaqe |rca the v|eW||uder |eus tc the
v|eW||uder. Aqa|u, |ace the a|rrcr such that the d|stauce trave|ed by ||qht euter|uq thrcuqh the v|eW||uder |eus, bcuuc|uq c|| the |uterua| a|rrcr,
aud u tc the v|eW||uder |s the saae d|stauce as the d|stauce trave|ed by ||qht thrcuqh the hctcqrah|c |eus tc the |||a
1he |cWer ccaartaeut hcused the |||a Wh|ch Wcu|d cature the |ucca|uq |aaqe |rca the hctcqrah|c |eus. 1he |aaqe that aear cu the
v|eW||uder |rca the v|eW||uder |eus Was assuaed tc be ueq||q|b|y c|cse eucuqh tc the |aaqe that Was catured cu |||a |rca the hctcqrah|c
|eus. ucWever, there are st||| scae d|||ereuces betWeeu the tWc |aaqes s|a|y due tc the d|||ereut |aceaeuts c| the tWc |euses sc rcer
ccacs|t|cu |s |a|r|y d||||cu|t.
Shutter
A rubber-baud |caded |ea| shutter Was aade |rca three ||cy d|s|s, rubbed bauds aud b|ac| tae. 1he shutter Was attached |u |rcut c| the
hctcqrah|c |eus W|th a |ct c| b|ac| tae. i |et the shutter cu the cuts|de s|uce utt|uq the shutter |us|de Wcu|d reu|re acre cutt|uq,
cteut|a||y caus|uq ||qht |ea|s. i Wcu't descr|be hcW the shutter Was aade s|uce ycu cau ||ud that qeuera| |u|craat|cu cu w|||ed|a uuder tea|
shutters. 1he cu|y d|||ereuce betWeeu ay des|qu aud the w|||ed|a descr|bed |ea| shutter |s i used rubber bauds tc u|| |ustead c| sr|uqs tc
ush the |ea| b|ade.
Aud that's esseut|a||y hcW tc aa|e a tW|u |eus re||ex caaera.
1akinq hotos
|hctcs Were ta|eu cu qeuer|c 3.SxS (Sx7 cut |u ha|| ) uw sheet |||a. i |crqct the exact braud, but ycu cau ||ud thea at uu. [||u|] . i| ycu
dcu't Waut tc buy sheet |||a, ycu cau use ucraa| rc|| |||a tcc. ?cu W||| have tc cut the |||a |utc saa|| aauaqeab|e |eces |u a dar|rcca.
1c ta|e a hctc, |u a dar|rcca cut the |||a aud secure |t |u the caaera. i just ut scae tae cu the bac| c| the |||a tc secure |t tc ay
caaera. Ma|e sure ycur caaera dces uct have auy ser|cus hc|es Where ||qht aay |ea| |u be|cre ycu ex|t the dar|rcca. A|| |||a haud||uq shcu|d be
dcue |u a dar|rcca tc reveut ru|u|uq the |||a. uut ycu dc uct ueed a rc|ess|cua| dar|rcca. we just used cur c|assrcca aud turued a|| the
||qhts c|| excet |cr cue sa|e ||qht. At hcae, i just use a dar| c|cset. 1heu just ceu the shutter tc ta|e cue hctc aud returu tc the
dar|rcca. i strcuq|y suqqested that ycu deve|c ycur cWu |||a |cr acre |ustaut qrat|||cat|cu. it tcc| ae a ccu|e tr|a|s aud errcrs tc detera|ue
the rcer excsure t|ae.
hotos taken usinq the 1LR I made



uaod Camora Buyor
Adorama.com/Usod_0opartmont
Adorama 3uys 8 3o||s Usod lhoto Equ|pmont.
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Set up Ior 8ubb|y hotos
1ab|e ot Contents
You wi|| need
A c|ear ccuta|uer (such as a suare vase)
Au cbject tc aa|e bubb|y (such as a |ru|t)
Ot|cua|. scae styrc|caa aud a ueed|e tc secure the cbject tc reveut ||cat|uq
Aud the |ey |uqred|eut rescus|b|e |cr a|| the bubb|es. scae p|ain se|tzer waterJcarbonated waterJspark|inq waterJetc (ycu cau
a|sc use scdas but because c| the|r suqar ccuteut, c|eau-u cau qet u|te st|c|y)
rocedure

1. Cut a rectauqu|ar |ece c| styrc|caa that |s a b|t b|qqer thau the c|ear ccuta|uer.
1he b|qqer s|ze W||| a||cW the styrc|caa tc ush aqa|ust the ccuta|uer. 1he resu|t|uq
teus|cu shcu|d hc|d the styrc|caa |u |ace.
2. ||ace the cbject cu the styrc|caa |ece at the des|red |ccat|cu. secure the cbject
|u |ace W|th a ueed|e, saa|| ua|| cr |u. 1he ueed|e shcu|d euetrate the cbject at
au auq|e tc acst e||ect|ve|y secure the cbject aud |ee |t |rca ||cat|uq. ueud|uq
the ueed|e W||| a|sc he| secure the cbject.
3. |ush the styrc|caa |utc the suare vase. ue care|u| uct tc crac| the styrc|caal
|ush cu the s|des aud edqes c| the styrc|caa |cr the best resu|ts. use a euc|| cr
b|uut cbject tc he| W|th deeer ccuta|uers. Adjust aud cut the styrc|caa as
ueeded.
+. Add the se|tzer Water. wa|t a |eW a|uutes |cr bubb|es tc |cra. 1he |cuqer ycu Wa|t,
qeuera||y the |arqer the bubb|es. Dc uct sha|e cr acve the suare vasel Mcveaeut
W||| |ee bubb|es |rca |cra|uq cu the cbject's sur|ace.
S. set u ycur caaera, re|erab|y cu a tr|cd aud shcct. A aacrc sett|uq cr aacrc |eus
|s re|erred. i| ycu dc uct have a aacrc |eus, a saa|| aaqu||y|uq q|ass cau create a
qreat aacrc e||ect.
1ips
set u W|th straWberr|es |uued cu styrc|caa ushed
|utc a suare vase, a bac|qrcuud |aced beh|ud the
vase, tcWe|s ||u|uq the vase tc ass|st |u c|eau-u, aud c|
ccurse se|tzer Water ready tc be a||ed.
1ry |ett|uq ycur cbject just ||cat |u the se|tzer Waterl
i| ycu aust use a scda, |c| a scda that dces uct have |ccd cc|cr|uq. |ccd cc|cr|uq teuds tc aa|e the Water aear rea||y aur|y (sc
chccse sr|te uct Mcuuta|u DeW).
C|eau ycur vasel w|th rcer ||qht|uq aud c|eau|uq, the q|ass c| the vase shcu|d uct a||ect the |cture uct|ceab|y.
uubb|es cau |cra cu the s|des c| the vase. i| they dc, just brush thea c|| W|th a euc|| c| straW.
t|ue ycur vase W|th tcWe|s tc ass|st |u the c|eau-u.
Resu|ts
i| ycu've ta|eu a hctc us|uq th|s tutcr|a| aud Wcu|d |||e ycur Wcr| |eatured here, |ee| |ree tc share ycur resu|ts W|th us.

Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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1eau |au, scae r|qhts reserved (CC u?-uC-uD)
Vako a |roo Wobs|to w|th Yo|a.


keveuues |rca advert|s|uq qc tcWard |ee|uq the ccuteuts cu th|s s|te |ree. Ccutact us || ycu're |uterested |u advert|s|uq W|th 1|ctcqrahy.
CIaaa CandIo Containora
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Who|osa|o Cand|o Vak|ng Conta|nors. |ugo 3o|oct|on ot Cand|o 3upp||os.
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Liqht aintinq with ortraiture
ccab|u|uq ||qht a|ut|uq W|th crtra|ture us|uq s|cW syuc ||ash
1ab|e ot Contents
You wi|| need
a camera with Shutter riority or Manua| Mode
?cur caaera shcu|d be eu|ed W|th a shutter r|cr|ty audfcr aauua| acde. ke|er tc ycur caaera's
aauua| cr a search euq|ue |cr acre |u|craat|cu.
?cu W||| ueed e|ther c| these acdes tc ccutrc| ycur caaera's shutter seed aud excsure durat|cu |cr
the ||qht a|ut|uq ccacueut.
a 8ui|t-In I|ash or Lxterna| I|ash + S|ow Sync Mode
?cur caaera shcu|d be eu|ed W|th a s|cW syuc acde caab|e c| ccaauu|cat|uq W|th e|ther |ts bu||t-
|u ||ash cr auy exterua| ||ash uu|t. ke|er tc ycur caaera's aauua|, ycur exterua| ||ash's aauua|, cr a
search euq|ue |cr acre |u|craat|cu.
?cur W||| ueed a ||ash tc ass|st W|th the crtra|ture ccacueut.
a 1ripod
s|uce a s|cW shutter seed aud |cuq excsure W||| be used, a tr|cd |s uecessary tc he| reveut auy
uuWauted act|cu b|ur.
Ccusu|t 1|ctcqrahy's tutcr|a| cu ucW tc 1a|e se||-|crtra|ts |cr t|s cu chccs|uq the r|qht tr|cd |cr ycu
aud ycur caaera.
a Movab|e Liqht Source
A saa|| t|D ||qht |s reccaaeuded thcuqh a ||ash ||qht, |aser, cr ce|| hcue W||| a|sc Wcr|.
?cu W||| ueed th|s acvab|e ||qht scurce |cr the ||qht a|ut|uq ccacueut.
Abcve. 6. t|a|t acveaeut
a|ter the |u|t|a| ||ash tc reveut
act|cu b|ur.
te|t. 7. iutrcduce the acvab|e
||qht scurce a|ter tr|qqer|uq
the ||ash, e|se the haud
acv|uq the ||qht, etc, W||| be
v|s|b|e.
ue|cW. 1|. 1ry us|uq d|||ereut
||qht scurces. ue|cW. Wh|te
||qht = ce|| hcue b|ue ||qht =
exteus|cu ccrd

rocedure
1. |cse the acde| tc the des|red cs|t|cu.
2. set ycur caaera tc e|ther shutter |r|cr|ty cr Mauua| acde.
3. set a s|cW shutter seed. 10 tc 30 seccuds shcu|d be su|||c|eut.
+. set ycur ||ash tc s|cW syuc acde.
1h|s W||| a||cW ycu tc tr|qqer the ||ash at the beq|uu|uq c| the excsure
tc cature the acde| r|cr tc the |utrcduct|cu c| the acvab|e ||qht
scurce.
S. 1uru c|| a|| ||qhts such that the rcca cr stud|c |s cca|ete|y dar|.
Auy add|t|cua| ||qhts tc the ||ash aud acvab|e ||qht scurce W||| cause cver-
excsure.
6. 1a|e the hctc aud start the |cuq excsure.
ucte th|s |s Wheu the ||ash shcu|d a|sc qc c||.
1he acde| W||| aear ucu-b|urry |u the ||ua| hctc due tc th|s |u|t|a| ||ash.
1he acde| shcu|d reaa|u re|at|ve|y st||| |cr the durat|cu c| the
|cuq excsure s|uce the acvab|e ||qht scurce W||| be h|tt|uq the acde|
aud req|ster|uq cu the caaera seuscr.
7. iutrcduce the acvab|e ||qht scurce a|ter the ||qht |rca the ||ash d|ss|ates.
8. wave the acvab|e ||qht scurce arcuud the acde| |cr the durat|cu c| the |cuq
excsure.
1he ath c| the ||qht W||| be reccrded by the caaera seuscr aud W|||
aear |u the ccu||qurat|cu |u Wh|ch the ||qht Was Waved.
Ach|ev|uq the rcer ccu||qurat|cu c| the ||qht ath W||| |||e|y be What
ta|es the acst aacuut c| t|ae tc qet r|qht.
1ry tc |ee the ||qht scurce acv|uq |cr the eut|re |cuq excsure. 1hat
Way, the haud Wav|uq the ||qht aud cther extrauecus ccacueuts cu
the ||qht scurce such as ccrds W||| uct eud u |u the hctc.
1ips
keaeaber || ||qht dces uct h|t au cbject, the cbject cauuct req|ster cu the
caaera seuscr aud W||| uct be v|s|b|e |u the hctc. i| ycu're st||| ccu|used abcut
hcW th|s techu|ue Wcr|s, th|u| abcut hcW a caaera seuscr cr eveu ycur eye
reacts tc ||qht cr a |ac| c| ||qht. Or ccusu|t a search euq|ue tc |earu acre abcut
hcW caaera seuscrs cr ycur eyes Wcr|.
1ry us|uq d|||ereut ||qht scurces |cr d|||ereut ||qht |uteus|t|es aud e||ects.
t|qht a|ut|uq aud s|cW syuc ||ash by thease|ves are ccaacu aud |uu
techu|ues Wcrth try|uq cut. Ccusu|t a search euq|ue |cr acre |u|craat|cu,
exaa|es, aud tutcr|a|s |cr just ||qht a|ut|uq audfcr just s|cW syuc ||ash.
Resu|ts
Caaera acde|. u||cu D80
teus. u||cu A| u|||cr S0aa |f1.8D
|cca| |euqth. S0aa
Mcde sett|uq. Mauua| Mcde
|-stc (aerture). |f1.8
|xcsure t|ae (shutter seed). 10 seccuds
isO seed. isO-100
|xcsure b|as. 0 ste
wh|te ba|auce. autc
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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Vako a |roo Wobs|to w|th Yo|a.
||ash aa|er aud acde|. u||cu su-600 A| seed||qht
||ash sett|uq. s|cW
t|qht|uq techu|ue. bcuuced ||ash ||qht
||ash tr|qqer. ik reacte (uct uecessary)
Mcvab|e ||qht scurce. exteus|cu ccrd t|D ||qht
uuaber c| tr|a|s tc ach|eve des|red ccu||qurat|cu c| the ||qht ath W|th
su|||c|eut|y a|u|aa| act|cu b|ur. +0 shcts
|cst-ed|t|uq rcqraa. GiM| 2.6.S

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1ake Se|t-ortraits
crtra|ts c| ycurse|| by ycurse||
1ab|e ot Contents
You wi|| need
a 1ripod
A|thcuqh aauy ||qht-We|qht a|ua|uua tr|cds are chea (|ess thau s10), they are uct aade tc sucrt
heav|er caaeras. i| ycu have a saa|| c|ut-aud-shcct theu a ||qhtWe|qht a|ua|uua tr|cd W||| Wcr| just
||ue. i| ycu have a heav|er advauced ccaact caaera cr Dstk, ycu W||| ueed a heav|er aud qeuera||y
acre exeus|ve tr|cd.
i| ycu have a heavy caaera, dc uct s||a aud try tc use a cheaer, ||qhter tr|cd. wheu ycu set ycur
caaera cu ycur tr|cd, ruu |u |rcut c| the caaera, aud a breeze ccaes by, ycur tr|cd W||| |||e|y t| aud
ycur caaera W||| brea|.
Ccus|der a tr|cd W|th u|c| re|ease |ates sc ycu dcu't have screW aud uuscreW ycur caaera cutc
ycur tr|cd every t|ae.
the tr|cd i use. the
suu|Ak 7S00-rc W|th
u|c| re|ease
a Se|t-1imer
?cur caaera shcu|d be eu|ed W|th a se||-t|aer |uuct|cu. ke|er tc ycur caaera's aauua| |cr acre
|u|craat|cu.
ucte that Wheu us|uq the se||-t|aer, ycur caaera W||| uct autc|ccus Wheu ycu are |u |rcut c| the
caaera. 1he |ccus |s set Wheu the t|aer |s set.
an IR remote (reccaaeuded)
Au ik reacte a||cWs ycu tc tr|qqer the caaera shutter aud, acre |acrtaut|y uu|||e the se||-t|aer,
|ccus Wheu ycu are |u |rcut c| the caaera.
i reccaaeud ik reactes cver cab|ed reacte ccutrc|s |cr se||-crtra|ture. ik reactes aay have a |cWer
success rate |u tr|qqer|uq the shutter ccaared tc cab|ed reactes but they cau qc a |ct |urther aud,
c| ccurse, there are uc uq|y cab|es tc qet |u the Way.
Ccusu|t a search euq|ue |cr acre d|||ereuces betWeeu ik aud cab|e reacte ccutrc|s tc see Wh|ch
chc|ce |s r|qht |cr ycu aud ycur ueeds.
Ccusu|t a search euq|ue |cr the ik reacte su|ted |cr ycur caaera braud aud acde|.
a |aceho|der (reccaaeuded esec|a||y W|th se||-t|aers)
the ik reacte i use. the
Mt-t3
wheu us|uq se||-t|aers, ut the |acehc|der Where ycu W||| be tc ass|st W|th ach|ev|uq the rcer |ccus aud ccacs|t|cu.
Mirrors (ct|cua|)
|cr c|cser se||-crtra|ts, |ace a a|rrcr beh|ud the caaera, auq|ed such that ycu cau see the tCD screeu |rca |u |rcut c| the
caaera as ycu cse tc he| W|th ccacs|t|cu.
rocedure
1. |ut a |acehc|der
aud a|a ycur
caaera tcWards
Where ycu W||| be.
2. Ccacse the shct
aud adjust the
|ccus acccrd|uq|y
|rca beh|ud the
caaera.
3. set aud act|vate
the se||-t|aer ||
ycu're us|uq a se||-
t|aer. teave
eucuqh t|ae tc qet
|u |rcut c| the
caaera aud cse.
+. 1heu qet |u |rcut c|
the caaera, tcss
the |acehc|der
as|de, ta|e |ts |ace,
aud cse.
S. 1r|qqer the ik
reacte || ycu're
us|uq au ik reacte.
6. Chec| the hctc
ycu just tcc|.
7. Adjust ycur cse
aud reeat ||
uecessary.


1ips
i| ycu st||| eud u W|th a b|urry hctc, try us|uq a saa||er aerture |cr a deeer DO|.
use a W|der |eus aud |uc|ude acre |u each hctc thau What ycu Waut |u the ||ua| hctc. 1heu crc |utc the rcer ccacs|t|cu |u cst-
ed|t|uq.
?cu W||| acst |||e|y have tc reeat th|s rccedure aauy t|aes tc qet the des|red ccacs|t|cu.
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keet|t|cu |s eas|est W|th au ik reacte. 1ust cse, c||c|, a|ter ycur cse s||qht|y, c||c|, aud reeat, each t|ae a|ter|uq ycur cse s||qht|y aud
hce|u||y cue shct W||| resu|t |u the des|red ccacs|t|cu. keet|t|cu |s acre d||||cu|t W|th a se||-t|aer aud W||| reu|re a |ct c| systeaat|c
tr|a|s. set ycur t|aer, cse, theu see hcW the hctc turus cut. i| |t's uct |u the ccacs|t|cu ycu Waut, set ycur t|aer, theu cse |u
bas|ca||y the saae aauuer but s||qht|y adjusted based cu hcW the |ast hctc turued cut.
1ry us|uq au ik reacte W|th a 2 seccud t|aer. Act|vate the t|aer W|th the reacte aud |ace the reacte as|de. ucW ycu cau use ycur
hauds |ree|y |u the ccacs|t|cu as ccsed tc hav|uq tc hc|d au uq|y reacte.
(us|uq au ik reacte)


(us|uq a se||-t|aer)

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Levitate Sma|| Objects
eveu |u |cW ||qht|uq ccud|t|cus W|th s|cW shutter seed
1ab|e ot Contents
1o muko un objoct uour us lt lt ls lovltutlnq, you coulo slmly toss un objoct uno tuko
tbo boto wbllo lt's stlll ln mloulr. 1boso sbots uro qonorully rotorroo to us uctlons sbots
uno roqulro vory tust sbuttor sooos.
lor moro lntormutlon on uctlon sbots, consult u sourcb onqlno.
1bo uctlon sbot oolctoo on tbo rlqbt wus tukon ut t/i.8, ISC 8uu wltb u sbuttor sooo
ot i/22utb ot u socono.
nowovor, sbuttor luq wbon uttomtlnq to tuko uctlon sbots wlll otton rosult ln unwuntoo
blur. xou cun qonorully ucblovo u suttlclont sbuttor sooo by wloonlnq tbo uorturo,
rulslnq ISC, otc. 3ut somotlmos, tbo llqbtlnq conoltlons uro just too low to tuko uctlon
sbots. Cr muybo you buto rulslnq ISC bocuuso lt cuusos qruln. Cr muybo your wloost
uorturo ls not wloo onouqb. wbutovor tbo rouson, tbls tutorlul oxloros u wuy to
comonsuto tor ull tbut uno "tuko" un uctlon sbot by uslnq clour strlnqs.
You wiII need
clour strlnqs (sucb us tlsblnq strlnqs)
u luco to bunq or book tbo strlnq (sucb us trom tbo colllnqs)
rocedure
iustead c| tcss|uq the cbject aud try|uq tc ta|e a hctc c| |t Wh||e |t's |u a|da|r,
t|e |t tc scae c|ear str|uqs aud hauq |t |rca the ce|||uq.
1ips
C|ear str|uqs are uear|y |uv|s|b|e aqa|ust a ||qht bac|qrcuud.
Or ycu aay just ed|t the str|uqs cut |u cst-ed|t|uq.
Notes on 8enetits and Limitations
1he beue||t c| us|uq ||sh|uq str|uqs |s that the cbject stays |u |ace. 1here|cre
ach|ev|uq the des|red ccacs|t|cu a |ct eas|er.
ucWever, ||sh|uq str|uqs dc have aauy ||a|tat|cus. 1hey cau't be used cutdccrs.
scae cbjects are tcc heavy. setu cau be d||||cu|t. |cr thcse tyes c| shcts,
|ast shutter seed |s st||| the Way tc qc.
Resu|ts


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hotoqraph Lye Ret|ections
1ab|e ot Contents
You wi|| need
Au cbject tc re||ect
A aacrc |eus cr a caaera W|th a aacrc sett|uq
A strcuq ||qht scurce (such as a |arqe W|udcW cu a suuuy day)
A tr|cd (|| ycu are dc|uq th|s a|cue)
rocedure
1. s|t c|cse tc a strcuq ||qht scurce.
2. Ma|e sure ycur s|tt|uq arrauqeaeut a||cWs ||qht tc d|rect|y h|t the cbject ycu |uteud tc re||ect |cr the best re||ect|cu.
3. uc|d cr |ace the cbject ycu |uteud tc re||ect tc the s|de c| ycur eye. 1he cbject shcu|d be |ac|uq the ||qht scurce.
+. Adjust the cbject's d|stauce |rca ycur eye acccrd|uq|y deeud|uq cu ycur cbject's s|ze |cr the des|red ccacs|t|cu c| the re||ect|cu. |cr
acst hcuse-hc|d haud-s|zed cbjects, hc|d the cbject d|rect|y aqa|ust the s|de c| ycur |ace |cr the best resu|ts.
S. tcc| tcWards the s|de c| ycur |ace, tcWards ycur ear, |ee|uq the cbject ycu Waut tc re||ect |u ycur er|hera| v|s|cu. 1h|s W||| a||cW the
cbject tc |cra a re||ect|cu |u the dar| |r|s crt|cu c| ycur eye as ccsed tc the Wh|te sce|era crt|cu.
6. i| ycu are dc|uq th|s shct a|cue aud us|uq a tr|cd, |ee the caaera at rcuqh|y aras |euqth |cr best resu|ts.

d|aqraa c| set u qrah|ca| ex|auat|cu c| techu|ue ||ua| resu|t a|ter aauy reeated tr|a|s
1ips
1hcuqh |t |s very he||u| tc have a |r|eud W|th ycu tc he| ycu W|th
ccacs|t|cu, ycu cau dc th|s by ycurse|| W|th a tr|cd aud reeated
tr|a|s. kee ycur caaera aud tr|cd at ara's |euqth tc s|a|||y aud
seed u the rccess.
|xer|aeut W|th ycur auq|e aud the auq|e c| the cbject ycu |uteud tc
re||ect W|th resect tc the ||qht scurce. |rcqress|ve|y turu tcWards the
||qht scurce aud see || |t |arcves the re||ect|cu.
?cu W||| |||e|y ueed tc crc the ||ua| |aaqe |utc the rcer ccacs|t|cu
as seeu |u the |aaqe cu the r|qht.
1ry th|s cuts|de cu a suuuy dayl
Resu|ts

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Iorced erspective with 8okeh
More 1utoria|s
You wi|| need
Christmas |iqhts (uo|iday |iqhts, Noe| |iqhts)
Chr|staas ||qhts W||| aear as bc|eh bubb|es v|eWed |rca
au uu|ccused caaera.
use t|es aud hcc|s tc arrauqe the Chr|staas ||qhts |utc the
des|red shae.
1he hctc ccaar|scu cu the r|qht de|cts Chr|staas ||qhts
Wheu the caaera |s |ccused cu the ||qhts aud theu
uu|ccused.
|cr acre |u|craat|cu abcut bc|eh, ccusu|t a search
euq|ue.
a wide aperture |ens (tJ1.4 to tJ2.8 recommended)
A W|de aerture |s uecessary tc ach|eve the sha||cW deth
c| ||e|d sc that the |creqrcuud (Where the acde| |s) W|||
be shar Wh||e the bac|qrcuud (Where the Chr|staas ||qhts
are) W||| be b|urry thereby creat|uq bc|eh bubb|es.
1he hctc ccaar|scu cu the r|qht deacustrates the
d|||ereuce betWeeu ta||uq a hctc at |f2.8 vs |f22.
|cr acre |u|craat|cu cu hcW aerture re|ates tc deth c|
||e|d, ccusu|t a search euq|ue.
a 1ripod and a p|aceho|der (optiona|)
Ccusu|t 1|ctcqrahy's tutcr|a| cu ucW tc 1a|e se||-
|crtra|ts || ycu are dc|uq th|s ||ud c| shcct a|cue.
a qrah|ca| ex|auat|cu c| the rccedure aud techu|ue beh|ud hcW tc dc |crced ersect|ve W|th bc|eh
rocedure
1. setu the Chr|staas ||qhts |u the bac|qrcuud.
2. |cs|t|cu the acde| (cr cbject) at |east a |eW |eet |u |rcut c| the Chr|staas ||qhts.
3. |ccus ycur caaera cu the acde|.
+. Chr|staas ||qhts shcu|d ucW aear as bc|eh bubb|es thrcuqh the v|eW||uder. i| uct
theu, W|deu ycur aerture, |ucrease the d|stauce betWeeu the Chr|staas ||qhts aud
the acde| audfcr decrease the d|stauce betWeeu the acde| aud the caaera. 1heu
re|ccus the caaera cu the acde|.
S. Ccacse ycur shct thrcuqh the v|eW||uder tc see the bc|eh bubb|es. 1he rest |s
just scae creat|ve ccacs|t|cu tc |uteqrate the bc|eh bubb|es W|th the acde|'s
cse.
Abcut Ga||ery serv|ces |r|uts stcc|s Act|cusfscr|ts 1utcr|a|s Ccutact
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a qrah|ca| ex|auat|cu cu hcW adjust|uq the d|stauce betWeeu the acde| aud the Chr|staas ||qhts theu re|ccus|uq the caaera a||ects bc|eh
1ips
i| ycu're dc|uq th|s ||ud c| shcct a|cue, a |acehc|der cau
he| detera|ue Where ycu shcu|d staud re|at|ve tc the
caaera aud Chr|staas ||qhts tc ach|eve the best bc|eh.
Ccusu|t 1|ctcqrahy's tutcr|a| cu ucW tc 1a|e se||-
|crtra|ts |cr acre |u|craat|cu.
Ma|e ycur cWu aerture d|s| (as seeu cu the r|qht) cr
urchase thea cu||ue tc qet custca shaed bc|eh. |cr
acre |u|craat|cu cu hcW tc aa|e ycur cWu aerture d|s|
|cr custca bc|eh cr the ct|cs beh|ud Why th|s techu|ue
Wcr|s, ccusu|t a search euq|ue.

Resu|ts
i| ycu've ta|eu a hctc us|uq th|s tutcr|a|, |ee| |ree tc share ycur resu|ts W|th us cr cu 1|ctcqrahy's |acebcc| aqe.


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Vako a |roo Wobs|to w|th Yo|a.



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