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1108 1108 0987_05F9_c3 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 1
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© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
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CiscoCisco 7100,7100, 7200,7200, andand 75007500 ConfigurationConfiguration GuidelinesGuidelines SessionSession
CiscoCisco 7100,7100, 7200,7200, andand
75007500 ConfigurationConfiguration
GuidelinesGuidelines
SessionSession 11081108
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© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
2
AgendaAgenda
AgendaAgenda

Hardware Configuration

System Architecture

Components and Options

Configuration Guidelines

Cisco 7200 PCI Bus Loading and Balancing Cisco 7500 CyBus Loading Cisco 7500 VIP2 and Port Adapters

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Cisco 7500 CyBus Loading Cisco 7500 VIP2 and Port Adapters 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

3

AgendaAgenda (Cont.)(Cont.)
AgendaAgenda (Cont.)(Cont.)

Software Configuration

Boot Sequence

Flash Memory Operations

Switching Modes

Interfaces and IDBs

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Memory Operations • Switching Modes • Interfaces and IDBs 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

4

HardwareHardware ConfigurationConfiguration CiscoCiscoCisco 7200,7200,7200, 7100,7100,7100, andandand 750075007500 1108
HardwareHardware ConfigurationConfiguration
CiscoCiscoCisco 7200,7200,7200, 7100,7100,7100, andandand 750075007500
1108 1108
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0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
5 5
CiscoCisco 72007200
CiscoCisco 72007200
CiscoCisco 72007200 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 6

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CiscoCisco 72007200 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 6

6

CiscoCisco 72007200 HardwareHardware ArchitectureArchitecture
CiscoCisco 72007200 HardwareHardware ArchitectureArchitecture
I/OI/O ControllerController
I/OI/O ControllerController

Dual Power

Dual Power

Supplies

Supplies

Network Processing

Network Processing

Engine

Engine

Mid-planeMid-plane PortPort AdaptersAdapters

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Engine Engine Mid-planeMid-plane PortPort AdaptersAdapters 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 7

7

CiscoCisco 72007200 BusBus ArchitectureArchitecture
CiscoCisco 72007200 BusBus ArchitectureArchitecture
NetworkNetwork ProcessingProcessing EngineEngine NPE100NPE100 NPE150NPE150 NPE200NPE200 SiSi NPE300NPE300 PCIPCI
NetworkNetwork ProcessingProcessing EngineEngine
NPE100NPE100
NPE150NPE150
NPE200NPE200
SiSi
NPE300NPE300
PCIPCI
PCIPCI
PCIPCI
FEFE
PortPort AdaptersAdapters
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CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150/100)(NPE200/150/100) InternalInternal ArchitectureArchitecture
CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150/100)(NPE200/150/100)
InternalInternal ArchitectureArchitecture
Con/Aux Secondary NVRAM Cache CPU DRAM Flash SRAM ROM CPU Bus (CPU Board) I/O Bus
Con/Aux
Secondary
NVRAM
Cache
CPU
DRAM
Flash
SRAM
ROM
CPU Bus
(CPU Board)
I/O Bus
Fast Pkt
System
(I/O Board)
SRAM
Controller
(NPE 150 / 200)
PCI MB0
(Mid-Plane
PB
Board)
PB
FE
PCMCIA-1
PA-5
PB
PB
PA-6
PCMCIA-2
PB
PB
PA-3
PB
PB
PA-4
PA-1
PB
PB
PA-2
PCI MB1
PCI MB2
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CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150)(NPE200/150) DataData PathPath
CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150)(NPE200/150) DataData PathPath
Con/Aux Secondary NVRAM Cache CPU DRAM Flash SRAM ROM CPU Bus (CPU Board) I/O Bus
Con/Aux
Secondary
NVRAM
Cache
CPU
DRAM
Flash
SRAM
ROM
CPU Bus
(CPU Board)
I/O Bus
Fast Pkt
System
(I/O Board)
SRAM
Controller
(NPE 150 / 200)
PCI MB0
(Mid-Plane
PB
Board)
PB
FE
PCMCIA-1
PA-5
PB
PB
PA-6
PCMCIA-2
PB
PB
PA-3
PB
PB
PA-4
PA-1
PB
PB
PA-2
PCI MB1
PCI MB2
Inbound Data
to SRAM
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CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150/100)(NPE200/150/100) DataData PathPath
CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150/100)(NPE200/150/100)
DataData PathPath
Con/Aux Secondary NVRAM Cache CPU DRAM Flash SRAM ROM CPU Bus (CPU Board) I/O Bus
Con/Aux
Secondary
NVRAM
Cache
CPU
DRAM
Flash
SRAM
ROM
CPU Bus
(CPU Board)
I/O Bus
Fast Pkt
System
(I/O Board)
SRAM
Controller
(NPE 150 / 200)
PCI MB0
(Mid-Plane
PB
Board)
PB
FE
PCMCIA-1
PA-5
PB
PB
PA-6
PCMCIA-2
PB
PB
PA-3
PB
PB
PA-4
PA-1
PB
PB
PA-2
PCI MB1
PCI MB2
Inbound Data
to DRAM
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CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150)(NPE200/150) DataData PathPath
CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150)(NPE200/150) DataData PathPath
Con/Aux Secondary NVRAM Cache CPU DRAM Flash SRAM ROM CPU Bus (CPU Board) I/O Bus
Con/Aux
Secondary
NVRAM
Cache
CPU
DRAM
Flash
SRAM
ROM
CPU Bus
(CPU Board)
I/O Bus
Fast Pkt
System
(I/O Board)
SRAM
Controller
(NPE 150 / 200)
PCI MB0
(Mid-Plane
PB
Board)
PB
FE
PCMCIA-1
PA-5
PB
PB
PA-6
PCMCIA-2
PB
PB
PA-3
PB
PB
PA-4
PA-1
PB
PB
PA-2
PCI MB1
PCI MB2
Outbound Data
from SRAM
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CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150/100)(NPE200/150/100) DataData PathPath
CiscoCisco 72007200 (NPE200/150/100)(NPE200/150/100)
DataData PathPath
Con/Aux Secondary NVRAM Cache CPU DRAM Flash SRAM ROM CPU Bus (CPU Board) I/O Bus
Con/Aux
Secondary
NVRAM
Cache
CPU
DRAM
Flash
SRAM
ROM
CPU Bus
(CPU Board)
I/O Bus
Fast Pkt
System
(I/O Board)
SRAM
Controller
(NPE 150 / 200)
PCI MB0
(Mid-Plane
PB
Board)
PB
FE
PCMCIA-1
PA-5
PB
PB
PA-6
PCMCIA-2
PB
PB
PA-3
PB
PB
PA-4
PA-1
PB
PB
PA-2
PCI MB1
PCI MB2
Outbound Data
from DRAM
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CiscoCisco 7200VXR7200VXR (NPE300)(NPE300) InternalInternal ArchitectureArchitecture
CiscoCisco 7200VXR7200VXR (NPE300)(NPE300)
InternalInternal ArchitectureArchitecture
Con/Aux CPU System SDRAM R7000 Controller (32 MB) NVRAM Flash ROM Tertiary System SDRAM Cache
Con/Aux
CPU
System
SDRAM
R7000
Controller
(32 MB)
NVRAM
Flash
ROM
Tertiary
System
SDRAM
Cache
I/O Bus
Controller
(32-256 MB)
SRAM
(I/O Board)
CPU Bus
PB
PB
PB
PCI MB0
(Mid-Plane
Board)
(CPU Board)
FE
PCMCIA-1
PA-5
PB
PB
PA-6
PCMCIA-2
PA-3
PB
PB
PA-4
PA-1
PB
PB
PA-2
PCI MB1
PCI MB2
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CiscoCisco 7200VXR7200VXR (NPE300)(NPE300) DataData PathPath
CiscoCisco 7200VXR7200VXR (NPE300)(NPE300)
DataData PathPath
Con/Aux CPU System SDRAM R7000 Controller (32 MB) NVRAM Flash ROM Tertiary System SDRAM Cache
Con/Aux
CPU
System
SDRAM
R7000
Controller
(32 MB)
NVRAM
Flash
ROM
Tertiary
System
SDRAM
Cache
I/O Bus
Controller
(32-256 MB)
SRAM
(I/O Board)
CPU Bus
PB
PB
PB
PCI MB0
(Mid-Plane
Board)
(CPU Board)
FE
PCMCIA-1
PA-5
PB
PB
PA-6
PCMCIA-2
PA-3
PB
PB
PA-4
Inbound
PA-1
PB
PB
PA-2
PCI MB1
PCI MB2
Data
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CiscoCisco 7200VXR7200VXR (NPE300)(NPE300) DataData PathPath
CiscoCisco 7200VXR7200VXR (NPE300)(NPE300)
DataData PathPath
Con/Aux CPU System SDRAM R7000 Controller (32 MB) NVRAM Flash ROM Tertiary System SDRAM Cache
Con/Aux
CPU
System
SDRAM
R7000
Controller
(32 MB)
NVRAM
Flash
ROM
Tertiary
System
SDRAM
Cache
I/O Bus
Controller
(32-256 MB)
SRAM
(I/O Board)
CPU Bus
PB
PB
PB
PCI MB0
(Mid-Plane
Board)
(CPU Board)
FE
PCMCIA-1
PA-5
PB
PB
PA-6
PCMCIA-2
PA-3
PB
PB
PA-4
Outbound
PA-1
PB
PB
PA-2
PCI MB1
PCI MB2
Data
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7200VXR7200VXR MultiserviceMultiservice InterchangeInterchange
7200VXR7200VXR MultiserviceMultiservice InterchangeInterchange

Built-in TDM buses and switching capabilities integrated into the midplane

Each PA slot has two full-duplex 8.192-Mbps TDM streams, and each stream has 128 DS0 channels (128 x 64 Kbps = 8.192 Mbps)

Switching among all 12 streams at DS0 level done by Multiservice Interchange (MIX) on the midplane, no NPE processing involved

TDM capabilities available with all NPE models

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involved • TDM capabilities available with all NPE models 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

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MultiserviceMultiservice InterchangeInterchange
MultiserviceMultiservice InterchangeInterchange
Network Processing Multiservice Engine PCI PCI PCI
Network
Processing
Multiservice
Engine
PCI
PCI
PCI

Interchange (MIX)

MIX Interconnects

Cisco 7200VXR

100BaseT

Multiservice Interchange (MIX) integrated into 7200 VXR

Switches DS0 time slots between up to 12 MIX interconnects Based on time division multiplexing (TDM) technology

Two bi-directional 8.192Mbps MIX interconnects to each port adapter slot (128 DS0 channels per stream)

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to each port adapter slot (128 DS0 channels per stream) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

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CiscoCisco 72007200 ComponentsComponents
CiscoCisco 72007200 ComponentsComponents

Chassis

Power supply

NPE

Memory

Software

I/O controller

Port adapters

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• Memory • Software • I/O controller • Port adapters 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

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CiscoCisco 72007200 ChassisChassis
CiscoCisco 72007200 ChassisChassis

Cisco 7206 and 7206VXR—six slots

Cisco 7204 and 7204VXR—four slots

Cisco 7202—two slots

Each slot takes a port adapter

Same port adapters are used on all Cisco 7xxx routers (a few PAs are not supported on all models)

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Cisco 7xxx routers (a few PAs are not supported on all models) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,

20

CiscoCisco 72007200 PowerPower SupplySupply
CiscoCisco 72007200 PowerPower SupplySupply

Single AC

Single DC

Dual AC (load-shared redundant)

Dual DC (load-shared redundant)

Not AC and DC on same chassis

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DC (load-shared redundant) • Not AC and DC on same chassis 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

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CiscoCisco 72007200 NPENPE
CiscoCisco 72007200 NPENPE
CPUCPU FastFast PacketPacket ModelModel ProcessorProcessor ClockClock RateRate MemoryMemory NPE100NPE100 RISC RISC
CPUCPU
FastFast PacketPacket
ModelModel
ProcessorProcessor
ClockClock RateRate
MemoryMemory
NPE100NPE100
RISC
RISC
4700
4700
150
150
MHz
MHz
NoneNone
NPE150NPE150
RISC
RISC
4700
4700
150
150
MHz
MHz
1 1
MB
MB
SRAM
SRAM
NPE200NPE200
RISC
RISC
5000
5000
200
200
MHz
MHz
4
4
MB
MB
SRAM
SRAM
NPE300NPE300
RISC
RISC
7000
7000
262.5
262.5
MHz
MHz
32
32
MB
MB
SDRAM
SDRAM
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72007200 ChassisChassis andand NPENPE
72007200 ChassisChassis andand NPENPE

Cisco

Cisco

7206VXR

7206VXR

NPE

NPE

300/200/150/100

300/200/150/100

Cisco

Cisco

7206VXR

7206VXR

NPE

NPE

300/200/150/100

300/200/150/100

Cisco

Cisco

7206 7206

NPE

NPE

200/150/100

200/150/100

Cisco

Cisco

7204 7204

NPE

NPE

200/150/100

200/150/100

Cisco

Cisco

7202 7202

NPE

NPE

150 150

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200/150/100 Cisco Cisco 7202 7202 NPE NPE 150 150 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

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CiscoCisco 72007200 MemoryMemory
CiscoCisco 72007200 MemoryMemory

DRAM options: 32, 64, 128, 256 MB (256 MB is for NPE300 only)

Flash SIMM: 4 MB

Flash memory card: 8, 16, 20 MB

Flash disk: 40, 110 MB

Two PCMCIA slots

Default DRAM is 32 MB

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disk: 40, 110 MB • Two PCMCIA slots • Default DRAM is 32 MB 1108 0987_05F9_c3

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CiscoCisco 72007200 SoftwareSoftware FeatureFeature SetsSets
CiscoCisco 72007200 SoftwareSoftware FeatureFeature SetsSets

Enterprise

Enterprise with APPN

Desktop and IBM

IP routing (11.2+)

Encryption options to above (IPSec DES, 3DES)

Firewall option to above

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options to above (IPSec DES, 3DES) • Firewall option to above 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

25

CiscoCisco 72007200 SoftwareSoftware FeatureFeature LicensesLicenses
CiscoCisco 72007200 SoftwareSoftware
FeatureFeature LicensesLicenses

WAN Packet Protocols PLUS

ATM, FR, SMDS, X.25, NetFlow

Interdomain Routing/Tag Switching

BGP, EGP, Tag Switching

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• Interdomain Routing/Tag Switching BGP, EGP, Tag Switching 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 26

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CiscoCisco 72007200 I/OI/O ControllerController
CiscoCisco 72007200 I/OI/O ControllerController

Standard

Console port

Aux port

Two PCMCIA slots

Optional

Embedded Fast Ethernet interface with both RJ45 and MII connector, full duplex

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Ethernet interface with both RJ45 and MII connector, full duplex 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

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CiscoCisco 72007200 PortPort AdaptersAdapters
CiscoCisco 72007200 PortPort AdaptersAdapters
LANLAN WANWAN 11 FastFast EthernetEthernet (TX/FX)(TX/FX) 44 andand 88 SerialSerial 11 MultichannelMultichannel
LANLAN
WANWAN
11
FastFast EthernetEthernet (TX/FX)(TX/FX)
44
andand 88 SerialSerial
11
MultichannelMultichannel T3/E3T3/E3
22
FastFast EthernetEthernet (TX/FX)(TX/FX)
44
E1E1 G.703G.703
11
ChannelizedChannelized T3T3
44
andand 88 EthernetEthernet (10BaseT)(10BaseT)
11
andand 22 HSSIHSSI
44
andand 88 MultichannelMultichannel T1/E1T1/E1
55
EthernetEthernet (10BaseFL)(10BaseFL)
11
andand 22 T3/E3T3/E3
22
PRI/ChannelizedPRI/Channelized T1/E1T1/E1
44
TokenToken RingRing (HDX/FDX)(HDX/FDX)
44
andand 88 BRIBRI
11
Packet-Over-SONETPacket-Over-SONET
11
FDDIFDDI (HDX(HDX andand FDX)FDX)
11
ATM-CESATM-CES
11
ChannelChannel (ESCON,(ESCON, Parallel)Parallel)
11
100VG100VG
11
ATMATM T3/E3T3/E3
11 ATMATM OC3OC3
EtherSwitchEtherSwitch (12E/2FE)(12E/2FE)
L3L3 ServicesServices
EncryptionEncryption
CompressionCompression
EncrEncr ++ CompComp

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

EncryptionEncryption CompressionCompression EncrEncr ++ CompComp © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 1108 0987_05F9_c3 28

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CiscoCisco 72007200 PortPort AdaptersAdapters
CiscoCisco 72007200 PortPort AdaptersAdapters

LAN

One-port Fast Ethernet 100Base (TX, FX, VG)

Two-port Fast Ethernet 100Base (TX, FX)

Four- and eight-port Ethernet 10BaseT

Five-port Ethernet 10BaseFL

Fourteen-port (12E/2FE) EtherSwitch (Cisco 7200 only)

Four-port Token Ring (HDX, FDX)

One-port FDDI (HDX, FDX; SM, MM)

One-port ATM (OC3; SM, MM)

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One-port FDDI (HDX, FDX; SM, MM) • One-port ATM (OC3; SM, MM) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,

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CiscoCisco 72007200 PortPort AdaptersAdapters
CiscoCisco 72007200 PortPort AdaptersAdapters

WAN

Four- and eight-port serial

Two-port serial (JT2) (Cisco 7500 only)

One- and two-port HS serial (T3, E3)

One- and two-port HSSI

One-port Packet-Over-SONET

Eight-port BRI (S/T) (Cisco 7200 only)

Four-port BRI (U) (Cisco 7200 only)

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(Cisco 7200 only) • Four-port BRI (U) (Cisco 7200 only) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

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CiscoCisco 72007200 PortPort AdaptersAdapters
CiscoCisco 72007200 PortPort AdaptersAdapters

WAN (Cont.)

Two-port channelized/PRI (T1, E1)

One-port channelized (T3 + 4 DSX1 breakouts)

Four- and eight-port multichannel (T1, E1, DSX1)

One-port multichannel (T3, E3)

One-port ATM CES (OC3, DS3) (Cisco 7200 only)

One-port enhanced ATM (OC3, DS3, E3; SM, MM)

One-port Channel (ESCON, parallel) (Cisco 7200 only)

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MM) • One-port Channel (ESCON, parallel) (Cisco 7200 only) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

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ChannelizedChannelized vs.vs. MultichannelMultichannel
ChannelizedChannelized vs.vs. MultichannelMultichannel
DS1DS1 DS0DS0 PRIPRI FullFull Int’fInt’f ModelModel ChannelsChannels ChannelsChannels SupportSupport DS0DS0
DS1DS1
DS0DS0
PRIPRI
FullFull
Int’fInt’f
ModelModel
ChannelsChannels
ChannelsChannels
SupportSupport
DS0DS0
TypeType
C
C
T1/E1
T1/E1
NoNo
YesYes
YesYes
YesYes
DSX1DSX1
MC-T1/E1MC-T1/E1
YesYes
YesYes
YesYes
NoNo
T1/E1T1/E1
CT3CT3
YesYes
NoNo
NoNo
NoNo
T3T3
MC-T3/E3MC-T3/E3
YesYes
YesYes
YesYes
NoNo
T3/E3T3/E3
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CiscoCisco 72007200 ServiceService AdaptersAdapters
CiscoCisco 72007200 ServiceService AdaptersAdapters

Compression (CSA)

Encryption (ESA)

Integrated (ISA)

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Compression (CSA) • Encryption (ESA) • Integrated (ISA) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 33

33

CiscoCisco 7200VXR7200VXR andand PortPort AdaptersAdapters
CiscoCisco 7200VXR7200VXR andand PortPort AdaptersAdapters

Following port adapters are not supported in Cisco

7200VXR:

PA-F-xx, PA-F/FD-xx, PA-4R, PA-4R-FDX, PA-CT3/4T1, PA-2CT1/PRI, PA-2CE1/PRI, SA-COMP

Following port adapters require specific minimum hardware revision levels:

PA-4E, PA-8E, PA-5EFL, PA-H, PA-2H, PA-A3-xx, PA-8T-232, PA-8T-V35, PA-8T-X21 (Upgrade program available)

See www.cisco.com/warp/public/770/fn3028_02221999.html for more details

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for more details 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 34

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CiscoCisco 72007200 PAPA SlotSlot NumberingNumbering
CiscoCisco 72007200 PAPA SlotSlot NumberingNumbering

Slot

Slot

5

5

Slot

Slot

6

6

Slot

Slot

3

3

Slot

Slot

4

4

Slot

Slot

1 1

Slot

Slot

2

2

Slot

Slot

0

0

(I/O

(I/O

FE)

FE)

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Slot 2 2 Slot Slot 0 0 (I/O (I/O FE) FE) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

35

CiscoCisco 72007200 PAPA ClassificationClassification
CiscoCisco 72007200 PAPA ClassificationClassification

Low-BW PAs:

All T1’s, all E1’s, PRI, BRI, CSA, 1-port parallel channel

Medium-BW PAs:

All 10Base Ethernets, Token Ring (HDX), ESA

High-BW PAs:

Those not listed above

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Token Ring (HDX), ESA • High-BW PAs: Those not listed above 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

36

CiscoCisco 72007200 PAPA ConfigurationConfiguration GuidelinesGuidelines
CiscoCisco 72007200 PAPA
ConfigurationConfiguration GuidelinesGuidelines

For NPE150 and NPE200

Three or fewer high BW PAs Five or fewer high and medium BW PAs

For NPE100:

Two or fewer high BW PAs Four or fewer high and medium BW PAs

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Two or fewer high BW PAs Four or fewer high and medium BW PAs 1108 0987_05F9_c3

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CiscoCisco 72007200 PAPA ConfigurationConfiguration GuidelinesGuidelines
CiscoCisco 72007200 PAPA
ConfigurationConfiguration GuidelinesGuidelines

I/O FE counted as one high BW PA

All PAs counted regardless of configuration status

Only one ATM CES PA supported per chassis (this is a double-wide PA and it uses PCI Bus 2)

EtherSwitch PA is double-wide and automatically picks the less loaded (BW) PCI Bus at boot time

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and automatically picks the less loaded (BW) PCI Bus at boot time 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,

38

NPE300NPE300 PortPort AdapterAdapter ConfigurationsConfigurations
NPE300NPE300 PortPort AdapterAdapter
ConfigurationsConfigurations

Use BW points (~aggregate interface BW) for each PA:

300: PA-xx-OC3, PA-12E/2FE,

PA-2FEISL

90: All single-DS3/E3 PA’s (serial, MC, ATM)

200: PA-FE, PA-2H

80: PA-8E

180: PA-2T3, PA-2E3

60: PA-4R, CSA, ESA

120: PA-4R-FDX/DTR

50: PA-5E

100: PA-1H, PA-1C-E4

40: PA-4E

0: All low-BW PA’s

Each PCI bus can support 600 BW points

Don’t forget I/O FE on bus 1

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

can support 600 BW points • Don’t forget I/O FE on bus 1 1108 0987_05F9_c3 ©

39

CiscoCisco 72007200 BusBus BalancingBalancing
CiscoCisco 72007200 BusBus BalancingBalancing

PA load should be balanced between two PCI buses to optimize performance

Configure PAs as follows

Sort PAs in descending order of bandwidth Fill in slot 2, slot 1, slot 4, slot 3, slot 6, slot 5 Adjust for better balancing as appropriate

I/O FE uses Bus 1

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Adjust for better balancing as appropriate • I/O FE uses Bus 1 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,

40

CiscoCisco 72007200 NPE200/150NPE200/150 ConfigurationConfiguration ExamplesExamples
CiscoCisco 72007200 NPE200/150NPE200/150
ConfigurationConfiguration ExamplesExamples

SerialSerial

SerialSerial

 

EthernetEthernet

EthernetEthernet

 

HSSIHSSI

**

ATM

ATM

(OC3)

(OC3)

**

Slot

Slot

0

0

(I/O

(I/O

FE

FE**

))

 

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Slot Slot 0 0 (I/O (I/O FE FE * * ) )   1108 0987_05F9_c3 ©

41

CiscoCisco 72007200 NPE200/150NPE200/150 ConfigurationConfiguration ExamplesExamples (Cont.)(Cont.)
CiscoCisco 72007200 NPE200/150NPE200/150
ConfigurationConfiguration ExamplesExamples (Cont.)(Cont.)

EthernetEthernet

   

SerialSerial

FDDIFDDI

**

   

SerialSerial

   

ATMATM CESCES**

 

Slot

Slot

0

0

(No

(No

I/O

I/O

FE)

FE)

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Slot Slot 0 0 (No (No I/O I/O FE) FE) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

42

CiscoCisco 72007200 NPENPE 300300 ConfigurationConfiguration ExamplesExamples
CiscoCisco 72007200 NPENPE 300300
ConfigurationConfiguration ExamplesExamples

2T32T3

I/OI/O FEFE

FEFE

8E8E

MC-8TMC-8T

MC-T3MC-T3

A3-OC3A3-OC3

Bus1 = 200 + 180 + 90 + 80 = 550 Bus2 = 300 + 200 + 0 = 500

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Bus1 = 200 + 180 + 90 + 80 = 550 Bus2 = 300 + 200

43

CiscoCisco 72007200 NPE300NPE300 ConfigurationConfiguration ExamplesExamples (Cont.)(Cont.)
CiscoCisco 72007200 NPE300NPE300 ConfigurationConfiguration
ExamplesExamples (Cont.)(Cont.)

FEFE

   

2H2H

POSPOS

   

A3-OC3A3-OC3

   

A2-T3A2-T3

 

No

No

I/O

I/O

 

FE

FE

Bus1 = 300 + 200 = 500 Bus2 = 90 + 300 + 200 = 590

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

  FE FE Bus1 = 300 + 200 = 500 Bus2 = 90 + 300 +

44

CiscoCisco 72007200 NPE300NPE300 ConfigurationConfiguration ExamplesExamples (Cont.)(Cont.)
CiscoCisco 72007200 NPE300NPE300 ConfigurationConfiguration
ExamplesExamples (Cont.)(Cont.)

FEFE

 

T3T3

POSPOS

 

FEFE

EtherSwitchEtherSwitch

   

No

No

I/O

I/O

FE

FE

Bus1 = 300 + 200 = 500 Bus2 = 300 + 200 + 90 = 590

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

I/O FE FE Bus1 = 300 + 200 = 500 Bus2 = 300 + 200 +

45

CiscoCisco 71007100
CiscoCisco 71007100
CiscoCisco 71007100 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 46

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

CiscoCisco 71007100 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 46

46

CiscoCisco 71007100 InternalInternal ArchitectureArchitecture
CiscoCisco 71007100 InternalInternal ArchitectureArchitecture
System SDRAM Controller (64 MB) System SDRAM Controller (64-256 MB) PA PB PB PA (Cisco
System
SDRAM
Controller
(64 MB)
System
SDRAM
Controller
(64-256 MB)
PA
PB
PB
PA
(Cisco 7140
Only)
SM
PB
PB
WAN-1
PB
PB
WAN-2

Only)

Con/Aux NVRAM Flash ROM I/O Bus FE FE PCMCIA-1 (10/100 TX) PCMCIA-2
Con/Aux
NVRAM
Flash
ROM
I/O Bus
FE
FE
PCMCIA-1
(10/100 TX)
PCMCIA-2

(Cisco 7120

(Cisco 7140 Only)

PCI 0

PCI 1

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

(10/100 TX) PCMCIA-2 (Cisco 7120 (Cisco 7140 Only) PCI 0 PCI 1 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,

47

CiscoCisco 71007100 FactoryFactory OptionsOptions
CiscoCisco 71007100 FactoryFactory OptionsOptions
PowerPower FixedFixed WANWAN InterfaceInterface OptionsOptions FixedFixed PAPA SMSM ModelModel SupplySupply LANLAN
PowerPower
FixedFixed WANWAN
InterfaceInterface OptionsOptions
FixedFixed
PAPA
SMSM
ModelModel
SupplySupply
LANLAN
SlotSlot
SlotSlot
CiscoCisco
SingleSingle
1-Port
1-Port
ATM-OC3
ATM-OC3
DualDual
11
11
71207120
ACAC
1-Port
1-Port
ATM
ATM
T3
T3
or
or
E3
E3
10/10010/100
1-Port
1-Port
T3
T3
or
or
E3
E3
FEFE
4-Port
4-Port
T1
T1
or
or
E1
E1
CiscoCisco
DualDual
2-Port
2-Port
ATM-OC3
ATM-OC3
DualDual
11
11
71407140
ACAC
2-Port
2-Port
ATM
ATM
T3
T3
or
or
E3
E3
10/10010/100
2-Port
2-Port
T3
T3
or
or
E3
E3
FEFE

PA slot supports one port adapter SM slot supports one service module (ISM)

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

one port adapter SM slot supports one service module (ISM) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

48

CiscoCisco 71007100 MemoryMemory
CiscoCisco 71007100 MemoryMemory

SDRAM options: 64, 128, 192, 256 MB

Flash SIMM: 8 MB

Flash memory card: 8, 16, 20 MB

Flash disk: 40, 110 MB

Two PCMCIA slots

Default SDRAM is 64 MB

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

40, 110 MB • Two PCMCIA slots • Default SDRAM is 64 MB 1108 0987_05F9_c3 ©

49

CiscoCisco 71007100 PAPA SupportSupport
CiscoCisco 71007100 PAPA SupportSupport

All Cisco 7200 PA’s except:

Channelized PA’s Multichannel PA’s Packet-Over SONET PA FDDI PA’s IBM Channel PA Dual-wide PA’s (PA-A2 and PA-12E/2FE) CSA, ESA, PA-100VG

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

PA Dual-wide PA’s (PA-A2 and PA-12E/2FE) CSA, ESA, PA-100VG 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

50

CiscoCisco 71007100 SoftwareSoftware FeatureFeature SetsSets
CiscoCisco 71007100 SoftwareSoftware FeatureFeature SetsSets

Enterprise

IP

Encryption options to above (IPSec DES, 3DES)

Firewall option to above

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

options to above (IPSec DES, 3DES) • Firewall option to above 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

51

CiscoCisco 71007100 BusBus BalancingBalancing
CiscoCisco 71007100 BusBus BalancingBalancing
(Cisco 7120 PAPA PBPB Only) (Slot 3) SMSM PBPB (Slot 5) WAN-1WAN-1 PBPB (Slot 1)
(Cisco 7120
PAPA
PBPB
Only)
(Slot 3)
SMSM
PBPB
(Slot 5)
WAN-1WAN-1
PBPB
(Slot 1)
PCI 0
(Cisco 7140 PBPB PAPA Only) (Slot 4) PBPB
(Cisco 7140
PBPB
PAPA
Only)
(Slot 4)
PBPB
 
WAN-2WAN-2
WAN-2WAN-2

(Cisco 7140 Only)

PBPB
PBPB
(Slot 0) FEFE FEFE PCMCIA-1PCMCIA-1 (10/100 TX) PCMCIA-2PCMCIA-2
(Slot 0)
FEFE
FEFE
PCMCIA-1PCMCIA-1
(10/100 TX)
PCMCIA-2PCMCIA-2

PCI 1

(Slot 2)

In Cisco 7140, use WAN-1 as primary

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

PCI 1 (Slot 2) • In Cisco 7140, use WAN-1 as primary 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,

52

CiscoCisco 75007500
CiscoCisco 75007500

Architecture

Components and Options

Distributed switching

System bus bandwidth

VIP2 and port adapters

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

switching • System bus bandwidth • VIP2 and port adapters 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,
switching • System bus bandwidth • VIP2 and port adapters 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

53

CiscoCisco 75007500 SystemSystem ArchitectureArchitecture
CiscoCisco 75007500 SystemSystem ArchitectureArchitecture
RouteRoute SwitchSwitch ProcessorsProcessors SiSi SiSi IPIP VIPVIP IPIP VIPVIP VIPVIP 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,
RouteRoute SwitchSwitch ProcessorsProcessors
SiSi
SiSi
IPIP
VIPVIP
IPIP
VIPVIP
VIPVIP
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

54

CommonCommon PortPort AdaptersAdapters
CommonCommon PortPort AdaptersAdapters
RouteRoute SwitchSwitch ProcessorsProcessors NetworkNetwork ProcessingProcessing EngineEngine SiSi SiSi SiSi PCIPCI
RouteRoute SwitchSwitch ProcessorsProcessors
NetworkNetwork ProcessingProcessing EngineEngine
SiSi
SiSi
SiSi
PCIPCI
PCIPCI
PCIPCI
FE
IPIP
VIPVIP
IPIP
VIPVIP
VIPVIP
PortPort AdaptersAdapters
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
55
CiscoCisco 75007500 ComponentsComponents
CiscoCisco 75007500 ComponentsComponents

Chassis and power supply

CPU

Memory

Software

VIP2

Port adapters

Interface processors

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Software • VIP2 • Port adapters • Interface processors 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

56

CiscoCisco 75007500 ChassisChassis PowerPower ModelModel RSPRSP CyBusCyBus SupplySupply ## ofof xIPxIP SlotsSlots
CiscoCisco 75007500 ChassisChassis
PowerPower
ModelModel
RSPRSP
CyBusCyBus
SupplySupply
## ofof xIPxIP
SlotsSlots
CiscoCisco
75057505 SingleSingle
SingleSingle
SingleSingle
44
CiscoCisco
Single/Single/
Single/Single/
DualDual
55
75077507 DualDual
DualDual
CiscoCisco
Single/Single/
Single/Single/
DualDual
1111
75137513 DualDual
DualDual
CiscoCisco
Single/Single/
75767576 Single(x2)Single(x2)
Dual
Dual
(x2)
(x2)
1111
DualDual
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
57
CiscoCisco 75767576 ChassisChassis SlotsSlots 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
CiscoCisco 75767576 ChassisChassis SlotsSlots
0 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11
12
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
58
Cybus 0 0Cybus
Cybus 0 0Cybus
Cybus 1 1Cybus
Cybus 0 0Cybus
Cybus 1 1Cybus
Cybus 0 0Cybus
RSP A
ARSP
BRSP
RSP B
Cybus 2 2Cybus
Cybus 3 3Cybus
Cybus 2 2Cybus
Cybus 3 3Cybus
Cybus 2 2Cybus
CiscoCisco 75007500 CPUCPU
CiscoCisco 75007500 CPUCPU

RSP1—for Cisco 7505 only

RSP2—for Cisco 7507 and 7513

RSP4—for Cisco 7505, 7507, 7513, and 7576

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

7507 and 7513 • RSP4—for Cisco 7505, 7507, 7513, and 7576 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

59

CiscoCisco 75007500 MemoryMemory (Per(Per RSP)RSP)
CiscoCisco 75007500 MemoryMemory (Per(Per RSP)RSP)

DRAM options: 32, 64, 128, 256 MB (for RSP4 only)

Flash SIMM: 8 MB

Flash memory card: 8, 16, 20 MB

Flash disk: 40, 110 MB

Two PCMCIA slots

Default DRAM is 32 MB

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

disk: 40, 110 MB • Two PCMCIA slots • Default DRAM is 32 MB 1108 0987_05F9_c3

60

CiscoCisco 75007500 SoftwareSoftware FeatureFeature SetsSets
CiscoCisco 75007500 SoftwareSoftware FeatureFeature SetsSets

Enterprise

Enterprise with APPN

Desktop and IBM

IP routing

Encryption options to above (IPSec DES, 3DES)

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

IP routing • Encryption options to above (IPSec DES, 3DES) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

61

CiscoCisco 75007500 SoftwareSoftware FeatureFeature LicensesLicenses
CiscoCisco 75007500 SoftwareSoftware
FeatureFeature LicensesLicenses

WAN Packet Protocols PLUS

ATM, FR, SMDS, X.25, NetFlow

Interdomain Routing/Tag Switching

BGP, EGP, Tag Switching

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

• Interdomain Routing/Tag Switching BGP, EGP, Tag Switching 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 62

62

CiscoCisco 75007500 VersatileVersatile InterfaceInterface ProcessorProcessor
CiscoCisco 75007500 VersatileVersatile
InterfaceInterface ProcessorProcessor
RouteRoute SwitchSwitch ProcessorsProcessors SwitchSwitch PortPort ProcessorProcessor PP AdapterAdapter CC SiSi
RouteRoute SwitchSwitch ProcessorsProcessors
SwitchSwitch
PortPort
ProcessorProcessor
PP
AdapterAdapter
CC
SiSi
SiSi
CYCY
II
BB
UU
PP
PortPort
SS
CC
AdapterAdapter
PacketPacket
II
MemoryMemory
IPIP
VIPVIP
IPIP
VIPVIP
VIPVIP
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

63

VIP2VIP2 OptionsOptions
VIP2VIP2 OptionsOptions
SwitchSwitch PortPort ProcessorProcessor PP AdapterAdapter CC CYCY II BB UU PP PortPort SS CC AdapterAdapter
SwitchSwitch
PortPort
ProcessorProcessor
PP
AdapterAdapter
CC
CYCY
II
BB
UU
PP
PortPort
SS
CC
AdapterAdapter
PacketPacket
II
MemoryMemory

Mother Board Options

ProductProduct SRAMSRAM DRAMDRAM DistDist SwSw DistDist SvcsSvcs VIP2-15VIP2-15 1 1 MB MB 8 8 MB
ProductProduct
SRAMSRAM
DRAMDRAM
DistDist SwSw
DistDist SvcsSvcs
VIP2-15VIP2-15
1 1
MB
MB
8
8
MB
MB
NoNo
NoNo
VIP2-40VIP2-40
2
2
MB
MB
32
32
MB
MB
YesYes
YesYes
VIP2-50VIP2-50
4/8
4/8
MB
MB
32–128
32–128
MB
MB
YesYes
YesYes
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

64

CiscoCisco 75007500 PortPort AdaptersAdapters
CiscoCisco 75007500 PortPort AdaptersAdapters

Fast Ethernet, Ethernet

FDDI, Token Ring

POS, ATM

Serial

Channelized, multichannel

PRI

CSA, ESA, ISA

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Serial • Channelized, multichannel • PRI • CSA, ESA, ISA 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

65

CiscoCisco 75007500 InterfaceInterface ProcessorsProcessors
CiscoCisco 75007500 InterfaceInterface ProcessorsProcessors

Early IPs:

EIP, TRIP, FIP, HIP, FSIP, AIP, MIP, CIP2, FEIP

New IPs (VIP2-based, fixed- configuration):

POSIP, CT3IP, FEIP2, GE

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

IPs (VIP2-based, fixed- configuration): POSIP, CT3IP, FEIP2, GE 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 66

66

VIP2VIP2 DistributedDistributed SwitchingSwitching
VIP2VIP2 DistributedDistributed SwitchingSwitching
RouteRoute SwitchSwitch ProcessorsProcessors MasterMaster RSPRSP SlaveSlave RSPRSP Si Si Si Si Pkt.MemPkt.Mem
RouteRoute SwitchSwitch ProcessorsProcessors
MasterMaster RSPRSP
SlaveSlave RSPRSP
Si Si
Si Si
Pkt.MemPkt.Mem
Pkt.MemPkt.Mem
IPIP
VIPVIP
IPIP
VIPVIP
VIPVIP
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

67

CiscoCisco 75007500 SystemSystem BusBus BandwidthBandwidth
CiscoCisco 75007500 SystemSystem BusBus BandwidthBandwidth

Cisco 7507, Cisco 7513, and “half-7576”

Dual CyBus 1066 Mbps each, total 2 Gbps

Cisco 7505

Single CyBus at 1066 Mbps

RSP7000 (and Cisco 7000/7010)

Single CxBus at 533 Mbps

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Mbps • RSP7000 (and Cisco 7000/7010) Single CxBus at 533 Mbps 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

68

CiscoCisco 75007500 IP/VIPIP/VIP ClassificationClassification
CiscoCisco 75007500 IP/VIPIP/VIP ClassificationClassification

Cy mode

All VIPs and VIP-based IPs, CIP, FEIP Use CyBus at 1066 Mbps

Cx mode

All other IPs Use CyBus at 533 Mbps

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

at 1066 Mbps • Cx mode All other IPs Use CyBus at 533 Mbps 1108 0987_05F9_c3

69

CyCy ModeMode andand CxCx ModeMode onon CyBusCyBus
CyCy ModeMode andand CxCx ModeMode onon CyBusCyBus

Cx Mode

CyCy ModeMode andand CxCx ModeMode onon CyBusCyBus Cx Mode One bit per clock cycle, bus bandwidth

One bit per clock cycle, bus bandwidth is 533 Mbps

Cy Mode

One bit per clock cycle, bus bandwidth is 533 Mbps Cy Mode Two bits per clock

Two bits per clock cycle, same basic clock rate as Cx, total bus bandwidth becomes 1066 Mbps (Two “Cy clock cycles” = One “Cx clock cycle”)

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

1066 Mbps (Two “Cy clock cycles” = One “Cx clock cycle”) 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

70

CyCy ModeMode andand CxCx ModeMode BandwidthBandwidth ConsumptionConsumption
CyCy ModeMode andand CxCx ModeMode
BandwidthBandwidth ConsumptionConsumption

CyBus bandwidth is 1066 Mbps in Cy mode

Cx mode uses two “Cy clock cycles” per bit

Cx card takes up twice as much CyBus capacity as Cy card

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

bit • Cx card takes up twice as much CyBus capacity as Cy card 1108 0987_05F9_c3

71

CiscoCisco 75007500 BusBus BandwidthBandwidth
CiscoCisco 75007500 BusBus BandwidthBandwidth

Each VIP/IP requires bandwidth from the bus

Aggregate bandwidth requirement should not exceed bus capacity

Over-subscription Bus overhead Interface utilization

Two CyBuses are independent

Balance between the two buses

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Two CyBuses are independent • Balance between the two buses 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

72

CiscoCisco 75007500 BusBus BandwidthBandwidth CalculationCalculation
CiscoCisco 75007500 BusBus
BandwidthBandwidth CalculationCalculation
( IP_BW X %IP_Util ) Bus_BW X %Bus_Util gives ( IP_BW X %IP_Util ) Bus_BW
(
IP_BW
X
%IP_Util
)
Bus_BW
X
%Bus_Util
gives
(
IP_BW
X
%IP_Util
)
Bus_BW
%Bus_Util

Define the fraction term as:

Interface Bus Bandwidth Factor (IBBF)

Pre-calculate IBBF for each interface

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

Factor (IBBF) • Pre-calculate IBBF for each interface 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 73

73

CiscoCisco 75007500 IBBFIBBF AssumptionsAssumptions
CiscoCisco 75007500 IBBFIBBF AssumptionsAssumptions

75% utilization for all channelized interfaces (MIP, CIP, CT3, CT1, CE1)

75% utilization for all ATM interfaces

100% utilization for all other interfaces

80% utilization on system buses

These are very conservative assumptions

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

on system buses • These are very conservative assumptions 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

74

CiscoCisco 75007500 IBBFIBBF ExamplesExamples
CiscoCisco 75007500 IBBFIBBF ExamplesExamples

EIP6

Total IP BW = 60 Mbps, %IP_Util = 100%

IBBF-Cx = (60 x 100)/(80) = 75

Since EIP is Cx, IBBF-Cy = 150

CT3IP

Total IP BW = 45 x 2 = 90 Mbps, %IP_Util = 75%

IBBF-Cx = (90 x 75)/(80) = 84

Since CT3IP is Cy, IBBF-Cy = 84

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

75% IBBF-Cx = (90 x 75)/(80) = 84 Since CT3IP is Cy, IBBF-Cy = 84 1108

75

IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 11
IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 11
IPIP CxCx oror CyCy IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy EIP-2EIP-2 CxCx 2525 5050 EIP-4EIP-4 CxCx 5050 100100
IPIP
CxCx oror CyCy
IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx
IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy
EIP-2EIP-2
CxCx
2525
5050
EIP-4EIP-4
CxCx
5050
100100
EIP-6EIP-6
CxCx
7575
150150
TRIP-2TRIP-2
CxCx
4040
8080
TRIP-4TRIP-4
CxCx
8080
160160
FIPFIP
CxCx
125125
250250
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

76

IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 22
IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 22
IPIP CxCx oror CyCy IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy HIPHIP CxCx 113113 226226 FSIP-4FSIP-4 CxCx 2020 4040
IPIP
CxCx oror CyCy
IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx
IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy
HIPHIP
CxCx
113113
226226
FSIP-4FSIP-4
CxCx
2020
4040
FSIP-8FSIP-8
CxCx
4040
8080
AIP-DS3AIP-DS3
CxCx
8484
168168
AIP-TAXIAIP-TAXI
CxCx
188188
376376
AIP-OC3AIP-OC3
CxCx
291291
582582
MIP-1MIP-1
CxCx
44
88
MIP-2MIP-2
CxCx
88
1616
1108
0987_05F9_c3
© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

77

IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 33
IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 33
IPIP CxCx oror CyCy IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy FEIP-1FEIP-1 CyCy 250250 250250 FEIP-2FEIP-2 CyCy 291291
IPIP
CxCx oror CyCy
IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx
IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy
FEIP-1FEIP-1
CyCy
250250
250250
FEIP-2FEIP-2
CyCy
291291
291291
CIP-1CIP-1
CyCy
113113
113113
CIP-2CIP-2
CyCy
150150
150150

1108

0987_05F9_c3

© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

CyCy 113113 113113 CIP-2CIP-2 CyCy 150150 150150 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 78

78

IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 44
IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 44
IPIP CxCx oror CyCy IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy POSIPPOSIP CyCy 388388 388388 CT3IPCT3IP CyCy 8484 8484
IPIP
CxCx oror CyCy
IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx
IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy
POSIPPOSIP
CyCy
388388
388388
CT3IPCT3IP
CyCy
8484
8484
FEIP2FEIP2
CyCy
500500
500500
FEIPFEIP
CyCy
500500
500500

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FEIP2FEIP2 CyCy 500500 500500 FEIPFEIP CyCy 500500 500500 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 79

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IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 55 PAPA CxCx oror CyCy IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy PA-FE PA-FE (FDX) (FDX)
IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 55
PAPA
CxCx oror CyCy
IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx
IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy
PA-FE
PA-FE
(FDX)
(FDX)
CyCy
250250
250250
PA-FE
PA-FE
(HDX)
(HDX)
CyCy
125125
125125
PA-100VGPA-100VG
CyCy
125125
125125
PA-FDDIPA-FDDI
CyCy
125125
125125
PA-FDDI/FDPA-FDDI/FD
CyCy
250250
250250
PA-ATM
PA-ATM
(OC3)
(OC3)
CyCy
291291
291291
PA-ATM
PA-ATM
(DS3)
(DS3)
CyCy
8484
8484
VIP2-LimitVIP2-Limit
CyCy
500500
500500

Note: VIP2 card bandwidth cap at 400, which gives IBBF cap at 500

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IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 66 PAPA CxCx oror CyCy IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy PA-8EPA-8E CyCy 100100
IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 66
PAPA
CxCx oror CyCy
IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx
IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy
PA-8EPA-8E
CyCy
100100
100100
PA-4EPA-4E
CyCy
5050
5050
PA-5EFLPA-5EFL
CyCy
6363
6363
PA-4RPA-4R
CyCy
8080
8080
PA-4R/FDPA-4R/FD
CyCy
160160
160160
VIP2-LimitVIP2-Limit
CyCy
500500
500500

Note: VIP2 card bandwidth cap at 400, which gives IBBF cap at 500

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IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 77 PAPA CxCx oror CyCy IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy PA-2H, PA-2H, 2T3 2T3 CyCy
IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 77
PAPA
CxCx oror CyCy
IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx
IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy
PA-2H,
PA-2H,
2T3
2T3
CyCy
225225
225225
PA-H,
PA-H,
T3
T3
CyCy
113113
113113
PA-2E3PA-2E3
CyCy
170170
170170
PA-E3PA-E3
CyCy
8585
8585
PA-MC-T3PA-MC-T3
CyCy
8484
8484
PA-MC-E3PA-MC-E3
CyCy
6464
6464
PA-2JT2PA-2JT2
CyCy
3232
3232
VIP2-LimitVIP2-Limit
CyCy
500500
500500

Note: VIP2 card bandwidth cap at 400, which gives IBBF cap at 500

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IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 88 PAPA CxCx oror CyCy IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy PA-8TPA-8T CyCy 4040 4040
IBBFIBBF Table—PartTable—Part 88
PAPA
CxCx oror CyCy
IBBF-CxIBBF-Cx
IBBF-CyIBBF-Cy
PA-8TPA-8T
CyCy
4040
4040
PA-4TPA-4T
CyCy
2020
2020
PA-MC-8T1PA-MC-8T1
CyCy
2323
2323
PA-MC-4T1PA-MC-4T1
CyCy
1212
1212
PA-MC-8DSX1PA-MC-8DSX1
CyCy
2323
2323
PA-MC-8E1PA-MC-8E1
CyCy
3030
3030
PA-2CT1PA-2CT1
CyCy
66
66
PA-2CE1PA-2CE1
CyCy
88
88
CSACSA
CyCy
IBBF
IBBF
x
x
2
2
IBBF
IBBF
x
x
2
2
VIP2-LimitVIP2-Limit
CyCy
500500
500500

Note: VIP2 card bandwidth cap at 400, which gives IBBF cap at 500

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HowHow ToTo UseUse IBBFIBBF
HowHow ToTo UseUse IBBFIBBF

Use IBBF-Cy values for CyBus systems (75xx), and IBBF-Cx values for CxBus systems (RSP7000 and 70x0)

To verify a given configuration, sum up corresponding IBBFs for each bus, and check that it is within limit (1066 for CyBus and 533 for CxBus) plus over- subscription allowance

Balance between two buses where appropriate

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allowance • Balance between two buses where appropriate 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 84

84

CiscoCisco 75007500 IBBFIBBF ConsiderationsConsiderations
CiscoCisco 75007500 IBBFIBBF ConsiderationsConsiderations

Conservative assumptions (i.e., worst- case scenarios) are used as a start

Real-world networks are not 100% utilized (queuing delay)

Bi-directional links are usually asymmetrically loaded

Backup links

Full-duplex/half-duplex

Over-subscription is possible

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CiscoCisco 75007500 BusBus Over-SubscriptionOver-Subscription
CiscoCisco 75007500 BusBus Over-SubscriptionOver-Subscription

IBBF approach assumes worst case

Real-world traffic volume is limited by true utilization, asymmetric flow, etc.

Favorable factors for over-subscription

Low utilization Full-duplex serial links Large number of interfaces

No fixed rules for over-subscription

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number of interfaces • No fixed rules for over-subscription 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

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CiscoCisco 75007500 VIP2VIP2 BlockBlock DiagramDiagram
CiscoCisco 75007500 VIP2VIP2 BlockBlock DiagramDiagram
CyBus CyBusCyBus CPUCPU InterfaceInterface andand DRAMDRAM Packet Bus PktPkt MemoryMemory SRAMSRAM
CyBus
CyBusCyBus
CPUCPU
InterfaceInterface
andand DRAMDRAM
Packet Bus
PktPkt MemoryMemory
SRAMSRAM
ControllerController
Primary
PCI Bus
PCIPCI BridgeBridge
PCIPCI BridgeBridge
Secondary
PCI Buses
PortPort
PortPort
AdapterAdapter
AdapterAdapter
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VIP2 VIP2

Capacity Capacity

Areas: Areas:

KppsKpps

SRAMSRAM

BandwidthBandwidth

87

VIP2VIP2 ConfigurationConfiguration
VIP2VIP2 ConfigurationConfiguration

SRAM Capacity Consideration

Particles and descriptors allocated out of SRAM for each PA

Number of particles varies with PA

Particle size depends on PA-pair and VIP2 model (amount of SRAM)

A hard limit

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on PA-pair and VIP2 model (amount of SRAM) • A hard limit 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,

88

VIP2VIP2 ConfigurationConfiguration
VIP2VIP2 ConfigurationConfiguration

PCI Bandwidth Consideration

Electrical bandwidth is 800 Mbps, but data throughput is about 400 Mbps

Overhead due to bus arbitration and non-data traffic, varies by PA

Effective data throughput on PCI bus determines PA-pair support

Not as hard a limit as SRAM capacity

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PA-pair support • Not as hard a limit as SRAM capacity 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

89

VIP2VIP2 ConfigurationConfiguration
VIP2VIP2 ConfigurationConfiguration

Switching Capacity Consideration

VIP2-40 (VIP2-50) distributed switching at 65 Kpps (100 Kpps)

VIP2 forwarding to RSP at 135 Kpps

Forwarding puts load on RSP

Estimate Kpps load from each PA

A softer limit than SRAM and PCI BW

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VIP2VIP2 ConfigurationConfiguration
VIP2VIP2 ConfigurationConfiguration

Current Guidelines

ATM OC3 PA requires a dedicated VIP2 (except PA-A3-OC3 on VIP2-50)

PA-A3 not supported on VIP2-15

CSA and ESA require VIP2-40 or VIP2-50

4R paired with 8T require VIP2-40 or VIP2-50

VIP2-50 supports all existing PAs except 100VG and TR

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SoftwareSoftware ConfigurationConfiguration 1108 1108 0987_05F9_c3 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. ©
SoftwareSoftware
ConfigurationConfiguration
1108 1108
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© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
92 92
SoftwareSoftware ConfigurationsConfigurations
SoftwareSoftware ConfigurationsConfigurations

Boot sequence

Flash memory operations

Switching modes

Interfaces and IDBs

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memory operations • Switching modes • Interfaces and IDBs 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

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BootBoot SequenceSequence
BootBoot SequenceSequence

ROM monitor

Wakes up the CPU Finds and loads “boot loader”

Boot loader

Brings up all hardware components Finds and loads or net boots system image No routing

System image

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and loads or net boots system image No routing • System image 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999,

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BasicBasic BootBoot ConfigurationsConfigurations
BasicBasic BootBoot ConfigurationsConfigurations

boot

bootldr

 

bootflash:rsp-boot-mz.111-25.CC

boot

system

flash

slot0:rsp-jv-mz.111-25.CC

Boot loader image should be current with respect to hardware components

Good practice: use the same release of boot loader image as system image

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use the same release of boot loader image as system image 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

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FlashFlash MemoryMemory OperationsOperations
FlashFlash MemoryMemory OperationsOperations

cd device:

Changes current device Flash Card: device = slot0, slot1 Flash Disk: device = disk0, disk1

pwd

Shows current working device

dir [/all | /deleted] [device:]

Shows device contents

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• dir [/all | /deleted] [device:] Shows device contents 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

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MoreMore FlashFlash MemoryMemory OperationsOperations
MoreMore FlashFlash MemoryMemory OperationsOperations

delete [device:]filename

Removes file from directory File still in flash memory (shown by dir/deleted)

undelete [device:] index (flash card only)

Returns file (specified by index#) to directory Will not work when there are filename conflicts

squeeze [device:] (flash card only)

Permanently removes file and frees up space

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(flash card only) Permanently removes file and frees up space 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

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CiscoCisco 72007200 SwitchingSwitching ModesModes
CiscoCisco 72007200 SwitchingSwitching ModesModes

Process switching

Packets copied to system memory Handled at process level

All other switching

Packets switched in fast packet memory Handled at interrupt level

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Packets switched in fast packet memory Handled at interrupt level 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

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CiscoCisco 72007200 SwitchingSwitching ModesModes
CiscoCisco 72007200 SwitchingSwitching ModesModes

Process Switching—process level

Fast Switching—uses fast switching cache

Optimum Switching—improved search algorithm and data caching

NetFlow Switching—NetFlow cache identifies data flows and maintains flow statistics

Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF)—forwarding information based on routing table instead of cache built from demand

Tag Switching—based on tags and TDP

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built from demand • Tag Switching—based on tags and TDP 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

99

CiscoCisco 75007500 SwitchingSwitching ModesModes
CiscoCisco 75007500 SwitchingSwitching ModesModes

RSP-based switching—Process, Fast, Optimum, NetFlow, CEF, Tag

VIP distributed switching—Optimum, NetFlow, CEF, Tag

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Tag • VIP distributed switching—Optimum, NetFlow, CEF, Tag 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 100

100

SwitchingSwitching ConfigurationConfiguration Commands—Fast/Opt/FlowCommands—Fast/Opt/Flow
SwitchingSwitching ConfigurationConfiguration
Commands—Fast/Opt/FlowCommands—Fast/Opt/Flow

ip route-cache

ip route-cache [optimum | flow]

ip route-cache distributed

These are interface config commands

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101

SwitchingSwitching ConfigurationConfiguration Commands—CEFCommands—CEF
SwitchingSwitching ConfigurationConfiguration
Commands—CEFCommands—CEF

CEF switching is configured with global configuration commands

ip cef switching

ip cef distributed switching (Cisco 7500 only)

CEF global command will enable CEF on all supported interfaces

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CEF global command will enable CEF on all supported interfaces 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

102

SwitchingSwitching ConfigurationConfiguration Commands—TagCommands—Tag
SwitchingSwitching ConfigurationConfiguration
Commands—TagCommands—Tag

Tag Switching requires CEF

Tag Switching global configuration command

tag-switching advertise-tags

Tag Switching interface configuration command

tag-switching ip

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103

WhichWhich SwitchingSwitching ModeMode IsIs inin Effect?Effect?
WhichWhich SwitchingSwitching ModeMode
IsIs inin Effect?Effect?

Inbound packets entering the same interface can be switched by different modes

Switching mode of a packet is determined by switching config at both its input and its output interface

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SwitchingSwitching ConfigurationConfiguration MatrixMatrix InputInput InterfaceInterface OutputOutput InterfaceInterface
SwitchingSwitching ConfigurationConfiguration MatrixMatrix
InputInput InterfaceInterface
OutputOutput InterfaceInterface
SwSw ModeMode
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
cef
cef
- -
any -
any -
cefcef
- -
any
any
except
except
CEF
CEF
- -
no
no
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
processprocess
no
no
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
fastfast
no
no
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
opt/flow/cef
opt/flow/cef
fastfast
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
fastfast
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
opt/flow/cef
opt/flow/cef
fastfast
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
opt/flow
opt/flow
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
opt/flowopt/flow
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
opt/flow
opt/flow
ip
ip
route-cache
route-cache
opt/flow/cef
opt/flow/cef
opt/flowopt/flow
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InterfacesInterfaces andand IDBIDB
InterfacesInterfaces andand IDBIDB

Interface descriptor block (IDB)

Software data structure

Stores configuration and status of all interfaces

Software IDB

Hardware IDB

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and status of all interfaces • Software IDB • Hardware IDB 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco

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IDBIDB AllocationAllocation
IDBIDB AllocationAllocation

Non-channelized cards One H/W IDB and one S/W IDB per physical port

Channelized cards

One H/W IDB and one S/W IDB per channel

Subinterfaces One S/W IDB per subinterface

Example: FR interface

with 10 subinterfaces

• Example: FR interface with 10 subinterfaces 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 11

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11 IDBs

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InterfaceInterface ScalabilityScalability inin CiscoCisco 7xxx7xxx
InterfaceInterface ScalabilityScalability inin CiscoCisco 7xxx7xxx

Aggregation scalability has been significantly enhanced in 12.0:

750+ interfaces 1200+ subinterfaces (FR)

300 S/W IDBs per chassis supported in 11.1 and 11.2

All physical interfaces take up IDBs, regardless of

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interfaces take up IDBs, regardless of 1108 0987_05F9_c3 configuration and status © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.

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SubinterfacesSubinterfaces andand IDBIDB
SubinterfacesSubinterfaces andand IDBIDB

Subinterfaces take up IDBs

Subinterfaces add routing overhead

For ATM and FR:

An interface or subinterface can terminate multiple PVCs

Usually there is no need to configure a subinterface for each PVC

A PVC does not necessarily use up an IDB

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Summary—Summary— HardwareHardware ConfigurationConfiguration
Summary—Summary—
HardwareHardware ConfigurationConfiguration

Cisco 7100 “Fixed” configuration and PA support

Cisco 7200 Number of high-BW and medium-BW PAs PCI bus loading and balancing

Cisco 7500 System bus loading CyBus balancing in dual-bus systems PA configuration (pairing) on VIP2 cards

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Summary—Summary— SoftwareSoftware ConfigurationConfiguration
Summary—Summary—
SoftwareSoftware ConfigurationConfiguration

Commands and features specific to Cisco 7xxx platform operations

Networkers sessions available on topics such as EIGRP, OSPF, BGP, security, VPN, QoS, and others (Session# 3xx)

Network design clinics

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VPN, QoS, and others (Session# 3xx) • Network design clinics 1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems,

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PleasePlease CompleteComplete YourYour EvaluationEvaluation FormForm SessionSession 11081108 1108 1108 0987_05F9_c3
PleasePlease CompleteComplete YourYour
EvaluationEvaluation FormForm
SessionSession 11081108
1108 1108
0987_05F9_c3
0987_05F9_c3
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© 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc.
112
112
1108 0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 113

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0987_05F9_c3 © 1999, Cisco Systems, Inc. 113 Copyright © 1998, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.