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Faculty of Chemical Engineering UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA Subject & Code: Separation Process II (SKKK 3333) Total Lecture

Hours: 3 x 14 weeks Semester: 2 Academic Session: 2013/2014

Lecturer Room Tel. Email Section Meeting Time Venue Prerequisite Synopsis

: : : : : : : :

Dr. Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini N01-245 07-5535552 abbas@cheme.utm.my 08 8-9am (Tue); 8-10am (Thu) SCR N29 None

: This subject introduces separation processes and unit operations involved in chemical industries such as particle technology, crystallization, solid-liquid separation, drying and evaporation. Each topic is illustrated by detail examples and accompanied by assignments. : At the end of the course, students should be able to: CO1: Explain different types of solid-liquid equipment and operations. CO2: Calculate particle size and power requirement for size reduction process. CO3: Determine terminal velocity of particle and minimum fluidization velocity of fluid. CO4: Solve crystal yield and energy release during crystallization. CO5: Solve problems related to constant rate and constant pressure filtrations. CO6: Analyze changes in moisture content of solid during drying. CO7: Design single and multiple effect evaporators. CO8: Cooperate in team to solve chemical engineering problems.

Course Outcomes

Prepared by: Name: DR MUHAMMAD ABBAS Signature: Date: 4/2/2014

Certified by: (Subject Panel Head) Name: DR NORASIKIN OTHMAN Signature: Date:

No

Course Outcome

University Blooms Criteria/PO Taxonomy mapping

Active Verb

Level

Assessment

KPI

Explain different types of solid-liquid equipment and operations. Calculate particle size and power requirement for size reduction process. Determine terminal velocity of particle and minimum fluidization velocity of fluid. Solve crystal yield and energy release during crystallization. Solve problems related to constant rate and constant pressure filtrations. Analyze changes in moisture content of solid during drying. Design single and multiple effect evaporators. Cooperate in team to solve chemical engineering problems.

Technical Skill/ PO1

Cognitive

Explain, differentiate

Comprehension (L2) Analysis (L4)

Assignment, Quiz, Test, Final

0.65

2.

Technical Skill/ PO1

Cognitive

Calculate

Application (L3)

Assignment, Quiz, Test, Final

0.65

3.

Technical Skill/ PO1

Cognitive

Determine

Application (L3)

Assignment, Quiz, Test, Final

0.65

4.

Technical Skill/ PO1 Technical Skill/ PO1 Technical Skill/ PO1 Technical Skill/ PO1 Team Working PO3

Cognitive

Solve

Application (L3)

Project, Quiz, Test

0.65

5.

Cognitive

Differentiate, Solve

Application(L3) Analysis (L4)

Assignment, Quiz, Test, Final Assignment, Quiz, Test, Final Assignment, Quiz, Final

0.65

6.

Cognitive

Analyze

Analysis (L4)

0.65

7.

Cognitive

Design

Synthesis(L5)

0.65

8.

Affective

Cooperate

Responding(L2)

Group work Homework

0.65

PROFESIONAL SKILL ADDRESSED ASSESSED Problem Solving, Team working Lifelong Learning

STUDENT LEARNING TIME Teaching and Learning Activities 1. Lecture 2. Independent Study - self learning - information search - library search - reading - group discussion 3. Assignment (5x) - self learning - group discussion 4. Project - information search - library search - group discussion - report writing 5. Test (2) And Quizzes 6. Exam (1x) Student Learning Time (hours) 42 42

14

15

4 3

Total TEACHING METHODOLOGY Lecture and Discussion, Active Learning, Independent Study, Group Project.

120

GRADING No. 1 2 4 5 6 Assessment Assignments and Quizzes Project TEST 1 TEST 2 Final Exam Overall Total NOTES: Students are responsible to submit all assignments on time. Mark will be deducted for late submission. Closed book exam/test. Number 5 5 1 1 1 % each 2% 1% 15% 20% 50% % total 10 5 15 20 50 100 Week 5 Week 10 As scheduled Dates

Week 1-2

Topic Particulate solids Introduction to Particulate Solids Characterization of Solid Particles Particle Size Screen Analysis Tyler Standard Screen Analysis

Learning Outcome It is expected that students will be able to: Characterize solid particle using shape, size and density Differentiate between types of diameters for sizing solid particles Calculate size, average size and size distribution of the particles Use the Tyler Standard Screen Analysis It is expected that students will be able to: Define size reduction in solid particles Use different empirical relationships to calculate energy and power Identify different types of size reduction equipment.

3-4

Size Reduction Principle of Comminution Energy and Power Requirement Empirical Relationships Rittingers and Kicks Law Bonds Law and Work Index Size Reduction Equipment Flow Past Immersed Bodies Motion of Particles Through Beds of Solids Equation for One-Dimensional Motion of Particle Through Fluid Criterion for Settling Regimes Motion of Spherical Particle Terminal Velocity Fluidization Minimum Fluidization Velocity

5-7

It is expected that students will be able to: Explain the mechanics of particles motion through a fluid Define external force, buoyant force, drag and acceleration of moving a particle through a fluid Apply the equation for one-dimensional motion of particle through fluid Calculate the terminal velocity of particle in fluid Differentiate the terms of fluidization and fluidized bed Calculate the minimum fluidization velocity It is expected that students will be able to: Explain the principle of crystallization in chemical engineering Explain the importance and effect of solubility in crystallization Apply mass and energy balances to determine the yield in crystallization Identify types of crystallization equipments and know their basic operations

7-8

Crystallization Principle of Crystallization Purity and Yields Solubility and Solubility Curves Mass and Energy Balances in Crystallization

Week 9 - 10

Topic Mechanical-Physical separation Process Introduction and Classification of Mechanical-Physical separation Processes Filtration Pressure Drop Through Filter Cake Specific Cake Resistance Filter-Medium Resistance Constant-pressure filtration Constant-Rate Filtration Continuous Filtration Filtration Time Washing filter Cakes Settling and Sedimentation Centrifugal Separation Process Drying Introduction and methods of Drying Equipment of Drying Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidity Equilibrium Moisture Content Rate of Drying Constant-Rate Drying Curve Calculation methods for Constant-Rate Drying Period

Learning Outcome It is expected that students will be able to: Classify different mechanical-physical separation processes Explain the principle of filtration for solid-liquid separation Estimate pressure drop through filter cake Estimate the specific cake resistance and filter medium-resistance in cake filtration Calculate the washing time for different types of filters Explain the basic principles of settling, sedimentation and centrifugal separation processes It is expected that students will be able to: Explain the principle of drying of materials Identify a different types of dryers Use the humidity chart to estimate humidity Calculate the equilibrium moisture content of the materials Calculate the rate of drying Calculate drying time for constant-rate and falling-rate period It is expected that students will be able to: Identify the different types of evaporation equipment and operation methods Design single-effect and multiple-effect evaporators

11-12

13-14

Evaporation Types of evaporation equipment and operation methods Calculation methods for - Single-effect evaporators - Multiple-effect evaporators

REFERENCES

Warren L. McCabe, Julian C. Smith and Peter Harriot, Unit Operation of Chemical engineering, McGraw-Hill International, 5th edition, 1993. Christie John Geankoplis, Transport Processes and Separation Processes Principles, Prentice Hall, 4th Edition, 2003.